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`jP]; njspTiu

nghJr; nrhj;Jf;fSk;> euf neUg;Gk;


,g;D mg;gh]; (uop)> jdf;F ckH (uop) mtHfs; njhptpj;jjhfg; gpd;tUk; rk;gtj;ij mwptpf;fpd;whHfs; : ifgH Aj;jk; ele;J Kbe;j gpd;dH egp (]y;) mtHfsJ NjhoHfspw; rpyH mq;F te;jdH. Nkw;gb Aj;jj;jpy; nfhy;yg;gl;ltHfisg; gw;wp 'mtH \`Pj;> ,tH \`Pj;"> vd;nwy;yhk; Ngrpf; nfhz;lhHfs;. xU egiu (mtuJ [dh]hitf;) fle;J nrd;w mtHfs; ',tUk; \`Pj;" vd;wdH. mJNfl;l egp (]y;) mtHfs; ''ePq;fs; mg;gbf; $w Ntz;lhk;. mtH Aj;jj;jpy; fpilj;j fdPkj; nghUl;fspy; xd;whd XH Milia my;yJ Nkyq;fpiaj; (jpUl;Lj; jdkhf) mgfhpj;Jf; nfhz;lhH. me;j MilAld; mtiu ehd; eufpy; fz;Nld;"" vd;W $wp tpl;L> ''ckH ,g;D fj;jhNg! ePH nrd;W K/kPd;fisj; jtpu NtW vtUk; RtHf;fk; Eioa khl;lhHfs;"" vd;W kf;fSf;F kj;jpapy; nrhy;tPuhf"" vd;whHfs;.

(Mjhuk; : ]`P`; K];ypk;> fpjhGy; <khd; - 182)

Aj;jj;jpd; NghJ vjphpfsplkpUe;J ifg;gw;wg;gl;l (fdPkj;) nghUl;fspypUe;J XH Miliaj; jpUl;Lj;jdkhf mgfhpj;Jf; nfhz;l egUf;F NeHe;j fjp ,e;j `jP]py; rpj;jhpf;fg;gLfpwJ. nghJr; nrhj;Jf;fis mgfhpg;NghH> mtw;wpy; ifahly; nra;NthH> mjpfhuj;ijg; gad;gLj;jp jk; nrhe;j eyd;fis <l;bf; nfhs;NthH Nghd;NwhUf;F ,e;j `jP]py; kpFe;j vr;rhpf;if tpLf;fg;gLtijf; fhzyhk;.

egp (]y;) mtHfs; Aj;jk; ele;J Kbe;j gpd;dH fdPkj; nghUl;fis my;yh`; $wpa gpufhuNk gq;fpLthHfs;. Mdhy;> mt;thW cj;jpNahfg;G+Htkhf mg;nghUl;fs; gq;fplg;gL Kd;dH mg;nghUl;fspy; VjhtJ xd;iwNah gyijNah jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; jpULtJ Fw;wkhFk;. 'FY}y;" vdg;gLk;. ,J ngUk; ghtq;fspy; xd;W vd;gJ ,[;khthd KbT vd ,khk; ettp (u`;) $Wfpd;whHfs;.

ehk; tpsf;f vLj;Jf; nfhz;l `jP]pypUe;J gy cz;ikfisg; Ghpe;J nfhs;s Kbfpd;wJ.

my;yh`; khHf;fj;jpw;fhf eilngw;w Aj;jkhapDk; mjpy; fpilj;j fdPkj;ij mJ gq;fplg;gl Kd;dH xUtH jpUbdhy; mtH eufk; EiothH.

mtuJ <khdpYk; mJ ghjpg;ig cz;L gz;Zk;.

mtH Nkhrb nra;j nghUs; mw;gkhdjhapDk; rhpNa.

[p`hjpy; <Lgl;lhH vd;w rpwg;ig mtH ngw khl;lhH. mjhtJ \`Pj; vdg;gl khl;lhH.

mtH nfhy;yg;gl;lhy; Gdpj capHj;jpahfj;jpd; rpwg;Gf; fpl;lhJ.

