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,yq;if K];ypk;fspd; epiygw;wpa xU fk;A+dp]g; ghHit


;,q;Nf fPNo ntspahfp ,Uf;Fk; fl;Liuia ,yq;ifiar; NrHe;j xU rNfhjuH vq;fSf;F mDg;gp ,Uf;fpd;whH. vq;fsJ Ntz;Lnfhis Vw;W ,yq;if K];ypk;fspd; epiygw;wpa fl;Liuia Mf;fpj; je;jikf;F rNfhjuH mtHfSf;F vq;fsJ ed;wpiaj; njhptpj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;Nwhk;. tUq;fhyj;jpy; ,J Nghd;w njhlH Mf;fq;fis rNfhjuhplkpUe;J vjpHghHf;fpd;Nwhk;.

,yq;if ,dg;gpur;idf;Fj; jPHT fhZk; Kaw;rpapy; muR ,wq;fp ,Uf;Fk; ,e;jr; #o;epiyapy;> ,e;jj; jPHtpy; K];ypk;fSf;Ff; fpilf;f Ntz;ba epahakhd chpikfs; fpilf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ jhd; vkJ Nfhhpf;ifahFk;. ve;j ,dj;jpd; chpikapd; kPJk; vq;fsJ chpikfs; epiyehl;lg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ vq;fsJ Nehf;fky;y. mJ ,];yhj;jpw;Fg; Gwk;ghdJk; $l. jkpo;j; Njrpag; Nghuhl;lk; Muk;gpj;j nghOJ $l Vw;glhj> K];ypk;fspd; murpapy; tpopg;GzHT kw;Wk; mlf;FkiwfSf;F vjpuhff; fpsHe;njOe;j K];ypk;fspd; murpay; kw;Wk; Maj Nghuhl;l KiwfSf;Fk; kw;Wk; jkpo; Fof;fSf;Fk; ,ilNa kpfg; nghpa tpj;jpahrk; cz;L. K];ypk;fspd; murpay; gpuNtrk; Gypfspd; mlf;Fkiwapd; fhuzkhfj; jhd; jPtpukile;jNj xopa> mjw;F Kd; K];ypk;fs; ve;j murpay; jPtpuj;jpYk;> chpikfis kPl;Lf; nfhs;s Maj topKiwiaAk; mtHfs; ehltpy;iy vd;gJ njspT. rpy rkaq;fspy; murplk; cjtp ngw;wJ $l mtHfsJ ,ayhikiaj; jhd; ntspg;gl;lNj xopa> murplk; ,Ue;J cjtpiag; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjpy; ve;j khw;W topKiwiaAk; K];ypk;fs; jpl;lkpltpy;iy.

NkYk;> rNfhjuH ,q;Nf njhptpj;jpUf;Fk; fUj;J K];ypk;fspd; kPJ Gypfs; fhl;ba ,d xopg;G gw;wp tphpthfg; NgRfpd;wJ. me;j ,d xopg;gpy; ,e;jpahtpd; ,e;Jj;Jth tpd; rhay; njhptijAk; mf; fl;Liu njspthf;Ffpd;wJ.

NkYk;> ,e;jf; fl;Liuapd; neLfpYk; fk;A+dp] rpj;jhe;jj;jpd; neb njhpfpd;wJ. ,];yhk; fk;A+dp]j;jpd; vjphp fpilahJ. ,];yhj;jpd; kPJ fk;A+dp]k; nfhz;Ls;s epiyg;ghl;bd;gb> ,];yhk; Nghij jUk; mgpDk; my;y. khwhf> tho;f;if newp! NkYk; ,J jj;Jtf; flYky;y. fk;A+dp]k; nghUshjhur; rkj;Jtk; xd;Nw gpur;idf;Fj; jPHT vd;fpwJ. ,];yhk; mijAk; jhz;b> me;jg; nghUshjhuKk; NeHikahd topapy; ngwg;gl Ntz;Lk;> gq;fplg;gl Ntz;Lk;> ,d;Dk; jpwikf;Nfw;w Cjpak; jug;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;gNjhL epd;Wtplhky;> kdpj tho;T nghUshjhuj;jpy; mbg;gilapy; kl;Lk; xOq;Fw ,ayhJ> mjw;F xOf;f khz;GfSk; mtrpak; vd;gNjhL> me;j xOf;f khz;GfSf;fhd tiuaiwfisAk; njspthfNt fhl;Lfpd;wJ.

u\;ahtpy; fk;A+dp]k; muNrhl;rpa fhyq;fspy; kf;fSf;Fk; Ml;rpahsHfSf;Fk; ,ilNa ele;j Nghuhl;lq;fs; vt;thW mlf;fg;gl;ld> kf;fspd; Fuy; tiyfs; vt;thW newpf;fg;gl;ld vd;gij ,d;iwf;F u\;ah rpjwpa gpd;G ehk; mwpa tUfpd;Nwhk;. ,d;Dk; rPdhtpd; Ml;rpahsHfs; jq;fsJ cw;whH cwtpdHfSf;F rhjfkhf ele;J nfhs;tJk; $l> kf;fshy; Rl;bf; fhl;lg;gl Kbahky; ,Uf;fpd;wJ.

Mdhy; ,];yhkpa tuyhw;wpy;> Ml;rpg; nghWg;Gf;F te;j mGgf;fH (uyp) mtHfSk;> mtUf;Fg; gpd; te;j ckH (uyp) mtHfSk;> ehq;fs; ePjp jtwpdhy; cq;fsJ ths; vq;fisf; fl;Lg;gLj;jl;Lk; vd;W kf;fisg; ghHj;Jf; $wpdhHfs;. me;j r%fj;jpy; nghUshjhu Vw;wj; jho;T ,Ug;gpDk;> me;j Vw;wj; jho;Tfs; gpur;idia cUthf;ftpy;iy.

,];yhj;jpw;Fk; fk;A+]j;jpw;Fk; gy;NtW Kuz;ghLfs; ,Ug;gpDk;> mlf;fg;gl;l> xLf;fg;gl;l> mePjpf;Fs;shf;fg;gl;l kf;fSf;fhd Nghuhl;lj;jpy; ,Unfhs;iffSk; ifNfhHg;gjd; %yk;> me;j kf;fSf;fhd tpbaiy tpiutpy; kPl;nlLf;f ,aYk;! njhlul;Lk; cwTfs;...!

 

K];yPk; kf;fs; kPjhd td;KiwAk;> mjw;F vjpuhd Nghuhl;lKk;

K];yPk; kf;fs; nrhe;j kz;zpy; ,Ue;J ntspNaw;wg;gl;L 10 tUlq;fs; fle;j epiyapYk;> ve;jtpjkhd mbg;gil chpikfSk; ,d;wp tho;tpoe;J xLf;fg;gl;l epiyapy; njhlHe;Jk; jkpo; mbikahf capHtho;fpd;wdH. 1990 Ig;grp khjk; 30 k; jpfjp tlf;fpy; ,Ue;J 48 kzp Neuj;jpy; midj;J ghuk;ghpa jiyKiw ciog;igAk; gwpj;njLj;j gpd;G> nrhe;j kz;zpy; ,Ue;J <tpuf;fkpd;wp Juj;jg;gl;ldH. K];yPk; kf;fSf;F ,ioj;j JNuhfk;> jkpo; kf;fspd; Njrpa RaepHzaj;Jf;fhd tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;l rPuopit kPz;Lk; xU Kiw epWtpaJ. Gypfspd; FWe; Njrpa ,dthjk; jkpo; kf;fspd; Njrpaj;ijNa kiwKfkhf Nfyp nra;J xLf;fpaijNa ep&gpj;jJ.

nrhe;j kz;zpy; ,Ue;J NtNuhL gpLq;fg;gl;L> ve;jtpjkhd fhuzj;ijAk; Kd;itf;fhJ ,uNthL ,uthf MAj Kidapy; Juj;jpa epfo;T> jkpo; kf;fspd; tuyhw;wpYk;> cyf tuyhw;wpYk; xU fWg;Gehs;jhd;. ,e;j epfo;itapl;L ,yq;ifapd; midj;J r%fq;fSk;> MjuthfNth vjpuhfNth xU epiyg;ghl;il vLj;jdH. Gypfspd; ,e;j kdpj tpNuhj epiyg;gl;il vjpHf;fhJ nksdk; rhjpj;j midtUk;> VNjh xU tpjj;jpy; Fw;wthspfNs. K];yPk; kf;fSf;F ,e;j epiyik Vw;glTk;> ,iof;fg;gl;l nfh^uj;ij KbTf;F nfhz;L tuKbahj xU epiyik njhlHtjw;Fk;>  khHf;rpathjpfshfpa ehq;fs; (,q;F jkpo;> K];ypk;> rpq;fs...) nghWg;ghspfNs.

,yq;ifapy; ghl;lhsp tHf;fk; jdJ mjpfhuj;Jf;fhd tHf;fg; Nghuhl;lj;ij Kd;ndLf;f jtwpa tuyhw;Wj; njhlHr;rpapy; jhd;> Njrpa tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lk; Kd;Df;F te;jJ. ,e;j Njrpa tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lk; $l [dehaff; Nfhhpf;ifapd; cs;slf;fj;jpy;> xU tHf;fg; Nghuhl;lj;ij mbg;gilahf nfhz;lJ vd;gij ghl;lhsp tHf;fk; Ghpe;J nfhs;sj; jtwpa epiyapy;> tyJ FWe; Njrpathjk; NjrpatpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;jpd; jiyikf;F te;jJ. ,e;j tyJ Njrpathjk;> FWe;Njrpa fz;Nzhl;lj;jpy; kw;iwa ,dq;fis vjphpahf milahsk; fhl;bNa jd;idNa fl;likf;fpd;wJ. ,e;j FWe;Njrpa ,dthj fz;Nzhl;lk; kl;LNk> mjd; gpujhd ikakhd murpay; Nfhrkhf ,Ue;jJ. kw;iwa ,d kf;fis vjphpahf fhl;ba murpay;> kw;iwa ,d kf;fis <tpuf;fkpd;wp nfhd;W Ftpf;fTk;> mtHfis vjphpahf fhl;b xLf;fTk;> xopf;fTk; topfhl;baJ. jkpo; Njrpa tpLjiy Nghuhl;lj;jpy; MAjk; Ve;jp Nghuhba mikg;Gfspd; murpay; tiuaiw ,JthfNt ,Ue;jJ. gpe;jpa fhyj;jpy; ,jd; tsHr;rpg; Nghf;fpy; Gypfs; jkJ ,uhZt typikapy; caHe;j mjpfhuj;ij gad;gLj;jp xLf;Ftjpy;> <tpuf;fkw;w kdpjtpNuhjj;ij ifahz;ldH.

,e;j tifapy; rpq;fs kw;Wk; K];yPk; mg;ghtp kf;fs; kPjhd ,dg; gLnfhiy jhf;Fjy;fs;> $l;lk; $l;lkhf nfhd;W Ftpg;gjpy; tsHr;rp ngw;wJ. ,e;j FWe;Njrpa ,dthjNk> Gypfspd; murpaypy; ikakhd eltbf;iff; fz;Nzhl;lkhf khwpa epiyapy;> kw;iwa ,d NghHtPuHfs; Aj;jj;jpy; ruzile;jhYk; nfhd;WtpLk; Nghuhl;lkhf khwpaJ. ,J Nghuhl;lj;ij ghhpa gpd;dilTf;F ,l;Lr; nrd;Ws;sJ. vjphp ruziltijtpl $ypf;F Nghuhb kuzpg;gJ Nky; vd;wsTf;F> Nghuhl;lj;Jf;Nf ,J ghjfkhfpAs;sJ. ,e;j FWe;Njrpa ,dthjj;ij mbg;gilahf nfhz;l Gypfspd; gy;NtW eltbf;ifapd; %yk; K];yPk; kf;fSf;F ,iof;fg;gl;l nfh^ukhd tuyhw;W njhlHr;rp nfhz;l kdpjtpNuhj elj;ijiaapl;L> jkpo; kf;fshfpa ehk; jiyFdpfpd;w msTf;F mtkhdj;Jf;FhpaJ kl;Lk; ,d;wp ntl;;fNflhdJkhFk;. ,d;W fl;likj;Js;s ~~tPuk;||> kw;Wk; ~~jpahfk; vd midj;Jk; fiwgbe;JNghd epiyapy; mtkhdj;Jf;FhpajhFk;. jkpo; kf;fs; rhHghf khHf;rpathjpfshfpa ehq;fs; ,e;jf; nfh^ukhd epfo;itapl;L> epge;jidaw;w kd;dpg;ig NfhUfpd;Nwhk;. jkpo; kf;fs; ,e;jf; fiwia Jilf;f Kidahj tiu> mf;fiw mtHfspd; Kfj;jpYk; ifapYk; mg;gpf;fplf;Fk; tuyhw;Wj; njhlHr;rpia ,d;W ehk; kPsTk; Rl;bf; fhl;Lfpd;Nwhk;.  ,e;j tuyhw;W fiwia Jilf;f NghuhLk; tuyhw;W flikia nra;aj; jtWfpd;w ahUk;> khHf;rpathjpfshf ,Ug;gjpy;iy. K];yPk; kf;fSf;F ,iof;fg;gl;l mtkhdfukhd epfo;Tf;F jPHT ,d;wp njhlUk; vkJ Njrpa Nghuhl;l tuyhw;wpy;> ,e;j kf;fSf;fhd jPHit ghl;lhsp tHf;fk; kl;LNk jPHj;Jitf;Fk; msTf;F Kuzw;w [dehafj;ij ifahs;gtHfs;. K];yPk; kf;fspd; gpur;ridfs; kw;Wk; nrhe;j kz;zpy; ,Ue;J Juj;jpa nfh^uj;Jf;fhd mbg;gilfis fz;lwptJ kw;Wk; jPHTfis Kd;itg;gJ tiu ghl;lhsp tHf;fk; my;yhj ve;jg; gphpTf;Fk; mf;fiwapUg;gjpy;iy. K];yPk; kf;fspd; Jauj;ijAk; me;j tuyhw;iwAk; jkJ gpiog;Gthj murpaYf;F gad;gLj;JgtHfs;> me;j kf;fSf;fhd tpLjiyf;fhd jPHit Kd;itg;gjpy;iy. ,e;j epiyapy; gpiog;Gthjj;ij mk;gyk; nra;aTk;> K];yPk; kf;fspd; gpur;ridfisAk; kw;Wk; mjd; jPHitAk; Kd;itg;gJk; ghl;lhsp tHf;fj;jpd; Kuzw;w flikahFk;. ,e;j tifapy; K];yPk; kf;fis ntspNaw;wpa fhuzk; vd;d vd;gij Muha;tjd; Clhf> Njrpaj;Jf;F gjpyhf FWe;Njrpa Nghuhl;lk; jkpo;> K];yPk;> rpq;fs> kiyaf kf;fSf;F vjpuhf vg;gb khwpaJ vd;gij ghHg;Nghk;;.

fpof;fpy; K];yPk; kf;fs; Nkyhd njhlHr;rpahd ,dg;gLnfhiyj; jhf;Fjy;fSk;> mijj; njhlHe;J tlf;fpy; ,Ue;J 75000 K];yPk; kf;fis Vd; Gypfs; ntspNaw;wpdH. ,jw;F gyUk; jkJ gpiog;Gthj murpaypy; njhlq;fp FWe;Njrpa ,dthj fz;Nzhl;lk; tiu> gy;NtW tpsf;fj;ij Kd;itf;fpd;wdH. mij ghHg;Nghk;.

