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Fu;Md; Rd;dhtpd; xspapy;

tho;f;if trjpapd; jpwTNfhy;fs;

nkhopngaHg;ghsH: nksytp. K]k;kpy; `]d;> fjPk; nridah jhth nrd;lu;> hpahj;> rt+jp mNugpah


njhlH-2

 

(%d;whtJ Ma;T) - cau;thd my;yh`;tplk; (jtf;Fy;) nghWg;Gr;rhl;LtJ


vt;tpjkhd fhuzpfs; %ykhf tho;thjhuq;fis mile;J nfhs;sg;gLfpwNjh mjpy; xU Kf;fpakhd fhuzp rfy murhl;rpf;Fk; murdhd my;yh`;tplk; (jtf;Fy;) nghUg;ghf;fy; ,e;j tprak; rk;ge;jkhf fPo;tUk; %d;W jiyg;Gfspd; fPo; ,d;\h my;yh`; ciwahly; epfOk;.

m) my;yh`; kPJ jtf;Fy; vd;gjd; tpsf;fk;.

M) my;yh`; kPJ jtf;Fy; tho;thjhuj;jpd; jpwTNfhyhFk; vd;gjw;F Mjhuk;.

,) jtf;Fy; vd;d vd;gjd; nghUs; tho;thjhuj;ij ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjpd; Kaw;rpia tpl;LtpLtjh?

 

m) my;yh`; kPJ jtf;Fy; vd;gjd; tpsf;fk;:

my;yh`_j;jMyh mwpQu; ngUkf;fSf;F rpwe;j ew;$ypia toq;Fthdhf> mtu;fs; jtf;Fypd; nghUs; tpsf;fq;fis kpfj;njspthf tpsf;fpapUf;fpd;whu;fs;> cjhuzkhf ,khk; f];]hyp mtu;fs; nrhy;fpd;whu;fs;:

jtf;Fy; vd;gJ: mJ cs;sj;jpd; cWjp> vtd; kPJ (jtf;Fy;) nghWg;ghf;Fjy; jFNkh me;j xUtd; kPJ nghWg;Gr;rhl;Ljy;.

my;yhkh kdhtp nrhy;fpd;whu;fs;

jtf;Fy; mbahdpd; ,ayhikia ntspg;gLj;jyhFk;> NkYk; vjd; kPJ jtf;Fy; itf;fg;gl;lNjh mjd; kPJ itf;Fk; g+uzkhd ek;gpf;ifapd; ngauhFk;.

Ky;yh mypfhup mtu;fs;: my;yh`_j;jMyh kPJ cz;ikahd jtf;Fypd; tpsf;fj;ij Fwpg;gpLfpd;wNghJ vOJfpd;whu;fs;. ePq;fs; ,e;j tpraj;ij cWjpahf mwpe;J nfhs;Sq;fs;: ,t;Tyfpy; Vnjy;yhk; ,Uf;fpd;wNjh gilj;jy;> tho;thjhuk; mspj;jy; my;yJ mspf;fhky; jLj;Jitj;jy;> jPq;F> ed;ik f\;lk;> e\;lk; Neha;> epthuzp> kuzk;> tho;T> midj;Jr; nray;fisAk; cz;ikapNyNa nray;gLj;Jgtd; cau;Tila my;yh`;thFk;. Nehf;fk; vd;dntdpy; midj;Jg;nghUSk; cau;thd my;yh`;tpd; fl;lisapNyNa ,Uf;fpd;wJ.

m) ''my;yh`; kPJ jtf;Fy;"" tho;thjhuj;jpd; jpwTNfhy; vd;gjw;F Mjhuk;:

cau;thd my;yh`;tplk; jtf;Fy; tho;thjhuj;jpd; fhuzp vd;gjpd; kPJ fPo;tUk; egptop Mjhuk; fhl;Lfpd;wJ.

