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Gifj;jy;

nkJthf epfOk; jw;nfhiy


Gifj;jy; gof;fk; egp (]y;) mtHfsJ fhyj;jpy; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. gpw;gl;l fhyj;jpy; mJ Njhd;wpa NghJ mjd; ajhHj;jj;ijAk;> jPq;FfisAk; clNd mwpQHfshy; KOikahfg; Ghpe;J nfhs;s Kbatpy;iy. vdpDk; ngUk;ghyhd rd;khHf;f mwpQHfs; Gifj;jy; `uhk; vd;Nw jPHg;gspj;Js;sdH. Gifj;jy; cz;ikapy; MNuhf;fpaj;Jf;F mr;RWj;jyhfTs;sJ.

'jPq;fpiof;ff; $ba midj;Jk; `uhk;" vd;gJ ,];yhj;jpd; mbg;gil tpjpfSs; xd;W. ,t;tifapy; GifapiyAk; $l kdpjdJ cly; kw;Wk; nghUshjhu eyd;fSf;F NfLtpistpg;gjhy; `uhkhd (jLf;fg;gl;l)tw;wpd; gl;baypy; cs;slf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. FHMd;> `jP];> ,[;khc> fpah]; Kjypa gy;NtW rl;l %yhjhuq;f@lhf ,J epWtg;gl;Ls;sJ.

my;FHMd;

ePq;fs; cq;fis mopj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;lhk;. ePq;fs; ed;ikNa GhpAq;fs;. ed;ik GhpgtHfisNa my;yh`; Nerpf;fpd;whd;. (gfuh : 195)

,j;jpUtrdk; jPq;Ff;F ,l;Lr; nry;Yk; midj;ijAk; jLf;fpd;wJ. ,t;tifapy; Gifj;jYk; jPq;Ff;Fk; moptpw;Fk; toptFf;fpd;wJ. fz;zhb> fy;> tp\k; Nghd;W vtw;iwnay;yhk; cl;nfhs;tjhy; jPq;Nfw;gLNkh mtw;iwnay;yhk; cz;gJ `uhkhFk;. mUtUf;fj;jf;ftw;iwj; jtpu> vtw;iwnay;yhk; cl;nfhs;tjd; %yk; jPq;Nfw;glhNjh mtw;iw cz;gJ `yhydjhFk; vd ,khk; ettP> 'mHut;oJk; ejpa;ah" vDk; E}ypy; tpsf;FfpwhH.

''ePq;fs; jw;nfhiy nra;J nfhs;s Ntz;lhk;. epr;rakhf my;yh`; cq;fs; kPJ kpfTk; fUizAilatdhf ,Uf;fpd;whd; (me;ep]h : 29)

Gifj;jy; jLf;fg;gl;l '/gh`p\h" vdg;gLk; kpf Nkhrkhd mUtUf;fj;jf;f ghtq;fSs; xd;whFk;.

rpwe;jtw;iwNa Grpf;FkhWk; mitay;yhtw;iwj; jtpHe;J nfhs;SkhWk; typAWj;jp gy trdq;fs; jpUkiwapy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;sd.

kf;fNs> G+kpapy; ePq;fs; `yhyhd rpwe;jtw;iwNa cl;nfhs;Sq;fs; (gfwh)

J}jHfNs> ey;yijNa Grpj;J ew;fhhpaq;fisg; GhpAq;fs;. (K/kpD}d;)

tpRthrpfNs> ehk; cq;fSf;fspj;jjpy; rpwe;jtw;iwNa cz;Zq;fs;. (gfwh)

Nkhrkhdit> mrpq;fkhdit gw;wp ,t;thW my;yh`; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whd;. ''Nkhrkhdit mjpfkhf ,Ue;j NghjpYk;> ey;yJk;> NkhrkhdJk; xU NghJk; epfuhf khl;lh. mwpTs;stHfNs n[ak; ngw my;yh`;itg; gae;J nfhs;Sq;fs;. (khapjh 100) vdNt rpwe;jit vg;NghJk; rpwe;jit jhk;. Nkhrkhdit vd;Wk; Nkhrkhdit jhk;. ,it ,uz;Lk; xUNghJk; xd;whapUf;f KbahJ. Rj;jkhd> gpuNahrdkhf> rpwe;j tpraq;fs; midj;Jk; `yhy; vdTk;> mOf;fhd jPq;F gaf;fpd;w Nkhrkhd midj;Jk; `uhk; vdTk; xU rl;l tpjp Fwpg;gpLfpd;wJ. ,t;tpjp czthfTk; ghdkhfTk; nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w midj;Jf;Fk; nghUe;Jk;. Nkw; nrhd;d FHMd; trdj;jpy; 'NkhrkhdJ" vDk; mHj;jj;jpy; gad;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;s 'fgP];" vDk; nrhy;> ntWf;fj;jf;f RitAk; thridAk; nfhz;l mUtUf;fj;jf;f xd;iwf; Fwpf;f muG nkhopapy; gad;gLj;jg;gl;LfpwJ.

