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,];yhj;ij mwpe;J nfhs;Nthk; thUq;fs;

Jeremy Refkin - An American Writer and President of Economic Trends Foundation, USA.


,];yhj;jpw;Fk; Nkw;fpw;Fk; ,ilNa epytp tUk; rpW tpj;jpahrq;fis rhpahd Kiwapy; Ghpe;J ifahs;tjd; %yk;> ehk; mikjpahd Kiwapy; xUtiu xUtH Ghpe;J> ,zf;fj;Jld; tho KbAk;. nrg;lk;gH 11 f;F Kd;dhy; ehd; ,];yhj;ijg; gw;wp rpwpjsT $l mf;fiw ,y;yhjtdhf ,Ue;Njd;. ,];yhj;ijg; gw;wp NkNyhl;lkhf> mjhtJ ,];NuYf;Fk; mjd; mUfpy; cs;s muG ehLfSf;fpilNa cs;s tuyhw;W hPjpahd gpur;idfs; gw;wpAk; jhd; mwpe;jtdhf ,Ue;Njd;. ,d;Dk; muGfSf;Fk; kw;Wk; vz;nza; tsk; rk;ge;jkhf Nkw;FyFld; nfhz;Ls;s gpur;idfs; gw;wp kpf rpwpjsT jfty;fis mwpe;jtdhf ,Ue;Njd;. ,d;Dk; <uhd;> <uhf; NghH> ypgpah kw;Wk; rphpah cld; cs;s gpur;idfs; gw;wp mjpfk; ftdk; nrYj;jpa ehd;> ,];yhkpa ehfhPfk;> tuyhW kw;Wk; ,];yhj;Jf;Fk; Nkw;FyFf;Fk; kpf ePz;l fhykhf ,Ue;J tUk; njhlHGfs; gw;wp mjpfk; mf;fiw fhl;ljtdhf ,Ue;Njd;. mjhtJ eilKiwapy; ehd; xU mwpahikf;fhudhfj; jhd; ,Ue;J te;jpUf;fpd;Nwd;.

,];yhj;ijg; gw;wp ehd; mwpe;J nfhs;s vd;idj; J}z;baJ> 5 Mapuk; NgHfis mepahakhff; nfhd;nwhopj;j me;j ,ul;ilf; NfhGuj; jhf;Fjy; rk;gtk; jhd;. kw;wtHfisg; Nghy ehDk;> cs;fl;lg; gpur;idfs;> rpwg;Gj; jiyaq;fq;fs;> ek;gpf;iffs;> fUj;JNtWghL nfhz;l mk;rq;fs; kw;Wk; ,];yhj;jpd; gytPdq;fs; kw;Wk; fpwp];Jtj;jpw;Fk; Nkw;Ff;Ff;Fk; ,ilNa cs;s tpj;jpahrq;fs; Mfpatw;iwg; gw;wp mwpe;J nfhs;Sk; Kaw;rpapy; kpfTk; Kidg;Gld; ,wq;fp tpl;Nld;.

,];yhj;ijg; gw;wp ehd; mwpe;J nfhs;Sk; Kaw;rpapy; rpy vdf;F ek;gpf;ifia Cl;bdhYk; ,d;Dk; rpy tUq;fhyj;ijg; gw;wpa mr;rj;ij Cl;bf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd. Nkw;Fyfpy; trpf;ff; $batHfspy; ehd; kl;Lk; ,];yhj;ijg; gw;wp mwpAk; Kaw;rpapy; ,wq;ftpy;iy> epA+ahHf; ilk;]; rkPgj;jpy; ntspapl;l 15 Gj;jfq;fspy; mjpf vz;zpf;ifapy; tpw;Wj; jPHe;j 7 Gj;jfq;fs; ,];yhj;ijg gw;wpaitahFk;.