,khk;fshd m`;kj;> jpu;kpjP> ,g;Dkh[h> ,g;D Kghuf;> ,g;D `pg;ghd;> `hfpk;> Fshyp> ,d;Dk; gftp Nghd;Nwhu;fs; cku; ,g;Dy; fj;jhg; (uyp) mtu;fsplkpUe;J mwptpg;Gr; nra;fpd;whu;fs;. gwitfSf;F vt;tpjkhf tho;thjhuk; mopf;fg;gLfpd;wNjh mt;tpjkhf ePq;fSk; tho;thjhuj;ij mile;Jnfhs;s my;yh`_j;jMyh kPJ mt;tpjkhf cz;ikahf ek;gpf;if itAq;fs;> gwitfs; fhiyapy; ntWk; tapw;Wld; ntspahfpd;wd> khiyahdJk; epwk;gpa tapw;Wld; jpUk;Gfpd;wd.

,e;j egpnkhopapNy egp u]_y; (]y;) mtu;fs; ,t;tpjkhd tpraj;ij rKjhaj;jpw;F vj;jp itf;fpd;whu;fs;> my;yh`_j;jMyh kPJ cz;ikahfNt ek;gpf;if itg;gtu;fSf;F> vg;gb gwitfSf;F tho;thjhuk; toq;fg;gLfpd;wNjh mg;gb tho;thjhuj;ij toq;Ffpd;whd;> mt;thW nfhLf;ff; $batdhd my;yh`;tpd; gf;fk; g+uz jtf;Fy; itg;gtu;fSf;F> kuzNk ,y;yhj vd;Wk; epiyj;jpUg;gtdhd my;yh`; 'MFf" vd;w thu;j;ijAld; vy;yhNk MfptpLfpd;wJ. mtd; kPJ kdpjHfshfpa ehk; itf;fpd;w ek;gpf;ifahdJ gwitfisg; Nghd;W ,Ug;gpd; mitfSf;Ff; fpilg;gJ Nghy; ekf;Fk; vg;gb fpilf;fhky; ,Uf;f KbAk;?

mtd; ahnjhU nghUisg;(gilf;f) ehbdhy;> mjw;F mtd; fl;lisapLtnjy;yhk; (MFf) vdf;$WtJjhd;> clNd mJ MfptpLk;.

ahnuhUtu; mtd; kPJ ek;gpf;if itj;jhNuh> mJ khj;jpuk; mtUf;Fg; NghJkhdjhFk;> vd;gij mtNd ekf;Ff; fhl;b tpl;lhd;.

vtu; my;yh`;tpd; kPJ (jd;fhupaj;ij xg;gilj;J KOikahf) ek;gpf;if itf;fpwhNuh mtUf;F mtNd (Kw;wpYk;) NghJkhdtd;> epr;rakhf my;yh`; jd;fhupaj;ij mile;Nj jPUthd; (MapDk;) my;yh`; xt;nthU nghUSf;Fk; Xu; msit jpl;lkhf epu;zak; nra;jpUf;fpwhd;.

,e;j Maj;jpd; tpupTiuapy; ugP/ gpd; Firk; nrhy;fpd;whu;fs;:

kdpju;fs; Kd;Ndhf;Ffpd;w midj;J neUf;fbfspd; NghJk; mtDf;F my;yh`; xUtNd NghJkhdtd;.

M) jtf;Fy; vd;gjd; nghUs; vd;d? tho;thjhuj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjpd; Kaw;rpia tpl;LtpLtjh?

jtf;Fy; itg;gtu;fSf;F fl;lhakhf tho;thjhuq;fs; fpilj;J tpLfpd;wd> mij mile;J nfhs;s Vd; Kaw;rpAk; rpuj;ijAk; f\;lKk; vLf;f Ntz;Lk;? vd rpy tpsf;fkpy;yhjtu;fs; $Wfpd;wdu;> Vd; ehq;fs; re;Njh\j;Jld; ,Uf;ff;$lhJ> jtf;Fy; itj;jjpd; fhuzkhf vq;fs; kPJ thdpypUe;J tho;thjhuk; jhdhfNt ,wq;f Ntz;lhkh?

