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jiyikaplk; ,Uf;f Ntz;ba gz;Gfs; / ,Uf;f $lhj gz;Gfs;

ney;ypf;Fg;gk; eh;fP]; mz;zd;


jiyikj;Jtj;;ij gw;wp fyhepjp `p\hk; mj;jhypg; mth;fs; "tYf;fl;lhakw;w toptiffis nfhz;L nrayhw;Wtjw;fhf xU FOit J}z;b jpl;lkplg;gl;l jpirapy; ,l;L nry;Yk; eltbf;ifNa jiyikj;Jtk;" vd;W tpthpf;fpwhh;. NkYk; ,];yhKk; jiyikj;Jtj;jpw;Fk;> $l;likg;Gf;Fk; kpFe;j Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nfhLg;gij gpd; tUk; `jP];fspypUe;J njhpe;J nfhs;syhk;.

"K];ypk;fspd; $l;likg;igAk; mth;fsJ jiytiuAk; ePq;fs; gw;wp gpbj;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs;." (Gfhhp> K];ypk;)

"%th; xU gpuahzk; nra;jhYk; mjpy; xUtiu jiytuhf epakpj;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs;" (Gfhhp> K];ypk;)

NkYk; ,];yhkpa ck;kj;jpd; mbj;jsNk mjd; jiyikj;Jtj;jpd; kPNj fl;bnaOg;gl;Ls;sJ vd;gijj;jhd; ckh; (uyp) ,g;gb ,ak;gpdhhh;;fs; "epr;rakhf $l;likg;G ,d;wp ,];yhk; ,y;iy jiyikj;Jtk; ,d;wp $l;likg;G ,y;iy." (]{dd; mj;jhukp)

jiyikf;F Ntnwe;j kjKk; nfhLf;fhj Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ij nfhLf;Fk; mNj Ntis mj;jiyikaplk; ,Uf;f Ntz;ba gz;Gfis gw;wp Fh;MDk; mjd; eilKiw tpsf;fkhd ngUkhdhh; (]y;) tho;Tk; ekf;F top fhl;Lfpd;wd.

my;yh`;tpd; kPJk; ,Wjp ehspd; kPJk; MjuT itj;J my;yh`;it mjpfk; jpahdpg;NghUf;F epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jhplk; Xh; mofpa Kd;khjphp ,Uf;fpwJ. (my; m`;[hg; -21)

jiyikf;F ,Uf;f Ntz;ba Kf;fpa gz;Gfs;

1. jf;th - jiytUf;F ,Uf;f Ntz;ba kpf Kf;fpa gz;ghf ,];yhk; jf;thit jhd; fUJfpwJ. "kf;fis fz;fhzpf;Fk; jiythplk; mtUila nghWg;gpy; cs;s Fbkf;fs; Fwpj;J Nfs;tp Nfl;fg;gLk;" (Gfhhp K];ypk;) vDk; egp nkhopf;F Vw;g ,iwtdplk; jd; nghWg;G Fwpj;J gjpy; nrhy;y Ntz;Lk; vd;w mr;rk; cs;stuhfTk; jd; nray;fSf;Fhpa $ypia kf;fsplkpUe;J vjph;ghh;fhky; Fh;Mdpd; (26:109>127>145>164>180) trdq;fs; Fwpg;gpLtJ Nghd;W ,iwtdplk; kl;LNk vjph;ghh;f;f $ba jiyth;fisNa ,];yhk; vjph;ghh;fpd;wJ.

2. mwpT - tho;tpd; midj;J JiwfSf;Fk; ,];yhk; top vDk; mstpy; ,];yhj;ij gw;wpa KOikahd QhdKk;> khwp tUk; fhyr;#oYf;Nfw;g ,];yhk; vjph;nfhs;Sk; etPd gpur;rpidfSf;F ,];yhj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; jPh;T nrhy;y Ntz;batuha; ,Uj;jy; mtrpak;. NkYk; ,];yhk; jtph;j;j gpw [h`pypa;a nfhs;iffis gw;wpAk; tphpthd mwpT nfhz;ltuha; ,Uj;jypd; mtrpaj;ij gw;wp ckh; (uyp) mth;fs; Fwpg;gpLifapy; ,];yhkpa mwpit kl;LNk ngw;wpUe;J [h`pypa;ahit mwpah xUtd; ,];yhj;ijNa mopj;J tpLthNdh vd mQ;RfpNwd; vd;W Fwpg;gpl;lhh;fs;.

