tamilislam.com

The Tamil Islamic E - Library on the Net

Download Tamil Font  | Site Map  |  Home  Updation Map  |   E-mail Usmiog;G |  me;ep]h vjpnuhyp  

,];yhkpa vOr;rpapd; iky;fw;fs;

MrphpaH : \`Pj; nra;apj; FJhg; (u`;)

nkhopg;ngaHg;G : M. Fyhk; K`k;kJ> ntspapL : ,yf;fpar;Nrhiy


xU K];ypkpd; NjrpaKk; mtdJ ,iw ek;gpf;ifAk;

,];yhk; kdpjh;fSf;F kfj;jhdNjhh; tho;f;if topfhl;Ljiy toq;fpw;W. gz;ghL ehfhpfk; mwptpay; mj;jidapYk; mJ NeuhdNjhh; ghijiag; Nghl;Lj;je;jJ. mNjNghy; ,];yhk; GjpaNjhh; kdpj cwitAk; cwtpd; KiwiaAk; toq;fpw;W. ,];yhkpa topfhl;Ljy;fspd; gb midj;J cwTfSk; gpizg;GfSk; my;yh`;tplkpUe;J tUtNj. ,];yhk; kdpjh;fis mth;fspd; jhd;Njhd;wpj;jdq;fspypUe;J tpLtpj;J ,iwtdpd; gf;fk; jpUg;gpl te;j kfj;jhd khh;f;fk;. ,iwtd; xUtNd mtNd midj;ijAk; gilj;J cztspj;J tUfpd;whd;. mtNd ghJfhtyd; mtdplkpUe;Nj te;Njhk;. mtdplNk kPz;Lk; nfhz;L Nrh;f;fg;gLNthk;. ,iwtd;Nky; nfhs;Sk; ek;gpf;ifapd; mbg;gilapy; vOk; cwit mOj;jk; jpUj;jkhf epiyehl;l tpUk;Gfpd;wJ ,];yhk;. Vida cwTfs; vy;yhk; ,e;j cwTf;F Kd; nry;yhf; fhrhfp tpLfpd;wd. ,uj;j ge;jk; my;yJ ,ju cwTfs; vd;gdnty;yhk; my;yh`;tpd; mbikfs; vd;w ,e;j cwTf;F Kd; nraypoe;jitNa. my;yh`; $Wfpd;whd; :

(egpNa) ve;j [dq;fs; my;yh`;itAk; kWik ehisAk; (nka;ahfNt) tpRthrq;nfhz;bUf;fpd;whh;fNsh mth;fs; vth;fs; my;yh`;Tf;Fk; mtDila JhjUf;Fk; khW nra;gth;fshf ,Uf;fpd;whh;fNsh mth;fis (Nerpf;fkhl;lhh;fs;). mth;fs; jq;fSila %jhijfshapUe;j NghjpYk; my;yJ jq;fSila re;jjpfshapUe;jNghjpYk; my;yJ jq;fsJ ge;jf;fshapUe;j NghjpYk; mth;fSld; ,th;fs; cwthLtij ePh; fhzkhl;Bh;. ,j;jifNahh;jhk; ,th;fSila ,Ujaq;fspy; my;yh`; tpRthj;ijg; gjpaitj;Jj; jd;Dila czh;itf; nfhz;Lk; ,th;fisf; nfhz;Lk; ,th;fisg; gyg;gLj;jp itf;fpd;whd;. rjh ePuUtpfs; Xbf;nfhz;bUf;Fk; RtdgjpfspYk; ,th;fisg; GFj;jptpLfpd;whd;. mtw;wpy; ,th;fs; vd;nwd;Wk; jq;fptpLthh;fs;. ,th;fisg; gw;wp my;yh`; jpUg;jpailthd;. ,th;fs;jhk; my;yh`;tpd; $l;lj;jpdh;. epr;rakhf my;yh`;Tila $l;lj;jpdh;jhk; rpj;jpaile;Njhh;fs; vd;gij (egpNa ePh;) mwpe;Jnfhs;Sk; (my;Fh;Md; 58:22)

,e;j cyfj;jpy; my;yh`;tpd; mzp xd;Nw xd;W jhd;. kPjKs;sitnay;yhk; ,iwtDf;F vjphpahd i\j;jhdpd; mzpjhk;. ,e;j mzpapdh; midtUk; fpsh;r;rpahsh;fNs. ,e;j epiyapy; ,iwtd; $Wfpd;whd;:

(cz;ik) tpRthrpfs; my;yh`;tpd; topapy; (mtrpak;) Aj;jk; Ghpthh;fs;. epuhfhpg;NghNuh (,th;fSf;F vjpuhf) i\j;jhDila topapy; jhd; Aj;jk; Ghpthh;fs;. MfNt i\j;jhDila ez;gh;fSld; ePq;fSk; Aj;jk; GhpAq;fs;. (mth;fspd; vz;zpf;if mjpfkhf ,Uf;fpwNj vd;W jaq;fhjPh;fs;). epr;rakhf i\j;jhDila #o;r;rp kpfTk; gy`PdkhdNj. (my;Fh;Md; 4:76)

my;yh`;it nrd;wiltjw;F xNu topjhd; cz;L. Vidait ,iwtdplk; nfhz;L nry;tjpy;iy. epr;rakhf ,J jhd; vd;Dila Neuhd topahFk;. MjidNa ePq;fs; gpd;gw;Wq;fs;. kw;w topfisg; gpd;gw;whjPh;fs;. mit mtDila topapypUe;J cq;fisg; gphpj;JtpLk;. ePq;fs; ghpRjjthd;fshtjw;fhf ,iwtd; ,tw;iw cq;fSf;F ey;YgNjrk; nra;jhd; (my;Fh;Md; 6:153) kdpj tho;f;iff;F Neuhd cz;ikahd top xd;Nw xd;Wjhd;. mJNt ,];yhk; Vidaitnay;yhk; mQ;Qhdpq;fNs. nksl;Bff; fhyj;Jr; rl;lq;fisah ,th;fs; tpUk;Gfpd;wdh;? cWjpahf ek;gpf;if nfhz;l kf;fSf;Fj; jPh;g;gspg;gjpy; my;yh`;it tpl mofhdtd; ahh;? (my;Fh;Md; 5:50)

,e;j cyfpy; gpd;gw;wj;jf;f rl;lk; xd;Nw xd;W jhd;. ,e;j xU rl;lj;jpw;F kl;LNk kdpjidf; fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; jFjp cz;L. mJNt \hPmj; vd;w ,iwtdpd; rl;lk;. ,e;j \hPmj; vd;w ,iwtdpd; rl;lk; my;yhjit midj;Jk; rgyq;fNs. (egpNa Neuhd) khh;f;fj;jpd; xU topapy; jhd; ehk; ck;ik Mf;fp ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk;. MfNt mjidNa ePh; gpd;gw;wp elg;gPuhf. mwptw;wth;fspd; tpUg;gq;fis ePh; gpd;gw;whjPh;. (my;Fh;Md; 45:18)