,tu;fspd; ,g;gbahd ,e;j Ngr;R cz;ikahd jtf;Fiyg;gw;wpa mwptpd;ikiaNa vLj;Jf;fhl;Lfpd;wd> ,tu;fs; Nkw;$wg;gl;l `jP]pd; gf;fk; Nehl;lkpl;lhy; mg;gbahd Kiwapy; fUj;Jg;gupkhw;wq;fs; nra;akhl;lhu;fs;> egp u]_y; (]y;) mtu;fs; my;yh`;tpd; kPJ cz;ikahd ek;gpf;if itg;gtu;fis gwitfSld; xg;gpl;bUf;fpd;whu;fs;> mjpfhiyapy; ntWk; tapw;Wld; my;yh`_j;jMyhtpd; tho;thjhuj;ijj;Njb Gwg;gLfpd;wJ> khiyahdJk; my;yh`;tpd; cjtpapdhy; tapw;iw epug;gpf;nfhz;L jd;Dila ,y;yk; Nehf;fp jpUk;gp tpLfpd;wJ> vdpDk; me;jg;gwitfSf;F filfNsh> epWtdq;fNsh tUkhd ];jyq;fNsh tpisepyq;fNsh rk;gsNkh ,y;iy> ,itfs; kPJ ek;gpf;ifNa fpilahJ> mitfs; tho;thjhuj;ij mile;J nfhs;tjpy; vjd; kPJ ek;gpf;if itf;fpd;wd? tho;thjhuj;ijj; NjLtjpd; Kaw;rpAk; njz;bg;Gk; mitfspd; midj;J ek;gpf;ifAk; my;yh`_j;jMyh xUtd; kPJ kl;LNk!

my;yh`_j;jMyh mwpQu; rKjhaj;jpw;F rpwe;j $ypia toq;Fthdhf! mtu;fs; ,e;j tpraj;jpw;F vr;rupf;if tpLj;jpUf;fpd;wdu; - cjhuzkhf ,khk; m`;kJ mtu;fs; $Wfpd;whu;fs;: tho;thjhuj;ijj; Njbf;nfhs;tjw;F Kaw;rp nra;tJ mtrpakpy;iy vd;w fUj;Jf;fs; egpnkhopfspy; ,y;iy> mJ ,e;j tpraj;jpd; gf;fk; mwptpf;fpd;wJ tho;thjhuj;ij mile;J nfhs;tjw;F Kaw;rp> njz;bg;G nra;a Ntz;Lk;> NkYk; ,e;j fUj;J gw;wpa tpraj;ij egpnkhopapy; Vw;fdNt cWjpgLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ> mJ vJntdpy; mitfspd; tUif> kPSjy;> Kaw;rp> njz;bg;G ,itfisj;jhd; jtf;Fy; vd ehlg;gl;bUf;fpd;wJ> vy;yhtpjkhd eyTfSk; my;yh`_ila ifapy; jhd; ,Uf;fpd;wJ vd;w ek;gpf;ifapUe;jhy; khiyapy; gwitfs; tho;thjhuj;ij ngw;WtUtJ Nghd;W fl;lhakhf mJNghd;W eyT> mgptpUj;jpahd tho;thjhuj;ijg; ngw;Wj;jpUk;gyhk;.

,khk; m`;kJ (u`;) mtu;fsplj;jpy; ,g;gbahd xU kdpjiug;gw;wp Nfl;fg;gl;lJ: mtd; jdJ tPl;by; my;yJ ,iw,y;yj;jpy; mku;e;J nfhz;L nrhy;fpd;whd;> ehd; ve;j NtiyAk; nra;akhl;Nld;> vd;Dila (up];f;) tho;thjhuk; jhdhfNt vd;dplk; tUk;> mjw;F mtu;fs; gjpyspj;jhu;fs;: ,e;j kdpju; mwptpy; mwpahikapy; cs;stu;> egpu]_y; (]y;) mtu;fs; nrhd;dhu;fs;:

