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,];yhkpa Nehf;fpy; njhlHG+lf xOf;ftpay;

(Media Ethics in Islam)


njhiyj; njhlHG trjpfs; ,g;nghOJ cyfj;ij xU fpuhkkhf khw;wp mikj;jpUf;fpd;w ,e;j fhyg; nghOjpy;> ,e;jj; njhlG+lfq;fs; kdpjdpd; tho;f;if trjpfisAk;> mtdJ r%fr; #oiyAk; khw;wp mikf;fty;yjhf ghpzkpj;jpUf;fpd;wd.

,j;jifa ,e;j njhlHG+lfr; rhjdq;fis Kiwahfg; gad;gLj;Jtjd; %yk; kdpj Fyj;ij ed;ikapd; gf;fKk; jpUg;gp> kdpj Nkk;ghl;Lf;Fg; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s KbAk;. mNjNtis ,e;jj; njhlHG+lfj;ij Kiwahfg; gad;gLj;jhj tplj;J> mJ kdpj ,d> kw;Wk; fyhr;rhug; NguopTf;F tpj;jpl;L tpLk; vd;gij cstpayhsHfs; xg;Gf; nfhz;l cz;ikahFk;.

vdNt> ,jid Kiwahfg; gad;gLj;JtJ Fwpj;J xU ,];yhkpag; ghHitia thrfHfSf;F toq;Ffpd;Nwhk;.

mwptpay; ehfhPf tsHr;rp jdJ ,Wjp vy;iyfisf; fle;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; ,e;E}w;whz;by; njhopy; El;gKk; tpQ;QhdKk; mjdbahf ntFrdj; njhlHG rhjdq;fSk; cyfi xU G+Nfhs fpuhkkhf khw;wpapUf;fpd;wd. midj;J kdpjHfisAk; rHtNjr hPjpahf xU rpy fzg; nghOjpy; gpizj;J itf;Fk; Nguhw;wy; nfhz;l ,j; njhlHG+lfq;fSf;F cyfpd; murpay;> nghUshjhu> r%ftpay; mwpQH Nfhtpe;juehj; ,d;iwa ntFrd Clfq;fis 'The Lords of Modern Age' (etPd fhyj;jpy; flTsHfs;) vdf; Fwpg;gpLtJ kpfg; nghUj;jkhdJ.

njhlHG+lfq;fs; thof;iff;F msg;ghpa Nritahw;wp tUk; mNjNtis> cyfpd; Nghf;ifr; rPuopj;J tpLtjpYk;> ntFthf Kd;dpw;fpd;wd. Fwpg;ghf> Nkw;fj;Nja ntFrd Clfq;fs; njhlHe;Jk; xU gf;f CJ Foy;fshfTk;> fyhr;rhug; gilnaLg;nghd;wpd; ,ae;jpukhfTNk nraw;gl;L tUfpd;wd vd;gJ ,e;j cz;ikia tpsf;fg; NghJkhdjhFk;.

RkhH ,uz;L E}w;whz;LfSf;F Kd;dH %d;whk; cyf ehLfis murpay; ,uhZt hPjpahf mbikg;gLj;jpa Nkw;FyF ,d;W mtw;iw jdJ fyhr;ruhf; fhyzpj;Jtj;jpw;Fs; xLf;f KidfpwJ. cz;ikapy;> 'et cyf xOq;F" (New World Order) vd;w mk;rj;jpd; gpd;dzpapy;> Nkw;FyF xU ngUk; fyhrhug; gilnaLg;gpw;fhd mbj;jsj;ijNa ,l;bUf;fpwJ. ,e;jf; Fwpf;Nfhis va;j mJ gpur;rhu MAjj;ijf; (Propaganda Weapon) ifahs;fpwJ.

,d;W njhlHG+lff; fl;Lkhdj;jpy; Kjy; rhjhuz nra;jpg; gj;jphpf;if midj;jpYk; gf;fr; rhHghd tpkHrdq;fs;> rhHG epiy vjpHtpidfs;> epHthz tpsk;guq;fs;> nfhs;ifg; gpur;rhuk;> ghypay; epfo;Tfs; Nghd;w kl;lufkhd mk;rq;fNs fhl;rpg;gLj;jg;gLtjhdJ njhlHG+lfk; Fwpj;j XH xOf;f xOf;ftpay; gw;wp jPtpukhfr; rpe;jpf;fj; J}z;LfpwJ. rkfhy> Nkw;fj;Nja njhlHG+lfq;fs; ,];yhkpag; NghuhspfisAk; gaq;futhjpfshfTk;> gphptpidthjpfshfTk; mbg;gilthjpfshfTk; rpj;jhpj;Jf; fhl;Ltjd; %yk; ',];yhj;ij" cyf rKjhaq;fSf;F gaq;futhjkhf vLj;Jf;fhl;l tpisfpd;wd.

