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gpf;`{- 2


,];yhk; :

,];yhk; vd;why; vd;d?

tzq;fj;jpw;Fhpa ,iwtdhd my;yh`;tpDila rl;l jpl;lq;fis Vw;W mtDf;Fg; gzpe;J gpd;gw;WtJk;> my;yh`;it kl;LNk tzq;FtJkhFk;.

,];yhj;jpd; Kf;fpakhf flikfs; Ie;J :

1. my;yh`;itj; jtpu (tzq;Ftjw;F> topgLtjw;F> rl;lk; ,aw;Wtjw;F> fPo;gbtjw;F) NtW ,iwtd; ,y;iy vd;Wk;* , K`k;kj; (]y;) mtHfs; mtDila mbikAk; jpUj;J}jUkhthH vd;W rhd;W gfHtJk; **

2. njhOifia epiyehl;LtJk;>

3. [fhj; nfhLj;J tUtJk;

4. ukohd; khjj;jpy; Nehd;G Nehw;gJk;

5. `[;i[ epiwNtw;WtJk;

(*,** ,it \`hjh vd;wiof;fg;gLfpd;wd.)

KjyhtJ gFjp

Mjhuq;fs; :

NkYk;> [pd;fisAk;> kdpjHfisAk; vd;id mtHfs; tzq;Ftjw;fhfNt jtpu ehd; gilf;ftpy;iy. (mj;jhhpahj; : 56)

epr;rakhf vd;Dila njhOifAk;> mWg;G (FhghdpAk;) vd; tho;Tk;> vd; kuzKk; mfpyj;jhhpd; ,ul;rfdhfpa my;yh`;Tf;Nf chpj;jhditahFk; vd;W (egpNa) ePH $WtPuhf. (my; md;Mk;:162)

,ghjj; vd;why; vd;d?

,iwtdpd; tpUg;gj;jpw;Nfw;g mikAk; kdpjdpd; nrhy;> nray; midj;Jk; ,iwtopghNlahfk;. mjhtJ ,iwtdpd; jpUg;jpiag; ngWtjw;fhf xU kdpjd; $Wk; xt;nthU nrhy;Yk; Mw;Wk; xt;nthU nraYk; ,iwtopghNlahFk;.

m\;\`hjh :

m\;`J md;yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{ t m\;`J md;d K`k;jd; u]{Yy;yh`;.

 

,uz;lhtJ gFjp (njhOif)

1 egp ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtHfs; gpuhHj;jidia my;yh`; FHMdpy; njspTgLj;Jfpwhd; :

vd;Dila ,ul;rfNd vd;idAk; vd; re;jjpapYy;NshiuAk; njhOifia epiwNtw;WgtHfshf Mf;fp itg;ghahf! (vq;fSila ,ul;rfNd! vd;Dila gpuhHj;jidia mq;fPfhpj;Jf; nfhs;thahf) #uh ,g;wh`Pk; : 40

2 vd;id epidT $Htjw;fhf njhOifiaAk; epiwNtw;WtPuhf vd;W %]h (miy) mtHfSf;F my;yh`; nrhd;dhd;. #uh : kHak; :31

3 my;yh`{j;jMyh $Wfpd;whd; : egp <]h (miy) mtHfs; nrhd;dhHfs; : ehd; [Ptpj;jpUf;Fk; fhynky;yhk; njhOifia epiwNtw;WtJ nfhz;Lk; ]fhj; nfhLj;J tUtJ nfhz;Lk; mtd; vdf;F cgNjrk; nra;jpUf;fpwhd;. my;md;fG+j; : 45

,d;Dk; egp (]y;) mtHfis my;yh`; fl;lisapLfpwhd; : egpNa! FHMdhfpa ,t;Ntjj;jpypUe;J ckf;F mwptpf;fg;gl;lij ePH XjtPuhf. njhOifiaAk; (my;yh`; tpjpahf;fpathW) epiwNtw;WtPuhf

gpd;G midj;J K/kPd;fisAk; njhOifiaf; nfhz;L Vtpdhd;. md;dp]h : 103

epr;rakhf njhOif tpRthrpfspd; kPJ Neuk; Fwpf;fg;gl;l flikahf ,Uf;fpwJ.