Nkw;fpy; kpfTk; mjpfkhf tpw;gidahfp rhjid gilj;j Gj;jfk; vJntd;why;> FHMdpd; Mq;fpy nkhopngaHg;ghFk;. ,d;iwf;F cyfNk ,];yhj;ijg; gw;wp mwpe;J nfhs;sf; $ba tFg;giwahf khwp> nrg;lk;gH 11 f;Fg; gpwF Vw;gl;l tpisTfs; Fwpj;Jk; rpe;jpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd. nrg;lk;gH 11f;Fg; gpd;dhy; ehq;fs; ,];yhj;ijg; gw;wp kl;Lk; mwpe;J nfhs;stpy;iy> khwhf vq;fisg; gw;wpAk; ehq;fs; mwpe;J nfhz;Nlhk;. Nkw;Fyj;jpdH vd;w Kiwapy; vjid ehq;fs; ek;gpf;if nfhz;bUf;fpd;NwhNkh mjd; gy mk;rq;fspy; tpj;jpahrg;gLfpd;Nwhk; vd;w cz;ikia ntspg;gLj;j KbahjpUe;Njhk;. ntspapypUe;J ve;j nra;jpfs; vq;fis te;jilfpd;wdNth mjd; cz;ikj;Jtj;ijg; gw;wp EZf;fkhf Muha;e;J ghHf;fhkNyNa Vw;Wf; nfhs;sf; $batHfshf ,Ue;Njhk;. ,d;iwf;F ehq;fs; gpd;gw;wpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;w tho;f;if Kiwfs; my;yJ nfhs;iffs; jhd; cyfpNyNa kpfr; rpwe;jJ vd;Wk;> mJ jhd; cyifNa tho itf;f te;j nfhs;iffs; vd;Wk;> vdNt mtw;iw midtUk; kWjypf;fhky; Vw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; ehq;fs; vz;zpf; nfhz;bUe;Njhk;. mNjNeuj;jpy;>  ,e;jf; nfhs;ifis xUtH Vw;Wf; nfhs;shkNyNa ,Uf;fyhk; my;yJ mjd; Njitaw;wtuhfTk; ,Uf;fyhk; vd;gJ gw;wp ehq;fs; rw;Wk; rpe;jpj;Jg; ghHj;jjpy;iy. vq;fsJ nfhs;ifia Vw;Wf; nfhs;shjtHfs; ,e;jg; G+kpapy; tho yhaf;fw;wtHfs;> vq;fsJ nfhs;ifiaj; jtpHj;J Ntnwhd;iw vtUk; rpe;jpj;Jg; ghHg;ghHfnsd;why; mtHfs; kpfTk; tpj;jpahrkhdtHfs;> ,d;Dk; mtHfs; kd;dpf;fg;gl KbahjtHfs; ,d;Dk; xUgb NkNy mtHfs; thoNt yhaf;fw;wtHfs; vd;W jhd; vz;zpf; nfhz;bUe;Njhk;. ,jd; fhuzkhf ,j;jifa kf;fs; kPJ ve;jf; ftdj;ijAk;> xU kjpg;igAk; toq;ff; $ba epiyapy; ehq;fs; ,Ue;jpUf;ftpy;iy.

fle;j rpy thuq;fshf K];ypk; mwpQHfs; rpyH> jd;khd ,og;G Fwpj;Jk;> ,e;j cyfpy; K];ypk;fspd; kPJ Ghpag;gl;l ,og;Gfs; Fwpj;Jk; jq;fsJ czHTfis ntspg;gLj;jpf; nfhz;bUf;ff; fz;Nld;. kdpj ehfhPfj;jpy; jd;khd ,og;G vd;gJ mjd; cs; Mo; kdjpypUe;J ntspg;glf; $ba czHthFk;. jd;khd ,og;G vd;gJ nghUshjhuk; kw;Wk; murpay; vjpHeltbf;iffisf; fhl;bYk; mjpfk; jhf;fk; tpistpf;ff; $baJ> jd;khdg; ghjpg;G vd;gJ kw;wtHfsJ kjpg;igr; rPHFiyf;ff; $baJ.

,d;iwf;F K];ypk;fspy; mNefk; NgH jPtputhjpfspd; jhf;Fjy;fs; gw;wp  kpfTk; ngUikg;gl;Lf; nfhs;fpwhHfs;> ,Ug;gpDk; c]hkh gpd; yhjpd; elj;jpa me;jj; jhf;Fjy;fs; K];ypk;fs; kPJ ntWg;GzHit mjpfhpg;gjw;Fg; gjpyhf> mjd; vjpHkiwahf ,];yhj;jpd; gf;fk; ek; ftdj;ijj; jpUg;Gtjw;Fj; J}z;bAs;sJ.