,d;W th\pq;ldpy; cs;s mnkhpf;f fhq;fpu]pd; khngUk; E}yfj;jpNyh my;yJ INuhg;ghtpy; fhzg;gLk; ngUk; E}yfq;fspNyh cs;s ,];yhkpa cyF gw;wpa jfty; tq;fpfspy; fhzg;gLk;> ntspaPLfs; mlq;fpa gFjpapd; nghj;jhd;fis mOj;Jk; NghJ> my;yJ fzzpfspd; jl;Lf;fis gpuNahfpf;Fk; Ngh mtw;wpy; ,];yhkpa mbg;gil thjk; njhlHghd jiyaq;fq;fisf; nfhz;l Mf;fq;fis Vida vy;yhtw;iwAk; tpl mjpfkhff; fhzyhk;.

C.N.N. (Cable News Network), B.B.C. (British Broadcasting Corporation), V.O.A. (Voice of America), C.I.A. (Central intelligent Agent) Nghd;w nra;jp epWtdq;fSk; csT ];jhgdq;fSk; ,];yhkpa vOr;rpia rfpf;f KbahjtHfspd; nry;thf;fpd; fPo; ,aq;fp tUtjhy;> mit ,];yhkpa kPnsOr;rp Fwpj;J gy jtwhd fUj;Jf;fisg; gug;gp> ntw;wp fz;Ls;sd.

nghJthf INuhg;gpa> mnkhpf;f nra;jp epWtdq;fSf;Fk; xyp> xspgug;Gr; NritfSf;Fk; ,ilna neUq;fpa njhlHGfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. rp vd; vd; $l vd;w xU A+jdpd; jdpr; nrhj; vd;gNj ,jid tpsq;fg; NghJkhdJ. ,it mij;Jk; jkf;Fs; fUj;J Ngjq;fs; epytpdhYk; ,];yhk; vd;w xNu vjphpiaj; jhf;Ftjpy; xd;WgLfpd;wd. u\;ahtpd; tPo;r;rpNahL jdJ mLj;j vjphpahf> rthyhf Nkw;Fyfk; ,];yhj;ijNa fUJfpwJ. kw;nwhU Gwj;jpy; Nkw;fj;Nja njhlHG rhjdq;fs; Nkw;Ff;Fk; ,];yhj;Jf;Fkpilapyhd Kuz;ghLfis fpwp];Jtj;Jf;Fk; ,];yhj;Jf;Fkpilapyhd Kuz;ghlhf nghJ kf;fSf;F mwpKfg;gLj;j Kidfpd;wd. ,jd; %yk; ,];yhj;jpw;nfjpuhd kf;fs; fUj;ij rk;ghjpf;f mit Kidfpd;wd.

cz;ikapy; ,];yhk; gw;wpa Nkw;Fyfj; njhlHG+lq;fspd; ,e;j jtwhd tpahf;fpahdq;fSk; rpj;jhpg;GfSk; ,d;W New;W Muk;gpj;jjy;y. fp.gp.17k; 18 k; E}w;whz;LfspypUe;Nj INuhg;gh ,e;j topiaf; ifahSfpd;wJ.

N\f;];gpaH vOjpa rpy ehlfq;fspy; u#y; (]y;) mtHfs; kpf Nkhrkhd Kiwapy; rpj;jhpf;fg;gl;Ls;shHfs;. Haratisme vd;ghH Ou Mohamet Le Prophere vDk; ehlfj;jpy; u#y; (]y;) mtHfSila GfOf;Ff; fsq;fk; cz;L gz;zf; $ba fw;gidfisg; Gide;J vOjpapUe;jhH. 1889 y; Henri Vicom Te De Bernier vd;w ehlhfhrphpaH K`k;kj; vd;w ehlfr; nra;Ais vOjpdhH. ,J ngUkhdhhpd; tho;f;ifia ehlfkhfr; rpj;jhpf;fpwJ. ,jpy; fpwpj;Jt kjj;ij caHe;jjhfTk;> ,];yhj;ij jho;e;jjhfTk; fhl;LtNj ,tuJ Nehf;fk; vd;gJ me;ehlfj;ijg; ghHg;gtUf;F ,yFtpy; GhpAk;.

r%f rhHngz;zq;fSf;Fg; gypahd ,j;jifa Nkw;fj;NjaHfsJ ntspg;ghLfs;> cz;ikapy;> rpYit Aj;jj;jpy; jkf;Nfw;gl;l tPo;r;rpahy; cUthd tuyhw;Wf; fho;g;GzHr;rpapd; ghpkhzq;fNs vd;gJ kpifay;y.

