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mHj;jKs;s ngaHfs;

fj;dh nra;jy;


tpUj;jNrjdk; my;yJ fj;dh nra;jy;


fj;dh nra;tJ vd;gJ Rj;jj;jpid mbg;gilahff; nfhz;ljhFk;. my;yh`; jd;Dila mbahuhfpa ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtHfspd; topahf ,jid K];ypk;fSf;Ff; flikahf;fpdhd;. md;wpypUe;J ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtHfsJ topj;Njhd;wy;fs;> mtiug; gpd;gw;wpatHfshfpa A+jHfSk; kw;Wk; K];ypk;fSk; ,d;wsTk; ,e;jg; gof;fj;ijf; filgpbj;J tUfpd;whHfs; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; $wpajhf mG+`{iuuh (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpd;whHfs; :

''Kjd; Kjyhf fj;dh nra;J nfhz;l kdpjuhf ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtHfs; ,Ue;jhHfs;"" (,g;D m]hf;fPH. N\f; my; my;ghdp (u`;) mtHfshy; rhpghHf;fg;gl;lJ m]; ]`P`h 725).

fj;dh nra;tJ vd;gJ Mzpd; gpwg;GWg;gpy;> nkhl;Lg; gFjpia %bf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; Njhiy fj;jhpj;J my;yJ ntl;b ePf;FtjhFk;.

,J ehd;F fl;lq;fshf eilngWk;. mjhtJ>

  • Mzpd; gpwg;GWg;gpd; nkhl;ilr; Rw;wp ,Uf;Fk; ciw Nghd;w Njhy; gFjpia ePf;Fjy;

  • mjd; vQ;rpa gFjpapy; rpwpjhfg; gpse;J mjid gpd;Ndhf;fpj; js;Sjy;

  • ntl;ba gFjpapy; ,Ue;J mjhtJ fhaj;jpypUe;J ,uj;jj;ij topa tpl;L Rj;jg;gLj;Jjy;

  • fhaj;jpw;F kUe;jpl;L> Rj;jkhd Jzp nfhz;L nky;ypajhf ,Wf;fkpy;yhky; fl;Lg; NghLjy;

kdpjdpd; ,aw;ifj; jd;ikahf gy mk;rq;fs; cs;sd. mit kdpjdpd; ,aw;ifj;jd;ikia> cz;ikahd> J}a;ikahd jd;ikfis ntspg;gLj;Jgitfshf cs;sd. 'fj;dh nra;J nfhs;tJ vd;gJ kdpjdpd; gz;GfSs; xd;W" vd;W ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; $wpapUf;fpd;whHfs;.

,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; $wpajhf mG+`{iuuh (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpd;whHfs; :

(,iwj;J}jHfspd; topKiwahd) ,aw;if kuGfs; Ie;jhFk;. 1. tpUj;jNrjdk; nra;tJ. 2. kHk cwg;gpd; Kbfisf; fisa rtuf; fj;jpia cgNahfpg;gJ 3. mf;Fs; Kbfis mfw;WtJ. 4. kPiriaf; fj;jhpg;gJ. 5. efq;fis ntl;LtJ. (GfhhP 6297> K];ypk; kw;Wk; gyH).

,J Fwpj;J mG+ gf;H gpd; my; mugp (u`;) mtHfs; $Wk; nghOJ :

Nkw;fz;l Ie;J mk;rq;fisAk; epiwNtw;w Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ kdpjdpd; kPJs;s jtpHf;f Kbahj flikahFk;. ,jid xU nra;ahJ Gwf;fzpf;fpd;whH vdpy;> mtd; kdpjdhf Njhw;wkspf;f khl;lhd; - Fwpg;ghf K];ypkhf ,Uf;f khl;lhd;. (,g;D `[H gj;`{y; ghhp> 10:417)

,d;DnkhU egpnkhopapy; kdpjdpd; ,aw;ifj; jd;ikapy; mike;j gz;Gfshf gj;J my;yJ gjpndhU mk;rq;fis ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; mwptpj;jpUf;fpd;whHfs; :

