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jphpj;Jtj;jpw;F jpUf;FHMdpy; Mjhukh?

MrphpaH : mg+ Mrpah> ntspaPL : /GHfhd; gg;spNf\d;]; l;u];l;


gpjh - Fkhud; - gupRj;j Mtp ,k;%d;Wk; xd;whapUf;fpwJ> vd;gJ fpwpj;Jtk; $Wk; jpupj;Jtk; MFk;. ,JNt fpwpj;jt kjj;jpd; mbg;gilf; flTs; nfhs;ifahFk;.

Ntjhfkj;jpd; gb ,];uNtNy> Nfs; ek;Kila Njtdhfpa fu;j;ju; xUtNu fu;j;ju;. cghfkk; (6:4). MapDk; mtUila xU ehkj;jpNy %tu;. cau;e;j ];jhdKs;stu;fsha; rjhfhyKk; ,Uf;fpwhu;fs;. (kj;NjA 28:18) ,tu;fis %tuhf ehk; gpupf;ff; $lhJ. mjhtJ ,tu;fspYs;s Ntw;Wikfspdhy; %d;W ntt;NtW nja;tq;fs; vd;W vz;zf; $lhJ. md;wpAk;> ,e;jj; jpupj;Jtj;jpy; xUtUk; Ke;jpdtUk; my;yu;. gpe;jpdtUk; my;yu;. xUtupy; xUtu; ngupatUk; my;yu;. rpwpatUk; my;yu;. midtUk; rkepj;jpaUk; ruprkkhdtUk; Mtu;: (Mjhu E}y;: ,];yhkpau;fis re;jpf;Fk; Kiw' by F.D. Nltpl; RtpNr\ Copa E}y; epiyak; ntspaPL. nrd;id -7)

Ntjhfkj;jpy; mjhtJ iggpspy; xNu cz;ikahd Njtd;> jk;ik gpjh - Fkhud; - gupRj;j Mtpahf ntspg;gLj;Jfpwhu;. ,e;j jpupj;Jtf; nfhs;if fpwpj;jtu;fshy; Gjpjhf fz;L gpbf;fg;gl;l xU nfhs;ifay;y> ,J Ntj trdj;jpy; ntspg;gLj;jg;gl;l tpiyNawg;ngw;w rj;jpak;. (Ref: Ibid) - vd;W thjpf;fpd;whu;fs;. Mdhy;> cz;ikapy; jpupj;Jtk;> rpU\;b fu;j;jhtpd; Vfj;Jtj;jpw;Fk; ,NaRtpd; cgNjrj;jpw;Fk; vjpuhdjhFk; vd;W K];ypk; cyfk; $wpaNghJ.> jpupj;Jtj;jpw;F jpUf;Fu;MdpNy Mjhuk; cs;sNj vd;wd fpwpj;jt kp\dupfs;.

(NkYk; ehk; epr;rakhf kdpjidg; gilj;Njhk;. mtd; kdk; mtdplk; vd;d NgRfpwJ vd;gijAk; ehk; mwpNthk;: md;wpAk; (mtd;)gplup(apYs;s capu;) euk;igtpl ehk; mtDf;F rkPgkhfNt ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk;.'')

e`;D' vd;why; ehNk vd;W nghUs;. ,q;Nf fhzg;gLk; e`;D' vd;w thu;j;ij gd;ik thu;j;ijahff; fhzg;gLfpwJ. ,J ,iwj; jj;Jtj;jpd; jpupj;Jt epiyiaf; Fwpf;fpwJ. mg;gb ,y;iynad;why;> md' vd;w thu;j;ij gad;gLj;jg;gl;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;. md' vd;why; ehd; vd;W nghUs;. Mf jpupj;Jtj;ij jpUf;Fu;MNd mq;fPfupj;Js;sJ ghu;j;jPu;fsh?

(E}y;: fh/gtpypUe;J fy;thuptiu By P.A. `l;]d; Klyu; RtpNr\ Copa E}y; epiyak; nrd;id -7)

njspthd Vfj;Jtk; Ngrp> jpupj;Jtj;ij ngau; $wp mioj;J fz;bf;Fk; jpUf;Fu;MdpNyNa jpupj;Jtj;jpw;F Mjhuk; cs;sJ vd;W $Wtjhy;> jpupj;Jtj;ij Ma;Tf;F cl;gLj;jp mjd; cz;ik epiyia vLj;Jf; $WtJ mtrpakhfpwJ.

1. iggps; $Wk; Vfj;Jtk;

iggps; ,iw Ntjk; vd;gJ fpwpj;jtu;fspd; ek;gpf;if> Mdhy;> iggps; njspthd Vfj;Jtj;ijNa Nghjpf;fpwJ. jpupj;Jtk; ,iwtd; Nghjpj;j jj;Jtk; vd;wpUe;jhy;> ,iwNtjk; vd;W fUjg;gLk; iggps; mijj; njspthf Neubahf nrhy;ypapUf;f Ntz;Lk;.

Mjk; Jtq;fp ,NaRtiuf;Fk; cs;s ve;j jPu;f;f juprpapd; thapypUe;Jk; jpupj;Jtk; vd;Dk; gjNkh> mjd; mbg;gilapyhd NghjidNah te;jjhf iggpspy; vq;FNk fhz KbahJ.

Nkh]]; $Wfpwhu;:

fu;j;ju; vy;yh Njtu;fistplTk; ngupatu; vd;gij ,g;NghJ mwpe;jpUf;fpNwd;''. (ahj;jpuhfkk; 18: 11)

rhykd; $Wfpwhu;:

fu;j;jUf;F gag;gLjNy Qhdj;jpd; Muk;gk;> gupRj;jupd; mwpNt mwpT.'' (ePjpnkhopfs; 9: 10)

Vrhah $Wfpwhu;:

g+kpapd; filahe;juq;fisr; rpU\;bj;j fu;j;juhfpa mehjp Njtd;. Nrhu;e;J NghtJkpy;iy. ,isg;giltJkpy;iy (Vrhah 40: 28) vd;W $Wfpwhu;.

vd; Mj;JkhNt> fu;j;jiu ];Njhj;jpup: vd; Njtdhfpa fu;j;jhNt> ePu; kpfTk; ngupatuhapUf;fpwPu;> kfpikiaAk; kfj;Jtj;ijAk; mzpe;J nfhz;bUf;fpwPu;. (rq;fPjk; 104: 1)

cz;ikapy; iggps; $w;wpd; mbg;gilapYk;> ,NaRTk; mtUf;F Ke;jpa jPu;f;fj;juprpfSk; ,iwtd; xUtd; vd;Nw ek;gpapUe;jdu;. gpugQ;rj;ijAk;; mjpy; cs;s nghUl;fisAk;; ,NaRitAk;; gupRj;j MtpiaAk; me;j ,iwtNd gilj;jhd; vd;W ek;gpapUe;jdu;. ,NaRtpd; nrhy;Yk; nraYk; ,ij njspTgLj;JfpwJ.

,aNR $Wfpd;wu;:

1. vd; gpjh vd;dpYk; ngupatuhapUf;fpwhu; (Nahthd; 14:28)

2. vd; cgNjrk; vd;Dilajhapuhky; vd;id mDg;gpdtUilajhapUf;fpwJ. (Nahthd; 7: 16)

3. vd;id mDg;gpd gpjh jhNk vd;idf; Fwpj;Jr; rhl;rp nfhLj;jpUf;fpwhu;> ePq;fs; xUf;fhYk; mtu; rj;jj;ijf; Nfl;lJkpy;iy. mtu; &gj;ijf; fz;lJkpy;iy.. (Nahtdu; 5: 37)

4. ePq;fs; vd;id ahu; vd;W nrhy;YfpwPu;fs; vd;W Nfl;lhu;: NgJU gpujpAj;jukhf ePu; NjtDila fpwp];J vd;whd;. (Y}f;fh9: 20)

5. mjw;F ,NaR: eP vd;id ey;ytd; vd;W nrhy;thNdd;? Njtd; xUtu; jtpu ey;ytd; xUtDkpy;iyNa. (khw;F 10:18)

6. mg;nghOJ ,NaR: mg;ghNy Ngh rhj;jhNd: cd; Njtdhfpa fu;j;jiug; gzpe;J nfhz;L> mtu; xUtUf;Nf Muhjid nra;thahf vd;W vOjpapUf;fpwNj vd;whu;. (kj;NjA 4: 10)

7. ,NaR mtid Nehf;fp: vd;idj; njhlhNj! ehd; ,d;Dk; vd; gpjhtplj;jpw;F Vwpg; Nghftpy;iy. eP vd; rNfhjuuplj;jw;Fg;Ngha;> ehd; vd; gpjhtpdplj;jpw;Fk;> cq;fs; gpjhtpdplj;jpw;Fk;> vd; Njtdplj;jpw;Fk;> cq;fs; Njtdplj;jpw;Fk; Vwpg;NghfpNwd; vd;W mtu;fSf;Fr; nrhy;Y vd;whu;. (Nahthd; 20:17)

8. xd;whd nka;j;Njtdhfpa ck;ikAk;> ePu; mDg;gpdtuhfpa ,NaR fpwp];JitAk; mwptNj epj;jpa [Ptd;. (Nahthd;17:3)

Nkw;fhZk; iggps; trdq;fs; flTs; xUtNu vd;Dk; Vfj;JtNk NgRfpwJ. ,NaRit flTs; vd;Nwh> mtjhuk; vd;Nwh> flTspd; xU gFjpnad;Nwh mk;rk; vd;Nwh $Wtjw;F vjpuhf cs;sJ. Fwpg;ghf Nahthdpd; 17:3 trdkhdJ> jpupj;Jtj;ij vy;yhtpjj;jpYk; vjpu;f;Fk; trdkhfTk; cs;sJ. vdpDk; fpwpj;jtu;fs; jpupj;Jtk; vd;Dk; mbg;gil Mjhukw;w jj;Jtj;ij Vw;W tUfpd;wdu;. ntWk; fl;Lf;fijfspd; mbg;gilapy; cUthdNj jpupj;Jtk; vdg;gLk; jj;Jtk;> gz;ila ehfuPf efuq;fspy; ,J Nghd;w jj;Jtq;fs; fhzg;gl;lJz;L. mjpypUe;J gpujp vLf;fg;gl;l xU jj;JtNk jpupj;Jtk;. ,ij iggpSk; Kd;dwptpg;Gr; nra;fpwJ.