,g;nghOJ xU Nfs;tp vOfpd;wJ : mjhtJ> jPtpthjpfs; elj;jpa ,e;jj; jhf;Fjy;fisr; rhf;fhf itj;J K];ypk;fis ehk; jhf;Ftjw;fhd re;jHg;gj;ij Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhs;syhkh? mt;thW nra;tJ rhpapy;iy vd;why;> jPtputhjpfSk; ,d;Dk; mtHfs; ntspapLfpd;w khHf;fj; jPHg;Gfshd (/gj;th)itfisAk; ehk; Muha;e;J nfhz;bUg;gjw;Fg; gjpyhf> K];ypk;fspd; kPJ Mjpf;fk; nrYj;jpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;w me;jf; nfhs;iffisAk; ,d;Dk; mtHfsJ fyhr;rhuj;ijg; gw;wp mwpe;J nfhs;s> ,];yhj;jpw;Fk; Nkw;fpw;Fk; cs;sitfs; gw;wp cl;fhHe;J NgRNthk; vd;w kdepiyf;F tUtjh? ,d;Dk; mjpfkhd Nfs;tpfis ehk; ekf;Fs; vOg;gpf;nfhs;s Ntz;bapUf;fpd;wJ. cjhuzkhf> ehk; ngUikg;gl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;w nfhs;iffs;> Rje;jpuk; kw;Wk; ,dg; ghFghby;yhj rk chpik Nghd;witfs; gw;wp mtHfs; vd;d fUj;Jf;fisf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfs; vd;gJ gw;wp ehk; mwpe;J nfhs;s Ntz;bajpUf;fpd;wJ.

,d;Dk; gy ek;gpf;iffs;> kjq;fs;> nfhs;iffisf; nfhz;l r%fj;jpy; thof;$ba K];ypk;fs; rf r%fj;jtHfspd; czHTfisg; gfphpHe;J nfhz;L tho tpUk;Gfpd;whHfsh? vd;gij ehd; mwpe;J nfhs;s Ntz;bajpUf;fpd;wJ. ,d;Dk; Nkw;Fyfpy; my;yJ mnkhpf;fhtpy; thof; $ba K];ypk; cyifr; NrHe;j K];ypk;fs; jq;fSf;Fs; xU Nfs;tpia vOg;gpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ehk; Vd; ,q;fpUf;fpd;Nwhk;> ,d;Dk; ,e;j rlthj cyfhjhaf; nfhs;iffSld; rkurk; nra;J tho;fpd;Nwhk; vd;gijAk; mtHfs; epidj;Jg; ghHf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,d;Dk; Nkw;Fyfk;> ,];yhKk; jq;fSf;Fs; gu];guk; fye;Jwthb xUtH kw;wthplk; vjidAk; fw;Wf; nfhs;s KbAkh? vd;gjidAk; rpe;jpj;Jg; ghHf;f Ntz;Lk;.

mnkhpf;f kw;Wk; Nkw;Fyfpy; thof; $ba vq;fisg; Nghd;wtHfSf;F> ,e;j cyfpy; 1500 tUlq;fshf xU kpfg; nghpa jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jp tUfpd;wnjhU nfhs;ififiag; gw;wpAk;> mjidg; gpd;gw;wp tUfpd;wtHfs; gw;wpAk; ,d;Dk; mjd; fyhr;rhuk; gw;wpAk; mwpe;J> mjd; jhf;fk; gw;wpAk; mJ Vw;gLj;jpapUf;fpd;w tpisTfs; Fwpj;Jk; ek;g rpukg;gLfpd;Nwhk;.

