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Jhpjkhf khwpr; nry;Yk; ,d;iwa cyfpy;

K];ypk; ngz;fspd; r%f cwT

M.A.`h/gpo; ]ygp> kd;dH nrsj; gy;fiyf;fofk;> hpahj;.


 

Kd;Diu


r%f tho;tpy; ngz;fspd; cwT vd;gJ kpf Kf;fpakhdnjhU tprakhFk;. ''Mz;fspd; mLj;j gFjpapdH - mLj;j rk gFjpapdH ngz;fs;"" vDk; NghJ me;j mLj;j gFjpapdH xLf;fg;gl;L> Klf;fg;gl;L nrayw;Wf; fplf;Fkhdhy; r%f vOr;rpailtJk; jhkjkhFk;. vdNt> MZk;> ngz;Zk; rk me;j];JilatHfs; vd;w mts; r%f cwit mikj;Jf; nfhs;s KbAkh vd;w Nfs;tp vOfpd;wJ. ,];yhk; tho;tpd; rfy JiwfSf;Fkhd kpjkhd jPHit toq;Fk; khHf;fk; vd;w mbg;gilapy; ngz;zpd; r%f cwT gw;wpAk; kpfj; njspthfg; NgRfpd;wJ.

ngz; vjpHfhyg; guk;giuia cUthf;Fk; mjp cd;dj nghWg;G tha;e;jts;. mtsJ cly;> cs ,aw;if mikg;Gf;fs; midj;Jk; kfj;jhd gzpf;F Vw;g my;yh`;tpdhy; rpU\;bf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jd; nghUs; mts; tPl;by; milgl;L XH mbikahf Klq;fpf; fplf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gjy;y. mts; tPl;il tpl;L ntspNawp r%ff; fsk;> Vd;? NghHf; fsq;fs; tiu $l nry;tjw;F ,];yhk; mDkjpj;Js;sJ. Mdhy;> mtsJ tPl;Lg; gzpf;F mJ ghjfkhff mike;J tplf; $lhJ vd;gjpy; kpff; ftdkhf ,];yhk; Nghjid toq;Ffpd;wJ.

r%ff; fsk; Mzpd; Kjd;ikahd gFjp. tPL> FLk;gk; vd;gd mtdJ ,uz;lhtJ gFjp. ngz;zpd; Kjd;ikahd gFjp tPLk; FLk;gKkhFk;. r%ff; fsk; mtspd; ,uz;lhtJ gFjp. ,t;thW ,];yhk; Mzpd; kPJk; ngz;zpd; kPJk; tpjpj;Js;s flikfisAk;> nghWg;GfisAk; Mo;e;J Nehf;Fk; NghJ> kpf mw;GjkhdnjhU rkepiyia Mz;-ngz;> FLk;gk;-r%fk; vd;w ,Utif myFfSf;Fk; ,ilNa NgzpAs;sikiaf; fhz KbAk;.

r%f rPHjpUj;j Kaw;rpapYk; ciog;gpYk; ngz;zpd; gq;ifg; nghUj;jtiu kpf mtrpakhdJ me;epaHfs; ,];yhkpa ehl;bd; kPJ gilnaLj;J ehl;Lf;Fs; Eioe;J tpl;;lhy; midtH kPJk; (Mz;> ngz;> rpWtH> nghpatH) [p`hj; flikahfpd;wJ.

vdpDk;> r%fj; jPikfSf;F vjpuhf ghLgLjy;> cioj;jy; vd;gJ ngz;fSf;F flikay;y vd;w kdg;gjpT gutyhff; fhzg;gLtNjhL kl;Lky;yhJ mt;thW cioj;jy; ngz;fSf;F fsq;fk; tpistpf;Fk; vd;w vz;zKk; r%fj;jpy; Mokhf gjpe;Js;sJ. ,J gw;wp rpe;jpg;gJk; ,jw;fhd ,];yhkpa jPHT NjLjYk; mtrpakhFk;.

 

kjpg;Giu


,];yhj;jpy; ngz;fspd; chpikfs; gw;wp gy;NtW E}y;fs;> fl;Liufs; ntspte;Js;sd. ,e;j thpirapy; ,e;j E}y; rw;W tpj;jpahrkhf vOjg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,e;jpa - ,yq;if K];ypk; ngz;fspd; r%f epiyNahL> ,];yhj;jpw;F mtHfsJ gq;fspg;G vt;thW ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;> mjw;fhd topfhl;Ljy;fis ,];yhkpa epiyNahL ,iae;J toq;FtNjhL> mjw;Fj; jilahf ,Uf;fpd;w jilf;fw;fs; vit vit vd;gijAk; MrphpaH Mq;fhq;Nf njhl;Lf; fhl;Lfpd;whH. me;jj; jilf;fw;fspy; K];ypk;fspd; Mzhjpf;f tHf;fKk; mlq;Fk; vd;gij ntspg;gilahfNt NgRfpd;whH MrphpaH.

vdNt> ,e;j E}y; K];ypk; ngz;fspd; ,d;iwa epiyNahL> mtHfsJ rPHjpUj;jk;> ,];yhk; mtHfSf;F toq;fpAs;s chpikfs; kw;Wk; khw;Wkj ngz;fNshL K];ypk; ngz;fspd; epiy vt;thW NtWgl;lJ> mjpYk; mjpf chpikfs; cilaJ vd;gijAk; MrphpaH Mjhuq;fSld; njhl;Lf; fhz;gpf;fpd;whH.

MZk; ngz;Zk; rkk; vDk; Nfhl;ghl;bw;fhd ,];yhkpa tiuaiw gw;wpAk;> ,d;Dk; ,];yhkpa miog;Gg; gzpapy; mtHfs; Mw;w Ntz;ba gzpfs; Fwpj;Jk;> r%f Mjutpd;wp mtw;iw mtHfshy; epiwNtw;w ,ayhj vd;gijAk; Rl;bf; fhl;Lfpd;whH.

Mrphpahpd; ,e;j Kaw;rpf;F ey;y gyid toq;Ftjw;F ,iwtd; Jiz Ghpthdhf vd;Wk;> ,d;Dk; ,J Nghy Vuhskhd E}y;fis mtH ntspf; nfhzu Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; gpuhHj;jpj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;Nwhk;.

,g;gbf;F

jkpo;,];yhk;.fhk; - rNfhjuHfs;.

 

Vida r%fq;fspy; ngz;fspd; epiy


,];yhj;jpd; epoypy; ngz;fspd; r%f cwit Ma;Tf;F cl;gLj;j Kd;dH ngz;fis kw;w r%fj;jpdH vt;thW elj;jpf; nfhz;bUe;jhHfs; vd;W Ghpe;J nfhs;tJ ,];yhj;jpy; ngz;fspd; khz;ig kl;bl ,yFthf ,Uf;Fk;.

fpNuf;fHfs; ngz;fis tpw;gidg; nghUl;fshfNt fUjpdH. mtHfSf;nfd ve;j chpikAk; fpilahJ. chpikfs; midj;Jk; Mz;fSf;Nf vd;wdH. mq;F ngz;fSf;F nrhj;Jhpik> nfhLf;fy; thq;fy; Nghd;w chpikfs; jLf;fg;gl;bUe;jd. mtHfspy; gpugy;akpf;f tpQ;Qhdpahd rhf;uB]; vd;gH> ''ngz;fs; ,Ug;gJ cyfpd; kpfg; nghpa moptpw;F %y fhuzk;. epr;rakhf ngz;fs; tp\ kuj;jpw;F xg;ghdtHfs;. mk;kuj;jpd; Gwj;Njhw;wk; mofhf ,Uf;fpwJ vd;Wk;> mjpYs;sij rpl;Lf; FUtpfs; rhg;gpl;lTlNdNa kuzpj;J tpLfpd;wd"" vd;whH.

ngz;fspd; tpraj;jpy; ,e;jpaHfspd; fz;Nzhl;lk; ,t;thW jhd; ,Ue;jJ. fztd; kuzpj;J tpl;;lhy; mtNdhL NrHj;J mtdJ kidtpiaAk; vhpj;J tpLthHfs;. ,jw;F 'cld;fl;il" VWjy; vdg;gLfpwJ. rPdHfs; ngz;fis tpw;fTk;> capNuhL vhpf;fTk; nra;jdH.

