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ghy];jPd tuyhW kwf;fhj khtPuH - \`Pj; ,];]j;jPd; my; f];]hk


ghy];jPdpNy a/Gj; vd;nwhU rpwpa fpuhkk;. me;jf; fpuhkj;jpw;Fk; ,d;iwf;F eilngw;Wf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; ,iwg;Nghuhl;lj;jpw;Fk; xU kpfg; nghpa njhlHG xd;wpUf;fpd;wJ. a/Gj; vd;why; tzf;fk; vd;w nghUisf; Fwpf;ff; $baJ. a/Gj; vd;w ,e;jf; fpuhkj;jpy; njhlq;fpa me;j rpd;dQ;rpwpa jPg;nghwp jhd;> ,d;iwf;F K];ypk;fSf;Fk; A+jHfSf;FkpilNa ele;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;w ghy];jPdg; Nghuhl;lf; fsj;jpw;F cap&l;bf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wJ.

ghy];jPd K];ypk;fSf;Fk;> A+jHfSf;FkpilNa ele;j Kjy; MAj Aj;jk; ,e;jf; fpuhkj;jpy; jhd; Muk;gkhdJ. Mk;! ghy];jPdg; Nghuhl;l tuyhW ,g;gbj;jhd; Muk;gkhdJ.

ghy];jPd; vd;w egpkhHfs; gyH te;Jjpj;j me;j Njrk; gpyhj]; \k;]; vd;Wk; miof;fg;gLfpd;wJ. mq;F jhd; K];ypk;fs; ,iwtzf;fj;jpw;fhf Kd;Ndhf;ff; $ba> Kjy; fpg;yhthd igj;Jy; Kfj;j]; vd;wiof;ff; $ba my; Fj;]; mike;jpUf;fpd;wJ.

Kjy; cyfg; NghUf;Fg; gpd;dhs; ghy];jPdg; G+kpahdJ> A+jHfspd; FbNaw;w G+kpahf khwj; njhlq;fpa ehs; Kjy; gpur;idfSf;F Nky; gpur;idfis cUthf;fpaJ. K];ypk;fs; mlf;FKiwfSf;Fk; mr;RWj;jYf;Fk;> gLnfhiyfSf;Fk; Mshf;fg;gl;lhHfs;. ,jw;F gphpl;lDk;> If;fpa ehLfs; rigAk; gf;fgykhf ,Ue;J> A+jHfs; ghy];jPd G+kpapy; FbNaWtjw;F toptFj;jd. ehl;fs; Mf Mf ghy];jPdj;jpy; te;J FbNaWk; A+jHfspd; vz;zpf;if tpRt&gnkLj;jJ. ,jd; tpisTfis K];ypk;fs; kpfTk; jhkjkhf czHe;J nfhs;s Muk;gpj;jdH. A+jHfNsh mg;ghtp K];ypk;fsplj;jpy; epyq;fis mjpf tpiyiaf; fhl;b thq;f Muk;gpj;jdH> kpf Ntfkhf jq;fsJ FbapUg;Gf;fisf; fl;l Muk;gpj;jhHfs;> jq;fsJ gFjpfSf;Fs; MAjq;fisf; flj;jp tu Muk;gpj;jhHfs;> ehsiltpy; me;j MAjq;fisf; nfhz;L Aj;j gapw;rpfisAk; nra;a Muk;gpj;j nghOJ jhd;> K];ypk;fSf;F elf;ftpUf;fpd;w tpghPjq;fs; Ghpa Muk;gpj;jJ.

ghy];jPdj; jiytHfs; epiyikapd; tpghPjj;ij czHe;J jHzh> Nghuhl;lk; vd Muk;gpj;J> mg;Nghijf;F ghy];jPdg; gFjpfisj; jq;fsJ iff;Fs; itj;jpUe;j gphpl;b\; murplk;> ghy];jPdpy; ele;J tUk; mf;fpukq;fisr; Rl;bf; fhl;b kDf; nfhLj;J> mtHfspd; mlhtbj;jdq;fisj; jLj;J epWj;Jk;gbf; NfhhpdH. Mdhy;> ,tHfspd; Nfhhpf;iffs; nrtpld; fhjpy; Cjpa rq;fhfj; jhd; xypj;jd. gphpl;b\; muNr A+jHfspd; FbNaw;wj;jpw;F cjtpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; nghOJ ,tHfsJ Nfhhpf;iffis gphpl;b\; muR vt;thW epiwNtw;Wk;!?