cz;ik rj;jpak; xd;Nw xd;Wjhd; Vidaitnay;yhk; jtwhditNa. ,];yhj;jpd; ,Ug;gplk; vd;W g+kpapy; xNu xU ,le;jhd; cz;L. mJjhd; jhUy; ,];yhk; (,];yhj;jpd; g+kp) vdg;gLtjhFk;. ,e;j ,le;jhd; ,];yhj;jpd; Ml;rp epiyehl;lg; ngw;w ,lk;. mq;Nf ,iwtdpd; rl;lq;fshk; \hPmj; rl;lq;fNs KOikahf Ml;rp nra;Ak;. mq;Nf my;yh`; tFj;J toq;fpa tiuaiwfs; mg;gbNa gpd;gw;wg;gLk;. mq;Nf tho;gth;fs; jq;fs; tptfhuq;fis tof;Ffis my;yh`;Tk; mtd; u#Yk; toq;fpaijf; nfhz;Nl jPH;j;Jf; nfhs;thh;fs;. mth;fs; jq;fSf;Fs; xt;nthU tptfhuj;jpYk; fye;jhNyhrpj;Jf; nfhs;thh;fs;. ,e;jg; gFjpiaj; jtpu VidagFjpfs; jhUy; `h;g; vd;w gifikapd; epyq;fs;. xU K];ypk; ,e;jg; gifikapd; g+kpapy; ,uz;Nl cwTfisj;jhd; itj;Jf; nfhs;s KbAk;. mit cld;gbf;ifapd; fPo; mikjp my;yJ Nghh;. ve;j ehl;Lld; ,g;gb xg;ge;jk; itj;Jf; nfhs;sg;gl;bUf;fpd;wNjh me;j ehl;il ,];yhj;jpd; ,lk; g+kp vd mioj;jpl KbahJ. epr;rakhf vth;fs; tpRthrq;nfhz;L (jq;fs;) Ciutpl;Lg; Gwg;gl;L my;yh`;Tila ghijapy; jq;fs; caph;fisAk; nghUs;fisAk; jj;jk; nra;J Aj;jk; Ghpe;jhh;fNsh mth;fSk; vth;fs; mth;fSf;F (j;jq;fs; ,y;yq;fspy;) ,lkspj;J itj;Jf; nfhz;L cjtp Ghpe;jhh;fNsh mth;fSk; Mfpa ,j;jifNahh; xUtUf;nfhUth; el;gpy; kpf neUq;fpath;fshapU;ffpd;wdh;. MapDk; tpRthrq;nfhz;lth;fspy; vth;fs; ,d;Dk; (jq;fs;) Ciutpl;Lg; Gwg;gLk; tiuapy; ePq;fs; mth;fSila vt;tp\aj;jpw;Fk; nghWg;ghspfsy;y. vdpDk; mth;fs; khh;f;f tp\aj;jpy; cq;fsplk; cjtp NjbdhNyh (mth;fSf;F) cjtp nra;tJ cq;fs; kPJ flikahFk;. MapDk; cq;fsplk; cld;gbf;if nra;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; xU tFg;gpdUf;F tpNuhjkhf (mth;fSf;F cjtp nra;tJ) $lhJ. my;yh`; epq;fs; nra;gitfis cw;W Nehf;fpatdhfNt ,Uf;fpd;whd;. epuhfhpg;gth;fspy; rpyh;> mth;fspy; rpyUf;F neUq;fpath;fNs (MfNt mth;fspy; rpyh; rpyUila nghUisr; Rje;jpukhf mila tpl;LtpLq;fs;) ,t;thW ePq;fs; nra;ahtpby; g+kpapy; ngUq;fyfKk; Fog;gKk; Vw;gl;LtpLk;. vth;fs; tpRthrq;nfhz;L (jq;fs;) Ciutpl;Lg; Gwg;gl;L my;yh`;Tila ghijapy; Aj;jk; Ghpfpd;whh;fNsh mth;fSk; vth;fs; ,th;fSf;F ,lkspj;J (j;jq;fs; ,y;yq;fspy;) itj;Jf;nfhz;L (,th;fSf;F)cjtpAk; nra;fpd;whh;fNsh mth;fSk; jhk; cz;ikahd tpRthrpfs;. mth;fSf;F kd;dpg;Gk; cz;L. fz;zpakhd MfhuKk; cz;L. ,jd; gpd;dUk; vth;fs; tpRthrq;nfhz;L (jq;fs;) Ciutpl;Lg; Gwg;gl;L cq;fSld; Nrhe;J Aj;jk; Ghpfpd;whh;fNsh mth;fSk; cq;fisr; Nrh;e;jth;fNs. (,dp) my;yh`;Tila Ntjf;fl;lisg; gpufhuk; ge;Jf;fspy; cs;sth;fNs xUth; kw;nwhUtUf;F kpf neU;qfpath;fs; Mthh;fs;. epr;rakhf my;yh`; ahtw;iwAk; ed;fwpe;Njhdhf ,Uf;fpd;whd;. (my;Fh;Md; 8:72-75)