A+jHfs; ngz;fis rhgj;Jf;FhpatHfs; vd fUjpdhHfs;. Vnddpy;> mts; Mjk; (miy) mtHfis topnfLj;J jLf;fg;gl;l fdpia rhg;gplr; nra;jhs; vd;W vz;zpdH. ngz;zpw;F khjtplha; Vw;gl;L tpl;lhy;> tPl;ilAk; ghj;jpuq;fisAk; mts; njhl;lhy; mRj;jkhfp tpLk; vd;W fUjp xJf;fp itj;jdH.

fpwp];jtHfs; ngz;iz i\j;jhdpd; Agent vdf; fUjpdhH. fpwp];jt ghjphpnahUtH> ''ngz; kdpj ,dj;ijr; Nruhjts;"" vdf; $wpdhH. nrk;G+dh> ngd;jhuh vd;w fpwp];jtd; ''ePq;fs; ngz;fisf; fz;lhy; mtis kdpj ,dj;ijr; rhHe;jts; vdf; fUjp tplhjPHfs;. mtis XH capUs;s [Ptdha;f; $lf; fUjhjPHfs;. epr;rakhf ePq;fs; fhz;gJ i\j;jhdpd; cUtj;ijj; jhd;. ,d;Dk; ePq;fs; nrtpNaw;Fk; rj;jk; ghk;gpd; rPw;wk; jhd;"" vd;whd;.

19 k; E}w;whz;bd; eLg;gFjp tiu Mq;fpNyaH nghJr; rl;lg;gb ngz;fs; gpu[h chpik nfhLf;fg;glhjtHfshfNt ,Ue;jdH. ,J Nghd;Nw ngz;fSf;F ve;jtpj kdpj chpikfSk; fpilf;ftpy;iy. mts; mzpAk; Mil cl;gl ve;jg; nghUisAk; nrhe;jg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s chpik toq;fg;gltpy;iy.

1567k; Mz;L ];fhl;yhe;Jg; ghuhSkd;wk; ngz;fSf;F ve;j mjpfhuKk; nfhLf;ff; $lhJ vd;W rl;lkpaw;wpaJ. ,t;thNw 8 tJ n`d;wpapd; fhyj;jpy; Mq;fpNyag; ghuhSkd;wk; ngz;fs; mRj;jkhd ,Ug;gjh; gpQ;rpNy gbg;gJ $lhJ vd;W rl;lkpaw;wpaJ. gpuQ;R ehl;ltH 1586 k; Mz;L ngz;fs; kdpj ,dj;ij rhHe;jtHfsh ,y;iyah vd Ma;T nra;J KbntLf;f xU rigia mikj;jdH. 1805k; Mz;L tiu Mq;fpNyahpd; rl;lj;jpy; xU fztd; jd; kidtpia tpw;gJ $Lk; vd;Nw cs;sJ. NkYk;> kidtpapd; tpiyia 6 ngd;\p> miu \pypd; (Mq;fpNyNa ehzaj;jpd; ngaH) vd;W epHzapj;jhHfs;.

,];yhj;jpw;F Kd;G tiu ngz;fs; Gz;fshf vz;zg;gl;L ,opthd <dg; gpwtpfsfhf ,jakw;w khkpr gpz;lq;fshf fUjg;gl;L chpikfs; gwpf;fg;gl;L xLf;fg;gl;lhHfs;. ngz; gps;is gpwe;jhy; capNuhL Gijf;fg;gl;lhHfs;. ,t;thW mfpyk; KOtJk; ngz;zpdj;jpw;F mspf;fg;gl;L te;j nfh^uq;fs; vz;zpylq;fhjit. ,it midj;J mepahaq;fis tpl;Lk; ngz;fis ghJfhf;f ,];yhk; tUif je;jJ. ngz; Foe;ij gpwe;jij ew;nra;jp vd;W FHMd; Fwpg;gpLfpd;wJ. vdpDk;> mwpahikf;fhy kf;fs; mjid mgr; nra;jpahfNt fUjpdhHfs;.

''mtHfspy; xUtUf;F ngz;Foe;ij gpwe;Js;sJ vd;W ed;khuhak; $wg;gl;lhy; mtd; Kfk; fWj;J tpLfpd;wJ. mtd; NfhgKilatdhfpd;whd;."" (16:58)

 

,];yhj;jpd; ghHitapy; ngz;fs;


ngz;fs; gw;wpa vz;zf; fU r%fepiy kpFe;j fUj;J NtWghl;ilAk; mjp jPtpu nfhs;ifiaAk; mlf;fpa gpur;idahFk;. vdpDk;> ,];yhk; rkepiy gz;G nfhz;l nfhs;if vd;w tifapy; vj;jifa jPtpu epiyiaAk; mJ jd; mbg;gilf; nfhs;iffspNyh tzf;f topghLfspNyh r%f eilKiwf;fhd rl;lq;fspNyh nfhs;tjpy;iy.

ngz;iz epr;rakhf MzhfNt ghtpf;Fk; rpe;jidapYk;> ngz;iz mDgtpf;Fk; nghUshf kl;Lk; ,J Nghd;w gy;NtW jPtpu epiyfspYk; ,];yhk; mq;fPfhpg;gjpy;iy. Mdhy;> etPd fhyg; gphptpy; ngz;fis MzhfNt ghtpf;Fk; ,ae;jpu rpe;jid tYg;ngw;W r%fq;fs; midj;jpYk; nry;thf;F nrYj;jp tUfpd;wd.

chpikfspYk;> rl;lq;fspYk; ,];yhk; Mz;fSf;Fk; ngz;fSf;Fk; ,ilNa rkepiyia Vw;gLj;jpapUe;jJ.

''kdpjHfNs epr;rakhf ehNk cq;fis XH ngz;zpy; ,Ue;J gilj;Njhk;"" (49:13)

,];yhj;jpy; Mz; ngz; rkj;Jtk; vd;gJ cz;ik. ngz;iz vy;yh tpjj;jpYk; Miz tpl jho;j;jpg; ghHg;gJ mts; kPJ ,iof;fg;gLk; mePjp vd;gjpy; re;Njfk; ,y;iy. vdNt. MizAk;> ngz;izAk; xNu ,dkhf ghHf;f Ntz;Lk;. ngz;iz xU Nkhfg; nghUshfg; ghHg;gJ kdpj me;j];ij tpl;L jho;j;JtJ xU ngUq;Fw;wk;. mts; kPJ ,iof;fg;gLk; mePjpfSf;F %ykhf miktJ ,JNt. mNjNtis MizAk;> ngz;izAk; ve;jtpj;jpahrKk; mw;w xNu ,dkhf fhz KidtJk; ngz;kPJ mepahaq;fs; ,iof;fg;gl fhuzkhf mike;J tpLfpwJ. etPd fhy Nkw;fj;jpa ngz;fspd; tho;T ,jw;F Kjd;ikahd cjhuzkhFk;. ,t;thwhd epiyfSf;fpilNa ,];yhk; toik Nghy; eLepiyahd rpe;jidiaNa Kd; itf;fpwJ. ,UtUf;Fk; rk me;j];ij nfhLf;Fk; ,];yhk; r%f tho;tpy; ,UtUk; xUtUf;nfhUtH cjtp tho;tJ mtrpak; vdf; fhz;fpwJ.

MzhapDk; rhp ngz;zhapDk; rhp <khd; nfhz;ltHfshf ew;fUkq;fs; nra;fpd;whHfNsh ,tHfs; Rtdgjpapy; EiothHfs;. ,d;Dk; mtHfs; fLfsTk; mepahak; nra;ag;gl khl;lhHfs;"" (4:124)

egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs; : my;yh`{j;jMyh cq;fs; cUtq;fisNah nry;tq;fisNah ghHg;gjpy;iy. khwhf cq;fs; cs;sq;fisAk; nray;fisAk; ghHf;fpd;whd;. (Mjhuk; : K];ypk;)

NkYk; egpnkhopnahd;W gpd;tUkhW NgRfpd;wJ. K/kpd;fspy; G+uz <khd; cilatHfs; mtHfspy; mofpa FzKilatH cq;fspy; rpwe;jtH jdJ kidtpaplj;jpy; rpwe;jtHfs;.