1.Gypfs; ,e;Jj;Jt fz;Nzhl;lj;ij mbg;gilahf nfhz;Nl> K];yPk; kjj;ij vjpHj;J ,ij elj;jpdH

2.Gypfs; nts;shH caH rhjp fz;Nzhl;lj;ij mbg;gilahf nfhz;l ,af;fk;. ,jdhy; K];yPq;fis ,opthf fUjp ,ijr; nra;jdH.

3.aho; vd;w caH jfikia fl;likf;Fk; gpuNjrthj fz;Nzhl;lj;ij mbg;gilahff; nfhz;l Gypfspd; jiyik> gpuNjrhPjpahfNt K];yPk; kf;fis ,opthf;fp ntspNaw;wpdH.

4.K];yPk; kf;fs; jkpo; kf;fs; Nky; elj;jpa jhf;Fjy;fSf;F gjpybahf ,ij nra;jdH.

5.K];yPk; kf;fs; Nghuhl;lj;ij fhl;bf; nfhLj;jdH. ,uhZtj;Jld; ,ize;J nraw;gl;ldH. mijj; jLf;fNt jhf;fpaJld; ntspNaw;wg;gl;ldH.

6.K];yPk; kf;fs; ~~njhg;gpgpul;bfs;|| mjdhy; jhf;fpaJld; ntspNaw;wg;gl;ldH.

7.K];yPk; kf;fs; te;;NjW Fbfs;. mtHfs; jkpo; Njrpa ,dk; my;y. mjdhy; jhf;FtJk; ntspNaw;WtJk; mtrpakhFk;.

8.tpLjiyg; Gypfspd; jiytH NtYg;gps;is gpughfud; gp.gp.rp Ngl;bapy; ~~jkpo; -K];yPk; fytuk; guTk; mghakpUe;jJ.|| mjdhy; ntspNaw;wpNdhk; vd;fpd;whH.

9.K];yPk; kf;fs; xU rpWghd;ik Njrpa ,dk; vd;w mbg;gilapy;> jkpo; FWe;Njrpa ,dthj mbg;gilapy; Gypfs; ntspNaw;wpdH.

K];yPk; kf;fs; gw;wpAk;> mtHfis jhf;fpaJ Kjy; ntspNaw;wpaJf;fhd fhuzq;fisAk; Fwpg;ghf ,g;gb njhFf;f KbAk;. ,jpy; xd;W Kjy; %d;Wtiuapyhd fhuzq;fs; gpiog;Gthj murpaypy; FspHfha tpUk;GgtHfspd; fw;gid GidTfshf cs;sJ. ehY Kjy; vl;L tiuapyhd fhuzj;ij mbg;gilahf nfhz;l fz;Nzhl;lq;fs;> FWe;Njrpa jkpo; ,dthj mlf;FKiwia epahag;gLj;Jk; fUJNfhs;fshf cs;sJ. xd;gjhtJ fhuzNk ghl;lhsp tHf;fj;jpd; murpay; gFg;gha;thFk;;. K];yPk; kf;fspd; ntspNaw;wg;gl;l epfo;it %d;W gphpTfshf tifg;gLj;Jk; ,e;j thjq;fis jdpj; jdpahf Muha;Nthk;.

 

Gypfs; ,e;Jj;Jt ,af;fkh? rhjp ,af;fkh? gpuNjrthj ,af;fkh?

Kjyhtjhf K];yPk; kf;fis ntspNaw;wpa epfo;tpYk; rhp> mtHfs; Nkyhd njhlHr;rpahd gLnfhiy jhf;Fjypy;> Gypfs; ,e;J kjthjj;ij my;yJ nts;shH caH rhjpaj;ij my;yJ aho; gpuNjrthjj;ij my;yJ %d;iwAk; ,jw;F mbg;gilahf ifahz;lhHfsh? ifahz;lhHfs; vdpd; ,J ve;j tifapy; ifahsg;gl;lJ. vg;gb ifahz;lhHfs;? ifahz;lhHfs; vd;W $WgtHfs; ahUk; ,ij Mjhukhf Kd;itg;gjpy;iy. gpiog;Gthjk; ,tw;iw Nfhrkhf;fp Nfhrk; NghLk; NghJ> ,ij type;J fhl;LtNj gpiog;Gthjj;jpd; rpwg;gpay;ghFk;. gpiog;Gthjj;jpd; gz;ghfpd;wJ.

Gypfs; vd;w mikg;G vij mbg;gilahf nfhz;L jdJ FWe; jkpo; Njrpaj;ij fl;likf;fpd;wJ. ,e;j mbg;gilahd Nfs;tpf;F gjpyspf;fhky;> ahUk; vijAk; Muha KbahJ. Gypfs; rhjpaj;ij Kd;itf;fpd;whHfsh? rhjpiar; nrhy;yp ,af;fj;ij fl;Lfpd;whHfsh? rhjpapd; ngahpy; Ms; jpul;lypy; <LgLfpd;whHfsh? vdpd;> ,y;iy vd;gJ njspthd gjpyhFk;. rhjpaj;ij jkJ mikg;ghf;fypy; Kd;dpWj;jp ,af;fj;ij fl;ltpy;iy. mg;gb ,Uf;f> Gypfis rhjpa mikg;G vd;W $Wtjpy; ve;j mHj;jKk; ,Ug;gjpy;iy. mLj;J ,e;J kjj;ij milg;gilahf nfhz;L Gypfs; jk;ik fl;likf;fpd;whHfsh? kw;iwa kjq;fis ,opthf fhl;b jk;ik cUthf;fpd;whHfsh? Gypfs; ,e;J ,af;fkh vdpd;> ,y;iy vd;gJ njspthd gjpyhFk;. ,J Nghd;W aho; gpuNjrthjj;ij mbg;gilahf nfhz;L jkJ ,af;fj;ij cUthf;fpd;whHfsh? kw;iwa gpuNjr kf;fis ,opthf;fp gpur;rhuk; nra;J Ml;fis NrHf;fpd;whHfsh? vdpd; ,y;iy vd;gJ njspthd gjpyhFk;. ,g;gbahd gpur;rhuj;ij Gypfs; nra;apd;> Gypfs; vd;w ,af;fk; FWq;FOthfp mjd; mstpy; mJ vg;NghNj rpije;J NghapUf;Fk;;. ,g;gb ,y;yhj xU epiyapy; jhd; Gypfspd;  FWe; jkpo; Njrpa ,af;fk; vk;kz;zpy; ePbf;fpd;wJ. caH rhjpak;> aho; gpuNjr Nkyhz;ik> irt mbg;gilthjk; vd;gd epyg;gpuGj;Jt fz;Nzhl;lkhFk;. ,e;j tHf;fk; Njrpaj;Jf;fhd MAjg; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; ,Uf;fNth> ePbf;fNth KbahJ. ,e;j epyg;gpuGj;Jt tHf;fk; Njrpaj;jhy; jdJ eyd;fis ,of;FNk xopa> Gjpjhf vijAk; miltjpy;iy. rhjpaj;ij Kd;itj;jhy; rhjpg; gpsTk;> gpuNjrj;ij Kd; itj;jhy; gpuNjr gpsTk;> irtj;ij Kd; itj;jhy; kjg; gpsTk;> Gypfspd; FWe; jkpo; Njrpa Nghuhl;lj;ij rpije;jtpLk;. Nghuhl;lj;jpy; tpjptpyf;fhd cjphpr; rk;gtq;fs;> xU ,af;fj;ij kjpg;gpLk; vLNfhshf vg;NghJk; ,Ug;gjpy;iy. tpjptpyf;fhd rk;gtq;fspy; jz;lid nfhLf;fg;gl;lJ cz;L. nfhLf;fg;glhj epfo;TfSk; epfo;e;Js;sJ. rhjp Fiwe;j gphpTfs; caH rhjpf;F jz;lid nfhLj;jJk; cz;L. ,JNghy; kw;witAk;;. ,it midj;Jk; tpjptpyf;Ffs;jhd;. mjhtJ tpjptpyf;FfSf;F Nkyhd tpjptpyf;F jhd; ,it

 

epyTfpd;w r%f Mjpf;f mbg;gilapNyNa Gypfs; jk;ik fl;likj;jdH

Gypfs; vd;w ,af;fk; rhjp> kjk;> gpuNjrthjk; kPJ vd;d epiyiaf; ifahz;lJ. ,q;F aho; ikathjk;> caHrhjpa mjpfhuk;> ,e;Jj;Jt Nkyhz;ik kPJ rhp Mzhjpf;fk; kPJk; rhp xU Nghuhl;lj;ij elj;jtpy;iy. khwhf mij mg;gbNa Nrjkpd;wp ghJfhj;jJ. ,Uf;fpd;w epyg;gpuGj;Jt r%f fl;likg;gpy; rhjpak;> kjthjk;> gpuNjrthjj;ij mg;gbNa ghJfhg;gjd; ClhfNt jd;id mjDhlhfNt fl;likj;J. vjpHg;G kpd;wp MjuTkpd;wpa epiyapy; ,Uf;fpd;w Mjpf;f fz;Nzhl;lj;ij mg;gbNa ghJfhj;jjd; Clhf jd;id cWjp nra;J nfhz;lJ. ,J Nky; ,Ue;J fPohfTk;> fPo; ,Ue;J NkyhfTk; mj;JkPWtij mDkjpf;ftpy;iy. r%f fl;likg;gpy; rhjpa gpuNjr kjthjf; $Wfspd;; rhHghfTk; vjpuhfTk; mj;JkPWtij Gypfs; mDkjpf;ftpy;iy. ,e;j xU epiy jhd; Gypfspd; FWe;Njrpaj;ij Kz;LnfhLf;fpd;wJ. r%fj;jpy; mj;JkPWfpd;w NghJ> mjpfhuj;jpy; cs;s egHfspd; tpUg;G ntWg;Gld; gy jlitfspy; fLk; jz;lidf;Fk;> jz;lidapy; ,Ue;J jg;gpa epfo;TfSk; ele;Js;sd. cjhuzkhf caHrhjp Mjpf;f mlf;FKiwia jho;e;j rhjpf;F vjpuhf ifahz;l NghJ> Gypfs; jho;e;j rhjp egiu gLf;f itj;J caH rhjp Mjpf;f thjpapd; ehf;fhy; KJif ef;f itj;J> caH rhjpaj;ij mtkhdg;gLj;jpa epfo;TfSk; epfo;e;Js;sd. ,jw;F khwhf jho; rhjp ,isad; caHrhjp ngz;iz fhjypj;J Xba NghJ> gphpj;Jtpl;l epfo;TfSk; ele;Js;sd. Gypfs; ,Uf;fpd;w Mjpf;f r%f mikg;gpd; mikjp> jkJ Njr tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;Jf;F mtrpakhdJ vd;gjpy;> mij mjd; vy;iyf;Fs; ghJfhj;jdH.

,J Nghd;W Ruz;lYf;F vjpuhd Nghuhl;lj;ij jkpo; Njrpa tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;Jf;F vjpuhdjhf ghHj;jdH. Mzhjpf;fj;Jf;F vjpuhf ngz;fis  jkJ ,uhZt Ms; jpul;lYf;F xU Nfhrkhf;fpaJf;F mg;ghy;> r%f jsj;jpy; mij mg;gbNa NgZtjpy; jkJ epiyia cWjpahfNt nfhz;bUe;jdH. ngz;fis ,af;fj;jpy; ,izg;gjw;F Gwepiy epHg;ge;jk; Vw;gl;lJ. 1985f;F gpd;dhy; ,af;fq;fis gLnfhiy nra;j epfo;Tfisj; njhlHe;Jk;> kf;fSf;fhd [dehaf kWg;igj; njhlHe;Jk; Ml;NrHg;G vd;gJ ke;jkhfpaJ. mj;Jld; ,e;jpa Mf;fpukpg;G vw;gl;l epiyapy; taJ te;j Mz;fspd; ,izT Fiwe;j epiyapy;> r%fj;jpy; gytPdkhd epiyapy; tPl;by; rpiwg;gl;bUe;j r%f nghJ mwptpy; gpd; jq;fpapUe;j ngz;fis ,izg;gJ ,yFthdjhfpaJ. ngz;fs; kPjhd Mzhjpf;f r%ff; fl;Lg;ghl;il kPwp tpLjiy ngwj; Jbj;j ngz;fis ,izg;gjpy;> Gypfs; Mzhjpf;fj;ij xU Nfhrkhf;fp cj;jpahf;fpdH. Gypfs; jkJ FWe;Njrpa ,dthj fz;Nzhl;lj;jpy; r%f cs; Kuz;ghLfis mg;gbNa NgZtjpYk;> ghJfhg;gjpYk; fz;Zk; fUj;Jkhf ,Ue;jdH. r%f Mjpf;f fz;Nzhl;lNk Gypfspd; ,af;f fz;Nzhl;lkhf ,Ue;jJ. mj;JkPWtij mDkjpf;fhj Mjpf;f nghJ r%f vy;iyf;Fs; jd;id fl;likj;Jf; nfhz;lJ. r%f Mjpf;fj;jpy; epytpa Mzhjpf;f Ruz;ly; mikg;gpy; caH rhjpa mjpfhuk;> aho; gpuNjr Nkyhz;ik> ,e;Jj;Jtk; Nghd;wtw;iw Mjhukhf nfhz;bUe;jdH. ,jpy; xd;iwf; $l Kd;dpWj;jp mjd; mbg;gilapy; mjpfhuj;ij fl;likf;ftpy;iy. ,Uf;fpd;w mikg;ig mg;gbNa ghJfhj;jjd; Clhf> ,e;j mikg;G ,tw;wpd; gpujpepjpahf ,Uf;fpd;wdH. nghJthd r%f Mjpf;f fz;Nzhl;lj;jpd; G+HRth gpujpepjpahf Gypfs; ,Uf;fpd;whHfNs xopa> Gypfs; ,jpy; xd;iwf; $l jdJ gpujhd ikaf; Nfhrkhf;ftpy;iy

