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jpUf;FHMd; njhFg;Gg; gzpapy; i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp)

cjtpa E}y; : ek;gpf;if jkpo; ,];yhkpa khjhe;jpu rQ;rpif (kNyrpah)

Mf;fk; : NghuhrphpaH i]a;aJ K`k;kJ (M.Litt) kjpdh.


i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) gw;wp - ed;whf Xjj; njhpe;jtH> vOj;jwpT cs;stH vd;W mz;zyhH (]y;) mtHfsplk; mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gl;lJ. gpwF i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) XJtij mz;zyhH (]y;) mtHfs; nrtpkLj;jhHfs;. njspthf XjpdhH> Js;spakhf cr;rhpj;jhH. fw;W czHe;jtH Nghy; trdq;fspd; nghUisAk; ed;whfg; Ghpe;J XjpdhH.

vOJtjpYk; ,tH NjHr;rp ngw;wpUe;jij mz;zyhH (]y;) mtHfs; Ghpe;J nfhz;lhHfs;. ,k;khjphp jFjp nfhz;ltHfs; mz;zyhH (]y;) mtHfSf;F kpfTk; Njitg;gl;lhHfs;. gpd;g mz;zyhH (]y;) mtHfspd; mwpTiuf;Nfw;g A+jHfspd; nkhopia 15 ehl;fspYk;> rphpa nkhopia 17 ehl;fspYk; fw;Wj; NjHe;jhHfs;.

,t;thW egpj;NjhoHfs; kj;jpapy; khngUk; mwpQuhfTk;> mz;zyhH (]y;) mtHfspd; nkhop ngaHg;ghrphpauhfTk; tpsq;fpa i[j; (uyp) mtHsf; ek;gpf;ifapYk;> ehzaj;jpYk; rpwe;J tpsq;fpdhHfs;. ,jdhy; mz;zyhH (]y;) mtHfs; my;yh`;tpd; t`pia (Ntj ntspg;ghL) vOJk; vOj;jhsHfspy; xUtuhfTk; epakpj;jpUe;jhHfs;. VNjDk; xU trdk; ,wq;fp tpl;lhy; i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfis mioj;J tur; nrhy;yp mt;trdj;ijg; gjpT nra;thHfs;. mt;tg;NghJ ,wq;fpf; nfhz;Nl ,Uf;Fk; trdq;fis mtH njhlHe;J vOjp te;jhH. trdq;fs; ,wq;f ,wq;f> ,wq;fpa khjphp mz;zyhH (]y;) mtHfsplkpUe;J thNahL thahff; Nfl;Lj; njhpe;J vOjpdhH.

ve;j trdk; vg;nghOJ ,wq;fpaJ? Vd;? vjw;fhf ,wq;fpaJ? vd;gnjy;yhk; i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfSf;Ff; if te;j fiy. RUq;ff; $wpd; ,tH XH mwg; NghH tPuH> jpUf;FHMdpd; ey;yhrphpaH. jpUf;FHMidg; ghHf;fhky; XJk; `hgp];> ,dpikahf XJk; fhhp> mwpT Qhdk; kpFe;j rl;l Nkij> gy nkhopfs; njhpe;j gd;nkhopg; GytH> t`p vOJk; vOj;jhsH> fyP/ghf;fspd; MNyhrfH.

jw;fhypf fyP/gh

ckH gpd; fj;jhg; (uyp) mtHfs; `[;[{f;Fr; nry;Yk; Nghnjy;yhk; mtUila mYtyfg; nghWg;igf; ftdpf;f ,tiu jw;hfhypff; fyP/ghthf epakpj;jpUf;fpwhH.

rphpahTf;F gazkhd NghJk; ,tiuNa jw;fhypf fyP/ghthf ckH gpd; fj;jhg; (uyp) mtHfs; epakpj;J tpl;Lr; nrd;whHfs;.