,e;j tifapy; Nkw;fj;Nja njhlHG+lfq;fs; (Media) ,];yhkpa cyfpy; Vw;gLj;jp te;Js;s> tUfpd;w ghjfkhd tpisTfSs; rpy gpd;tUkhW :

,];yhkpa ek;gpf;iff; Nfhl;ghl;by; re;Njfq;fis Vw;gLj;Jjy;> ,];yhj;ij Nehf;fpa Nkw;fj;Nja fyhr;rhuf; $Wfspd; CLUtiy Kidg;ghf;Fjy;

K];ypk;fSf;F kj;jpapy; fUj;J Kuz;ghLfis Njhw;Wtpj;jy;

K];ypk; murpay; jiyikfSf;fpilNa Kuz;ghLfisj; Njhw;Wtpj;jy;

fhydpj;Jt thjpfNs caHe;jtHfs; vd;w kNdh epiyia Vw;gLj;jy;

Nkw;fj;Nja ehfhPf Nkhfj;ijAk; ftHr;rpiaAk; ,isQHfSf;F Cl;Ljy;. ,jd; %yk; ,];yhkpa tho;f;if KiwapypUe;J mtHfisj; J}ukhf;Fjy;

jur;rpwg;Gk; nrOikAk; nfhz;l ,];yhkpa tuyhW Fwpj;J xU $l;L kwjpia (Collective Amnesia) K];ypk;fSf;F kj;jpapy; Vw;gLj;Jtjd; %yk; njhopy;El;gj;jpy; jhk; Kd;Ndw KbahjtHfs;> jhk; vg;NghJk; rhHe;J thOk; r%fk; (Dependent Society) vd;w kNdh epiyia Vw;gLj;Jjy;.

,isQHfisg; ghypay;> r%f mj;JkPwy;> Nghijt];Jg; ghtid> tf;fpuk; Nghd;w ,d; nray;fSf;F ,l;Lr; nry;Yk; epfo;r;rpfis jahhpj;J toq;Fjy;

cz;ikapy; Nkw;fj;Nja njhlHG+lf xOf;ftpay; jdJ jha;ehl;L eyd;fisg; ghJfhf;fTk; ,uhZt> murpay; Nkyhjpf;fj;ijg; NgzTNk gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wJ. kjr;rhHgw;w tho;f;if khjphpia (Secular Life System) mDrhpf;Fk; Nkw;FyF gpd;etPdj;Jt (Post Modern) fiyapay; Nfhl;ghl;il jdJ njhlHG+lfq;fspy; mKy;gLj;Jtij fhzyhk;. tf;fpuk;> jpfpy;> fhkk;> Ntbf;if ,itNa gpd; etPdj;Jtj;jpy; mbg;gilfs;. mNjNghd;W rlthjj; jd;ik ,ioNahLk; Nkw;F ehfhPfj;jpd; Kjyhspj;Jt kNdh epiyahdJ ,yhg Nehf;fpw;Nf Kd;Dhpik toq;Ffpd;wJ. ,t;thwhd gy;NtW fhuzq;fshy; xU rpwe; njhlHG+lf xOf;ftpaiy cUthf;Ftjpy; Nkw;Fyfpd; Njhy;tpiaj; jtpHf;ftpayhkw; Ngha; tpl;lJ.

 

njhlHG+lf xOf;ftpay; xU tuyhw;W Nehf;F

15k; 16k; E}w;whz;Lfspy; INuhg;ghtpy; gj;jphpf;ifj; Jiw mwpKfkhdJ. Kjy; ,jopay; (Journalism) rhHe;j chpikfs;> flikfs;> xOq;Ffs; njhlHghd xOf;ftpay; ghpkhzq;fs; njhlHr;rpahf thjg; gpujpthjq;fSf;Fl;gl;L te;Js;sd. ,d;iwa jpdk; tiu epfo;e;Js;s tpthjq;fs; gj;jphpf;if Fwpj;jhdthf kl;LNk ,Uf;fpd;wd. ntFrdj; njhlHG+lfj;jpd; Kf;fpa gFjpahf tpsq;Fk; (xspgug;G) njhiyf;fhl;rp> thndhyp Fwpj;j xOf;ftpay; ,d;Dk; njspthf Kd; itf;fg;gltpy;iy.epfOk; ,t;thjq;fs; ,uz;L Kf;fpa njhdpg; nghUis ikag;gLj;jpAs;sd.

  • njhopy; Kiw xOf;ftpay; (Professional Ethics)

  • Nky;tuk;gpLk; ntFrdf; Nfhl;ghLfs; (Normative Philosophic Theories of Public Communication)

Fwpg;gpl;l xU gj;jphpf;ifapy; jd;id ,izj;Jf; nfhz;L mjd; %yk; fpilf;Fk; tUkhdj;jpd; %yk; thof;if elhj;Jk; xU njhopy; Kiw ,jopayhsd; (Professional Journalist) jdJ ,jopay; nraw;ghLfspy; vt;thW jhHkPf hPjpah ele;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. (ciog;Gf;Fk;) tUkhdj;Jf;Fk; kf;fs; Nritf;Fk; ,ilapy; mtd; Ngz Ntz;ba kdpj Neak; rhHe;j r%f tpOkpaq;fs; vit vd;gijNa ,q;F Kjw;gFjp epw;fpwJ. Rje;jpu ,jopayhsidg; (Free Lance Journalist) nghWj;jtiu ,J mt;tsT J}uk; gpur;idf;Fhpajd;W.

