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rhjpaj;jpy; jLkhWk; jypj;fs;


njw;F Mrpahtpy; kl;Lk; 240 kpy;ypad; kf;fs; rhjpag; ghFghLfspd; fhuzkhf kpfTk; nfhLikahd tho;f;if tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfs;. ,tHfis jypj; vd;Wk;> jPz;lj;jfhjtHfs; vd;Wk; r%fk; xJf;fp itj;J> ghFghL fhl;b tUtNjhL> mlf;FKiwf;Fk; cs;shf;fp tUfpd;wJ. tho;thjhuk; kWf;fg;gly; kw;Wk; Fiwe;j tpfpj Cjpaj;jpy; mbikfshf gzpahw;Wjy; kw;Wk; njhlHe;Jk; caH tFg;ghHfspdhy; jPz;lhikf;F cs;shf;fg;gl;L chpikfs; kWf;fg;gLtJk;> fhty;Jiw kw;Wk; caH mjpfhu tHf;fj;jpdHfshy; chpik kWf;fg;gl;Lk; te;J nfhz;bUg;gij ehk; fz;L tUfpd;Nwhk;.

,e;jpa r%fk; gy;NtW gphpTfshfg; gphpe;J fplf;fpd;wJ> mtw;wpy; jypj;fs; filepiyg; gphptpduhf jq;fsJ tho;f;ifia mbik tho;thf efHj;jpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfs;. ,e;jpah Rje;jpuk; mile;J 55 Mz;Lfs; Md gpd;Gk; $l> ,tHfs; ,d;Dk; Rje;jpuf; fhw;iw Rthrpf;fNt Muk;gpf;ftpy;iy. ,e;j rhjpag; gphpTfs; ,y;yhj ,e;J rKjhaj;ij mikg;igg; ghHf;f ,ayhJ. rhjpa mikg;Ng mjd; m];jpthuk;. ,d;Dk; kf;fis gpwg;ghy; gpuhkzH vd;Wk;> rj;jphpaH vd;Wk;> it];aH vd;Wk;> #j;jpuH vd;Wk; ehd;F tHzj;jtHfshf gphpf;fg;gl;bUg;gpDk;> ,jpy; jypj;fs; ,jpy; ve;j tifapYk; mlq;fhj gQ;rkHfs; vd;wiof;fg;gLfpd;wdH. Mhpa r%f mikg;gpy; gQ;rkHfSf;F ,lk; fpilahJ.

,e;jpahtpy; cs;s ,e;j gQ;rkHfs; caHrhjpapdH trpf;Fk; gFjpfSf;Fs; tu KbahJ. caH rhjp tFg;gpdH jz;zPH ,iuf;Fk; fpzWfspy; jz;zPH vLf;f KbahJ> Nfhapy;fs;> rHr;fs;> NjePHf; filfs; vd;W caH rhjpapdH gad;gLj;Jk; vjidAk; ,tHfs; gad;gLj;j KbahJ> Vd; jq;fSf;nfd epyj;ijf; $l itj;Jf; nfhs;s chpik kWf;fg;gl;ltHfshf jq;fsJ tho;f;ifia> Rje;jpu ,e;jpahtpy; mbik tho;f;ifia tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfs;. jypj;fspd; Foe;ijfs; tFg;giwfspy; gpd; gFjpapy; mku itf;fg;gLfpd;whHfs;. ngz;fspy; epiyiag; gw;wpr; nrhy;y Ntz;bajpy;iy. ,tHfs; thapy;yhg; G+r;rpfs;. mt;tg;nghOJ v[khdHfspd; fhk ,r;irf;F tpUe;J NghLk; mgiyfs; ,tHfs;.

Rje;jpu ,e;jpahtpy; ,d;wsTk; jypj;fs; nghJ [dq;fSld; ,ize;J tho Kbahky;> jq;fSf;nfd jdpj;J mikf;fg;gl;l xJf;Fg; Gwq;fspy;> Nrhpfspy; tho;f;if elj;Jtijf; fhzyhk;. ,e;j rhjpaf; nfhLikfs; ,e;jpahtpy; kl;Lky;y> cyfpd; gy;NtW ghfq;fspy; ,d;wsTk; epytp tUfpd;wJ. ekJ mz;il ehLfshd Neghsk;> gq;fshNj\;> ,yq;if> ghfp];jhd; kw;Wk; [g;ghd;> Mg;hpf;f ehLfspYk; ,e;jf; nfhLik ,d;wsTk; ,Ue;J tUfpd;wJ.

