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te;Nj khjuk; ghlYk; gpd;dzpAk;


Njrk; vd;Dk; fUj;jpay; cUthFk; NghJ tYthd milahsq;fSk;> milahsq;fs; topahd $l;L epidTfSk;> $l;L czHr;rpfSk; toptopahfg; guhkhpf;fg;gLtJ mtrpakhfpwJ. ,jpfhrq;fs;> Guhzq;fs;> gftj; fPij Mfpait nghJ epidtha; ,e;jpag; nghJ kd mikg;gpy; Ml;rp nrYj;JtJ NghyNt nrd;w Ehw;whz;by; vOr;rp ngw;w Njrpak; vd;W Gjpjhf cUthd fUj;jhf;fj;jpw;Fg; Gjpa fijfSk; Gjpa ghly;fSk; milahsq;fsha;j; Njitg;gl;ld. r%ff; FO> rhjp> kjk;> ,dk; vy;yhtw;wpw;Fk; jq;fs; fyhr;rhuk;> tuyhW Fwpj;j ngUkpjj;jpw;Fk; $l;LzHTf;Fk; ,e;j milahsq;fs; nghJr; rulha; jpfo;fpwJ.

,e;jpahitg; gphpl;b\hH Ml;rp nra;jNghJ jhd; Njrk; rhHe;j fUj;jhf;fk; ,e;jpahtpy; tYg;glj; njhlq;FfpwJ. ,e;jpa Njrk;> Njr gf;jp vd;w czHTfs; ,f;fhyfl;lj;jpy; fyhr;rhu ntspfspYk; mg;NghJ jPtpukha; gpujpgypf;fj; njhlq;FfpwJ. mg;NghJ Njrk; KOtJk; gy fiyQHfs; mtHfs; rhHe;j Jiwfspy; Njr czHitg; gpujpgypf;Fk; gilg;Gfis ntspg;gLj;Jfpd;whH. jkpo;ehl;bypUe;J ghujpahH> tq;fj;jpy; gf;fpk; re;jpu rl;lH[p Nghd;wtHfs; ftpijfs;> Gidf; fijfs; top Njr czHit vOg;gpajpy; Kf;fpakhdtHfs;.

Njrgf;jp rhHe;J ntspg;gl;l midtH czHr;rpf;Fk; gpd;dH xNu Nehf;fk; vd;gJ ,y;iy. ,e;jpa Rje;jpug; Nghuhl;lj;ijf;$l xw;iw Nehf;fk; rhHe;j nghJ mgpyhir nfhz;l ,af;fk; vd;W nrhy;y ,ayhJ. tHf;f eyk;> kj eyk;> rhjp eyk;> Ra eyk; rhHe;j MirfSk;> vz;zq;fSk;> jpl;lq;fSk; fye;J cUthd vOr;rpahfNt me;j ,af;fk; ,Ue;jJ.

Rar;rhHT mw;w nka;ik czHepiyia kjeyNdh> JNt\Nkh ghuhl;lhj nghJ yl;rpa ntspg;ghl;ilg; ghujpahH Nghd;w ntFrpyhplNk fhzKbfpwJ. ghujpaplk; $l kjr;rha;it thrpf;Fk; mZFKiw ,g;NghJ njhlq;fpAs;sJ ftdpf;fj; jf;fJ.

,e;J Njrpathjj;jpd; kpf Kf;fpag; gpujpepjpahf fUjg;gLk; gq;fpk; re;jH vOjpa te;Nj khjuk; Nkw;nfhz;l gpd;dzpapy; jhd; Njr tpLjiyapd; ke;jpu thf;fpakhfTk; Nghuhl;l milahsKkhfTk; MdJ. te;Nj khjuk; vOjpatH ahnud;Nwh> mthpd; gpd;dzp vd;dntd;Nwh KOtJk; mwpahj nghJ kf;fSf;F ,t;thHj;ijfs; Rje;jpu miw$ty; tpLf;Fk; fUtpfs; Mapd.

kf;fspd; edtpypapy; mbg;gil mq;fq;fsha; ciwe;jpUf;Fk; kj> fyhr;rhu epidT milahsq;fis itj;J murpay; elj;Jtjpy; ifNjHe;j gp.N[.gp apdH te;Nj khjuk; ghliyAk; murpay; nra;tjw;Ff; ifapnyLj;Js;sdH. ,j;jug;gpdH xU gpur;ridia ifapnyLf;Fk; NghNj me;j milahsj;jpd; gpd;dzpiaAk; jHf;fj;ijAk; Muha Ntz;baJ Kf;fpakhfpAs;sJ.

te;Nj khjuk; ghly; vOjg;gl;L xU E}w;whz;L MfpwJ. me;j ehs; nrg;lk;gH-7Mk; Njjp. mijnahl;b ,g;ghliy ,e;jpah KOtJk; cs;s gs;spfspy; khztHfs; ghlyhk; vd;W kj;jpa muR Rw;wwpf;if mDg;gpaJ. ,e;jpahitj; jhnad tzq;FNthk; vd mHj;jk; tUtjhy;> my;yh`;itj; jtpu Ntnwe;j nja;tj;ijAk; tzq;fhj ,];yhkpa rKjhaj;jpdH ,g;ghliyg; ghlf; fl;lhag;gLj;jf; $lhJ vd muirf; Nfl;Lf; nfhz;ldH. ,jid kj;jpa muRk; Vw;Wf; nfhz;L tpl;lJ. ghujPa [djh fl;rpapdH tpthjpg;gjw;F Kf;fpag; gpur;ridfs; vy;yhtw;iwAk; tpl;Ltpl;L te;Nj khjuk; ghliyf; fl;lhakhf;f Ntz;Lnkd ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; $r;ry; ,l;ldH.

mNjhL ghujpa [djh fl;rp MSk; khepyq;fspy; cs;s kjuh]f;fs; cs;spl;l fy;tp epWtdq;fs; midj;Jf;Fk; nrg;-7y; te;Nj khjuk; ghliyg; ghl Ntz;Lnkd mwptpg;G mDg;gg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jd; %yk; ,e;jpahtpy; thOk; ,];yhkpa kf;fSf;fhd mbg;gil chpikia> Rje;jpuj;ijg; ghujpa [djh kWj;Js;sJ. mNjhL Njrgf;jp Gdpj milahsj;Jf;Fs; ,g;gpur;ridia khw;wp ,];yhkpaHfis jhHkPf neUf;fbf;Fs;Sk; js;spAs;sJ. Njr kf;fspilNa rfy gFjpfspYk; jd; nry;thf;if ,oe;jpUf;Fk; gh[fhtpd; vz;zw;w jfpLjj;j murpay;fspy; ,JTk; xd;W. ,e;jpah Rje;jpukile;j gpwF Nfhbf;fzf;fhd kf;fSk;> khztHfSk; [dfdkz> te;Nj khjuk;> rhNu [fhq;Nf mr;rh Nghd;wtw;Nw ngUk;ghYk; KO mHj;jk; njhpahkNyNa rlq;Fg; G+Htkha; gbj;J te;Js;shHfs;. Mdhy;> te;Nj khjuk; ghly; ghlf; fl;lhag;gLj;Jk; NghJ jhd; tw;GWj;jYf;fhd gpd;dzpiaj; njhpe;J nfhs;tJ mtrpakhfpwJ.

te;Nj khjuk; ghly; Mde;j klk; vd;Dk; gf;fpk; re;jpuhpd; ehtypy; tUtJ. Mde;j klk;> ,];yhkpaiu fyhr;rhuj;jpypUe;Nj mg;Gwg;gLj;Jk; nray; jpl;lj;ij cs;slf;fpa nghUs; nfhz;l ehtyhFk;.

1930fspd; kj;jpapNy te;Nj khjuk; ghliy Njrpa fPjkhf;Fk; Kaw;rp ele;jNghJ ghlypd; mHj;jj;jpw;F mg;ghw;gl;L ghly; ,lk;ngw;w gpd;dzpapd; fhuzkhf ,];yhkpa ,isQHfspNlNa gjw;wk; vOe;jJ. mg;gpd;dzpiar; rw;W RUf;fkhfg; ghHf;fyhk;.

