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xl;lf mjprak;

fl;LiuahsH : v];. V. E}HK`k;kJ> Jig.


mjpraj;ij epfo;j;jpf; fhl;Lq;fs; vd;W kf;fs; Nfl;l nghOJ> mikjpahf FHMid Rl;bf;fhl;bdhHfs; egpfs; ehafk;(]y;)> ek;gpdhy; ek;Gq;fs;> ,J gy tpjq;fspy; xU kpfg; ngUk; mw;GjNk> cjhuzj;jpw;F ,e;j trdj;ij vLj;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs;> xd;whk; tFg;G Foe;ijfis Nfl;gJ Nghy;> ,iwtd; ,y;iy vd;W kWg;gtHfis Nehf;fp rhjhuzkhf xU Nfs;tp Nfl;fpwJ (xl;lfj;ij ghHf;ftpy;iyah? mJ vt;thW gilf;fg;gl;bUf;fpwJ - my;FHMd; 88:17) thUq;fs; gjpiyg; ghHg;Nghk;.

mjw;F Kd;ghf 'ghpzhk tsHr;rp" vd;w igj;jpaf;fhu thjj;ijg; gw;wp (,e;j thjj;ij jhq;fpg;gpbg;gtHfis jhd; mwpthspfs; vd;W miof;fpwJ cyfk;) njhpe;J nfhs;Nthk;. mjhtJ kuj;jpypUf;Fk; ,iyia Nka;tjw;fhf jiyia caHj;jp Kaw;rp nra;j xU Ml;bd; nray;> mjd; Fl;bapd; kPJ gpujpgypf;f> ePz;l fOj;ijf; nfhz;l ML gpwe;jJ. gpwF jiyKiwfs; khwp (khwp> khwp> khwp...) ehk; ,d;W fhZk; xl;lfr; rptpq;fpahf khwpaJ. mJ Nghy; jhd; kdpjDk; Fuq;fpypUe;J khwpatd; vd;fpwJ me;j thjk;. kw;witfisg; gw;wp VjhtJ fpWf;Fj;jdkhfthtJ tpsf;fk; nfhLf;Fk; ,e;j thjk;> xl;lfk; ve;j kpUfj;jpypUe;J khwp jw;NghJ cs;s epiyia mile;jJ vd;gjw;fhd rhpahd tpsf;fj;ij ,d;W tiu nfhLf;f Kbahky; jiyia gpa;j;Jf; nfhs;fpwJ. xt;nthU mZTf;Fg; gpd;dhYk; gilj;jtd; xUtd; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. ,e;j xl;lfk; xd;Nw NghJk; mij ep&gpf;f> ghiytdj;J mugpaHfshy; 160 f;Fk; mjpfkhd nry;yg; ngaHfshy; miof;fg;gLk; ,e;j mjprag; gpuhzpiag; gw;wp njhpe;J nfhs;Nthk; thUq;fs;.

gilj;jtidg; giwrhw;Wk; ,e;j mjprag; gpuhzp czTk;> ePUk; fpilf;Fk; nghOJ mij jpkpyhf;fpf; nfhs;fpwJ (45 KGS vil ,Uf;Fk;> mjpy; mjpfkhf nfhOg;G ,Uf;Fk;) vjw;fhf vd;why; Njit fhyj;jpw;fhf> czNth> ePNu fpilf;fhj twl;rpahd Neuj;jpy; mjd; jpkpypd; nfhOg;gpypUf;Fk; 'i`l;u[NdhL" mJ Rthrpf;Fk; fhw;wpy; cs;s 'Mf;]p[id" fye;J ePuhfTk;> czthfTk; khw;wpf; nfhs;fpwJ.

czT kl;Lk; fpilj;jhy; NghJk;> ePhpd; Njitapy;yhky; xU khjk; gazk; nra;Ak;. czNth> ePNuh fpilf;fhj gl;rj;jpy; $l ve;j NjitAkpy;yhky; xU khjk; gazk; nra;Ak;. FspHfhyq;fspy; MW khjk; tiu $l ePH Fbf;fhky; [Ptpf;Fk;. ePH fpilj;jhy; 100 ypl;lH jz;zPiu gj;J epkplq;fSf;Fs; Fbj;J tpLk; (Pump).