rhjpaKk;> tWikAk;

rhjpaj;Jld; tWik ,ize;J tpl;lhy;> mq;Nf r%f gfp\;fhpg;Gk; ,ize;J tpLfpd;wJ> ,e;j ,uz;Lk; jypj;fspd; tho;tpy; xl;bg; gpwe;jitfshf ,d;wsTk; njhlHfpd;wd. ,e;jpa murpd; nfhs;iffs;> jypj; kf;fspd; tho;f;if Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;fhf gy;NtW jpl;lq;fisr; nray;gLj;jpdhYk;> fy;tp> Ntiytha;g;G kw;Wk; nghJeyr; Nritfs; Nghd;wtw;wpy; mtHfSf;F Kd;Dhpik toq;fpdhYk;> r%fj;jpy; mtHfisg; gw;wp epytp tUfpd;w kdepiyapy; khw;wj;ij Vw;gLj;j ,aytpy;iy vd;Nw $w Ntz;Lk;.

mg;gbNa mtHfs; fy;tp> Ntiytha;g;G Nghd;wtw;wpy; Kd;Dhpik toq;fg;gl;lhYk;> mtHfs; kPjhd mlf;FKiw> rhjpag;ghFghL> jPz;lj;jfhjtHfshf elj;Jjy; Nghd;wit ,d;wsTk; Fiwtpy;yhky; njhlHe;J jhd; tUfpd;wd. ,e;j rhjpag; ghFghLfs; mtHfSf;F epahakhff; fpilf;f Ntz;ba fy;tp kw;Wk; kUj;Jt trjpfs; kw;Wk; Ntiytha;g;G Nghd;wtw;iwg; ngw ,ayhky; nra;J tpLfpd;wd. nrj;j gpuhzpfis mg;Gwg;gLj;Jjy;> kdpj kyq;fis ms;spr; Rj;jk; nra;jy; Nghd;w kdpj nfsutj;jpw;F ,Of;fpid Vw;gLj;Jk; gzpfis ,d;wsTk;> ,tHfs; jhd; nra;J tUfpd;whHfs;.

,d;iwa epiy

xt;nthU tUlKk; jypj;fSf;F vjpuhf elj;jg;gl;l nfhLikfSf;F epthuzk; Njb yl;rf;fzf;fhd tof;Ffs; fhty; epiyaq;fspy; gjpT nra;ag;gLfpd;wd. fhty;Jiw kw;Wk; ePjpj;Jiw kw;Wk; Ml;rp mikg;Gfspy; caH rhjp tFg;ghHfspd; mOj;jk; fhuzkhf> ,tHfSf;F gy Ntisfspy; epahak; fpilf;fhkNyNa Ngha; tpLfpd;wJ. kpf kpfr; rpy tof;Ffspy; jhd; mtHfs; epahak; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Kbfpd;wJ. mjpYk; mtHfsJ tWikiaAk;> ,ayhj epiyiaAk; gad;gLj;jp me;j epahaq;fs; $l gzj;jhy; tpiy Ngrg;gl;L tpLfpd;wd.

,tHfs; ePjpiaj; Njb tof;Fkd;wq;fspy; VWtJ $l> r%fj;jpd; mikg;ig rPHFiyf;Fk; Kaw;rpahfNt kw;w kf;fshy; fUjg;gl;L tUfpd;wJ. ,d;Dk; Fiwe;j rk;gs tpfpjk; kw;Wk; mbg;gil kdpj chpikfs; $l fpilf;fhj epiyapy; jhd; ,d;wsTk; ,tHfs; jq;fsJ fhyj;ij efHj;Jfpd;wdH. $l;lhfg; gLnfhiy nra;ag;gLtjd; %yk; ePjpj;Jiwapd; tprhuizapypUe;Jk; $l caH rhjpapdH jg;gpj;J tpLfpd;whHfs;. rpy gy Ntisfspy; Ml;rpahsHfSk;> mtHfSld; fhty; JiwapdUk; ,ize;J jypj;JfSf;F vjpuhfg; gLnfhiyfspy; <LgLfpd;w epiyiag; ghHf;fpd;Nwhk;. ntz;kzp> KJFsj;J}H> vd;W jkpofj;jpy; rpy cjhuzq;fSk;> ,d;Dk; uh[;Gj;Jf;fshy; elj;jg;gLfpd;w gy;NtW mlf;FKiwr; rk;gtq;fs; nra;jpg; gj;jphpf;if thapyhf te;jpUg;gpDk;> ,tw;Wf;F vjpuhf elj;jg;gl;l tof;Ffspy; vj;jid caH rhjpapdH jz;bf;fg;gl;lhHfs; vd;gij ,Jtiu mwpa Kbahj epiyNa ePbj;J tUfpd;wJ.