''cyfk; kpf ,d;gkhdJ. me;j cyf ,d;gj;jpy; kpfr; rpwe;jJ ey;nyhOf;fKs;s kidtpahFk;.""

egp (]y;) mtHfsplk; xU kdpjH te;J ''kdpjHfspy; ehd; mofpa gz;Gld; ele;J nfhs;sf; $batH ahH vd;W Nfl;lhH. egp (]y;) mtHfs; jha; vd;whHfs;. gpd;G ahH vd;W Nfl;lhH. cdJ jha; vdf; $wpdhHfs;. gpd;G ahH vdf; Nfl;lhH. cdJ jha; vdf; $wpdhHfs;. gpd;G ahH vdf; Nfl;lhH. cdJ je;ij vd;whHfs;.""

,it ngz;fs; gw;wpa ,];yhj;jpd; RUf;fkhd fz;Nzhl;lkhFk;. vdNt. xUtiunahUtH G+uzg;gLj;Jk; ,U r%f myFfNs MZk;> ngz;Zk; vd;gNj ,];yhj;jpd; fUj;jhFk;.

''fztHfSf;F ngz;fsplk; ,Uf;Fk; chpikfs; Nghd;W Kiwg;gb mtHfs; kPJ ngz;fSf;Fk; chpik cz;L.""

$yp jz;lid toq;Ftjpy; ,];yhk; rkkhfNt ghHf;fpwJ. Mizg; NghyNt \hPM tpraq;fspy; ngz;Zk; nghWg;Gkpf;ftH. nry;tk; Nrfhpg;gjw;F> nfhLf;fy; thq;fy; eltbf;iffspy; <LglTk; fUj;J ntspaplTk; mtSf;Fg; G+uz chpik cz;L.

,e;j tifapy;> ,];yhk; ngz;fSf;F toq;fpa chpikfisg; Nghd;W NtW ve;j kjNkh ehfhPfNkh toq;fpaij fhz KbahJ. thhpRr; nrhj;jpy;> jdf;F Vw;w fztid njhpT nra;tjpy;> Vd; jdf;Fg; nghUj;jkpd;Nwy; fztdplj;jpy; tpthfuj;J NfhUjy; Nghd;w mk;rq;fspy; mtHfSf;Fhpa chpikfis ,];yhk; toq;Ffpd;wJ.

 

ngz;fSk; fy;tpAk;


mwpT NjLtijg; nghWj;jtiu mJ xt;nthU K];ypk; Mz;-ngz; kPJk; flikahFk;.

''fy;tpiaj; Njbf; nfhs;tJ xt;nthU K];ypkpd; kPJk; flikahFk;."" (Mjhuk; : ig`fp)

mwptPdj;ij ,];yhk; ngz;zpd; kPJ jpzpf;ftpy;iy. Mz;fs;> ngz;fsplk; nrd;W fy;tp fw;w fhynkhd;W ,Ue;jJ vd;W ehk; kWf;f KbahJ. Mz;fs;> md;id Map\h (uyp) md;id ck;K]ykh (uyp) mtHfs; Nghd;W mwptpw; rpwe;j ngz;fsplk; nrd;W egpnkhopfis Nfl;lwpe;J nfhz;ldH. ,];yhj;Jld; njhlHghd gy mk;rq;fis mtHfsplk; fw;wdH. nghpa ]`hghf;fSk; jhgpaPd;fSk; md;id Map\h (uyp) mtHfsplk; Nfs;tp Nfl;Ls;sdH. mtHfsJ Nfs;tpfSf;F fr;rpjkhd gjpyspj;jNjhL %j;j ]`hghf;fs; jtwpa ,lq;fis Rl;bf;fhl;b jpUj;jpAk; cs;shHfs;. ,t;thwhd epiyfis ,d;W fhz;gJ mhpjpYk; mhpJ.

vdpDk;> mz;ikf;fhyq;fspy; K];ypk; ngz;fs; gbf;f Muk;gpj;J gy;fiyf;fofq;fs; tiu mtHfspd; gbg;ig njhlHe;J itj;jpaj;JiwapYk; $l gq;fspg;G nra;fpd;whHfs;. vdpDk;> ''ngz; vd;gts; r%ff; fhhpaq;fspy; <Lglj; jFjpaw;wts;> gytPdkhd cs;sk; gilj;jts;> FLk;g tho;tpd; rl;lq;fSf;fhf kl;Lk; gilf;fg;gl;lts;"" vd;w Mo;kdg; gjpT gbj;j ngz;fsplk; $l kz;bf; fplf;fpwJ. mjpfkhd ngz;fSf;F jdJ ghlq;fs;> NjHT> FLk;gk;> njhopy; ,tw;Wf;F ntspapy; vJTNk njhpahj epiyapy; cs;sJ. ,jd; tpisthf mtHfs; vj;jifa r%f gpuf;iQAk; mw;wtHfshfNt cs;sdH.

,e;jpa ,yq;if ngz; r%fj;ijg; nghUj;jtiu Kd;Df;Fg; gpd; Kuz;gl;l tho;f;if Kiw xd;iw mtHfs; kPJ jpzpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. cyf tho;T> Md;kPf tho;T vd;w mHj;jkw;w gphpTf;Fs; mt];ijg;gLfpwhs;. ,jdhy; ngz;iz xU gf;fj;jhy; jpwe;J tpl;L> ,d;ndhU gf;fj;jhy; KOikahf ,Wf;fp %bAk; G+l;bAk; itf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

vkJ ngz; r%fj; jsj;jpy; cyff; fy;tp> cyfpd; Vida nray;fs; midj;ijAk; ve;jf; fl;Lg;ghLk; ,d;wp mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ghlrhiyapYk; caHfy;tp epWtdq;fSf;Fk;> gy;fiyf; fofq;fSf;Fk; gHjh mzpe;Njh mzpahkNyh nry;yyhk;. mq;F me;epa Mz;fSld; vg;gbAk; Ngryhk;> gofyhk;> rphpf;fyhk;> Fk;khskbf;fyhk;. ,q;F Mz;-ngz; ,UrhuhUk; fye;J Rw;Wyh nry;yyhk;. mNjNghy; njhopYf;F vg;gbAk; Nghfyhk;. Mdhy;> JHghf;fpak; vd;dntd;why; mts; k];[pj; gbf;fl;il kpjpf;ff; $lhJ.

mNjNtis> khHf;fg; gFjpapy; j/th-miog;Gg; gzpapy; ngz;zpd; gq;fspg;G kpff; FiwT. mtHfSf;F kj;jpapy; jhd; khHf;fk; gw;wpa mwpahik %lek;gpf;if kype;J fhz;ggLfpwJ vd;gJ ahUk; ,d;W kWf;f Kbahj cz;ikahFk;. gs;sp vd;w cd;djkpf;f kpf caHe;j r%f epWtdj;NjhL ve;j njhlHGk; K];ypk; ngz;fspy; ngUk;ghNyhhplk; fpilahJ. Nehd;G fhy ,uTj; njhOif> ngUehs; njhOiffs; vd;gd ngz;fSf;F mjpf ,lq;fspy; jdpahfNt njhOtpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. mJTk; fdj;j jpiufSf;Fg; gpd;dhy; mtHfs; epWj;jg;gLfpd;whHfs;. xU khHf;f cgNjrk;> khHf;f tFg;G vd;gd jpiuapd;wp ele;jhy; mijj; jLf;fTk; vjpHf;fTk; gyH cs;sdH. ,g;gb XH mHj;jkw;w Kuz;ghlhd tho;T KiwahfNt ngz;zpd; epiy fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. ,e;epiy ,d;W XusT khwp tUfpd;wJ vd;gJk; kWg;gjw;fpy;iy. fy;tp hPjpahf ngz;fSf;F ,iof;fg;gLk; mePjpfis xopj;J mtHfSf;F fy;tpr; Rje;jpuj;ij ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gjw;fhf vkJ gq;fspg;ig toq;Ftjw;F ehk; Kd;tu Ntz;Lk;.