c];khd; (uyp) mtHfSk; ,tiu mt;thW epakpj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;

jpUf;FHMidj; njhFj;jtH :

jpUf;FHMd; xNu jlitapy; ,wq;fpaJ my;y vd;gJ vy;NyhUf;Fk; njhpe;j tp\ak;. mt;tg;NghJ nfhQ;rk; nfhQ;rkhf ,wq;fp 20 f;Fk; $Ljyhd Mz;Lfspy KOikaile;jJ. jpUf;FHMd; ,wq;Fk; Nghnjy;yhk; egpfs; ehafk; (]y;) mtHfs; mjidg; gjpT nra;Ak; Kaw;rpapy; <LgLthHfs;. jk; NjhoHfspy; ed;whf vOjj; njhpe;j vOj;jHfis mioj;J vOjr; nrhy;thHfs;. vOjp Kbe;jJk; mtHfsplk; thrpj;Jf; fhl;lg;gLk;. vOjpatHfs; rhpahf vOjpdhHfsh ,y;iyah vd;W rhp ghHj;J cWjp nra;ag;gLk;.

mf;fhyj;jpy; fhfpjq;fshf mwpag;gl;bUe;jtw;wpy; vOjr; nra;J gpwF mjid ghJfhg;ghd ,lj;jpy; itf;fr; nra;jhHfs;. xt;nthU jlit khkiw jpUf;FHMd; trdq;fs; ,wq;Fk; NghJ vOj;jhsHfis $g;gpl;L ,e;j trdj;ij my;yJ ,d;dpd;d trdq;fis ve;j mj;jpahaj;jpy; vg; gFjpapy; vOj Ntz;LNkh mg;gFjpapy; vOjr; nra;thHfs;. rpyH jpUf;FHMid jq;fs; neQ;rq;fspy; kddk; nra;Jk; ghJfhj;jdH.

vOjpAk;> kddk; nra;Jk;> ghJfhj;jtHfspy; i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfs; kpf Kf;fpakhdtH.

NkYk;> mypa;ap gpd; mgP jhypg; (uyp)> cga;A gpd f/G (uyp)> KMtpah (uyp)> ,g;D k];Cj; (uyp)> ,g;D mg;gh]; (uyp) Kjypa egpj;NjhoHfnsy;yhk; ,e;j thpirapy; vz;zg;gLfpd;w Kf;fpa vOj;jhsHfSk;> `h/gp];fSkhthHfs;.

mz;zy; egp (]y;) mtHfsJ fhyj;jpy;..

egpfs; ehafk; (]y;) mtHfs; ,iwab NrHe;j NghJ jpUf;FHMd; ntt;NtW Rtbfspy; vOjg;gl;Lk; gyuJ neQ;rq;fspYk kddk; nra;ag;gl;Lk; ghJfhf;fg;gl;lJ. trdq;fs; kw;Wk; mj;jpahaq;fs; ahTk; jdpj;jdpahf ,Ue;jd. xt;nthU mj;jpahaKk; jpdr;Rtbapy; vOjg;gl;bUe;jJ. xNu Vl;by; midj;Jk; vOjp itf;fg;gl;ljhf ,Uf;ftpy;iy.  mjw;Fhpa Njit md;W Vw;gltpy;iy. Vnddpy; t`p (Ntj ntspg;ghL) md;W njhlHe;J ,wq;fpf; nfhz;bUe;jJ. mjd; tuj;J md;W epd;W tpltpy;iy.

mG+gf;fH rpj;jpf; (uyp) fhyj;jpy;.. ..

egpfs; ehafk; (]y;) mtHfspd; fhyj;Jf;Fg; gpwF ,];yhkpa r%fj;jpy; kjkhw;wk; gw;wpa nfhe;jspg;G vOe;j NghJ ,];yhj;ij Vw;wpUe;jj rpyH mij tpl;L ntspNaWk; #o;epiy cUthfpaJ. kjk; khwpatHfSld; NghhpLtjw;F mG+gf;fH (uyp) mtHfs; K];ypk; gilfisj; jpul;bf; nfhz;L `p[;hp 12 Mk; Mz;L akhkh NghH elj;jpdhH. mjpy; jpUf;FHMid ed;whf Xjj; njhpe;j fhhpfSk;> ed;whf kdg;ghlk; nra;jpUe;j `hgp];fSk; fye;J nfhz;ldH. me;j Aj;jj;jpy; `hgp];fspy; 70 NgUf;F Nky; j q;fSila ,d;Dapiu jpahfk; nra;J nfhz;ldH.