3. cWjp nfhz;l neQ;rk; - "my;yh`;tpw;F kpf ctg;ghd nray;fs; ahnjdpy; mjid nra;gth; njhlh;rpahf nra;tNj" (Gfhhp> K];ypk;) vDk; egpnkhopf;Nfw;g vLj;Jf; nfhz;l fhhpak; my;yh`;Tf;F ctg;ghd xd;W vdpy; mij vj;Jiz vjph;g;Gfs; te;jhYk; mij Kbf;ff; $ba jpwd; cilatuhf jiyik ,Uj;jy; mtrpak;. vj;jid vjph;g;Gfs; te;j NghjpYk; kdq;Fd;wp tplhky; neQ;Ruk; kpf;f jiyik ,];yhkpa ghh;itapy; kpf Njitahd xd;whFk;.

4. epiyikia fzpf;Fk; jpwd; - jdJ gyk;> gytPdj;ij gw;wp ,];yhkpa jiyik njhpe;J itj;jpUg;gJld; vjphpfis vilNghLk; Mw;wy; nfhz;ltuha; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. ghh;g;gjw;F ntspg;gilahf rhjfkhd #oy; Nghd;W njhpahtpl;lhYk; njhiyNehf;F ghh;itAld; ePz;l fhy ,yl;rpaj;ij nfhz;L nray;gl Ntz;Lk;. `Pijgpah cld;gbf;ifapd; NghJ ngUkhdhh; (]y;) mth;fs; ele;J nfhz;l Kiw kpfr;rpwe;j cjhuzk;.

5. ePjp nrYj;Jjy; - jiytuhf ,Uf;f $bath;fs; ve;j nrhe;jq;fs;> ,uj;j ge;jq;fs;> nry;thf;F> mjpfhuj;Jf;Fk; gzpahky; rhpahd Kiwapy; ePjp toq;f $bath;fshf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. "kf;fspy; xU rhuhh; NkYs;s ntWg;G mf;fpuk; nra;Ak;gb cq;fis J}z;lhjpUf;fl;Lk; ePq;fs; ePjp nrYj;Jq;fs; mJ jhd; jf;thTf;F kpf neUq;fpaJ." (5:8)

6. jplTWjp> nghWik> tPuk; - ,k;%d;W gz;GfSk; xd;Nwhnlhd;W gpd;dpg; gpize;jit. ,];yhkpa ghijahdJ my;yh`;tpd; ghy; kf;fis miof;ff; $ba kpfg;ngUk; gdp Mjyhy; gy;NtW FWf;fPLfs; tUk;. ,ilj;jlq;fy;;fisAk;> tha;g;Gfs; eOtpg; NghtijAk; jPuj;Jld; nghWj;J nray;glf; $batuhfTk;> jdf;F Vw;glf;$ba Jd;gq;fis nghWikAld; jhq;fpf; nfhs;sf; $batuhf jiyik ,Uj;jy; mtrpak;.

7. ,];jpfhkj; - rj;jpag; ghijapy; ,Ue;J jd;id jpUg;gp tpl vt;tsNth cghaq;fis Nkw;nfhz;l NghJk; ,d;dy;fis nfhLj;j NghJk; epiyFiyahky; "my;yh`;tpd; kPJ Mizahf> ,k;kdpjh;fs; #hpaid vdJ xU ifapYk; re;jpuid kWifapYk; nfhz;L te;J itj;jhYk; $l ehd; ,jid if tplkhl;Nld;> my;yh`; vdf;F ntw;wpiaj; jUthd; my;yJ ehd; ,jd; topapy; nrj;J kbNtz;" vd;W ngUkhdhh; (]y;) mth;fs; epiyFiyahky; #Siuj;jJ Nghd;w jd;ik cilatuhf jiyik ,Uj;jy; mtrpak;.