Muk;g fhyj;jpy; ngz;fs; mwpTg; gzpfis Nkw;nfhz;L te;jhhfs;. gpw;Nghf;fhd tPo;r;rpf; fhyj;jpNy jhd; mts; r%ff; fsj;jpy; ,Ue;J xJf;fg;gl;lhs;. ''Nkw;Fyfg; ngz; Ma;T nra;tjw;fhf re;jpuDf;Nf nrd;W te;J tpl;lhs;. Mdhy;> ekJ Mypk;fspy; gyUk; r%fg; nghWg;Gs;stHfspy; gyUk; mts; gs;spthrYf;Fs; nry;tJ 'gpj;dh" vd;W $wpf; nfhs;fpd;whHfs;. ,ijtpl mtis XH ,Ul;liwf;Fs; G+l;b itg;gJ rpwe;jJ. mNjNghy; ,e;Jg; ngz; NfhapYf;Fr; nry;fpd;whs;. ngsj;jg; ngz; tpfhiuf;Fr; nry;fpd;whs;. fpwp];jtg; ngz; Njthyaq;fSf;Fr; nry;fpd;whs;. Mdhy;> K];ypk; ngz; gs;spthrYf;F nry;tijg; goikthjpfs; mDkjpg;gjpy;iy. Mdhy; ,];yhk; ,t;thW $wtpy;iy.

vdNt> ,];yhkpag; ngz;fspd; r%f cwtpy; fy;tp MSik FiwfpwJ. mjidg; Nghf;f mts; fy;tp fw;f Ntz;Lk;. jdJ ,ay;ghd tiuaiwfisAk; jdJ njhopw;ghl;bd; tiuaiwfisAk; ftdj;jpy; nfhz;L mts; fy;tpj;Jiwapy; <Lgl Ntz;Lk;. me;j tifapy; ,];yhkpag; ngz;fisg; nghUj;jtiu mtHfSf;F ehd;F Kf;fpag; gzpfs; fhj;jpUf;fpd;wd.

  • XH cz;ikahd ,iwtpRthrpahf - K/kpdhf> ,iwctg;igg; ngw;w ngz;zhf tho;tjw;Fj; Njitahd ,];yhkpa mwpitAk;> Md;kpfg; gapw;rpiaAk; mts; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;> KOikahf ciof;f Ntz;Lk;.

  • jhd; fw;wtw;iw nraw;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;

  • ngz; r%fj;jpw;F ,];yhkpa miog;ig - j/thit kpfr; rhpahfTk;> njspthfTk; Kd;itj;J xU r%f khw;wj;ij Vw;gLj;Jtjw;F jFjpAilatshf mts; jd;id jftikj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;

  • gpur;rhug; gzp GhpAk; NghJ Vw;gLk; ,d;dy;fis rfpj;Jf; nfhs;Sk; cs;sj;ijAk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

 

gpur;rhug; gzp


ehk; Ke;ija jiyg;gpy; ngz; fy;tpia Nehf;fpNdhk;. ,];yhk; ed;ikia Vtp jPikiaj; jLg;gij ,Ughyhhpd; r%ff; flik vd;gjpD}lhf NkYk; fy;tpapd; Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ij mOj;jkhf czHj;JfpwJ. gpur;rhug; gzpf;fhf fsj;jpy; EioAk; NghJ jhd; Vtg; NghFk; ed;ikiag; gw;wpa mwpTk; jLf;fg; NghFk; jPikiag; gw;wpa mwpTk; fz;bg;ghf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. vdNt khHf;ff; fy;tp mtrpakhfpd;wJ.

''K/kpdhd Mz;fSk;> ngz;fSk; xUtUf;nfhUtH cw;w JiztHfshf ,Uf;fpd;wdH. mtHfs; ey;yijr; nra;a J}z;LfpwhHfs;. jPaij tpl;Lk; tpyf;FfpwhHfs;.."" (9:97)

,];yhk; ,d;W ,Wf;fkhd neUf;FjYf;F cl;gl;L KO K];ypk; ck;kj;Jk; mghaj;jpy; tho;fpwJ. ,e;epiyapy; ed;ikia Vtp jPikiaj; jLj;J ,];yhkpa 'j/tj;jpy;-miog;gpy;" mw;gzj;NjhL <Lgl;L ,];yhkpa '\hPmj;" MSfpd;w tho;f;if Kiwia kPz;Lk; Njhw;Wtpg;gJ ,d;iwa epiyapy; Mz;fs; ngz;fs; ,UrhuhH kPJs;s ngUk; flikahFk;. ,jpy; ngz;Zf;F xU ngUk; gq;fspg;G cs;sJ.

vdNt> mts; tPl;il tpl;L ntspNawp ,];yhkpa j/th-miog;gpy; <LgLtJ mtsJ flikahfpwJ. ,jw;fhf fztd; mtis mDrhpg;gJ mtDf;Ff; flikahfpwJ. mg;NghJ jhd; KOikahd ,];yhkpa r%fj;jpd; mLj;j xU gFjpahf tpsq;Fk; ngz;fs; r%fnkhd;iw Njhw;Wtpg;gJ rhj;jpakhFk;.

,];yhkpa j/th vd;w Kf;fpa ,];yhkpa flikf;fhf tPl;il tpl;L ngz; ntspNawpr; nry;tJ mtrpakhfpd;wJ vd;gij ,];yhkpa tuyhw;wpD}lhf mwpa Kbfpd;wJ. egp (]y;) mtHfspd; Muk;g fhy tho;f;ifapYk; ngz;fs; miog;Gg; gzp nra;Js;s gq;fspg;Gfis ,];yhkpa tuyhw;wpy; epiwa fhzyhk;. me;j tifapy; md;dtHfsJ md;G kidtpahd md;id fjP[h (uyp) mtHfspd; gq;fspg;G kfj;jhdJ. VidatHfspd; gzpAk; epiwaNt cz;L vd;gJk; ed;wpNahL epidT $wj;jf;fJ.

mNjNghy; kjPdhtpy; fy;tp MSikAlDk;> tPu czHTlDk; ngz;fs; tsHf;fg;gl;lhHfs;. mq;Nf ngz;fs; ry;eJ nfhs;shj> gq;fspg;Gr; nra;ahj ve;jg; NghUk; ,Uf;fhJ vd;W $WksTk; mtHfsJ gq;fspg;G ,Ue;Js;sJ. ,];yhkpa tuyhw;wpy; kpd;dpLk; jhuiffshf kq;ifaHfspd; gq;fspg;G ,d;W tiu njhlHfpd;wJ. ekJ rkfhyj;jpy; vfpg;jpd; Map\h mg;JH u`;khd; gpd;J \hjp< vd;w ngz;kzp j/g;]PH Jiwapy; gq;fspg;Gr; nra;Js;shH. ,NjNghy; Vida gy JiwfspYk; gy ngz;fs; Fwpg;gpl;Lf; $wf; $batHfshf ,Uf;fpd;whHfs;.

vdpDk;> ,];yhkpag; gzp vd;w NghHitapy; GwKk;> mHj;jkw;w Ngr;Rf;fs; epiwe;j $l;lq;fSf;fhf tPl;bypUe;J ntspNaWtJ fz;bg;ghfj; jtpHf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. ngz;fs; Njitaw;w Nfspf;iffSf;fhf ntspNaWtJ fz;bf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,];yhkpa miog;Gg; gzp XH mkhdpjk;. xU J}ijr; Rke;J nry;fpd;w kfj;jhd gzp vd;gJ czug;gl Ntz;Lk;. ,e;j J}ij Rkf;fpd;w jFjpAk; gz;gl;l ngz;fsplk; fhzg;gl Ntz;Lk;.

ngz;> jdJ Kjw;gzp tPl;Lf;flikfs; vd;gij kdj;jpUg;jpNahL Vw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. tPl;il tpl;L ntspNaWk; NghJ my;yh`;it jpUg;jpg;gLj;Jk ,d;ndhU flikia epiwNtw;wNt nry;fpd;Nwd; vd;w kd czHNthL mts; ntspNawpr; nry;y Ntz;Lk;. r%f eyg;gzpfSf;fhf mts; xOf;f rPyj;Jld; nry;tjw;F mtspd; nghWg;ghsHfs; (je;ij my;yJ fztd;) mDkjpf;f Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW mts; ntspNaw mDkjpg;gJ chpik cilatHfspd; flikAk; $l vd;gij vkJ r%fk; czHe;J nfhs;Skh? ,ij czur; nra;a vkJ gq;fspg;G vd;d vd;gJ gw;wp rpe;jpg;gJ mtrpakhFk;.

