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csj;J}a;ik nfhz;ltHfs;


epr;rakhf my;yh`; ,iwar;rKs;s kiwthapUe;J nraw;gLfpd;w ey;y kdpjHfis tpUk;Gfpd;whd;. mtHfs; (xU rigf;F r%fkspf;fh tpl;lhy; vtUk; mtHfisj; Njl khl;lhHfs;. Fwpj;j rigf;F mtHfs; tUif je;jhy; ahH vd;W mtHfs; kw;wtHfshy; ,dq;fhzg;gl khl;lhHfs;. mtHfsJ ngaHfSk; cr;rhpf;fg;gl khl;lhJ. ,j;jifatHfspd; cs;sq;fs; NeHtopapd; xsptpsf;FfshFk;.

Nkw;Fwpj;j egpnkhopapid ,khk; ,g;D kh[h jdJ E}yhd Rdd; ,g;D kh[htpy; fpjhGy; gpjd; vd;w gphptpy; gjpT nra;Js;shHfs;. ,e;egpnkhopapd; Kjw;gFjpia khj;jpuk; cs;slf;fpa gpwpnjhU mwptpg;G `jP]; K];ypkpy; gjpthfpAs;sJ. mjhtJ> epr;rakhf my;yh`; ,iwar;rKs;s> vjpYk; NghJnkd;w kNdhghtk; nfhz;l> kiwe;jpUe;J nraw;gLfpd;w mbahidNa tpUk;Gfpd;whd; vd;W egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;.

Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l ,U mwptpg;GfSk; ,`;yh]; (csj;J}a;ik) vDk; gz;gpid mzpfydhff; nfhz;l kdpjHfis vt;thW ,dq; fhz;gJ> mtHfs; my;yh`;tplj;jpy; vj;jifanjhU me;j];jpidg; ngWfpd;whHfs; vd;g Fwpj;j xU njspit toq;Ffpd;wd.

xUtH jdJ nraw;ghLfs; midj;ijAk; my;yh`;Tf;fhfntd;Nw mikj;J mtdJ jpUg;jp kw;Wk; ntFkjpapy; khj;jpuk; ek;gpf;if kw;Wk; ntFkjpapy; khj;jpuk; ek;gpf;if itj;J mtdJ jz;lidf;F khj;jpuk; gag;gLk; epiyapidNa ,`;yh]; vd;w gjk; Fwpj;J epw;gjhf ,khk;fs; $Wfpd;wdH.

kdpjHfspd; nraw;ghLfs; my;yh`; tplj;jpy; mq;fPfhpf;fg;gLtjw;F mit ,U epge;jidfisg; ngw;wpUf;f Ntz;Lk;:- Fwpj;j nray; my;yh`;> u]_ypd; topfhl;lYf;F cl;gl;bUj;jy;

Fwpj;j nray; my;yh`;Tf;fhf vd;w J}a vz;zj;Jld; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gly;

,uz;by; xU epge;jid G+Hj;jp nra;ag;glhtpbDk; nray;fs; mq;fPfhpf;fg;gl khl;lhJ. vdNt> kWik tho;tpd; ntw;wpAk; Njhy;tpAk; ,t;tpU epge;jidfspYNk jq;fpAs;sd vd;gNj mHj;jkhFk;. ,t;tsT Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nfhz;l gz;ghfpa ,`;yh]pid mzpfydhff; nfhz;l kdpjHfsplk; mjd; ntspg;ghLfshfg; gpd;tUk; mk;rq;s; fhzg;glf; $Lk; vdTk;> mjd; %yk; ,`;yh]; cs;s kdpjHfis XusT ,dq; fz;L nfhs;s KbAnkdTk; ,khk;fs; njhptpf;fpd;wdH. mitahtd :

