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,];yhkpa vOr;rpapd; iky;fw;fs;

MrphpaH : \`Pj; nra;apj; FJhg; (u`;)

nkhopg;ngaHg;G : M. Fyhk; K`k;kJ> ntspapL : ,yf;fpar;Nrhiy


,];yhkpaf; Nfhl;ghLfSk; fyhr;rhuKk;

MwhtJ mj;jpahaj;jpy; ,];yhj;jpd; Kjy; mbg;gilahk; yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`_ K`k;kJw; w]_Yy;yh`; vd;gjd; nghUis tphpthfg; ghh;j;Njhk;. mjpy; midj;J mjpfhuKk; Mw;wYk; MSikAk; my;yh`;Tf;Nf nrhe;jk; vd;gijj; njspTg;gLj;jpNdhk;. ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpy; midj;Jk; my;yh`;Tf;Nf nrhe;jk;. mwpTk; Mw;wYk; mtDf;Nf nrhe;jk; vd;w mbg;gilapy; mwpTj;Jiwapd; rpy ajhh;j;jq;fisg; ghh;g;Nghk;. mj;NjhL mwptpay; mwpT fiyfisg; gw;wpa mwpT ,tw;wpw;Fk; my;yh`;tpd; Msikf;Fk; (midj;Jk; my;yh`;tplkpUe;J tUtNj - mwpTk; QhdKk; mtdplkpUe;J tUtNj vd;gjw;Fk;) cs;sj; njhlh;GfisAk; tpthjpg;Nghk;. midj;Jk; my;yh`;Tf;Nf nrhe;jk; midj;jpd; kPJk; my;yh`;Nt Mw;wy; ngw;wtd;. vy;yh mjpfhuKk; my;yh`;Tf;Nf nrhe;jk; vd;gdthd ,tw;wpd; nghUs; xUtd; jd; tho;tpy; filg;gpbf;Fk; mj;jid ePjp newpfSk; my;yh`; mUspa topfhl;Ljy;fspypUe;Nj ngwg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;gNj. ,iwtdpd; rl;lq;fs; vd;w \hPmj; rl;lq;fs; tho;tpd; vy;yh JiwfisAk; jOtp epw;gd. mit tzf;f topghLfs; Fwpj;J vOk; rh;r;irfNshL kl;LNkh K];ypk;fSf;fpilNa vOk; ghfg;gphptpid> nfhLf;fy; thq;fy; Mfpatw;iwg; gw;wpa rh;r;irfNshL kl;LNkh rk;ge;jg;gl;litay;y. ,iwtdpd; \hPmj; kdpj tho;tpd; midj;Jg; gFjpfisAk; xd;W Nghy; jOtp newpg;gLj;jpj; jUtJ. ,jpy; ,iwtid ek;GtJ> kiwthdtw;iw ek;GtJ vd;gdthf tUk; ek;gpf;if gw;wpa tpjpfs; ehl;L elg;Gfis newpg;gLj;Jk; epakq;fs;> eph;thfj;Jiwapd; tiuaiwfs; xOf;f newpKiwfs; ePjpj;Jiwapd; rl;lq;fs; ghpghydk; kdpj cwTfspd; mbg;gilfs; Fwpj;j tuk;Gfs; ,g;gb ,it Nghd;w midj;Jk; mlq;Fk;. \hPmj; vd;w ,];yhkpar; rl;lq;fspy; ,iwtdpd; jdpg;ngUk; gz;Gfs; ,e;jg; gpugQ;rj;jpd; ,ay;Gfs; ,e;j cyfpy; ehk; thOk; tho;f;ifapd; jd;ikfs; ekJ tho;tpd; ,ufrpaq;fs; kdpjdpd; ,ay;Gfs; ,itnay;yhtw;wpw;Fk; ,ilNaAs;s cwTfs; ,itAk; mlq;Fk;. ,NjNghy; \hPmj; vd;w ,iwtdpd; rl;lq;fspy; kdpjdpd; murpay; tho;f;if mtdJ nghUs; Nrh;f;Fk; tho;f;if mtdJ rKjha tho;it tifg;gLj;Jk; Nfhl;ghLfs; rpe;jidfs; ,itAk; mlq;Fk;. ,it midj;Jk; my;yh`;Tf;Ff; fl;Lg;gl;L mtDila mWjpj;Jhjh; (]y;)mth;fspd; topfhl;Ljy;fspd; top mikf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;gNj mbg;gil. ,Nj Nghy; ehk; ngWk; midj;J mwpTfSf;Fk; mbg;gilahf my;yh`;Nt ,iwtNd ,Uf;fpd;whd;. ,e;j tifapy; tpQ;Qhd mwpTf;Fk; fiyfisg; gw;wpa mwpTf;Fk; (fiyfisg; gw;wpa mwpT vd;gJ tpQ;Qhdg; gbg;G my;yhj nghUspaiyg; gw;wpagbg;G. tzpftpaiyg; gw;wpaf; fy;tpiaf; fw;gJ> cstpaiyg; gw;wpaf; fy;tpiaf; fw;gJ Nghd;w fiyf;fy;Yhhpfspy; gapw;Wtpf;g;gLk; midj;Jf; fy;tpiaAk; Fwpf;Fk;.) me;j ,iwtNd Mjhukhf ,Ue;jpl Ntz;Lk;. ,J ,d;W ,];yhkpa mwpQh;fs; vOj;jhsh;fs; vd;nwy;yhk; ,Uf;fpd;w midtiuAk; Mr;rh;aj;jpy; Mo;j;jyhk;. MdhYk; ,JNt cz;ik. ,e;jf; fiyfisg; gw;wpa mwpitf; Fwpj;J Vw;fdNt xU Ehy; vOjg;gl;L ntspte;J tpl;lJ. (nra;apj; FJg; mth;fspd; jk;gp K`k;kj; FJg; mth;fs; vOjpa The Principles of Art vd;w EhiyNa nra;apj; FJg; mth;fs; ,q;Nf Fwpg;gpLfpd;whh;fs;.) fiy cyifg; gw;wpa vy;yhg; ghlq;fSk; vy;yh vOj;Jf;fSk; vy;yhg; ghlEhy;fSk; kdpjd; tsh;j;Jf; nfhz;l rpy FWfpa Nfhl;ghLfspd; mbg;gilapNyNa mike;jpUf;fpd;wd. kdpjd; tsh;j;Jf;nfhz;l ,e;jf; Nfhl;ghLfspy; ,iwtNdh ,iwtd; jhd; ,e;j cyifg; gilj;jhd; vd;w cz;ikNah me;j ,iwtDf;Nf midj;J mjpfhuq;fSk; nrhe;jk; vd;gNjh me;j ,iwtNd midj;ijAk; mwpe;jtd; vd;w cz;ikNah vs;ssTk; ,lk; ngwtpy;iy. Mdhy; xU K];ypk; jdf;Fk; ,e;j cyfpypUf;Fk; Vidatw;wpw;Fk; ,ilNaAs;s njhlh;GfisAk; cwTfisAk; my;yh`; ,iwtd; xUtd; ,Uf;fpd;whd; vd;w mbg;gilapNyNa mikj;J;f nfhz;bUf;fpd;whd;. ,e;j cyfk; ,iwtdhy; gilf;fg;gl;lJ. mtNd ek;ikAk; gilj;jhd; vd;w mbg;gilapNyNa xU K];ypk; ,e;j cyfpypUf;Fk; Vida nghUs;fisg; ghh;;f;fpd;whd;. gOFfpd;whd;. ,e;j cyf tho;f;ifapy; ekf;nfd;W flikfSk; nghWg;GfSk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,e;j cyf tho;f;iff;nfd cah;e;j ,yl;rpak; xd;wpUf;fpd;wJ. ,e;j cyfj;NjhL ekJ tho;f;if Kbe;J Nghtjpy;iy. ,wg;gpw;Fg; gpd;dhy; ,d;ndhU epiyahd tho;f;if ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gd Nghd;w mbg;gilfis xU K];ypk; mOj;jkhf ek;Gfpd;whd;. mtd; ,e;j cyfpy; ,Uf;Fk; Vidatw;iw vjph;nfhs;Sk; NghJ ,e;j cz;ikfisf; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;fpd;whd;. ,e;j cz;ikfisf; ftdj;jpy; nfhz;Nl ghlEhy;fisg; gbf;fpwhd;. me;jg; ghlEhy;fspd; Nky; nrd;W nra;ag;gLk; Muha;r;rpfisAk; mZFfpd;whd;. Mf my;yh`;Nt ,e;j cyifg; gilj;jhd;. mtNd mjid epUtfpj;J tUfpwhd; vd;gdtw;iw ek;Gfpd;w xUtd; ,e;j cyfpy; ,Ug;gtw;NwhL nfhs;Sk; cwTfSf;Fk; Nkw;nfhs;Sk; mZFKiwfSf;Fk; Kad;W nra;Ak; Muha;r;rpfSf;Fk;> ,e;j cz;ikfis vy;yhk; ek;ghj xUtd; ,e;j cyfpy; ,Ug;gitfNshL nfhs;Sk; cwTfSf;Fk; Nkw;nfhs;Sk; mZFKiwfSf;Fk; Muha;r;rpfSf;Fk; ,ilNa vj;jidNah NtWghLfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. mNj Nghy; xU K];ypk; ,yf;fpaq;fisg; gbg;gjw;Fk; VidNahh; ,yf;fpaq;fisg; gbg;gjw;Fk; ,ilNa vj;jidNah NtWghLfSk; khWghLfSk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. xU K];ypk; ,iwtid ek;Gtjw;F ,iwtdpd; mofpag gz;Gfisg; Ghpe;J nfhs;tjw;F RUq;fr; nrhd;dhy; <khd; vd;w ,iw ek;gpf;if rk;ge;jg;gl;l tp\aq;fspy; ,iwtidj; jtpu ,d;ndhU top fhl;Ljiyj; Njh;e;njLj;Jf; nfhs;sf;$lhJ. ,e;j tho;f;ifapd; ,yl;rpak; vd;d