Mde;j klk; ehtypy; jhapd; Foe;ijfs; my;yJ rhj;jhd; vd miof;fg;gLk; Jwtpfs; FOthy; ,irf;fg;gLtNj te;Nj khjuk;. mjpy; Qhdhde;jh vd;Dk; fjhghj;jpuk; jd; FOtplk; cw;rhf%l;bg; NgRk; ciuahly; ,J. ,e;j nfLjy; tpistpf;Fk; gwitfs; $l;il nehWf;fTk;> ,e;j K]y;khd; efuj;ij Kw;wpYk; mopj;J mtHfis Mw;wpyplTk; ePz;l fhyk; jpl;lkhfp tpl;lJ. K]y;khd; thOk; efuj;ij ntWk; J}rpahf;ff; fpsk;GNthk;. thUq;fs;> me;jg; gd;wpf; $lq;fis neUg;ghy; J}a;ik nra;J mtw;iw ejpapy; vwpNthk;. Mde;j klk; ehtypy; ,];yhkpaUf;F vjpuhd td;Kiw Ngr;rhfTk; nrayhfTk; gy ,lq;fspy; tUfpwJ. ehtypd; Nehf;fk; ,jpypUe;J NtWgl;lJ vdf; fUj ,lkpy;iy. rhj;jhd;fspd; Gul;rp ntw;wpailtNjhL ehty; KbtilfpwJ. Mdhy;> Qhde;jhNth tpuf;jp mile;J rhj;jhd; Mrpukj;Jf;F te;J Md;kPff; FUtplk; jdJ Mjq;fj;ij nrhy;fpwhH.

"K]y;khd;fs; Mjpf;fk; Kbe;J tpl;lJ. Mdhy; ,e;J uh[;[paj;ij cUthf;f ,d;Dk; Kbatpy;iy" vd;W nrhy;yp "INah jhNa! cd;idf; fhg;ghw;Wtjpy; ehd; Njhy;tpaile;J tpl;Nld;. eP jpUk;g kpNyr;rHfspd; tpyq;FfSf;Fs; rpiwg;gl;L tpl;lha;" vdf; fiue;JUfpwhd;. mjw;F me;j Md;kPff; FU gjpyspf;fpwhH. "Mq;fpNyaH ,e;j epyj;ij Mstpy;iynadpy; Guhjd kjq;fs; kWkyHr;rpaila tha;g;Ng ,y;iy. mwpT ,U fpisfshf gphpfpwJ. xd;W nghUspayhdJ> kw;nwhd;W Md;kPfkhdJ. ,e;J kdk; vd;gJ gpd;djpy; mjpf xl;LjYk;> gof;fKk; nfhz;lJ. Kd;djpy; mjw;F gof;fk; FiwT. ,e;j Kiw NtW VjhtJ ehl;bypUe;Nj ekf;F mwpKfg;gl Ntz;Lk;. Mq;fpNyaHfs; jhd; nghUshjha cyFf;F toptFf;Fk; Ke;ija FUf;fs;. vdNt mtHfs; jhd; mijf; fw;Wj;jUk; fiyapy; ty;ytHfs;. mjdhy; ehk; gphpl;brhiu ekJ Ml;rpahsHfshf;f Ntz;Lk;" vd;fpwhH.

Mde;jklk; ehtypd; Nehf;fKk;> te;Nj khjuk; ghlypd; gpd;dzpAk; XusT ekf;Fg; Ghpe;jpUf;Fk;. ehk;ekf;F vd Md;kpff; FUthy; nrhy;yg;gLgtH ahnud;Wk; nray;jpl;lk; vd;dntd;Wk; ,g;NghJ njhpe;jpUf;Fk;.

,g;gpd;dzpiaf; nfhz;l te;Nj khjuk; ghly; jhd; RNjrp ,af;fj;jpd; czHr;rpiaj; J}z;Lk; ke;jpukha; MdJ. MdhYk; ntt;NtW fhyq;fspy; ,];yhkpaiuj; jhf;Fk; ,e;Jj;Jt MAjkhfTk; gad;gLj;jg;gLk; kiwg;gf;fj;ijAk; ,g;gpujp nfhz;Ls;sJ.