neg;Nghypad; ghy];jPidf; ifg;gw;w Kad;W> mjpy; ntw;wpaila ,ayhky; Nghd NghJ> ghy];jPdkhdJ> gphpl;b\; kw;Wk; gpuQ;Rf; fhydp Mjpf;fj;jpd; fPo; ,Ue;J te;jJ.

gpuQ;Rg; gilfs; ghy];jPid Mf;fpukpj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;gij vjpHj;J rphpahtpd; kj;jpaj; jiuf;fly; gFjpapypUe;j n[g;yh efuj;ijr; NrHe;j  khHf;f mwpQHfs; kf;fisj; jpul;b> gpuQ;Rg; gilfSf;F vjpuhdnjhU Nghul;lj;ij Muk;gpj;jdH. ghy];jPd Mf;fpukpg;gpw;F vjpuhf gpuQ;Rg; gilia vjpHg;gjw;F kf;fisj; jpul;ba mwpQH ngUkf;fSs; \`Pj; ,];]j;jPd; my; f];]hk; mtHfSk; xUtuhthH.

Mdhy; gpuQ;Rg; gilfs; rphpag; gFjpapy; ,Ue;J te;j vjpHg;ig Kwpabj;J> rphpahitf; ifg;gw;wp> jd;Dila Ml;rpapd; fPo; nfhz;L te;jJ. gpuQ;Rg; gilfis vjpHj;Jg; Nghuhl;lq;fis elj;jpa jiytHfs; ifJ nra;ag;gl;L> kuz jz;lid tpjpf;fg;gl;lhHfs;. Mdhy; 1922 y; my; f];]hk; mtHfs; ifJ nra;ag;gl;bUe;j epiyapy;> rpiwia tpl;Lj; jg;gpj;J> ghy];jPid Nehf;fp te;J ,Wjpahf i`/gh vd;wiof;ff; $ba gFjpapy; jd;Dila ,Ug;gplj;ij mikj;Jf; nfhz;lhH. ,q;fpUe;J jhd; my; f];]hk; mtHfs; igj;Jy; Kfj;j]; kw;Wk; ghy];jPdg; G+kpia me;epaHfs; gpbapypUe;J vt;thW tpLtpg;gJ vd;w jpl;lj;ijj; jahhpj;J> mjw;Fr; nray; tbtKk; nfhLf;f Muk;gpj;jhH.

Kjypy; my; f];]hk; mtHfs;> i`/gh efuj;jpy; jd;Dila tho;it Mrphpauhf Muk;gpj;jhHfs;. gpd; mq;Fs;s ,];jpf;yhy; gs;spthrypy; mbf;fb ciufis epfo;j;j Muk;gpj;jhHfs;. ghy];jPdg; G+kpia Mf;fpukpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;w A+jHfs; kw;Wk; gphpl;b\;> gpuQ;Rg; gilfSf;F vjpuhf kf;fis ,U topfspy;> mjhtJ gs;spf; $lj;jpy; khztHfisAk;> gs;spthrypy; epfo;j;jf; $ba ciufs; %yk; nghJkf;fisAk; ,e;jg; Nghul;lj;jpw;fhfj; jahhpj;jhHfs;.

i`/gh efuj;jpy; mtH trjpahd tho;f;ifiaj; NjHe;njLf;ftpy;iy. khwhf> A+jHfspd; mr;RWj;jy;fspd; fhuzkhf jq;fsJ epyq;fis ,oe;jtHfSk;> ViofSkhd me;j kf;fSld; kpfTk; trjp Fiwe;j tPl;by; jhd; mtHfs; FbapUe;jhHfs;.