vd;gijj; njhpe;J nfhs;s mtd; my;yh`;tplNk mtd; mUspa jpUf;Fh;MdplNk Kfe;jpUk;gpl Ntz;Lk;. ,e;j cyfpy; ehk; vd;d ,yl;rpaj;ij ,yf;fha;f; nfhz;L gilf;fg;gl;Nlhk; vd;gij mwpe;jpl xU K];ypk; ,f;fhy vOj;jhsh;fs; vdg;gLNthUk; jj;Jt Nkijfs; vdg;gLNthUk; NguwpQh;> %jwpQh;> gFj;jwpT ghriwfs; vd;nwy;yhk; Gfog;gLNthUk; fw;gpj;jtw;iwj; Njb nry;y Ntz;bajpy;iy. ,e;j cyfpy; nra;ag;gLk; nfhLf;fy; thq;fy;fs;> ghpthh;j;jidfs; ,d;Dk; ,it Nghd;wtw;iwAk; ,];yhj;jpd; mbg;gil Mjhuq;fshk; jpUf;Fh;Md; egpnkhop Mfpatw;wpy; ,Ue;J mtd; ngw;Wf; nfhs;syhk;. mNj Nghy; ,e;j cyfpy; kdpjd; vg;gbj; Njhd;wpdhd;? mtd; ahuhy; gilf;fg;gl;lhd;? kdpj tuyhW vd;gJ vq;fpUe;J vg;gbj; Njhd;wpw;W? vd;gdtw;iw mwpe;jpl mtd; ,e;jj; Jiwfspy; vOjpf; Ftpf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; Fg;ig vOj;Jf;fisj; Njbr; nrd;wplj; Njit ,y;iy. ,e;j tp\aq;fspy; my;yh`;Tk; mtdJ u#Yk; njspthfTk; jPh;f;fkhfTk; jPh;Tfisj; je;jpUf;fpd;whh;fs;. ,e;j tp\aq;fspy; mtd; ,d;Dk; mjpfkhd tpsf;fq;fis mwpe;jpl tpUk;gpdhd; vd;why;> mtd; jpUkiwahk; jpUf;Fh;Md;> mjd; tpsf;fkhk; egptho;T Mfpatw;wpy; Njh;r;rpg; ngw;w Xh; ,];yhkpa mwpQhplNk nrd;wpl Ntz;Lk;. ,e;j ,];yhkpa mwpQh; ,];yhj;ij ek;gp Vw;W mjd; topfhl;Ljy;fspy; mf;fiwAk; Mh;tKk; nfhz;L tho;gtuhfTk; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. my;yhky; ,];yhkpa mwpQh; vdg; gPw;wpf; nfhz;L khw;W rpe;jidfs; Ntw;Wf; nfhs;iffs; Mfpatw;wpw;F tpiyNghdtuhf ,Ue;jplf;$lhJ. Mdhy; mwptpaypy; EZf;fq;fisAk; mjd; tphpthd tpsf;fq;fisAk; mtw;wpd; mbg;gilapy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; Muha;r;rpfisAk; mwpe;jpl ngsjPfk; clw;$W> clypd; gy;NtW cWg;Gfspd; ,af;fk;> ,tw;wpy; CW te;jhy; iff;nfhs;sg;gLk; kUj;Jtk; Miyfspd; njhopw;rhiyfspd; tptrhaj;jpd; Gjpa fz;Lgpbg;Gfs; mtw;iwg; gad;gLj;JK; ghq;F ,tw;wpd; Ezf;fq;fs; me;j EZf;fq;fspd; tpsf;fq;fs; ,itnay;yhk; mwpe;jpl xU K];ypk; ,d;ndhU K];ypkplk; my;yJ K];ypk; my;yhj xUthplk; nry;yyhk;. MNj Nghy; ,uhZtj; Jiwapy; tpQ;Qhdj;jpy; tsh;e;jpUf;Fk; Gjpa EZf;fq;fisAk; Gjpa Af;jpfisAk; mwpe;jpl xU K];ypk; ,d;ndhU K];ypkplk; my;yJ K];ypk; my;yhjthplk; nry;yyhk;. ,jpYk; mtd; rpy Rtdq;fisr; nrYj;jpahf Ntz;Lk;. nfhLf;fy; thq;fy;fspy; tl;bia mbg;gilahff; nfhz;l EZf;fq;fisf; fw;Wj; je;jpLk; NghJ mtd; Mf tl;bapd;wp ,t;Tyfkpy;iy vd;W vz;zplj; jiyg;gl;L tplf;$lhJ. mNjNghy; cw;gj;jpfspd; tpjpfisNah mtw;wpd; EZf;fq;fisNah mtd; mwpe;jpl mLj;jth;fis mz;bLk; NghJ mth;fs; ,iwtDf;Fk; ,e;j cyfpy; ,Ug;gdtw;wpw;Fk; ve;jr; rk;ge;jKkpy;iy vdf; fw;Wj; je;jhy; ,e;j cyfpy; fpilf;Fk; fr;rhg; nghUs;fs;> my;yJ %yg; nghUs;fs; midj;Jk; ,aw;ifahy; jug;gl;lit. mit jhdhfj; Njhd;wpait vdg; Nghjpj;jhy; mtd; (K];ypk;) mg;gbah ,dp ,iwtd; jhd; vy;yhk; gilj;jhd; vd;gij Vw;gjw;fpy;iy vd;gdtha;j; jLkhwplf; $lhJ. me;j K];ypk; ghtk; ,e;j Muha;r;rpahsh;fs; ,e;j ,aw;ifiaAk; mjd; ,af;fj;ijAk; Mf;fpatd; ,iwtd; jhd; vd;gijf; fz;L nfhs;s Kbahjth;fs; vd;gij czh;e;jpl Ntz;Lk;. ,q;Nf ,d;ndhd;iwAk; ehk; mtrukha;f; ftdpf;f Ntz;Lk;. ehk; NkNy Fwpg;gpl;l Jiwfspy; NghJkhd mwpQh;fisAk; Muha;r;rpahsh;fisAk; cUthf;fpj; jUtJ ,];yhkpa rKjhaj;jpd; kpfTk; Kf;fpakhd flikahFk;. mry; ,];yhkpa rKjhak; vd;gJ nraypy; te;jJk; mJ mtrukha; epiwNtw;wpl Ntz;ba flikahFk; ,J. NkNy ehk; vLj;Jf; fhl;ba Jiwfspy; mwpQh;fSk; Muha;r;rpahsh;fSk; ngUfpl Njitahd #o;epiyfis Vw;gLj;jpj; jUtJ ,];yhkpa rKjha mikg;gpd; flikahFk;. murpd; flikahFk;. mwptpay; Jiwapy; mjhtJ tpQ;Qhdj;j Jiwapy; mwpQh;fSk; Muha;r;rpahsh;fSk; Njhd;wpl Njitahd #o;epiyfifs ,];yhkpa rKjha mikg;G Vw;gLj;jpj; jutpy;iy vd;why; me;j ,];yhkpa rKjha mikg;G xU ngUk; ghtj;ijr; nra;J tpl;lJ vd;W nghUs;. Xh; cz;ikahd KOikahd ,];yhkpa rKjha mikg;G nraypy; ,y;yhj NghJ xU K];ypk; ,e;jj; Jiwfspy; K];ypk; my;yhjth;fsplk; ghlk; gapYtJ mDkjpf;fg;gl;l xd;Nw. ,it ePq;fNs cq;fs; tpahghuj;ij ed;whf mwptPh;fs; vd;w egpnkhopapd; ghw;gLk;. Mdhy; xU K];ypk; mwpitAk; mJ rhh;e;j Muha;r;rpiaAk; ngwr; nry;tJ mtd; Vw;fdNt ngw;w ek;gpf;iffs; gw;wpajhfNth my;yh`; mtDf;F tFj;jspj;jpUf;Fk; rl;lq;fisg; gw;wpa rh;r;irahfNth ,Uf;fj; Njit ,y;iy. fhuzk; ,tw;wpw;nfy;yhk; Iaq;fSf;F mg;ghw;gl;l tifapy; mtDf;F topfhl;Ljy;fs; toq;fg;gl;Ltpl;ld. ,e;j tiuaiwfSf;Fs; epd;W xU K];ypk; mwpe;jth;fsplk; ghlq;fw;why; mtd; me;j ([h`pypa;a) mQ;Qhd rKjhaq;fspd; tiyapNy tPo;e;jpLk; Mgj;J ,y;iy. ,jpy; ,d;ndhd;iwAk; ehk; ftdpf;f Ntz;Lk;. xU K];ypk; [h`pypa;ah rpe;jidahsh;fs; vd;w ,];yhkpah; my;yhj rpe;jidahsh;fspd; vOj;Jf;fisg; gapd;wplyhk;. mth;fspd; fUj;Jf;fisAk; Nfhl;ghLfisAk; fw;wplyhk;. mjd; %yk; ,e;j Ntw;Wr; rpe;jidahsh;fSk; vOj;jhsh;fSk; vq;Nf jtWfisr; nra;fpd;whh;fs; vd;gijf; fz;L gpbf;fyhk; mtw;iwr; Rl;bf;fhl;b mth;fis me;jj; jtWfspy; ,Ue;J ntspNa nfhz;L tu Kaw;rpfis Nkw;nfhs;syhk;. mNj Nghy; tpQ;Qhd EZf;fq;fis mtw;wpy; GFe;jpUf;Fk; mbg;gilj; jtWfisg; Ghpe;J nfhs;s mLj;jth;fsplk; fw;wplyhk;. vq;Nf jtW ele;jpUf;fpd;wJ tpQ;Qhd Muha;r;rpfspy; vd;gijf; fz;Lgpbj;J tpl;lhy; mtw;iwj; njspthd ,];yhkpa mbg;gilfspd; fPo; mikj;jplyhk;. ,g;gb ,];yhkpa mbg;gilfspd;gb khw;wp mikj;jpl my;yh`;tpd; topapy; mtw;iwg; gad;gLj;jpl ve;j mwptpaiyAk; mtd; ahhplKk; fw;wplyhk;. ,d;iwf;F cyf tof;fpypUf;Fk; mj;jidf; fy;tp ,ay;fSk; jj;Jtq;fSk; tuyhw;W tpahf;ahdq;fSk; xOf;f tpjpfSk; nja;tPfr; rpj;jhe;jq;fSk; gz;ghl;Lr; rpe;jidfSk; FLk;g mikg;G KiwfSk; [h`pypa;ah vd;w ,iwtdpd; topfhl;Ljy;fSf;F vjpuhd