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Rj;jk; Rfk; jUk;


kdpjdpd; ghpzhk tsHr;rp vd;gJ> kdpjDf;Fk; tpyq;fpdq;fSf;Fk; cs;s tpj;jpahrk; jhd;> me;j tpj;jpahrk; Rj;jkhf ,Ug;gjpy; ,Uf;fpd;wJ vd;gij ahtUk; mwptH.

mRj;jq;fs;

xU K];ypikg; nghWj;jtiu mtd; mRj;jkhdtdhf ,Uf;f KbahJ. mtd; jd;id mRj;jq;fspypUe;J ghJfhj;Jf; nfhz;ltdhf ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mJ mtDila cilahf ,Uf;fl;Lk;> ,Ug;gplkhf ,Uf;fl;Lk;> mtd; jdJ Rw;wg;Gwr; #o;epiyfis J}a;ikahf itj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;Nw ,];yhk; typAWj;Jfpd;wJ.

cjhuzkhf>

kdpjf; fopTfs;> rpWePH> ,uj;jk;> rPo;> gwit kw;Wk; tpyq;fpdq;fspd; vr;rq;fs;> kdpjHfs; mUtUg;gilaj;jf;f tifapy; ,Uf;ff; $baitfs;> cz;Ztjw;Fj; jil tpjpf;fg;gl;l nghUl;fs;> cgNahfpf;fj; jil nra;ag;gl;l nghUs;fs; Mfpatw;wpypUe;J J}a;ikahf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W ,];yhk; tpUk;Gfpd;wJ.

kPd; kw;Wk; ntl;Lf;fpsp> ML> khL> xl;lfk; Mfpatw;wpd; Njhy;fisj; jtpu> ,d;Dk; capNuhL cs;s gpuhzpfs; ntspaplf; $ba midj;Jk; mRj;jq;fshFk;. ,d;Dk; cz;z mDkjpj;jpUf;fpd;w tpyq;fpdq;fis> ,];yhk; $Wfpd;w tiuaiwg;gb mWf;fhky; ,Ug;gpDk; mitAk; mRj;jkhditNa.

vdNt> ,g;gbg;gl;l mRj;jq;fs; clypNyh my;yJ MilapNyh my;yJ ehk; Goq;ff; $ba ghj;jpuq;fs; kw;Wk; ,lq;fspy; gl;L tpl;lhy; me;j ,lj;ij clNd jz;zPH njspj;J> Rj;jg;gLj;j Ntz;baJ mtrpakhFk;.

Fspj;jy;

Fspj;J Rj;jkhf ,Ug;gJ kdpjidg; nghWj;jtiu gy tpjq;fspy; mJ mtrpakhfpd;wJ. mJ mtid r%fj;jpy; rpwe;j kdpjdhfg; ghpzkpf;fr; nra;fpd;wJ. kdpjdJ tho;tpy; kf;fs; njhlHG vd;gJ kpfTk; mj;jpahtrpakhdJ> Fspj;J Rj;jkhf ,Ug;gjd; %yk; mtd; jdJ MSikia mjpfg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s mtDf;F cjTtNjhL> Neha; nehbfspypUe;Jk; mtidg; ghJfhf;fpd;wJ.

Njitahd Neuq;fspy; Fspj;Jf; nfhs;tjd; %yk;> mtdJ clypypUe;J JHehw;wk; mfw;wg;gLfpd;wJ.

Fspf;Fk; Kiw

kdpjd; xU r%fg; gpuhzp. mtd; tpyq;fpdq;fs; Nghyj; jphpa KbahJ. vdNt> jdJ Fspf;Fk; ,lj;ij mtd; NjHT nra;J nfhs;tJk;> me;j ,lk; mtdJ me;juq;f cWg;Gf;fis gpwUf;F vLj;Jf; fhl;lhj tpjj;jpYk; kiwg;Gs;s ,lkhf ,Ug;gJk; mtrpak;. vdNt> Fspf;fj; jahuhF Kd;G fPohilia mzpe;J nfhz;L Fspf;f Ntz;Lk;. mJty;yhky;> MilNa ,y;yhky; Fspg;gij ,];yhk; ntWf;fpd;wJ.