,aw;ifj; jd;ikfspd; jd;ikfs; gj;J MFk;. mit : kPiriaf; fj;jhpj;jy;> jhbia tsu tpLjy;> ]pthf; nfhz;L gy;Jyf;Fjy;> (%f;if Rj;jk; nra;tjw;fhf) jz;zPH nrYj;Jjy;> thiaf; nfhg;gspj;jy;> efj;ij ntl;Ljy;> tpuy; ,Lf;Ffisf; fOTjy;> mf;Fs; Kbfisf; fisjy;> kHk];jhd Kbfisf; fisjy;> kHk cWg;Gfis jz;zPH nfhz;L fOTjy; kw;Wk; fj;dh nra;J nfhs;sy; MfpaitfshFk;. (A combined report recorded by Muslim, Abu Dawood, Ahmed, Ibn Abi Shybah and others (saheeh ul Jaami no.2222). A similar hadith is recorded by Ahmed, Ibn Majah and Abu Dawood from Ammar (rali) and is verified to be hasan by al- Albaani (Sahih ul-Jami no.5906).

Gjpa K];ypk;fSk; $l fj;dh nra;J nfhs;s Ntz;baJ mtrpakhFk;. Fiyg; my; [{`hdp (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpd;whHfs;> ehd; ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfsplk; te;J> ehd; K];ypkhfp tpl;Nld; vd;W $wpNdd;. mjw;F>

,iwepuhfhpg;gpd; (nghOJ itj;jpUe;j) Kbia ePf;Fq;fs;> ,d;Dk; fj;dh nra;J nfhs;Sq;fs; vd;W $wpdhHfs;. (Recorded by Abu Dawood and Ahmed, Verified to be hasan by al-Albani (Sahih ul-Jami no.1251 and Irwa ul-Ghalil no.79).

egpj;NjhoHfsJ fhyj;jpYk; $l fj;dh nra;J nfhs;Sk; gof;fk; eilKiwapy; ,Ue;J te;jJ. Foe;ijfs; rw;W gpuhak; milAk; tiuf;Fk; $l fj;dh nra;tij mtHfs; jhkjg;gLj;jpAk; ,Uf;fpd;whHfs;. my;yh`;tpd; J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; kuzkile;j nghOJ jq;fSf;F vd;d tajpUf;Fk;? vd;W ,g;D mg;gh]; (uyp) mtHfsplk; Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. mjw;F>

mjw;F mtHfs;> 'ehd; mg;NghJ tpUj;jNrjdk; nra;jtdhapUe;Njd;" vd;W gjpyspj;jhHfs;. gUt taij neUq;fpa gpwNf (md;iwa) kf;fs; tpUj;jNrjdk; nra;tJ tof;fk;. (GfhhP 6299> m`;kj; kw;Wk; gyH)

fj;dh nra;tJ nfhs;tJ gw;wp ,g;Dy; ifa;Ak; (u`;)

  • ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtHfsJ topKiwiag; NgZk;gb ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfSf;F ,iwtd; fl;lisapl;lhd;> vdNt ,];yhj;jpy; gpd;gw;wf; $ba eilKiwahf fj;dh nra;tJk; xd;whdJ.

  • Fiyg; my; [{`hdp (uyp) mtHfs; ,];yhj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhz;l nghOJ> mtiu Rd;dj; nra;J nfhs;Sk;gb ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;.

  • fj;dh nra;J nfhs;tJ vd;gJ K];ypk;fisAk;> ,iwepuhfhpg;ghsHfisAk; gphpj;jwpaf; $banjhd;whf ,Uf;fpd;wJ.

  • fj;dh nra;J nfhs;gtUf;F mJ jPuhj Ntjidiaj; jUk;> mjd; %yk; fLikahd gpd;tpisTfis Vw;gLj;Jk;> ,d;Dk; mtuJ capUf;Fk; $l Mgj;jhf mJ KbAk; vd;w epiy ,Uf;fpd;wJ. mt;thwhd re;jHg;gq;fspy; fl;lhak; nra;Nj Mf Ntz;ba flikahf mJ MfhJ> fj;dhr; nra;J nfhs;s mDkjpf;fg;gl khl;lhJ.