(1) kdpjHfspd; Gfo;r;rpiaAk; ,fo;r;rpiaAk; mtHfs; rkdhfNt fUJtH

Gfo; thHj;ijfisr; nrtpAWk; NghJ cw;rhfj;JlDk; RWRWg;GlDk; nraw;gLgtHfshfTk; tpkHrdq;fs;> Vr;Rg; Ngr;Rf;fs; tUk; NghJ jd;dpiykwpag; gpd;thq;FgtHfshfTk; ,`;yh]; cs;stHfs; ,Uf;f khl;lhHfs;. kdpjHfSf;fhfg; gzpahw;WtJ Kf];JjpahFk;. mNjNtis mtHfSf;fhf Ntiyia tpl;L tpLtJ ,izitg;ghFk; vd;w ,khk; Gioapd; fUj;ij Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;ltHfs; ed;F mwpe;J nraw;gLtH. (Mjhuk; - ,`;ah cY}kpj;jPd; 1:403)

xUtH jhd; nra;j nraYf;fhfg; Gfog;gLtij tpUk;Gtij tplj; jhd; nra;ahj nraYf;fhfg; Gfo;ghLtij tpUk;GtJ kpfTk; Nkhrkhd epiyahFk;. xUtH jd;dplkpy;yhj xd;Wf;fhf (kf;fs;) jd;idg; GfoNtz;Lnkd tpUk;GtJk; jd;dplkpUf;Fk; FiwfisAk; gytPdq;fisAk; gpwH Rl;bf; fhl;Ltij ntWg;gJk; Kdhgpf;fpd; gz;GfshFk; vd ,khk; my; Gioy; ,g;D ,aho; (u`;) Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH.

(2) jdpikapy; ,aq;Fk; NghJk; $l;lhf ,aq;Fk; NghJk; mtHfsJ epiyapy; tpj;jpahrkpUf;fhJ :

,iwjpUg;jpia khj;jpuk; Nehf;fhff; nfhz;l cs;sk; fhy> ,l khw;wj;jhy; xU NghJk; jhf;fkilahJ. mj;Jld; me;j cs;sk; ,ghjj;Jf;fspy;> ew;fphpiafspy; gfpuq;fkhf <LgLtjpy; fhl;Lk; MHtj;ij tpl ,ufrpakhf> jdpj;jpUe;J mtw;wpy; <LgLtjpy; $ba MHtk; nfhz;bUf;Fk;.

Mdhy;> cyf yhgq;fSf;fhf mjd; ,d;gq;fis Nehf;fhff; nfhz;L nraw;gLk; cs;sk; vg;NghJk; jdpj;jpUf;Fk; NghJ nghLNghf;fhf ,Uf;Fk;. $l;lhf> gfpuq;fkhf nraw;gLk; Ntisapy; mjp cw;rhfj;JlDk; RWRWg;NghLk; ,aq;Fk;. mt;Ts;sj;ijAilatd; kdpjHfspd; ghHitapy; rpy NghJ nghpa ]hyp`hd kdpjdhff; fhl;rpaspg;ghd;. Mdhy;> my;yh`;tpd; ghHitapy; xU ghtpahfNt fzpf;fg;gLthd;. ,jid egp (]y;) tmHfs; kWikapy; vdJ r%fj;ijr; NrHe;j rpyH nfhz;L tug;gLthHfs;. mtHfs; nra;j ed;ikfNsh kiyfs; Nghy; mjpfkhff; fhl;rpaspf;Fk;. Mdhy;> mtw;iw my;yh`; rpjwpa rUFfshf khw;wp tpLthd;. Vnddpy; mtHfs; (ntspg;gilapy; ey;y kdpjHfshfj; jk;ik ,dq;fhl;bf; nfhz;l NghJk;) jdpj;jpUf;Fk; NghJ mtdhy; ,lg;gl;l tiuaiwfis kPwp ghtj;jpy; <Lgl;bUg;ghHfs; vdf; Fwpg;gpl;lhHfs;. (Rdd; ,g;dp kh[h - fpjhGy; ]{`;j; - 69)

vdNt> xUtH gfpuq;fkhfr; nraw;gLk; NghJ cw;rhfkhdtuhfTk; jdpj;J> kdpjHfspd; ghHitapy; glhj epiyapy; nraw;gLk; NghJ Nrhk;gy; nfhz;ltuhfTk; ,Ue;jhy; mtH jdJ epiy Fwpj;Jf; ftiyg;gl Ntz;Lk;.

