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rHtNjr kfspH jpdk; - kiwf;fg;gLk; cz;ikfs;

lhf;lH.n[.Ki`jPd;


khHr; 8 I rHtNjr kfspH jpdkhff; nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ. vg;gbf; nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ???

njhiyf;fhl;rpfspyl gy gy epfo;r;rpfisf; fhzyhk;.

rpdpkh ebiffspd; Ngl;bfs;

Gj;jk; Gjpa jpiug;glq;fs;

mofp(?)g; Nghl;bfs;

CHtyq;fs;

MHg;ghl;lq;fs;

fUj;juq;Ffs;

kfspH mikg;Gfs; ,ize;J ,lxJf;fPL Fwpj;J fhurhukhf tpthjpf;fyhk;

xt;nthU Mz;Lk; ,Nj Nghd;w epiyiaj; jhd; cyfk; fz;L tUfpwJ. Kfq;fs; khWfpd;wJ> Mdhy; ngz;fspd; epiy kl;Lk; khwtpy;iy.

fhuzk;..?

,d;iwa ngz;fspd; cz;ik epiyia kiwj;J Nghypahd xU Kd;khjphpia ek; ngz;fs; Kd; vLj;Jf;fhl;lg;gl;L tUfpwJ.

Mz;fisg; Nghy Kb myq;fhuk;> fhy; %l;L tiu Mil> cjLfspy; rhak;> Kfq;fspd; kPJ fyH gTlH.. ,J jhd; ,d;W ngz;fSf;F Kd;khjphp?

Mdhy; ,e;j epiyf;F Nkw;fj;jpag; ngz;fs; tUtjw;F mtHfs; mDgtpj;j Jd;gq;fs; gyg; gy.

ngz;fSf;F Md;kh cz;lh ,y;iyah? vd;w tpthjq;fs; ele;j fhyKk; cz;L. ngz;fSf;Fhpa chpikfs; Fwpj;j mwpNt rpy E}w;whz;LfSf;F Kd;Gjhd; Nkw;Fyfpy; Njhd;w Muk;gpj;jJ.

fle;j E}w;whz;bd; Muk;gj;jpy; jhd; 'ngz;fs; jpdk;" vd;w xUehs; filgpbf;fg;gl;lJ.

1909 Mk; Mz;L Kjy; Njrpa ngz;fs;jpdk; mnkhpf;fhtpy; filgpbf;fg;gl;lJ. epA+ahHf;fpy; 28-02-1908 Mk; Mz;L eilngw;w E}w;ghiyg; Nghuhl;lj;ij epidT $He;J jhd; ,e;j jpdk; mD\;bf;fg;gl;lJ.

1911 Mk; Mz;L 'rHtNjrpa ngz;fs; jpdk;" khHr; 19 Mk; ehs; mDrhpf;fg;gl;lJ. Ntiy nra;Ak; chpik> kw;Wk; ngz;fSf;fhd Xl;Lhpik Mfpatw;iw Kd;dpWj;jp Nghuhl;lq;fs; eilngw;wd.

1917 Mk; Mz;L u\;ag; Nghuhl;lj;jpd; xU gFjpahf 'khHr; 8 Mk; ehs;" ngz;fSf;fhd tho;Thpikia Ntz;b Nghuhl;lk; eilngw;wJ. ,Wjpapy; ']hH muR" ngz;fSf;F Xl;Lhpikia toq;fpaJ.

,e;j Nghuhl;lg; ghijapd; ,Wjpapy; 1975 Mk; Mz;L 'Ieh rig" khHr; 8 k; ehis rHtNjrpag; ngz;fs; jpdkhf mwptpj;jJ.

NkNy Fwpg;gpl;lJ ngz;fspd; mbg;gil chpikifisg; ngw ele;j Nghul;lj;jpd; rpy jfty;fNs..!

,t;thz;L ngz;fs; jpdj;jpw;fhd ' (Theme) jiyg;ghf Ieh rig mwptpj;jpUg;gJ 'Ending Impunity For Voilence Against Women And Girls" ngz;fs; kw;Wk; rpWkpfSf;nfjpuhd td;Kiwfis epWj;JtJ" vd;gjhFk;.