 

mw;gkhdjhf ,Ug;gpDk; rhpNa

]`P`; K];ypkpy; te;Js;s ,d;DnkhU mwptpg;gpy;> ifgH Aj;jj;jpd; NghJ vjphpfsJ mk;nga;jYf;F ,yf;fhfpf; nfhy;yg;gl;l xUtiug; ghHj;J 'mtH capHj;jpahfk; nra;jpUg;gjhy; tho;j;Jf;fs;" vd ]`hghf;fs; $wpdhHfs;. mg;NghJ egp (]y;) mtHfs; Fwpf;fpl;L ''K`k;kjpd; capH ahH iftrk; cs;sNjh mtd; (my;yh`;) kPJ Mizahf ifghpy; fpilj;j fdPkj;fs; gq;fplg;gLtjw;F Kd;dH mtw;wpypUe;J mtH mgfhpj;j xU rpwpa NghHit (\k;yh) mtHkPJ neUg;ghfg; gw;wp vhpfpwJ"" vd;whHfs;. ,JNfl;L kf;fs; gjl;l Kw;wpUf;ifapy; nrUg;gpd; xU Njhy; thH my;yJ ,uz;L thHfis vLj;Jf; nfhz;L mq;F te;j xU egH ',it ifghpy; ehd; (jpUl;Lj;jdkhff fdPkj;jpypUe;J) vLj;jit" vd;whH. mJNfl;l egpatHfs; ''neUg;gpyhd xU thH my;yJ neUg;gpyhd ,uz;L thHfs;"" vd;whHfs;. (]`P`; K];ypk; fpjhGy; <khd; - 183)

mjhtJ nrUg;G thiu mgfhpg;gtH $l mjid mzpe;j tz;zk; eufpy; ,Ug;ghH vd;gNj ,jd; nghUshFk;. ,e;j thhpd; fhuzkhfj; jhd; mtH eufpy; EiothH vd;Wk; nghUs; nfhs;s KbAk;. NkYs;s `jP]py; te;Js;s NghHit tprakhfTk; ,t;tpsf;fj;ijNa $wyhk;.

]`P`{y; G`hhpapy; te;Js;s kw;nwhU `jP]py; fHfuh vd;gtH Aj;j re;jHg;gj;jpy; Milnahd;iw mgfhpj;jjhy; mtUk; eufthjp vd egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpapUf;fpd;whHfs;. (fpjhGy; [p`hj; - 190)

ifghpd; NghJ ,we;j ,d;DnkhU egUila [dh]hTf;fhd njhOifia elhj;jp itg;gjw;F egpatHfs; kWj;jhHfs;. mg;NghJ mq;fpUe;NjhH Mr;rhpaKs;S ''mtH my;yh`;tpd; ghijapy; Nghuhbf; nfhz;Nl Aj;jg; nghUisj; jpUbapUf;fpd;whH"" vd;W egpatHfs; $wpajhfTk; mtuJ nghl;lyq;fis ]`hghf;fs; Muha;e;J ghHj;j NghJ ,uz;L jpH`k;fs; $l ngWkjpaw;w A+jHfsJ Mguznkhd;W mq;F fz;nlLf;fg;gl;ljhfTk; njhptpf;fg;gLfpwJ. (Mjhuk; : khypf; - [p`hj; - gf;.458> m`;kj; : 4-411> mG+jhT+j; - 2710> e]< - 4:64> ,g;D kh[h 2848> `hfpk; - 2:127)

,q;Fk; $l ,uz;L jpH`k;fs; jpUlg;gl;likf;fhf mtH kPJ njhOif elhj;j egpatHfs; kWj;jik nghJr;nrhj;jpy; - mJ rpwpajhapDk; nghpajhapDk; vtUk; Miritf;fyhfhJ vd;gij czHj;Jtjw;fhFk;.

me;j `jP];fspypUe;J mbahHfSld; njhlHghd chpikfs; (`{$Fy; ,ghj;) vt;tsT J}uk; kjpf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;gijg; Ghpa KbAk;. Fwpg;ghf nrhj;Jf;fspy; - mit jdp kdpjHfSf;FhpaitahfNth nghJr; nrhj;Jf;fshfNth ,Ug;gpDk; mtw;wpy; - epahakw;w tpjj;jpy; ifitg;gJ> mDgtpg;gJ ghuJ}ukhd Fw;wkhFk;. mit mw;gkhditahf ,Ug;gpDk; rhpNa. Kjypy; nfhQ;rk; vLg;gtd; fhyg; Nghf;fpy; mjpfkhf vLg;gjw;Fj; jiyg;gl;L tpLthH vd;gjdhNyNa ,e;jf; fLikahd jz;lidf;F mtH cs;shf;fg;gLfpd;whH.