,e;j epiyapy; K];yPk; kf;fs; Nkyhd jhf;Fjy;> kw;Wk; ntspNaw;wg;gl;ljpy; rhjp> kjk;> gpuNjrthjk; ve;j ,lj;jpy; vg;gb Gypfshy; ifahsg;gl;lJ vd;gij ahUk; Kd;itg;gjpy;iy. fpof;fpy; k#jp kPjhd jhf;Fjypd; NghJ> Gypfs; ~~Xk;>  #yk;|| Nghd;w milahsq;fis ,l;ljhf nra;jpfs; ntspahfpd. ,it $l jhf;Fjiy elj;j jpl;lkpl;ltHfs; cldbahf czHT+l;lf; $ba kj mbg;gilthjj;ij vOg;gpajhy; my;yJ rpyhpd; kj czHT rhHe;J jd;dpr;irahf vOjg;gl;ldNt. Vd; ,j;jhf;Fjypd; gpd;G Gypfspd; K];yPk; cWg;gpdHfs; jhf;Fjy; ,lj;ij fz;fhzpf;f nrd;w jftYk; ntspahfpAs;sJ. MfNt Gypfs; ,e;J mbg;gilthj ,af;fkhf khwptpl;ljhfNth mij Mjhukhf nfhs;tjhfNth nrhy;y> xU mbg;gilahd vLNfhs; my;y. ,ij mtHfspd; eltbf;iffs;> mtHfspd; fUj;Jfs;> mtHfspy; fhzg;gLk; Fzhk;rq;fspy; $l fhl;lKbahJ. ,jw;F gpiog;Gthj Nfhrk; $l vijAk; Mjhukhf Kd;itf;f KbahJ. tuyhw;W hPjpahf jkpo; jiyikfs; kw;Wk; Gypfs; my;yhNjhhpd; fUj;Jfspy; ,ijf; fhl;LtJk;> mij Gypf;F nghUj;j KidtJk; mHj;jkw;wjhFk;;. mJNghy; nghJthd r%f Mjpf;f fUj;ij mbg;gilahf nfhz;L fhl;LtJk; jtwhFk;. gpiog;Gthj tuyhw;W murpay; jiyikfs;> gpiog;Gthj mwpTj;Jiwapd; tpsf;fTiufis GypfSf;F nghUj;JtJ> Gypfspd; ghj;jpuj;ij kjpg;gplj; jtwpa tq;FNuhj;Jj;jdkhFk;. Fwpg;ghf k#jp Nghd;wtw;wpd; Nkyhd jhf;Fjy; kj mbg;gilapyhdJ my;y. k#jp K];ypk; kf;fis xUq;fikj;j xUkpj;j tifapy;> ,af;f mlhtbj;jdq;fis vjpHj;J Nghuhba xU fskhfNt ,Ue;jJ. jyjhkhspif Nkyhd jhf;Fjy; $l kj mbg;gilapy; ,Ue;J my;y. rpq;fs Nghpdthjj;ij Gj;jkjk; ntspg;gLj;jp te;j epWtdk; kPjhdjhfNt jhf;Fjy; mike;jJ. ,e;j tifapyhd jhf;Fjy;fs; kf;fis Nghuhl;lj;Jf;F rhHghf my;yhky; vjphpapd; jug;Gf;F mzpjpul;lNt toptFf;fpd;wJ vd;gij FWe;Njrpa ,dthj murpay; Vw;Wf; nfhs;s kWf;fpd;wJ.

FWe;Njrpa ,dthjk; vg;gb K];ypk; kf;fSf;F vjpuhf khwpaJ

,uz;lhtjhf K];yPk; kf;fs; Nkyhd jhf;Fjy; kw;Wk; ntspNaw;wj;Jf;F $Wk; fhuzq;fs; FWe;Njrpa ,dthj fz;Nzhl;lj;jpy; ,Ue;J vOtjhFk;. Mjpf;f ,dq;fs; rpWghd;ik ,dq;fs; Nkyhd mjpfhuj;ijAk;> eyd;fisAk; jf;fitf;f fl;likf;Fk; fUJNfhs;fis mbg;gilahf nfhz;Nl ,it Kd;itf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. 1993 ,y; Gypfspd; jiytH gpughfud; gp.gp.rpf;F toq;fpa Ngl;bapy; ~~K];yPk;fs; jdpahd fyhr;rhuj;ijAk; jdpj;Jtj;ijAk; nfhz;ltHfs;. mtHfspd; jdpj;JtKk; epy chpikAk; ghJfhf;fg;gLk;. jkpo; kf;fSld; xd;whf tho;tjd; %yk; mtHfspd; r%f nghUshjhu tho;T rpwg;ghf ,Uf;Fk;.|| vd;w Gypfspd; $w;W mtHfisNa mtHfspd; eltbf;iffs; Cryhlitf;fpd;wJ. ,e;jg;Ngl;b ,j;jhf;Fjypd; gpd;ghfNt ntspte;Js;sJ. Gypfspd; ntspaPlhd ~~,];yhkpaj; jkpoUk; jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lKk;|| vd;gJ> [dthp 1987 ,y; jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfspd; murpay; gphpT ntspaPlahFk;. ,J ~~jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Nghhpy; Kjw; fsg;gypahd ,];yhkpaj; jkpo; tPu kwtd; Gypfs; ,af;fj;jpd; nyg;bdl; [PidjPDf;F ,e;j Ehy; fhzpf;if||ahf ntspte;jJ. ,e;j Ehy; K];yPk; rKfk; gw;wp NgRfpd;wJ. Gypfspd; murpay; gphptpd; Kd;Diuapy; ~~kjk;> rhjp vd;w vy;iyf; NfhLfis mopj;J> Xhpdk; vd;w Njrpa vOr;rpAk;> xNu epyk; vd;w jhafg; gw;WzHTk; ,];yhkpaj; jkpoHfis vkJ Gul;rpg; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; mzpjpul;b tUfpd;wJ. ,uj;jk; rpe;Jk; vkJ tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lk; ,];yhkpaj; jkpohpd; tpbTf;F topNfhYk; vd;gjpy; vkf;F cWjpahd ek;gpf;ifAz;L|| mjd; njhlHr;rpapy; ~~jkpoPoj; jdpauNr ,];yhkpa kf;fSf;F xU epue;juj; jPHit toq;Fk;...|| vd;w $w;Wk; K];yPk; kf;fs; gw;wpa Gypfspd; FWe;Njrpaj; jd;ikia Kuz;gl;lgb ntspg;gLj;Jfpd;wJ. jkpo; kf;fs; gw;wp NgRk; ,tHfs;> K];yPk; kf;fs; vd;W jdpj;Jtkhf;fp gphpj;Jf;fhl;Lk; NghJ> kjk; vd;w NtWghl;by; epd;Nw tpsf;fpa NghJk;> mjpy; ,Ue;J NtW xd;W mjw;Fs; cWj;jp epw;fpd;wJ. ,q;F jkpo; kf;fs; vd;gjw;F gjpy; ,e;J> fpwp];Jtk; vd;W nrhy;yj; jtWtJ> K];yPk; kf;fspd; jdpj;Jtj;ij kjk; fle;J xj;Jf;nfhs;s kWf;fpd;wJ. K];yPk; kf;fs; kjr; rpWghd;ikapdH my;y. ,e;Jf;fs;> fpwp];JtHfs; vd;w thpirapy; K];yPk; kf;fs; kjkhf ,y;iy. khwhf NtW vNjh xd;W ,Ug;gjhy; jhd;> mijj; jdpj;J Gypfs; Fwpg;gpl;L fhl;l eph;g;ge;jpf;fg;gLfpd;wdH. K];yPk; kf;fs; vd;W Fwpj;Jf; fhl;Lk; jd;ik vij Fwpf;fpd;wJ.

,yq;ifapy; rpq;fs> jkpo;> kiyaf> K];yPk; kf;fs; vd;W Fwpg;gpLk; NghNj> ,dj; jd;ik tha;e;j xd;W fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. ,e;jf; $w;wpy; kjj; jd;ik ,Ug;gjpy;iy. Gj;jk;> ,e;J> K];yPk;> fpwp];Jtk; vd;w Fwpg;gpLk; NghJ kl;LNk kjk; rhHe;J ntspg;gLfpd;wJ. rpq;fsk;> jkpo; vd;W Fwpg;gpLk; NghJ mJ nkhop rhHe;J gphpfpd;wJ. ,q;F kiyafk;> K];yPk; vd;W Fwpg;gpLtjpy;iy. Njrpa tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lk; vd;gJ ntWkNd nkhop rhHe;jJ my;y. khwhf nghUshjhuk;> nghJ nkhop> fyhr;rhuk;> epyj; njhlH vd;w vy;iyf;Fs; Njrpak; tsHr;rp ngWfpd;wJ. ,J kjj;ij fle;J elf;fpd;wJ. Njrpa Nghuhl;lk; FWe;Njrpa Nghuhl;lkhf khWk; NghJ> mJ nkhopahf jd;id FWf;fp nfhz;L> nkhop fle;j Kuz;ghLfis mlq;fp xLq;fp elf;ff; NfhUfpd;wJ. mlq;f kWj;jhy;> mlf;Ffpd;wJ. Kuz;ghLfis kjkhfTk; my;yJ VNjh xd;wpd; Clhf fhl;b mlf;fp xLf;Ffpd;wJ.

K];yPk; kf;fs; rpWghd;ik jkpo;j; Njrpa ,dNk

Gypfspd; jiytH gpughfudpd; K];yPk; kf;fs; jdpahd fyhr;rhuk;> jdpj;Jtkhd epyj; njhliu nfhz;ltHfs; vd;w $w;W> mtHfspd; jdpj;Jtj;ij mq;fPfhpf;ff; NfhUfpd;wJ. Mdhy; Gypfs; nrhw;fSf;F mg;ghy; eilKiwapy; ,ij kWf;fpd;wdH. K];yPk; kf;fspd; nghUshjhu $W vd;gJ tsHr;rp ngwhj jd;ik jhd;> mtHfis rpWghd;ik jkpo; Njrpa ,dkhf;fpd;wJ. ,q;F mtHfspd; nkhop $l jkpopy; xU gFjpahfNt cs;sJ. mjhtJ jkpo; vd;gJ> gy fpis nkhopNa nghJthf jkpohf  ,Uf;fpd;wJ. ,J gpuNjrk;> kjk;> gz;ghL> nghUshjhuf; $W... vd;W gy;tpid mk;rq;fs; jkpo; nkhopia jdf;Fs; gphpf;fpd;wJ. jkpo; ,Jjhd; vd;W xd;iw nrhy;yNth> jpzpj;JtplNth KbahJ. aho;g;ghzj;J jkpio> fpof;Ff;Nfh> K];yPk; kf;fSf;Nfh> kiyafj;Jf;Nfh> jkpo; ehl;Lf;Nfh jpzpf;f KbahJ. Mdhy; jkpo; vd;w ngahpy; NtW nkhopia mg;gbNa jkpo; Mf;FtJ> jkpo; my;y. mjhtJ jkpo; nkhop NgRk; kf;fs; jkJ tho;tpd; #oy; rhHe;J> nghUs; Kjy;thj fz;Nzhl;lj;jpy; nghUl;fspd; cr;rhpg;igAk;> mjd; fyhr;rhu NtWghl;ilAk; nfhz;L gphpAk; NghJ mij jkpohf gu];guk; mq;fPfhpf;f Ntz;Lk;. aho;g;ghzj;J jkpo; nkhopapd; mbg;gilapy; K];yPk; kf;fspd; jkpio fpz;ly; nra;tJ my;yJ mij Jhw;WtJ FWe;Njrpa ,dthjkhFk;;. ,J K];yPk; kf;fis jkpo; nkhopapy; ,Ue;J jdpikg;gLj;jp> mtHfspd; jdpj;Jt ,dj; jd;ikia kWf;fpd;wJ. ,e;j kWg;Ng mtHfs; Nkyhd mlf;FKiwahf ghpzkpf;fpd;wJ.