i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp)

i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) Nghd;wths; me;j Aj;jj;jpy; fhakile;jtHfspy; xUtuhthH. egpj; NjhoHfs; ,e;j Aj;jj;jpy; capH ePj;jJ ckH fj;jhg; (uyp) mtHfis nghpJk; thl;baJ. akhkh Aj;jk; Kbe;jJk; ckH fj;jhg; (uyp) mtHfs; mG+gf;fH (uyp) mtHfsplk; te;J ,J Nghd;w Aj;jj;jpy; fye;J vQ;rpa `hgp];fs; ahtUk; capH ePg;gjw;Fs; jpUf;FHMid xUq;fpizj;J ghJfhj;Jf; nfhs;Sk; gzpia Jtf;f Ntz;Lnkd;W Nfl;Lf; nfhz;lhH. ,k;khjphp Aj;jk; eilngWk; gl;rj;jpy; jpUf;FHMd; kddk; nra;jtHfs; ,y;yhky; Ngha; tpLthHfNsh vd;w mr;rk; njhptpj;jhH.

mG+gf;fH (uyp) mtHfSf;F ckH (uyp) mtHfs; $wpa tpraj;jpy; cld;ghL nfhs;stpy;iy. egpfs; ehafk; (]y;) mtHf;s nra;ahj xU gzpia ehk; vt;thW nra;tJ> ePq;fs; vd;dplk; mij vt;thW nra;ar; nrhy;tPHfs;? vd;w hPjpapy; mG+gf;fH (uyp) mtHfSila rpe;jid XbaJ. ckH (uyp) mtHfs; kPz;Lk; vLj;Jf; $wp> mG+gf;fH (uyp) mtHfis Vw;fr; nra;jhHfs;. gpwF> mG+gf;fH rpj;jPf; (uyp) mtHfs; i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfsplk; ,e;j tp\aj;ij vLj;Jf; $wp jpUf;FHMid njhFj;J jUk; nghWg;ig Vw;Fk; gb Ntz;bf; nfhz;lhHfs;.

i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfspd; caH jFjp :

,jw;Fj; jFjpahdtH i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) vdgJ mG+gf;fH (uyp0 mtHfSf;F ed;whfj; njhpAk;. i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfs; jpUf;FHMid ed;whf Xjj; njhppe;jtH. fhzhky; ghlk; gz;zpatH. vOj;jwpT ngw;wtH> rpe;jpg;gjpYk;> Ghpe;J nfhs;tjpYk; epfhpy;yhjtH. mJkl;Lky;y> egpfs; ehafk; (]y;) mtHfSld; filrp tiuapYkpUe;J jpUf;FHMid ,Wjpahfr; rhp ghHj;jtH.

MfNt> ,k;khjphpj; jFjpfs; mthplk; ,Ug;gijj; njhpe;J nfhz;l mG+gf;fH (uyp) mtHfs; i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfsplk; $wpdhHfs; :

i[Nj! ePH XH ,isQH> ckJ rpe;jidapYk;> Mw;wypYk; ehq;fs; re;Njfk; nfhs;s khl;Nlhk;. ePH Kd;G t`Pia egpfs; ehafk; (]y;) mtHfSf;fhf vOjpf; nfhz;bUe;jPHfs;. ,g;nghOJ FHMdpd; gpujpfs; ahH ahhplk; ,Uf;fpd;wd vd;gJk; ckf;Fj; njhpAk;. MfNt> mij xUq;fpizj;J xd;whfj; njhFj;J tpLk; vd;whHfs;.

Kjypy; ,f;Nfhhpf;ifia Vw;f kWj;j i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfs; gpwF ,g;nghWg;ig epHtfpf;fj; jahuhdhHfs;. jpUf;FHMd; mj;jpahaq;fSk; trdq;fSk; ahH ahhplk; ,Uf;fpd;wd vd;W Ma;T nra;a Kw;gl;llhH. ,];yhkpa khHf;fk; ve;j jpUf;FHMid mbg;gil Ntj Ehyhf Vw;fpwNjh me;jf; jpUf;FHMd; md;W gw;gy VLfspy; vOjg;gl;bU;ejJ. mtw;iw xNu njhFg;gpy; nfhz;L tUtnjd;why; mJ md;W kl;Lky;y vd;WNk rpukkhd Ntiy jhd;. mk;khjphpahd nghWg;ig md;W i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfs; nra;J Kbj;jhH. ,g;nghWg;gpd; fk;gPuj;ijAk;> kfj;Jtj;ijAk; czHj;Jk; tifapy; xU jlit i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfs; ,t;thW $wpdhH:

,d;w ehd; jpUf;FHMdpd; Rtbfis jpul;b kddk;  nra;jtHfisAk; nfhz;L Xjp rhpghHj;J xNu xU njhFg;gpy; xUq;fpizj;J ju Ntz;Lk; vd;W gzpf;fg;gl;bUf;fpd;Nwd;. ,iwtd; kPJ Mizahf vd; kPJ Rkj;jg;gl;l ,e;jg; nghWg;Gf;Fg; gjpyhf xU kiyiag; ngaHj;J ,d;ndhU ,lj;jpy; itj;Jtpl Ntz;Lnkd;W vd;dplk; gzpj;jpUg;ghHfNsahdhy; mJ vdf;F kpfTk; ,yFthf ,Ue;jpUf;Fk;.

mjhtJ> jpUf;FHMd;mj;jpahaq;fisj; Njbg; gpbj;J njhFj;J toq;Fk; NghJk;> NkYk; jpUf;FHMd; trdq;fisf; fz;lwpe;J rhpghHj;J mjDila ,lj;jpy; itf;Fk;NghJk; Vw;gLfpd;w rpukq;fs; xU kiyiag; ngaHj;J ,lkhw;wk; nra;tjdhy; Vw;gLk; f\;lj;ij tpl fbdkhdjpJ. jpUf;FHMd; ghy; nfhz;l kjpg;gr;rj;jpd; fhuzkhf mtHfs; mg;gbf; $wpdhHfs;.

,Wjpapy; ,g;nghWg;ig rhptu epiwNtw;w ,iwtdpd; NgUjtp i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfSf;F fpilj;jJ.

jpUf;FHMid ehNk ,wf;fpNdhk;. ehNk mjidg; ghJfhg;Nghk; vd;W ,iwtd; $wpajw;Nfw;g i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfSila gzp mike;jJ. mtH mjpy; KO <Lghl;Lld; nray;gl;lhH. KO ntw;wpAk; <l;bdhH. jk;kPJ Rkj;jg;gl;l nghWg;ig nrk;ikahfr; nra;J Kbj;jhH. jpUf;FHMd; gFjpfs; vq;nfq;F ahH ahuhy; ghJfhf;fg;l;ldNh NkYk; egpfs; ehafk;  (]y;) mtHfspd; Mizg;gb mtHfs; nrhdd khjphp vq;nfq;F vOjp i tf;f;gl;bUe;jNjh mtw;iwNa i[j; gpd jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfs; njhFj;J toq;fpdhHfs;. gpwF `hgp];fspy; ahHahH jj;jk; ,jaq;fspy; jpUf;FHMid kddk; nra;J itj;jpUe;jhHfNsh me;j `hgp];fsplkpUe;J mtw;iw Xjf; Nfl;L> gpwF mtw;iw Xjf; Nfl;L> gpwF vOjg;gl;bUe;jitAld; xj;Jg; ghHj;J rhp nra;J nfhz;lhHfs; i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp). Gdpjkhd ,g;gzpia Vid egpj;NjhoHfs; mq;fPfhpj;Jg; ghuhl;bdH. md;W r%fj;jpYs;s vy;yh `hgp];fSk; fhhpfSk; i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfSld; xj;Jioj;jdH. jpUf;FHMd; njhFj;J toq;Ftjpy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l Kjy; Kaw;rpahFk; ,J. egpj;NjhoHfs; kj;jpay; i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfs; ,g;gzpia KO <Lghl;lld; nra;J Kbj;jhH.

NgZjYk; ftdKk;:

kddk; nra;J nfhz;l `hgp];fspd; kdd Mw;wy; kPJ kl;Lk; rhHe;J epw;fhky; mJ kl;LNk NghJkhdJ vd;W fUjpf; nfhs;shky; vOjpg;gjpT nra;J itj;jpUe;jtHfspd; vOj;Jr; RtbfSld; kddk; nra;jtHfspd; XJjiyAk; xg;gpl;Lg; ghHj;J njhFg;Gg; gzpy; <Lgl;lhH. i[J (uyp) mtHfNs ed;whf kddk; nra;j `h/gp];fspy; xUtuhf ,Ue;Jk; mtH jd;Dila kdd Mw;wy; kPJ kl;Lk; ek;gpf;if itf;fhky;> kddk; nra;jpUe;j Vida egpj;NjhoHfs; Xjpf; fhl;bajw;Nfw;gTk; rhp ghHj;Jf; nfhz;lhH vdpy;> mJ mtUila NgZjYf;F vLj;Jf; fhl;lhFk;. Mf vOjp itf;fg;gl;lit midj;Jk; kddk; nra;ag;gl;bUe;j trdq;fSld; xj;jpUe;jhy; kl;LNk Vw;Wf; nfhs;thH. Mf ve;jsT mtHfs; ftdj;NjhLk; NgZjNyhLk;  ele;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfs; vd;gjw;F ,it vLj;Jf; fhl;LfshFk;.