murpd; Gs;sptpgug;gb> 40 kpy;ypad; jypj;fspy;> 15 kpy;ypad; Foe;ijfs; ,d;wsTk; mbikf; $ypj; njhopyhsHfshf tho;e;J tUfpd;whHfs;. ,tHfs; jq;fsJ ngw;NwhHfs; thq;fpa flDf;fhf> jq;fsJ ,sikf; fhyj;ij jq;fsJ v[khdHfSf;Fj; njhz;^opak; Ghptjpy; fopf;f Ntz;ba epHg;ge;jj;jpy; tho;f;ifiaf; fopf;fpd;whHfs;. ,t;thW tho;f;ifia elj;Jtjpy; mNefk; NgHfs; jypj;fNs MthHfs;.

,e;jpa murpd; Gs;sptpgug;gb> xU kpy;ypad; jypj;fs; kdpj kyj;ij ms;Sk; gzpfspYk;> fopg;gplq;fisr; Rj;jk; nra;Ak; gzpfspYk; <Lgl;L tUfpd;whHfs;. ,e;jg; Gs;sp tpguj;ij tpl mjpfkhfNt mtHfsJ vz;zpf;if ,Uf;Fk; vd;Nw fzf;fplg;gl;Ls;sJ.

jypj; ngz;fis ghypay; rPz;ly;fSf;F cs;shf;fpf; nfhs;tJ vd;gJ> r%f mikg;gpy; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;lnjhd;whfNt ,d;wsTk; ,Ue;J tUfpd;wJ. Njtjhrp vd;w mikg;gpd; fPo; njd;khtl;lq;fspy; thOk; jypj; ngz;fs; Nfhapy;fSf;F mw;gzpf;fg;gLfpd;whHfs;> flTs;fSf;Fj; jpUkzk; nra;tpf;fg;gLfpd;whHfs; my;yJ Nfhapy;fSf;F NeHr;irahf NeHe;J tplg;gLfpd;whHfs;. vg;nghOJ mtHfs; Nfhapy;fSf;F NeHe;J tplg;gLfpd;whHfNsh> mg;nghOjpypUe;J mtHfs; jpUkzk; Kbj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;fhd chpikf;F jil nra;ag;gLfpd;wJ> ,d;Dk; mt;thW Njtjhrp tho;f;if thOk; ngz;fs; caHrhjpapdhpd; me;jg;Gwg; ngz;fshf thOk; mty epiyf;F> mjhtJ tpiykhjHfis tplf; Nftykhd epiyia thOk; epiyf;Fj; js;sg;gl;L tpLfpd;whHfs;.

jypj; ,af;fq;fs;

1990 f;Fg; gpd;dH jypj;fSf;F chpikiag; ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gjw;fhfNt gy;NtW jypj; ,af;fq;fs; Njhd;wpd. 1950 ,e;jpa murpay; rl;lj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; jPz;lhik> nfhj;jbikj; njhopyhsH Kiw> kdpj kyj;ij ms;Sjy;> Njtjhrp Kiw Nghd;wit jil nra;ag;gl;litfshf ,Ug;gpDk;> jypj;fSf;F vjpuhd nfhLikfs; ,d;wsTk; njhlHe;J tUfpd;wd>,e;j rl;lq;fs; ahTk; Vl;lstpy; ,Uf;fpd;wdNt jtpu nraystpy; nray;gLj;j ,ayhj epiyNa ePbf;fpd;wJ. jypj;fSf;F vjpuhf elj;jg;gLk; td;nfhLikfs; ahTk; jpl;lkpl;l mbg;gilapNyNa epfo;fpd;wd.

1999 brk;ghpy;> jypj;fSf;F kdpj chpik Nfhhp Njrpa mstpy; kpfg; nghpa ,af;fk; elj;jg;gl;lJ> 14 khepyq;fisr; NrHe;j 2.5 kpy;ypad; kf;fs; ifnaOj;jpl;L md;iwa gpujkhplk; Nfhhpf;if kDit mspj;jhHfs;. jPz;lhik kw;Wk; r%f gfp\;fhpg;gpw;F vjpuhf eltbf;if NfhhpAk;> ,d;Dk; ,jpy; If;fpa ehLfs; rig jdJ ftdj;ijr; nrYj;j Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; Nfhhpf;if itf;fg;gl;lJ.