 

K];yPk; kf;fs; jkpo; kf;fis jhf;fpdhHfsh?

ehk; jdpj; jdpahf K];yPk; kf;fs; Nkyhd xLf;FKiwia epahag;gLj;Jk; fhuzq;fis Muha;Nthk;. K];yPk; kf;fs; jkpo; kf;fs; Nky; elj;jpa jhf;FjYf;F gjpyb vd;gJ> jkpo; jug;gpd; Kd;$l;ba MAjk; ve;jpa gLnfhiyj; jhf;Fjiy %bkiwg;gjhFk;;. mjhtJ K];ypk; kf;fspy; ,Ue;J md;dpakhd $ypg;gilfspd; jhf;Fjy; $l> ,af;fq;fspd; tiuKiwaw;w mg;ghtp K];yPk; kf;fs; Nkyhd jhf;Fjypd; tpisthFk;. mjhtJ ,e;jf; $ypg;gl;lhsk; cUthf ,af;fq;fspd; Fwpj;j td;KiwNa fhuzkhf ,Ue;jJ vd;gij> ,e;jf; Fw;wr;rhl;L %bkiwj;J mij NkYk; Cf;Ftpf;fpd;wJ. ,Nj Nghd;w Fw;wr;rhl;il rpq;fs kf;fs; jkpo; kf;fSf;F $wpd;> vd;d jHf;f epahak; ,Uf;f KbAk;. ,NjNghy; jhd; K];yPk; kf;fs; epiyAk;. gykhd ,dq;fs; gytPdkhd ,dq;fs; Nky; jhf;Fjiy elj;Jk; NghJ> gytPdkhd ,dk; jtpHf;f Kbahky; vjpH jhf;Fjypy; ,wq;Ffpd;wJ. rpq;fs ,dthj rf;jpfs; jkpo; kf;fs; NkYk;> jkpo; FWe; Njrpathjpfs; K];yPk; kf;fs; NkYk; elj;Jk; jhf;FjYf;F vjpH kiwapy; gjpyb nfhLf;fpd;wJ. ,q;F kf;fspy; ,Ue;J md;dpag;gl;l FOf;fs; ,ij Neubahf ifahSk; NghJ> ,dj;ijNa vjphpahf fhl;b mopg;gJ epahag;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wJ. ,q;F mg;ghtp kf;fs; Nky; ,dthj rf;jpfs; elj;Jk; ,uz;L gf;f tbtj;ijAk;> ehk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;s KbahJ. ,dthjj;ij fl;likf;Fk; ,dthjpfis Nehf;fp kf;fs; vjpH jhf;Fjiy> ,dk; fle;J elj;j Ntz;Lk;. ,ij ,dthjpfs; nra;af; $lhJ. ,dthjp kw;nwhU ,dthjp Nky; elj;Jk; jhf;Fjy;> gbg;gbahf ,d kf;fs; Nkyhdjhf khwptpLfpd;wJ. jkpo; ,dthjpfs; K];yPk; kf;fs; NkYk;> rpq;fs kf;fs; Nky; elj;jpa jhf;Fjy;> K];yPk; ,dthjpfs; jkpo; kf;fs; Nky; elj;jpa jhf;Fjy;> rpq;fs ,dthjpfs; jkpo; K];yPk;> kiyahf kf;fs; Nky; elj;jpa jhf;Fjy; midj;Jk; Njrpa ,dthjj;ij mbg;gilahf nfhz;lJ. vjphpia tpl NghuhLk; ,af;fq;fs; kf;fis ,dj; jd;ikapy; nfhy;Yk; NghJ> mg;Nghuhl;l jpahfNk ,dthjkhfp rPuopfpd;wJ. Mdhy; Nghuhspfs; my;yhj ,uhZtk; ,dg;gLnfhiyfis elj;Jk; NghJ> $ypj;jdj;ij ntl;l ntspr;rkhf;fp NkYk; ,dthjk; mk;gykhfpd;wJ. jkpo; FWe;Njrpa ,dthj ,af;fq;fs; K];yPk; kf;fs; kPjhd njhlHr;rpahd jhf;Fjypd; tpisthy; jhd;>  K];yPk; ,dthj $ypf;FOf;fs; cUthfpaJ kl;Lkpd;wp vjpH jhf;Fjiy jkpo; kf;fs; Nky; elj;Jk; epiyf;Fk; ,l;Lr; nrd;wdH. jkpo; kf;fs; jkJ Njrpa tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; kw;iwa ,d kf;fspd; If;fpaj;ij mq;fPfhpj;J> mtHfSld; ,ize;J Nghuhlj; jtwpdH. mk; kf;fs; Nky; mlf;FKiwia ifahSk; NghJ> gpujhd vjphp jdf;F rhHghf jhf;FjYf;F cs;shd ,dq;fis khw;wp> jdJ $ypg;gl;lhsj;ij me;j ,dq;fspYk; cUthf;fpd;wJ. ,J jkpo; kf;fSf;Fk; $l nghUe;Jk;;. ,e;j K];yPk;> jkpo; $ypg;gl;lhsq;fSf;Fk; kf;fSf;Fk; ve;jtpjkhd murpay; cwTk; ,Ug;gjpy;iy. khwhf me;j kf;fSf;F vjpuhfNt nraw;gLfpd;wJ. kf;fspy; ,Ue;J jdpikg;gl;l gaq;futhj $ypf;FOthf ,aq;Fk; ,e;jf; FOf;fs;> jdf;F vjpuhd ,d kf;fs; Nky; gLnfhiyj; jhf;Fjiy elj;Jfpd;wJ. ,ij ,dk; fle;J fz;bf;f Ntz;Lk;. kf;fSf;fhf NghuhLk; ,af;fq;fs; ,e;jf; $ypf;FOf;fis mk;gyk; nra;J> ,J Nghd;w eltbf;ifapy; jhDk; <LglhJ NghuhlNtz;Lk;;. mij tpl;L me;jf; $ypf; FO rhHe;j ,d kf;fis jhf;fp mopg;gJ> Nghuhl;lj;ij FWe; Njrpa ,dthjkhf;fp rPuope;J nry;tijf; fle;J> ve;j tpsf;fKk; mjw;F ,Ug;gjpy;iy.

 

K];yPk; kf;fs; Nghuhl;lj;ij fhl;b nfhLj;jduh?

K];yPk; kf;fs; Nghuhl;lj;ij fhl;bf; nfhLj;jdH vd;gJ mHj;jkw;w thjkhFk;. fhl;bf; nfhLj;jdH vd;W ,af;fq;fshy; nfhy;yg;gl;l jkpoHfspd; vz;zpf;if> K];yPk; kf;fspd; tpfpjhrhuj;Jf;F xg;gpbd; kpf mjpfkhdJ. fhl;bf; nfhLg;G vd;gJ vg;gb> ve;jf; fhuzq;fshy; epfo;fpd;wJ vd;gij tpLj;J> xw;iwg; ghpzhkj;jpy; jz;bf;Fk; NghJ mg;gtpfs; $l JNuhfpahfpd;wdH. Nghuhl;lk; kf;fspd; Mjuitg; ngw;W kf;fs; ,af;fkhf jiykiwthf ,aq;fj; jtwp> kf;fsplk; ,Ue;J md;dpag;gl;L gfpuq;fkhf ,aq;fpa Fw;wk; ahUilaJ. mJ ,af;fj;jpd; fhl;bf; nfhLg;G my;yth. fhl;bf; nfhLf;Fk; fhuzj;jpd; r%f cwthf;fk; Muhag;gl;L jd;id RatpkHrdk; nra;aj; jtwp jz;bg;gJ> Fw;wj;ij jdf;Fs; %bkiwg;gjhFk;. cz;ikapy; fhl;bf; nfhLg;gtd; Vd; nra;jhd; vd;w fhuzj;ij fz;lwpe;J jz;bf;fhjtiu> ,af;fj;jpd; Nehf;fKk; mNj fhuzj;jhy; nfhr;irg;gLj;jg;gLtJ epfo;fpd;wJ. mJTk; ,e;jf; fhl;bf; nfhLg;ig ,d;ndhU ,dkhd K];yPk; kf;fs; Nkyhf Rkj;jp nfhr;irg;gLj;JtJ vd;gJ NfLnfl;l gr;ir ,dthjkhFk;;. me;j ,dq;fspd; jdpj;Jtj;ij mq;fPfhpj;J> mtHfspd; [dehafj;ij nray;tbtikf;f cjthj tiu> fhl;bf; nfhLg;G gw;wpf; $wp JNuhfpahf;f ve;j chpikAk; ve;j ,dj;Jf;Fk;> FOTf;Fk; fpilahJ.

 

K];yPk; kf;fs; ~~njhg;gp gpul;b||fsh?

K];yPk; kf;fs; ~~njhg;gp gpul;bfs;|| vd;W jkpo; kf;fspd; nfhr;irahd ,d milahs nkhop> jkpo; kf;fspd; Njrpaj;Jf;F gr;irj; JNuhfk; JNuhfkpioj;j $l;lzpahy;> jkJ gr;ir ,dthj murpaYf;fhf fl;likf;fg;gl;litNa. ~~njhg;gp gpul;bfs;|| vd;W nrhd;dtNd jkpo; kf;fSf;F JNuhfpahfpa NghJk;> me;j vLNfhs;fs; kl;Lk; JNuhfkhfhky;> mNj ,dthj murpaypy; td;Kiw nkhopahfp eltbf;ifahfpd;wJ. jkpo; kf;fSf;F ,ioj;j JNuhfk; Nghd;W> jkpo; jiytHfs; K];yPk; kf;fSf;F njhlHe;J JNuhfkpioj;jdH. cz;ikapy; mz;zHfshd jkpo; ghuhSkd;w murpay; thjpfs; K];yPk; kf;fSf;F nra;j JNuhfj;Jf;F> ghpfhuk; NjLtjw;Fg; gjpy; JNuhfj;ij epahag;gLj;jp %bkiwf;f> jk;gpfs; njhlHe;Jk; ~~njhg;gp gpul;bfs; vd;W Nftykhf jkJ FWe;Njrpa ,dthj murpaiy fl;likj;jdH. jkpo;j; jiyikfs; K];yPk; kf;fSf;Ff; nfhLj;j thf;FWjpfis iftpl;L> jhNd njhg;gp gpul;bahf ,Ug;gij %bkiwf;f> vjpH jug;Gf;F mtHfspd; njhg;gp Nky; milahsg;gLj;jpf; $wpa murpaNy> ve;j NtWghLk; ,d;wp ,d;Wtiu mtHfs; Nkyhd td;Kiwahf njhlUfpd;wJ.

 

K];yPk; kf;fs; te;NjW Fbfsh?

K];yPk; kf;fs; te;;NjW Fbfs; vd;gJk;> mtHfs; jkpo; Njrpa ,dk; my;y vd;gJk; mHj;jkw;w Mjhukw;w ,dthjkhFk;. ,ijj; jhd; ngUe;Njrpa ,dthjKk; jkpo; ,dj;Jf;F ve;j NtWghkpd;wp $Wfpd;wJ. ,];yhk; kjk; vd;gJ muG Njrj;jpy; ,Ue;J ,yq;if te;jNj xopa> mq;fpUe;J muG kf;fs; tutpy;iy. mjhtJ K];ypk; kf;fs; muG topte;jtHfs; my;y. ghuk;ghpakhf tho;e;J te;j kf;fs;> ,];yhk; kjf; jj;Jtj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhz;ljw;F mg;ghy;> mtHfs; mq;fpUe;J te;jtHfs; my;y. rhjpa mlf;FKiw cld;fl;il Vw;Wjy; Nghd;w fhl;Lkpuhz;bj; jdq;fisf; nfhz;l kjkhf ,e;J kjk; jd;id epahag;gLj;jp ePbf;Fk; NghJ> kw;iwa kjj; jj;Jtq;fis kf;fs; Vw;gJ ,aw;ifahf ,Ue;jJ. Vd; fpwp];Jt kjk; $l ntspapy; ,Ue;J fhydpj;Jt thjpfshy; fhydpj;Jt Nehf;fj;Jf;fhf nfhz;L te;jit jhd;;. Vd; ,d;W vk; kz;zpy; ,Uf;fpd;w ,e;Jkjk; $l> vk;kz;Zf;F Gjpaitjhd;. vkJ ghuk;ghpa kjkhf ,d;W ,Uf;Fk; ,e;Jkjk; vd;Wk; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. tl ,e;jpahtpy; ,Ue;J te;j ,d;iwa ,e;J kjk;> vk; kz;zpy; ghuk;ghpa topghLfis mopj;J mjd; Nky; jd;id epWtpf; nfhz;lNj. Vd; gps;isahH topghL Kjy; ,d;W mDkhH topghL tiu ,e;jpa ghHg;gzpaj;jpd; mjpfhuj;jpd; tuyhw;W nry;thf;Fld;> vk; kz;zpy; mz;ikf; fhyj;jpy; GFe;jitNa. ,ij tpl K];yPk; topghLfs; fhyj;jhYk; mwpthYk; Ke;jpait.

 

tlf;fpy; K];yPk; kf;fSf;F vjpuhf ,df;fytuk; Vw;gl ,Ue;jjh?

tpLjiyg;Gypfspd; jiytH NtYg;gps;is gpughfud; 1993 ,y; gp.gp.rp f;F toq;fpa Ngl;bapy;  ~~aho;g;ghzj;jpYk; mg;NghJ jkpo;-K];yPk; fytuk; guTk; mghakpUe;jJ. mjdhy; jhd; K];yPk;fis jw;fhypfkhf aho;g;ghzj;ij tpl;Lr; nry;YkhW $wpNdhk;. mijAk; mtHfspd; ghJfhg;Gf;fhfNt nra;Njhk;|vd;fpwhH. aho;f;Flhehl;ilAk; td;dpapd; ngUk; gFjpiaAk; fpof;fpd; xU gFjpiaAk; jdJ fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; itj;jpUe;j xU ,af;fj;jpd; jiythpd; Ngl;b> me;j ,af;fj;jpd; FWe;Njrpaj;jpd; ,dthj ,ay;ig njspthfNt gl;ltHj;jkhf;fpaJ. tlf;fpy; K];yPk; kf;fSf;F vjpuhd xU ,df;fytuk; (ftdpf;fTk;; ,J kjf;fytuk; my;y> xU ,df; fytuk;. ,J K];yPk; ,dj;ij ,dkhf ghHf;fpd;wNj xopa kjkhf my;y) elf;f ,Ue;jJ vd;gij> tlf;fpy; tho;e;j ve;j jkpodhtJ xg;Gf; nfhs;thdh! jkpo; kf;fs; nrhe;j MSikapy; nraw;gLk; Mw;wy; ,oe;J ,af;fq;fspd; MAj td;Kiwf;F mbikahfpajd; gpd;G> RNal;irahd nray; vd;gJ fw;gidf;FhpaNj. mJTk; xU ,df; fytuk; elj;JksTf;F! vd;d Mr;rhpakhd tpsf;fk;! ,e;j ,df; fytu GidTfis mq;F tho;e;j rhjhuz kf;fs; $l Vw;Wf; nfhs;stpy;iy. mJ rhp> xU ,df;fytuk; elf;f ,Ue;jJ vdpd;> ,ij Gypfs; murpay; hPjpahf vg;gb vjpHj;Jg; NghuhbdPHfs;. ,ij jLf;f vd;d nra;jPHfs;;. K];yPk; kf;fs; jkpo; kf;fs; jhd; vdpd;> jkpo; kf;fspd; ,d czHTfis my;yJ kj czHTfis vjpHj;J Nghuhb> K];yPk; kf;fis ghJfhj;J rNfhujj;Jtj;ij epiy ehl;bapUf;f Ntz;Lky;yth! vq;Nf! vg;gb! K];yPk; rNfhujj;Jtj;ij ghJfhj;jPHfs;!; ,df; fytuj;ij jLf;f K];yPk; kf;fis ghJfhf;fNt ntspNaw;dPHfs; vdpd;> me;j kf;fspd; ciog;ig Vd; <tpuf;fkpd;wp nfhs;isabj;jPHfs;;? ,J gfw;nfhs;is ,y;iy vdpd;> ,J vd;d? md;whlk; Ruz;lYf;Fs;shfpa tz;zk; $ypf;Fr; nrd;W cioj;j ciog;ig mgfhpg;gij vd;d vd;gJ? kPz;Lk; Ruz;bajw;F mg;ghy; NtW vJTkpy;iy. mtHfspd; ciog;gpyhd nrhj;ij ghJfhg;ghf itj;Jtpl;Lr; nry;yr; nrhd;dPHfsh? ahhplk; ghJfhf;f? ey;y Ntbf;ifahd thjq;fs; jhd;. vq;Nf me;j kf;fspd; nrhj;Jfs;. me;j kf;fspd; ciog;ig vy;yhk; Vyk; tpl;L miuAk;FiwAkhf tpw;w gpd;G> mtHfis ghJfhf;fNt ehk; ntspNaw;wpNdhk; vd;W nrhy;tJ> Gypfspd; murpay; NeHikia> Gypfspd; thf;if vy;yhj; jsj;jpYk; epge;jidapd;wp; jfHj;JtpLfpd;wJ.