Fbf;Fk; ePiu ,uj;jj;jpd; rpfg;G mZf;fspy; Vw;wpf; nfhs;fpwJ. mjw;fhf mZf;fs; mjd; cz;ikahd msit tpl 200 klq;F gphpe;J ,lkspf;fpwJ. Fl;b Nghl;L ghY}l;Lk; (kdpjd; cl;gl) kw;w gpuhzpfs; midj;jpw;Fk; ,uj;jj;jpd; rpfg;G mZf;fs; tl;l tbtkhf ,Uf;Fk;. Mdhy; xl;lfj;jpw;F kl;Lk; Kl;il tbtj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk;. kdpjHfSf;F cly; 12% ePH Fiwe;jhNy NghJk; fij KbTf;F te;J tpLk;. Mdhy; xl;lfk; 40% ,oe;jhy; $l ve;j ghjpg;Gk; ,y;yhky; thOk;. Fl;bg; Nghl;Lg; ghY}l;Lk; (kdpjd; cl;gl) gpuhzpfspy; ePhpog;ig jhq;fpf; nfhs;tjpy; xl;lfj;jpw;F epfuhf NtW vJTkpy;iy. ePhpog;gpdhy; cly; twl;rp Vw;gLk; rkaj;jpy; kw;w gpuhzpfspd; (kdpjd;) ,uj;jk; ghF epiyf;F te;J tpLk;. mjd; fhuzj;jhy; tho Njitahd ,jkhd #l;il NjhYf;F mspf;f Kbahky; vfpWk;. gpwF> #l;bdhy; ntbg;G kuzk; (Explosive Heat Death) epfo;e;JtpLk;. Mdhy; xl;lfj;jpw;F kl;Lk; mg;gb NeuhJ. Vndd;why; cly; jpRf;fspy; cs;s ePH kl;Lk; FiwANk jtpu> mjd; ,uj;jj;jpy; ePH msT Fiwahky; ,Uf;Fk;. ePhpy;yhky; twl;rp Vw;gl;L ePz;l ,ilntspf;F gpwF ePH Fbj;jhy; mJ Fiwe;j msthf ,Ue;jhy; $l kw;w gpuhzpfs; (kdpjd;) ePH Nghij (Water Intoxication) Vw;gl;L ,wg;G epfo;e;J tpLk;. Mdhy; xl;lfk; twl;rpf;F gpwF 100 ypl;lH Fbf;Fk;> Mdhy; rhfhJ.

mjd; cly; #L 104 F bfphpia mila Ntz;Lk;. mg;nghOJjhd; mjw;F tpaHitNa tUk;. mJ tiu tpaHf;fhJ. (kdpjHfSf;F 98 F bfphp -f;F NkNy Nghdhy; [_uk; vd;W ngaH) mjd; cly; mstpw;F mjpfkhd tpaHit Rug;gpfs; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;> Mdhy; kpfTk; Fiwthf ,Ug;gJ xU tpNr\k;. kw;w gpuhzpfs; (kdpjd; cl;gl) cly; #l;il tpaHj;J FspHtpj;Jf; nfhs;Sk;. Mdhy; xl;lfk; kl;Lk; gfy; fhyq;fspy; mbf;Fk; ntapypd; ntg;gj;ij 12 F bfphp tiu NrHj;J itj;Jf; nfhz;L (kdpjHfSf;F xU rpy bfphp mjpfhpg;gJ Nehapd; mwpFwp) ,utpd; Fspuhd fhw;iw gad;gLj;jp tpaHf;fhky; (tpaHg;gJ ePUf;F e\;lk;) #l;il ntspahf;fp tpLfpwJ.

