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,];yhk; vs cyfhajk;

#uj;Jy; f`;/g; - XH Ma;T

kj;jpa fpof;fpy; Vw;gl;LtUk; khw;wq;fs;

nksyhdh mGy; `]d; myP ej;tp (u`;)> jkpopy;: nksytp K.J. k];jhd; myP ghftp> ckup (mg+ fhypj;)

ntspaPL: ,];yhkpf; nrd;lH> cid]h> rt+jp mNugpah


 

 

 

 

nksyhdh ej;tp (u`;) mtHfspd; Kd;Diu


mfpyk; KOtijAk; gilj;Jg; gupghypj;J tUk; my;yh`; xUtDf;Nf vy;yhg; GfOk;. ]yhj;Jk; ]yhKk; egp K`k;kj; (]y;) mtHfs; kPJk; mtHfspd; FLk;gj;jpdH> NjhoHfs; - ek; midtH kPJk; vd;nwd;Wk; nghoptjhFf!

#uj;Jy; f`;G - XH Ma;T vDk; jiyg;gpy; ehd; vOjpa fl;Liuj; njhlHfis ‘my; K];yp%d;’ mugpg; gj;jpupf;if `p[;up 1377 - 78 Mk; Mz;by; njhlHe;J ntspapl;lJ. ehd;F ,jo;fspy; me;jf; fl;Liu njhlH ntspte;jJ.

me;jf; fl;Liufs; khHf;ff; fy;tp tl;lhuq;fspy; ey;y kjpg;igAk; tuNtw;igAk; ngw;wd. rpwg;GkpF Fif mj;jpahaj;ijg; gbg;gjw;Fk; mjidg; Gjpa Nfhzj;jpy; rpe;jpg;gjw;Fk; ngUk;ghyhd thrfHfis me;jf;fl;Liuj; njhlH J}z;bapUf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,d;iwa etPd fhyf; Fog;gq;fis vjpHg;gjw;fhd cWjpiaAk; Mw;wiyAk; me;j mj;jpahak; toq;Fk; ghq;fpidAk; midtUk; mwpe;J kdepiwT mile;jhHfs;!

md;W ntspte;j me;jf; fl;Liuj; njhlHfs; my; K];yp%d; gj;jpupf;ifapd; gioa ,jo;fspy; Gije;j GijayhfNt ntF fhyk; fple;jJ! mit midj;ijAk; kWMa;T nra;J NkYk; gy Gjpa fUj;Jfisr; NrHj;J E}yhf ntspapLtjw;Fg; Nghjpa fhy mtfhrk; vdf;Ff; fpilf;fhky; ,Ue;jJ.

,Wjpapy; ,];yhkpa muG cyfpy; gy epfo;r;rpfs; epfo;e;jd. NkYk; kdpjdpd; ,jaKk; mwpTk; cyfhajf; nfhs;ifapdhy; Fog;gk; mile;J tUtijAk; ehd; fz;Nld;. kf;fs; me;jf; nfhs;ifapd; khiaapy; VkhWtijAk; Fog;gk; epiwe;j - gfl;lhd mjd; gpur;rhuj;jpdhy; cyfhajr; rpe;jid NkYk; jPtpukhfg; gutp tUtijAk; ghHj;Njd;. ,iwek;gpf;iff;Fk; cyfhajf; nfhs;iff;Fk; elf;Fk; Nghuhl;lk; - nghJthf cyf muq;fpy;> Fwpg;ghf fpof;fj;jpa muG cyfpy; Gjpa Kiwapy; fhl;rpaspf;fj; njhlq;fpapUg;gJk; vdf;Fg; Gyg;gl;lJ!

,j;jifa Gjpa #o;epiyfs; - ,e;jf; fl;Liuj; njhliu E}yhf ntspapl Ntz;Lk; vDk; vdJ vz;zj;jpw;F Cf;fKk; cWjpAk; mspj;jd.

NkYk; ,e;j ,ilf;fhyj;jpy; NtWgy Ma;TfSk; rpe;jidfSk; vdJ kdj;jpy; cjpj;jd. ,e;j mj;jpahaj;ijg; Gjpa Gjpa Nfhzq;fspy; kPsha;T nra;Ak; ghijfSk; vdf;Fg; gpwe;jd.

mt;thNw ,e;jf; fl;Liuj; njhlHfisg; GJg;gpj;J vOjp> Gjpa gy fUj;JfisAk; mtw;NwhL ,izj;jpl ehd; cWjp nfhz;Nld;. Muha;r;rp kjpg;ig mjpfkhf;Fk; tifapy; Fifj; NjhoHfs;> khkd;dH Jy;fHidd; MfpNahupd; tuyhW njhlHghd xg;gPl;lha;TfisAk; NrHj;Njd;.

,e;j Muha;r;rpfs; midj;Jk; gpw Ma;thsHfis ,e;j mj;jpahaj;ij NkYk; njhlHe;J Muha;tjw;F epr;rak; J}z;lf;$baitahFk;. jpUf;FHMdpd; Nguw;Gjj;ijAk; mJ vy;yhf; fhyq;fspYk; vy;yh ehLfspYk; kdpj Fyj;jpw;F topfhl;l ty;yJ vd;gijAk; ed;F cWjpg;gLj;jf; $baitahFk;.

my;yh`;itNa KOtJQ;rhHe;jtHfsha;> <khd; vDk; ,iw ek;gpf;ifapd; jzy; mize;Jtpltpy;iy vDk; ek;gpf;if nfhz;ltHfsha;> gadspf;ff;$ba gzpia mwpTg; g+Htkhd NeHikahd Nritia Vw;Wf;nfhs;fpw jFjpia kdpj ,jak; ,d;Dk; ,oe;J tpltpy;iy vDk; vz;zk; cilatHfsha; ,e;jr; rKjhaj;jpdupd; ,jaq;fisAk; ,e;jf; FHMidAk; ,izj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; fapW mWe;jpltpy;iy vDk; cWjp cilatHfsha; ,g;nghOJ ,e;E}iy ehq;fs; ntspapLfpNwhk;. "MapDk; (egpNa) mwpTiu $wpf;nfhz;bUg;gPuhf. Vnddpy; mwpTiu ,iwek;gpf;ifahsHfSf;F gadspf;ff; $bajhFk;" (FHMd; 51 : 55)

25 \t;thy; 1390 `p[;up

mGy; `]d; myP ej;tp

yf;Ndh

 

 

 

,e;jg; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; cq;fs; gq;fspg;G vd;d? - gjpg;Giu


kdpj rKjhaj;jpy; gw;gy kjq;fSk; nfhs;iffSk; ,]q;fSk; cyh tUfpd;wd. mit xt;nthd;Wk; jk;kplk; gpuj;jpNaff; nfhs;if Nfhl;ghLfs; ,Ug;gjhf thjplTk; mikg;G uPjpapYk; mZFKiwapYk; gu];guk; NkhjTk; nra;fpd;wd. Mdhy; kjq;fs; cs;gl me;jf; nfhs;iffs; ,]q;fs; midj;Jk; xNu xU nfhs;ifaplk; Vkhe;J mjd; #o;r;rp tiyapy; tPo;e;J tpl;lnjd;;gNj cz;ik. mJjhd; cyfhajk; my;yJ nghUs; Kjy; thjk; vDk; nfhs;if!

cyfpYs;s vy;yhf; nfhs;ifSk; cyfhajj;jpd; khiaapy; kaq;fp Vkhe;J Ngha; tpl;l epiyapy; mjid vjpHj;Jg; Nghuhb tUk; xNu kjk; xNu khHf;fk; ,];yhk;jhd;! cyfhajj;ij vjpHj;Jg; NghuhLk; typikAk; mjd; jPa rpe;jidapdhy; Vw;gLk; nfhba tpisTfspy; ,Ue;J kdpj Fyj;ijf; fhg;ghw;Wk; njspthd topfhl;lYk; ,];yhj;jplk; kl;LNk cs;sJ. mJNt kf;fspd; rpe;jidapy; njspit Vw;gLj;jp> ,iw ek;gpf;ifia tpijj;J cu%l;b nropj;Njhq;fr; nra;fpwJ!

,];yhj;jpw;Fk; cyfhajj;jpw;Fk; elf;Fk; ,e;jg; Nghuhl;lj;ij KOikahfg; Gupe;Jnfhs;tjw;F cyfhajk; vd;gnjd;d vd;W mwptJ mtrpak;. xNu thHj;ijapy; nrhy;tjhdhy; cyfhajk; vd;gJ ehj;jpf thjkhFk;. Mdhy; VNjh xU ngupa jj;Jtk; Nghy; mjw;Fg; nghd;Kyhk; g+rg;gLfpwJ.

Nghypg; gfl;Lld; cyh tUk; me;jf; nfhs;if ,Jjhd;: kdpjd; Njhd;Wtjw;F Kd;Ng ,e;j cyfk; ,Uf;fpwJ.> ,e;jg; Nguz;lk; ,Ue;jJ. mjpYs;s rlg;nghUl;fSk; ,Ue;jd. kdpjd; Njhd;wpaJ mjd; gpd;dHjhd;. vdNt nghUs; vDk; METERIAL jhd; Ke;jpaJ. kdpjdpd; %isapypUe;J Njhd;wpa fUj;J gpe;jpaNj! kdpjd; ve;jf; fUj;ij- nfhs;ifia Nkw;nfhz;lhYk; mjid cUthf;Fk; mry; fhuzp nghUNs MFk;. kdpjdpd; rpe;jidAk; mtdJ tho;f;if mikg;G KOtJk; nghUis mbg;gilahff; nfhz;Nl mikfpwJ!

,t;thW jdJ ehj;jpf thjj;jpw;F xU Nghypahd gPbif mikj;Jf;nfhz;L jdJ er;Rf; fUj;ij ,t;thW eakhf ntspg;gLj;JfpwJ:

",e;jg; Nguz;lj;jpw;Fk; ,jpYs;s rlg;nghUl;fSf;Fk; Kd;dNu ,iwtd; ,Uf;fpwhd; vd;gJk; SPIRTUAL - Md;khtpd; eyid kdpjd; Ngzp tho;e;jhy;jhd; me;j ,iwtdpd; mUisg; ngw KbAk; vd;gJk; ntWk; fw;gidNa!"

"kdpjd; Nkw;nfhs;Sk; fUj;ij mbg;gilahf; nfhz;Nl mtdJ tho;f;if mikfpwJ. nghUis cUthf;FtJk; mJ ,aq;Fk; Kiwfis epHzapg;gJk; kdpjdpd; ek;gpf;if my;yJ fUj;Nj vd;W Md;kPfthjpfs; $WtJ jtwhFk;! "

-,Jjhd; cyfhajj;jpd; capuw;w - rhgf;Nflhd nfhs;if. Nghypf; ftHr;rp fhl;b kdk; ftUk; ehrfhur; rpe;jid!

ehj;jpff; nfhs;iff;F ,g;gbnahU gfl;lhd gPbif mikj;Jf; nfhLj;j cyfhaj thjpfspd; jPa Nehf;fk; vd;d njupAkh? kdpjHfs; midtiuAk; ehj;jpfHfsha; khw;wpl Ntz;Lk; vd;gNj! mtHfspd; cs;sj;jpypUe;J ,iwek;gpf;if Kw;whf vLgl;Lg;Nghf Ntz;Lk; vd;gNj! kdpjDf;Fk; ,iwtDf;Fk; cs;s njhlHG Kw;wpYk; Jz;bf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf mtHfs; ifapnyLj;Jf; nfhz;l MAjk;jhd; ,e;jg; nghUs; Kjy; thjf; nfhs;if!

kdpj tho;f;ifiag; moptpYk; ehrj;jpYk; Mo;j;jf; $ba nfhba eQ;nrhd;W ,e;jf; nfhs;ifapy; kiwe;Js;sJ. mJ ,J jhd;:

"cyfpy; gpwe;Njhk;. tho;fpNwhk;. ,e;j tho;f;iff;Fg; gpwF gpwpnjhU tho;f;if vd;gjpy;iy! vdNt cyfpy; thOk; fhyk; tiuapy; Mlk;gukhfTk; ,d;gkhfTk; tho;e;Jtpl;L kbNthk;. kdk; tpUk;gpij cz;Nghk;.> kdk; tpUk;gpaijr; nra;Nthk;.> vjw;Fk; vtUf;Fk; mQ;r Ntz;bajpy;iy.> ,iwtd; fz;fhzpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhd;.> jz;bg;ghd; vd;gnjy;yhk; ntWk; fl;Lf;fij" - ,Jjhd;> kdpjHfspd; kdj;ijj; jd;tag;gLj;Jtjw;fhf cyfhajk; tpupj;Jitf;Fk; #o;r;rp tiy.

,e;j cyfhajff; nfhs;if gpwe;jJ fp.gp> 7 Mk; E}w;whz;by; INuhg;ghtpd; fpwp];jt r%fr; #o;epiyapy;jhd;! md;iwa cyfpy; fpwp];tj kjj;ij top elj;jpr; nrd;w jiytHfspd; jtwhd rpe;jidAk; fz;%bj;jdkhd nray;KiwAk;jhd; cyfhajf; nfhs;if Njhd;wplf; fhuzkhfp tpl;lJ vd;gij ,e;E}y; Mq;fhq;Nf njspthfTk; Mjhuj;JlDk; vLj;Jiuf;fpwJ.

kjj;ijj; jtwhfg; gad;gLj;Jk; kjthjpfs; ahH? ,iw newpapd; J}a tbtk; vJ? mjd; Njit vd;d? vd;nwy;yhk; NtWgLj;jpg; ghHj;J ,iwnewpapd; ajhHj;j epiyiaAk; mjd; ,d;wpaikahj; NjitiaAk; mwpe;jpl mtHfs; Kd;tutpy;iy. mjw;fhd rPupa rpe;jidAk; nghWikahf Ma;T nra;Ak; epjhdg; Nghf;Fk; mtHfsplj;jpy; ,y;iy. ,Ue;jpUe;jhy; cz;ikahd ,iwnewpia ,];yhk; vDk; cd;dj khHf;fj;ij Vida Nghyp kjq;fisg; Nghy; ghtpj;Jj; vjpHj;Jg; Ngrj; Jzpe;jpUf;f khl;lhHfs;. ,t;tsT %Hf;fj; jdkhfTk; KOntwpAlDk; ehj;jPfj;ijg; gug;gpl Kide;jpUf;f khl;lhHfs;.

cyfhajf; nfhs;if Njhd;wpa gpd;dH- mjd; mbg;gilapyhd jPa fyhr;rhuk; jiynaLj;j gpd;dH ePz;l fhyk; tiuapy; Vf ,iwtidAk; ,iwek;gpf;ifapd; mtrpaj;ijAk; ,e;j cyfhajthjpfs; kWf;ftpy;iy vd;gNj ,jw;Fr; rhd;whFk;!

,d;iwa cyfj;jpy; fhzg;gLk; ngUk; Fog;gj;jpw;Fk; gLehrj;jpw;Fk; tpj;jpl;lJ ,e;j cyfhajr; rpe;jidAk; mjd; etehfuPff; fyhr;rhuKk;jhd;! Mz;lhz;L fhykhfg; Ngzg;gl;L te;j flTs; ek;gpf;ifapy; - kf;fspd; cs;sq;fspy; Mokhf NtH gpbj;jpe;jpUe;j ,iwek;gpf;ifapy; rpy gytPdKk; jLkhw;wKk; Vw;gl;lNj ,e;jj; jPa nfhs;ifapd; tUifapdhy; jhd;.

,e;j cyfhajr; rpe;jidAk; mjd; jPa mk;rq;fSk; Vw;gLj;jp tUk; mopitAk; ehrj;ijAk; fhZk;nghOJ -,Wjp ehspd; Fog;gk; vd;W egpnkhopfspy; Rl;bf;fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s j[;[hypaf; fyhr;rhuj;jpd; Muk;gk; ,Jthf ,Uf;FNkh vd;Wjhd; vz;zj; Njhd;WfpwJ!

mj;jifa nfhba ehrfhu j[;[hypaf; fyhr;rhuj;ij ,dq;fhl;b mij vjpHj;Jg; NghuhLk; cuj;j rpe;jid> FHMdpd; 18 Mk; mj;jpahak; #uj;Jy; f`;/gpy; mike;Js;sJ. mjid Ma;T nra;J> mjpy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s ehw;ngUk; rupijfspd; gbg;gpidfisAk; mHj;jKs;s gy jj;Jtq;fisAk; mLf;fLf;fhd rhd;WfSld; ms;spj; jUk; ,e;jE}y; xU tpj;jpahrkhd Ma;T E}yhFk;! ,e;E}ypd; %yk; -

,];yhk; XH ,iwaUs; khHf;fk;.> cyfpy; kdpj tho;f;iff;F xU rkepiyia toq;Fk; mofpa khHf;fk;.> Kw;wpYk; ,t;Tyf tho;f;ifiag; Gwf;fzpf;fNth Kw;wpYk; kWTyfj;jpd; eyid cjhrPdg;gLj;jNth nra;ahky; ,k;ikf;F Kf;fpaj;JtKk; kWikf;F KjyplKk; nfhLj;J rPuhf thO khW mwpTWj;Jk; mwpthHe;jnjhU khHf;fk; vd;gijAk;

,];yhk; Jwtwj;jpw;Fj; JizNghFk; khHf;fk; my;y.> kdpj Fyk; ,t;Tyfpy; rPNuhLk; nropg;NghLk; tho;e;J kWTyfpy; ,iwaUs; ngw;wpl Ntz;Lk; vd;gNj ,];yhj;jpd; ,yl;rpak; vd;gijAk;

ehk; midtUk; njspthf mwpe;jpl Ntz;Lk;. gpw kf;fSf;Fk; Gupaitj;jpl Ntz;Lk;. NkYk; ,];yhj;jpw;Fk; cyfhajj;jpw;Fk; elf;Fk; ,j;njhlH Nghuhl;lj;jpy; ehk; midtUk; ,];yhj;jpw;fhff; Fuy; nfhLf;fNtz;Lk;. ,];yhk; ,j;juzpapy; NkNyhq;fpl ehk; midtUk; xw;WikAld; ghLgl top gpwf;f Ntz;Lk;. mjw;F ,e;E}y; topfhl;l Ntz;Lk;. ,JNt vkJ Nguth.

 

 

vd;id vOj;Jg; gzpf;Ff; nfhz;L te;j E}y;


,Jjhd; ehd; nkhopngaHj;njOjpa Kjy; E}y;. filaey;Y}H /ig[{y; md;thH mugpf;fy;Y}upapy; Mrpupauhf ehd; gzp Gupe;j nghOJ ,e;E}iy vOjj; njhlq;fpNdd;. jg;]PH [yhiyd; E}ypd; ,uz;lhk; ghfj;jpw;F tpupTiu epfo;j;Jk; nghWg;G vd;dplk; xg;gilf;fg;gl;lJ. mjw;fhf #uj;Jy; f`;/gpd; tpupthd tpsf;fq;fisj; NjbanghOJ mq;Fs;s E}yfj;jpy; nksyhdh mGy; `]d; myP ej;tp mtHfspd; Gfo;ngw;w m]; ]pwhT igdy; <khdp ty; khj;jpa;ah vDk; mugp E}y; fpilj;jJ.

vOjj; njhlq;fpa gpwF ,e;E}ypd; cUJ nkhop ngaHg;ig mDg;GkhW nksyhdh mtHfSf;F yf;Ndh jhUy; cY}k; ej;tJy; cykh mugpf; fy;Y}up; Kftupf;Fj; jghy; vOjpNdd;. clNd mjid vdf;F mQ;rypy; mDg;gp itj;jhHfs;. mjw;F (kmupfNa <khd; t khj;jpa;ah) vd;W ngauplg; gl;bUe;jJ.

nkhopngaHj;j gFjpfisg; gpiwkhj ,jOf;F mDg;gp itj;Njd;.> rpykhjq;fs; njhluhf mit ntspte;jd. gpiw MrpupaH> me;jf; fl;Liuj; njhlHfisg; ghuhl;br; rpwpJ njhifAk; md;gspg;Gr; nra;jhHfs;. Mdhy;; gy #o;epiyfspdhy; nkhop ngaHg;Gg;gzp njhluhky; ,Ue;jJ.

gpd;dH ,];yhkpa epWtdk; bu];l; (I.v/g;.b.) apy; jpUf;FHMd; nkhop ngaHg;Gg; gzpapy; NrHe;j gpwF njhlHe;J vOjp Kbj;J nkhopeilia XusTf;F vspikg;gLj;jp 1986 [_iy khjk; ,e;E}iy ntspapl;Nld;.

nksyhdh ej;tp(u`;) mtHfSf;Fk; rpy gpujpfis mDg;gp itj;jpUe;Njd;. gpd;dH xUKiw rpy Kf;fpakhd epfo;r;rpfSf;fhfj; jkpo;ehL te;j nksyhdh mtHfs;; nrd;idapy; GS ilkd; N`hl;lypy; jq;fpapUe;jhHfs;. mq;F mtHfisr; re;jpj;J mwpKfkhdnghOJ vd;id KJfpy; jl;bf;nfhLj;Jg; ghuhl;b vdJ fy;tp tsHr;rpf;fhfg; gpuhj;jidAk; nra;jhHfs;.

,g;nghOJ nkhopeil NkYk; vspikg;gLj;jg;gl;L fzpdp apd; JizAld; FHMd; trdq;fSk; egp nkhopfSk; mugpapy; nfhLf;fg;gl;Lg; gJg;nghypTld; ,e;E}y; cq;fs; iffspy; jpfo;fpwJ! vy;yhg; GfOk; my;yh`; xUtDf;Nf!

my;yh`;> ek; gzpfis cte;Njw;Wg; gpiofs; nghWj; jUspr; Rtdg; NgWfis midtUf;Fk; toq;Fthdhf!

23 -1 - 2003

K.J.k];jhd; myP ghftp> ckup

cid]h K.S.A (mg+fhypj; ckup)

 

 

Kjy; gjpg;gpd; tho;j;Jiu - (nksyhdh V.U.A. a+Rg; md;]hup `[;uj;)


,];yhk; Vs cyfhajk; - #uj;Jy; f`;/G XH Ma;T vDk; ,e;E}y;> mwpthHe;j nfhs;iffis vLj;jpak;Gk; Ma;T E}yhf mike;Js;sJ. ,iwek;gpf;ifapd; mbg;gilapy;jhd; ,j;juzp tho;f;if mika Ntz;Lk;.> mij tpLj;J ,j; juzp tho;itNa mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L thOk; tho;f;if> kdpj Fyj;jpw;F mikjpiaAk; epiwitAk; ey;fplhJ.> mJ ntWk; Fog;gj;ijAk; nfhe;jspg;igANk cUthf;Fk; vDk; fUj;ij khHf;f> mwptpay;> tuyhw;Wr; rhd;WfSld; ,e;E}y; mOj;jkhf vLj;Jiuf;fpwJ.

,d;gk;> Jd;gk;> tWik> ngUik Nghd;w tho;f;ifapd; ve;j epiyapYk; ,iwek;gpf;ifia mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L ,aq;Fk; tho;f;ifjhd; cyfpy; mikjpia cz;lhf;Fk; vd;W nrhy;Yk;nghOJ mq;Nf cyfhajj;jpw;Fk; ,iwek;gpf;iff;Fk; ,ilNa neba Nghuhl;lNk Jtq;fptpLfpwJ. mg;Nghul;lj;jpd; ,Wjp ntw;wp ,iwek;gpf;iff;Fj;jhd; vDk; NgUz;ikia ,e;E}y; ngUkpj;Jld; tpsf;FfpwJ.

,e;E}yhrpupaH nksyhdh nra;apj; mGy; `]d; myP ej;tp mtHfs; thOk; mwpQHfspy;- jiyrpwe;j ,];yhkpar; rpe;jidahsHfspy; xUtH.> ,tH yf;Ndhtpy; cs;s ej;tj;Jy; cykh mugpf; fy;Y}upapd; jiytH. ,tUila ,izaw;w Ma;Tg; gzpfSf;fhf Rt+jp muR 1980 ,y; /ig]y; tpUij toq;fp ,tiu nfsutpj;jJ. fh\;kPH gy;fiyf; fofk; ,tUf;F 'lhf;lH’ gl;lk; toq;fpajd; %yk; jdf;Fr; rpwg;G NrHj;Jf; nfhz;lJ. ,d;Dk; cyfshtpa gy ,];yhkpaf; fy;tpf; Nfe;jpuq;fspd; cWg;gpduhfTk; tpsq;fptUfpwhH. mJ kl;Lky;y> mfpy ,e;jpa K];ypk; jdpahH rl;l thupaj;jpd; jiytuhfTk; ,Ue;J mUk;ngUk; Nritfs; nra;J tUfpwhH. ,tH thOk; fhyj;jpy; ehKk; tho;fpNwhk; vd;gNj ekf;Fg; ngUikjhd;!

mugpAk; cUJk; nksyhdhtpd; fl;lisf;fhf iffl;b fhj;jpUf;Fk;. . . . ! Mk;! me;j msTf;F ,e;j ,uz;L nkhop fspYk; mtH Mopa Qhdk; ngw;Ws;shH. mugp nkhopapy; ,tH vOjpa E}y;fisg; gbj;Jtpl;L muGyfNk tpae;J Nghw;WfpwJ. mj;jifa tpaj;jF tpj;jf E}y;fspy; xd;Wjhd; m]; ]pwhT igdy; <khdp ty; khj;jpa;ah vDk; E}y;! me;j E}ypd; nkhopngaHg;Gjhd; cq;fs; iffspy; jto;e;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; ,e;E}y;!

,e;E}iy nkhop ngaHj;j nksytp mg;]Yy; cykh K.J. k];jhd; myP ghftp> ckup mtHfs; Jbg;Gs;s ,sk; Mypk;.> mwpTj; jhfk; epuk;gpatH.> NjdPiag; Nghy mwpT E}y;fisj; Njbg;gpbj;J fw;Fk; MHtk; nfhz;ltH. mugp nkhopapy; ed;F NjHr;rp ngw;wtH. vk;Kila ig[{y; md;thH mugpf; fy;Y}upapy; Mrpupauhfg; gzpahw;wpatH. ,g;nghOJ nrd;id ,];yhkpa epWtdj;jpy; jpUf;FHMd; nkhopahf;fj; Jiwapy; gzpahw;WgtH.

nksyhdh mtHfspd; mugp E}iy nksytp K.J. k];jhd; myP ghftp mtHfs; vspa jkpopy; - Vw;wkpF eilapy; nkhop ngaHj;Jj; je;Js;shH. ,J Nghd;w ,d;Dk; gymupa E}y;fis jkpof kf;fSf;Fj; ju Ntz;Lk; vd;W NguhHtk; nfhz;Ls;shH. vdNt mjpfkjpfk; ,e;E}iy thq;fpg; gbAq;fs;.> mtupd; MHtj;ijj; J}z;Lq;fs;! ,JNt vd; Ntz;LNfhs;!

jq;fspd; md;Gs;s>

V.U.A. a+Rg; md;]hup

 

 

Kjy; gjpg;gpd; - mzpe;Jiu (nksytp fhQ;rp R. mg;JH ut+g; ghftp)


kdpjd; cyfhajg; Nghf;fpd; ghy; <Hf;fg;gl;L mjid Nkw;nfhz;L tho;tJ kdpj tuyhw;wpy; GjpanjhU epfo;r;rpay;y.> vd;whYk; cyfhajr; rpe;jidf;Ff; nfhs;if tbtk; je;J mjid typikkpf;f XH ,af;fkhf khw;wp mjd; mbg;gilapy; xU nghUs; Kjy; thj tho;f;if mikg;igNa cynfq;Fk; epWtp itj;jpUg;gJ etPd Nkw;fj;jpa ehfupfNkahFk;.

,jw;F Kd;dUk; kdpjd; gy Neuq;fspy; ,iwtidAk; kWikiaAk; ,iwkiwfisAk; ,iwj;J}jHfs; thapyhf toq;fg;gl;l topfhl;LjiyAk; kWj;Jte;jpUf;fpwhd;. vdpDk; ,e;j ,iwkWg;Gf;F -ehj;jpfr; rpe;jidf;F rpj;jhe;j> mwptpay; uPjpahd mbg;gilfis mspj;J mjid xU tho;f;if Kiwahf> rpe;jid nray;ghl;L mikg;ghf jd; fy;tp Kiw> kf;fs; njhlHGr; rhjdq;fs; kw;Wk; jd; murpay; nry;thf;fpd; thapyhf - cynfq;Fk; gug;gptpl;bUg;gJ> gug;gp tUtJ Nkiyf;fyhr; rhuNkahFk;.

Nkiy mwpQHfspd; jtwhd rpe;jidg; Nghf;Fk; kdpjdpd; gpwg;G kw;Wk; tho;f;iff; Fwpf;Nfhs; njhlHghd mtHfspd; jtwhd fUj;Njhl;lq;fSk; kl;LNk ,j;jifa epiyf;Ff; fhuzk; vd;W nrhy;yptpl KbahJ.

kjthjpfspd; jtwhd Nghf;FfSk; nray;ghlw;w ke;jepiyAk;> etPd Afj;jpd; gpur;idfis czHe;J mtw;Wf;fhd jPHTfis ,iwtopfhl;lypd; ntspr;rj;jpy; vLj;Jiuf;f mtHfs; jtwp tpl;lJk; $l ,j;jifa jPtpu ,iwkWg;Gj; jj;Jtq;fs; cUthfp> tYg;ngw;wpl tpj;jpl;ld.

,e;jj; jj;Jtq;fspy; rpy mwpahikapd; fhuzj;jhYk; cUthapd.> ,tw;Ws; rpy> jtwhd kj ek;gpf;iffisf; fz;L kUz;L Ngha; xl;Lnkhj;jkhf ,iwtopfhl;LjiyNa epuhfupj;j fhuzj;jhYk; cUthapd! ,tw;Ws; rpy cz;ikahd ,iw topfhl;Ljiy Vw;gjpypUe;J - Vd; VnwLj;Jg; ghHg;gjpy; ,Ue;Jk; $l kdpjidj; jLg;gjw;fhfj; jpl;lkpl;Nl cUthf;fg; gl;ld!

nkhj;jj;jpy; etPd Nkw;fj;jpar; rpe;jid cyfhajj;jpw;F ,iwek;gpf;iff;Fk; ,ilNa ngupanjhU Nghuhl;lj;ij- neba njhU Nkhjiy cUthf;fptpl;bUf;fpwJ!

kjr;rhHgpd;ik> Njrpathjk;> fk;a+dp]k;> Kjyhspj;Jtk; cl;gl midj;Jf; nfhs;iffSf;Fk; - ntspg;gilahfg; ghHf;Fk;nghOJ vjpnujpuhfj; Njhw;wkspf;Fk; mj;jid etPd rpj;jhe;jq;fSf;Fk;; mbg;gil> ,e;jg; nghUs; Kjy;thjKk; ,iw kWg;GNk MFk;.

,e;jg; Nghypg; gFj;jwpT thjj;ijAk; mQ;Qhd ,af;fj;ijAk; rpj;jhe;j uPjpahf vjpHj;Jg; Nghuhb> mwptpay; g+HtkhfTk; tpUg;G ntWg;gw;w tpkHrdf; fz;Nzhl;lj;JlDk; jHf;f uPjpahd mZF KiwAlDk; mjd; jPikfis cyFf;F tpsf;fp mwpTyfpy; mjd; Mjpf;fj;ij xopj;Jf; fl;Ltjpy; <Lgl;Ls;s NguwpQHfspy; ,];yhkpaf; fy;tp epWtdkhd ej;tJy; cykhtpd; jiytH nksyhdh irapj; mGy; `]d; myP ej;tp mtHfSk; xUtuhthHfs;.

jpUf;FHMdpd; Fif mj;jpahaj;jpy; $wg;gl;Ls;s epfo;r;rpfs;> fUj;Jfs; Fwpj;J md;dhH vOjpapUf;Fk; ,e;j Ma;T E}y;> cyfhajj;jpw;Fk; ,iwek;gpf;ifapd; mbg;gilapyhd ehfupfj;jpw;Fk; ,ilNaAs;s mbg;gil NtWghLfis ekf;Fj; njspthf vLj;Jiuf;fpwJ. ,t;tpU NtWgl;l ehfupfq;fSf;Fk; nfhs;iffSf;Fk; eilngw;Wf;nfhz;bUf;Fk; mry; Nghuhl;lj;ij ekf;F tpupthfg; glk;gpbj;Jf; fhl;LfpwJ.

kdpj Fyj;ij ehrj;jpyho;;j;Jk; Nghypf; nfhs;iffs; vg;gbg; gsgsg;ghd nghd;Kyhk; g+rpf;nfhz;L kf;fis Vkhw;wp tUfpd;wd vd;gijAk; ,iwnewpia tpl;L kf;fisj; jLj;J mtHfis Va;j;Jg; gpioj;Jg; gpiof;f tpUk;Gk; vj;jHfs;jhd; ,j;jifa jfpLjj;jq;fisg; Gupfpd;whHfs; vd;gijAk;>

mtHfs; jhk; cz;ikiag; NghypahfTk; Nghypia cz;ikahfTk; kf;fSf;F cUkhw;wpf; fhl;Lk; fz;fl;L tpj;ijf; fhuHfs; - j[;[hy;fs; - vd;gijAk;> ,iwrf;jpapd; kPJ ek;gpf;if itg;gjpypUe;J kf;fisj; jLj;J ntspj;Njhw;wj;jpd; kPJk; fz;fSf;Fg; Gyg;gLk; fhuz fhupaq;fspd; kPJk; kl;LNk ek;gpf;if nfhs;sr; nra;Ak; ,j;jifa Nkhrbg; NgHtopfspd; - mtHfshy; cUthf;fpj; jug; gl;l Nghypr; rpj;jhe;jq;fspd; kha;khyq;fs;> gpj;jyhl;lq;fspy; ,Ue;J Fif mj;jpahak; vg;gb kdpj Fyj;ijf; fhg;ghw;wty; yjha;j; jpfo;fpwJ vd;gijAk;

jkf;Nf cupj;jhd eilapy; nksyhdh ej;tp mtHfs; tpsf;FfpwhHfs;.

Nkiy ehfupfk; jd; cr;r epiyapy; ,Ue;jnghOJ vOjg;gl;l ,e;E}y;> ,d;W Nkiy ehfupfj;jpd; jtWfis> jFjpapd; ikia czuj; jiyg;gl;Ltpl;l cyfpy; - khw;Wf; nfhs;if xd;iw> GjpanjhU tho;f;ifj; jj;Jtj;ij Njbf;nfhz;bUf;Fk; etPd cyfpy; NeHtopapd; XH xspf; fPw;whfg; gupzkpf; fpwJ!

nry;yupj;Jtpl;l etPd ehfupfj;jpd; jPikfis czuhky; tpl;by; g+r;rpfsha; mjpy; tPo;e;J jd;idNa kha;j;Jf; nfhz;L tUk; ,e;jpar; r%fj;jpy; - Fwpg;ghf jkpo;r; rKjhaj;jpy; ,e;E}y; GjpanjhU rpe;jid vOr;rpia cz;lhf;fp jd; cyfha jg; Nghf;if kWguprPyid nra;Ak;gb mjidj; J}z;bLk; vd;W ehk; ek;GfpNwd;. mj;jifa epiy cUthfpl ,iwtid ,iwQ;RfpNwd;.

xU nfhs;ifg; Nghuhl;lj;ij tptpupf;Fk; ,e;E}iy Kbe;j tiu vspikg;gLj;jp ,dpa jkpopy; ekf;F toq;fpAs;s vd; mUik ez;gH nksytp K.J. k];jhd; myP ghftp> ckup mtHfSf;F vd; neQ;rhHe;j tho;j;Jf;fisj; njuptpg;gNjhL ,e;jf; fbdkhd gzpapizr; rPhjpUj;j Nehf;Fld; Mw;wplj; Jzpe;jikf;fhf jkpo; $Wk; ey;Yyfpd; rhHgpy; ed;wpiaAk; rkHg;gpj;Jf; nfhs;fpNwd;.

,e;E}iy Mo;e;J gbj;J> rpe;jplTk; nrayhw;wplTk; Kd; tUk;gb rhjp kj NtWghbd;wp nghJkf;fisAk; Fwpg;ghf mwpQH ngUkf;fisAk; cyfpay; gbg;ghsHfisAk; ,isa rKjhaj;jpdiuAk; Nfl;Lf;nfhs;fpNwd;.

22 - 7 -1986 

jq;fsd;Gs;s>

fhQ;rp R. mg;JH ut+g;

nrd;id -12

 

 

#uj;Jy; f`;Gk; ehDk;


vdf;F tptuk; njupe;j ehs; Kjy; [{k;M ehspy; ehd; Xjpg; gof;fg;gl;L te;j Fu;Md; mj;jpahaq;fSs; #uj;Jy; f`;Gk; xd;W. (,e;jg; gof;fk; vd; jhahu; jpUkjp i`Ue;ep]h mspj;j fy;tp - ey;nyhOf;fg; gapw;rpapd; ew;gadhFk;. xt;nthU nts;spf; fpoikAk; #uj;Jy; f`;ig Xj Ntz;Lk; vd;W vdf;F mbf;fb mtu;fs; mwpTiu $Wthu;fs;. mjd;gb ehd; XJfpNwdh vd;W fz;fhzpf;fTk; nra;thu;fs;. ,t;thW ,e;j mj;jpahaj;ij Xjp Xjp mJ vdf;F kdg; ghlk; Mfptpl;lJ. (vd; fz;zpaj;jpw;Fupa jhahUk;$l jpUf;FHMid kddk; nra;jtHjhk;. ,];yhkpa E}y;fisg; gbg;gjpYk; ,];yhkpag; gz;ghl;ilf; filg;gpbg;gjpYk; jiyrpwe;j ngz;kzpahf tpsq;fpdhHfs;. ftpij vOJtjpYk; ey;y - J}a;ikahd <Lghl;il my;yh`; mtHfSf;F toq;fp apUe;jhd;. mtHfs; njhFj;j Kdh[hj;fs;> gpuhHj;jidfs;. ]ythj; kfpikfs; vdg; gw;gy ntspaPLfs; cs;sd. mitahTk; mtHfspd; ,iw ek;gpf;ifapd; cWjpg;ghl;ilAk; nfhs;ifg; gpbg;igAk; kd typikiaAk; giwrhw;wf;$bait MFk;. mtw;wpy; ftpaoFk; ,y;yhkypy;iy. `p[;up 1388 Mk; Mz;L [khjpy; MfpH gpiw 6 ,y; vd; jhahH kuzk; mile;jhHfs;.)

Vida kf;fisg; Nghd;W (my;yh`; - u]_f;F) mbgzpe;Jk; ed;ikf;fhfTk; ,e;j#uhit ehd; Xjp tUNtd;. egpnkhopfis gbj;jnghOJ ,e;j mj;jpahaj;ij XJk; gbAk; kdg;ghlk; nra;Ak;gbAk; egp(]y;) mtu;fs; Mu;t%l;bAs;sij Ak; mJ j[;[hypd; Fog;gj;jpy; ,Ue;J ghJfhf;Fk; vd;gij Ak; fz;Nld;.

(mg+ ]aPJy; Fj;up (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpwhHfs;: "Fif mj;jpahj;ij mUsg;gl;l Kiwg;gb xUtH Xjpte;jhy; gpwF j[;[hy; vd;gtd; Njhd;wp topnfLf;Fk;nghOJ mtdhy; mtH kPJ ve;j mjpfhuKk; nrYj;j KbahJ. mjw;F ve;j topAk; ,Uf;fhJ" (E}y;: `hfpk;)

myP (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpwhHfs;: egp (]y;) mtHfs; etpd;whHfs;: "xUtH [{k;M ehspy; Fif mj;jpahaj;ij Xjpdhy; vt;tpjf; Fog;gq;fs; Vw;gbDk; vl;L ehl;fs; tiuapy; mtH; mtw;wpy; ,Ue;J ghJfhf;fg; gLthH. j[;[hy; Njhd;wpdhy; mtdJ Fog;gj;jpypUe;Jk; ghJ fhf;fg; gLthH" (,g;D Khjit`;> Kf;jhuh`;tpy; ,khk; [pah)

mGj; jHjh (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpwhHfs;: "egp (]y;) mtHfs; etpd;whHfs;: Fif mj;jpahaj;jpy; Kjy; gj;J (kw;NwhH mwptpg;gpy; filrp gj;J) trdq;fis xUtH kddk; nra;jhy; mtH j[;[hypd; Fog;gj;jpy; ,Ue;J ghJfhf;fg;gLthH" (K];ypk;> mg+ jht+j;> jpHkpjp)

jpHkpjpapd; kw;NwhH mwptpg;gpy; - Fif mj;jpahaj;jpd; VNjhDk; %d;W trdq;fis Xjpdhy; vd cs;sJ.

K];dj; m`;kjpy; cs;sJ: "Fif mj;jpahaj;jpypUe;J gj;J trdq;fis xUtH Xjpdhy; mtH> j[;[hypd; Fog;gj;jpy; ,Ue;J ghJfhf;fg;gLthH" (ghfk; 6 gf;fk; 446)

e]h< mwptpg;gpy; - Fif mj;jpahaj;jpd; filrp gj;J trdq;fis xUtH Xjpdhy; mJ> j[;[hypd; Fog;gj;jpypUe;J mtUf;Fg; ghJfhg;G mspf;Fk; vd cs;sJ. --- ,it Nghd;W ,d;Dk; gy mwptpg;Gfs; te;Js;sd.)

ehd; vdf;Fs; tpdh vOg;gpNdd;: ,e;jf; Fog;gj;jpy; ,Ue;J ghJfhg;G mspf;ff;$ba fUj;JfSk; jj;Jtq;fSk; vr;rupf;if fSk; fz;ldq;fSk; ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpy; cs;sdth? ,J vg;gbg;gl;l Fog;gk; vdpy;? ,jpypUe;J ghJfhf;FkhW egpfshH (]y;) mtHfNs gy Neuq;fspy; gpuhHj;jid nra;Js;shHfs;. mt;thW ghJfhg;Gj; NjLkhW jk; rKjhaj;jpw;Fk; mjpf mstpy; MHt%l;bAs;shHfs;. kl;Lky;y ,Wjpf; fhyj;jpy; Vw;gl tpUf;Fk; ngUk; Fog;gk; ,JNt. ,J Fwpj;Nj kw;nwhU `jP]py; egp (]y;) mtHfs; "Mjk; egp gilf;fg;gl;lJ Kjy; ,Wjp ehs; tiuapy; j[;[hypdhy; Vw;gLk; Fog;gj;ij tplTk; ngupanjhU Fog;gk; Ntnwhd;Wk; ,Uf;fhJ" vd;W vr;rupf;if nra;Js;shHfs;.

NkYk; FHMd; gw;wpAk; mjd; ufrpaq;fs;> mwpT Qhdq;fs; gw;wpAk; kf;fs; midtupDk; mjpfk; mwpe;jtHfshd egp(]y;) mtHfNs FHMdpd; Vida #uhf;fSf;F kj;jpapy; ,e;jf; Fif mj;jpahaj;ij Fwpg;gpl;Lr; nrhy;ypapUg;gNjd; vd;nwy;yhk; ehd; rpe;jpf;fj; njhlq;fpNdd;!

 

 

filrpf; fhyf; Fog;gKk; Fif mj;jpahaKk;


,t;thW ,e;j mj;jpahak; Fwpj;J rpwg;gpj;Jr; nrhy;yg; gl;ljd; ,ufrpaj;ij mwpe;jpl vd; kdk; Mty; nfhz;lJ. NkYk; egp(]y;) mtHfs; mwptpj;j ghJfhg;Gf;Fk; ,e;j #uhTf;Fk; mg;gb vd;d jj;JthHj;jkhd njhlHG cs;sJ vd;gij mwpe;jplTk; Mty; gpwe;jJ.

FHMdpy; fp]hUy; K/g];]y;> jpthYy; K/g];]y; vd rpwpa - ngupa mj;jpahaq;fs; gy ,Uf;f ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpw;F kl;Lk; ,j;jifa kfj;jhd rpwg;gpid egpatHfs; mspj;jpUg;gJ Vd;?

(Ma;Tj; jpwd;kpf;f mwpQHfs;> ngupa K`j;jp];fs;> FHMd; tpupTiuahsHfs; gyH ,j;jifa rpe;jidg; Nghf;if Nkw;nfhz;L ,e;j mj;jpahak; Fwpj;J Muha;e;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpw;Fk; j[;[hypd; Fog;gj;jpw;Fk; khdrPfkhd njhlHG xd;W ,Ug;gijf; fz;lwpe;jpUf;fpwhHfs;.

ghl;dhitr; NrHe;j my;yhkh K`k;kj; jh`pH vd;ghH (,wg;G `p[;up 984) jkJ k[;kT gp`hupy; md;thH vDk; E}ypy; Kd;NdhHfs; rpyupd; fUj;ij vOjpAs;shHfs;: filrpf; fhyj;jpy; Njhd;wf; $ba j[;[hypd; Fog;gj;jpy; ,Ue;J ghJfhf;Fk; xU rf;jp ,e;jf; Fif mj;jpahaj;jpy; ,Ug;gjhf egp nkhopfspy; nrhy;yg;gl;Ls;sJ. Kd;G xU fhyj;jpy; XH mepahaf;fhu murdpd; nfhLikapypUe;J Fifj; NjhoHfs; ghJfhf;fg; gl;lJ Nghd;W ,e;j mj;jpahaj;ij XJfpwtHfSk; j[;[hyplk; ,Ue;J ghJfhf;fg;gLthHfs;. my;yJ kf;fisf; Fog;gj;jpy; Mo;j;jf; $ba ngha;aHfs; vDk; j[;[hy;fsplk; ,Ue;J ghJfhf;fg;gLthHfs;. ,e;j tifapy; Nguw;Gjq;fSk; ,iwtdpd; Nguhw;wiy ep&gpf;Fk; mj;jhl;rpfSk; ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;sd. ,tw;iwnay;yhk; rpe;jpg;gtHfs; vspjpy; Fog;gk; milakhl;lhHfs;. njhlHe;J my;yhkh mtHfs; Fwpg;gpLfpwhHfs;: Mdhy; vdJ fUj;J vd;dntdpy;. egp(]y;)mtHfs; ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpy; rpy rpwg;G mk;rq;fisf; fz;ljhy;jhd; ,jidg; gw;wp ,t;thW Fwpg;gpl;bUf;fpwhHfs;. (E}y;: k[;kc gp`hupy; md;thH))

njhlf;fj;jpy; nghJthd ,e;j tpsf;fj;ij Kd; itj;J ehd; Muha;e;jpl Kw;gl;Nld;. mjhtJ> #uj;Jy; f`;G FHMdpd; jdpg; ngUk; mj;jpahak;.> filrpf; fhyf; Fog;gq;fspy; ,Ue;J - ve;jf; Fog;gq;fspd; ngUe;jiytdhf j[;[hy; tUthNdh me;jf; Fog;gq;fspy; - ,Ue;J ghJfhf;ff;$ba mj;jpahak;. mjw;Nfw;g rPuhd rpe;jidfisAk; Mopa fUj;JfisAk; ,J jd;Ds; nfhz;Ls;sJ.

- NkYk; j[;[hypd; tp\kj;jdkhd fUj;Jfis kf;fspilNa guthky; jLf;ff;$ba mUkUe;Jk; ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpy; mjpf mstpy; mike;Js;sJ.

- vtH ,e;j mj;jpahaj;ij ed;F Gupe;J vy;yh Neuq;fspYk; Xjp kdg;ghlk; nra;jhNuh NkYk; ,jd; Mopa fUj;Jfisr; rpe;ij Fspu mUe;JfpwhNuh mtH> ,e;j cyfj;ijNa fjp fyq;fr; nra;af; $ba - ePbj;J epw;ff;$ba j[;[hypd; Fog; gj;jpy; ,Ue;J ghJfhf;fg;gLthH. mjd; tiyapy; tPo;e;jplhky; jg;gpj;Jf;nfhs;thH.

- ,NjNghd;W ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpy;- vy;yhf; fhyq;fspYk; ehLfspYk; Njhd;wf;$ba Fog;gthjpfisAk; ,dq;fhl;b mtHfSila gpjw;wy;fspd; gpd;dzpiaAk; njspT gLj;jf;$ba tifapy; mwpthHe;j gy ctikfSk; topfhl;ly;fSk; Mq;fhq;Nf gutyhf mike;Js;sd.

- NkYk; ,e;j mj;jpahak;> j[;[hypd; Fog;gj;ij vjpHj;Jg; NghuhLtjw;fhf ek; neQ;rq;fisAk; rpe;jidfisAk; jahH gLj;jTk; nra;fpwJ> me;jf; Fog;gq;fis topelj;jpr; nry;Yk; jiytHfspd; rpe;jidg; Nghf;ifAk; tho;f;ifapd; Nehf;ifAk; njspthfTk; cWjpAlDk; vjpHf;ff;$ba XH capNuhl;lk; ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpy; CLWtp epw;fpwJ.

 

 

mj;jpahak; KOtJk; xNu jiyg;gpd; fPo;


,j;jifa nghJthdnjhU fUj;jpy; kd epiwT nfhz;L rpwg;Gkpf;f ,e;j mj;jpahaj;ij ehd; njhlHe;J Muha;e;jpl Kw;gl;lnghOJ mJ Kw;wpYk; GjpjhfNt vdf;Fj; Njhd;wpaJ.

,e;j mj;jpahak; gw;wp vdJ kdj;jpy; gjpe;j njhlf;f epiy fUj;Jfisj; jPgkhf Ve;jpa tz;zk; mjd; nghUs;fspYk; fUj;JfspYk; Eioe;Njd;. me;ehs; tiuapYk; ehd; mwpe;jpuhj gy jj;Jtq;fSk; tpsf;fq;fSk; epiwe;j GjpaNjhH cyfj;jpy; Eioe;jJNghd;w czHNt vdf;F Vw;gl;lJ!

mj;jpahak; KOtJk; xNu jiyg;gpd; fPo; mike;jpUg;gJ vdf;Fj; njupate;jJ. mjw;F- <khDf;Fk; nghUs; Kjy; thjj;jpw;Fk; Nghuhl;lk; my;yJ ,t;Tyif MStJ ,iwahw;wyh? ,aw;if Mw;wyh? vd;W ngauplyhk;.

,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpy; ,lk;ngw;Ws;s mwpTiufs;> ctikfs;> tuyhw;W epfo;r;rpfs; kw;Wk; rkpQ;iffs; midj;Jk; NeubahfNth kiwKfkhfNth ,e;jj; jiyg;gpd; fPo;jhd; NgRfpd;wd vdyhk;!

,j;jifa tpsf;fk; vdJ cs;sj;jpy; cjpj;jJ gw;wp ehd; ngupJk; kfpo;r;rp mile;Njd;. jpUf;FHMDk; K`k;kj; egp (]y;) mtHfspd; egpj;JtKk; vj;Jiz Nguw;Gjkhdit vd;gJ gw;wp NkYk; xUGjpa tpsf;fkhfNt vdf;F mJ Gydh fpaJ!

Mk;! md;W tiu ,e;jf; fUj;ij ehd; mwpe;jpUf;ftpy;iy. mjhtJ fp.gp. Mwhk; E}w;whz;;by; ,wq;fpa (rupahf ,d;wpy; ,Ue;J 13 (14) E}w;whz;Lfl;F Kd;dhy; ,wq;fpa) ,e;j ,iwNtjk; my; FHMd; -

fp.gp. 17Mk; E}w;whz;by; gpwe;J tsHe;J 20 Mk; E}w;whz;by; jd;id KOikahf ntspg;gLj;jpf;nfhz;l Fog;gkpf;f ,e;j j[;[hypa fyhr;rhuj;ij kpfj; njspthf tptupf;Fk; rpj;jpuk; xd;iw cyfj;jpw;F toq;FfpwJ! NkYk; me;jf; fyhr;rhuk; vl;bg;gpbf;f ,Uf;Fk; cr;r epiyiaAk; j[;[hy; vd;W egpj;Jt nkhop tof;fpy; kpfj; njspthff; $wg;gLfpw mjd; ngupa jiytidAk; kpfTk; rupahf ,dq;fhl;LfpwJ!

Vwf;Fiwa 25 Mz;LfSf;F Kd;dhy; jhUy; cY}k; ej;tj;Jy; cykh mugpf; fy;Y}up- yf;Ndh-tpy; j/g;]PH Jiwg; Nghurpupauhf ehd; ,Ue;jnghOJ ,e;jf; Fif mj;jpahak; Fwpj;j ,j;jifa mbg;gilahd fUj;JfisAk; tpsf;fq;fisAk; xU fl;Liuahf vOjpNdd;. md;iwa jpdk; NguhrpupaH nksyhdh i]apj; mGy; m/yh nksJ}jp mtHfis Mrpupauhf; nfhz;L i`juhghj;jpy; ,Ue;J ntspte;J nfhz;bUe;j jH[{khDy; FHMd; vd;w ,jopy; mjid ntspaplr; nra;Njd;.

,Nj fhyj;jpy; nksyhdh i]apj; kdh[pH m`;]d; fPyhdp§ mtHfsplk; tpUe;jpduhfj; jq;Fk; mupa tha;g;G vdf;Ff; fpilj;jJ. ,J ele;jJ `p[;up 1366-fp.gp. 1946 Mk; Mz;by;! mg;nghOJ nksyhdh fPyhdp mtHfs; i`juhghj; c];khdpah gy;fiy fofj;jpy; jPdpa;ahj; - nfhs;if ,ay; Jiwapd; jiyikg; Nguhrpupauhfg; gzpahw;wpf;nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;.

§ jw;fhyj;jpy; ehd; mwpe;Js;s mwpQHfspy; ,tHfs;> epiwe;j gz;ghLk; Mokhd fy;tpAk; cilatH. jpifg;g+l;Lk; mwpTf;$Hik> Ez;zhuha;r;rpj; jpwd;> fUj;J tsk;> vOj;jhw;wy;> khHf;ff; fy;tpfsppYk; tuyhw;wpYk; jj;Jtj;jpYk; Mokhd tp\aQhdk; Mfpatw;wpd; %yk; jdpr; rpwg;G ngw;Wj; jpfo;fpwhHfs;. `p[;up 1309 (fp.gp. 1893) Mk; Mz;L gpwe;j nksyhdh fPyhdp mtHfs;. J}dpf; kw;Wk; Njt;ge;j; Nghd;w mugpf; fy;Y}upfspy; fy;tp gapd;whHfs;. i`juhghj; c];khdpah gy;fiyf; fofj;jpy; jPdpa;ahj; gupTf;Fj; jiytuhg; nghWg;G tfpj;jhHfs;. NkYk; NguhrpupaH> khHf;fr; nrhw;nghopthsH> gd;D}yhrpupaH gd;Kfj; jpwik ahsH! mtHfs; vOjpa mUikahd E}yfspy; rpy tUkhW: ,Wjp egp> mg+ jHU my; /fpghup> egpnkhop njhFj;j tuyhW> ,khk; mg+ `dPgh mtHfspd; murpay; tho;T> ,];yhkpag; nghUshjhuk; Nghd;wit Fwpg;gplj;jf;fit. ,d;Dk; Vuhskhd rpwe;j fl;LiufisAk; vOjpAs;shHfs;. `p[;up 1377 (fp.gp. 1956) Mk; Mz;L kuzk; mile;jhHfs;.

xt;nthU ,uTk; nksyhdh mtHfSld; gw;gy tp\aq;fs; Fwpj;J ehd; tpthjpj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;Ngd;. mg;nghOJ Fif mj;jpahak; njhlHghf ehd; vOjpa rpwpa fl;Liuiaj; jhk; gbj;jjhfTk; kpfTk; kfpo;r;rp mile;jjhfTk; nksyhdh $wpdhHfs;. ,Nj jiyg;gpy; jhKk; tpupthf xU fl;Liuj; njhlH vOjpf; nfhz;bUg;gjhfTk; mjid my; /GHfhd; ,jOf;F mDg;GtjhfTk; njuptpj;jhHfs;.

nksyhdh mtHfs; kuzk; mile;j gpd;dH mtHfspd; epidthf my; /GHfhd; ,jo; rpwg;G kyH xd;iw ntspapl;lJ. mjpy; Fif mj;jpahak; njhlHghf nksyhdh vOjpa fl;Liuj; njhlH KOtJk; ntspaplg;gl;bUe;jJ.

nksyhdh mtHfspd; me;jf; fl;Liu> kfj;Jtkpf;f ,e;j Fif mj;jpahak; gw;wp NkYk; NkYk; Muha;e;jplTk; vOjplTk; vdf;F ey;yhHtk; nfhLj;jJ. filrpf; fhyj;Jf;Fog;gk;> mjd; $g;ghL> mjd; jPa fUj;Jfs; Mfpatw;wpw;Fk; ,e;j mj;jp ahj;jpw;Fk; cs;s njhlHG vd;d? Fwpg;ghf j[;[hypd; Fog;gj; Jld; vd;d njhlHG? NkYk; ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpd; gbg;gpidfs; ahit? mJ toq;Fk; rhd;Wfs; ahit vd;gijnay;yhk; cyfj;jpw;Fj; njspthf vLj;Jiuf;f Ntz;Lk; vDk; vz;zk; vd;Ds; gpwe;jJ. ,e;j mj;jpahak; gw;wp my;yh`; vdJ ,jaj;jpy; cjpf;fr; nra;j caHthd fUj;Jfisnay;yhk; vOjj; njhlq;fpNdd;.

nksyhdh ifyhdp (mtHfsplk; khztdha;r; NrHe;J fy;tp gapYk; NgW vdf;Ff; fpilf;ftpy;iy vd;whYk; vd;Dila MrpupaHfSs; xUtuhfNt mtHfis fUjpte;Njd;. mtHfSk; vd;idj; jk; rNfhjuHfSs; xUtdhfNt fUjp te;jhHfs;.) mtHfspd; fl;Liuapy; mike;jpUe;j cd;djkhd tpsf;fq;fs;> jpUf;FHMd; gw;wpa El;gkhd jj;Jtq;fs; Mfpatw;iwAk; Jizf;Fg; gad;gLj;jpNdd;.

§ - nksydh ifyhdp mtHfs;> xUKiw jkf;F Vw;gl;l NehapypUe;J Fzk; mile;j gpd;dH vdf;F ,g;gb xU jghy; vOjpdhHfs;: vdf;F NehT mjpfkhfp capH tho;tjd;kPJ MjuT ,oe;jpLk; xt;nthU NeuKk; fz;zpaj;jpw;Fupa vd; rNfhjuuhfpa ePq;fs; ,Uf;fpwPHfs; vd;fpw vz;zk;jhd; vdf;F tUk;. ,e;jf; ftpij tupiaAk; epidj;Jg;ghHg;Ngd;:

CapH thOk; tiu

xt;NthH ,uTk; (rpe;jid tPjpapy;)

miye;J jpupfpNwd;!

 

vd;id kuzk; mioj;Jf; nfhz;lhy;

vdf;Fg; gpd; - miye;J jpupguplk;

xg;gilj;J tpLNtd; vdJ ,uit!

,e;j mj;jpahak; gw;wp ehd; vOJtJ Vida tpupTiu ahsHfs; vOJtJNghd;w j/g;]PH - tpupTiu my;y. ,e;j mj;jpahak; gw;wpa mbg;gilahd fUj;Jfis nghJthd mk;rq;fisNa ehd; vOJfpNwd;.

 

j[;[hypd; jdpj; jd;ikapd; jpwTNfhy;!


j[;[hypd; jdpj; jd;ikapd; jpwTNfhy; - mjd; vy;yhg; g+l;LfisAk; jpwf;ff;$ba rhtp vd;dntdpy; -

mjd; Mok; vt;tsT vdj; njspTgLj;jf;$ba rhtp - jPik> Fog;gk;> ,iwepuhfupg;G> ehj;jpfk; Mfpatw;wpd; miog;ghsHfs; midtupy; ,Ue;Jk; j[;[hiy NtWgLj;jf;$ba jpwTNfhy; vd;dntdpy; j[;[hy;1 vDk; mtdJ gpuj;jpNafg; gl;lg;ngaNu MFk;. j[;[hy; (ngupa Fog;gthjp) vd;fpw jd;ikNa mtid mwpKfg;gLj;jf;$ba milahskhdJ.

1.yp]hDy; mug; vDk; E}ypy; ,g;D kd;#H $WfpwhHfs;: mj; jh[py; (الداجل)vDk; nrhy;Yf;F - ngha; ciug;gtd;> ngha; Kyhk; g+rf;$batd; vd;W nghUs;. ,jpy; ,Ue;Jjhd; j[;[hy; vDk; nrhy; vLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. j[;[hy; vd;gtd; ngha; ciuf;ff; $batDk; kf;fSf;Fj; Jd;gk; nfhLf;ff;$btDk; Mthd;. #dpaKk; ngha; ciug;gJNk mtdJ Fog;gkhFk;.

,g;D fhyit`; vd;ghH $WfpwhH: j[;[hy; vd;gjw;F ,khk; mg+ ckiu tpl mofhf ahUk; tpsf;fk; mspj;jpl tpy;iy. mtH $WtJ ,Jjhd;: j[;[hy; vd;why; ngha; Kyhk; g+Rgtd; vd;W nghUs;. j[;[y;J]; i]/g; - دَجَّلْتُ السّيْفَ vDk; mugp thHj;ijf;F thSf;F Kyhk; g+rpNdd;. jq;fj; jz;zPH nfhz;L mjw;F nkUNfw;wpNdd; vd;W nghUs;.

,khk; m[;`up (u`;) mtHfs; $WfpwhHfs;;: "ngha; Ngrpf; Fog;gk; tpistpf;Fk; xt;nthUtUk; j[;[hy;fNs. j[;y; vd;gJ jq;f Kyhk; g+rp nkUNfw;Wjy; MFk;. ,t;tifapy; jq;fk; fye;j jz;zPUf;Fk; j[;[hy; vdg;gLfpwJ. j[;[hy; vd;gDk; - ,NjNghd;W cs;Ns xd;iw kiwj;Jf;nfhz;L Ntnwhd;iw ntspf;fhl;Lthd; vd;gjhy; j[;[hy; vd;w miof;fg;gl;lhd;"

mg+ mg;gh]; $WfpwhH: "j[;[hy; vd;W nrhy;tjd; fhuzk; mtd; kf;fis Vkhw;Wthd;. ngha;ia myq;fupj;J cz;ik Nghy; fhl;Lthd; vd;gNj"

Fog;Gjy;> fUj;J kaf;fk; Vw;gLj;Jjy; (j[;y;> jj;[Py;) vDk; ,U Fzq;fSk; j[;[hYila jdpj;jd;ikapd; ,U JUtq;fshFk;. ,tw;iw ikakhff; nfhz;Ljhd; - j[;[hypd; jdpj;jd;ik> jPa miog;Gfs;> mtdJ ciog;Gfs; - nray; ghLfs; midj;Jk; Rod;W nfhz;bUf;Fk;.