my;yh`_j;jMyh vd;Dila (up];f;) tho;thjhuj;ij vd;Dila <l;bapd; (Aj;jj;jpy; cgNahfpf;fg;gLk; tpy;ypy; ghtpf;Fk; mk;G Nghy; ifapdhy; cgNahfpf;Fk; jbapd; Edpapy; Kf;Nfhz tbtpy; ,Uk;gpy; nra;ag;gl;bUf;Fk;) epoYf;Fk; fPohy; itj;jhd;> ,d;Dk; egpatu;fs; ,ijAk; nrhd;dhu;fs;:

vdpDk; ePq;fs; my;yh`_j;jMyhtpd; kPJ rupahd Kiwapy; jtf;Fy; itj;jhy; vt;tpjkhf> gwitfSf;F (up];f;) tho;thjhuj;ij toq;Ffpd;whNdh mJ NghyNt cq;fSf;F (up];f;) tho;thjhuj;ij toq;Fthd;> mitfs; mjpfhiyapy; ntWk; tapw;Wld; Gwg;gLfpd;wJ> khiyahdJk; epwk;gpa tapw;Wld; jpUk;GfpwJ.

egp (]y;)mtu;fs; nrhd;dhu;fs;: gwitfs; ,uT gfyhf (up];f;) tho;thjhuj;ijj; Njb miye;J jpupfpd;wJ> ,khktu;fs; mjpfkhfr;nrhd;dhu;fs;: egpj;Njhou;fs; tpahghuk; nra;thu;fs;> NkYk; jq;fs; <r;irg;goj; Njhl;lq;fspNy NtiyAk; nra;thu;fs;> ,it vq;fSf;F Kd;khjpupahFk;.

N\f; mg+`hkpJ (,khk; f]hyp) mtu;fs; ,Jgw;wp nrhy;fpd;whu;fs;: (up];f;) tho;thjhuj;ij mile;J nfhs;tjw;fhf cly; ciog;gpd;wp cs;sj;jhy; rpe;jidr; nra;ahky; gioa rPiyj;Jz;L Nghy; g+kpapy; tpOe;Jfplg;gJ> NkYk; gyifapd; kPJ ftdpg;ghuw;W gbe;J fplf;Fk; gioa mrpq;fkhd ,iwr;rpj; Jz;Lfisg; Nghy; tpOe;J fplg;gJ mwpahikf;fhuu;fspd; rpe;jidahFk;> ,g;gbahd eilKiw ,];yhj;jpy; (`uhk;) tpyf;fyhFk;. ,];yhj;jpy; jtf;Fypd; tiutpyf;fzk; $wg;gl;bUf;fpd;wJ vt;thW ,lk;ghlhFk;? (`uhk;) tpyf;fg;gl;lijNa nra;af;$batd; \uPmj;Jila ghu;itapy; vg;gb tiutpyf;fzj;jpw;Fw;gl;ltd; vd nrhy;y KbAk;?

,Jgw;wpa cz;ikia njspTgLj;Jtjpd; Nehf;fpy; ehk; nrhy;fpd;Nwhk;: jtf;Fypd; gpujpgypg;G mbahdpd; me;j Xl;lj;jpNy Kaw;rp rpuj;ijapd; %yk; ntspahfpd;wJ> ,itfs; jd;Dila ehl;lq;fis ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;fhFk;>

,khk; mGy;fh\pKy; Fi\up $Wfpd;whu;: jtf;Fypd; ,lk; cs;skhFk;> vg;nghOJ mbahdpd; cs;sj;jpy; ,e;j tprak; cWjpahfp tpl;lhy; (up];f;) tho;thjhuk; my;yh`;tpd; Gwj;jpypUe;jhFk;> neUf;fbahd xU epyik Vw;gbd; mJ my;yh`_ila (jf;jPu;) Vw;ghlhFk;> ,yFthdnjhU epyik Vw;gbd; mJ mtDila md;gpdhy; epytpa mUshFk;> ntspg;gilahd elkhw;wk; jtf;fSf;F khw;wkhdjy;y!