Gifj;jy; vd;gJ jPq;fpiof;fpd;w mNjNtis gpuNahrdkw;wjhfTk; cs;sJ. gpuNahrdk; mw;w xd;wpNy nry;tj;ij tPz; tpuak; nra;tJ `uhk; vd;gJ njspthdNj.

cq;fsJ tho;tpd; Mjukhf Mf;fpAs;s nry;tj;ij Gj;jp FiwthdtHfsplk; xg;gilf;f Ntz;lhk;. (ep]h : 05)

Gifg;gtHfs; ,e;er;Rg; gjhHj;jj;ij tpiy nfhLj;J thq;FtjD}lhfj; jkJ capHfisAk;> nry;tj;ijAk; jhkhfNt vhpj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;wdH. ,tHfisg; Nghd;w mwptpypfs; vtUk; cyfj;jpy; NtW ahUk; ,Uf;f KbahJ. ,t;thW cyfpNyh my;yJ kWikapNyh vt;tpjg; gpuNahrdKk; mspf;fhj tpraq;fspy; jk; nry;tj;ij tPz; tpuak; nra;gtHfis r%fj;jpypUe;J js;sp> xJf;fp itf;f Ntz;Lk; vd; rd;khHf;f mwpQHfs; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;sdH. ''cz;Zq;fs; gUFq;fs; tPz; tpiuak; nra;ahjPHfs;"". ,t;trdj;jpy; my;yh`{j;jMyh tPz; tpuak; nra;tijj; jLj;Js;shd;. ,J `uhkhd tpraj;jpy; nrytspg;gijNah> mehtrpakhf nrytspg;gijNah> msT kPwpr; nrytopg;gijNah Fwpf;fyhk;. ''ePq;fs; tPz; tpuak; nra;a Ntz;lhk;"" (,];uh : 26)

tPz; tpuak; vd;gJ gpd;tUtdtw;iw czHj;Jfpd;wJ.

nry;tj;ij `uhkhd xd;wpy; nryT nra;jy;

nry;tj;ijg; gpuNahrdkw;w> mtrpakw;w tpraq;fspy; nryT nra;jy;

nry;tj;ij msTf;fjpfkhf tpuak; nra;jy; (MFkhd tpraq;fshapDk; rhpNa)

my;yh`;Tf;F khW nra;fpd;w> rPHNfl;il Vw;gLj;Jfpd;w mepahakhd tpraq;fspy; nryT nra;tij tPz; tpuak; nra;jy; (jg;jPH) vDk; gjk; Fwpg;gjhf ,khk; fjhjh tpthpf;fpd;whH. vdNt ve;j tpsf;fj;jpD}lhfg; ghHg;gpDk; Gifj;jYf;fhfr; nryT nra;tJ tPz; tpuak; vd;gJ nts;spilkiy Nghd;wjhFk;.

]{d;dh

''Nghij Vw;gLj;jf; $ba> gytPdj;ij cz;L gz;zf; $ba midj;Jk; `uhk;"" MFk; vd egp (]y;) mtHf;s etpd;wjhf ck;K ]y;kh (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpd;whHfs;.

,e;j `jP]pd;gb Nghijia Vw;gLj;jhtpbDk; clypy; gytPdj;ij Vw;gLj;jf; $baJk; `uhkhdjhFk;. Gifj;jy; epr;rak; ,jpy; mlq;fp tpLfpwJ. egp (]y;) mtHfs; gfd;wjhf md]; gpd; khypf; (uyp) ,t;thW $Wfpd;whHfs; : ''Nghijia Vw;gLj;Jk; midj;Jk; `uhkhdjhFk;. NkYk; tpiwg;ig (jsHr;rpia) cz;lhf;Fk; midj;Jk; `uhkhdjhFk;. Nghijia Vw;gLj;JtjhapDk; mJ nfhQ;rkhapDk;> $LjyhapDk; `uhkhFk;. NkYk; Gj;jpia kaq;fr; nra;fpd;w midj;Jk; `uhkhFk;"".