 

K];yPk; kf;fs; xU rpWghd;ik Njrpa ,dkhFk;

K];ypk; kf;fs; xU Njrpa rpWghd;ik ,dk; vd;gij gyH kWf;fpd;wdH. khwhf mtHfis kjr; rpWghd;ikapdH my;yJ Njrpa ,dk; vd;W tiuaWg;gJ vd;w> ,U filf;Nfhbapy; fUj;Jfs; Kd;itf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. Gypfs; mtHfis xj;jtHfSk; ~~,];yhkpaj; jkpoHfSk; jkpo;j; Njrpa ,dj;jpd; gphpf;f Kbahj xU mq;fNk. Vida jkpoHfs; ,e;J khHf;fk;> fpwp];jt khHf;fk; vd;W Vw;Wf; nfhz;lijg; NghyNt ,];yhkpaj; jkpoHfSk; ,];yhk; kjj;ijj; jkJ khHf;fkhff; nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfNs jtpu > mth;fs; ,dj;jhy; jkpoHfNs. jkpo; nkhop kPJ mtHfs; Vida jkpoHfis tpl mjpfg; gw;Wf; nfhz;ltHfs; vd;W $lr; nrhy;yyhk;. vd;W Gypfspd; ntspaPL $Wfpd;wJ. ,q;F K];yPk; vd;w nrhy;Yf;F gjpy; ,];yhkpa kf;fs; vd;w nrhy;; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wJ. Gypfspd; jiytH gpughfud; ~~aho;g;ghzj;jpYk; mg;NghJ jkpo;-K];yPk; fytuk; guTk; mghakpUe;jJ. vd;W nrhy;Yk; NghJ> mij kjf; fytuk; vd;W nrhy;ytpy;iy. Vd; mNj Ngl;bapy; ~~K];yPk;fs; jdpahd fyhr;rhuj;ijAk; jdpj;Jtj;ijAk; nfhz;ltHfs;. mtHfspd; jdpj;JtKk; epy chpikAk; ghJfhf;fg;gLk;. jkpo; kf;fSld; xd;whf tho;tjd; %yk; mtHfspd; r%f nghUshjhu tho;T rpwg;ghf ,Uf;Fk;.|,q;Fk; K];ypk; kf;fis kjr; rpWghd;ikapdH vd;W $wtpy;iy. Mdhy; mtHfspd; Ehy; mjw;F vjpuhf fUj;J $Wfpd;wJ. cz;ikapy; K];ypk; kf;fis jdpahd xU Njrpa rpWghd;ik ,dk; vd;gij Vw;f kWf;fpd;wdH. mij kjr; rpWghd;ik ,dkhf fhl;lNt Kuz;gl;lgb Kaw;rp vLf;fpd;wdH.

K];yPk; kf;fs; xU rpWghd;ik ,dk; vd;w mbg;gilapNyNa> jkpo; FWe;Njrpa ,dthj murpaNy mtHfis gLnfhiy nra;jJ Kjy; ntspNaw;wpaJ tiu epfo;e;jJ. ,q;F ,tHfs; kjr; rpWghd;ikapdH my;y. xU ,dr; rpWghd;ikapdNu. ,q;Fk; K];yPk; vd;w gjk; K];yPk; kjj;ij Fwpj;J nrhy;yg;gLtjpy;iy. vy;yh FWe;Njrpa ,dthjpfSk; K];yPk; kjk; vd;w mbg;gilapy; jhd; milahsg;gLj;jp> td;Kiwia fl;likf;fpd;wdH. K];yPk; vd;w gjk; vg;gb tuyhw;W hPjpahf fl;likf;fg;gl;lJ vd;w Ma;T kpfKf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;J. ghuk;ghpakhf tho;e;J te;j jkpo; kf;fs; kj;jpapy; ,];yhk; xU kjj; jj;Jttpayhf te;j NghJ> mij cs;thq;fpf; nfhs;tJ ,aw;ifahf ,Ue;jJ. ,e;J kjj;jpy; fhzg;gl;l gy gpw;Nghf;fhd kdpjtpNuhj elj;ijfs; kw;Wk; rhjpa gpsTis vjpH nfhz;l kf;fs;> ,];yhk; kjj;ij nrd;wiltJ ,aw;ifahdjhfTk; ,ay;ghdjhfTk; ,Ue;jJ. mj;Jld; rKf nghUshjhu $WfSk;> ,ij ce;jpr; nry;tjpy; Fwpj;j gq;if tfpj;Js;sJ. ,e;j epiyapy; ,];yhk;;> kjk; vd;w mbg;gilapy; jkpo; kf;fs; kj;jpapy; fhYhd;wj; njhlq;fpaJ. ,e;j tuyhw;Wj; Nghf;if ,e;J kjk;> jdJ fle;jfhy epyg;gpuGj;Jt Mjpf;f tbtpNyNa Vw;Wf; nfhz;ljpy;iy. ,J me;j kf;fis kj mbg;gil vy;iyf;Fs;> jd;dpy; ,Ue;J md;dpag;gLj;jpaJ. mjhtJ epyg;gpuGj;Jt r%fk; vd;w mbg;gilapy; ,Ue;j kj cwthf;fk;> kj mbg;gilapy; gpsTglj; njhlq;fpaJ. ,e;jg; gpstpy; Mjpf;f kjkhd ,e;J kjNk (irtk;) Kd;dpd;W xLf;fpaJ kl;Lkpd;wp> vjpHj;jug;ig K];yPk; vd;w kjj;jpd; Clhf milahsk; fhl;b xLf;fpaJ. kf;fis gpse;J fhl;baJ. ,it midj;Jk; kjk; rhHe;j epyg;gpuGj;Jt r%f tbtj;jpy; tsHr;rp ngw;wJ. ,e;j r%fg; Gwf;fzpg;G kj mbg;gil vy;iyf;Fs;> jdf;Fs;shd FWfpa vy;iyf;Fs; jd;id epiyehl;l ,l;Lr; nrd;wJ. ,e;j tsHr;rp fle;j rpy EhW tUl tsHr;rpapy; gbg;gbahf Vw;gl;litNa. irtj;jpy; ,Ue;J md;dpag;gLj;jg;gl;l K];yPk; kf;fs;> K];yPk; kj gz;ghL fyhr;rhuk; rhHe;J jdJ epyg;gpuGj;Jt cw;gj;jp Kiwf;F ,irthf> jdf;Fs; jd;id khw;wpf; nfhs;sj; njhlq;fpaJ. kW jsj;jpy; irt kjj;jpd; gue;j jd;ikaw;w td;Kiw nfhz;l r%f fz;Nzhl;lNk> K];yPk; kjthj fl;likg;ig cUthf;f Jizahf epd;wJ. irt kjk; rhHe;j epyg;gpuGj;Jt fz;Nzhl;lk; mbg;gilapy; jd;id jdf;Fs; tsHj;Jf; nfhs;Sk; xU fl;likg;G Vw;gl;lJ. K];yPk; kf;fs; Nkyhd irt Mjpf;fk; kw;Wk; Gwf;fzpg;Gld; $ba xLf;FKiw> K];yPk; kf;fis rpq;fs r%fj;Jld; ,ize;J nry;Yk; jftikia Vw;gLj;jpaJ.

jkpo;> K];yPk; kf;fspilNa ,Ue;j kj Mjpf;f epyg;gpuGj;Jt gz;ghL> jdpikg;gLj;jpa cs;r; Rw;W epyg;gpuGj;Jt nghUshjhu cwTfs;> jdpj;Jtkpf;f jdpj;jdp nkhopia cUthf;fpaJ. jkpo; vd;gJ kjk; rhHe;j gpw;Nghf;F $Wld; jd;id khw;wpf; nfhz;lJ. jkpo; nkhop vd;gJ mjd; ,aw;ifahd nghUs; Kjy;thj $wpy; ,Ue;J tpyfp> fUj;JKjy;thj fz;Nzhl;lj;ij cs;thq;fpa nkhopahf khwpaJ. Mjpf;fj;jpy; ,Ue;j epyg;gpuGj;Jt kjthj fz;Nzhl;lk; fUj;JKjy;thjk; rhHe;J> nghUspd; nghUs; Kjy;thj fz;Nzhl;lj;ij rpijj;jjd; %yk;> nkhopapy; gpsT Vw;gl;L NtWgl;l jd;ikapy; tsHr;rp ngw;wJ. ,J ,e;J kw;Wk; K];yPk; kf;fspd; ,U nkhopf; $wpYk; cs;slq;fpajhf khwpaJ. ,J nkhopapd; gpsit Vw;gLj;jpaJ. ,d;W jkpo; kw;Wk; K];yPk; kf;fs; NgRfpd;w jkpo; nkhop kj mbg;gilthjk; rhHe;J> epyg;gpuGj;Jt gz;ghl;L fyhr;rhu $WfSld; NtWgl;Nl jdpj;;jdpahf epw;fpd;wJ.

,q;F K];yPk; rpWghd;ik kjk; kPjhd ,e;J kjj;jpd; Gwf;fzpg;Gld; $ba mjpfhuk; ePz;l tuyhw;W njhlHr;rpapy;> jdpj; jdpahd gz;ghl;L fyhr;rhu gbkq;fis Vw;gLj;jpaJ. ,e;j ,U r%fq;fSk; jdf;Fs; jhNd jd;id kPs xUq;fikj;Jf; nfhs;Sk; Nghf;F> ,jd; rpwg;ghd tbtkhfpaJ. ,q;F aho; Mjpf;f gpuNjrthjk; kw;iwa gpuNjrq;fSld; jd;id md;dpag;gLj;jpa NghJk;> Mjpf;fj;jpy; ,Ue;j ,e;Jkjk; rhHe;j epyg;gpuGj;Jt Mjpf;f gz;ghL gpsit kl;Lg;gLj;jpaJ. ,e;j kjthj epyg;gpuGj;Jt gz;ghL fle;j Njrpa vOr;rpfs; nrd;w Ehw;whz;bd; eLg;gFjpfspy; tpj;jpl;l NghJ> ,e;j Njrpa fz;Nzhl;lk; kjthj epyg;gpuGj;Jt $Wfspy; ,Ue;J jd;id Kuzw;w tifapy; ntspg;gLj;jptpltpy;iy. khwhf gioa $w;wpd; ePl;rpahf ntspg;gl;l NghJ> Njrpa tpopg;GzHr;rpfs; kjf; fz;Nzhl;lj;jpy; ,Ue;Nj mZFk; Nghf;F jiyfhl;baJ. kWgf;fj;jpy; me;j Njrpa czHTfs; nkhop rhHe;j ,d czHit jdf;Fs; nfhz;bUe;j jd;ik vd;gJ> kjk; fle;J jd;id ntspg;gLj;jpaJ. ,q;F nkhop rhHe;j Njrpa ,d czHTf;F gpd;dhy;> kj czHT ePl;rpahf ePbg;gJ jtpHf;fKbatpy;iy. ,ul;ilj; jd;ik nfhz;l Njrpak; ,dk; rhHe;jitahf ,Ue;jNghJk;> mjd; cl;rhuk; kjk; rhHe;J ntspg;glj; njhlq;fpaJ. kjk; rhHe;j fz;Nzhl;lj;ij milg;gilahf nfhz;l ,df; fz;Nzhl;lk;> ,dj;ij kjkhf milahsk; fhl;b tpLtJ nghJ Fzhk;rkhfpaJ. ,q;F tpopg;GzHr;rp vd;gJ ,dk; rhHe;J ,Ug;gJ> jkpo; K];yPk; vd;w ,U ,dj;Jf;Fk; nghUe;Jk;;. ,J nrd;w Ehw;whz;bd; ,Wjp tiuAk;> ,d;Wk; mJNt nghJrhuhk;rkhFk;; ,jdhy; jhd; ,e;j Njrpa tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lk; FWe;Njrpa ,dthjkhf rpije;J rPuopfpd;wJ. ,ij ehk; NkYk; Mjhukhf ghHf;f> K];yPk; kf;fs; Nky; elj;jpa jhf;Fjy;fisAk;> Kf;fpa khw;wq;fisAk; Muha;Nthk;;.

K];yPk; kf;fs; Nkyhd midj;J jhf;FjiyAk; ,jpy; gjpT nra;atpy;iy. mNj Neuk; ,f;fhyj;jpy; jdpegHfshf nfhy;yg;gl;NlhiuAk; ,J cs;slf;ftpy;iy. ,e;jg; gLnfhiyfis gy;NtW ,af;fq;fs; nra;j NghJk;> ,Wjpahf Gypfs; mij xU eltbf;ifahfNt nra;jdH. ,f;fhyj;jpy; ,jw;F gjpybahf murpd; $ypg;gl;lhskhf ,aq;fpa [pfhj; kw;Wk; CHfhty; gilapdH jkpo; kf;fs; Nky; elj;jpa gL nfhiyfis ,jw;Fs; cs;slf;ftpy;iy. md;iwa ehshe;j gj;jphpifapy; ntspahfpa nra;jpia mbg;gilahf nfhz;Lk;> fpilj;j gj;jphpifia kl;Lk; Mjhukhf nfhz;L ,it njhFf;fg;gl;lJ. ,jpy; fhak; mile;jtHfs; kw;Wk; fhak; mile;j gpd; kUj;Jtkidapy;  ,we;jtHfisAk; cs;slf;ftpy;iy. mit gw;wp ve;j Ma;Tk; ,J tiu ahUk; nra;atpy;iy vd;Nw ek;Gfpd;Nwd;;.