,NaR $Wfpwhu;: k;,e;j [dq;fs; jq;fs; thapdhy; vd;dplj;jpy; Nru;e;J> jq;fs; cjLfspdhy; vd;idf; fdk; gz;Zfpwhu;fs;: mtu;fs; ,UjaNkh vdf;Fj; J}ukha; tpyfpapUf;fpwJ. kD\Uila fw;gidfis cgNjrq;fsha; Nghjpj;J> tPzha; vdf;F Muhjid nra;fpwhu;fs;.''

gTy; $l ,g;gb $Wfpwhu;: k;mtu;fs; MNuhf;fpakhd cgNjrj;ijg; nghWf;f kdjpy;yhky;> nrtpj;jpdTs;stu;fshfp> jq;fs; Ra ,r;irfSf;Nfw;w Nghjfu;fisj; jq;fSf;Fj; jpushfr; Nru;j;Jf;nfhz;L> rj;jpaj;Jf;F tpyf;fp> fl;Lf;fijfSf;Fr; rha;e;J NghFq;fhyk; tUk;. (xx jP Nkhj;NjA 4:3>4)

mtu;fs; Njtid mwpe;jpUf;fpNwhnkd;W mwpf;if gz;Zfpwhu;fs;. fpupiafspdhNy mtiu kWjypf;fpwhu;fs;. mtu;fs; mUtUf;fg;glj;jf;ftu;fSk;> fPo;g;gbahjtu;fSk;> ve;j ew;fpupiaAQ;nra;a Mfhjtu;fSkhapUf;fpwhu;fs;. (jPj;J 1:16)

2. jphpj;Jtj;jpd; Njhw;wk;

jpupj;Jt ek;gpf;ifahdJ> gz;ila r%fj;jhu; rpyuplkpUe;J te;jjhFk;. ek; ,e;jpa ehl;bYk; ,j;jifa ek;gpf;if ,Ue;jJ vd;gij ,e;J Guhzq;fspYk; ,d;iwa ,e;Jf;fspd; eilKiwapYk; fhzKbfpwJ.

,e;jpah

xd;wpy; %d;W

gpuk;kh                 rptd;                 tp\;Z

(gilg;gtu;             mopg;gtu;              fhg;gtu;

 

ghgpNyhdpah

xd;wpy; %d;W

ghy;                   nrkpuhkp];            epk;&j;

r#upaf;flTs;           fd;dpj;jha;           Fkhud;

 

fpNuf;fk;

xd;wpy; %d;W

ghy;                    nrkpuhkp];            epk;&j;

gilg;ghsu;              flTspd; murd;       xspf;flTs;

 

vfpg;J

xd;wpy; %d;W

ghy;                    nrkpuhkp];            epk;&j;

X]pup];                  I]p];               N`hu];

mopf;Fk; flTs;           ,aw;iff; flTs;      xypu]pd; kfd;

,t;thW ,e;jpahitg; Nghy; ghgpNyhdpNah> fpNuf;fk;> vfpg;J vd;W rpy gz;ila ehfuPf fhyq;fspy; %d;W nja;tf; nfhs;if epiyepd;W te;Js;sJ.

,NaRtpd; fhyj;jpw;Fg;gpd; Vwj;jho %d;W E}w;whz;LfSf;F gpd; fpwpj;jtj;jpy; jpupj;Jtk; Eiof;fg;gl;lJ.

gTypd; fhyj;jpy; $l jpupj;Jtk; vDk; Nfhl;ghL fpwpj;jtj;jpy; ,y;iy. Mdhy;> Jtpj;Jtk; ,Ue;jJ mijAk; cUthf;fpaJ gTy; MFk;.

gTy; gpypg;gpaUf;F vOjpa epUgj;jpy; $Wfpwhu;: k;mtu; NjtDila &gkhapUe;Jk;> NjtDf;Fr; rkkhapUg;gijf; nfhs;isahbd nghUshf vd;zhky;> jk;ikj;jhNk ntWikahf;fp> mbikapd; &gnkLj;J kD\u; rhayhdhu;''. (gpypg;gpau; 2:6>7)

gTy; nfhNyh nraUf;F vOjpa ep&gj;jpy; $wfpwhu;: k;mtu; mjuprdkhd NjtDila jw;R&gKk;> ru;t rpU\;bf;Fk; Ke;jpd NgWkhdtu;. (nfhNyhnrau; 1:15)

...rTy; (gTy;) jk];FtpYs;s rP\UlNd rpy ehs; ,Ue;J> jhkjkpd;wp> fpwp];J NjtDila Fkhundd;W Myaq;fspNy gpurq;fpj;jhd;. (mg;Ngh];jyu; 9:20)

gTy; jPNkhj; NjATf;F vOjpa Kjyhk; ep&gj;jpy; Njtd; mtNu epj;jpahde;jKs;s Vfrf;fuhjpgjpAk;> uh[hjp uh[hTk;> fu;j;jhjp fu;j;jhTk;>

xUtuha;> rhthikAs;stUk;> Nruf;$lhj xspapy; thrk;gz;ZfpwtUk;> kD\upy; xUtUk; fz;buhjtUk;> fhzf; $lhjtUkhapUf;fpwtu;. mtUf;Nf fdKk; epj;jpa ty;yikAk; cz;lhapUg;gjhf. (x jPNkhj;NjA 6:15>16)

gTYila ,t;trdq;fspypUe;J ehk; njspthf tpsq;fpnfhs;Sk; tp\aq;fs;...

1. fu;j;ju; xUtu; cz;L. mtNu Nkyhdtu;. ahuhYk; fhz Kbahjtu;.

2. fu;j;jNu kdpj mtjhuk; vLj;J> ,NaRthf ,t;Tyfpw;F te;jhu;.

3. ,NaR fu;j;jUila Fkhud;.

,jpy; ,NaR fu;j;jupd; mtjhukh? Fkhudh? vd;gjpy; Kuz;ghL. vd;whYk; ,NaRTk; flTNs> fu;j;jUk; flTNs. flTNs fu;j;jupd; FkhudhfTk; ,NaRthfTk; ,Uf;fpwhu; vd;Dk; Nfhl;ghl;il gTy; nfhz;bUe;jhu;. mjhtJ gTypd; nfhs;if jpUj;Jtky;y. Jtpj;JtkhFk;. Mdhy; mjdh]pa]; vd;gtupd; ie]Pd; fPuPl; (Nicene creed) jhd; jpupj;Jtk; gw;wpf; $WfpwJ.

ie]Pd; fpuPl; fp.gp. 325 y; mq;fPfupf;fg;gltpy;iy. mf;fhyj;jpy; rf;utu;j;jpahf ,Ue;j kfh fhz;];ld;lNd Jtpj;Jtj;ij (gpjhTk; FkhuDk; xd;Nw vd;Dk; Vfj;Jtj;ij) mq;fPfupj;J gpugykhf;fpdhu;. fp.gp 381-y; fhd;];ld; Nehg;gpspy; ele;j fTd;]pypy; itj;Jj;jhd; ie]Pd; fpuPl; mq;fPfupf;fg;gl;lJ. ,ij nra;jJ md;iwa rf;utu;j;jpahf ,Ue;j jpNahNlh]pa]; MFk;. fp.gp. 373 NyNa ie]Pd; fpuPl; vOjpa mjdh]pa]; ,we;Jtpl;lhu;.

(1. ,NaR Njtdpd; Fkhud;> Njtd; ,NaRtpd; gpjhTk; vd;why;> gpjhTf;F gpd;G my;yth Fkhud;? gpjh> FkhuDf;F Kd;Gk; ,Ue;jhuy;yth? ,Ue;jhnudpy; Fkhud; ,y;yhj xU fhyKk; ,Ue;jNj? mg;gbahdhy;> Fkhud; vd;nwd;Wk; epiy epw;fhj xU gilg;ghFk; vd;whfpwJ. mNj rkak; Njtd; vd;nwd;Wk; epiyepd;whd; vd;whfpwJ. mjdhy; Fkhud; nja;tky;y.

2. nja;tj;jpw;F khw;wk; ,y;iy. Mdhy; ,NaRTf;F khw;wk; Vw;gl;bUe;jJ. ,NaR gpwf;fTk; tsuTk; ,wf;fTk; nra;jhu;.

kl;Lky;yhky; ,NaR kf;fsplk; $wpdhu;. k;vd; gpjh vd;dpYk; ngupatuhf ,Uf;fpwhu;. (Nahthd; 14:28) mg;gbahdhy; ,NaRTk; gpjhTk; jdpj;jdpahdtu;fs;. vd;W ek;GtJ rupjhNd?'')

,g;gb cz;ikia nrhd;d Mupa;ai] rig ntspahf;fTk;> nfhLikg;gLj;jTk; nra;jJ.

Mupa;a]; vOjpdhu;: k;ehk; nfhLikg;gLj;jg;gLfpNwhk;. fhuzk; ,NaRTf;F Muk;gk; cz;L vd;Wk;> NjtDf;F Muk;gk; ,y;iy vd;Wk; ehk; $wpajhy;jhd;!''

(J.B. Firth: Constarntine the Great)

Mjhuk;: ,NaRtpd; ghij K`k;kjpd; ghij - gf;fk; 14>15)

,NaR jd;id flTs; vd;Nwh; flTspd; mtjhuk; vd;Nwh; $wpajhf iggpspy; vq;FNk ,y;iy. gTy; gpypg;gpaUf;Fk; (2:6>7) nfhNyhnraUf;Fk; (1:1:5) vOjpa ep&gj;jpy; jhd; mt;thW $Wfpwhu;. ,d;Dk; ,NaR flTspd; Fkhud; vd;W Kjd; Kjypy; mwpKfg;gLj;jp itj;jJk; gTy; MFk;.

,NaRNth> mg;Ngh];jyu;fNsh $whjjij Kjd;Kjypy; $wpa gTy; vj;jifatu; vd;why;...?

1. mg;Ngh];jyu; 22: 1-57 trdj;jpd; gpufhuk; ,NaRtpd; tpRthrpfisj; Jd;GWj;jpatd;.