Fspf;ff; $ba ,lq;fspy; rpWePH fspg;gJ $lhJ> mjidj; jtpHj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,d;Dk; me;j ,lk; kzy; ghq;fhd ,lkhf ,Ue;J tpl;lhy; fz;bg;ghf mjidj; jtpHj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwpy;iy vdpy;> me;j ,lq;fspy; Njq;ff; $ba rpWePhpy; ,Ue;J ghf;Bhpahf;fs; cUthff; fhuzkhfp tpLk;. ,d;Dk; rpnkz;l; G+rg;gl;l my;yJ ily;]; gjpf;fg;gl;l ,lkhf ,Ue;jhy;> rpWePH fopj;j ,lj;jpy; clNd jz;zPH tpl;L fOtp> me;j ,lj;ij Rj;jkhf itj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

Fspg;Gf; flikahtJ vg;nghOJ

xU kdpjd; jpdKk; Fspj;Jj; jd;idr; Rj;jkhf itj;Jf; nfhs;tJ vd;gJ mtrpakhdJ.

mJty;yhky; rpy Neuq;fspy; Fspg;G vd;gJ mj;jpahtrpakhfp tpLfpd;wJ. mjhtJ :-

tpe;J ntspahfp tpl;lhy; - J}f;fj;jpy; my;yJ fdT fhZk; nghOJk; tpe;J ntspahdhYk; rhpNa> clYwT nfhz;L tpl;l gpd;Gk; fz;bg;ghf Fspg;gJ flikahFk;.

ngz;fisg; nghWj;jtiu mtHfs; J}f;fj;jpy; fdtpy; clYwT nfhs;tJ Nghyf; fdT fz;L mjd; %yk; mtHfs; jq;fsJ Milapy; <uj;ijf; fz;lhy;> ,d;Dk; khjtplhapd; ,Wjp ehl;fspy;> ,d;Dk; Foe;ij gpwe;J mjd; gpd; Fspg;Gf; flikahff; $ba ehw;gjhtJ ehspy; - Mfpa ehl;fspy; fz;bg;ghff; Fspj;Jj; jd;idj; J}a;ikg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

,d;Dk; rpy Fwpg;gpl;l re;jHg;gq;fspy;> Fspg;gij ,];yhk; typAWj;Jfpd;wJ. ,uz;L ngUehl;fspd; NghJk;> ,];yhj;ijj; jOTk; nghOJk; kw;Wk; nts;spf; fpoik [{k;Mj; njhOiff;F Kd;gjhff; Fspj;Jj; jd;idj; J}a;ikg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;SkhW K];ypk;fis typAWj;Jfpd;wJ.

Fspf;Fk; Kiwfs;

Fspg;gjw;F Kd;ghf fPo;fz;l Kiwfisg; gpd;gw;w Ntz;baJ xU K];ypkpd; kPJ flikahFk; :

  • Fspg;gjw;F Kd;ghf gpwuJ ghHitapypUe;J ehk; kiwthf ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk; vd;gij cWjpg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

  • mtdJ MilfisAk;> Fspj;j gpd; Rj;jk; nra;ag;gad;glf; $ba Jz;ilAk; Rj;jkhd ,lj;jpy; itf;f Ntz;Lk;.

  • Fspg;gjw;F Kd;ghf mtdJ clypy; kw;Wk; mtd; mzpe;jpUf;ff; $ba Milapy; cs;s mRj;jq;fis ePf;f Ntz;Lk;.

  • iffis %d;W Kiw fOtpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

  • thiar; Rj;jg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

  • %f;fpDs; jz;zPiur; nrYj;jp rpe;jp> Rj;jg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

  • Kfj;ijAk;> iffisAk; Rj;jk; nra;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

  • jz;zPiu clk;gpy; Cw;Wk; nghOJ> mjid tyJ Gwj;jpy; ,Ue;J Muk;gpf;f Ntz;Lk;.