29.11.1986 ,y; K];yPk; fhq;fpu]; murpay; fl;rpahf gpufldk; nra;ag;gl;lJ. K];yPk; kf;fSf;fhf fpof;fpy; cUthd Kjy; jdpf; fl;rp vd;W jfty;fs; $Wfpd;wd. 1984 ,y; ,f; fl;rpia GdHepHkhdk; nra;j NghJ> mjpy; vl;Lg; NgH jhd; mjpy; vQ;rpapUe;jdH. 1987 y; khfhzrigj; NjHjypy; Nghl;bapl KbT vLj;j epiyapy;> Gypfs; kuz jz;lidia gpufldk; nra;jpUe;jdH.

tlf;F fpof;F khfhzj;jpy; K];yPk; fhq;fpu]; 17 Mrdq;fis ngw;W gpujhd vjph;f;fl;rpahfpaJ. mNj Neuk; njd; ,yq;ifapy; 12 Mrdq;fisg; ngw;wJ.

1986 Muk;gj;jpy; <Nuh]; ,af;fk; kd;dhH gs;spthrypy; itj;J  K];yPk; kf;fs; rpyiu nfhd;wdH.

1987 ,y; khHfop 30k; jpfjp fhj;jhd;Fbapy; 28 K];yPk; kf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH.

6.1.88 tPuNfrhp nra;jpg;gb fhj;jhd;Fb vy;iyapy; 60 FbapUg;Gfs; vhpf;fg;gl;ld.

19.3.88 tPuNfrhp nra;jpg;gb epe;jT+hpy; 7 Ngiu flj;jpr; nrd;wdH.

1988 gq;Fdpapy; fy;Kidapy; 25 K];yPk;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH.

1988 fhHj;jpif khjk; nuNyh> <.gp.MH.vy;.vg;> <.vd;.b.vy;.vt; ,ize;J cUthf;fpa jkpo; Njrpa ,uhZtk; rk;khe;Jiw> epe;jT+H> rha;e;jkUitr; NrHe;j K];yPk; nghyprhH 42 Ngiu kl;Lk; NjHe;njLj;J gLnfhiy nra;jdH.

2.2.89 tPuNfrhp nra;jpg;gb fy;Kidapy; ifJ nra;jtHfis tpLtpf;ff; Nfhhp ele;j MHg;ghl;lk; kPJ tPrpa fpuidl; Fz;L ntbj;jjpy;> ,UtH nfhy;yg;gl VO NgH fhakile;jdH.

7.3.89 tPuNfrhp nra;jpg;gb fy;Kidiar; NrHe;j 600 jkpoHfs;> jkpo; K];yPk; kf;fSf;F jdpj;jdpahd cjtp murhq;fg;gphpTfs; Ntz;Lk; vd;W MHg;ghl;lk; elj;jpdH.

11.4.89 tPuNfrhp nra;jpg;gb fpz;zpahtpy; 5 K];yPk; kf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH.

4.12.89 tPuNfrhp nra;jpg;gb fhj;jhd;Fbapy; %d;W  K];yPk;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH.

10.12.89 tPuNfrhp nra;jpg;gb 12 K];yPk;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH.

89 ghuhSkd;w NjHjypy; K];yPk; kf;fspd; thf;fpy; 75 rjtPjj;ij K];yPk; fhq;fpu]; ngw;wpUe;jJ. mNjNeuk; 4 njhFjpfis ntd;wJ

1.2.90 tPuNfrhp nra;jpg;gb Gypfs; fhj;jhd;Fbapy; Culq;Fr; rl;lj;ij gpufldk; nra;J> tPLtPlhf Nrhjid nra;jdH. 30 Ngiu ifJ nra;jdH. mj;Jld; rk;khe;Jiwapy; khfhzrig cWg;gpdH kd;#H Rl;Lf; nfhy;yg;gl;lhH. fy;Kidiar; Rw;wp tisj;J 40 Ngiu ifJ nra;J nfhz;L nrd;wdH. ,ij mLj;J fhj;jhd;FbapYk;> fy;KidapYk; filfs; %lg;gl;ld. K];yPk; fhq;fpu]; murpay; FO cWg;gpdH kUJhH fdp flj;jg;gl;lhH. ,tHfis tpLtpf;ff; Nfhhp fy;Kidapy; Gypfspd; mYtyfj;jpd; Kd; Nghuhl;lk; elj;jpa kf;fs; Nky;> Gypfs; Rl;ljpy; 17 NgH fhak; mile;jdH. mtHfis itj;jparhiy nfhz;L nrd;w epiyapy;> mq;F te;j Gypfs; itj;jparhiyia Rw;wp tisj;jgpd;> Itiu Rl;Lf; nfhd;wJld;> itj;jpaH cl;gl 10 Ngiu ifJ nra;J nfhz;L nrd;wdH.

7.2.90 tPuNfrhp nra;jpg;gb mf;fiug;gw;wpy; fdpgh vd;gthplk; gzk; jUk;gb Nfhhp kWj;j epiyapy; Rl;Lf; nfhy;yg;gl;lhH.

10.7.90 tPuNfrhp nra;jpg;gb VwhT+hpy; ,uz;L K];yPk; kf;fis flj;jp nrd;wdH.

1990 A+d; 11 f;F gpd;ghf tlf;F fpof;fpy; Aj;jk; njhlq;fpa Kjy; ,uz;L khjj;jpy; 300 NgH mstpy; ,af;fq;fshy; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH. mj;Jld; fpof;fpy; kl;Lk; 2500 K];yPk;;fs; Njrpa Nghuhl;lk; njhlq;fpa gpd; ,uhZtk; kw;Wk; ,af;fj;jhy; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH.

1990.7.16 tPuNfrhp nra;jpg;gb kl;lf;fsg;G FUf;fd; klj;jpy; 68 K];ypk; gazpfis flj;jpf; nfhd;wdH. nkhj;jkhf mq;F 150 NgH nfhy;yg;gl;ldH. mj;Jld; VwhT+hpy; 62 Ngiu flj;jpdH.

31.7.1990 tPuNfrhp nra;jpg;gb mDuhjGu khtl;l cLg;ghtyh rpd;dg;gpf;Fsj;jpy; 10 K];yPk;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;l gpd; fpzw;wpy; Nghlg;gl;ldH

1.8.90 tPuNfrhp nra;jpg;gb mf;fiug;gw;W tay;fspy; Ntiy nra;J tpl;L te;j 17 K];yPk;fs; flj;jg;gl;l gpd; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH.

1.8.90 tPuNfrhp nra;jpg;gb fe;jhshapy; 5 K];yPk;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH.

3.8.1990 tPuNfrhp nra;jpg;gb k[Pj;Guk; gFjp taypy; ,Ue;J jpUk;gpa 7 K];yPk;fs; flj;jg;gl;L nfhy;yg;gl;ldH. mj;Jld; rk;khe;Jiwapy; K];yPk; je;ijAk; kfDk; Rl;Lf; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH.

13.8.90 tPuNfrhp nra;jpg;gb nrq;fybapy; 5 K];yPk; kf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH.

13.8.90 Iyz;l; gj;jphpif nra;jpg;gb fle;j 24 kzpj;jpahyj;jpy; 200 jkpoH kw;Wk; K];yPk;fs; gLnfhiy nra;ag;gl;ldH.

13.8.90 Iyz;l; gj;jphpif nra;jpg;gb VwhT+upy; 4 K];yPk; fpuhkq;fs; Nky; elj;jpa jhf;Fjypy;> 119 K];yPk; kf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH. 60 NgH fhak; mile;jdH.

13.8.90 Iyz;l; nra;jpg;gb rk;khe;Jiwapy; 6 K];yPk; tptrhapfs; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH.

15.8.90 tPuNfrhp nra;jpg;gb mf;fiug;gw;wpy; 8 K];yPk; kf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH.

1990 Mf];l; 3k; jpfjp  fhj;jhd;Fb gs;spthrypy; 122 NgH nfhy;yg;gl;ldH.

7.8.90 tPuNfrhp nra;jpg;gb mk;ghiwapy; 18 K];yPk; tptrhapfs; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH.  mf;fiug;gw;wpy; 6 NgH nfhy;yg;gl;lJld;> 10k; jpfjpf;F Kd;dH mk;giwia tpl;L K];yPk;;fs; ntspNawptpl Ntz;Lk; vd;w Jz;Lg; gpuRuKk; Nghlg;gl;lJ.

11.8.90 VwT+upy; 164  NgH gLnfhiy nra;ag;gl;ldH. ,ij fhpfhyd;> epA+l;ld;> uQ;rpj; Kd;dpd;W nra;jdH.

1.9.1990 fhj;jhd;Fbapy; %d;W fpuhkj;jpy; 5 gs;spthry; kw;Wk; 55 tPLfs; vhpf;fg;gl;ld.

16.9.90 Gdhit vd;w fpuhkj;jpy; 7 K];yPk;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH.

25.9.90 tPuNfrhp nra;jpg;gb fy;Kid flypy; itj;J %d;W K];yPk; kPdtHfs; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH.

3.10.90 tPuNfrhp nra;jpg;gb kUjKidapy; ,uz;L K];yPq;fs; flj;jg;gl;ldH.

1990 Ig;grp khjk; 30 k; jpfjp aho;g;ghzk;> kd;dhH> Ky;iyj;jPT> tTdpahtpy; ,Ue;J 60000 Kjy; 75000 w;F Nkw;gl;Nlhhpd; midj;J nrhj;ijAk; ifg;gw;wpa gpd;G Gypfshy; Juj;jg;gl;ldH.

15.11.90 tPuNfrhp nra;jpg;gb kd;dhhpy; ,Ue;J Gypfshy; Juj;jg;gl;l K];yPk;fs; jkJ ,Ug;gplj;Jf;F jpUk;gpa NghJ> Gypfs; Rl;ljpy; xUtH kuzk;. MW NgH fhak; mile;jdH.

1992.4.26 ,y; mopQ;rpg; nghj;jidapYk;> Mtzpapy; gs;spj;jplypYkhf nkhj;jk; 300 f;F Nkw;gl;Nlhiu ntl;bAk; Rl;Lk; nfhd;wdH.

,e;j njhlHr;rpahd jhf;Fjy;fs; 1986-1987 f;F gpd;ghf mjpfhpf;fpd;wJ. ,e;jpa ,uhZtj;jpd; tUifapd; gpd;G ,J mfykhfp mjpfhpj;J. ,e;jpah ,uhZtj;jpd; ntspNaw;wj;jpd; gpd;G cr;rj;ij milfpd;wJ. 1985 f;F gpd;ghf tpLjiy ,af;fq;fs; gz;G hPjpahf kw;whj;ij re;jpj;jij njhlHe;Nj> ,e;jg; Gjpa neUf;fb ghpzkpf;fpd;wJ. jkpo;j; Njrpa tpLjiyf;fhf MAjk; Ve;j Mapukhapukhf Nghuhl ntspf;fpl;ltHfs;> md;dpa muRfspd; iff;$ypahfp MAjg; gapw;rp ngw;w gpd;G> mjd; rpijT mq;fpUe;J topfhl;lg;gLfpd;wJ. Muk;gk; KjNy murpay; hPjpahf jkpo; Njrpaj;jpd; cl;$Wfis Ghpe;J nfhs;s Kbahj juF fl;rpahd $l;lzpapd; murpay; topapy; thyhf cUthd ,af;fq;fs;> kj epyg;gpuGj;Jt $Wfis jdJ murpay; mbg;gilahf nfhz;Nl jd;id ntspg;gLj;jpaJ. ,q;F Njrpak; Kjd;ik Kuz;ghlhf ePbj;jikahy; ,dKuz;ghL mbg;gilahf> mJNt murpaypd; ikakhd NfhrkhfpaJ. ,J jdf;fpilapyhd Kuz;ghl;il Kjd;ik Kuz;ghlhf nfhz;l mNj Neuk;> kw;iwia ,dq;fis mopg;gjpy; jd;id murpay; kakhf;fpaJ.

,e;j tuyhw;W tsHr;rpapy; jhd; K];yPk; kf;fs; Nky; jhf;Fjiy ,af;fq;fs; njhlq;fp itj;jd. K];yPk; kf;fis jkpo; kf;fs; vd;w xNu milahsj;jpd; fPo; xd;wpizj;j ,af;fq;fs;> mtHfisAk; jdJ cWg;gpdH Mf;fpdH. Gypfspd; khtPuH gl;baypy; Ehw;Wf;F Nkw;gl;l K];yPk; cWg;gpdHfs; jk; capiu ,oe;Nj cUthfpAs;sJ. ,J Nghy; vy;yh ,af;fj;Jf;Fk; nghUe;Jk;;. K];yPk; kf;fs; kj;jpapy; jkpo; Njrpa mbg;gil cs;slf;fj;jpy;> K];yPk; kf;fis xd;wpizj;j ,af;fq;fs; mtHfspd; Mjuit ngWtjpYk; fzprkhd ntw;wp ngw;wdH. jkpo;g; gFjp Nghy; MjuT nfhLg;gJk;> ,iztJk; xU epfo;thfNt ,Ue;jJ. ,af;fq;fs; jkJ FWfpa FWe;Njrpa ,dthj eyd;fspy; tsHr;rp ngw;w jd;ikahdJ> jkpo; Njrpaj;Jf;F Kuz;ghlhdjhf tsHr;rp ngw;wJ.   

