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,uhrhad kioapy; Mg;fhd;


cyfj;jpy; kpfTk; Vo;ikahd ehlhd Mg;fhdp];jhid> cyfpd; gykhd ehlhd mnkhpf;fh gyte;jkhf Mgj;jhd MAjq;fshy; Jtk;rk; nra;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;wJ. fle;j 20 tUlq;fshf cs;ehl;L kw;Wk; u\;a Mjpf;fj;jpd; fPo; Nghuhbg; Nghuhb my;yYw;W> fle;j rpy Mz;Lfshf epk;kjpg; ngU%r;R tpl;Lf; nfhz;bUe;j me;j kf;fSf;F nrg;lk;gH 11 rk;gtk; Nghpbahf te;jJ.

fle;j 25 Mz;LfSf;F Kd;dhs; tpal;ehk; kw;Wk; ,e;NjhrPdh tpd; Vida gFjpfspd; kPJk; kpfg; nghpa jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jpa gp-52 vd;w NghH tpkhdj;jpd; Gif kz;lyk; Mg;fhdpd; thd; gug;ig epug;gp epw;fpd;wJ.

<]hf; Riykhd; i] vd;w fpukhj;jpy; gp-52 Nghl;l Fz;ilj; njhl;l xUtH ,we;Js;sJld;> ,d;ndhUtH fhakile;Js;shH. fhyh \hfH vd;w fpuhkj;jpy; mz;ikapy; tpOe;j Fz;L xd;wpidj; njhl;l ,uz;L Foe;ijfs; gLNkhrkhff; fhakile;Js;sdH. ,t;thW tpOe;j ntbf;fhj Fz;Lfs; kQ;rs; epwj;jpy; ,Ug;gJk;> ,tHfs; thdpypUe;J NghLk; czTg; nghl;lyq;fspd; epwKk; kQ;rs; epwj;jpypUg;gJk;> ,uz;ilAk; NtWgLj;jtpayhj Foe;ijfs; Fz;Lf;F gypahFk; mtyk; ele;J tUfpd;wJ.

Mg;fhd; kPJ fps];lH Fz;Lfisg; gad;gLj;Jtij If;fpa ehLfs; rig vjpHf;fpd;wJ. n`ul; fpuhkj;jpy; ntbf;fhj nrk;kQ;rs; epwf; Fz;Lfspdhy; 8 NgH nfhy;yg;gl;ljhfTk;> mf;NlhgH 22 k; Njjp [t;fhHNfu]; fpukhj;jpy; ,Ue;j 90-100 NgH nfhy;yg;gl;ljhfTk;> mf;fpuhkj;jtH jhypghd; kw;Wk; my;fha;jh mikg;gpw;F Mjutspj;J te;jjhy;> ,e;jj; jiytpjpf;F chpj;jhdtHfs; vd; ngz;lfd; Fwpg;gpl;ljhfTk;> nlhnuhz;Nlh FNshg; mz;l; nkapy; vd;w gj;jphpf;if njhptpj;jpUe;jJ.

ghfp];jhdpd; lhd; gj;jphpf;ifahdJ> fe;jfhH efuj;jpd; kPJ mf;NlhgH 25 k; Njjp elj;jg;gl;l jhf;Fjypy; 40 NgH nfhy;yg;gl;ljhfTk;> ,tHfspy; 19 NgH xNu FLk;gj;ijr; NrHe;jtHfs; vd;Wk; Fwpg;gpl;bUe;jJ. jhkd; Nghuha; fpuhkj;jpy; 35 NgH nfhy;yg;gl;ljhfTk;> jdJ FLk;gj;jpy; midtiuAk; ,oe;j rpj;jPf;fh gpgP vd;w ngz;> jdJ gps;isfis vq;Nf> mtHfisf; nfhz;L thUq;fs; vdg; Gyk;gpajhfTk; Fwpg;gpl;lJ.

,jw;fpilapy; yz;ld; nrd;w K\Hu/g;> ukshd; khjj;jpy; jhf;Fjiy epWj;j Ntz;Lk; vd;w mtuJ Nfhhpf;ifia mnkhpf;fhTk;> gphpl;lDk; kWj;J mwpf;if ntspapl;ld. ,yf;if milAk; tiu jhf;Fjy;fs; njhlUk; vd;W Nlhdp gpNsH jdJ mwpf;ifapy; $wpapUf;fpd;whH.