,d;iwa gpw;fhyj;J Nyhfhajf; fyhr;rhuj;jpd; kpfg; ngupa MAjk;> tp\aq;fisf; Fog;GtJk; kf;fis Vkhw;WtJk;jhd;.1 NkYk; mjd; vLg;ghd milahsq;fs; ,itjhd;: vy;yh tpt fhuq;fspYk; ,j;jifa Fog;g epiyia Vw;gLj;Jjy;> nghUl; fSf;F Kuzhd ngaHfisr; #l;Ljy;> cz;ik epytuq; fisg; g+rp kOg;Gjy;> ftHr;rpfukhd - mwpit kaf;ff;;$ba ngaHfis nghUj;jkw;w nghUl;fSf;F ,Ljy;> NkYk; ntsp uq;fj;jpw;Fk; me;juq;fj;jpw;Fk; njhlf;fj;jpw;Fk; KbTf;Fk; mjpf Kuz;ghL> fy;tp uPjpahd rpe;jidfSf;Fk; nray; uPjpahd mDgtq;fSf;Fk; rkepiyapd;ik Mfpaitjhd;!

1. `{ij/gh gpd; akhd; (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpwhHfs;: egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;: "j[;[hy; tUthd;. mtdplk; jz;zPUk; neUg;Gk; ,Uf;Fk;. kf;fs; vjidj; jz;zPH vd;W fUJthHfNsh mJ Rl;Lf; fupf;Fk; neUg;ghf ,Uf;Fk;. kf;fs; vjid neUg;ghff; fUJthHfNsh mJ ,jkhd jz;zPuhf ,Uf;Fk;" (E}y;: K];ypk;)

mg+ `{iuuhtpd; kw;NwhH mwptpg;gpy; cs;sJ: egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;: j[;[hyplk; Rtdk; - eufk; Nghd;W rpy nghUl;fs; ,Uf;Fk;. vjid mtd; Rtdk; vd;W fhz;gpg;ghHfNsh mJ cz;ikapy; eufkhf ,Uf;Fk;.

,d;W rpy Nfh\q;fs; - RNyhfq;fs; kw;Wk; etPd jj;Jtq;fspd; epiyAk; ,g;gbj;jhd; cs;sJ! Mdhy; mtw;wpw;Nfh kjq;fspd; me;j];J mspf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,e;jf; Nfh\q;fSk; jj;Jtq;fSk; kf;fspd; mwpitr; #dpakhf;fp itj;Js;sd1 ,tw;iwg; Nghjpj;jj; jiytHfspd; nrhw;fSk; Ngr;RfSk; Gdpj khfTk; caHthfTk; kjpf;fg;gLfpd;wd. mtHfspd; kPjhd md;Gk; fz;zpaKk; ,ja Moq;fspy; ,lk; gpbj;jpUf;fpd;wd. mj;jifa rpe;jidfspd; - nfhs;iffspd; Gdpj epiyapy; Iak; nfhs;tJk; mtw;wpd; fz;zpak; Fwpj;J tpthjpg;gJk; gpw;Nghf; fpd; milahsnkdf; fUjg;gLfpwJ. ntspg;gilahd xd;iw kWg;gjhf fz;nzjpNu fhzg;gLk; ajhHj;jj;ij-vy;NyhUf;Fk; njupe;j cz;ikia kWg;gjhff; fUjg;gLfpwJ.

1.vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf> Rje;jpuk;> Nrh\yprk;> [dehafk;> tho;f;ifj; juk; caHT> cy;yhr tho;T> kdpj cupikfs;> ehfupfk;> moFf; fiyfs;> tho;f;ifj; jpl;lk; Nghd;w ntWk; Nfh\khfg; gad;gLj;jg;gLk; nrhw;fs;!

ngupa mwpthspfSk; fy;tpj; jpwd;kpf;f mwpQHfSk;$l ,e;j tp\aj;jpy; Fog;gj;jpw;Fs;shfpAs;sdH. ,e;j etPd jj;Jtq;fisAk; Nfh\q;fisAk; MNfh XNfh vdg; Gfoj; jiyg;gl;L tpl;ldH. ,tw;iw cUthf;fpatHfsplk; J}a vz;zKk; tha;ikAk; cs;sdth vd;W Muha;e;jplhky; ek;gpf;ifAlDk; cj;Ntfj;JlDk; ,tw;wpd; gf;fk; kf;fis miof;fpwhHfs;! ,tw;iw eilKiwg;gLj;jpdhy; - nraypy; nfhz;L te;jhy; vt;tsT J}uk; ntw;wp fpl;Lk; my;yJ Njhy;tp Vw;gLk; vd;W tiuaWj;Jf; fhl;Lk; JzpT mtHfSf;F ,y;iy. ,e;j etPd rpe;jidfspd; Nkyhjpf;fj;jpdhy; kdpj ,dKk; gytPdg; gl;l rKjhaq;fSk; ngw;wit vt;tsT? cz;ikahd ghf;fp aq;fisAk; kdpj cupikfisAk; ,oe;jJ vt;tsT vd;W ghugl;rkpy;yhj - rupahd xg;gPl;lha;it ahUk; Nkw;nfhs;tjpy;iy.

,itnay;yhk; gfl;L> ngha;ayq;fhuk;> Fog;gk; tpistpj;jy; Mfpatw;wpd; jhf;fKk; #dpaKNk MFk;. ,e;j tp\aq; fspy;jhd; - Vida rpwpa j[;[hy;fs;> Vkhw;Wf;fhuHfs;> gfl;Lf; fhuHfs; midtiu tplTk; me;jg; ngupa j[;[hy; kpifj;J epw;ghd;.> kdpj tuyhw;wpy; vj;jifa fhyfl;lj;jpy; mtHfs; tho;e;jpUe;jhYk; rupNa!

gfl;bYk; Fog;gj;jpYk; Mo;j;Jjy; vDk; ,j;jifa jPik ,e;j Nyhfhajf; fyhr;rhuk; KOtjpYk; CLUtp epw;fpwJ. Vnddpy; egpj;Jf; Nfhl;ghl;Lf;F NeH vjpu; Nfhl;by;jhd; ,e;jf; fyhr;rhuk; nry;fpwJ. mjhtJ> kWTyfj;ij ek;GtJ> /ifg; vDk; kiwthd cz;ikfis ek;Gjy;> ,t;Tyifg; gilj;j ,iwtidAk; mtdJ ,izapy;yh Mw;wiyAk; ek;GtJ> mtd; tFj;jspj;j \uPmj;jpw;Fk; NghjidfSf;Fk; fz;zpak; mspg;gJ Mfpa nfhs;iffSf;F NeH vjpH Nfhl;bNyNa ,e;j Nyhfhajf; fyhr;rhuk; nry;fpwJ.

NkYk; ,e;jf; fyhr;rhuk;> ntspg;gilahd Gyd;fSf;F cl;gl;lit kPNj mjpfg;gbahd ek;gpf;if itf;fpwJ. kdpjDf;Ff; fpilf;ff;$ba cly; ,d;gk;> cldb yhgq;fs;> ntspg;gilahd ntw;wpfs; Nghd;wtw;wpy;jhd; mjpfg;gbahd gw;Wjy; itj;Js;sJ.

- ,j;jifa ,yf;if ikakhff; nfhz;Ljhd; ,e;j #uj;Jy; f`;Gk; ,jpYs;s epfo;r;rpfSk; gbg;gpidfSk; Rod;W tUfpd;wd!

 

 

a+j> fpwp];jt kjq;fspd; xNu khjpupahd gq;fspg;G


kpfTk; kdNtjidAld; ,e;j cz;ikia ehk; ntspapl Ntz;bAs;sJ: mjhtJ> egpkhHfspd; Nghjidfis tpl;Lk; Md;kPfj;ij tpl;Lk; fhypahfptpl;l> Ngjikkpf;f ,e;j cyfhajf; nfhs;ifapd; gf;fk; kdpj ehfupfj;ijj; jpir jpUg;GtjpYk; kdpj Fyj;jpd; vjpHfhyj;jpy; jPaghjpg;ig Vw;gLj;JtjpYk; ,e;j ,uz;L kjq;fSk; xNu khjpupahd gq;fspg;ig toq;fpAs;;sd! xd;W cUf;Fiyf;fg;gl;l fpwp];jt kjk;. ,Jjhd; kj;jpa E}w;whz;LfSf;Fg; gpd;dhy; ehfupf cyfj;jpy; INuhg;gpa fyhr;rhuj;jpw;Fj; jiyik tfpj;j kjk;. kw;;nwhd;W gopthq;Fk; Nghf;Fk; tul;Lj; jdKk; nfhz;l a+j kjk;! - ,e;epiyapy; ,t;tpU kjq;fSf;Fk; nfhs;if uPjpapy; ‘Mokhd’ fUj;J Nkhjy; NtW cs;sjhk;!

rHr;fspd; fl;Lg;ghl;bypUe;Jk; Nghg;fSf;F nfhj;jbik GuptjpypUe;Jk; tpLjiy ngw;w fpwp];jtHfSk; $l fLikahd cyfhajg; Nghf;if Nkw;nfhz;lhHfs;. J}a Vfj;Jtf; nfhs;ifapd; kPJ epWtg;gl;l njs;spa fpwp];jt kjj;Jld; cs;s njhlHG gytPdg;gl;Lg;Nghd (Kw;wpYk; mWe;Jtpl;lJ vd;W nrhy;ytpy;iy) fpwp];jtHfsplKk; cyfhajg; Nghf;F fLikahfj; jiyJ}f;fpaJ.

,j;jifa epiy mfpyk; KOtijAk; mr;RWj;jj; njhlq;fp tpl;lJ. etPd tpQ;Qhdf; fz;Lgpbg;Gfs;> cyif mbNahL ehrkhf;Fk; GJg;GJf; fUtpfs; Mfpatw;why; ,d;W kdpj Fyj;jpd; vjpHfhyk; ngUk; mghaj;jpy; rpf;fptpl;lJ. fy;tpf;Fk; cs;sd;Gf;Fk; mwpTf;Fk; kdr;rhl;rpf;Fk; njhopy; El;gj;jpw;Fk; J}a elj;ijf;Fk; ,ilNa rkepiy mbNahL kha;e;Jtpl;lJ!

gpw;fhyj;jpy;> a+jHfs; - mtHfspd; uj;jj;jpy; ciwe;j ghuk;gupa Mw;wy;fspd; fhuzj;jhy; my;yJ fy;tp- gapw;rpj; jpwikapdhy;> my;yJ murpay; Fwpf;Nfhspd; mbg;gilapy; my;yJ ,d eyj;jpl;lq;fspd; mbg;gilapy; - fy;tpfs;> fiyfs;> GJg;GJf; fz;Lgpbg;Gfs;> Muha;r;rpfs; Mfpatw;wpy; kpfg; ngUk; gq;fpid Mw;wpdhHfs;. NkYk; ,e;j Nyhfhajf; fyhr;rhuj;jpd; kPJ Mjpf;fk; nrYj;jp mjd; fbthsj;ijf; ifg;gw;wpf; nfhz;L jq;fs; eyd;fSf;F cfe;j tifapy; mtw;iwj; jpUg;gpdhHfs;> ,yf;fpak;> jj;Jtk;> fy;tpg; gapw;rpj; Jiw> mwptpay;> thzpgk;> ,jopay;> jfty; njhlHG rhjdq;fs; Mfpa vy;yhtw;wpYk; jq;fsJ ghjpg;igAk; Mjpf;fj;ijAk; Vw;gLj;jpdhHfs;.

,Wjpapy; ,jd; tpisT vd;dthdJ? fpwp];jtr; r%fr; #oypy; Njhd;wpa ,e;j Nkw;fj;jpaf; fyhr;rhuj;jpw;F - <]h egp kPJ ek;gpf;if nfhz;bUe;j> ,t;tsT ePz;l fhykhf mtHfspd; ngaUf;Fg; GfOk; fPHj;jpAk; NrHj;J te;j fpwp];Jt kf;fspd; ghyH gs;spf; $lj;jpy; tsHe;;J te;j ,e;j Nkw;fj;jpaf; fyhr;rhuj;jpw;Fj; jiyik Vw;W topelj;Jk; Kf;fpakhd fhuzpahfg; gupzkpj;jhHfs; a+jHfs;!

,Wjpahf epfo;e;j rpy epfo;r;rpfis Mokhfr; rpe;jpg;gtH fSf;Fk; cyfshtpa a+j Mjpf;fk; ,e;j Nkw;fj;jpa rKjhaj;jpy; vt;tsT J}uk; CLWtpAs;sJ vd;gij mwpe;jtHfSf;Fk; xd;W Gyg;gLk;:

mjhtJ> ,e;j Nyhfhajf; fyhr;rhuKk; mjd; fy;tpAk; gz;ghLfSk; jkJ vjpHkiwahd ,Wjp tpisit tpiutpy; vl;bg;gpbj;JtpLk;. mopj;jy;> jfHj;jy;> muh[fk; tpistpj;jy;> Fog;Gjy;> Vkhw;wj;jpy; Mo;j;Jjy; Mfpatw;wpw;fhd nrayhw;wypd; rpfuj;ij vl;bg;gpbf;Fk;! ,it midj;Jk; a+jHfspd; fuq;fspNyNa epiwNtw cs;sd.

Nkw;fj;jpa fpwp];jt rKjhak;jhd; a+jHfSf;F rfy mjpfhuKk; mspj;J tpl;lJ. vy;yh tha;g;GfisAk; mtHfSf;Fj; jhiuthHj;J tpl;lJ. me;j msTf;F myl;rpaKk; mwpahikAk; fpwp];jtHfSf;F! a+jHfspd; J}u Nehf;fpyhd jPa vz;zq;fSk; gopthq;Fk; FNuhj Gj;jpAk; fpwp];tHfSf;Fj; njupahky; Ngha; tpl;lJ. mjdhy; jhd; KO Mjpf;fj;jpw;fhd tha;g;ig a+jHfSf;F mspj;J tpl;lhHfs;. a+jHfNsh ,j;jifa re;jHg;gq;fs; jq;fSf;Ff; fpilf;Fk; vd;W gy E}w;whz;Lfshff; fdT $l fz;bUf;fkhl;lhHfs;!

,e;epiy nghJthf kdpj Fyj;jpw;F Vw;gl;l ngUk; NrhjidNa MFk;. ,d;W a+jHfspd; mf;fpukq;fisj; jhq;fpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; muGfSf;F kl;Lky;y.> tho;Tf;Fk; rhTf;Fk; kj;jpapyhd ,e;jg; Nghuhl;lk; ele;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; Fwpg;gpl;l me;jg; gFjpf;F kl;Lky;y.> mfpyk; KOtjw;Fk; ,J XH NgughakhFk;!

,t;thwhf a+j> fpwp];jt kjq;fNshL XH Mokhd njhlHG ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpw;F ,Ug;gij ehk; fhzyhk;. njhlf;fj;jpNyNa fpwp];jtf; nfhs;if gw;wp ,e;j mj;jpahak; NgRfpwJ. ,e;j #uh ,t;thW njhlq;FfpwJ:

"Gfo; midj;Jk; my;yh`; xUtDf;Nf. mtNd jd; mbahH kPJ ,e;j Ntjj;ij ,wf;fpaUspdhd;. ,jpy; vt;tpjf; NfhziyAk; mtd; itf;ftpy;iy. ,J Kw;wpYk; nrk;ikahdJ. ,wf;fpaUspaJ vjw;fhfntdpy;> my;yh`;tplk; ,Ue;J fLikahd Ntjid Fwpj;J vr;rupf;if nra;tjw;fhfTk; ,iw ek;gpf;ifAld; ew;nray;fs; GupNthUf;Fj; jpz;zkhf ew;$yp cz;nld;Wk; mjpy; mtHfs; vd;nwd;Wk; jq;fpapUg;ghHfs; vd;Wk; ew;nra;jp mwptpg;gjw;fhfTk; jhd;! NkYk; ‘my;yh`; kfid Vw;gLj;jpf;nfhz;lhd;’ vd;W $wpatHfis vr;rupf;if nra;tjw;fhfTk;jhd;! mJ gw;wp vt;tpj QhdKk; mtHfsplKk; ,y;iy.> mtHfspd; %jhijaHfsplKk; ,y;iy. mtHfSila thapypUe;J ntspg;gLfpw thHj;ij vj;Jiz nfhbaJ! mtHfs; $WtJ ngha;Na md;wp Ntwpy;iy" (18 : 1-4)

fpwp];jtHfspd; ghyH gs;spapy; cUthfp> mtHfspd; fz;fhzpg;gpy; jto;e;J tsHe;J te;Js;s Nyhfhajf; fyhr;rhuj;jpd; ,uz;lhtJ ntspg;gilahd milahsk; vd;dntdpy; tiuaWf;fg;gl;l mope;JNghff;$ba ,t;Tyf tho;T kPJ mjpf Nkhfk; nfhs;tJ> tho;f;ifia ePz;lfhyk; mDgtpf;fTk; myq;fupf;fTk; Nguhir nfhs;tJ> ,t;Tyf tho;f;ifia caHthff; fUJtjpYk; fz;zpag;gLj;JtjpYk; tuk;G kPwpr; nry;tJ> cyf tho;f;iff;F mg;ghy; vJTNk ,y;iynad kWg;gJ mjhtJ> xOf;f khz;Gfs;> cd;dj tpOkq;fs;> Gz;zpar; nray;fs;> ,iwaUl;fs; Nghd;wit vJTkpy;iy vd kWg;gJ> tho;f;ifr; rhjdq;fd;> Mw;wy;fs;> tsq;fs; Mfpatw;iwf; ifg;gw;Wtjpy; xUtUf;nfhUtH Nghl;b Nghl;Lf; nfhz;L Ke;JtJ MfpaitahFk;.

,Jjhd; ,e;j a+j kjk;> fpwp];jt kjj;Jld;; $l;lhfpf; nfhs;fpw ,yf;F! ,jd; gpwFk; ,t;tpU kjq;fSf;Fk; vd;d NkhjYk; Kuz;ghLk; cs;sNjh njupatpy;iy!

,Njh! njsuhj; Ntjj;jpy;- kWTyfj;ijAk; kWik tho;itAk; Fwpg;gpLtJ> mt;Tyfpy; ew;ghf;fpak; ngWk; Nehf;fj;Jld; vy;yh Mw;wy;fisAk; jFjpfisAk; nryT nra;a MHt%l;LtJ. mt;Tyfj;jpw;fhfj; jahu; nra;a MHt%l;LtJ> kWTyfpd; mUl;NgWfspd; gf;fKk; mq;Fs;s caHju czT - ghdq;fs; gf;fKk; Mty; nfhs;sTk; Vf;fk; nfhs;sTk; nra;tJ> ,t;Ty tho;tpd; jw;fhypfj;ijAk; epiyaw;w jd;ikiaAk; Rl;bf;fhl;LtJ> cyfpy; muh[fk; nra;tijAk; Mztk; nfhs;tijAk; ,fo;e;Jiug;gJ> cyfpd; mw;g ,d;gq;fspYk; myq;fhuq;fspYk; gw;ww;w epiyia Vw;gLj;JtJ Mfpa mk;rq;fs; mbNahL ,y;yhkyhfp tpl;ld! ,e;jf; fUj;Jfs; midj;Jk; njsuhj; Ntjj;jpy; ,y;yhky; NghdJ Mr;rpak;jhd; mspf;fpwJ! my;yh`;tplk; ,Ue;J ,wf;fpaUsg;gl;l thd;kiwfspd; epiyAk; mtw;wpd; capNuhl;lKk; ,ay;Gk; xU NghJk; ,t;thW ,Uf;f KbahJ.

,jd; tpisthf> a+jHfspd; tuyhW - cyfhaj rf;jpia miltjpy; xUtUf;nfhUtH ngUik ghuhl;Ljy;> gzj;jhir> ,d mbg;gilapyhd jikikg; gjtpf;fhfg; NghuhLjy;> ,d uPjpahd Mztk; Mfpa Fzq;fspd; tuyhwhf ,Uf;Fkhdhy; mjpy; Mr;rupag;gLtjw;F xd;Wkpy;iy.

a+jHfspd; kj E}y;fspYk; mtHfspd; rpe;ijapy; cjpj;j ftpijfs;> fijfs;> ,dpa fhtpaq;fs;> Kd;dwptpg;Gfs;> N[hjplq;fs; Nghd;w ,yf;fpag; gilg;GfspYk; mtHfspd; tPug;Guhzq;spYk; NghHfspYk; Gul;rpfspYk; etPdj; jahupg;Gfs;- fz;L gpbg;Gfs; Mfpatw;wpYk; mtHfspd; jj;Jtq;fs; - fUj;J fspYk; NkNy nrhd;d FzepiyfNs vLg;ghf cs;sd!

,it midj;jpDk; kpfkpf mupjhfff; fhzg;gLgitAk; cz;L. mitjhd;: ,uf;fk;> gzpT> kdf;fl;Lg;ghL> Mzt kpd;ik> cyf tho;it Nyrhff; fUJjy;> my;yh`;tpd; re;jpg;gpy; MHtk;;> kWikapd; gf;fk; Mty;> NkYk; nkhop> ,dk;> Njrk; vdg; gy epiyfspy; thOk; kdpj Fyk; KOtjpd; kPJk; ,uf;fg;gLjy; Mfpait. ,itjhd; kpf mupjhf cs;sd!

,jdhy;jhd; mLj;jgbahf ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpy; -

\pHf; vDk; (,iwtNdhL gpw nghUisAk; flTshf tzq;Fk;) nfhs;ifiaAk; ve;jf; Fkhuj;Jtf; nfhs;ifia fpwp];jt kjk; jj;njLj;J mjidg; gug;Gtjpy; ngUk; gq;fhw;wpaNjh me;jf; Fkhuj;Jtf; nfhs;ifiaAk; my;yh`; kWj;Jiuj;jhd;. mj;Jld; -

cyf tho;it tzq;FtijAk; mJNt rjnkdf; fUjp mjpNy %o;FtijAk; mJmy;yhj gpw fUj;Jfis Kw;whfg; Gwf;fzpg;gijAk; my;yh`; kWjypj;Js;shd;. NkYk; cyf tho;tpd; jw;fhypfj;ijAk; mjd; mbg;gilg; gytPdj;ijAk; Rl;bf;fhl;b ,t;thW Fwpg;gpLfpwhd;:

"jpz;zkhf ehk; ,g;g+kpapd; kPJs;s midj;ijAk; g+kpf;F myq;fhukhf Mf;fpNdhk;.> ,tHfs; ahH kpfTk; rpwe;j nraiyr; nra;gtH vd;W Nrhjpj;Jg; ghHg;gjw;fhf! ,Wjpapy; jpz;zkhf ehk; ,it midj;ijAk; ntw;Wj; jplyha; Mf;fpl ,Uf;fpNwhk;!" (18 : 7 - 8)

,NjNghy cyf tho;it tzq;FgtHfisAk; kWikia kWg;gtHfisAk; my;yJ mJ Fwpj;J myl;rpakhf ,Ug;g tHfisAk; kPz;Lk; xUKiw kWjypj;J ,t;tj;jpahaj;jpd; ,Wjpapy; ,t;thW $Wfpwhd;:

"(egpNa! ,tHfsplk;) ePH $Wk;: jk; nray;fspy; ngUk; e\;lj;jpw;Fs;shdtHfs; ahH vd;gij ehk; cq;fSf;F mwptpj;Jj; jul;Lkh? vtHfspd; Kaw;rpfs; midj;Jk; cyf tho;f;ifapy; topjtwptpl;lNjh mtHfs; jhk;. Mdhy; mtHfNsh midj;ijAk; jhk; rupahfNt nra;Jnfhz;bUg;gjhf fUjpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;!" (18 : 103 - 104)

,t;thwhf ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpd; njhlf;fk;> ,Wjp> kj;jpa gFjpfs; midj;ijAk; kWikf; nfhs;if> /ifg; vDk; kiwthd cz;ikfis ek;Gjy;> ,t;Tyifg; gilj;j ,iwtd; kPJ ek;gpf;ifnfhs;sy;> midj;Jg; nghUl;fs; kPJk; Mjpf;fk; nrYj;Jk; mtdJ vy;iyaw;w Mw;wiy ek;Gjy; Mfpa tp\aq;fs; #o;e;jpUf;fpd;wd. ,it midj;Jk; csg;g+Htkhd nfhs;iffs;.> ,aw;ifNahL ,iae;j> mwpTg;g+Htkhd rpj;jhe;jq;fs; MFk;!

Mdhy; cyfhajf; nfhs;ifapd; epiy vd;dntdpy; ve;j cyfhajf;nfhs;if? GyDf;Fl;gl;lit> fz;nzjpHf; fhl;rpfs;> mDgtq;fs;> cldbg; gyhgyd;fs;> clypd;gk;> ,dthjj; jiyikj;Jtk; Mfpatw;iw kl;LNk ek;Gfpw cyfhajf; nfhs;if ,e;j <khdpaf; nfhs;iffis kWf;fpwJ! mtw;iw tpl;Lk; tpyfpf; nfhs;fpwJ. vy;yhr; rf;jpfisAk; rhjdq;fisAk; xd;Wjpul;bf; nfhz;L KO %r;Rld; ,tw;iw vjpHf;fTk; nra;fpwJ!

,e;j mj;jpahak;> cyfhajf; nfhs;ifapd; ve;j cyfhajf; nfhs;ifis mjd; ePz;l tuyhw;Wj; njhlupy; ghJfhj;J tsHf;Fk; ngUk; nghWg;ghsHfshfTk; miog;ghsHfshfTk; fpwp];jtHfs; mike;jpl Ntz;Lnkd tpjpapy; my;yh`; epHzapj;jhNdh gpd;dH VR fpwp];J vDk; <rh egpia mtHfsJ Muk;g ehs; KjNy vjpHj;Jte;j a+jHfs;> vy;yhf; fhy fl;lq; fspYk; fpwp];jt kjj;Jld; Nghl;bg; Nghl;Lf;nfhz;bUe;j a+jHfs; mjw;Fj; jiyik Vw;whHfNsh me;j cyfhajf; nfhs;ifapd; %y NtHfisg; gpLq;fp vwpaf;$ba Mopa fUj;Jf;fisj; jhq;fpa tz;zk; ,e;j mj;jpahak; mike;jJ!

me;j a+jHfspd; fuq;fspNyNa ,e;j cyfhajf; nfhs;if jdJ cr;r epiyia mila cs;sJ.

ehj;jpff; nfhs;ifapYk;> Fog;Gjy;> gfl;L> ngha;ayq;fhuk; Mfpatw;wpYk; rhkHj;jparhypfspy; vy;yhk; kpfg;ngUk; rhkHj;jparhypahfj; jpfOk; j[;[hy; vd;gtd; a+jHfspy; ,Ue;J jhd; Njhd;Wthd;!

NkYk; egp(]y;) mtHfs; - ,e;j Fif mj;jpahaj;ij xJtJ> mjd; Muk;g my;yJ ,Wjp trdq;fisj; njhlHe;J XjptUtJ j[;[hypd; Fog;gj;jpy; ,Ue;J ghJfhg;G mspf;Fk; vd;W mwptpj;jhHfs;!

,t;thW ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpd; njhlf;fj;jpw;Fk; ,Wjpf;Fk; xU El;gkhd njhlHG cs;sJ. ,Nj Nghy; ,e;j mj;jpahak; KOtjw;Fk; filrp fhyj;jpy; Njhd;wtpUf;Fk; j[;[hypd; Fog;gj;Jld; XH Mokhd cWjpahd njhlHG cs;sJ! Mokhfr; rpe;jpf;ff;$batHfSf;F ,t;Tz;ik Gyg;gLk;.

 

 

ehw;ngUk; rupijfs;!


,e;j #uj;Jy; f`;gpy; ehd;F rupijfs; ,lk; ngw;Ws;sd. mitNa ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpd; iky;fw;fs;> J}z;fs; MFk;.

NtW thHj;ijapy; nrhy;tjhdhy;> ,e;ehd;F rupijfSk; ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpd; ehw;ngUk; JUtq;fshFk;. ,tw;iw ikakhff; nfhz;Nl ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpd; jj;Jtq;fs;> Nghjidfs;> mwpTiufs; - midj;Jk; Rod;WtUfpd;wd!

/ Fifj; NjhoHfs; rupij

/ ,UngUe; Njhl;lq;fisg; ngw;wpUe;j nry;te;jdpd; rupij

/ egp %]h - fps;H rupij

/ ,t;Tyfpy; ngUk; murhl;rpiaAk; vy;yhtpjkhd rhjdq;fisAk; tha;g;GfisAk; mtUf;F my;yh`; toq;fpapUe;j Jy;fHidd; kd;dupd; rupij

,e;ehd;F rupijfspd; tpsf;Fk; ghzpAk; Kd;gpd; njhlUk; ntt;NtW tpjkhf mike;jpUe;jhYk; ,yl;rpaj;jpYk; Fwpf;NfhspYk; ,it xd;wpizfpd;wd. ,tw;wpy; mike;jpUf;Fk; xNu tifahd capNuhl;lk; fUj;Jr; nrwpthd> Mokhd> cWjpahd XH ,izg;ig ,tw;wpw;fpilNa Vw;gLj;jptpLfpwJ!

 

 

cyfpd; ,U nfhs;iffs;


,e;jg; Nguz;lk; ngUk;ghYk; mjpy; Ml;rpajpfhuk; nrYj;jpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; ,aw;iff; $WfSf;Ff; fl;Lg;gl;bUf;fpwJ. mf;$WfNs ,g;Nguz;lj;jpd; mikg;igj; jkJ fl;Lg;ghl;bd; fPo; itj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; ,aw;if rf;jpfs; MFk;. mitNa xt;nthU nghUspd; fhuzpfs;> rpwg;gpay;Gfs; MFk;. me;jf; fhuzpfs; jkJ jhf;f rf;jpia mg;nghUs;fis tpl;Lk; mupjhfNt gpupf;Fk;. mtw;wpd; Fwp jtWtJ kpff; FiwNt!

kf;fs; rpyupd; ghHit ,e;j ntspg;ilahd fhuzpfSf;Fk; ,aw;if rf;jpfSf;F mg;ghy; nry;tjpy;iy. mtHfspd; ghHit ,t;Tyf tho;f;ifNahL FWfptpLfpwJ. GyDf;Fl;gl;l ,e;jr; rlj;Jt cyNfhL epd;WtpLfpwJ.

cyfpy; epfOk; fhupaq;fs; tpisTfs; vg;nghOJNk mtw;wpw;Fupa fhuzpfshy; jhd; epfo;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd vd;W mtHfs; fUjpf;nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;. me;jf; fhuzpfSf;Fk; fhupaq;fSf;Fk; kj;jpapy; FWf;fpl;L jdJ KO ehl;lj;jpd;gb mjpfhuk; nrYj;jf;$ba NkYk; fhuzpfspd;wp fhupaq;fis cUthf;ff;$ba vt;tpj Kd;DjtpAkpd;wp> fUtpAkpd;wp mtw;iwg; gilg;gjw;F Mw;wYila NtnwhU rf;jp ,t;Tyfpy; ,y;iynad fUjpf;nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;!

tpisT vd;dthapw;W? ,e;jf; fUj;JilatHfs; ,e;jf; fhuzpfSld; kl;Lk; njhlHG nfhz;lhHfs;. mtw;whNyNa vy;yhk; epfo;fpd;wd vd;W ek;gpdhHfs;. flTis tzq;FtJ Nghy; ,tw;iw tzq;fj; jiyg;gl;lhHfs;. ,aw;iff; fhuzpfSf;Fk; (nghUl;fspd;) rpwg;Gj; jd;ikfSf;Fk; mg;ghy; cs;s Mw;wiy epuhfupj;jhHfs;. ,t;Tyfpd; v[khddhfTk; Ml;rpahsdhfTk; ,Ue;J - vy;iyapy;yhj jdJ KO mjpfhuj;ijr; nrYj;Jfpw XH (,iw) Mw;wy; cz;nld;gij kWj;jhHfs;. cyf tho;f;iff;Fg; gpwF kPz;Lk; xU tho;f;if cz;nld;gijAk; kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpwF kdpjHfs; kPz;Lk; capH nfhLj;njOg;gg;gl;L xd;W jpul;lg;gLtHfs; vd;gijAk; epuhfupj;jhHfs;.

,e;j ,aw;ifr; rf;jpfisAk; fhuzpfisAk; xt;nthU nghUl;fspd; ,ufrpaq;fisAk; trg;gLj;Jtjw;fhf jq;fSila Kaw;rpfisAk; Mw;wy;fs; jFjpfs; midj;ijAk; nryT nra;jhHfs;. cyfhajr; rhjdq;fisf; ifahStjw;Fg; ghLgl;lhHfs;. me;j vz;zj;JlDk; Vf;fj;JlDk; Rw;wpj; jpupe;jhHfs;. mj;jifa cyfhaj ,aw;ifr; rf;jpfis msT fle;J fz;zpag;gLj;jpdhHfs;. mtw;iwg; Gdpjkhff; fUjpdhHfs;. ,Wjpapy; mtw;iwNa ,ul;rfdhfTk; flTshfTk; mkHj;jptpl; lhHfs;.

,j;jifatHfs;> ,aw;if rf;jpf;Fk; nghUSf;Fk; mg;ghy; vJTNk ,y;iynad kWf;fj; jiyg;gl;lhHfs; vd;gJ kl;Lky;y ,aw;ifr; rf;jpfs; rpytw;iwf; iftrg;gLj;jp mtw;wpy; ,Ue;J jq;fs; Fwpf;Nfhis mile;J tpl;lhy; my;yJ me;j rf;jpfisj; jq;fsJ ehl;lj;jpw;Fk; Njitf;Fk; gzpa itj;J tpl;lhy; mg;nghOJ jq;fisNa $l flTshff; fUjpf; nfhs;fpwhHfs;. jq;fsplk; gilg;ghw;wy; (,iwahz;ik) ,Ug;gjhfr; nrhy; %yk; mwptpf;fpwhHfs;. my;yJ mtHfspd; eilKiw ghtidNa mjidg; Gyg;gLj;JfpwJ!

,j;jifatHfs; jhk; cyfpy; gpw kdpjHfis mbikg;gLj;jpdhHfs;. kf;fspd; capH> cilik> khdk;> kupahij Mfpatw;NwhL tpisahbdhHfs;. jq;fSila Fwpf;NfhisAk; kd ,r;irfisAk; epiwNtw;Wtjw;fhf my;yJ jq;fSila mgpyhirfis miltjw;fhf my;yJ jk; ,dj;jhupd; GfOf;fhf jk; ehl;bd; caHTf;fhf my;yJ jq;fSila fl;rpapdUf;F caH gjtpfs; fpilg;gjw;fhf mePjpf;Fs;shd me;j kf;fis jhq;fs; ehbathnwy;yhk; ge;jhbdhHfs;!

,t;Tyfpy; ,d;ndhU nfhs;if cs;sJ. mJ Ke;ija nfhs;iff;F NeH KuzhdJ. mbg;gilapYk; Nehf;fpYk; Nghf;fpYk; mjw;F NtWgl;lJ. mJ ,Jjhd; : ,e;j ,aw;ifr; rf;jpfs;> fhuzpfSf;F mg;ghy; xt;nthU nghUspYk; mikj;J itf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; rpwg;gpay;GfSf;F mg;ghy; NtnwhU kiwthd (,iw) rf;jp cs;sJ. mJNt> ,e;j ,aw;ifr; rf;jpfspd; fhuzpfspd; fbthsj;ij jdJ gpbapy; itj;jpUf;fpwJ.

NkYk; me;jf; fhupaq;fSf;F ,e;jf; fhuzpfNs %y fhuzkhf ,Ug;gJ Nghd;W midj;ijAk; mlf;fpahSk; ,iwahw;wy; ,e;jf; fhuzpfSf;F %y fhuzkhf cs;sJ. ,e;jf; fhuzpfs; ,iwehl;lj;jpw;Fk; fl;lisf;Fk; fl;Lg;gl;Nl ,aq;Ffpd;wd. Vnddpy; ,iwtd; jhd; me;jf; fhuzpfisg; gilj;jhd;. mtNd mtw;iw ,af;fTk; nra;fpwhd;! jhd; ehLfpw nghOJ me;jf; fhupaq;fis tpl;Lk; me;jf; fhuzpfisg; gpupf;fTk; nra;fpwhd;. mjhtJ fhuzpfs; ,Ue;jhYk; fhupaq;fs; epfohky; jLf;fpwhd;!

Mf> ,iwehl;lk; jhd; fhuzpfSf;nfy;yhk; %y fhuzp. mbg;gilfSf;nfy;yhk; %y mbg;gil! ‘mjw;F ,J fhuzk;.> ,jw;F ,d;ndhd;W fhuzk;’ vd;fpw rq;fpypj; njhlH ,iw ehl;lj;jpd; ghy;; nrd;W jhd; KbtilfpwJ!

,e;jg; Nguz;lj;ijAk; ,jpYs;s xt;nthU fhuzpfisAk; gilj;j vy;yhk; ty;y ,iwtdpd; ifapypUe;J ,t;Tyfpd; fbthsk; xU fzq;$l eOtplhJ.

,e;j ,aw;iff; fhuzpfs; midj;Jk; ,iwtDf;F mbikg;gl;bUg;gjpypUe;J mtDf;F mlq;fpapUg;gjpy; ,Ue;J tpyfplNth xU tpehb $l Rje;jpukhf ,aq;fplNth KbahJ! mtdJ fl;lisia kPwp Kuz;L gpbf;fNth mtDf;F vjpuhfr; nray;glNth mtw;why; ,ayhJ! thdj;jpYk; rup g+kpapYk; rup vJ xd;Wk; mtid ,ayhjtdhf;fpl KbahJ.

vy;yhg; nghUs;fisAk; mtw;wpd; rpwg;gpay;GfSld; mtNd ,izj;J itj;jhd;. fhupaq;fisf; fhuzpfSld; gpizj;J itj;jhd;. Kd; epfo;Tfisg; gpd; tpisTfSld; NrHj;J itj;jhd;! mjpy; mtDila KOikahd jj;JtKk; vy;yh mjpfuhKk; nfhz;l mtdJ ehl;lKk; cs;sJ. ,t;thnwy;yhk; ,izg;gtDk; mtNd! gpupg;gtDk; mtNd! Mf;FgtDk; mopg;gtDk; mtNd! vy;yhg;nghUs;fisAk; ,y;yhik vDk; epiyapy; ,Ue;J cUthf;fp ntspf;nfhzHgtDk; mtNd! VNjDk; xU nghUisg; gilf;f mtd; ehbdhy; MFf vd;Wjhd; mjw;F MizapLfpwhd;.> mJ MfptpLfpwJ!

,j;Jld; ,d;NdhH cz;ikAk; njspthfpwJ. mjhtJ> jhf;fq;fis Vw;gLj;Jk; NtW rpy fhuzpfSk; ,t;Tyfpy; nray;gl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd. mit jdp kdpjHfspYk; rKjhaq;fspYk; - ,aw;ifr; rf;jpfisg;Nghy; Vd; mtw;iw tplTk; fLk; ghjpg;ig Vw;gLj;jf;$baitahf cs;sd. me;jf; fhuzpfspdhy; Vw;gLk; gpd; tpisTfs; - ,aw;ifr; rf;jpfspdhy; tpisAk; cyfhaj tpisTfis tplTk; mjpfg; Gul;rp fukhditahfTk; kfj;jhditahfTk; cs;sd!

me;jf; fhuzpfs; ,itjhk;;: ,iw ek;gpf;if> ew;nray;fs;> cd;djkhd Fzeyd;fs;> my;yh`;Tf;F mbgzpjy;> mtid tzq;fp topgLjy;> ePjp> NeHik> fUiz> md;G Nghd;w caH gz;Gfs;!

,NjNghy ,tw;wpw;F NeH Kuzhd tpisTfis Vw;gLj;jf;$ba NtW rpy fhuzpfSk; cs;sd. mitjhk;: ,iw epuhfupg;G> ,iwnewpf;F vjpuhff; fpsHr;rp nra;jy;> cyfpy; muh[fk; tpistpj;jy;> mePjp ,ioj;jy;> kd ,r;irfSf;F mbikg;gLjy;> ghtq;fs; nra;jy; Nghd;w jPa gz;Gfs;!

xUtH ,aw;iff; fhuzpfisg; Gwf;fzpf;fhky; ey;tpisTfisj; jUk; cj;jkkhd Fzeyd;fisf; filg;gpbj;jhy; mtUf;F ,t;Tyfk; Kw;whf ,izq;fptpLk;. ,t;Tyf tho;f;if mtUf;F kfpo;r;rpfukhf mikAk;. mtUila nray;fspy; my;yh`; ,yFit Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhLg;ghd;. rpy Neuq;fspy; Njitahd #o;epiyfspy; ,aw;iff; fhuzpfisAk; mtUf;Ff; fPolq;fpr; nry;YkhW my;yh`; mikj;Jf; nfhLj;J toikf;F khwhd rpy tpNdhjq;fisAk; mtuplk; ,Ue;J ntspg;glr; nra;fpwhd;.

xUtH ,jw;F khwhd jPa Fzq;fisAk; nray;fisAk; jdJ tho;f;ifapy; Nkw;nfhz;lhy; mjHkj;ijAk; ,op elj;ijiaAk; filg;gpbj;jhy; ,aw;iff; fhuzpfs; kPJ kl;Lk; KO ek;gpf;if itj;J mjd; mbg;gilapy; jdJ KO tho;itAk; mikj;Jf; nfhz;lhy; ,t;Tyfk; mtDf;F vjpuhfr; nray;glj; njhlq;fptpLk;.> ve;jr; rf;jpfisj; jdf;Ff; fPo;g;gbAkhW trg;gLj;jp itj;jhNdh me;jrf;jpfNs xt;nthU tpehbAk; mtw;wpd; ghy; mtd; mjpfj; NjitAilatdhf ,Uf;Fk; epiyapy; me;j rf;jpfNs mtid Vkhw;wj; njhlq;fptpLk;.> ,aw;ifNa mtDf;F vjpuhff; fpsHe;njOe;J mtDf;Fj; Jd;gkhf khwptpLk;!

 

 

xU nfhs;ifg; Nghuhl;lj;jpd; rupijNa Fif mj;jpahak;!


,U rpe;jidfs;> ,U nfhs;iffs;> ,U fUj;JfSf;F kj;jpapyhd xU Nghuhl;lj;jpd; rupijNa ,e;jf; Fif mj;jpahak;! xd;W: ,aw;if rf;jpapd; kPJk; mjidg; gpd; njhlUk; gad;fspd; kPJk; kl;Lk; ek;gpf;if itj;jy; vDk; nfhs;if. kw;nwhd;W: my;yh`;itAk; /ifg; vDk; kiwthd cz;ikfisAk; ek;Gjy; vDk; nfhs;if!

,t;tpU nfhs;iffspdhy; tpisfpw Nfhl;ghLfs;> nray;fs;> FzghLfs;> jhf;fq;fs;> jpUg;gq;fs; Mfpait ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpy; tpsf;fg;gLfpd;wd. NkYk; cyfhaj rf;jpapd; kPJk; mjd; gad;fs; kPJk; kl;Lk; ek;gpf;if itf;fr; nrhy;fpw Ke;ija nfhs;ifiaf; filg;gpbg;gjdhy; my;yh`;itAk; /ifg; vDk; kiwthd cz;ikfisAk; kWf;fpw nfhs;ifiaf; filg;gpbg;gjdhy; Vw;gLk; NfLfs; gw;wp vr;rupf;ifAk; tpLf;fpwJ ,e;j mj;jpahak;!

 

 

Fifj; NjhoHfspd; rupij!


,g;nghOJ me;j ehd;F rupijfSf;F thUq;fs;. midj;jpw;Fk; Kjypy; ek; Kd; tUgJ Fifj; NjhoHfspd; rupij jhd;. Fifj; NjhoHfs; ahH? ,tHfspd; rupij vd;d? kdpj tuyhw;wpy; ,e;jr; rupijapd; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; vd;d? vy;yhf; fhyq;fspYk; ehLfspYk; vd;nwd;Wk; Xjp czuj;jf;f tifapy; ePbj;j epiyahd rupijahf FHMdpYk; ,jw;nfhU Kf;fpa ,lk; mspf;fg;gl;bUg;gJ Vd;? vd;gd gw;wp ehk; Muhe;jpl Ntz;Lk;!

 

 

fpwp];jt ,yf;fpaj;jpYk; rkaf; fijfspYk; ,lk; ngw;w rupij!


FHMdpd; mw;Gjkhd nkhopeilapy; - Fwpf;Nfhs; kpf;f fk;gPukhd mjd; tpsf;Fk; ghzpapy; - Njitaw;w rHr;irfNsh Njitf;fjpfkhd tp\aq;fNsh ,y;yhj mjd; ,yf;fpa eaj;jpy; Fifj; NjhoHfspd; rupijia ehk; fhz;gjw;F Kd;dhy; Kw;fhy rka Ntjq;fspYk; Kd;NdhHfsplkpUe;J jiyKiw jiyKiwahfg; Ngrg;gl;L te;j nrtptopf; fijfspYk; mJ gw;wp vd;d $wg;gl;Ls;sJ vd;gij ehk; ghHg;Nghk;. gpwF me;jf; fijf;Fk; FHMdpy; tpsf;fg;gl;Ls;s rupijf;Fk; vq;nfq;F ,zf;fKk; gpzf;Fk; cs;sd vd;gij Ma;T nra;Nthk;.

Fifj; NjhoHfspd; rupij gioa Vw;ghl;bd; (OLD TESTAMENT) VLfspy; ,lk; ngwtpy;iy. Vnddpy;> mJ fpwp];jt tuyhw;wpd; njhlf;fj;jpy; ele;j epfo;r;rp MFk;. mjhtJ ,e;j epfo;r;rp> <]h egpapd; rPlHfspd; %yk; vfj;Jtf; nfhs;ifapd; gf;fKk; rpiy topghl;ilf; iftpLkhWk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l gpur;rhug; gzp jPtpuk; mile;j gpwF epfo;e;jjhFk;. mg;nghOJ gioa Vw;ghl;bd; filrp VLfSk; njhFj;J Kbf;fg;gl;L tpl;ldNt!

,e;jr; rupijapy; <]h egpapd; rPlHfSila tPuKk; NeHtopapy; epiyj;jpUf;Fk; jPuKk; kpf vLg;ghf ,lk; ngw;wpUf;Fk; fhuzj;jhy; ,e;jr;rupijiag; ghJfhf;fNth kf;fspilNa gutr; nra;aNth ,aw;ifahfNt a+jHfs; Mty; nfhs;stpy;iy.

Mdhy; fpwp];jtHfisg; nghWj;jtiuapy; ,e;jr; rupij mtHfSf;F kpfTk; gpupakhd rkaf; fijfSs; xd;whfj; jpfo;fpwJ. Vnddpy; ,J kpfTk; tpNdhjkhd fijfSs; xd;W vd;gJ kl;Lky;y <]h egpapd; Muk;g fhyj;Jr; rPlHfspd; tPuj;ijAk; <khdpa cWjpiaAk; Vfj;Jtf; nfhs;ifiag; ghJfhg;gjw;fhf mtHfs; nra;j jpahfj;ijAk; NkYk; fpwp];jt kjj;jpd; Muk;gfhyg; gupRj;jkhd Nghjidfspy; mtHfs; nfhz;bUe;j cWjpg;ghl;ilAk; kpfj;njspthfg; glk; gpbj;Jf; fhl;Lfpw tuyhw;Wr; rhd;whfTk; ,J jpfo;fpwJ!

,d;Wk;$l Fifj; NjhoHfspd; rupij vy;yhf; fhyj;jpYk; vy;yh ehLfspYk; thOk; ,iwek;gpf;ifahsHfspd; cs;sq;fspy; <khd; vDk; ,iwek;gpf;ifiaf; nfhOe;J tpl;nlupar; nra;tjw;Fk; ,iwkhHf;fj;jpd; kPjhd Nuh\j;ij ce;jpnaor; nra;tjw;Fk; mrj;jpaj;ij vjpHf;Fk; Mw;wiyAk; NghHf;Fzj;ijAk; fpsHe;njsr; nra;tjw;;Fk; jFjpahd rupijahfj; jpfo;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpwJ!

,e;jr; rupijf;Fj; jdpj;jd;ik toq;Ffpw ,j;jifa rpwg;Gf; $Wfs;jhk;. ,J gy fhyq;fisf; fle;J epiyj;jpUg;gjw;Fk; cyfpd; gy ghfq;fspYk; guTtjw;Fk; kf;fs; jiyKiw jiyKiwahf ,jid vLj;Jr; nrhy;yp tUtjw;Fk; fhuzq;fsha; mike;jd!

,g;nghOJ ehk;> Muk;g fhy fpwp];jtHfs; ,e;jr; rupijia vg;gbg; Gupe;jpUe;jdH? gpd;dH Njhd;wpa jiyKiwapdUf;F ,ijg; gw;wp vj;jifa jfty;fis mspj;J te;jdH vd;gijg; ghHg;Nghk;!

 

 

NeH topapy; epiyj;J epd;w ,isQHfs;!


gz;ghLfs; kw;Wk; rkaq;fs; gw;wpa fiyf; fsQ;rpaj;jpy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s fUj;Jr; rhuk; tUkhW:1

(1.gpugy Mq;fpy tuyhw;whrpupaH vl;tHl; fpg;gd; ( Edward gibbon) vd;ghH Decline and fall of The Romen Empire - Nuhkhkpag; Nguurpd; eypTk; tPo;r;rpAk; vd;w jkJ E}ypy; ,e;jr; rupijia jdf;Nf cupa ghzpapy; vLj;jiuj; Js;shH. ,yf;fpak;> tuyhW> tpkHrdk;> tpsf;fk; Mfpa midj;J mk;rq; fSk; mjpYs;sd. NkYk; fpwp];jt kjf;f; fho;g;GzHr;rpAk; Njitapd;wp ,];yhj;ijr; rhbapUg;gJk; mjpy; vLg;ghfj; njupfpwJ! ghHf;f: ghfk; 2 gf;fk; 241 - 243 - Modern Library Giant Seriec)

Japy; nfhz;l VO ,isQHfspd; (Seven Sleepers) ,e;jr; rupij> gupRj;jthd;fs; gw;wpa rupijfspNyNa mwpTf;F ey;y tpUe;jhfTk; cynfq;Fk; Gfo;ngw;wjhfTk; cs;sJ. Guhjdkhd VLfs; midj;jpYk; ,lk;ngw;Ws;s tptuk; tUkhW:

jpf;ahD}]; (decius) vd;w kd;dd; fpNuf;fj;jpd; ,/gP]]; ( Ephesus) vd;w1 gok;ngUk; efUf;Fr; nrd;W mq;Nf rpiy topghl;L Kiwiag; GJg;gpj;jhd;;.

(1. ,e;jf; Fif mj;jpahaj;jpw;F tpupTiu jUk;nghOJ - igshtp> ie]hg+up> MY}rp> ,g;D fjPH Nghd;w ngUk;ghyhd tpupTiuahsHfs; ,e;epfo;r;rp eilngw;w CH ,/gP]]; vd;Nw fUJfpwhHfs;. fpwp];jt kj tuyhw;whrpupaHfs;> g+Nfhs ty;YeHfs; ngUk;ghNyhH$l ,t;thNw fUj;J njuptpj;Js;sdH. NguhrpupaH fpg;gDk; - NuhkhGupapd; eypTk; tPo;r;rp Ak; vd;fpw E}ypy; ,ijNa rupahd fUj;J vdf;$wpAs;shH. ,e;E}ypy; Japy; nfhz;l vOtupd; rupij vDk; gFjpapy; ,jidf; $wpAs;shH.

,e;j Cupd; g+Nfhs mikg;G Fwpj;J G];jhdpapd; fiyf; fsQ;rpaj;jpy; te;Js;s tptuk; tUkhW:

Mrpah fz;lj;jpYs;s mdhNlhyp ( Anatolie) jPg fw;gj;jpd; gd;dpuz;L rpw;W}Hfspy; ,e;j CUk; xd;W. ,J ,];kPH (Smyrne) vDk; ,lj;jpy; ,Ue;J 60 fp.kP. njiytpy; cs;sJ. NuhkhdpaH Nkw;fhrpa khfhzj;jpd; jiyefuhf ,jid mikj;jpUe;jdH. NkYk; kpfg; ngupa mstpy; nry;thf;Fld; ele;Jte;j tpahghu ikakhfTk; re;ijahfTk; ,e;efuk; jpfo;e;jJ.

MapDk; ,q;Nf mike;jpUe;j lahdh vd;w fpNuf;fj; nja;tj;jpd; gpukhz;lkhd tzf;fj; jyNk ,e;efuj;jpd; khngUk; ngUikahf tpsq; fpaJ. ,e;j tzf;fj; jyk; cyfpd; VO mw;Gjq;fSs; xd;whf; fzpf;fg; gLfpwJ! NkYk; fpNuf;f tzf;fj; jyq;fspNyNa ,JNt kpfg;ngupaJ.)

A Manual Of Bibel History vDk; E}ypy; mwpQH gpshf;fp $WfpwhH: ,/gP]]; efuk; Kw;fhy tuyhw;wpy; jj;Jtk;> Fbkf;fspd; fl;Lg;ghlw;w Nghf;F> xOf;ff;NfL Mfpatw;wpy; gpugykhf tpsq;fpaJ. jPnahOf;fj;jpw;F XH ctikahfNt ,e;j CH jpfo;e;jJ. ,e;ejupd; rpiy topghl;by;> Nkw;fj;jpa KiwAk; fpof;fj;jpa KiwAk; fye;jpUe;jd!)

rpiyfSf;Fg; gpuhzpfisg; gypapLkhWk; g+i[g; nghUl;fisr; rkHg;gpf;FkhWk; mq;Nf trpj;J te;j kf;fSf;F Fwpg;ghf fpwp];jtHfSf;Ff; fl;lis gpwg;gpj;jhd;. mjdhy; fpwp];jtHfspy; xU gpuptpdH jk;Kila fpwp];jtf; nfhs;ifiaf; iftpl;ldH. NtW xU rpyH kl;LNk Ml;rpahsHfs; ,ioj;j nfhLikfisAk; Jd;gq;fisAk; jhq;fpf;nfhz;L jkJ kjj;jpNyNa epiyj;jpUe;jdH.

,e;jf; fl;lj;jpy; murdplk; VO ,isQHfisg; gw;wp Kiwaplg;gl;lJ. (rpy mwptpg;Gfspy; mtHfs; vl;Lg; NgH vd cs;sJ) murhq;fg; gpuKfHfSf;Fupa khspiffspNyNa mtHfs; tho;e;J te;jdH. mtHfSila ngaHfs; Fwpj;J gy;NtW fUj;Jfs; cs;sd. me;j ,isQHfs; kiwKfkhf fpwp];jt kjj;ijg; gpd;gw;WfpwhHfs; vd;Wk; rpiyfSf;F g+i[ Gd\;fhuq;fs; rkHg;gpg;gjpy;iy vd;Wk; mtHfs; kPJ Fw;wk; Rkj;jg;gl;lJ.

me;j ,isQHfs; kPJ clNd eltbf;if vLf;fhky; fhy mtfhrk; mspj;jhd;> murd;! mg;nghOJ mtHfs; jk; jtw;iw vz;zp kdk; tUe;jp fpwp];jt kjj;ij tpl;Lk; jpUk;gp tpLthHfs;.> jpUe;jptpLthHfs; vd;W vjpHghHj;jhd;. ,jw;fpilNa murd; Ciu tpl;Lk; ntspNawpdhd;.

,e;j fhyfl;lj;jpy; me;j ,isQHfs; mt;t+iu tpl;Lk; ntspNawp mUfpy; ,Ue;j kiyf; Fif xd;wpy; jQ;rk; milfpwhHfs;. me;j kiyapd; ngaH Ancilus MFk;.

,e;epiyapy; Dimoedws my;yJ Imblicus vd;w NjhoH mOf;Fg; gbe;j> fpope;j> gioa MilfspNyNa ahUf;Fk; njupahky; Fifia tpl;Lk; ntspf;fpsk;gp CUf;Fs; nry;fpwhH.> nra;jpfisj; njupe;J tu Ntz;Lk;.> czT thq;fp tu Ntz;Lk; vd;gNj mtuJ Nehf;fk;.

,jw;Fs;shf murDk; CH jpUk;Gfpwhd;. me;j ,isQHfisj; jd;dplk; nfhz;L tUkhW fl;lis gpwg;gpf;fpwhd;.

czT thq;fpf;nfhz;L jpUk;gpa me;jj;NjhoH> murdpd; fl;lisiaj; jk; NjhoHfSf;Fj; njuptpf;fpwhH. ftiyAk; fyf;fKk; nfhz;l epiyapy; midtUk; czT cl;nfhs;fpwhHfs;. gpd;dH Mo;e;j> ePz;l epj;jpiuapy; midtUk; %o;fp tpLfpwhHfs;. my;yh`; jhd; mj;jifa J}f;fj;ij mtHfs; kPJ rhl;Lfpwhd;.

me;j ,isQHfisg; gw;wp murdhy; mwpa Kbahky; Md nghOJ mtHfspd; ngw;Nwhiu mioj;J tprhupj;jhd;. mjw;F mtHfs;> me;j ,isQHfs; Xbg;Nghdjw;Fk; vq;fSf;Fk; ve;jj; njhlHGk; fpilahJ.> ,e;jr; rjpj;jpl;lj;jpy; kiwKf cjtp vJTk; ehq;fs; nra;;atpy;iy vd;W njuptpj;jhHfs;. mj;Jld; Md;rpy]; kiyapy; me;j ,isQHfs; xspe;jpUf;fpwhHfs; vd;gijAk; murdplk; nrhy;yp tpLfpwhHfs;!

mjidf; Nfl;lJk; murd;> me;jf; Fif thriyg; ngUk; ghwhq;fy; nfhz;L milf;f Miz gpwg;gpj;jhd;. me;jf; Fiff;Fs;NsNa me;j ,isQHfs; capUld; GijAz;L mtHfspd; tpidahNyNa mtHfs; kuzk; milal;Lk; vd;gjw;fhfNt mt;thW nra;jhd;!

Theodore kw;Wk; Rufinus vDk; fpwp];jtH ,UtH tPuj;jpahfpfshd me;j ,isQHfspd; rupijia xU <aj; jfl;by; vOjp Fifia milj;jpUe;j ghiwf;F mbapy; mjidg; Gijj;J tpLfpwhHfs;!

 

 

jpwe;jJ Fif thry;!


Kd;D}w;wp VO Mz;Lfs; cUz;Nlhba gpwF ,uz;lhk; jpNahjPn]]; kd;ddpd; Ml;rp fhyj;jpy; ehl;by; ngUk; Gul;rp xd;W ntbj;jJ. fpwp];tHfs; rpyH mjid topelj;jpdhHfs;. mtHfspy; Theodore vd;w ghjpupapd; jiyikia Vw;wpUe;j xU $l;lj;jpdH kWikf; nfhs;ifia kWj;jhHfs;. mjhtJ> kuzpj;jtHfs; kPz;Lk; kWTyfpy; vOg;gg;gLtijAk; ,e;j cly;fSlNdNa mq;F midtUk; xd;Wjpul;lg;gLtJ rhj;jpaNk vd;gijAk; epuhfupj;jhHfs;. me;j jPtpug; Gul;rpiaf; fz;L fpwp];jt kd;dH epiyFiye;J Nghdhd;.

,e;epiyapy; Adolius vd;w ngaH nfhz;l CHj; jiytH xUtupd; cs;sj;jpy; my;yh`; XH vz;zj;ijg; Nghl;lhd;. me;jf; Fif mike;jpUe;j ikjhdj;jpy; jd;Dila MLfSf;fhfg; gl;b xd;iwf; fl;l tpUk;gpdhH. mjidf; fl;Ltjw;fhf te;j fl;blf; fiyQHfs; Fifia milj;jpUe;j ghwhq; fy;iyg; gad;gLj;jpdhHfs;. ,t;thwhfr; rpwpJ rpwpjhff; Fif thry; jpwf;fg;gl;lJ.

 

 

kWikf;fhd Mjhuk;


,e;Neuj;jpy; my;yh`; me;j ,isQHfis tpopj;njor; nra;fpwhd;. tpopj;njOe;j ,isQHfSf;F ehk; XupuT jhd; ,q;F J}q;fpf;nfhz;bUe;Njhk; vd;Nw Njhd;WfpwJ! jp]P]; kd;ddpd; ifahy; jhq;fs; midtUk; kuzk; mila Neupl;lhYk; guthapy;iy.> midtUk; jpahfpfshf kuzk; milNthk; vd;W #Siuj;Jf; nfhs;fpwhHfs;!

mtHfspy; Diomedes vd;w NjhoH xUtH tof;fk; Nghy; CUf;Fs; nry;fpwhH. Cupd; Eiothrypy; rpYit nrJf;fp itf;fg;gl;bUg;gijf; fz;L mjd; Kd;dhy; jpifj;Jg;Ngha; epw;fpwhH. epiyik vd;d vd;gNj mtUf;Fg; Gupatpy;iy. mt;topNa Ngha;f;nfhz;bUe;j xUtuplk; ,Jjhd; ,/gP]];; gl;lzkh? vd;W Nfl;Lj;njupa Ntz;bajhapw;W mtUf;F! CupDs; Vw;gl;bUe;j ,t;tsT ngupa khw;wj;ijj; jk; NjhoUf;Fj; njuptpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W mtuJ cs;sj;jpy; Mty; nghq;FfpwJ.