,e;jpah 51tJ Mz;L Rje;jpu jpdj;ijf; nfhz;lhba NghJ Nfus khepy muR jq;fs; gs;spfspy; te;Nj khjuk; ghliyg; ghl mwptpg;ig mDg;gpaJ. Nfusj;jpYs;s tlf;F khtl;lq;fspy; ,e;j mwptpg;Gf;F vjpHg;G Vw;gl;lJ. epiwa K];ypk; mikg;Gfs;> te;Nj khjuk; kjj;JNt\j;ij ntspg;gLj;Jtjha;f; fUjp mg;ghly; ghl gj;th tpjpj;jd. te;Nj khjuk; ghLtJ cUt tzf;fj;jpw;F MjuthfTk; jq;fs; kj ek;gpf;iff;F vjpuhdjha; ,Ug;gjhfTk; fUjp ,];yhkpaHfs; mjpfk; thOk; kyg;Guk; khtl;lj;jpy; gjw;wk; vOe;jJ. ,];yhkpa> ,e;Jj;Jt nrayhspfs; gs;spfisr; Rw;wp jq;fs; eltbf;iffis nray;gLj;jj; njhlq;f Nfusf; fy;tpj; Jiw te;Nj khjuk; ghLtJ fl;lhankd [_iy 27y; cj;juT xd;iw mDg;gpaJ. Mdhy; ,];yhkpa> fpwp];Jt epWtdq;fs; te;Nj khjuk; ghly; jq;fs; kj czHTfisg; Gz;gLj;Jtjhff; $wp cj;juitj; jpUg;gpaDg;gpdH.

te;Nj khjuk; ghlypd; E}w;whz;L jpdj;jpid xl;b kPz;Lk; gpur;rid jPg;gpbj;Js;sJ. ghujpa [djh MSk; khepyq;fspy; te;Nj khjuk; gs;spfspy; fl;lhakha;g; ghl Rw;wwpf;iffis tpl;L fl;lhag;gLj;jpAs;sJ. F[uhj; khepy muR Rw;wwpf;if tpl;lNjhL my;yhky; khepy ,isQH kw;Wk; fyhr;rhuj;Jiw xU Vn[d;]pia epakpj;J te;Nj khjug; ghly; xypf;Fk; xypj; jfLfisAk; tpepNahfpj;J tUfpwJ. jkpof muRk; gs;spfSf;F te;Nj khjuk; ghLtjw;fhd Rw;wwpf;ifia mDg;gpAs;sJ.

mfkjhghj;jpy; cs;s gs;sp Kjy;tH ,uhngd; Njrha; ,g;gpur;rid Fwpj;J NgRk; NghJ "murpay; fl;rpfs; ,J Nghd;w Rw;wwpf;iffs; tpl;L tPzhd gpur;ridfisf; fpsg;Gfpd;wd. vq;fs; gs;spapy; vy;yh K];ypk; khztHfSk; etuhj;jphp> uf;\hge;jdpype;J gf;hpj; tpohf;fs; tiu NrHe;J gq;Nfw;fpd;wdH. nrg;lk;gH 7y; kl;Lk; te;Nj khjuk; ghl muR Vd; NjHe;njLj;jnjd;W njhpatpy;iy. ngUk;ghd;ik r%fj;jpdH elj;Jk; gs;spfspYk; te;Nj khjuk; ghLtjpy; xU jilAk; ,y;iy. Mdhy;> xNu xU epge;jid jhd;> vdf;F mJ fl;lhag;gLj;Jtjha; ,Uf;ff; $lhJ" vd;fpwhH.

,e;jpahtpd; Njrpa fPjj;ijg; ghLtjw;F$l ,e;jpaf; Fbkfd; kWg;gjw;fhd chpikfs; murpaiyikg;Gr; rl;lj;jpy; cz;L. ,jw;F cjhuzkhdJ jhd; Nfusj;jpy; ele;j gpN[h ,k;khDNty; tof;F.