  • xUtuJ kHk cWg;ig ,d;ndhUtUf;Ff; fhz;gpg;gjw;Nfh my;yJ ghHg;gjw;Nfh my;yJ Njitapd; epkpj;jk; md;wp njhLtjw;Nfh> ,];yhk; jil tpjpj;jpUf;fpd;wJ. fj;dh nra;tJ vd;gJ %d;W tpjkhd jilfSld; njhlHG nfhz;Ls;sJ. fj;dh nra;tJ md;wp kHk];jhdj;ijj; jpwg;gNjh my;yJ ghHg;gNjh my;yJ njhLtNjh $lhJ.

  • cj;jutpl;l kw;Wk; flikahf;fpajd;wp (kUj;Jt fhuzq;fspd;wp) kdpjdpd; cWg;gpd; ve;jg; ghfj;ijAk; ntl;b vLg;gjw;F my;yh`; jil tpjpj;jpUf;fpd;whd;. fj;dh nra;Ak; nghOJ gpwg;GWg;gpd; Kd;gFjpapy; njhq;fpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; ciw Nghd;w Njhy; gFjpia ntl;b vLg;gJ flikahFk;.

  • fj;dh nra;ahj kdpjd; mRj;jk; kw;Wk; J}a;ikaw;w epiyf;Ff; fhuzkhfp tpLfpd;whd;> Vndd;why; rpWePH fopj;j gpd; vQ;rpa rpWJspfs; gpwg;GWg;gpd; Kd;gFjpapy; cs;s ciw Nghd;w gFjpapy; xl;bf; nfhz;bUg;gNj fhuzkhFk;. ,J njhOif kw;Wk; mJ Nghd;wnjhU tzf;f topghLfis nfLj;J tpLk;.

,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtHfs; Kjy; ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; tiuf;Fk; $l fj;dh nra;J nfhs;Sk; gof;fk; eilKiwapy; ,Ue;J te;jpUf;fpd;wJ. ,d;Dk;> ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfSf;Fg; gpd;dhy; egpj;NjhoHfs; kw;Wk; njhlHr;rpahf ,e;jg; gof;fk; eilKiwapy; ,Ue;J te;jpUf;fpd;wJ vd;gij Kd;dNu ghHj;Njhk;. ,J jtpHj;J> fj;dhit Vd; nra;J nfhs;fpd;Nwhk; vd;gjw;F ,g;Dy; ifa;Ak; (u`;) mtHfs; njhptpj;jpUf;Fk; fhuzq;fisAk; ghHj;Njhk;. vdNt> fj;dh nra;J nfhs;tJ vd;gJ xt;nthU K];ypkpd; kPJk; flikahFk;. ,d;Dk; Nkyjpfkhf N\f; my; my;ghdp (u`;) mtHfs; $Wfpd;whHfs; :

fj;dh nra;J nfhs;tjd; rl;lj;ijg; nghWj;jtiu> kpfr; rhpahd fUj;J vd;dntd;why; mJ flikahdjhFk;. ,JNt ngUk;ghyhd cykhg; ngUe;jiffspd; fUj;JkhFk;> mjhtJ ,khk; khypf; (u`;)> ,khk; \h/gp< (u`;)> kw;Wk; ,khk; m`;kj; (u`;) MfpNahHfSk; ,Nj fUj;jpidj; njhptpj;jpUf;fpd;whHfs;. ,Nj fUj;jpid ,khk; ,g;Dy; ifa;Ak; (u`;) mtHfs; njhptpj;jpUg;gJld;..> mjw;F Mjuthf gy fhuzq;fisAk; njhptpj;jpUf;fpd;whHfs;. mtH njhptpj;jpUf;Fk; xt;nthU fhuzq;fSk; ,J epiwNtw;w Ntz;ba flik vd;gjid epahag;gLj;jh tpbDk; $l> mit midj;Jk; re;Njfkpy;yhky; fj;dh nra;tJ flikahd vd;gjidNa ep&gzk; nra;fpd;wJ. (jkhKy; kpd;dh`; gf;.69).

fj;dh nra;Ak; ehs;

ve;jsTf;F tpiuthfr; nra;a KbANkh me;jsT tpiuthf fj;dh nra;J tpLtJ kpfr; rpwe;jJ. Mz; Foe;ij gpwe;j xUrpy jpdq;fspy; fj;dh nra;J tpLtjw;F mDkjp ,Uf;fpd;wJ> mjd; %yk; gy ed;ikfs; cs;sd.