khkiwf;F K];`/g; vd;w ngaH.

mGgf;fH (uyp) jpUf;FHMd Kjypy; xNu njhFg;gpy; xUq;fpizg;gjw;fhf Ntz;b Kaw;rpj;j Kjy;fyP/gh MthH. md;W Kjy; jpUf;FHMDf;F K];`/g; xNu Vl;by; njhFf;fg;gl;lJ. mLj;jgbahf mG+gf;fH rpj;jPf; (uyp) mij xUq;fpizf;f Mtdr; nra;jhH. mtUila Mizf;Nfw;g i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) njhFj;J toq;fpa K];`/ghdJ mG+gf;fH (uyp) mtHfsplNk ,Ue;jJ.

`p[;hp 13 Mk; Mz;L mtHs; kuzkile;j NghJ c];khd; (uyp) mtHfspd; Ml;rpf;fhyk; tiu md;id `/g;]h gpd;j; ckH (uyp0tplk; FHMd; vOjJg; gpujpfs; ghJfhf;fg;gl;ld.

c];khd; (uy) mtHfspd; Ml;rpf;fhyj;jpy; ,];yhjpw;F ntw;wpfs; Ftpe;j tz;zkpUe;jd. gy CHfspy; ,];yhkpa mikg;Gf;fs; Vw;gLj;jg;gl;ld. $l;lk; $llkhf kf;fs; ,];yhj;jpy; ,ize;J nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. K];ypky;yhj gy CHfs; ntw;wp nfhs;sg;gl;ld.

jpUf;FHMid ed;whfkddk; nra;jpUe;j `hgp];fSk; mij ed;whf Xjj; n jhpe;j fhpfSk; Gjpa ,];yhkpa CHfspy; FbNawpdH. mq;Fs;s kf;fs me;j `hgp];fs;> fhhpfsplkpUe;J jpUf;FHmid Xjf; fw;Wf; nfhz;ldH. nkhopfs; ahTk; cr;rhpg;gjpYk; Ngr;R tof;fpYk; efuj;Jf;F efuk; khWgLk;> tl;lhuj;Jf;F tl;lhuk; tpj;jpahrkhf ,Uf;Fk;.

,J tp\aj;jpy; mugp nkhop tpjptpyf;fy;y. jpUf;FHMd; kf;fhtpy; mutp nkhopapy; ,wf;fpaUsg;gl;lhYk; gy Nfhj;jpuq;fisr; nrHe;j mugpfs; mij mtutH ghzpapy; mtutH nkhop tof;fj;jpy; VO tpjkhd (tof;fpy;) ghzpapy; jpUf;FHMd; ,wf;fpaUsg;gl;bUg;gjhf egpfs; ehafk; (]y;) mtHfNs tpsf;fpf; $wpdhHfs; (Gfhhp).

,t;thW XJtjdhy; jpUf;FHMdpd; fUj;Jf;Nfh nghUSf;Nfh ve;j  khWjYk; Vw;glhJ. md;W Vw;glTk; ,y;iy. mjd; gpwf ,];yhk; gutj; njhlq;fpa NghJ mugpay;yhj kf;fs; mug; kf;fSld; NrHe;J GJ r%f mikg;G cUthf;fp;dH. mugp nkhopiaAk; Ngrj; njhlq;fpdH. ,jdhy; mk;nkhopapYk; mjd cr;rhpg;G tpjjj;jpYk; rpw;rpy khwjy;fs; cz;lhapd. xt;nthUtUk; mtutH cr;rhpg;Gf;F Vw;g jpUf;FHMid XjpdH.