xl;lfj;jpw;F ,Ug;gJ Nghy rf;jp tha;e;j rpWePufk; NtW vjw;Fk; fpilahJ. ek;Kila rpWePhpy; mjpf gl;rkhf jhJ fopTfs; 8 rjKk;> 92 rjk; ePUk; ,Uf;Fk;. Mdhy; xl;lfj;jpd; rpWePhpy; 40 rjj;jpw;F mjpfkhf fopTk;> Fiwthd ePUk; ,Uf;Fk;. me;j mstpw;F Fiwe;j ePiuf; nfhz;L fopit ntspNaw;Wk; rf;jp tha;e;jJ. (ek;Kilajhf ,Ue;jhy; fy; milg;G Vw;gl;L Ntiyia epWj;jp ,Uf;Fk;) kpfTk; Fiwe;j msT rpWePH fopf;Fk; gof;fk; cs;sJ xl;lfk;. mjd; clk;gpy; GNuhl;Bd; vd;w rj;J Fiwa Muk;gj;jhy;> rpWePhpy; ntspahFk; A+hpah vd;w foptpd; msit Fiwj;Jf; nfhz;L mij (Microbial Synthesis) GNuhl;BNdhL fye;J rf;jpahf khw;wptpLfpwJ mjd; rpWePufk;.

kw;w gpuhzpfspd; (kdpjd; cs;gl) kyk; fha;tjw;Nf ,uz;L ehl;fs; Njitg;gLk;. xl;lfj;jpd; kyj;ij Nghl;l xU rpy kzp Neuj;jpy; gw;w itj;Jtplyhk; vd;fpwhH kpUf Muha;r;rpahsH Nltpl; Ml;ld;gNuh> me;j mstpw;F ePNu fyf;fhky; rf;ifia kl;Lk; ntspNaw;Wk; rf;jp tha;e;jJ.

ek;Kilia %r;ir xU fz;zhbapd; Nky; tpl;L Nehf;fpdhy; mq;Nf <uk; glHtij fhzyhk;. Mdhy; xl;lfj;jpd; %r;rpy; <uk; kpfTk; Fiwthf ,Uf;Fk;. Vndd;why; kw;w vjw;Fk; ,y;yhj tpNr\ %f;F mikg;Gjhd; fhuzk;. mjd; %f;fpw;Fs; mike;jpUf;Fk; mLf;fLf;fhd jpR mikg;Gfs; mJ Rthrpj;J ntspNaw;Wk; fhw;wpy; cs;s <uj;jpd; %d;wpy; ,uz;L gFjpia ntspNaw;w tplhky; jLj;J tpLfpwJ. NkYk; mjd; %f;fpypUe;J topAk; rspiaf; $l mjd; %f;fpd; mikg;G cjl;bd; Nky; ntbg;gpd; topahf kPz;Lk; tha;f;Fs; mDg;gptpLfpwJ. gy iky;fSf;F mg;ghy; cs;s ePiu Nkhg;g rf;jpahy; mwpe;J nfhs;Sk; rf;jp tha;e;jJ mjd; %f;F.

fLikahd ntg;g fhyq;fspy; cz;gij Fiwj;Jf; nfhz;L clk;ig ,jkhf itj;Jf; nfhs;fpwJ. epoy; fpilj;jhy; clNd gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;Sk;. epoy; ,y;iynad;why; #hpaid Nehf;fp clk;ig itj;Jf; nfhs;Sk;. Vndd;why; Fiwthd ntapy; kl;Lk; mjd; clk;gpy; gLk;gbahf mjd; clk;Ng mjw;F epoiy Vw;gLj;jptpLfpwJ. mjw;F fhuzk; ePz;l Kl;il tbtkhd mjd; cly; mikg;G MFk;.