MapDk; jdJ Mtiyf; fl;Lg;gLj;jpf; nfhz;L czT thq;FfpwhH. jhd; nfhz;L te;jpUe;j gzq;fis mjw;fhd fpuakhff; nfhLf;fpwhH. mit jp]P]; kd;dd; fhyj;jpy; kf;fsplj;jpy; Gof;fj;jp;y; ,Ue;j ehzaq;fshFk;.

mtw;iwg; ghHj;j filf;fhuUk; filj;njUtpy; ,Ue;j kw;wtHfSk; ,e;j ,isQd; goq;fhyj;Jg; Gijay; xd;iwf; fz;nlLj;jpUf;fpwhd; vd;W fUJfpwhHfs;. mg;gbahdhy; mjpy; jq;fSf;Fk; xU gq;F Ntz;Lk; vd;W eg;ghir Vw;gLfpwJ> mtHfSf;F! mjdhy; ,e;j ,isQiug; gaKWj;JfpwhHfs;. Cupd; eLNt - tPjpfs; topahf mtiu ,Oj;Jf; nfhz;L nry;fpwhHfs;. mjidf; fhz;gjw;F kf;fs; $l;lk; Kz;babj;Jf; nfhz;L tUfpwJ. me;jg; ngUq;$l;lj;jpd; eLNt jdf;F mwpKfkhdtH ahNuDk; njd;gLfpwhuh vd;W me;j ,isQH Njbg;ghHf;fpwhH. mg;gb ahUk; fpilf;ftpy;iy!

me;j Cupd; Ml;rpajpfhupahd ghjpup xUtH me;j ,isQuplk; tprhupf;fpwhH. jdJ ePz;l rupijiag; ghjpupaplk; vLj;Jr; nrhy;fpwhH ,isQH. jd;NdhL Fiff;F te;J jd;Dila NjhoHfisAk; re;jpf;FkhW midtiuAk; miof;fpwhH. vy;NyhUk; kiy cr;rpf;F VWfpwhHfs;. mq;Nf ,uz;L <ag; gyiffisf; fhz;fpwhHfs;. mtw;wpy; me;j ,isQH $wpa tptuq;fs; nghwpf;fg;gl;bUe;jd. vy;NyhUk; FifapDs; EiofpwhHfs;. mq;Nf mtUila NjhoHfs; midtUk; capUld; ,Uf;ff; fhz;fpwhHfs;. mtHfspd; Kfq;fspy; mikjpAk; xspAk; ,yq;fpf; nfhz;bUe;jd!

nra;jp ,uz;lhk; jpNahjPn]]; kd;dDf;F vl;baJ. mtUk; me;j ,isQiuf; fhz;gjw;fhff; Fiff;F tUfpwhH. mg;nghOJ mtuplk;- Achillides my;yJ Maximilian vd;w NjhoH $wpdhH:

"my;yh`;jhd; mtHfis ePz;l epj;jpiuapy; Mo;j;jpdhd;.> gpwF kWik ehs; Vw;gLk; Kd;dH vq;fis tpopj;njoTk; nra;Js;shd;. ,jd; Nehf;fk;> kWTyfj;jpy; kdpjHfs; midtUk; capUld; vOg;gg;gl;L xd;W jpul;lg;gLthHfs; vd;gjw;F XH Mjhuk; rkHg;gpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gJjhd;!"

gpwF me;j ,isQHfs; ,Wjpahd ,aw;if kuzk; mile;jhHfs;. mtHfspd; epidthf Nuhkhdpa Myak; xd;W mt;tplj;jpy; vOg;gg;gl;Ls;sJ.1

(1. gz;ghL kw;Wk; rkaq;fs; gw;wpa fiyf; fsQ;rpak;. jiyg;G: Japy; nfhz;l VO NgH. ---- ,g;D [uPH jgup mtHfSk; Vida jpUf; FHMd; tpupTiuahsHfSk; ,];yhkpa mwpQHfSk; - ,g;D ,];`hf; cila mwptpg;Gld; - ,e;jr; rupijiaj; jkJ E}y;fspy; tpyhthupahf ,lk; ngwr; nra;Js;shHfs;. mtw;wpy; gy;NtW a+fq;fSk; fw;gidfSk; fye;J tpl;bUf;fpd;wd. mjw;Ff; fhuzk; - mtHfSila fhyj;jpy; fpwp];jt kj %yhjhu E}yfs; gutyhff; fpilf;ftpy;iy vd;gJk; fpwp];jt kjk; muR mq;fPfhuk; cilajhf MFtjw;F Kd;dH NuhkhGupapd; tuyhw;iw mtHfs; KOikahf mwpe;jpUf;f tha;g;gpy;iy vd;gJk;jhd;. cjhu zj;jpw;F ghHf;f: j/g;]PH ,g;D [uPH ghfk; 15 gf;fk; 126 - ,jdhy;jhd; ,e;E}y;fis tpl;Ltpl;L fpwp];jt kj %yhjhu E}y;fspy; ,Ue;J kl;Lk; ehk; vLj;njOjpAs;Nshk;.)

 

 

tuyhw;W Kf;fpaj;Jtk;


,e;jr; rupijf;F ve;j msT tuyhw;W Kf;fpaj;Jtk; cs;snjdpy;> ngUk; ngUk; tuyhw;whrpupaHfs; kl;Lky;y> kf;fsplk; gutpAs;s fijfs;> rk;gtq;fis tpkHrdk; nra;gtHfs;$l ,e; epfo;r;rpapd; cz;ik gw;wp; Iak; nfhs;stpy;iy. ,J epfo;e;jpUf;f KbAk; vd;Nw fUJfpd;wdH. Vnddpy; ,e;epfo;r;rp fpwp];jt cyfk; KOtJk; Gfo; ngw;wpUe;jJ. gz;ila VLfs; midj;jpYk; ,lk; ngw;wpUe;jJ. kf;fSk; jiyKiw jiyKiwahf ,jid epidT $He;J te;Js;sdH!

,JNghd;w GJikahd epfo;r;rpfs; fijfisnay;yhk; Nkhrbahdit vd;W tpkHrdk; nra;Ak; NghurpupaH fpg;gd; ,t;thW $WfpwhH:

,e;jg; GJikahd rupijia ntWk; fpNuf;fj;Jf; fl;Lf;fij vd;Wk; fpNuf;fHfshy; cz;ik Nghy; nkU$l;lg;gl;l rkaf;fij vd;Wk; nrhy;yptpl KbahJ. Vnddpy; XH mw;Gjkhf vLj;Jiuf;fg;gLfpw ,e;epfo;r;rp ele;j gpwF Ik;gJ Mz;Lfs; tiu mJ gw;wp ek;gj;jFe;j gy mwptpg;Gfs; fpilj;Js;sd. ,uz;lhk; jpa+jPn]]; kd;ddpd; Ml;rpf; fhyj;jpw;Fr; rupahf ,uz;lhz;LfSf;Fg; gpd;dH gpwe;jtuhd N[k;]; M/g; rhu]; (Jams of Sarus ) vd;w \hk; Njrj;J ghjpup xUtH jhk; vOjpa 230 rupj;jpuf; fijfspy; xU fijia ,/gP]P]; efuj;Jg; Gfo; ngw;w ,isQH (Fifj; NjhoH)fSf;fhf xJf;fpapUf;fpwhH!

NkYk; fp.gp. 6 Mk; E}w;whz;L epiwtilAk; Kd;Ng ,e;jf; Fifj;NjhoHfspd; rupij fpupNfhup (Gregory Of Tours) vd;w fpNuf;f mwpQdpd; Kaw;rpahy; fpNuf;f nkhopapy; ,Ue;J yj;jPd; nkhopf;Fg; ngaHf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

fPio ehl;L fpwp];jt cyfpy; eilngw;W te;j ,uhNgh[dk; (Eauvharist) njhlHghd jpUf;$l;lq;fspy; Fifj; NjhoHfspd; GfOk; jpahfKk; fz;zpaj;NjhL epidT $wg;gl;L te;Js;sJ. kl;Lky;y ,e;j ,isQHfspd; ngaHfs; Nuhkhdpag; gz;biffspYk; u\pa ehl;Lg; gQ;Qhq;fj;jpYk; KOikahf ,lk; ngw;wpUe;jd! ,j;jifa Mjhuq;fspy; ,Ue;J - Fifj; NjhoHfspd; rupij fpwp];jt cyfj;jpy; kl;Lk; Gfo;ngw;wpUf;ftpy;iy vdj; njupfpwJ!1

(1.NguhrpupaH fpg;gdpd; Nuhkhdpag; Nguurpd; eypTk; tPo;r;rpAk; vDk; E}ypy; ghfk; 2 gf;fk; 241 - 243 Japy; nfhz;l VO NgH vDk; gFjpiag; ghHf;fTk;. (Modern Library Giant Series U.S.A ))

 

 

Mz;L vz;zpf;ifapy; fUj;J NtWghL


Fifj; NjhoHfs; J}q;fpf; fopj;jit 300 Mz;Lfs; vd;Wk; 309 Mz;Lfs; vd;Wk; ,Utpjkhd fUj;Jfs; cs;sd. 300 Mz;Lfs; vd fpwp];jtHfs; mwptpj;jpUg;gjhf ,];yhkpa tpupTiuahsHfs; vLj;Jiuf;fpwhHfs;. gz;ghL kw;Wk; rkak; gw;wpa fiyf; fsQ;rpaj;jpy; 309 Mz;Lfs; vd cs;sd.

Mdhy; FHMdpy; te;jpUg;gJNghy; - 300 my;yJ 309 Mz;Lfs; vDk; tpj;jpahrk; gw;wp - mJ #upakhd kw;Wk; re;jpukhdf; fzpg;Gfspdhy; Vw;gl;lJ vd;W Kw;fhy FHMd; tpupTiuahsHfs; tpsf;fk; mspf;fpwhHfs;.

my;yhkh ,g;D fjPH (u`;) mtHfs; $WfpwhHfs;: "Fifj; NjhoHfs; Fifapy; jq;fpapUe;j fhy msit ,e;j trdj;jpd; %yk; my;yh`; jd;Dila J}jUf;F mwptpj;Jf; nfhLf;fpwhd;. mjhtJ> my;yh`;> me;j ,isQHfisj; J}f;fj;jpy; Mo;j;jpaJ Kjy; mtHfis tpopj;njor; nra;jJ tiu mf;fhy kf;fs; me;j ,isQHfs; capUld; ,Ug;gijf; fz;bwpe;jJ tiuapyhd fhy msit mwptpj;Jf; nfhLf;fpwhd;. mjd; msT Kd;D}W Mz;Lfs;.> mijNa re;jpukhdf; fzf;Fg;gb ghHj;jhy; xd;gJ Mz;Lfs; mjpfupf;Fk;. Kd;D}W Mz;Lfs; vd;gJ #upakhdf; fzf;fpd; mbg;gilapyhFk;. xt;nthU E}w;whz;ilAk; re;jpukhdg;gbAk; #upakhdg;gbAk; fzf;fpl;lhy; %d;whz;Lfs; tpj;jpahrg;gLk; vd;Wk; mwptpj;Jf; nfhLf;fpwhd;. ,jdhy; jhd; Fifapy; mtHfs; Kd;D}W Mz;Lfs; jq;fpdhHfs; vd;W $wpa gpd;dH- (rpyH) xd;gJ Mz;Lfisf; $l;bf; fzf;fplyhdhHfs; - vd;W my;yh`; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shd;" (ghHf;f: j/g;]PH ,g;D fjPH> #uj;Jy; f`;gpd; tpsf;fTiu)

fiyf; fsQ;rpaj;jpy; ,lk;ngw;wjhf ehk; vLj;njOjpajd; gbAk; fpg;gdpd; E}ypYk; fhyh fhykhf kf;fspilNa Ngrg;gl;Lg; gpugykhfp cs;sjd; gbAk; tuyhw;W VLfspYk; jpUf;FHMd; tpupTiufspYk; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;sjd;gbAk; mjhtJ> Fifj; NjhoHfs; jiykiwthdJk; Fifapy; jQ;rk; GFe;jJk; jp]P]; vd;w Nuhkhdpa kd;ddpd; fhyj;jpy; eilngw;wJ. me;j kd;didj;jhd; mNugpa tuyhw;whrpupaHfSk; ,];yhkpa mwpQHfSk; Vida nghJkf;fSk; jpf;ahD}]; vd;W ngaH nfhz;L miof;fpwhHfs;. ,e;j kd;dd; (md;iwa fhyj;jpy; J}a Vfj;Jtkhf ,Ue;j) fpwp];jt kjf;nfhs;ifia mopg;gjw;F Nkw;nfhz;l tuyhw;Wg; gpugykhd mf;fpukq;fs;> mlf;FKiwfspd; tpisthfNt me;j ,isQHfs; Xb xspe;jhHfs;. gpwF mtHfs; fz;Lgpbf;fg;gl;lJk; mtHfspd; epiyik ntsp cyfpw;Fj; njupate;jJk; Vfj;Jtf; nfhs;ifapy; ek;gpf;if nfhz;ltuhd ,uz;lhk; jpa+jP]p]; vd;w fpwp];jt kd;ddpd; fhyj;jpy; eilngw;wJ vd;fpw jfty;fspd; gb ,t;thW XH Iak; vOg;gg;gLfpwJ:

,e;j ,U kd;dHfSf;Fk; ,ilg;gl;l fhyk; ngUk;ghYk; ,uz;L E}w;whz;LfSf;F Nky; NghfhNj! (me;j ,isQHfs; Kd;D}W Mz;Lfs; epj;jpiuapy; Mo;e;jhHfs; vd;W vg;gb nrhy;yg;gl;lJ?)

,jid mbg;gilahf itj;Jjhd; Fifapy; me;jj; NjhoHfs; jq;fpapUe;j fhyj;ij epHzapj;J FHMdpy; te;Js;s vz;zpf;if gw;wp vl;tHl;L fpg;gd; gupfhrk; nra;fpwhH!

Kw;fhy> jw;fhy tpupTiuahsHfspy; rpyH1 ,e;j Iaj;jpy; ,Ue;J jg;Gtjw;fhf ,t;thW tpsf;fk; juNtz;ba fl;lhaj;jpw;F MshapdH: FHMdpy; te;Js;s mtHfs; jq;fsJ Fifapy; 300 Mz;Lfs; jq;fpdhHfs;. rpyH xd;gJ Mz;Lfis mjpfkhf;fpdhHfs; vDk; thf;fpak; my;yh`;tpd; jPHg;G my;y.> FHMd; epHzapj;jJk; my;y. Ntjk; toq;fg;gl;ltHfspd; fUj;jhNt mJ nrhy;yg;gl;Ls;sJ. vdNt ,J mtHfSila thjq;fs;> fzpg;Gfspy; NrHe;jjhFk;. kl;Lky;y ,e;j thf;fpak; mjw;F Kd;Ds;s trdj;Jld; ,ize;jjhFk;. mjpYk; ,Nj Nghd;Nw Fifj;NjhoHfs; vj;jid NgH vd;gjpy; Ke;ija Ntjf;fhuHfsplk; ,Ue;j fUj;J NtWghLfisj;jhd; my;yh`; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shd;. me;j trdk; ,Jjhd;:

"me;j ,isQHfs; %tH.> mtHfspy; ehd;fhtJ mtHfspd; eha; vd;W mtHfs; $WtH. (NtW rpyH) mtHfs; ItH.> mtHfspy; MwhtJ mtHfspd; eha; vd;W - kiwthd kiwthd tp\aj;ij (j; jtwhff; fzpj;J) $WtH. (,d;Dk; rpyNuh) VONgH.> mtHfspy; vl;lhtJ mtHfspd; eha; vd;Wk; $WtH"

fj;jhjh(uyp) kpj;j/g; gpd; mg;Jy;yh`;(uyp) MfpNahupd; fUj;Jk; ,JNt vd;Wk; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ.

,e;jf; fUj;Jf;F ,irthf fpuhmj;J\; \hj;jh (jdpg;gl;l fpuhmj; xd;Wk;) mwptpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ: mJ Ntjf; fhuHfs; $wpdhHfs; vd;Nw njhlq;FfpwJ:

"Ntjf; fhuHfs; $wpdhHfs;: mtHfs; jq;fsJ Fifapy; Kd;D}W Mz;Lfs; jq;fpdhHfs;. (rpyH) xd;gJ Mz;Lfis mjpfkhf;fpdhHfs;"

,t;thW $WNthH jq;fsJ fUj;J Mjhukhf mLj;J tUk; trdj;ijr; Rl;bf;fhl;LfpwhHfs;. mJ ,Jjhd;:

"(egpNa>) ePH $WtPuhf: mtHfs; jq;fpapUe;j fhyj;ij my;yh`;jhd; ed;F mwpe;jtd;. thdq;fs;> g+kpapd; ufrpaq;fs; ahTk; mtDf;Nf njupAk;!" (18: 26)

me;j ,isQHfs; 300 \ 309 Mz;Lfs; jq;fpdhHfs; vd;gJ my;yh`;tpd; jPHg;ghf ,Ue;jhy; gpwF gpur;idiaj; jd; gf;fk; tpl;LtpLkhW egpf;F fl;lisapl;bUf;f khl;lhd;. - ,g;D mg;gh];(uyp) mtHfSk; ,t;thNw tpsf;fk; mspj;jUg;gjhff; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ.

(1.mj;j/g;]PUy; fh]pkpa;A -tpy; my;yhkh [khYj;jPd; fh]pkp mtHfisAk; j/g;`PKy; FHMdpy; nksyhdh mGy; m/yh nksJ}jp mtHfisAk; Nghd;W.)

 

 

,e;j thjj;jpw;F gjpy;


my;yhkh MY}]p mtHfs; $WfpwhHfs;: ,g;D mg;gh];(uyp) mtHfspd; fUj;Jk; ,JNt vd;W nrhy;yg;gl;bUg;gJ rupay;y. Vnddpy; Fifapy; jq;fpa Mz;Lfs; vj;jid vd;gJ Nghd;wJ jhd; me;jj;NjhoHfs; vj;jid NgH vd;fpw gpur;idAk;! ,jpYk; 3 \ 5 \ 7 vdg; gy fUj;Jfs; cs;sd. my;yh`; ,e;jf; fUj;Jfisf; Fwpg;gpl;Ltpl;L filrpapy; - ‘mtHfsJ vz;zpf;ifia vd; ,iwtNd ed;F mwpe;jtd; vd;W (egpNa) ePH $WtPuhf’ vdf; fl;lisapl;L ,e;jg; gpur;ridiaAk; jd;dplk; tpl;LtpLkhWjhd; $wpAs;shd;.

,e;j ,lj;jpy; ,g;D mg;gh];(uyp) mtHfs; me;j ,isQHfs; VO NgH vd;W tpsf;fk; je;jpUg;gjhfj; njspthd XH mwptpg;G te;Js;sJ. ,t;tpU ,lq;fspYk; gpur;idiaj; jd;dplk; tpl;L tpLkhWjhd; my;yh`;fl;lisapl;Ls;shd;. me;jf; fl;lis mtHfs; VO NgH vd;w fUj;ij kWg;gjhf ,g;D mg;gh];(uyp) mtHfs; fUjhjnghOJ 300 \ 309 vd;gij kl;Lk; mJ kWg;gjhf mtHfs; fUJfpwhHfs; vd;gJ vg;gb cz;ikahf KbAk;? mg;gb ntt;NtW nghUs; nfhLg;gjw;F ,t;tpU trdq;fSf;Fk; vt;tpj NtWghLk; ,y;iyNa!

%j;j khHf;f mwpQHfs; rpyUk; ,e;jf; fUj;ij kWj;Js;shHfs;.> mtHfs; $WfpwhHfs;: "mugp nkhopapd; rPuhd ,ag;G zHNt ,e;jf; fUj;ij Vw;gjpy;iy. FHMid XJk; vtUk; ,t;tFg;ghupd; GJtpsf;fj;ij Cd;wpg; gbj;jhNy jtpu Rakhf ,JNghy; Gupa khl;lhd;"

,khk; uh[p $WfpwhHfs;: "mtHfs; %tH.> mtHfspy; ehyhtJ mtHfsJ eha; vd;W mtHfs; $WthHfs;" vd;gJ 22 tJ trdj;jpd; njhlf;fkhFk;. Mdhy; 300 \ 309 Mz;Lfs; mtHfs; Fifapy; jq;fpapUe;jhff; $WtJ 25 Mk; trdk;! ,t;tpU trdq;fSf;F kj;jpapy; "mtHfisg; gw;wp (kf;fsplk;) mjpfk; jHf;fk; GupahjPH.> NkNyhl;lkhd KiwapNy jtpu!" vDk; 22 Mk; trdj;jpd; ,Wjpj; njhlH gpupj;J tpLfpwJ! vdNt Ntjf;fhuHfspd; fUj;JNtWghLfs; gw;wpa tptuk; 22 tJ trdj;Jld; Kbe;JtpLtjhy; - 24 Mk; trdj;jpy; mtHfs; 300 \ 309 Mz;Lfs; Fifapy; jq;fpajhff; $WtJ jpUf;FHMdpd; jPHg;Ng MFk;. mjw;F Kd;djhf "(egpNa>) ePH $WtPuhf: mtHfs; jq;fpapUe;j fhyj;ij my;yh`; jhd; ed;F mwpe;jtd;. thdq;fs;> g+kpapd; ufrpaq;fs; ahTk; mtDf;Nf njupAk;!" vDk; trdk; ,lk; ngw;wpUg;gjhy; mJ Ntjf;fhuHfspd; fUj;jhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ mtrpakpy;iy!"

,khk; ,g;D ijkpa;ah $WfpwhHfs;: "mtHfs; vt;tsT fhyk; jq;fpdhHfs; vd;gij my;yh`; jhd; ed;F mwpe;jtd; vDk; trdj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; 300\ 309 Mz;Lfs; jq;fpajhfr; nrhy;yg;gl;lJ Ntjf;fhuHfspd; fUj;jhFk; vd;gjhf tpupTiuahsHfspy; rpyH jtwhf tpsf;fk; jUfpwhHfs;. Mdhy; mJ mg;gbay;y.> my;yh`; mjid Ntjf;fhuHfspd; fUj;jhff; $wtpy;iy.> jdJ jPHg;ghfNt $wpAs;shd;" (E}y;: my; [thG]; ]`P`; ypkd; gj;jy jPdy; k]P`;)

 

 

vJ rupahd fUj;J?


FHMd; $Wfpd;w vz;zpf;iff;Fk; Nuhkhdpa tuyhw;wpd; tpsf;fj;jpd;gb mikfpd;w fpg;gd; epHzapf;fpd;w vz;zpf;iff;Fk; kj;jpapy; fw;gpf;fg;gLk; NkhjYk; IaKk; vq;fpUe;J te;jJ vd;gijg; ghHf;f Ntz;Lk;.

rpy ,isQHfs; jiykiwthfp FifapDs; jQ;rk; GFe;j epfo;r;rp jp]P]; kd;ddpd; fhyj;jpy; eilngw;wjhFk; vd;W gpygykhfptpl;l fUj;Jjhd; ,jw;F fhuzk;. ,tdJ Ml;rp fhyk; fp.gp. 249 Mk; Mz;L nrg;lk;gH khjj;jpypUe;J fp.gp. 251 Mk; Mz;L [_d; khjk; tiu jhd;.

,e;j fijapd; ehafdhf ,e;j kd;didj; njhlHGgLj;jpaJ ,tidg; gw;wpg; gpugykhd ,e;jr; nra;jpfshfj;jhd; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;: mjhtJ> Kul;Lf; Fzk;> kdpj capHfis mepahakhff; nfhiy nra;jy;> fpwp];jtHfspd; kPJ fl;ltpo;j;J tpl;l nfhLikfs;> rpiyfSf;F g+i[g; nghUl;fisAk; gypg;gpuhzpfisAk; rkHg;gpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; Fwpg;gpl;l muR mjpfhupfs; Kd;dpiyapy; mtw;iwr; nra;J fhl;b mtHfsplk; rhd;wpjo;fs; ngw Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; tw;GWj;jpaJ Nghd;witjhk;.1

(1. ghHf;f: gpupl;lhdpa fiyf; fsQ;rpak; jiyg;G: jp]P]; (Decius) ghfk; 7 gf;fk; 157> Nuhkhdpa tuyhw;iw mwppe;jtHfSf;F ,J njupahkkypUf;f KbahJ. mjhtJ> rpiyfSf;Fg; g+iIfs; nra;J mjw;fhd rhd;wpjo; ngw Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ Nghd;w eilKiwiaj; Njhw;Wtpj;jtd; my;yJ mjw;Fj; J}z;LNfhyhf ,Ue;jtd; jp]P]; kd;dd; my;yd;.> mtDf;F ntF fhyj;jpw;F Kd;dH Ml;rp nra;j Jwh[hd; vd;w kd;dd;jhd; ,t;thnwy;yhk; nra;jJ. mtdJ Ml;rpapy;jhd; igj;Jy; Kfj;j]; kw;Wk; `yg; ,U efuq;fspd; ghjpupfs; ,UtUf;F kuz jz;lid tpjpf;fg; gl;lJ> mt;tpUtUk; fpwp];jtHfs; vd;fpw xNu fhuzj;jpw;fhf! ghHf;f: History Of The Christian Church – By Georgeh . Dryer gf;fk; 65 – 66)

Mdhy; ,e;j kd;dd;jhd; ,e;j epfo;r;rpf;Fg; nghWg;ghdtd; vd;Wk; ,tNd ,jd; fjhehafd; vd;Wk; Fwpg;gpLtjpy; ngUk; Ia;ag;ghl;il Vw;gLj;JtJ vd;dntdpy;> ,tdJ Ml;rpf; fhyk; kpfkpff; FiwT. ,uz;L Mz;Lfs;$l ,Uf;fhJ. kl;Lky;y ,t;tsT FWfpa Ml;rpf; fhyj;jpy;$l Goths - $j;jhH vd;w ,dj;jpdUld; NghH Guptjpy;jhd; ,td; <Lgl;bUe;jhd;. ,Wjpapy; gpuhd;]; ehl;bd; Rhine iud; vd;w ejpf; fiuapy; me;j ,dj;jhupd; iffshNyNa nfhiy nra;ag;gl;L ,we;jhd;.

NkYk; gue;J tpupe;j NuhkhGup rhk;uh[paj;jpd; Ml;rpf;F cl;gl;bUe;j fPo;j;jpir fpNuf;f efuq;fspy; neba Rw;Wg; gazk; xd;iw jp]P]; kd;dd Nkw;nfhz;ljw;fhd rhj;;jpaf; $Wfs; kpfTk; FiwNt. fpNuf;f efuq;fSf;Fk; ehl;bd; fPiog; gFjpfSf;Fk; mtd; gazk; Nkw;nfhz;ljhf tuyhw;wpYk; vq;Fk; Fwpg;gpltpy;iy.

cyf tuyhw;wpy; ,lk; ngw;wtHfs; gw;wpa tuyhw;Wf; Fwpg;gpy; te;Js;sJ: jp]P]; kd;ddpd; Ml;rpf; fhyk; kpfTk; FWfpajhf ,Ue;jJ. mj;Jld; kpfTk; mikjpahfNt fope;jJ. mtd; Ml;rpf;F te;jJNk [hy; vd;w efuj;jpd; gf;fk;jhd; ftdk; nrYj;jpdhd;.> mq;F vOe;j Gul;rp xd;iw mlf;Ftjpy; jhd; <Lgl;bUe;jhd;! NkYk; mtdJ Ml;rpapd; ngUk; gFjp $j;jhH vd;w ,dj;jhUld; eilngw;w NghHfspNyNa fope;jJ!1

(1.ghHf;f: jhuPFy; KmHupfPd; vDk; E}y; ghfk; 6 gf;fk; 413 ,y; $j;jhH vd;w ,dj;jhUld; eilngw;w Aj;jq;fs; kw;Wk; mtHfspd; iffspy; jp]P]; kd;dd; nfhiy nra;ag;gl;L ,we;jJ gw;wpa tptuk;.)

NkYk; ,e;j kd;dd;> jdJ rl;lj;jpw;Ff; fl;Lg;glhj fhuzj;jhy; ve;j fpwp];jtj; jiytHfisf; nfhd;whNdh me;jj; jiytHfspd; ngaHfisAk; tuyhw;whrpupaHfs; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shHfs;. mjpy; Fifj; NjhoHfs; gw;wp vJTk; Fwpg;gplg;gltpy;iy. NguhrpupaH fpg;gd; $l me;j kd;ddhy; jz;bf;fg;gl;ltHfs; nkhj;jk; 10 Mz;fs; 7 ngz;fs; vd;Wjhd; Fwpg;gpLfpwhH.1

(1.ghHf;f: Nuhkhdpag; Nguurpd; eypTk; tPo;r;rpAk; E}y; ghfk; 2 gf;fk; 98)

,d;ndhd;iwAk; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. fpwp];jt ,isQHfs; rpyH Xb xspe;jJ Fwpg;gpl;lnjhU gFjpapy; kl;Lk; mwpag;gl;l epfo;r;rpjhd;. mJ eilngw;w nghOJ tuyhw;whrpupaHfspd; ftdj;ij <Hf;Fk; msTf;F E}yhrpupaHfs; jk; VLfspy; mjd; tuyhw;iwg; gjpT nra;a Mty; nfhs;Sk; msTf;F ve;j Kf;fpaj;JtKk; mJ ngw;wpUf;ftpy;iy.

Mdhy; XH mw;Gjkhd Kiwapy; ePz;l neba epj;jpiuapypUe;J mtHfs; tpopj;njOe;J CUf;Fs; te;jJk;; mtH fspd; Gfo; jpf;nfq;Fk; gutpaJk; jhd; xU tpj;jpahrkhd epfo;r;rp!

,e;j ,uz;lhtJ epfo;r;rpjhd; mjhtJ> jpa+jPn]]; kd;dd; fhyj;jpy; ,e;j ,isQHfs; J}f;fj;jpy; ,Ue;J vOe;jJk; fpwp];jt cyfk; KOtJk; mtHfspd; nra;jp gutpaJk; jhd; kpfTk; gugug;ghd epfo;r;rpfSs; xd;W! fpwp];jt cynfq;Fk; gpugykhd fpwp];jt tpohf;fspYk; jpUr; rigfspYk; Kf;fpa ,lk; ngw;w nra;jpahf MdJ! ,j;jifa Nguw;Gjkhd epfo;r;rpiaj; jk;Kila VLfspy; njhFf;fTk; gjpT nra;aTk; tuyhw;whrpupaHfs; Kidg;Gf; fhl;bdhHfs;. gpur;rhufHfSk; mjid vLj;Jiug;gjpy; ngUkpjk; nfhz;lhHfs;.

,e;j mbg;gilapy; ehk; Muha;e;Njhkhdhy; ,e;epfo;r;rp gw;wpa Mjhug;g+Htkhd cz;ik ,Jjhd; vdj; njspthfpwJ:

,isQHfs; rpyH nfhLikf;Fs;shfp FifapDs; xspe;j epfo;r;rp `hjpuPd; (Aelius Hadrinus – Hadrian Publius) kd;ddpd; fhyj;jpy; epfo;e;jjhFk;.1 ,td; ePz;l fhyk; Ml;rp nra;jhd;. fp.gp. 129 Kjy; fp.gp. 134 Mk; Mz;L tiuapyhd fhyfl;lj;jpy; fPo;j;jpir khfhzq;fspy; ePz;lnjhU Rw;Wg; gazk; Nkw;nfhz;bUe;jhf tuyhW $WfpwJ. me;j Rw;Wg; gazj;jpd; nghOJ me;j ,isQHfs; nfhLikg; gLj;jg;gl;L Fifapy; jQ;rk; GFe;jpUf;fyhk;. NkYk; kd;dd; Kd;dpiyapNyNa mtHfs; nfhLikg; gLj;jg;gl;ldH vd;gJk; Njitapy;iy. mtdJ Mizg;gbNa nfhLik ele;jJ vd;gJk; Njitapy;iy. ,Nj Nghy me;jf; nfhLikia mtH njupe;jpUe;jhH.> mtuJ tpUg;gg;gbNa mJ ele;jJ vd;gJk; mtrpakpy;iy.

Vnddpy; md;iwa Nuhkhdpag; NguuR kpfg;ngupa mstpy; tpahgpj;jpUe;jJ. khepyj; jiyefuq;fspy; kj;jpa Ml;rpf;Fl;gl;bUe;j MSeHfSk; mjpfhupfSk; Mq;fhq;Nf gy;NtW nghWg;Gfspy; epakpf;fg;gl;bUe;jhHfs;.

(1.`hjpuPd; kd;dd; fp.gp. 117 Kjy; fp.gp. 138 tiu Ml;rp nra;jhd;. Jwh[hd; vd;w kd;dDf;Fg; gpwF mupaizapy; mkHe;jhd;. ehl;bd; Ml;rpf;FO fp.gp. 117 Mf];l; khjk; `hjpuPd; kd;dDf;F gjtpg; gpukhzk; nra;J itj;jJ. fpNuf;f efuq;fspd; mope;JNghd moFr; rpd;dq;fisAk; nrOikiaAk; GJg;gpg;gjpy; ,e;j kd;dd; ngUk; Kaw;rp vLj;jhd;. ehl;bd; vy;iyg; gFjpapy; vy;iyr; RtH xd;iw ,tNd vOg;gpdhd;. fp.gp. 132 Mk; Mz;by; a+jHfs; elj;jpa Gul;rpia `hjpuPd; kd;dd; xLf;fpdhd. me;jg; Gul;rpia mlf;Ftjw;fhf fLikahd td;Kiw ifahsg;gl;lJ. a+jHfis ehLflj;Jk;gb ,td; fl;lis ,l;lJk; mg;nghOJjhd;. mt;thW ehLflj;jg;gl;l a+jHfSf;F - Mz;by; xU Kiwjhd; igj;Jy; Kfj;j]; Myaj;ijj; juprdk; nra;tjw;F ,td; mDkjp mspj;jhd;. a+jHfis ehLflj;Jk; tuyhW md;wpypUe;Jjhd; njhlH fijahdJ! ghHf;f: Historians History Of World

`hjpuPd; kd;dd; fp.gp. 119 Mk; Mz;L rpw;whrpah> rpupah Mfpa gFjp fSf;F muR rhHgpyhd Rw;Wg; gazk; Nkw;nfhz;lhd;. mg;nghOJ ]kHdh vd;w Cupy; kfh rig xd;iwf; $l;bdhd;. fPo;j; jpir ehLfspd; kd;dHfisAk; jiytHfisAk; mjpy; fye;J nfhs;SkhW mioj;jhd;. FspH fhyj;ij `yg; efuj;jpy; fopj;jhd;. gpwF fp.gp. 130 Mk; Mz;by; njd; gFjpf;Fj; jpUk;gpdhd;. igj;Jy; Kfj;j]pd; kiyg;ghq;fhd gFjpfspy; Gjpa efH xd;iw epHkhzpg;gjw;Ff; fl;lis gpwg;gpj;jhd;. gpwF muG ehLfs; topahf vfpg;J te;J NrHe;jhd;.

gpwF kPz;Lk; fp.gp. 133 Mk; Mz;by; `hjpuPd; kd;dd; ghy];jPdk; jpUk;g Ntz;bajhapw;W! mq;F a+jHfis mlf;Fk; ,af;fj;jpw;Fj; jiyik Vw;whd;. gpd;dH me;jg; gjtpia gpugy jsgjp Julis Severus vd;gtd; ifapy; xg;gilj;Jtpl;L NuhkhGup jpUk;gpdhd;. fp.gp. 138 Mk; Mz;L [_d; 10 ,y; Baiae vd;w ,lj;jpy; `hjpuPd; kd;dd; fhykhdhd;.

"`hjpuPd; kd;ddpd; tho;f;if> Kuz;ghLfspd; nkhj;j tbtkhf cs;sJ" ( gpupj;jhdpa fiyf; fsQ;rpak; ghfk; 11)

fpwp];Jt rHr;fspd; tuyhW vDk; E}ypy; mjd; MrpupaH George H. Dryer vd;gtH vOjpAs;s tptuk; tUkhW: `hjpuPd; kd;dd; Kw;fhy NuhkhGupapdiu tpl;Lk; tpj;jpahrkhdtuhf ,Ue;jhYk; Kw;Nghf;F cila tuhf ,Ue;jhH. kj tp\aq;fspy; ed;F Ma;T nra;gtuhfTk; mjpy; Iak; nfhs;gtuhfTk; ,Ue;jhH. nghJg;gilahf vtH kPJk; ehj;jpfg;gop Rkj;jf;$lhJ vd;Wk; r%fg;gopiaj; Njbf;nfhs;sf;$lhJ vd;Wk; nrhy; yf; $batuhf ,Ue;jhH. MdhYk; ehj;jpfHfisAk; flTs; ek;gpf;if ,y;yhjtHfisAk; (ngUk;ghYk; mtHfs; fpwp];jtHfshf ,Ue;jdH) rpiyfSf;F Kd;dhy; NeHr;ir rkHgpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; Nukhdpa kjj;ijg; gpd;gw;wp elf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; tw;GWj;Jtjpy; jkJ FUthfpa Jwh[hd; kd;ddpd; mZFKiwiaf; filg;gpbg;gtuhfj; jpfo;e;jhH. gf;fk; 66)

mj;jifa XH mjpfhupNah MSeNuh Gjpjhf cUntLj;j kjf;fpsHr;rpia xLf;Ftjw;fhf jdJ jdpg;gl;l Kbtpd;gb kj czHr;rpapd; cj;Ntfj;jpy; eltbf;if vLj;jpUf;fyhk; my;yJ ehl;bd; murpay; rl;lj;ijg; gpuNahfpj;J eltbf;if vLj;jpUf;fyhk;.> mJ tuk;G kPwpg;Ngha; ,Uf;fyhk;. ,tw;iwnay;yhk; me;ehl;L kd;dd; njupe;J nfhz;bUf;f Ntz;bajpy;iy. ,jw;F mwpT uPjpapy; $l mjpf rhj;jpaf;$W cz;L. rhjhuzkhf vy;yhf; fhyq;fspYk; vy;yh ehLfspYk; ,t;thW eilngWtijf; fhzyhk;.

vdNt ,isQHfs; nfhLikg;gLj;Jg;gl;L Fifapy; jQ;rk; GFe;jJ `hjpuPd; kd;ddpd; ,e;jr; Rw;Wg; gazj;jpd;nghOJ eilngw;wJ vd;Wk; FifapypUe;J mtHfs; ntspte;jJ jpa+ jPn]]; kd;ddpd; fhyj;jpy; epfo;e;jJ vd;Wk; ehk; epHzapj;J tpl;lhy; Fifapy; ,isQHfs; Japy; nfhz;l Mz;Lfs; gw;wp fpwp];jtHfs; $Wk; vz;zpf;iff;Fk; FHMd; $Wk; vz;zpf;iff;Fk; ngupa Vw;wjho;T Vw;glhJ.> fpg;gdpd; gupfhrj;jpw;F ve;j mbg;gilAk; fpilf;fhJ!

,JNt Vw;Wf;nfhs;sj;jf;f fUj;J vd;gjw;F ,d;ndhU fhuzk; cz;L. mjhtJ. ,e;jr; rupij vg;nghOJ njhlq;fpaJ? vg;nghOJ Kbtile;jJ vd;gJ gw;wp El;gkhd fhy tiuaiwAld; tuyhw;wpy; mwpag;gltpy;iy. me;j ,isQHfs; tpopj;njOe;j Mz;L gw;wp rpupah kw;Wk; fpNuf;fj;jpd; tuyhw;W MrpupaHfspd; fUj;Jfs; ntt;Ntwhf te;Js;sd.

rpupah ehl;L tuyhw;whrpupaHfs;> fp.gp. 425 my;yJ 437 Mk; Mz;by; tpopj;njOe;jdH vd;W $WfpwhHfs;. fpNuf;f ehl;L tuyhw;Wf; Fwpg;Ngh> ,uz;lhk; jpa+jP]; kd;dd; Ml;rpf;F te;j Mz;by; ,Ue;J rupahf 38 tJ Mz;by; tpopj;njOe;jhHfs; vd;fpwJ.1 (me;j kd;dd; fp.gp. 408 Mk; Mz;L Ml;rpf;F te;jhd;. mg;gbahdhy; fp.gp. 446 Mk; Mz;by;2 tpopj;njOe; jpUf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W MfpwJ)

(1. NguhrpupaH fpg;gdpd; E}iyg; ghHf;fTk;. 2.jpa+Njh]P]; kd;dd; fp.gp. 408 Kjy; 540 tiu Ml;rp nra;jhd;.)

NkYk; kjf;fpsHr;rpapd; ngauhy; me;j ,isQHfs; ve;j Mz;by; nfhLikg;gLj;jg;gl;ldH vd;gJk; njsptpd;wpNa cs;sJ. ie&d; vd;w kd;dd; (fp.gp. 64) fhyj;jpypUe;J fpwp];jt kjk; ntspg;gilahfNt nfhLikf;Fs;shf;fg;gl;L te;js;sJ. fpwp];jt kjk; Nuhkpd; uhZtj; jsgjpfs; midtUila kjkhf MFk; tiu fp.gp. ehd;fhk; E}w;whz;by; fp];j;jd;jPd; kd;dd; fpwp];jt kjj;ijj; jOtpa fhyk; tiuapy; Vw;f;Fiwa xU E}w;whz;L fhyk; tiuapy; me;jf; nfhLik njhlH fijahf ePbj;J te;Js;sJ!

,g;gbahf Muk;g fhy fpwp];jt tuyhw;wpy; njsptpd;ik mjpfk; cs;sJ. mJ mUfpAk; gytPdg;gl;Lk; cs;sJ! ve;j xU tuyhw;W epfo;r;rp njhlHghfTk; ek;gj;jFe;j tuyhw;Wj; njhFg;ig mq;F fhzKbtjpy;iy!

Mdhy; Ke;ija ,iwNtjq;fisf;$l ghJfhf;ff; $bajhfj; jpfo;fpw FHMd;jhd;> Kd;Df;Fg;gpd; Kuzhd ,j;jifa rupj;jpuf; Fwpg;Gfis tplTk; mjpf ek;gpf;if;FupaJ vd;W ehk; cWjp nfhz;Ls;Nshk;. gy;NtW khw;wq;fSf;Fk; ,ilr;nrUfy;fSf;Fk; ,yf;fhfptpl;l %yhjhu E}y;fis tplTk; Guhzf; fijfis tplTk; FHMd;jhd; Vw;Wf;nfhs;sj;jf;fJ!

rpwpanjhU ,isQH $l;lk; vq;Nfh xU rpw;W}upy; jiykiwthd nra;jp ehl;L kf;fs; midtupd; ftdj;ijAk; <Hf;Fk; msTf;F Kf;fpaj;Jtk; ngwhnjd;gJ ,aw;ifNa. ,J> me;j ,isQHfs; tpopj;njOe;j epfo;r;rpapypUe;J ngupJk; NtWgLfpwJ. ePz;l epj;jpiuapypUe;J mtHfs; tpopj;jJ jhd; mjpraKk; Mr;rupaKk; epiwe;jJ. mJTk; me;j ,isQHfspd; kjj;ij Vw;Wf;nfhz;l kd;ddpd; Ml;rpfhyj;jpy; vDk; nghOJ ,d;Dk; mjpf Kf;fpaj;Jk; ngw;WtpLfpwJ!

mjpYk; kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpwF kPz;Lk; xU tho;T cz;nlDk; kWikf; nfhs;ifAk; mq;F kdpjHfs; kPz;Lk; capUld; vOg;gg;gLk; rpe;jidAk; ngUk; rHr;irff;Fk; tpthjj;jpw;Fk; cl;gLj;jg;gl;l fhyj;jpy; mg;gb epfo;tJ rhj;jpaNk vd;gijj; njspthf;Fk; Mjhuj;jpd; Njit mjpfupj;Js;s #o;epiyapy; me;j ,isQHfs; (ePz;l epj;jpiuf;Fg; gpd;dH) tpopj;njOe;jJ mjpf Kf;fpaj;Jtj;Jld; kjpf;fg;gLk; vd;gNj ,ay;G!

vdNt ,e;j epfo;r;rpapd; KbT ,J jhd; vd;gjpYk; Fifj; NjhoHfs; tpopj;njOe;J mtHfspd; tp\ak; gpugyk; mile;j Gfo;ngw;w fhyk; ,Jjhd; vd;W tiuaiw nra;tjpYk; vt;tpj Iaj;jpw;Fk; jHf;fj;jpw;Fk; ,lNk ,y;iy. Vnddpy; ,JNghd;w gpukhz;lkhd epfo;r;rpfisg; ghJfhg;gjpYk; Ma;T nra;tjpYk; kdpjd; ,aw;ifahfNt Mty; nfhs;fpwhd;. tUq;fhyj; jiyKiwapdUk; njupe;J gad; ngWk; tifapy; VLfspy; gjpT nra;tjpy; kdpjid mtdJ kjp> kd> kjj; Njl;lq;fs; mjpfk; ce;jpnaor; nra;fpd;wd! Mdhy; ,e;epfo;r;rpapd; njhlf;fk; ,J Nghd;wjy;y. my;yh`; kpf mwpe;jtd;!

 

 

Fifj; NjhoHfspd; rupijia FHMd; NjHe;njLj;jNjd;?


,e;j E}jdkhf rupij FHMdpy; ,lk; ngw;wjw;fhd fhuzk; njhlHghf jpUf;FHMd; tpupTiuahsHfs; itj;jpUf;Fk; Mjhuk; vd;dntdpy;> Fiw\pfs; xU J}Jf; FOit kjPdj;J a+j mwpQHfsplk; mDg;gpdH vd;Wk; K`k;kj; egp(]y;) mtHfspd; cz;ik epiyia thdj;jpypUe;J ,iwr;nra;jp mtHfSf;F te;J nfhz;bUg;gijr; Nrhjpj;Jg; ghHf;f cjTk; tpjj;jpy; rpy Nfs;tpfis me;jf; FO a+jHfsplk; Nfl;ldH vd;Wk; mg;NghJ mtHfs; Fiw\pfSf;fhfr; rpy Nfs;tpfisj; NjHe;njLj;jhHfs; vd;Wk; mtw;wpy; Fifj;NjhoHfs; gw;wp xU Nfs;tp ,Ue;jJ vd;Wk; K`k;kj; gpd; ,];`hf; mwpj;Js;s mwptpg;Ng MFk;;!1

(1.,g;D ,];`hf; $WfpwhHfs;: ehw;gJ Mz;Lfshf te;J nfhz;bUe;j vfpg;J ehl;ilr; NrHe;j tajhdtH xUtH> ,f;upkh ,lk; ,Ue;Jk; mtH ,g;D mg;gh];(uyp) mtHfsplk; ,Ue;Jk; mwptpj;jhHfs;: Fiw\pfs; es;H gpd; `hup];> cf;gh gpd; mgP K<j; ,UtiuAk; kjPdj;J a+j mwpQHfsplk; mDg;gpitj;jhHfs;. mt;tpUtuplKk; nrhd;dHfs;: a+j mwpQHfsplk; K`k;kij gw;wp tprhupAq;fs;. mtiug; gw;wpa KO tptuj;ijAk; mtUila fUj;JfisAk; vLj;Jr; nrhy;Yq;fs;. a+jHfs; Ke;ija Ntjk; toq;fg;gl;ltHfs;. egpkhHfs; gw;wp ek;kplk; ,y;yhj tp\a Qhdk; mtHfSf;F cz;L.

mt;tpUtUk; Gwg;gl;L kjPdh te;jhHfs;. a+j mwpQHfsplk; K`k;kj;(]y;) mtHfs; gw;wp tpdtpdhHfs;. NkYk; mtHfisg; gw;wpa tptuq;fisAk; mtHfs; vd;ndd;d nrhy;fpwhHfs; vd;gijAk; $wpdhHfs;. mt;tpUtUk; nrhd;dhHfs;;: "epr;rakhf ePq;fs; njsuhj; Ntjk; toq;fg;gl;ltHfs;. vq;fSila NjhoH gw;wp rupahdnjhU Kbit vq;fSf;F mwptpg;gPHfs; vd;Wjhd; cq;fsplk; te;Js;Nshk;"

mtptpUtuplKk; a+j mwpQHfs; nrhd;dhHfs;: ehq;fs; cq;fSf;Ff; fl;lisapLtJ vd;dntdpy;> %d;W tp\aq;fis mtuplk; tpdTq;fs;. mtw;wpw;F Kiwahd gjpy;fis mtH nrhd;dhy; mtH cz;ikapy; ,iwtdplk; ,Ue;J mDg;gg;gl;l egpjhd;. ,y;iynadpy; mtH ngha; nrhy;yf;$batH. gpwF mtH tp\aj;jpy; cq;fs; fUj;Jg;gb ele;J nfhs;Sq;fs;.

Kd;ndhU fhyj;jpy; capNuhL kiwe;JNghd ,isQHfs; gw;wp mtHfSila epiyik vd;dthdJ vd;W mtuplk; tpdTq;fs;. me;j ,isQHfs; njhlHghf E}jdkhd tuyhW xd;Wz;L. cynfq;Fk; gazk; nra;j xU NguurH gw;wp mtuJ nra;jp gw;wp tpdTq;fs;. mtH g+kpapd; Nkw;Fg; gFjpfisAk; fpof;Fg; gFjpfisAk; ntw;wp fz;ltH. NkYk; &`; capH gw;wpAk; mjd; cs;sik gw;wpAk; mtuplk; tpdTq;fs;. ,tw;wpw;Fr; rupahd gjpy;fis mtH cq;fSf;F mwptpj;jhy; mtH cz;ik egpjhd;. mtiug; gpd;gw;Wq;fs;. mg;gb mtH mwptpf;ftpy;iynadpy; mtH ngha;thjk; GupgtH. mtH tp\aj;jpy; cq;fs; tpUg;gg;gb ele;Jnfhs;Sq;fs;.

es;Uk; cf;;ghTk; Gwg;gl;L kf;fj;J Fiw\pfsplk; te;jhHfs;. "Fiw\p Fyj;jpdNu! ekf;Fk; K`k;kJf;Fk; kj;jpapy; jPHT fhzf;$ba rpy tp\aq;fis ehq;fs; nfhz;Lte;Js;Nshk;. A+j mwpQHfs; rpy tp\aq;fs; gw;wp K`k;kjplk; tpdTkhW ekf;Ff; fl;lis gpwg;gpj;Js;shHfs;" vd;W nrhd;dhHfs;. mt;tpUtUk; me;j tp\aq;fis Fiw\pfSf;F mwptpj;Jf; nfhLj;jhHfs;.

Fiw\pfs; egp(]y;) mtHfsplk; te;jhHfs;. Nfl;lhHfs;;: "K`k;kNj! ,tw;wpw;Fupa gjpy;fis vq;fSf;Fr; nrhy;Yq;fs;. ghHf;fyhk;" a+j mwpQHfs; nrhy;yp mDg;gpa tp\aq;fs; gw;wp Fiw\pfs; ,t;thW egpaplk; tpdtpdhHfs;.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; "ePq;fs; Nfl;l Nfs;tpfSf;fhd gjpiy ehis cq;fSf;F mwptpf;fpNwd;" vd;W $wpdhHfs;. my;yh`; ehbdhy; vd;W nrhy;ytpy;iy. Fiw\pfs; jpUk;gpr; nrd;whHfs;.

gpwF egp(]y;) mtHfs; 10 ehl;fs; vjpHghHj;jpUe;jhHfs;. mJ tp\aj;jpy; mtHfSf;F my;yh`; t`p vJTk;; mDg;gp itf;ftpy;iy.> mtHfsplk; [pg;uPy; tutpy;iy.> mjdhy; nfhe;jspg;ig cUthf;Fk; tje;jpfis kf;fj;J vjpupfs; gug;gpdhHfs;!

mtHfs; nrhd;dhHfs;: "ehis vd;W K`k;kj; ek;kplk; thf;FWjp mspj;jhH. ,d;W tiu 15 ehl;fs; fope;Jtpl;ld. ek;Kila Nfs;tpfs; vjw;Fk; ek;kplk; mtH gjpy; jutpy;iy"

t`p ,wq;FtJ jhkjkhdjhy; egp(]y;) mtHfs; kpfTk; Jauk; mile;jhHfs;. kf;fj;J Fiw\pfspd; Vr;RfSk; Ngr;RfSk; mtHfis kdk; tUe;Jk;gb nra;jd.

gpwFjhd; XH mj;jpahaj;ij my;yh`;tplk; ,Ue;J ngw;Wf; nfhz;L egpatHfsplk; [pg;uPy; te;jhH. mjpy; Fifj; NjhoHfspd; rupijAk; Fiw\pfs; tp\aj;jpy; egpatHfs; Jaug;gl;lJ njhlHghf egpia my;yh`; fz;bj;jJk; ,Ue;jd. cyfk; KOtJk; gtdp te;j murH gw;wpa nra;jpAk; ,Ue;jJ! mj;Jld; my;yh`;Tila ,e;j trdKk; ,Ue;jJ: (egpNa!) &`; gw;wp ,tHfs; ck;kplk; tpdTfpwhHfs;. ePH $Wk;: &`; vd; ,iwtdpd; fl;lisapdhy; Vw;glf;$bajhFk;. Mdhy; cq;fSf;Ff; FiwthfNt Qhdk; toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. (E}y;: ,g;D [uPH jgup ghfk; 15 gf;fk; 118 119 )

,e;j mwptpg;gpy; vtuplk; ,Ue;J ,g;D ,];`hf; mwptpj;Js;shHfNsh mtH k[;`_y; - mwpag;glhjtuhf ,Uf;fpwhH. vdNt egpnkhopf; fiyapy; ,e;j mwptpg;Gf;F mjpf Kf;fpaj;Jtk; ,y;iy.)

,g;D ,];`hf; cila ,e;j mwptpg;G rupahdjhf ,Ue;jhYk; ,J kl;LNk FHMd; ,e;jr; rupijiaj; NjHe;njLj;jjw;fhd jiyahaf; fhuzky;y.

nfhLikfs; gw;wpa rupijfSk; E}jdkhd fijfSk; Vuhsk; cs;sd. mtw;iw mwptjw;Fk;> mtw;wpd; cz;ik epiyia mwptpj;Jf; nfhLg;gjw;Fk; t`p (vDk; ,iwr;nra;jp)iaj; jtpu NtW top ,y;iy.> mg;gbg;gl;l rupijfis tpl;L tpl;L ,e;jf; Fifj; NjhoHfspd; rupijia FHMd; NjHe;njLj;jjw;F ,e;j mwptpg;Ng %y fhuzky;y.

mUsg;gl;ljw;fhd fhuz epfo;r;rpfs; ahTk; - mit Fwpj;J jpUkiw tpupTiuahsHfs; Vuhskhf vOjpapUe;jhYk; Kw;fhy mwpQHfs; mtw;wpw;Fg; ngupa mstpy; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nfhLj;jpUe;jhYk; - ,d;W ngUk;ghyhd mwpQHfs;> mUsg;gl;ljd; fhuzq;fSf;F ve;j me;j];ijf; nfhLj;Js;shHfNsh me;j me;j];ij mit ngw;wpl khl;lh.

cz;ikahnjdpy;> rPHjpUj;jk; kw;Wk; fy;tp fw;gpj;jy; vDk; ve;j Nehf;fq;fis epiwNtw;Wtjw;fhf FHMd; mUsg;gl;lNjh me;j Nehf;fq;fspYk; rPHFiye;j ve;jr; rKjhaj;ijr; rPHjpUj;jpg; gz;gLj;j Ntz;Lnkd egp(]y;) mtHfs; mDg;gpi tf;fg;gl;lhHfNsh - FHMd; ,wf;fpaUsg;gl;lNjh me;jr; rKjhar; #o; epiyfspYk;> vt;tpjkhd ngUk; khw;wq;fSf;Fk; ,yf;fhfhj kdpj ,ay;GfspYk;> Gjpa Gjpa Nfhyq;fisj; jhq;fpa tz;zk; Rod;Wnfhz;bUf;Fk; fhyq;fspYk; xd;wd; gpd; xd;whfj; njhlHe;J epfo;fpw epfo;r;rpfspYk;> fhyq;fSk; ehLfSk; vt;tsT khWgl;bUg;gpDk; ve;j kdpj re;jjpfis Nehf;fp FHMdpd; miog;G mikANkh- K`k;kj; egpatHfspd; J}Jj;Jtk; top elj;jpr; nry;YNkh me;j re;jjpfspYk; - FHMd; mUsg;gLtjw;Fg; gy J}z;Ljy;fs; mike;Js;sd.

mitNa kpfTk; tYthdit.> Vw;Wf;nfhz;L gjpy; jUtjw;F kpfTk; Vw;wkhdit! ,j;jifa fhuzpfs;jhk;> xU FOtpdupd; tpdhit tpl> xU $l;lj;jhupd; gupNrhjidia tpl kpfTk; ntspg;gilahdit. Kf;fpaj;Jk; nfhLg;gjw;F kpfTk; jFjpahdit! XH mj;jpahaNkh trdNkh mUsg;gl;ljw;fhd fhuzk; njhlHghf mwptpg;ghsHfs; mwptpf;Fk; jdpg;gl;l epfo;r;rpia tpl ,itNa kpf caHe;jit MFk;!

typa;Ay;yh`; nj`;ytp vd;W midtuhYk; mwpag;gl;l i\Fy; ,];yhk; m`;kj; gpd; mg;JH u`Pk; (u`;) mtHfs; j/g;]PH fiyapd; mbg;gilfs; gw;wpa jkJ jdpg;ngUk; E}yhd ngs]{y; fgPH vDk; E}ypy; ,t;thW $WfpwhHfs;:

"ngUk;ghyhd tpupTiuahsHfs; jHf;fthj trdq;fs;> rl;lk; njhlHghd trdq;fs; xt;nthd;iwAk; VNjDk; xU epfo;r;rpAld; ,izf;fpwhHfs;. me;j epfo;r;rpNa me;j trdq;fs; mUsg;gl;ljd; fhuzk; vd;Wk; fUJfpwhHfs;. Ma;T nra;ag;gl;l cz;ikahnjdpy;> kdpj cs;sq;fisg; gz;gLj;JtJ> tPzhd mrj;jpathjf; nfhs;iffis xopj;Jf;fl;LtJ> nfl;l nray;fis mopj;njhopg;gJ Mfpaitjhd; FHMd; mUsg;gl;ljd; mbg;gil Nehf;fq;fshFk;>

Mk;> kf;fsplk; tPzhd mrj;jpathjf; nfhs;iffs; fhzg; ngw;wNj jHf;fk; njhlHghd trdq;fs; mUsg;gl;ljd; jdpg;ngUk; fhuzkhFk;. NkYk; kf;fspd;; jtwhd nray;fSk; mtHfspilNa mePjpfs; gutpapUe;jJNk rl;lk; njhlHghd trdq;fs; mUsg;gl;ljw;Fg; Nghjpa fhuzkhFk;. NkYk; FHMdpy; ,lk;ngw;Ws;s ,tw;iw mjhtJ> my;yh`;tpd; mUl;nfhilfisf; $Wjy;> ‘ma;ahKy;yh`;’ vDk; ,iwahw;wiy epidt+l;Lk; tuyhw;W epfo;r;rpfisr; nrhy;Yjy;> kuzj;jpd; nghOJk; mjd; gpwFk; epfotpUf;Fk; epiyikfis vLj;Jiuj;jy; Mfpatw;iwr; nrtpNaw;w gpd;dUk; kf;fs; jPikfis tpl;L tpyfhky; myl;rpaj;jpy; %o;fpf;fple;;jJjhd; mwpTiufs; njhlHghd trdq;fs; mUsg;gl;ljw;fhd cz;ikf; fhuzkhFk;.

Mdhy; ve;jj; jdpg;gl;l rk;gtq;fisAk; Fwpg;gpl;l epfo;r;rpfisAk; tpupTiuahsHfs; mjpfr; rpuj;ijAld; vOjpf; Ftpj;jpUf;fpwhHfNsh risf;fhky; ms;sp tpl;bUf;fpwhHfNsh mtw;wpw;F vt;tpjg; ngupa njhlHGk; ,y;iy. nghUl;gLj;Jk; tifapyhd vt;tpj Kf;fpaj;JtKk; ,y;iy! xU rpy trdq;fs; tp\aj;jpy; kl;Lk; mg;gb ,Uf;fyhk;. egpatHfspd; fhyj;jpNyh mjw;F Kd;Ngh epfo;e;j VNjDk; epfo;r;rp gw;wp me;j trdq;fspy; rkpQ;ifahff; Fwpg;gplg;gl;bUf;Fk;. mjidf; Nfl;gtUf;F xU tpjkhd fUj;J kaf;fk; vijNah vjpHghHf;Fk; Mty; ,Ue;J nfhz;bUf;Fk;. me;jf; Fwpg;gpl;l epfo;r;rpia tptupj;jhy; jhd; mJ ePq;Fk;" (E}y;: ngs]{y; fgPH)1

(1.ghH]p nkhopapyhd mrypy; ,Ue;J nra;ag;gl;l mugpahf;fk;.)

 

 

rpq;fj;jpd; ifapy; rpf;fpa ,iu!


Fifj; NjhoHfspd; ,e;jr; rupij rupahd fhyfl;lj;jpy; nghUj;jkhd gFjpapy; jhd; mUsg;gl;Ls;sJ. NuhkhGup kd;dHfspd; Ml;rpf; fhyj;jpy; vj;jifa cr;rfl;lkhd nfhLikiaAk; rHthjpfhuj;ijAk; me;j ,isQHfs; vjpH nfhz;bUe;jhHfNsh mNj #o;epiyfisj;jhd; md;W kf;fj;J K];ypk;fSk; vjpH nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;! ,iwek;gpf;if nfhz;l me;j ,isQHfs; jk; Ciu tpl;Lk; ntspNawp Fifapy; jQ;rk; miltjw;F Kd;dhy; vj;jifa fhyfl;lj;jpy; tho;e;J te;jhHfNsh mNj Nghd;wnjhU fhyfl;lj;jpy;jhd; kf;fj;J K];ypk;fSk; tho;e;J te;jhHfs;. mjid FHMid tplTk; NeHj;jpahf NtW ahUk; rpj;jupf;f KbahJ. FHMd; $WfpwJ:

"me;jr; #o;epiyia epidj;Jg; ghUq;fs;: ePq;fs; (kf;fj;Jg; g+kpapy;) rpWghd;ikapduhfTk; xLf;fg;gl;ltHfshfTk; ,Ue;jPHfs;. gpw kf;fs; cq;fis ,uhQ;rpf;nfhz;L nrd;W tpLthHfNsh vd;W mQ;rpf;nfhz;Lk; ,Ue;jPHfs;!" (8 : 26)

egpnkhopj; njhFg;GfSk; egptuyhw;W VLfSk; ,j;jifa <tpuf;fkw;w nfhLikfspd; epfo;r;rpfisAk; fz;%bj;jdkhf mbj;Jj; Jd;GWj;jpa fijfisAk; Vuhsk; vLj;Jiuf;fpd;wd. gpyhy;> mk;khH> fg;ghg;> K];mg;> ]{ikah (uypay;yh`{ md; `{k;) Nghd;w NjhoHfSf;F NeHe;j Jd;gq;fis nka; rpypHf;Fk; tz;zk;> czHNt ciue;JNghFk; tpjj;jpy; tptupf;fpd;wd!