2. fyhj;jpau; 1:13-17 trdj;jpd;gb rigiag; ghohf;fpatd;.

3> mg;Ngh];jtu; 22: 17-20 trdj;jpd;gb nfhiyfhuDf;F cjtpatd;.

4. mg;Ngh];jyu; 22: 6-16 trdj;jpd;gb gTy; ve;jnthU mj;jhl;rpAk; ,y;yhky;> ,NaRit thdj;jpy; juprpj;J Qhd];Qhdk; ngw;Wf;nfhz;ljhf $wp: RaNk mg;Ngh];jyu; cupik nfhz;lhbdtu;.

5. mg;Ngh];jygu; 22: 21 trdj;jpd;gb GwrhjpfSf;F jhd; mg;Ngh];jfdhf epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;Nsd; vd;W Ra cupik Nfhupdhu;.

6> nfhNyhnrau; 1: 13 trdj;jpd;gb ,NaR mjuprdkhd NjtDila jw;Ra&gKk;> ru;t rpU\;bfSf;Fk; Ke;jpd NgUkhdtu; vd;W ,NaRTk; mtu; rPlUk; $whj fUj;ijf; $wpdhu;.

7. kj;NjA 5:17-y; epahag;gpukhzj;ijahdhYk;> jPu;f;fjuprdq;fisahdhYk; mopf;fpwjw;F te;Njd; vd;W vz;zpf; nfhs;shjPu;fs;: mopf;fpwjw;F my;y> epiwNtw;Wfpwjw;Nf te;Njd;' vd;W ,NaR $wpapUf;f gTNyh fyhj;jpau; 3: 13-y; k;fpwp];J ekf;fhfr; rhgkhfp> epahag;gpukhzj;jpd; rhgj;jpw;F ek;ik ePq;fyhf;fp kPl;Lf; nfhz;lhu;.'' vd;W $wpdhu;.

8. fyhj;jpau; 3:23-25-y; ,dp ehk; epahag;gpukhzj;jpw;F fl;Lg;glNtz;bajpy;iy vd;whu;.

9. kj;NjA 5:18-y; thdKk; g+kpAk; xope;J NghdhYk; epahag; gpuk;khzj;jpYs;sJ vy;yhk; epiwNtWkhfTk; mjpy; xU vOj;jhfpYk; xU vOj;jpd; cWg;ghfpYk; xope;J NghfhJ vd;W nka;ahfNt cq;fSf;Fr; nrhy;YfpNwd;.'' vd;W ,NaR $wpapUf;f vgpNuau; 8:13-y; gTy; $Wfpwhu;: GJ cld;gbf;if vd;W mtu; nrhy;Yfpw NghjpdhNy Ke;jpdijg; goikahf;fpdhu;> goikahdJk; ehs; gl;lJkhapUf;fpwJ cUtope;J Nghff; fhyk; rkPgpj;jpUf;fpwJ'' vd;W ,j;jifa gTy;jhd;> ,NaR fpwpj;J fu;j;jupd; kdpj cUtk; vd;Wk; ek;gpf;ifia Kjypy; fw;gpj;jhu;.

kfh fhz;];l;ld;ild; (CONSTANTINE THE GREAT)

kfh fhz;];l;ld;ild; rf;utu;j;jpapd; Ml;rp fhyk; fp.gp 310 Kjy; 337 tiuahFk;. fpNuf;f Njtu;> Njtpfis tzq;fp te;j xU tu;f;f kjthjpAk; kjFUTkhthu; fhz;];l;ld;ild;. jd; je;ijiag;Nghy; r#upaf; flTisAk; tzq;fp te;jtuhthd;. ,uj;jnts;sj;jpy; %o;fp vOe;Nj Ml;rpiag; gpbj;jhd; vdyhk;. nfhLik nra;jYk; mePjp ,ioj;jYk; mtDf;Fr; ru;trhjhuzkhf ,Ue;jJ. jd; ,uz;lhk; kidtpia ePupy; %o;fbj;Jf; nfhd;whd;. Kjy; kidtpapd; kfid nfhiy nra;jhd;. 11 taJila jd; kUkfisAk; $l nfhiy nra;jhd;. ,Ug;gpDk; fpwpj;jtu;fsplk; gifnfhz;L ,uj;jk; rpe;jhjjhy; fpwpj;jt tuyhw;W Mrpupau;fSf;F fhz;];l;ld;ild; kPJ ghrKs;sJ. gy kidtpfSld; Vuhskhd itg;ghl;bfSk; mtDf;F cz;L. mjpy; mjpfkhNdhu; fpwpj;jtg; ngz;kzpfNs! ,jpy; Kf;fpakhdtu; n`nyd; vd;Dk; fpwpj;jtg; ngz;zhthu;. mtdpd; jhAk; fpwpj;jtshf ,Ue;jhu;: fp.gp 312-y; Nkw;fj;jpa ehLfNshL Vw;gl;l Nghupy;> fhz;];l;ld;ilDf;F fpilj;j fhuzk; fpwpj;jtu;fSk; mtu;fspd; flTSk; MFk; vd;W fhz;];ld;ild; ek;gpdhd;. mjd; tpisthf 313-y; k;kpyhd; murhiz'' vd;Dk; ngau; $wp> fpwpj;jtk; murhq;f kjk;. mJ vy;NyhUk; Vw;Wf;nfhs;s Ntz;ba kjk; vd;Wk; tpsk;guk; nra;ag;gl;lJ.

kpyhd; tpsk;guj;jpw;Fg; gpd; Vfj;Jt thjpahd mup]; rfhf;fSf;Fk;> jpupj;Jt thjpahd ie]Pd; fpuPl; jahupj;j mjdh]pa]; rfhf;fSf;Fk; ,ilapy; Vw;gl;l fyfj;jpy; ,uj;j MW XbaJ. mupA]pd; FUthd Y}]pd; nfhy;yg;gl;lhu;. ,jdhy; ehl;bd; mikjpf;F gq;fk; Vw;gl;lJ. ,jw;F gupfhukhf rkhjhd eltbf;if vDk;ngaupy;> epfpah vd;Dk; ,lj;jpy; gp\g;Gfis mioj;Jf; $l;bdhu;fs;. ,jpy; 300 gp\g;Gfs; kl;LNk $bdu;. mjpy; ngUk;ghd;ikapdu;> ,NaRit flTshf ek;gf; $batu;fshf ,Ue;jdu; k;,NaR gpjhTkhthu; FkhuUkhthu; vd;Dk; Vfj;Jtk; vd;Dk; /ghu;%yh cUthf;fg;gl;lJ. epfpah ftd;]py; vLj;j ,d;d gpw KbTfisAk; ,uz;L gpbg;GfisAk; jtpu> kw;nwy;yh gp\g;GfSk; Vw;Wf; nfhz;ldu;.

#upaid flTshf tzq;fp te;jtu;fisAk; fpwpj;jtj;jpy; If;fpag;gLj;j ,d;dgpw tpjpfSk; epfpah fTd;]pypy; typAWj;jg;gl;ld. mtw;wpy; rpy...

1. fpwpj;Jtpd; fhyj;jpYk; Kd;Gk;> ]gh' jpdk; rdpf;fpoikahf ,Ue;jJ. r#upaf;flTis Gdpjkhff; fUjp> nfhz;lhb kfpo;e;j kf;fSf;fhf ]gh'jpdk; rdpf;fpoikapypUe;J Qhapw;Wf; fpoikahf khw;wg;gl;lJ.

2. ,NaRtpd; gpwe;jjpdk; vJ vd;W jpl;ltl;lkhf njupahky; ,Ue;jJ r#upaNjtdpd; gpwe;jjpdkhf fUjg;gl;L te;j brk;gu; 25 ,NaRtpd; gpwe;j jpdkhf khw;wg;gl;lJ.

3. r#upa Njtdpd; jiyf;Fg; gpd;dhy; cs;s xspmikg;G (Cross of light) rpYit rpd;dj;jpw;F Vw;g ,Ue;jjhy; me;j rpYit kj rpd;dkhf;fg;gl;lJ.

,jd; gpd; fhz;];ld;ild;> Mup]pidAk; mtiug; gpd;gw;wpatu;fisAk; ehLflj;jpdhd;. fp.gp 337-y; fhz;]; ld;ild; kuzg;gLf;ifapy; fplf;Fk; NghJ jhd; Qhd];jhdk; nra;ag;gl;lJ.

NICENE CREED (ie]Pd; fpuPl;)

fp.gp. 381-k; Mz;L (May - July 30) fhz;];ld; Nehgpspy; ele;j fTd;]pypy; jhd; mjdh]pa]pd; ie]Pd; fpuPl; mq;fPfupf;fg;gLfpwJ. mg;NghJ murdhf ,Ue;jtu; jpNah Nlh]pa]; I (fp.gp 379-395) Mthu;. ,e;j ie]Pd; fpuPl;jhd; fpwpj;jtu;fspd; rj;jpag;gpukhzk; MFk;.

3. jphpj;Jtj;jpw;F vjpuhf ghpRj;j Ntjhfkk;

gpjhTk; nja;tkhFk; - FkhuDk; nja;tkhFk; gupRj;j MtpAk; nja;tkhFk;. rkkhd %d;W nja;tq;fSk; %d;W my;y. xNu nja;tkhFk; vd;Dk; ie]Pd; fpuPbd; Nfhl;ghL iggpspd; mbg;gilapy; cUthdjy;y. cUthf;fg;gl;l jpupj;Jtj;jpw;F Mjhuj;ijj; Njb iggps; trdq;fis tisj;J xbj;J GFj;jp jpupj;Jtj;ij J}f;fp epWj;j Kaw;rpf;fpwhu;fs;> vd;whYk; mJ nghUe;jpg; Nghtjpy;iy mJ kl;Lky;y iggps; trdq;fSf;Nf mJ Kuz;gLfpwJ.

A. fPo;fhZk; trdq;fs;> gpjh Fkhud; gupRj;j Mtp ,k;%d;Wk; rkky;y vd;W $WfpwJ.

1. kj;NjA 6:4-y; k;mg;nghOJ me;juq;fj;jpy; ghu;f;fpw cd; gpjh jhNk cdf;F ntspauq;fkha;g; gydspg;ghu; vd;Ws;sJ. ,jpy; ,aNR Vd; %d;wpy; xd;whf rkkhdtu; vd;W cupik Nfhutpy;iy.