myp (uyp) mtHf;s gpd;tUkhW $wpdhHfs; : xU Kf];JjpahsDf;Fg; gy milahsq;fs; cs;sd. jdpj;jpUf;Fk; NghJ Nrhk;gyhf ,Ug;ghd;. kdpjHfNshL ,Uf;Fk; NghJ RWRWg;ghf ,aq;Fthd;.

xU Kiw mG+ckhkh my; gh`pyp (uyp) mtHfs; gs;spthaYf;Fr; nrd;w NghJ mq;F ]{[{jpy; mOJ nfhz;bUe;j xU kdpjiuf; fz;lhHfs;. mg;NghJ mtiug; ghHj;J ePH jhdh ,g;gb ,Uf;fpwPH? ePH ,Nj epiyapy; ckJ tPl;bYk; ,Ue;jhnyd;d?! vd;whHfs;.

xU jlit Nkw;Fwpj;j csNeha; XH ,];yhkpa gpur;rhufhpd; cs;sj;jpy; CLUtpaJ. mg;NghJ mtH jdJ ]hyp`hd kidtpia Nehf;fp> ehd; ngUe;jpushd kf;fs; nfhz;l efHg; Gwj;jpy; ciu epfo;j;Jk; NghJ vdf;F mjpf cw;rhfNkw;gLfpwJ. vd;dplkpUe;J fUj;Jf;fs; mjpfkhf cjpHfpd;wd. Mdhy;> vkJ rpwpa fpuhkj;jpy; ciu epfo;j;Jk; NghJ mt;thW elg;gjpy;iyNa! Vd;? vdf; Nfl;lhH. mJ Nfl;l kidtp cq;fsplj;jpy; cw;rhfj;ij cz;L gz;ZtJ Kf];Jjp jhd;. vdNt> tpopg;ghf ,Ue;J nfhs;Sq;fs;. kNdh ,r;irf;F ,lk; nfhLf;fhJ rpe;jpj;Jr; nrayhw;Wq;fs; vd;W gjpyspj;jhHfs;.

Kf];Jjp vd;w Nehahy; gPbf;fg;gl;l xUtiug; gw;wp ,khk; ,g;D ijkpah (u`;) tpthpf;fpd;w NghJ> XhpU Gfo; thHj;ijfisf; Nfl;l khj;jpuj;jpy; mtH kfpo;r;rpapd; cr;rfl;lj;ijailthH. mNj Nghd;W XhpU tpkHrd thHj;ijfisr; nrtpAw;wJk; rpdk; nfhz;L rPwpg;gha;thH. jd;id ahH Gfo;fpd;whNuh mtUf;F ,tH mbikahfp tpLthH. me;jg; Gfo;r;rp mrj;jpaj;jpid mbg;gilahff; nfhz;ljhapDk; rhpNa. mtuJ jtWf;fhf mtiuf; Fiw $Wgtiu mtH vjphpahf Nehf;FthH. rj;jpaj;jpd; ghHitapy; mit cz;ikapNyNa Fw;wq;fshf ,Ue;j NghjpYk; rhpNa vdf; $wpdhHfs;.

(3) jiyikg; gjtpia tpUk;g khl;lhHfs;

,`;yh]; cs;s cs;sj;jpy; jiyikj;Jt MirNah vg;NghJk; Kd;dzpapy; epw;f Ntz;Lnkd;w vz;zNkh ,Uf;f khl;lhJ. jiyikj;Jt MirAs;s - Mdhy;> mg;gjtp fpilf;fhjtHfs; - mjid mile;J nfhs;tjw;Ff; FWf;F topfisg; gad;gLj;JtJ NghyNt mg;gjtpapy; mkHe;jtHfs; mjidj; jf;f itj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;fhf vj;jifa ghtq;fisAk; nra;aj; jaq;f khl;lhHfs;. ,e;epiy xU r%fj;jpd; mopTf;Nf fhuzkhf mikayhk;.