 

mk;gyg;gLj;jy;

fdPkj; nghUl;fspy; jpULgtH me;jg; nghUl;fSlNdNa kWikapy; te;jpUg;ghH vd FHMDk; `jP]{k; njspthfNt Fwpg;gpLfpd;wd. me;j egH jpUbapUg;gJ ahUf;Fk; nghJthd nrhj;J vd;gjhy; jhd; my;yh`; me;j egiug; gyUf;F kj;jpapy; mk;gyg;gLj;Jfpwhd;.

''(Aj;j nghUl;fspy;) mgfhpj;jtH jhd; mgfhpj;j nghUl;fSlNdNa kWikapy; te;J epw;ghH" vd (3:61) my;FHMdpy; my;yh`; $Wfpwhd;.

]`P`{y; Gfhhpapy; te;Js;s gphpnjhU `jP]pd; RUf;fkhtJ> Aj;jg; nghUl;fspy; ML> Fjpiu> xl;lfk; vd;gtw;iw ahuhtJ xU Nghuhsp jpUbdhy; Rke;J nfhz;L tUthH. mit xt;nthd;Wk; rg;jkpLk;. mg;NghJ me;j kdpjH egp (]y;) mtHfsplk; te;J 'vd;idf; fhg;ghw;Wq;fs;: vd;W $f;FuypLthH. ''cyfpy; ,Uf;Fk; NghJ ehd; cdf;F (njspthfNt ,t;thW Aj;jg; nghUl;fspy; Nkhrb nra;tJ) jtW vd;W $wpapUf;fpNwd;. vdNt> vd;dhy; cdf;F vjidAk; nra;a KbahJ"" vd;W egp (]y;) $WthHfs;. ,g;gbahd xU JHg;ghf;fpakhd epiyapy; K];ypk;fspy; vtiuAk; jhd; kWikapy; xUNghJk; fhzf; $lhJ vd ]`hghf;fisg; ghHj;J egpatHfs; $wp> ,t;thwhd Nkhrbapd; ghuJ}uj;ijg; gw;wp mjpf msT NgrpdhHfs;. (ePz;l `jP]pd; fUj;J tbtNk ,q;F jug;gLfpwJ. tphpthfg; ghHf;f (]`P`; G`hhp> fpjhGy; [p`hj;)

nghJr; nrhj;Jf;fis my;yJ gpwuJ nghUl;fis vt;tsT mtjhdj;JlDk; vr;rhpf;ifNahLk; ifahs Ntz;Lk; vd;gjid czHj;j NkYs;s `jP];fs; NghJkhditahFk;.

vdNt> `uhkhf mepahakhfj; Njl; ngw;w nghUis fOj;jpy; Rke;J nfhz;L kWikapy; te;J gyuJ Kd;dpiyapYk; mtkhdg;gLk; JHg;ghf;fpa epiyf;F vtUk; Mshfpl NehpLk; vd;w gak; nghWg;Gf;fisr; Rkg;gtHfSf;F kpfTk; mtrpakhFk;.

 

mgfhpg;gpd; tbtq;fs;

Aj;jj;jpy; fpilj;j nghUl;fs; kl;Lky;y tf;g; nrhj;Jf;fs;> mehijfsJ cilikfs;> murrhHgw;w epWtdq;fsJ nrhj;Jf;fs;> mur nrhj;Jf;fs;> igj;Jy;khy; nrhe;jkhd nghUl;fs; vd;gtw;iw ifahSk; NghJk; ,Nj vr;rhpf;if czHT mtrpakhFk;. ngUk;ghyhNdhH ,e;j tpraj;jpy; kpFe;j mrpuj;ijNahL ele;J nfhs;fpd;whHfs;. mtHfs; jkJ nghUl;fisg; Nghy mtw;iw kjpg;gjpy;iy. ghJfhg;gjpy;iy. khwhf fpilj;j re;jHg;gq;fis 'ed;F gad;gLj;jp" mtw;iwj; J\;gpuNahfk; nra;fpd;wdH. mYtyfj; njhiyNgrp> fhfpjq;fs;> murhq;f thfdk; kw;Wk; clikfs; Nghd;wtw;iw mDkjpf;fg;gl;l msit tpl mjpfkhfg; ghtpf;fpd;whHfs;. ,J nghpa Fw;wkhFk;.