,];yhk; ,g;gb kpfTk; njspthd topfhl;Ljy;fis toq;fpw;W. mjd; topfhl;Ljy;fs; ve;jr; re;NjfKkpy;yhky; KOikahditahfTk; ,Ue;jd. kdpjid xU Fwpg;gpl;l FWfpa epyj;NjhL fl;bg; Nghl;bl tpUk;gtpy;iy ,];yhk;. epyk;> epwk;> Njrpak;> nkhop Mfpa FWfpa tl;lq;fspypUe;j kPl;L mtid cyfk; jOtpa kdpj rKj;jpuj;jpd; cWg;G vd;wnjhU kfj;jhd epiyf;F mJ cah;j;jpw;W. xU K];ypk; ve;j epyg;gFjpNahLk; ve;jf; Fwpg;gpl;l Njrpaj;NjhLk; fl;Lz;ltdy;y. mg;gb mtidf; fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; gFjp xd;W cz;nld;why;> mJ ,iwtdpd; rl;lq;fshd \hPmj; rl;;lq;fs; ve;jg; gFjpapy; nray;gl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wNjh me;jg; gFjpNa. ,e;jg; gFjpapy; cwTfs; midj;Jk; my;yh`;tpd; topfhl;Ljypd; topNajhd; eph;khzpf;fg;gLk;. <khd; vd;w ,iw ek;gpf;ifNa xU K];ypkpd ;Njrpaj;ij KbT nra;Ak;. ,e;j ,iw ek;gpf;if mtid K];ypk; kfhrKjhaj;jpd; Xh; mq;fkhf Mf;Ffpd;wJ. ,jd; guhkhpg;Gk; ghpghydKk;> ,];yhkpa Ml;rp epiyehl;lg; ngw;w jhUy; ,];yhkplkpUe;J tUtJ. xU K];ypk; vd;W jd;idg; gpufldg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;gtDf;F ,iwtid ek;gp tho;gth;fisj;jtpu NtW cwtpdh;fNs ,y;iy. mtdJ cwTfs; midj;Jk; ,iwek;gpf;if <khd; vd;w mbg;giliaf; nfhz;L vOtNj. jha;> je;ij> rNfhjuh;fs;> kidtp ,d;Dk; FLk;g cWg;gpdh;fs; vd mwpag;gLgth;fSf;Fk; xU K];ypkpw;Fk; ve;j cwTkpy;iy. <khd; vd;w ,iw ek;gpf;if xd;iwj;jtpu. gilj;j my;yh`;it Vw;Wf;nfhz;lhh;fs; <khd; nfhz;lhh;fs; vd;w Kjy; mbg;gil epiyngw;w gpd;dNu ,ju cwtpd; Kiwfs; mq;Nf mq;fPfhpf;fg;gLk;. my;yh`;it Vw;Wf;nfhz;lhh;fs; vd;gJ Ch;[pjkhdhy; cwT Vw;gl;Ltpl;lJ. mjd;gpwF cld;gpwe;jth;fs; ,uj;j ge;jq;fs; vd;gd te;J xl;bf; nfhs;syhk;. Mdhy; ,it kl;LNk cwitAk; gpizg;igAk; Vw;gLj;Jk; fhuzq;fshf mikakhl;lh. my;yh`; gpufldg;gLj;Jfpd;whd;: kdpjh;fNs ePq;fs; cq;fs; ,iwtDf;Fg; gae;J nfhs;Sq;fs;. mtd; cq;fs; ahtiuAk; xNu Mj;khtpypUe;J cw;gj;jpr; nra;jhd;. (Muk;gj;jpy; me;j xUtiug; gilj:J) mthpypUe;J mtUila kidtpiag; gilj;jhd;. gpd;G mt;tpUthpypUe;J mNd Mz;> ngz;fis (ntspg;gLj;jpg;) gutr; nra;jhd;. MfNt me;j my;yh`;Tf;F ePq;fs; gae;J nfhs;Sq;fs;. cq;fSf;Fs; xUtUf;nfhUth; (Ntz;batw;iwf;) Nfl;Lf; nfhs;fpd;wPH;fs;. (my;Fh;Md; 4:1),iwek;gpf;ifapd; mbg;gilapy;jhd; kdpj cwTfs; gpizf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. ,g;gbr;nrhy;yp tpLtjhy; ngw;Nwhh;fs; <khd; nfhs;stpy;iy. my;yh`;it Vw;Wf; nfhs;stpy;iynad;why; mth;fSf;Fg; gps;isfs; epiwNtw;wpl Ntz;ba flikfspypUe;J gps;isfs; tpLtpf;fg;gl;L tpLthh;fsh? ,y;iy> ,iwtid Vw;Wf;nfhz;lhYk; nfhs;shtpl;lhYk; ngw;wth;fSf;Fhpatw;iwg; gps;isfs; nfhLj;Nj MfNtz;Lk;. ,e;jg; nghJtpjpf;Fk; Xh; epge;jid cz;L. mJ me;jg; ngw;Nwhh;fs; my;yh`;tpd; vjphpfNshL ,];yhj;jpd; vjphpfNshL ifNfhh;j;Jf;nfhz;L K];ypk;fis mopf;f Kidgth;fshf ,Ue;jplf;$lhJ. me;jg; ngw;Nwhh;fs; my;yh`;ttpd; vjphpfNshL Nrh;e;J nfhz;L mjidg; gfpuq;fkhfg; gpufldg; gLj;jpLthh;fNsahdhy; mth;fsplk; ,uf;fj;NjhL ele;jpl Ntz;baJ flikay;y. ,e;epiyapy; my;yh`;it Vw;Wf;nfhz;l gps;isfSf;Fk; vjph; mzpapy; jd;id ,izj;Jf; nfhz;l ngw;Nwhh;fSf;Fk; cs;s cwTfs; midj;Jk; Jz;bf;fg;gl;L tpLfpd;wd. ,e;j tifapy; mg;Jy;yh`; (uyp) vd;w mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; cig mth;fspd; kfdhh; ekf;Nfhh; vLj;Jf;fhl;il vLj;Jj; je;Js;shh;fs;. ,g;D [hPh; mth;fs; ,g;D rpahj; mth;fs; mwptpj;jjhf mwptpf;fpd;whh;fs;. (my;yh`; ,th;fs; midth;kPjk; jd; mUisg; nghopthdhf) ,iwtdpd; Jhjh; (]y;) mth;fs;> mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; cig mth;fspd; kfdhh; mg;Jy;yh`; (uyp) mth;fis mioj;Jf; Nfl;lhh;fs;. cq;fs; je;ij vd;d nrhy;yp ,Uf;fpd;whh;fs; vd;gij ePq;fs; mwptPh;fsh? mg;Jy;yh`; mth;fs; ngUkhdhh; (]y;) mth;fsplk; nrhd;dhh;fs;. vd; je;ij cq;fSf;F ghpfhukhthh;fshf> mth;fs; vd;d nrhd;dhh;fs;? ,jw;Fg; ngUkhdhh; (]y;) mth;fs; gjpy; nrhd;dhh;fs;. cq;fs; je;ij ehk; kjPdh jpUk;gpdhy; (,e;jg; NghhpypUe;J) fz;zpaj;jpw;Fhpath;fs; ,opthdth;fis ntspNaw;wptpLthh;fs; vdg; Ngrp ,Uf;fpd;whh;fs;. ,ijr; nrtpkLj;Jk; mg;Jy;yh`; (my;yh`; mth;fs; kPJ jd; jpUg;nghUj;jj;ijg; nghopthdhf)mth;fs; nrhd;dhh;fs;. ngUkhdhh; (]y;) mth;fNs vd; je;ij cz;ikiaNa nkhope;jpUf;fpd;whh;. ePq;fs; jhk; fz;zpaj;jpw;Fhpath;fs;. mth;jhk; ,fo;r;rpf;Fhpath;. ,iwtdpd; Jhjh; (]y;)th;fNs kjPdhtpy; thOk; kf;fs; ed;whf mwpthh;fs;. eP;q;fs; kjPdh tUtjw;F Kd;dhy; vd;idg; Nghy; ahUk; jq;fs; je;ijf;Ff; fPo;g;gbe;J ele;jjpy;iy. Mdhy; ,g;NghJ $Wfpd;Nwd;. vd; je;ijapd; jiyiaf; nfha;J tUtJjhd; my;yh`;Tf;Fk; mtDila jpUj;Jhjh; (]y;) mth;fSf;Fk; jpUg;jpiaj; jUk; vd;whdhy; fzKk; jhkjpahky; mjidr; nra;Jtu> mth;jiyiaf; nfha;Jtuj; jahuhf ,Uf;fpd;Nwd;. ,jw;Fg; ngUkhdhh; (]y;) mth;fs; Ntz;lhk; vdr; nrhy;ypj;Lj;jhh;fs;. gpd;dh; K];ypk;fs; kjPdh jpUk;gpdhh;fs;. mg;Jy;yh`; mth;fs; (mth;fis my;yh`; nghUe;jpf; nfhs;thdhf) kjPdhtpd; Kfg;gpy; epd;Wnfhz;lhh;fs;. iffspy; cUtpa ths; jahuhf ,Ue;jJ. thSf;Ff; fPNo mth;fsJ je;ij mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; cig mth;fspd; fOj;J ,Ue;jJ. mg;Jy;y`; mth;fs; (my;yh`;tpd; jpUg;jpAk; kfpo;r;rpAk; mth;fs; Nky; cz;lhfl;Lk;) jq;fs; je;ijaplk;: ehq;fs; kjPdh jpUk;gpdhy; fz;zpaj;jpw;Fhpath;fs; ,fo;r;rpf;Fhpath;fis ntspNaw;wp tpLthh;fs; vd;W nrhd;dPh;fsh? vd;W Nfl;lhh;fs;. gpd;dh; my;yh`;tpd; Nky; Mizahf ,g;NghJ ePq;fs; mwptPh;fs;. ePq;fs; fz;zpakhdth;fsh? my;yh`;tpd; Jhjh; (]y;) mth;fs; fz;zpakhdth;fsh? vd;gij. ,iwtd; kPJ Mizahf. my;yh`;Tk; mtDila Jhjh;(]y;)mth;fs; mDkjpj;jhnyhopa ePq;fs; kjPdhTf;Fs; Eioe;jpl