,khk; Rg;ahD];]t;hp (u`;) mtHfs; gw;ww;w epiyia (R`;j;) jiyikg;gjtpia tpl kpff; Fiwthf NtW vjpYk; ehd; fz;ljpy;iy vd;W $wpdhHfs;.

,khk; my; Gioy; ,g;D ,aho; (u`;) gpd;tUkhW $wpdhHfs; : ahH jiyikj;Jtg; gjtpia Nerpf;fpd;whNuh mtuJ rPHjpUj;jk; Fwpj;J rpe;jpg;gjpy; vt;tpjg; gaDkpy;iy.

ahH gpugy;aj;ij tpUk;Gfpd;whNuh mtH cz;ikahfNt my;yh`;it Nerpf;ftpy;iy vd;W ,g;uh`Pk; gpd; mj;`j; (u`;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;.

,`;yh]; cs;s xUtUf;F jhd; tfpf;Fk; gjtp Kf;fpakd;W. jhd; vt;tplj;jpypUe;j NghJk; J}a;ikahfg; ghLgLtjpNyNa mtH jpUg;jpAWthH. ,j;jifa xUtH gw;wpNa egpatHfs; RgNrhgdk; $wpdhHfs; :

jdJ Fjpiuapd; fbthsj;ijg; gpbj;J mjid my;yh`;tpd; ghijapd; Xl;br; nry;fpd;w XH mbahDf;F RgNrhgdk; cz;lhtjhf! mtH gilapd; caHgjtpfspy; epakpf;fg;gLk; NghJ mthplk; fhzg;gLk; cj;Ntfk; rhjhuz giltPudhf epakpf;fg;gl;lhYk; mNj epiyapy; fhzg;gLk; (GfhhP [p`hj; - 71)

fhypj; gpd; tyPj; (uyp) mtHfspd; tho;T Nkw;$wg;gl;l egpatHfspd; egpnkhopf;Fr; rpwe;jnjhU eilKiw cjhuzkhFk;. mtHfs; ,];yhkpa tuyhw;wpy; ele;j gy Nghuhl;lq;fspy; gilj;jsgjpfshfNt fye;J nfhz;lhHfs;. Mdhy;> K/jh Nghhpd; nghOJ ,sk; taJila c]hkh (uyp) tpd; jiyikapy; rhjhuz giltPudhfr; nry;YkhW fyPghtpdhy; gzpf;fg;gl;lhHfs;. mg;gjtp khw;wk; mthpy; vt;tpj jhf;fj;jpidAk; Vw;gLj;jtpy;iy. Nghuhl;lf; fsj;jpy; Kd;diutpl RWRWg;ghfr; nraw;gl;lhHfs; vd;W tuyhW nrhy;fpd;wJ.

(4) jd;dpiy kwe;J mLj;jtHfspd; FiwfisAk;> jtWfisAk; Njb miyakhl;lhHfs;

xUtH jdJ FiwfisAk; jtWfisAk; kwe;J tpl;L mLj;jtHfspd; FiwfisAk; jtWfisAk; Muha Kw;gLtjhdJ mtH mopit Nehf;fpg; gazpf;f Muk;gpj;J tpl;lhH vd;gJ mHj;jkhFk;. my;yh`;Tf;fhf vd;W tho;gtH jdJ epiy Fwpj;J Kjypy; Ratprhuiz nra;thH. jhd; ele;J te;j ghijiag; gpd;Nehf;fpg; ghHg;ghH. jdJ FiwfisAk;> jtWfisAk;> ,dq;fz;L jpUj;jKw;gLthH. ,j;jifatH jhd; cz;ikapy; my;yh`;tpd; mUisg; ngw;wtuhthH.

xU K/kpd; mLj;jtH tpraj;jpy; vg;NghJk; epahaq;fisj; NjLthd;. xU Kdhgpf; vg;NghJk; Fiwfisj; NjLthd; vd;W ,khk; Gioy; ,g;D ,aho; (u`;) $Wfpd;whHfs;.