xUtH ve;jg; gjtpf;fhf epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;shNuh mg;gjtpiafj; jdf;fhd my;yJ jdJ cwtpdHfSf;fhd eyd;fis mile;J nfhs;tjw;fhf xUNghJk; gad;gLj;jyhfhJ. Vnddpy; gpwuJ nrhj;ijNah jdJ mjpfhuj;ijNah rl;l hPjpaw;w Kiwapy; KiwNflhfg; gad;gLj;JtJ ngUk; JNuhfkhFk;.

 

rk;gsj;Jf;F mg;ghy;

muRfSk; fk;ngdpfSk; Ntiyahl;fSf;Ff; Fwpg;gpl;l msT rk;gsj;ij toq;Ffpd;wd. Mdhy;> mj;njhifia tpl mjpfkhd msitg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s xUtH FWf;Ftopfis ehbdhy; mJ `uhkhd rk;ghj;jpakhfNt ,];yhj;jpy; fzpf;fg;gLk;.

egp (]y;) mtHfs; gpd;tUkhW $wpdhHfs; : ''ehk; ekJ nghWg;nghd;Wf;fhf xUtiu mjpfhhpahf epakpj;J rk;gskhf mtUf;F xU njhifiaf; nfhLf;ifapy; mjw;F Nkyjpfkhf mtH vLj;jhy; mJ (FY}y;) mgfhpg;ghFk;"". (mG+jhT+J)

Vnddpy;> gytPdHfSf;fhfTk;> ViofSf;fhfTk; nrytplg;gl Ntz;ba epiyapYs;s my;yJ nghJg;gzpfSf;fhf xJf;fg;gl Ntz;ba gzj;ijNa mtH Nkhrb nra;fpd;whH vd;gjdhy; jhd; egpatHfs; ,t;thW $wpapUf;fpd;whHfs;.

Mdhy;> ek;gp xg;gilf;fg;gl;l xU fsQ;rpaj;jpypUe;J> my;yJ epjpapypUe;J xUtH kpfTNk mw;gkhd msitf; $l jpULtJ> rl;lhPjpaw;w Kiwapy; mgfhpg;gjhFk; vd;W egp (]y;) tmHfs; gpd;tUkhW vr;rhpj;Js;shHfs; :

''cq;fspy; xUtiu ehk; xU nghWg;Gf;fhf epakpj;J mtH vk;kplk; fhl;lhky; xU ijay; Crpia my;yJ mjid tpl mw;gkhd xU nghUsi kiwj;jhYk; mJ (FY}y;) NkhrbahFk;. mjid vLj;Jf; nfhz;L kWikehspy; mtH tUthH.. .. cq;fspy; xUtiu xU nghWg;Gf;fhf ehk; epakpj;jhy; (mtH Nrfhpj;j nghUs;) Fiwe;j msthapDk; mjpf msthapDk; (mit midj;ijAk;> mtH vk;kplk;) vLj;J tul;Lk;. mtUf;F mg;nghUspypUe;J ve;j msT (epahakhf> rk;gskhfNth my;yJ rl;lG+HtkhfNth) toq;fg;gLfpwNjh me;j msit mtH vLj;Jf; nfhs;sl;Lk;. mtH vLf;ff; $lhJ vdj; jil tpjpf;fg;gl;ltw;iw mtH tpl;L tpll;Lk;"". (Mjhuk; : K];ypk;> fpjhGy; ,khuh 1833)

vdNt. rl;l hPjpaw;w KiwapYk; FWf;F topfspYk; xUtH Nkyjpfkhf mDgtpf;f Kay;tJ Fw;wkhFk;.