nfhs;iffshy; ghjpf;fg;gl;lit. ,tw;wpy; nksl;Bfj;jpd; Kj;jpiu gjpe;Nj fplf;fpd;wJ. ,jdhy; jhd; ,it cyfpy; vjph;g;gLk; ep[q;fNshL NkhJfpd;wd. ,Nj fhuzj;jhy; jhd; ,it ,];yhj;jpd; mbg;gilfNshLk; NkhJfpd;wd. ,tw;iwf; fw;wpLk;NghJ ,tw;wpd; rpe;jidfs; K];ypk;fsplk; te;jpLk;. mth;fs; kpfTk; ftdkhf ,Ue;jpl Ntz;Lk;. kdpjdpd; rpe;jidfs; fUj;Jf;fs; vdg;gLtdtw;wpw;Fk; tpQ;Qhd EZf;fq;fs; mwptpay; Muha;r;rpfs; vdg;gLtdtw;wpw;FkpilNa NtWghLfs; cz;L. tpQ;Qhd EZf;fq;fs; Muha;r;rp Muha;r;rp Kiwfs; ,tw;iw K];ypk;fs; vq;fpUe;J Ntz;LkhdhYk; fw;Wf; nfhs;syhk;. Mdhy; mitNa nfhs;iffs; Nfhl;ghLfs; vd;w tbtk; ngw;W kdpj tho;tpd; mbg;gilfisf; if itf;f te;jpLk; vd;why; mtw;wpy; ftdkhf ,Ue;jpl Ntz;Lk;. vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf lhh;tpd; Nkw;nfhz;l KbTfis vLj;Jf;nfhs;Nthk;. kdpjd; vg;gbj; Njhd;wpdhd; vd;gijf; fz;L gpbf;f Kide;j mtd; rpy Nfhl;ghLfisf; nfhs;iffisr; nrhd;dhd;. mjpy; xd;W kdpjd; tpyq;fpypUe;J ghpzhk tsh;r;rpg; ngw;W kdpjdhf Mdhd; vd;gJ. ,e;jf; Nfhl;ghl;ilf; nfhz;L kdpj tuyhW vd;gJ tpyq;fpdq;fspd; tuyhW vd;gijr; rhjpf;f tpUk;Gfpd;whd;. mj;NjhL kdpjdpd; Njhw;wj;ij tpthpf;f ehk; ek; fz;fSf;Fg; Gyg;glhj fz;fSf;F vl;lhj rpytw;iwf; fw;gid nra;J nfhs;s Ntz;lhk; vdTk; ghpe;Jiuj;jhd; lhh;tpd;. lhh;tpd; Nkw;nfhz;l ,e;j KbTfSf;F ve;j eilKiw Mjhuq;fSk; ,y;iy (lhh;tpdpd; fw;gidfis KOikahfg; ngha;nad;W ep&gpf;Fk; Ehy; : kdpjd; vg;gbj; Njhd;wpdhd;? ,J Map\h nyK vd;w rNfhjhpahy; vOjg;ngw;wJ.) ,q;Nf jhd; K];ypk;fs; ftdkhf ,Ue;jpl Ntz;Lk; vd vr;rhpf;fpd;Nwhk;. kdpjd; vg;gbj; Njhd;wpdhd; vd;gij my;yh`; jd; mUs;kiwahk; jpUf;Fh;Mdpy; tpsf;fkhfj; njspTgLj;jp ,Uf;fpd;whd;. K];ypk;fisg; nghWj;jtiu ,e;jj; njspTfNs NghJkhditahFk;. lhh;tpd; VNjDk; Gjpa Muha;r;rp Af;jpfisr; nrhy;ypj; je;jhy; mjd; gyh gyd;fisg; gw;wp Mnyhrpf;fyhk;. K];ypk;fs; mjw;fhf mtd; kdpj tuyhw;wpYk; tho;tpYk; GFj;j tpUk;Gk; Nfhl;ghLfis Vw;Wf; nfhs;sj; Njitapy;iy. fyhr;rhuk; mwpT mwptpay; ,it kdpj ,dj;jpd; ghuk;ghpar; nrhj;J. ,g;gbnahU Kof;fk; rpy ehs;fshf xypf;ff; Nfl;fpd;Nwhk;. ,g;gbnahU Kof;fk; rhpjhd;. ,e;j Kof;fj;ijj; njhlh;e;J Xh; Jizj; jj;Jtk; Ngrg;gLfpd;wJ. mJ mwptpd; vy;iyfspy; kjk; jd; %f;if Eiof;ff; $lhJ vd;gNj. ,ij ehk; cw;Wf;ftdpf;f Ntz;Lk;. ep&gpf;fg; gl;l cz;ikfisf; nfhz;l khh;f;fk; ,];yhk;. ,e;j cz;ikfis ntspg;gLj;jpl cjtp nra;jtd; ,iwtd;. ,e;j cz;ikfis cUf;Fiyf;fTk; ,e;j cz;ikia Vw;W thOk; ,iw ek;gpf;ifahsh;fspd; ek;gpf;ifapd; cWjpiaf; Fiyf;fTk; ,J Nghd;w Kof;fq;fs; gad;gLj;jg;gLk; NghJ ehk; ftdkhf ,Ue;jpl Ntz;bajpUf;fpd;wJ. cz;ikapy; ,e;j Kof;fq;fSf;Fg; gpd;dhy; xU ngUk; #o;r;rpNa Gije;J fplf;fpd;wJ. NkNy nrhd;d ,e;j Kof;fk; mjhtJ fyhr;rhuk; mwpT mwptpay; ,it kdpj ,dj;jpd; ghuk;ghpa nrhj;J ,jd; gpd;Nd itf;fg;gLk; mwptpd; vy;iyfspy; kjk; jd; %f;if Eiof;ff; $lhJ vd;w Kof;fk; ,it a+jh;fsplkpUe;J te;jit. gpd;dhy; nrhy;yg;gLk; ,e;jj; Jiz Kof;fk; NtW ve;j kjj;jpw;F Ntz;LkhdhYk; nghUe;jyhk;. Mdhy; epr;rakhf mJ ,];yhj;jpw;Fg; nghUe;jhJ. Mdhy; a+jh;fs; ,e;j Kof;fj;ij Kd;Nd itj;jJ. K];ypk;fis mwptpay; vd;w ngaiug; gad;gLj;jpj; jq;fs; ,iw ek;gpf;ifapy; ,Ue;J jlk; gpwor; nra;jplj; jhd;. mj;NjhL mth;fs; jq;fs; vy;iyfisj; jhz;b cyfk; KOtJk; GFe;J jq;fs; jfpLjj;jq;fisf; fl;ltpo;j;Jtpl ,e;j Kof;fj;ijg; gad;gLj;Jfpd;wdh;. ,e;j a+jh;fspd; mLj;j Majk; tl;bAk; tl;bapd; top te;j nghUshjhu KiwfSk;. ,e;j tl;b Kiwapy; vy;yhg; nghUshjhu KiwfisAk; tPo itj;jg; gpd;dh;> ,e;j tl;b epWtdq;fspd; %yk; mth;fs; cyfg; nghUshjhuj;ijj; jq;fs; fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; itj;Jf;nfhs;s tpUk;Gfpd;whh;fs;. ,JNt a+jh;fspd; fyhr;rhuk;. #Jk; thJk; epiwe;j a+jh;fspd; nfLkjpiag; Nghyy;yhky; ,];yhk; ,uz;Nl fyhr;rhuq;fisj;jhd; Vw;Wf; nfhs;fpd;wJ. xd;W ,];yhkpaf; fyhr;rhuk; ,d;ndhd;W [h`pypa;ah vd;w mQ;Qhd fyhr;rhuk; my;yJ ,];yhj;jpw;F me;epahakhd fyhr;rhuk;. ,];yhkpaf; fyhr;rhuk; vd;gJ ,iwtid Kd;dpWj;jp mtdJ topfhl;Ljy;fs; topahf tho;e;J fhl;Lk; fyhr;rhuk;. my;yhjit ,iwtid kWg;git my;yJ ,iwtdpd; topfhl;Ljy;fs; top tho kWg;git. ,e;jr; rKjhaq;fs; kdpjh;fspd; rpe;jidiaAk; mwpitAk; flTshf kjpj;J topgLgit. ,];yhkpaf; fyhr;rhuk; tho;tpd; midj;Jj; JiwfisAk; jOtp epw;gJ. kdpjdpd; jpwikfs; KO mstpy; ntspg;glTk; tsuTk; topaikj;Jj; jUtJ ,];yhkpaf; fyhr;rhuk;. kpfTk; Kf;fpakhdNjhh; jftiy midtUk; kdjpw; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,d;iwf;F INuhg;gpa fyhr;rhuk; cynfq;Fk; tpahgpj;J epw;fpd;wJ. mwpTj; Jiwapy; itj;j mfyf; fhy;fshy; ,th;fs; cyfpd; fbthsk; iftug; ngw;wth;fsha; mwpag;gLfpd;whh;fs;. Muha;r;rpAk; Muha;r;rpg;g+h;tkhd mwpTk; ,th;fSf;F vq;fpUe;J fpilj;jd njhpAkh? ,];yhj;jpypUe;Jk; ,];yhk; NfhNyhr;rpa ];ngapd; gpuNjrj;jpy; ,Ue;Jk; jhd;. Muha;r;rp nra;gth;fs; kjj;jpd; vjphpfs; vd;W mwptpj;Jj; jd; mwpahikia cyFf;F mwptpj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;j ,e;j INuhg;gh. Muha;r;rp KbTfis neQ;Ruj;NjhL ntspNa nrhd;dhh;fs; tpQ;Qhdpfs; vd;w Fw;wj;jpw;fhfNt tpQ;Qhdpfis neUg;gpl;L rhk;gyhf;fpa rfhg;jj;jpw;Fr; nrhe;jf;fhuh;fs; ,e;j INuhg;gpah;fs;. ,e;j INuhg;gh Muha;r;rp nra;tJ MfhJ vd mlhtbj;jdk; nra;J nfhz;bUe;j NghJ rpe;jpAq;fs; cq;fisr; #o;e;jpUf;Fk; tdg;Gk; tpe;ijAk; epiwe;j ,e;j ,aw;ifiag; gw;wp ePq;fs; rpe;jpAq;fs;. rpe;jpf;Fk; kf;fSf;F mNef mj;jhl;rpfs; fpilf;Fk;. Muha;r;rp nra;Aq;fs;. cq;fisr; Rw;wpf; ft;tp ,Uf;Fk; ,aw;ifia vd;W Muha;r;rpapd; gf;fk; mwptpd; gf;fk; ce;jpj; js;spaJ ,];yhk;. ,e;j Cfj;jhy; cw;rhfk; ngw;W cah;e;J epd;wJ fhh;Nlhth (me;jYhrpah) (me;jYhrpah vd;gJ ];ngapd; ehl;ilf; Fwpf;Fk;). gy;fiyf;fofk;. th;j;jf thzpgq;fis cyf fyhr;rhukhff; fw;Wf; nfhLj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jJ ,e;jg; gy;fiyf;fofk;. Muha;r;rp nra;tJ mDgtj;jhy; mwpe;J Fiwfisf; fise;J epiwfisf; fhg;gJ ,it vy;yhk; mq;fpUe;J fw;witjhd;. ,e;j gbg;gpidfspd; mbg;gilapy; ,e;j INuhg;gh mwptpay; Jiwapy; nky;y nky;y Kd;NdwpaJ. mwptpay; fz;L gpbg;Gfspy; gy;NtW rpfuq;fisAk; vl;bg; gpbj;jJ. mNj Neuj;jpy; K];ypk; cyfk; nfhQ;rk; nfhQ;rkhf ,];yhj;jpy; ,Ue;J ntspNawplj; Jtq;fpw;W. ,jdhy; Muha;r;rp rpe;jid vd;nwy;yhk; cw;rhfkhfTk; gugug;ghfTk; tho;e;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jth;fs; nray; ,oe;jhh;fs;. ,g;gb mth;fs nraypoe;J epd;w jUzk; ghh;j;J a+jh;fSk; fpU];jth;fSk; jq;fs; Mf;fpukpg;ig yhtfkhf elj;jpdhh;fs;. ,th;fspd; Mf;fpukpg;G KOikaile;j NghJ ,];yhk; fw;Wj; je;j tpQ;Qhd mbg;gilfs; nfhQ;rk; nfhQ;rkhf tpQ;Qhd cyif tpl;L ntspNawpd. Muha;r;rpfSk; mwpTj; Jiw Kd;Ndw;wq;fSk; my;yh`;tpd; topapy; vLj;J itf;fg;gLk; mofpa tzf;fq;fs; vd;W fw;Wj; je;jJ ,];yhk;. MfNt Muha;r;rpfSk; mwptpay; Kd;Ndw;wq;fSk; my;yh`;tpd; topfhl;Ljy;fspd; top mike;jit me;j ,];yhkpa cyfpy;. ,e;j cyif a+jh;fSk; fpU];jth;fSk; Mf;fpukpj;j NghJ> Muha;r;rpfSk; mwptpay; Kd;Ndw;wq;fSk; Mz;ltDf;F vjpuhfj; njhLj;j Nghhpy; fpilj;j ntw;wpapd; rpd;dq;fs; vdg; Nghw;wg;gl;ld. fhyg;Nghf;fpy; mwptpay; Kd;Ndw;wk; vd;gJ Mz;ltDf;F vjpuhd ntw;wp vd;w nfhs;if tYg;ngw;wJ. fpU];jt tpQ;Qhdfpfs; jq;fs; kjj;jpw;F vjpuhfg; Nghuhb ntd;w NghJ tpQ;Qhdk; vy;yh ,q;fpjq;fisAk; ,oe;jJ. ,iwtDf;Fk; tpQ;Qhdj;jpw;Fk; ,ilNa xU ngUk; ,ilntsp Vw;gl;lJ. mJ Kjy; kdpjdpd; tho;Tf;Fg; gad;gl Ntz;ba tpQ;Qhdk; kdpjdpd; mopTf;Ff; fl;baq; $Wk; mjpra nghUsha; MdJ. ,g;gb INuhg;ghtpd; rpe;jidfs; Kw;whf nksl;Bfq;fshy; Ml;nfhs;sg;gl;lJ. ,];yhkpa rpe;jidfs; ntspNawpd. fhyg; Nghf;fpy; ,it ,];yhj;jpw;F vjpuhfTk; khwpg; Nghapd. ,jdhy; jhd; $Wfpd;Nwd; xU K];ypk; jpUf;Fh;Md; egpnkhop egptop Mfpatw;wplNk topfhl;Ljy;fisj; Njbl Ntz;Lk;. tho;f;ifia top elj;Jk; nfhs;iffSf;Fk; Nfhl;ghLfSf;Fk; xU K];ypk; jpUf;Fh;Md; egptop egpnkhop Mfptw;wplk; kl;LNk jpUk;gpl Ntz;Lk;. mwpT mJ vq;Nf fpilj;jhYk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sq;fs; vdr; nrhy;yg;gLtJ <khd; vd;w ,iw ek;gpf;if xOf;f tpjpfs; gof;fq;fs; tof;fq;fs; kdpjh;fSf;fpilNa cs;s cwTfis eph;zapg;gJ Mfpatw;wpw;Fg; nghUe;jhJ. ,e;j tptfhuq;fspy; K];ypk;fs; jpUf;Fh;Md; egpnkhop Mfpatw;wpd; topfhl;Ljy;fisNa ngw Ntz;Lk;. Vida mwptpay;fspd; EZf;fq;fis K];ypk;fs; Vida tpQ;QhdpfsplKk; ty;Yeh;fsplKk; fw;Wf; nfhs;syhk;. ,jw;Fk; xU epge;jid K];ypk;fspy; mj;jifa tpQ;QhdpfSk; ty;Yeh;fSk; ,y;yhkypUf;f Ntz;Lk;. ehd; ,e;j tp\aq;fis ,t;tsT mOj;jkhfTk; gpd;dpg;gpd;dpAk; nrhy;tjw;F Xh; epue;jukhd fhuzk; cz;L. mJ vd;Dila nrhe;j mDgtkhFk;. ,tw;iw vy;yhk; vOJfpd;w ehd; vd;Dila tho;f;ifapy; ehw;gJ Mz;Lfis kdpj mwptpay;fspd; Muha;r;rpfisg; gbg;gjpy; nryT nra;jpUf;fpd;Nwd;. kdpjh;fshy; fz;nlLj;J itj;jpUf;fpd;w mwpT vdg; Nghw;wg; ngw;wtw;iw my;Yk; gfYk; gapd;Nwd;. ,d;Dk; rpy; mwptpay; Jiwfspy; ehd; rpwg;Gg; gapw;rpfisAk; ngw;Nwd;. ,d;Dk; gytw;iw vd;Ds; vOe;j jdpahd jzpahj Mh;tj;jhy; fw;Nwd;. gpd;dh; jhd; ,];yhk; vd;w ,e;j ,iw ek;gpf;ifapd; mbg;gilapy; Mokhd ftdj;ijr; nrYj;jpNdd;. kdk;tpl;L cq;fs; ,jaq;fSf;F vd; ,jaj;ijj; jpwe;J nrhy;Yfpd;Nwd;. ,e;j ,iw ek;gpf;ifapd; mbg;gilfisf; fw;wgpd; ehd; ,e;j ehw;gJ Mz;LfhyKk; fw;wit xd;Wk; ,y;iy vd;gijj; njhpe;J nfhz;Nld;. Mdhy; ,e;j ehw;gJ Mz;LfisANkh ehd; mtw;wpy; fhyq;fopj;jijNah mtw;iwf; fw;wijNah vz;zp tUe;jtpy;iy. fhuzk; ehd; [h`pypa;ahtpd; gy gFjpfisAk; gapd;wjhy; mjd; nksl;Bfj;ij mjpfkhfg; Ghpe;J nfhz;Nld;. mj;NjhL ,];yhj;jpd; moifAk; mUikiaAk; njhpe;J njspe;Njd;. [h`pypa;ah vd;w ,];yhj;jpw;F khw;wkhd nfhs;iffs; vg;gb K];ypk;fis ,lwj; Jbj;jpLk; vd;gijAk; fz;L nfhz;Nld;. [h`pypa;ah vd;w nksl;Bfk; vg;gb vq;Nf jtW nra;fpd;wJ vd;gijAk; mDgtj;jhy; mwpe;jpl Kbe;jJ. ,Nj Nghy; [h`pypa;ah vd;w nksl;Bfk; vg;gbnay;yhk; ngha;ahd Njhw;wq;fisj; jhpj;J ngUikabf;Fk; vd;gijAk; Neubahff; fz;L nfhz;Nld;. ,Wjpahf ntspr;rk; Nghl;Lf; fhl;baijg; Nghy; ,d;ndhU kfj;jhd cz;ikiaAk; fz;L nfhz;Nld;. mJ jhd; xU K];ypk; ,];yhj;jpd; topfhl;Ljy;fisAk; [h`pypa;ahtpd; topfhl;Ljy;fisAk; xd;whf ,izj;jpl ,ayhJ. ,itnay;yhk; vd; nrhe;j mDgtk; vd;whYk; ,J vd;Dila mDgtKk; fUj;Jk; kl;Lky;y. K];ypk;fs; jq;fSila tptfhuq;fspy; jPh;g;G toq;fpl my;yh`;tpd; topfhl;Ljy;fisj; jtpu NtW topfhl;Ljy;fspd; gf;fk; jpUk;gplf; $lhJ vd;gJ my;yh`;tpd; mWjpahd topfhl;LjyhFk;. ,iwtdpd; Jhjh; (]y;) mth;fspd; topfhl;LjyhFk;. ,iwtdpd; Jhjh; (]y;) mth;fspd; topfhl;LjYk; ,Jjhd;. ehk; K];ypk;fs; Ntw;W topfhl;Ljy;fspd; gf;fk; jpUk;gpLNthk; vd;why; mth;fs; ek;ik topnfLf;fNt Kidthh;fs;. Fwpg;ghf a+jh;fSk; fpU];jth;fSk; ,ij ,yf;fhff; nfhz;Nl nray;gLthh;fs;. my;yh`; jd; mWjpahd topfhl;Ljyhk; jpUf;Fh;Mdpy; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whd;. Ntjj;ijAilNahhpy; ngUk;ghNyhh; cq;fs; tpRthrj;jpd; gpwF cq;fis epuhfhpg;Nghuhf khw;wp tpl khl;Nlhkh vd;W tpUk;Gfpd;whh;fs;. mth;fSf;F cz;ik (,d;dnjd;W) njspthfj; njhpe;j gpd;Gk; mth;fSf;F (cq;fs; kPJ) s;s nghwhikapd; fhuzkhfNt (,t;thW mth;fs; tpUk;Gfpwhh;fs;). MfNt my;yh`;Tila (kw;nwhU) fl;lis tUk; tiuapy; (mth;fis) ePq;fs; kd;dpj;Jg; Gwf;fzpj;J thUq;fs;. epr;rakhf my;yh`; ahtw;wpd; kPJk; kpfTk; Mw;wYilNahd;. (my;Fh;Md; 2:109)