,JNghd;W xt;nthU Mz;Lk; 'Nfh\q;fis" Ieh rig vOg;gpf; nfhz;L jhd; tUfpwJ. Mdhy; ele;J nfhz;bUg;gNjh nfhLikapYk; nfhLik! cjhuzj;jpw;F rpy Gs;sptpguq;fs;..

tWikapy; coYk; ngz;fSk; Foe;ijfSk; :

5 Kjy; 14 tiu cs;s Foe;ijfspy; 250 kpy;ypad; NgH njhopyhsHfshf tho;fpd;wdH. mjpy; 120 kpy;ypad; Foe;ij njhopyhsHfs; ,e;jpahtpy; tho;fpd;wdH. ,jpy; ghjpf;F Nky; rpWkpfs; MtH. (Human Rights Watch 2001)

tsHe;j ehL vd;W $wg;gLk; fdlhtpy; 16.4 rjtPjk; Foe;ijfs; (mjpy; ghjp rpWkpfs;) tWikapy; cs;sdH. (Campaign 2000's Report)

ghypay; hPjpahd td;Kiwfs; :

ngz; ifjpfspy; 80 rjtPjk; NgH> jq;fspd; Foe;ijg; gUtj;jpy; ghypay; hPjpahf njhy;iyf;F MshdtHfs;. (Conference on Child Victimization Child Offending 2000)

18 tajpw;Ff; fPNo cs;s goq;Fb rpWkpfspy; 75 rjtPjk; NgH ghypay; nfhLikfSf;F Mshfpd;wdH vd xU Muha;r;rp njhptpf;fpd;wJ. (Alliance of Five Research Centres on Violence 1999)

cyf Rfhjhu epWtdk; (WHO) tpd; mwpf;if ,d;Dk; mjpHr;rpaspf;fpd;wJ.

cyfpy; xt;nthU Mz;Lk; RkhH 40 kpy;ypad; Foe;ijfs; njhy;iyfSf;F Mshfpd;wdH vd;W $WfpwJ. (WHO 2001)

xt;nthU Mz;Lk; RkhH 1 kpy;ypad; Foe;ijfs; cyfnkq;Fk; 'ghypay; njhopypy;" js;sg;gLfpd;wdH vd;W kw;nwhU Ma;T $Wfpd;wJ. (Casa Alianza 2001)

,izaj;jsj;jpy; ghypay; nfh^uk; :

fdlh> mnkhpf;fh kw;Wk; nkf;]pNfh Mfpa ehLfspy; kl;Lk; xt;nthU Mz;Lk; RkhH 6.5 kpy;ypad; Foe;ijfs; ,izaj;jsj;jpy; Njitaw;w ghypay; epfo;Tfisf; fz;L ghjpg;gpw;Fs;shfpd;wdH vd;W XH Ma;T $WfpwJ. (Estes & Weiner, 2001)

Nghhpdhy; Vw;gLk; tpisTfs; :

NghH kw;Wk; mjd; tpisTfshy; mjpfk; ghjpf;fg;gLtJ ngz;fSk; Foe;ijfSk; jhd;.

cyf Foe;ijfs; epWtdkhf ,d; Ma;Tg;gb nrd;w 10 Mz;Lfspy; cyfnkq;Fk; eilngw;w MAj Nghuhl;lq;fspy; 2 kpy;ypad; Foe;ijfs; (ghjpf;F Nky; Foe;ijfs;) nfhy;yg;gl;Ls;sdH. NkYk; 6 kpy;ypad; Foe;ijfs; fhag;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sdH. (Human Right Watch 2001)

Gs;sptpguq;fspd; gl;bay; ePz;L nfhz;Nl ,Uf;fpwJ.

ngz; Foe;ijfspd; epiyik jhd; ,g;gbnad;why; 'ngz;fspd;" epiyNah kpf kpff; nfh^uk;.

ngz;fs; mjpfkhfg; ghjpf;fg;gLtJ tPl;by; jhd; vd;W Ma;Tfs; njspthf;fpAs;sJ.