 

ngz;fSk; njhopy; Kaw;rpAk;


Nkw;fpd; r%f mikg;gpd; ngz;fNs jq;fsJ nghUshjhu Njitfis ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;w epHg;ge;j epiy fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. Mz;> ngz; vd;w ,ay;G gw;wpa mtHfsJ gpioahd kjpg;gPLfSk; eltbf;iffSNk ,jw;fhd fhuzkhFk;. Nkw;fpy; ngz; xUj;jpapd; nrytpdq;fis <L nra;a NtW topfs; fhzg;gLtjpy;iy vd;gjhy; ciog;gjw;F mts; epHg;ge;jpf;fg;gLfpwhs;. ,jdhy;> tho;tpd; vy;yh JiwfspYk; Mz;fSld; NjhNshL Njhs; epd;W ngUk; tho;f;ifg; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; <LgLfpd;whs;. mtsJ Ra tpUg;gj;jpd; Nghpy; mts; njhopy; nra;ar; nry;tjpy;iy. mts; jdf;fhf ciof;ftpy;iyahdhy; gl;bdp fple;J ,we;J Nghf NehpLk;. mtSf;fhf nryT nra;tjw;F vtUkpy;iy.

Mdhy;> ,e;j mtyepiy ,];yhj;jpy; ,y;iy. ngz;zpd; Njitfs; midj;Jk; epiwT nra;J nfhLf;fg;gLk; jdJ nryTfSf;fhf mts; ciof;f Ntz;ba fl;lhakpy;iy. vg;NghJk; mts; XH Mzpd; nghWg;gpy; ,Ug;ghs;. jpUkzk; Mfhjtshf ,Ue;jhy; mtsJ je;ijapd; nghWg;gpYk; je;ij ,y;yhj NghJ rNfhjudpd; nghWg;gpYk; ,Ug;ghs;. xU ngz; jpUkzk; Kbj;jhy; mtSf;F nrytopg;gJ mtsJ fztdpd; flik. fztd; ,y;yhj epiyapy; mJ mts; kfd; kPJ flikahFk;. vdNt> ,];yhkpa \hPmj;jpd;gb (egfhj;) rl;lj;jpd;gb mtsJ nrytpdq;fis vtuhtJ nghWg;Ngw;gJ flikahFk;.

Nkw;Fyf r%f mikg;gpy; ,e;j xOq;FKiw fpilahJ. vdNt> mq;F ngz;fs; jtpHf;f Kbahj epiyapy; tPl;by; ,Ue;J njhopYf;fhf gilnaLf;fpd;whHfs;. ,];yhkpa ,y;yj;jpy; Mz; mtspd; nrytpdq;fis nghWg;ngLf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;fpwJ my;FHMd;.

.. .. Mz;fs; jq;fs; nrhj;Jf;fspy; ,Ue;J ngz;fSf;fhf nryT nra;J tUtjdhYk; Mz;fs; ngz;fis epUtfpf;f Ntz;batHfshf ,Uf;fpd;wdH. (my;FHMd; 4:34)

,];yhj;jpd; fz;Nzhl;lj;jpy; ntWkNd rpy nghUshjhu Njly;fis tpl ngz;zpd; ngWkhdq;fs; kpf caHe;jit. mt;TaH ngWkhdq;fSf;F mts; nray;tbtk; ju Ntz;Lk; vd;gNj ,];yhj;jpd; vjpHghHg;G. r%f vOr;rp> r%f epHkhdk;> ,];yhkpa fw;if> kWikf;fhd jahHgLj;jy; vd;w ,];yhj;jpd; tphpe;j fz;Nzhl;lNk mtsJ jpiria xOq;fikj;J nfhLf;fpwJ.

vdpDk;> ngz; Fwpj;j Nkw;fpd; fz;Nzhl;lk; ntWkNd nghUshjhu kag;gLj;jg;gl;ljhfTk;> [lk; rhHe;jjhfTNk mike;J tpl;lik tUj;jg;gl Ntz;ba xd;whFk;. ,jdhy; ngz;zplj;jpy; fhzg;gLk; tpN\r md;G> ghrk;> ge;jk;> ew;gz;Gfs; vd;w czHe;j fiyj; jpwd;fshy; Nkw;FyF gad;glhky; NghAs;sJ.

Nkw;Fyfg; ngz;fis njhopy;Ghpa epHg;ge;jpf;fpwJ vd;W $Wk; NghJ ,];yhkpag; ngz;fs; vj;jifa njhopy; Kaw;rpapYk; <Lglf; $lhJ vd;w fUj;jy;;y. ,];yhk; mwpKfkhd #oiy tpl ,d;iwa #oy; khWgl;lJ. fy;tp> njhopy; vd;gw;wpw;Fk; Mrphpiaahf> khztpahf> $l;lhfTk; jdpj;Jk; ngz;fs; ntspNa nry;y Ntz;ba epiy Vw;gl;Ls;sJ. tho;f;ifj; NjitfSk; nrytpdq;fSk; mjpfhpj;Jr; nry;tjdhYk; Mz; kl;Lk; cioj;J Nghjhj epiy Vw;gl;L ngz;Zk; ntspNa nry;y Ntz;ba epiy Vw;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jdhy;> ,];yhkpa ck;kj;jpd; ePz;l fhy r%f kuG $l khwp tUfpd;wJ.

vdNt> mtrpak; vd;W fUjg;gLfpd;w NghJ ,];yhj;jpd; tiuaiwfisj; jhz;lhJ - ,];yhj;jpd; xOf;f khz;Gfis kPwhky; mts; njhopy; Ghptjid ,];yhk; xUNghJk; kWf;ftpy;iy. nrhj;Jhpik> tpahghuf; nfhLf;fy; thq;fy; chpikfs; vd;gd ngz;Zf;F ,Ug;gjhy; Nkw;FyF jUtj Nghy; kypthd xU tpsk;gu gz;lkhf mts; mikahJ xOf;fkhd njhopy; Kaw;rpapy; <LgLtjid ,];yhk; jLf;ftpy;iy.

nghJthf ngz;fsplNkh Mz;fsplNkh fhzg;glhj jpwik Mw;wy; xU Fwpj;j ngz;zplk; fhzg;gLkhapd; mjid gad;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;.