njhOifapd; Kf;fpaj;Jtk;

epr;rakhf njhOif khdf; Nflhd nraypypUe;J khHf;fj;jpy; kWf;fg;gl;ljpy; ,Ue;Jk; jLf;Fk;. epr;rakhf njhOifapd; %yk; my;yh`;it epidT $WtJ vy;yhtw;iwAk; tplg; nghpajhFk;. (my; kMhp[; : 34-35)

,d;Dk; mtHfs; vj;jifNahnud;why;> jq;fs; njhOifapd; kPJ mij Koikahf epiwNtw;wtjw;Fhpa Kiwfisg; Ngzpg;ghJfhj;Jf; nfhs;thHfs;. Nkw;$wg;gl;l jFjpfSila mtHfs; Rtdq;fspy; kpf;f fz;zpag;gLj;jg;gLthHfs;.

md]; (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpd;whHfs; :

u#y; (]y;) mtHfs; kp/uh[; gpuahzj;jpd; NghJ Ik;gJ Neuj; njhOif flikahf;fg;gl;lJ. gpd;G Ie;J Neuj; njhOif tiu Fiwf;fg;gl;lJ. gpd; K`k;kNj! vd;W miof;fg;gl;L vd;Dila nrhy; khw;wg;gl;lJ. ,e;j Ie;J Neuj; njhOif Ik;gJ Neug; gyid milAk; vd;W $wg;gl;lJ. (G`hhp> K];ypk;)

egp (]y;) mtHfs; nrhy;ye hd; Nfl;Nld; vd;W mG+`{iuuh (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpd;whHfs;. cq;fspy; xUtUila tPl;L thrYld; xU ejp XLtjhf itj;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. mjpy; mtH xU ehisf;F Ie;J Neuk; Fspf;fpd;whH. mtH clk;gpy; mOf;Ffs; vJTk; vQ;rpapUf;Fkh? vd egp (]y;) mtHfs; Nfl;lhHfs;. mtH clk;gpy; ve;j mOf;Fk; ,Uf;fhJ vd ]`hghf;fs; gjpyspj;jhHfs;. gpd;G (]y;) mtHfs; nrhd;dhHfs;> ,Nj Nghd;W jhd; Ie;J Neuj; njhOif ,ijf; nfhz;L my;yh`; ghtq;fisg; Nghf;Ffpwhd;. (G`hhp> K];ypk;)

egp (]y;) mtHfs; nrhd;djhf mg;Jy;yh`; ,g;D fpHj; (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpd;whHfs; : kWik ehspy; xU mbahdplk; Kjd; Kjyhf Nfl;fg;gLtJ njhOifiag; gw;wpajhFk;. vdNt njhOifia mtd; rpwg;ghf epiwNtw;wpapUe;jhy; mtDila vy;yh mky;fSk; rpwg;ghf MfptpLk;. ,d;Dk; mtd; njhOifia rpwg;ghf epiwNtw;whky; ,Ue;jpUe;jhy; mtDila vy;yh mky;fSNk ghyhfp tpLk;. (mj;jguhdp)

egp (]y;) mtHfs; nrhd;djhf Giuuh (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpd;whHfs; : vq;fSf;Fk; fhgpHfSf;Fk; kj;jpapy; cs;s tpj;jpahrk; njhOifahFk;. ahH mij tpLfpwhNuh mtH ,iwtid epuhfhpj;J tpl;lhH. (m`;kj;).

 

%d;whtJ gFjp ]fhj; nfhLj;jy;

,d;Dk; tpRthrpfNs) njhOifia (Kiwahf) epiwNtw;Wq;fs;. ]fhj;ijAk; nfhLq;fs;. NkYk; my;yh`;tpd; J}jUf;Fk; fl;Lg;gLq;fs;. (mtw;wpd; %yk;) ePq;fs; mUs; nra;ag;gLtPHfs;.

]fhj;jpd; tpsf;fk;

]fhj; vd;why; fl;lhakhd xU ed;nfhilahFk;. mJ Fwpg;gpll Neuj;jpy; Fwpg;gpl;l nghUl;fspy; ,Ue;J nfhLf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;.