(5) mjpfg; Ngr;R kw;Wk; tpjz;lhthjq;fisj; jtpHj;J nray; tPuHfshfj; jpfo;thHfs;

,`;yh]; cs;s xUtH vg;NghJk; tstsntdg; Ngrpf; nfhz;Lk;> tpthjpj;Jf; nfhz;LkpUg;gijj; jtpHj;J nraw;ghl;by; $ba ftdk; nrYj;JthH. gpwH kj;jpapy; jd;id Nkk;gLj;jpf; nfhs;sTk; mtHfspd; ed;kjpg;igg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sTk; Kaw;rpf;Fk; xUtNu jd;idg; gw;wpAk; jdJ rhjidfs; Fwpj;Jk; mjpfkhf nkr;rpg; Ngrpf; nfhz;L> fhyj;ijf; fopg;ghH. FiwthfNt Ngrp mjpfkhfr; nraw;gLk; kdpjDf;F my;yh`; mUs;ghypf;fl;Lk;! vd ckH (uyp) mtHfs; gpuhHj;jpj;jhHfs;.

(6) jpahfk; nra;tjpYk;> nryT nra;tjpYk; Ke;jpf; nfhs;thHfs;

kdpjd; vg;NghJk; ,uz;L tifahd ftHr;rpfspdhy; <Hf;fg;gLfpd;whd;. xd;W> ,iwjpUg;jpAk; mtJ ntFkjpAkhFk;. kw;iwaJ> cyfKk; mjd; RfNghfq;fSkhFk;. vg;NghJ xUthplk; ,`;yh]; fhzg;gLNkh mg;NghJ jhd; mtH vjidAk; jpahfk; nra;a Kd;tUthH. Mdhy;> ,`;yh]pd; jhf;fk; FiwAk; gl;rj;jpy; nray;fisr; nra;a Kd; tuhJ gpd;thq;FthH. mjpf epahaq;fs; nrhy;yp> ngWg;Gf;fspypUe;J jg;gpj;Jf; nfhs;s mtH Kaw;rpg;ghH. j/th> [p`hj; vd;gd mtUf;F Rkf;f Kbahj gSf;fshf mike;J tpLk;. kidtpAk; gps;isfSk; nry;tKk; ,d;gg; nghUs;fshfj; Njhd;Wk;. ,`;yh]; cs;sthpd; epiy ,jw;F Kw;wpYk; khw;wkhfNt mike;jpUf;Fk;.

(7) ,`;yh]; cs;stHfs; jkJ Nghuhl;lg; ghijapy; epiyj;J epw;ghHfs;

,`;yh]; ,y;yhjtH jdJ gpur;rhug; ghijapy; mbf;fb ,lhp tpOe;J tpLthH vd ,khk; ,g;Dy; [t;]p (u`;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. ,];yhkpag; gpur;rhug; gzpapy; <LgLNthhpy; rpyH mbf;fb jiykiwthFtijAk;> fhzhky; NghtijAk; fhzyhk;. ,j;jifNahhpd; ,`;yh]; Fwpj;J re;Njfg;gl Ntz;bAs;sJ.

Vnddpy;> my;yh`;tpy; cz;ikahd ek;gpf;if itj;jpUg;gtUk; mtdJ jpUg;jpia miltjidNa jdJ ,yf;fhff; nfhz;bUg;gtUNk vj;jifa f\;lkhd #o;epiyfspYk; jdJ ghijia tpl;L tpyfhJ njhlHe;Jk; mjpy; fhy;gjpj;J epiyj;J epw;ghH.

#o;epiyfs; khwyhk;. Kaw;rpfs; Njhy;tpAwyhk;. Mdhy;> ,`;yh]; cs;sthpd; cs;sj;jpy; vt;tpj jhf;fKk; Vw;glhJ. Muk;gfhy ,khk;fspy; xUtH jdJ khztHfSf;Fg; gpd;tUkhW cgNjrpj;jhH : rj;jpag; ghijapNyNa gazpf;FkhW cgNjrpf;fpd;Nwd;. mjpy; gazpg;gtHfspd; vz;zpf;if FiwthfapUg;gijapl;L ftiyg;gl Ntzlhk;. mrj;jpag; ghijia tpl;Lk; vr;rhpf;fpd;Nwd;. mjpy; gazpg;gtHfspd; vz;zpf;if $Ljyhf ,Ug;gijapl;L ePH Vkhe;J tpl Ntz;lhk;. mJ Mr;rhpaj;Jf;Fhpajd;W.