,d;Dk; vkJ ehl;by; MrphpaH njhopypy; kl;Lk; ngz; XusT gq;F nfhs;fpd;whs;. kw;iwa njhopy;fspy; mtsJ gq;F kpfkpf nrhw;gk;. ,J jtpu nrhe;jkhf xU njhopiy elhj;jp jpwikAld; epUtfpf;Fk; xU K];ypk; ngz;iz fhz;gJ kpf mhpJ. mts; fhhpaq;fs; midj;ijAk; je;ij> rNfhjud;> fztd; Nghd;w ahNuh XH Mz; jhd; epiwNtw;wpf; nfhLf;f Ntz;ba epiy. nrhj;Jf;fis epHthfpg;gjpy; ,Ue;J rhjhuz gazk; nra;tJ tiu (FWfpa gazq;fs; kl;Lk;> ePz;l gazq;fSf;F k`;ukpapd; Jizad;wp ngz;fs; gazk; nra;tJ $lhJ) MzpNy jq;fpapUf;Fk; KjpHr;rpaw;w MSik nfhz;l rpWgps;is juj;jpNyNa vkJ ehl;L K];ypk; ngz;fspy; mjpfkhNdhH csH. vdNt> MNz mtSf;fhf rpe;jpf;fpd;whd;> nfhLf;fpd;whd;> thq;Ffpd;whd;.

me;j tifapy; r%fj;jpy; ngz;fsJ r%fg; gpuNtrk; kpf nrhw;g msNt fhzg;gLfpwJ. ngUk;ghYk; mts; r%fj;Jf;F ntspapNy tho;fpd;whs;. vdpDk;> tPl;bw;F cs;NsAk;> ntspNaAk; ngz;Zf;F chpj;jhd gy flikfs; cz;L. ngz;fSf;F njhOifg; gapw;rp> kUj;Jtk;> jhjpahf Nrit> ngz; Nehahspfis cly; ghPrPyidf;F cl;gLj;Jjy;> ngz;fs; fy;Y}hpfSf;F Mrphpia> ngz; ciwtplf; fhg;ghsH> ngz;fspd; eyid Vw;gLj;Jk; r%f Nrit> rikay; Kiw> KjYjtp> ,ghjj; gw;wpa gapw;rpfs; toq;fy;> ngz; [dh]hitf; Fwpg;ghl;ly;> Mz;fsplk; Nfl;f Kbahj ngz;fs; njhlHghd khHf;fg; gpur;id vd;gtw;wpy; mtspd; gq;fspg;G ntspg;gl Ntz;Lk;. ,t;thW ngz;fspd; %yk; eptHj;jpf;fg;gl Ntz;ba gy njhopw;ghLfs; cz;L. mit mtsJ ,ay;NghL ,iae;J Nghff; $baitahf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ ftdj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gly; mtrpakhFk;.

 

FLk;g tho;tpy; ngz;


FLk;g tho;tpd; kpf mbg;gilahd cWg;gpdH ngz;. ,d;W ngz;fs; fy;tp fw;gJ mjpfhpj;Js;sJ. mNjNghy; njhopy; GhptJk; mjpfhpj;J tUfpwJ. ,e;j r%f khw;wj;ij mjd; tpisTfis Ma;Tf;FgLj;Jjy; mtrpakhFk;.

ngz; mjhtJ ,ay;Gf;Nfw;g njhopy;fis Ghpa Ntz;Lk; vDk; NghJ mtsJ Kjd;ikahd njhopy; ikak; FLk;gk; vd;gJ FLk;g xOq;if rPH nra;tNj mtsJ Kjd;ikahd gzp vd;gJk; njspthfpd;wJ. kdpj khz;GfSf;F kjpg;gspj;J caHe;j tpOkpaq;fNshL ,sk; cs;sq;fis (gps;isfis) top elhj;jpr; nr;tNj mtsj Kjd;ikahd flik. Mz;-ngz; ,izg;Gf;fs;> njhlHGfs; cwTfs; vd;gd thHj;ijfshy; tHzpf;f Kbahj msT Gdpjkhdit. me;j tifapy; ngz;fsJ kd czHTfSk;> czHr;rpfSk;> nkd;ikj; jd;ikfSk;> FLk;g myFfis fl;bnaOg;Gtjw;fhd %yf;fw;fshFk;. vdNt> rKjha tho;tpd; fUtpahf FLk;gk; miktjhy; mjd; Gdpjj;Jtj;ij NgzTk;> ghJfhf;fTk; ngz; flikg;gbUf;fpwhs;. ,e;j Gdpj cwtpd; kfpikia my;FHMd; gpd;tUkhW gpu];jhgpf;fpd;wJ.

''ePq;fs; mtHfsplk; MWjy; ngWtjw;Fhpa kidtpaiu cq;fspy; ,Ue;Nj cq;fSf;fhf mtd; gilj;jpUg;gJk;> cq;fSila md;igAk;> fUiziaAk; cz;lhf;fpapUg;gJk; mtdJ mj;jhl;rpfspy; cs;sjhFk;. rpe;jpj;J czuf; $ba r%fj;jpw;F epr;rakhf ,jpy; mj;jhl;rpfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd."" (30:21)

''egp (]y;) mtHfsplk; ve;jg; ngz; rpwe;jts; vd Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. mjw;F mtHfs; ve;jg; ngz; jd; fztd; jd;idg; ghHf;Fk; NghJ mtis kfpo;tpg;ghNsh> mtd; fl;lisapl;lhy; mtDf;Ff; fPo;gbe;J elg;ghNsh> jd; fw;gpYk;> jd;Dila nghUspYk; jd; fztDf;F tpUg;gkpy;yhj ve;jg; Nghf;ifAk; Nkw;nfhs;s khl;lhNsh mj;jifatNs rpwe;jts; vd;whHfs;."" (mwptpg;gtH mG+`{iuuh (uyp)> Mjhuk; : e]aP)

vdNt> Mz;fspd; tho;f;ifapy; md;G> mikjp> MWjy; vd;W ,d;gq;fis Rke;J tUk; tre;jj;jpd; njd;wyhf kidtp mike;J tply; Ntz;Lk;. mwpTk;> md;Gk;> gz;ghLk;> xof;fKk; kidtpapd; Kf;fpa jFjpahFk;. vdNt> mts; jto;e;J tUk; G+q;fhw;wha; Mzpd; ,jaj;jpy; kfpo;r;rpg; G+f;fis J}t Ntz;Lk;. MZk; mt;thNw mtis kfpo;tpf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,y;ywk;,d;gr; NrhiyahFk;.

FLk;gj;jpd; Kf;fpakhd gzp K];ypk; gpui[ahf thoitg;gJ. ,J xU Mzpdhy; kl;Lk; KbahJ. ,jw;F ngz; fy;tpj; jifik cilatHfshf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. jha;f;F vj;jifa mwpTk; ,y;yhj NghJ mtsplk; ghy; Fbj;J tsUk; Foe;ijAk; mNjepiyia milAk;. vdNt> FLk;gj;jpd; gzp gpd;tUkhW mikjy; Ntz;Lk;.

  • mwpit toq;fy;

  • jpwd;fis tsHj;jy;

  • czHTfisr; nrk;ikg;gLj;Jjy;

''jhapd; kbNa Kjw;gs;sp"" vd;gjhy; mts; mwpit toq;fp jpwd;fis Foe;ijaplk; tsHf;f Ntz;Lk;. czHTfis nrk;ikg;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;. ,e;j tifapy; ,];yhk; FLk;gj;jpd; cs;Ns cs;s nghWg;ig mjpfsT ngz;zplk; vjpHghHf;fpwJ. xU K];ypk; jhahf ,Ue;J nfhz;L Foe;ijfis ngw;nwLj;jy;> mtw;Wf;F ghY}l;b Nahrid toq;Fjy; vd;w ,ay;ghd Kjd;ik njhopw;ghLfis mts; Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. Mdhy;> jdJ cly; ftHr;rp my;yJ jhd; Ghpe;J tpLk; njhopy;fs; vd;gtw;Wf;fhf xU K];ypk; ngz; $l jdJ Kf;fpa gzpia ,d;W Gwf;fzpf;f KidtJ ftiyf;FhpaNj. njhopy; GhpAk; rpy ngz;fs; ,jw;fhf jk; Foe;ij ngw;nwLg;gij $l tpUk;Gtjpy;iy. fztdplk; tpUg;gk; ,jw;F NeHkhwhf mikAk; NghJ tpthfuj;J tiu gpur;rpid tphpe;J nry;fpwJ.

vdNt> FLk;gk; vd;w epWtdj;jpy; ngz;zpd; mLj;j Kf;fpa gq;fhsp fztd; vd;w tifapy; ,e;j cd;dj epWtdjij xOq;fikj;Jf; nfhs;s mts;. G+uz gu];gu xj;Jiog;ig mts; fztDf;F toq;f Ntz;Lk;. ,j;jifa J}a xj;Jiog;Gfspd; gpd;dzpapy; vOr;rp ngWk; FLk;g mikg;Gf;fspy; vj;jifa gpur;rpidfSk; Fog;gq;fSk; Njhd;Wtjpy;;iy.