 

md;gspg;Gk; yQ;rKk;

mJkl;Lkpd;wp mG+]aPj; (uop) mtHfsJ fUj;Jg;gb mjpfhhpfs; Fbkf;fsplk; ,Ue;J ngWk; md;gspg;Gf;fs; (Gifts) $l (FY}y;) NkhrbahfNt mikAk;.

egp (]y;) mtHf;s ,g;D Yj;gpah vd;gtiu ]fhj; Nrfhpf;f mDg;gpdhHfs;. jhd; Nrfhpj;j nghUl;fspy; xUgFjpiar; Rl;bf;fhl;ba Yj;gpah mtHfs; mit ]fhj; gzk; vd;Wk; NtW xU gFjpiar; Rl;bf;fhl;b mit jdf;F md;gspg;ghff; fpilj;jit vd;Wk; $wpa NghJ egpatHfs; ',tH jdJ jhapd;> jfg;gdpd; tPl;by; ,Ue;jpUe;jhy; ,e;j md;gspg;Gf;fs; fpilj;jpUf;Fkh? vd;W tpdtp tpl;L ''vtd; iftrk; vd; Mj;kh cs;sNjh mtd; kPJ rj;jpakhf> mtH (Yj;gpah) ,e;jg; nghUl;fspy; vjidAk; vLf;fyhfhJ. mg;gb vLj;jhy; (kWikapy;) mjidj; jdJ fOj;jpy; Rke;J nfhz;l jhd; mtH tUthH.."" vd;whHfs;. gpd;dH egp (]y;) mtHfs; jdJ ,uz;L iffisAk; fKf;fl;L njhpAksTf;F caHj;jp> my;yh`;Nt ehd; vj;jp itj;J tpl;Nldh?"" vd;W Nfl;lhHfs;. (Mjhuk; : K];ypk;)

mjpfhhpfs; nghJkf;fsplk; yQ;rj;ij my;yJ md;gspg;Gf;fisg; ngWfpd;w nghOJ kWGwj;jpy; r%ff; flikfspy; mtHfs; Nfhl;il tpLtjw;F <lhfNt mtw;iwg; ngWthHfs;. gf;frhHghd jPHg;Gfis toq;Ftjw;Nfh thpapypUe;J yQ;rk; toq;FNthiu tpyf;fpf; nfhs;tjw;Nfh> tpN\r rYiffis mtHfSf;F toq;Ftjw;Nfh mjpfhhpfs; yQ;rj;ij my;yJ md;gspg;igg; ngWtJ KO rKjhaj;jpw;Fk; vjpuhf mtHfs; ,iof;Fk; JNuhfkhFk;. mg;gbahd eilKiwfs; ,Uf;Fk; rKjhak; Fl;br;Rtuhfp rpd;dhgpd;dg;gLk; vd;gjpy; vt;tpj re;NjfKkpy;iy. NkYk; me;j r%fk; gae;jhq;nfhs;spahfp vjphpfsJ mr;RWj;jYf;F cs;shfp tpLk;. ,J ,iwtd; tpjpj;j epajpahFk;.

vdNt> egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs; : ''ve;j rKjhaj;jpy; (FY}y;) Nkhrb gutyhf ,lk; ngWfpd;wNjh mtHfSf;F kj;jpapy; mr;r czHT Njhw;Wtpf;fg;gLk;"". (Kmj;jh khypf; - fpjhGy; [p`hj;-26)

,e;j FY}y; vdg;gLk; Nkhrbapy; <LgLk; xUtH me;j re;jHg;gj;jpy; <khDld; ,Uf;f khl;lhH vd;gij gpd;tUkhW egp (]y;) mtHfs; gpu];jhgpj;jhHfs; : ''cq;fspy; xUtH Nkhrb nra;ifapy; mtH K/kpdhf ,Uf;f khl;lhH. cq;fis ehd; mg;gbahd epiyia tpl;Lk; fLikahf vr;rhpf;fpNwd;"". (K];ypk; - fpjhGy; <khd; - 103)

 