fPo;tUk; ,e;j `jP]_k; ,e;j tprak; gw;wp mwptpf;fpd;wJ> jtf;Fypd; vjpu;ghu;g;G tho;thjhuj;ij mile;Jnfhs;tjw;F Kaw;rpia tpl;LtpLtjy;y!

nghUs;: ,khk; ,g;D `pg;ghd; kw;Wk; ,khk; `hfpKk;> mk;U ,g;D cika;ah (uyp) mtu;fsplkpUe;J mwptpg;Gr; nra;fpd;whu;fs;> mtu;fs; nrhd;dhu;fs;: xU kdpju; egpfshUila rd;dpjhdj;jpy; r%fk; je;jhu;: ehd; vd;Dila xl;lfj;ij mg;gbNa tpl;LtpLfpd;Nwd;> vd;whYk; jtf;Fy; itf;fpd;Nwd; vd;whu;> egpatu;fs; nrhd;dhu;fs; mjd; Koq;fhiyf;fl;lTk; gpd;G jtf;Fy; itf;fTk;. (my; ,`;]hd; gP jf;uPgp ]`P`; ,g;D `pg;ghd; 2/510 (`jP]pd; nrhw;fs; ,e;jg;Gj;jfj;jpypUe;Nj vLf;fg;gl;lJ) ty;K];jj;uf; my];]`Pi`d; 3/623- `hgpy; j`gp mtu;fs; ,e;j `jP]pd; rdij (سند)rpwe;jJ vdr;nrhy;fpd;whu;. Fwpg;G: mj;jy;fP]; 3/623 kPz;Lk; Fwpg;G: k[;kc];]th,j; 10/303.)

,d;ndhU mwptpg;gpNy> ,ij ,khk; Fshtp mtu;fs; mwptpg;Gr; nra;jjhf ,Uf;fpd;wJ> mk;U ,g;D cika;ah (uyp) mtu;fs; tpdtpdhu;fs;:

my;yh`;tpd; JhjNu! ehd; vd;Dila thfdj;jpw;F rq;fpypapl;L tplth? my;yJ my;yh`;tpd; Ngupy; jtf;Fy; itf;fth? my;yJ mg;gbNa fl;ltpo;j;J tpl;L my;yh`;tpd; Ngupy; jtf;Fy; itf;fl;Lkh? egpatu;fs; nrhd;dhu;fs;: thfdj;jpw;F rq;ffpypapL> gpd;G jtf;Fy; itj;Jf;nfhs;.

,Jtiu $wpf;nfhz;L te;jitfspd; RUf;fTiuahfpwJ: jtf;Fy; vd;gJ tho;thjhuj;ijg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F elkhl;lk;> Kaw;rp njz;bg;Gfis tpl;LtpLtjy;y! K];ypk;fspd; nghWg;ghfpwJ tho;thjhuj;ij mile;Jnfhs;tjw;F Kaw;rp njz;bg;Gr; nra;aTk;. vdpDk; mjd; ek;gpf;if jq;fspd; Kaw;rp> ,d;dy;fspd; kPjy;y! khwhf fz;zpakhd nghWg;ghsdpd; kPNjahFk;> ,e;j tprak; gw;wp ek;gpf;if itf;fTk;> midj;J fhupaq;fSk; mtDila ifapNy ,Uf;fpd;wJ> NkYk; tho;thjhuk; vd;gJ mtdplj;jpypUe;J kl;LNkahFk;.

 

 

(ehd;fhtJ Ma;T) - Nkd;ikahd fz;zpaKila my;yh`;it tzq;Ftjw;fhf jd;id mu;g;gzpj;jy;


tho;thjhuj;ij mile;J nfhs;Sk; fhuzpfspy;> mbahd; my;yh`_j;jMyhit tzq;Ftjw;fhfNt jd;id mu;g;gzpj;jYk; xd;whFk;.

cau;Tila my;yh`;tpd; cjtpahy; fPo;tUk; jiyg;gpd; fPo; ,uz;L tpraq;fis Ma;Tf;F vLj;Jf;nfhs;sg;gLk;.