,uz;lhtJ gFjp> gj;jphpf;if nra;jpf; $WfSf;Fk;> r%f mikjpf;Fk;> rPuhf;fj;jpw;Fk; ,ilapy; epyt Ntz;ba xOq;Ffs; Fwpj;jjhFk;. 1920 fspNyNa Kjd; Kjypy; njhopy; Kiw xOf;ftpaw; Nfhit tFf;fg;gl;lJ. vdpDk; Rje;jpuk;> cz;ik> Gw epiyj;jd;ik Nghd;w mjd; mbg;gilfs; vq;FNk cWjpahfg; gpd;gw;wg;gltpy;iy. mNef mur rhHgw;w epWtdq;fSk; mur mikg;Gf;fSk; rHtNjr hPjpahd XH xOf;ff; Nfhitia cUthf;Fk; Kaw;rpapy; <Lgl;L te;Js;sd. me;j tifapy; 1926 y; Pan American Press th\pq;ldpy; elhj;jpa khehl;by; XH xOf;ftpay; Nfhitia Kd; nkhope;jJ.

1950 y; ,J njhlHghd fUj;jhliy Inter American Press mikg;Gk; elj;jpaJ. ,NjNtis 1950-52 fhyg;gphptpy; njhlHG+lftpayhsHfs; fl;lhak; gpd;gw;w Ntz;ba xOf;ftpay; Nfhit Fwpj;J U.N.O. epA+ahHf;fpy; Muha;e;jJ. ,jidj; njhlHe;J 1954 y; I.eh. nghJr;rigahdJ njhopy; Kiw xOf;ftpay; njhlHghf ve;jg; gpuaj;jdj;jpYk; <Lglg; Nghtjpy;iy vd;w KbTf;F te;jJ. rHtNjr hPjpahd xU nghJikg;ghl;il ,t;tpraj;jpy; Vw;gLj;JtJ rpf;fyhdJ vdf; fUjg;gl;lNj ,jw;fhd fhuzkhFk;.

kPz;Lk; 1974 y; INuhg;gpa-r%f gj;jphpf;iffs; tHj;jf rq;fk; (SJUEC) njhopy; Kiw rhH gj;jphpf;iffspd; flikfs;> chpikfs; Fwpj;J xU rl;lf; Nfhitia mwpKfk; nra;jJ. Mdhy; ,J G+Nfhskakhdjhff; (Global) fUjg;gltpy;iy. ,Nj Nghd;W rHtNjr gj;jphpf;iffs; mikg;G (IOJ) njhopy; Kiw xOf;ftpay; Nfhitnahd;iw Kd;nkhope;jJ. ,jpy; ,yj;jPd; 'mnkhpf;f gj;jphpf;iffs; Kd;dzp"Ak; (FELAP) mf;fiw fhl;baJ. Mdhy;> ,it xOf;ftpay; rhHe;j ngWkhdq;fisf; nfhz;ljy;y vdTk; ntWkNd rpy mbg;gilfis khj;jpuNk Kd; itj;Js;sd vdTk; tpthjpf;fg;glyhdJ. ,Ue;j NghJk; ,J 12 ehLfshy; mq;fPfhpf;fg;gl;lJ.

,];yhkpa cyifg; nghWj;jtiu muGg; gj;jphpf;iffSf;fhd xOf;ftpay; gpukhzq;fs; 1977 y; mug; yPf;fpdhy; jahhpf;fg;gl;lJ. vJ vt;thwpUg;gpDk; ,d;W Nkw;fj;Nja ehLfshy; mDrhpf;fg;gLk; njhlHG+lff; nfhs;iffs; cyfk; jOtpa jd;ikia ,oe;J epw;fpd;wd vd;gJ khj;jpuky;y> RNjrpa kl;lj;jpYk; mit ghjfkhd tpisTfisNa Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wd. ,d;lHnel;bd; nghj;jhd;fis mOj;Jfpd;w NghJ jhd; tpUk;gpa ePyg;glj;ij fz;L fopf;Fk;> epiyAk;> ngh];dpahtpYk; ghy;fd; Njrq;fspYk; kpUfgpkhd Kiwapy; epfo;j;jg;gLk; fw;gopg;Gr; rk;gtq;fis INuhg;ghtpYk;> mnkhpf;fhtpYk; fhl;rpg;gLj;jpf; nfhz;L fz;L urpf;Fk; epiyAk; Nkw;fpd; xOf;ftpay; tPo;r;rpia ekf;Ff; fhl;Lfpd;wd. xOf;ftpay; xU gf;fk; ,Uf;f Nkw;Fyfk; J}f;fpg;gpbf;Fk; [dehaf RNyhfq;fSk; ,d;W kjpg;gpoe;J NghAs;sd. 1948 y; I.eh. rigapdhy; kdpj chpikfs; gpufldk; nra;ag;gl;ljpypUe;J UNESCO epWtdk;> Rje;jpuk;> nfsutk;> Ghpe;JzHT Nghd;w mbg;gilfspy; XH cyfk; jOtpa njhlHG+lf mikg;ig cUthf;f Kide;J Njhy;tpiaj; jOtpf; nfhz;lJk; ,jd; fhuzj;jpdhNyNa vd;why; mJ kpifahfhJ.