  • gpwe;j Foe;ijf;F fhak; ntF rPf;fpuk; Mwp tpLk;

  • gpwe;j Foe;ij typapd; %yk; vof; $ba gpur;idfs; Foe;ijf;F ,Uf;fhJ

  • ,d;Dk; tsHr;rpaile;j Foe;ij jdJ gpwg;GWg;ig gpwhplk; fhz;gpg;gjw;F ntl;fg;gLk; mNjNtisapy;> gpwe;j Foe;ijf;F ,e;jg; gpur;idfs; ,uhJ.

VohtJ ehspy;..!?

rpyH Foe;ij gpwe;j VohtJ ehspy; fj;dh nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;W ek;gpf;if itj;jpUf;fpd;whHfs;. ,Ug;gpDk;> ,J xU gytPdkhd fUj;jhFk;> ,jid ep&gzk; nra;Ak; Mjhukhd $w;Wfs; VJkpy;iy.

[hgpH (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpd;whHfs; :

(jdJ Ngug; gps;isfshd) my; `]d; (uyp) kw;Wk; `{i]d; (uyp) MfpNahHfSf;F ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; mfPfh nfhLj;jhHfs;> ,d;Dk; mtHfs; (gpwe;jjpypUe;J) VohtJ ehspy; fj;dh nra;jhHfs;. (Recorded by at-Tabaraani (in as-Saghir). Ibn 'Adiyy, and others. Verified to be Week by al-Albabi (Tamaam ul Minnah, p.68)

NkNy cs;s egpnkhopapy; cs;s Kjy; gFjp cz;ikahdJ> ,jid Kd;dNu ehk; ghHj;jpUf;fpd;Nwhk;. mfPfh nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ cz;ikahdJ.

,uz;lhtjhf> ,g;D mg;gh]; (uyp) mtHfs; topahf mwptpf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; ,d;ndhU mwptpg;gpy;>

Mz; Foe;ij gpwe;j VohtJ ehspy; VO tifahd eilKiwfisr; nra;tJ Rd;dhthFk;. mtDf;Fg; ngahpl Ntz;Lk;...> fj;dh nra;a Ntz;Lk;..>..> (Recorded by at-Tabaraani (in al-Awsat). Verified to be Week by al-Albabi (Tamaam ul Minnah, p.68)

rpy ,khk;fs; mjhtJ ,khk; khypf; (u`;) mtHfs;..> VohtJ ehspy; fj;dh nra;tij tpUk;gtpy;iy> Vndd;why; ,J A+jHfspd; gof;fj;ij xj;jpUf;fpd;wJ vd;gjdhyhFk;.

,khk; m`;kj; (u`;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs; :

VohtJ ehspy; fj;dh nra;tjw;F mDkjp ,Uf;fpd;wJ. A+jHfspd; gof;fj;jpid xj;jpUf;fpd;wJ vd;gjdhy; ,khk; `]d; g]hp (u`;) mtHfs; tpUk;gtpy;iy. Mdhy; ,J njspthdnjhd;wy;y..> ,khk; t`g; gpd; Kdg;gp`; mtHfsplk; ,J gw;wpf; Nfl;l NghJ> ''me;jf; Foe;ijf;F vspjhdJ vd;gjdhy; VohtJ ehspy; fj;dh nra;tJ ghpe;Jiuf;fg;gl;lJ. gpwe;j Foe;ijf;F cly; G+uhTk; xUtpj Ntjid ,Uf;Fk;> VO ehl;fs; tiuf;Fk; mJ typapid czuhJ. (VohtJ ehspy;) mjw;F fj;dh nra;atpy;iy vd;why;> fj;dh nra;tjw;F Kd; Foe;ijia tsu tpLq;fs;. (rw;W tsHe;jTld; fj;dh nra;Aq;fs;)."" (J`;/gJy; kt;J}j; gf;.112)