,Ug;gpDk;> Nkw;FyFk; K];ypk;fSk; xUrhuhH kw;wtHfsplk; ek;kplkpy;yhj rpy fw;Wf; nfhs;sf; $ba mk;rq;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wd vd;gij gu];guk; ek;gp> mjd; %yk; ekf;fpilNa vOfpd;w fyhr;rhu Nkhjy;fs;> gphptpidfs;> ,d;Dk; mjw;Fj; JizNghff; $ba fhuzpfs; Mfpatw;iwf; fiye;J> mjd; %yk; xU R%fkhdnjhU epiyg;ghl;il ,UtUk; jq;fSf;fpilNa Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s Kaw;rp nra;ayhk;. mnkhpf;fHfshfpa ehq;fs; murpaYf;Fk; ,d;Dk; ,uhZtj;jpw;nfd;Wk; ngUe;njhiffis xJf;fp> jPtputhjj;ij xopg;gjw;Fk;> ,d;Dk; mjd; %yk; vq;fSf;nfjpuhf Ghpag;gl;l Fw;wq;fSf;nfjpuhd gopjPHj;jy; eltbf;iffisAk; Nkw;nfhs;fpd;Nwhk;.

,ijg; NghyNt> murpaypYk;> ,uhZtj;jpYk; ftdk; nrYj;Jtijg; NghyNt ek;kpilNa fyhr;rhu ghpkhwYf;fhd xj;Jiog;gpy; ftdk; nrYj;JtJ gad;;juj;jf;fjhf ,Uf;Fk;. ,d;iwf;F mnkhpf;fhtpYk;> INuhg;ghtpYk; Vfg;gl;l K];ypk;fs; tho;e;J nfhz;bUe;jhYk;> mtHfSf;Fk; K];ypk; my;yhjtHfSf;FkpilNa cs;s njhlHGfs; kpff; Fiwthfj;  jhd; ,Ue;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd. ,d;Dk; ,e;jj; njhlHGfs; Fiwthf ,Ug;gjw;F xUNtis K];ypk;fs; ,e;j ehLfspy; thOk; kw;w kf;fspd; rjtPjj;NjhL xg;gpLk; nghOJ> K];ypk;fs; kpff; Fiwe;j rjtPjj;jtHfshf ,Ug;gJ $l fhuzkhf ,Uf;fyhk;.

,d;iwf;F cyfpd; 52 ehLfspy; K];ypk;fs; jdpg;ngUk;ghd;ikapduhf trpj;J tUfpd;whHfs;. mnkhpf;fhtpy; 6 kpy;ypad;> gphpl;ldpy; 2 kpy;ypad;> 3 kpy;ypaDf;F mjpfkhf n[Hkdpapy;> kw;Wk; gpuhd;]py; 5 kpy;ypad; K];ypk;fs; tho;e;J tUfpd;whHfs;. NkYk;> ,d;iwf;F cyfshtpa mstpy; mjpfk; gutpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; xU kjkhf ,];yhk; ,Ue;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;wJ. ,d;Dk; 24 tUlq;fspy; cyfpy; thOk; 4 NgHfspy; xUtH K];ypkhf ,Ug;ghH vd kf;fs; njhiff; fzf;nfLg;Gg; Gs;sptpguq;fs; $Wfpd;wd. ,e;jg; Gs;sptpguq;fis itj;Jg; ghHf;Fk; nghOJ ,d;iwf;F ,Uf;fpd;w kpfg; nghpa ty;yuRfs; Nghd;W> tUk; E}w;whz;by; ,];yhk; ,e;j cyfj;jpd; kpfg; nghpa rf;jpahf jpfOk; vd;Wk; $wyhk;.

ek;ik Nehf;fp tutpUf;fpd;w me;j E}w;whz;Lf;fhf ehk; fhj;jpUf;fhky;> ek;kpilNa fyhr;rhug; ghptHj;jizfs; ,d;Dk; Ghpe;JzHTfSf;fhd Ngr;RthHj;ijfis Muk;gk; nra;Jtplyhk;.