(egpNa) a+jh;fSk; (rhp)fpwp];jth;fSk; (rhp) ePh; mth;fSila khh;f;fj;ijg; gpd;gw;whky; ,Uf;Fk; tiuapy; ck;ikg; gw;wp mth;fs; jpUg;jpailaNt khl;lhh;fs;. (MfNt mth;fis Nehf;fp) my;yh`;tpd; top(ahfpa ,];yhk;) jhd; epr;rakhf Neuhd top. (mjidNa gpd;gw;WNtd;) vdf; $wptpLk;. md;wp ckf;F nka;ahd Qhdk; te;j gpd;Gk; mth;fSila tpUg;gq;fisg; gpd;gw;WtPuhdhy; my;yh`;tplj;jpy; (mjw;fhf tprhuiz nra;ag;gLk; ehspy;)ck;ik ,ul;rpg;gtDkpy;iy. (ckf;F)cjtp nra;gtDkpy;iy. (my;Fh;Md; 2:120)

tpRthrpfNs Ntjj;ij cilath;fspy; (cs;s) xU gphptpdUf;F ePq;fs; topg;gl;lhy; ePq;fs; tpRthrq; nfhz;l gpd;dUk; epuhfhpg;Nghuhf cq;fisj; jpUg;gp tpLthh;fs;. (my;Fh;Md; 3:100)