VohtJ ehspy; jhd; fj;dh nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;gjpy;iy. md;iwa jpdNkh> mjw;F Kd;ghfNth my;yJ gpd;ghfNth ngw;NwhHfspd; #o;epiyiaf; fUj;jpy; nfhz;L jhkjg;gLj;jpAk; $l fj;dh nra;J nfhs;syhk;.

jhkjg;gLj;Jjy;

Foe;ijfs; rw;W gpuhak; milAk; tiuf;Fk; mjhtJ rw;Nwwf; Fiwa VO tUlq;fSf;F fj;dh nra;a khl;lhHfs; vd;gij ,g;D mg;gh]; (uyp) mtHfspd; mwptpg;G xd;iw Kd;dNu ehk; ghHj;jpUf;fpd;Nwhk;.

Mdhy; ,jid ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfsplkpUe;J te;j cj;juthff; fUj KbahJ. Foe;ij rw;W cly; MNuhf;fpakpf;fjhfTk; kw;Wk; tYthd epiyia milAk; tiuf;Fk; fj;dh nra;tijj; jhkjg;gLj;jpapUf;fyhk;> ,d;Dk; ,jid tpl Muk;g ehl;fspy; fj;dh nra;jhy; Mgj;jhdJ my;yJ fLikahd Neha;j; njhw;Wf;F top tFf;fyhk;> Fwpg;ghf md;iwa ehl;fspy; Fiwthd MNuhf;fpa #o;epiyfs; epytpaJk;> kw;Wk; kUj;Jt Kd;Ndw;wkpd;ikapd; fhuzkhfTk; mtHfs; jhkjg;gLj;jpapUf;fyhk;.

my; ktHjp (u`;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs; :

fj;dh nra;tJ ,uz;L ehl;fspyhFk;> xd;W flikahd ehs; kw;wJ ghpe;Jiuf;fg;gl;l ehs;. flikahd ehs; vd;gJ gUt taij milAk; ehs;. ghpe;Jiuf;fg;gl;l ehs; vd;gJ mJ gpwe;j VohtJ ehs;. rhpahd fhuzq;fspd;wp ghpe;Jiuf;fg;gl;l ehSf;F Nkyhf fj;dh nra;tijg; gpw;gLj;j KbahJ. (,g;D `[H - gj;`{y; ghhp 10:32)

Gjpa K];ypk;fs;

fj;dh nra;ahjnjhU kdpjH ,];yhj;ijj; jOtpdhH vdpy;> vt;tsT tpiuthf mtH fj;dh nra;J nfhs;s KbANkh mjidr; nra;J nfhz;L tpl Ntz;Lk;. ,jid ehk; Vw;fdNt ghHj;j..> Fiyg; my; [{`hdp (uyp) mtHfspd; mwptpg;gpypUe;J njhpe;J nfhs;syhk;.

gad;fs;

fj;dh nra;J nfhs;tJ vd;gJ my;yh`; ,e;j kdpjidg; gilj;jjd; Nehf;fj;jpy; cs;s ,aw;ifj; jd;ikiag; G+Hj;jp nra;tjidf; Fwpf;fpd;wJ. fj;dh nra;Ak;gb my;yh`;Nt fl;lisapl;lhd;> ,d;Dk; mjid ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfspd; topKiwapd;gb nra;J nfhs;Sk;gbAk; mwpTWj;jp ,Uf;fpd;whd;. mJ kdpjdpd; gpwg;GWg;G kw;Wk; kHk];jhdkhf ,Ug;gpDk; $l my;yh`;tpd; fl;lisia rpuNkw; nfhz;L gzpe;J epiwNtw;Wtjid 'fj;dh" nra;tJ Fwpf;fpd;wJ. ,d;Dk; my;yh`;tpd; fl;lisapd;gb jd;Dila tho;f;if tpUk;gp mikj;Jf; nfhs;Sk; kdpjdpd; gz;gpid ntspg;gLj;Jfpd;wJ.