  • jz;zPH mtdJ clypd; midj;Jg; ghfq;fisAk; eidj;jpUf;fpd;wjh vd;gijAk;> jiyKb kw;Wk; kapHf;fhy;fs; eide;jpUf;fpd;wjh vd;gijAk; cWjpg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

  • tpuy;fisf; nfhz;L if tpuy; ,Lf;Ffs; kw;Wk; ghjq;fspd; tpuy; ,Lf;fspy; Nja;j;Jf; fOt Ntz;Lk;.

  • clk;gpy; Nrhg;Gg; Nghl;BHfs; vd;why;> Nrhg;G clk;gpy; xl;bapUf;fhjthW jz;zPiu Cw;wp Rj;jg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,itahTk; Fspf;Fk; nghOJ xU K];ypk; filgpbf;f Ntz;baitfs;.

  • ghj;lg;gpy; Fspg;gJ mDkjpf;fg;gl;lJ. ,Ug;gpDk;> ghj;lg;gpw;Fs; Eiotjw;F Kd;ghf clypy; cs;s midj;J mRj;jq;fSk; ePf;fg;gl;bUg;gij ePq;fs; cWjpg;gLj;jpf; nfhz;L tpl;lgpd;> EiotJ ey;yJ.

clk;gpy; rpy ghfq;fspy; cs;s mRj;jq;fis ePf;FtJ Fwpj;J :

clk;gpy; mbf;fb mRj;jq;fs; Nruf; $ba gFjpfs; cs;sd. mtw;iwj; njhpe;J nfhs;tNjhL> mbf;fb me;j ,lq;fis Rj;jg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;tJ mtrpakhFk;.

  • mf;Fs; Kbfis tsu tplhky; gpLq;fpf; fisa Ntz;Lk;. ,ayhnjdpd; mjid rtuk; nra;J nfhs;syhk;.

  • kPir Kbfis tsu tplhky; fj;jhpj;J tpLtJ.

  • if kw;Wk; fhy; efq;fis mbf;fb ntl;b tpl;Lf; nfhs;tJ> mt;thW efq;fis ntl;Lk; nghOJ mtdJ tyJ if my;yJ tyJ fhy; efq;fis Kjypy; ntl;l Muk;gk; nra;a Ntz;Lk;. ,Wjpahf ,lJ if my;yJ ,lJ fhy; efq;fis ntl;bf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

  • kHk];jhdj;jpy; tsuf; $ba Kbfis tsu tplhky; fisa Ntz;Lk;.

,d;Dk; clypd; Vida gFjpfshd Kfk;> if> jiy> ghjq;fs; Mfpatw;iwAk; Rj;jkhf itj;Jf; nfhs;tJ mrpakhFk;. ,t;thW Rj;jkhf ekJ cliy itj;Jf; nfhs;tJ> cly; MNuhf;fpakhfTk;> Gj;JzHr;rpAlDk; ,Uf;f cjTk;. Vnddpy;> kf;fs; njhlHgpd; nghOJ mjpfk; ntspj; njhpaf; $ba gFjpfshf ,it ,Ug;gjhy;> Rj;jkhf itj;Jf; nfhs;tjd; %yk; ekJ njhlHGfs; tYtiltNjhL> ek;kplkpUe;J gpwiu mg;Gwg;gLj;Jk; nraiy cz;L gz;zhJ.

Fwpg;ghf> tha; JHehw;wk; cs;stHfs; kpFe;j ftdk; vLj;J> mjw;fhd kUj;Jtk; nra;J nfhs;s Ntz;baJ mtrpakhFk;. Vnddpy;> ePq;fs; gpwUld; Ngrpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; nghOJ> kw;wtHfSf;F vhpr;riyAk;> cq;fsplkpUe;J tpil ngw;why; NghJk; vd;w kdepiyiaAk; mJ cUthf;fp tpLk;. gw;fis JHehw;wj;jpypUe;J ghJfhf;ff; $ba top Kiwfs; rpy :-

  • xt;nthU rhg;ghl;bw;Fg; gpd;Gk; cq;fsJ gw;fSf;fpilNa NrHe;jpUf;Fk; czTj; JZf;Ffis gw;Fr;rp nfhz;L mfw;Wq;fs;.