,e;j mwpf;iff;F Kd;ghf Nlhdp gpNsH mspj;j Ngl;bapy; fps];lH Fz;Lfisg; gad;gLj;JtJ gw;wpa Nfs;tpf;F> Mg;fhdpd; kPJ fps];lH Fz;Lfs; gad;gLj;Jtij epahag;gLj;jpaJld;> mit rl;lG+HtkhdJk;> rpy re;jHg;gq;fspy; mj;jpahtrpakhdJkhFk; vdf; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shH. ,it uhZt ,yf;Ffis Nehf;fpNa gpuNahfpf;fg;gLtjhf mtH Fwpg;gpl;bUf;fpd;whH.

rhiy trjpfNs rhptu ,y;yhj Mg;fhdpy; ,uhZt ,yf;Ffs;? ,uhZt Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;j ,lq;fs;? vd;w xd;W cz;lh?

,e;j Aj;jj;jpy; gad;gLj;jg;gLk; nla;]p fl;lH vd;w Fz;L gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wJ. 15000 ,whj;jy; vilAs;s gpvy;A-82 Fz;lhdJ cyfj;jpy; kpfg; nghpa mZthAjkw;w Fz;lhFk;. ,J xU fhH kw;Wk; mjid tplr; rw;W rpwpajhFk;. 600 ahHL tpl;lKs;s gpuNjrj;jpYs;s rfy caphpdq;fisAk; mopf;Fk; jd;ikAilaJ. mJ cUthf;Fk; Fopapd; ngaiuf; nfhz;L miof;fg;gLk; nla;]p fl;lH Fz;Lfs; thA-vhpnghUs; epug;gg;gl;lJld;> mJ ntbf;Fk; NghJ> ghhpastpyhd Jhrpapid thdj;jpy; cUthf;Fk;. mJ epyj;ijj; jhf;F Kd;dH> kpfTk; ntbf;Fk; jd;ik nfhz;l mNkhdpak; iel;Nul;ilAk;> mYkpdpaj; JhrpiaAk;> ,d;Dk; rpy ,urhadf; fyitiaAk; thdj;jpy; ntsptpLk;. mJ ntbf;Fk; NghJ xU kpfg; nghpa jPg;gpok;ig cUthf;FtJld; mZf;Fz;Lfs; cUthf;Fk; ntbg;ig tpl gyklq;F mjpkhd ntbg;ig cUthf;Fk;. vk;]p-130 tpkhdj;jpypUe;J Nghlg;gLk;  ,f;Fz;L> 5 fhy;ge;jhl;l ikjhd mstpyhd jPg;gpsk;ig cUthf;FtJld;> mg;gFjpapYs;s Mf;]p[d; midj;ijAk; cs;spOj;Jf; nfhs;tJld;> xU mjpHr;rp miyia cUthf;FtJld;> mg;gpuNjrj;jpYs;s rfy capHfspdJk; cs; cWg;Gf;fis mopf;Fk; xU ntspmOj;jj;ij cUthf;Fk;.

gaq;futhj epGzH ikf; ahHl;yp> ,J xU Nkhrkhd Fz;L vd;Tk;> mJ jdJ mz;ikapYs;s midj;ijAk; mopf;Fk; vdTk;> kw;Wk; mz;ikapYs;s midtiuAk; cstpay; hPjpahd Nehahsuhff;fp tpLk; vd;W $wpdhH.

kdpj chpik mikg;Gfs; ,t;thA-vhpnghUs; Fz;bid ghtpg;gJ Fw;wr; nrayhdJ vdTk;> kf;fs; neUf;fkhd gpuNjrj;jpy; ,jidg; gad;gLj;JtJ> Aj;jj;jpd; rHtNjr rl;lq;fis kPWtjhFk; vd njhptpj;Js;sd.

,e;jf; Fz;L ntbf;Fk; ,lj;jpw;F mUfpy; cs;stHfs; milahsk; ,y;yhJ mope;J NghthHfs;. mjDs; mfg;gLgtHfs; gy Nkhrkhd cl;fhaq;fSf;F cs;shtJld;> mf;fhaq;fs; fz;Zf;Fj; njhpahjpUf;Fk;. cjhuzkhf fhJr; rt;T ntbg;G> fhjpd; cs; mtaq;fs; nehUf;fg;gly;> cs; mtaq;fSk; EiuaPuYk; ntbj;jy;> fz; njhpahJ Nghtjw;fhd rhj;jpaq;fSk cs;sd vdf; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ.

ntspg;gilapy; ,it mZFz;L Nghy ,y;yhtpl;lhYk;> mZFz;Lfs; nra;a Ntz;ba mj;jid NtiyfisAk; ,e;jf; Fz;Lfs; nra;J tpLk; vd;W ,uhZt tl;lhu Ma;Tfs; njhptpf;fpd;wd. gp52 tpkhdk; %yk; Nghlg;gLk; nfhiyfhuf; Fz;Lfisg; gad;gLj;jp my;fha;jh kw;Wk; jhypghd;fis mopg;gjw;F mnkhpf;fhtpw;F KO chpik ,Uf;fpd;wJ vd;W mnkhpf;f ntspAwTj;Jiw mikr;rUk; kw;Wk; jiyikaf ,uhZt mjpfhhp hpr;rHL ikaH];-k; njhptpj;Js;shHfs;.