FHMDk; egp tuyhWk; md;W kf;fj;J K];ypk;fis Ml;nfhz;bUe;j gaq;fukhd> fOj;ij neupf;ff;$ba #o;epiyiar; rpj;jupj;Jf; fhl;Lfpd;wd. vg;gbg;gl;l neUf;fbnadpy;> vt;tpj ek;gpf;if NuifAk; me;j thdpy; kpd;dtpy;iy.> me;jr; #o;epiyapy; fhw;Wk; xspAk; tUtjw;nfd vt;tpj [d;dYk; jpwe;jpUf;ftpy;iy! jpUifapy; Nghlg;gl;l jhdpak; Nghd;Wk; grp nfhz;l rpq;fj;jpd; iffspy; rpf;fpa ,iu Nghd;Wk; jhd; K];ypk;fspd; epiy ,Ue;jJ! mjid FHMid tplTk; kpf El;gkhf NtW ahUk; vLj;Jiuf;f KbahJ. FHMd; $WfpwJ:

"mtHfspd; epiyik ve;jmsT Nkhrkhfptpl;bUe;jnjdpy;> g+kp ,j;Jiz tpupthf ,Ue;Jk;$l mtHfisg; nghWj;j tiu FWfptpl;lJ.> mtHfs; capH tho;tNj mtHfSf;Ff; f\;lkhfp tpl;lJ. NkYk; my;yh`;tplkpUe;J jg;gpg;gjw;F mtdJ mUspd; gf;fk; jpUk;Gtijj; jtpu NtW Gfyplk; ,y;iy vd;gij mtHfs; mwpe;Jnfhz;lhHfs;" (9 : 118)1

(1.,e;j trdk;> tptfhuk; xj;jpNghlg;gl;bUe;j %tH tp\aj;jpy; ,wf;fpaUsg;gl;ljhFk;. mtHfs; fmg; gpd; khypf;> `yhy; gpd; cikah>Kwhwh gpd; ugP,y; Mkpup (uypay;yh`{md;`{k;) - ,e;j trdk; kjPdhtpy; mUsg;gl;ljhFk;.)

,e;epiyapy; jhd; t`p vDk; ,iwr;nra;jp ,wq;FfpwJ. Jd;gj;jpw;Fg; gpd; kfpo;r;rp> f\;;lj;jpw;Fg; gpd; ,yF> ,opTf;Fg; gpd; fz;zpak; Mfpatw;wpd; rupijfis FHMd;> me;j ,iw ek;gpf;ifahsHfSf;F vLj;Jiuf;fpwJ. VO thdq;fSf;F NkypUe;J mw;Gjkhd Kiwapy; ,wq;fpa cyfpay; xg;gPLfs; xt;nthd;iwAk; ngha;g;gLj;jf;$ba> mDgtq;fs; xt;nthd;iwAk; jfHj;njwpaf;$ba> mwpT uPjpahd Gw msTNfhy;fSf;Fr; rthy; tplf;$ba tifapy; VOthdq;fSf;F NkypUe;J my;yh`;tpd; cjtp te;jpwq;fpa tpe;ijia thd;kiw tptupf;fpwJ!

tpuy; tpl;L vz;zj;jf;f rpwpanjhU $l;lj;ij> vt;tpj Mw;wYk; MAjKkpd;wp epuhAjghzpahd ,isQHfs; rpyiu my;yh`; vt;thW ntw;wp ngwr; nra;jhd;? ,iwepuhfupg;gpYk; ghtj;jpYk; %o;fpf;fple;j> tuk;GkPwp - mstpd;wp mePjp Gupe;J te;j> gztrjpiaAk; nry;tr; nropg;igAk; mjpf msT ngw;wpUe;j> vy;yhtpjkhd rf;jpfisAk; rhjdq;fisAk; Mw;wy;fisAk; trjp tha;g;GfisAk; iftrk; itj;jpUe;j mjpf vz;zpf;ifapyhd ngUk; $l;lj;ij my;yh`; vt;thW Njhy;tp milar; nra;jhd;?

capupy;yhjjpy; ,Ue;J capUs;sijAk; capUs;sjpy; ,Ue;J capupy;yhjijAk; my;yh`; vt;thW ntspg;gLj;Jfpwhd;? ,UspypUe;J xsp gpwe;jpl vt;thW top nra;fpwhd;? ,uj;j jhfk; nfhz;l giftHfspy; ,Ue;J <uy;fis tFe;J nkd;W jpd;Dk; msT ntwp nfhz;l gaq;fukhd tpNuhjpfspy; ,Ue;J kdpjFyg; ghJfhtyHfisAk; jhAs;sk; Nghd;w fUizAld; xOf;fk; Nghjpf;Fk; cj;jkHfisAk; my;yh`; vt;thW cUthf;fpdhd;?

epuhfupg;ghsHfshd ngw;NwhupypUe;J ,iwek;gpf;if nfz;l gps;isfs; thupRfshf te;jnjg;gb vd;gij vy;yhk; FHMd; me;j ek;gpf;ifahsHfSf;F tptukhf vLj;Jiuj;jJ!

 

 

kf;fj;J K];ypk;fSk; Fifj; NjhoHfSk;


epuhirAk; JHg;ghf;fpaKk; Ml;nfhz;bUe;j gaq;fukhd ,e;jr; #o;epiyapy; fz;fs; kUz;L capH njhz;ilia milf;ff; $ba neUf;fbahd epiyapy; xUGwk; a+Rg; - rNfhjuHfspd; rupijiaAk; %]h - /gpHmt;d; rupijiaAk; my;yh`; vLj;Jiuf;fpwhd;. ,it xU egH kw;Wk; xU FO njhlHghd rupij.> xUegp kw;Wk; xU rKjhak; njhlHghd rupij.

kWGwk; Fifj;NjhoHfspd; rupijia FHMd; mtHfSf;F vLj;Jiuf;fpwJ. ,J rHthjpfhupAk; mePjpahsDkhd XH murdpd; Kd;dpiyapy; rpy ,isQHfspd; ,iwek;gpf;if Nrhjidf;F cs;shf;fg;gl;l epfo;r;rpahFk;.

,e;jr; rupijfs; - fhyq;fshYk; #o;epiyfshYk; khWgl;bUe;jhYk; mtw;wpy; eLehafkhfj; jpfOk; kdpjHfs; NtWgl;bUe;jhYk; Fwpf;Nfhspy; xd;WgLfpd;wd. ,Wjp tpisitg; nghWj;Jk; xd;Wf;nfhd;W xg;ghfpd;wd! xNu xU ika ,yf;fpy; midj;Jk; xd;wpizfpd;wd. me;j ,yf;F jhd; midj;ijAk; mlf;fpahSk; ,iwehl;lk; vd;gJ!

me;j ,iwehl;lk;jhd; - ,iwepuhfupg;ghsDf;F vjpuhf ,iw ek;gpf;ifahsDf;Fk; jPatDf;F vjpuhf ey;ytDf;Fk; mePjpahsDf;F vjpuhf mePjpf;Fs;shdtDf;Fk; gyrhypf;F vjpuhf gytPdDf;Fk; nry;te;jDf;F vjpuhf Viof;Fk;; gy tpjq;fspy; - gy topfspy; cjtp nra;J nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. mg;gbg;gl;l cjtp vg;gbg; fpilf;fpwJ vd;gJ Fwpj;J kdpj mwpT jpifj;J epw;fpwJ.> mjw;F ve;j tpsf;fKk; kdpjdhy; mspf;f Kbtjpy;iy! ,iwepuhfupg;ghsd; $l mjid Vw;Wf;nfhs;s Ntz;bajhfpwJ. Iag;ghL cilatDk; mjid cWjpahf ek;g Ntz;bajhfpwJ.

A+Rg; mj;jpahaj;jpd; ,Wjpapy; my;yh`; $Wfpwhd;:

"jpz;zkhf ,tHfspd; rupijfspy; gFj;jwpT cilNahUf;F mupa gbg;gpid cs;sJ. ,(q;F $wg;gLfpw)it midj;Jk; Gide;Jiuf;fg;gl;lit my;y. khwhf (,e;j FHMd;) jdf;F Kd; mUsg;gl;l Ntjq;fis nka;g;gpf;ff;$ajhfTk; (NeHtopf;fhd) vy;yh tp\aq;fisAk; tptupf;ff;$bajhfTk; jpfo;fpwJ. NkYk; ek;gpf;if nfhs;Sk; r%fj;jhUf;F topfhl;lf; $bajhfTk; mUshfTk; cs;sJ" (12 : 111) `_j; mj;jpahaj;jpd; ,Wjpapy; my;yh`; $Wfpwhd;:

"(egpNa!) ,iwj;J}jHfspd; tuyhWfspy; ,Ue;J ehk; vLj;Jf; $Wk; ,e;j epfo;r;rpfs; xt;nthd;Wk; vg;gbg;gl;lit vdpy;> ,tw;wpd; %yk; ehk; ckJ ,jaj;ij tYg;gLj;JfpNwhk;.> NkYk; ,tw;wpy; rj;jpaj;ijg; gw;wpa mwpTk; ckf;Ff; fpilj;Js;sJ. ,iwek;gpf;ifahsHfSf;F ,tw;wpy; mwpTk; epidt+l;lYk; cs;sd" (11 : 120)

md;iwa kf;fj;J K];ypk;fspd; epiyikia ehk; Muha;e;jhy; mtHfSf;Fk; Fifj;NjhoHfSf;Fk; ngUksT xw;Wik ,Ug;gJ GupAk;. me;j ,isQHfs; jq;fs; jPid ,iwkhHf;fj;ijAk; ,iwek;gpf;ifiaAk; Fog;gj;jpy; ,Ue;J ghJfhg;gjw;fhf Fifapy; jQ;rk; GFe;jhHfs;. gpwF ePz;l fhykhf mq;Nf jq;fptpl;lhHfs;. my;yh`; ,uT gfiy khwpkhwp Rod;W tur; nra;Jnfhz;bUe;jhd;. fhyq;fs; fope;jd. ,iw ek;gpf;ifiaAk; Vfj;Jtf; nfhs;ifiaAk; Vw;wpUe;j kf;fisf; nfhLikg;gLj;jp te;j epuhfupg;ghsHfspd; muR fhyhtjpahdJ.

gpd;dH Nuhk; ehl;L mupaizapy; - ,izitg;gpYk; rpiy topghl;bYk; Cwpj;jpioj;j Ml;rpahsHfNs - nfhLikapYk; jPikapYk; %o;fpapUe;j murHfNs ePz;lfhykhff; NfhNyhr;rpa Nuhk; ehl;L mupaizapy; cz;ikahd ,iwek;gpf;ifahsH mkHe;jhH. <]h egpapd; kjj;ijAk; mtHfs; tpl;Lr; nrd;w Vfj;Jtg; gpur;rhuj;ijAk; ghJfhg;gtuhf mtH jpfo;e;jhH. jhk; me;j khHf;fj;ijg; gpd;gw;Wtjpy;> mjd; nfhbiaj; J}f;fpg; gpbg;gjpy; ngUik nfhz;lhH. NkYk; ahH ahH me;j khHf;fj;jpw;fhfg; Nghuhb ,d;dy;fs; gy Vw;W rhjid Gupe;jhHfNsh mtHfisf; fz;zpag;gLj;jpdhH. mtHfis mjpf msT Nerpj;jhH.> mtHfSf;F caH me;j];Jk; kjpg;Gk; mspj;Jf; nfsutpj;jhH!

K];ypk;fs; kf;fhtpy; tho;e;j fhnynky;yhk;; mtHfspd; epiyikAk; ,t;thW jhd; ,Ue;jJ. jPf;fq;Ffisf; ifapy; vLj;jJ Nghd;Wk; jzy; jfpf;Fk; ghiwfspy; epw;gJ Nghd;Wk; gjwpj; Jbj;Jf; nfhz;Ljhd; jq;fs; jPid ,iwkhHf;fj;ij mtHfs; gpd;gw;w Ntz;bajpUe;jJ. ,Wjpapy; xUthwhf epk;kjp gpwe;jJ. (kf;fhit tpl;Lk;) `p[;uj; nry;y mtHfSf;F mDkjp mspf;fg;gl;lJ. xU ghJfhg;ghd Nfhl;ilapd; cWjp kpf;f Fifapd; gf;fk; mtHfs; jpUk;gpdhHfs;. mJ jhd; kjPdj;J a];upg; (a];upg; gl;lzk;!)(h mJjhd; gpd;dH kjPdj;Je; egp - egpfshupd; gl;lzk; vDk; fUj;jpy; kjPdh MdJ! (nkhopngaHj;Njhd;))

MdhYk; md;W fp.gp. 2 Mk; E}w;whz;by; ,iwek;gpf;if nfhz;l ,isQHfsplk; ,Ue;J vj;Jiz ngupa jpahfj;ij my;yh`; tpUk;gpdhNdh mijtpl mjpfkhd jpahfj;ij ,e;j K];ypk;fsplk; ,Ue;J tpUk;gpdhd;. Mk;> my;yh`; jdJ khHf;fj;ij Vida midj;J kjq;fis tplTk; ,tHfspd; %yk; NkNyhq;fr; nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;W tpUk;gpdhd;.

my;yh`; $Wfpwhd;: "mtd;jhd; jd; J}jiu NeHtopAlDk; rj;jpa khHf;fj;JlDk; mDg;gpitj;jhd;.> midj;J kjq;fis tplTk; mjid mtH NkNyhq;fr; nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf! Rpiy tzq;fpfs; mjid vt;tsT ntWj;jhYk; rupNa!"(9: 33)

NkYk; egpj;Jtj; njhlupd; ,Wjp epiyahd K`k;kj;(]y;) mtHfspd; J}Jj;Jtj;ij xU ngUk; rKjhaj;jpd; Njhw;W tpj;jNyhL Kbj;Jitj;jhd;.

",dp kdpj Fyj;ijr; rPHjpUj;Jtjw;fhfj; Njhw;Wtpf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; kpfr; rpwe;j rKjhaj;jpduhf ePq;fs; ,Uf;fpwPHfs;. ed;ik GupAk;gb VTfpwPHfs;.> jPikia tpl;Lk; jLf;fpwHfs;. my;yh`;tpd; kPJ ek;gpf;if nfhs;fpwPHfs;" (3 : 110)

egp(]y;) mtHfs; mUspajhf mg+ `{iuuh(uyp) mwptpf; fpwhHfs;:

"ePq;fs; mDg;gg;gl;bUg;gJ ,yFthf;Ftjw;Fj;jhNd jtpu rpukg;gLj;Jtjw;fhf my;y!" (E}y; : jpHkpjp)

Fiwe;j vz;zpf;ifapyhd ,e;j K];ypk;fSf;F neWf;fbahd FWfpa Fif ve;j tifapYk; nghUj;jkhdjy;y. Xbahb gzpfs; Mw;w ,ayhky;> tho;f;if tl;lj;ij tpl;Lk; J}ukhdtHfsha; Fifapy; Vd; mtHfs; Klq;fpf;fplf;f Ntz;Lk;! ,];yhkpa miog;Gg;gzpf;F md;W mtHfs; kl;Lk;jhNd nghWg;G. kdpj Fyj;jpd; vjpHfhyk; mtHfs; %yk; kl;Lk; jhNd xsp ngw Ntz;bajpUe;jJ!

 

 

cg;Gk; jhdpa tpj;Jk;


<]h(miy) mtHfspd; nrhy; tof;Fg;gb md;iwa K];ypk;fs; g+kpapd; cg;Gk;> gapiu cw;gj;jp nra;Ak; jhdpa tpj;Jk; MtH! Mk;> ve;j Ntshz;ikg; gapupy; kdpj tho;f;if mike;Js;sNjh.> vjpy; kdpj ,dj;jpd; epiyg;ghL cs;sNjh mj;jifa Ntshz;ikg; gapiu cw;gj;jp nra;Ak; jhdpa tpj;Jf;fs; MtH md;iwa K];ypk;fs;!

mj;jifa rpWghd;ik rKjhak; mope;J tplyhfhJ.> tpopj;njOe;J tpl;l mtHfs; kPz;Lk; J}f;fj;jpw;F Ml;gl;Ltplf; $lhJ.> jdpNa %iyapy; Klq;fplf;$lhJ vd;gJ my;yh`;tpd; jPHg;ghf mike;jJ!

me;j K];ypk;fs; jhk; my;yh`;tpd; khHf;fj;jpd; gf;fk; njspthf miog;G tpLf;f Ntz;Lk;. mrj;jpaj;ijj; JzpTld; vjpHj;Jg; NghH Gupe;jpl Ntz;Lk;. mePjpAk; mf;fpuKk; khdpl tHf;fj;ij tpl;Nl mfw;wg;glTk; my;yh`;tpd; khHf;fk; NkNyhq;fplTk; mtHfs; Nghuhl Ntz;baJs;sJ!

"vJtiunadpy;> /gpj;dh1- Fog;gk; ,y;yhnjhope;J jPd;-topghL KOtJk; my;yh`; xUtDf;Nf cupj;jhFk; tiuapy;!" (FHMd; 8 : 39)

(1. gilj;j ,iwtDf;Nf md;wp NtW ahUf;Fk; topghl;ilr; nrhe;jkhf;Fk; xU epiyikia ,q;F /gpj;dh vDk; nrhy; Rl;LfpwJ. (nkhop ngaHj; Njhd;))

Fifj;NjhoHfspy; xUtH epiyikfisf; fz;fhzpj;J tUtjw;fhf CUf;Fs; te;jnghOJ vy;yhNk mtUf;Fg; GJikahfj; njd;gl;ld. kf;fSk; khwpapUe;jhHfs;. mtHfspd; fyhr;rhuKk; ehfupfKk; kjKk;$l khwptpl;bUe;jd! jq;fsJ khHf;fNk me;j efupy; Ml;rp nra;Jnfhz;bUg;gijf; fz;lhH. jdJ (Vfj;Jtf;) nfhs;iff;Nf fz;zpaKk; rpwg;Gk; mspf;fg;gLtijg; ghHj;jhH.

,NjNghd;Wjhd; K`h[pHfs; (kjPdhTf;Ff; FbngaHe;j K];ypk;fs;) kf;fh jpUk;gpanghOJ me;efuk; mtHfis Kd;dH tuNtw;w Kfj;Jld; ,y;yhky; kyHe;j Kfj;Jld; tuNtw;wJ! ,];yhj;jpd; nfhbNa thDaug; gue;Jnfhz;bUe;jJ. fmgh Myaj;jpd; jpwTNfhy; egp(]y;) mtHfspd; iff;Ff; te;jJ. jhk; tpUk;Gk; eguplk; mij xg;gilf;Fk; mjpfhuj;ij mtHfs; ngw;wpUe;jhHfs;.

kf;fs; $l;lk; $l;lkhf te;J my;yh`;tpd; khHf;fj;jpy; ,izAk; epiyik ,Ue;jJ! ,];yhk; kl;LNk midj;Jr; rpwg;Gf;Fk; caHTf;Fk; gpwg;gplkha;f; fUjg;gl;lJ. rpiytopghL ,opTf;Fk; jho;Tf;Fk; kWngauha; fUjg;gl;lJ. New;W ehl;il tpl;Lk; tpul;lg;gl;ltHfs; ,d;W kf;fspd; jiytHfsha; MdhHfs;! tho;f;ifapd; midj;Jj; JiwfspYk; xOf;fk; Nghjpf;Fk; NghjfHfsha; kjpf;fg;gl;lhHfs;!

Fifj; NjhoHfspd; rupijf;Fk; kf;fj;J K];ypk;fspd; mjhtJ kjPdhTf;F `p[;uj; nrd;w ,isQHfspd; tuyhw;Wf;Fk; vt;tsT ngupa xw;Wik! VNjh xU rpy NtWghL cs;snjdpy; mJ ,];yhj;jpd; ,ay;Gf;Fk; kdpj Fyj;jpd; Njitf;Fk; cupa ,aw;ifahd khWghl;bd; tpisNa MFk;.

 

 

me;j tuyhW njhlH fijahfpwJ!


,e;j jPD(y; ,];yhk;)f;F ePbj;j epiyiaAk; ,e;jr; rKjhaj;jpw;F cynfq;Fk; gutp ePbj;J epiyahf thOk; ghf;fpaj;ijAk; my;yh`; vOjp itj;J tpl;lhd;. mjd; ,ay;ghd Njl;lk; vd;dntdpy;> Kw;fhy rKjhaq;fs; tuyhw;wpd; gw;gy fhy fl;lq;fspy;; fle;J te;j jpUg;gq;fs; midj;ijAk; ,e;jr; rKjhaKk; fle;jhf Ntz;Lk;. NkYk; kdpj tho;f;ifapy; Vw;gLk; gyk;> gytPdk;> ngUk;ghd;ik> rpWghd;ik> MNkhjpg;G> Ml;Nrgid> ntw;wp> Njhy;tp Mfpa ,aw;ifahd gy epiyikfisAk; ,e;jr; rKjhaj;jpd; rj;jpa miog;G re;jpj;jhf Ntz;Lk;.

,Njh! mNef Neuq;fspy; rj;jpa miog;Gg; gzpapd; Kd;Ndhbfshfj; jpfOk; FOtpdHfs;> rPuhd nfhs;ifapy; epiyj;jpUf;Fk; $l;lj;jpdH gaq;fukhd nfhLik> Jd;GWj;jy;> jz;lid> ehL flj;jy; Mfpatw;wpw;F MshfpwhHfs;! ,];yhj;jpw;F vjpuhd Ml;rpfspy; kl;Lkpd;wp ,];yhj;jpd; ngauhy; elj;jg;gLfpw Ml;rpfspYk; ,it eilngWfpd;wd! me;j Ml;rpahsHfs; njs`Pj; Vfj;Jtf; fypkhit nkhopfpwhHfs;;.> ,iwapy;yq;fisg; ngupa mstpy; fl;bnaOg;GfpwhHfs;;.> kPyhJ§ tpohf;fisAk; jPd; - ,iwkhHf;fj;jpd; nfhz;lhl;lq;fisAk; tpkHirahf elj;JfpwhHfs; jhd;.> ,];yhkpag; ngUehl;fisAk; jPdpd; milahsr; rpd;dq;fisAk; nfhz;lhLfpwhHfs;jhd;! MdhYk; rpy Neuq;fspy;> ,];yhkpa miog;Gg; gzpiaAk; rupahd nfhs;ifiaAk; ntWf;fpwhHfs;. ve;j msTf;nfdpy;> ,];yhj;jpw;F vjpuhd ,af;fq;fs;> ,izitg;G uPjpapyhd mehr;rhuq;fs;> topNflhd rpe;jidfs;> ehj;jpfthjr; rpj;jhe;jq;fs; Mfpatw;iw tplTk; mjpfkhf ,];yhkpa miog;Gg; gzpapdhy; jq;fSf;Fk; jq;fspd; Ra eyd;fSf;Fk; ngUk; jPq;Fk; NgughaKk; Vw;gLk; vd;W mQ;RfpwhHfs;!

,j;jifa #o;epiyapy; Fifj;NjhoHfspd; rupij ,];yhkpa kz;zpy; Gjpa rupijaha; xspHfpwJ! mjpf rf;jptha;e;j> tQ;rff; Fzk; cila ngUk;ghd;ikapdUf;Fk; ,iwek;gpf;ifapy; cWjpAld; mNj Neuj;jpy; gytPdkhdtHfshf cs;s rpWghd;ikapdUf;Fk; Nghuhl;lk; njhlq;FfpwJ. me;j Neuj;jpy; me;j rpWghd;ik ,isQHfs; Fifj;NjhoHfspd; rupijapy; capNuhl;lj;ijAk; xspiaAk; ngWfpwhHfs;!

"jpz;zkhf mtHfs; jk; ,iwtd; kPJ ek;gpf;if nfhz;bUe;j ,isQHfs;. ehk; mtHfis NeHtopapy; NkYk; NkYk; Kd;Ndwr; nra;Njhk;. (rj;jpaj;jpw;fhfg; Nghuhl) mtHfs; vOe;J epd;W ‘vtd; thdq;fSf;Fk; g+kpf;Fk; mjpgjpahf ,Uf;fpwhNdh mtd;jhd; vq;fs; ,ul;rfd;. mtid tpLj;J Ntnwe;jf; flTisAk; ehq;fs; miof;f khl;Nlhk;. mg;gbr; nra;jhy; ehq;fs; tuk;G kPwpa Ngr;irNgrpatHfs; MNthk;’ vd;W (Jzpe;J)$wpa nghOJ mtHfspd; ,jaj;ij ehk; jplg;gLj;jpNdhk;"(18 : 13-14)

(§ kPyhJ tpoh nfhz;lhlj;jhd; Ntz;Lk;.> mJ khHf;fj;jpd; eilKiw jhd; vd;gJ Nghd;w fUj;J njhdpf;Fk; tifapy; thrfk; mike;Js;sJ. kPyhJ tpoh vd;gJ gpj;mj; - E}jd mD\;lhdkhFk;.)

,j;jifa epiyik rpy nghOJ fLikahfpwJ. capUf;Nf Mgj;J te;J NrUfpwJ. Vw;Wf;nfhz;l ,iwek;gpf;iff;F Vw;g nfhs;ifg; gpbg;NghL tho;tJk; Rje;jpukhfr; nray;gLtJk; rhj;jpakhfhky; NghfpwJ. ve;j msTf;nfdpy;> rKjhaj;ij tpl;Lk; ntspNawp jdpNa tho;tijj; jtpu K];ypk;fSf;F NtW topNa ,y;yhkyhfptpLfpwJ!

,j;jifa epiyik> tuyhw;wpy; gy Afq;fSf;Fg; gpd;dHjhd; kpf neUf;fbahd #o;epiyfspy; jhd; Vw;gLk;. MapDk; egp(]y;)mtHfspd; J}Jj;Jtk; mJ vy;yhf; fhyq;fSf;Fk; cupajhf ,Ug;gjhy;> vy;yhr; #o;epiyfSf;Fk; top fhl;bf; nfhz;bUg;gjhy; ,e;j mupa epiyiaf;$l mwptpj;Jf; nfhLj;Js;sJ! egp(]y;) mtHfs; mUspdhHfs;:

",g;gb xU fhyk; tuyhk;: mg;nghOJ xU K];ypkplk; rpwe;j nry;tkhf MLfs; kl;LNk ,Uf;Fk;. mtd; mtw;iw Xl;bf;nfhz;L jdJ jPid - ,iwkhHf;fj;ij Fog;gq;fspy; ,Ue;J ghJfhg;gjw;fhf kiyf; fztha;fisAk; kioj; Jspfs; tbAk; ,lq;fisAk; Nehf;fp XLthd;!" (mwptpg;G mg+ ]aPJy; Fj;up(uyp) E}y; : Gfhup)

,e;jr; #o;epiyapy; me;j K];ypKf;F #uj;Jy; f`;G jQ;rk; mspf;fpwJ. mtd; nry;y Ntz;ba ghijia ntspr;rk; Nghl;L fhl;LfpwJ!

 

 

FHMdpd; xspapy; Fifj; NjhoHfspd; rupij!


,g;nghOJ Fifj; NjhoHfspd; rupijia FHMdpd; xspapy; rkHg;gpf;fpNwd;. fz;nzjpNu epfo;tJ Nghd;w - Neupy; fhz;gJ Nghd;w tpupthd Njhuizapy;> gy;NtW gbg;gpidfSk; mwpTiufSk; fpilf;Fk; uPjpapy; vLj;Jiuf;fg; NghfpNwd;.

 

 

rpiytopghLk; Cjhupj;jdKk; nfhz;l Ml;rp!


Nuhkpd; ngU efuq;fSs; xd;wpy; (ePq;fs; tpUk;gpdhy; mjw;F ,/gp]{]; my;yJ ,/gp]p]; vd;W ngaH #l;bf;nfhs;Sq;fs;. mq;F) fpwp];Jt tuyhw;wpd; njhlf;fj;jpy; cyfhajg; Nghf;F kpifj;jpUe;jJ. mjd; tpisthfg; gl;ltHj;jdkhd rpiytopghLk; kd ,r;irapd; mbg;gilapyhd fPo;j;jukhd tho;f;if KiwAk; cr;r epiyia mile;jpUe;jd.

tuyhW ,jw;Fr; rhl;rpak; mspf;fpwJ: mjhtJ> rpiy topghl;Lf; nfhs;ifAld; -jhd; Njhd;wpj;jdKk; kd ,r;irapd; mbg;gilapyhd tho;f;ifAk; - VNjh mtw;wpw;fpilNa XH ,ufrpa cld;gbf;if ,Ug;gJ Nghd;W - vd;iwf;Fk; ,ize;Nj ,Uf;Fk;! gz;ila ,e;jpahtpy; ,Nj epiyNa ,Ue;jjhf Guhjdr; rpd;dq;fSk; fy;ntl;LfSk; mwptpf;fpd;wd. fpNuf;f ehl;bYk; vfpg;jpYk; mwpahikf; fhyj;jpy; mNugpa jPg fw;gj;jpYk; ,Nj epiyNa ,Ue;jJ

,t;thWjhd; md;W ,/gP]]; khefuj;jpd; Ml;rpapYk; Ml;rpahsHfsplj;jpYk; jhd; jhd;wpj;jdNk mjpfupj;jpUe;jJ! rpiytopghl;bYk; kd,r;iriag; gpd;gw;wpa tho;tpYk; cyfhajg; Nghf;fpYk; mtHfs; Cwpj; jpisj;jpUe;jhHfs;. rpiytopghl;Lf; nfhs;ifAk; kd,r;iriag; gpd;gw;Wk; epiyAk; Nguiyfsha; vOe;J MHg;gupj;J mq;F tho;e;j kf;fspd; xOf;f> Md;kPf khz;Gfis vy;yhk; mupj;Jf; nfhz;Nl nrd;W tpl;ld.

,Wjpapy; ,/gPn]];; vDk; jiyefuj;jpy; tho;e;j kf;fs; ntWk; rlj;Jt thjr; rKjhakhf Mfptpl;lhHfs;. ntspg;gilahdtw;iwAk; GyDzHTf;F cl;gl;ltw;iwAk; jtpu NtnwijAk; mtHfs; Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjpy;iy. cldb ,d;gq;fs;> jw;fhypf ,yhgq;fs; Mfpatw;iwj; jtpu NtnwijAk; mtHfs; xg;Gf;nfhs;tjpy;iy.

,aw;ifahfNt murhq;fk; jd;dpiwT ngw;W RfNghfkhd tho;f;iff;Fupa rhjdq;fs; midj;ijAk; iftrg;gLj;jp ,Ue;jJ. kfpo;T> nry;tr; nropg;G> Gfo;> rpwg;G Mfpatw;wpd; gpwg;gplkhfj; jpfo;e;jJ. murhq;fj;jpd; nfhs;ifiaAk; rpe;jidg; Nghf;ifAk; Vw;Wf;nfhz;L Ml;rpahsHfisj; jOtpr; nry;tJ kl;LNk -mjpfhuk;> nry;tk;> Gfo;> rpwg;G Mfpatw;iw miltjw;fhd xNu top vd;whfpaJ. ,jdhy; re;jHg;gthjpfSk; Nguhirf;fhuHfSk; jhd; me;j Ml;rpahsHfisr; #o;e;jpUe;jhHfs;. NkYk; kf;fs; xNu tz;zKk; vz;zKk; cilatHfsha; MapdH. mjhtJ> kd,r;irapd; mbikfsha;> murhq;fg; gjtpapYk; mjpfhuj;jpYk; tUthapYk; Nkhfk; nfhz;ltHfsha;> muR khdpaq;fs; kPJ NghuhirAilatHfsha; MdhHfs;!

murhq;fk; jdJ nfhs;ifia eilKiwg;gLj;Jtjpy; gpbthjkhf ,Ue;jJ. jdJ rpe;jidg; Nghf;if kf;fspilNa jpzpg;gjpy; tuk;G kPwpr; nray;gl;lJ. rpiytopghl;Lf;; nfhs;iff;Fk; jhd; Njhd;wpj;jdkhd tho;f;iff;Fk; ahH ahH Kuzhfr; nray;gLfpwhfNsh mtHfisj; Njbg;gpbj;Jj; jz;bg;gjpy; <Lgl;bUe;jJ. thOk; cupikiaf;$l mtHfSf;F toq;ftpy;iy. mtHfspd; fyhr;rhu cupikfisAk; gwpj;Jtpl;lJ.

me;j ehL KOtjpYk; xNu tpjkhd tho;f;if KiwNa mike;jpUe;jJ. mehr;rhuKk; Cjhupj;jdKk; epiwe;j xNu thHg;Ng tpytpaJ. nfhs;ifapNyh FznthOf;fj;jpNyh ve;j xU khWjiyAk; nra;a vtUf;Fk; mDkjp fpilahJ. tz;zj;jpy;$l ve;jg; GJikAk; fhz KbahJ. me;ehl;L kf;fs; - gy ,dj;jpduhfTk; gy juj;jpduhfTk; tajpy; gy mk;rj;jpduhfTk; mwpthw;wypy; gy epiyapduhfTk; NtWgl;bUe;j NghjpYk; cWjpahd xNu mr;rfj;jpy; thHf;fg;gl;l xUE}ypd; gpujpfs; Nghd;W ve;j khWjYkpd;wp fhzg;gl;lhHfs;!

 

 

,iwek;gpf;if nfhz;l Gul;rpahsHfs;


rpiy topghl;Lf;nfhs;ifAila - mePjp jiytpupj;jhba ,e;j ehl;by;> fl;Lg;ghLk; fz;zpaKk; jtwpa ,e;jr; rKjhaj; jpy;> neUf;fbahd - gaq;fukhd ,e;jr; #o;epiyapy;> vq;Fk; fhupUs; fg;gp fOj;ij neupj;Jf;nfhz;bUe;j fhy epiyapy; -

,g;gbg;gl;l ,isQHfs; rpyUk; tho;e;jhHfs;. mtHfis> <]h egp (miy) mtHfspd; rj;jpa miog;G nrd;wile;jpUe;jJ. ey;ytw;iw <Hf;Fk; mwpTlDk; ,iwar;rk; kpf;f ,jaj;JlDk; capHj;Jbg;ghd kdr;rhl;rpAlDk; mtHfis mJ ngw;Wf;nfhz;lJ. me;j miog;G> mtHfspd; ,jaq;fisj; jpwe;jJ. mtw;iw KOikahf Ml;nfhz;lJ. mtHfspd; kdj;jpy; Mokhfg; gjpe;jJ. mtHfspd; ,jaq;fspYk; rpe;ijfspYk; KOikahf ,lk; gpbj;jJ. me;j miog;G mtHfspd; <khd; -ek;gpf;ifahfTk; nfhs;ifahfTk; ,d;g epiyahfTk; ,ja gykhfTk; njspe;j mwpthfTk; epiwe;j cWjpahfTk; khwpaJ! ,dp me;jf; nfhs;ifapd;wp mtHfshy; capH tho Kbahj epiyahdJ! ,t;Tyfpy; vt;tsT $Ljy; tpiyf;F <lhfTk; mjid tpw;W tpLtjw;F mtHfs; Kd; tutpy;iy! me;jf; nfhs;iff;fhf jq;fsJ tho;itAk; capiuAk;$l mHg;gzpg;gjw;F mtHfs; jahuhapdH!

,e;jf; fl;lj;jpy; jhd; Nghuhl;lk; njhlq;fpaJ. Nghuhl;lf; Fzk; Kjypy; me;j ,isQHfspd; ,jaq;fspy; gpwe;jJ. gpwF nraypy; ntspg;gl;lJ. Nghuhl;l czHT Kjypy; ,jaj;jpypUe;J njhlq;FtJjhd; ajhHj;jk;.

me;j ,isQHfs; md;iwa muRf;Fk; kf;fs; r%fj;jpw;;Fk; NeH vjpuhd rpe;jidiag; ngw;whHfs;. murhq;fk; cUt topghL cilaJ. mijj; jtpu NtW vijAk; Vw;Wf;nfhs;shjJ. rKjhak; jhd; Njhd;wpj;jdkhdJ. jhd; Njhd;wpj;jdkhd Nghf;ifj; jtpu NtW vijAk; mJ nghUe;jpf;nfhs;shJ. murhq;fj;JlDk; kf;fs; rKjhaj;JlDk; xj;Jg;Nghfhky; mjpfhuj;ijAk;> nry;thf;ifAk; ngWtnjd;gJ xUGwk; ,Uf;fl;Lk; - capH tho;tNj KbahJ.

,t;thwhf fhuz-fhupaq;fspd; jj;JtKk; r%fk; kw;Wk; $l;Ltho;f;ifapd; Ma;Tk; tho;f;ifapd; ajhHj;j epiyAk; - ,it midj;Jk; me;j ,isQHfis murhq;fj;jpw;Fk; rKjhaj;jpw;Fk; fl;Lg;gl;Lr; nry;YkhWjhd; fl;lhag;gLj;jpd.

cztpd;wp tapW epuk;g KbahJ. gzkpd;wp czT fpilf;fhJ. gzNkh murhq;fj;jplk; kl;LNk cs;sJ. ,Nj Nghd;W gjtpapd;wp fz;zpaKk; GfOk; ,y;iy. gjtp vd;gJ muRg; gzpapd;wp ,y;iy. muRg; gzp murhq;fj;jplk; kl;LNk cs;sJ.

vdNt mikjpAk; epk;kjpAk; Ntz;Lkhdhy; kf;fNshL xj;Jg; Nghdhhy; jhd; -CNuhL ,ize;J tho;e;jhy;jhd; fpilf;Fk;. mg;gbahdhy; kf;fsplKs;s nghJf;fUj;ijAk; nry;thf;Fg; ngw;Ws;s nfhs;ifiaAk; Vw;Wf;nfhz;lhy;jhd; KbAk;. - ,J jhd; fz;nzjpupy; fhzf;$ba - mDgtj;jpy; fpilf;ff; $ba cyfhajj; jj;JtkhFk;. vy;yhg; nghUs;fspd; ,ay;G epiyAkhFk;.

vdpDk;; ,e;jj; ‘njspthd jj;Jtj;ij’ (,jd; mDjhgpfs; ,jw;F ,g;gbj;jhd; ngaupLfpwhHfs;.> ,e;jf; fUj;ij) me;j ,isQHfs; Vw;Wf; nfhs;stpy;iy.> mjw;F vjpuhfNt nray;gLfpwhHfs;. jq;fsJ ,iwek;gpf;if kw;Wk; Vfj;Jtf; nfhs;ifapd; %yk; kl;LNk cjtp ngWfpwhHfs;.

mtHfspd; J}u Nehf;Fila Mokhd rpe;jid> mq;F epytpa ntspg;gilahd> GyDf;Fl;gl;l epiyikiaf; fle;J nry;fpwJ. ,e;jg; GyDyfpw;F mg;ghYs;s ajhHj;j epiy mtHfSf;F Kd; Njhw;wkspf;fpwJ! ,e;jmurhq;fKk; kf;fs; rKjhaKk; iftrg;gLj;jpAs;s fhuzp;fSf;F mg;ghy; NtnwhU fhuzp ,Ug;gij mtHfs; ghhf;fpwhHfs;. mJNt ,iwrf;jp. mJNt Vida fhuzpfisg; gilj;Jj; jpiu kiwtpypUe;J mtw;iw ,af;fpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; ,iwehl;lk;!

khngUk; Mw;wy;kpf;f me;j ,iwehl;lk; ahUf;Fj; Jiz epw;fpwNjh mtH kPJ ,e;jg; Gwf;fhuzpfSk; mtw;iwf; ifg;gw;wp itj;jpUf;Fk; kdpjHfSk; ve;jg; ghjpg;igAk; Vw;gLj;jp tpl KbahJ. me;j kdpjHfspd; ghy; mtH NjitahfTk; khl;lhH. epiyikfisAk; Rw;Wr; #o;epiyfisAk; my;yh`; mtUf;F trg;gLj;jpf;nfhLj;J mtw;iw> mtuJ epiyikf;Fk; Njitf;Fk; cld;gLk; tifapy;- Njitia epiwNtw;wpf; nfhLf;Fk; tz;zk; mikj;J tpLfpwhd;! NkYk; mtuJ gzpfSf;F Ntz;ba topfhl;liyAk; midj;J trjp tha;g;GfisAk; jahH gLj;jpf;nfhLf;fpwhd;. NkYk; jdJ gpuj;jpNaf fUiziaAk; mUisAk; mtUf;F toq;Ffpwhd;.

vdNt mtH ntspuq;f rf;jpfSf;F Kd;dhy; mbgzpaNth mtw;iwf; ifg;gw;wpAs;stHfSf;F mlq;fpr; nry;yNth Njitapy;iy! me;jf; fhuzpfisf; ifg;gw;wp itj;jpUf;Fk; kdpjHfs; cz;ikapy; gytPdkhdtHfs; Viofs;jhk;! vdNt mtH jkJ nfhs;ifapy; cWjpahf epiyj;jpUg;gJ jhd; mtrpak;!

,q;F jhd; ,iwek;gpf;if cyfhajr; rpe;jidg; Nghf;fpd; kPJ KOikahf ntw;wp nfhs;fpwJ. ek;gpf;ifapd; jj;Jtk; Mjhuj;jpd; mbg;gilapyhd jj;Jtj;ij mlf;fpahSfpwJ! ,e;j tuyhw;wpd; jpwTNfhYk; gbg;gpidf;Fupa ,lKk; ,Jjhd;!

"jpz;zkhf mtHfs; jk; ,iwtd; kPJ ek;gpf;if nfhz;bUe;j ,isQHfs;. ehk; mtHfis NeHtopapy; NkYk; NkYk; Kd;Ndwr; nra;Njhk;. mtHfs; rj;jpaj;jpw;fhfg; Nghuhl vOe;J) epd;W ‘thdq;fSf;Fk; g+kpf;Fk; ahH mjpgjpNah mtd; jhd; vq;fs; ,iwtd;. mtid tpLj;J Ntnwe;j flTisAk; ehq;fs; miof;f khl;Nlhk;. mt;thW mioj;jhy; ehq;fs; Kiwaw;w Ngr;ir NgrpatHfs; MNthk;’ vd;W (Jzpe;J) $wpanghOJ mtHfspd; ,jaq;fis ehk; jplg;gLj;jpNdhk;. (gpwF mtHfs; jq;fSf;Fs; nrhy;ypf; nfhz;lhHfs;) ‘,e;j ek;Kila r%fj;jpdH Nguz;lj;jpd; mjpgjpia tpLj;Jg; gpwtw;iwj; nja;tq;fshf Mf;;fpf; nfhz;lhHfNs! (mit jhd; tzf;fj;jpw;Fupa nja;tq;fs; vd;why;) mjw;fhd njspthd rhd;wpid ,tHfs; Vd; nfhz;L tutpy;iy? my;yh`;tpd; kPJ ngha;iag; Gide;J $Wgtid tpl ngUk; nfhLikf;fhud; ahH?" (18 : 13 -15 )

 

 

tho;th? rhth?


Mdhy; ,g;nghOJ nfhs;ifapy; epiyj;jpUg;gjw;F vd;d top? vd;gJ jhd; gpur;id. ,e;jg; g+kp ,t;tsT gue;J tpupe;jpUe;Jk; $l ,iwek;gpf;ifahsHfshd me;j ,isQHfs; kPJ neUf;fbahfp tpl;bUe;jJ. murhq;fk;> me;ehl;L kf;fs; midtiuAk; me;j ,isQHfSf;F vjpuhfj; J}z;b tpl;bUe;jJ! czTk; ,ju tho;f;ifj; NjitfSk; mtHfSf;Fj; jil nra;ag;gl;ld. ,e;epiyapy; nfhs;ifapy; epiyj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lnkdpy;> mjw;fhd top vd;d? nfhs;ifaw;w - Fz nthOf;f kw;w tho;f;if tho;tjh? nfhs;ifiag; ghJfhg;gjw;fhf tho;itAk; Rje;jpuj;ijAk; jpahfk; nra;tjh? ,t;tpuz;by; vJ Kf;fpak; vd;gNj mt;tpisQHfSf;F Kd; vOe;j Nfs;tp!

,e;epiyapy; <khd; (,iwtd; kPjhd cWjpkpf;f ek;gpf;if) mtHfSf;Ff; ifnfhLj;J cjTfpwJ. nry;Yk; ghijia mtHfSf;F ntspr;rk; Nghl;Lf; fhl;LfpwJ. NkYk; ‘my;yh`;-tpd; g+kp gue;J tpupe;jJ.> mtdJ cjtp epr;rak;’ vDk; cWjpia mtHfspd; ,jaq;fspy; Vw;gLj;JfpwJ. ,d;g tho;itAk; trjp tha;g;Gfs; midj;ijAk; ,oe;J tpl;lnghOJ ,dpAk; ,e;j mepahaf;fhuHfspd; Cupy; jq;fpapUf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W ve;jf; fl;lhaKk; jq;fSf;F ,y;iy vd;fpw vz;zk; mtHfsplk; cWjpg;gl;lJ. mg;nghOJ mtHfspd; ehtpy; vOe;j thHj;ijfs; ,itjhd;:

",e;j kf;fis tpl;Lk; ,tHfs; my;yh`;it tpLj;J tzq;fpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; nja;tq;fis tpl;Lk; ePq;fs; tpyfpf; nfhz;BHfshdhy;> ,d;d Fiff;Fr; nrd;W mgak; NjLq;fs;. cq;fs; ,iwtd; jdJ fUizia cq;fs; kPJ ,d;Dk; tpupthf;Fthd;. NkYk; cq;fs; gzpfSf;F Ntz;ba midj;Jr; rhjdq;fisAk; cUthf;fpj; jUthd;" (18 : 16)

 

 

fsj;ijf; fhyp nra;j gpwF nra;a Ntz;banjd;d?


gpwF me;j ,isQHfs; my;yh`;tpd; g+kpapy; mg;gbNa fz;Nghd Nghf;fpy; Rw;wpj; jpupe;jpUf;fyhk;. xt;nthUtUk; jj;jkJ ghijapy; nrd;wpUf;fyhk;. jdpj;jdpf; Fifiaj; NjbNah kiy cr;rpia ehbNah nrd;wpUf;fyhk;. vt;thW fpwp];jtHfs; Jwtwj;ij Nkw;nfhz;l fhyfl;lj;jpYk; tPo;r;rp mile;j nghOJk; nray;gl;lhHfNsh mt;thW ,e;j ,isQHfSk; nra;jpUf;fyhk;.

Mdhy; me;j ,isQHfspd; cs;sj;jpy; - ehk; midtUk; ekJ jPd; - ,iwkhHf;fj;ijAk; nfhs;ifiaAk; fhg;ghw;wpf; nfhs;tjw;fhf xNu [khmj; - $l;lkhfjhd; ,t;t+upy; ,Ue;J ntspNawp my;yh`;tplk; jQ;rk; mila Ntz;Lk;.> mtdplk; ,Ue;Nj tpiuthd kfpo;itAk; njspthd ntw;wpiaAk; vjpH ghHf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;fpw XH cs;Sjpg;ig my;yh`; Vw;gLj; jpdhd;.

,JNt rupahd jpl;lk;! kpfTk; rPuhd ghij! ,iw ek;gpf;ifahsHfs; kPJ ,g;g+kp neUf;fbahfp> thOk; topfs; midj;Jk; milgl;Lg;Ngha; mtHfSila <khd;- ,iw ek;gpf;ifAk; topghl;LKiwAk; Ngughaj;jpw;Fs;shf NeupLk; xt;nthU fhyfl;lj;jpYk; mtHfs; Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;ba eilKiw ,Jjhd;;.

 

 

,iwek;gpf;iff;;Fk; jpahfj;jpw;Fk; fpilj;j gupR


gpwF ele;jnjd;d? ,iwek;gpf;if kw;Wk; tPuk; Mfpa ,uz;L jd;ikfis me;j ,isQHfs; jq;fsplk; epiwthf;fpdhHfs;. mt;tpuz;Lk; jhd; ,iwtdpd; cjtpAk; mtdJ kiwKfhd xj;Jiog;Gk; fpl;Ltjw;fhd gjpNtl;by; cs;s ,U mbg;gilg; gz;Gfs;!

"jpz;zkhf mtHfs; ,isQHfs;. jk; ,iwtd; kPJ ek;gpf;if nfhz;ltHfs;" (#uj;Jy; f`;G trdk; 13)

mg;nghOJ my;yh`;Tk; jhd; mspj;j thf;FWjpfs; midj; ijAk; mtHfSf;F epiwNtw;wpf; nfhLj;jhd;. mitjhd;: NeH topapy; Kd;Ndw;wk; mspj;jy;> ,jaj;ij cWjpg;gLj;jy; vd;gd.

"ehk; NeHtopapy; mtHfis NkYk; NkYk; Kd;Ndwr; nra; Njhk;. mtHfspd; ,jaq;fisAk; jplg;gLj;jpNdhk;" (#uj;Jy; f`;G trdk; 13)

nrhe;j Ciu tpl;L ntspNawpr; nry;Yk; ,iwek;gpf;ifahsd; jhd; - jdJ rKjhaj;ijAk; r%fr; #o;epiyiaAk; vjpHj;Jg; Gul;rp nra;af;$ba> nfhLq;Nfhy; Ml;rpiaAk; rHthjpfhu muirAk; vjpHj;Jg; Nghuhlf;$ba xU K];ypk;jhd; topfhl;lYf;Fk; epiyFiyahikf;FYk; mjpfk; Njit cilatd;! mtdJ jLkhWk; ,jaj;ij my;yh`;> cWjpg;gLj;JtJk; mtdJ nefpOk; kdj;ijj; jplg;gLj;JtJk; kpfTk; mtrpak;!

Mk;> fz;zpakpf;f me;j ,isQHfs; tp\aj;jpy; jhd; mspj;j thf;FWjpia my;yh`; epiwNtw;wpdhd;. mtHfSf;F NeHtopapy; Kd;Ndw;wj;ij mspj;jhd;. mtHfspd; ,jaq;fis cWjpg;gLj;jpdhd;. Nfhio> mr;rk;> jaf;fk;> jLkhw;wk; Mfpa jd;ikfis mtHfspd; ,jaq;fspy; ,Ue;J ntspNaw;wptpl;L - tPuk;> mikjp> Cf;fk;> cWjp> kfpo;T> Mde;jk; Mfpa jd;ikfis mtw;wpy; epug;gpdhd;. my;yh`;itAk; mtDila nray;fisAk; KO kdj;Jld; Vw;Wf;nfhs;Sk; kdepiwit mtHfSf;F mspj;jhd;.

my;yh`;tpd; ghijapy; ehL Jwe;J nry;gtupd; fl;lKjk; ,Jjhd;! ,iwtopapy; NghH Gupaf;$ba> jdJ fhyj;ijAk; r%fr; #o;epiyiaAk; vjpHj;Jg; Gul;rp nra;af;$ba xU tPuDf;Fj; Njitahd MAjk; ,Jjhd;!

gpwF vd;d ele;jJ? me;j ,isQHfs; Ciu tpl;L ntspNawpdhHfs;. r%f tho;itAk; mjd; myq;fhuq;fisAk; Jwe;jhHfs;. tho;f;ifr; rhjdq;fisAk; trjp tha;g;GfisAk; J}f;fp vwpe;jhHfs;. rpwg;Gkpf;f jk; ehl;ilAk; kjpg;Gkpf;f jq;fspd; tPLfisAk; tpl;Lg; gpupe;jhHfs;. cz;ikahnjdpy; me;j ,isQHfs; caHe;j FLk;gq;fspy; rpwe;j Fyq;fspy; gpwe;jtHfshtH.1

(1.my;yhkh MY}rp mtHfs; jkJ tpupTiuapy; $WfpwhHfs;: me;j ,isQHfs; NuhkhGupapd; rpwg;Gkpf;f> fz;zpakpf;f gpuKfHfspd; gps;isfshtH. (E}y;;: &`{y; kMdp ghfk; 5 gf;fk; 11))

tpupthd> MNuhf;fpakhd1 xU Fifapd; gf;fk; me;j ,is QHfSf;F my;yh`; topfhl;baJ mtHfs; Nkw;nfhz;l jpah fj;jpd; gupR vd;Wjhd; nrhy;y Ntz;Lk;. Mk;> ,JNghd;w Fiffis> tpupthd> MNuhf;fpakhd> J}a;ikahd mga ,y;yq;fisg; ngupa ngupa epWtdq;fshy;$l fl;bnaOg;g KbahJ.

(1. yprhDy; mug; vDk; mfuhjpapy; cs;sJ: f`;G vd;gJ kiyg; nghJk;G MFk;. Mdhy; Fif - nghJk;G ,uz;Lf;Fk; tpj;jpahrk; vd;dntdpy;> Fif vd;gJ nghJk;ig tpl kpf tpupthdJ. neUf;fbahdjhf ,Ue;jhy; mjw;Fg; nghJk;G vdg;gLk;.)

me;jf; Fif vg;gb mike;jpUe;jnjdpy;> #upa xspAk; ntg;gKk; Nghjpa msT mjpy; fpilj;Jf;nfhz;bUe;jd. mj;Jld; #upadpd; kpjkpQ;rpa ntg;gj;jpd; jPikapypUe;J ghJfhg;ghfTk; ,Ue;jJ. kl;Lky;y J}a;ikahd fhw;Wk; ,jkhd #o;epiyAk; me;j ,isQHfSf;F ew; Rfj;ijAk; RWRWg;igAk; toq;fpf; nfhz;bUe;jd!

"(mtHfs; jQ;rk; GFe;jpUe;j Fif vt;thW mike; jpUe;jnjdp;y;>) #upad; cjakhFk; nghOJ mtHfspd; Fifia tpl;Lk; tpyfp tyJ gf;fkhf caHtijAk; kiwAk; nghOJ (mtHfis tpl;Lk; fle;J) ,lJ gf;fkhfj; jho;tijAk; ePH fhz;gPH. (ve;epiyapYk; #upaf; fjpHfs; Neubahff; FifapDs; nry;tjpy;iy) mtHfNsh FifapDs; xU tprhykhd Kw;wj;jpy; ,Ue;jhHfs;"1

(1.#uj;Jy; f`;G trdk; 17 - &`{y; kMdpapy; cs;sJ: me;j ,isQHfisr; #upa ntg;gk; mwNt jhf;fhj tifapy;jhd;> Jd;GWj;jhj tifapy;jhd; Fif mike;jpUe;jJ. ,jkhd fhw;W fpilj;Jf;nfhz;bUf; Fk; tifapy;> Fifapd; neUf;fbahy; Jd;gj;jpw;Fs;shfhj tifapy; Fifapd; eLg;gFjpapy; mtHfs; jq;fpapUe;jhHfs;. (ghfk; 5 gf;fk; 20))

,t;thW mRj;jkhd> ehw;wnkLj;j r%fr; #o;epiyia tpl;Lk; nfhLikapYk; jPikapYk; Ko;fpf;fple;j Ml;rpahsHfs; kw;Wk; r%fj; jiytHfis tpl;Lk; me;j ,isQHfspd; cwT Kw;whf Kwpe;jJ. khRkWtw;w tho;f;ifNahLk; J}a;ikahd ntsp cyfj;JlDk; mtHfspd; cwT njhlHe;jJ. mtHfs; CH cyfj;ij tpl;Lk; tpyfpj;jhd; tho;e;jhHfs;.> MapDk; cyf tho;tpd; midj;J eyd;fisAk; gyd;fisAk; mDgtpj;jhHfs;. ,Jnty;yhk; ,jaj;jpy; Mog;gjpe;jpUe;j <khd; vDk; ,iwek;gpf;iff;Fk; cz;ikahd ,iwtopg; Nghuhl;lj;jpw;Fk; fpilj;j gupNr md;wp Ntwpy;iy. my;yh`; xUtd; jhd; ,j;jifa trjpia Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhLj;jhd;. mtNd mjw;fhd topfhl;liy toq;fpdhd;.

",J (mjhtJ> me;j ,isQHfs; cyifAk; mjd; cwTfs; midj;ijAk; rj;jpaj;jpw;fhf tpl;nlhopj;jJ) my;yh`;tpd; mj;jhl;rpfspy; xd;whFk;. my;yh`; ahUf;F NeHtopfhl;LfpwhNdh mtNu NeHtopapy; cs;stH" (#uj;Jy; f`;g; trdk; 17)

,iwepuhfupg;ghsHfs;> my;yh`; tFj;jspj;j rl;lq;fSf;Fk; mtDila \uPmj; - newpKiwfSf;Fk; vjpuhff; fpsHr;rpia Nkw;nfhz;lhHfs;. ,aw;iff;F vjpuhfr; nray;gl;lhHfs;. RfNghfkhd> cy;yhrkhd> Mde;jkhd tho;f;ifia miltjw;fhf jq;fSila Mw;wy;fs;> ciog;Gfs;> fy;tpfs;> tp\a Qhdq;fs; midj;ijAk; nryT nra;jhHfs;. jq;fSila nrhe;j eyd;fSf;fhf ,aw;if rf;jpfis trg;gLj;jpdhHfs;. RfNghfj;ijAk; nry;tr; nropg;igAk; cy;yhrj;ijAk; juf;$ba rhjdq;fisj; jq;fSf;F mbgzpAk;gb nra;jhHfs;. Mdhy; ,Wjpapy; vd;d MdJ? vjpHghHj;j gyd;fis tpl;Lk; mtHfs;; jLf;fg; gl;lhHfs;. Mk;> tho;f;ifr; #oy;fSk; ,aw;ifANk mtHfSf;F vjpuhfj; jpUk;gptpl;ld. mtHfs; vjpHghHj;jpUf;fhj topfspy; my;yh`;tpd; jz;lid mtHfis te;jile;jJ. mtHfNs fz;Lgpbj;j fz;Lgpbg;GfSf;Fk; rhjdq;fSf;Fk; mtHfs; ,iuahdhHfs;. E}jdkhd Neha;fSf;Fg; gypahdhHfs;. tpNdhjkhd rpf;fy;fSf;F MshdhHfs;. NguopTkpf;f NghHfspy; rpf;fpdhHfs;!

"(egpNa!) my;yh`; vtid topjtwr; nra;fpwhNdh mtDf;F cjtp GupgtiuAk; topfhl;LgtiuAk; ePH fhz khl;BH" (#uj;Jy; f`;g; trdk; 17)

 

 

<khdpaf; Fifapd; tho;f;if


me;j ,isQHfs; ,e;j <khdpaf; Fifapy; tPzpYk; Xa;tpYk; jq;fsJ tho;itf; fopf;ftpy;iy. mq;F mtHfs; ,iwnewpr; rl;lKk; topfhl;lYk; ,d;wp ,UspNyh fz;fs; fl;ba epiyapNyh ,Ue;Jnfhz;bUf;ftpy;iy.

Mjhuq;fspy; ,Ue;J njupatUtJ vd;dntdpy;> rpy Mfkq;fisAk; vOjg;gl;l XiyfisAk; me;j ,isQHfs; jk;Kld; nfhz;L nrd;wpUe;jhHfs;. mit njsuhj; kw;Wk; ,d;[Pypd; trdq;fs; vOjg;gl;l VLfshf ,Uf;fyhk;. egpkhHfspd; Qhdq;fs; kw;Wk; Nghjidfspy; ,Ue;J vQ;rpa gjpaq;fshfTk; ,Uf;fyhk;. Ciu tpl;Lk; ntspNa fpsk;Gk; nghOJ jq;fNshL mtw;iwAk; ghJfhg;ghf vLj;Jr; nrd;wpUe;jhHfs;.1

(1. FHMd; mtHfSf;F m];`hGy; f`;G tH ufPk; vd;W ngaupLfpwJ. ufPk; vd;gjpy; gy fUj;Jfis tpupTiuahsHfs; vOJfpwhHfs;. RpyH $WfpwhHfs;: mJ xU fw;gyif. Fifj; NjhoHfspd; tuyhw;iw my;yJ mtHfspd; ngaHfis mjpy; vOjpapUe;jhHfs;. gpd;dH mJ Fifapd; thrypy; itf;fg;gl;lJ.

NtW rpyH $WfpwhHfs;: ufPk; vd;gJ xU fpuhkj;jpd; my;yJ efuj;jpd; ngaH.

my;yhkh ifyhdp mtHfs; jkJ fl;Liuapy; gpd;tUk; fUj;ij vOjpAs;shHfs;: ufPk; vd;gJ vOjg;gl;l XH VL. Fifapy; mtHfSf;F mJ cjtpahf ,Ue;jJ.

my;yhkh MY}rp mtHfs; ,g;D mg;gh];(uyp) mtHfspd; fUj;jhf vOjpapUg;gJ mjw;F tYt+l;lf;$bajhf cs;sJ: ufPk; vd;gJ mtHfsplk; ,Ue;j XH vL. <]h egp (miy) mtHfspd; jPdpy; ,Ue;J ve;jr; rl;lq;fis mtHfs; gpd;gw;wp te;jhHfNsh me;jr; rl;lq;fs; me;j Vl;by; vOjg;gl;bUe;jd. (E}y;: &`{y; kMdp ghfk; 15 gf;fk; 11) ,JNt ekJ fUj;jhFk;.

,g;D [uPH (u`;) mtHfs; ,g;D i[j; ,lk; ,Ue;J mwptpj;Js;shHfs;: ufPk; vd;gJ XH VL. mjw;F xU gpuj;jpNafr; nra;jp xd;W cz;L. mjid my;yh`; mwptpj;Jj; jutpy;iy.

