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tsHe;J tUk; vz;nza;j; Njitapd; mjpfhpg;G


mnkhpf;fhtpd; vhprf;jpj;Jiwapd; jfty;gb (EIA)> tUk; 2020 k; Mz;bd; cyfpd; vz;nza;j; NjitahdJ 112 kpy;ypad; Nguy;fshf ,Uf;Fk; vd;W mjd; Ma;T $Wfpd;wJ.

,e;jj; Njitia cyfpd; Kd;dzp vz;nza; Vw;Wkjp ehLfshd <uhf;> nrsjp mNugpah> <uhd;> Fitj;> If;fpa muG mkPufk; kw;Wk; ntdp#yh Mfpa ehLfshy; jhd; epiwNtw;w KbAk;. ,d;Dk; 2001 y;> cyf vz;nza; cw;gj;jpahJ xUehisf;F 76.8 kpy;ypad; Nguy;fshf ,Ue;jJ.

cyf ehLfspNyNa mnkhpf;fh jhd; vz;nza; tsj;ij mjpfk; gad;gLj;Jk; ehlhf ,Ue;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;wJ> mjhtJ xU mnkhpf;ff; FbkfDila xU Mz;L vz;nza;j; NjitahdJ 28 Nguy;fshFk;> ,jid rPdhTld; xg;G Nehf;fpdhy;> rPdf; FbkfDf;F ,uz;L Nguy;fNs Njitg;gLfpd;wJ> ((Dr Abdul-Hai Zalloom, The New Empire of Evil)

Nkw;fz;l Gs;sptpguk; ekf;Ff; fw;Wj; jUk; ghlk; vd;dntd;why;> mnkhpf;fhthdJ vg;nghOJNk ,wf;Fkjp vz;nza;iaNa KOtJk; rhHe;jpUf;ff; $ba ehlhf ,Ue;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;wJ vd;gJ njspthFk;. 1973 y; nkhj;j ngl;Nuhypaj; Njitapy; %d;wpy; xU gq;F NjitahapUe;j mnkhpf;fhTf;F> 2002 y; mjd; Njit 60 rjtPjj;jpw;Fj; jhtpaJ.

mnkhpf;fhtpd; mjpf ngl;Nuhypa ,wf;FkjpahdJ> mjpfkhd nghUshjhu tsHr;rpapd; Njitia Ntz;baJ. fle;j 2000 y;> mnkhpf;fh jpdKk; 19.7 kpy;ypad; Nguy;fis gad;gLj;jpaJ> my;yJ mnkhpf;fhthdJ cyf cw;gj;jpapy; ehd;fpy; xU gq;fpid cgNahfg;gLj;jpaJ vd;Wk; $wyhk;.

tUk; 2020 y; mnkhpf;fhtpd; xU ehisa ngl;Nuhypaj; NjitahdJ> xUehisf;F 26.7 kpy;ypad; Nguy;fshf ,Uf;Fk; vd;W $wg;gLfpd;wJ.

mnkhpf;f Mapy; ,wf;Fkjpapd; %yq;fs;

fle;j rpy tUlq;fshf cyf muq;fpy; ele;J tUk; gpukpf;fj;jf;f khw;wq;fSk;> epfo;TfSk;> mnkhpf;fhtpd; vz;nza; ,wf;Fkjpapd; %yq;fs; kPJ ftdj;ijj; jpUg;gp ,Uf;fpd;wd.

fle;j 2001 y; jdJ 54 rjtPj vz;nza;j; Njitia mnkhpf;fh ,wf;Fkjp nra;Js;sJ. 2001 y; xUehisa mjd; nkhj;j Njitahd 19.6 kpy;ypad; Nguy;fspy;> 10.6 kpy;ypad; Nguy;fis ,wf;Fkjp nra;J te;jJ. kPjpiaj; jdJ cs;ehl;L cw;gj;jp %yk; ngw;Wf; nfhz;lJ.

fdlh> nrsjp mNugpah kw;Wk; ntdp#yh Mfpa ehLfs; jhd; mnkhpf;fhtpd; Kd;dzp vz;nza; Vw;WkjpahsHfs;. 10.6 Nguy;fs; jpdKk; vd;w mbg;gilapy; ghHj;jhy;> mnkhpf;fhtpd; vz;nza; ,wf;Fkjpf;fhd nryT xU ehisf;F 233 kpy;ypad; lhyHfshFk;.

mnkhpf;fhtpd; fr;rh vz;nza;j; Njitapy; 48 rjtPjj;ij Nkw;fpypUe;J (mjhtJ njw;F Mg;hpf;f ehLfspypUe;J 19 rjtPjKk;> nkf;]pNfhtpypUe;J 15 rjtPjKk; kw;Wk; fdlhtpypUe;J 14 rjtPjKk;)> ,d;Dk; 30 rjtPjj;ij tisFlh ehLfspypUe;J (35 rjtPjk; Fitj;jpypUe;Jk;> 18 rjtPjj;ij nrsjp mNugpahtpypUe;Jk;> ,d;Dk; <uhf;fpypUe;J 9 rjtPjj;ijAk;) ngw;Wf; nfhs;fpd;wJ.