Nghijia Vw;gLj;Jtjw;F cjhuzkhf kJ> fQ;rh> vd;gtw;iwf; $wyhk;. tpiwg;ig> jsHr;rpia Gifj;jy; cz;L gz;ZfpwJ. kdpj %isapNy xU tpiwg;ig Vw;gLj;Jtjhy; epNfhbd; capUf;F Mgj;jhdJ vd;gijj; njhpe;Jk; gyH Gifg;gof;fj;Jf;F mbikahfp cs;sdH. NkYk; `jP]pd; gb Gifj;jy; `uhk; vd;gJ kpfj; njspthfpd;wJ.

''ahH eQ;Rz;L jd;idj; jhNd nfhiy nra;J nfhs;fpwhNuh mtH eufpNy eQ;rUe;jpa epiyapNy vd;Wk; epue;jukhf epiyj;jpUg;ghH"" vd egp (]y;) mtHfs; xUKiw Fwpg;gpl;ljhf ,khk;fshd GfhhP> K];ypk; MfpNahH gjpT nra;Js;sdH. ,e;j `jP]; jw;nfhiy nra;Ak; Nehf;Fld; eQ;rUe;Jtij jil nra;fpwJ. Gifapiy epNfhbd;> jhH Nghd;w er;Rg; nghUl;fisj; jd;dfj;Nj nfhz;Ls;sJ. ,tw;iwnay;yhk; mwpe;J nfhz;L xUtH Gifg;ghdhapd; Ntz;Lnkd;Nw jd;idj; jhNd mtH nfhiy nra;fpwhH. rpwpJ rpwpjhfj; jd; capiu kha;j;Jf; nfhs;Sk; ,r;nray; xU jw;nfhiyad;wp Ntwpy;iy. ''jdf;Fj; jPq;fpiog;gNjh> gpwUf;Fj; jPq;fpiog;gNjh $lhJ"" vd ngUkhdhH (]y;) mtHfs; $wpaij ,g;D mg;gh]; (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;f> ,khk;fshd m`;kj;> ,g;D kh[h MfpNahH gjpT nra;Js;sdH. vdNt ,e;j `jP]; %yk; jdf;Nfh> gpwUf;Nfh jPq;fpiog;gij ,];yhk; jil nra;fpwJ. Gifapiy clypay; hPjpapYk;> nghUshjhu hPjpapYk; ghjpg;ig cz;L gz;Zk; vDk; cz;ik itj;jpaHfs;> JiwrhH mwpQHfs; thapyhf CH[pjg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ.

egp (]y;) mtHfs; Mjhukpd;wp NgRtijAk; mjpfkhff; Nfs;tp Nfl;gijAk; nry;tj;ij tPz; tpuak; nra;tijAk; jLj;Js;shHfs;"" vd mG+`{iuuh (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpd;whHfs;. ,d;DNkhH `jP]py; ''jd; tho;ehis vt;thW fopj;jhd;. jd; clk;ig vjpy; mopj;jhd;. jd; nry;tj;ij vq;fpUe;J ngw;whd;. vjpy; nrytspj;jhd;. jd; mwptpdhy; vjidr; nra;jhd; Mfpa ehd;F tpraq;fs; tpdtg;gLk; tiu XH mbahdpd; ghjq;fs; kWik ehspy; efu khl;lhJ"" vdf; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ. (Mjhuk; : jpHkpjp)

,e;j `jP]pd;gb gpd;tUk; ehd;F tpraq;fSf;F mtd; kWikapy; gjpy; nrhy;y Ntz;Lk;.

1. tho;ehs; :

Gifg;gpbg;gtd; tho;ehl;fis tPzhf;fp> mopj;Jf; nfhs;tjdhy;> ,iwtDf;F khW nra;fpwhd;.

2. mwpT :

Gifg;gpbg;gtd; Gifj;jypdhy; Vw;gLk; tpghPjq;fisAk; mJ \hPMtpy; jLf;fg;gl;l xd;W vd;gijAk; mwpe;j gpd;dUk; mg;gof;fj;jpNy gpbthjkhapUg;ghdhapd; mtDf;fspf;fg;gl;l mwpT mtDf;nfjpuhfNt kWikapy; rhl;rp nrhy;Yk;.

3. nry;tk; :

Gifj;jYf;fhf gzk; xJf;FtJ nry;tj;ijg; gpuNahrdkw;w tifapy; tPz; tpuak; nra;tjhFk;. nry;tkhdJ my;yh`; kdpjDf;F toq;fpa mkhdpjk;. mjid mtd; jpUg;jpAWk; tifapy;> MFkhd tpraq;fspy; nrytspj;jy; mtdJ nghWg;ghFk;.