"me;j Nkd;kf;fspd; gjpNtL vd;dntd;gJ ckf;Fj; njupAkh? mJ vOjg;gl;l xU Gj;jfk;. (,iwtdplk;) neUf;fkhd kyf;Ffs; mjidg; ghJfhf;fpwhHfs;" (ghfk; 15 gf;fk; 122)

,khk; Gfhup (u`;) mtHfs; $WfpwhHfs;: ufPk; vd;why; VL. mugpapy; kH$k; vd;why; vOjg;gl;lJ vd;W nghUs;. (]`P`{y; Gfhup ghfk; 2 j/g;]PH gFjp> #uj;Jy; f`;G))

,J vj;jifa eilKiwnadpy;> jq;fSila rKjhaj;ijAk; r%fr; #o;epiyfisAk; vjpHj;Jg; Nghuhlf;$ba> ehl;ilAk; tPl;ilAk; Jwe;J Gfyplk; Njbj; jdpikia ehbr; nry;y Ntz;ba fl;lhaj;Jf;F cs;shff; $ba xt;nthUtUf;Fk; ,J xU rh]dkhf ,Uf;fl;Lk;.> mg;gb Ciu tpl;Lk; ntspNawpj; jdpikia ehLk; #o;epiy Vw;gLk; gl;rj;jpy;!

gpd;dH me;j ,isQHfs; nfhz;L nrd;wpUe;j fl;lKjKk; ,jug; nghUl;fSk; Kbe;J te;j nghOJ my;yh`; mtHfs; kPJ epk;kjpahd> ePz;lnebanjhU epj;jpiuiar; rhl;bdhd;. cz;zg; gUf Ntz;ba Njit$l ,y;yhj tifapy;!

"mg;nghOJ ehk; mtHfis mNj Fifapy; gy;yhz;Lfs; Mo;e;j epj;jpiuapy; Mo;j;jpNdhk;" (#uj;Jy; f`;G trdk; 19)

 

 

NuhkhGupapd; jiy fPo; khw;wk;


Fifj; NjhoHfSila rupijapd; mw;Gjq;fSs; xU Nguw;Gk; ,q;F ntspg;gLfpwJ. Fifapy; mtHfs; jdpj;jpUe;j epj;jpiuapy; Mo;e;jpUe;j fhyj;jpy; mtHfsJ Cupd; epiyik ngUk; khWjy; milfpwJ. Nuhk; ehl;bYk; mjd; Ml;rpf;F cl;gl;bUe;j gFjpfspYk; jiyfPo; khw;wk; Vw;gl;lJ. rpiy topghl;Lf; nfhs;ifAk; Cjhupj;jdKk; nfhz;l Ml;rp fhyhtjpahdJ. mjd; Ml;rpahsHfSk; mjpfhutHf;fj;jpdUk; fhyr;Row;rpfspDs; RUl;lg;gl;lhHfs;. mj;jifa murhq;fj;jpd;; rpijTfspilNa my;yh`;tpd; kPJk; <rh egp kPJk; ek;gpf;if nfhz;l XH muR Ml;rpf;F te;jJ.1 ve;jg; Gjpa kjj;ij Ke;ija murhq;fk; ePz;l fhykhf vjpHj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jNjh mjidg; gpd;gw;wpatHfisAk; mjid topelj;jpr; nrd;w jiytHfisAk; ehl;iltpl;Nl Jwj;jpaNjh me;j Gjpa kjj;jpw;F ,e;j muR cjtp Gupe;jJ. me;j khHf;fj;Jld; ,izfpw midtiuAk; fz;zpag;gLj;jpaJ. mjd; nfhs;ifg;gb tzf;f topghL GupgtH midtiuAk; tuNtw;W nfsutpj;jJ.

(1.,J fp];je;jPd; fgPH vd;w kd;dd; fhyj;jpy; epfo;e;jjhFk;. ,tH fp.gp. 306 Mk; Mz;by; Ml;rpg; nghWg;Ngw;whH. mg;nghOJ ,tH fpwp];jt kjj;ij Vw;whH. (,Jjhd; gpugykhd mwptpg;G. Mdhy; Gjpa kjj;ij Vw;wjpy; ,e;j kd;dUila tha;ikapYk; ey;nyz;zj;jpYk; Iak; nfhs;fpwhHfs;> ngUk;ghyhd Ma;thsHfs;! mtH fpwp];Jtj;ijj; jOtpaJ murpay; eyd;fSf;fhfNt vd;W nrhy;fpd;wdH) ,e;j kd;dH jhd; fpwp];Jtj;ij murhq;fj;jpd; mjpfhug;g+Ht kjk; Mf;fpdhH. NkYk; Kf;fpakhd rigfis (k[;yp];fis) $l;bdhH.> mtw;wpy; ngupa ngupa ghjpupkhHfSk; gp\g;fSk; fye;Jnfhz;lhHfs;. mjd; Nehf;fk; fpwp];Jtf; nfhs;ifapy; xUKfj;jd;ikia Vw;gLj;JtJk; fUj;J NtWghLfisf; fistJk; Nfh\;b Nkhjy;fis xopg;gJkhFk;. ,tNu fp];jd;jPdpah (Constantinople) vDk; efiu fp.gpp.330 Mk; Mz;L cUthf;fpdhH. mJ mtuJ ngaupy; gpugykhfpAs;sJ. mjid ehl;bd; jiyefuhf Mf;fpdhH. fp.gp. 337 Mk; Mz;L kuzk; mile;jhH.)

,e;jf; fhyfl;lj;jpy; Fifj; NjhoHfis my;yh`; tpopj;njor; nra;fpwhd;. %d;W E}w;whz;LfSf;Fk; mjpfkhfj; J}q;fpf; nfhz;bUe;j mtHfsp;d; ePz;l neba J}f;fk;; fiyj;J!

"NkYk; mtHfs; jkJ Fifapy; Kd;D}W Mz;Lfs; jq;fpdhHfs;. rpyH xd;gjhz;Lfis mjpfkhf;fpdhHfs;" (#uj;Jy; f`;G 25) - J}f;fj;jpy; fope;j fhyk; vt;tsT vd;gJ gw;wp jq;fSf;F kj;jpapy; mtHfs; tpdtpf; nfhs;fpwhHfs;. me;jf; fhy msitj; jPHkhdpg;gjpy; - Jy;ypakhff; fzpg;gjpy; mtHfSf;Fs; fUj;J NtWghL vOfpwJ. gpwF me;j tptfhuj;ij my;yh`;tpd; gf;fk; tpl;LtpLfpwhHfs;. Vnddpy; mJ Kf;fpakhd khHf;fg; gpur;idNah Kf;fpakhd cyf tptfhuNkh my;y.>

"mtHfspy; xUtH ehk; jq;fpapUe;jJ vt;tsT fhyk; vd;W Nfl;lhH. mjw;F mtHfs;> xUehs; my;yJ rpy kzp Neuk; jq;fpapUg;Nghk; vd;W gjpy; mspj;jhHfs;. (me;jf; fhy msit rupahd Kiwapy; mwpe;jpl Kbahky; MdnghOJ) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;: ePq;fs; vt;tsT fhyk; jq;fpapUe;jPHfs; vd;gij cq;fs; ,iwtd;jhd; ed;F mwpe;jtd;" (#uj;Jy; f`;G 19)

rpwpJ Neuj;jpy; midtUk; grpia czHfpwhHfs;. clNd jq;fspy; xUtiu> ey;y czit thq;fp tUkhW gzpf;fpwhHfs;. jq;fsJ Cupy; ,Ue;J ifNahLnfhz;L te;jpUe;j nts;sp ehzaq;fis mtuplk; nfhLj;J mDg;GfpwhHfs;.

"ek;kpy; xUtiu ,e;j nts;sp ehzaj;ijf; nfhLj;J CUf;Fs; mDg;gp itAq;fs;. kpfTk; ey;y czT1vq;F fpilf;Fk; vd;W ghHj;J mq;fpUe;J rhg;gpLtjw;F VjhtJ ekf;F thq;fp tul;Lk;"

(1. ,e;j trdj;jpw;F ,khk; uh[p mtHfs;> kpfTk; J}a;ikahd> Ritahd czT vd;W tpsf;fk; mspf;fpwhH. NkYk; vOJfpwhH: czit Nrfupj;J itg;gjw;fhf Kaw;rp nra;tJ \uPmj;jpy; mDkjpf;fg;gl;l xd;Wjhd;.> mJ jtf;Fy; - ,iwtid KOtJk; rhHe;jpUj;jy; vDk; gz;Gf;F NfL tpistpf;fhJ vd;gJ ,e;j trdj;jpy; ,Ue;J njupfpwJ.)

,ufrpak; ntspg;gl;L tplhjthW ghJfhg;ghfTk; rhkHj;jpa khfTk; nrd;W jpUk;Gk;gb jk; NjhoUf;F mtHfs; mwpTiu $WfpwhHfs;. Vnddpy; ehl;bd; Ml;rp ,d;Dk; vjpupfspd; iftrNk cs;sJ vd;Wk; NghyP]hUk; Gydha;Tj; JiwapdUk;; jq;fisf; fz;fhzpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs; vd;Wk; jhd; mtHfs; ek;gpf;nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;.

"mtH rhkHj;jpakhf ele;J nfhs;sl;Lk;. ehk; ,q;F ,Ug;gij ahUf;Fk; mtH njupag;gLj;jpl Ntz;lhk;. mtHfs; ek;ikg; gpbj;Jtpl;lhy; ek;ikf; fy;yhy; mbj;Jf; nfhd;W tpLthHfs;. my;yJ mtHfsJ kjj;jpw;F ek;ik gyte;jkhf; nfhz;L nrd;W tpLthHfs;. mg;gb Mfptpl;lhy; ePq;fs; xU nghOJk; ntw;wp ngw KbahJ" (#uj;Jy; f`;G 19-20)

,q;Nf - ,iwek;gpf;if nfhz;l ,isQHfs; nfhLikg;gLj;jg;gl;l fijiaAk; mJ rpiy topghl;by; jpisj;jpUe;j jPNahHfspd; Ml;rpapy; ele;jnjd;gijAk; CH kf;fs; nrtp topr; nra;jpahfj; njupe;jpUe;jhHfs;. me;j ,isQHfSf;F ,iof;fg;gl;l Jd;gq;fisAk; mjdhy; mtHfs; jq;fs; ehl;ilj; Jwe;J nrd;wijAk; kf;fspd; fz;fis tpl;L kiwe;J NghdijAk; vt;tpj mbr;RtLk; ,y;yhky; NghdhHfs; vd;ijAk; kf;fs; Nfs;tpg; gl;bUe;jhHfs;.

Ml;rpf;F te;j Gjpa fpwp];jt muR> jdJ kjk; nfhLikg;gLj;jg;gl;l tuyhw;Wr; rpd;dq;fSf;Fg; Gj;JapH nfhLg;;gjpYk; mjd; milahsr; RtLfisg; GJg;gpg;gjpYk; <Lgl;lJ. jdJ kjj;jpw;fhfg; Nghuhb capHj; jpahfk; nra;j tPuHfspd; epiditg; GJikg;;gLj;JtjpYk; mtHfspd; Gfio epiyehl;Ltjpy; mjw;fhf epidT ,y;yq;fis vOg;GtjpYk; ehl;lk; nfhz;lJ. mj;jifa tPuHfspd; gl;baypy; Fifj; NjhoHfNs Kd;dpiyapy; ,Ue;jdH.

 

 

New;Nwh tpul;lg;gl;ltHfs;.> ,d;Nwh tPuj; jpahfpfs;


,jd; tpisthf Fifj; NjhoHfspd; rupij jhd; me;j efuk; KOtjd; Ngr;rhdJ. czTf;fhf mtHfs; mDg;gp itj;j NjhoH gJq;fpg; gJq;fpg; Gwg;gl;lhH.> rhJupakhfTk; mr;rj;jpdhy; jpUk;gpj; jpUk;gpg; ghHj;j gbAk; fpsk;gpdhH. vq;F Ritahd czT fpilf;Fk; vd;W ghHf;fpwhH. mij thq;fpf; nfhz;L tpiuthf jd; NjhoHfsplk; jpUk;g Ntz;Lk; vd;W fUJfpwhH. mg;gbj; jpUk;gpdhy; mJNt ngUk; ghf;fpak; vd;W vz;ZfpwhH.

Mdhy; mq;F efu kf;fs; midtupd; Mr;rupag; ghHitf;F ,yf;fhfp tpLfpwhH. kl;Lky;y mtUk; mtUila NjhoHfSNk CupDs; jiytHfshf kjpf;fg;gLfpwhHfs;. mtHfspd; jpahfk;> ngUik> tPuk; gw;wpNa kf;fsplj;jpYk; muRj; jug;gpYk; ntFthfg; Gfog;gl;Lf;nfhz;bUe;jJ

midj;jpw;Fk; Kjypy; mtH jd;Dld; nfhz;L nrd;wpUe;j ehzaq;fs; my;yJ mtuJ Ngr;Rg; ghzp> my;yJ mtH mzpe;jpUe;j Milfs; %yk; mtiug; gw;wpa tpguk; kf;fSf;Fj; njupe;J tpLfpwJ. Mdhy; FHMd; ,e;j tptuq;fSf;F Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nfhLg;gjpy;iy. Vnddpy; FHMdpd; Fwpf;Nfhs; NeHtop fhl;LtNj jtpu tuyhWfisAk; fijfisAk; tptupg;gjy;y.

gpwF ,e;jr; nra;jp efH KOtJk; Vd;> ehL KOtJk; jP nadg; guTfpwJ. vq;F Nehf;fpDk; kf;fs; midtUk; mijg; gw;wpNa Ngrpf; nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. NkYk; kf;fs; jdpj;jdpahfTk; $l;lk; $l;lkhfTk; me;j ,isQHfSf;F milf;fyk; nfhLj;j Fif Nehf;fpg; Gwg;glyhapdH. mtHfisj; juprpg;gijg; ghf;fpakhff; fUjyhdhHfs;.

Mdhy; FHMd; jdJ tof;fj;jpw;Nfw;g ,e;j ,lj;jpYk; - me;j ,isQHfSf;Ff; fpilj;j kf;fspd; tuNtw;G> nfsutk;> fz;zpak; Mfpa tptuq;fisf; Fwpg;gpLtij epWj;jpf; nfhs;fpwJ. Mdhy; FHMd; mOj;jkhff; Fwpg;gpLtJ ,Jjhd;:

",t;thNw mtHfspd; epiyikia CH kf;fSf;F ehk; njupag;gLj;jpNdhk;.> my;yh`;tpd; thf;FWjp cz;ikahdJ vd;gijAk; kWik ehs; epr;rak; te;Nj jPUk; vd;gijAk; kf;fs; Gupe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf!" (#uj;Jy; f`;G 21)

murhq;fj;jpYk; kf;fsplj;jpYk; Vw;gl;bUe;j ,e;j khw;wKk;> ,t;tsT ePz;l fhyk; fhzhky; Nghd gpd;dH me;j ,isQHfis kf;fs; njupe;J nfhz;lJk; -

my;yh`; jdJ thf;FWjpia mjhtJ> me;j ,isQHfspd; Gfio caHj;JtjhfTk; mtHfspd; gjpaq;fis epiyf;fr; nra;tjhfTk; mtHfspd; vjpupfis mlf;FtjhfTk; my;yh`; mspj;jpUe;j thf;FWjpia epiwNtw;Wtjhf mike;Js;sd. NkYk; my;yh`; jhd; ,uitAk; gfiyAk; khw;wpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhd; vd;gjw;Fg; ngUk; MjhukhfTk; mit jpfo;fpd;wd. mj;Jld; -

"kWik ehs; te;Nj jPUk;. mjpy; vt;tpj IaKk; ,y;iy.> kz;ziwapy; cs;stHfis (kuzpj;jtHfis) jpz;zkhf my;yh`; vOg;gpNa jPUthd;" (#uj;Jy; `[; trdk; 7) vd;gjw;Fk; ngUk; rhd;whfj; jpfo;fpd;wd!

mlf;FKiwiaf; ifahz;l Ke;ija muR ,t;tpjk; mbr;Rtbd;wp mope;njhope;JNghFk; vd;Wk; mlf;fpnahLf;fg;gl;l fpwp];jt kjk; kPz;Lk; fpsHe;njOk; vd;Wk; Fifj; NjhoHfs; ,t;tsT ePz;l fhyj;jpw;Fg; gpwF ngupanjhU ‘kz;ziw’ Nghd;wpUe;j FifapypUe;J vOthHfs; vd;Wk; fz;zpaKk; nfsutKk; ngWthHfs; vd;Wk; murhq;fk; ,U iffisAk; tpupj;J mtHfis tuNtw;Fk; vd;Wk; CH kf;fs; midtUk; XNlhbte;J mtHfis Muj;jOtpf; nfhs;thHfs; vd;Wk; vjpHghHf;fg;gl;ljh> vd;d? ,jpy; Fiw\pj; jiytHfSf;Fk; kf;fj;Jg; gpuKfHfSf;Fk; gbg;gpidAk; xLf;fg;gl;l> gytPdkhd K];ypk;fSf;F MWjYk; cz;ly;yth?

gpwF me;j ,isQHfs; my;yh`;tpd; ehl;lk; cs;s tiu mq;F jq;fpapUe;jhHfs;. gpd;dH epj;jpa kuzk; mtHfis jOtpf; nfhz;lJ. mg;nghOJ mtHfs; kPJ md;Gk; kupahijAk; itj;jtHfs; kj;jpapy; fUj;J NtWghl;Lf;Fk; rHr;irf;Fk; cupa ngUk; gpur;idaha; mtHfs; MdhHfs;. mtHfs; tp\aj;jpy; kf;fspilNa gy fUj;Jfs; vOe;jd. mtHfspd; Gfio epiyf;fr; nra;tJ vg;gb? mtHfSf;F epidTr; rpd;dk; vOg;GtJ vg;gb vd;gJ gw;wp gy;NtW fUj;Jfs; Njhd;wpd!

"me;Neuj;jpy; (mtHfs; tp\aj;jpy;) kf;fs; jq;fSf;fpilNa jHf;fk; GupayhdhHfs;. ‘mtHfspd; epidthf (Fif kPJ) xU fl;blk; vOg;Gq;fs;.> (mjw;F Nky; vJTk; nra;a Ntz;lhk;) ,tHfisg; gw;wp ,tHfspd; ,iwtd; jhd; ed;F mwpe;jtd;’ vd;W rpyH $wpdH! Mdhy; mtHfspd; tptfhuj;jpy; vtHfspd; fUj;J NkNyhq;fpapUe;jNjh mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;: ‘ehq;fs; ,tHfs; (J}q;fpa ,lj;jpd;)kPJ xU tzf;fj; jyk; vOg;GNthk;"1

(1.#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 21 - ,e;j trdj;jpd; tpupTiuapy; my;yhkh MY}rp (u`;) mtHfs; $WfpwhHfs;: kfhd;fspd; kz;ziwfs; kPJ jq;FtJk; mtw;wpd; kPJ tzf;fj; jyk; (k];[pj;) vOg;GtJk; mjpy; njhOtJk; $Lk; vd;gjw;F ,e;j trdj;jpy; Mjhuk; cs;sJ vd;W rpyH thjpLfpwhHfs;. ,J Kiwaw;w> tPzhd fUj;jhFk;.> NfLn fl;l> nry;Ygbahfhj $w;whFk;. Map\h(uyp) mtHfsplk; ,Ue;J GfhupAk; K];ypKk; e]<Ak; NkYk; mg+ `{iuuh(uyp) mtHfsplk; ,Ue;J K];ypKk; mwptpj;jpUf;fpwHfs;:

"A+jHfisAk; fpwp];jtHfisAk; my;yh`; rgpg;ghdhf. mtHfs; jq;fs; egpkhHfspd; kz;ziwfis k];[pj;fshf Mf;fptpl;lhHfs;"Gfhup> K];ypk;> e]h< MfpNahupd; kw;NwhH mwptpg;gpy; ,t;thW te;Js;sJ:

",g;gbg;gl;ltHfNs kf;fs; midtupDk; kWik ehspy; kpff; nfl;ltHfshf ,Ug;ghHfs;"

NkYk; ,e;j trdj;jpy; vLj;Jiuf;fg;gl;lJ mt;thW nra;Nthk; vd;W cWjpnfhz;l xU FOtpdupd; fUj;J jhNd jtpu Ntnwhd;W ,y;iy. kl;Lky;y mtHfisg; GfOk; tifapNyh mtHfis xU Kd;khjpupahff; fUJkhW J}z;LtifapNyh $l ,e;j trdk; ,lk;ngwtpy;iy. NkYk; mt;thW nrhd;dtHfs; ghtf;fiwapypUe;J ghJfhf;fg;gl;ltHfs; vd;W ep&gpf;fg;glhj tiuapy; mtHfsJ ehl;lk; xUGwk; ,Uf;fl;Lk; - mtHfsJ nraNy $l Mjhuk; MfhJ> mtHfs; ve;jr; nraiyr; nra;a ehbdhHfNsh me;jr; nray; \uPmj;jpd; eilKiwNa vd;gjw;F! NkYk; mt;thW tzf;fj; jyk; vOg;Gtjhfr; nrhd;dJ jiytHfSk; murHfSk; jhd; vd;W xU fUj;Jk; - fj;jhjh(uyp) Nghd;Nwhuplk; ,Ue;J - mwptpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,JTk; mtHfspd; nray; kPJ mjpf msT cWjp nfhs;s KbahJ vd;gjw;Fj;jhd; tY NrHf;fpwJ! (&`{y; kMdp ghfk; 5 gf;fk; 21 - 32))

,j;jifa MHt epiy> mtHfspd; fhyj;NjhL - mtHfspd; me;j];Jf;F kjpg;gspj;jNjhL- mtHfspd; epidit epiyf;fr; nra;jNjhL Kbe;J tpltpy;iy. khwhf me;j ,isQHfs; tuyhw;W ehafHfshf> rkaj; jiytHfshf vd;nwd;Wk; kjpf;fg; glyhdhHfs;. mtHfs; tp\aj;jpy; gytpjg; gpupTfSk; FOtpdUk; Njhd;wpdhHfs;. xt;nthU gpuptpdHf;Fk; gy MjuthsHfSk; cUthdhHfs;.

"mtHfs; %tH.> ehyhtJ mtHfsJ eha; vd;W rpyH $WtH. ItH.> MwhtJ mtHfspd; eha; vd;W NtW rpyH FUl;lhk;Nghf;fpy; VNjNjh $WtH. VO NgH.> mtHfspy; vl;lhtJ mtHfspd; eha; vd;W ,d;Dk; rpyH nrhy;tH. (egpNa) ePH $Wk;: mtHfspd; vz;zpf;ifia vd; ,iwtd;jhd; ed;F mwpe;jtd;. mtHfisg; gw;wp rpyNu mwpthHfs;. (epiyik ,t;thW ,Ug;gjhy;) mtHfspd; vz;zpf;if tp\aj;jpy; NkNyhl;lkhd KiwapNy jtpu ePH jHf;fk; nra;ahjPH. NkYk; mtHfisg; gw;wp vtuplKk; vJTk; Nfl;fhjPH" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 22)

 

 

cyfhajj;jpd; kPJ ,];yhj;jpd; ntw;wp!


Fif mj;jpahaj;jpd; ehd;F rupijfspy; Kjy; rupijahfpa epiyahd ,e;jr; rupij ,t;thW epiwtilfpwJ. mjhtJ ,];yhj;jpw;Fk; cyfhajj;jpw;Fk; Nghuhl;lk; my;yJ ,aw;iff; fhuzpfis ek;Gtjw;Fk; ,iwtid ek;Gtjw;Fk; kj;jpapyhd Nghuhl;lk; vDk; rupij ,q;Nf epiwTngWfpwJ. ,iw ek;gpf;iff;nfhs;if cyfhjak; vd;fpw rlj;Jtthjf; nfhs;if kPJ ntw;wp nfhs;fpwJ. Mk;> ,aw;iff; fhuzpfisg; gilj;j ,iwtd; kPJ cWjpahf ek;gpf;if nfhs;tNjhL fij KbfpwJ!

,iwek;gpf;ifahsHfshd me;j ,isQHfs; cyfhajg; Nghf;if tpLj;J ,iwek;gpf;ifAld; tho;tjw;Nf Kd;Dupik nfhLj;jhHfs;. ,k;ikg; gyd;fis tpl kWikg; NgWfSf;Nf Kjyplk; nfhLj;jhHfs;. Vo;ikAk; tWikAk; nfhz;l tho;thapDk; ,iwek;gpf;ifAld; tho Ntz;Lk; vd;Nw tpUk;gpdhHfs;. gpwe;j CiuAk; cw;whH cwtpdHfs;- ez;gHfs; ahtiuAk; tpl;Lj; J}ukhf tho;tijAk; tho;f;ifr; rhjdq;fs;> RfNghfk;> muR kupahij Mfpatw;wpy; ve;jg; ghf;fpaKk; jq;fSf;F ,y;yhj epiyiaAk; Vw;Wf; nfhz;lhHfs;. Mdhy; ,iwtNdhL gpw nghUl;fisf; flTshff; fUjp tzq;Ftjw;Fk; kd,r;iriag; gpd;gw;wp tho;tjw;Fk; ghtj;jpYk; tuk;G kPwypYk; vtUf;Fk; JizNghtjw;Fk; mtHfs; Kd;tu tpy;iy! kd,r;irapd; J}z;Ljypy; ,Ue;J tpyfp Md;khtpd; Njl;lj;jpw;F te;jhHfs;. mwptpd; Njl;lj;ij tpl;Lk; tpyfp ,iwek;gpf;ifapd; miog;gpd; gf;fk; tpiue;J te;jhHfs;.

,Wjpapy; me;j ,isQHfNs Mokhd mwpTk; J}u Nehf;Fk; cilatHfs; vd;gJk; ,Wjp ntw;wp ,iwgf;jHfSf;Nf vd;gJk; cWjpahdJ!

ve;j ,aw;iff; fhuzpfis tpl;Lk; tpyfp ,iwtd; gf;fk; XbdhHfNsh me;jf; fhuzpfs; - cyfj;ij tpl;Lk; mtHfs; gpupAk; Neuj;jpy; mtHfSf;F mbgzpe;jd. New;W ve;j murhq;fj;jpd; jz;lidf;Fg; gae;J XbdhHfNsh me;j murhq;fk; mtHfSf;Ff; fPo;gbe;jJ!

Fifj; NjhoHfspd; ,e;jr; rupij -<khd;> tPuk;> cWjpg;ghL> mHg;gzpj;jy;> (,iwtopg; NghH) [p`hj;; Mfpatw;wpd; rupijahFk;. kdpj tuyhw;wpy; - rj;jpa khHf;fj;jpd;> Neupa nfhs;ifapd; tuyhw;wpy; kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; epfo;e;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; rupijahFk;. ,aw;iff; fhuzpfs; ,iwehl;lj;jpw;Ff; fl;Lg; gl;litjhd; vd;gjw;Fk; mit ,iwek;gpf;iff;Fk; ew;nray;fSf;Fk; cw;w Jizjhd; vd;gjw;Fk; Mjhukhfj; jpfOk; rupijahFk; ,J!

vdNt XH ,iwek;gpf;ifahsd; Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;ba xNu khHf;fk; ahnjdpy;> ,iwek;gpf;if kw;Wk; ew;nray;fs; Mfpatw;wpd; %yk; me;j ,iwehl;lj;ij jd; gf;fk; <Hg;gJ jhd;! mjd; %yk; my;yh`;tpd; cjtpf;Fk; mtdJ kiwKf xj;Jiog;Gf;Fk; jFjpahdtdhfj; jpfo;tJjhd;!

,uz;lhk; rupijahfpa ,U Njhl;lq;fis cila nry;te;jdpd; rupijia FHMd; njhlq;Ftjw;F Kd;dhy; egp(]y;) mtHfSf;F ,t;thW mwpTiu toq;FfpwJ:

my;yh`;tpd; fapw;iw> mjpf rf;jptha;e;j kpfg;ngupa fhuzpia> cWjpahd gw;Wf;Nfhl;il cWjpahfg; gw;wpf;nfhs;Sq;fs;. ,JNt ,iwek;gpf;if kw;Wk; FHMdpd; ghij!

NkYk; egpatHfSf;F ey;Yiu gfHfpwJ: ,iwek;gpf;if> ,iwtidg; gw;wpa epiwQhdk;> cWjpg;ghL> jpahdk;> JM (gpuhHj;jid) Mfpatw;wpd; %yk; ew;ghf;fpak; ngw;W thOfpw ,iwek;gpf;ifahsHfNshL el;G nfhz;L thOq;fs;. cyf ,d;gq;fisAk; mjd; myq;fhuq;fisAk; mtHfs; Fiwthfg; ngw;wpUe;jhYk; rupNa! Mdhy; vtHfs; ,iwek;gpf;ifia ,oe;J tho;fpwhHfNsh ,iwtidg; gw;wpa Qhdk;> cWjpg;ghL> ,iw epidT> gpuhHj;jid Mfpa ghf;fpaq;fis ,oe;J tho;fpwhHfNsh mj;jifa mwptpypfSld; ve;j el;Gk; itj;Jf; nfhs;shjPHfs;.> trjp tha;g;GfisAk; tho;f;ifr; rhjdq;fisAk; RfNghfq;fisAk; ngUk; msT mtHfs; ngw;wpUe;jhYk; rupNa!

cz;ikapy; ,J xU nghJthd mwpiuNa MFk;. FHMid Xjp mjidg; gpd;gw;wp thof;$batHfs;> FHMid ek;gf;$batHfs; vd vy;NyhUf;Fk; cupa ey;YiuNa ,J. ,d;Dk; nrhy;yg;Nghdhy; ,e;j mwpTiug;gb mky; nra;tjw;Fk; mjidj; jk; tho;tpy; kyur; nra;tjw;Fk; mjpfk; Njit cilatHfs; ,tHfNs MtH!

"vtHfs; jk; ,iwtdpd; ctg;ig ehb fhiyapYk; khiyapYk; mtid miof;fpwhHfNsh mtHfSld; NrHe;J ,Ug;gjpy; ckJ kdj;ijj; jpUg;jpf;nfhs;sr; nra;thahf. xUNghJk; ckJ ghHitia mtHfis tpl;Lk; jpUg;g Ntz;lhk;. ,t;Ty thof;ifapd; myq;fhuj;ij ePH tpUk;GfpwPuh vd;d? ek;ik epidT $Htij tpl;Lk; vtdJ ,jaj;ijg; ehk; guhKfkhf;fp tpl;NlhNkh - vtd; jd; ,r;irg;gb thOk; Nghf;if Nkw;nfhz;bUf;fpwhNdh-vtd; jd;Dila nray; Kiwfspy; tuk;G kPwpg; Ngha; nfhz;bUf;fpwhNdh mtDf;F ePH fl;Lg;glhjPH" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 28)

,JNt - mjhtJ> tho;f;if trjpfisg; ngUf;Fk; rhjdq;fs; kw;Wk; ntspuq;f rf;jpfs; Mfpatw;iwf; fhl;bYk; ,iwek;gpf;iff;Ff;Fk; ew;nray;fSf;Fk; my;yh`;Tld; Md;kPfj; njhlHGf;Fk; Kd;Dupik nfhLg;gJjhd; - tho;f;if trjpfisg; ngUf;Fk; rhjdq;fs; kw;Wk; ntspuq;f rf;jpfSf;F vjpuhfTk; cyfhjak; vDk; rlj;Jtf; nfhs;iff;Fk; mjd; Kd;NdhbfSf;Fk; vjpuhfTk; NghuhLtJjhd; cyf tho;f;ifapd; myq;fhuq;fisAk; mjd; RfNghfq;fisAk; jho;thff; fUJtJ jhd;> Fifj;NjhoHfSf;F kl;Lky;y xt;nthU fhyj;jpYk; thOk; ,iwek;gpf;ifAk; QhdKk; ngw;W thOk; kf;fs; midtUilaTk; nray;jpl;lkhf ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. ,Jjhd; #uj;Jy; f`;/gpd; miog;G! FHMdpd; miw$ty;!

"NkYk; ehk; mtHfspd; gy;NtW gpuptpdHf;F toq;fpapUf;Fk; cyf tho;f;ifapd; RfNghfq;is ePH Vwpl;Lk; ghHf;fhjPH. mtHfisr; Nrhjpg;gjw;fhfNt mtw;iw ehk; mtHfSf;F toq;fpAs;Nshk;. ck; ,iwtd; toq;Fk; tho;thjhuNk rpwe;jJk; epiyahdJk; MFk;" (#ujj;Jy; f`;/g; 131)

,e;j ,yf;if ikakhff; nfhz;L jhd; ,e;jf; Fif mj;jpahak; Rod;W tUfpwJ. xt;nthU jpUg;gj;jpYk; mjd; gf;fNk Rl;bf;fhl;LfpwJ!

 

 

cyfhajj; jiytHfSf;Nf fz;zpak; mspf;Fk; fyhr;rhuk;


NkNy nrhd;d ,e;jf; fUj;ijAk; ,e;j capNuhl;lj;ijAk; cyfhajf; fyhr;rhuk; (,jd; jw;Nghija njspthd ngUk; tbtj;jpw;F j[;[hypaf; fyhr;rhuk; vd;Wk; nrhy;yyhk;) NeUf;F NeH vjpHf;fpwJ. Kw;wpYk; NeH Kuzhd jpirapNyNa nry;fpwJ.

Mk;> ,e;j j[;[hypaf; fyhr;rhuk; epiy nfhz;bUg;gNj cyfhajk; vDk; rlj;Jtf; nfhs;ifiaAk; mjd; jiytHfisAk; Gdpjg;gLj;Jtjd; kPJjhd;! mtHfSf;Ff; fz;zpaKk; nfsutKk; mspg;gjd; kPJjhd;!

,e;jf; fyhr;rhuj;jpd; jj;JtKk; ,yf;fpaKk; ftpij> fl;Liu> ehty;> ehlfk;> tuyhW> nra;jpj;Jiw cs;spl;l ,yf;fpa tiffs; ahTk; msT fle;J Gfo;e;J nfhz;bUg;gJ> ngUk; ngUk; KjyhspfisAk; NfhB];tuHfisAk; cyfhajr; nry;thf;F cilatHfisAk;jhd;! murpay; kw;Wk; nghUshjhu rf;jpfis iftrg;gLj;jpapUf;Fk; jiytHfisj;jhd; msT fle;J Gfo;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpwJ! mj;jifa jiytHfisf; flTshf;Ftjw;Fk; jd;dpfuw;w - caH me;j];Jf;Fk; NkNy mtHfis caHj;Jtjw;Fk; Kad;W nfhz;bUf;fpd;wJ. mtHfisg; gpd;gw;WkhWk; mtHfSf;Ff; fPo;g;gbe;J mbikg; gl;bUf;FkhWk; kf;fisj; J}z;LfpwJ ,e;j cyfhajf; fyhr;rhuk;!

 

 

cyfhajf; fyhr;rhuj;jpd; milahsk; kpifg;gLj;jYk;; jPtputhjKk;!


,Wjpf; fjp Fwpj;J myl;rpag;Nghf;F nfhz;l ,e;jf; fyhr;rhuj;ijg; gw;wpAk; mjid KOikahf Vw;Wf;nfhz;L mjd; fl;lisf;Nfw;g nray;gLk; kdpjidg; gw;wpAk; gpd;tUk; ,e;j trdj;ij tpl mofhfTk; njspthfTk; ahUk; vLj;Jiuf;f KbahJ:

"NkYk; ek;ik epidT $Htij tpl;Lk; vtdJ ,jaj;ij ehk; guhKfkhf;fpNdhNkh - vtd; jd; kd,r;irg;gb thOk; Nghf;if Nkw;nfhz;bUf;fpwhNdh vtd; jd;Dila nray; Kiwfspy; tuk;G kPwpg;Ngha;f; nfhz;bUf;fpwhNdh mj;jifa xUtDf;F ePH fl;Lg;glhjPH" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 28)

tPz;tpuak;> tPzhf;Fjy;> kpifg;gLj;jy;> jPtputhjk; Mfpait> ,e;jf; fyhr;rhuj;jpd; milahskhfTk; mjidAk; mjidg; gpd;gw;Wk; kdpjidAk; ,dq;fhl;Lk; rpd;dkhfTk; Mfptpl;ld. rk;ghj;jpaj;jpy; tPz;tpuak;! cw;gj;jpapy; tPz;tpuak;! tpisahl;bYk; nghOJNghf;fpYk; tuk;G kPwy;! nryT nra;tjpYk; tuk;GkPwy;! murpay; uPjpahd fUj;JfspYk; eLepiy ,oj;jy;! nghUshjhuf; fUj;JfspYk; eLepiy ,oj;jy;!

xd;W> [dehafj;jpy; kpifg;gLj;jy;! my;yJ rHthjpfhuj;jpy; kpifg;gLj;jy;! my;yJ fk;a+dp]j;jpy; kpifg;gLj;jy;! my;yJ jd;dhy; my;yJ rf kdpjHfshy; cUthf;fg;gl;l rl;lq;fs;> kuGfs;> mikg;Gfs;> tpOkq;fs; Mfpatw;iw msT fle;J Gdpjg;gLj;jy;! - ve;j msTf;nfdpy;> mtw;wpy; ,Ue;J Nuhkf;fhy; msT$l ahUk; tpyfpr; nry;yf;$lhJ. mt;thW tpyfpr; nry;gtd; vt;tsT ngupa Fw;wthspahff; fUjg;gLthd; vdpy;> mjw;Fg; gpwF mtd; vt;tpjr; rpwg;gpw;Fk; kupahijf;Fk; jFjpAilatdhff; fUjg;glkhl;lhd;!

,y;iynadpy;> Ngjik kpf;f> Fog;gk; epiwe;j xUtpjkhd kdf;fpsHr;rp! rPuhd mwpTf;Fk; Neupa ,ay;GzHTf;Fk; Kuzhd> ,aw;ifahd kdpj ,ay;Gf;Fk; vjpuhd xUtpjkhd kdf;fpNyrk;!-Xu kdpjd; ,j;jifa kdepiyf;Fg; gypahfptpl;l gpwF ehfupf kdpjHfspd; mzpapypUe;J tpyfp kpUfq;fs; kw;Wk; fhy;eilfspd; mzpapy; NrHe;J tpLfpwhd;!1

(1.kpUfj;jdkhd Rje;jpuk;> Milfisf; fisjy;> Mz;fSk; ngz;fSk; fl;Lg;ghbd;wpg; goFjy; Mfpatw;wpd; gf;fk; miof;ff;$ba ,af;fq;fs; mnkupf;fh kw;Wk; INuhg;gh Nghd;w ehLfspy; cs;sd. NkNy nrhd;d ,e;jg; Gjpa kdg;Nghf;F me;j ,af;fq;fsplk; kpfTk; ntspg;gilahff; fhzg;gLfpwJ. ,Wjpahf ,e;jg; Nghf;F -E}yhrpupaHfs; rpyH `pg;gpfs; (Hippies) vdg; ngaupLfpd;w INuhg;gpa ,isQHfsplk; ntspg;gilahf cs;sJ. cz;ikahnjdpy;> cyfhaj the;jpg; Ngjp> mikjpapd;ik> rpe;jidj; jLkhw;wk;> kdf;fyf;fk;> epuhir Mfpatw;wpdhy; gPbf;fg;gl;l xt;nthU fyhr;rhuj;jplKk; ,e;jg; Gjpa kdf;fpNyrk; vLg;ghff; fhzg;gLfpwJ! ,JNghd;w kdf;fpNyrk; xU fhyj;jpy; fpNuf;f ehl;bYk; NuhkhGupapYk; ,Ue;Js;sJ. NkYk; tptuj;jpw;F- m/g;yhj;J}d; vOjpa [dehafk; vDk; E}iyg; ghHf;fTk;. mjpy; mtH jdJ fhyj;jpa INuhg;gpa ,isQdpd; epiy Fwpj;J mofhfg; glk; gpbj;Jf; fhl;LfpwhH. NkYk; K];ypk;fspd; tPo;r;Rpapdhy; cyfk; mile;j e\;lk; vd;d? vd;w ekJ E}ypy; m/g;yhj;J}d; vd;Dk; jiyg;igg; ghHf;fTk;.(gf;fk; 177 gjpg;G 8))

my;yJ Kjyhspj;Jtj;jpy; jPtpukhd Nghf;F! - ,t;thwhf ,e;j cyfhajthjpapd; epiy> xt;nthU tptfhuj;jpYk; tuk;G kPwpajhf Mfptpl;lJ. mtd; NjHe;njLf;Fk; - Kd;Dupik nfhLf;Fk; xt;nthd;wpYk; mtd; <LgLfpw ,af;fq;fs; - miog;Gfs; vy;yhtw;wpYk; mtdJ eilKiw tuk;G kPwpajhfNt Mfptpl;lJ! ve;j msTf;nfdpy;> NeHik> eLepiy> ,U tp\aq;fspy; eLT epiy tfpj;jy; Mfpa jd;ikfSld; kpfj; J}ukhd njhlHG$l ,e;j cyfhaj thjpaplk; ,Ug;gjpy;iy. ,e;j mk;rq;fs; midj;Jk; kf;fs; midtupDk; kpff; FiwthNt mtdplk; ,Uf;Fk;!

 

 

,];yhj;jpd; - ,];yhkpaf; fyhr;rhuj;jpd; jdpj;jd;ik NeHikAk; eLepiyANk!


egpj;Jtg; Nghjidfspy; ,Ue;J ve;j xU tho;f;if Kiw thHf;fg;gLfpwNjh me;j tho;f;ifKiw> NeHik kw;Wk; eLepiy cilaJ vd;Nw tHzpf;fg;gLfpwJ.

NkYk; mtHfs; nryT nra;jhy; tPz; tpuaKk; fQ;rj;jdKk; nra;a khl;lhHfs;. mtHfspd; nryTfs; mt;tpuz;Lf;Fk; kj;jpapy; - eLepiyahf ,Uf;Fk; (#uj;Jy; /GHfhd; 67)

,e;j FHMdpa rKjhaj;jpdiu eLepiyahsHfs; vd;Nw my;yh`; tHzpf;fpwhd;.

"NkYk; ,t;thNw ehk; cq;fis vy;yhtpjj;jpYk; eLepiy ahd rKjhakhf Mf;fpNdhk;. ePq;fs; kf;fs; kPJ rhl;rpak; mspg; gtHfsha;j; jpfo;e;jpl Ntz;Lk;.> NkYk; ,iwj;J}jH cq;fs; kPJ rhl;rpak; mspg;gtuha;j; jpfo;e;jpl Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf!"1

(1.#uj;Jy; gfwh 143 - my; kjhupf; vDk; j/g;]Pupy; cs;sJ: njhOifapy; ePq;fs; Kd;Ndhf;Fk; fpg;yh - jpiria fpof;fpw;Fk; Nkw;Ff;Fk; eLepiyg; gl;ljhf ehk; Mf;fpapUg;gijg; Nghd;W cq;fis kpifg;ghLk; Fiwg;ghLk; ,y;yhj eLepiyahd rKjhakhf Mf;fpAs;Nshk;. gf;fk; 47

my; /fh]pd; j/g;]Pupy; cs;sJ: ,jd; nghUs;> kpifg;ghLk; Fiwg;ghLk; ,y;yhj eLepiyahdnjhU khHf;fj;ijg; ngw;wtHfs; vd;gjhFk;. ghfk; 1 gf;fk; 108)

egpfshH(]y;) mtHfs; eLepiyg; gz;gpy; KOikahd Kd;khjpupahf tho;e;J nrd;Ws;shHfs;.1

(1. egp(]y;) mtHfspd; gz;ghl;il egpnkhopj; njhFg;GfspYk; egptuyhw;W VLfspYk; gbAq;fs;. vy;yh tptfhuq;fspYk; eLepiyiaj; NjHe; njLf;FkhW mtHfs; etpd;w mwpTiufisAk; NghjidfisAk; gbAq; fs;. myP(uyp) mtHfSk; Vida NjhoHfSk; mwptpj;Js;shHfs;:

"egp(]y;) mtHfs; vg;nghOJk; eLepiyg; gz;gpduhfNt jpfo;e;jhHfs;. cz;ikiaf; FiwT nra;aTk; khl;lhHfs;. mjid kPwTk; khl;lhHfs;. NkYk; nrhd;dhHfs;: egp(]y;) mtHfsplk; ,U tp\aq;fspy; xd;iwj; NjHT nra;AkhW nrhy;yg;gl;lhy; ,yFthdijNa NjHT nra;thHfs;!" (E}y;: jpHkpjp ,khk; mtHfspd; [{];T\; \khapy;))

NkYk; ,e;j ,];yhkpa rd;khHf;fj;ijf; Fwpj;J rj;jpaj;jpy; epiyj;jpUj;jy;> eLepiy> FiwghL - kpifghL ,uz;il tpl;Lk; J}ukhFk; jd;ik Mfpatw;iwf; nfhz;L tHzpf;fpwhd;. Xuplj;jpy; fa;apk;> kw;Nwhuplj;jpy; fpak; vDk; thHj;ijfisg; gad;gLj;jpAs;shd;. egpatHfis mioj;J Xuplj;jpy; $Wfpwhd;:

"(egpNa) $WtPuhf: epr;rakhf vd; ,iwtd; vdf;F Neuhd topiaf; fhz;gpj;Jtpl;lhd;. mJ Nfhzy; ,y;yhj Kw;wpYk; rPuhd khHf;fk;. xUkdg;gl;ltuhd ,g;uh`Pk; filg;gpbj;J te;j top. mtH xUNghJk; ,iwtDf;F ,iz itj;J tzq;FNthupy; xUtuhf ,Uf;ftpy;iy" (#uj;Jy; md;Mk; 161)

- NtNwhH ,lj;jpy;>

",Jjhd; rPuhd-nrk;ikahd khHf;fkhFk;" (#uj;Jj; njsgh 36 #uj; a+Rg; 40 #uj;JH &k; 30)

,d;NdhH ,lj;jpy;>

"(egpNa) ckJ Kfj;ij ,e;j Neupa khHf;fj;jpd; gf;fk; epiyg;gLj;jp itg;gPuhf" (#uj;JH &k; 43)

,t;thNw jdJ Ntjj;ij nrk;ikahdJ vd;Wk; NfhzNyh topgpwoNyh ,y;yhjJ vd;Wk; my;yh`; tHzpf;fpwhd;. ,e;j Fif mj;jpahaj;jpd; njhlf;fj;jpy; my;yh`; $Wfpwhd;:

"Gfo; midj;Jk; my;yh`; xUtDf;Nf. mtNd jd; mbahH kPJ ,e;j Ntjj;ij ,wf;fpaUspdhd;. ,jpy; vt;tpjf; NfhziyAk; mtd; itf;ftpy;iy. ,J Kw;wpYk; nrk;ikahdJ. vjw;fhf ,wf;fpaUspanjdpy;> my;yh`;tplk; ,Ue;J fLikahd Ntjid Fwpj;J vr;rupf;if nra;tjw;fhfTk; ,iwek;gpf;ifAld; ew;nray;fs; GupNthUf;Fj; jpz;zkhf ew;$yp cz;nld;Wk; mjpy; mtHfs; vd;nwd;Wk; jq;fpapUg;ghHfs; vd;Wk; ew;nra;jp mwptpg;gjw;fhfTk;jhd;! NkYk; ‘my;yh`; kfid Vw;gLj;jpf;nfhz;lhd;’ vd;W $wpatHfis vr;rupf;if nra;tjw;fhfTk;jhd;! mJ gw;wp vt;tpj QhdKk; mtHfsplKk; ,y;iy.> mtHfspd; %jhijaHfsplKk; ,y;iy. mtHfSila thapypUe;J ntspg;gLfpw thHj;ij vj;Jiz nfhbaJ! mtHfs; $WtJ ngha;Na md;wp Ntwpy;iy" kw;NwhH ,lj;jpy;>

"my;yh`;tplk; ,Ue;J te;j xU J}jH.> mtH J}a;ikahd Ntj E}y;fis Xjpf;fhz;gpf;fpwhH. mtw;wpy; Kw;wpYk; NeHikahd - epiyahd rl;lq;fs; vOjg;gl;Ls;sd" (#uj;Jy; ga;apdh 2-3)

gpwpNjhH ,lj;jpy;>

"(me;j Ntjk; vg;gbg;gl;lnjdpy;) mJ mugp nkhopapYs;s FHMd;.> vt;tpjf; NfhzYk; ,y;yhjJ. (,jid ehk; ,wf;fpaUspapUg;gJ) jPa fjpapypUe;J ,tHfs; jg;gpj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;fhfj;jhd;!" (#uj;J]; ]{kH 28)

Mf> rj;jpaj;jpy; epiyj;jpUj;jypd; [Ptd; - NeHikapd; capNuhl;lk; ,e;j ,iwkhHf;fj;jpy; CLUtp epw;fpwJ. mjd; ehbeuk;Gfs; tiuapy; gha;e;jpUf;fpwJ. mjd; newpKiwfs;> rl;lq;fs;> mjd; ehfupfk;> gz;ghL midj;jpd; kPJk; Ml;nfhz;Ls;sJ vd;gjpy; vt;tpj IaKk; ,y;iy!

,jw;F NeHkhwhf> ve;j cyfhaj ehfupfj;ij - rkaq;fs;> xOf;fq;fs;> newpKiwfs; Mfpatw;wpw;F vjpuhf fpsHr;rp Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l fhyfl;lj;jpy; INuhg;gh <d;nuLj;jNjh me;j ehfupfk;> Njhd;wpa ehs; KjNy eLepiyg; gz;ig ,oe;Js;sJ. mjd; newpKiwfspYk; tho;f;ifj; jpl;lq;fspYk; kpifg;ghL! jPtpuk;! mjd; jj;Jtj;jpYk; rpe;jidNahl;lj;jpYk; topgpwo;jy;! Nfhzy;! mJ mspf;Fk; fy;tpfspy; gz;ghl;by; neba Nghf;F! kpifahd epiy! mjd; midj;J tpjkhd fUj;JfspYk; rpukkhd> ePskhd Nghf;fpw;F Kd;Dupik nfhLf;Fk; epiy!

,Nj Nghd;wnjhU fyhr;rhuj;jpy; ,ay;Gfs; rPHnfl;Lg; Ngha; tpLfpd;wd.> mwpT rj;jpaj;jpd; kPJ epiyj;jpUg;gij ,oe;J tpLfpwJ.> kdpj tho;f;if jhuhsepiyiaAk; ,yFitAk; njhiyj;J tpLfpwJ.> kdpj rKjhq;fs; xw;WikiaAk; Nerghrj;ijAk; gwp nfhLj;J tpLfpd;wd vd;why; mjpy; Mr;rupag;gLtjw;F vJTkpy;iy!

 

 

,U Njhl;lq;fis cila nry;te;jdpd; fij


,g;nghOJ ,U Njhl;lq;fis cila nry;te;jdpd; fijiaj; njhlq;FfpNwhk;. ,J ekJ md;whl tho;tpy; Ke;ija fijia tpl mjpfkhf epfof;$bajhFk;. ‘Fifj; NjhoHfspd; rupij’ gy E}W Mz;LfSf;Fg; gpwFjhd; kPz;Lk; xU Kiw epfOk;. Mdhy; ,e;jr; nry;te;jdpd; fijNah vy;yhf; fhyq;fspYk; - vy;yh ,lq;fspYk; eilngw;W tUtijf; fhzyhk;.

vy;yh tpjj;jpYk; ew;ghf;fpak; ngw;W tho;e;J nfhz;bUe;j xU kdpjdpd; fij ,J. ,d;gj;jpw;Fk; kfpo;Tf;Fk; cupa midj;Jr; rhjdq;fSk; mtdplk; epiwe;jpUe;jd. ,dpikahd> Rit kpFe;j ,U jpuhl;ir Njhl;lq;fs;. mtw;iwr; Rw;wpYk; mlHe;J tsHe;jpUe;j NguPl;ir kuq;fs;. eLtpy; mofhff; fhl;rp mspj;Jf;nfhz;bUe;j fodpfs;! ,itahTk; mtDf;Fr; nrhe;jk;! eLepiyahd tho;f;ifj; juj;jpNyNa kpf cr;rgl;rkhd mUl;NgWfSk; kfpo;Tk; epiwe;J topAk; xU epiyahFk; ,J. eL epiyahd tho;f;ifNa cyfpd; vy;yh tp\aq;fspYk; XH ciufy;yhfj; jpfo;fpwJ!

,e;jr; nry;te;jdplk; ,Ue;j ew;NgWfs; ,t;tpU Njhl;lq;fs; kl;Lky;y. vy;yh tpjkhd tho;f;ifr; rhjdq;fSk; mtdJ iftrk; ,Ue;jd. NkYk; mt;tpU Njhl;lq;fSk; kpfr; rpwe;j tpisr;riyAk; gyd;fisAk; mtDf;Ff; nfhLj; Jf; nfhz;bUe;jd.

"mt;tpU Njhl;lq;fSk; ey;y tpisr;riyf; nfhLj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jd. mjpy; vt;tpjf; FiwAk; itf;ftpy;iy. NkYk; mj;Njhl;lq;fspd; eLNt (ePH trjpf;fhf) ehk; xU ejpiaAk; Xlr; nra;jpUe;Njhk;" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 33)

,t;thW mtdplk; ew;NgWfs; epiwe;jpUe;jd. nropg;Gf;Fk; kfpo;r;rpf;Fk; cupa midj;Jr; rhjdq;fSk; Ftpe;jpUe;jd!

 

 

cyfhajj;jpd; ,ay;Gk; mjd; FWfpa ghHitAk;


,e;jr; #o;epiyapy; jhd; me;jr; nry;te;jdpd; cs;sj;jpy; cyfhajf; fz;Nzhl;lk; gPupl;nlOfpwJ. vj;jifa fz;Nzhl;lk;? Ml;rpahsHfs;> mjpfhu tHf;fj;jpdH> gz Kjyhspfs;> epy cilikahsHfs;> rKjhaj; jiyik kw;Wk; caHgjtp tfpg;gtHfs;> iftpidQHfs;> njhopyjpgHfs;> Gjpa fz;Lgpbg;ghsHfs;> Aj;jf; fg;gy;fisAk; moptpyho;j;Jk; MAjq;fisAk; itj;jpUg;gtHfs; MfpNahupd; cs;sj;jpy; nghq;fpnaOfpd;w mNj cyfhajf; fz;Nzhl;lk; mtdplk; Njhd;wpaJ. Mk;> ,iw ek;gpf;ifahYk; rPuhd tp\a Qhdj;jhYk; mlf;f ,ayhj - xOf;fg; gapw;rpahYk; fl;Lg;gLj;j Kbahj cyfhaj fz;Nzhl;lk; mtdplk; jiy J}f;fpaJ.

me;jr; nry;tr; rPkhd; jdf;Ff; fpilj;j ,e;j ew;NgWfs; - jdJ fy;tp> tplh Kaw;rpahYk; jpwik kw;Wk; tpNtfj;jpd; %yk;jhd; fpilj;jd vd;Nw fUjpdhd;. Kd;G %]h egpapd; giftd; fh&Dk; ,g;gbj;jhd; vz;zpdhd;. mtd; $wpdhd;:

",it midj;Jk; vd;dplKs;s mwptpdhy;jhd; vdf;Ff; fpilj;jpUf;fpd;wd" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 78)

me;jr; nry;te;jDf;F xU ez;gd; ,Ue;jhd;. mtd; XH Vio. ,J Nghd;w ew;NgWfs; mtDf;fpy;iy. mtdplj;jpy;jhd; me;jr; nry;te;jd; ngUik Ngrpdhd;. rpwpJk; $r;rkpd;wp ntspg;gilahf ,t;thW $wpdhd;:

"ehd; cd;id tpl mjpfr; nry;tKilatd;.> Ms; gyKk; vd;dplk; mjpfk;" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 34)

xU jlit me;jr; rPkhd; jdJ nry;tr; nropg;gpd; gpwg;gplkhd> mjpfhu gyj;jpd; ciwtplkha;j; jpfo;e;j jd;Dila ,U Njhl;lq;fisf; fz;L fspg;Gwr; nrd;whd;. jd;idAk; kwe;J> jd;Dila ,iwtidAk; kwe;J> kiwKfkhd fhuzpfisAk; kwe;J> VO thdq;fSf;F mg;ghypUe;J Ml;rp nrYj;jpf;nfhz;bUf;Fk; ,iw ehl;lj;ijAk; kwe;J kdpjDf;Fk; mtdJ cilikf;Fk; kj;jpapy;> Vd; mtDf;Fk; mtdJ ,jaj;jpw;Fk; kj;jpapy; $l FWf;fPL nra;Ak; msT Mw;wy; epiwe;j me;j ,iwehl;lj;ij xU fzk;$l epidj;Jg; ghHf;fhky; mjpf Mztj;Jld; jdJ Njhl;lj;jpDs; Eiofpwhd;. jdJ elj;ijf;Fk; Qhdj;jpw;Fk; jdJ gz;ghl;Lf;Fk; Md;khTf;Fk; mePjp ,ioj;Jf; nfhz;L mq;Nf nry;fpwhd;. FUl;Lj;jdkhd ,e;j cyfhajr; rpe;jid mg;nghOJ me;j mwpahik kpf;f rPkhdpd; ehtpypUe;J ntspg;glyhapw;W.

ehd; Mz;lhz;L fhyk; epiyj;jpUg;Ngd;.> vd;Dila ,U Njhl;lq;fSk; ePbj;jpUf;Fk; vd;W gpjw;Wfpwhd;. kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpd; kdpjHfs; vOg;gg;gLtij kWf;fpwhd;. jdJ ePbj;j epiyahd ,d;g tho;T ,t;Tyfpy; epiyj;jpUg;gJ Nghd;W kWik vd;NwhH cyfk; ,Ue;jhy; mq;NfAk; mJ ePbf;fNt nra;Ak; vd;W Mztj;JlDk; mwpahikAlDk; $wpdhd;.

"gpd;dH mtd; jdJ Md;khTf;Nf mePjp ,ioj;jthW jdJ Njhl;lj;jpDs; Eioe;jhd;. ,j;jifa tskhd Njhl;lk; vg;nghONjDk; mope;JNghFk; vd;W ehd; vz;ztpy;iy.> NkYk; kWikehs; Vw;gLk; vd;Wk; ehd; fUjtpy;iy vd;W $wpdhd;" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 35 -36)

cyfpy; ve;j kdpjHfs; ghf;fpaj;JlDk; me;j];JlDk; tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfNsh mj;jifa kdpjHfSs; ehDk; xUtd; vd;Wk; ew;fjp vg;nghOJk; vq;fSf;F ek;gpf;if JNuhfk; nra;jplhJ.> tpjpAk; vq;fs; tp\aj;jpy; thf;F khwhJ vd;Wk; vy;yh ,lq;fspYk; vy;yhf; fhyq;fspYk; ghf;fpaj;jpd; cr;r epiyapy; jhd; caH me;j];jpy;jhd; ehq;fs; ,Ug;Nghk; vd;Wk; mtd; fUjyhdhd;.

"xU Ntis ehd; vd; ,iwtdpd; gf;fk; jpUk;gf; nfhz;L nry;yg;gl;lhYk; (vdf;F vd;d Vw;gl;L tplg;NghfpwJ? mq;NfAk;) ,jid tplr; rpwe;j ,Ug;gplNk fpilf;fg; ngWNtd;" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 36)

Mk;> ,tidg; Nghd;wtHfs; epidj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;gJ vd;d njupAkh? <khd; - ,iwek;gpf;if> ey;yky; Gupjy;> f\;lg;gl;L cioj;jy; vd vJTk; Njit ,y;iy. ,aw;ifahd ew;ghf;fpaq;fs;jhd; ek;kplk; cs;sd. mit vy;yhf; fhyq;fspYk; ,d;g tho;itAk; kfpo;itAk; jq;fSf;Fj; jahH nra;J nfhLf;fpd;wd vd;W epidj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;!

 

 

<khdpar; rpe;jid!


,e;jr; nry;te;jdpd; ez;gDila ,jaj;jpy; ,iwek;gpf;ifiaAk; rj;jpa Qhdj;ijAk; my;yh`; mUspapUe;jhd;. mtd; Vo;ikapy; jhd; tho;e;jhd; vd;whYk; my;yh`;itg; gw;wpa Qhdk; vDk; mtDila jd;ikfs;> nray;fs; gw;wpa Qhdk; vDk; ePq;fhj nry;tk; mtdplk; ,Ue;jJ.

me;j ,iwtd; jhd; ,e;jg; Nguz;lj;ij epHtfpg;gtd;. mtNd ,aw;iff; fhuzpfisg; gilj;jtd;. jdJ tpUg;gg;gb fhupaq;fis khw;wp mikg;gtd; vDk; cz;ikia me;j ez;gd; Gupe;jpUe;jhd;. mjdhy;jhd; me;jr; nry;te;jdpd; tpNtf kw;w Ngr;irAk;; cyfhajr; rpe;jidiaAk; Ml;Nrgpf;fyhdhd;. Muk;gj;jpy; vjpypUe;J mtd; gilf;fg;gl;lhd; vDk; cz;ik epiyia mtDf;F czHj;jpdhd;.

,J kpfTk; frg;ghd XH cz;ik. ntspj;Njhw;wj;ij ek;gp Vkhe;J jq;fisg; ngUk; ghf;fparhypfs; vd;W vz;zpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; cyfhajthjpfs; ,t;Tz;ikia Kw;wpYk; kwe;jplNt tpUk;GfpwhHfs;. mjid epidj;Jg; ghHg;gij tpl;Lk; XLfpwhHfs;!

"mtDila ez;gd; mtNdhL jHf;fk; Gupe;J nfhz;L $wpdhd;: cd;id Kjypy; kz;zpypUe;Jk; gpd;dH tpe;jpy; ,Ue;Jk; gilj;J gpwF cd;id KO kdpjdhf Mf;fpdhNd me;j ,iwtidah eP epuhfupf;fpwha;?" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 37)

- Mk;! kdpjd; gilf;fg;gl;ljd; ,e;j Muk;g epiy nrtpapy;; tpOtnjd;gJ - jw;ngUik nfhz;L jpupAk; KulHfSf;F vt;tsT f\;lkhf cs;sJ!

me;j Vio ez;gNdh> ehd; ,j;jifa cyfhajr; rpe;jidf;F NeH vjpuhd <khdpar; rpe;jidapy; jhd; nrd;W nfhz;bUg;gjhf me;jr; rPkhdplk; $wpdhd;;:

"vdpDk; my;yh`; jhd; vd; ,ul;rfd; (vd;W ehd; cWjp nfhs;fpNwd;) vd; ,ul;rfDf;F ahiuAk; vjidAk; ehd; ,izahf;f khl;Nld;" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 38)

gpd;dH XH mbg;gil cz;ikia mtDf;F vLj;Jf; $wpdhd;. mJNt ,e;jf; Fif mj;jpahak;; Rod;W tuf;$ba ika ,yf;F! mJ njhLk; tPizf; fk;gp;!

me;j cz;ik ,Jjhd;: ,aw;iff; fhuzpfSf;F ve;j Kf;fpaKk; ,y;iy. mtw;iwg; gilj;jtdhfpa mtw;wpd; cupikahsdhfpa ,iwtd;jhd; Kf;fpak;! ,d;g tho;itAk; kfpo;itAk; toq;fpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; ve;j tho;f;ifr; rhjdq;fis me;jr; nry;tr; rPkhd ngw;Ws;shNdh mtDf;Fg; ngUkpjk; Cl;Lfpd;wdNth mit midj;Jk; ,aw;iff; fhuzpfshy; cUthf;fg;gl;lit my;y. my;yJ me;jr; nry;te;jdpd; iffshy;> mtdJ mwpthw;wyhy; cUthf;fg;gl;litAk; my;y. mit midj;Jk; my;yh`;tpd; gilg;Gfs;. mtNd xt;nthU nghUisAk; kpf cWjpahd Kiwapy; gilj;jtd;!