2. kj;NjA 12:32-y; k; vtdhfpYk; kD\ FkhuDf;F tpNuhjkhd thu;j;ij nrhd;dhy;> mJ mtDf;F kd;dpf;fg;gLk;. vtdhfpYk; gupRj;j Mtpf;F tpNuhjkhfg; Ngrpdhy;> mJ ,k;ikapYk; kWikapYk; mtDf;F kd;dpf;fg;gLtjpy;iy vd;Ws;sJ.

Vd; ,t;tplj;jpy; ,NaR jk;ik gupRj;j Mtpf;F rkkhdtu; vd;W $wtpy;iy?

3. kj;NjA 27:46-y; vd; NjtNd! vd; NjtNd! Vd; vd;idf; iftpl;lPu; vd;W rj;jkpl;L $l;gpl;lhu; vd;Ws;sJ: ,NaR NjtDf;F rkkhdtu; vd;why; Vd; Njtidj; Jizf;F miof;f Ntz;Lk;?

4. kj;NjA 24:36-y;> k;me;j ehisAk; me;j ehopifiaAk; vd; gpjh xUtu; jtpu kw;nwhUtDk; mwpahd;. guNyhfj;jpYs;s J}ju;fSk; mwpahu;fs; vd;Ws;sJ. ,NaR gpjhTf;F rkkhdtu; vd;why;> Vd; me;j ehisAk; me;j ehopifiaAk; Fwpj;J mwpe;jpUf;ftpy;iy?

5. Y}f;fh 18:19 - y; k;,NaR: eP vd;id ey;ytd; vd;W nrhy;YthNdd;? Njtd; xUtu; jtpu ey;ytd; xUtDk; ,y;iyNa. vd;W $wpajhf cs;sJ NjtDf;F rkkhf ,NaR ,Ue;jhu; vd;why; jd;id ey;ytd; vd;W $whjJ Vd;?

B fPo; fhZk; iggps; trdq;fs; gpjh - Fkhud; - gupRj;j Mtp Mfpa %d;Wk; xd;whf ,y;iy vd;W $WfpwJ.

1. kj;NjA 3:16-17y; ,NaR Qhd];Qhdk; ngw;W> [yj;jpypUe;J fiuNawpd clNd> ,Njh thdk; mtUf;Fj; jpwf;fg;gl;lJ> Njt Mtp Gwhitg; Nghy ,wq;fp> jk;Nky; tUfpwijf; fz;lhu; md;wpAk;> thdj;jpypUe;J xU rj;jk; cz;lhfp> ,tu; vd;Dila Nerf; Fkhud; > ,tupy; gpupakhapUf;fpNwd; vd;W ciuj;jJ vd;Ws;sJ mjhtJ gpjh thdj;jpypUf;fpwhu;. Fkhud; g+kpapypUf;fpwhu; gupRj;j Mtp ,uz;Lf;Fk; kj;jpapypUf;fpwJ. mjhtJ %d;Wk; xd;whf ,y;iy.

2. Mjpahfkk; 1:2-y;> k;NjtMtpahdtu; [yj;jpd; Nky; mirthbf; nfhz;bUe;jhu;. vd;Ws;sJ. mjhtJ %d;wpy; ,uz;Ls;sJ %d;wpy; xd;W (,NaR) ,y;iy.

3. kj;NjA 17:23-y; k;mtu;fs; mtiuf;nfhiy nra;thu;fs;: MfpYk; %d;whk; ehspNy capu;j;njOe;jpUg;ghu; vd;whu;.'' vd;Ws;sJ. mjhtJ %d;wpy; xd;W ,we;J tpLfpw fhyj;jpy; %d;wpy; ,uz;L kl;LNk ,aq;fpf;nfhz;bUf;fpwJ.

4. Y}f;fh 1:31 - y; k;eP fu;g;gtjpahfp xU Fkhuidg; ngWtha; mtUf;F ,NaR vd;W ngaupLthahf'' vd;Ws;sJ. mjhtJ %d;wpy; xd;W fUthf cs;sJ. Y}f;fh 1:35y; k;gupRj;j Mtp cd; Nky; tUk; cd;djkhdtUila gyk; cd;Nky; epoypLk;'' vd;Ws;sJ. mjhtJ %d;wpy; xd;W (,NaR) gpwf;Fk; Kd;Ng %d;wpy; ,uz;L ,aq;fpf; nfhz;bUe;jJ.

5. Nahthd; 7:39-y; k;,NaR ,d;Dk; kfpikg;lhjpUe;j gbapdhy; gupRj;j Mtp ,d;Dk; mUsg;gltpy;iy'' vd;Ws;sJ. kfpikg;gLj;jglhjjhy; rkkhdtUk; my;y. gupRj;j Mtp Nru;e;jpUf;fTk; ,y;iy.

NkNy Fwpg;gpl;Ls;s trdq;fspypUe;J %d;Wk; xd;wha; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;W $Wk; ie]Pd; fpuPl;>> Xu; mbg;gilaw;wJ vd;gJ njspT.

,d;Dk; tk;rh top gw;wpa tiug;glk; tiuNthkhdhy;> gpjhthf fUjg;gLgtu; jhj;jhthfj;jhd; fUj Ntz;baJ tUk;> Fkhudhf fUjg;gLgtu; Ngudhfj;jhd; fUj Ntz;baJ tUk;.

kj;NjA 1:18 - y;> k;,NaR fpwpj;JtpDila [ddj;jpd; tptukhdJ: mtUila jhahfpa kupahs; NahNrg;Gf;F epakpf;fg; gl;bUf;ifapy;> mtu;fs; $btUk; Kd;Nd> mts; gupRj;j MtpapdhNy fu;g;gtjpahdhs; vd;W fhzg;gl;lJ. vd;Ws;sjhy; ,NaRtpd; gpjhthf fzpf;fg;glNtz;bau; gupRj;j Mtpahd tiuNaahFk; (my;yh`; kd;dpg;ghdhf?) khw;F 6:3d; gb ,NaRTf;F jha;top rNfhjuu;fshf ahf;NfhG NahNr> jh> rPNkhd; vd;Nghu;fSk; rNfhjupfSk; cz;nld;fpwJ.

vdpDk;> gpjh Fkhud; gupRj;j Mtp> vd;Dk; jpupj;Jtj;ij iggps; mbg;gilapy; $wNt KbahJ. mg;gbapUf;f mij mq;fPfupj;jJ Vd;?

epfpah fTd;]py; Vd; jpupj;Jtj;ij mq;fPfupj;jJ

,NaRfpwpj;J ,iwtdhthu; vd;Dk; gTypd; fz;Lgpbg;igAk;: ek;Kila Njtdhfpa fu;j;ju; xUtNu fu;j;ju; vd;Dk; cz;ikiaAk; xd;W Nru;f;fTk;> ,uz;Lk; rupnad;W rupfhzTk;> ,uz;Lk; fpwpj;jt kjj;jpd; rpj;jhe;jk; vd;Wk;> mtw;wpw;fpilapy; Kuz;ghL ,y;iy vd;Wk; jPu;khdpf;fNt jpupj;Jtk; vd;Dk; Gjpa jj;Jtj;ij epfpah fTd;]py; Kd; itj;jJ. gTypd; Jtpj;Jtj;Jld; gupRj;j Mj;khitAk; Nru;j;Jf;nfhz;lJ vjw;nfd;why;?

gupRj;j Mj;khit Vfj;Jtj;jpd; Xu; mq;fkhf;Ftjd; %yk;> gupRj;j Mj;kh epuk;gpatu;fis nja;tPf kjpg;gpw;F nfhz;L nry;yyhk;. rigahdJ gupRj;j Mj;kh epiwe;jtu;fs; mlq;fpaJ vd;W cupik nfhz;lhLk;NghJ> mtu;fspd; thu;j;ijf;F nja;tPf jd;ikAz;L vd;W cupik Nfhuyhk;. xU ru;r; ghjupd; Kd;G epw;gjhf ,Ue;jhYk;> mtu; gupRj;j Mtp epiwe;jtuhf ,Ug;gjhf fUjg;gLtjhy;> xU nja;tj;jpd; Kd; epw;gJNghd;w vz;zk; tpRthrpfs; kj;jpapy; Vw;gLfpwJ.

,jd; %yk; MjhaKila GNuhfpju;fshy; Kbe;jJ. gupRj;j Mj;kh epiwe;jtuhfp> Neha; nehbfis khw;wpf;nfhLf;Fk; nge;jNfh];J rNfhjuu;fs; nra;tJ ,jd; kw;nwhU tbtpyhFk;. kjGNuhfpju;fs; xd;iw mDkjpj;jhy;> mJ mDkjpf;fg; gl;ljhfTk;> xd;iw jilnra;jhy; mJ jLf;fg;gl;ljhfTk; fUjg;gLk; epiyia Vw;gLj;jpaJ. gupRj;j Mj;kh epiwe;jtu;fis Njtdpd; gpujpepjpfshfTk;> mtu;fis mDrupj;J nry;tJ jpupj;Jtj;ij mDrupg;gjw;F xg;ghd epiy Vw;gl;lJ. ,jdhNyNa jpUf;Fu;Md; ,t;thW fl;lisapl;lJ.

mtu;fs; my;yh`;it tpl;Lk; jk; ghjpupfisAk; jk; re;epahrp fisAk; kupaKila kfdhfpa k]Pi`Ak; nja;tq;fshf;fpf; nfhs;fpd;wdu;. NtnwtiuAk; tzq;ff;$lhnjd;Nw fl;lisaplg; gl;Ls;shu;fs;. tzf;fj;jpw;Fupatd; mtdd;wp NtW ,iwtd; ,y;iy. mtd; mtu;fs; ,izitg;gtw;iw tpl;Lk; kpfTk; gupRj;j khdtd;'' (my;Fu;Md; 9:31)

4. gpjh Fkhud; ghpRj;j Mtp

gpjh Fkhud; gupRj;j Mtp Mfpa %d;Wk; cz;L vd;gjpy; K];ypk;fSf;F fUj;J NtWghL ,y;iy. Mdhy;> ,k; %d;Wk; xd;whapUf;fpwJ vd;W $Wtijj;jhd; vjpu;f;fpd;wdu;> fhuzk; mJ Vf ,iwtDf;F fsq;fj;ij Rkj;jf; $bajhf ,Ug;gjhy;jhd;.

gpjh: ,e;j gpugQ;rj;ij gilj;j ,iwtid. fu;j;jiuNa iggps; gpjh vd;wiof;fpwJ. xU Fwpg;gpl;l Fy nja;tkhf Vf ,iwtidf; fUjptplf; $lhJ vd;gjw;fhfNt ,NaRTk; Ke;ija jPu;f;fjupfSk; gpjh vd;wioj;jhu;fs; vd;W iggps; tpsf;fk; jUfpwJ.