xl;lfq;fs; $l;lq;$l;lq;fshf gphpe;Jf; nfhz;L neUq;fpf; nfhs;Sk;. Vnddpy; cly; #l;il Rw;Wg;Gw fhw;wpd; #l;iltpl Fiwthf itj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;fhf> mjd; clypy; glHe;jJ Nghy cs; cNuhkq;fs; cly; #l;il tpaHitapd; cjtpapy;yhky; ntspNaw cjTtNjhL ntsp#l;ilAk;> ntapypd; jhf;fj;ijAk; clk;gpw;Fs; nry;yhky; jLj;J tpLfpwJ. mjd; ePz;l caukhd fhy;fs; mjd; cliy caNu itj;Jf; nfhs;fpwJ. Vndd;why; ghiytdj;jpd; kzy; gug;Gfspd; Nky; #L mjpfkhf glHe;jpUf;Fk;.

,g;gbahf> Rthrk;> rpWePH> tpaHit> vr;rpy; vd;W vjd; %ykhfTk; xU Jsp ePiuf; $l tPzhf;fp tplhky; [hf;fpuijahf ,Uf;fpwJ xl;lfk; (ePH fQ;rd;). rhp> ePiu ghHj;Njhk; kzYf;F NghNthk; thUq;fs;.

kw;w kpUfq;fs; Fok;Gfis nfhz;L elf;Fk;> Mdhy; xl;lfk; mjd; ntbj;j xU Fok;Gfis ,izf;Fk; nkj;njd;w gl;ilahd rij ,izg;igf; nfhz;L elf;fpwJ. (mjd; ghj mikg;gpw;F rhpahd cjhuzk; Snow Shoes MFk;)  mjd; ,U Fok;GfSk; tphpj;J nfhs;Sk; fhuzj;jhy; 680 Kgs tiu vilAs;s xl;lfk;> 450 Kgs tiu Rikia Rke;Jf; nfhz;L kzypy; fhy;fs; Gije;J tplhky; Xl KbfpwJ (ehk; xU rpy mbfs; ele;jhy; ehf;F js;sptpLk;) Fl;b Nghl;L ghy; nfhLf;Fk; (kdpjd; cl;gl) gpuhzpfs; midj;jpw;Fk; fhy;fspy; ,uz;L klf;Fk; %l;L ,izg;Gfs; (Ankle Joint) kl;Lk; ,Uf;Fk;. Mdhy; xl;lfj;jpw;F kl;Lk; %d;W ,izg;Gfs; ,Uf;Fk;. mjdhy;jhd; xl;lfj;jhy; vspjhf ghiy kzypd; NkL gs;sq;fspy; nry;yKbfpd;wJ.

kzNyhL NrHe;J fhw;W tPRk; nghOJ ehk; [d;dYf;F jpiuapLtJ Nghy; %f;if %bf;nfhs;Sk; trjpAs;sJ xl;lfj;jpw;F. mjd; fhJfspd; cs;NsAk;> ntspNaAk; mike;jpUf;Fk; Kbfs; kzNyh> J}rpNah> fhJf;Fs; nrd;W tplhky; jLj;J tpLfpwJ.  mjd; ,ikapYs;s ePz;l kapHfs; kzypUe;J fz;zpw;F ghJfhg;G mspf;fpwJ.

mjd; GUtj;jpw;F NkNy mike;Js;s KfL Nghd;w vYk;gikg;G> ghiy #hpadpd; gpufhrkhd ntspr;rk; fz;izj; jhf;fptplhky; jLj;J tpLfpwJ (Sun Class). fz;zpw;F fPNo cs;s ,ikg; Nghd;w mikg;G> fz;iz kzy; jhf;fp tplhky; ghJfhg;G mspf;fpwJ. NkYk; ghiy #hpadpd; ntspr;rj;ij ghjpahf Fiwj;J tpLfpwJ. Mdhy; ghijia kiwj;JtpLtjpy;iy. mjd; jiyapd; Xuj;jpy; fz;fs; mike;jpUg;gjhy; vy;yh ,lj;ijAk; xNu Neuj;jpy; ghHf;Fk; trjpAs;sJ xl;lfk;. ghiytdj;jpd; #l;by; fz;fs; fha;e;Jtplhky; ,Ug;gjw;fhf mjpfkhd ePiu Rue;J fz;fis <uk; Fiwahky; itj;Jf; nfhs;fpwJ Rug;gpfs;.