,e;j cz;ikia mtDf;F vLj;Jiuj;J> my;yh`;tpd; gilg;GfisAk; mtdJ Mw;wiyAk; Vw;Wf;nfhs;tjd; gf;fKk; mtdJ ftdj;ijj; jpUg;gpdhd;.> ed;wpAk; GfOk; mtDf;Nf nrYj;j Ntz;Lk; vd;W tpNtfj;JlDk; nkd;ikahfTk; mtdJ ftdj;ij <Hj;jhd; me;j Vio ez;gd;!

"eP cdJ Njhl;lj;jpDs; Eioe;jnghOJ kh \h my;yh`;> yh Ft;tj;j ,y;yh gpy;yh`; (my;yh`; ehbaNj eilngWk;. mtdJ Jiz nfhz;Nl jtpu ahUk; vJTk; nra;a KbahJ) vd;W Vd; nrhy;ytpy;iy" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 39)

 

 

mj;jpahaj;jpd; [PtDk; rupijapd; jpwTNfhYk;


my;yh`; ehbaJ eilngWk;. mtdJ Jiz nfhz;Nl jtpu ahUk; vJTk; nra;a KbahJ vDk; ,e;j trdk; jhd; ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpd; [Ptd;! ,e;jr; rupijapd; jpwT Nfhy;!

,jw;F Ke;ija trdq;fspy; jd;Dila J}jUf;Fk; FHMid XJfpw xt;nthUtUf;Fk; my;yh`; mwpTiu toq;fpapUe;jhd;. mjhtJ> vjpH fhyj;jpy; elf;Fk; vy;yh eltbf;iffisAk; vy;yh Mw;wy;fisAk; vjpH fhyj;jpy; nra;a ehLk; xt;nthd;iwAk; my;yh`;tplk; xg;gilf;f Ntz;Lk;.> NkYk; xt;nthU ehl;lj;ijAk; cWjpiaAk; my;yh`;tpd; ehl;lj;Jld; ,izj;Nj nrhy;y Ntz;Lk; vd;W $wpapUe;jhd;. me;j trdk; ,Jjhd;:

"ve;jr; nraiyf; Fwpj;Jk; ehis mjid ehd; nra;J tpLNtd; vd;W vg;nghOJk; ePH $w Ntz;lhk;. ($wpagb vJTk; ck;khy; nra;a KbahJ) Mdhy; my;yh`; ehLtNj eilngWk;. vdNt vg;NghjhtJ kwe;J mt;thW $wptpLtPuhapd; clNd ck; ,iwtid epidT $UtPuhf. NkYk; ,J tp\aj;jpy; ,jid tplTk; NeHikf;F neUf;fkhdtw;wpd; gf;fk; vd; ,iwtd; vdf;F topfhl;lyhk; vd;W nrhy;tPuhf" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 23–24)

,jd; mbg;gilapy; epfOk; midj;Jf; fhupaq;fspd; rpwg;GfisAk;> ehLk; midj;jpd; epiwTfisAk; my;yh`;tpd; gf;fk; kl;LNk NrHf;fpw kdpjH ahNuh my;yh`; ehbaJjhd; eilngWk;. mtd; ehbdhy; jhd; eilngWk; vd;W $WfpwtH ahNuh jhd; ehlf;$ba Kf;fpakhff; fUjf;$ba xt;nthW tp\aj;jpYk; ,d;\h my;yh`; (my;yh`; ehbdhy; jhd; eilngWk;) vd;W $WfpwtH ahNuh mg;gbg;gl;ltH ntspuq;f rf;jpfSf;F vt;thW mbgzpthH? vg;gb mtw;iwf; flTshff; fUjp tzq;FthH? ‘nghUSf;Fk;’ mij trg;gLj;jp itj;jpUg;gtHfSf;Fk; vg;gb Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nfhLg;ghH? jdJ fbthsj;ij kd ,r;irapd; ifapy;; vg;gb xg;gilg;ghH?

kh\h my;yh`; - ,d;\h my;yh`; (my;yh`; ehbaJjhd; eilngWk;. my;yh`; ehbdhy;jhd; eilngWk;) vd;fpw ,e;j ,U thHj;ijfSk; ehTf;F ,yFthditjhd;. vt;tpj czHTk; rpe;jidAkpd;wpNa ehT mtw;iw nkhope;jpLk;; msT vsp jhditjhd;. MdhYk; ,it ,uz;Lk; fdkhd> mHj;jKs;s> nghUl;nrwpthd thHj;ijfshFk;. FUl;Lj;jdkhd cyfhajg; Nghf;if vjpHf;ff;$ba> kdj;ijAk; kd,r;iriaAk; gpd;gw;Wfpw fPohd Nghf;if Kwpf;ff;$ba thHj;ijfshFk;.

 

 

ntspuq;f rf;jpfs; kPJ mjpf ek;gpf;if itf;Fk; cyfhajk;!


Mdhy; ,e;j cyfhaj ehfupfj;jpd; jdpj;jd;ikNa jd;Dila ntspuq;f rf;jpfs; kPJk; rhjdq;fs; kPJk; msT fle;J ek;gpf;if itg;gJ jhd;. ,Njh! cyfhajf; nfhs;ifapd; mbg;gilapy; epWtg;gLk; muRfs;> r%f - ehfupfg; nghUshjhuj; jpl;lq;fisj;1 jPl;lTk; mwptpf;fTk; nra;fpd;wd. mtw;wpy; vit vit ,aw;ifapd; xj;Jiog;GlDk; gUtfhyr; rkepiy mikg;GlDk; njhlHGila jpl;lq;fNsh mtw;iwf;$l vt;tpj IaKk; jq;FjilAkpd;wp- fhyf; FwpaPl;Lld; gpufldg;gLj;Jfpd;wd. ,e;jj; jpl;lq;fspd; %yk; ,j;jid Mz;LfSf;Fs; ,d;dpd;d ey;tpisTfSk; yhgq;fSk; fpilf;Fk; vd;Wk; jq;fspd; ehLfs; jd;dpiwT ngw;Wj; jpfOk;.> ntsp cjtpia vjpHghHj;jpUf;f Ntz;ba Njit ,y;iy vd;Wk; cyfhaj muRfs; mwptpf;fpd;wd.

(1. jpl;lq;fs; jPl;l Ntz;bajpy;iy.> fy;tpr; rhjdq;fdpd; mbg;gilapy; cw;gj;jpg; ngUf;fj;jpw;fhd Ma;Tfs; Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;bajpy;iy vd;g jy;y ,jd; fUj;J. khwhf ehk; nrhy;y tUk; fUj;J ,Jjhd;: cyfhaj rf;jpfspd; ngUf;fKk; Ma;TfSk; ek;ik tuk;G kPWNthuha; Mf;fp tplf;$lhJ. fhuzq;fisAk; mtw;why; tpisAk; fhupaq;fisAk; gilj;j vy;yhk; ty;y my;yh`;tpd; fz;zpaKk; kfj;JtKk; ek; cs;sj;jpypUe;J tpil ngw;Wr; nrd;W tplf;$lhJ vd;gJjhd;!)

Mdhy; ,iwehl;lk; ,j;jifa jpl;lq;fis jtpL nghbahf;fp tpLfpwJ. jpBH Mgj;Jfs; te;J #o;fpd;wd. cilikfSf;Fk; capHfSf;Fk; tpisr;ry;fSf;Fk; Ngupog;G Vw;gLfpwJ. Rpy nghOJ gQ;rk; te;J thl;LfpwJ. fw;gidapy; $l cjpj; jpUf;fhj ,aw;ifr; rPw;wq;fs; jpBnud te;J jhf;Ffpd;wd. rpy Neuj;jpy;> Xuplj;jpy; kio mbNahL epd;W tpLfpwJ! Ntwplj;jpy; kio nfhl;Nlhnfhl;nldf; nfhl;b nts;sg; ngUf;F Vw;gLfpwJ! mizfs; cilfpd;wd! ,t;thwhf cyfhaj thjpfspd; midj;J kjpg;gPLfSk; jtwhfp tpLfpd;wd. vy;yhj; jpl;lq;fSk; Njhy;tpiaj; jOTfpd;wd!

 

 

,iwtid ek;GtJk; mtidNa rhHe;jpUg;gJk;


,e;j ,d;\h my;yh`;Tk; mij nkhopa Ntz;LnkDk; mwpTiuAk; tho;f;ifapd; rhjhuzkhd gzpfSf;fhf kl;Lk; md;whlk; epfOk; rpWrpW epfo;r;rpfSf;fhf kl;Lk; cupajy;y. mjhtJ NeHKfq;fs;> re;jpg;Gfs;> Neuk; Fwpj;jy;fs;> gazq;fs; Nghd;wtw;wpw;F kl;LNk gad;glf;$bait my;y. khwhf ngUk; ngUk; r%fg; gzpfs;> gpukhz;lkhd jpl;lq;fs;> jPHf;fkhd flikfs; Nghd;w KOr; rKjha tho;tpYk; jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jf;$ba fhupaq;fisAk; ,it cs;slf;Fk;.

vdNt ,e;j midj;Jf; fhupaq;fSk; vt;thW miktJ fliknadpy;> ,iwehl;lNk jPHf;fkhd jPHg;ig ey;ff;$baJ. cWjpahd Kbitj; juf;$baJ vDk; ek;gpf;ifapd; fPo; miktJ flik. mNj Neuj;jpy; FHMd;> egpnkhopfs; kw;Wk; egpatHfspd; tho;f;if Kd;khjpup> egpj;NjhoHfs; tho;e;J fhl;ba topKiw Mfpatw;wpd; mbg;gilapy; ey;y Kaw;rpfSk; ciog;GfSk; Nkw;nfhs;tJ mtrpak;. cWjpahd jpl;lq;fs; jPl;br; nray;gLtJk; mtrpak;.

"ve;jr; nraiyf; Fwpj;Jk; ehis mjid ehd; nra;J tpLNtd; vd;W vg;nghOJk; ePH $w Ntz;lhk;. ($wpagb vJTk; ck;khy; nra;a KbahJ) Mdhy; my;yh`; ehLtNj eil ngWk;" vDk; trdk; jdp egiu Nehf;fp kl;Lk; ciuahlf; $bajy;y. khwhf xt;nthU fhyj;jpd; r%fq;fs;> muRfs;> mikg;Gfs; kw;Wk; epWtdq;fs; Mfpa midtiuAk; Nehf;fp ciuahLfpwJ. ‘,d;\hmy;yh`;’ itf; filg;gpbf;FkhW midtiuAk; Ntz;LfpwJ. ,Jjhd; <khd; vDk; ,iw ek;gpf;if CLUtpg; gha;e;Js;s ,];yhkpar; rKjhaj;jpd; [Ptd;! kiwthd cz;ikfis ek;Gjy; vDk; nfhs;ifapd; kPJ mikag; ngw;w fyhr;rhuj;jpd; mbg;gil! ,Jjhd; <khdpaf; fyhr;rhuj;ijAk; cyfhajf; fyhr;rhuj;ijAk; NtWgLj;jpf; fhl;Lk; vy;iyf; NfhL!

xU jlit me;jr; nry;te;jdplk; ,iwek;gpf;ifahsdhfpa mtDila Vio ez;gd; ,e;j cz;ikia czHj;Jfpwhd;. mjhtJ ew;NgWfs; ey;tha;g;Gfspd; ,e;j Vw;w jho;Tfs; epue;jukhdit my;y. xU rpyUf;F mjpfkhfTk; NtW rpyUf;F FiwthfTk; gfpHe;jspf;fg;gl;l ,e;jg; gq;fPL khwhj xd;wy;y.> epue;jukhdjy;y. ,aw;iff; fhuzpfspd; fbthsKk; ,t;Tyif MSfpw mjpfhuKk; Vf ,iwtdpd; ifapypUe;J xUNghJk; eOtf;$bajy;y.> vd;iwf;Fk; mtdJ ifapNy jhd; ,Ue;J nfhz;bUf;Fk;. JHg;ghf;fparhyp rpynghOJ ew;ghf;fpthdhf Mfyhk;. ew;ghf;fparhyp rpy nghOJ JHg;ghf;fpathdhf Mfyhk;. gzf;fhud; Vioahfyhk;. Vio gzf;fhudhfyhk;. ,t;thW epiyikfs; khw;wk; miltjpy; Mr;rupak; xd;Wkpy;iy.

"ehd; nghUl;nry;tj;jpYk; kf;fl; nry;tj;jpYk; cd;id tplf; Fiwe;jtdhf ,Uf;fpNwd; vd;W eP fUjpdhy; vd; ,iwtd; cdJ Njhl;lj;ij tplr; rpwe;jij vdf;F mspj;jplf; $Lk;. NkYk; cdJ Njhl;lj;jpd; kPJ thdj;jpypUe;J VNjDk; Mgj;ij mDg;gf;$Lk;. my;yJ ve;j tpjj;jpYk; cd;dhy; ntspf; nfhzu Kbahj msTf;F mjd; jz;zPH tw;wpg; Ngha;tplf; $Lk;" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 39 - 40 – 41)

- ,Wjpapy; mt;tpjNk Mapw;W! gRik epiwe;J fhl;rp mspj;j mt;tpU Njhl;lq;fisAk; my;yh`;tplk; ,Ue;J mDg;gg;gl;l xU Gaw;fhw;W jhf;fpaJ. vy;yhNk xNu ntl;l ntspahfp tpl;lJ. mg;nghOJjhd; Nghijapy; Mo;e;jpUe;j me;jr; nry;tr; rPkhd; njspe;jhd;.

",Wjpapy; mtDila tpisnghUl;fs; ahTk; mopf;fg;gl;L tpl;ld. mtdJ jpuhl;irj; Njhl;lk; mjd; ge;jypy; Fg;Gw tpOe;J fple;jijf; fz;L> jhd; mjpy; KjyPL nra;jnjy;yhk; tPzhfp tpl;lNj vd;w tUj;jj;Jld; jd; iffisg; gpire;J nfhz;L mtd; $wyhdhd;: me;Njh! ehd; vd; ,iwtDld; vtiuAk; ,iz itf;fhky; ,Ue;jpUf;ff;$lhjh vd;W! my;yh`;it tpLj;J mtDf;F cjtp nra;tjw;F ve;jf; $l;lj;jhUk; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. jhdhfNt me;j Mgj;ijr; rkhspg;gjw;Fk; mtdhy; ,aytpy;iy. (mg;NghJjhd; Gupe;jJ:) fhupaq;fis epiwNtw;wpf; nfhLf;Fk; mjpfhuk;> cz;ikahsdhfpa my;yh`;Tf;Nf cupaJ.> mtNd rpwe;j gpujpgyd; toq;Fgtd;.> mtdplNk rpwe;j KbT cs;sJ (vd;gJ)" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 42-43–44)

 

 

,U Njhl;lq;fis cila nry;te;jdpd; \pHf; - ,izitg;G


,U Njhl;lq;fis cila ,e;jr; nry;te;jd;> Vida ,izitg;ghsHfisg; Nghd;w xUtdhf ,Uf;ftpy;iy. mjhtJ rpiytopghL nra;gtdhf ,Uf;ftpy;iy. mg;gb mwptpf;Fk; Neubahd trdNkh rkpQ;ifNah FHMdpy; ,y;iy. khwhf mtd; my;yh`;it Vw;Wf;nfhz;bUe;jhd;. my;yh`;tpd; kPJ xU tifapy; ek;gpf;if itj;jpUe;jhd; vd;Nw FHMdpd; fUj;Jg; ghq;F mwptpf;fpwJ. mtd; $Wtjhf FHMd; Fwpg; gpLtJ ,Jjhd;:

"xUNtis ehd; vd; ,iwtdpd; gf;fk; jpUk;gf; nfhz;L nry;yg;gl;lhYk; (vdf;F vd;d Vw;gl;L tplg;NghfpwJ? mq;NfAk;) ,jid tplr; rpwe;j ,Ug;gplNk fpilf;fg; ngWNtd;" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 36)

gpd;dH vd; ,iwtNdhL vtiuAk; ,iz itf;fhky; ,Ue;Njd; ,y;iyNa vd;W iffisg; gpire;Jnfhz;L mtd; $wpa \pHf; - ,izitg;G vJ?

vt;tpj kiwTkpd;wp kpf ntspg;gilahfj; njuptJ vd;dntdpy;> mtd;; ,aw;iff; fhuzpfis ,iwtDld; ,izitj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhd;. mitjhd; ,t;Tyif MSfpw rf;jpfs; vd;W ek;gpf; nfhz;bUe;jhd;. jd; nry;tr; nropg;Gf;Fk; Rf tho;Tf;Fk; cupa rpwg;Gfs; midj;Jk; mtw;iwNa rhUk; vd;Wk; fUjpdhd;. mtd; mj;jifa rf;jpfisNa KOikahfr; rhHe;jpUe;jhNd jtpu my;yh`;it kwe;jhd;. mtdJ Mw;wiyAk; mjpfhuj;ijAk; epuhfupj;jhd;.

 

 

 

,d;iwa fhyj;jpd; ,izitg;G


,JNt ,d;iwa cyfhajf; fyhr;rhuk; Nkw;nfhz;bUf;Fk; \pHf;. ,e;jf; fyhr;rhuk; my;yh`;it epuhfupj;J tpl;L ,aw;iff; fhuzpfisAk; cyfhaj rf;jpfisAk; fiyr; rhjdq;fisAk; flTsH Mf;fp tpl;lJ. fiy ty;YdHfs; vDk; Specialists - ];ng\yp];Lfis flTspd; me;j];Jf;F caHj;jp tpl;lJ. mtHfspd; nrayhl;rpapd; fPo;jhd; ,d;iwa kdpjd; jdJ KO tho;itAk; mikj;Js;shd;. tho;Tk; kuzKk; ew;NgWk; JHg;NgWk; Kd;Ndw;wKk; gpd;dilTk; mtHfspd; iffspy; jhd; cs;sd vd ek;Gfpwhd;.

,t;thW fhuzpfis tzq;FtJk; cyfhajf; nfhs;;iffisAk; cyfpYs;s kiwKf rf;jpfisAk; tzq;FtJk; ,aw;ifia tzq;FtJk; jdpj;jpwik ngw;Ws;s ty;YdHfis KOf;f KOf;f ek;GtJk; my;yh`;it tpLj;J me;jj; jpwikahsHfisf; ‘flTsH’ Mf;FtJk;jhd; Gjpa rpiytopghl;Lf; nfhs;ifahf \pHf;-fhf Mfptpl;lJ. Mk;> rpiyapy;yhr; rpiytzf;fk;! cyfpy; njhd;Wnjhl;L ,Ue;J tUfpw rpiy tzf;fj;Jld;- ve;jr; rpiy tzf;fj;jplk;; ,d;Wk; $l kuG topr; nrhj;Jfs;> rpd;dq;fs;> mDjhgpfs;> MjuthsHfs; kw;Wk; gpur;rhufH vd Vuhsk; cs;sdNuh mj;jifa gz;ila rpiy tzf;fj;NjhL Gjpjhfr; NrHf;fg;gl;l \pHf;jhd; - cyfhajr; rf;jpia ,iwtNdhL ,izitf;Fk; \pHf;! ,iwtid ek;Gk; nfhs;iff;F vjpuhd mtDf;F mbgzpe;J tho;tjw;F Kuzhd top jtwpa \pHf;fpy; ,J xU GJtifahd \pHf;! Fif mj;jpahak; ,j;jifa \pHf;if ,izitg;ig vjpHj;Jj; jhd; rthy; tpLfpwJ.> NghuhLfpwJ.> fLikahfr; rhLfpwJ!

(cyfhajthjpfs; epue;junkdf; fUjpf;nfhz;bUf;Fk;) ,e;j cyf tho;f;ifia tpiutpy; fha;e;J gjuhfpg;NghFk; gapuhfr; rpj;jupf;fpwJ FHMd;:

"(egpNa) ,tHfSf;F cyf tho;f;ifapd; ctikia vLj;Jiug;gPuhf. ,jd; ctik (g+kpapd; jhtuq;fisg; Nghd;whFk;) vt;thnwdpy;> thdj;jpypUe;J ehk; kioia ,wf;fpNdhk;. mjd; %yk; g+kpapd; jhtuq;fs; ed;F mlHj;jpahf tsHe;jd. gpd;dH vy;yhk; fha;e;J fhw;wbj;Jr; nry;Yk; gjuhfp tpl;lJ. ,t;thW vy;yhtw;wpd; kPJk; my;yh`; Mw;wy; kpf;ftdhf ,Uf;fpwhd;" (#uj;Jy; f`;G 45)

mw;g MAR cila - tpiuthf mopaf;$ba ,t;Ty tho;it FHMd; ,t;thNw rpj;jupj;Jf; fhl;LfpwJ NkYk; gy ,lq;fspy; :

"(ve;j cyf tho;f;ifapd; Nghijapy; kjp kaq;fp ekJ rhd;Wfs; Fwpj;J ePq;fs; myl;rpakhf ,Uf;fpwPHfNsh) me;j cyf tho;f;ifapd; cjhuzk; ,t;thwhFk;. ehk; thdj;jpy; ,Ue;J kio ePiu ,wf;fpNdhk;. gpd;dH mjd; %yk; kdpjHfSk; fhy;eilfSk; cz;zf;$ba g+kpapd; tpisnghUs;fs; mlHj;jpahf tsHe;jd. ,t;thwhf g+kp jdJ myq;fhuj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Muk;gpj;J moFw fhl;rp mspj;jJ. me;j tpisnghUs;fs; kPJ jhk; rf;jp ngw;Ws;Nshk; vd;W mtw;wpd; cupikahsHfs; vz;zpapUe;jhHfs;. ,e;Neuj;jpy; ,utpNyh gfypNyh mtw;wpd; kPJ ek; fl;lis te;J mtw;iw mopj;jJ. New;iwa jpdk; vJTk; mq;F ,Uf;ftpy;iy vd;gJ Nghy; mtw;iw ntWk; rUFfsha; ehk; Mf;fptpl;Nlhk;. ,t;thW rpe;jpj;JzUk; kf;fSf;F ehk; mj;jhl;rpfisj; njspthf tpsf;FfpNwhk;" (#uj;J a+D]; 24)

-,t;thwhf cyf tho;f;ifia ve;j tho;f;ifia cyfhajthjpfs; epue;junkdf; fUJfpwhHfNsh> cy;yhr tpUk;gpfSk; rpw;wpd;g NeaHfSk; (Epilureans) ve;j tho;f;ifia tzq;fp topgLfpwhHfNsh me;j tho;f;ifia FHMd; ,t;thwhfr; rpj;jupj;Jf; fhl;LfpwJ! NkYk; FWfpa fz;Nzhl;lk; cilatHfSk; ntspuq;f rf;jpfSf;F mbikg;gl;bUg;gtHfSk; tho;f;iff;Fupa msT Nfhyhf ciu fy;yhf vtw;iw ek;gp kjpj;J> mtw;wplk; ngupangupa vjpHghHg;Gfis vy;yhk; itj;jpUf;fpwhHfNsh mit jtwhd msTNfhy; vdf; FHMd; $WfpwJ. mj;jifa msTNfhiyg; gpd;Df;Fj; js;sptpl;L <khdpa ciu fy;Yf;Nf ,iwek;gpf;ifapd; msTNfhYf;Nf Kd;Dupik nfhLf;fpwJ!

",e;jr; nry;tq;fSk; gps;isfSk; cyf tho;f;ifapd; (epiyaw;w) myq;fhuNkahFk;. ePbj;J epw;Fk; ey;y mky;fs;jhd; ck; ,iwtdplk; gyidg; nghWj;Jk; rpwe;jitahFk;. ey;y vjpHghHg;igg; nghWj;Jk; rpwe;jitahFk;" (#uj;Jy; f`;G 46)

 

 

,iwkiwapd; ghHitapy; ,t;Ty tho;f;if


,t;tplj;jpy; rw;W Neuk; ehk; jhkjpg;Nghk;. ,t;Tyf tho;f;if Fwpj;J FHMdpd; fz;Nzhl;lk; vd;d vd;W Muha;Nthk;. ,e;j tp\aj;jpy; FHMid Kd;dpWj;JtJk; mjdplk; fUj;J Nfl;gJk;jhd; ekf;F ey;yJ. Vnddpy; ,t;Ty tho;T Fwpj;J K];ypk;fspd; mwpTfSk; rpe;jidfSk; jLkhwpg;Ngha; cs;sd. ,e;j tho;f;ifapd; cz;ikahd kjpg;G vd;d> me;j];J vd;d vd;gjpy; Ma;thsHfspd; fUj;JfSk; rpjwpg; Ngha; cs;sd!

FHMd; kpfj; njspthfTk; cWjpAlDk; ntspg;gilahfTk; mwptpj;JtpLfpwJ.> ,t;Tyf tho;tpd; jw;fhypfj;ijAk; jho;T epiyiaAk; - kWTyfj;jpw;F vjpupy; mjd; kjpg;gpd;ikiaAk;!

"cyf tho;f;ifapd; ,d;gq;fs; midj;Jk; kWikf;F vjpupy; vJTNk ,y;iy.> kpfr; nrhw;gNk" (#uj;Jy; guhM 38)

"NkYk; ,t;Tyf tho;f;if tpisahl;Lk; Ntbf;ifANk md;wp Ntwpy;iy. epiyahf tho;tjw;fhd ,y;yk; kWik ,y;yk;jhd;! me;Njh! ,tHfs; mwpe;J nfhs;s Ntz;LNk!" (#uj;Jy; md;fg+j; 64)

,d;NdhH ,lj;jpy;>

"ed;F mwpe;Jnfhs;Sq;fs;: ,t;Tyf tho;f;if (kWikf;F vjpupy;) tpisahl;Lk; Ntbf;ifAk; ntspg;gfl;Lk; kw;Wk; cq;fSf;fpilNa xUtUf;nfhUtH ngUikabj;Jf; nfhs;tJk;> nry;tq;fs; - Foe;ijfs; Mfpatw;wpy; xUtiu xUtH Ke;jpl Kw;gLtJNk md;wp Ntwpy;iy. (,jd; ctik) vt;thnwdpy; kio nghope;J> mjd; %yk; tpisfpw jhtuq;fisg; ghHj;J tptrhapfs; kfpo;r;rp miltJ Nghd;wJ! gpd;dH mit cyHe;J tpLfpd;wd. mit kQ;rzpj;Jg; NghtijAk; gjuhfpg; NghtijAk; ePH fhz;fpwPH. (,jw;F khwhf) kWikap(d; epiy ahnjdp)y; fLk; jz;lid cz;L. ,iwtdpd; kd;dpg;Gk; ctg;Gk; cz;L. Mdhy; cyf tho;f;if ntWk; Vkhw;Wr; rhjdNk md;wp Ntwpy;iy" (#uj;Jy; `jPj; 20)

NkYk; FHMd; ,t;thNw njspthfTk; cWjpAlDk; ,t;Tytho;T kWikf;fhd ghyk; vd;Wk; gzpahw;Wk; fhy mtfhrk; vd;Wk; mwptpf;fpwJ. NkYk; gy ,lq;fspy;!

"jpz;zkhf ehk; ,g;g+kpapd; kPJs;s midj;ijAk; ,g;Gtp (tho;T)f;F myq;fhukhf Mf;fpAs;Nshk;.> ,tHfspy; ahH kpfr; rpwe;j nraiyr; nra;gtH vd;W Nrhjpj;Jg; ghHg;gjw;fhf!" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 7)

NtNwhH ,lj;jpy;>

"mtNd kuzj;ijAk; tho;ifAk; gilj;jhd;.> cq;fspy; ahH ey;yky; Gupaf;$batH vd;W cq;fisr; Nrhjpj;Jg; ghHg;gjw;fhf! NkYk; mtd; ahtiuAk; kpifj;jtd;. ngUk; kd;dpg;ghsd;" (#uj;Jy; Ky;f; 2)

NkYk; kWik tho;f;ifNa rpwe;jJ.> epiyahdJ vd;W $WfpwJ FHMd;:

"cyf tho;f;if vd;gJ tpisahl;Lk; Ntbf;ifANk jtpu Ntwpy;iy. cz;ikapy; vtHfs; jPa elj;ijiaj; jtpHf;f tpUk;GfpwhHfNsh mtHfSf;F kWik ,y;iyNk kpfr; rpwe;jJ. (vd;Nd gupjhgk;! ,t;tsT$l) ePq;fs; mwpe;J nfhs;s khl;BHfsh?" (#uj;Jy; md;Mk; 32)

kw;Nwhuplj;jpy;>

"cq;fSf;F toq;fg;gl;bUg;git ahTk; cyf tho;tpd; ,d;gr; rhjdq;fSk; myq;fhuKk; jhd;. Mdhy; my;yh`;tplk; cs;sNj kpfr; rpwe;jJk; epiyahdJkhFk;. (,jidf; $l) ePq;fs; rpe;jpj;Jzu khl;BHfsh?" (#uj;jy; f]]; 60)

Mifahy; jhd; vd;nwd;Wk; epiyahd> tpupthd> mRj;jq;fis tpl;Lk; J}a;ikahd> mghaq;fs; ,y;yhj kWik tho;f;ifiag; Gwe;js;sptpl;L mopAe;jd;ik nfhz;l> jw;fhypfkhd> epk;kjpapy;yhj> epiyghlw;w ,t;Tyf tho;Tf;F Kd;Dupik nfhLg;gtHfis ,fo;fpwJ.> ,opj;Jiuf;fpwJ FHMd;!

"vtHfs; ekJ re;jpg;ig vjpHghHg;gjpy;iyNah NkYk; cyf tho;f;ifapy; jpUg;jp nfhz;L mjpy; KO epk;kjpAk; mile;jhHfNsh kw;Wk; vtHfs; ek;Kila rhd;Wfs; Fwpj;J guhKfkhf ,Uf;fpwhHfNsh mj;jifatHfSf;F (mtHfspd; jtwhd nfhs;if - eilKiw %yk;) mtHfs; rk;ghjpj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;j jPikfspd; fhuzkhf eufk; jhd; Gfypl(khff;fpilf;)Fk;" (#uj;J a+D]; 7–8)

NtNwhH ,lj;jpy;>

"vtHfs; ,t;Tyf tho;f;ifiaAk; mjd; myq;fhuj;ijAk; tpUk;GfpwhHfNsh mtHfSf;F> mtHfspd; nray;fSf;Nfw;w $ypia ,q;NfNa ehk; epiwthf mspj;JtpLfpNwhk;. mjpy; mtHfSf;F vt;tpjf; FiwTk; nra;ag;gl khl;lhJ. Mdhy; ,j;jifatHfSf;F kWikapy; euf neUg;igj; jtpu NtnwJTk; ,y;iy. cyfpy; mtHfs; cUthf;fpait midj;Jk; mbNahL mope;J Ngha; tpl;ld (vd;gJk;) mtHfs; nra;J nfhz;bUe;j nray;fs; midj;Jk; tPzhditNa (vd;gJk; mq;F mtHfSf;Fg; Gupe;JtpLk;)" (#uj;J `_j; 15 -16)

NtNwhH ,lj;jpy;>

"rj;jpaj;ij epuhfupj;jtHfSf;Ff; fLikahd jz;lidapdhy; mopT cs;sJ. mtHfs; kWTyfj;ij tpl ,t;Tyf tho;f;iff;F Kd;Dupik nfhLf;fpwhHfs;. NkYk; my;yh`;tpd; ghijapy; nry;ytplhky; (kf;fisj;) jLf;fpwhHfs;. mJ (mtHfspd; tpUg;gj;jpw;Nfw;g) Nfhzyhfptpl Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; tpUk;GfpwhHfs;. ,g;gbg;gl;ltHfs; topNfhl;by; ntFJ}uk; nrd;W tpl;lhHfs;" (#uj;J ,g;wh`Pk; 2 - 3 )

kw;NwhH ,lj;jpy;>

",tHfs; cyf tho;f;ifapd; Gwj;Njhw;wj;ij kl;LNk mwpfpd;wdH. kWTyfj;ijg; gw;wp mtHfs; myl;rpakhf cs;sdH" (#uj;JH &k; 7)

NtNwhH ,lj;jpy;>

"vtd; ekJ mwpTiuiag; Gwf;fzpj;jhNdh NkYk; cyf tho;;f;ifiaj; jtpu Ntnwe;jf; Fwpf;NfhSk; mtDf;F ,y;iyNah mtid mNj epiyapNyNa tpl;LtpLtPuhf! -,g;gbg;gl;ltHfSila mwptpd; vy;iy mt;tsTjhd;! ck; ,iwtNd ed;F mwpgtd; jdJ ghijia tpl;L top gpwo;e;jtH ahH> NeH topapy; nry;gtH ahH vd;gij!" (#uj;Je; e[;k; 29 -30)

,d;NdhH ,lj;jpy;>

"jpz;zkhf ,tHfs; cldbahff; fpilf;ff; $ba (cyfj;)ij Nerpf;fpwhHfs;. Mdhy; mtHfSf;Fg; gpd;dhy; tu tpUf;Fk; xU fbdkhd (kWik) ehis myl;rpakhf tpl;L tpLfpwhHfs;" (#uj;jy; ,d;]hd; 27)

NtNwhH ,lj;jpy;>

"vtd; tuk;G kPwpdhNdh NkYk; cyf tho;f;iff;F Kd;Dupik nfhLj;jhNdh mtDf;Fj; jpz;zkhf eufk; jhd; GfyplkhFk;" (#uj;Je; eh]pahj; 37–39)

Mdhy; ,t;Tyfpd; eyidAk; kWTyfpd; eyidAk; ,uz;ilAk; fUj;jpy; nfhz;L mNj Neuj;jpy; kWTyf tho;Tf;F Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nfhLj;J> mjd; caHitAk; rpwg;igAk; me;j];ijAk; czHe;J mij miltjw;F MHtk; nfhz;L tho;gtHfs; ahNuh mtHfis FHMd; Gfo;fpwJ!

"kf;fspy; ,t;thW gpuhHj;jid nra;NthUk; cs;sdH: vq;fs; ,iwtNd! vq;fSf;F cyfj;jpNyNa vy;yhk; toq;fptpL - ,j;jifatUf;F kWikapy; ahnjhU ghf;fpaKk; ,y;iy. ,d;Dk; - vq;fs; ,iwtNd! vq;fSf;F ,t;TyfpYk; ed;ikiaf; nfhL.> kWTyfpYk; ed;ikiaf; nfhL. NkYk; euf Ntjidapy; ,Ue;J vq;fisf; fhg;ghw;Wthahf vd;W $Wk; rpyUk; mtHfspy; cs;sdH!" (#uj;Jy; gfwh 200 – 201)

Xuplj;jpy; %]h (miy) mtHfs; ,t;thW gpuhHj;jid nra;jjhfr; nrhy;ypf; fhl;LfpwJ FHMd;:

" . . . (,iwth!) ,t;TyfpYk; vq;fSf;F ed;ikia vOjp itg;ghahf. kWikapYk; ed;ikia mUs;thahf! jpz;zkhf ehq;fs; cd; gf;fNk jpUk;gp tpl;Nlhk;" (#uj;Jy; m/uh/g; 156)

Xuplj;jpy; ,g;uh`Pk;(miy) mtHfisg; Gfo;e;Jiuj;J mjd; %yk; topfhl;LfpwJ:

"NkYk; ,t;TyfpYk; mtUf;F ed;ikia toq;fpNdhk;. jpz;zkhf mtH kWTyfpYk; ey;NyhHfspy; xUtuhf ,Ug;ghH" (#uj;Je; e`;y; 122)

 

 

,iwkhHf;fj;jpw;Fk; cyfhajj; jj;Jtj;jpw;Fk; cs;s NtWghL


,q;F jhd; ,iwkhHf;fk;> egpj;Jt mwpTiufs; my;yJ egpj;Jtg; gs;spf;$lk; (,e;jr; nrhy; tof;fpy; jtwpy;iy vd;W fUJfpNwd;) Mfpait cyfhajj; jj;Jtq;fSf;Fk; cyfhajr; rpe;jidg; Nghf;fpw;Fk; Kw;wpYk; khWgLfpd;wd. NeUf;F NeH NkhJfpd;wd. vy;yhNk ,t;Tyf tho;f;if jhd;;. mj;Jld; vy;yhk; Kbe;J tpLfpwJ vd;gjpy; jhNd cyfhajk; gpbthjkhf ,Uf;fpwJ! cyf tho;f;ifia caHthf kjpj;J mjw;F mjpf Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nfhLg;gjpYk; Gfo;tjpYk; jhNd tuk;G kPwpj; nry;fpwJ! cyf tho;f;ifia myq;fupg;gjpYk; moFgLj;JtjpYk; cy;yhr tho;it cUthf;FtjpYk; jhNd <LgLfpwJ!

cyf tho;T Fwpj;J FHMd; Vw;gLj;j tpUk;Gfpw fUj;Njhl;lk; my;yJ Nfhl;ghL egpfshH(]y;) mtHfspd; mUs; nkhopfspy; kpfj; njspthf ntspg;gl;Ls;sJ. egp(]y;) mtHfs; mbf;fb ,g;gbf; $WgtHfsha; ,Ue;jhHfs;:

"ah my;yh`;! kWik tho;f;ifiaj; jtpu NtW tho;f;if vd;gjpy;iy" (]`P`{y; Gfhup)

egpatHfspd; xU gpuhHj;jid ,t;thW te;Js;sJ:

"ah my;yh`;! K`k;kJila FLk;gj;jhupd; up[;f; tho;thjhuj;ij - capH thoj; Njitahd msTf;F Mf;Fthahf!

kw;NwhH mwptpg;gpy;: NghJkhf;fpf; nfhs;Sk; msT - vd;W cs;sJ" (]`P`; K];ypk;)

K];jt;upj; gpd; \j;jhj;(uyp) tHfs; mwptpf;fpwhHfs;: "ehd; egp(]y;) mtHfs; ,t;thW $wf; Nfl;Ls;Nsd;: my;yh`;tpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf! kWTyfj;jpw;F vjpupy; ,t;Tyfpd; epiy cq;fspy; xUtH jdJ tpuiyf; flypDs; tpLtJ Nghd;Nw jtpu Ntwpy;iy. (mjid ntspNa vLj;J) mjpy; vt;tsT jz;zPH cs;sJ vd;W mtH ghHj;Jf; nfhs;sl;Lk;" (]`P`; K];ypk;)

egp(]y;) mtHfspd; gupRj;jkhd tho;f;if ,j;jifa Nfhl;ghl;il nka;g;gLj;jf;$ba fz;zhbahfNt jpfo;e;jJ.

,g;D k];t+j;(uyp) mtHfsplk; ,Ue;J mwptpf;fg;gLfpwJ: "xU jlit egp(]y;) mtHfs; gha; kPJ gLj;jpUe;jhHfs;> ehd; Nfl;Nld;: my;yh`;tpd; J}jNu! ,jd; kPJ VjhtJ tpupg;G tpupf;FkhW ePq;fs; vdf;Ff; fl;lis ,l;lhy; ehq;fs; ,jd; kPJ VjhtJ tpupg;NghNk. mjw;F egpatHfs; nrhd;dhHfs;: ,e;j cyfpd; gf;fk; vdf;F vd;d Njit ,Uf;fpwJ? vdf;Fk; ,e;j cyfj;jpw;Fk; ctik> xU kuj;jpd; fPo; rpwpJ Xa;ntLj;J tpl;Lg; gpd;dH mq;fpUe;J nrd;WtpLfpw xU gazpiag; Nghd;wjhFk;" (E}y;: m`;kj;> jpHkpjp> ,g;D kh[h )

<yh§ gw;wpa xU `jP]py; ckH(uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpwhHfs;: "ehd; egp(]y;) mtHfspd; r%fk; nrd;Nwd;. Kilag;gl;lnjhU ghapy; mtHfs; gLj;jpUe;jhHfs;. mjd; kPJ tpupg;G vJTk; tpupf;fg;gltpy;iy. ghapd; Nfhiufs; egpatHfspd; ,U tpyhg;Gwq;fspYk; gjpit Vw;gLj;jpapUe;jJ. ckp epug;gg;gl;l Njhy; jiyaiz kPJ mtHfs; rha;e;jpUe;jhHfs;. ehd; mtHfSf;F ]yhk; $wpNdd; ...> (,d;Dk; rpy tptuq;fSf;Fg; gpd; ckH mtHfs; njhlHe;J nrhy;fpwhHfs;) egptHfspd; tPl;by; ghHit nrYj;jpNdd;. my;yh`;tpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf! %d;W Njhy; ghj;jpuq;fisj; jtpu ghHitia <Hf;fpw Ntnwe;jg; nghUl;fisAk; ehd; fhztpy;iy. ehd; Nfl;Nld;: my;yh`;tpd; J}jNu! ePq;fs; my;yh`;tplk; gpuhHj;jid nra;Aq;fs;. cq;fs; rKjhaj;jpdUf;F mjpfkhd nry;tj;ij mtd; toq;fl;Lk;. ghurPfHfSf;Fk; NuhkhdpaHfSf;Fk; vt;tsT mjpf nry;tk; toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mtHfs; my;yh`;it tzq;FtJ$l ,y;iyNa!

(§ - xU kdpjd; jd; kidtpia (jhk;gj;jpa cwTf;fhf) Fwpg;gpl;l fhyk; tiu neUq;f khl;Nld; vd;W rj;jpak; nra;tjw;F <yh vdg;gLk;. egp(]y;) mtHfs; xU khj fhyk; tiu jk; kidtpaiu neUq;fg; Nght jpy;iy vd;W rj;jpak; nra;jJ gw;wp $wg;gl;Ls;s `jP]; MFk; ,J. (nkhop ngaHj;Njhd;))

,jidf; Nfl;lJk; rha;e;J gLj;jpUe;j egpatHfs; vOe;J ,Ue;J nfhz;L $wpdhHfs;: fj;jhgpd; kfdhNu! ePUkh ,t;thW rpe;jpf;fpwPH! me;jr; rKjhaj;jpdUf;F mtHfSf;Fupa ew;NgWfs; cyf tho;f;ifapNyNa toq;fg;gl;Ltpl;ld" (]`P`{y; Gfhup ghfk;: jpUkzk;)

 

 

egpj;Jtg; gs;spf; $lj;jpd; khztHfSk; mtHfspd; gz;ghLk;


,e;j egpj;Jtg; gs;spf;$lj;jpy; fy;tp xOf;fg;gapw;rp ngw;w my;yJ KOikahff; fw;Wj; Njupa my;yJ mjd; khztHfspy; xU khztuhf ,Ue;j xt;nthUtUk; ,e;j tHzj;ijg; ngw;wpUe;jdH. kWikr; rpe;jid mtHfis Ml;nfhz;bUe;jJ. mJ mtHfspd; cjpuj;NjhL cjpukha; - capNuhL capuha; - mtHfspd; euk;G ehsq;fspy; vy;yhk; CLUtp ,Ue;jJ! Mifahy; kWTyfk; Fwpj;J rpwpJ Neuk; $l mtHfs; myl;rpakhf ,Ue;jjpy;iy. mjw;F khw;nwijAk; mtHfs; tpUk;gtpy;iy. mij tpl Ntnwjw;Fk; mtHfs; Kd;Dupik nfhLf;ftpy;iy.

egpj;Jtg; gs;spf;$lj;jpd; khztHfsplk; Fbnfhz;bUe;j ,j;jifa capNuhl;lj;ij ePq;fs; Neubahfg; ghHf;f tpUk;gpdhy; myP(uyp) mtHfspd; gz;ghLfisg; gbj;jhNy NghJk;! me;jg; gs;spf;$lj;jpy; KOikahfg; gbj;Jj; Njupa egpatHfspd; mutizg;gpy; tsHe;J te;j xU kdpjupd; gz;ghl;il vLj;Jiuf;Fk; rpj;jpukhFk; mJ.

mg+ ]hyp`; vd;ghuplk; ,Ue;J mwptpf;fg;gLfpwJ: spwhH ,g;D skpwh(uyp) mtHfsplk;> myP(uyp) mtHfspd; gz;G eyd;fis vdf;F vLj;iug;gPuhf vd;W KMtpah(uyp) mtHfs; Nfl;lhHfs;. mjw;F mtH> ,ayhJ.> vd;id ePq;fs; kd;dpg;gPHfsh? vd;whH. ,y;iy.> mtHfisg; gw;wp ePH $wj; jhd; Ntz;Lk; vd;W kPz;Lk; NfhupdhH KMtpah mtHfs;. mjw;F mtH> ,ayhJ.> vd;id ePq;fs; kd;dpg;gPHfsh? vd;W jhd; kPz;Lk; gjpy; nrhd;dhH. ehd; ck;ik kd;dpf;fNt khl;Nld; vd;W KMtpah mtHfs; tw;GWj;jNt spwhH $wpdhH:

"rup mt;thwhapd; NfSq;fs;. my;yh`;tpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf! myP(uyp) mtHfs; J}u Nehf;F nfhz;ltHfs;. Cf;fKk; typikAk; epiwe;jtHfs;. jPHf;fkhfTk; njspthfTk; NgRthHfs;. ePjp kpf;f jPHg;G toq;FthHfs;. mtHfspd; ehtpYk; rpe;ijapYk; fy;tp Qhdk; ngUf;nfLj;J XLk;. xt;nthU thHj;ijapYk; tpNtfk; ntspg;gLk;.

myP(uyp) mtHfs; cyifAk; mjd; myq;fhuj;ijAk; ntWg;ghHfs;. ,utpd; mjd; ,Uspy; kfpo;Tld; topghl;by; <Lgl;bUg;ghHfs;.

my;yh`;tpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf! myP(uyp) mtHfs; mjpfkhff; fz;zPH cFg;ghHfs;. Mo;e;j rpe;jidAld; ,Ug;ghHfs;. jtWfis vz;zpj; JaUWthHfs;.> jk;ikj;jhNk tpkHrdk; nra;J nfhs;;thHfs;. Kul;Lj; Jzp Milfis tpUk;gp mzpthHfs;. rhjhuzkhd> vspa czit tpUk;gp cz;ghHfs;.

myP(uyp) mtHfs; vq;fspy; xUtuhf vq;fSld; goFthHfs;. ehq;fs; Nfs;tp Nfl;lhy; clNd gjpyspg;ghHfs;. ehq;fs; mtHfisr; re;jpf;Fk; nghOJ ]yhk; nrhy;tjpy; mtHfNs Ke;jpf; nfhs;thHfs;. ehq;fs; mtHfis mioj;jhy; vq;fs; miog;ig Vw;W vq;fsplk; tUif jUthHfs;.

my;yh`;tpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf! mtHfs; ,e;j msT vq;fSld; rkkhf neUq;fpg; gofpAk; $l mr;r NkyPl;lhy; mtHfsplk; vq;fshy; Ngr ,ayhJ. mtHfspd; fz;zpaj;jpd; fhuzkhf mtHfis Ke;jpf; nfhz;L Ngr vq;fshy; KbahJ. mtHfs; Gd;dif G+j;jhy; gw;fs; Kj;Jr; ruk; Nghy; xspUk;!

jPd; - ,iwkhHf;fj;ijf; filg;gpbj;J tho;gtHfis myP(uyp) mtHfs; fz;zpag;gLj;JthHfs;. Vio vspatHfis Nerpg;ghHfs;. (,t;tsT vspikahf ,Ue;jJld;) typikahdtH ahUk; mtHfsplk; jtwhd jPHg;igg; ngw;wp;;l KbahJ. mtH fspd; ePjpapy; gytPdkhdtH ek;gpf;if ,oe;jpl khl;lhH.

my;yh`;itr; rhl;rpahf;fpf; $WfpNwd; : rpy Kf;fpakhd Neuq;fspy; mtHfisg; ghHj;jpUf;fpNwd;. ,uT jdJ ,Ul; NghHitiaj; njhq;ftpl;bUf;f-el;rj;jpuq;fs; vy;yhk; kiwe;J tpl;bUe;j Neuj;jpy; mtHfs; jq;fsJ njhOk; miwapy; epd;W nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. jhbiaf; ifahy; gpbj;jpUe;jhHfs;. ghk;G fbj;jtH Jbg;gJ Nghy; Jbj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. JaWw;wtH mOtJ Nghy; mOJ nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. mg;nghOJ mtHfs; $wpa thHj;ijfs; ,d;Dk; vd; fhJfspy; vjpnuhypj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ:

‘cyfNk! vd;id eP Nrhjpf;fth te;J tpl;lha;? vd;id top nfLf;fth jpl;lkpl;Ls;sha;? epuhir mile;JtpL. vd;id tpl;Ltpl;L NtW vtiuNaDk; Vkhw;W. ehd; jhd; cd;id Kj;jyhf; KO kztpyf;F nra;Jtpl;NlNd.> cd;idj; jpUk;g miog;gnjd;gNj ,y;iyNa. cdJ taNjh FiwT. tho;Nth NghypahdJ. Mdhy; cd;dhy; tpisAk; mghaNkh kpf tpguPjkhdJ. ma;aNfh! topj;Jizr; rhjdk; kpff; FiwT! gazk; vt;tsT ePsk;! ghijAk; vj;Jiz gaq;fuk;!" (E}y;: ,g;D ifapkpy; n[s]p (u`;) mtHfspd; ]/g;tj;J]; ]/g;th)

cq;fSf;F ,d;NdhH vLj;Jf;fhl;L jUfpNwd;. mJ> ,];yhkpag; Nguurpd; jiyefupy; mjd; MSeuhd egpj;NjhoH Mw;wpa ciuahFk;.

fhypj; gpd; cikH my; mjtp(uyp) mtHfsplk; ,Ue;J mwptpf;fg;gLfpwJ. g]uhtpd; MSeH cj;gh gpd; f];thd;(uyp) mtHfs; xU jlit vq;fspilNa ciu Mw;wpdhHfs;. my;yh`;Tf;Fg; GfOk; GfohuKk; rhw;wpa gpwF mtHfs; $wpajhtJ>

"mwpe;J nfhs;Sq;fs;. epr;rakhf ,e;j cyfk; KbAk; jUtha;f;F te;Jtpl;lJ. tpiuthf fle;J nrd;W nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. ftpo;f;fg;gl;l ghidapy; vt;tsT Fiwe;j ePH vQ;rpapUf;FNkh mt;tsT FWfpa fhyk;jhd; cyfpw;F cs;sJ. ePq;fs; ,q;fpUe;J epiyahd XH ,y;yj;jpw;Fr; nry;y ,Uf;fpwPHfs;. Mifahy; nfhQ;rk; ed;ikfisNaDk; ifNahL nfhz;L nry;Yq;fs;. Vnddpy; (eufj;jpd; gaq;fuk; gw;wp) vq;fSf;Fr; nrhy;yg;gl;Ls;sJ. mjhtJ eufpd; tpspk;gpypUe;J vwpag;gLk; xU fy; vOgJ Mz;Lfs; tiu eufpDs; nrd;W nfhz;Nl ,Uf;Fk;. mg;nghOJ $l mjw;F Mok; jl;lhJ. mt;tsT Mokhd eufk; $l xU ehs; epug;gg;gl;Nl jPUk;. ,J cq;fSf;F Mr;rupakhf cs;sjh> vd;d?

,t;thW Rtdk; gw;wp vq;fSf;Fr; nrhy;yg;gl;Ls;sJ. mjd; ,U kUq;fpw;Fk; ,ilNa ehw;gJ Mz;L fhy eil J}uk; cs;sJ. xU ehs; tUk;.> me;jr; Rtdj;jpy; kdpjHfs; epug;gg;gLthHfs;.

(md;iwa Muk;g fhyj;jpy;) egpatHfisg; gpd;gw;wpapUe;j NjhoHfs; nkhj;jk; VO NgHjhd;. mtHfspy; ehDk; xUtd;. (rpy ehl;fshf) ,iyjiofisj; jtpu NtW czT vq;fSf;F ,y;iy. mtw;iw nkd;Wnkd;Nw vq;fs; tha; nfhg;gskhfp tpLk;! ehd; xU NghHitiaf; fz;nlLj;Njd;. mjid ,uz;lhff; fpopj;J xU ghfj;ij ]aPj; gpd; khypf;-Ff; nfhLj;Njd;. mjid mtH cLj;jpf; nfhz;lhH. kW ghfj;ij ehd; cLj;jpf; nfhz;Nld;.

Mdhy; ,d;Nwh ehk; xt;nthUtUk; ngUk; ngUk; efuq;fSf;F MSeuhf ,Uf;fpNwhk;. vdJ ghHitapy; ehd; ngupatdhf- ,iwtdplk; rpwpatdhf MFtjpy; ,Ue;J vd;idf; fhg;ghw;WkhW ,iwtdplk; ghJfhg;Gj; NjLfpNwd;.

ve;j (egpapd;) egpj;JtKk;> mjd; ghjpg;G (cyfpy; rpwpJ fhyj;jpy;) khw;wk; milahky; epue;jukhf ,Ue;jjpy;iy. (;gbg;gbahf khw;wk; mile;J) ,Wjpapy; mjd; epiy mjpfhukhfNt Kbe;jJ. vdNt mj;jifa epiyikia tpiutpy; ePq;fSk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tPHfs;.> vq;fSf;Fg; gpd;dH tUk; mkPHfspd; mZF Kiwia ePq;fs; mDgtpg;gPHfs;. (egpj;Jtj;jpd; tpisthd Nkyhd khHf;f eilKiwfs; mtHfsplk; ,Uf;fhJ. Kw;wpYk; gjtp Nkhfk; cilatHfsha; MfptpLthHfs;)( E}y;: K];ypk; ghfk; 2 gFjp: cyfg; gw;wpd;ik )

 

 

etPd rpe;jidfSk; kWikf; nfhs;ifAk;


ve;nje;j etPd rpe;jidfs; ,af;fq;fs;> <khdpd; capNuhl;lj;ij KOikahf mile;jpl tpy;iyNah> egpj;Jtg; gs;spf;$lj;jpd; topfhl;liyAk; xOf;fg; gapw;rpiaAk; Nebahf ngw;wpl tpy;iyNah mtw;why; ,e;j kWikr; rpe;jidia kWikf; nfhs;ifia KOikahf [Puzpf;f Kbtjpy;iy.> mjpy; xU gpupak; mtw;wpw;F Vw;gLtjpy;iy. me;j etPd rpe;jidfs; kWikf; nfhs;ifNahL njhlHe;J Nkhjpf;nfhz;Nl ,Uf;fpd;wd. my;yJ mjdhy; rq;flk; milfpd;wd. mjid tpl;Lk; J}ukhf tpyfpr; nry;yNt tpUk;Gfpd;wd. my;yJ kWikf; nfhs;iff;F ,g;gb xU jtwhd tpsf;fj;ij mjhtJ> ,e;j kWikf; nfhs;if Fwpg;gpl;lnjhU fhyj;jpy; Fwpg;gpl;l #o;epiyapy; ,Ue;jJ. mjw;nfdg; gpuj;jpNaf fhy epiyfs;> fhuzq;fs; ,Ue;jd vd;W jtwhd tpsf;fk; mspf;fpd;wd.

Mdhy; jpUf;FHMdpYk; jpUegpatHfspd; tho;tpYk; thf;fpYk; kWikr; rpe;jid vDk; capNuhl;lk; epiwthf cs;sJ vd;gJk; ,JNt egpj;Jtf; fy;tp xOf;fg; gapw;rpapdhy; mikAk; ,];yhkpa ,ay;G.> ,];yhkpar; rpe;jid vd;gJk; vt;tpj xspTkiwTkpy;yhj cz;ikahFk;!

jd;Dila jpl;lKiwfisr; Rje;jpukhfr; nray;gLj;Jk; tha;g;G FHMDf;Fk; `jP]{f;Fk; fpilj;jhy; ,];yhkpag; gz;ghLfspy; Cwpj;jpisj;j> Gwj;jhf;Fjy;fspy; ,Ue;J ghJfhf;fg;gl;l xU Gjpa jiyKiwia thHj;njLf;Fk; re;jHg;gk; FHMDf;Fk; `jP]{f;Fk; fpilj;jhy; me;jg; Gjpa jiyKiwapd; ,ay;Gk; gz;ghLk; rpe;jidAk; ,t;thNw mikAk; :

mtHfs; cyfpy; gw;ww;w epiyia Nkw;nfhs;thHfs;> mjd; myq;fhuq;fspy; ,Ue;Jk; mgupkpjkhd tho;f;ifr; rhjdq;fspy; ,Ue;Jk; tpyfpapUg;ghHfs;. Njitahd Fiwe;j tho;thjhuj;jpy; epiwT fhz;ghHfs;. kWikiaAk; mq;F gadspf;Fk; mky;fisAk;jhd; mjpfk; ehLthHfs;. ,iwtdpd; re;jpg;gpy; mjpf MHtk; nfhs;thHfs;. cyfpd; rhjdq;fis tpl my;yh`;tplk; cs;s mUl;NgWfSf;Nf Kd;Dupik nfhLg;ghHfs;. <khDld; kuzk; miltjw;Fk; ,iwtopapy; capHj; jpahfk; nra;tjw;Fk; Kjyplk; mspg;ghHfs;.

-,j;jifa gz;ghl;bd;gb thOk; XH ,iwek;gpf;ifahsdpd; ehtpy; Muk;gfhy K];ypk;fshfpa egpj;NjhoHfs; nkhope;j thHj;ijfs; jhk; mjpfk; ntspg;gl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;Fk;: "ehis vd; md;gHfisr; re;jpg;Ngd;. K`k;kj;(]y;) mtHfisAk; mtH fspd; NjhoHfisAk; ghHg;Ngd;" (nra;apJdh gpyhy;(uyp) mtHfs; nkhope;j thHj;ij. E}y;: ,g;D mgpj; Jd;ahtpd; mwptpg;gpd; gb ,`;ah cY}kpj;jPd;)

 

 

egpj;Jt miog;Gf;Fk; rPHjpUj;j ,af;fj;;jpw;Fk; cs;s NtWghL


rpy ,af;fq;fSk; miog;Gg;gzpapy; <Lgl;Ls;s mikg;GfSk; kWikf; nfhs;ifia KOikahf vLj;Jf; $Wfpd;wd. mjw;F mofpa Kiwapy; tpsf;fk; jUfpd;wd. kWik ek;gpf;ifapd; jj;Jtj;ijAk; tho;f;ifapy; mJ Vw;gLj;Jk; jhf;fq;fisAk; xOf;f uPjpapy; mjw;Fs;s Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ijAk; tpupthfTk; eakhfTk; vLj;Jiuf;fpd;wd. Mdhy; mjidg; gbf;Fk; Gj;jp $HikAs;s xt;nthUtUk; ,jidg; Gupe;J nfhs;thH. mjhtJ

kWikapd; kPJ ek;gpf;if nfhs;tJ xOf;f uPjpapy; ,d;wpaikahj xd;W.> rPHjpUj;jj;jpw;Fj; Njitahd mk;rk;.> kWikf; nfhs;ifapd;wp rpwe;jnjhU rKjhaj;ij> rPHkpFg; gz;ghl;L newpiaf; fl;bnaOg;g KbahJ.> Fwpg;ghf ,];yhkpar; rKjhak; rpwe;Njhq;f Ntz;Lnkdpy; kWikf; nfhs;if kpfTk; mtrpak; vd;W czHe;J nfhs;thH.

,J xU tpjj;jpy; ghuhl;Lf;Fk; tuNtw;Gf;Fk; cupaJjhd;. MapDk; ,J egpkhHfspd; nray;Kiwf;Fk; rpe;jidf;Fk; mtHfspd; gz;ghLfSf;Fk; njspthf khWgLfpwJ. fyP/ghf;fs; vDk; mtHfspd; gpujpepjpfspd; tho;f;if Kiwf;Fk; njspthf ,J khWgLfpwJ. ,uz;Lf;Fk; cs;s NtWghL ,Jjhd;: egpkhHfspd; nray; Kiwapy; -

<khd; vDk; ,iwek;gpf;if> Mokhf czHjy;> Gupjy;> kNdhghtk;> nfhs;if ,it midj;Jk; vt;tsT mOj;jkhfg; gjpe;;jpUe;jd vd;why;. ,it midj;Jk; kdpjdpd; czHTfisAk; rpe;jidiaAk; nray;KiwfisAk; KOikahf Ml; nfhz;bUe;jd!

Mdhy; ,e;j mikg;Gfs;> ,af;fq;fspd; epiy vd;dntdpy;> Vw;Wnkhopjy;> kjpg;gspj;jy;> rl;luPjpahf Vw;wy; vDk; ntspj; Njhw;wkhfNt ,Uf;fpwJ.

egpkhHfSk; fyP/ghf;fSk; kWik gw;wp nka; cUf ,d;gk; nghq;fg; NgrpdhHfs;. mjd; gf;fk; Cf;fj;JlDk; cWjpAlDk; kf;fis mioj;jhHfs;!

Mdhy; ,e;j ,af;fthjpfNsh> kWik gw;wp NgRk;nghOJ mJ> xOf;f uPjpapy; ,d;wpaikahj xd;W vDk; msTf;Fj;jhd; my;yJ r%f tho;Tf;Fj; Njit vd;w mbg;;gilapy;jhd; my;yJ rPHjpUj;jj; Njl;lk; kw;Wk; xOf;f uPjpahd J}z;Ljy; vDk; msTf;Fj;jhd; mijg; gw;wpg; NgRfpwhHfs;.

Mokhd czHT> cuj;j kNdhghtk; vd;gJ vq;Nf? #o;epiyapd; jj;Jtk;> r%f eyd;fs; vd;gJ vq;Nf? ,uz;Lf;Fk; jhd; vt;tsT ngupa ,ilntsp!