Vrhah $Wfpwhu;:

fu;j;jhNt> ePu; vq;fSila gpjh> ehq;fs; fspkz;:

ePu; vq;fis cUthf;Ffpwtu;. ehq;fs; midtUk;

ck; fuj;jpd; fpupia> fu;j;jhNt> mjpfkha;f; fLq;Nfhgq; nfhs;shkYk;> vd;iwf;Fk; mf;fpukj;ij epidj;Jf; nfhs;shkYk; ,Ug;gPuhf> ,Njh ghUk;> ehq;fs; midtUk; ck;Kila [dq;fNs (Vrhah 64:8>9)

guNyhfj;jpypUf;fpw vd; gpjhtpd; rpj;jj;jpd; gb nra;fpwtNd guNyhf uh[;aj;jpy; gpuNtrpg; ghNday;yhky;> vd;id Nehf;fp> fu;j;jhNt! fu;j;jhNt! vd;W nrhy;Yfpwtd; mjpy; gpuNtrpg;gjpy;iy. (kj;NjA 7:21)

,NaR> tzf;fj;jpw;Fupatu; vd;W $Wk; gTYk; $Wfpwhu;.

gpjhthfpa xNu Njtd; ekf;Fz;L> mtuhNy

rfyKk; cz;lhapUf;fpwJ. mtUf;nfd;W

ehKk; cz;lhapUf;fpNwhk;. (I nfhupe;jpau; 8:6)

Fkhud;:

,iwtdhy; epakpf;fg;gl;l egiu - egu;fis rpwg;gpj;Jf; $w iggps; Fkhud; vd;Wk; Fkhuu;fs;k; vd;Wk; nrhw;fis cgNahfg;gLj;JfpwJ. Fkhud; vd;why; nja;tFkhud; mjhtJ nja;tPf kjpg;G ngw;wtu;> jpupj;Jtj;jpy; xUtu; vd;Dk; nghUspy; mg;gjk; cgNahfg;gLj;jg;gltpy;iy. Ke;ija jPu;f;fjuprpfis Fkhud; vd;W iggps; mioj;jJ Nghy;jhd; ,NaRit jPu;f;fjuprp vd;Dk; epiyapy; iggps; Gjpa Vw;ghLk; miof;fpwJ.

kdpju;fSk;> ,];uNtyu;fSk;> ahf;NfhGk;> jhJk;> rhykDk; gioa Vw;ghl;bd; gb nja;tj;jpd; Fkhuu;fs; Mtu;.

mjpahfkk;: 6:2-4: NjtFkhuu; kD\Fkhuj;jpfis mjpf nrse;jupa Ks;stu;fnsd;W fz;L...

gpd;G NjtFkhuu; kD\Fkhuj;jpfNshNl $Lfpwjpdhy;> ,tu;fs; mtu;fSf;Fg; gps;isfisg; ngw;wNghJ> ,tu;fSk; g+u;tj;jpy; Ngu;ngw;w kD\uhfpa gythd;fshthu;fs;

ahj;jpuhfkk; 4:22: k;,];uNty; vd;Dila Fkhud;> vd; Nr\;l Gj;jpud;.

vNukpah 31:9 ,];NuNtYf;F ehd; gpjhthapUf;fpNwd;. vg;gpuhaPk; vd; Nr\;lGj;jpudhapUf;fpwhd;.

kj;NjA 5:44-45 k;cq;fs; rj;JUf;fis rpNefpAq;fs;> cq;fisr; rgpf;fpwtu;fis MrPu;tjpAq;fs;; cq;fisg; giff;fpwtu;fSf;F ed;ik nra;Aq;fs;; cq;fis epe;jpf;fpwtu;fSf;fhfTk;> cq;fisj; Jd;gg;gLj;Jfpwtu;fSf;fhfTk; n[gk; gz;Zq;fs;. ,g;gbr; nra;tjpdhy; ePq;fs; guNyhfj;jpypUf;fpw cq;fs; gpjhTf;Fg; Gj;jpuuhapUg;gPu;fs;.

Y}f;fh 3:38: VNdh]; Nrj;jpd;Fkhud;: Nrj; Mjhkpd; Fkhud;: Mjhk; Njtdhy; cz;lhdtd;.

Nuhku; 8:14> vtu;fs; NjtDila MtpapdhNy elj;jg;gLfpwhu;fNsh> mtu;fs; NjtDila Gj;jpuuhapUf;fpwhu;fs;.

rq;fPjk; 2:7> fu;j;ju; vd;id (jhij) Nehf;fp: ePu; vd;Dila Fkhud;...

Nkw;fz;l trdq;fspypUe;J ,NaRit kl;Lk; nja;t Fkhud; vd;W iggps; $wtpy;iy> gyiuAk; $WfpwJ vd;W mwpaKbfpwJ. NjtDila Fkhud; vd;W ,NaR jk;ikf; $wpajw;fhd fhuzj;ijAk; $Wfpd;wJ.

Nahthd; 10:35>36: Njttrdj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;ltu;fisj; Njtu;fs; vd;W mtu; nrhy;ypapUf;f> Ntjthf;fpaKk; jtwhjjhapUf;f.

gpjhtpdhy; gupRj;jkhf;fg;gl;Lk;> cyfj;jpy; mDg;g gl;Lk; ,Uf;fpw ehd;> vd;id NjtDila Fkhud; vd;W nrhd;djpdhNy NjtJ}\zQ; nrhd;dha; vd;W ePq;fs; nrhy;yyhkh?

fpwpj;J jd; thapdhNy jd;id NjtGj;jpud; vd;W $wpf;nfhz;lJ kpfTk; FiwT MFk;. gTypd; fbjq;fspNyNa nja;tGj;jpud; vd;Dk; gjk; mjpfk; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. RtpNr\q;fs; mjpfkhf fhzg;gLtJ ,Wjpahf vOjg;gl;l Nahthdpd; RtpNr\j;jpy; MFk;. Gjpa Vw;ghl;by; kdpj Fkhud; vd;Dk; gjk; 63 KiwAk;> kdpjd; vd;W 72 KiwAk; fpwpj;Jit Fwpg;gpLfpwJ.

vdpDk; jpupj;Jtj;ij epiyehl;l> NjtFkhud; vd;Dk; milnkhopia ,NaRTf;F toq;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W jpl;lkplg;gl;L>

King James Version ypy; ifly; nra;ag;gl;lJ. mJTk; $l fz;Lgpbf;fg;gl;L epuhfupf;fg;gl;lJ.

King James Version Nahthd; 3:16:

"For God so loved the World. that he gave his only begotten son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.'' - K.J.V

fp.gp1611 -y; ntspahd fpq; N[k;]; tu;]dpy; gy trdq;fs; %y iggpspy; ,y;iy vd;W fz;lwpe;J> mtw;iw ePf;fk; nra;J tpl;L> upit];l; ];Nlz;l;lu;l; tu;]d; vd;Dk; iggpis 1952Yk; gpd; 1971-Yk; ntspapl;ldu;. mjpy;> begotten vd;Dk; gjk; ,ilr; nrWfy; nra;ag;gl;ljhFk; vd;W fz;lwpe;J ePf;fk; nra;J ntspapl;ldu;.

Revised Statndard Version yp Nahthd; 3:16

"For God so loved the world that he gave his only son. that who ever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life''

-R.S.V- (1971)

Mdhy; The Bible Society of India ntspapl;l jkpo; iggpspy; (1993)

Njtd; jk;Kila xNu Ngwhd Fkhuid tpR

thrpf;fpwtd; vtNdh mtd; nfl;Lg; Nghfhky;

epj;jpa [Ptid milAk; gbf;F> mtiuj; je;jUsp

,t;tstha; cyfj;jpy; md;G $u;e;jhu;?'' vd;W nkhopngau;j;J itj;Js;sdu;.

gioa Vw;ghLk; rup> Gjpa Vw;ghLk; rup> NjtFkhud; vd;why; Njtdhy; Nju;e;njLf;fg;gl;ltu; vd;Dk; nghUspy;jhd; Fwpg;gpLfpd;wJ.

gupRj;j Mj;kh:

jpupj;Jtj;jpy; %d;whtJ eguhf fzpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ gupRj;j Mj;khitNaahFk;. gupRj;j Mj;khtpw;F nja;tPfj; jd;ikAz;L ,iw kjpg;G cz;L vd;W iggps; $wNtapy;iy. gupRj;j Mj;kh vd;WiggpSk; &`{y; Fj;J}];' vd;W Fu;MDk; mioj;jpUg;gJ thdtu;fspd; jiytuhd [pg;uPiy (fg;uPiy)NaahFk;. ,ij iggps; %ykhfTk; njupe;J nfhs;syhk;. ,NaRtpd; jha; kupak; gupRj;j Mtpapdhy; fu;g;gkhdhs; vd;W kj;NjA RtpNr\Kk; fu;g;gj;jpw;F nghWg;G nfg;NuNy vd;W Y}f;fh RtpNr\Kk; $WtjpypUe;J ,ijj; njspthf tpsq;fpf; nfhs;syhk;.

kj;NjA 1:18: ,NaR fpwp];Jtpd; [ddj;jpd; tptukhtJ mtUila jhahfpa kupahs; NahNrg;Gf;F epakpf;fg;gl;bUf;ifapy;> mtu;fs; $btU Kd;Nd> mts; gupRj;j MtpapdhNy fu;g;gtjpahdhs; vd;W fhzg;gl;lJ.