 

,];yhkpa Nehf;fpy; njhlHG+lf xOf;ftpay;

,];yhk; XH cyfshtpa topfhl;ly; jpl;lj;ijf; nfhz;lJ. mjd; Nghjidfs;> fl;lisfs;> rl;l jpl;lq;fs; midj;JNk kdpj eyd;fisf; fUj;jpw; nfhz;lit. my;yh`;tpd; gpujpepjpahf tpsq;Fk; kdpjd; ,tw;iw mKy;gLj;jp ntw;wp ngw Ntz;Lkhapd; mtd; mjw;fhfj; jahuhf Ntz;Lk;. ,jw;F xU kfj;jhd MSik mtrpakhfpwJ. ,j;jF MSikahdJ rj;jpaj; jhfKk; jpahfKk; gf;FtKk; gz;ghLk; nfhz;l XH MNuhf;fpakhd #oypy; khj;jpuNk cUthf KbAk;. MNuhf;fpak; vd;W ehk; ,q;F Fwpg;gpLtJ ed;ikAk; xOf;fkk; Xq;fp> jPikfSk; jPq;FfSk; ePq;fp epw;Fk; epiyahFk;. me;j tifapy;> xU r%ff; fl;likg;gpd; xOf;fg; ghpkhzj;ijr; rpijf;Fk; ve;j eltbf;ifiaAk; ,];yhk; vjpHf;fpwJ. ,e;jg; gpd;Gyj;jpy; epd;Nw ,];yhk; Kd; itf;Fk; njhlHG+lf xOf;ftpaiy ehk; Nehf;f Ntz;Lk;.

'mbg;gilapy; midj;J mk;rq;fSk; MFkhdit" vd;w rl;l tpjpapdbg;gilapYk;> (xU Kf;fpakhf fhhpak; epiwNtWtjw;Fk; ,d;ndhU fpisf; fhuzk; G+Hj;jpahf Ntz;Lkhapd;> mJTk; (fpisf; fhuzKk;) Kf;fpakhdjhfpwJ)" vd;w tpjpapd; fPOk; ,];yhk; njhlHG rhjdq;fisg; gad;gLj;JkhW J}z;LfpwJ. mNjNtis ,r;rhjdk; vj;jifa xOf;ftpay; ghpkhzj;ijg; ngw Ntz;Lk; vd;gijAk; njspthf Kd;itj;Js;sJ. mtw;iwg; gpd;tUkhW Nehf;fyhk;.

1 njhlHG rhjdq;fs; ntspapLk; my;yJ fhl;rpg;gLj;Jk; nra;jpfs; cz;ikahditahfTk; Mjhug;G+HtkhditahfTk; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. Gs;sp tpguk; my;yJ mjpfhug;G+Ht mwpf;if (Sources)> mbg;gil %yq;fs; (Report) vd;gtw;wpypUe;J nra;jpfisg; ngWfpd;w NghJ $l ,jpy; ftdkhf ,Ug;gJ mtrpak;. ,];yhj;ijg; nghWj;jtiu> 'Mjhug;G+HtkhdJ"> 'ek;gfkhdJ" Nghd;w gpuNahfq;fs; kpf Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;jJ. ,];yhj;jpd; mbg;gilahf tpsq;Fk; njs`Pijf; $l Mjhug;G+Htkhf Vw;Wf; nfhs;Sk;gbNa my;yh`; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whd; :

kdpjHfNs! cq;fs; ,iwtdplkpUe;J cq;fSf;F Mjhuk; te;J tpl;lJ. NkYk; njspthd NgnuhspiaAk; cq;fsplk; ,wf;fp itj;Js;Nshk;. (me;ep]h : 174)

,t;trdj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gLk; 'Mjhuk;" vd;gjw;F my;FHMd; 'GH`hd;" vd;w nrhy;iyg; gad;gLj;jpAs;sJ. GH`hd; vd;why; xd;iw ep&gpg;gjw;fhd rhd;W> mj;jhl;rp> rhl;rp> mbg;gil vd;w fUj;Jf;fisf; nfhz;ljhFk;. MfNt xU nra;jpia my;yJ gj;jpia vOJk; NghJ my;yJ ntspapLk; NghJ mjid ek;gj;jFe;j> Mjhug;G+Htkhd %yj;jpypUe;J ngw;wpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. mNj Nghd;W ,iw epuhfhpg;ghsHfis Nehf;fp my;FHMd; ''ePq;fs; cz;ikahsHfshapd; cq;fs; mj;jhl;rpfisf; nfhz;L thUq;fs;"" vdr; rthy; tpLfpwJ.

jdf;Fj; njsptpy;yhj> my;yJ jhd; mwpahj tpraj;ijg; Ngrpj; jphptij ,];yhk; fLikahfr; rhLfpwJ.