 

 

typik - Kd;Ndw;wj;jpd; J}z;Ljy;fs;!


egp(]y;) mtHfsplKk; egpj;NjhoHfsplKk; mike;jpUe;j ,j;jifa Mokhd> mOj;jkhd kWik ek;gpf;ifAk; ,t;Tyfj;ij tpl kWikiaj; NjHe;njLf;Fk; jpz;ikAk; kw;Wk; cyf myq;fhuq;fspYk; mgupkpjkhd trjp tha;g;GfspYk; gw;wpy;yhg; Nghf;Fk; -

# mtHfisj; jdpikapy; xJf;fp itj;jpl tpy;iy. cyif top elj;jpr; nry;tij tpl;Lk; kdpj Fyj;jpw;F top fhl;Ltij tpl;Lk; Klf;fp itj;jpl tpy;iy. tho;f;if tl;lj;ij tpl;Lk; tpyfp ,Uf;fr; nra;atpy;iy.

# nghUshjhuf; fhuzpfisnay;yhk; J}f;fp vwpe;jpl Ntz;Lk; vd mtHfisj; J}z;bl tpy;iy. cz;ikf;fhfTk; ed;ikf;fhfTk; Nghuhlhky; cl;fhHe;JtpLk; vz;zj;ij mtHfsplk; tsHj;jpltpy;iy.

# gpe;ija E}w;whz;Lfspy; fhz;gJ Nghd;W - gytPdj;jpw;Fk; fPolq;fYf;Fk; J}z;LNfhyha; mike;jpl tpy;iy!

khwhf typik> Kd;Ndw;wk; Mfpatw;wpd; J}z;Ljy;fSs;; xU J}z;LjyhfNt mJ ,Ue;jJ! jPa rf;jpfSf;F vjpuhf mtHfis ntFz;nlor; nra;jJ. tPuk;> Mw;wy;> ntw;wp Mfpatw;wpd; xU gpd;gykhfj; jpfo;e;jJ!

cz;ikahnjdpy;> kf;fs; midtupDk; mjpfkhf ,t;Tyf tho;f;ifapy; gw;wpy;yhjtHfs; ahNuh> kWik kPJ mjpf ek;gpf;ifAk; MHtKk; cilNahH ahNuh> ,iwtidr; re;jpg;gjpy; mjpfj; Njl;lKk; ,iwtopapy; capHj; jpahfk; nra;tjpy; mjpf MHtKk; cilNahH ahNuh mg;gbg;gl;ltHfs;jhk; -

cyfpy; kpfg; ngupa tPuHfsha; jpfo;e;Js;shHfs;. rj;jpaj;jpw;fhfg; NghuhLtjpy; mjpf cw;rhfk; ciltHfsha; tho;e;Js;shHfs;. [p`hj; vDk; ,iwtopg; NghHfspYk; ,];yhj;jpw;F ntw;wpfisf; Ftpg;gjpYk; vy;NyhiuAk; tpl mjpfg; gq;fspg;ig ey;fpAs;shHfs;!

,JNt ,e;j kWikf;nfhs;ifapd; rpwg;Gf; Fzk;. ,J ,aw;ifahfNt tPuk;> jpwik> Kd;Ndw;wk;> cyf tho;itj; Jr;rkhff; fUJtJ> kd ,r;irfis mlf;FtJ Nghd;w jd;ikfis kdpjdplk; cUthf;fp tpLfpwJ! ,e;j kWikf; nfhs;ifapd; gpd;dzpapy;jhd; ,];yhj;jpd; tsHr;rpAk; ntw;wpAk; vOr;rpAk; mike;Js;sJ vd;gjpy; Iakpy;iy!

 

 

kWik ek;gpf;iff;Fk; Jwtwj;Jf;Fk; njhlHgpy;iy!


vdNt kWik ek;gpf;if vd;fpw ,e;jf; nfhs;iff;F cyf tho;T gw;wpa FHMdpd; ,e;jf; fz;Nzhl;lj;jpw;F> ntWj;njhJf;fg;gl;l Jwtwf; nfhs;ifNahL ve;jj;njhlHGk; ,y;iy.

FHMdhy; kWj;Jiuf;fg;gLtJ jhd;> epuhfupj;Jj; js;sg;gLtJ jhd; ,e;jj; Jwtwk;! ,];yhkpag; Nghjidfs; gytPdk; mile;j gpd;dH Njhd;wpaJjhd; nghw;fhynkdr; rhd;W toq;fg;gl;l Muk;g E}w;whz;LfSf;Fg; gpwF ,];yhkpa cyfpy; jiynaLj;jJ jhd; ,e;jj; Jwtwg; Nghf;F! fpwp];Jtk;> Gj;j kjk;> gpuhkzpak;> New Pilatonism (gpNsl;Nlh vd;w gz;ila fpNuf;f mwpQdpd; Md;k Neak; jOtpa Gjpa Nfhl;ghL) Nghd;w me;epa fUj;Jfs; kw;Wk; Gwj; jj;Jj;Jtq;fs; Mfpatw;wpd; jhf;fj;jpdhy; cUthdJ jhd; ,e;jj; Jwtwk;! ,jNdhL kWikf; nfhs;iff;F vt;tpjj; njhlHGk; ,y;iy.

kWikf; nfhs;if vd;gJ> ,t;Tyf tho;f;ifapd; cupikiag; gho;gLj;jhkYk; mjd; rupahd kjpg;ig epuhfupf;fhkYk; kWTyfj;jpw;F Kd;Dupik nfhLg;gjd; kPJ epiynfhz;ljhFk;. kWTyfj;jpd; topapy; cz;ikf;fhfTk; ed;ikf;fhfTk; NghuhLtjd; kPJ mike;jjhFk;. epiyahd kWikg; NgWfis milAk; nghUl;L jw;fhypfkhd mopAk; jd;ik nfhz;l ,d;gq;fisj; jpahfk; nra;tjd; kPJk; my;yh`;tpd; ctg;igj; NjLtjd; kPJk; mikag;ngw;wjhFk;.

K];ypk;fs; ,e;jf; Nfhl;ghl;by; gytPdg;gl;l fhuzj;jhy;jhd; ,d;W mtHfsplk; vj;jidNah gytPdq;fs; Njhd;wpAs;sd vd;gjpy; Iakpy;iy. kd,r;irfSf;Fk; mgpyhirfSf;Fk; ,iuahfp tpl;bUf;Fk; ,d;iwa Gjpa jiyKiwapduplk; kWik ek;gpf;if vDk; Nfhl;ghl;il kPz;Lk; GJg;gpg;gJ kpfTk; NjitahFk;. Vd; midj;J K];ypk;fsplKk; gpur;rhuk; nra;J kPz;Lk; mf;nfhs;ifia mtHfspd; cs;sj;jpy; gRikg;gLj;JtJ kpfkpf ,d;wpaikahjjhFk;.

K];ypk;fs; ,t;Ty tho;f;ifia FHMdpd; fz;Nzhl;lj;jpd; gb kjpg;gpl;L tho;f;ifia mikj;Jf;nfhs;shj tiuapy; mtHfspd; juhR rkkhfhJ.> mtHfspd; <khd; - ,iwek;gpf;if KOik ngwhJ!

- kWik gw;wpa ,j;jifa fUj;ijj;jhd; cyfhajr; rpe;jid kWf;fpwJ. ‘tho;f;ifiaf;’ flTnsdf; fUjp tzq;fp topglf;$ba mjd; ,d;gq;fSf;Fk; Rf Nghfq;fSf;Fk; gpd;dhy; Rw;wpj;jpupaf;$ba - tho;f;ifia cy;yhrkhf nrhFrhf Mlk;gukhf mikj;Jf; nfhz;lhy; NghJk;.> mjw;F mg;ghy; vJTkpy;iy vd;W fUjf; $ba cyfhajj; jj;Jtq;fs; ,e;j kWikf; nfhs;ifAld; fLikahf Kuz;gLfpwJ.> NkhJfpwJ!

,j;jifa cyfhajr; rpe;jidiaj; jhd; Fif mj;jpahak; kWj;Jiuf;fpwJ. ,e;j cyfhajg; Nghf;ifAk; mjid top elj;jpr; nry;Yk; jiytHfisAk; fLikahff; fz;bf;fpwJ. cyf tho;f;ifapd; ajhHj;j epiyia vtuJ tpUg;igAk; ntWg;igAk; nghUl;gLj;jhky; cs;sJ cs;sgb kpfr; rupahfg; glk; gpbj;Jf; fhl;LfpwJ!

 

 

%]h - fps;H rupij


,g;nghOJ %d;whtJ rupijahfpa %]h-fps;H rupijiaj; njhlq;FfpNwhk;. ,J ehk; thOk; cyfk;> cyf tho;T gw;wpa fij! ,e;jf; fij nray; tbtpy; kpfj; njspthd Kiwapy; ,e;j cz;ikfis cWjpg;gLj;JfpwJ.> mjhtJ>

,e;j cyfpy; mwpe;J nfhs;sg;gl;l ,e;j tho;f;ifapy; Gupe;Jnfhs;sg;gl;l tp\aq;fSf;F mg;ghy; mwpag;glhj tp\aq;fs; Vuhsk;. kdpjd; jw;fhyj;jpy; thOk; vt;tsT ngupa kdpjd; vd;whYk; rupNa> mtd; mwpe;jpUf;Fk; tp\aq;fis tplTk; mwpahj tp\aq;fs;jhd; mjpfk;!

jhd; fhz;fpw> czHfpw tp\aq;fspd; mbg;gilapy;jhd; kdpjd; jdJ jPHg;ig mikj;Jf; nfhs;fpwhd;. mjdhy; jhd; mjpfkhfj; jtWfpwhd;. jlk; GuSfpwhd;! tho;f;ifapd; ajhHj;j epiyfs; mtDf;Fg; Gupa te;jhy; - ,ufrpaq;fSk; me;juq;f epiyfSk; mtDf;Fj; njupa te;jhy; mtDila fUj;Jfs; ngUk; msT khwptpLk;. jdJ jPHg;GfisNa mtd; khw;wpf; nfhs;s NeupLk;!

,e;jf; fijapd; %yk; NkYk; ep&gpf;fg;gLfpwJ: kdpjdpd; fUj;Jfs;> jPHg;Gfs;> mtDila tpUg;gq;fs;> kdepiwTfs; Mfpa vjd; kPJk; vt;tpj cWjpAk; nfhs;s KbahJ. NkYk; gue;J tpupe;j ,e;jg; Nguz;lj;ij KOikahfg; Gupe;Jnfhs;s KbahJ. vdNt vJ gw;wpj; jPHg;G mspg;gjhdhYk; mjpy; mtruk; MfhJ. fUj;Jfspy; gpbthjk; $lhJ!

,e;j tho;f;if njsptw;wJ.> gpd;dpg; gpize;jJ.> MokhdJ! ,e;jg; Nguz;lk; gue;J tpupe;jJ. me;juq;fj;jpw;Fk; ntspuq;fj;jpw;Fk; mjpf NtWghL cs;sJ. KbTf;Fk; njhlf;fj;jpw;Fk; ngupa Kuz;ghL cs;sJ!

,e;j tho;f;if GjpHfs; epiwe;jJ. kdpjd; vt;tsT jhd; Gj;jpf;$Hik cilatdhf tp\a QhdKk; mwpTj;jpwDk; kpf;ftdhf ,Ue;jhYk; mtdhy; ,e;jg; GjpHfis tpLtpf;f Kbtjpy;iy!

,Nj Nghy; ,e;jg; Nguz;lj;jpy; gw;gy Kbr;RfSk; rpf;fy;fSk; cs;sd. kdpj mwpT vt;tsT jhd; ngUfpapUe;jhYk; cr;repiy mile;jpUe;jhYk; kdpjdhy; ,e;j Kbr;RfSf;Fk; rpf;fy;fSf;Fk; njspT fhz Kbtjpy;iy.

ekJ md;whl rhjhuz tho;f;ifia vLj;Jf; nfhz;lhy; mq;Nf ntspg;gilahd jtWfs; epiwa cs;sd. mtru Nfhyj;jpy; ms;spj; njspf;fg;gLk; jPHg;Gfs; mlHe;Js;sd! vz;zhJ vLj;J itf;Fk; vl;LfSk; mtru Nfhyj;jpy; ms;spj; njspf;fg;gLk; fUj;JfSk; mjpfk; cs;sd!

gue;J tpupe;j ,t;Tyfj;ij epHtfpf;Fk; nghWg;G kdpj mwptplk; xg;gilf;fg;gl;lhy; KOikahd Rje;jpuKk; vy;iyapy;yh mjpfhuKk; kdpj mwpTf;F toq;fg;gl;lhy; mfpyk; KOtijAk; kdpjd; rPuopj;J tpLthd;. Tpis epyq;fisAk; capupdq;fisAk; mopj;njhopj;J tpLthd;. Vnddpy;> mtdJ rpe;jid FWfpaJ. mtdJ nray;j;jpwd; tiuaiwf;Fl;gl;lJ! kdpjd; mtruf;fhudhfg; gilf;fg;gl;Ls;shd;. mtruKk; nghWikf; FiwTNk mtdJ ,ay;ghf cs;sJ!

 

 

,e;j cz;ikia ep&gpf;fNt...!


,e;j kfj;jhd cz;ikia ep&gpg;gjw;fhf vy;yh kjq;fSf;Fk; mbg;gilahd> <khd; gpy; /ifg;1 vDk; kiwthdtw;iw ek;Gjy; vDk; Nfhl;ghl;Lf;Fk; mbj;jskhfj; jpfof; $ba ,e;jg; NgUz;ikia ep&gpg;gjw;fhf my;yh`; xU khkdpjiuj; NjHT nra;jhd;. mtUf;F mwpTQhdKk; mjpfk; toq;fg;gl;bUe;jJ. ew;ghf;fpaq;fSk; eyd;fSk; mjpfk; mUsg;gl;bUe;jd. mtH jhk; kdjplkpf;f ,iwj;J}jHfSs; xUtuhd egp %]h (miy) mtHfs;!

(1./ifg; vDk; nrhy; nghJthf kdpjg; Gyd;fis tpl;L kiwthf epw;fpw> kdpjdpd; mDgtj;jpw;Fk; Muha;r;rpf;Fk; cl;glhj rpy cz;ikfisf; Fwpg;gjw;Fg; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ. vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf>,iwtdpd; cs;sik> mtDila Fzq;fs;> kyf;Ffs;> t`p vDk; ,iwaUl; nra;jp> Rtdk;> eufk; Nghd;wit.)

%]h egpatHfs; xU jlit gD} ,];uhaPy;fs; kj;jpapy; nrhw;nghopT epfo;j;jpdhHfs;. mg;nghOJ> kdpjHfspNyNa mjpfk; mwpe;jtH ahH? vd;W mtuplk; tpdtg;gl;lJ. mjw;F %]h ‘ehd;’ vd;W gjpy; mspj;jhHfs;. ‘my;yh`; kpf mwpe;jtd;’ vd;W gjpy; mspf;fhjjhy; my;yh`; %]h egpiaf; fz;bj;jhd;. ,U fly;fs; rq;fkpf;Fk; XH ,lj;jpy; ck;ik tpl mjpfk; mwpe;j XH mbahH ,Uf;fpwhH vd;W %]hTf;F my;yh`; t`p mDg; gpdhd;. (E}y;: Gfhup ghfk; 2 gFjp: j/g;rPH)

 

 

jpiff;f itj;j nray;fs;


me;j mbahUld; %]h egpapd; gazk; njhlq;fpaJ. mtUf;F my;yh`; jdJ gpuj;jpNaf mUis toq;fpapUe;jhd;. Qhdj;ijAk; mtUf;Ff;; fw;Wf;nfhLj;jpUe;jhd;. me;jg; gazj;jpy; %]h egpapd; mwpTk; GyikAk; rpe;jidAk;> njspthdNjhH cz;ikAld; Kuz;gLfpwJ. ntspuq;fj;jpd; JizAld; mike;j mtHfspd; fUj;J> mtHfs; mwpahjpUe;j ajhHj;j epiyNahL NkhJk; epiy %d;W jlit Vw;gLfpwJ:

mtHfs; ,UtiuAk; Rke;J nrd;w fg;giy fps;H jpBnudj; Jis Nghlj; njhlq;fpdhH. mjd; cupikahsNuh mt;tpUtiuAk; fl;lzkpd;wp gazk; nra;a mDkjpj;jpUe;jhH. mjw;fhf mtUf;F ifkhW nra;tjw;F NeH vjpuhd nraypy; fps;H ,wq;fpdhH. mtuJ nray;> fg;gypy; mikjpahfg; gazk; nra;J nfhz;bUe;j kf;fis %o;fr; nra;af; fhuzkhfptpLNkh vd;W %]hTf;Fj; Njhd;WfpwJ!

gupRj;jkhd rpWtd; xUtid fps;H nfhiy nra;fpwhH. mtNdh mtDila jha; je;ijaNuh %]hTf;Fk; fps;Uf;Fk; vt;tpjj; jPq;Fk; nra;atpy;iy.

mjw;F NeHkhwhf fPNo tpoapUe;j RtH xd;iw fps;H rup nra;J epWj;JfpwhH. mjw;Ff; $yp vJTk; thq;ftpy;iy. me;epfo;r;rp XH Cupy; ele;jJ. mt;t+H kf;fs; mt;tpUtUf;Fk; tpUe;J mspj;J cgrupf;ftpy;iy. mtHfspd; jFjp mwpe;J ele;J nfhs;stpy;iy.

,it midj;Jk; fps;H %yk; ntspg;gl;l E}jdkhd nray;fshFk;. ,it jhk; %]h egpf;F Mr;rupaj;ijAk; jpfpiyAk; Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wd. xU Kiwf;Fg; gyKiw Ml;Nrgpf;fTk; Nfs;tp Nfl;fTk; mtHfisj; J}z;Lfpd;wd.

mt;tpUtiuAk; Rke;J te;j fg;gy; njhlHghf nra;jpUf;f Ntz;ba Kiw vd;d? mjidg; ghJfhf;f Ntz;Lk;.> mjd; eydpy; mf;fiu nfhz;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;. mNj Nghy fg;gypd; cupikahsH mt;tpUtUf;Fk; cjtp nra;jhH. mjw;Ff; ifkhwhf mtuJ eyd; NgzpapUe;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. ed;wp nrYj;jg; gl;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;.

gupRj;jkhd mofpa me;jr; rpWtdplk; ele;J nfhz;bUf;f Ntz;ba Kiw vd;d? mtd; kPJ md;G nrYj;jpapUf;f Ntz;Lk;. mtDf;Ff; fy;tpAk; xOf;fKk; mspj;J mtidg; ghJfhj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;.

Mdhy; me;jf; fpuhkj;J kf;fSf;Fj;jhd; vt;tpj cjtpAk; nra;jpUf;ff; $lhJ. mtHfspd; cilikfisg; ghJfhf;f Mty; nfhs;shky; ,Ue;jpUf;fNtz;Lk;. Vnddpy; mtHfs; jhk; %]h -fps;uplk; kpff; fLikahf kdpjg; gz;ghbd;wp fuLKulhf ele;Jnfhz;lhHfs;. kPjkhd czTg; nghUl;fisf;$l mtHfSf;Ff; nfhLj;Jjthky; fQ;rj;jdk; nra;jhHfs;.

Mdhy; fps;Nuh> mwpthHe;j - midtuhYk; vjpHghHf;fg;gLfpw ,e;j nray; Kiwf;F khw;wkhf elf;fpwhHfs;. ,e;j %d;W #o;epiyfspYk; mtHfs; vLj;j epiyg;ghl;il mwpTk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjpy;iy. jj;Jt ,aYk; mjw;F Jiz tUtjpy;iy. ,ay;GzHTk; mijr; rupfhz;gjpy;iy.

egpAk; u]_Ykhfpa Nuh\kpf;ftuhd %]h egp mtHfshy; ,e;j E}jdkpf;f eltbf;iffisg; nghWj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;f Kbatpy;iy. jhk; mspj;j thf;FWjpia kwe;J tpLfpwhH. kWg;igAk; Ml;NrgidiaAk; ntspg;gLj;Jtjpy; tpiufpwhH. mtru mtrukhf mJ gw;wp tpdh njhLf;fpwhH:

"kpfTk; jPanjhU nraiy ePH nra;Jtpl;BNu!" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 74)

 

 

Mr;rupakhd jj;Jtq;fs;!


%]h egpapd; tpdhf;fSf;F gjpy; mspj;J kdepiwT Vw;gLj;Jtij fps;H js;spg;NghLfpwhH. mikjpAlDk; epjhdj;JlDk; jkJ jpl;lg; gzpapNyNa njhlHfpwhH. ,Wjpapy; gazk; jdJ epHza ,yf;if mile;J epiwtilfpwJ. mjd; gpwFjhd; mk;%d;W gpur;idfSf;F %]h egpf;Fk; FHMdpd; ,e;jf; fijia xU Kiw gbf;Fk; xt;nthUtUf;Fk; jpifg;igAk; Mr;rupaj;ijAk; Vw;gLj;Jk; me;jg; gpur;idfSf;F fps;H tpsf;fk; mspf;fpwhH!

njspthfj; njupatUk; cz;ik ,Jjhd;: fps;H midj;ijAk; rupahfr; nra;gtuhfNt cgfhupahfNt ,Ue;jhH. me;j %d;W eltbf;iffspYk; Ez;zwpNthLjhd; nray;gl;Ls;shH. cgfhuk; nra;a Ntz;ba ,lj;jpy; cgj;jpuk; nra;atpy;iy. cgj;jpuj;jpw;Fg; gjpy; cgfhuk; nra;jpl tpy;iy.

fg;gypy; Jis Nghl;L mjd; %yk; fg;gypd; cupikahsUf;F cgfhuk;jhd; nra;jhHfs;. mgfupf;fg;gLtjpy; ,Ue;J fg;giyg; ghJfhj;jhHfs;. Vnddpy; me;jf; fg;gYf;F mg;ghy; - me;jf; fiuapy; XH murd; ,Ue;jhd;. FiwNaJkpy;yhj ey;y fg;gy;fisnay;yhk; mgfupj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhd;. mjdhy;jhd; (fg;giyj; JisNghl;L mjid mgfupf;fhjthW ghJfhj;J) mjd; cupikahsupd; cgfhuj;jpw;Fk; cjtpf;Fk; ifkhW nra;jhHfs; fps;H mtHfs;!

rpWtidf; nfhiy nra;jjd; %yk; mtDila jha; je;ijaUf;F cgfhuk; nra;jhHfs;. Vnddpy; me;jr; rpWtd; mt;tpUtUf;Fk; ngUQ;Nrhjidahf mike;jpLthNdh ,UtiuAk; epuhfupg;gpYk; mopr;rhl;baj;jpYk; Mo;jptpLthNdh vd;W mQ;rg;gl;lJ!

fps;H rpe;jpj;jhHfs;: rpwpJ Neuj;jpw;F mOtJ tho;ehs; KOtJk; mjd; gpwFk; mOJnfhz;bUg;gij tplTk; vt;tsNth rpwe;jJjhd;. NkYk; me;jr; rpWtdpd; ,og;Gf;F <L cz;L. ,iwek;gpf;iff;Fk; ey;y KbTf;Fk; <nlJTk; fpilahJ.

"(fps;H $wpdhH) me;jr; rpWtdpd; tp\ak; vd;dntdpy;> mtDila jha; je;ijaH ,UtUk; ek;gpf;ifahsuhf ,Ue;jdH. mtd; jdJ mj;JkPwyhYk; epuhfupg;gpdhYk; mt;tpUtUf;Fk; rpukk; nfhLg;ghNdh vd;W ehk; mQ;rpNdhk;. Mifahy; mtHfSila ,iwtd; mr;rpWtDf;F gjpyhf mtid tplTk; rpwe;j - FLk;g cwTfisg; Ngzf;$ba gps;isfis mtHfSf;F toq;fpl Ntz;Lnkd ehk; tpUk;gpNdhk;" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 80–81)

fPNo tpOk; epiyapypUe;j me;jr; Rtiur; rup nra;J epWj;jpdhH fps;H. Vnddpy;> mJ ey;y jha; je;ijaUf;Fg; gpwe;j ,U mehijr; rpWtHfSf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd RtH. mjw;Ff; fPNo me;jr; rpWtHfSf;Fupa Gijay; xd;W Gijf;fg;gl;bUe;jJ. jpBnud me;jr; RtH ,be;J fPNo tpOe;Jtpl;lhy; mbapy; Gijay; ,Ug;gjd; ,urpak; mk;gykhfptpLk;. jpUlHfSk; nfhs;isf; fhuHfSk; mjidr; #iwahb tpLthHfs;. gpwF me;jr; rpWtHfs; ,UtUk; Mjutw;w epiyf;F Mshf Neupl;LtpLk;!

,q;Nf ,d;NdhH cz;ikAk; njspthfpwJ: ey;yky; nra;tnjd;gJ> cyf tho;tpYk; kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpwFk; ew;gad; toq;fty;yjhFk;. xU ey;y kdpjdpd; gps;isfisNa my;yh`; tPzhf;f khl;lhd; vDk; nghOJ me;j ey;y kdpjid vjw;fhf tPzhf;fg; Nghfpwhd;!

"ey;y mky; GupNthupd; $ypia jpz;zkhf my;yh`; tPzhf;f khl;lhd;" (#uj;J a+Rg; 90)

kw;NwhH ,lj;jpy;>

"mtHfspd; ug;G - mjpgjp mtHfSf;F gjpy; mspj;jhd;: cq;fspy; ey;y mky; GupNthH vtuJ $ypiaAk; mtH Mzh apDk; ngz;zhapDk; rup - ehd; tPzhf;f khl;Nld;" (#uj;J Myp ,k;whd; 90)

ey;y tpijfs; ey;y tpisr;riyf; nfhLf;Fk;.> nfl;l tpijfs; vt;thW nfl;l tpisr;riyf; nfhLf;fpwNjh mJ Nghy!

"me;jr; Rtupd; tp\ak; ahnjdpy;> mJ me;j CupypUe;j ,U mehijr; rpWtHfSf;FupaJ. mjd; mbapy; mtHfSf;Fupa Gijay; xd;W ,Ue;jJ. mt;tpUtupd; je;ij ey;y kdpjuhf ,Ue;jhH. MfNt mt;tpUtUk; jk; thypgj;ij mila Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; jq;fsJ Gijaiy vLj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; ck; ,iwtd; ehbdhd;. ,J ck; ,iwtd; Gupe;j mUshFk;. ,tw;iwnay;yhk; vdJ mjpfhuj;jpd;gb ehd; nra;atpy;iy. (my;yh`;tpd; Mizapd; Ngupy;jhd; nra;Njd;) ck;khy; nghWik nfhs;s KbahjpUe;j tp\aq;fspd; cz;ik epiy ,Jjhd;" (#uj;Jy; j`;/g; 82)

 

 

kdpj mwpT KOik ngwtpy;iy.> vy;ifia vl;l tpy;iy!


jj;Jtq;fs; ntspg;gLk;nghOJ vj;Jiz Mr;rupak;! Gw tbtj;jpw;Fk; ajhHj;j epiyf;Fk; mfj;jpw;Fk; Gwj;jpw;Fk; vt;tsT ngupa ,ilntsp! ,t;Tyf tho;T Vd; ,t;tsT ,t;tsT rpf;fy; epiwe;jjha; cs;sJ? ,g;Nguz;lk; Vd; ,t;tsT njsptw;wjha; cs;sJ? tho;f;if Vd; ,t;tsT GjpHfs; epiwe;Js;sJ? gpd;dH kdpjd; vdJ mwpT vy;yhg; nghUs;fisAk; #o;e;Js;sJ.> vy;yhg; gpur;idfspd; ajhHj;j epiyiaAk; Moj;ijAk; mile;J tpl;lJ vd;W ve;jj; JzpNthL thjhLfpwhd;!

njhlf;fj;jpy; fps;H cz;ikia tpl;Lk; ntFJ}uk; tpyfpr; nrd;wjhfj; Njhd;wpaNj! mtHfspd; Nghf;F eLepiy jtwpajhfj; njupe;jNj! ,Wjpapy; mtHfspd; mgpg;gpuhaKk; tpsf;fKk; Kw;wpYk; rupahf ePjkhf cs;sdNt! vd;d Mr;rupak;!!

,jpypUe;J njupAk; cz;ikahnjdpy;> ,e;j cyf tho;f;if njhlHe;J eilngwf;$baJ. xt;nthU fhyj;jpYk; fhyj;Jf;Nfw;g Gjpa epfo;r;rpfs; gy epfo;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd. ehs; NjhWk; jdJ Mr;rupaq;fis mJ ntspg;gLj;jpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. jd;Dila ,ufrpaq;fis mJ ntspg;Lj;jpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ!

,e;j cz;ikAk; ep&gpf;fg;gLfpwJ: kdpj mwpTf;F KbT fpilahJ. mwptpd; ,Wjpepiy ekJ rf;jpia tpl;Lk; ntF njhiytpy; cs;sJ.

"NkYk; midj;J mwpQHfSf;Fk; NkNy xU NguwpQd; ,Uf;fpwhd;" (#uj;J a+Rg; 76)

 

 

cyfhajr; rpe;jidf;F tpLf;fg;gLk; rthy;!


%]h - fps;H rupijAk; mjd; capNuhl;lkpf;f fUj;JfSk; jj;Jtq;fSk; cyfhajr; rpe;jidf;Fr; rthy; tpLf;fpd;wd. ,e;j cyfhajf; Nfhl;ghL gpbthjkhf thjplf;$ba fUj;Jfs; ,itjhNd:

vij kdpjd; ‘tho;f;if’ vdg; Gupe;J itj;Js;shNdh mJ jhd; tho;f;if. ,e;jg; Nguz;lj;ijg; gw;wpa midj;J tptuq;fSk; kdpj mwpTf;F te;Jtpl;ld. fz;fSf;Fj; njuptJ vJNth mJ jhd; ajhHj;j epiy. kdpj tho;tpYk; rup> Nguz;lk; KOtjpYk; rup ntspuq;fj;ij kl;Lk; ciu fy;yhff; nfhz;L jPHT fhz;gJ rupjhd;. ,e;j cyfj;ij epHthfk; nra;Ak; nghWg;ig kdpj mwptplk; xg;gilf;fyhk;.> rl;lk; tFg;gjw;fhd jFjpfs; kdpj mwpTf;F cz;L. Vnddpy; fy;tp> tp\a Qhdk;> Ma;thw;wy; midj;jpYk; kdpjd; KOik ngw;W tpl;lhd;. ajhHj;j epiyiaAk; tp\a Qhdj;jpd; mb Moj;ijAk; mtd; mile;J tpl;lhd;.> Nguz;lj;jpd; cz;ik epiyikfis vl;bg;gpbj;J tpl;lhd; vd;Wjhd; gpbthjkhff; $WfpwJ ,e;j cyfhajr; rpe;jid!

,e;jr; rpe;jidfs; jhNd cyfhajj; jj;Jtq;fs; midj;jpw;Fk; mbg;gil. jw;fhy etPdf; fyhr;rhuKk; ,Nj rpe;jid kw;Wk; nfhs;if kPJjhNd mike;Js;sJ.

,e;jf; Fif mj;jpahaKk; mJ toq;Fk; fUj;JfSk; gy;NtW trdq;fSk; ,e;j mbg;giliaj; jhd; jfHf;fpd;wd. Fwpg;ghf ,e;j %]h-fps;H rupijAk; cyfhajr; rpe;jidiaj; jhd; jfHf;fpwJ. mjd; fl;blj;ijj;jhd; tPo;j;JfpwJ!

%]h egpia Nehf;fp fps;H ,t;thW $wpa $w;Wld; ,e;jr; rupij KbtilfpwJ:

"ck;khy; nghWik nfhs;s KbahjpUe;j tp\aq;fspd; jmtPy; - ajhHj;j epiy ,Jjhd;" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 82)

FHMdpd; tof;fpy; jmtPy; vd;why; ajhHj;jk; vd;W nghUs;.1

(1.ghHf;f: ,khk; ,g;D ijkpa;ah (u`;) mtHfspd; j/g;]PH #uj;jpy; ,f;yh];. - (,q;F j/g;`PKy; FHMd; j/g;]Pupy; ,Ue;J ,e;j tpsf;fj; ijAk; Fwpg;gpLtJ nghUj;jkhf ,Uf;Fk;. mJ tUkhW:) fps;H nra;j ,e;j %d;W nray;fSk; my;yh`;Tila fl;lisapd; Ngupy; nra;ag; gl;litahFk; vd;gJ ,;e;j tuyhw;wpypUe;J njspthfj; njupfpwJ. mNj Neuj;jpy; ,JTk; njspthd tp\ak;jhd;: mjhtJ> mtw;wpy; Kjy; ,uz;L nray;fisr; nra;tjw;F - ,iwtdhy; kdpjDf;F toq;fg;gl;l ve;j \uPmj;jpYk;> ve;j kdpjDf;Fk; vg;nghOJk; mDkjp toq;fg;gltpy;iy. ve;j msTf;F vdpy;> gpwUf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd fg;giy - ,d;Dk; nfhQ;r J}uk; nrd;why; ahNuDk; xUtd; mijg; gwpj;Jf; nfhs;thd; vDk; mbg;gilapy; gOJgLj;jptpLtjw;Fk; - xU rpWtid> mtd; ngupatdhf tsHe;J mf;fpukf;fhudhfNth - epuhfupg;ghsdhfNth Mfptplyhk; vDk; mbg;gilapy; nfhiy nra;tjw;Fk; ,y;`hkpd; (cjpg;gpd;) mbg;gil apy; $l ve;j kdpjDf;Fk; mDkjp ,y;iy. Mifahy; gpd;tUk; tp\aj;ij Vw;Wf;nfhs;tijj; jtpu NtW topapy;iy: mjhtJ> fps;H mtHfs; ,e;jr; nray;fis \uPmj; rl;lq;fspd; mbg;gilapy; nra;atpy;iy. khwhf ,iwf;fl;lisg;gbNa nra;Js;shHfs;. my;yh`;> kdpjHfis tpLj;J NtnwuU tifg; gilg;Gfspd; %yk; ,f;fl;lisfis epiwNtw;Wk; Ntiyia thq;Ffpwhd;. ,e;j tuyhw;wpd; jd;ikapypUe;Nj gpd;tUk; tp\ak; njspthfpwJ: mjhtJ> my;yh`;> %]h (miy) mtHfisj; jd;Dila tpN\r mbahuplk; mDg;gp itj;jjd; Nehf;fk; gpd; tUk; tp\aj;ij %]h (miy) mtHfSf;F jpiu mfw;wpf; fhl;bl Ntz;Lk; vd;gJjhd;: ,iw ehl;lj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; ,aq;Ffpw ,e;j cyfpy; vd;ndd;d eyd;fspd; mbg;gilapy; gzpfs; eilngWfpd;wdNth mtw;iwg; Gupe;J nfhs;tjw;F kdpjdhy; KbahJ! my;yh`;> fps;H mtHfisf; Fwpg;gpLtjw;F mbahH vDk; nrhy;iyg; gad;gLj;jpapUg;gJ kl;Lk; mtH xU kdpjHjhd; vd;gjw;Fg; NghJkhd MjhukhfhJ. mj;jpahak; 21:26 ,Yk; 43:19 kw;Wk; gy ,lq;fspYk; thdtHfisf; Fwpg;gjw;Fk; ,e;jr; nrhy; gad;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. (nkhopngaHj;Njhd;))

,t;thwhf kdpjd; mtrug;gLfpwhd;.> kWf;fpwhd;.> jtWfpwhd;! ,Wjpahf ajhHj;jepiy mtDf;Fj; jspthfpwJ! tpsf;fk; mtdplk; tUfpwJ!

,e;jf; Fif mj;jpahaj;jpd; ehd;fhtJ rupij> xU khkdpjupd; rupijahFk;. ,JNt ,Wjpahd rupij. mtuplk; <khd; ,iwek;gpf;ifAk; ew;nray; GupAk; ey;ypay;Gk; kpifahd Mw;wy;fSk; ,Ue;jd. kdpjdpd; ey;tho;Tf;fhfg; cUthf;fg;gl;bUe;j midj;J Mw;wy;fisAk; rf;jpfisAk; mtH iftrg;gLj;jp ,Ue;jhH. NkYk; mtuJ fhyj;jpa vy;yh tpjkhd trjp tha;g;GfisAk; gad;gLj;jp thOk; trjpiag; ngw;wpUe;jhH.

me;j khkdpjH> ,it vy;yhtw;iwAk; Fog;gKk; mopr;rhl;baKk; nfhLikAk; ,iof;Fk; ntw;wpahsHfisg; Nghy; my;yhky;> kf;fs; eydpYk; kdpj Fyj;jpw;Fr; Nritf;fhfTk; rPuhd fyhr;rhuj;ij fl;bnaOg;gTNk gad;gLj;jpdhH!

 

 

Jy;fHidd; rupij


Jy;fHidd; vd;gtH ahH? vd;gJ Fwpj;J fUj;J NtWghL cs;sJ. mtH rpf;fe;jH kf;J}dp vd;W xU gpugykhd fUj;J xd;W cz;L. ,jw;F ,khk; uh[p MjuT njuptpj;Js;shHfs;. ngUk;ghyhd ,];yhkpa mwpQHfSk; ,t;thNw $WfpwhHfs;. MapDk; ,J Mjhukpy;yhj mgpg;gpuhakhFk;.

Vnddpy; Jy;fHidd; cila eilKiwfisg; gw;wp FHMd; $Wfpw jd;ikfs; - cjhuzkhf> <khd; vDk; ,iwek;gpf;if> ePjpnewp> ntw;wp nfhz;l kf;fisf; fUizAlDk; ePjpAlDk; elj;jpaJ> ngUQ;RtH fl;bnaOg;gpaJ Nghd;w jd;ikfs; rpf;fe;jH kf;J}dpaplk; Kw;wpYk; fhzg;gltpy;iy.

rpf;fe;jupd; tuyhw;iwAk; NghHfspy; mtH filg;gpbj;j eilKiwfisAk; rupahf mwpahj fhuzj;jhy;jhd; ,e;jf; fUj;J ngUk;ghYk; cUthfpapUf;f Ntz;Lk;.

jw;fhy mwpQHfspy;(**) rpyH> iru]; (Syrus) vd;W fpNuf;fHfSk; $u]; vd;W a+jHfSk; fP/F];& vd;W mNugpa tuyhw;W MrpupaHfSk; miof;fpw kdpjH jhd; Jy;fHidd; vd;gjhff; $WfpwhHfs;.

** - Fwpg;ghf ,];yhkpa vOj;jhsUk; ,e;jpa Fbaurpd; Kd;dhs; fy;tp mikr;rUkhd nksyhdh mGy; fyhk; M]hj; mtHfs; ,J Fwpj;J tpupthf Muha;e;Js;shHfs;. tuyhw;W tpsf;fq;fisAk; a+jHfspd; E}y;fspy; ,Ue;J gy rhd;WfisAk; nfhLj;Jj; jkJ fUj;Jf;F typik NrHj;Js;shHfs;. jH[{khDy; FHMd; vDk; E}ypd; ,uz;lhk; ghfj;jpy; Fif mj;jpahaj;jpd; tpupTiuapy; mtHfs; vOjpAs;s fUj;ij ,q;Nf RUf;fkhfj; jUfpNwhk;:

fp.K. 559 Mk; Mz;by; iru]; vd;w xU kd;dH mrhjhuzkhd rpy jd;ikfSld; cyfpw;F mwpKfkhfpwhH. jpBnud midj;Jyfpd; ghHitAk; mtH gf;fk; jpUk;GfpwJ.

Kd;G xU fhyj;jpy; ,U ehLfshfg; gpupe;J fple;jJ ghurPfk;. mjd; njd;ggFjp ghup]; vd;Wk; tlNkw;Fg; gFjp kPbah vd;Wk; toq;fg;gl;lJ. ,jidNa kh`hj; vd;W muG tuyhw;whrpupaHfs; Fwpg;gpLfpwhHfs;. iru]; kd;dH ,t;tpU ngUk; Njrq;fisAk; xUq;fpizj;J khngUk; ghurPf muir epWtpdhH. gpd;dH mtUila ntw;wpfSk; tPu jPur; nray;fSk; njhlHe;jd. mit midj;Jk; - md;G> ePjp NeHik> mePjpf;Fs;shNdhUf;F Jiz Gupjy; Nghd;w ew;gz;GfNshL ,ize;jpUe;jd. gd;dpuz;L Mz;Lfs; $lr; nry;ytpy;iy. mtUila fhybapy; - fUq;flYf;Fk; ghf;Bupah ehl;Lf;Fk; kj;jpapypUe;j Mrpahf; fz;lj;jpd; midj;J ehLfSk; muRfSk; tPo;e;jd!

tuyhw;Wf; Fwpg;gpy; gjpthfpAs;sJ: mtH xU Kiw Nkw;F Nehf;fpg; NghH njhLj;J Asia minor - rpw;whrpahtpd; Nkw;Ff; Nfhb tiu nrd;whH. yPbah ehl;L kd;dH fpNuhap]]; (Croesus) vd;gUld; NghH njhLj;jhH. yPbah vd;gJ rpw;whrpahtpd; Nkw;F kw;Wk; njw;Fg; gFjpiaf; Fwpf;Fk;. ,g;gFjp fpNuf;ff; fyhr;rhuj;jpd; Mrpag; gFjpf; Nfe;jpukhfj; jpfo;e;jJ. rhHb]; (Sartis) vDk; efH mjd; jiyefH. mtH Ml;rpapy; mkHe;j gpd; Kjd; Kjyhfr; re;jpf;f NeHe;j NghH yPbah ehl;Lld; ele;j ,e;jg; NghHjhd;. ,jpy; mtH ntw;wpthif #bdhH.

,jd; gpd;dH rpw;whrpahtpd; Nkw;Ff; fiuapypUe;J fUq;fly; tiu ,Ue;j midj;Jg; gFjpfSk; mtuJ Mjpf;fj;jpd; fPo; te;Jtpl;ld. mtH njhlHe;J Kd;Ndwpf; nfhz;Nl nrd;whH. Nkw;Ff; NfhbapYs;s flw;fiu tiu te;jhH. flypy; Nguiyfs; vOe;J Nkhjpf;nfhz;bUe;jd. #upad; mtw;wpD}Nl kiwtJ Nghy; mtUf;Fj; njd;gl;lJ.

,aw;ifahfNt mtuJ gazk; ,q;F te;J jilgl;Ltpl;lJ. Vnddpy; fly; miyfspD}Nl vjpHePr;ry; Nghl;Lg; gazk; Nkw;nfhs;sj; jf;f trjpfs; mtuplk; ,Uf;ftpy;iy.

rhHb]; efiuf; ifg;gw;wpa gpwFk; mtH Kd;Ndwpr; nrd;wpUf;fyhk;. mg;nghOJ rkHdhTf;F mUfpy; mike;jpUf;Fk; fliy (Aegean) mtH mile;jpUf;fyhk;. mq;Nf fly; xU ejpNghy; fhl;rp jUtijAk; mtH fz;bUf;ff; $Lk;. khiy Neuj;jpy; fjutd;> mf;flw;fiuapd; gLifapy; epiwe;jpUe;j Nrw;wpy; kiwtJNghy; mtUf;Fj; Njhw;wkspj;jPUf;fyhk;. ,ijNa FHMd; ,t;thW Fwpg;gpLfpwJ:

"#upad; NrW epiwe;j fU ePH jlhfj;jpy; kiwe;jplf; fz;lhH"

,uz;lhtjhff; fpof;F Nehf;fpg; NghH njhLj;jhH. ,e;jg; Nghupy; kf;uhd;> gy;f; Mfpa efuq;fSf;Fr; nrd;whH. NkYk; ehNlhbfsha; tho;e;j efiu tpl;Lk; J}ukhf ,Ue;jjhy; #upadpypUe;J ghJfhf;ff; $ba ve;j xU jLg;igAk; ngw;wpuhj ehfupfkpy;yhj rpy $l;lj;jpdiu ntd;wlf;fpdhH. ,ijNa FHMd; ,t;thW Fwpg;gpLfpwJ:

"#upa ntg;gj;ij tpl;Lk; jLf;ff;$ba ve;jj; jLg;Gk; fpilf;fg; ngwhj (ehNlhbfsha; tho;e;j) rpy rKjhaj;jpdH kPJ #upad; cjpj;J tuf; fz;lhH"

gpwF ghgpNyhd; vDk; typikkpf;f efH kPJ NghH njhLj;jhH. mq;Nf muNrhr;rpf; nfhz;bUe;j gf;j; e];H kd;ddpd; mePjpahy; nfhLikf;Fk; rpiwg;gpbg;Gf;Fk; Mshfp ,opTgLj;jg;gl;L te;j gD} ,];uhaPy; kf;fisf; fhg;ghw;wpdhH. ,jdhy; jhd; iru]; kd;diu a+jHfisg; ghJfhj;jtH vd;W tuyhW Nghw;WfpwJ. a+jHfSk; mtiu eh ,dpf;fg; Gfo;fpwhHfs;. neQ;rhu epidT $HfpwhHfs;. njsuhj; Ntjj;jpy; gD} ,];uhaPy;fs; gw;wp te;Js;s Kd;dwptpg;Gfis ,jd; %yk; mtH nka;g;gLj;jpdhH.

%d;whtjhf tlf;F Nehf;fpg; NghH njhLj;jhH. ,g;nghOJ mikjpg; ngUq;flypd; ,lJ gf;fkhf mtuJ gazk; mike;jpUe;jJ. ,jpy; f/g;fh]; (Cauasus) vDk; kiyj;njhlH tiuapy; nrd;wile;jhH. ,k;kiyfSf;fpilNa xU fztha; ,Ue;jJ. mjd; topahf a/[_[; k/[_[; vd;w $l;lj;jpdH mq;fpUe;j gFjpfspy; muh[fk; tpistpj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. me;j ,lj;jpy; jhd; iru]; kd;dH ngUq;RtH xd;iw vOg;gpdhH.

iru]; kd;dH fp.K. 529 Mk; Mz;by; vjpHghuhj tpjkhf kuzk; mile;jhH. fp.gp. 1838 Mk; Mz;by; ,];jfH (Pasar Gadae) vd;w efupd; ,bghLfSf;fpilNa xU ntz;fyr; rpiy fz;nlLf;fg;gl;lJ. mjd; jiyapy; MLfSf;F ,Ug;gJ Nghd;W ,uz;L nfhk;Gfs; ,Ue;jd. kPbah - ghuP]; vd;w ,U ehLfisAk; mtH xNu Nguurhf ,izj;J Ml;rp nra;jij vLj;Jiuf;Fk; tifapy; me;j ,U nfhk;GfSk; mike;jpUe;jd. mjdhy;jhd; Jy; fHidd; (fHd;: nfhk;G. Jy;fHidd; vd;why; ,U nfhk;Gfs; cilatH) vd;W mtUf;Fg; ngaH toq;fyhapw;W.

jw;fhy tuyhw;whrpupaHfs; iru]; kd;dupd; jHk Fzj;ijAk; jpwikiaAk; ePjpAk; rpwg;Gk;kpf;f mtuJ MSikiaAk; ntFthfg; Gfo;fpwhHfs;.

,J gw;wp NkYk; mwpa tpUk;GNthH NguhrpupaH (B. Gurundi) vd;ghupd; fl;Liuiag; ghHf;fTk;. (Universal History Of World, By J.A. Hammerton) vDk; E}ypy; ,uz;lhk; ghfj;jpy; me;jf; fl;Liu ,lk; ngw;Ws;sJ.

 

,e;j ,lj;jpy; NguhrpupaH nra;apj; Fj;g; (u`;) mtHfspd; fUj;Jf;F ehk; cld;gLfpNwhk;. mjid mg;gbNa ,q;Nf jUtJ nghUj;jkhf ,Uf;Fk;. /gP opyhypy; FHMd; - jpUf; FHMdpd; epoypy; vDk; jpUkiw tpupTiu E}ypy; ,t;thW mtHfs; vOJfpwhHfs;:

Jy;fHidd; vd;gtH ahH? mtH tho;e;j fhyk; vJ? trpj;j ,lk; vJ? vd;gd gw;wp FHMd; vJTk; Fwpg;gpltpy;iy. tuyhWfs; njhlHghf jpUf;FHMd; filg;gpbf;Fk; nghJthd ghzpahFk; ,J. tuyhw;iwg; gjpT nra;tJ (FHMdpd;) Fwpf;Nfhs; my;y. tuyhw;wpy; ,Ue;J gad; ngWk; gbg;gpid jhd; ,yl;rpak;. fhyj;ijAk; ,lj;ijAk; tiuaWj;Jf; $whkNyNa ngUk;ghYk; gbg;gpidfs; fpilf;fg; ngw;WtpLfpd;wd.

tuyhw;Wj; njhFg;G rpf;fe;jH Jy;fHidd; vd;w ngaupy; kd;dH xUtiu mwpKfg;gLj;JfpwJ. Mdhy; mtH> jpUf;FHMdpy; $wg;gl;Ls;s Jy;fHidd; my;y vd;gJ jpz;zk;. Vnddpy; fpNuf;f ehl;ilr; NrHe;j rpf;fe;jH vd;gtH rpiyfis topgLk; kdpjuhf ,Ue;jhH. FHMd; Fwpg;gpLk; ,e;j Jy;fHidd; Xupiw ek;gpf;ifahsH. Vfj;Jtthjp. kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpd;dH (kWTyfpy;) kdpjHfs; vOg;gg;gLtjpy; cWjpnfhz;bUe;jtH!

mg+ iu`hd; my;-ig&dp mtHfs; Kw;fhyr; r%fq;fSk; milahsr; rpd;dq;fSk; vd;fpw E}ypy; Fwpg;gpLtjhtJ:

FHMdpy; $wg;gl;Ls;s Jy;fHidd; `pk;aH tk;rj;ijr; NrHe;jtH. mjw;F mtuJ ngaNu Mjhuk;. `pk;aH tk;rj;J kd;dHfisj; jhd; J} vd;w Jizr; nrhy;Yld; Fwpg;Gg; ngaH #l;b miog;gJ tof;fk;. J} eth];> J} ieiud; vd;gd Nghd;W! (J} - my; fHidd; = Jy;fHidd;)

Jy;fHidd; cila mry; ngaH mg+ gf;H ,g;D m/g;uPf];. mtH jd;Dila irdpaq;fSld; kj;jpa ntz;flypd; fiuNahug; gFjpfs; tiuapYk; nrd;Ws;shH. J}dp\;> kuhf;F\; Nghd;w ehLfisAk; fle;J nrd;Ws;shH. ,tH jhd; M/g;upf;fh gl;lzj;ij epWtpdhH. mjdhy; jhd; mtuJ ngaiuj; jOtpNa mf;fz;lk; KOtJk; Mg;upf;fh vd;W miof;fg;glyhapw;W! Jy;fHidd; vd;W mtUf;Fg; ngaupl;ljd; fhuzk; #upadpd; fHidd; - ,U nfhk;GfisAk; mtH mile;jhH vd;gjhFk;"

mg+ iu`hd; $WtJ rupahd fUj;jhf ,Uf;fyhk;. Mdhy; mJ vt;tsT J}uk; Mjhug;g+HtkhdJ vd Muha;tjw;fhd rhjdq;fs; ek;kplk; ,y;iy. mjw;Ff; fhuzk; ,J jhd;: mjhtJ> ,Jtiuapy; njhFf;fg;gl;Ls;s tuyhw;Wj; njhFg;Gfspy; Jy;fHidd; gw;wp Muha;tjw;Fr; rhj;jpag;gLtjpy;iy. Mk;> ve;j Jy;fHidd; cila tuyhw;wpypUe;J xU rpy Fwpg;ig kl;LNk FHMd; $WfpwNjh -mjd; epiyAk; $l E}`; egp> `_j; egp> ]hyp`; egp Mfpa egpkhHfspd; $l;lj;jpdH tuyhWfs; cs;spl;l FHMdpy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s ngUk;ghyhd tuyhWfisg; Nghd;wjhfNt gbg;gpidf;Fupa xU rpy gFjpfis kl;LNk Fwpg;gpLtjhfNt ,Uf;fpNjh me;j Jy;fHidd; gw;wp ,e;j tuyhw;Wj; njhFg;Gfspy; Ma;T nra;tjw;Fr; rhj;jpakpy;iy.

tuyhw;iw kdpj ,dj;jpd; tho;f;ifNahL xg;gpl;Lg; ghHj;jhy; tuyhw;Wj;Jiw kpfTk; GjpajhFk;. kpf kpfg; gpe;jpa fhyj;jpy; cUthdjhFk;. tuyhW Kiwahfj; njhFf;fg;gLtjw;F Kd; cyfpy; vt;tsNth epfo;r;rpfs; epfo;e;Js;sd. mit gw;wp ve;jj; jftYk; ‘tuyhw;wpy;’ ,lk; ngwtpy;iy. vdNt jhd; ,it Fwpj;J tpsf;fk; jUk; jFjp cilajhf tuyhw;Wj; njhFg;G ,y;iy!

njsuhj; Ntjk;> khw;wq;fis tpl;Lk; jpupGfs; kw;Wk; Gjpa NrHf;iffis tpl;Lk; ghJfhf;fg;gl;ljhf ,Ue;jpUe;jhy; ,JNghd;w tuyhw;W epfo;r;rpfSf;F ek;gj; jFe;j rhd;whf mJ jpfo;e;jpUf;Fk;. Mdhy; Guhzr; nra;jpfs; gy njsuhj; Ntjj;ij #o;e;jpUf;fpd;wd. mit midj;Jk; ngha;ahdit vd;gjpy; vt;tpj IaKk; ,y;iy.

NkYk; Mjhukw;w mwptpg;Gfs; gy njsuhj;jpy; epiwf;fg; gl;Ls;sd. mitahTk; ,iwaUl; nra;jp vDk; mry; t`pf;Fk; $Ljyhfr; NrHf;fg;gl;lit vd;gjpy; vt;tpj IaKk; ,y;iy. ,j;jifa fhuzq;fshy; jd;dpy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s tuyhw;W epfo;r;rpfSf;Nf $l cWjpahd %yhjhukhf njsuhj; fUjg;gltpy;iy.

,g;nghOJ khw;wq;fis tpl;Lk; jpupGfis tpl;Lk; ghJfhf;fg;gl;ljhfj; jpfOk; FHMd; kl;Lk;; jhd; mjpy; (mjhtJ FHMdpy;) ,lk; ngw;Ws;s tuyhw;W epfo;r;rpfSf;Fupa jdpg;gl;l Mjhukhfj; jpfo;fpwJ! FHMidf; Fwpj;J tuyhw;wplk; tpsf;fk; Nfl;gJ $lhJ vd;gJ kpfTk; ntspg;gilahd cz;ikahFk;. mjw;F njspthd ,U fhuzq;fs; cs;sd:

1) tuyhw;Wj; Jiw Gjpjhfj; Njhd;wpa xd;whFk;. kdpj tuyhw;wpy; epfo;e;j vj;jidNah epfo;r;rpfs; tuyhw;Wf;F vl;lhky; Ngha;tpl;ld. mit gw;wp vJTk; mwpag;gltpy;iy. ,J xUGwk; ,Uf;f ,g;gb tuyhw;wpy; ve;jj; jftYk; ,y;yhJ Nghd epfo;r;rpfs; rpytw;iw FHMd; jhd; vLj;Jiuj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ!

2) tuyhw;Wj; njhFg;G ,j;jifa epfo;r;rpfs; rpytw;iwg; ghJfhj;Jj; je;jpUe;jhYk; $l mJ kdpjdpd; Fiwgl;l gzpfSs; xd;W jhd;. vdNt kdpjdpd; gzpfspy; Vw;gLfpw FiwghL> jtW> jpupG Nghd;wit tuyhw;Wj; njhFg;gpYk; Vw;glj;jhd; nra;Ak;.

ekJ fhyj;jpy; ehk; fz;nzjpupy; ghHf;fj;jhd; nra;fpNwhk;. jfty; njhlHG rhjdq;fSk; Ma;Tf; fUtpfSk; ngUfpAs;s epiyapy; xU nra;jp xU epfo;r;rp gw;wp vj;jid vj;jid tpjq;fspy; jfty; nfhLf;fg;gLfpwJ! vj;jid Kuz;gl;l Nfhzq;fspypUe;J mJ ghHf;fg;gLfpwJ! vj;jid Kuzhd tpsf;fq;fs; mjw;Ff; nfhLf;fg;gLfpwJ! ,it Nghd;w FiwghLfspilNa jhd; tuyhW vOjg;gLfpwJ! mjd; gpwF Ma;T nra;jy;> El;gkhf Muha;r;rp nra;jy; vd;w ngaupy; vd;djhd; tpsf;fk; mspj;jhYk; vd;d gad; Vw;gl;Ltplg; NghfpwJ!

vdNt FHMd; vLj;Jiuf;fpw tuyhw;Wr; rupijfs; Fwpj;J tuyhw;wplk; tpsf;fk; Nfl;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gij - nghJthf kf;fs; Vw;Wf;nfhz;Ls;s fy;tp uPjpahd rl;l jpl;lq;fNs epuhfupj;J tpLfpd;wd.> jPHf;fkhdnjhU Kbitj; juf;$baJ FHMd; jhd; vd;fpw nfhs;if mjid epuhfpg;gjw;F Kd;dH! vdNt FHMd; kPJ ek;gpf;if nfhz;ltDk; mjid Vw;Wf; nfhs;s khl;lhd; vd;gJ Nghy; fy;tp Muha;r;rpj; Jiwr; rhjdq;fis ek;gpatDk; xg;Gf; nfhs;s khl;lhd;. mt;thW $WtJ tPz; thjk; vd;gijj; jtpu Ntwpy;iy!

md;W khkd;dH Jy;fHidd; gw;wp kf;fs; tpdtpdhHfs;. egpfshH (]y;) mtHfsplk; Nfs;tp Nfl;lhHfs;. vdNt mtuJ tuyhw;Wf; Fwpg;Gfs; nfhz;l ,e;j trdq;fis my;yh`; jd;Dila J}jUf;F t`p mDg;gpdhd;. ,e;j tuyhW njhlHghf FHMidj; jtpu NtW %yhjhuk; ek;kplk; ,y;iy. vdNt ve;j tptuKk; ,y;yhky; ,e;j tuyhw;wpy; tp\aq;fisr; Rakhf mjpfg;gLj;jpf; $Wk; mjpfhuk; ekf;fpy;iy. FHMd; tpsf;f ciu E}y;fspy; Vuhskhd fUj;Jfs; ,lk;ngw;Ws;sd. mtw;wpd; kPJ cWjpahd ek;gpf;if nfhs;s KbahJ. vr;rupf;ifAld; jhd; mtw;iw mZfpl Ntz;Lk;. Vnddpy; ,];uhaPypa;ahj; vDk; a+jf;fl;Lf; fijfSk; Guhzq;fSk; mtw;wpy; epiwe;Js;sd! (E}y;: /gP opshypy; FHMd; ghfk; 6 gjpg;G 5 gf;fk; 8 – 10)

 

rPHjpUj;j Nehf;Fld; Ml;rp nra;j rpwe;j kd;dH!


Jy;fHidd; vd;gtH ,d;dhH jhd; vd;W $Wk; msTf;F jpUf;FHMdpy; te;Js;s tptuq;fis vy;yhk; mtH kPJ nghUj;j KbAk; vd;fpw msTf;F tuyhw;wpd; xspapy; xU Fwpg;gpl;l kdpjH ekf;Ff; fpilj;jhYk; rup> fpilf;fhtpl;lhYk; rupNa> FHMid XJJgtUf;F mjdhy; ,ila+Nwh FiwghNlh Vw;glg; Nghtjpy;iy.> ,e;j tuyhw;Wj; njhFg;G Fiwe;j mstpy; jhNd ekf;Ff; fpilj;Js;sJ. me;j msTk; $l kpfTk; gpw;fhyj;jpy; njhFf;fg;gl;lJ jhd;. mg;gbg;gl;l tuyhw;Wj; njhFg;gpd; kPJ ek;gpf;if nfhs;tJk; fbdk;! mij itj;Jf; nfhz;L ve;j xU fUj;ijAk; cWjpg;gLj;JtJk; rpukk;!

Mdhy; Jy;fHidd; khkd;dH gw;wpj; njupa Ntz;ba midj;Jj; jd;ikfSk; mtH ngw;wpUe;j rpwg;GfSk; ek; Kd;Nd njspthf cs;sd. my;yh`; mtUf;F ey;yhw;wiyAk; vy;yh tpjkhd tho;f;ifr; rhjdq;fisAk; toq;fpapUe;jhd;. caHe;j Cf;fj;ijAk; rpwg;Gf;Fupa MirfisAk; nfhLj;jpUe;jhd;.

NkYk; mtUf;F ehk; vy;yh tpjkhd rhjdq;fisAk; tha;g;GfisAk; toq;fpapUe;Njhk;. mtH (xU Kf;fpakhd fhupaj;jpw;fhf Nkw;F Nehf;fpg;) Gwg;gl;lhH" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 84)

mtuJ ntw;wpapd; Rw;wsT tpupthdjha; ,Ue;jJ. mJ fpof;fpd; Nfhbia cja fpupia mile;jpUe;jJ. Nkw;fpd; Nfhbahfpa m];jfpupiaAk; njhl;bUe;jJ. mtH jd;Dila ntw;wpfspYk; tPujPur; nray;fs; midj;jpYk; caH newpgug;Gk; cj;jkuhfj; jpfo;e;jhH. rj;jpaj;jpw;Fj; Jiz epw;gtuhfTk; gytPdg;gl;l kf;fSf;F cjtp GupgtuhfTk; typikkpf;f KulHfis mlf;FgtuhfTk; tpsq;fpdhH. ,j;jifa nray;ghl;bw;fhf mtH tFj;Jf; nfhz;l mbg;gilj; jpl;lk; vd;d njupAkh? mtH $wpajhff; FHMd; Fwpg;gpLfpwJ:

mtH $wpdhH: ahNuDk; nfhLik Gupe;jhy; mtiu ehk; epr;rak; jz;bg;Nghk;. gpwF jd;Dila ,iwtd; gf;fk; mtH nfhz;L nry;yg;gLthH. mtDk; mtiu ,d;Dk; fLikahfj; jz;bg;ghd;. Mdhy; vtH ek;gpf;if nfhz;L ew;nray; GupfpuhNwh mtUf;F kpf mofpa $yp cz;L. NkYk; mtUf;F ehk; ekJ vspjhd fl;lisfisNa toq;FNthk;" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 87 – 88)

ghUq;fs;! vj;Jiz rpwg;ghd jpl;lk;! vt;tsT ePjkpf;f nray; tbtk;! mtuplk; mike;jpUe;j FzKk; eilKiwAk; vj;Jiz NeHikahdit!