(8) jk;Kila nray;fSf;F cyfpd; mw;gyhgq;fisg; gpujpgydhf vjpHghHf;f khl;lhHfs;

,`;yh];-d; cr;repiyapy; fhzg;gl;l egpkhHfs; jj;jkJ r%fq;fisg; ghHj;Jg; gpd;tUkhW $wpdhHfs;. Fwpj;j vdJ nraYf;fhf (j/thTf;fh) cq;fsplkpUe;J vj;jifa $ypiaAk; ehd; Nfl;fg; Nghtjpy;iy. epr;rakhf vd;Dila $yp vd;idg; gilj;jtdplNk cz;L. (]{uJy; `_j;-51)

,g;gz;gpid mzpfydhff; nfhz;l xUtUf;Fr; rpwe;j cjhuzkhfg; gpd;tUk; rk;gtj;jpidf; Fwpg;gplyhk; : xU Kiw egpatHfsplk; te;j ehl;Lg; Gwj;J mugpnahUtH ,];yhj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhz;L tpl;L> my;yh`;tpd; J}jNu cq;fNshL `p[;uj; nra;ath? vdf; Nfl;lhH. mg;NghJ mtiug; guhkhpf;fntd egpatHfs; rpy r`hghf;fis epakpj;jhHfs;. gpdd;H ifgH Aj;jj;jpd; NghJ K];ypk;fsplk; mjpf fdPkj; nghUl;fs; rpf;fpd. egpatHfs; mtw;iw r`hghf;fSf;F kj;jpapy; gfpHe;jspj;j NghJ Nkw;Fwpj;j mugpf;Fk; xU gq;fpid toq;fpdhHfs;. ,jidf; fz;l mtH my;yh`;tpd; J}jNu! ehd; ,jw;fhf cq;fis Vw;Wg; gpd;gw;wtpy;iy. khw;wkhf vjphpfspd; mk;Gfs; ,t;tplj;ij (fOj;ijr; Rl;bf; fhl;b) Nehf;fpg; gha> ehd; \`hjj; gjtpiag; ngw;W RtHf;fk; Gf Ntz;Lnkd Mirg;gLfpNwd; vd;whH. mjw;F egpatHfs; ePH my;yh`;Tld; cz;ikahd Nerk; nfhs;Sk; NghJ mg;ghf;fpaj;ij my;yh`; ckf;F toq;Fthd; vd;whHfs;. gpd;dH mtH NghHf;fsj;jpy; Eioe;jJk; mtH tpUk;gpa ,lj;jpNyNa vjphpfspd; mk;Gfspy; xd;W jhf;fpa \`Pjhdjhff tuyhW $WfpwJ. ,J jhd; J}a ,`;yh]; cs;s kdpjHfspd; ,yl;rpakhFk;.

j/thj; Jiwapy; ek;ik <LgLj;jpf; nfhs;Sk; rpyH cyf mw;g ,yhgq;fisNa jk;Kila ,yf;Ffshff; nfhs;fpd;wdH. mt;thwhd xUtH jiytuhf ,Uf;ifapy; my;yJ caH gjtpfspy; mkHe;jpUf;Fk; NghJ kl;Lk; cw;rhfkhr; nraw;gLthH. mtHj hd; Ngr;rhsH> mtH jhd; jsgjp> mtH; jhd; topfhl;b. Mdhy; ,e;epiyik khwpdhy; mtiu fsj;jpy; fhz KbahJ NghFk;. vdNt> ngaUk;> GfOk;> me;j];JNk mtuJ ,yf;F vd;gJ ,jpypUe;J njspthfpwJ.