''cyfj;J ,d;gq;fspNy rpwe;jJ ]hyp`hd (ey;y) kidtpahths;."" (Mjhuk; : K];ypk;)

''ngz; jdJ fztdJ tPl;bd; tpraq;fSf;F nghWg;ghdts;. mtsJ nghWg;Gg; gw;wp (kWikapy;) mts; tprhhpf;fg;gLths;."" (Mjhuk; : GfhhP)

vd;w egpnkhopfs; Mokhf Nehf;fg;glf; $baitfs;. Jd;gq;fs;> Jauq;fs;> ,ilA+Wfspd; NghJ nghWikia Nkw;nfhs;Sk; caHe;j gf;Ftk; K];ypk; ngz;fsplk; fl;lhak; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. f\;lq;fSf;F kj;jpapy; ciof;Fk; fztDf;Fk;> jdJ md;Gf; Foe;ijfSf;Fk; ,uf;fk; fhl;Lk; ngz; jhd; ,d;W vkJ mtruj; Njitahf cs;sJ. Mdhy;> jw;fhy ngz;fsplj;jpy; ,t;Tahpa xj;Jiog;ig fhz;gJ kpf mhpjhfp tpl;lJ. Nkw;Fyif fz;%bj;jdkhf gpd;gw;Wk; ,tHfs; jk;ik MilfshYk;> Mguzq;fshYk; myq;fhpj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;Nw nghpJk; tpUk;Gfpd;wdH. ,jdhy;> jd;de;jdpNa ntspehl;L Ntiy tha;g;Gfspy; <Lgl;L FLk;gj;ijr; rPuopf;fpd;wdH. jdJ clypd; ftHr;rp kpf;f ntspj;Njhw;wk; gw;wp mbf;fb rpe;jpg;gjhy; ,e;epiy Vw;gLfpd;wJ.

vkJ r%f #oypy; ngz;fspd; epiyia Nehf;Fk; NghJ ghpjhgfukhfNt cs;sJ. mJTk; khHf;f tpraq;fisg; ghHf;Fk; NghJ kpfTk; ftiyaspf;fpwJ. ,];yhkpa r%f rpe;jid> nghUspay; xOq;Ffs;> murpay; rpe;jid vd;gd vt;thwpUg;gpDk; kpfr; rhjhuz xU K];ypk; ngz;zhf tho;tjw;Fj; Njitahd Mff; Fiwe;j khHf;f mwpT ,y;yhjtHfs; $l ek;kpilNa VuhskhdtHfs; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. ,];yhkpa MSikia mtHfs; tsHj;jf; nfhs;sTk; Kaw;rpg;gjpy;iy. md;whl tPl;L Ntiyfspy; Mo;e;J fztDf;Fk; gps;isfSf;Fk; Vwj;jho xU Ntiyf;fhhpiag; Nghd;Nw cioj;J tPl;L Ntiyfs; jUk; gpur;idfspy; %o;fpg; NghtNj vkJ r%fg; ngz;fspd; mjpfkhNdhhpd; jiytpjpahfpg; NghAs;sik ftiyg;glj;jf;fnjhU cz;ikahFk;.

,e;jg; gpd;dzpapNyNa mts; r%fg; gpuf;iQ mw;wtshf tho;fpwhs;. Nriy>eif> tPL> Mlk;gug; nghUl;fs;> jdJ gps;isfspd; jpUkzk; ,tw;Wf;F ntspNa rpe;jpf;fj; njhpahJ. mtw;wpw;fhfNt rpe;jpj;J mOJ> Vq;fp> fztNdhLNghuhb cwtpdHfNshLk; may; tPl;lhNuhLk; nghwhikfis tsHj;Jf; nfhz;L tho;e;J kbAk; mw;g tho;f;ifia ngz;zpd; tho;thfpg; NghAs;sik vkJ r%fj;jpd; JHg;ghfpa epiy. mts; jdJ fz;zPuhYk;> mofhYk;> jdJ rhJhpag; Gj;jpahYk; rpy tpraq;fis rhjpf;f Kidfpwhs;.

FLk;g epWtdj;jpd; nghWg;ghspahf mjid nghWg;NghLk; ed;F jpl;lkpl;Lk; elhj;Jk; epiyad;wp ,Wfpg; Nghd;njhU rpiwtho;thf ngz;Zf;F FLk;g tho;f;if khwpAs;sik> mts; kPJ ,iof;fg;gLk; kpfg; nghpa mePjpahFk;. Mz; gzk; nfhLj;J (tujl;riz> rPjdk;) thq;fg;gLk; ngWkjpahd xU nghUshfp vt;tsT mjpfk; nghUs; (gzk;) nfhLf;f KbANkh me;jsTf;F me;j];Jk; trjpAk; cs;s Miz ngw KbAk; vd;w ,d;iwa r%f xOq;F ngz;iz kz tho;Tf;fhf Vq;Fgtshf khw;wpAs;sJ.

vdNt> jdJ KOtho;itAk; ghjpf;Fk; jpUkzj;jpd; NghJ $l mts; jhAk;> je;ijAk; NjHe;njLg;gtUf;F r%fj;ij ePl;b jd;id jhiu thHj;J> ''fy;yhdhYk; fztd; Gy;yhdhYk; GU\d;"" vd;w tho;T epiy mtSf;F jtpHf;f Kbahjjhfg; NghAs;sJ. ,J mts; kPJ ,iof;fg;gLk; ,d;ndhU mePjpahFk;.

mjpfkhd FLk;gq;fspy; fztd; ntWkNd FLk;gj;jpy; nghUshjhu nrytpdq;fSf;fhf kl;Lk; nghWg;ghdts; vd;gijg; Nghy ele;J nfhs;fpd;whd;. jkJ r%fj;jpy; vj;jid fztd;khH jkJ kidtpahpd; ,];yhkpa tho;T Fwpj;J rpe;jpf;fpwhHfs; vd;gJ Nfs;tpf;FwpNa. mts; rikf;Fk; Urpahd czit cz;L mtNshL xd;whf cwq;fp mts; Jitj;J jUk; Milfis mzpe;J thOk; fztd;khHfs; mtsJ kWik tho;T gw;wp rpe;jpg;gJk; mtrpakhFk;. ,jdhy; r%fj;jpy; khw;wk; Vw;gLtNjhL ngz;fs; gw;wpa ghuk;ghpa cOj;Jg; Nghd fw;gpjq;fSk; kiwe;J NghFk;.

jdJ kidtpAk; khHf;f tpraq;fspy; gq;F nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd fztd; rw;W Kw;Nghf;fhf rpe;jpf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,jw;fhf rpy xOq;Ffis mtSf;F nra;J nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk. ngz;> jdJ Neuj;ij ftdkhf jpl;lkpl;L gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. vijAk; rhjpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w cWjpAk; jplKk; ,Uf;Fkhdhy; epr;rakhf rhjpf;f KbAk;.

md;W kidtpahf ,Ue;J nfhz;Nl NghHf;fsj;jpy; kUj;Jtk; nra;j ]`hgpag; ngz;fSk; ngUk; ngUk; mwpT ,af;fj;ij Njhw;Wtpj;j ngz;fSf;Fk; ,Nj fhyKk; NeuKk; jhd; ,Ue;jd.vdNt> Neuq;fis kpfr; rpwg;ghfj; jpl;lkpl;L fzprkhd msT Neuj;ijg; gad;gLj;jyhk;. K];ypk; ngz; Kd;NdwTk; mtshy; r%fKk; gadilaTk; Ntz;Lkhapd; mts; gpd;Ndhf;fpg; Nghf Ntz;Lk;. mjhtJ> mts; egpj;NjhoHfs;> jhgpaPd;fs; fhyj;ij Nehf;fp kPs Ntz;Lk;. ,jdhy; gps;isfspd; njhe;juTfNshL> rikayiw NtiyfNshL Jzpkzpfis Jitg;gNjhLk; kl;Lkhd mtsj ghpjhg epiy khw;wkilAk;.