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jkpo; kf;fSf;F Nkyhdjhf nghJthd jhf;Fjyhf khwpaJ vd;gJ> gpd;G Fwpg;ghf K];;yPk; kf;fs; NkyhdjhfTk; ghpzkpj;jJ. K];yPk; kf;fs; Nkyhd thp> gzr; Nrfhpg;Gfs; Kuz;ghlhf tsHr;rp ngw;w NghJ> K];yPk; kf;fs; kj;jpapy; ,Ue;J mikg;ghf;fg;gl;l tbtk; %yk; ,ij epahakhfNt vjpHf;fj; njhlq;fpaJ. ,e;j vjpHg;Gfis MAj Kidapy; mlf;f jkpo; ,af;fq;fs; gpd;epw;ftpy;iy. mikg;ghf;fy; (fl;rp tbtpYk; gs;spthry; tbtpYk; vOe;jd) ,Ue;jikahy; jkpo; gFjp Nghy;> ,e;j vjpHg;ig Kwpabj;JtplKbatpy;iy. mNjNeuk; K];yPk; Njrpa tpopg;GzHr;rp ntspg;gl;lJ. K];yPk; fhq;fpu]; ,e;j td;Kiwapd; ghpzhkj;Jld; Gj;JapHg;gile;jJ. K];yPk; kf;fspd; Njrpa tpopg;GzHT kjj;Jf;F ntspapy;> K];yPk; kf;fis mzpjpul;Ltjpy; gbg;gbahf ntw;wp fz;lJ. jkpo; Njrpak; vg;gb rpq;fs ,dthj jhf;Fjyhy; tpopg;Gw;wNjh> mNj Nghd;W K];yPk; r%fKk; ,af;f jhf;Fjyhy; tpopg;Gw;wJ. jkpo; Njrpak; vg;gb jkJ epyg;gpuGj;Jt mbg;gilia cs;slq;fpajhf cUthdNjh> mNj Nghd;W K];yPk; fhq;fpuRk; cUthdJ. ,e;j Njrpaf; $W Njrpaj;Jf;F gjpyhf FWe;Njrpaj;ij ,dthjj;ij gu];guk; mbg;gilahf nfhz;L cUthdJ kl;Lk; ,d;wp> mJNt mjd; rPuopTf;fhd mbg;gilahfTk; ,Ue;jJ.

K];yPk; kf;fs; Nkyhd njhlHr;rpahd jhf;Fjy;> K];yPk; kf;fis jkpo; Njrpaj;jpy; ,Ue;J js;spr; nrd;wJ. jdpahd Njrpaj;ij NfhUtJ mjd; Gjpa tbtkhfpaJ. jkpo; kw;Wk; K];yPk; Njrpak; kjj;ij jdJ Kjd;ikf; $whf nfhz;L> jkJ mzpiaf;fl;btpltpy;iy. khwhf Njrpa ,df; $iw mbg;gilahf nfhz;Nl> jk;ik fl;likj;jd. Gypfisg; Nghy; jhf;FjYk; rhp vjpH jhf;FjYk; rhp ,e;j Njrpa ,df;$wpy; epd;Nw> ,it elj;jg;gl;ld. kjf; $W ,q;F xU murpay; tbtkhf K];yPk; kf;fs; kj;jpapy; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. mjhtJ jkpo; kf;fs; Nghy; K];yPk; kf;fSk; ,df; $Wf;Nf Kjd;ik mOj;jk; nfhLj;jdH. gs;spthry; Nkyhd jhf;Fjy;fspd; NghJk; $l> ,J ntspg;gl;Ltpltpy;iy. jkpo; Njrpa ,af;fq;fs; FWe;Njrpa ,af;fq;fshf rPuhope;J ghpzkpj;j tuyhw;wpy;> K];yPk; kf;fs; Nkyhd jhf;Fjy; xU murpay; nraw;ghlhf> xU nray; tbtkhf khwpaJ. ,jpy; ,e;jpahtpd; Fwpg;ghd gq;fspg;Gk; cz;L. mEuhjGuj;jpy; 1985 ,y; rpq;fs kf;fs; Nkyhd Gypfspd; jhf;Fjiy> ,e;jpah $wpNa Gypfs; nra;jjhf ghyrpq;fk; $wpaJ ,q;F fUj;jpy; vLg;gJ mtrpakhFk;;. K];yPk; kf;fs; Nkyhd jhf;Fjyhf tsHr;rp ngw;W  ,df; fytukhf> ,d mopg;ghf khwpa gLnfhiy tuyhw;wpy;> ,e;jpa Mf;fpukpg;G eyd;fSk; ,ize;j tifapNyNa jpzpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. ,e;jpa Mf;fpug;gpd; NghJ> jkpo; kf;fis Vkhw;wp cUthd rkhjhd ehlf Nkilapy; cUthf;fpa Gjpa mjpfhu myFfis Nehf;fp ,g;gLnfhiy Cf;Ftpf;fg;gl;lJ. ,e;jpahtpd; ,e;Jj;Jt fz;Nzhl;lk; ,jd; nek;GNfhyhdhJ. njhlHr;rpahd jkpo; ,af;fq;fspd; K];yPk; tpNuhj fz;Nzhl;lk;> K];yPk; Njrpa czHTfis jl;bnaOg;gpa epiyapy;> khfhz rigf;fhd NjHjypy; K];yPk; fq;fpuir vjpHfl;rpahfTk; Gjpa Njrpaf; fl;rpahfTk; ghpzkpf;f itj;jJ. ,J ,af;fq;fspd; mjpfhuj;ij K];yPk; r%fq;fs; kj;jpapy; Nfs;tpf;Fs;shf;fpaJld;> thp kw;Wk; gz Nrfhpg;ig jLj;jJ. ,e;j Gjpa #o;epiyf;fhd fhuzfhhpaj;ij ,af;fq;fs; Ma;T nra;J> Njrpa Nghuhl;lj;ij rhpahf Kd;ndLg;gjw;F gjpy;> gioa FWe;Njrpa ,dthjj; jhf;Fjiy mjpfhpj;jdH. K];yPk; fhq;fpu]; khfhzrig %yk; K];yPk; kf;fs; Nkyhd mjpfhuj;ij ntw;wp nfhz;l fhyk; jhd;> me;j kf;fs; Nkyhd jhf;Fjypd; cr;r Mz;LfshFk;;. ,e;jpahtpd; jatpy; Ml;rp gPlk; vwpa iff;$yp nghk;ik muRfs;> <tpuf;fkw;w K];yPk; gLnfhiyia elj;jj; njhlq;fpdH. ,jdhy; Vw;gl;l vjpH jhf;Fjy;fSf;F gjpy; nfhLf;Fk; tz;zk; GypfSk;> ,e;j $ypf;FOf;fspd; topapy; K];yPk; kf;fis xLf;Ftjpy; rkhe;jukhfNt nraw;gl;ldH. xU ,dj;Jf;F vjpuhd jhf;Fjypy; GypAk; mjd;  vjpH mzpahd iff;$yp mikg;GfSk; xd;Wgl;L ifNfhj;J epd;wdH.  ,q;F ,e;jpahtpd; rjp tiyfis mk;gyk; nra;J K];ypk; kf;fis mzpjpul;l Ntz;ba ghhpa nghWg;ig> Gypfs; vjpHepiyapy; ifahz;ldH.

,e;jpa Mf;fpukpg;ghsid ,yq;if muR fl;lhag;gLj;jp ntspNaw;wpa NghJ> Gypfs; ,oe;J Nghd mjpfhuj;ij ifg;gw;w jkpo; iff; $ypfSf;F vjpuhf ghhpa jhf;Fjiy rpq;fs ,uhZtj;Jld; NrHe;J elj;jpdH. fl;lha ,uhZtj;jpy; ,izf;fg;gl;l gy mg;ghtp ,isQHfs; cl;gl> gyH mf;fhy nra;jpg; gj;jphpiffspNy Fwpg;gpLksTf;F xt;nthU ehSk; gy EhW NgH tPjpfspy; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH. mNjNeuk; Gypfs; K];yPk; gFjpapy; ,oe;j mjpfhuj;ij ifg;gw;w K];yPk; kf;fs; Nky; njhlHe;J jhf;Fjiy elj;jpdH. ghHf;fTk; Nky; cs;s jhf;Fjy; juTfis. Gfo; ngw;w gs;spthry; nfhiyfs; cl;gl rpy EhW Ngiu nfhd;wjd; %yk;> ,dg; gifik $Hikahf tsHr;rp ngw;wJ. jkpoUf;Nf mtkhdkhd epidTr; rpd;dkhfpaJ. K];yPk; kf;fis ,dpAk; jkJ mjpfhuj;jpd; fPo; nfhz;L tu KbahJ vd;gij> Gypfspd; FWe;Njrpa ,d mopg;G njhlHr;rpahf epWtpa epiyapy; jhd;> gopthq;fyhf tlf;fpy; tho;e;j K];yPk; kf;fis Juj;jptpLk; epfo;T epfo;fpd;wJ. tlf;fpy; ,Ue;J K];yPk; kf;fis ntspNaw;wpa epfo;it> fpof;fpy; ,Ue;J te;j Gypfspd; jiyikNa nra;jJ. mf;fhyj;jpy; ,ij vjpHj;j jkpo; kw;Wk; K];yPk; kf;fs; tlf;fpy; ,Ue;j Gypfsplk; Nfl;lNghJ> fpof;fpy; ,Ue;J te;jtHfNs nra;jdH vd;W $WksTf;F> mf;fhyfl;l nra;jpfs; nra;jpg; gj;jphpiffspy; gjpthfpAs;sJ.

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K];yPk; kf;fSk; jkpo; kf;fSk; xNu Njrpaj;ij Kd;ndLf;f Kbahjh?

KbAk;. jkpo; Njrpa tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lk; mjd; Kuzw;w cs;slf;fj;jpy; Kd;ndLf;fg;gLk; NghJ rhj;jpakhdJ. xU Njrk; vd;gJk; Njrpak; vd;gJk; vd;d? mjd; murpay; cs;slf;fk; vd;d? tuyhw;W hPjpahf Njrk; vd;gJ Njrpa cw;gj;jpia fl;likg;gNj. epyg;gpuGj;Jt kjthj $Wfis vjpHj;J xU nkhop NgRk; kf;fs; xU Fwpj;j epyj; njhlH Nky;> jdJ gz;ghl;L fyhr;rhu NtHfs; Nky; fl;lg;gLtNj NjrkhFk;; ,e;j Njrj;Jf;fhd Nghuhl;lNk Njrpa tpopg;Gzhr;rpahFk;;. ,e;j tifapy; jkpo;> K];yPk; kf;fs; epyg;gpuGj;Jt kjthj (,e;J> ,];yhk;> fpwp];Jt...) $Wfis vjpHj;J mjd; gz;ghl;L fyhr;rhu $Wfis jfHf;fpd;w Nghuhl;lj;jpy;> jkpo; K];yPk; kf;fs; kj;jpapy; gpsT mfd;WtpLtJ ,aw;ifahFk;;. ,q;F nkhop kw;Wk; gz;ghl;L fyhr;rhu $Wfs; Nky; fl;likf;fg;gl;Ls;s epyg;gpuGj;Jt kjthj fUj;J Kjy;thj $Wfis vjpHj;J NghuhLk; NghJ> ,ay;ghfTk; ,aw;ifahfTk; jkpo; K];yPk; kf;fspilNa cs;s gpsT mfy;tJ ,aw;ifahFk;. xNu nkhop NgRfpd;w xNu gz;ghl;L fyhr;rhu $Wfis nfhz;l xU epyj; njhlH kPjhd xNu Njrpa ,dkhf khwptpLtJ mjd; jd;ikahFk;;. ,e;j Njrpak; Kw;Nghf;fhd nghUs; Kjy;thj mbg;gilapy; jdJ fle;jfhy mbikj; jdq;fis fisa Kay;tjd; %yk;> ,e;j ,izg;G gykhf tsHr;rp ngWk;. jkpo; kw;Wk; K];yPk; kf;fspilapy; fhzg;gLk; gz;ghl;L fyhr;rhu $Wfspd; kpfr; rpwe;j $Wfis gu];guk; cs;thq;Ftjd; %yk;> jkf;fpilapy; epyTk; gpw;Nghf;F $Wfis fise;j xU Gjpa Njrpa ,dkhf ghpzkpf;f KbAk;. ,y;yhjtiu kjthj epyg;gpuGj;Jt $WfSld; vOk; gpw;Nghf;F FWe;Njrpa ,dthj $Wfs;> gpsit NkYk; NkYk; Mskhf gpse;J nry;tjw;F Jiz NghFk;. If;fpa $Wfis vjpH epiyapy; ifahSk;; gpsTk; ,izTk;> epfo;r;rp epuypd; capH cs;s mk;rq;fshf vjpUk; GjpUkhf> vkJ Njrpa tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; Gije;Nj fplf;fpd;wJ. ,e;j tifapy; rpWghd;ik K];yPk; Njrpa ,dk; kPjhd jkpo; FWe;Njrpa ,dthj td;Kiwj; jhf;FjYf;fhf> jkpo; Njrpak; jiyFdpe;J epw;fpd;wJ. jkpo; Njrpak; Kd; ifnaLj;J fle;jfhy jtWfis eptHj;jp nra;a Nghuhlhjtiu> K];yPk; kf;fs; jkpo; Njrpaj;jpy; ,Ue;J tpyfpr; nry;tJ tuyhw;W epfo;thfpd;wJ. jkpo; kf;fspd; tuyhw;W JNuhfkhfp> tuyhw;W epfo;r;rpahfptpLk;. ,ij ahUk; jtpHf;f KbahJ.

mLj;J K];yPk; kf;fs; xU Njrpa ,dkh my;yJ rpWghd;ik Njrpa ,dkh vd;w mbg;gilf; Nfs;tp ,q;F vOfpd;wJ. ,yq;ifapd; K];yPk; kf;fspd; gpur;rid ,uz;L tifapy; njspthf NtWgl;Ls;sJ. ,yq;ifapy; gy;NtW gFjpapy; thOk; K];yPk; kf;fs; kjr;rpWghd;ikapduhf cs;sdH. Mdhy; mtHfs; nrwpe;J thOk; xU epyj; njhliuf; nfhz;L cs;s gFjpfspy; rpWghd;ik Njrpa ,dj;jtutH. K];yPk; vd;w milahsf; Fwpg;G ngUk;ghd;ik gphpthy; ngaustpy; milahsg;gLj;jg;gl;lNj xopa> mJ ,dky;y vd kWf;f vLf;Fk; xU vLNfhs; my;y. kiyaf kf;fs; vd mtHfis kiyapy; tho;tjhy; milahsg;gLj;jpaJ Nghd;W> K];yPk; kf;fs; vd kjj;jhy; milahsg;gLj;jg;gl;l ,dg;gpupTfNs. ,tHfs; tsUk; Njrpa rpWghd;ik ,dkhf ehk; fz;L nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,q;F rpWghd;ik vd;gJ ,uz;L mHj;jj;ijf; nfhz;lJ. mjhtJ ,yq;ifapy; ngUk;ghd;ik r%fj;jpy; rpWghd;ik vd;w mHj;jj;jpYk;> jkpo; ,dk; vd;w mbg;gilapy; me;j ,dj;jpDs;Sk; mtHfs; rpWghd;ikapdkhf ,Uf;fpd;wdH.