m) Nkd;ikAila my;yh`_j;jMyhtpd; tzf;fj;jpw;fhf jd;id mu;g;gzpj;jypd; tpsf;fk;.

im) my;yh`_j;jMyhtpd; tzf;fj;jpw;F jd;id csg;g+u;tkhf mu;g;gzpj;jy; vd;gJ \uPmj;jpd; ghu;itapy;> cz;ikahd tho;thjhuj;jpd; xU fhuzpahFk;.

m) Nkd;ikAila my;yh`_j;jMyhtpd; tzf;fj;jpw;fhf jd;id mu;g;gzpj;jypd; tpsf;fk;:

my;yh`_j;jMyhtpd; tzf;fj;jpw;F jd;id mu;g;gzpj;jy; vd;W $Wk;NghJ mbahd; tho;thjhuj;ijj; Njb Kaw;rpf;fhky; miye;J jpupahky; ,uT gfyhf ,iwapy;yj;jpNyNa mku;e;J fplg;gJjhd; ,jd; fUj;J vd tpsq;fpf; nfhs;sf; $lhJ> khwhf ,jDila fUj;J> vg;NghJ my;yh`_j;jMyhtpd; tzf;fj;jpy; <LgLfpd;NwhNkh mg;NghJ mbahdpd; cs;sKk; clk;Gk; mtd; gf;fk; rha;e;jpUf;f> tzf;fj;jpy; cs;sr;rk;> gagf;jp nghjpe;jpUf;f VfnghUg;ghsdpd; kfhj;kpaKk;> fz;zpaKk;> kfpikAk; mtdpy; cs;sj;jpy; te;J nfhz;bUf;f> NkYk; mtdplNk jhd; ehd; ciwahbf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;Nwd; vd;w KO vz;zKk; Njhd;wpf; nfhz;bUg;gJkhFk;.

egpatu;fspd; egpnkhopAk; ,ijj;jhd; czu;j;Jfpd;wJ:

my;yh`;it tzq;Fk; NghJ ,t;tpjkhf tzq;f Ntz;Lk;: eP mtidNa ghu;j;Jf; nfhz;bUg;gJ Nghy;> mtid eP ghu;f;fhtpl;lhYk; cd;id mtd; ghu;j;Jf; nfhz;NlapUf;fpd;whd;.

rpyUila cly; khj;jpuk; ,iwapy;yj;jpy; ,Uf;fpd;wJ> vdpDk; cs;sk; ntspg;nghUl;fspd; gf;fk; nrd;W nfhz;bUf;Fk;> mtu;fisg; Nghd;wpUf;ff; $lhJ- Ky;yh myp fhup mtu;fs;> ((egp (]y;) mtu;fspd; (jgHuF yp,ghj;jp) vd;w nrhw;nwhlUf;F tpsf;fk; mspf;ifapy; (nghWg;ghsid tzq;Fk; Nehf;fpy; jdJ cs;sj;ij mu;g;gzpg;gjpy; kpifg;Gr; nra;Aq;fs;)) vd;whu;fs;.

M) my;yh`_j;jMyhtpd; tzf;fj;jpw;fhf jd;id mu;g;gzpg;gJ tho;thjhuj;jpd; jpwTNfhy; vd;gjw;F \uPmj;jpd; Mjhuk;:

1) m`;kJ> jpu;kpjP> ,g;Dkh[h> `hfpk; Nghd;Nwhu;fs; egpj;Njhou; mg+`{iuuh (uyp) mtu;fsplkpUe;J mwptpg;Gr; nra;ag;gLfpd;wJ> mtu;fs; egpatu;fsplkpUe;J mwptpg;Gr; nra;fpd;whu;fs;> egpatu;fs; nrhy;fpd;whu;fs;: epr;rakhf my;yh`{j;jMyh $Wfpd;whd;> Mjkpd; re;jjpfNs! vd;id tzq;Ftjw;fhf jd;id Xa;thf;fpf;nfhs;Sq;fs;> ehd; cd;Dila cs;sj;ij nry;tj;jhy; epug;gp tpLfpNwd;> mLj;jtu;fsplj;jpypUe;J cd;idj; Njitaw;W itf;fpd;Nwd;> ePu; mg;gb ele;J nfhs;sh tpl;lhy; mjpfkhd gpur;ridfis cd;ifapNy je;J cd;id Fog;gj;jpy; Mf;fptpLNtd;> mLj;jtu;fspd; gf;fk; cs;s Njitia mfw;wp tplNt khl;Nld;. (my;K];dJ 16/284, [hkpcj;jpu;kpjP 7/140 (,J [hkpcj;jpu;kpjPapd; nrhy;yhFk;) Rdd; ,g;Dkh[h 2/408 r`Pi`d; gb ,d;Dk; my;K];j;jj;uf; 2/443 ,khk; jpu;kpjP mtu;fd; ,e;j `jPi] (`]d;) tifiar;rhu;e;jJ vdf;Fwpg;gpLfpd;whu;fs;> (Fwpg;G: [hkpcj;jpu;kpjP 7/141) ,khk; `hfpk; ,d;Dk; `hgpo; j`gP mtu;fs; ,e;j `jP]_f;F rupahd ,];dhj; NkYk; N\f;my;ghdp mtu;fSk; rupahdJ vdf;Fwpg;gpLfpd;whu;fs;> Fwpg;G: my;K];j;jj;uf; 2/443, mj;jy;fP]; 2/443, ]`P`; RdDj;jpu;kpjP 2/300, r`P`; ,g;Dkh[h 2/393).

,e;j egpnkhopapy; egp (]y;) mtu;fs; g+uztpopg;Gzu;T rpe;jidAld; my;yh`_j;jMyhtpd; tzf;fj;ij epiwNtw;Wgtu;fSf;F my;yh`{j;jMyh tplkpUe;J ,uz;L mUl;nfhilfs; fpilg;gjhf my;yh`; thf;fspj;jjhff; $Wfpd;whu;fs;.

- KjyhtJ mUl;nfhil: my;yh`; mtdpd; cs;sj;ij nry;tj;jhy; epwg;gptpLfpd;whd;.

- ,uz;lhtJ mUl;nfhil: my;yh`_j;jMyh mtid midtu;fis tpl;Lk; Njitaw;wtdhf Mf;fp tpLfpd;whd;.

NkYk; ,e;j egpnkhopapy; tpopg;Gzu;T> rpe;jidapd;wp tzf;fk; Gupfpd;wtu;fSf;F my;yh`_j;jMyhtplkpUe;J ,uz;L tpjkhd Ntjidfs; fpilg;gJ gw;wpa thf;FWjpAk; te;Js;sJ.

- KjyhtJ Ntjid : my;yh`_j;jMyh mtid mtrpakpy;yhj Ntiyfspy; Mo;j;jp tpLfpd;whd;.

- ,uz;lhtJ Ntjid : mLj;jtu;fsplKs;s Njitia mtid tpl;Lk; ePf;fhky; fhynky;yhk; mLj;jtu;fspd; gf;fk; NjitAs;stdhfNt Mf;fp tpLthd;.

,Jgw;wpa ,uz;lhtJ egpnkhop:

2) ,khk; `hfpk; k/fy; gpd; arhu; (uyp) mtu;fspypUe;J mwptpg;Gr;nra;fpd;whu;fs; - mtu;fs; nrhd;dhu;fs;: egp u]_y; (]y;) mtu;fs; nrhd;dhu;fs;> ck;Kila nghWg;ghsd; cau; mgptpUj;jp epiwe;jtd; $Wfpd;whd;: Mjkpd; re;jjpNa! vd;id tzq;Ftjw;fhf jd;id Xa;thf;fpf;nfhs;> ehd; cd; cs;sj;ij nry;tj;jhy; epug;gp tpLNtd;> NkYk; cdJ ,U iffisAk; tho;thjhuj;jh(up];fh)y; epug;gp tpLNtd;.