4. cly; :

kdpj cly;> mjDs; nghjpe;Js;s gyk;> rf;jp vd;gd mtdJ xt;nthU cWg;igAk; my;yh`;Tf;F fl;Lg;gl;L elf;fg; gad;gLj;Jtjw;fhf toq;fg;gl;l mkhdpjq;fshFk;. ,jw;F khw;wkhf mtd; jdJliy Neha;fspd;> ghtq;fspd; ciwtplkhf Mf;fpf; nfhs;sf; $lhJ. Gifj;jy; vDk; JiwapD}lhf mtdJ clypDs; i\j;jhd; Eioa xU NghJk; mDkjpf;ff; $lhJ. ''Nfs;tp> ghHit> cs;sk; ,it xt;nthd;iwAk; gw;wp mtd; tprhhpf;fg;gLthd;"" vd my;FHMd; Fwpg;gpLfpwJ. ''ahH ntq;fhak; my;yJ nts;isg; G+z;il cz;fpwhNuh mtH gs;spAs; EioahJ tPl;bNy ,Ue;J nfhs;sl;Lk;"" (GfhhP> K];ypk;) ,e;j `jP]pD}lhf egp (]y;) mtHfs; ntq;fhak;> nts;isg; G+z;L cz;ltHfSf;F K];ypk;fspd; mit> gs;spthry; vd;gtw;wpypUe;J xJq;fp ,Uf;fkhW fl;lisapl;lhHfs;. Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;lit Nghyd;wp MNuhf;fpaj;jpw;Ff; NfLtpistpf;fpd;w> mNjNtis mrpq;fkhd> kpfTk; ntWf;fj;jf;f thridia ntspg;gLj;Jk; Gifj;jYf;F mbikahdtHfs; gs;spthaYf;Fs; EiotJ vd;gJ fz;bg;ghfj; jLf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;.

E/khd; gpd; g\PH (uyp) mtHfs; egp (]y;) mtHfs; etpd;wjhfg; gpd;tUkhW mwptpf;fpd;whHfs; : ''`yhyhd tpraq;fs; njspthdit. `uhkhd tpraq;fs; njspthdit. ,tw;Wf;fpilNa mNefkhNdhH Ghpe;J nfhs;shj re;Njfj;Jf;fplkhd tpraq;fs; cs;sd. ahH ,tw;iwj; jtpHe;J nfhs;fpwhNuh mtHjd; khHf;fj;ijAk;> khdj;ijAk; ghJfhj;Jf; nfhs;fpwhH. ahH mtw;wpNy tpOe;J tpLfpwhNuh mtH `uhj;jpNy tpOe;J tpLfpwhH. (]`P`hd 6 fpue;jq;fs;)

jw;nfhiy nra;J nfhz;Nlhiug; gw;wpf; $w te;j egp (]y;) mtHfs; ,g;gbf; Fwpg;gpl;lhHfs; :

''cyfpNa xUtH vjd; %yk; jw;nfhiy nra;J nfhs;fpwhNdh> mjd; %yk; kWikapy; mtd; jz;bf;fg;gLthd;"" (m`;kj;). vdNt epf;Nfhbd; vd;w tp\j;jpdhy; jw;nfhiy nra;gtdpd; KbTk; kWikapy; gaq;fukhf ,Uf;Fk;.

fpah];

NghijA+l;Lgit> tpiwg;G+l;Lgit> mUtUf;fj;jf;fit> eQ;R vd;gtw;NwhL Gifapiy xg;gPl nra;ag;gLfpd;wJ. mbg;gilapy; Nkw;nrhd;dit `uhkhf;fg;glf; fhuzk; NghijA+l;ly;> MNuhf;fpaj;Jf;Ff; NfL tpistpj;jy; vDk; NghJ (,y;yj;) epahakhFk;. vdNt> ,t;tifapy; Gifj;jYk; ,e;epahaj;ijf; nfhz;Ls;sjhy; `uhnkdj; jPHkhdpf;fg;gLfpwJ.

\hPM tpjpfs; (fth,j; gpf;`pa;ah)

gy;yhapuf;fzf;fhd rl;lq;fisg; ngwj;jf;f FHMd;> `jP]pd; mbahfg; ngwg;gl;l rpy mbg;gil \hPM tpjpfs; ,];yhkpa rl;lthf;ff; fiyapNy fhzg;gLfpd;wd. ,tw;wpd; %yk; fhyNthl;lj;jpy; Gjpjhfj; Njhd;Wfpd;w gpur;idfSf;F mt;tg;NghJ jPHTfs; Kd;itf;fg;gLfpd;wd. ,t;tifapy; Gifj;jiyj; jil nra;Ak;> `uhkhf;Fk; rpy rl;l tpjpfs; tUkhW :

1. jdf;Nfh gpwUf;Nfh jPq;fpiof;ff; $lhJ.