Kd;Ndhhpd; NgZjy;

vdNt> mw;gkhd nghUshapDk; jdp kdpjHfSf;Nfh muRf;Nfh> epWtdq;fSf;Nfh mit nrhe;jkhf ,Ue;jhYk; mtw;iw jg;ghd> Kiwaw;w topfspy; tpOq;FtJ kpfg; nghpa Fw;wk vd czHe;j vkJ Kd;NdhH kpFe;j vr;rhpf;ifNahL nray;gl;lhHfs;. jkf;Ff; fpilj;j mjpfhuq;fisAk;> gjtpfisAk; mkhdpjkhfTk; my;yh`;Tf;F fzf;Ff; fhl;l Ntz;b nghWg;Gf;fshfTNk fzpj;J flik czHr;rpapd; cr;rj;jpypUe;J nray;gl;bUf;fpd;whHfs;.

kpfg; nghpa rhk;uh[;aj;ij Mz;l mGgf;fH (uyp) mtHfs; kuzg;gLf;ifapy; ,Uf;ifapy; jdJ kfs; Map\h (uyp) mtHfis mioj;J> jd;dplk; ,Ue;j igj;Jy;khYf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd XH xl;lfj;ijAk;> mbik xUtiuAk;> fe;jyhd> kapHfs; nfhl;ba xU JzpiaAk; igj;Jy;khypy; NrHj;J tpLk;gb gzpj;jhHfs;. mtHfsJ kuzj;jpd; gpd; mit %d;iwAk; vLj;Jf; nfhz;L xUtH Gjpa fyP/gh ckH (uyp) mtHfsplk; te;J tpraj;ijf; $wpa nghOJ> ckH (uyp) mtHfs; G+kpapy; fz;zPH rpe;Jk; tiu mOjhHfs;. Mdhy;> mtw;iw igj;Jy;khypy; NrHf;fNt mtHfs; tpUk;gpdhHfs;. ,Jgw;wp mwpe;j mg;JH u`;khd; ,g;D mt;/g; (uyp) mthfs; ',tw;iw mG+gf;fhpd; FLk;gj;jhhplkpUe;J gwpf;fg; ghHf;fpd;wPHfsh? mtHfsplk; kPz;Lk; xg;gilAq;fs;" vd;W $wpa nghOJ> ckH (uyp) mtHfs;> ''vdJ Ml;rpapy; ,J elf;fhJ"" vd;whHfs;.

ckH (uyp) jdJ kfdpd; xl;lifnahd;W re;ijapy; epw;ff; fz;lhHfs;. mjd; cly; Kd;diutplr; rw;Wg; gUj;jpUe;jJ. mjid Nka;j;jtH kpfTNk rpwe;j Gy; jiuapy; mjid Nka;j;jpUf;fyhk; vd;Wk; fyPghtpd; kfdJ xl;lif vd;gjw;fhf ,e;j tug;gpurhjj;ij mtH xl;liff;Fg; ngw;Wf; nfhLj;jpUf;fyhk; vd;Wk; epidj;jhHfs;. mjhtJ. mur nry;thf;fpdhy; ,g;gb ele;jpUf;fyhk; vd;gJ mtHfsJ fzpg;ghf ,Ue;jJ. vdNt> mjid tpw;W mjd; ngWkjpia igj;Jy;khypy; NrHj;J tpLk;gb mtHfs; jdJ kfidg; gzpj;jhHfs;.

xU jlit myp (uyp) mtHfs;> NghHitnahd;why; NghHj;jpf; nfhz;bUe;j NghjpYk; Fspuhy; mtHfs; eLq;fpf; nfhz;bUe;jijf; fz;l md;jhuh (uyp) mtHfs; ''ckf;Fk;> FLk;gj;jhUf;Fk; igj;Jy;khypypUe;J xU gq;if my;yh`; itj;jpUf;fpd;whd;. mg;gbapUf;f ePH Fspuhy; eLq;Ftjh?"" vdf; Nfl;lhHfs;. mg;NghJ myp(uyp) mtHfs;> ''my;yh`; kPJ rj;jpakhf ehd; cq;fsJ ,e;j (igj;Jy;khy;) gzj;jpypUe;j ve;j xU gFjpiaAk; vLj;J mjidf; Fiwj;J tpl khl;Nld;. ,e;jg; NghHitAk; $l vdJ tPl;bypUe;j ehd; ngw;wJ jhd;"" vd;whHfs;. (my; gpjhah ghfk; 7> gf; - 3)