,];]j;jPd; my; f];]hk; mtHfs;> mq;Fs;s kf;fis mtHfsJ ,lq;fspy; tPl;by;> tpahghuj; jsq;fspy;> tptrha epyq;fspy; vd me;j kf;fspd; midj;J rKjha mYty;fspD}lhfr; re;jpj;J> ,];yhkpa khHf;fj;ijg; gw;wpg; Nghjpj;J te;jhHfs;. me;j kf;fspDila tho;f;ifapy;> Rf Jf;fq;fspy; midj;jpYk; gq;F nfhz;L> me;j kf;fSila md;ig ntd;nwLj;jtHfshfj; jpfo;e;jhHfs;. me;j ghku kf;fis fy;tp mwptpYk; tpopg;gilar; nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;w Nehf;fpy;> mtHfsJ fy;yhik vd;Dk; mwpahikiaAk; Nghf;Ftjw;Fg; ghLgl;lhHfs;. ,tHfsJ ,e;j mZFKiw me;j kf;fspd; ,jaj;ijf; ftHe;jJ. md;iwa jpdk; murpd; iff;$ypfshfr; nray;gl;L Ml;rpahsHfspd; vYk;Gj; Jz;LfSf;fhf miye;J nfhz;Lk;> jq;fsJ chpikfis chpikNahL Nfl;gij tpl;L tpl;L> mtHfsplk; gpr;irf;fhuHfs; Nghy ifNae;jpf; nfhz;LkpUe;j murpay;thjpfisf; fhl;bYk;> me;j kf;fspd; kPJ md;G nfhz;ltHfshfTk;> mtHfsJ gpur;idfspd; kPJ ftdk; nrYj;jf; $batHfshfTk; ,Ue;jhHfs;.

,];]j;jPd; my; f];]hk; mtHfs; me;j kf;fis md;gpdhy; gpizj;J> mtHfsJ tho;f;ifapy; ,];yhj;ij kyur; nra;J> mtHfis mwpTs;s kf;fshf thHj;njLj;J> mtHfSf;Fk; jdf;Fk; ,ilNa kpf czHTg; G+Htkhd neUf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jp> mjd; %yk; me;epaHfis vjpHg;gjw;Fz;lhd Nghuhl;lj;jpw;F tYr; NrH;j;jhHfs;. me;j md;Gg; gpizg;gpd; fhuzj;jhy;> vf; fhuzk; nfhz;Lk; A+jHfSf;F epyj;ij tpw;f Ntz;lhk; vd;W $wpdhHfs;. ,jd; %yk; me;j kf;fs; fbkhdtHfs; kl;Lky;y ijhpahkhdtHfs; vd;gijAk;> mtHfsJ <khdJ typikiaAk;> mw;gzpg;G kdg;ghd;ikiaAk; kpf;ftHfs; vd;gij my; f];]hk; mtHfs; fz;L nfhz;lhHfs;. ,dp me;j kf;fs; ve;j f\;lj;ijAk;> mjdhy; Vw;gLk; tpisTfisAk; ,tHfs; jhq;fpf; nfhs;sf; $ba kdepiyiag; ngw;W tpl;lhHfs; vd;gijAk; fz;L nfhz;lhHfs;. ,g;nghOJ me;jg; gFjpapy; tho;e;j nghJ kf;fspy; Ntiyf;Fr; nry;NthH> njhopy; itj;J elj;jpf; nfhz;bUf;ff; $ba tpahghhpfs; vd midj;J kf;fisAk; jd;Dila ,iwg;Nghuhl;lj;jpw;F tUkhW miog;G tpLj;jhHfs;. mtHfspy; mNefH ,e;j miog;Gf;F nrtpkLj;J> jhq;fs; Nghul;lj;jpw;Fk;> mjpy; jpahfq;fs; Ghptjw;Fk; jahuhf ,Ug;gjhf thf;fspj;jhHfs;.

1928 k; Mz;by; A+jHfs; jq;fsJ rjpj; jpl;lj;jpd; mLj;jgFjpia ntspg;gLj;jpdhHfs;. mJtiu mtHfSf;nfd;W tho;tjw;F xU mb epyk; $l ,y;yhky; ,Ue;jtHfs;> ,g;nghOJ k];[pJy; mf;]h gs;spthrypd; Nkw;Fg; Gw kjpYf;Fk; vq;fSf;Fk; tuyhw;Wg; G+Htkhfj; njhlHG ,Uf;fpd;wJ vd;W $wp> me;j gs;spthry; jq;fSf;F chpj;jhdJ vd;W chpik nfhz;lhl Muk;gpj;jhHfs;. ,tHfsJ ,e;j tpjz;lhthjk; K];ypk;fspilNa kpfg; nghpa nfhe;jspg;ig Vw;gLj;jpaJ. ghy];jPd kf;fs; midtUk; xd;W jpuz;L> Nghuhl;lq;fs; gy nra;J> jq;fsJ vjpHg;igj; njhptpj;jdH. Mdhy;> ,e;jg; Nghuhl;lq;fSk;> kDf; nfhLg;G itgtq;fSk; ve;jtpj gyidAk; <l;bj; je;J tplhJ vd;gijAk;> gphpl;b\; muRk; kw;Wk; If;fpa ehLfs; rigAk; vspNahHfspd; Nfhhpf;iff;F vd;WNk nrtp rha;f;fhJ vd;gjidAk; my; f];]hk; mtHfSk; ,d;Dk; mtHfsJ NjhoHfSk; ed;F czHe;jpUe;jdH. vdNt> ,oe;j jq;fsJ chpikfis kPl;fTk;> tQ;rfj;jhy; ifg;gw;wg;gl;l jq;fsJ epyq;fis kPl;gjw;F ,e;jg; Nghuhl;lq;fs; gad; juhJ> ,dp gyg;gpuNahfj;ij cgNahfg;gLj;jpdhy; jhd; KbAk; vd;w epiyf;F my; f];]hk; mtHfsJ FOtpdH js;sg;gl;lhHfs;.