Y}f;fh 1:26>27: Mwhk; khjj;jpNy fhgpupNay; vd;Dk; J}jd; fypNyahtpYs;s ehrNuj; vd;Dk; Cupy;> jhtPjpd; tk;rj; jhdhfpa NahNrg;G vd;fpw ehkKs;s GU\Df;F epakpf;fg;gl;bUe;j xU fd;dpifaplj;jpw;F NjtdhNy mDg;ggl;lhd;: me;jf; fd;dpifapd; Ngu; kupahs;.

kupaj;jpw;F mUNf te;jJ nfg;Nuy; vd;Dk; thdtu; Mthu;: kupak; fu;g;gkhfpaJ gupRj;j Mj;khtpyhFk;. Mf> nfg;NuYk; gupRj;j Mj;khTk; xd;W vd;gJ njspthFk;.

,NaR Kd;dwptpg;G nra;Js;s rj;jpa Mtp NtW MFk; gupRj;j MtpAk;> rj;jpa MtpAk; xd;W my;y. gupRj;j Mtp ,NaRtpd; fhyj;jpYk; ,NaRtpd; fhyj;jpw;F Kd;Gk; ,Ue;jJ. ,ij iggps; gy ,lq;fspy; $WfpwJ.

kj;NjA 3:16>17: Qhd];ehdk; ngw;W> [yj;jpypUe;J fiuNawpdTlNd> ,Njh> thdk; mtUf;Fj; jpwf;fg;gl;lJ. Njt Mtp Gwhitg; Nghy ,wq;fp > jk;Nky; tUfpwijf; fz;lhu;.

md;wpAk;> thdj;jpypUe;J xU rj;jk; cz;lhfp: ,tu; vd;Dila NerFkhud;> ,tupy; gpupakhapUf;fpNwd; vd;W ciuj;jJ>

,q;Nf gpjhTk;-FkhuDk;-gupRj;j MtpAk; Mfpa %d;Wk;> %d;W vd;W tpsf;FtNjhL> ,NaRtpd; Kd;Ng gupRj;j Mj;kh ,Ue;jJ vd;Wk; tUfpd;wJ. ,dp rj;jpa Mtpahdtu; jdf;Fg;gpd; tuf;$batu; Mthu; vd;W ,NaR $wpajhf iggps; $Wtijf; fhz;Nghk;:

ehd; cq;fSf;F cz;ikiar; nrhy;YfpNwd;! ehd; NghfpwJ cq;fSf;Fg; gpuNah[dkhapUf;Fk;. ehd; NghfhjpUe;jhy;> Njhw;wuthsd; cq;fsplj;jpy; tuhu;. ehd; NghNtNdahfpy; mtiu cq;fsplj;jpw;F mDg;GNtd;. (Nahthd; 16:7)

iggps; $Wk; gupRj;j Mj;khtpd; nray;ghLfs; jPu;f;fjuprpfNshLk;> mtu;fNshL njhlu;Gilatu;fsplKNk te;jJ gTy; $w;Wg;gb nge;jNfh];J jpdj;jpy; te;J nry;Yk; Mtpapd; nray;ghLfs; mg;Ngh];jyu;fsplNkh fpwpj;Jtpd; rPlu;fsplNkh. te;jJ. Mdhy; fpwpj;J $Wk; rj;jpa Mtp> k;mtu; te;J ghtj;ijf; Fwpj;Jk;> ePjpiaf; Fwpj;Jk;> epahaj; jPu;g;igf; Fwpj;Jk;> cyfj;ijf; fz;bj;Jk; czu;j;Jthu;. Nahthd; 16:8

rj;jpa Mtpahfpa mtu;tUk; NghJ> rfy rj;jpaj;jpw;Fs;Sk; cq;fis elj;Jthu;> mtu; jk;Kila Rakha;g; Ngrhky; jhk; Nfs;tpg;gl;litfs; ahitAQ;nrhy;yp> tug; Nghfpw fhupaq;fis cq;fSf;F mwptpg;ghu;'' (Nahthd;16:13) vd;Ws;sJ.

gupRj;j Mtp nja;tkhFk; vd;W iggpspy; Xu; ,lj;jpYk; $wg;glNtapy;iy. ,NaRtpw;Fg;gpd; tUk; rj;jpa Mtp gupRj;j Mtp my;y vd;gJk;> jpupj;Jtj;jpy; %d;whtJ Mshf fUjg;gl;L tUk;> gupRj;j Mtpf;F nja;tPfj; jd;ik ,y;iy vd;gJk; ,jpypUe;J njspthfpwJ.

5. jphpj;Jtk; J}f;fp vwpag;gl;lJ Vd;?

18-k; E}w;whbd; ,Wjpapy; tho;e;j xU K[h`pjPd; rdhTy;yh kf;jp jq;fs; vd;gtu;. Fu;MdpYk;> `jP]pYk; rpwe;j Qhdk; ngw;wpUe;jNjhL: ,e;J Ntjq;fspYk;> iggpspYk; ey;y Qhd Kilatuhf ,Ue;jhu;. Nfushtpy; gpwe;J tsu;e;J tho;e;j ,tu; cyf K];ypk;fNs ngUkpjk; nfhs;Sk; tifapy;xU fhupak; nra;jhu;. mJ Fwpj;Jjhd; vOjpa> k;fNlhu r#lhuk; vd;Dk; E}ypy; $Wfpwhu;.

iggpspy; jpupj;Jt ek;gpf;iff;F Mjhukhf $wg;gLfpw x Nahthd; 5:7 trdk; Mjhukw;wJ> ,e;j trdk; ,ilr;nrWfy; vd;W ];Nfhl;L vd;gtu;> Mf;]; Nghu;by; mr;rpl;L ntspahf;fpa jd;Dila tpahf;ahd E}y; 3-k; ghfk; 433-k; gf;fj;jpYk;> ,q;fpyhe;jpd; kfh tpj;thd;fshfpa epl;ld; > `pg;gd; Nghd;Nwhu;fspd; E}y;fis Muha;e;jhYk; ,t;trdk; ,ilr; nrWfs; nra;ag;gl;lJ vd;Wk;> NkYk; epr;rakhf njupe;Jnfhs;s [hd; nltd; Nghu;l; vd;gtu; vOjpa E}ypy; 388-k; gf;fj;jpYk; vOjpAs;sij fz;L nfhs;Sq;fs;. ,g;gbg;gl;l ,ilr;nrWfy; nra;ag;gl;l trdq;fs; cq;fs; iggpspy; gy cz;L

(Kf;jp jq;fSila gupg+uz fpUjpfs; - gf;fk; 91)

(Mjhuk;: fpwp];jt nja;t rq;fy;gk; ,`; q.q. mf;gu;)

rdhTy;yh Kf;jp jq;fspd; ,j;jifa tpku;rdq;fSf;F <LnfhLf;f Kbahky; jj;jspj;j Nfus fpwpj;jt jiyikj;Jtk; mtupd; tho; ehspNy mt;trdj;ij ePf;fk; nra;jJ. 1912 f;F Kd;G ntspahd kiyahs iggpspNy I Nahthd; 5:7 trdk; ePf;fk; nra;ag;gl;lJ.

,Jg;gw;wp kf;jp jq;fs; vOjpa> k;kf;jp jq;fspd; MNfh\k;' vd;Dk; E}ypy; $Wfpwhu;.

%d;Wk; xd;whd nja;tk; vd;wpUe;j trdj;ij (I Nahthd; 5:7) fpwpj;jt gz;bju;fisf; nfhz;Nl ePf;fk; nra;Njhk;.

,ijtpl xU ntw;wp ,];yhk; khu;f;fj;jpw;F Vw;glhJ.

,ijtpl ngupa xU kfpo;r;rpfukhd epfo;r;rp ,];yhkp au;fSf;F Vw;gLtjpy;iy vd;gij mwpe;jtu;fs; Vw;Wf; nfhs;thu;fs;. %ltu;fs; re;Njfpg;ghu;fs;

ehd; vOjp ntspapl;l E}y;fisAk; tpsk;guq;fisAk; gbj;J mwpe;J> ,];yhkpa ,isQu;fs; kl;Lky;y> ,e;Jf;fSk; $l fpwpj;jtu;fis vjpu;j;J thjpl;L ntw;wpngw;W tUfpd;whu;fs;: ,JTk; ngupa kfpo;r;rpahd tpraNk

(Mjhuk;: K.K. K`k;kJ mg;Jy; fuPk; vOjpa kf;jp jk; [Pt rupj;jpuk;: gf;fk; 65)

(K.J.V - KING JAMES VERSON fpq; N[k;]; tu;\d;)

fpq; N[k;]pd; fl;lisapd; gpufhuk; 1604-y; 54 mwpQu;fs; xd;W$b xU iggpis cUthf;fj; Jtq;fpdu;. mJ vy;NyhuhYk; mq;fPfupf;fg;glNtz;Lk; vd;gJ Nehf;fkhf ,Ue;jJ. rpy Mz;Lfspd; ciog;gpw;Fg; gpd; 1611-y; me;j iggps; ntspahdJ. vspikahd Mq;fpyj;jpy; ey;y ,yf;fpa eilapy;mike;j ,e;j iggpNs fpq; N[k;]; iggps;. ,e;j iggps; ,d;Wtiu mg;gbNa ntspaplg;gLfpwJ.

ntspaPL: Word Publishing, Grand Rapids, Michigan 4918.  U. S.  A

R.S.V     ...REVISED STANDARD VERSION upit];L ];Nlz;lu;l; tu;\d;)

66 E}y;fis nfhz;l xU iggpis 32 mwpQu;fs; xd;W $b ntspapl;ldu;. mjhtJ fpq;N[k;]; tu;rdpd; gy jtWfs; cs;sd vd;gij gj;njhd;gjhk; E}w;whz;bd; ikaq;fspd; mwpQu;fs; mwpe;jdu;. ,e;j jtWfSk; rhjhuz jtWfshf ,y;yhky;> fLikahdjhf ,Ug;gjhf mtu;fNs $Wfpd;wdu;. fpq;N[k;]; tu;\id tpl Ke;ija gioa ifnaOj;J gpujpfis fz;Lgpbj;jjhy;> mitfspd; mbg;gilapy; ifly; nra;ag; gl;ljhf fUjg;gl;l trdq;fis ePf;fp ntspapl;l iggps; MFk;. upit];L ];Nlz;lu;L tu;\d;. ,J 1971-y; ntspahdJ gpd;Dk; rupghu;f;fg;gl;L MjhukhdJ vd;W KbntLj;J> 1952-y; ntspapl;ldu;. (ghu;f;f gf;fk; R.S.V- Preface

ntspaPL: ABS- AMERICAN BIBLE SOCIETY  NEW YORK. N.S.R.V:

THE NEW REVISED STANDARD VERSION jp ep upit];L ];Nlz;lu;L ntu;\d;.

mnkupf;fh kw;Wk; fdlhitr; Nru;e;j fj;Njhypf;f mwpQu;fs; rpyu; xd;W$b> ntspapl;l xU iggps;jhd; jp ep upit];L ];Nlz;lu;L ntu;\d;. ,jd; Kjy;gjpg;G 1990-y; ntspahdJ. ,jpy; GNuhl;l];lz;Lfs; re;Njfj;jpw;FupaJ vd;W $Wk; 7 E}y;fSk; $l ,lk; ngw;W 73 E}y;fis nfhz;Ls;sJ.