8. nghJ mwpT jpwd; - ,];yhkpa jiyikahdJ vg;gb ngUkhdhh; (]y;) mth;fs; jd; Njhoh;fspd; gyk;> gytPdj;ij Ghpe;J mtuth; ,ay;Gf;Nfw;w tifapy; Ntiyiaf; nfhLj;jhh;fNsh mJ Nghy; jdf;F fPo; cs;s njhz;lh;fis Ghpe;J nfhz;L> Ntiyia gfph;e;J nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;. jkJ vz;zq;fisak;> jpl;;lq;fisAk;> nfhs;iffisAk; kf;fs; kdjpy; jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jf; $ba msTf;F "nrhy;tij njspthf Neubahf nrhy;Yq;fs;" vDk; ,iwthf;fpaj;jpw;Nfw;g njspthf nrhy;yf; $batuha; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

"K`k;kj; (]y;) mth;fspd; Ngr;R njspthd thh;j;ijfshfNt fhzg;gl;lJ. mjid Nfl;l midtUk; vspjpy; tpsq;fpf; nfhz;ldh;" (mG+jhT+j;)

"ehd; RUf;fkhf> Mdhy; mjpf tpsf;fKs;s thh;j;ijfis Ngrr;$batdhf mDg;gg;gl;Ls;Nsd;." (Gfhhp)

9. Nrit kdg;ghd;ik - "r%fj;jpd; jiyth; kf;fspd; Nrtfuhthh;" (mj; jhukp) vDk; egp nkhopf;Nfw;g Nrit kdg;ghd;ik nfhz;ltuha; jiyth; jpfo;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

10. \Puh - jd;dpr;irahf KbntLf;fhky; ,iwar;rKk; QhdKk; epuk;gpa khh;f;f mwpQh;fis fye;J MNyhrpj;J KbntLf;f $batuhf jiyth; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ",iw ek;gpf;ifahsh;fs; xt;Nthh; fhhpaj;ijAk; jq;fSf;Fs; fye;jhNyhrpg;ghh;fs;" (\Puh 38) rfy fhhpaq;fspYk; mth;fsplk; fye;jhNyhrpg;gPuhf (My ,k;uhd;- 159)

 

jiyikaplk; ,Uf;f $lhj gz;Gfs;

1. gjtpf;F Mirg;gly; - "gjtpf;fhf Mirg;glhjPh;fs; ePq;fs; mijf; Nfl;L ngw;why; mjdplNk ePq;fs; xg;gilf;fg; gLtPh;fs;. ePq;fs; Nfl;fhkNyNa mg;gjtp cq;fSf;F fpilj;jhy; mjd; nghWg;Gfis epiwNtw;w cq;fSf;F cjtp fpilf;Fk;." (Gfhhp) vd;w egp nkhopg;gb gjtpf;F Mirg;gLgtiu jiytuhf;f khl;Nlhk; vd;W ngUkhdhh; (]y;) mth;fs; $wpaJ Nghd;W gjtpf;F miygtuhf jiyik ,Uf;ff; $lhJ.

2. FLk;g nrhj;jhf fUJjy; - u#y; (]y;) mth;fs; $wpaJ Nghd;W gjtpia xU mkhdpjkhf fUjp nghWg;Gld; jd; fPOs;sth;fSf;F nra;a Ntz;ba flikia nra;a Ntz;LNk jtpu FLk;g nrhj;jhf nghWg;ig fUjf; $lhJ. "K];ypk;fspd; $l;L tptfhuq;fSf;F nghWg;ghd mjpfhhp mth;fsplk; Nkhrbj;jdkhf ele;J nfhs;thdhapd; mtd; kPJ my;yh`; Rtdj;ij `uhkhf;Ffpwhd;" (Gfhhp)

3. jd;id Kd;dpiyg;gLj;Jjy;> Gfohir - Gfo; ngwNtz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf nrUf;Fld; gpwiu Gwf;fdpj;J jd;id Kd;dpiyg;gLj;Jgtuhf jiyik ,Uf;ff; $lhJ "mZtsT fh;tk; cs;sth; Rtdj;jpy; Eioa khl;lhh;". (K];ypk;)