''vijg; gw;wp ckf;Fj; jPHf;fkhd mwptpy;iyNah mijj; njhlu Ntzlhk;. epr;rakhf kWikapy; nrtpg;GyDk; ghHitAk; cs;sKk;.. ,it xt;nthd;WNk mjd; nray; gw;wp tprhhpf;fg;gLk;. (my; ,];uh : 36)

r%fj;jpy; mepahak; Ghpe;J thOk; xU kdpjd; $Wfpd;w nra;jpia clNd Vw;Wf; nfhs;sf; $lhnjdTk; mjid Muha;e;J ghHf;Fk;gbAk; my;FHMd; Fwpg;gpLfpd;wJ.

K/kpd;fNs! jPatd; vtdhtJ cq;fsplk; xU nra;jpiaf; nfhz;L te;jhy; mijj; jPHf;f tprhhpj;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. ,y;iyNay; mwpahikapdhy;> Fw;wkw;w xU r%fj;jhUf;F ePq;fs; jPq;F nra;J tplyhk;. gpd;dH ePq;fs; nra;jit Fwpj;J ePq;fNs ifNrjg;gLtPHfs;. (`{[uhj; : 6)

xU kdpjd; ngha;ak; vd;gjw;F mtd; fhjhy; Nfl;ltw;iwnay;yhk; vLj;Jg; NgrptpLtNj NghJkhdJ. (K];ypk;)

2. cz;ik> mkhdpjk; : ,it ClftpayhsDf;F ,Uf;f Ntz;ba Kf;fpa gz;GfshFk;. %yhjhuq;fspypUe;J jfty;fis> Fwpg;Gfisg; ngWk; NghJ jfty;fs; rhpahditah (Accuracy) vd;gjpy; mkhdpjj;ijg; Ngz Ntz;Lk;. Cfk; fw;gid> gpuik Nghd;tw;iwj; jtpHj;J ek;gfj;jd;ik (Realiability) nfhz;l nra;jpfis khj;jpuNk ntspapl Ntz;Lk;.

''gPjpNah> ghJfhg;Ngh gw;wpa nra;jp mtHfSf;F vl;Lkhdhy; clNd mtHfs; mijg; gug;gp tpLfpwhHfs;. mtHfs; mjid J}jhplNkh my;yJ mtHfs; kj;jpapYs;s mwpQHfsplNkh njhptpj;jhy;> mtHfspilNaAs;s Muha;e;J ghHf;ff; $batHfs; mtw;iw ed;F mwptH.."" (me;ep]h : 83)

''<khd; nfhz;ltHfNs! my;yh`;it mQ;rpf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. NkYk; ePq;fs; cz;ikahsHfSld; ,Uq;fs;"". (mj;njsgh:119)

'',d;Dk; mtHfs; jq;fsplk; xg;gilf;fg;gl;l mkhdpjq;fisAk; thf;FWjpfisAk; fhg;ghw;WthHfs;"". (my;K/kpD}d; : 8)

3. jdpkdpj tpUg;G> ntWg;Gfs;> Raeyk;> FNuhjq;fs;> tpNuhjq;fs; vd;gd gj;jphpf;ifj; JiwapNyh njhlHG+lfq;fspNyh jiyaPL nra;tJ njhlHG+lf jHkj;Jf;F KuzhdjhFk;. vy;yh kf;fSf;Fk; fUj;Jr; nrhy;Yk; chpik> Rje;jpuk; cz;L. Kd;itf;fg;gLk; gy;NtW fUj;jf;fSk; tpkHrdj;Jf;Fs;shFk; NghJ> mq;F ''Rak;"" (Self) FWf;fPL nra;tij mq;fPfhpf;f KbahJ. gj;jphpf;iffspd; Nehf;fk;> ,j;jF re;jHg;gj;jpy; nghJkf;fs; mgpg;uhaj;ij rk;ghjpg;gJk; r%f kl;lj;jpYs;s vy;NyhUf;Fk; gad;juf; $ba KbTfis (General Consonance) NjLtJkhFk;.

''egpNa! mtHfsplk;> 'Ntjj;ijAilNahNu! ekf;Fk; cq;fSf;FkpilNa ,irthd xU nghJ tp\aj;jpd; gf;fk; thUq;fs;..."" vd;W $Wq;fs;.. .."" (My-,k;uhd; : 64)

''mtHfs; jq;fsplk; (Ntjk;) te;j gpd;dUk; jq;fSf;fpilNaAs;s nghwhikapd; fhuzkhfNtad;wp gphpe;J Nghftpy;iy"". (m];]{uh : 14) ,q;F my;FHMd; jdpg;gl;l FNuhj tpNuhjj;ijf; fz;bg;gijf; fhzyhk;.