,j;jifa ntw;wpfSf;Fk; tPujPur; nray;fSf;F eLNt mtH xU r%fj;jhiuf; fle;J nry;y Neupl;lJ. mtHfs; ,uz;L kiyfSf;F kj;jpapy; mike;jpUe;j xU fz thapy; tho;e;J te;jhHfs;. epue;jukhdNjhH Mgj;jpy;> ePbj;j kdf;fyf;fj;jpy; mtHfs; rpf;fpapUe;jhHfs;. me;j kiyfSf;F mg;ghy; trpj;J te;j fhl;Lthrpfshd xU ehNlhbf; $l;lj;jhupd; jhf;Fjy;fSf;F ,yf;fhapUe;jhHfs;! me;jf; $l;lj;jdiuNa FHMDk; Vida kiw E}y;fSk; a/[_[; - k/[_[; ** $l;lj;jpdH vd;W tHzpf;fpd;wd.

** - ,e;j ,lj;jpy; NguhrpupaH nra;aj; Fj;g; (u`;) mtHfs; $wpAs;s fUj;jf;F ehk; Kw;wpYk; cld;gLfpNwhk;. mtHfs; $WfpwhHfs;:

Jy;fHidd; nrd;wile;j ,U kiyfSf;fpilNa vDk; ,lj;ijg; gw;wpak; mt;tpU kiyfs; ahit vd;gJ gw;wpAk; ve;jg; gjpiyAk; cWjp ahf ehk; $w ,ayhJ. FHMdpy; ,Ue;J Neubahfj; njuptJ vd;d ntdpy;> ,aw;ifahd ,uz;L jLg;GfSf;F kj;jpapy; my;yJ nraw;if ahd ,uz;L Fd;WfSf;F kj;jpapy; mike;jpUe;j xU tprhykhd ,lj; jpw;F my;yJ Xilf;F mtH nrd;Ws;shH. mq;F gpd;jq;fpa epiyapy; tho;e;j gytPdkhd xU $l;lj;jpdiu mtH fz;lhH. me;j kf;fisg; gw;wp FHMd; $WfpwJ:

"ve;j thHj;ijiaAk; Gupe;J nfhs;s mtHfshy; ,ayhjpUe;jJ" (E}y;;: /gP opyhypy; FHMd;> ghfk; 16 gf;fk; 13)

a/[_[; kw;Wk; k/[_[; $l;lj;jpdH ahH? mtHfspd; ,dk;> ehL> jLg;Gr; RtH cilf;fg;gLk; Neuk;> mtHfs; ntspNa tUk; fhyk; Mfpa xt;nthd;iwAk; tiuaiw nra;J $WtJ njhlHghd epiyia vd;dntdpy;> FHMdpd; tpupTiuapd; xspapy; kw;Wk; `jP];fspy; ,Wjp ehspd; milahsq;fs;> Fog;gq;fs;> rz;ilfs; gw;wp ,lk;ngw;Ws;s jfty;fspd; xspapy; kpf ePz;l Muha;r;rp nra;jhf Ntz;Lk;. vJxd;iwf; Fwpj;Jk; Jy;ypakhd Kiwapy; cWjpAld; xU KbTf;F tUtJ rpukkhd fhupa khFk;. my;yJ Fiwe;j gl;rk; Kuz;gl;l gy mwptpg;Gfspy; ,Ue;J njupa tUtJ ,Jjhd; vd;W nghJthd xU fUj;ijr; nrhy;tJk; fbd khdNj!

Mifahy; Kw;fhy> jw;fhy mwpQHfs; ,J Fwpj;J vOjpAs;s tpupthd E}y;fisj;jhd; thrfHfs; ghHj;Jf;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. mtHfspd; xU rpyNu ,t;tp\aq;fs; Fwpj;j vOjpapUe;jhYk; mj;jifa E}y;fs; Fiw thfNt fpilj;jhYk; rupNa!

vt;thwhapDk; (egpnkhop E}y;fspy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s) Fog;gq;fs;> rz;il - rr;ruTfspd; ghlq;fSk; kw;Wk; ,Wjp ehspd; milahsq;fs;> ele;J Kbe;jit> ,Wjp ehs; neUq;Fk;nghOJ elf;ftpUg;git gw;wpa egpnkhopfSk; Muha;r;rpf;F cupa tp\aq;fshfNt ePbj;J tUfpd;wd. caHe;j Cf;fKk; khHf;ff; fiyfspy; Mopa QhdKk; ngw;w> Fwpg;ghf tuyhw;Wf; fiyapy; ey;y <LghL nfhz;l Ma;thsHfspd; - rPuhd nfhs;ifAlDk; rpwe;j Fwpf;NfhSlDk; nghWik kpff; nfhz;L njhlH Ma;tpYk; Muha;r;rpapYk; <LghL nfhz;bUf;Fk; Ma;thsHfspd; vjpH ghHg;gpy; ,t;tp\aq;fs; ,Ue;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd! Vnddpy; ,t;tp\aq; fspy; xU jPHf;fkhd KbT fhz;gjw;F El;gkhd - tpupthd Muha;r;rpAk; ftdkpf;f njhlH Kaw;rpAk; Njitg; gLfpd;wd! ,jd; gpd;dH VjhtJ xU GJikia my;yh`; Njhw;Wtpf;ff;$Lk;!

 

,e;jf; $l;lj;jhH ePbj;j g+rYf;Fk; eue; jukhd NkhjYf;Fk; MshfpapUe;jhHfs;. jpUf; FHMd; $WfpwJ:

me;ehspy; mtHfis rpyH rpyNuhL (flyiyfs; Nghy;) Nkhjpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; epiyapy; ehk; tpl;bUe;Njhk;" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 99)

,e;jf; fhl;Lkpuhz;bfspd; njhy;iyfSf;F cs;shfpapUe;j me;jr; r%fj;jhH> Jy;fHidd; kd;diuf; fz;lJk; ,J kpfTk; ey;ynjhU re;jHg;gk;. Mw;wy; kpf;fNjhH muriu my;yh`; ekf;fhf Vw;gLj;jpj; je;Js;shd; vd;W fUjpdhHfs;.

clNd me;j muruplk; te;J mf;fpukk; nra;fpw> muh[fk; ,iof;fpw ,e;jf; fhl;Lkpuhz;bfsplk; ,Ue;J jq;fisf; fhg;ghw;WkhW Ntz;LNfhs; itj;jhHfs;. kd;dH jd;dplk; ,Ue;j ngUk; ngUk; rhjdq;fisAk; Vuhskhd irdpaq;fisAk; gad;gLj;jpj; jLg;Gr; RtH xd;iw vOg;gp a/[_[;- k/[_[; $l;lj;jpdH CLWTk; ghijia milj;Jj; ju Ntz;Lk; vd;W Nfhupf;if tpLj;jhHfs;. me;jg; gzpf;fhfj; jq;fSila nry;tq;fisAk; kd;dH Kd;dhy; rkHg;gpj;jhHfs; me;j kf;fs;!

ey;ypjak; nfhz;l mk;kd;dH me;j kf;fspd; Nfhupf;ifia Vw;whH. jLg;Gr; RtH vOg;gpj;jUtjhf mtHfsplk; thf;FWjp mspj;jhH. mtUf;F my;yh`; mspj;jpUe;j Vuhskhd nry;tq;fisg; NghJkhf;fpf; nfhz;L me;j kf;fs; nfhLj;j nry;tq;fs; Njit ,y;iy vd;whH. Nguhir nfhz;l murHfspd; Nghf;fpw;F NeHkhwhd Nghf;fhFk; ,J.

Mdhy; me;j kf;fs; jq;fSila fuq;fspd; ciog;ig mspj;J cjtp nra;jpl Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; mtHfspd; CHfspy; fpilj;j ,Uk;G> <ak; Nghd;w cNyhq;fisf; nfhLj;Jk; cjtp ey;fpl Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; Nfl;Lf; nfhz;lhH.

(Jy;fHidd;) nrhd;dhH: vd; ,iwtd; vdf;F toq;fp As;sNj (vdf;Fr;) rpwe;jJ. (cq;fs; gzk; vdf;Fj; Njit ,y;iy) MapDk; cq;fs; ciog;gpd; %yk; vdf;F cjTq;fs;. cq;fSf;Fk; mtHfSf;Fk; kj;jpapy; xU jLg;Gr; RtH vOg;gpj; jUfpNwd;. (gpd;dH mtH Mizapl;lhH) ,Uk;Gg; ghsq;fis vd;dplk; nfhz;L thUq;fs;" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 95 - 96)

ghf;fpakpf;f me;jr; Rtiuf; fl;bnaOg;Gtjpy; vy;NyhUk; xj;Jiog;G ey;fpdhHfs;. kd;dH jdJ mwpTj; jpwidf; nfhz;Lk; gzpahl;fis mspj;Jk; cjtpdhH. me;j kf;fNsh jk; fuq;fshy; cioj;Jk; ,Uk;Gg; ghsq;fisf; nfhz;Lte;J nfhLj;Jk; cjtp nra;jhHfs;.

,Wjpapy; ,U kiyfSf;F ,ilapyhd gFjpia epug;gpa nghOJ ‘neUg;gpl;L CJq;fs;’ vd mtH Mizapl;lhH. mt;thW Cjp mjid neUg;ghf;fpa nghOJ <aj;ij vd;dplk; nfhz;L thUq;fs;.> mjd; kPJ Cw;WfpNwd; vd;whH" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 96)

RtH jahuhdJ. jpl;lk; epiwNtw;wp Kbf;fg;gl;lJ. nebJaHe;j ,UkiyfSf;Fk; gpukhz;lkhd me;j kjpYf;Fk; mg;ghy; trpj;J te;j vjpupfspd; njhy;iyfspy; ,Ue;J vy;yh kf;fSk; ghJfhg;Gg; ngw;wdH.

,e;jf; (a/[_[; - k/[_[;) $l;lj;jpdUf;F me;jr; RtH kPJ VwplTk; Kbatpy;iy. mjidj; Jis NghlTk; ,aytpy;iy" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 97)

 

 

mwpthw;wy; kpf;f ek;gpf;ifahsupd; khHf;fj; njspT!


,e;jr; re;jHg;gj;jpy; jhd; cyfpd; ngUk; ntw;wpahsuhfj; jpfo;e;j gy;NtW rKjhaq;fis mlf;fpahz;l me;j khtPuupd; cs;sj;jpy; nghUs; tsk; cs;spl;l vy;yh Mw;wy;fSk; ngw;wpUe;j me;j khkd;dupd; cs;sj;jpy; ,iwek;gpf;if RlH tpl;L ,yq;fpaJ. mtH Mztk; nfhs;stpy;iy. myl;rpaj;jpw;Fk; jw;ngUikf;Fk; Ml;gltpy;iy. vd;dplKs;s mwpthw;wypdhy; jhd; ,it midj;Jk; vdf;F toq;fg;gl;Ls;sd vd;W mtH $wtpy;iy. Khwhf midj;Jr; rpwg;GfisAk; my;yh`;tplNk NrHj;jhH. NkYk; jdJ gzp vd;iwf;Fk; epiyj;jpUf;Fk; vd;Wk; ,e;jg; ngUQ;RtUf;F ahnjhU CWk; Vw;glhJ vd;Wk; mtH fUjtpy;iy.

rupahfr; nrhy;tjhdhy;> kWikapd; kPJ ek;gpf;if nfhz;l> kdpjdpd; gytPdj;ijAk; fhyj;jpd; khWjy;fisAk; ed;F mwpe;j mwpthw;wy; kpf;f ek;gpf;ifahsupd; khHf;fj; njspTld; Jy;fHidd; ,t;thW $wpdhH:

(gzp Kbtile;jgpd;) Jy;fHiddd; $wpdhH: ,J vd; ,iwtdpd; mUNs MFk;. vd; ,iwtd; thf;fspj;j Neuk; te;Jtpl;lhy; ,jidj; J}s;shf;fp tpLthd;. vd; ,iwtdpd; thf;F nka;ahdjhFk;" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 98)

,Jjhd; mwpTk; ty;yikAk; epiwe;j> ,aw;if Mw;wy;fisAk; cyfhaj rf;jpfisAk; jd; trg;gLj;jp itj;jpUe;j khkd;dupd; gz;ghL. tho;f;ifr; rhjdq;fisAk; trjptha;g;GfisAk; ngUk; msT ngw;wpUe;j> tpupthd ntw;wpfs; gy fz;Lk; tPu jPur; nray;fs; Gupe;Jk; tho;e;Jte;j Nguurupd; eaj;jF ehfupfk;!

,j;jifa vy;yhr; #o;epiyfspYk; cyfhaj Mw;wy;> mjpfhuk;> jiyikg; gjtp ahTk; cr;repiy mile;jpUe;j vy;yhr; re;jHg;gq;fspYk; jd; ,iwtid mtH kwe;jhupy;iy. mtidNa KOikahf ek;gp mtDf;Nf mbgzpe;J tho;e;J te;jhH. kWTyfj;ij ek;gpdhH. mq;F ntw;wp ngWtjw;fhf ew;gzpfs; Mw;wpdhH. jd; gytPdj;ij xg;Gf; nfhz;lhH. kdpj Fyj;jpd; kPJ gupTk; fUizAk; nfhz;lhH. gytPdg;gl;l kf;fs; kPJ ,uq;fpdhH. rj;jpaj;jpd; ghJfhtyuhfj; jpfo;e;jhH. jd;Dila Mw;wy;fs; KOtijAk; ciog;igAk; jpwikfisAk; vy;yh tpjkhd rhjdq;fisAk; tsq;fisAk; kf;fSf;Fr; Nrit nra;tjw;fhfNt gad;gLj;jpdhH. J}a;ik kpf;f rKjhaj;ij cUthf;Ftjw;fhfNt <LgLj;jpdhH. my;yh`;tpd; jPid NkNyhq;fr; nra;tjw;fhfNt ghLgl;lhH. kf;fis ,UspypUe;J ntspNaw;wp xspapd; gf;fk; nfhz;L tUtjw;fhfTk; kdpjHfSf;F topghL nrYj;Jk; epiyapypUe;J cyfhaj rf;jpia tzq;Fk; epiyapypUe;J kf;fis tpLtpj;J my;yh`; xUtidNa tzq;FgtHfsha; mtHfis Mf;Ftjw;fhfTk; fLikahf cioj;jhH!

,j;jifa tho;f;if newpiaj;jhd; egp Riykhd; gpd; jht+j; (miy) jkJ fhyj;jpy; Nkw;nfhz;lhHfs;. Jy;fH idd; kd;dH mtuJ fhyj;jpy; Nkw;nfhz;lhH. (egp fshhpd;) fyP/ghf;fs; - NeHtopngw;w gpujpepjpfs; jj;j kJ fhyj;jpy; Nkw;nfhz;lhHfs;. NeHtop ngw;w ,khk; fSk; Kd;NdhbfSk; jj;jkJ fhyj;jpy; - gFjpapy; tho;e;J fhl;bdhHfs;!

 

 

Nkw;fj;jpa fyhr;rhuj;jpd; Kj;jpiu


kdpj ,dj;ijf; ftiyapYk; Jf;fj;jpYk; Mo;j;jpa vjpHghuhj epfo;r;rpfs; gy> jpBnud Vw;gl;l rk;gtq;fs; gy cs;sd! mtw;Ws; kpfTk; Ntjidf;Fupa #o;epiy xd;W cz;nldpy;> mJ ,k;Nkw;fj;jpa ehfupfk; Njhd;wp tsHe;j #o;epiyjhd;.

,iwkhHf;fj;ij vjpHf;Fk; Nghf;Fk; <khd; gpy; /ifg; - kiwthd cz;ikfis ek;Gjy; vDk; mjd; mbg;gilf; nfhs;iffis epuhfupf;Fk; epiyAk; gutp ,Ue;j xU fhyj;jpy; ,e;ehfupfk; Njhd;wp tsHe;J tpl;lJ.

,iwkhHf;fj;jpw;Fj; jiyik Vw;wpUe;jtHfSf;F vjpuhf> mjidj; jk; kd ,r;irfSf;fhfTk; Ra Kd;Ndw;wq;fSf;fhfTk; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhz;bUe;jtHfSf;F vjpuhf fpsHe;njOe;j kf;fs; r%fj;jpy; mj;jifa jiytHfspd; jPa elj;ijiaf; fz;L> jhd; Njhd;wpj;jdkhd Nghf;iff; fz;L> kdpj Fy Kd;Ndw;wj;jpd; ghijapy; - mwpT Muha;r;rpapd; Rje;jpuj;jpy; me;jj; jiytHfs; jilf;fw;fsha; ,Ue;jijf; fz;L fLk; Nfhgk; nfhz;l rKjhaj;jpy; ,e;j etPd ehfupfk; Njhd;wp tsHe;J tpl;lJ! (NkYk; tpguq;fSf;F K];ypk;fspd; tPo;r;rpapdhy; cyfk; mile;j e\;lk; vd;d? vd;fpw ekJ E}iyg; ghHf;fTk;.)

,j;Jld; ehfupfk;> njhopy; tsHr;rp kw;Wk; tho;f;ifg; Gduikg;Gr; rpe;jid Mfpa midj;Jk; ntWk; rlj;Jt thjj;jpd; mbg;gilfspd; kPJ mike;jd. gilj;j ,iwtDld; Nguz;lk; KOtijAk; gupghypj;J tUk; mjpgjpAld; r%fj;jpw;Fk; jdp kdpjDf;Fk; ,Ue;J te;j njhlHG Jz;bf;fg;gl;lJ.

,tw;wpd; gpd;dzpapy; njhlHr;rpahfg; gy fhuzpfs; cs;sd. ,aw;ifr; #o;epiyfSk; mjw;Ff; fhuzkha; mike;Js;sd. MapDk; Fwpg;ghf INuhg;gpa gpuj;jpNaf tho;f;if mikg;G jhd; mjw;F Kf;fpa fhuzkhFk;.

xU Gwk;> ,e;jf; fyhr;rhuj;jpd; Kd;Ndw;wk;> mjd; tsHr;rp Mfpad ehj;jpfj;JlDk; muh[fj;JlDk; gpd;dpg; gpize;jjha; tsHe;J tpl;ld.

kW Gwk; ,f;fyhr;rhuk;> ,aw;if Mw;wy;fisAk; fhuzpfisAk; Ml;nfhs;Sk; rf;jpahf khwpaJ. Kd;Ndw;wj;jpYk; njhopy; El;gj;jpYk; ,aw;if ,ay;fspYk; cr;r epiyia vl;bg; gpbj;jJ. ve;j msTf;nfdpy;> cyfpy; njhiyTfisAk; ,ilntspfisAk; mbNahL ,y;yhkyhf;fp tpl;lJ. kdpjd; fhw;W kz;lyj;ijf; fle;jhd;. ,Wjpapy; re;jpudpNyNa fhy; gjpj;J tpl;lhd;. ,J jtpu mwptpay;> thdpay; Jiwfspy; ,d;Dk; gy ntw;wpfis mile;Jtpl;lhd;.> mile;Jk; tUfpwhd;.

Mf> ,e;j Nkw;fj;jpa fyhr;rhuk; jpfpY}l;Lk; Mw;wiyf; nfhz;bUg;gJld; thof;ifr; rhjdq;fisAk; rf;jpfisAk; trg;gLj;jp itj;jpUg;gJld; cyfpd; kPJ Mjpf;fk; nrYj;Jk; jpwikiag; ngw;wpUg;gJld; $lNt ,iwepuhfupg;igAk; cyfhajg; Nghf;ifAk; jd;Ds; ngw;wpUf;fpwJ. ,JNt ,f;fyhr;rhuj;jpd; rpd;dKk; milahsKk; MFk;.

,t;tsT mjpfkhd rf;jpfisAk; Kd;Ndw;wj;ijAk; ngw;w> ,aw;if ufrpaq;fisAk; Mw;wy;fisAk; trg;gLj;jpa> kjq;fisAk; xOf;f khz;GfisAk; ,t;tsT fLikahf vjpHf;ff; $ba> ,g;Nguz;lj;ijg; gilj;j ,iwtDf;Fk; mtDila rl;l newpf;Fk; vjpuhf ,t;tsT td;ikahf fpsHr;rp nra;af; $ba> rlj;Jtg; nghUisAk; kdj;ijAk; kd,r;irfisAk; tzq;fp topgLkhW miof;ff;$ba> ehNd ,iwtd; vd;W thjplf;$ba xU fyhr;rhuk; cz;nldpy; mJ ,k; Nkw;fj;jpa fyhr;rhuj;ijj; jtpu Ntwpy;iy. mg;gb NtnwhU fyhr;rhuk; ,Ug;gjhf ekf;Fj; njupatpy;iy!

 

 

cyfhajf; fyhr;rhuj;jpd; ,Wjpf; fl;lk;!


ehk; NkNy nrhd;dJ Nghd;W cyfpd; mjpfhuj;ijf; ifg;gw;Wk; msTf;F tsHe;J tpl;l ,e;jf; fyhr;rhuk; ,iwtid epuhfupf;ff;$bajhfTk; ‘nghUis’ ek;gf;$bajhfTk; cs;sJ. ,e;jf; fyhr;rhuj;ijr; NrHe;jtHfs; jq;fsJ Mw;wiyAk; njhopy; El;gj;ijAk; kl;LNk ek;Gk; ,ay;Gld; tsHe;J tpl;ldH. vjpy; jq;fSf;F yhgk; cs;sJ.> eyd; cs;sJ vd;gij kl;LNk ghHf;fpwhHfs;.

,e;jf; fyhr;rhuj;jpd; khngUk; ikaf; Nfe;jpuq;fshfj; jpfOk; mnkupf;fh> INuhg;gh> u\pah Mfpa ehLfs;> /ifg; vDk; kiwthd cz;ikfis ek;Gk; nfhs;iff;Fk; Md;kPfj;Jf;Fk; ey;nyhOf;fj;jpw;Fk; ,iwNtjq;fSf;Fk; vjpupfshf Mfptpl;ld.> gfpuq;fkhfNth kiwKfkhfNth!

,e;jf; fyhr;rhuk; cyfhjhak; kw;Wk; njhopy; El;g uPjpapyhd jdJ kpfTk; cr;r epiyia mile;jpLk; fhyk; neUq;fp tpl;lJ. ,f;fyhr;rhuj;jpd; jiytd; egpj;Jt nkhopapy; j[;[hy;** vd;W tHzpf;fg;gLk; Fwpg;Gg; ngauhy; miof;fpw mjd; jiytd; Njhd;Wk; Neuk; mz;kpj;J tpl;lJ!

** - j[;[hy; gw;wpf; $wg;gl;Ls;s> mtDila mNdfj; jd;ikfis vLj;Jf; $Wfpw egpnkhopfs; mj;jthj;JUy; kmdtP vDk; juj;ij mile;Js;sd. mjhtJ> fUj;ijg; nghUj;J kpfTk; ek;gfkhdit vDk; me;j];ij mile;Js;sd. mit j[;[hy; vd;gtd; Fwpg;gpl;lnjhU kdpjd; vd;Wk; Fwpg;gpl;l rpy jd;ikfs; cilatd; vd;Wk; Fwpg;gpl;lnjhU fhyj;jpy; (mjw;Fr; rupahd NjjpAk; NeuKk; tiuaWf;fg; gltpy;iy) Njhd;Wthd; vd;Wk; Fwpg;gpl;lnjhU rKjhaj;jpy; Njhd;Wthd; vd;Wk; mJ a+j rKjhaNk vd;Wk; Fwpg;gpl;Lf; $Wfpd;wd. vdNt j[;[hy; Njhd;Wk; tp\aj;ij kWg;gjw;F topNaJkpy;iy.> mjw;F mtrpaKk; ,y;iy.

me;j egpnkhopfs; ,jidAk; Fwpg;gpl;Lf; $Wfpd;wd: j[;[hy; Njhd;WtJ gy];jPdj;jpy;. mq;F jhd; mtdJ nry;thf;F cr;r epiyia milAk;.

Mk;! cz;ikapy; gy];jPdk; jhd; cyfshtpa ,Wjp muq;fkhFk;. mjpy; jhd; ,];yhj;jpw;Fk; cyfhajj;jpw;Fk; rj;jpaj;jpw;Fk; mrj;jpaj;jpw;Fk; elf;f tpUf;Fk; Nghuhl;lk; gw;wpa kpfg; gaq;fukhd fij muq;Nfuf; fhj;jpUf;fpwJ!

xU Gwj;jpy; jhHkPf rl;l uPjpahd cupikfSf;fhfg; NguhLgtHfs; ,Ug;ghHfs;. mtHfs; rj;jpaj;jpd; ghJfhtyHfshfj; jpfo;thHfs;. my;yh`;tpd; gf;fk; miof;Fk; gzpapid Nkw;nfhz;bUg;ghHfs;. kdpj Fy <Nlw;wj;jpd;> xUikg;ghl;bd; miog;ghsHfsha; jpfo;e;J nfhz;bUg;ghHfs;. ,j;jifa caH gz;Ng mtHfspd; khngUk; MAjkhfTk; mtHfSf;Fr; rhjfkhd MjhukhfTk; jpfOk;.

kWGwj;jpy; xNu ,dk;> xNu ,uj;jj; njhlHGila rKjhak; kl;Lk; jhd; GdpjkhdJ.> caHthdJ vd;W thjpLNthH epd;W nfhz;bUg;ghHfs;. cyfk; KOtijAk; kdpj Fyj;jplKs;s midj;J rhjdq;fisAk; me;jf; Fwpg;gpl;l xNu ,dj;jpd; mjpfhuj;jpd; fPo; nfhz;L te;jpl Ntz;Lk;.> mjd; MSiff;F cl;gLj;jpl Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhfNt mtHfs; NghuhLthHfs;. fy;tp uPjpahd rhjdq;fSk; fiy Mw;wy;fSk; njhopy; El;g rf;jpfSk; mtHfspd; iffspy; ngUk; mstpy; Ftpe;jpUf;Fk;!

kdpj ,dj;jpd; ,e;jj; jPHf;fkhd Nghuhl;lj;jpd; mwpFwpfs; muG ,];yhkpaf; fpof;fpd; mbthdj;jpy; ,g;nghOJ Njhd;wptpl;bUf;fpd;wd. jw;Nghija epiyikfSk; eilngw;Wf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; epfo;r;rpfSk; ,e;jg; Nghuhl;lj;ij mjd; cz;ikahd fjhehafHfSld; muq;Nfw;Wtjw;Fg; nghUj;jkhd #o;epiyia cUthf;fp tUfpd;wd!

 

me;j j[;[hy; vd;gtd; xU Gwk; cyfhjha Kd;Ndw;wj;jpd;> njhopy; tsj;jpd; rpfuj;jpy; ,Ug;ghd;. kWGwk; ,iwepuhfupg;gpd; cr;r epiyia mile;jpUg;ghd;. kf;fis cyfhjhaj;jpd; gf;fk; miog;gjpy;> ehj;jpfj;jpd; gf;fKk; ,aw;ifiaAk; ,aw;ifr; rf;jpfisAk; tzq;Ftjw;Fk; ahH ahH mtw;iw trg;gLj;jp itj;Jf;nfhz;L mtw;wpd; kPJ KO Mjpf;fk; nrYj;JfpwhHfNsh mtHfSf;F mbgzptjw;Fk; miog;G tpLg;gjpy; KOikahf <Lgl;bUg;ghd;.

,Jjhd; ,Wjpf; fhyj;jpd; ngUq;Fog;gk;. ,d;iw cyfj;ijg; gPbj;Js;s khngUk; Jd;gk;! gy E}w;whz;LfSf;F Kd; INuhg;ghtpy; Njhd;wpa cyfhajf; fyhr;rhuj;jpd; ,Wjpf; fl;lk; ,Jjhd;!

 

 

j[;[hypd; jdpg;gl;l milahsk;!


NkNy nrhd;d midj;Jk; ,d;iwa cyfhaj njhopy;ts> ,ae;jpukaf; fyhr;rhuj;ij ve;jf; fyhr;rhuk; vjpH fhyj;jpy; cr;r epiyia milatpUf;fpwNjh vjw;F j[;[hy; jiyik Vw;f ,Uf;fpwhNdh me;j cyfhajf; fyhr;rhuj;ijg; glk; gpbj;Jf; fhl;lf; $bait MFk;.

MapDk; ,it kl;Lk; j[;[hy; vd mtid NtWgLj;jpf; fhl;Ltjw;Fg; NghJkhdit my;y. egpnkhopfspy; mtid mjpf msT ,fo;e;jpUg;gjpy; ,Ue;Jk; mtdJ Fog;gk; Fwpj;J fLikahf vr;rupf;if nra;jpUg;gjpy; ,Ue;Jk; epiyik ,d;Dk; Nkhrkhf ,Uf;Fk; vdj; njupfpwJ.

,j;jifa rf;jpfisAk; rhjdq;fisAk; Riykhd; egp (miy) mtHfSk; Jy;fHidd; kd;dUk; ngw;wpUe;jhHfs;. mt;tpUtupd; Mw;wy;fisAk; Ntfj;ijAk; mtHfspd; iftrj;jpy; ,Ue;j Vuhskhd rf;jpfisAk; rhjdq;fisAk; FHMNd Fwpg;gpl;Lf; $WfpwJ.

vdNt ,t;tpUtiu tpl;Lk; j[;[hiy NtWgLj;jpf;; fhl;Lk; Gs;sp vd;d? cj;jk kd;dH ahH? mwpthw;wy; kpf;f mjpf gyk; tha;e;j khkdpjH ahH? mtH vg;gbg;gl;ltH vdpy;> my;yh`; FHMdpy; Gfo;e;J $Wfpwhd;:

mtH (Riykhd;) vj;Jiz rpwe;j mbahH! mtH ,iwtd; gf;fk; mjpfk; kPsf;$batuhfj; jpfo;e;jhH" (#uj;J ]hj; 30)

vtidf; Fwpj;J egp(]y;) vr;rupf;if nra;jhHfNsh> vtidf; Fwpj;J jk; ck;kj;jpdH kPJ mr;rk; nfhz;lhHfNsh> ,t;tsT mjpf Kf;fpaj;Jtk; vLj;Jf; nfhz;lhHfNsh mj;jifa ngUk; Fog;gthjpahd j[;[hy; vd;gtd; ahH? vd;gij ehk; Muha;e;jpl Ntz;Lk;.

NtWgLj;jpf; fhl;Lk; milahsKk; tpj;jpahrf; NfhLk; ,Jjhd;: Riykhd; egpAk; Jy;fHidd; kd;dUk; Muk;g E}w;whz;Lfspy; mt;tpUtiug; Nghy; tho;e;J nrd;w K];ypk;fSk; [khmj; $l;likg;GfSk;> tpj;jpahrkhd typikfisAk; tpupthd Ml;rpiaAk; gpukpf;fj;jf;f Ez;zwpitAk; ngw;wpUe;jJld; ,aw;ifr; rf;jpfisAk; cyfhajr; rhjdq;fisAk; trg;gLj;jp itj;jpUe;jJld; Mokhd ,iw ek;gpf;ifAk; ey;yky;fSk; rpwg;Gkpf;f gz;ghLk; rPuhd Fwpf;Nfhs;fSk; mtHfsplk; ,Ue;jd. my;yh`;tpd; gf;fKk; rj;jpaj;jpd; gf;fKk; miof;Fk; gzpapidAk; mtHfs; Nkw;nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. mtHfSf;F toq;fg;gl;bUe;j mwpT> fy;tp> Mw;wy;fisAk; vy;yhtpjkhd rhjdq;fisAk; khdpl Rgpl;rj;jpw;fhfTk; kdpj Fyj;jpw;Fr; Nrit nra;tjw;fhfTNk gad;gLj;jpdhHfs;. fUizAk; ePjpAk; nropj;Njhq;Ftjw;fhfNt midj;ijAk; nryT nra;jhHfs;! mj;jifa Nkd;kf;fspd; gz;G eyd;fis FHMd; ,t;thW tHzpf;fpwJ:

mtHfs; vj;jifatHfs; vdpy;> ,g;g+kpapy; mtHfSf;F ehk; Ml;rpajpfhuk; toq;fpdhy; mtHfs; njhOifia epiyehl;LthHfs;. [fhj; nfhLg;ghHfs;. NkYk; ed;ik GupkhW VTthHfs;. jPikia tpl;Lk; jLg;ghHfs;. NkYk; vy;yhf; fhupaq;fspd; KbTk; my;yh`;tplNk cs;sJ" (#uj;Jy; `[; 41)

kw;NwhH ,lj;jpy;>

me;j kWik tPl;ilNah vtHfs; ,g;g+kpapy; ngUikabf;fTk; muh[fk; nra;aTk; tpUk;g khl;lhHfNsh mtHfSf;Nf ehk; nrhe;jkhf;fp itg;Nghk;. NkYk; ,iwar;rk; cs;NshUf;Nf ey;y KbT cz;L" (#uj;Jy; f]]; 83)

Mdhy; j[;[hy; gw;wp egpfshH(]y;) mtHfs; jk; rKjhaj;jpdUf;F mwptpj;Jf; nfhLj;j milahsk; Kj;jpiu vd;dntdpy;> ,iwkWg;Gk; mjd; tpupthd fUj;jpd; mbg;gilapyhd midj;Jj; jPikfSk; MFk;. XH Mjhug;g+Htkhd egpnkhop $WfpwJ:

j[;[hypd; ,U fz;fSf;F kj;jpapy; fh/g;> /gh> wh vDk; vOj;Jfs; vOjg;gl;bUf;Fk;. vOj;jwpTs;s> vOj;jwptw;w xt;nthU K];ypKk; mtw;iw thrpj;Jf; nfhs;thHfs;" (E}y;: Gfhup)

 

 

j[;[hypdhy; r%f tho;tpy; Vw;gLk; rPuopT!


egpnkhopfspy; njupa tUfpwJ: j[;[hy; ,iw kWg;gpd; gf;fk; jPtpukhf miog;gtdhfTk; RWRWg;Gk; <Hg;ghw;wYk; cs;stdhfj; jpfo;thd;. kjj;jpw;Fk; xOf;f newpfSf;Fk; vjpuhff; fyfk; GupAk; Nghf;fpw;Fj; jiytdhf tUthd;. kw;nwhU egpnkhopapy; te;Js;sJ:

my;yh`;tpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf! xU kdpjd; j[;[hyplk; tUthd;. mtid ,iw ek;gpf;ifahsd; vd;gJ Nghy; fUJthd;. me;j kdpjdpd; cs;sj;jpy; j[;[hy; fpswptpLk; re;Njfj;jpdhy; mtd; j[;[hiyg; gpd;gw;Wthd; " (E}y;: mg+ jht+j;)

mtdJ nry;thf;Fk; $g;ghLk; NkYk; jPtpukilAk;. mt;thNw ehl;fs; nry;yr; nry;y Fog;gk; ngupa ngz;fsplKk; rpWkpfsplKk; guTk;. FLk;gq;fspYk; tPLfspd; cs;NsAk; mJ CLWTk;. FLk;gj; jiytH> jd; tPl;bYs;s gpwH kPJ jdJ kidtp> jhahH> rNfhjupfs;> ngz; gps;isfs;> gzpg;ngz;fs; MfpNahH kPJ jdf;fpUe;j midj;J mjpfhuj;ijAk; Mjpf;fj;ijAk; ,oe;JtpLthH. NtnwhU egpnkhopapy; te;Js;sJ:

j[;[hy; vd;gtd; Njhd;wp ,e;jr; rJg;G epyj;jpy; kuf;dhj; vd;w ,lj;jpy; te;J jq;fpapUg;ghd;. ,Wjpapy; ngz;fNs $l tPLfis tpl;Lk; ntspNawp mtdplk; nry;thHfs;. ve;j msTf;nfdpy; xU kdpjd; jd; jha;> kfs;> rNfhjup kw;Wk; khkp Mfpa midtiuAk; fapw;why; fl;bg;NghLthd;.> mtHfs; j[;[hyplk; nrd;W tpLthHfNsh vd;W gae;J!" (E}y;: jguhdp> mwptpg;G: ,g;D ckH (uyp) )

,t;thW r%fr; rPuopTk; xOf;fr; rpijTk; vJtiuapy; njhlUk; vdpy;> xU egpnkhop $WfpwJ:

,Wjpapy; jPa kdpjHfs; kl;LNk vQ;rpapUg;ghHfs;. mtHfs; gwitfs; Nghy; Nyrhf ,Ug;ghHfs;. tpyq;Ffspd; mwpTitg; Nghd;w mwpTjhd; mtHfsplk; ,Uf;Fk;. ed;ikia ed;iknadTk; jPikiaj; jPiknadTk; fUjkhl;lhHfs;" (E}y;: ]`P`; K];ypk; mwptpg;G: mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; mk;H gpd; M]; (iyp))

,iwepuhfupg;igAk; cyfhajj;ijAk; Nkw;nfhz;bUf;Fk; ,d;iwa Nkw;fj;jpa fyhr;rhuj;ij ,jid tplTk; njspthf vLj;Jiuf;Fk; fUj;Jr; nrwpthd thrfk; Ntnwhd;Wk; ,Uf;f KbahJ. ,e;jf; fhyhr;rhuj;jpd; Kd;Ndw;wj;ijAk; mjd; gpufhrkhd cr;r epiyiaAk; cs;sJ cs;sgb glk; gpbj;Jf; fhl;Lk; NtnwhU rpj;jpuk; ,Uf;f KbahJ! ,f;fyhr;rhuj;jpd; ngUk; ngUk; efuq;fSk; mjd; ikaf; Nfe;jpuq;fSk; $l ,jpy; njspthf milahsq; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sd.

,J> egp(]y;) mtHfspd; ePbj;j epiyahd mw;Gjq;fSs; XH mw;GjkhFk;. Fiwe;j thHj;ijapy; epiwe;j fUj;Jf;fisj; jhq;fpa GJik kq;fhj> Mr;rupaq;fs; Kbtilahj nghd;nkhopfSs; xd;whFk;!

,d;iwa cyfhajf; fyhr;rhuj;jplk; xUGwk; NyR vDk; ve;jj; jd;ikiaf; nfhz;L gwitfs; fhw;iw trg;gLj;jp thdntspapy; gwe;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;wdNth me;j NyR cs;sJ. mjd; %yk; jhd; ,d;iwa etPd kdpjd; gwitia tpl Ntfkhf tpiugtdhfTk; NyrhdtdhfTk; ,Uf;fpwhd;.

kWGwk; ,f;fyhr;rhuj;jplk;> tpyq;Ffisg; Nghd;w td;ikf; FzKk; nfh^uKk; epiwe;Js;sJ. mjdhy; jhd; ehLfisAk; kf;fisAk; mJ mopj;Jf; nfhz;bUfpwJ.> gapHfisAk; re;jjpfisAk; ehrkhf;fp tUfpwJ.> tuyhw;wpy; epfupy;iy vDk; tifapy; td;ikAk; nfh^uKk; jhz;ltkhLfpwJ!

,e;jf; nfhLikfs; midj;Jk; nropg;ghd tho;f;ifAlDk; jhuhskhd tho;thjhuj;JlNdNa eilngWfpd;wd. tuyhw;wpd; Ntnwe;jf; fhyfl;lj;jpYk; fhzg;glhj tifapy; kfpo;Tf;Fk; epk;kjpf;Fk; nghWg;Ngw;Fk; msTf;F trjp tha;g;Gfs; ngUfp ,Ug;gJld; jhd; ,it eilngWfpd;wd! NkNy nrhd;d egpnkhopapd; filrpg; gFjp ,t;thW $WfpwJ:

,j;jidf;Fk; mtHfspd; up[;f; - tho;thjhuk; (gzkhfr;) Rod;W nfhz;bUf;Fk;. tho;f;ifr; rhjdq;fs; midj;Jk; jahH nra;J itf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk;" (E}y;: K];ypk; mwptpg;G: mg;Jy;h`; gpd; ckH (uyp))

 

 

ey;yit nra;tjhff; fUJthHfs;!


,e;jf; fyhr;rhuk; NkNy nrhd;dJ Nghd;W ,e;jr; rlj;Jt cyfpw;Fk; cyf tho;f;iff;Fk; mg;ghy; cs;s midj;ijAk; epuhfupj;JtpLfpwJ. ,e;jf; fyhr;rhuj;ij top elj;JNthUk; Mjupg;NghUk; tho;f;ifj; juj;ij caHj;jTk; mjidr; nropg;ghf mikg;gjw;fhfTk; jhd; jq;fSila Kaw;rpfs;> Mw;wy;fs; midj;ijAk; nryT nra;fpwhHfs;.

,jdhy; jhd; ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpd; filrp trdq;fspy; njspthfTk; ntspg;gilahfTk; my;yh`; $Wfpwhd;.> mJ> ,e;j cyfhajf; fyhr;rhu thjpfisAk; mjd; jiytHfisAk; Nehf;fp ciuahLtJ Nghy; cs;sJ. Fwpg;ghf ,];yhkpa cyfpy; me;j cyfhajj; jiytHfisg; gpd;gw;wpr; nry;Yk; tha;ikAk; jpwikAk; kpf;f rPlHfis Kd;dpWj;jpg; NgRtJ Nghy; cs;sJ. me;;j cyfhaj thjpfspd; ,yl;rzq;fSk; Kfg;ghtidfSk; $l njspthfj; njupAk; tifapy; El;gkhfg; glk; gpbj;Jf; fhl;Lfpd;wd me;j trdq;fs;! mit tUkhW:

(egpNa) ePH $Wk;: jk;Kila nray;fspy; ngUk; ,og;Gf;F cupatHfs; ahH vd;gij ehk; cq;fSf;F mwptpf;fl;Lkh? mtHfs; ahnudpy;> cyf tho;f;ifapy; mtHfspd; Kaw;rpfs; midj;Jk; top gpwo;e;J tpl;ld. Mdhy; mtHfNsh jhk; midj;ijAk; kpf mofhfNt nra;J nfhz;bUg;gjhff; fUjpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;. mtHfs; jhk; jk; ,iwtdpd; rhd;Wfis Vw;f kWj;J tpl;ltHfs;.> (kWikapy;) mtdJ re;jpg;G Fwpj;J ek;gpf;if nfhs;shjtHfs; MtH. MfNt mtHfspd; nray;fs; vy;yhk; tPzhfptpl;ld. kWik ehspy; mtHfSf;F vt;tpj kjpg;igAk; ehk; mspf;f khl;Nlhk;" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 103 – 105)

,e;j trdq;fspy; ehj;jpfg; Nghf;if Nkw;nfhz;l cyfhajthjpfspd; Kf%bAk; mjd; j[;[hypaj; jiytHfspd; Kfj;jpiuAk; fpopj;njwpag;gl;Ls;sd. "NkYk; g+kpapy; Fog;gk; nra;ahjPHfs; vd;W mtHfsplk; nrhy;yg;gl;lhy; ehq;fs; rPHjpUj;jthjpfNs" vd;W gjpy; $WthHfNs mj;jifa ngha;aHfspd; jPanray;fs; njspthfg;gl;Ls;sd!

MapDk; vy;NyhiuAk; tpl a+jHfSf;Nf ,e;j trdq;fs; kpfTk; nghUe;jp tUfpd;wd. vnddpy; a+jHfs; jhd; kWikia Kw;wpYkhfg; Gwf;fzpj;Jtpl;lhHfs;. vr;rupf;iffSk; gbg;gpidfSk; epiwe;j ePz;l tuyhW mtHfsplk; ,Ue;Jk;$l kWikia Kw;whf kwe;Jtpl;ldH.

A+jHfsplk; fhzg;gLk; kWik gw;wpa ,j;jifa myl;rpag; Nghf;F - mwptpay;> jj;Jtk;> njhopy; El;gk;> murpay; Nghd;w Jiwfspy; jPHf;fkhd gq;fhw;wpa mtHfspd; cyfshtpa gzpfspy; ghjpg;ig Vw;gLj;jptpl;ld. NkYk; murhq;fq;fs; kw;Wk; rl;l mikg;Gfspd; jpBH khw;wq;fspYk; Gul;rpfs; cUthdjpYk; ghjpg;ig Vw;gLj;jp tpl;ld. jq;fs; epGzj;Jtq;fisAk; nrayhw;;wy;fisAk; jFjpfisAk; Gj;jpf; $HikiaAk; mopTfukhd vjpHkiw eltbf;iffspy; mtHfs; gad;gLj;jpajw;Ff; fhuzKk; ,Nj Nghy kf;fspilNa gPjpiaAk; xOq;fpd;ikiaAk; gug;gpajw;Ff; fhuzKk; kWik gw;wpa mtHfspd; myl;rpa Nghf;Fjhd;!

NkYk; xNu ,dj;jplk; kl;LNk – mJ jhd; gupRj;j ,];uhaPy; (a+j) ,dk; xNu kf;fsplk; kl;LNk mtHfs; jhd; my;yh`;tpdhy; NjHe;njLf;fg;gl;l kf;fs; (a+jHfs; vdf; fUjpf; nfhz;L) mtHfsplk; kl;LNk jiyikj;JtKk; vy;yh rf;jpfSk; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vDk; Ra eyDf;fhff; fLk; Kaw;rp Nkw;nfhz;ljw;Ff; fhuzKk; kWik gw;wpa mtHfspd; myl;rpg; Nghf;Fjhd;.

 

 

kdpjdpd; FWfpa mwpTk; ,iwtdpd; ngupa QhdKk;


gpd;dH cyfj;ijg; gw;wpa ,e;jf; FWfpa rpe;jidiaAk; Fiwgl;l mwpitAk; FHMd; kPz;Lk; xU Kiw rhLfpwJ. gue;J tpupe;j ,e;jg; Nguz;lj;ij KOikahf jhd; mwpe;J tpl;ljhf kdpjid thjhlr; nra;tJ ,e;jf; Fiwgl;l mwpTjhd;. G+kpiaAk; thdq;fisAk; mtw;wpYs;s vy;yhg; gilg;GfisAk; Fwpg;ghf tpz;kPd;fs;> Nfhs;fs;> fhw;W kz;lyk;> #dpag; gFjp Mfpa midj;ijAk; jhd; mwpe;J tpl;ljhf mtidf; fUjr; nra;fpwJ! mJ kl;Lky;y ,iwtdpd; mwpTk; Mw;wYk; vtw;iwnay;yhk; #o;e;jpUf;fpwNjh mit vy;yhtw;iwAk; jdJ mwptpd; fl;Lg;ghl;bd; fPo; nfhz;L te;J tpl;ljhf kdpjid mtdJ FWfpa mwpT jhd; ek;gr; nra;fpwJ!

,j;jifa mwpitg; ngw;wpUg;gtHfs; jkJ mwpT Fwpj;J ngUkpjg;gl;Lf; nfhs;fpwhHfs;.> ngUik mbf;fpwhHfs;! ,e;jg; Nguz;lj;ijg; gw;wpa jkJ Ma;itg; ngupJk; giwrhw;wpf; nfhs;fpwhHfs;.

Mdhy; cz;ik vd;dntdpy;> ,tHfs; mwpe;J itj;jpUf;Fk; midj;Jk; flypd; xU Jsp $l ,Uf;fhJ. gue;j ghiy ntspapd; XH mZitf; $l mtHfs; vl;bg; gpbj;jpUf;f KbahJ!

,j;jifa jw;ngUik> ,Wkhg;G> jhq;fs; fw;Ws;s tpraq;fs; kPJk; Ma;Tfs; kPJk; ngUkpjg;gLtJ> xU Fwpg;gpl;l fhyfl;lj;jpy; kdpj mwpT fz;Lgpbf;Fk; mwptpay; fUt+yk; kPJ mjpfg;gbahf ek;gpf;if itg;gJ> mjw;F mg;ghYs;s midj;ijAk; kWg;gJ kw;Wk; ,j;jifa FWfpa rpe;jid> FWfpa ghHit Mfpait jhd; ,e;j cyfhajf; nfhs;ifia mjDila midj;Jf; fUj;JfSlDk; cUthf;fpj; je;j er;Rf; fpUkpahFk;. NtW thHj;ijapy; nrhy;tjhdhy; cyfhajf; nfhs;ifia mjd; midj;J tpjkhd jPikfSlDk; Fog;gq;fSlDk; cyfpy; Njhw;Wtpj;j %y Ez;Zapup ,JNt MFk;!

,JNt kdpjdpd; topjtwpa rpe;jidg; Nghf;fhFk;. ,JNt mtidr; rpy nghOJ mf;fpukk; nra;tjw;Fk; mopr;rhl;bak; Guptjw;Fk; J}z;LfpwJ. rpynghOJ jdf;Fk; nja;tPfj; jd;ik cz;nld thjpLk; epiyf;F mtidf; nfhz;L nry;fpwJ. NkYk; ahUf;F cz;ikahd mwpT Qhdj;ijAk; tpupthd Mokhd rpe;jidiaAk; my;yh`; toq;fpAs;shNdh mtHfs; kPJ nfhLik Gupaj; J}z;LtJk; ,e;j kdg;Nghf;F jhd;! ,jidNa Fifj; NjhoHfspd; rupijapy; ehk; ghHj;Njhk;!

,j;jifa topjtwpa rpe;jidg;Nghf;F> rpy Neuk;> fz; Kd;Nd cs;s nghUs;fis jw;fhypfr; rhjdq;fis kl;Lk; ek;GkhW J}z;LfpwJ. fhdy;ePiu xj;j ,e;j cyf tho;it Nerpf;Fk;gb miof;fpwJ. cyfpNyNa epiyahf tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fyhk; vd;Wk; ,d;g EfHTr; rhjdq;fs; midj;Jk; ePbj;J epw;Fk; vd;Wk; kdpjid cWjpahf ek;gr; nra;fpwJ. ,jdhy; ,j;jifa tho;f;ifr; rhjq;fisf; Fiwthfg; ngw;wpUf;Fk; kf;fis ,opthff; fUJk; gbAk; J}z;LfpwJ. ,jidNa ,U Njhl;lq;fis cila nry;te;jdpd; rupijapy; ehk; ghHj;Njhk;!

,NjNghy Kjy; ghHitapy; xU nghUs; jtW vdg;gl;lhy; mwptpd; Njl;lj;jpw;Fk; ntspg;gilahd czHTf;Fk; Kuzhfj; njd;gl;lhy; clNd mJ Fwpj;J xU tpjkhd tpag;igAk; jpfpiyAk; Vw;gLj;JtJk; ,e;j Fiwgl;l kdpj mwpT jhd;! ,jidNa %]h - fps;H rupijapy; ehk; fz;Nlhk;!

,t;thNw FWfpa ghHitj; jpwd; nfhz;l kdpjdpd; tpopfs; njhiytpy; cs;sij mUfpy; ,Ug;gjhfTk; Nghypia cz;ikahfTk; jtwhff; fhz;gpj;Jf; nfhLf;fpwJ. ,t;tpjk; jhd; #upad; NrW epiwe;j fU epw eP&w;wpy; kiwtJ Nghy; Jy;fHidd; kd;dUf;Fj; njd;gl;lJ!

(mtH Nkw;F Nehf;fpg; Gwg;gl;lhH) vJtiunadpy; (ele;J ele;J) #upad; m];jkpf;Fk vy;iyia mtH mile;jnghOJ mq;Nf #upad; fUepwr; NrW epiwe;j ejpapy; kiwe;J nfhz;bUg;gjhff; fz;lhH" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 86)

,t;tpjNk rgh ehl;L murp fz;zhb khspifapDs; Eioe;j nghOJ mq;Nf jz;zPH Xbf;nfhz;Uf;fpwJ vdf; fUjp Vkhe;jhH. jz;zPH kPJ jhd; elf;fg; NghfpNwhk; vd epidj;J (jd; fhw;rl;ilia)f; fuz;ilf; fhy;fSf;F Nky; caHj;jpdhH.

,k;khspifapDs; EiotPuhf vd;W mtUf;F(murpf;F) $wg;gl;lJ. mtH mjidg; ghHj;jNghJ mJ jz;zPH jlhfNk vdf; fUjpdhH. mjdhy; jd; fhw;rl;ilia caHj;jpdhH. mtH (Riykhd;) $wpdhH: ,J fz;zhb gjpf;fg;gl;l khspifahFk;" (,e;j tuyhW KOtJk; #uj;Je; ek;ypy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;sJ.)

,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpd; ,Wjpg; gFjp mjd; njhlf;fj;Jld; kpfTk; nghUj;jkhdjha; mike;J gpd; tUk; tpraq;fSf;F Mjhukhfj; jpfo;fpwJ: my;yh`;tpd; Qhdk; jhd; kdpjdpd; mwpit tplTk; kpf caHe;jJk; kfj;Jtk; nghUe;jpaJk; MFk;. ,t;Tyfk;> kdpjd; mwpe;J itj;jpUg;gij tplTk; kpf tpupthdjhFk;. tpupthd fUj;Jfis cs;slf;fpa my;yh`;tpd; fypkhf; fs;** Fwpj;J kdpjdpd; mwptpdhy; KOikahf mwpe; jpl KbahJ> ,e;jg; g+kpapYs;s kuq;fs; midj;Jk; vOJ Nfhy;fshdhYk; fly;fs; ahTk; ikahdhYk;*** mit midj;Jk; my;yh`;tpd; fypkhf;fis vOjp Kbj;jplg; NghJkhfhJ!

** - &`{y; kMdpapy; my;yhkh MY}rp mtHfs; $WfpwhHfs;: my;yh`;tpd; fypkhf;fs; vDk; nrhy; mtdJ mwpT kw;Wk; Qhdq;fisf; Fwpf;Fk;. ,t;thWk; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ: my;yh`;tpd; fypkhf;fs; vd;gJ my;yh`;tpd; Mw;wy;fs;> mjpfhuq;fs;> ,ufrpaq;fs; Mfpatw;iwf; Fwpf;Fk;. mtw;wpy; vijNaDk; ntspg;gLj;j my;yh`; ehbdhy; ‘MFf’ vd;W jhd; mjw;F MizapLthd;.> clNd mJ MfptpLk;.

*** - ,d;iwa mwptpay;> Kw;fhyj;jpy; kdpjdpd; cs;sj;jpy; cjpf;fhj vj;jidNah tp\aq;fisf; fz;Lgpbj;Jtpl;lJ. vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf> ,e;jg; Nguz;lj;jpd; vy;iyapy;yh epiy> el;rj;jpuq;fSf;Fk; Nfhs;fSf;Fk; cs;s gpukpg;g+l;Lk; J}uk;> Nfhs;fSf;Fk; g+kpf;Fk; cs;s jpifg;g+l;Lk; njhiyT> xspapd; gaz Ntfk;> xt;nthU ghy;ntspapYk; Nfhlhd Nfhbf; fzf;fpy; ,Ug;gjhff; fzpf;fg;gLk; tpz;kPd;fspd; vz;zpf;if> ePz;l neLe;njhiytpYs;s Vuhdkhd tpz;kPd; Fohk; cyfq;fs;> mq;nfy;yhk; cs;s tpz;kPd; $l;lq;fspd; vz;zpf;if> xd;Wf;Fk; mjpfkhd #upa FLk;gq;fs;> el;rj;jpuq;fs; kw;Wk; #upadpd; gug;gsT> mtw;wpd; vil> ,e;jg; gpukhzlkhd Nfhsq;fis xOq;fikj;J tuf;$ba> thd ntspapy; mtw;wpw;fpilNa cs;s tpfpjhr;rhuj;ijAk; rk epiyiaAk; fl;Lg;gLj;jpitf;ff;$ba me;juq;f Mw;wy;fs; kw;Wk; tpaj;jF rl;lq;fs;> g+kpapy; capH tho;tjw;Fg; ghJfhg;G mspf;ff;$ba El;gkhd ,ufrpaq;fs;> jiuf;Fk; flYf;Fk; ,ilNa cs;s tpfpjhr;rhu ,ufrpak; kw;Wk; El;gkhd mikg;G - ,it jtpu etPd Nfhspay; nfhz;Ls;s mwpTfs;> jj;Jtq;fs; Nghd;w gy cz;ikfis ,d;iwa mwptpay;Jiw cyfpw;F toq;fpAs;sJ.

,it kl;Lky;y> capupay; kw;Wk; rhTf;Fg; gpd;dha;Tf;fiy (Postma rtem) jhtu ,ay;> tpyq;fpay; Mfpatw;iwj; jtpu ,d;Dk; gy El;gkhd> mjpf msT tpupthd mwptpay; Jiwfs; cs;sd. ,it midj;Jk; Kw;fhy kdpjdpd; fw;gidapYk; fdtpYk; $l Njhd;wpapUf;ftpy;iy. Mdhy; ,d;Nwh ,j;jifa fy;tpfspd; xt;nthU gpupTf;Fk; ngupa ngupa E}y; epiyaq;fs; cUthfptpl;ld. mtw;wpw;Nfd vz;zw;w Muha;r;rpf; $lq;fSk; epWtg;gl;Ltl;ld!

,e;j mwpTfs; midj;jpw;Fk; mg;ghy; kdpjdhy; mwpag;glhj tp\aq;fs; ngUk; mstpy; cs;sd. mit> mtdhy; mwpag;glhjtw;NwhL vt;tifapYk; xg;gpl Kbahj msTf;F mit kpfkpf mjpfk;! (egpNa!) $WtPuhf: vd; ,iwtdpd; Qhdq;fis (fypkhf;fis) vOJtjw;fhf fly; midj;Jk; ikahdhYk; . . . . .(18 : 109)

(egpNa!) $WtPuhf: vd; ,iwtdpd; thHj;ijfis vOJtjw;fhf (cyfpd;) fly;fs; midj;Jk; ikahdhYk; fly; ePH jPHe;J Ngha;tpLNk jtpu vd; ,iwtdpd; thHj;ijfs; Kbtile;J tplhJ! ,e;jf; fly;fSf;Fj; Jizahf ,it Nghd;w NtW fly;fis ehk; nfhz;L te;jhYk; rupNa! (mitAk; Nghjkhl;lh)" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 109)

Yf;khd; mj;jpahaj;jpy;.

G+kpapYs;s midj;J kuq;fSk; vOJNfhy;fshdhYk; xU fly; (iknfhz;L vOjp) Kbe;j gpd;dH NkYk; VO fly;fs; mjw;Fj; Jizahf te;jhYk; my;yh`;tpd; thHj;ijfis vOjp Kbj;jpl KbahJ. my;yh`; ahtw;iwAk; kpifj;jtd;. Ez;zwpthsd;" (#uj;J Yf;khd; 27)

 

 

egpj;Jtj;jpd; NjitAk; egpapd; jdpr; rpwg;Gk;


,q;Nf xU Nfs;tp vOfpwJ: ,e;jg; Nguz;lk; ,j;Jiz tpupthfTk; vz;zw;wg; gilg;gpdq;fis cs;slf;fpajhfTk; ,Uf;Fk; nghOJ> midj;J kuq;fSk; vOJ Nfhy;fshdhYk; VOfly;fSk; ikahdhYk; ,iwtdpd; thHj;ijfis vOjpl mit NghJkhfhJ vDk;nghOJ ,it midj;JNk kdpj Mw;wYf;F mg;ghw;gl;lJ vDk; nghOJ kdpjdpd; mwpTf;Fk; Muha;r;rpf;Fk; mg;ghw;gl;lJ vDk; nghOJ> kdpjd; jd;Dila ,iwtid mwpe;J nfhs;tJ vg;gb? mtDila jd;ikfisAk; rhd;WfisAk; mwptjw;F vd;d top? tho;f;ifapd; GjpUf;F tpil fhz;gnjg;gb? ew;NgWfisAk; ntw;wpiaAk; kdpjdhy; vq;qdk; milaKbAk;? egpf;F> kw;wtH kPJ vd;d rpwg;G? mtH jhd; kdpjH Mapw;Nw! kdpj mwpT Fiwgl;lJ.> kdpjdJ nray; xU tiuaiwf;F cl;gl;lJ vd;gJ Kd;dNu xg;Gf;nfhs;sg;gl;ljhapw;Nw!

,j;jifa midj;Jf; Nfs;tpfSf;Fk; ,e;jj; jpU trdk; gjpy; jUfpwJ. egp (]y;) mtHfspd; ehtpd; %yNk mJ mwptpf;fpwJ ,t;thW:

(egpNa!) $WtPuhf: ehd; cq;fisg; Nghd;w xU kdpjNd! jpz;zkhf cq;fs; ,iwtd; xNu ,iwtd; jhd; (mtidj; jtpu NtW ,iwtd; ,y;iy) vd;W vdf;F t`p mwptpf;fg;gLfpwJ" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 110)

Mk;! ve;j mwpT Qhdk; ,d;wp kdpjdhy; vt;tpj ew;Ngw;iwAk; mila KbahNjh me;j mwpT Qhdj;jpd; %y Cw;W ,e;j t`pNa MFk;. mJNt xU egpf;Fupa jdpr;rpwg;gpd; ufrpak;! ehd; cq;fisg; Nghd;w kdpjdhfNt ,Uf;fpNwd;. Mdhy; my;yh`; vdf;F ‘t`p’ mDg;Gfpwhd;"

 

 

,Wjpapy; kWik!


my;yh`; ,e;j mj;jpahaj;ij kWTyfk; gw;wp vLj;Jiuj;jy;> mjidf; nfsutpj;jy;> cyf tho;f;iff;Fk; mjd; xt;nthU gzpf;Fk; kWTyfk; xd;iwNa mbg;gilahf mikj;jpl miog;GtpLj;jy; Mfpatw;iwf; nfhz;L Kbj;J itf;fpwhd;. (,k;ik> kWik) xt;nthd;Wf;Fk; jdpj;jdp mky; cz;L!

,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpd; ,Wjpia> mjd; njhlf;fj;Jld; ,izj;J itj;jhd;.> mj;jpahak; KOtjpYk; CLWtp epw;Fk; capNuhl;lj;NjhL ,iae;jjha; mikj;J itj;jhd;. ,Wjpahf my;yh`; $Wfpwhd;:

vdNt ahH jd; ,iwtidr; re;jpf;f tpUk;GfpwhNuh mtH ew;gzp Gupal;Lk;. NkYk; topghl;by; jd; ,iwtNdhL ahiuAk; vjidAk; ,izahf;fhky; ,Uf;fl;Lk;" (#uj;Jy; f`;/g; 110)

 
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