4. gytPdkhdth; - mG+jh; (uyp) mth;fs; egp (]y;) mth;fsplk; nghWg;Gfis Nfl;l NghJ K`k;kJ (]y;) mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs; "mG+jh;Nu epr;rakhf ePh; gytPdkhdth; mg;nghWg;Ngh kpfg; gSthd mkhdpjkhFk;. mjid chpa Kiwapy; epiwNtw;whjtUf;F kWikapy; mJNt rhgkhfTk; ,opthfTk; khwptpLk;" (K];ypk;) vDk; egpnkhopf;Nfw;g mg;nghWg;Gf;Nfw;w cly; cs jFjpAs;sth;fNs mg;nghWg;ig Vw;f Ntz;Lk;.

5. nrhy; NtW> nray; NtW "<khd; nfhz;lth;fNs! ePq;fs; nra;ahj fhhpaq;fis Vd; VTfpd;wPh;fs;" (m];]g; 2) vDk; ,iwthf;fpw;Nfw;g jiyth;fs; Njitaw;w thf;FWjpfis toq;ff; $lhJ. jq;fshy; rhj;jpakhdij kl;Lk; nrhy;y Ntz;Lk;.

6. Mlk;gu tho;f;if - jiyik nghWg;gpy; cs;sth;fs; jk; cWg;gpdh;fSf;F Kd; khjphpahf jq;fs; tho;it mikj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;LNk jtpu Mlk;gu tho;f;ifapy; jpisf;ff; $lhJ. rhk;uh[;aq;fspypUe;J rpW mikg;Gfs; tiuapyhd tPo;r;rpf;F ,JTk; xU Kf;fpa fhuzk;. "md;wp mth;fs; nryT nra;jhy; msit fle;J tpl khl;lhh;fs; cNyhgpj;jdKk; nra;a khl;lhh;fs; ,jw;F kj;jpa juj;jpy; ,Ug;ghh;fs;" (Gh;fhd; 67)

7. Nfhioj;jdk; - gpur;rpidfs; Vw;gLk; NghJk; jk; fPOs;sth;fis jtpf;f tpl;Ltpl;L xspe;J nfhs;sf; $batuhf jiyth; ,Uf;ff; $lhJ NkYk; (8:60) y; my;yh`; nrhy;fpwgb jhDk; vj;jpahfj;jpw;Fk; jahuhtNjhL jd; r%fj;;ijAk; jahh;gLj;j $batuha; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

8. nghwhik - nghwhik jiythplj;jpy; ,Uf;f $lhj gz;ghFk;. Vndd;why;; mJ jhd; gpw jPa Fzq;fshd Nfhs; nrhy;Yjy;> Fw;wq;fis JUtp Muha;jy;> Gwk; midj;jpw;Fk; Kf;fpa fhuzkha; cs;sJ. mjdhy; jhd; ngUkhdhh; (]y;) mth;fs; "cq;fis ePq;fs; nghwhikapypUe;J fhg;ghw;wpf; nfhs;Sq;fs;> Vnddpy; neUg;G tpwif jpd;gJ Nghy; nghwhik ew;nray;fis mopj;J tpLfpwJ" (mG+jhT+j;) vd gfh;e;jhh;fs;.

Nkw;$wg;gl;lit mbg;gilapy; xU jiyik mikAk; NghJ epr;rak; mJ ,];yhj;ij kyur; nra;Ak; Xh; cd;dj jiyikaha; kpspUk;. vdNt vj;jiyikAk; mbg;gilahf

1. my;yh`;Tf;F Kw;wpYk; mbgzpjy;> KOtJk; mtid rhh;e;jpUj;jy;.

2. nghWg;ig nrt;tNd epiwNtw;w Njitahd cs> cly;> mwpT> Mw;wy;fs;> typik.

3. fye;jhNyhrid %yk; KbntLj;J nray;gLjy;.

Nghd;w jd;ikfis mtrpak; ngw;wpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. mj;jiyik k`y;yh Nghd;w rpwpa nghWg;ghapUe;jhYk; Ml;rp jiyik Nghd;w ngUk; nghWg;ghapUe;jhYk; rhpNa.

H 4
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