,d;iwf;F mnkhpf;fhtpYk;> ,d;Dk; Nkw;FyfpYk; tWikf; Nfhl;bw;Ff; fPo; thof; $ba K];ypk; ,isQHfs; mjpfk; tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfs;. Ntiyapy;yhj epiyapy; ,Uf;ff; $ba ,e;j ,isQHfsplk; fhl;lg;glf; $ba ghFghLfs; jhd;> mtHfis jPtputhjj;jpd; gf;fk; ,Oj;Jr; nry;fpd;wJ. cyfshtpa ,];yhkpa kakhf;fs; vd;w nfhs;ifapd; mbg;gilapy; miof;fg;gLk; [p`hjpa ,af;fq;fSf;F ,j;jifa ,isQHfis gypflhthfp tpLfpd;whHfs;.

Fwpg;ghf mnkhpf;fhtpy; thof; $ba fpwp];jtHfs; fpwp];jtj;ij jhq;fs; Vw;Wf; nfhz;l kj ek;gpf;ifahfTk;> mnkhpf;f murpid jq;fsJ nfhs;ifahfTk;> kjj;ijAk;> murpaiyAk; NtW gphpj;Jg; ghHf;fpd;Nwhk;. ekJ ,e;j ek;gpf;ifia ek;Kld; tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;w ,d;Dk; ek;Kila ehl;bd; gpui[fshfTk; ,Ue;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;w K];ypk;fs; Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjpy;iy. mtHfs; kjj;ijAk;> murpaiyAk; fle;J Vd; ,d;Dk; G+Nfhs vy;iyfisAk; fle;J mtHfsJ ek;gpf;iffs; gue;J tphpe;J fplf;fpd;wd. rkPgj;jpy; epA+ahHf; ilk;]; gj;jphpf;if xU Ma;it elj;jpaJ. me;j Ma;tpy; ehk; ve;j ek;gpf;ifia mjhtJ kjj;ijAk; murpaiyAk; NtW gphpj;J> ,J jhd; mnkhpf;fh ,J jhd; ekJ Njrk; vd;W ek;gpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;NwhNkh me;j ek;gpf;ifia Vw;Wf; nfhs;shjtHfshf ,e;j ehl;bd; gpui[fshf tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; K];ypk;fs; ,Ug;gij me;j fzf;nfLg;G czHj;jpaJ. mtHfsJ ek;gpf;iffis G+Nfhs vy;iyfSf;Fs; mlf;fp tpl KbahJ vd;gijAk;> mtHfsJ czHTfs; me;j vy;iyfisAk; jhz;b cyfshtpa K];ypk; rKjhak; vd;w mbg;gilapy; gue;J tphpe;J ,Ug;gijAk; fhz Kbe;jJ. mtHfs; jq;fsJ rKjhaj;ij cyfshtpa r%fkhfg; ghHf;fpd;whHfs;. ek;ikg; Nghy FWfpa mbg;gilapy; mnkhpf;fHfs;> gphpj;jhdpaHfs;> n[HkhdpaHfs; vd;w mbg;gilapy; kdpj ,dj;ij NtWgphpj;Jg; ghHg;gjpy;iy.

Mg;fhdpy; thof; $ba rf K];ypik vjpHj;Jg; NghH Ghpa mioj;jhy;> vq;fshy; vq;fsJ rNfhjuHfis vjpHj;Jg; NghH Ghpa ,ayhJ vd;W mnkhpf;fh kw;Wk; INuhg;ghtpy; trpf;ff; $ba K];ypk;fs; njspthf xspT kiwtpd;wp njhptpf;fpd;whHfs;. ,d;Dk; cyf rf;jpfs; ,d;iwf;F K];ypk;fs; kPJ xU tpjkhd mlf;FKiwg; Nghf;if tisFlhg; gFjpfspYk; ,d;Dk; cyfpd; kw;w ghfq;fspYk; elj;jp tUfpd;wJ. Vnddpy; ,d;iwf;F  ,];yhk; cyfk; KOtJk; gutpf; fplf;fpd;wJ vd;gJ xU fhuzkhf ,Uf;fyhk;. me;jg; gaNk cyfshtpa K];ypk;  r%fj;jpw;nfjpuhd mlf;F Kiwfis mtpo;j;J tpl;bUf;fpd;wJ.