NkYk; rpgpA-87gp ,J mnkhpf;fhthy; epue;jukhfg; gad;gLj;jg;gLk; fps];lH Fz;lhFk;. mJ 430 fpNyh vilAk;> 202 gpvy;A-97gp rpWFz;LfisAk; nfhz;Ls;sJ. ,J vl;L fhy;ge;J ikjhd msTs;s ,lj;ijj; jfHf;ff; $baJ. xt;nthU jdpf;Fz;LfSk; ntbf;Fk; jd;ikAlaJld;> mJ 300 $Hikahd gFjpfis cUthf;ff; $baJld;> 17 nrkP Mokhff Jisf;ff; $baJ. mjdJ ntbg;Gg; gug;G 76 kPl;lH tpl;lKilaJ.

[pgpA-28 vd;w Bg; JNuhl; vdg;gLk; gJq;F Fopfis mopf;ff; $ba Fz;L. ,J Fiffspd; cs;Ns ntbf;F Kd;dH 20 mb Jhuk; CLUtpr; nrd;W jhf;FtJld;> mjdJ ];khHl; vdg;gLk; gFjpahdJ fw;ghiw> jiu> thdj;ij tpj;jpahrg;gLj;jf; $baJ.

tpal;ehk; Aj;jj;jpy; (1961-75) 10 yl;rk; tpal;ehk; Nghuhspfisf; nfhd;wJld;> 20>000 nghJkf;fs; jpl;lkpl;Lf; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH. fk;Nghbahtpd; kPJ elj;jg;gl;l Fz;L tPr;rpd; nghOJ> ,uz;lhk; cyf Aj;jj;jpy; [g;ghdpd; kPJ Nghlg;gl;l Fz;Lfis tpl Kk; klq;F mjpfkhd Fz;L tPr;ir elj;jpaJ. Mapuf;fzf;fhNdhiuf; nfhd;wJld;> ,yl;rf;fzf;fhdtHfis mfjpfshf;fpaJ mnkhpf;fh.

yj;jPd; mnkhpf;fhtpy;> epfuhFthtpy; (1982-91) 2 yl;rk; NgHfSk;> <uhf; Aj;jj;jpy; 2 yl;rk; NgH nfhy;yg;gl;lJld;> ,d;Wk; nghUshjhuj; jilahy;> Foe;ijfs; nrj;J kbe;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfs;.

mnkhpf;fhtpd; Vfhjpgj;jpa ntwpf;F ,d;iwf;F gypahfpf; nfhz;bUg;gtHfs; Mg;fhd; K];ypk;fs;. kw;w ehLfisg; Nghy Mg;fhid mnkhpf;fh kpfTk; Fiwj;J kjpg;gpl;L jk; faikj; jdj;ijj; njhlHe;J tUfpd;wJ. ty;yuRfs; mope;j tuyhW Mg;fhdpy; ,Ue;Nj Muk;ghfp ,Uf;fpd;wJ. gphpl;ldpd; Vfhjpgj;jpa tuyhW ,d;iwf;F maHyhe;Jg; gpur;idapy; me;epaj; jiyaPl;il vjpHf;fj; jpuhzpaw;Wf; fplf;fpd;wJ. u\;ahNth - jd; gilfis ,oe;jJld;> ,d;iwf;F u\;a murpd; f[dhNt fhypahfp> muR CopaHfSf;F rk;gsg;gl;Lthlh ghf;fp itj;jpUf;fpd;w ty;yurhf? khwpapUf;fpd;wJ. me;j tifapy; mnkhpf;fhtpd; mopT Mg;fhdpd; vOr;rpapy; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. mnkhpf;fh moptJ my;yJ jkJ ntspAwT eltbf;iffis khw;wpf; nfhs;tJ> ,it ,uz;by; jhd; mjd;  epk;kjpNa mlq;fp ,Uf;fpd;wJ. Mg;fhdpd; %r;ir epWj;jr; nrd;wtHfs; jhd; ,d;W %Hr;iraw;Wf; fplf;fpd;whHfs; vd;gJ ehk; $Wtjy;y> tuyhW je;J nfhz;bUf;F epjHrdkhf rhl;rpakhFk;.

 
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