  • ,d;Dk; kp];thf; my;yJ gpu\; nfhz;L Rj;jg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. ,g;nghOJk; gw;fisr; Rj;jg;gLj;j Muk;gpf;Fk; nghOJ tyJ gf;fkpUe;J Muk;gk; nra;Aq;fs;.

NkNy ehk; Rl;bf; fhl;bapUf;fpd;w Kiwfs; xt;nthd;Wk; jdpj;jdp nray;Kiwfisf; nfhz;lit. vdNt> ,uz;ilAk; Kbe;jsT nra;tJ ey;yJ. gw;giriaAk;> gpu\;i\Ak; ehk; NghFkplnky;yhk; nfhz;L nry;y KbahJ. Mdhy;> kp\;thf; Fr;rpiaAk;> gw;Fr;rp iaAk; nfhz;L nry;y KbAk;. vdNt> vJ cq;fSf;F trjpahdNjh mjd;gbr; nray;gl;Lf; nfhs;Sq;fs;.

,d;Dk; gpwiur; re;jpf;fg; Nghfpd;wPHfs; vd;why;> mjw;F Kd;ghf cq;fsJ gw;fis kp\;thf; Fr;rp nfhz;L xUKiw Jyf;fpf; nfhs;tJ eyk;. mJ cq;fsJ thapy; cs;s JHehw;wj;ijg; Nghf;ff; $bajhf ,Uf;Fk;.

,d;Dk; mYty;fspypUe;J ePq;fs; tPL jpUk;Gk; nghOJ> cq;fsJ thapy; rpy khw;wq;fs; Vw;gl;bUf;Fk;. vdNt> tPl;bDs; Eioe;jJk; Kjypy; kw;w mYty;fSf;F Kd;ghf cq;fsJ thia jz;zPH tpl;L nfhg;gspj;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs;.

xg;gid kw;Wk; xg;gidg; nghUl;fs;

  • xg;gidiag; nghWj;jtiu Mz;fSf;Fk;> ngz;fSf;Fk; jdpj;jdpr; rl;lq;fs; ,Ug;gpDk;> ,UtUf;Fk; nghJthd mk;rq;fSk; cs;sd.

rpif myq;fhuk;

  • jiyapd; xU gFjpiar; rpiuj;J tpl;L ,d;ndhU gFjpapy; Kbia tsu tpLtJ> ,];yhkpa fyhr;rhuj;jpidr; rhHe;jjy;y. ,d;iwf;F ,isQHfs; jiyiar; Rw;wpYk; mjd; Xug; gFjpfis Kw;wpYkhfr; rtuk; nra;J tpl;L> Nkw;gFjp Kbia tsu tpl;Lf; nfhs;tijg; ghHf;fpd;Nwhk;. ,J ,];yhkpa fyhr;rhuj;jpw;F khWghldjhFk;.

  • jiyKbf;Fj; jdpf; ftdk; nrYj;JtNjhL> mjid vg;nghOJk; Rj;jkhfTk;> vz;nza; Nja;j;J jiyia thhp> rPtp mofhf itj;Jf; nfhs;tJk; mtrpak;. ,J ,];yhkpa eilKiwAk; $l. Mdhy; moq;fhuk; vd;gjw;F tuk;GkPWjy; $lhJ.