,iwtdpd; Jhjh; (]y;) mth;fs; nrhd;dhh;fs;. Ntjj;ijAilNahhplk; vijg; gw;wpAk; Nfl;fhjPh;fs;. mth;fs; cq;fSf;F topfhl;lNt khl;lhh;fs;. mth;fNs topnfl;lth;fs;. ePq;fs; mth;fs; nrhy;tijr; nrtp kLj;jhy; ePq;fs; topNfl;ilNa Vw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;baJ tUk;. my;yJ rj;jpaj;ij epuhfhpf;f Ntz;baJ tUk;. ,iwtdpd; ngauhy; $Wfpd;Nwd;. %]h (miy) mth;fNs ,d;W capUld; ,Ue;jhy;> mth;fSf;Fk; my;yh`; vd;idg; gpd;gw;Wtijj; jtpu ,d;ndhU mDkjpia toq;fpapUf;f khl;lhd;. my;yh`;Tk; mtdJ jpUj;Jhjh; (]y;) mth;fSk; ,t;tsT njspthf vr;rhpj;j gpd;dUk; a+jh;fSk; fpU];jth;fSk; $l ey;yijr; nrhy;thh;fs; ek; tp\aj;jpy; vd ek;gpr; nry;Nthh; top nfl;lth;fNs. ,e;j a+jh;fSk; fpU];jth;fSk; vOjp ntspapl;Ls;s ,];yhkpa ,yf;fpaq;fisAk; ,];yhkpa tuyhWfisAk; gbj;Jtpl;L ekf;F ghlQ; nrhy;ypj;ju tUgth;fs;. ekJ <khid ,iw ek;gpf;ifia jlk; gpwo;e;jpl nra;jpl tpUk;Ggth;fNs. my;yh`;tpd; topahfpa ,];yhk; jhd; epr;rakhf Neuhd top (my; Fh;Md; 2:120)