4. xU jhHkPfg; nghWg;Gs;s gj;jphpf;ifahsd; (Columnist) my;yJ Clftpayhsd; my;yJ ,yf;fpathjp (Man of Letter) xU NghJk; r%f rhHngz;zq;fSf;Nfh (Social Prejudice) gf;fr; rhHGf;Nfh (Partiality) gypahfp tplf; $lhJ. jdf;F tpNuhjkhd xU r%fk; ,Ug;gpd; Ra milahsj;ij my;yJ G+Htpfj;ij jphpj;J> khw;wp nra;jp ntspapLtJ my;yJ jhd; Kd;itf;Fk; Ma;Tf; Fwpg;gpy; epahakw;w kpifg;gLj;jiy my;yJ Fiw kjpg;gPl;il (Under Evaluation) NrHg;gJ Nghd;w tpraq;fs; kdpj tpOkpaq;fSf;F mg;ghw;gl;lit vd;gJ ,];yhj;jpd; ghHitahFk;. MfNt jhd; my;FHMd;> jkf;F tpNuhjkhd r%fkhf ,Ug;gpDk; NeHikiag; NgZkhW typAWj;Jfpd;wJ.

K/kpd;fNs! epahaj;ijepiy ehl;Ltjw;fhf my;yh`;Tf;F ePq;fs cWjpahd rhl;rpahf ,Uq;fs;> ve;j xU $l;lj;jhH kPJk; ePq;fs; nfhz;Ls;s ntWg;G ePjp nra;ahkypUf;f cq;fisj; J}z;l Ntz;lhk;. ePjp nra;Aq;fs;; ,Jnt (jf;thTf;F) - gagf;jpf;F kpf neUf;fkhFk;; my;yh`;Tf;F mQ;Rq;fs;; epr;rakhf my;yh`; ePq;fs; nra;gtw;iw(nay;yhk; ed;F) mwpe;jtdhf ,Uf;fpd;whd;.(my;khapjh : 8)

K/kpd;fNs! ePq;fs; ePjpapd;kPJ epiyj;jpUg;gtHfshfTk;> cq;fSf;Nfh my;yJ (cq;fs;) ngw;NwhUf;Nfh my;yJ neUq;fpa cwtpdUf;Nfh tpNuhjkhf ,Ug;gpDk; my;yh`;Tf;fhfNt rhl;rp $WgtHfshfTk; ,Uq;fs;;(me;ep]h : 135)

Mdhy; eilKiw cyF ,e;j xOq;Ffis tpl;Lj; J}ukhdjhfNt ,aq;fpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wJ. xU Gwk; Nkw;fj;Nja njhlHG rhjdq;fs; ,];yhkpathjpfis Fundamentalist, Seperatist, Terrorist Nghd;w ehkq;fshy; miof;Fk; Nghf;if Vw;gLj;jpAs;sJ. mLj;j gf;fk; tsHe;J tUk; ehLfspy; murpay; tpkHrfHfs; ,dthjg; gpw;Nghf;Ff;Fg; gypahfpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;. ,itaidj;Jk; r%f rhH ngz;zq;fSf;Fg; gpd;dhy; Nghdjhy; Vw;gl;l tpisTfs; vd;gjpy; tpag;gpy;iy.

5. nghWg;Glik (Responsibility) : [dehaf mbg;gilapy; xt;nthU jdpkdpjDf;Fk; fUj;Jr; Rje;jpuk; cz;L vd;w tifapy; gj;jphpf;ifr; Rje;jpuKk; mq;fPfhpf;fg;gl;LfpwJ. ,jdhy; xU nra;jpia thrfHfSf;F gy;ntW topfspy; toq;Fk; chpik gj;jphpf;ifahsDf;F cz;L. Mdhy; ,e;j chpikiag; gad;gLj;Jk; NghJ nghJkf;fsJ eyd;fisg; ghjpf;fhj tifapy; mJ mika Ntz;Lk;. xU rKjhaj;jpd; KJnfYk;ghf mikfpd;w ,isQHfis Fw;wtpay;> ghypay; hPjpahd JHelj;ijfSf;F ,l;Lr; nry;Yk; nra;jpfis my;yJ epfo;r;rpfisg; gug;GtJ rl;lhPjpapy; khj;jpuky;y> xOf;ftpay; hpjpapYk; jtwhdjhFk;. ,];yhj;jpd; fz;Nzhl;lj;jpy; ,J xU r%f mj;JkPwYk; JNuhfKkhFk;.

vtHfs; <khd; nfhz;NlhHfspilNa khdf;Nflhd (ghypay;) tpraq;fs; gut Ntz;Lnkdg; gphpag;gLfpwhHfNsh mtHfSf;F epr;rakhf ,k;ikapYk; kWikapYk; Nehtpid nra;Ak; Ntjid cz;L. my;yh`;Nt mwpe;jtdhf cs;shd;. ePq;fs; mwpa khl;BHfs;. (E}H:19)