KbahJ. ePq;fs; kjpdhtpy; mgaKk; Njbf;nfhs;s KbahJ. vd;W mOj;jkha;f; $wptpl;lhh;fs;. mg;Jy;yh`; ,g;D cig mth;fs; fjwp mOjhh;fs;: f];u[; Fyj;jhNu vd; kfs; vd;id vd; tPl;Lf;Fs; Eioatplhky; jLg;gijg; ghUq;fs; vd ,uz;L Kiw Xykpl;lhh;fs;. ,e;j xg;ghhpfSf;nfy;yhk; mg;Jy;yh`; (uyp) mth;fs; xNu xU kWnkhopiaj;jhd; je;jhh;fs;. mJ my;yh`;tpd; jpUj;Jhjh; (]y;)mth;fs; mDkjpj;jhyd;wp ePq;fs; kjPdhTf;Fs; Eioe;jpl KbahJ vd;gNj. je;ijf;Fk; kfDf;Fk; ,ilNa Vw;gl;l ,e;jg; gpzf;fpd; Muthuj;ijf; Nfl;l rpyh; mq;Nf te;J FOkpdhh;fs;. mg;Jy;yh`; (uyp) mth;fsplk; je;ijia tpl;LtpLk;gb Nfhhpdhh;fs;. mg;Jy;yh`; (uyp) mth;fs; jq;fs; KbtpNyNa cWjpahf epd;Wtpl;lhh;f;s. rpyh; ,iwtdpd; Jhjh; (]y;) mth;fsplk; ,e;j tptfhuj;ij vLj;Jr; nrd;whh;fs;. ,iwtdpd; Jhjh; (]y;) mth;fs; nrhd;dhh;fs;. mg;Jy;yh`;tplk; mtUila je;ijia cs;Ns tpl;LtpLk;gb $Wq;fs; vd;whh;fs;. ,e;j mDkjp fpilj;jTld; mg;Jy;yh`; (uyp) mth;fs; jq;fs; je;ijaplk; ,iwtdpd; Jhjh;(]y;)mth;fs; mDkjp toq;fptpl;ljhy; ePq;fs; ,g;NghJ kjPdhTf;Fs; Eioayhk; vd;whh;fs;. <khd; ,iwek;gpf;if vd;w cwT epiyehl;lg;gl;L tpl;lJ vd;why; ,uj;j ge;jq;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wdNth ,y;iyNah mth;fs; jq;fSf;Fs; neUq;fpa cwtpdh;fs; MfptpLthh;fs;. mth;fs; cld;gpwe;j rNfhjuh;fistpl cwtpy; neUf;fkhdth;fshfp tpLthh;fs;. ,iwtd; $Wfpd;whd; ek;gpf;if nfhz;lth;fs; midtUk; rNfhjuh;fNs. ,ijj; njhlh;e;J ,d;Dk; $Wfpd;whd;: epr;rakhf vth;fs; tpRthrq;nfhz;L (jq;fs;)Ciutpl;Lg; Gwg;gl;L my;yh`;Tila ghijapy; jq;fs; caph;fisAk; nghUs;fisAk; jj;jk; nra;J Aj;jk; Ghpe;jhh;fNsh mth;fSk; vth;fs; mth;fSf;Fj; jq;fs; ,y;yq;fspy; ,lkspj;J itj;Jf; nfhz;L cjtp Ghpe;jhh;fNsh mth;fSk; Mfpa ,j;jifNahh; xUtUf;nfhUth; el;gpy; kpf neUq;fpath;fshapUf;fpd;wdh;. (my;Fh;Md; 8:72) ,q;Nf Fwpg;gplg;gl;l el;G cwT mth;fs; jq;fSf;Fs; toq;fpa ghJfhg;G ,it md;iwa ehNshL Ngha;tpl;litay;y. mit md;W Muk;gpf;fg;gl;L ,d;Wtiu ,iw ek;gpf;ifahsh;fisg; gpizj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; el;G cwT ghJfhg;G. mj;NjhL ,e;j cwT ,dptUk; ehs;fspy; vog;NghFk; K];ypk; rKjhaj;ijAk; mg;gbNa fl;bg;Nghl;bLk; mjpra Mw;wy; ngw;wJkhFk;. ,e;j el;Gk; gpizg;Gk; me;j %j;j Kjy; jiyKiwfisAk; ,d;W thOk; ,];yhkpa rKjhaj;ijAk; ,dp tug;NghFk; ,];yhkpa jiyKiwfisAk; ,izf;Fk; ghykhFk;. md;wp (kjpdhtpYs;s) vth;fs; (kjPshitNa jq;fs;) Cuhf (kf;fhtpypUe;J te;j K`h[ph;fshfpa mth;fSf;F Kd;djhfNt) nfhz;L tpRthrKk; nfhz;bUe;jhh;fNsh mth;fSf;Fk; (mjpy; gq;Fz;L) ,th;fs; `p[;uj; nra;J jq;fsplk; tUNthiu md;ghf Nerpj;J tUtJld; (jq;fSf;Ff; nfhLf;fhJ `p[;uj; nra;JtUk;) mth;fSf;F (kl;Lk;) nfhLf;fg;gLtijg; gw;wpAk; jq;fs; neQ;rj;jpy; Fiwthff; fhz;gjpy;iy. md;wp jq;fSf;F tWikNa NehpDk; jq;fistpl mth;fSf;Nf (nfhLf;fg;gLtijj;) Njh;e;njLj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;wdh;. ,t;thW vth;fs; NguhirapypUe;J jq;fisf; fhj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;whh;fNsh mj;jijNahh; jhk; rpj;jp ngw;Nwhh;. vth;fs; (K`h[ph;fshfpa) ,th;fSf;Fg;gpd; (kjPdhTf;F) te;jhh;fNsh mth;fSf;Fk; (mjpy; gq;Fz;L) ,th;fs; vq;fs; ,iwtNd vq;fisAk; vq;fSf;F Kd; tpRthrq;nfhz;l vq;fSila rNfhjuh;fisAk; eP kd;dpj;jUs; tpRthrq; nfhz;lth;fisg; gw;wp vq;fSila ,Ujaq;fspy; FNuhjq;fis cz;L gz;zhNj vq;fs; ,iwtNd epr;rakhf eP kpff; fpUigAilNahDk; ,uf;fKilNahDkha; ,Uf;fpd;wha; vd;W gpuhh;j;jid nra;Jnfhz;Nl ,Uf;fpd;wdh; (my;Fh;Md; 59:9-10). jpUf;Fh;Md; ,j;jifanjhU gpizg;igj;jhd; Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wJ my;yhky; gpwe;j ,lk; NgRk; nkhop Mfpa FWfpa tl;lq;fSf;Fs; RoYtjpy;iy. midj;ijAk; mwpe;j my;yh`; jpUf;Fh;Mdpy; gy egpkhh;fSila rhpj;jpuq;fisg; gw;wpg; NgRfpd;whd;. ,e;j tuyhWfis ,iw ek;gpf;if nfhz;lth;fs; xU gbg;gpidahff; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;gNj mq;Nf Nehf;fk;. xt;nthU fhyf;fl;lq;fspYk; ,e;j egpkhh;fs; (mth;fs; midth; kPJk; my;yh`;tpd; rhe;jpAk; rkhjhdKk; cz;lhfl;Lk;) ,iwek;gpf;if vd;w ,e;jj; jPgj;ijf; nfhz;L kf;fis mth;fisg; gilj;j ,iwtdpd; gf;fk; jpUg;gp ,Uf;fpd;whh;fs;. ,e;j ,iwj;Jhjh;fs; midtUk; ,iwek;gpf;if nfhz;lth;fis ,iw ek;gpf;if vd;w cwitf; nfhz;Nl gpizj;jpUf;fpd;whh;fs;. ,e;j cwtpd; KiwNahL NtW cwtpd; Kiwfis ehk; xg;gpl;Lg; ghh;g;NghNkahdhy; ,JNt cWjpahdjhfTk; gyd;gy gag;gjhfTk; ,Uf;Fk;. (Eh`; egpapd; kfs; mtiutpl;L tpyfp epuhfhpg;NghUld; nrd;WtplNt mtDk; mope;JtpLthndd mQ;rp) Eh`; (miy) jd; ,iwtid Nehf;fp vd; ,iwtNd vd; kfd; vd; FLk;gj;jpYs;stNd (ePNah vd; FLk;gj;jpdiu ,ul;rpj;Jf; nfhs;tjhf thf;fspj;jpuf;fpwha;) epr;rakhf cd;Dila thf;FWjp cz;ikahdJ. jPh;g;gspg;Nghh;fspnyy;yyhk; eP kpfTk; Nkyhd ePjpgjp vd;W (rg;jkpl;Lf;) $wpdhh;. mjw;ftd; EhN` epr;rakhf mtd; cd; FLk;gj;jpYs;stdy;yd;. epr;rakhf mtd; xOq;fPdkhd fhhpaq;fisNa nra;J nfhz;bUe;jhd;. Mjyhy; ePh; ckf;Fj; njhpahj tp\aq;fisg; gw;wp vd;dplk; (jh;f;fpj;Jf;) Nfl;f Ntz;lhk; vd;W ehd; epr;rakhf ckf;F ey;YgNjrk; nra;fpd;Nwd; vd;W $wpdhd;. mjw;fth; vd; ,iwtNd ehd; mwpthj tp\aq;fisg; gw;wp (,dp) cd;dplk; Nfl;fhJ vd;id ,ul;rpf;FkhW ehd; cd;dplk; gpuhh;j;jpf;fpd;Nwd;. eP vd;id kd;dpj;J vdf;F eP fpUig nra;ahtpby; epr;rak; ehDk; e\;lkile;Njhhpy; MfptpLNtd; vd;W $wpdhh; (my;Fh;Md; 11:45-47) je;ij kfidj; jd; FLk;gj;jpy; cs;std;. MfNt mtidf; fhg;ghw;W vd kd;whLfpd;whh;. ,iwtd; mtd; mjhtJ cq;fs; kfs; <khd; vd;w ,iw ek;gpf;ifia Vw;Wf;nfhs;shky; khw;Wf; nfhs;iffis Vw;Wf; nfhz;ljhy; FLk;g cWg;gpdd; vd;w epiyia ,oe;jhd; vdj; njspTgLj;Jfpd;whd;. ,];yhk; vd;w ,e;jf; nfhs;ifiaf; nfhz;L ,jpy; ,izj;jth;fs; kl;LNk FLk;g cWg;gpdh;fs; vd;w cz;ikia ,e;j tuyhW ekf;Ff; Nfhbl;Lf; fhl;Lfpd;wJ. ,d;ndhU tuyhiwAk; ,iwtd; ekf;Fg; ghlkhfr; nrhy;ypj;jUfpd;whd;. jtpu> ,g;wh`Pik> mtUila ,iwtd; (ngUk; Nrhjidahy;) gy fl;lisfisapl;Lr; Nrhjpj;j rkaj;jpy; mth; mit ahitAk; ghpg+uzkhfNt nra;jhh;. (Mjyhy; ,iwtd; ) epr;rakhf ehk; ck;ik kdpjh;fSf;Fj; jiytuhf Mf;FfpNwd; vdf;$wpdhd;. mjw;F (,g;uh`Pk;) vd;Dila re;jjpfisAkh (jiyth;fshf Mf;Ftha;) vdf; Nfl;lhh;. (mjw;F ck;Kila re;jjpapYs;s) mepahaf;fhuh;fis vd;Dila thf;FWjp rhuhJ vdf;$wpdhd; (my;Fh;Md; 2:124) jtpu ,g;wh`Pk; (,iwtid Nehf;fp) vd; ,iwtNd (kf;fhthfpa) ,ij mgakspf;Fk; Xh; gl;lzkhf Mf;fpitj;J ,jpy; trpg;gth;fspy; vth; my;yh`;itAk; ,Wjp ehisAk; tpRthrpf;fpwhNuh mtUf;F Mjhukhfg; gytiff; fdpth;f;fq;fisAk; mspj;Jth vdf; $wpajw;F ,iwtd; (vd;id tpRthrpg;gtUf;F ehd; Mfhukspg;gJ NghyNt vd;id) epuhfhpg;gtDf;Fk; (Mfhukspj;J) mtidAk; rpwpJfhyk; RfkDgtpf;f tpl;Litg;Ngd;. gpd;dh; eufNtjidapd; ghy; (nry;Yk;gb) mtid eph;ge;jpg;Ngd;. mtd; nry;Ykplk; kpff;nfl;lJ vd;W $wpdhd;. (my;Fh;Md; 2:126) egp ,g;wh`Pk;(miy) mth;fs; jq;fs; je;ijAk; jq;fisr; rhh;e;j kf;fSk; jtW nra;tjpNyNa epiyj;jpUe;jNghJ> mth;fs; mth;fsplkpUe;J khWgl;lhh;fs;. ,e;epiyapy; egp ,g;uh`Pk; (miy) mth;fs; nrhd;dhh;fs;. cq;fistpl;Lk; my;yh`;itad;wp ePq;fs; (nja;tnkd) miog;gitfistpl;Lk; ehd; tpyfpf; nfhs;fpNwd;. vd; ,iwtidNa ehd; gpuhh;j;jpj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;Ngd;. vd; ,iwtdplk; ehd; nra;Ak; gpuhh;j;jidfs; (vdf;Fj;) jLf;fg;glhjpUf;Fk; vd;W ek;Gfpd;Nwd; vd;W $wpdhh; (my;Fh;Md; 19:48) egp ,g;uh`Pk; (miy) mth;fspd; tuyhw;iw ekf;Fr; nrhy;ypf;fhl;Ltjd; %yk; my;yh`; ,iwtid ek;Gfpd;wth;fsplk; ,Ue;jpl Ntz;ba cwTfisAk; gpizg;Gf;fisANk vLj;Jf;fhl;Lfpd;whd;. my;yh`; $Wfpd;whd;: ,g;wh`Pkplj;jpYk; mtUld; ,Ue;jth;fsplj;jpYk; cq;fSf;F Xh; mofpa Kd;khjphp epr;rakhf ,Uf;fpd;wJ. mth;fs; jk; [dq;fis Nehf;fp epr;rakhf ehq;fs; cq;fspypUe;Jk; my;yh`;itad;wp ePq;fs; tzq;fpf; nfhz;bUg;gitfspypUe;Jk; tpyfptpl;Nlhk;. epr;rakhf ehq;fs; cq;fisAk; (mitfisAk;) epuhfhpj;Jtpl;Nlhk;. my;yh`; xUtidNa ePq;fs; tpRthrk; nfhs;Sk; tiuapy; vq;fSf;Fk; cq;fSf;Fkpilapy; tpNuhjKk; FNuhjKk; Vw;gl;Ltpl;lJ vd;W $wpdhh;fs;. md;wp ,g;uh`Pk; jk; (nrhy;iyf;Nfshj jk;) je;ijia Nehf;fp my;yh`;tplj;jpy; ckf;fhf (mtDila Ntjidapy;) ahnjhd;iwAk; jLf;f vdf;Fr; rf;jp fpilahJ. MapDk; ckf;fhf mtdplj;jpy; gpd;dh; ehd; kd;dpg;igf; NfhUNtd; vd;W $wp vq;fs; ,iwtNd cd;idNa ehq;fs; ek;gpNdhk;. cd;idNa ehq;fs; Nehf;fpNdhk;. cd;dplNk (ehq;fs; ahtUk;) tuNtz;bajpUf;fpd;wJ. (vd;W gpuhh;j;jpj;jhh;) (my;Fh;Md; 60:4) Fifj; Njhoh;fs; vd;w tuyhw;Wr; rpwg;G kpf;fj;Njhoh;fs; nra;jJ vd;d? mth;fs; jhq;fs; <khd; nfhz;l epiyapy; jq;fs; FLk;gj;jhNuhLk; jq;fs; kf;fNshLk; tho;e;jpl ,ayhJ vd;gij czh;e;jhh;fs;. MfNt mth;fs; midtiuAk; tpl;Ltpl;L ntspNa te;Jtpl;lhh;fs;. jq;fs; ehl;iltpl;L ntspNawpdhh;fs;. fhuzk; ,jdhy; mth;fs; my;yh`;tpd; mbikfsha; thoyhk; vd ek;gpdhh;fs;. (egpNa) mth;fSila cz;ikahd rhpj;jpuj;ij ehk; ckf;Ff; $Wfpd;Nwhk;. epr;rakhf mth;fs; rpy thypgh;fs;. jq;fs; ,iwtid tpRthrpj;jhh;fs;. (MfNt gpd;Dk;) gpd;Dk; Neuhd topapy; ehk; mth;fisr; nrYj;jpNdhk;. md;wp mth;fSila ,Ujaq;fisAk; ehk; epiyg;gLj;jp itj;Njhk;. mf;fhyj;jpa murd; mth;fis tpf;fpuf Muhjid nra;Ak;gb eph;ge;jpj;j rkaj;jpy; mth;fs; vOe;Jepd;W thdq;fisAk; g+kpiaAk; gilj;jtd; jhd; vq;fs; ,iwtd;. Mtidad;wp (NtnwtiuAk; Mz;ltd; vd) ehq;fs; miof;fkhl;Nlhk;. (mt;thW mioj;jhy;) epr;rakhf tuk;G kPwpa thh;j;ijiaf; $wpath;fshNthk; vd;whh;fs;. (md;wp) ek;Kila ,e;j [dq;fs; mtidad;wp NtW ehaid vLj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wdh;. ,jw;Fj; njspthd mj;jhl;rpia ,th;fs; nfhz;Ltu Ntz;lhkh? my;yh`;tpd; kPJ fw;gidahfg; ngha;$Wgtidtpl mf;fpukf;fhud; ahh;? (vd;whh;fs;) ,th;fs; tzq;Fk; my;yh`; my;yhjitfspypUe;Jk; ePq;fs; tpyfpf; nfhz;l gpd;dh; ePq;fs; (mth;fis tpl;Lj;jg;gpf;f) ,f;Fiff;Fs; nrd;W tpLq;fs;. cq;fs; ,iwtd; cq;fs; kPJ jd; mUisr; nrhhpe;J ([PtNdhghaj;jpw;Fhpa) cq;fs; fhhpaq;fis vspjhf cq;fSf;Fr; rpj;jg;gLj;jp tpLthd; (vd;Wk; jq;fSf;Fs; $wpf;nfhz;ldh;) (my;Fh;Md; 18:13-16) egp Eh`; (miy) mth;fspd; kidtpAk; egp Yhj;(miy) mth;fspd; kidtpAk; gphpf;fg;gl;L tpl;ldh;. fhuzk; mth;fs; nfhz;l ,iwek;gpf;if NtwhapUe;jd. epuhfhpg;NghUf;F Eh`_ (egpapD)ila kidtpiaAk; Yhj;J (egpapD)ila kidtpiaAk; my;yh`; cjhuzkhf Mf;fp itf;fpd;whd;. ,t;tpU ngz;fSk; ek; ey;ybahh;fspd; kidtpfshfNt ,Ue;jdh;. vdpDk; ,t;tpU ngz;fSk; jq;fs; fzth;fSf;Fj; JNuhfk; nra;jdh;. MfNt ,th;fspUtUk; my;yh`;Tila NtjidapypUe;J ahnjhd;iwAk; jLj;Jf; nfhs;sKbatpy;iy. (,th;fs; JNuhfk; nra;jjd; fhuzkhf ,th;fis Nehf;fp) euf neUg;gpy; GFNthUld; ePq;fspUtUk; GFq;fs; vd;Nw $wg;gl;lJ. (my;Fh;Md; 66:10) /gph;mt;dpd; kidtpaplj;jpy; ,d;ndhU tifahd vLj;Jf;fhl;L ,Uf;fpd;wJ. tpRthrq;nfhz;lth;fSf;F (/gph;mt;Dila kidtpia) my;yh`; cjhuzkhff; $Wfpd;whd;. /gph;mt;Dila kidtp (M]pah) (/gph;mt;Dila mf;fpukq;fisr; rfpf;fhky; jd; ,iwtid Nehf;fp) vd; ,iwtNd cd;dplj;jpYs;s Rtdgjpapy; vdf;F xU tPl;il mikj;J /gph;mtid tpl;Lk; mtDila nraiy tpl;Lk; vd;id ,ul;rpj;Jf; nfhs;thahf. md;wp mf;fpukf;fhu kf;fis tpl;Lk; eP vd;id ,ul;rpj;Jf; nfhs;thahf vd;w gpuhh;j;jidr; nra;J nfhz;NlapUe;jhh;. (my;Fh;Md; 66:11) ,ijg; NghyNt jpUf;Fh;Md; gy;NtW cwTfisAk; Fwpg;gpLfpd;wJ. egp Eh`; (miy) mth;fspd; tho;f;ifapy; je;ij kfd; vd;w cwT <khd; vd;w ,iwek;gpf;if Kd; vd;dthFk; vd;gijg; ghh;j;Njhk;. egp ,g;uh`Pk; (miy) mth;fspd; tho;f;ifapy; kfd; je;ij cwTfs; <khd; vd;w my;yh`; xUtNd ,iwtd; NtW ,iwtNd ,y;iy vd;w ek;gpf;iff;F Kd; jtpLnghbahFk; vd;gijj; jhprpj;Njhk;. mNj Nghy; ehL vd;gJk;> tPL vd;gJk;> FLk;gk; vd;gJk;> Fyk; vd;gJk; <khd; vd;w ,iw ek;gpf;iff;F Kd; Kw;whfr; ruzile;jijr; re;jpj;Njhk;. jhk;gj;jpa cwTfs; <khd; vd;w ,iw ek;gpf;iff;F Kd;dhy; xd;Wkpy;iy vd;gij Eh`; (miy) Yhj; (miy) /gph;mt;d; MfpNahUila tuyhw;wpy; fz;Nlhk;. <khd; vd;w ,iwek;gpf;ifapd; cr;rj;jpy; epw;Fk; egpkhh;fspd; tuyhw;iw NkNy ghh;j;Njhk;. ,dp eLj;ju kf;fspd; tho;f;ifapy; ,e;j ,iwek;gpf;if vg;gb cwTfisAk; gpizg;GfisAk; Vw;gLj;jpw;W vd;gijg; ghh;g;Nghk;. ,iwtd; $Wfpd;whd;: my;yh`;tpd; kPJk; kWikehspd; kPJk; ek;gpf;if itj;jpUf;Fk; kf;fs; my;yh`;itAk; mtDila JhjiuAk; vjph;g;gth;fs; kPJ md;G nrYj;Jtiu (egpNa) ePh; fhzkhl;Bh;. mj;jifNahh; mth;fSila je;ijauhapDk; my;yJ mth;fSila jidah;fshapDk; my;yJ mth;fsJ rNfhjuh;fshapDk; my;yJ mth;fsJ FLk;gj;jth;fshapDk; rhpNa mth;fspd; ,jaq;fspy; my;yh`; <khid ek;gpf;ifiag; gjpj;Jtpl;lhd;. NkYk; jd; rhh;gpypUe;J &i` toq;fp mth;fSf;F typik Nrh;j;jhd;. NkYk; fPNo MWfs; XLk; Rtdq;fspy; mtd; mkh;fisg; Gfr; nra;thd;. mq;Nf mthf;s; vd;nwd;Wk; jq;fp tho;thh;fs;. my;yh`; mth;fisf; nfhz;L jpUg;jp mile;jhd;. mth;fSk; my;yh`;itf; nfhz;L jpUg;jpaile;jhh;fs;. mth;fs; my;yh`;tpd; fl;rpapduhth;. mwpe;Jnfhs;Sq;fs;. my;yh`;tpd; fl;rpapdh; jhk; ntw;wpailaf; $bath;fs;. (my;Fh;Md; 58:22) vk;ngUkhdhh; (]y;)mth;fspd; tuyhw;wpy; ehk; cwTfspd; cilTfisj; jhuhskhfr; re;jpf;fyhk;. ngUkhdhh;(]y;)mth;fspd; nghpa je;ij mg+y`g; cwtpdh; mk;h; gpd; `p];]hk; (mg+[`;y;)MfpNahhpd; cwTfs; ,iwek;gpf;ifapd; mbg;gilapy; rpjwpg; Nghapd. my;yh`;it Vw;Wf;nfhz;L jq;fs; ,y;yq;fis tpl;L ntspNawpa kf;fhthrpfs; ,Nj <khd; vd;w ek;gpf;ifapd; mbg;gilapy; jq;fs; FLk;gq;fNshL nghUjpdhh;fs;. ,th;fs; jhk; jq;fs; FLk;g cWg;gpdh;fisg; gJUg; Nghhpy; vjph;nfhs;tjw;fhf cUtpa thNshL Kd;thpirapNy epd;whh;fs;. mNj Neuj;jpy; kf;fhtpypUe;J ,e;j ,iwek;gpf;ifapd; mbg;gilapy; ,lk; ngah;e;J kjPdh te;j kf;fj;J K];ypk;fs; kjPdhtpNy tho;e;j K];ypk;fNshL gphpf;ftpayhjNjhh; cwthy; gpize;J epd;whh;fs;. gbg;Nghh; epr;rak; tbg;ghh; fz;zPh; vd;gij cWjp nra;Ak; Xh; cld;gpwg;G Kiw mq;Nf ciwe;J cyf kf;fSf;nfy;yhk; Xh; vLj;Jf;fhl;lha; kpsph;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;wJ. ,th;fs; nraypy; fhl;ba rNfhjuj;Jtk; ,uj;j ge;jq;fshy; gpwe;j rNfhjuj;Jtj;ij tpQ;rp epd;wJ. <khd; vdw ,iwek;gpf;ifapd; mbg;gilapy; midj;ijAk; tpQ;rpaNjhh; mjpra cwtpd; cyfk; mq;Nf cUthdJ. ,jpy muGfSk; muGf;fs; my;yhjhUk; cwthy; cld;gpwg;Gfsha; epd;whh;fs;. Nuhk; ehl;bilr; rhh;e;j ]_i`g; (uyp) mth;fs;> ,e;j cwtpd; cld;gpwg;G. gpyhy;(uyp)mth;fs; vj;jpNahg;gpahitr; rhh;e;jth;fs;. ,th;fs; ,e;j cyf rNfhjuj;Jtj;jpy; ,ize;J> Nfl;Nghiug; gpzpf;Fk; Xh; cd;dj tuyhwha; ,];yhkpa tuyhw;wpy; ciwe;J md;iwa K];ypk;fSf;Fk; ,d;iwa K];ypk;fSf;Fk; cld;gpwg;gha; Mdhh;fs;. ]y;khd; (uyp) mth;fs; ghurPfj;ijr; Nrhe;jth;fs;. ,th;fs; ,e;j cwtpd; topapy; jq;fis ,izj;Jf; nfhz;L K];ypk;fspd; md;G kioapy; eide;jhh;fs;. Fyj;jpd; topapy; ngUik mjdhy; ghugl;rk; ,dj;jpd; Nky; Xh; ,dk;Ghpahj Ntl;if ,itnay;yhk; kz; %bg;Nghapd. <khd; ,iwek;gpf;if ,jdhy; ,wth cwT vd;gNj mq;Nf KOikahf Ml;rp nra;jJ. Njrpak; Njrk; mjdhy; el;G gif vd;gdnty;yhk; mq;Nf epue;jukhf tpilngw;Wr; nra;jd. ,iwtdpd; Jhjh;(]y;) mth;fs; me;j kf;fisg; ghh;j;Jr; nrhd;dhh;fs;. Njrpak; Njrk; Fyk; Nfhj;jpuk; vd;gdtw;iw vLj;njwpAq;fs;. ,itnay;yhk; nksl;Bfkhdit. ,itnay;yhk; kbe;J kdpj cwTfSk; czh;TfSk; tphpe;J gue;J thdtPjpapYk; cah;e;J epd;wd. Kdpj cwTfisf;fl;bg; Nghl;bUe;j mj;jid Fwfpa vz;zq;fSk; cilj;njwpag;gl;ld. me;j ehs; Kjy; K];ypk;fspd; ehL vd;gJ g+kpapd; xU epyg;gug;G vd;wpUf;ftpy;iy. khwhf jhUy; ,];yhk; vd;gjhf ,Ue;jJ. mjhtJ ,iwek;gpf;if my;yh`; xUtNd vd;w ek;gpf;if. thOk; g+kp mq;Nf ,iwtdpd; rl;lq;fs; \hPmj; KOikahfr; nraypypUf;Fk;. ,e;j ,];yhj;jpd; g+kpapy; jhd; jhUy; ,];yhj;jpy; jhd; K];ypk;fs; midtUk; jQ;rk; GFfpd;whh;fs;. ,e;j jhUy; ,];yhj;ijg; ghJfhf;fTk; mjd; vy;iyfis tphpTgLj;jplTe;jhd; K];ypk;fs; jq;fs; capiuAk; jUfpd;whh;fs;. ,iwtdpd; rl;lq;fis Vw;Wf; nfhs;Nthh; midtUf;Fk; ,e;j jhUy; ,];yhk; nrhe;jg+kp. ,];yhj;ij Vw;Wf;nfhz;Nlhh; midtUk; midj;J chpikfisAk; ngw;wf; Fbkf;fs; ,e;j jhUy; ,];yhj;jpy;. ,q;Nf murpd; murpay; eph;zar; rl;lk; \hPmj; rl;lq;fs;jhk;. ,q;Nf midj;J tptfhuq;fSk; my;yh`;Tf;Fk; mtdJ mWjpj; Jhjh; K`k;kj;(]y;) mth;fSf;Fk; fPo;g;gbe;Nj elf;Fk;. ,iwtdpd; ,izaw;wr; rl;lq;fshd \hPmj; rl;lq;fs; nraypy; ,y;yhj ,lq;fs; midj;Jk; gifikapd; g+kpNa. xU K];ypk; ,e;jg; gifikapd; g+kpNahL Nghuhbl vg;NghJk; jahuhfNt ,Ug;ghd;. mJ mtd; gpwe;j g+kpahfTk; ,Uf;fyhk; my;yJ mtDila cwtpdh;fs; tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; g+kpahfTk; ,Uf;fyhk;. me;j ,lj;jpy; mtDf;Fr; nrhj;Jf;fs; ,Uf;fyhk; my;yJ nrhj;Jf;fisg; Nghd;w ,ju ghpth;j;jidfs; ,Uf;fyhk;. ,g;gbj;jhd; K`k;kj;(]y;) mth;fs; jhq;fs; gpw;ej ,lkhk; kf;fhTf;F vjpuhfNt Nghuhbdhh;fs;. mth;fs; gpwe;J tsh;e;j khefue;jhd; mJ. mth;fspd; cwtpdh;fs; mq;Nf tho;e;J nfhz;bUe;jhh;fs;. mthf;Sf;F tPLk; mth;fSila Njhoh;fSf;F mq;Nf tPLk; nrhj;Jf;fSk; ,Ue;jd. ,e;j ,iwek;gpf;ifia Vw;Wf; nfhz;ljw;fhf mth;fs; ,tw;iwnay;yhk; Jwe;J kjPdhTf;F tuNtz;bajhapw;W. ngUkhdhh;(]y;) mth;fSk; mth;fspd; Njhoh;fSk; gpwe;J tsh;e;j g+kpahf kf;fh ,Ue;Jk;> mth;fSf;F tPLfSk; kidfSk; nrhj;Jf;fSk; ,Ue;j ,lkhf kf;fh ,Ue;Jk;> mth;fSila