gpugy egpj;NjhoH `{ijgj;Jy; akhd; (uyp) mtHfs; md;W <uhf;fpy; jq;fpapUe;jhH. mtH kl;Lky;y mtiug; Nghd;w  NtW egpj;NjhoHfSk; jq;fpapUe;jdH. mt;T+H kf;fs; MSf;F Ms; tpj;jpahrkhf jpUf;FHMid XJtij mtH ftdpj;jhH. rpyH jtwhf cr;rhpj;J XJtijAk; ftdpj;jhH. ,g;gbNa Nghdhy; fhyg; Nghf;fpy; gpur;idfs; gy cUthff; $Lk; vdf; fUjpdhH. mugp nkhopapy; cs;s cr;rhpg;gpd; moFk; ,dpikAk; Ngha;tpLk; vd;W mtH mQ;rpdhH. Mq;fhq;Nf cs;s tl;lhu tof;fq;fspd;gb jpUf;FHMd; XJtJ mDkjpf;fg;gLk; gl;rj;jpy;> jpUf;FHMdpy; FsWgbfs; Njhd;w tha;g;G cz;L vd czHe;J mkPhpy; K/kpdPd; c];khd; (uyp) mtHfsplk; ,tH jk; fUj;ijj; njhptpj;jhH.

,ij mwpe;j c];khd; (uyp) mtHfs; my;yh`;tplk; cjtp Nfhhpa gpwF NkYk; Vida egpj;NjhoHfsplk; fye;jNyhrpj;J tpl;L fPo;f;fhZk; KbTf;F te;jhH.

1.  mG+gf;fH rpj;jPf; (uyp) mtHfs; Kd;dH i[j; gpd;jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfSila cjtpahy; njhFj;J toq;fpa jpUf;FHMid mbg;gilahf itj;J xNu khjphpahf nkhop kuigg; Ngzp xNu hPjpapyhd cr;rhpg;gpy; gpujpfs; vLg;gJ.

2. mij kl;Lk; kf;fs; XJtjpy; filgpbf;f Ntz;Lk; vdTk;> mjpYs;sgb (fhhpfs;) XJfpwtHfs; ahtUk; Xj Ntz;Lk; vdTk; vy;yh CHfspYk; mwptpg;Gr; nra;tJ.

mjw;Nfw;g md;id `g;]h (uyp) mtHfsplkpUe;j K];`/ig thq;fp gpujpfs; vLj;jdH.

mg;Jy;yh gpd; ]{igH> ]aPJ gpd; my; M];> mg;JH u`;khd; gpd my; `hhp]; (uyp) Nghd;NwhHfisAk; tutioj;J mtHfs; gpujpfs; vLf;f ntz;Lnkdf; Nfl;Lf; nfhs;sg;gl;ldH. Fiw\pfspd; cr;rhpg;G KiwAk; ghzpANk gpd;gw;wg;gl Ntz;Lk;. Vnddpy; mtHfspd; ghzpapYk; nkhop tof;fpYNk jpUf;FHMd; ,wf;fpaUsg;gl;lJ vd;Wk; $wg;gl;lJ.

,e;j Kbtpd;gb `/g;]h (uyp) mtHfsplk; %yg;gpujp jpUg;gpf; nfhLf;fg;gl;lJ. kf;fh> <uhf;> g]uh> akd;> rphpah Nghd;w ,];yhkpag; gpuNjrq;fSf;F gpujpfs; mDg;gg;gl;ld. ,J `p[;hp 25 Mk; Mz;L eilngw;w rk;gtkhFk;. Kd;G vOjp itf;fg;gl;bUe;j jpUf;FHMd; Vida Rtbfs; mopf;fg;gl;ld.

midj;Jg; gpuNjurq;fSf;Fk; c];khd; (uyp) mtHfs ,t;thW fbjk; vOjpdhHfs; :

K];ypk;fNs! ehd; ,Njh mDg;gpj; jUfpd;w jpUf;FHMdpd; Rtbfis kl;Lk; ePq;fs; gad;gLj;Jq;fs;. gioa Rtbfs; VNjDk;,Ug;gpd; mij jPapl;L mopj;J tpLq;fs;. ehDk; mt;thNw nra;fpNwd;.