vq;NfahtJ J}uj;jpy; czNth> ePNuh fpilf;Fk; ghiyntspapy;> mij rpukkpy;yhky; NjLtjw;F mjDila ePz;l fOj;J cjTfpwJ. (12 mb cauj;jpy; jiy ,Uf;Fk;).

ehd; gRkhL. Gy;Yk;> Gz;zhf;Fk; nfhLj;jhy;jhd; ghy; jUNtd; vd;w fHtk; xl;lfj;jplk; fpilahJ. fpilj;jij jpd;Wtpl;L gj;J gRkhL nfhLf;Fk; ghiy xU xl;lfk; nfhLf;fpwJ. mJTk; mghpjkhd msT itl;lkpd; 'rp" Ald;.

kw;w kpUfq;fs; NkAk; nghOJ jhtuq;fspy; cs;s <uk; jiuapy; rpjWk;. mijf;$l tPzhf;fptplhky; NkAk; jd;ik nfhz;lJ xl;lfk;. ghiytdj;jpy; mjpfkhd Kl;nrb jhd; fpilf;Fk;. mij Nka;tjw;fhd mOj;jkhd ug;gH Nghd;w cjLfs; nfhz;lJ xl;lfk;. ve;j mstpw;F vd;why; mjd; cjl;by; gl;L Kl;fNs cile;JtpLk;. NkYk; tpNr\ cjl;likg;G ehf;if ePl;lhky; Nka cjTfpwJ.

ruhrhpahf 86 taijf; nfhz;l xl;lfk;> ehd; Gyp> grpj;jhYk; Gy;iyj; jpd;d khl;Nld; vd;W gpbthjk; gpbf;fhJ. czT gQ;rk; vd;why; vYk;G> kPd;> ,iwr;rp> Njhy; rpy rkaq;fspy; Kjyhspapd; $lhuj;ijNa jpd;WtpLk;.

tpaHit Mfl;Lk;> vr;rpy; Mfl;Lk; 99 rjk; ePH ,Uf;Fk;. fopTfSk; mghpjkhd ePiu nfhz;ljhfj;jhd; ,Uf;Fk;. Rthrj;jpYk; ePH ntspahfpwJ. ,J xl;lfj;jpw;F vg;gb njhpe;jJ? ,e;j mstpw;F mwpTg;G+Htkhf jd; cliy mikj;Jf; nfhs;s njhpe;j xl;lfj;jpw;F mwptpUe;jhy; vq;NfahtJ ePUk;> czTk; jhuhskhff; fpilf;Fk; ,lj;ij Nehf;fp XbapUf;fyhk;. (kzpf;F 5 fp.kP Ntfj;jpy; xU ehisf;F 40 fp.kP gpuahzk; nra;Ak;) Kl;lhs; xl;lfk; ghiytdj;jpy; ,t;tsT f\;lg;gl Ntz;ba NjitapUe;J ,Uf;fhJ. rhp ghiytd #o;epiyf;F Vw;g xl;lfk; jhdhf ghpzhk tsHr;rp mile;jJ vd;Nw itj;Jf; nfhs;Nthk;. mjd; gb ghiytdj;jpy; trpf;Fk; kdpjd; ,J tiu ghjp xl;lfj; jd;ikf;F khwpapUf;f Ntz;LNk?

gilg;ghsd; cz;lh? my;yJ ghpzhk tsHr;rpah? vd;gij ePq;fNs KbT nra;J nfhs;Sq;fs;. rhp ,e;j fpWf;Fj;jdkhd thjj;ij ,j;Jld; tpl;LtpLNthk;. ek;Kila myl;rpaj;ij nfhQ;rk; ghHg;Nghk; thUq;fs;.