cwtpdh;fnsy;yhk; thOk; ,lk; kf;fhthf ,Ue;Jk; kf;fh jhUy; ,];yhkhf Mfpltpy;iy. kf;fj;J ntw;wp vd;W tuyhw;wpy; cah;e;J epw;Fk; thif tuyhw;Wf;Fg; gpd;dh;jhd; #o;e;Jte;j ,];yhkpag; gilfSf;F kf;fh ruzile;j gpd;dh;jhd; mJ jhUy; ,];yhk; vd;w jdpg;ngUk; ,lj;ijg; ngw;wJ. mq;Nf \hPmj; rl;lq;fs; ehl;L elg;ghf Mfpd. ,];yhk; nrhy;Yk; cwtpd; Kiwapd; njspthd mbg;gil ,Jjhd;. ,J jhd; ,];yhk; ,J jhd; jhUy; ,];yhk; ,e;jr; rKjha mikg;gpy; mq;fk; tfpg;Nghh; gpd;tUkhW ele;J nfhs;thh;fs;. mth;fs; jq;fSf;Fs; Vw;gl;l rr;rutpy; ck;ik ePjpgjpahf mq;fPfhpj;J ePh; nra;Ak; jPh;g;igj; jq;fs; kdjpy; vj;jifa mjpUg;jpAkpd;wp mq;fPfhpj;J Kw;wpYk; topg;glhjtiuapy; mth;fs; cz;ik tpRthrpfshf khl;lhh;fs;. (my;Fh;Md; 4:65) mq;Nf midj;J tptfhuq;fSk; my;yh`; mtDila Jhjh;(]y;) mth;fs; MfpNahhpd; fl;lisfs; topfhl;Ljy;fs; jPh;g;Gfs; Mfpatw;wpd; mbg;gilapy;jhd; epUtfpf;fg;gLk;. ,];yhk; toq;fpAs;s mbg;gilfspd; topapy; xU K];ypk; jhd; nfhz;l ,iwek;gpf;ifapd; mbg;gilapNyNa mwpag;gLfpd;whd;. mtd; rpy muRfs; toq;Fk; rhd;wpjo;fspd; mbg;gilapy; mtw;wpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Fwpg;Gfspd; mbg;gilapy; mtd; jd;id gpizj;Jf; nfhs;tjpy;iy. cwTfis Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjpy;iy. mtd; <khidf; nfhz;Nl mwpag;gLfpd;whd;. mtd; Xh; nfhbapd; fPo; NghuhLfpd;whd; vd;why; me;jf; nfhbia mtd; jhapd; nfhb my;yJ je;ijapd; kzpf;nfhb vd;nwy;yhk; ghh;g;gjpy;iy. me;jf; nfhb mtd; ehl;bd; nfhbAky;y. jdJ ngUikiag; GfOk; nfhbAkpy;iy. ,j;jifa nfhbfisg; ghJfhf;f mtd; jd; capiug; gzak; itj;Jg; NghuhLtjpy;iy. mtd; jdJ ,iwek;gpf;fiiag; ghJfhf;fTk; me;j ,iwthf;F NkNyhq;fTk; mtd; NghuhLfpd;whd;. jd; capiuj; jUfpd;whd;. ,e;j ,iw ek;gpf;ifiaf; nfhz;lth;fs; ,th;fs; vd;gij czh;j;Jk; rkpf;iQahf milahskhf Ntz;Lkhdhy; mq;Nf nfhbfs; gwf;fyhk;. mtd; ntw;wp ngw;whd; vd;why; me;j ntw;wp mtdJ ,dj;jpd; ntw;wp vd;Nwh> mtdJ ehL vd;w epyg;gug;gpd; ntw;wp vd;Nwh mtd; nfhs;tjpy;iy. mJ mtd; tpUk;gp Vw;Wf;nfhz;l ,iw ek;gpf;ifapd; ntw;wp. my;yh`; $Wfpd;whd;. my;yh`;tpd; cjtpAk; ntw;wpAk; te;JtpLk; NghJ (egpNa) my;yh`;tpd; khh;f;fj;jpy; kf;fs; jpus; jpushf Eiotij ePh; fhZk; NghJ ePh; ck; ,iwtidg; Gfo;e;J nfhz;L mtidj; Jjpg;gPuhf. epr;rakhf mtd; ghtkd;dpg;Gf; Nfhhpf;ifia nghpJk; Vw;gtdhf ,Uf;fpd;whd;. (my;Fh;Md; 110 : 1-3)ntw;wp ,iwek;gpf;if vd;w gjhifapd; fPo; ngw;wjhFk;. NtW ve;jg; ngahpYk; ngw;wjd;W. Kaw;rp KOf;f KOo;f my;yh`;Tf;fhfNt Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;lJ. Kaw;rp Nkw;nfhz;lJk; capiu tpiyahfj; je;J Nghh;f;fsk; GFe;jJk; mtDila khh;f;fj;ij epiyehl;lTk; mtid Vw;Wf; nfhz;lth;fisg; ghJfhf;fTk; mtDila \hPmj; ,d; Ml;rp epiyngw;wpUg;gij jhUy; ,];yhj;ijg; ghJfhf;fTNk. Nghhpy; fpilf;Fk; nghUs;fSf;fhfNth Nghhpy; fye;J nfhz;lhy; fPh;j;jpg; ngwyhk; vd;Nwh ekJ Njrj;jpw;Ff; fz;zpaKk; GfOk; fpilf;Fk; vd;gjw;fhfNth mq;Nf ahUk; Nghuhl tutpy;iy. mg+%]h (uyp) mth;fs; mwptpf;fpd;whh;fs;. xU Kiw ngUkhdhh;(]y;)mth;fsplk; ,t;thW Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. ,iwtdpd; Jhjh;(]y;)mth;fNs xUth; jd;Dila tPuj;ij ntspf;fhl;lg; Nghhpy; fye;J nfhs;fpd;whh;. ,d;ndhUth; nfsutj;jpw;fhfg; Nghhpy; fye;J nfhs;fpd;whh;. ,d;ndhUth; GfOf;fhfg; Nghhpy; gq;nfLj;;Jf;nfhz;L Nghh; Ghpfpd;whh;. ,th;fspy; ahh; ,iwtdpd; ghijapy; NghuhLfpd;whh;? ngUkhdhh;(]y;)mth;fs; ,g;gbg; gjpy; nrhd;dhh;fs;: my;yh`;tpd; nrhy; NkNyhq;f Ntz;Lk; (my;yh`;tpd; rl;lq;fs; Vida rl;lq;fis thif fz;L Ml;rp nra;a Ntz;Lk;) vd;gjw;fhfg; NghuhLgtNd my;yh`;tpd; ghijapy; NghuhLfpd;whd;. my;y`;tpd; mofpa topfhl;Ljy;fs; epiyehl;lg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf NghuhLk; ghijapy; xUtd; nfhy;yg;gl;lhNyh mtdJ jpahfk; Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;wJ. ,Jty;yhky; NtW fhuzq;fSf;fhf mtd; Nghuhbdhy; mtd; jd; capiuNa je;jpUe;jhYk; mtDila jpahfq;fs; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;glkhl;lh. ,iwtd; xUtNd vd;w ek;gpf;ifapy; epiyj;J epw;fpd;whd;. my;yJ epw;fpd;whh;fs; vd;gjw;fhf xU K];ypNkhL my;yJ K];ypk;fNshL Nghh; GhpAk; ehL> K];ypk;fs; jq;fs; ,iwek;gpf;ifapd; top mikj;j tho;f;if newpfis nray;gLj;Jtijj; jLf;Fk; ehL \hPmj; rl;lq;fis nray;gl tplhky; jLf;Fk; ehL ,itnay;yhk; jhUy; `h;g; vd;w ,];yhj;NjhL gifik ghuhl;Lk; ehLfNs. ,e;j ehLfspy; xU K];ypkpd; cwtpdh;fs; FLk;gj;jth;fs; tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fyhk;. ,e;j ehl;by; mtd; ngUkstpy; %yjdq;fisf; nfhl;b njhopy;fs; nra;J nfhz;bUf;fyhk;. vdpDk; me;j ehL jhUy; `h;g; vd;w gifikapd; g+kpNa. ve;j ehl;by; \hPmj; vd;w ,iwtdpd; rl;lq;fs; KO mstpy; nray;gl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wdNth me;j ehL jhUy; ,];yhk; ,];yhj;jpd; g+kp. ,e;j ehl;by; K];ypk;fspd; cwtpdh;fs; ,y;yhkypUf;fyhk;. mtd; mq;Nf tpahghuNkh nfhLf;fy; thq;fy;fNsh $l ,y;yhkypUf;fyhk;. vdpDk; \hPmj; mq;Nf KO mstpy; nray;gLtjhy; mJ jhUy; ,];yhk;. FLk;gk; Nfhj;jpuk; Fyk; Njrpak; epwk; ehL vd;w mbg;gilfspy; kdpjh;fisg; gphpg;gJk; gpse;J NghLtJk; Kl;lhs;jdj;jpd; Kjph;r;rpiaNa fhl;Lfpd;wJ. ,e;j mbg;gilfspy; kdpjd; jd;idf; $WNghl;Lf; nfhz;lJ ehfhpfk; gz;ghL vd;gdtw;wpy; mtd; jiynaLf;fhj ehs;fspy; jhd;. ,iwtdpd; Jhjh;(]y;)mth;fs; ,tw;iw ,we;J Nghdit kdpjdpd; Md;khTf;F vjpuhdit vjph;j;Jg; Nghuhb vLj;J vwpag;gl Ntz;bait vd mioj;Js;shh;fs;. ek;ik gzpj;Js;shh;fs;. ,dj;jhy; Fyj;jhy; Njrpak; vd;w gpwe;j ehl;lhy; ehq;fs;jhk; ,iwtdhy; Njhe;njLf;fg;gl;l rpwg;ghd kf;fs; vdf; fh;tq;nfhz;L fple;j NghJ ,iwtd; mth;fspd; Nfhhpf;ifia