,q;Nf my;FHMd; tpgrhuj;ijf; Fwpg;gjw;F gh`p\j; vd;w gjj;ijg; gpuNahfpf;fpd;wJ. vdNt tpgr;rhuj;ijj; J}z;lf; $ba rQ;rpidfs;> gj;jphpf;iffs;> tPbNah ehlhf;fs;> ehlfq;fs;> tpsk;guq;fs;> Rtnuhl;bfs; Nghd;wtw;iw ntspapLtJk; tpw;gid nra;tJk; thq;FtJk; kw;wtHfSf;Ff; nfhLg;gJk; jLf;fg;gl;;litfshFk;. ,t;trdj;jpd; ,Wjpapy; 'my;yh`; mwpe;jtd;" vdf; Fwpg;gpl;bUg;gjd; %yk; XH cz;ik njspthfpd;wJ. mjhtJ ,j;jifa ,op nray;fspy; <LgLfpd;wtHfs; vg;NghJk; kiwe;jpUe;Nj jkJ ifq;fhpaq;fisj; njhlHfpd;wdH. kdpjHfs; ,jid ftdpf;fhtpbDk; my;yh`; ,e;j ufrpaq;fs; midj;ijAk; mwpe;J itj;Js;shd;. vdNt jhd; kWikapYk; mtHfSf;Fj; jz;lid cz;nld vr;rhpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,e;j tprak; (ghypay;> Mghrk;) Nkw;Fyfpy; gpur;rpidf;FhpajhfNt fUjg;glhj msTf;F rHt rhjuzkhf kype;J fhzg;gLfpwJ. ,];yhkpa ehl;by; ,f;Fw;wq;fis ahH Ghpfpd;whHfNsh mtHfSf;F 'Mghrj; jilr; rl;lj;jpd;" fPo; (Obscene Prohibition Act) j/]PH vd;Dk; jz;lid toq;fg;gLk;.

6. gz;ghL (Decency) : ve;jnthU nra;jpiaAk; newpjtwhj KiwapYk; gz;ghlhd KiwapYk; Kd;itf;f Ntz;Lk;. cjhuzkhf> ghypay; ty;Ywnthd;iwf; Fwpj;Jf; fhl;l tpUk;gpdhy; mjid thrpf;Fk; thrfH my;yJ mwpe;J nfhs;Sk; NeaHfs; mDjhgg;gLk; tifapy;> mr;nra;jp rpwe;j thHj;ijfisg; gad;gLj;jp Kd;itf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. khw;wkhf> epHthz thHj;ijfisg; gpuNahfpj;J> gbg;gtdpd; kpUf czHTfisf; fpsHr;rpailAk; tifapy; mike;J tpLkhdhy; gj;jphpf;ifapd; Nehf;fNk ghohfp tpLfpwJ. ,j;jF rpwe;j mZF Kiwia my;FHMdpYk; Rd;dhtpYk; mjpfk; fhzyhk;.

cjhuzkhf 'clYwT" vd;w fUj;ij Neubahfj; jUfpd;w '[pkhc"> 'tjc" Nghd;w nrhw;fis tpLj;J> rhjhuz muG nkhopapy; 'njhLjy;" vd;w fUj;ijf; nfhLf;Fk; 'yk;];"> 'k];" Nghd;w nrhw;fis my;FHMd; gad;gLj;Jfpd;wJ. ]{d;dhtpYk; ,J Nghd;w mZFKiwia ehk; fhzyhk;.

gj;jphpf;ifr; Rje;jpuk;> fUj;Jr; Rje;jpuk; vd;w Nfh\q;fis vOg;gpf; nfhz;L r%f rhHngz;zq;fSf;Fg; gypahFk; gj;jphpf;ifahsHfs; epHthz thHj;ijfisg; gug;gp Mghr czHTfisj; J}z;LtJk;> gj;jphpf;ifj; Jiwapy; jdpg;gl;l tpUg;G ntWg;Gf;fspy; jiyapLtJk; MNuhf;fpakhd xU r%f mikg;igf; fl;bnaOg;g ve;jg; gq;fpidAk; Mw;whJ. ,];yhj;jpd; mZFKiw khj;jpuNk ,e;jr; rpf;fYf;F jPHthf mikAk; vd;w tifapy;> mtw;iw mDrhpf;f ehk; Kida Ntz;Lk;. mg;NghJ khj;jpuNk njhlHG+lftpaypd; jhHkPff; Fwpf;Nfhs;fis mile;J nfhs;s KbAk; vd;gJ jpz;zk;.

Jiz epd;wit :

my; ,/yhKy; ,];yhkpa;ap gP Kth[`jpy; ,/yhkpy; K M]pH> mg;Jy;yh `h]pk; my;-t];tp.

kpf;f]hap]py; ,/yhkpy; ,];yhkp> (K`k;kJ wkohd; A+]{g;)

,jopay; fiy. kh.g.FUrhkp. ,e;jpah

Echo of Islam. Dec.1995

Da'wah Highlights Vol.viii issue August 1997.

ed;wp : ,];yhkpar; rpe;jid

H 4
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