Nfusj;ijr; NrHe;j gs;sp khztHfs; ,UtH Njrpa fPjk; ghLk; Ntisapy; vy;yhiuAk; Nghy; vOe;J epd;W ghlhky; ,Ue;Js;sdH. mjd; fhuzkha; mtHfs; ntspNaw;wg;gl;lhHfs;. mtHfs; fpwp];Jt kjg;gphpthd n[Nthfh tpl;d]; gphpitr; NrHe;jhHfs;. mtHfspd; ek;gpf;ifg;gb jq;fs; flTspd; ];Nyhfq;fisj; jtpu NtnwijAk; ghlf;$lhJ. Mdhy;> Njrpa fPjj;jpw;F khpahij nfhLj;J vOe;J epd;Wk; gs;spapypUe;J ntspNaw;wg;gl;ldH.

,J njhlHghfj; njhLf;fg;gl;l tof;Ff;F cr;r ePjp kd;wj;jpy; Nky;KiwaPL nra;ag;gl;lJ. ,e;jpa murpayikg;Gr; rl;lj;jpYs;s 25tJ \uj;jpd;gb xUtH ve;j kjj;ij Ntz;LkhdhYk; gpd;gw;wyhk;. 19(1)(v) rl;lg;gphpT gb Ngr;Rhpikiag; NghyNt nksdkha; ,Ug;gjw;fhd chpikAk; Fbkfd; xt;nthUtUf;Fk; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;W jPHg;G toq;fp khztHfisg; gs;spapy; NrHf;f cj;jutpl;lJ.

Mdhy; murpaiyikg;Gr; rl;lj;jpd; tpjpfis> Fbkf;fspd; mbg;gil chpikfis gh.[.f Nghd;w fl;rpfs; Nfs;tpf;Fs;shfpAs;sd. vspa kf;fspd; rpWtH> rpWkpahpd; md;whlj;jpy; Njitaw;w neUf;fbia cUthf;fpj; JNt\j;ij J}z;b ,oe;j nry;thf;if kPl;L ikaj;Jf;F tu tpUk;Gk; ,f;fl;rpapd; nray;jpl;lq;fs; ,e;jpahTf;F ,d;Dk; vd;ndd;d tpNehjkhd neUf;fbfs; juf; fhj;jpUf;fpwNjh njhpatpy;iy.

tuyhw;wpd; NtW NtW fhyf;fl;lq;fspy; rpy FOf;fs; jq;fspd; yl;rpaq;fSf;fhfTk;> eyd;fSf;fhfTk; kjk;> Njrk;> rhjp Nghd;wtw;wpd; gpd;dzpapy; kf;fspd; nghJ czHr;rpia J}z;br; rKfj;jpd; nghJ mikjpf;F neUf;fbia Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wd. rhjhuz kf;fspd; nghJ czHr;rp vd;gJ vy;yhtpjkhd neUf;fbfisAk;> nrhpj;J jd;id kPz;Lk;> kPz;Lk; ep&gdkhfpAs;sJ. te;Nj khjuk; Fwpj;Jk; nghJ czHr;rp nray;gl;l tpjj;ij ,f;filrp nra;jpapypUe;J njhpe;Jnfhz;L filrp nra;jpAld; nghJ epidtpypUe;J te;Nj khjuk; Vw;gLj;jpa neUf;fbia ,j;Jld; Jz;bj;J tplyhk;. "gyj;j rHr;irf;fpilNa ehL KOtJk; cs;s gy gs;spfspy; te;Nj khjuk; ghly; ghlg;gl;lJ. Njrgf;jp ghly;> rHr;iria Vw;gLj;jpaJ. ,j;Jld; KbTf;F tu Ntz;Lk;" vd;W Kd;dhs; gpujkH th[;gha; $wpdhH. ,t;tsT gpur;ridf;Fk; fhuzkhd te;Nj khjuk; ghliy vOjpa gq;fpk; re;jpu rhl;lH[p gpwe;j Chpy; ahUNk ghltpy;iy. ,J jhd; nghJ czHr;rp njhptpf;Fk; Kuz;eif.

 
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