mij tpLj;J kjr;rpWghd;ik vd;Nwh> kjj;Jf;F tf;fhyj;J thq;FtJ vd kWjypf;Fk; vf;Nfhl;ghLk;> ,d Mjpf;fthjpfspd; $w;iw Nfs;tpf;F cs;shf;fhj tiuaiwNa. Vd; ehk; K];yPk; kf;fis xU Njrpa ,dkhf my;yhJ rpWghd;ik Njrpa ,dkhf fUJfpd;Nwhk;. ,q;F xU Njrk; vd;gJ kjthj epyg;gpuGj;Jt $Wfis nfhz;L tiuaWg;gjpy;iy. ,d;W mg;gb fhl;LtJ fl;likg;gJ mjw;fhf NghuhLtJ vd;gJ xU Nghf;fhf cs;sJ. ,jdhy; jhd; jkpo; Njrpa Nghuhl;lk; rPuhopfpd;wJ. cz;ikapy; ,ij mbg;gilahf nfhz;Nl K];;yPk; kf;fis Njrpa ,dkhf tiuaWg;gJk; ,d;W epfo;fpd;wJ. ,JNt ,e;j tiuaiwAk; tiuaWg;GNk Njrpaj;ij gpw;Nghf;fhf khw;wptpLtJld;> Kw;Nghf;if mopj;JtpLfpd;wJ. Njrk; vd;gJ Njrpaj;jpd; cl; $Wfis rhpahf tpsf;Ffpd;wJ. ,e;j Njrk; vd;gJ jdJ nrhe;j nghUshjhu fl;likg;ig tiuaiw nra;fpd;wJ. mjdbg;gilapyhd gz;ghl;L fyhr;rhu $Wfis xU nkhop NgRfpd;w xU epyj;njhlH kPJ epWTfpd;wJ. ,JNt Njrk;. ,jw;fhd Nghuhl;lNk Njrpa Nghuhl;lkhf cs;sJ. ,ij Kd;ndLf;f jtWfpd;w Njrpa Nghuhl;lk; Njrpakhf ,Ug;gjpy;iy. Njrpaj;ij cr;rhpj;jhYk; mit gpw;Nghf;fhd Njrpa kWg;ig> Njrpa mopg;ig Kd;itf;fpd;wJ. ,J Njrj;Jf;fhf NghuhLk; FOf;fSf;F mbg;gilahd epajpahf cs;sJ.

,Nj Nghd;Nw Njrkhf jdpahd muir mikf;f Kbahjh Fwpj;j ,dkf;fis NjrkhfTk;> mtHfspd; Nghuhl;lj;ij Njrpa Nghuhl;lkhfTk; tUzpg;gJk; gpw;Nghf;fhditahFk;;. xU Njrk; mikaNtz;Lkhapd; epr;rakhf xU nghUshjhu fl;likg;Gk;> mJ rhHe;j gz;ghl;L fyhr;rhu $WfSk; mij epWt xU epyj; njhlH kPjhd xU nghJnkhop ,y;yhj Njrpak;> vd;gJk; Njrk; vd;gJk; fw;gidahdJ. ,q;F ,ij ];uhypd; tiuaiw vd;W fhl;LtJk;> mij Nrhtpaj;Jf;F kl;Lk; nghUj;jpf; fhl;LtJk; mgj;jkhdit. ];uhypd; tiuaiw nra;j Njrpa mbg;gil $Wfs;> nydpd; kw;Wk; khHf;rhy; Kd; $l;bNa jkJ Njrpa ,dq;fs; njhlHghd Ma;Tfspy; vLj;Jf; fhl;bNa cs;sdH. ,ij ~~Njrpak; vg;nghOJk;> vq;Fk; Kjyhspj;Jt Nfhhpf;ifNa xopa> ghl;lhsp thf;f Nfhhpf;ifay;y|| vd;w vdJ Ehypy; MjhuG+Htkhf vLj;Jf;fhl;bAs;Nsd;;. ,e;j tiuaiw Nrhtpaj;Jf;F kl;Lk; nghUj;jkhdJ vd;gJ> Njrpa RaepHza chpik Nrhtpaj;Jf;F kl;Lk; nghUj;jkhdJ vd;W Na.tp.gp  $WtJf;F epfudhJ. 1990 fspy; Na.tp.gp jiytH Nrhkghyhit (,J jhd; mthpd; ngaH vd;W ek;Gfpd;Nwd;.) ghhprpy; ehd; re;jpj;J fijj;j NghJ (jw;NghJk; ghprpNyNa cs;shH.)> ,e;j kdq;nfl;l murpay; tpgr;rhuj;ij nrhd;dhH. ,ijNa ,d;W ];uhypdpd; Njrpa tiuaiwf;Fk; rpyH nra;fpd;wdH. ghij xd;W> nrhy;Yfpd;w tpjk; kl;LNk ,tHfSf;fpilapy; Ntwhfpd;wJ.

xU Njrk; kw;Wk; Njrpa Nghuhl;lk; vd;gJ mjw;fhd epge;jidfis G+Hj;jp nra;ahjtiu> mit gpw;Nghf;fTk; jpir khwpr; nry;tJk; epfo;fpd;wJ. rKjhaj;jpy; vJTk; jdf;fhd tiuaiwiaf; nfhz;Nl ,aq;Ffpd;wJ. mjpy; ,Ue;Nj jd;id khw;wp mikf;fpd;wJ. ,y;yhj vLNfhs;fs; fUj;J Kjy;thjkhFk;. nghUis kWj;j vLNfhs;fis fUj;J Kjy;thjkhf;fp> kjthj epyg;gpuGj;Jt vy;iyf;Fs; rPuhopf;fpd;wJ. ,J jkpo; Njrpa Nghuhl;lj;Jf;Nf nghJthf cs;s NghJ> K];yPk; kf;fSf;F nghUj;jpg; ghHf;f kWg;gJ> mjd; Nky; FspHfha;tjhFk;;. K];yPk; kf;fs; jkf;fhd nghUshjhuj;ij fl;likf;Fk; tsHr;rpia vl;lhj tiu> Njrpa $Wfs; gpd;jq;fpNa fhzg;gLfpd;wd. nrhe;j Ra Njrpa nghUshjhuj;ij fl;likf;Fk; Nghuhl;lNk> tsUk; Njrpa ,dj;ij> Njrkhf;Fk;.

,d;iwa cyfkakhjy; epfo;r;rpg; Nghf;fpy; Njrpa ,dq;fs; mopf;fg;gLfpd;wd. ,J jkpo;> rpq;fs> kiyaf> K];yPk; kf;fs; vd;W ahiuAk; cyfpy; tpl;Lr; nry;ytpy;iy. ,e;j epiyapy; Njrpa ,dq;fs; jkJ nrhe;j Njrpa Ra nghUshjhuj;ij ikakhf itj;J Njrpa Nghuhl;lj;ij Kd;ndLf;fhj tiu> Njrpak; vd;gJ epyg;gpuGj;Jt kjthj mbg;gilapy; Njrpaj;ij Vfhjpgj;jpaj;jplk; ruzilaitf;Fk;. ,e;jj; Njrpak; jdJ eltbf;ifapy; gpw;Nghf;if MjhukhfTk; mbg;gilahfTk; nfhs;fpd;wJ. kw;iwa ,dq;fis vjphpahf fhl;b mopg;gJ mjd; nghJ Fzhk;rkhf> cyfstpy; ,f;fhy fl;lk; KOf;f ePbg;gJ tpjptpyf;fpd;wpAs;sJ. ,JNt ,e;j Njrpaj;jpd; Fwpg;ghd FzkhFk;.

K];yPk; kf;fspd; tpLjiy kw;Wk; mtHfspd; jPHT vd;gJ ,dk; fle;j epyg;gpuGj;Jt kjthj $Wfis vjpHj;j Nghuhl;lj;jpy; rhHe;Js;sJ. Njrpa nghUshjhuj;ij fl;likf;Fk; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; ,jw;Fj; jilahf ,Uf;Fk; cyfkakhjy; Vfhjpgj;jpaj;ij vjpHj;jjhf mikAk;. ,jd; ghijapy; midj;J Njrpa Kw;Nghf;F $WfSld; ,ize;J> gpw;Nghf;F Njrpaf; $Wfis mfw;Wtjhf ,Uf;Fk;. ,y;yhj tiu K];yPk; kf;fspd jw;fhypfkhd ,ilj; jPHT vd;gJ GypfSf;F thp kw;Wk; gz Nrfhpg;Gf;F gzpe;J NghFk; elKiwAld; rhj;jpakhdJ. ,y;yhj xU epiyapy; VNjh xU tpjj;jpy; Vfhjpgj;jpak; Gypfis mopg;gjd; Clhf my;yJ murpay; hPjpahf Nghuhl;lj;ij iftplitg;gjd; %yk;> jPHtw;w my;yJ mw;g rYiff;F cl;gl;l xU jPHit miltjhfNt ,Uf;Fk;;. ,q;F ,yq;ifapd; midj;J Njrpa ,dKk;> ve;j tpLjiyiaAk; milag; Nghtjpy;iy. khwhf Njrpaj;ij Vfhjpgj;jpaj;jplk; mlFitj;J mope;J NghtNj epfOk;; ,J ,yq;iff;F kl;Lky;y> rHtNjrj;Jf;Nf ,J nghJthdthFk;.

gpiog;Gthjk; vg;NghJk; cs;slf;fj;ijAk;> r%f tpLjiyiaAk; kWf;fpd;wJ.

1990 Ig;grp khjk; 30 k; jpfjp tlf;fpy; ,Ue;J 48 kzp Neuj;jpy; Juj;jg;gl;l K];yPk; kf;fspd; mtyk;> 10 tUlk; fle;j epiyapYk; njhlHfijahf cs;sJ. K];yPk; kf;fSf;F ,iof;fg;gl;l nfh^uj;ij jkpo; kf;fs; rhHe;J gyjug;gl;ltHfs; vjpHj;j NghJk;> gpuKfuhd gpiog;Gthjpahd n[aghyNd K];yPk; kf;fspd; kPl;rpahsuhf gtdpte;jhH. ,d;W n[aghyd; Gypfspd; gpdhkpahfpg; Nghd gpiog;Gthj epiyapy;> K];yPk; gpur;rid xU gpur;ridahf mtH Kd; ,Ug;gjpy;iy. ,J Nghd;W rptj;jk;gp K];yPk; kf;fspd; gpur;ridia Gypfs; jPHj;Jtpl;ldH Nghd;w vOj;Jfs; %yk;> jdJ vOj;Jf; $ypj;jdj;ij ntspg;gLj;jp tUfpd;whH. ,e;j epiyapy; K];yPk; kf;fs; gw;wp gyjug;gl;l gpiog;Gthjpfs;>  jkJ gpiog;Gthj murpaYf;F ,ij xU Clfkhf Kd;ndLg;gJ mz;ikf;fhykhf mjpfhpj;Js;sJ. K];yPk; kf;fSf;F ,iof;fg;gl;l Jauj;ij> me;j r%fk; rhHe;Jk; jkpo; r%fk; rhHe;Jk; ntsptUk; ,yf;fpaq;fis mbg;gilahf nfhz;L> ,e;j gpiog;Gthjk; muq;NfWfpd;wJ.

rhjhuzkhf r%fj;jpy; xU gpur;rid Vw;gLk; NghJ xt;nthU kdpjDk; mjw;F xU jPHit vLf;fpd;whd;. K];yPk; kf;fs; #iwahlg;gl;L ntspNaw;wg;gl;l epiyia xl;b> ,yq;ifapy; cs;s xt;nthUtUk; rhHghfNth vjpuhfNth xU Kbit vLj;jdH. ,e;j epiyapy; K];yPk; kf;fs; gw;wpa gpur;rid rhp> my;yJ ,yq;if r%fk; gw;wpa midj;J gpur;ridapYk; Kbit njhptpf;fNth> Kbit nrhy;y Kbahj ,yf;fpa gpjhf;fs;> K];yPk; kf;fs; gw;wp ePypf; fz;zPH tbg;gJ jhd; gpiog;Gthjj;jpd; cr;rkhFk;. rhjpiar; nrhy;yp ele;j gpiog;Gthjk;> jkpo; ehl;by; md;dpag;gl mjd; KbTld; K];yPk; kf;fs; gw;wp Gyk;gtJ Gjpjhf njhlq;fpAs;sJ.

K];yPk; kf;fspd; vjpHfhyk; vd;d? ,yq;ifapy; mtHfspd; murpay; epiy vjpHfhyj;jpy; vg;gb ,Uf;f KbAk;? mtHfspd; Nghuhl;lk; vg;gbg;gl;ljhf ,Uf;f KbAk;? K];yPk; kf;fSf;F ,iof;fg;gl;l Jauq;fSf;F fhuzk; vd;d? kw;iwa r%fq;fSld; cwT vg;gb ,Uf;f KbAk;? K];yPk; kf;fSf;fpilapy; fhzg;gLk; kjg;gpw;Nghf;F $Wfis vg;gb vjpHj;J NghuhLtJ? vd;w gyjug;gl;l Nfs;tpfSf;F tpilaspf;fhky;> K];yPk; kf;fs; gw;wp fhprid vd;gJ Nghypj;jdkhdjhFk;;. KJnfYk;gw;w ,yf;fpa gjpTfs;> xU rKjhaj;jpd; ajhHj;jj;ij kl;Lk; fhuzj;ij njhpe;J nfhs;s Kbahj cs;slf;fj;jpy; mg;gb kPs xg;Gtpg;gJjhd;;. ,e;j fhyj;Jf;Fhpa td;Kiw #o;epiyahy; kl;Lk; mit xU r%fg; ghj;jpuj;ij tfpf;fpd;wd. Mdhy; mjd; cs;slf;fk; gpw;Nghf;F $WfisAk; cs;slf;fpNa ntsptUfpd;wJ. ,J me;j K];yPk; kf;fSf;F jPHitj; jUtjpy;iy. khwhf K];yPk; kf;fs; gw;wpa njspthd murpay; KbT jhd;> mtHfis eilKiwf;F ,l;Lr; nrd;W Jauq;fSf;F Kbit jUfpd;wJ. ,ij kWfpd;w gpiog;Gthj xg;ghhpfs;> jkJ r%fr; rpijit gpiog;Gthjj;Jf;fhf %bkiwj;J FspHfha> xU r%fj;ijNa gad;gLj;Jfpd;wJ. ,J me;j kf;fSf;F ,ioj;j nfh^uj;ij Nghd;w ,d;DnkhU  tf;fpukhd nfh^ukhFk;.

 
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