,d;W cyf K];ypk;fspd; iftrkpUf;Fk; jpUf;FHMid ,Nj khjphpahd mikg;gpy;  njhFj;J toq;fpatH i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfs;.

tuyhw;W MrphpaHfs; nrhy;fpd;whHfs;:

,uz;L tp\aj;jpy i[j; (uyp) mtHfSld; Nghl;bapl;L nty;y vtuhYk; ,ayhJ.

xd;W: jpUf;FHMd; njspT

,uz;L: thhpRhpikr; rl;lk;> ghfg;gphptpid rk;ge;jg;gl;l rl;lj; njspT

,t;tpU tp\aq;fspYk; i[J (uyp) mtHfs; jd;dpfuw;W tpsq;fpdhH.

k];&f; (uyp) nrhy;fpd;whH:

ehd; kjpdhtpw;F te;j NghJ i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfisf; fy;tpapy; kpfr; rpwe;J tpsq;Fk; mwpQHfspy; xUtuhff; fz;Nld;. (my;,];jPMg; 2:539)

khypf; gpd; md]; (uyp) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs; :

kjpdhtpy; fyP/gh ckH gpd; fj;jhg; (uyp) mtHfSf;Fg; gpwF kf;fspd; jiytuhf fUjg;gl;ltH i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfs; jhd;.

]hgpj; gpd; cigj; nrhy;fpwhHsfs;: i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfs; jd; FLk;gj;jhUld; NrHe;J ,Uf;Fk; NghJ kpfTk; fyfyg;ghf ,Ug;ghH. kf;fSld; mkHe;jpUf;Fk; NghJ mikjpahf ,Ug;ghH. fgP]h (uyp) mtHfs nrhy;fpwhH:

i[j; gpd;jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfs; \hPmj; ePjpkd;wj;jpd; khngUk; ePjpgjpahf> khHf;fj; jPHg;G toq;Fk; K/g;jpahf> ed;whf khkiw jpUf;FHMid Xjj; njhpe;j fhhpahf> ghfg;gphptpidr; rl;l epGzuhf ,Ue;jpUf;fpd;whH. Mf egpfs; ehafk; (]y;) mtHfs; fhyj;jpYk;> gpwF mG+gf;fH rpj;jPf; (uyp) mtHfs; fhyj;jpYk; gpd;> ckH fj;jhg; (uyp) mtHfs; fhyj;jpYk;> gpd; c];khd; (uyp) mtHfs; fhyj;jpYk; jpUf;FHMd; kddk; nra;J gpwF mijj; njhFj;J rhpghHj;J toq;fpa ngUik ,ej egpj;NjhoUf;F cz;L. ,ij tplr; rpwe;j xU gzp ntW ,Uf;fNt KbahJ.

jpUf;FHMDld; ,t;tsT <LghL nfhz;bUe;j fhuzj;jpdhYk;> NkYk; mz;zy; egp (]y;) mtHfSld; neUq;fp njhlHG itj;jpUe;j fhuzj;jpdhYk;> r%fj;jpy; jHf;fKk; fUj;J Nkhjy;fsk; cz;lhFkplq;fspy i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfs; ey;y fUj;Jf;fis vLj;Jr; nrhy;gtuhf ,Ue;jpUf;fpd;whH. egpj; NjhoHfspilNa rHr;irfSk; tpkHrdq;fSk; cUthFk; NghJ r%fj;jpy; neUf;fbfs; Njhd;Wk; NghJ Vida r`hghf;fs; ,thplNk MNyhrid Nfl;ldH.

i[J gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfSila kuzk;.

`p[;hp 45 Mk; Mz;L ,e;j cj;jk ]`hgp jd; 55 tJ tajpy; ,t;Tyf tho;tpw;F Kw;Wg;Gs;sp itj;jhH. mtUf;fhf gyH ,uq;fy; nra;jpfisf; $wpdhHfs;. mG+`{iuuh (uyp) mtHfspd; ,uq;fy; nra;jpapy;> K`k;kJ egp (]y;) mtHfspd; K];ypk; ck;khtpd; kpfg; nghpa mwpT [Ptp ,d;iwa jpdk; kuzkile;J tpl;lhNu! vd;W Fwpg;gpl;lhH. kHthd; (uyp) i[j; gpd;jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfspd; [dh]h njhOifia elj;jpdhH. ]`hgpfspy; kpfg;gpugykhd ftpQH `];]hd; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) Nghd;wtHfs; ,tH kPJ ,uq;fw;ghf;fisg; ghb jq;fspd; kdf;ftiyfis ntspg;gLj;jpdH. ty;y my;yh`; i[j; gpd; jhgpj; (uyp) mtHfsJ gzpf;F kWikapy; cahpa ghprpid ,d;\h myyh`; toq;fpr; rpwg;gpg;ghdhf!

H 4
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