M];jpNuypah> fdlh> ,];Nuy;> njd;dhg;gphpf;fh> mnkhpf;fh Nghd;w tsHe;j(?) ehLfspy; vLf;fg;gl;l Ma;tpd;gb

nfhiy nra;ag;gl;l ngz;fspy; 40-70 rjtPjk; NgH jq;fspd; fztd; (my;yJ N[hb) fshy; jhd; nfhiy nra;ag;gl;Ls;sdH. (Human Rights Watch  Group)

mNj mwpf;if ,d;Dk; gy mjpHr;rpj; jfty;fisj; jUfpwJ.

  1. Mrpahtpy; kl;Lk; 60 kpy;ypad; ngz; Foe;ijfs; fUtpNyNa mopf;fg;gLfpd;wdH

  2. tpgr;rhuj;jpw;fhf flj;jg;gLk; ngz;fspd; vz;zpf;if xt;nthU Mz;Lk; (1>00>000 NgH yj;jPd; mnkhpf;fhtpypUe;Jk;> 50>000 NgH Mg;hpf;fhtpypUe;Jk;) vd;W kdpj chpik mwpf;if $WfpwJ.

,it ek;Kila gj;jphpf;iffSk;> Clfq;fSk; ntspf;nfhzuhjit. (,g;Gs;sp tpguq;fs; kpifg;gLj;jg;gl;lit my;y). Mdhy; ek;Kila ngz;fSf;F ,e;epfo;Tfs; VJk; ghjpf;fhtz;zk; ek;%H njhiyf;fhl;rpfs; nkfh njhlHfisj; njhlHe;J xspgug;gp tUfpwJ.

MdhYk;> ,e;j nkfh njhlHfspd; NghijiaAk; jhz;b ek;%H ngz;fisg; ghjpj;j epfo;T xd;W cz;L.

mJ jhd; neha;lh rpWkpfspd; gLnfhiyr; rk;gtq;fs;. Mdhy;...> NkNy nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;s Gs;sptpguq;fisf; fhZk; NghJ ,e;j 'neha;lh" gLnfhiyf;s kpfkpfr; rpwpaJ jhd; vd;W vz;zj; Njhd;Wk;. 'neha;lh" itj; njhlHe;J kj;jpag;gpuNjrj;jpYk; ,J Nghd;w nfhiyfs; ele;jjhf nra;jpfs; tuj; njhlq;fpAs;sd.

,f;fl;Liuapd; Nehf;fk; - Gs;sp tpguq;fisAk; tuyhw;iwAk; jUtJ kl;Lky;y. khwhf ,jw;fhd fhuzj;ijAk; jPHTfisAk; jUtJ jhd;.

,f;nfhLikfs; Vd; ngz;fSf;nfjpuhf eilngWfpwJ..?

,jw;fhd mbg;gilf; fhuzq;fs; :

ngz;fSk; Foe;ijfSk; cly;hPjpahf Mz;fis tpl typik Fd;wpatHfs; (rpy ngz;fs; tpjptpyf;fhfyhk;).

ngz;fspd; chpikfs; vd;w NghHitapy; ngz;fisf; 'fw;fhy" ehfhPfj;jpw;F ,e;j 'Nkw;Fyfk;" nfhz;L nrd;W tpl;lJ. Muk;gj;jpy; $wpaJ Nghy; ngz;fspd; 'khjphp" (Model) vd;gJ MilapYk;> nts;is epw mofpYk; kl;Lk; jhd; vd;w epiy cUthdJ. vdNt ngz;fspd; moF tzpfg; nghUshdJ. ,Wjpapy; 'ghypay; nfhLikfs;" rpWkpfsplkpUe;J njhlq;fpAs;sJ.

FLk;g cwTfs; Jz;bf;fgl;ljhy; tPl;bNyNa ngz;fs; Jd;GWj;jg;gLfpd;wdH. (Domestic Violence) ,J jtpu kw;w fhuzq;fSk; cs;sd. (tujl;riz> ngz;rpRf; nfhiy)

jPHTfs; ..