N\f; my; f];]hk; mtHfs; ,Wjpahf i`/gh efhpy; xU ciu xd;iw epfo;j;jpdhHfs;. jd;Dila Ngr;rpd; %yk; ,dp ,e;j ,lj;ij tpl;L jhd; tpiutpy; ntspNaw ,Uf;fpd;Nwd; vd;gjidAk; #rfkhf me;j kf;fs; czUk;gbr; nra;jhHfs;. ,jidf; Nfl;l me;j kf;fs; fz;zPH tpl;L mo Muk;gpj;jhHfs;. ,g;nghOJ ahH ahnuy;yhk; my; f];]hk; mtHfSld; ,ize;J i`/gh efiu tpl;L ntspNaw KbntLj;jhHfNsh> mtHfs; midtUk; jq;fs; FLk;gj;jhHfsplk; gphpah tpil ngw;Wf; nfhz;lhHfs;> ,d;Dk; jq;fsJ clikfis tpw;W me;j gzj;ij jq;fSld; vLj;Jf; nfhz;L> nry;Yk; topapy; jq;fsJ Nghuhl;lq;fSf;fhd MAjq;fisf; nfhs;Kjy; nra;ag; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhz;lhHfs;. ,tHfs; midtUk; ghy];jPdj;jpd; tlf;Fg; gFjpia Nehf;fpr; nrd;W> my; f];]hk; mtHfsJ NjhoHfs; kw;Wk; MjhuthsHfSld; ,ize;J nfhz;lhHfs;. my; f];]hk; mtHfs; jq;fsJ Nghuhl;lf; fskhfj; NjHe;njLj;j a/Gj; vd;w me;j ,lkhdJ kpfTk; fbdkhf #o;epiyfisf; nfhz;l ,lkhfj; jpfo;e;jJ. ,e;j ,lj;ij my; f];]hk; mtHfs; NjHe;njLj;jjd; fhuznkd;dntdpy;> jq;fsJ Nghuhl;lj;jpw;Fj; Njitahd egHfis NjHe;njLf;fTk;> ePz;l fhyg; Nghuhl;lj;jpw;Fg; gapw;Wtpf;fTk; jhd;> fbkhd #o;epiyfisAk; kiyg;ghq;fhd me;j ,lj;ijAk; NjHe;njLj;jhHfs;.

jq;fSf;nfjpuhf tpuy; tpl;L vz;zf; $banjhU mikg;G xd;W cUthfp tUfpd;wJ vd;gjid Nkhg;gk; gpbj;J mwpe;J nfhz;l gphpl;b\; muR> mij KisapNyNa fps;sp vwpa Ntz;Lk; vd;W fUjp> a/Gj; vd;w me;j ,lj;ij Nehf;fp 150 NgH nfhz;l Nghyp]; gilg; gphpT xd;iw mDg;gp itj;jJ. 1935 k; Mz;L etk;gH 20 Mk; Njjpad;W> jq;fsJ chpikfis ntd;nwLg;gjw;fhf Nghuhl;lq;fis Nkw;nfhs;sj; jq;fisj; jahhpj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;j K];ypk;fSf;Fk;> gphpl;b\; gilg;gphpTf;Fk; fLikahd Nkhjy;fs; Muk;gpj;jd. fhiyapy; Muk;gpj;j me;jg; NghH> kjpa NtisapYk; njhlHe;jJ. ,e;jg; Nghhpy; my; f];]hk; mtHfSk; mtHfsJ gilg;gphpitr; NrHe;j Ie;J egHfSk; \`Pjhf;fg;gl;lJld;> gyH gLfhakile;jhHfs;.