]fhj;jpd; gyd;fs;

1. ,iwtid topgLjy;

2. Vio> vspNahUf;F cjtp nra;jy;

3. kdpjid cNyhgpj;jdj;jpy; ,Ue;J J}a;ikg;gLj;JjYk;> mtDf;F ed;nfhil gw;wp fw;Wf; nfhLg;gJk;> ]fhj;jpd; gyd;fshFk;.

]fhj; tpjpahFk; nghUl;fs;

1. jq;fk;> nts;sp (ehzak;)

2. tpahghug; nghUl;fs;

3. fhy;eilfs;

4. fdpg;nghUl;fs;

]fhj; ngwj; jFjpAilNahH

([fhj; vd;Dk;) jhdq;fs; jhpj;jpuHfSf;Fk;> ViofSf;Fk;> jhdj;ij t#y; nra;Ak; CopaHfSf;Fk;> ,];yhj;jpd; ghy; mtHfs; cs;sq;fs; <Hf;fg;gLtjw;fhfTk;> mbikfis tpLjiy nra;tjw;fhfTk;> fld; gl;bUg;gtHfSf;Fk;> my;yh`;tpd; ghijapy; (NghH GhpNthUf;Fk;)> topg;Nghf;fHfSf;FNk chpait. (,J) my;yh`; tpjpj;j flikahFk; - my;yh`; (ahTk;) mwpgtd;> kpf;f QhdKilNahd;. (9:60)

 

ehd;fhtJ gFjp - ukohd; khj Nehd;G

<khd; nfhz;NlhHfNs! cq;fSf;F Kd; ,Ue;jtHfs; kPJ Nehd;G tpjpf;fg;gl;bUe;jJ Nghy; cq;fs; kPJk;(mJ) tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. (mjd; %yk;) ePq;fs; (csj; J}a;ikAilNahuhfp) gagf;jpAilatHfshf Mfyhk;. (2:183)

Nehd;gpd; nghUs; (tpsf;fk;)

g[;H njhlf;fk; #hpad; kiwAk; tiu Nehd;ig Kwpf;ff; $ba midj;Jf; fhhpaq;fis tpl;Lk;> NkYk; cz;zy;> gUfiy jLj;J ,iwtid tzq;FtNj Nehd;ghFk;.

Nehd;gpd; rpwg;Gfs;

my;yh`; nrhd;djhf u#Yy;yh`; (]y;) mtHfs; $wpajhf mG+ `{iuuh (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpd;whHfs; : MjKila kfdpd; vy;yhr; nray;fSk; mtDf;FhpaNj. Nehd;igj; jtpu Nehd;G vdf;FhpaJ. mjd; $ypia ehNd nfhLg;Ngd;. ,d;Dk; Nehd;G xU NflakhFk;.

NkYk; ahuhtJ Nehd;ghspiaj; jpl;bdhy; my;yJ nfhiy nra;a ehbdhy; ehd; Nehd;ghsp vd;W nrhy;yl;Lk;. K`k;kjpd; capH vtd; iftrk; cs;sNjh mtd; kPJ Mizahf Nehd;ghspapd; thapd; thil f];J}hp thilia tpl eWkzkpf;fjhFk;. Nehd;ghspf;F ,U re;Njh\q;fs; cs;sd. xd;W mtd; Nehd;G jpwf;Fk; NghJ kw;wJ Nehd;G Nehd;G %yk; ,iwtidr; re;jpf;Fk; NghJ.

Nehd;gpd; gyd;fs;

1. ,iwtid topgLjy;

2. jf;th (,iwar;rk;) Vw;gl xU gapw;rpahf mikjy;. ,iwtd; Vtpaitfis Vw;Wk; jLj;jitfis tpyfp thoTk; xU gapw;rpahf Nehd;G mikfpwJ. NkYk; nghWik J}a vz;zk; Nghd;w ey;y gz;GfisAk; ,e;j Nehd;G fw;gpf;fpwJ.