1975 Mk; Mz;L Kjy; ,d;Wtiu ngz;fspd; chpikf;fhf Ieh rig epiwNtw;wpa jPHkhdq;fs; Vuhsk;. ngz; chpik mikg;GfSk;> ngz;zpathjpfSk; vOg;gpa Fuy;fSk;> Nghuhl;lq;fSk; ngz;fspd; epiyia khw;wpdth vd;why; - ,y;iy - vd;Nw nrhy;y Ntz;Lk; (NkNy Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Gs;sp tpguq;fs; jhd; rhd;W)

,];yhkpaj; jPHT

ngz;fSf;F KO ghJfhg;igAk;> chpikiaAk; ,];yhk; toq;FfpwJ. Mdhy; ,g;gb VNjDk; xU Mz; ,d;W $wpdhy; 'Mzhjpf;fk;" vd;W eiff;fg;gLfpd;wdH. ,t;thW ,];yhkpaf; fUj;Njhl;lk; rpy ngz;zpathjpfshy;  eifg;Gf;Fs;shf;fg;gLtNj 'ngz;fSf;F ,];yhk; ghJfhg;G toq;FfpwJ" vd;w $w;W cz;ik vd;gij tpsf;FfpwJ vd;Nw $w Ntz;Lk;.

cyfnkq;Fk; ngz;fs; nrhj;Jhpikf;fhfg; NghuhLtjw;F RkhH 12 E}w;whz;LfSf;F Kd;dNu ,];yhk; nrhj;Jhpikiag; ngz;fSf;Fk; cz;L vd;W $wpaJ. (ghHf;f jpUf;FHMd; 4:7-12)

k`;H vd;w nrhj;jpid jpUkzj;jpd; NghNj fztdplkpUe;J Nfl;Lg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; (FHMd; 4:4) vd;W rl;lkpaw;wpaJ ,];yhk;.

jpUkzk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;Lnkd;why; k`H fl;lhak; nfhLf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. jpUkzj;jpw;Fk; nghUshjhu chpikf;Fk; njhlHig Vw;gLj;jpa khHf;fk; vt;thW ngz;fisf; nfhLikg;gLj;Jk;.

NghhpNy ngz;fs;> Foe;ijfisf; nfhy;YtJ jilnra;ag;gl;lJ.

ghypay; hPjpahd nfhLikfSf;Ff; fLikahd jz;lidfs; toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

ngz;fspd; fw;gpw;F fsq;fg;gLj;Jk; nray; jz;lidf;FhpaJ vd;W ,];yhk; $WfpwJ (24:4)

nkhj;jj;jpy; ,];yhk; toq;fpa ngz; chpikfs; vd;gJ 'Mz;fshy;" toq;fg;gl;ljy;y> khwhf ,iwtdhy; toq;fg;gl;lit.

,Wjpahf..

,d;W eilngWk; nfhLikfSk; mjw;nfjpuhd Nghuhl;lq;fSk; ekf;F XH gbg;gpidiaj; jUfpwJ. 'fw;fhy ehfhPfj;ij" [h`pypaj;ij (mwpahikia) mfw;wp mikjpia Vw;gLj;j ,];yhkpa ngz;fs; Kd;tu Ntz;Lk;. ,y;iynadpy; 'neha;lh" rk;gtq;fSk; ,JNghd;w td;nfhLikfSk; ek;ikr; Rw;wp eilngw;Wf; nfhz;Nl ,Uf;Fk; vd;gJ jpz;zk;.

(khHr; 8 rHtNjrpa kfspH (ngz;fs;) jpdk;) - lhf;lH.J.Ki`jPd;

(,f;fl;Liu rkurj;jpYk; ,lk; ngw;Ws;sJ. NkYk;> lhf;lH mtHfs; Mq;fpy kUj;Jtj;jpy; mWit rpfpr;ir rpwg;G kUj;JtuhthH. kUj;Jtk; rhHe;j re;Njfq;fs;> Nfs;tpfs; ,Ug;gpd; ekJ ,izaj;jsj;jpw;F mDg;gp itf;fyhk;. ,iwtd; ehbdhy;> mjw;fhd topfhl;Ljy;fs; fpilf;Fk;)

H 4
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