vd my;yh`; njspthf mwptpj;j gpd;dUk; mLj;jth;fsplk; topfhl;Ljy;fisg; ngw tpUk;GNthh; topNfl;by; tho tpUk;Gfpd;whh;fs; vd;Nw nghUs;. NkNy ehk; vLj;Jf; fhl;bAs;s ,iwnkhop xU K];ypk; vq;Nf jd; topfhl;Ljy;fisj; Njbl Ntz;Lk; vd;gijj; njspTgLj;Jfpd;wJ. mNj Nghy; K];ypk;fs; NtW vq;NfAk; ve;j topfhl;LjiyAk; ngw;wplf; $lhJ vd;gijAk; njspTgLj;Jfpd;wJ. my;yh`;it epidT $Utjpy; ,Ue;J ek;ikj; jpirj; jpUg;gpl tpUk;GNthhpd; rjpfspy; ehk; rpf;fplf; $lhJ. ,d;Dk; ,e;j cyfj;ij kl;LNk ,yl;rpakhf nfhz;L tho;Nthhpd; ,NjhgNjrq;fspYk; ehk; tPo;j;jplf; $lhJ. ,e;j cyfj;ij ,yf;fhff; nfhz;lth;fs; ntWk; mDkhdq;fis ek;gpAk; a+fq;fis ek;gpAk; cyfpy; mkpo;e;J fplg;gth;fNs ,th;fSf;F ,e;j cyfpd; ajhh;j;jk; vs;ssTk; Ghpatpy;iy vd;gNj cz;ik. ,th;fs; fz;Zf;Fj; njhpgtw;iw kl;LNk ek;gp tho;gth;fs;. mth;fs; kWikiag; gw;wpf; ftiyg;gLtjpy;iy.