,d;iwf;F ek;Kld; ,e;j Njrj;ijg; gq;F Nghl;L tho;e;J tUfpd;w ek;Kila mz;il tPl;lhuhd K];ypk;fsplj;jpy; ehk; ekJ fyhr;rhug; ghptHj;jizfis> ekf;fpilNa ekJ fyhr;rhuk; ek;gpf;if gw;wpa fUj;Jg; ghpkhwiy ,d;Dk; Muk;gpf;fNt ,y;iy vd;gJNt kpfj; jhkjkhd Kaw;rpahFk;.

,d;Dk; ekf;fpilNa xU Nfs;tpia xspT kiwtpd;wp Nfl;f Ntz;bajpUf;fpd;wJ. mjhtJ> ehk; ahH? ,d;Dk; ekJ ek;gpf;if vd;d? ,d;iwf;F ,e;j fyhr;rhug; Ngr;RthHj;ijapy; ,wq;ff; $ba ehk; ek;Kila kj ek;gpf;iffs; jhd; nghpJ vd;W vz;zpf; nfhz;L> mLj;jtHfs; vd;d nrhy;y tUfpd;whHfs; vd;gijf; Nfl;gjw;F nrtpiaf; nfhLf;fhky; Gwf;fzpj;jhYk;> ,d;Dk; ehk; Kaw;rp nra;J ekf;fpilNa fUj;Jg;ghpkhwYf;fhd tha;g;ig Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s Ntz;batHfshf ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk;. ,J mtrpakhd mtrukhd NjitAk; $l.

mnkhpf;f mjpgH G\;\{k;> gphpl;ldpd; Nlhdp gpNsaUk;> n[Hkdpapd; \;NuhlUk; ,];yhj;ijAk; ,d;Dk; my;fha;jh ,af;fj;ijAk; jdpj;Jg; gphpj;Nj ghHf;fpd;whHfs;> gpur;id vJntd;why; c]hkh gpd; yhjpd; vkJ ehLfspy; njhLj;J tUk; cs;ehl;L gaq;futhjk; jhd; vkJ ehl;bw;F vjpuhdjhf ,Ue;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;wJ. ,d;Dk; gpd;yhjpdpd; nray;ghLfis Kwpabj;J tpl;lhYk; $l> ,d;Dk; ehk; ekJ Ngr;R thHj;ijfisAk; ,d;Dk; fUj;Jg; ghpkhwy;fisAk; njhlHe;J elj;j Ntz;bajpUf;fpd;wJ. cyfj;jpd; kpfg; nghpa jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jp ,Uf;fpd;w kpfg; ngUk; nfhs;iffSf;fpilNa kpf ePz;l fhykhf gphptpidfSk;> gpur;idfSk; njhlHe;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;wdNt mJ gw;wpAk;> me;j gpur;idahdJ cyfshtpa mstpy; ,d;ndhU gphptpidia ekf;Fs; Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wNj mJ gw;wpAk; ehk; fye;Jiuahl Ntz;bajpUf;fpd;wJ.

,];yhj;jpw;Fk; ,d;Dk; Nkw;Fyfpw;Fk; ,ilNa cUthd murpay; gphptpidfs; jhd; Mg;fhd; NghUf;F Nkw;Fyif ,l;Lr; nrd;wd vd;w fUj;ij ,d;iwf;F murpay;thjpfSk;> ,uhZtj; jsgjpfSk;> gj;jphpf;ifahsHfSk; nrhy;fpd;whHfs;. ekf;fpilNa ,e;j kiwKf tpisahl;L Njitaw;wJ> ehk; xUtiu xUtH Ghpe;J vt;thW tpl;Lf; nfhLj;J tho;tJ vd;gijg; gw;wp KbT nra;a Ntz;ba jUzj;ij ehk; neUq;fpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;Nwhk;> mjidj; jhd; ehk; tpUk;gTk; Ntz;;Lk;. ,d;Dk; ,e;j Nehf;fq;fis miltjw;F ehk; Kaw;rpf;fhj tiuf;Fk;> ehk; tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;w ,e;j cyF ekf;F xU mgahfukhdjhf> epiyaw;wjhfj; jhd; ,Uf;Fk;. gpur;idfSld; jhd; tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;f Ntz;bajpUf;Fk;.

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