  • ,];yhj;jpw;nfd gpuj;Naf rpif myq;fhuk; vJTk; fpilahJ. ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; %d;W Kiwfspy; jiyKbia tsu tpl;Ls;shHfs;. t/gh vd;W nrhy;yf; $ba fhJ kly;fs; tiuf;Fk; Kbia tsu tpLtJ> mLj;J ypk;kh vd;W nrhy;yf; $ba fhJkly;fSf;Fk; fPohf Kbia tsu tpLtJ> %d;whtjhf [{k;kh vd;w Njhs; G[k; tiuf;Fk; Kbia tsu tpLtJ vd;w ,e;j %d;W Kiwfspd; gpufhuk; jq;fsJ Kbia tsu tpl;Ls;shHfs;.

jhb

  • jhb vd;gJ Mz;fSf;Nf chpj;jhdjhFk;. vdNt> mjid kopf;fhky; tsu tpl Ntz;Lk;.

  • jhbia Rj;jkhfTk;> rPtp Kiwg;gLj;jp guhkhpf;f Ntz;Lk;.

  • ,d;Dk; jhb ntz;ik epwkhf khwp tpl;lhy;> kUjhzp Nghl;Lf; nfhs;tjw;F ntl;fg;glf; $lhJ.

  • jhbiag; gpLq;fTk; $lhJ.

thridj; jputpaq;fs;

  • mf;Fs; gFjpapypUe;J tuf; $ba JHehw;wj;ijg; Nghf;Ftjw;Fk;> ,d;Dk; Mil mzpfyd;fspy; thridj; jputpaq;fisg; G+rpf; nfhs;tJk; ey;yJ. thridj; jputpaq;fspy; kpfr; rpwe;jJ k];f; vz;nza;ahFk;. ahNuDk; thridj; jputpaq;fis md;gspg;ghff; nfhLj;J> G+rpf; nfhs;sr; nrhd;dhy; kWf;fhJ G+rpf; nfhs;tJ ,];yhkpa eilKiwahFk;.

kPir

  • kPiria tsu tpLjy; $lhJ. kPiriag; gpLq;FtJ ey;yJ. Nky; cjL njhpAk; msT kPiriag; gpLq;FtJ my;yJ kopg;gJ rpwe;jJ.

tpuy; Nkhjpuk;

  • jpUzk; MdtH> my;yJ jpUkzk; MfhjtH vd vtUk; if tpuypy; Nkhjpuk; mzpe;J nfhs;syhk;.

  • Mz;fs; jq;f Nkhjpuk; mzptjw;F jil nra;ag;Ls;sJ. kUj;Jtk; my;yJ gy; fl;bf; nfhs;tJ jtpu NtW tiffSf;fhf jq;fj;ij Mguzkhfg; gad;gLj;Jtij Mz;fSf;F jil nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.

  • ,Uk;G kw;Wk; jq;fk; jtpu NtW ve;j cNyhfj;jpdhYk; Nkhjpuq;fs; nra;J Nghl;Lf; nfhs;syhk;.

  • nts;sp Nkhjpuq;fs; mzptjw;F mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

  • Nkhjpuj;ij tyJ my;yJ ,lJ if tpuy;fspy; mzpe;J nfhs;syhk;.

ngz;fSf;fhd myq;fhuk;

  • ,aw;ifapNyNa mtHfSf;F ,Uf;fpd;w moifg; Ngzpf; fhg;gjpy; ftdk; nrYj;JtJ rpwe;jJ> jtpu moF epiyaq;fSf;Fr; nrd;W nraw;if myq;fhu tiffis ehLtJ rpwg;ghdjy;y.

  • mtHfsJ tPl;by; mtHfshfNt jq;fis myq;fhpj;Jf; nfhs;tJ rpwe;jJ.

  • mts; mtsJ moif fztDf;fhfNt myq;fhpf;ff; $batshf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. NkYk;> jpUkzk; Kbg;gjw;F jilAs;stHfSf;F Kd;ghfNt jtpu> NtW me;epaHfSf;F Kd;ghf jdJ myq;fhuj;ij ntspg;gLj;jf; $lhJ.