,J Fwpj;J my;yh`; ,g;gb topfhl;Lfpd;whd;:

(egpNa) vtd; ek;Kila epidTWj;jiyg; Gwf;fzpj;J ,t;Tyf tho;f;ifiaj; jtpu (kWikia) tpUk;ghjpUf;fpd;whNdh mtid ePh; Gwf;fzpj;J tpLk;. ,th;fSila fy;tp Qhdk; ,t;tsT Jhue;jhd; nry;fpd;wJ. (,jw;F Nky; nry;tpjpy;iy) epr;rakhf ckjpiwtd; jd;Dila topapy; ,Ue;J jtwpatd; ahnud;gijAk; ed;fwpthd;. Neuhd topapy; nry;gtd; ahnud;gijAk; mtd; ed;fwpthd;. (my;Fh;Md; 53:29-30)

mth;fs; ,t;Tyf tho;f;ifapy; cs;s ntspg;gilahdijNa mwp(e;J ftdpf;)fpd;wdh;. Mdhy; kWikiag; gw;wp mth;fs; Kw;wpYk; ghuhKfkhapUf;fpd;wdh;. (my;Fh;Md; 30:7)

,iwtidg; gw;wpf; fpQ;rpw;Wk; ftiyg;glhky; ,e;j cyif kl;LNk ,yf;fhff; nfhz;L tho;gth;fs; mj;jid NgUk; ,e;j cyfpy; jq;fs; fz;fSf;nfl;batw;iw kl;LNk ghh;g;gth;fs;. ,d;iwf;F tpQ;Qhdpfs; vd mwpag;gLNthh; midthpd; epiyAk; ,JNt. ,e;j tpQ;Qhdpfs; my;yh`;itg; gw;wpNah ,wg;gpw;Fg; gpd; tUk; kW cyf tho;f;ifiag; gw;wpNah fpQ;rpw;Wk; ftiyg;gLtjpy;iy. Vnddpy; ,itnay;yhk; mth;fspd; fz;nzjpNu Gyg;gltpy;iy. ,j;jifa mwpit kl;LNk ngw;wth;fsplk K];ypk;fs; fy;tpfw;wpl Neh;e;jhy; KOf;f KOf;f mth;fisr; rhh;e;j mwpitg; ngw;wpLtJ Mgj;Jf;fis tpistpf;fyhk;. Mjyhy; ,th;fsplk; mDkjpf;fg;gl;l tiuaiwfSf;Fs; epd;Nw xU K];ypk; mwpitg; ngw;wpl Ntz;Lk;. mjhtJ ,th;fsplk; mwptpay; EZf;fq;fisAk; me;j EZf;fq;fspd; tpsf;fq;fisANk fw;wplyhk;. ,iwtd; ,t;Tyftho;f;if mjd; Nehf;fk; tho;f;ifia topelj;Jk; ghq;F Mfpatw;wpy; K];ypk;fs; NtWahiuAk; ,e;j tpQ;Qhdpfs; cl;gl ek;gplf;$lhJ. ,ijNa my;yh`; ,g;gbf; Nfl;fpd;whd;:

mwpe;NjhUk; mwpahNjhUk; rkkhthh;fsh?

,e;j tpdhit tpLf;Fk; KOtrdKk; ,Njh

vtd; kWikiag; gae;J jd; ,iwtdpd; mUis vjph;ghh;j;J ,uhf;fhyq;fspy; epd;wtdhfTk; rpuk;gzpe;jtdhfTk; (my;yh`;it) tzq;fpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;whNdh (mtd; tpRthrq;nfhs;shJ epuhfhpg;Nghidg; Nghyhthdh? egpNa) ePh; NfSk;. mwpe;NjhUk; mwpahNjhUk; rkkhthh;fsh? (,e;jf; Fh;Midf; nfhz;L) ey;YgNjrk; ngWNthnuy;NyhUk; (fy;tp) mwpTilNahNu (my;Fh;Md; 39:9)

xUtd; ,g;gb ,iwtid mQ;rp ,unty;yhk; epd;W tzq;Ffpd;whd;. kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpd;tUk; kWik tho;f;ifiag; gw;wpg; gag;gLfpd;whd;. jd;idg; gilj;j ,iwtdpd; fUizf;F kd;whLfpd;whd;.,td; jhd; cz;ikapy; mwpe;jtd; QhdKilNahd;. ,tDila mwpitj;jhd; ,iwtd; NkNy cs;s ,iwtrdj;jpy; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whd;. ve;j mwpnty;yhk; ,iwtid Nehf;fp ,l;Lr; nry;fpd;wdNth mitNajhk; cz;ikahd mwpT. ve;j mwpnty;yhk; ,iwtid kWf;fpd;w mstpy; kdpjid gapw;Wtpf;fpd;wdNth mit mwpNt my;y. Vw;fdNt ehk; Xh; cz;ikia tpsf;fpr; nrhy;ypapUf;fpd;Nwhk;. tpQ;Qhdk; mwptpay; vd;wny;yhk; ,d;W Ngrg;gLfpd;w mj;jidAk; ,];yhj;jpd; topfhl;Ljy;fspd; fPo; Njhd;wp nky;ynky;y tsh;e;J khl;rpngw;wit. my;yh`;tpd; gpujpepjp kdpjd; vd;w mstpy; mtd; Rke;jg; nghWg;ig epiwNtw;wpLk; tifapy; mtd; ,e;j cyif mfo;e;j NghJ fz;nlLjjitNa mwptpaypd; mjprakhd Muha;r;rp Kiwfs;. ,it INuhg;ghgpd; iffSf;F khwpaNghNj tpQ;Qhdj;jpd; mj;jid mbg;gilfSk; khw;wg;gl;L mJ ,iwtDf;F vjpuhfTk; mjdhy; kdpjDf;F vjpuphfTk; khwpg;Nghapw;W. gpd;dh; ,e;j tpQ;Qhd mwpT KOf;f KOf;f ,];yhj;jpw;Fk; K];ypk;fSf;Fk; vjpuhff; fpsh;e;jd. gpw;iw ehs;fspy; tsh;e;j mj;jid tpQ;Qhd mwpTk; mwptpay; mwpTk; ,e;j Nkiy ehl;Lr; rpe;jidfspy; Njhd;wpaitNa. MfNt ,it ,];yhj;jpw;Fk; K];ypk;fSf;Fk; vjpuhd rpe;jidfisg; gf;Ftkha;g; gha;r;rpd mtw;iwf; fw;Nwhhplk;. ,];yhj;jpw;F vjpuhd ,e;jg;Nghf;F VNjh ajhh;j;jkha;j; Njhd;wpajd;W. khwhf mJ Xh; njspthd #o;;r;rpapd; fPo; tFf;fg;ngw;wJ. mNj Nghy; jpl;lk; Nghl;L K];ypk;fis Nehf;fpg; gha;r;rg;gLfpwJ. ,jd; Kf;fpa Nehf;fk; K];ypk;fis Kjd; Kjypy; mth;fspd; ,iw ek;gpf;ifia <khid mirg;gJk; fhyg;Nghf;fpy; mth;fis ,iw kWg;ghsh;fisAk; epuhfhpg;ghsh;fshfTk; khw;WtNj. ,e;j Kf;fpa Nehf;fj;ijj; njhlh;e;J ,Wjp Nehf;fk; vd;dntdpy; ,];yhk; mUk;ghLgl;Lg; Nghw;wptUk; FLk;g mikg;igAk; fl;Lg;ghlhd jhk;gj;jpa cwTfisAk; cilg;gNj. ,g;gnahU njspthd #o;r;rp ,e;j Nkiyehl;Lr; rpe;jidapy; ciwe;jpUf;fpd;wJ. ,ijj; njhpe;j gpd;dUk; ehk; Kd;ndr;rhpf;iffis Nkw;nfhs;sj; jtWNthNkahdhy; ehk; fz;zpUe;Jk; FUlh;fNs. xd;Wf;F ,Ukiw ehd; vr;rhpj;jJ Nghy; tpQ;Qhdj;jpd; mwptpaypd; fz;Lgpbg;Gfis Muha;r;rp Kiwfis Muha;r;rpfis mq;Nf fw;Wf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. gpd;dh; my;yh`;tpd; mofpag;gzpiar; nra;Ak; nghUshf mtw;iw khw;Wq;fs;. mth;fs; cq;fis my;yh`;it epidT $UtjpypUe;J jLj;jplhky; ghh;j;Jf;nfhs;Sq;fs;. xU rpwpa msNt mth;fspd; rpe;jidahy; Ml;nfhs;sg;gLtPH;fNsahdhy; mJ njs;sj; njspthd mwptpd; Cw;whk; ,];yhj;jpypUe;J cq;fisj; jpirj; jpUg;gptpLk;. vr;rhpf;if!.

H 4
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