3) Mjkpd; re;jjpNa! vd;dpypUe;J JhukhfptplhNj> (eP mt;thW ele;jhy;) ehd; cs;sj;jpw;F Njitfshy; epug;gptpLNtd;> ,d;Dk; cdJ ,uz;L iffisAk; (tPzhd) Ntiyfspy; ,izj;J tpLNtd;. (r`Pi`d; gb my; K];j;jj;uf; 4/326, ,khk; `hfpk; mtu;fs; ,e;j `jP]_f;F r`P`hd ,];dhJ ,Uf;fpwJ vd;fpwhu;fs;> `hgpo; j`gp mtu;fs; mtu;fSld; xd;Wgl;lhu;fs;> ,d;Dk; N\f; my;ghdp mtu;fs; ,t;tpUtUf;fhfTk; cjtpaspj;jhu;fs;. (Fwpg;G: 4/326 ,d;Dk; mj;jy;fP]; 4/326 rpy;]pyj;Jy; my; m`hjP];]_`P`h 3/347.)

egp (]y;) mtu;fs; ,e;j egpnkhopapy; ck;kj;jpdu;fSf;F nra;jp mwptpf;fpd;whu;fs;> tpopg;Gzu;T ,ize;j cs;sj;Jld; tzf;fk; nrYj;Jgtu;fSf;F fPo;tUk; ,uz;L mUl;nfhilfs; toq;fg;gLtjhf fz;zpakpf;f nghWg;ghsdhd my;yh`;Nt thf;FWjpaspj;jpUf;fpwhd;.

1 - mtdpd; cs;sj;ij nry;tk; epiwe;jjhf epug;gptpLfpd;whd;.

11 - tho;thjhuj;jhy; mtdpd; ,UiffisAk; epug;gptpLfpd;whd;.

NkYk; my;yh`_j;jMyh thf;FWjpf;F khw;wk; nra;gtd; my;yd; vd;gij mwpe;jpUf;fpd;wPu;fs;.

Nkw;Fwpg;gplg;gl;;l egpnkhopapy; egpatu;fs; r%fj;jpdUf;F ,ijAk; nrhd;dhu;fs;: my;yh`_j;jMyhtplkpUe;J Jhukhtij Nju;e;njLg;gtu;fSf;F mtd; gf;fkpUe;J ,uz;L tpjkhd Ntjidfs; gw;wp thf;fspf;fg;gl;bUf;fpd;wJ.

1- NjitAilatdhfTk;> (gfPu;)kdpjdstpy; mbf;fb NjitAilatdhfTk; mtDila cs;sj;ij tWikahy; epug;gptpLfpd;whd;.

2 - tPzhz Ntjidfspy; mtid Mo;j;jp tpLfpd;whd;> NkYk; nghf;fp\q;fspd; murdhd> cs;sq;fis cz;lhf;Fgtdhd my;yh`{j;jMyh mtdpd; cs;sj;ij nry;tj;jhy; epug;gptpl;lhy;> jdJ Njitia mLj;jtdplj;jpy; mlF itf;Fkstpw;F Vd; mtdpd; rpe;jidr; nry;y Ntz;Lk;?

NkYk; cyf gilg;gpdq;fSf;F tho;thjhukspg;gtd; mtdpd; iffis tho;thjhuj;jhy; epug;gptpbd; tho;tpy; ePq;fhj Vo;ikAk; VJkpd;wp gjl;lj;jpw;Fs;shf;fg;gLk; epyikAk; vg;gb mtid Ml;nfhs;s KbAk;? vdpDk; mfpyq;fspd; murd; ahUila cs;sj;ijahtJ Njitfshy; epug;gptpl;lhy; ,t;TyfpYs;s vj;jid rf;jpfs; jhd; xd;wpize;J Kaw;rpj;jhYk; mtid nry;te;jdhfNth epk;kjpAs;stdhfNth Mf;fptpl KbahJ> NkYk; mlf;fpahSk; ty;yikAila my;yh`_j;jMyh tPzhd mtrpakpy;yhj nray;fspNy %o;fbj;Jtpl;lhnddpd; mtid ahuhy;jhd; tpLjiyahf;fKbAk;?

H 4
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