,g;Dy; ifa;Ak; (u`;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs; :

'fj;dh" vd;gJ my;yh`; jd;Dila mbahHfs; kPJ tpjpj;jnjhU mofhdnjhU flikahFk;. mtd; gilj;j gilgpdj;jpd; ,aw;ifj; jd;ikia mJ G+Hj;jp nra;fpd;wJ. ,d;Dk; Muk;g fhyj;jpy; mJ ghpRj;j khHf;fj;jpid G+Hj;jp nra;tjw;fhf mJ flikahf;fg;gl;lJ. my;yh`; ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtHfsplj;jpy; nra;J nfhz;l cld;gbf;ifapd; gpufhuk;> mtiu kdpj Fyj;jpw;F jiytuhf Mf;fpdhd;> ,d;Dk; gy rKjhaq;fSf;F je;ijahfTk; Mf;fpdhd;. mtuJ re;jjpapdhpypUe;J ,iwj;J}jHfisAk;> kd;dHfisAk; cUthf;FtjhfTk; my;yh`; thf;fspj;jpUe;jhd;. mt;thwhd cld;gbf;if epiwNtw;wg;gLtjw;Fhpa xU milahsk; jhd; gpwf;ff; $ba xt;nthU Foe;ijf;Fk; 'fj;dh" nra;ag;gLtJ vd;Wk; $wpdhd;> 'fj;dh" nra;J nfhs;tJ vd;gJ ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtHfsJ khHf;fj;jpy; Eiotjidf; Fwpf;Fk;..> ghpRj;j khHf;fj;ij ehLNthH mjidr; nra;J nfhs;fpd;whHfs;..> fpwp];jtHfs; Qhd];ehdk; nra;J nfhs;tjidg; Nghy..>

my;yh`;tpDila 'tHzk;" vd;gJ mtdJ ghpRj;j khHf;fkhFk;> my;yh`;it mwpe;J nfhs;tJ> md;G nfhs;tJ> mtdplk; NeHikahd Kiwapy; ele;J nfhs;tJ> mtid kl;LNk jdpj;Jtkhf ,izitf;fhJ tzq;FtJ Mfpatw;wpd; %yk;> mj;jifatHfsJ ,jaq;fs; mtdJ tHzj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;fpd;wd. me;j tHzkhdJ mtHfsJ ,jaj;ij kl;Lky;y> mtHfsJ clk;gpYk; /gpj;uh vd;w ,aw;ifj; jd;ik %yk; tHzj;ij ntspg;gLj;Jfpd;wd..> mjhtJ 'fj;dh nra;J nfhs;tJ> kHk];jhd Kbfisf; fistJ> kPiria fj;jhpg;gJ> efj;ij ntl;LtJ> mf;Fs; Kbfis fistJ> thiaf; nfhg;gspj;Jf; nfhs;tJ> %f;fpw;Fs; ePiur; nrYj;jp Rj;jk; nra;tJ> ]pthf; - Fr;rp nfhz;L gy;Jyf;FtJ kw;Wk; kHk];jhd cWg;Gfis fOtpf; nfhs;tJ" MfpaitfshFk;. ,t;thwhf my;yh`;tpd; ghpRj;jkhd khHf;fkhd(tHzkhd)J mjidg; gpd;gw;WgtHfspd; ,jaq;fspYk;> ,d;Dk; mtHfsJ clk;gpYk; ntspg;gLfpd;wJ.

fj;dh nra;J nfhs;tJ vd;gJ ghpRj;jj;ij kw;Wk; MNuhf;fpaj;ijg; Ngzf; $banjhU topKiwahf ,Uf;fpd;wJ. mjhtJ kHk];jhdj;ijr; Rw;wp cs;s me;j Njhy; gFjpia ePf;fh tpl;lhy;> rpWePH fopf;Fk; nghOJ vQ;rpAs;s rpWePHj; Jspfs; mjd; ,ilg;gl;l gFjpapy; jq;fp> mUtUg;ghd ehw;wj;ijAk;> ,d;Dk; G+Q;ir kw;Wk; ghf;Bhpahf;fisAk; cw;gj;jp nra;Ak; jskhf mike;J tpLk;> mjid jtpHj;Jf; nfhs;sf; $banjhU kpfr; rpwg;ghdnjhU topKiwahf 'fj;dh" nra;tJ jpfo;fpd;wJ. (J`;/gJy; kt;J}j; gf;.113-114>115).

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