fPNo fhZk; ml;ltizapy; mnkhpf;fhtpw;F vz;nza; tsj;ij Vw;Wkjp nra;Ak; Kf;fpa ehLfSk;> mtw;wplkpUe;J mnkhpf;f ,wf;Fkjp nra;J nfhz;l vz;nza; d; msTfSk; (2001 k; Mz;L> xU ehisf;F kpy;ypad; Nguy;fs; vd;w msTfspy; - in million bpd (barrel per day), in the year 2001) Fwpf;fg;gl;Ls;sd.

 

 

Crude oil imports

Petroleum product imports

Total oil imports

Canada

1.32

0.47

1.79

Saudi Arabia

1.61

0.05

1.66

Venezuela

1,28

0.26

1.54

Mexico

1.38

0.04

1.42

Nigeria

0.81

0.04

0.86

Iraq

0.78

0.00

0.78

Norway

0.27

0.06

0.33

Angola

0.31

0.07

0.32

United Kingdom

0.23

0.08

0.31

 

Total imports

 

7.39

 

1.07

 

9.01

Table includes all countries from which the US imported more than 300,000 bpd in 2001
Source: Michigan Public Service Commission, Michigan, USA.

Fiwe;J Nghd cs;ehl;L cw;gj;jp

mnkhpf;fh jdJ cs;ehl;Lj; Njitapd; 54 rjtPjj;ij ,wf;Fkjp nra;J nfhs;fpd;wJ. cs;ehl;L cw;gj;jpapd; mjpfhpg;igf; fhl;bYk;> cs;ehl;Lg; gad;ghL mjpfhpj;J te;jjd; vjpnuhyp> ,wf;Fkjpapd; msitAk; mJ mjpfhpf;fr; nra;jJ. fle;j 15 tUlq;fspy;> mnkhpf;fhtpd; vhprf;jp Nrkpg;G kw;Wk; cs;ehl;L cw;gj;jpia kpjkpQ;rpa msTf;F gad;ghl;Lf;F vLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

1970 fspy; mnkhpf;fhtpd; cs;ehl;L cw;gj;jpahdJ 4.1 gpy;ypad; Nguy;fshf ,Ue;jJ> gpd;dH 2000 y; 2.8 Fiwe;jJ> vd;W mnkhpf;f vhprf;jp Ma;Tj;Jiwapd; Fwpg;NgL $Wfpd;wJ.

fle;j 30 Mz;Lfspy; njhlHe;J Fiwe;J nfhz;L te;j mnkhpf;fhtpd; cs;ehl;L cw;gj;jp> mjDlhf fle;j 50 Mz;Lfspy; ,aw;if vhpthAtpd; cw;gj;jp njhlHe;J mjpfhpj;Jk; te;jpUf;fpd;wJ. ,it ,uz;L NrHj;J> fle;j 15 tUlq;fspy; vz;nza; ,wf;Fkjpapd; msit caHj;jf; fhuzkhf mike;Js;sd.

mNefkhf mnkhpf;fh gad;gLj;Jfpd;w 65 rjtPjk; my;yJ 3.7 gpy;ypad; Nguy;fs; vz;nza; kw;Wk; ,aw;if vhpthAj; jputk; Mfpait ahTk; ,wf;Fkjp nra;ag;gl;litNaahFk;.

,tw;wpy; 2.8 Nguy;fs; (44 rjk;) cs;ehl;bNyNa cw;gj;jp nra;ag;gLgit> ,jpy; 2.1 gpy;ypad; NguHfs; fr;rh vz;nza; kw;Wk; 0.7 Nguy;fs; ,aw;if vhpthAj; jputq;fshFk;.

2001 y; mnkhpf;fh jdJ Nrkpg;ghf 21.8 gpy;ypad; Nguy;fis itj;jpUe;jjhff; fzf;fplg;gl;ls;sJ> ,J cyf Nrkpg;gpy; 2 rjtPjkhFk;. ,e;j mjd; Nrkpg;G tsq;fis ,d;iwa mstPl;bd;gb gad;gLj;jpdhy;> mit rw;Nwwf;Fiwa 9.5 tUlq;fSf;Fj; jhd; jhf;Fg; gpbf;Fk;. cs;ehl;L cw;gj;jp Fiwe;jhy;> Gjpjhf vz;nza; tsq;fisf; fz;lwpa Ntz;Lk;. mg;gbNa fz;Lgpbf;fg;gl;lhYk; ,d;iwa mjd; cs;ehl;Lj; Njitiag; G+Hj;jp nra;Ak; msTf;F ,Uf;Fkh vd;gijf; $w ,ayhJ.

 
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