kWj;jhd;. ,iwek;gpf;if xd;Nw kdpjh;fisf; fz;zpaj;jpw;Fhpath;fshf Mf;fpLk; vdj; njspTgLj;jpdhd;. ,iwtd; jd; jpUkiwapy; ,g;gbj; njspTgLj;Jfpd;whd;: tpRthrpfis Nehf;fp mth;fs;> ePq;fs; a+jh;fshf my;yJ fpwp];jth;fshf MfptpLq;fs;. Neuhd topia mile;J tpLtPh;fs; vdf; $Wfpd;whh;fs;. mjw;F mt;thwd;W Neuhd topiar; rhh;e;j ,g;wh`Pkpd; khh;f;fj;ijNa (gpd;gw;WNthk;). mth; ,izitj;J tzq;fpatuy;y vd;W ($Wk;gb tpRthrpfSf;F egpNa) ePh; $Wk;. (tpRthrpfNs) ePq;fSk; $Wq;fs;. my;yh`;itAk; vq;fSf;F mUsg;gl;l ,t;Ntjj;ijAk; ,g;wh`Pk; ,];khaPy; ,];`hf; a/$g; Kjypath;fSf;Fk; ,th;fSila re;jjpfSf;Fk; mUsg;ngw;w ahtw;iwAk; %]hTf;Fk; <]hTf;Fk; nfhLf;fg;gl;bUe;jijAk; kw;iwa egpkhh;fSf;F ,iwtdplkpUe;J nfhLf;fg;gl;bUe;jtw;iwAk; ehq;fs; tpRthrpf;fpd;Nwhk;. mth;fspypUe;J vtiuAk; (egpay;y ntd;W) ehk; gphpj;J tpl khl;Nlhk;. md;wp mtDf;Nf ehq;fs; Kw;wpYk; topg;gLNthk;. (tpRthrpfNs) ePq;fs; vjd;kPJ tpRthrq; nfhz;Bh;fNsh mNjNghy; mth;fSk; tpRthrq; nfhz;lhy; epr;rakhf mth;fs; Neuhd topia mile;JtpLthh;fs;. mth;fs; Gwf;fzpj;J tpby; epr;rakhf (tPz;) gpbthjj;jpy; jhd; ,Uf;fpd;wdh;. mth;fisg; gw;wp cq;fSf;F(g; gak; Ntz;lhk;) my;yh`; NghJkhdtd;. NkYk; mtd; nrtpAWNthDk; ed;fwpe;NjhDkhf ,Uf;fpd;whd; (my;Fh;Md; 2:135-137) cz;ikapy; my;yh`;thy; Njh;e;njLf;fg;gl;l rKjhak; K];ypk; rKjhae;jhd;. ,e;jr; rKjhae;jhd; ,dk; epwk; epyk; nkhop Njrpak; vd;gdtw;wpd; mbg;gilapy; kdpjh;fisg; gphpg;gJkpy;iy. ghugl;rkhf xUjiyahf ele;J nfhs;tJkpy;iy. ,jw;F my;yh`; gpd;tUkhW ew;rhd;wpjio toq;Ffpd;whd;. (tpRthrpfNs) ed;ikahd fhhpaq;fis(r; nra;Ak; gb kdpjh;fis) Vtp ghgkhd fhhpaq;fspypUe;J (mth;fis) tpyf;fp nka;ahfNt my;yh`;it tpRthrpf;fpd;w ePq;fs; jhk; kdpjh;fspy; Njhd;wpa rKjha;qfspnyy;yhk; kpf;f Nkd;ikahdth;fs; (my;Fh;Md; 3:110) ,e;jj; Njh;e;njLf;fg;gl;l cd;djkhd rKjhaj;jpy;jhd; mNugpahitr; rhh;e;j mg+gf;fh; (uyp) mth;fSk; vj;jpNahg;ghitr; rhh;e;j gpyhy;(uyp)th;fSk; Nuhkehl;ilr; rhh;e;j ]_i`g;(uyp)mth;fSk; ghurPfj;ijr; rhh;e;j ]y;khd; (uyp)mth;fSk; <khd; vdw; ,iwek;gpf;ifapd; mbg;gilapy; rNfhjuh;fshdhh;fs;. ,th;fisj; njhlh;e;J te;j jiyKiwapdUk; ,g;gbNa ,Ue;jdh;. ,th;fspd; Njrpak; ,iwek;gpf;if ,th;fspd; ehL jhUy; ,];yhk; ,q;Nf Ml;rpnra;gtd; my;yh`;. Murpay; eph;zar; rl;lk; Kjy; midj;Jr; rl;lq;fSk; my;Fh;Md;. ,e;jf; nfhs;iffis ,];yhj;ij kPz;Lk; epiyehl;bahf Ntz;Lk; vd;gij ,yl;rpakhff; nfhz;l xt;nthU ,yl;rpathjpAk; jd;Dila kdjpy; kpfTk; Mokhfg;gjpa itj;jplNtz;Lk;. mth;fs; ,ejf; nfhs;iffspypUe;J jq;fisj; jpir jpUg;Gk; mj;jid Kaw;rpfspypUe;Jk; jq;fisj; jw;fhj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,tw;wpw;F khw;wkhd nksl;Bf nfhs;iffs; vq;Nf ,Ue;J te;jhYk; (gy Neuq;fspy; ,it ,d;iwa K];ypk;fsplkpUe;Nj tuyhk;> tUfpd;wd nkhopngah;g;ghsh;) mtw;iw tPo;j;jpl K];ypk;fs; ,e;j ,yl;rpathjpfs; tpopg;NghL ,Ue;jpl Ntz;Lk;. ,izitg;gpd; mjhtJ epuhfhpg;gpd; vy;iyfisf;$l vl;bg;ghh;j;jplf;$lhJ ,e;j tptfhuq;fspy; ,];yhj;ij ,yl;rpahkhff; nfhz;l vd; cld;gpwg;Gfs;. ,q;Nf ,izitg;gJ vd;gJ jha;ehL mijNa eP Muhjpf;f Ntz;Lk; vdtha;g; Ngrg;gLk; Ngr;Rf;fs; Kof;fq;fs; cd;Dila tUthAk; tho;Tk; ve;j kz;zpypUe;J ve;j epyg;gug;gpypUe;J tUfpd;wNjh mjw;Nf eP tpRthrkhd ,Ue;jplNtz;Lk; vd;gdtha; vLj;J itf;fg;gLk; tpthjq;fs;. vy;yh K];ypk;fSk; Fwpg;ghf ,];yhj;ij ,yl;rpakhff; nfhz;l ,yl;rpa nrk;ky;fs; midj;ijAk; tpl my;yh`;itAk; mtdJ ,Wjpj; JhjiuANk mjpfkhf Nerpf;fNtz;Lk;. mth;fs; jq;fs; ,yl;rpaj;ij milAk; tiu mjhtJ my;yh`;tpd; nrhy;iy Ml;rp nra;Ak; rl;lq;fshf Mf;fpLk; tiu my;yJ me;j Kaw;rpapy; jq;fisj; je;jpLk;tiu ve;jj; jpahfj;ijAk; nra;jplj; jahuhf ,Ue;jplNtz;Lk;. my;yh`; $Wfpd;whd;: (egpNa tpRthrpfis Nehf;fp) ePh; $Wk; cq;fSila je;ijfSk; cq;fSila kf;fSk; cq;fSila Jizth;fSk; cq;fSila FLk;gj;jth;fSk; ePq;fs; rk;ghjpj;J itj;jpUf;Fk; nghUs;fSk; e\;lkhfptpLNkh vd ePq;fs; gae;J nra;JtUk; tpahghuKk; cq;fSf;F kpf;f tpUg;gKs;s tPLfSk; my;yh`;itAk; mtDila JhjiuAk; tplTk; mtDila ghijapy; Aj;jk; GhptijtplTk; cq;fSf;F kpf;f tpUg;gkhditfshapUe;jhy; (ePq;fs; cz;ik tpRthrpfsy;y. ePq;fs; milaNtz;ba jz;lidiag; gw;wpa) my;yh`;Tila fl;lis tUk;tiuapy; ePq;fs; vjph;ghh;j;jpUq;fs;. (cq;fisg; Nghd;w) ghtpfis my;yh`; Neuhd topapy; nrYj;Jtjpy;iy. (my;Fh;Md; 9:24) ,e;j ,iwnkhopfs; midj;J K];ypk;fSf;Fk; jhd;. VNjh ,];yhj;ij ,yl;rpakhff; nfhz;lth;fSf;F kl;Lky;y. ,d;Dk; nrhd;dhy; ,];yhk;jhd; midj;J K];ypk;fspd; ,yl;rpaKk;. ,e;j ,yl;rpaj;jpy; midj;J K];ypk;fSk; vg;gb ,Ue;jpl Ntz;Lk; vd;gij typAWj;JtNj NkNy cs;s ,iwtrdk;. ,];yhj;ij ,yl;rpakhff; nfhz;lth;fs; ,];yhj;ij epiyehl;Ltij ,];yhkpa muir epiyngw;r nra;tij ,ylrpakhff; nfhz;lth;fs; ,];yhj;jpd; gf;fk; kf;fis miof;fpd;w ,ylrpatPuh;fs; ,th;fisdtUk; [h`pypa;ah vd;w mQ;Qhdj;jpd; ,ay;Gfis ed;whf mwpe;J ,Uf;fNtz;Lk;. mNj Nghy; mth;fs; jhUy; ,];yhk; jhUy; `h;g; Mfpatw;wpd; ,ay;GfisAk; ed;whf mwpe;J ,Uf;fNtz;Lk;. ,y;iyNay; Fog;gNk kpQ;Rk; mNjNghy; my;yh`;tpd; \hPmj; Koikahfr; nray;glhj epygug;igAk; ,iwj;Jhjh;(]y;) mth;fspd; topfhl;Ljy;fs; KOikahfg; gpd;gw;wg;glhj ve;j epyg;gug;igAk; jhUy; ,];yhk; vd Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fpy;iy. ,jpYk; ehk; kpfTk; njspthf ,Ue;jpl Ntz;Lk;. jhUy; ,];yhk; vd;gjpy; ,];yhk; tho;tpd; midj;Jj; JiwfspYk; mg;gbNa gpd;gw;wg;gLk; mq;Nf epuhfhpg;G ,izitg;G nksl;Bfk; Mfpatw;wpw;Ff; fpQ;rpw;Wk; ,lkpy;iy. mq;Nf cz;ikAk; tha;ikAk; Ml;rpapYk; kf;fs; tho;f;ifapYk; ciwe;jpUg;gjhy; ngha;Ak; nksl;BfKk; vq;NfAk; jiyfhl;lkhl;lh!.

H 4
Previous Home Contents Next Top