,e;j a/Gj; NghH jhd; gphpl;b\; kw;Wk; A+j Mf;fpukpg;gpw;F vjpuhf ghy];jPdpNy eilngw;w Kjy; MAjg; NghuhFk;. ,J rpd;dQ;rpW FOnthd;W gq;nfLj;Jf; nfhz;l rpwpanjhU Nghuhf ,Ue;jhYk;> ghy];jPd kf;fspd; Nghuhl;l czHtpw;F tpj;jpl;l NghHf;fsk; vdyhk;. NkYk; ,e;jg; Nghuhl;lk; cshPjpahf mtHfisg; gapw;Wtpj;J> ,j;jifa Nghuhl;lq;fs; jhd; ,dp ek;Kila chpikfis kPl;fg; gad;gLk; vd;gijAk;> ,e;j mlf;Fkiw Ml;rpahsHfsplk; jq;fsJ chpikfis ahrfkhff; Nfl;Lg; ngWtij tpl> mtHfis Nghuhl;lj;jpNy re;jpj;J jq;fsJ chpikfis kPl;Lf; nfhs;stjw;fhf capiuAk; nfhLg;gJ Nky; vd;w cd;dj nfhs;if Kbit vLf;f itj;jJ. jhq;fs; vLj;j Kbtpd; kPJ ek;gpf;ifiaAk; mtHfSf;F Cl;baJ ,e;j Kjy; NghH jhd; vd;why; mJ kpifahfhJ. NkYk; my; f];]hk; mtHfsJ NjhoHfspd; jiyikapd; fPo;; 1936 Kjy; 1939 tiu eilngw;w gy;NtW Nghuhl;lq;fs;> ghy];jPdg; gpur;idapy; kf;fs; kj;jpapy; kpfg; nghpa kWkyHr;rpia Vw;gLj;jpaJ.

xU ghy];jPdj; jiytH ,t;thW vOJfpd;whH :

vd;id kpfTk; ftiy nfhs;sr; nra;jJ vd;dntd;why;> my; f];]hk; mtHfs; nfhy;yg;gl;L tpl;lhHfs; vd;w nra;jp fpilj;j nghOJ> ehq;fs; midtUk; tPzhfg; nghOijf; fopj;Jf; nfhz;L cl;fhHe;jpUe;Njhk;. me;j Neuj;jpy; ehd; ,t;thW tPzhfg; nghOijf; fopj;Jf; nfhz;L cl;fhHe;jpUe;jij epidj;J ntl;fg;gLfpd;Nwd;> ,iwtopapNy Nghuhb \`Pj; vd;w epiyia miltjw;fhd re;jHg;gj;ij ehd; jtw tpl;L tpl;NlNd! vd;W mtH vOJfpd;whH.

,d;DnkhU jiytH ,t;thW vOJfpd;whH :

ehk; ,q;Nf xU muridg; gw;wp epidT $wtpy;iy> xU jiytiuNah my;yJ [dhjpgjpiaNah epidT $wtpy;iy. khwhf.. xU ,dj;jpw;Nf rf;jpahfj; jpfo;e;J nfhz;bUe;j xU kdpjiuAk;.. .. ,d;Dk; jd;Dila jha; ehl;bw;F czHT+l;bf; nfhz;bUe;j xU kdpjiuAk; jhd; ehk; ,g;nghOJ epidT $He;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;Nwhk; vd;W vOJfpwhH.

`]d; my; ghaH vd;w my; f];]hhk; mtHfsJ NjhoH $Wfpd;whH : N\f; my; f];]hk; mtHfsplk; vd;id mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gLtjw;F Kd;G ehd; xU jpUldhf ,Ue;Njd;. ,];yhj;jpdhy; jil nra;ag;gl;bUe;j midj;J nray;fisAk; nra;af; $batdhf ,Ue;Njd;. Mdhy;> my; f];]hk; mtHfs; ehd; nra;J nfhz;bUe;j mj;jid jtwhd gof;ftof;fq;fisAk; tpl;nlhopf;Fk;gb mwpTWj;jpdhHfs;. mJkl;Lky;y> vg;gbj; njhOtJ vd;gjidAk; vdf;Ff; fw;Wf; nfhLj;jhHfs;.

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