,jd; cg gphpTfspy; xd;Nw> ''jPq;F jtpHf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;"" vd;gjhFk;. ,t;tpjp gw;wp mwpQH K];j/gh ]Hfh mtHfs; ,g;gbr; nrhy;fpwhHfs;. ,t;tpjpahdJ \hPMtpd; J}z;fspy; xd;W. ,jw;F Vuhskhf FHMd; trdq;fSk;> `jP];fSk; rhd;whf cs;sd. jPq;ifAk; mjdhy; Vw;gLk; tpisTfisAk; jLj;J epWj;Jtjw;fhd m];jpthuk; ,JNt. eyd;fis epiy epWj;jTk; NfLfisf; fise;njwpaTk; cjTk; mbg;gilAk; ,JNt. epfo;TfSf;F \hPM rl;lq;fisg; ngWtjpy; rl;ltpay; tpw;gd;dHfspd; msTNfhYk; ,JNt. (mj; kj;fy; - gf;.02)

2. gpuNahrdkspg;git mbg;gilapy; MFkhditahFk;.

Gifj;jy; mbg;gilapy; gpuNahrdkspf;fhj mNjNtis> jPq;ifAk; mopitAk; Vw;gLj;Jtjhy; mJ `uhkhdjhFk;.

3. eyd;fis epiyepWj;Jtij tplf; NfLfis jLg;gJ Kjd;ikahdJ.

Gifj;jy; MNuhf;fpaj;Jf;Fk;> nry;tj;Jf;Fk; NfL tpistpg;gNjhL kf;fSf;Fj; jPq;ifAk; Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wJ. eyDk; NfLk; xNu Neuj;jpy; vjpHg;gbd;> Nfl;bidj; jLg;gjw;Nf Kd;Dhpik toq;fg;gLk;. Vnddpy;> \hPMthdJ tpjpf;fg;gl;ltw;iw tpl tpyf;fg;gl;ltw;wpy; mjpf ftdk; nrYj;Jfpd;wJ. ,jdhy; jhd; egp (]y;) mthfs;> ''ehd; Vtpatw;iw ePq;fs; Kbe;jsT vLj;J elTq;fs;> jLj;jtw;iw Kw;whfj; jtpHe;J nfhs;Sq;fs;"" vd;whHfs;.

4. jPikfSf;fhd thapy;fs; milf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.

`uhj;Jf;F ,l;Lr; nry;gitAk; `uhkhdjhfNt \hPMtpy; fUjg;gLfpwJ. Gifj;jy; gytPdj;ij Vw;gLj;Jfpw. vdNt> Nkw;nrhd;d tpjpapdbg;gilapy; Gifj;jyhdJ ,d;Dk; gy `uhkhd tplaq;fSf;F ,l;Lr; nry;tjhy; `uhkhdjhfp tpLfpwJ.

5. `yhy; `uhk; vd;gd xd;W NrHe;jpUg;gpd; `uhNk Kjd;ik ngWk;.

,khk; [{itdp mtHfs; ,g;gbf; $WfpwhHfs; :

xU tpraj;jpy; kpf `yhy;> `uhk; vd;gd fye;jpUg;gpd; mJ `uhkhfNt fUjg;gLk;. ,t;tpjpapD}lhfTk; Gifj;jy; `uhk; vd ep&gpf;fg;gLfpwJ. Gifj;jypy; xU rpy eyd;fs; ,Ug;gjhf rpyH thjpl;lhy; ,t;tpjpapD}lhf mtHfsJ thjk; Kwpabf;fg;gLfpwJ. cz;ikapy; etPd tpQ;Qhdk; ehSf;F ehs; Gifj;jypdhy; tpisAk; GJg;GJ ghjfq;fis NfLfis fz;Lgpbf;fpwNj jtpu mjdhy; Vw;gLk; rhjfq;fis Kd;itf;ftpy;iy.

vdNt> NkNy ehk; tpsf;fpa mbg;gilfs; kw;Wk; Mjhuq;fspD}lhf Gifj;jy; `uhkhdJ vd;gJ kpfTk; njspthfpwJ. ,tw;iwAk; kPwp xUtH ,g;gof;fj;jpy; njhlHe;JkpUg;gpd; mtH gpbthjf;fhuuhf my;yJ kNdh ,r;irf;F mbikg;gl;ltuhfNt epr;rak; ,Ug;ghH vd;gjpy; Iakpy;iy.

jkpopy; : m\;n\a;f; `p\hk; K`k;kj; - ed;wp ,];yhkpar; rpe;jid

H 4
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