(9) jdpegHfSldd;wp nfhs;ifAld; gpizf;fg;gl;bUg;ghHfs;

,`;yh]; cs;s kdpjHfSf;F vg;NghJk; nfhs;ifNa Kf;fpaj;Jtkhdjhf ,Uf;Fk;. jdp kdpjHfs; Kf;fpakd;W. my;yh`;Tf;Fk; mtdJ J}jUf;Fk; fl;Lg;gLk; kdpjHfSf;F khj;jpuNk mtHfs; fl;Lg;gLthHf;s. NtW thHj;ijapy; $Wtjhapd;> rj;jpaj;jpd; Clhf kdpjHfis mwpe;J nfhs;thHfs;. khwhf kdpjHfs; Clhf rj;jpaj;ij mwpe;J nfhs;s khl;lhHfs;. ,`;yh]; ,y;yhj kdpjHfs; vg;NghJk; kdpjHfisf; nfhz;Nl rj;jpaj;ij mwptH. vdNt mtHfsplj;jpy; rpyuJ thHj;ijfs; Ntjthf;fhf mike;jpUf;Fk;. mtH Vtpdhy; gpd;gw;WthHfs;. mtH Ngrpdhy; Nfl;ghHfs;. mthpd; ciuNa jhf;fk; Vw;gLj;jf; $baJ vd;ghHfs;. mtNu vy;yhk; vd epidj;J kw;wtHfspd; gzpfisf; Fiwthf kjpg;gplj; Jtq;fthHfs;. ,e;epiy mghafukhdjhFk;. fhuzk; vy;yhk; mtNu vd;w epidf;Fk; mtHfs; mthplk; rpy kdpjg; gytPdq;fisf; fhZk; NghJ ek;gpf;ifapof;fyhk;> tpuf;jpailayhk;. fsj;ij tpl;Nl xJq;fyhk;. Mdhy;> nfhs;ifAld; gpizf;fg;gl;l kdpjHfs; ,jpy; cl;glkhl;lhHfs;.

(10) jd;Dila ngaH nkhopag;gLtijNah rhjidfs; ntspf;fhl;lg;gl;L gfpuq;fg;gLj;jg;gLtijNah tpUk;g khl;lhHfs;.

etPd cyf epiy ,jw;F Kw;wpYk; Gwk;ghdJ. ngaUf;Fk; GfOf;Fnkd;Nw rhjpg;gtHfs; mjpfk;.

vk;kpy; xt;nthUtUk; Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l mk;rq;fisg; gpwhpy; gpuNahfpj;J mtHfis tpkHrpg;gij tpl;L tpl;L mtw;iwj; jd;dpy; gpuNahfpj;Jj; jd;idNa xUKiw Ratprhuiz nra;J ghHj;jhy; jdJ ,`;yhi]g; ghPl;rpj;Jf; nfhs;syhk;. mjd; %yk; vk;kpy; xt;nthUtUk; jd;dplKs;s jtWfs;> Fiwfis ,dq;fz;L mtw;iwr; rPH nra;J ehk; tpsf;f vLj;Jf; nfhz;l egp nkhopf;Nfw;g cz;ikahd ,`;yh]; cs;s ey;ybahdhf thoyhk;. mjw;F my;yh`; vk; midtUf;Fk; JizGhpthdhf..! MkPd;..!

Jizepd;wit :

  • Rdd; ,g;D kh[h - fpjhGy; gpjd;> jhU];]p`;D}d;> ,];jd;G+y; gjpg;gfk;. 1992.

  • fhaJdh - mg;Jy; `yPk; my;fdhd;. jhUy; tgh gjpg;gfk; - my; kd;#uh Kjw;gjpg;G : 1998

  • ,`;ah cY}kpj;jPd; - ,khk; f];]hyp (u`;) - ghfk; 01> jhUy; gpf;H E}uhzpf Gj;jf epiyak;> ngrhtH - ghfp];jhd;.

ed;wpf;FhpatHfs; : m\;n\a;f; vr;.vy;.vk;. `hhp]; - ,];yhkpar; rpe;jid - ,yq;if.

H 4
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