,e;jpahtpy; ntspaPL nra;jtu;fs;:

Theological Publications in India, Bangalore 560055.

I Nahthd; 5:7

1611-y; ntspahd fpq; N[k;]; tu;]dpd; gy jtWfSk; ,ilr;nrWfYk; ,Ug;gjhf Mq;fhq;Nf mwpQu;fs; gyu; $wpaij nrtpkLj;j fpwpj;jt cyfk; fpq;N[k;]; vtu;]d; ntspahd 326 Mz;LfSf;Fg; gpd; mjhtJ 1937-y; xa;w;q;o;a;`w;z;u;a;`g; <u;d;a;=z;g; u;r; jq;g;z;Q;z;u;d;s; Cf;d;=`w;z;u;a; xU FOit epakpj;jJ. fpq;N[k;]; tu;]dpy; gy jtWfs; ,ilr;nrWfs; cs;sJ vd;W fz;lwpe;j me;j FO> jtWfis jpUj;jp ,ilr;nrWfy;fis J}f;fp vwpe;J tpl;L> ntspapl;l Gjpa iggps; jhd; upit];L ];Nlz;lu;d; tu;]d;. ,e;j upitz;L ];lhz;lu;L tu;]dpy; jpupj;Jtj;jpw;F xNu Mjhukhf fUjg;gl;L te;j x Nahthd; 5:7 trdkhdJ ,ilr; nrWfyhFk; vd;W $wp J}f;fpnawpe;jJ. me;j trdk; ,JthFk;.

"For there are three that bear record

in heaven. the father. the word and the

      Holy Ghost and these three are one"

,t;trdk; (K.J.V) ,q;N[k;]; tu;]dpy; ,Uf;Fk; (R.S.V) yp upit];L ];lhz;lu;L tu;]dpy; ,Uf;fhJ. jpz;btdj;jpypUe;J ntspahd R C iggpspy; ,Uf;fhJ. ngq;fSupypUe;J ntspahd (N.R.S.V) jp ep upit];L ];lhz;lu;L tu;]dpy; mbf;Fwpg;gpy; ,e;j trdj;ij gpuRupj;Js;shu;fs;. jkpo; iggpspNyh jpUk;gTk; Nru;j;jpUf;fpwhu;fs;. mjhtJ x Nahthd; 5:7 trdk; K.J.V. y; ,ilr;nrWfy; nra;ag;gl;ljhFk; vd;W $w mij R.S.V. apy; J}f;fpnawpe;jhu;fs;. gpd; N.R.S.V apy; mbf;Fwpg;gpy; gjpT nra;jhu;fs;. The Bible society of India ntspapl;l gupRj;j Ntjhfkj;jpy; milg;Gf;Fwpg;Gf;Fs; ntspapl;Ls;shu;fs;. ,d;Dk; rpy fhyj;jpy; milg;Gf; Fwp ePf;fg;gl;LtpLk; vd;W jhuhskhf $wyhk;.

(ghu;f;f iggps; gf;fq;fs;)

6. jpupj;Jtj;Jf;F Ntjhfk mj;jhl;rpfs;?

gpjh - Fkhud; - gupRj;j Mtp ,k;%d;Wk; xd;whapUf;fpwJ vd;Dk; jpupj;Jt nfhs;iff;F iggpspNy $l Mjhuk; ,y;iy vd;W $wpaNghJ> ,y;iy> ,Uf;fNt nra;fpwJ vd;gJ mtu;fs; thjk;. mtu;fs; fhl;Lk; me;j Mjhuq;fs; vj;jifaJ vd;gij xt;nthd;whff; fhz;Nghk;.

Mjhuk;-1

gioa Vw;ghl;by; Njtd; eh vd;W $WtJ gd;ikiaf; Fwpf;fpwJ. mJ jpupj;Jtj;jpw;F MjhukhFk;. cjhuzj;jpw;F Mjpahfkk; E}ypy; 1:26-Yk; 3:22 Yk; 11:7Yk;> ehk; vd;Dk; gjj;ijf; fhzyhk;. mJ kl;Lky;y> jpUf;Fu;Mdpy; $l my;yh`; jd;id ehk;' vd;W $Wfpd;whNd (jpUf;Fu;Md; 50:16>15:9) ,d;Dk; Mjpahfkj;jpy; mjpfhuk;-1 Kjy;trdj;jpy; k;MjpapNy Njtd; thdj;ijAk;> g+kpiaAk; rpU\;bj;jhu; vd;Ws;sJ. ,q;F Njtd; vd;W nkhop ngau;f;fg;gl;lJ. vNth`pk;'' vd;Dk; `pg;U gjj;ijNaahFk;. vy;-Njtd; vd;Dk; gjj;jpd; gd;ikg; gjkhFk;. MfNt ,JTk; jpupj;Jtj;jpd; Mjhuk; MFk;.

jpupj;Jtk; jhd; ,iwf;nfhs;if - jpupj;Jtj;ij ek;ghjtu;fs;> Vw;Wf; nfhs;shjtu;fs; epj;jpa[Ptid mila KbahJ vd;why;> me;j nfhs;ifia Mjp kdpju; Mjk; Jtq;fp> ,iwtdhy; mDg;gl;l vy;y ,iwj;J}ju;fSk; mjhtJ vy;yh jPu;f;fjuprpfSk; $wpapUg;ghu;fNs. Mdhy; jpupj;Jtk; vd;Dk; gjk; $l ve;j jPu;f;fjuprpAk; cgNahfg;gLj;jpajhf iggpspy; ,y;iyNa?

ehk;' vd;Dk; gjk; jpupj;Jtj;jpw;Fupa Mjhuk; vd;W ve;j jPu;f;fjuprpAk; $wpajhf ve;jnthU MjhuKk; iggpspy; ,y;iyNa? Gdpj gTy; $l ehk;' vd;Dk; gjk; jpupj;Jtj;jpw;Fupa Mjhuk; vd;W $wpajpy;iyNa?

jpupj;Jtk; jhd; nja;tPfj; jd;ikapd; KOik. mJNt nka;g;nghUs;. MjpAk; me;jKk; ,y;yhj ,iwtd; %d;wpy; xd;W vd;wpUe;jhy;> mj;jifa jj;Jtj;ij nrhu;f;fj;jpw;Fupa topfhl;Ljiy ,NaR cl;gl vy;yh jPu;f;f juprpfSk; kiwj;J itj;jJ Vd;?

,NaR fpwpj;J nja;tj;jpd; %d;W mk;rq;fspy; xd;whapUe;jhy;> fpwpj;Jtpd; gpuhu;j;jidfspy; xd;wpy; $l jd;idAk; cl;nfhs;Sk; tpjj;jpy; ehk;' vd;Dk; gjk; cgNahfg;gLj;jjhjd; fhuzk; vd;d?

kdpj r%fj;ijNa ,ul;rpf;Fk; tpjkhf rpYitapy; fplf;Fk; NghJk; $l NjtNd NjtNd eP Vd; vd;id iftpl;lha;'' vd;Nw Nfl;lhu;. ,NaR> jhd; nra;j gpuhj;jidfs; vy;yhtw;wpYk; ehd;k; eP cd; vd;Dk; gjj;ijNa cgNahfg; gLj;jpAs;shu;. jpupj;Jtj;jpy; xUtu; vd;wpUe;jhy;> ehk;' ek;Kila' ekf;F' vd;Dk; gjq;fisNa cgNahfg;gLj;jpapUg;ghu;. gpd; ehk;' vd;Dk; gjj;ij Fu;MdpYk; iggpspYk; fu;j;ju; Rakhf cgNahfg;gLj;jpaJ vjw;fhf?

jd;Dila vy;yh Fzhjpraq;fspYk; Vfj;Jtj;ij giw rhw;Wk; ,iwtd;> ehk;' vd;Dk; gjj;ij cgNahfg;gLj;jpaJ Vd; vd;W ghu;Nghkhdhy;> ehk;' vd;Dk; gjk; gd;ikia kl;Lk; Fwpf;Fk; vy;yh ,lj;jpYk; gad;gLj;jg;gLtjpy;iy. GfOf;fhfTk; Gfo;tjw;fhfTk; gad;gLj;jg;gLtJz;L. jd;idj;jhNd Rakhf GfoTk; ehk; vd;W $WtJz;L. mt;thW ehk;' vd;W $Wtjhy; gd;ik Fbnfhz;Ls;sjhf ahUk; fUJtJ fpilahJ. Fd;df;Fb mbfs;> tpNtfhde;j Rthkpfs; vd;nwy;yhk; $wg;gLfpwJ. Gfo; Nru;f;fNt mt;thW miof;fg;gLfpwJ. gy Fd;df;Fb mbfs;> gy tpNtfhde;ju; Rthkpfs; vd;Dk; mbg;gilapy; my;y. me;epiyapy; ehk;' vd;Dk; gjKk; gd;ikia Fwpf;f my;y Gfo;r; rpf;fhfNt $wg;gLfpwJ. Vf ,iwtdhfpa rpU\;bfu;j;jhthfpa my;yh`;ittpl GfOf;Fupatd; vtu; ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;?.

jpUf;Fu;Mdpy; ,iwtidg; GfoNt ehk;' cgNahfg; gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. mJNghy; ju;fSk; Njtid Gfo;tjpy; ehk;' vd;Dk; gjj;ij cgNahfg;gLj;jpdhu;fs;. ,J gFj;Jtj;ijNah jpupj;Jtj;ijNah Fwpf;f my;y.