 

r%f eltbf;iffs;


ngz; gw;wpa ,];yhkpa rpe;jidapd; mLj;j Kf;fpakhd tprak; r%f eltbf;iffspy; mtspd; <LghLk; gw;wpajhFk;. mts; ew;gzpfspy; <LgLk; NghJ epr;rakhf my;yh`; $yp nfhLf;fpwhd; vd;gij Kd;dH fz;Nlhk;. r%f Ntiyia mts; kPJ flikahf kl;LNk my;yh`; Mf;ftpy;iy. itj;jpak;> tpahghuk;> njhopy;El;gk; rhHe;j njhopy;fs; Nghd;wtw;wpy; mts; <LgLtij; ,];yhk; jLf;ftpy;iy vd;gij Kd;ida gFjpapy; Nehf;fpNdhk;. vdNt. mts; Aj;jq;fspy; fye;J nfhs;tij $l kWf;ftpy;iy.

egp (]y;) mtHfsJ fhyj;jpy; ngz;fs; fye;J nfhs;shj ve;j Aj;jKk; eilngwtpy;iy vDk; mstpw;F [p`hjpy; mtHfsJ gq;fspg;G fhzg;gl;lJ. mq;Nf mtHfs; fhag;gl;ltHfSf;F itj;jpak; ghHj;jy;> KjYjtp nra;jy;> ePHtoq;fy; Nghd;w gy Nritfisg; NghHf;fsj;jpy; nra;jNjhL> rpy re;jHg;gq;fspy; Neub Aj;jj;jpYk; <Lgl;ldH. ]`hghf;fs; fhyj;jpYk; gpw;gl;l fhyj;jpYk; ngz;fs; Aj;jj;jpw;F nrd;wpUf;fpd;whHfs;. flw;gilazpapy; $l gq;fspg;Gr; nra;jpUf;fpwhHfs;.

mLj;J> Ie;J Neuj; njhOiffs;> [{k;M> ,U ngUehs; njhOiffs; Nghd;w r%f tbtk; nfhz;l tzf;f topghLfspy; ngz;fs; ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; fhyj;jpYk;> gpw;gl;l fhyq;fspYk; mtHfs; njhlHe;J fye;J nfhz;Ls;sdH. ngz;fs; kPJk; ,];yhk; ,tw;iw flikahf;ftpy;iy vd;gJ kl;Lk; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;Lk;.

,t;thW> ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; fhyj;jpYk;> ]`hghf;fs;> jhgpaPd;fs; fhyj;jpYk;> midj;J tif r%f eltbf;iffSk; ngz;fs; ey;y r%f <LghL nfhz;ltHfshfNt ,Ue;jdH vd;gJ> tuyhw;iw Nehf;Fk; NghJ kpfj; njspthf tpsq;Fk;. xUNghJk; ngz;fs; mf;fhyg;gphptpy; r%f gpuf;iQ mw;wtHfshf mJ gw;wpa v;ej mwpTk; mw;wtHfshf Klf;fp itf;fg;glNtapy;iy. md;W mtHfs; tPl;L NtiyfNshL kl;Lk; jd;idf; fl;Lg;gLj;jpf; nfhz;ltHfshf fhzg;gltpy;iy. r%f Nrit my;yJ njhopy; vd;W tUk; NghJ mq;Nf ngz; jdpj;jpUg;gJ mghafukhdJ. ''xUehs; elf;Fk; J}uj;jpw;F mjpfkhf xU ngz; k`;ukp ,d;wp gpuahzk; nra;tJ MfhJ"" (GfhhP) vd egp (]y;) mtHfs; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shHfs;. r%f Nrit ntspehl;L njhopy; Kaw;rpfspy; <LgLk; ngz;fspd; ftdj;ij ,e;j egpnkhopfs; <Hf;f Ntz;Lk;. ''me;epa XH MZk;> xU ngz;Zk; jdpj;jpUe;jhy; mq;Nf %d;whtjhf i\j;jhd; te;J tpLfpd;whd;.""

 

Mil


r%f cwTfis Nkw;nfhz;L r%fg; gzpahw;w tUfpd;w NghJ ,];yhk; ngz;fSf;F rpy xOf;f tpraq;fisAk; MilKiwfisAk; mwpKfg;gLj;JfpwJ. xU ngz; jd; ,y;yj;jpy; ,Ue;j ntspNa nry;Yk; NghJ Kfk;> Kd;iffs; jtpHe;j kw;iwa cly; KOtijAk;> mzp myq;fhuq;fisAk; gpd;tUk; epge;jidf;F mika kiwj;Jf; nfhs;tJ mts; kPJ flikahf;fg;gl;lJ (th[pG) vd K`k;kJ e]pUj;jPd; my;ghdp (u`;) mtHfs; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whHfs;.

  • ntspNa njhptjw;F mDkjpf;fg;gl;l ghfq;fis jtpHe;j (Kfk;> Kd;if) clypd; midj;J gFjpfisAk; kiwj;jy;.

  • kiwg;gjw;F cgNahfpf;fg;gLk; Jzpkzpfs; ftHr;rpaw;witfsha; ,Uj;jy;

  • nkd;ik my;yhj jbj;j Jzpaha; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

  • ,Wf;fkpy;yhj jsHthdjha; ,Uj;jy;

  • gpwiuf; ftUk; eWkzk; Cl;lg;gl;ljha; ,y;yhjpUj;jy;

  • Mz;fs; mzpAk; Milf;F xg;g ,y;yhjpUj;jy;

  • md;dpa khjH mzpAk; Mil Nghd;W ,y;yhjpUj;jy;

  • ngUik jUk; Mil ,y;yhjpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;

ngz;fs; Kfj;ij %LkhW epHg;ge;jpg;gJ jtwhdJ MFk;. ''ghHitiaj; jho;j;Jq;fs;"" vDk; NghJ %bapy;yhj epiyapy; jhd; mJ vd;gJk; ''cq;fs; myq;fhuq;fis mjdpd;Wk; ntspNa njhpahjtw;iwj; jtpu"" (my; FHMd;) vDk; NghJk; Kfk; Kd;iffs; vd;gtw;iw kiwf;f Ntz;bajpy;iy vd;gJ GydhfpwJ. mj;NjhL Fioe;J Fioe;J NgRjy; miu epHthzkhd nky;ypa Mil mzpjy; vd;gd fz;bg;ghfj; jtpHf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. Vnddpy;> egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs; :

''kWik ehs; neUq;Fk; NghJ rpy ngz;fs; Njhd;Wthhfs;. mtHfs; Mil mzpe;Jk; ,Ug;ghHfs;> epHthzkhfTk; ,Ug;ghHfs;."" (GfhhP> K];ypk;)

ngz;> r%fj;jpw;F tUk; NghJ fy;tp Ntiytha;g;G vd;gtw;wpy; gq;F nfhs;tNjhL mts; jdJ xOf;f rPyq;s; vd;gtw;iw fz;bg;ghf Ngzpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. md;dpa MZlk; jdpj;jpUj;jy;> Fioe;J NgRjy;> njhl;Lg; goFjy;> tpghPjkhd tpisTfis Vw;gLj;jp tpLk;. egp (]y;) mtHf;s ngz;fsplj;jpy; 'igmj;" ngWk; NghJ $l mtHfisj; njhltpy;iy. vdNt> ,t;thwhd r%ff; fsj;jpy; EioAk; NghJ ,];yhkpa xOf;f khz;GfSld; ele;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

,];yhkpa mwpT Qhdj;Jld; xOf;f tpOkpaq;fSlDk; vkJ ngz;fs; jkJ r%f njhlHGfis Mf;fpf; nfhs;thHfNsahdhy; mtHfs; jdpkdpjHfis cUthf;fp - mjD}lhf K];ypk; tPl;il epHkhzpj;J - ,];yhkpa r%fj;ij fl;bnaOg;gp - mjD}lhf ,];yhkpa fpyhgj; cUthf;fj;Jf;Fk; kpfg; ngUk; gq;fspg;G nra;ayhk;.

H 4
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