vdNt> nghJr; nrhj;Jf;fs; kw;Wk; gpwuJ clikfs; vd;git kpfTNk ftdkhff; ifahsg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mg;gbapy;yhj NghJ cyfpYk; kWikapYk; kpfg; nghpa e\;lq;fisr; re;jpf;f NehpLk; vd;gjpy; vt;tpj re;NjfKkpy;iy. cyfpy; rk;ghjpf;fg;gl;l nghUs; vt;topapy; Njlg;gl;lJ vd;w Kf;fpakhd Nfs;tpf;F kWikapy; rhpahd gjpiy mspf;Fk; tiu XH mbahdpd; fhy;fs; ,uz;Lk; ,Uf;Fk; ,lj;ij tpl;Lk; euf Kbahj epiy cUthFk;.(jpHkpjp)

jLf;fg;gl;l topapy; ngw;w czit cz;L Mil cLj;jp epw;gtdJ gpuhHj;jid $l mq;fPfhpf;fg;gl khl;lhJ. (K];ypk;)

,f;fUj;Jf;fis NtW rpy egpnkhopfs; %yKk; tpsq;f KbfpwJ. my;FHMdpYk; my;yh`; gpd;tUkhW $Wfpwhd; :

''cq;fSf;F kj;jpapy; cq;fs; nrhj;J nry;tq;fis mepahakhd Kiwapy; Grpf;fhjPHfs;"" (2:188) ''mjpfkhd A+j mwpQHfSk;> fpwp];jt ghjphpfSk; kf;fsJ nrhj;Jf;fis mepahakhd Kiwapy; Grpf;fpwhHfs;"". (9:34)

''mehijfspd; nrhj;Jf;fis kpfTNk rpwe;j topKiwapy; md;wp ePq;fs; (ifahs Ntz;lhk;) mZf Ntz;lhk;"". (6:152)

tpRthrpfNs! ePq;fs; mwpe;J nfhz;Nl my;yh`;Tf;Fk; mtdJ J}jUf;Fk; JNuhfk; nra;ahjPHfs;. cq;fsplk; xg;gilf;fg;gl;l milkhdq;fSf;Fk; (gjtpfs;> nghUl;fs;) ePq;fs; Nkhrb (JNuhfk;) nra;ahjPHfs;. (8:28)

vdNt> my;yh`;tpd; re;epjpapy; gjpy; nrhy;y Ntz;Lk; vd;w mr;rj;NjhL rpwpa> nghpa midj;Jg; nghWg;Gf;fisAk; nrhj;Jf;fisAk; ifahs;tJ mtrpakhFk;. Fwpg;ghf> mbahHfSf;F toq;f Ntz;ba nghUs;fs; chpikfs; tpraj;jpy; ,];yhk; ,Wf;fkhd fl;Lg;ghLfis tpjpj;jpUg;gij kwf;fhky; nray;gLtJ midtuJk; jiyaha flikahFk;.

Jizepd;witfs; :

m\;n\a;f; my; f];]hyp FYFy; K];ypk;> my; ,j;jp`hJy; ,];yhkp my; Mykp> Fitj; gf;> 78-80

fyhepjp A+Rg; my; fHshtp> gP gpf;`p; mt;typahj;> kf;jgJ t`;gh nfa;Nuh> 1999- gf;> 122-123

r<j; `t;th> my; ,];yhk;> ghfk; 3> gf;> 6-10 kf;jgJ t`;gh nfa;Nuh -1977

,khk; ,g;D `[Uy; m];fyhdp> gj;`{y; ghhp> ghfk; 6> gf;.185-186

mG+j;jPg; rjpf;`]d;> mt;Dy; ghhP> ghfk; 3> gf;.593-595

\gPH m`kj; Njt;ge;jp> gj;`{y; Ky;`pk; my; kf;jgJH u\Pjpa;ah> ghfp];jhd;> ghfk; 1> gf;.229

A+Rg; fhd; jp`;ytp>`ahJ]; ]`hgh> ,jhuJ ,rhmjpj; jPdpa;ahj;> ghfk; 2> gf;.229-230

ed;wp : ,];yhkpar; rpe;jid (m\; n\a;f; v];.vr;.vk;. /goPy;)

H 4
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