Nehd;ig Kwpf;Fk; fhhpaq;fs;

1. cz;zy; gUfy;> Gifj;jy;. (kwjpahf xUtd; nra;jhy; Nehd;G KwpahJ)

2. the;jp vLj;jy Ntz;Lnkd;Nw the;jp vLj;jhy; Nehd;G Kwpe;J tpLk;. RatpUg;gkpd;wp the;jp vLj;jhy; Nehd;G KwpahJ

3. ,uj;jj;ij mjpfkhf ntspg;gLj;Jjy; (clk;gpypUe;J euk;G topahf ,uj;jj;ij ntspg;gLj;Jjy;. ,uj;jg; ghpNrhjidf;fhf vLf;Fk; Fiwthd ,uj;jj;jhy; Nehd;G KwpahJ).

4. khjtplha;> gpurt ,uj;jk; ntspg;gLjy;

5. ,e;jphpaj;ij xUtd; jhdhf ntspg;gLj;Jjy;

6. kidtpNahL clYwT nfhs;Sjy;

Nehd;Gg; ngUehs; jHkk;

1. xU ]hc nfhLf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. mjhtJ NfhJik> mhprp> NghPj;jk; gok;. jhd; trpf;Fk; ehl;by; nghJthf cl;nfhs;sf; $ba cztpypUe;J ,jid toq;f Ntz;Lk;. ]hc vd;gJ fpuhk; fzf;fpy; (%d;W fpNyh)itf; Fwpf;Fk;.

2. xt;nthU K];ypKk; ViofSf;fhf nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;

3. ngUehisf;F xU ehs; my;yJ ,uz;L ehisf;F Kd; nfhLf;fyhk;.

 

Ie;jhtJ gFjp - `[;i[ epiwNtw;Wjy;

mjpy; njspthd mj;jhl;rpfs; cs;sd. (cjhuzkhf> ,g;uh`Pk; epd;w ,lk;) kfhK ,g;uh`Pk; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. NkYk; vtH mjpy; EiofpwhNuh mtH (mr;rk; jPHe;jtuhfg;) ghJfhg;Gk; ngWfpwhH; ,d;Dk; mjw;F(r; nry;tjw;F)hpa ghijapy; gazk; nra;a rf;jp ngw;wpUf;Fk; kdpjHfSf;F my;yh`;Tf;fhf mt;tPL nrd;W `[; nra;tJ flikahFk;. Mdhy;> vtNuDk; ,ij epuhfhpj;jhy; (mjdhy; my;yh`;Tf;Ff; FiwNaw;glg; Nghtjpy;iy; Vnddpy;) - epr;rakhf my;yh`; cyfj;NjhH vtH NjitAk; mw;wtdhf ,Uf;fpd;whd;. (3:98)

`[;[pd; Nehf;fk;

egp (]y;) mtHfs; xU `jP]py; $wpdhHfs; : epr;rakhf fy; vwpjy;> ]/gh kHth ,ilapy; ]aPr; nra;tnjy;yhk; ,iwtid Qhgfg;gLj;Jtjw;Nf! vd;W $wpdhHfs;. vdNt `[;[pd; cz;ikahd Nehf;fk; ,iwtid epidT $wy; vd;gJ GydhfpwJ.

`[;[pd; rpwg;G

egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpajhf mG+ `{iuuh (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpd;whHfs; : ahH ngz;fsplj;jpy; cwthlhkYk;> ghtk; nra;ahkYk; ,e;j tPl;il `[;[{r; nra;fpwhNuh mtH (ghtk; mopf;fg;gl;L) md;W gpwe;j ghyfd; Nghyhfp tpLthH.

NkYk; mG+`{iuuh (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpd;whHfs;. ,uz;L ck;uhf;fSf;F ,ilg;gl;l fhyq;fs; rpwpa ghtq;fSf;F Fw;wg;ghpfhukhFk;. ,d;Dk; (vj;jifa jtWk; Vw;glhj) rpwe;j `[;[{f;F RtHf;fj;ijj; jtpu NtW $yp fpilahJ.

`[;[pd; gyd;fs;

1. ,iwtid topgLjy;

2. ,];yhkpa xUikg;ghl;il cyfj;jpw;F vLj;Jf;fhl;ly;

3. tprhuiz (,Wjp)ehis epidT gLj;jpf; nfhs;Sjy;

H 4
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