  • ,d;Dk; myq;fhuj;jpw;nfd jahhpf;fg;gl;l rhjdq;fisg; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;sTk;> thridj; jputpaq;fisg; G+rpf; nfhs;sTk; mDkjpf;fg;gl;bUf;fpd;w mNjNtis> ,tw;iw mts; tPl;by; ,Uf;Fk; fhyq;fspy; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s Ntz;LNk jtpu> ntspaplq;fSf;Fr; nry;tjw;F Kd; thridg; nghUl;fisg; gad;gLj;Jtijj; jtpHe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

  • mtsJ if> fhy;fis kUjhzpg; gTliu miuj;Jg; G+rp moF gLj;jpf; nfhs;syhk;.

ngz;fspd; rpif myq;fhuk;

  • xU ngz; vg;nghOJk; jdJ jiyKbia Rj;jkhfTk;> gspr;nrdTk; itj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. epr;rakhf> Mz;fSf;F jhb vt;thNwh mjidg; NghyNt ngz;fSf;F mtHfs; jiyKb gpuj;NafkhdjhFk;. mJNt mtHfSf;F moF NrHf;ff; $bajhFk;.

  • rpy ngz;fSf;F Kb fl;ilahf ,Uf;Fk;. ,jw;fhf ngha;ahd rthp Kbfisg; gad;gLj;JtJ $lhJ. ,d;Dk; xU ngz; cq;fsplk; te;J> mtsJ rthp Kbiar; rhp nra;J jUk;gb NfhhpdhYk; mjw;F ePq;fs; kWj;J tplTk; Ntz;Lk;

KfKk; iffSk;

  • ngz;fs; jq;fsJ Kfq;fisg; gspr;nrd itj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;F rpwe;j guhkhpg;G Kiwfisf; ifahs Ntz;Lk;.

  • rpy ngz;fsJ Kfj;jpy; Kb Kisj;jpUf;Fk;. ,J ,aw;ifahdJ. ,jw;fhf mtHfs; ntl;fg;gl Ntz;baJkpy;iy> mtw;iw gpLq;fNth my;yJ kopj;J tplNth Njitapy;iy. ,aw;ifahf tsHe;jpUg;gjw;fhf mts; Vd; ntl;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;.

  • ngz;fs; jq;fsJ GUt Kbfisg; gpLq;ff; $lhJ.

  • tpuy; efq;fs; kpf ePz;ljhf tsu tplf; $lhJ.

  • ngz;fs; ntspapy; nry;Yk; nghOJ Kfj;jpw;F Nkf;mg; nra;J myq;fhpj;Jf; nfhz;L nfhz;L nry;tJ $lhJ.

  • fz; ,ik %bf;F fWg;G Mz;bkzp RUkh ,l;Lf; nfhs;syhk;.

  • moFf;fhf gw;fspd; Edpia $Hikahf;fpf; nfhs;tJ> gw;fSf;F ,ilNa ,ilntsp Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhs;tJ Mfpatw;Wf;F mDkjp ,y;iy.

  • ngz; vg;nghOJk; jdJ thia Rj;jkhfTk;> MNuhf;fpakhfTk; itj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

thridj; jputpaq;fs;

  • ngz; jd;Dila tPl;by; ,Uf;Fk; nghOJk;> jpUkz Kbg;gjw;F jilAs;s cwT Kiw cs;stHfSf;F Kd;ghfTk; thridj; jputpaq;fisg; G+rpf; nfhs;s mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

  • thridj; jputpaq;fs; G+rpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;w epiyapy; mts; tPl;il tpl;Lr; nry;tJ mDkjpf;fg;gl;ljy;y. me;j thridiag; Nghf;fp tpl;Lr; nry;tjpy; jtwpy;iy.

  • ngz;fs; thridg; G+f;fis #bf; nfhz;Lk; ntspapy; nry;tJ mDkjpf;fg;gl;ljy;y. mt;thW nry;YKd; thridg; G+f;fis fow;wp itj;J tpl;Lr; nry;tjpy; jtwpy;iy.

  • ngz;fs; Mz;fisg; Nghy myq;fhpj;Jf; nfhs;tJk;> Mz;fs; mzpaf; $ba Milfis mzptJk; jil nra;ag;gl;ljhFk;.

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,UghyUf;Fk; nghJthd topfhl;Ljy;fs;

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H 4
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