kWikapy; xU ehs; Mapuk; tUlq;fSf;F rkkhdJ vd;fpwJ FHMd;. mjd; gb ghHj;jhy; ruhrhpahf 60 taJ tho;fpNwhk; vd;W itj;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs;> mjpy; ghjpia J}f;fj;jpy; fopj;J tpLfpNwhk;. Mf kWik ehs; fzf;Fgb ek;Kila ,e;j cyf tho;f;if xU rpy kzp Neuk; jhd; MfpwJ. ,e;j mw;gkhd rpy kzp Neu  tho;f;iff;fhf cd;djkhd kWikia tpl;LtpLfpNwhk;. cd;djkhd FHMidAk;> caHthd egp topiaAk; KJFf;Fg; gpd;dhy; J}f;fp vwpe;J tpl;L kdk; Nghd Nghf;fpy; tho;fpd;Nwhk;. mjd;gb elf;fNth> mjd; cd;dj fUj;Jf;fis cyfpw;F vLj;Jr; nrhy;yNth> mg;gbr; nrhy;gtHfSf;F cjtNth (ehaplk; fpilj;j Njq;fha;) jtwpajhy; Vw;gLk; tpisTfis K];ypk;fshfpa ehk; ,d;W mDgtpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;Nwhk;.

NkYk; kWikapy; ,ijtpl nfhba jz;lid NtW ,Uf;fpwJ. Vndd;why; FHMd; ngha; nrhy;yhJ. mjd; thHj;ij ngha;ahdjhf rhpj;jpuk; ,y;iy. ,y;yhj xd;iwg; gw;wp NgrhJ.

vdJ mUik K];ypk; rNfhju> rNfhjhpfNs! FHMd; ek;ik ngUikahf NgRfpwJ. mjhtJ ePq;fs; (kw;w) kdpjHfSf;F rhl;rpahsHfshf MFtjHf;fhfTk; ek; J}jH cq;fSf;F rhl;rpahsuhf ,Ug;gjw;fhfTk; eLepiyahd rKjhaj;jpduhf ehk; cq;fis Mf;fpNdhk; (2:143) vd;fpwJ. gilj;jtDf;F cz;ikahsHfshf ,Uf;fpNwhkh vd;gij ePq;fNs cq;fs; kdrhl;rpaplk; Nfl;Lg;ghUq;fs;. FHMid fpspg; gps;is Nghy; Xj kl;Lk; nra;ahjPHfs;. xU ehisf;F xU thHj;ijia vLj;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. mjd; mHj;jj;ij Ghpe;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. mJ rk;ge;jkhf rpe;jpAq;fs;. xU ehisf;F xU kzp NeukhtJ xJf;Fq;fs;. ,jd; mw;Gj fUj;Jf;fis mwpTg;G+Htkhd Kiwapy; cyfpw;F vj;jp itf;f Kaw;rp nra;Aq;fs;. epiwa Gj;jfk; gbf;Fk; gof;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. Gj;jfq;fis vOjTk;> gbf;fTk; Kaw;rp nra;Aq;fs;.

Mjhu E}y;fs;:

1) Quran 88: 17, 2: 143
2) The Deserts A. Starker Leopold Page 98 99
3) Desert Susan Arritt Page 125
4) The Desert Realm, National Geography Society Page 289
5) Deserts a Miracle of Life - Jim Flegg, Page 62
6) The Guiness Encyclopedia, Page 159
7) The World Book Encyclopedia Ref: Camel
8) Encyclopedia Americana , Vol -5 Page 262
9) Chambers Encyclopedia, Vol 2 Page 795
10) Camel Caroline Amold, Page 30 / 34
11) Mammals of the southern Gulf Christangross Page 11
12) Amazing Animals The life Book, Page 22
13) Life Sense John Downer BBC- Page 100 103
14) Anantha Vikadan, Matham 28 / 03 / 99 Page 122
15) Muthaaram 21 / 01/00 Page 15 / 23

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