If;fpa ehLfs; rigAk;> jypj;fspd; tho;f;if Kd;Ndw;wj;jpw;Fj; Njitahd eltbf;iffis vLf;FkhW> gy;NtW ,e;jpa muRf;F vjpuhf jPHkhdq;fisAk; vLj;jpUf;fpd;wJ. midj;J tpj kdpj ,dg;ghFghLfis fistjw;fhd If;fpa ehLfs; rigapd; ghpe;Jiuapd; mbg;gilapy;> jypj;fSk; ,e;j kdpj ,dg;ghFghLfspd; fPo; tUfpd;whHfs;> mjd; rl;l tiuaiwapd; vz; 1 MdJ> Fwpg;ghf ,e;jpahtpy; thOk; jypj;fisNa Fwpg;gpLfpd;wJ.

jypj;fSf;F vjpuhf elj;jg;gLk; nfhLikfis vjpHj;J> jypj;JfSf;F Mjuthf Vw;fdNt njd;Mg;hpf;f MHtyHfSk;> ,d;Dk; Mg;hpf;f mnkhpf;f MHtyHfSk; ,ize;J NghHf; Fuy; nfhLj;J tUfpd;wdH. ,e;jpa muRk; gy;NtW eltbf;iffis vLj;jhYk;> ,d;wsTk; ,e;j jypj;JfSf;F vjpuhd td;nfhLik ePq;fpajhfj; njhpatpy;iy.

jypj;JfSf;F vjpuhf epfo;j;jg;gLk; ,e;j td;nfhLikfisf; fisa Ntz;Lnkd;why;> ,Uf;fpd;w rl;lq;fisahtJ Kiwahf mKy;gLj;jpdhNy NghJkdhJ. ,jid ,d;Dk; cWjpahfr; nray;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;Lnkd;why;> fhty;Jiw kw;Wk; ePjpj;Jiwapd; kdepiy khw;wg;gl Ntz;Lk;.

Vnddpy;> jhkpuguzp-ntz;kzp rk;gtk; - Nfushtpd; taehL - gPfhH kw;Wk; tl khepyq;fspy; caH[hjpapduhy; epfo;j;jg;gl;L tUk; td;nfhLik> gRkhl;Lj; Njhiy chpj;jjw;fhf fhty;JiwapdH Kd;dpiyapNyNa jypj;Jfs; gLnfhiy nra;ag;gl;l rk;gtk; - rpj;utij vd;w ngahpy; fhty;JiwapdNu jypj;Jfspd; thapy; kyj;ijj; jpzpj;jy;> rpWePH fopj;jy; Mfpait rpy vLj;Jf;fhl;LfshFk;.

brk;gH 1> 1997 y; gPfhH uh[;Gj;Jfspd; uz;tPH Nrdh vd;w mikg;G xd;wpize;J nfhz;L> 59 jypj;fisg; gLnfhiy nra;jdH. ,e;j 59 egHfspy; 26 ngz;fSk;> 19 rpWtHfSk; mlq;FtH. fle;j 15 tUlq;fspy; kl;Lk; gPfhhpy; fpl;lj;jl;l 1000 jypj;fs; gLnfhiy nra;ag;gl;bUf;fpd;whHfs; vd;W Gs;sptpguq;fs; $Wfpd;wd. rHtNjr kdpj chpik mikg;Gfs; ,e;j td;nfhLikf;F vjpuhff; Fuy; nfhLj;j gpd;G> ud;tPH Nrdhf;fs; kw;Wk; jdp kdpjHfSf;F toq;fpAs;s Jg;ghf;fp Nghd;w MAjq;fSf;fhd chpikia gPfhH muR uj;J nra;jJ. ,Ug;gpDk;> ,d;wsTk; $l ud;tPH Nrdhf;fs; Jg;ghf;fpfis itj;Jf; nfhz;L jypj;fis mr;RWj;jp tUtij mwpa Kbfpd;wJ.

Mf> muNr rl;lj;ij kPwp elf;Fk; nghOJ> jdp kdpjHfis vt;thW rl;lj;jpd; gpbapy; nfhz;L tu KbAk;. js;shLk; jypj;fSf;F Njhs; nfhLf;f te;j jypj; mikg;Gfs; gy murpay; rhf;filapy; gzk; gz;Zk; tpj;ijiaj; jhd; nra;J tUfpd;wd. mjpfhuj;jpidg; gpbf;fg; gad;gLk; VzpahfNt mtHfisAk;> mtHfsJ czHr;rpfisAk; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;fpd;wd. ,dpnahU mk;Ngj;fhH te;jhYk; $l ,tHfspd; epiy khWkh? my;yJ mk;Ngj;fhH fhl;ba topNa mjw;F tpilahf mikAkh?

rhjpa mikg;gpy; rq;flg;gLtij tpl> rhjpa Kiwfsw;w rKjha mikg;igj; NjHT nra;tJ rpwe;jjy;yth..! rpe;jpAq;fs; NjhoHfNs..!

 
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