Mjhuk; 2

kj;NjA 28:19 -y;> gpjh-Fkhud;-gupRj;j Mtpapd; ehkj;jpNy mtu;fSf;F Qhd];Qhdk; nfhLj;J...'' vd;W tUfpwJ. ,jpy; gpjh - Fkhud; - gupRj;j Mtpapd; ehkq;fspy; vd;W tuhky;> ehkj;jpy; vd;W te;Js;sNj. ,J gd;ik xUikapy; cs;sJ vd;gjw;F> %d;Wk; xd;whf cs;sJ vd;gjw;F Mjhuk; MFk; vd;fpd;wdu;.

,Jnkhop gpuNahfj;jpy; Vw;gl;l rpW jtNwh my;yJ tof;F nkhop gpuNahfk; vd;Nw nrhy;y Ntz;Lk;. ,Nj Nghd;w ,lq;fs; iggpspy; gy cs;sd.

Mjpahfkk; 2:19 - y; Njtdhfpa fu;j;ju; ntspapy; rfytpj kpUfq;fisAk;> Mfhaj;jpd; rfytpj gwitfisAk; kz;zpdhNy cUthf;fp> Mjhk; mtw;wpw;F vd;d NgupLthd; vd;W ghu;f;Fk;gb mtw;iw mtdplj;jpy; nfhz;L te;jhu;. me;je;j [e;Jf;F Mjhk; ve;nje;jg; Ngupl;lhNdh mJNt mjw;Fg; Nguhapw;W.

,t;trdj;jpy; ,yf;fzg;gb> k;mtw;wpw;F vd;d ngau;fs; vd;W tuNtz;Lk; Mdhy; mtw;wpw;F vd;d ngau; vd;W te;Js;sjhy; vy;yh fhl;L> ehl;L kpUfq;fSk;> gwitfSk; xd;Nw vd;W RtpNr\ tpRthrpfs; nghUs; nfhs;thu;fsh?

kj;NjA 28:19 - d; gb> %d;Wk; xd;W vd;why;> Mjpahfkk; 2:19-d; gb vy;yh gwitfSk; kpUfq;fSk; xd;Nw vd;W nghUs; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. mjhtJ 28:19 jpupj;Jtj;jpw;F Mjhuk; vd;why; 2:19 d; gb gF Vfj;Jtk; (Poloynity) cz;L vd;W rk;kjpf;f Ntz;Lk;.

Mf> gpjh Fkhud; gupRj;j Mtp ,k;%d;Wk; xd;W vd;gjw;F iggpspy; vLj;Jf;fhl;lg;gl;l Vf trdKk; jpupj;Jtj;jpw;F MjhukhfhJ vd;gJ njspT.

Mjhuk; - 3

Nahthd; 1:1.2-y; k;MjpapNy thu;j;ij ,Ue;jJ> me;j thu;j;ij Njtdplj;jpypUe;jJ me;j thu;j;ij NjtdhapUe;jJ> mtu; MjpapNy NjtNdhbUe;jhu;> vd;Ws;sJ. thu;j;ij vd;gJ ,NaRit Fwpg;gjhFk;. MfNt> ,NaRTk; NjtDk; xd;W vd;gjw;F ,t;trdk; MjhukhFk; vd;fpd;wdu;.

,t;trdk; fpNuf;f nkhopapy;ypUf;Fk; NghJ> Njtd;' vd;Dk; gjk; ,lk;ngWk; ,lj;jpy; HOTHEOS (N`hjpNah];) vd;wpUe;jJ. mij Mq;fpyj;jpy; God vd;W nkhopngau;j;jhu;fs;. God vd;W Mq;fpyj;jpy; nkhopngau;j;Js;s ,lq;fspy; fpNuf;f nkhopapy; THONTHEOS vd;wpUf;Fk;.

 HOTHEOS        = GOD

        THONTHEOS   = god

Thontheos (Nlhd;jpNah];) vd;Dk; gjk; nghJthf vy;NyhUf;Fk; cgNahfg;gLj;Jk; trdk; MFk;. Thontheos vd;Dk; gjk; gpugQ;rj;ij gilj;j fu;j;jiu Fwpf;f kl;LNk gad;gLj;jg;gLk;. iggpspy; vq;FNk HOTHEOS vd;Dk; gjk; ,NaRitNah> gupRj;j MtpiaNah Fwpf;f gad;gLj;jg;gl;ljpy;iy. Thontheos (Nlhd; jpNah];) vd;Dk; gjk; jPu;f;f juprpfSf;F> kl;Lky;y irj;jhDf;Fk; $l gad;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ.

fu;j;ju; NkhNria Nehf;fp> ghu; cd;id ehd; ghu;NthDf;F Njtdhf;fpNdd;. cd; rNfhjudhfpa MNuhd; cd; jPu;f;fjuprpahf ,Ug;ghd;. (ahj;jpuhfkk; 7:1)

And the lord said unto Moses, See I have made thee a god to pharaoh and Aaron thy brother shall be Thy prophet (Exodus 7:1)

NjtDila rhayhapUf;fpw fpUj;Jtpd; kfpikahd RtpNr\j;jpd; xsp tpRthrpfshfpa mtu;fSf;F gpufhrkhapuhj gbf;F> ,g; gpugQ;rj;jpd; Njtdhdtd; (rhj;jhd;) mtu;fSila kdijf; FUlhf;fpdhd;. (II nfhupe;jpau; 4:4)

In the whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the Glorious Gospel of christ, who is the image of God should shine un to them(II cor 4:4)

Nkw;nrhd;d trdq;fspy; Vu;f;ypf;F Iu;w;l;q;d;s; vd;Wk;> god- f;F Thonthcos vd;Wk;> fpNuf;fpy; ,U NtWgjq;fs; ,Uf;fpwJ. Mq;fpyj;jpy; xNu gjk; kl;LNk Nghl;L Fog;GtJ Nghd;Wjhd; Nahthd; jd;Dila RtpNr\j;jpy; ,yf;fpa eaj;ij ntspg;gLj;j fpNuf;f jj;Jtrh];jpu gjq;fisg; Nghl;Lf; Fog;gpAs;shu;.

,t;trdj;Jld; Jtq;Fk; Nahthd; RtpNr\khdJ ,NaRtpd; fhyj;jpy; vOjg;gl;ljy;y. ,NaRtpd; mg;Ngh];jyu; vOjpaJky;y. ,NaRtpd; mg;Ngh];jyu;fspy; Nahthd; vd;Dk; ngaupy; kPdtd; xUtd; cz;L. me;j Nahthd; vOjpaJk; my;y. ,e;j RtpNr\k; vOjg;gl;lJ fp.gp 80-f;Fk; gpd;G MFk;. kpf cau;e;j fpNuf;f ,yf;fpa eaj;jpy; ,e;j RtpNr\k; mike;Js;sJ ,NaRTf;Fk; ,NaRtpd; mg;Ngh];jtuhf ,Ue;j kPdtd; NahthDf;Fk;> fpNuf;f yj;jPd; nkhop njupahJ. kpf Kf;fpakhf Nahthd; RtpNr\k; vOjpaJ ahu; vd;Nw njupahJ> vd;W ngUk;ghd;ikahd iggps; mwpQu;fs; $Wfpd;whu;fs;."

kpf Kf;fpakhf Nahthd; 1:1>2 trdq;fs;> fu;j;jupd; thf;F vd;Nwh ,NaRtpd; thf;F vd;Nwh $wtpy;iy. ,yf;fpa eak; Nru;f;f Nahthdpd; fw;gidapy; cUthd trdq;fNs mJ vd;gJ njspT.

ahnud;Nw njupahjtupd; fw;gidapy; Njhd;wpaJ vg;gb flTs; nfhs;iff;F Mjhukhf nfhs;sKbAk;?

3. jpUf;Fu;Md; $WfpwJ:

[fupa;ah(miy) mtu;fs; kp`;uhg; vDk; khlj;jpDs; epd;W njhOJ nfhz;L ,Ue;jNghJ> thdtu;fs; Fuy; nfhLj;jhu;fs;.

my;yh`; ckf;F a`;ah(vd;wkf) itf; nfhz;L epr;rakhf ew;nra;jp nrhy;fpwhd;. mtu; my;yh`;tplk; ,Ue;J tug; NghFk; xU thf;fpid> nka;gLj;jf; $batuhf tpsq;Fthu;. mj;Jld;> mtuplk; jiyikj;Jtk; kw;Wk; kfj;Jtj;jpd; gz;Gfs; fhzg;gLk;. kdf;fl;LghL nfhz;ltuhfTk; ,Ug;ghu;. egpj;Jtk; mUsg;gl;ltuhfTk; ,Ug;ghu;. NkYk;> xOf;frPyu;fspy; xUtuhfTk; jpfo;thu;.'' (jpUf;Fu;Md; 3-39)

thdtu;fs; ,t;thW $wpaij epidT$Uq;fs;> ku;aNk! jpz;zkhf my;yh`; ckf;F jd; fl;lisg; gw;wp nra;jp nrhy;fpd;whd;. mjd; ngau; ku;aj;jpd; Fkhuu; <]h - my; k]P`;' vd;gjhFk;.

mtu; ,k;ikapYk;> kWikapYk; fz;zpa kpf;ftuhfTk;> my;yh`;tplk; neUq;fpa ey;ybahu;fspy; xUtuhfTk; jpfo;thu;.'' (jpUf;Fu;Md; (3:45)

Nkw;nrhd;d jpUkiwtrdq;fspy; my;yh`; ,NaR fpwpj;Jit my;yh`;tplkpUe;J te;j thu;j;ij vd;W tu;zpf;fpd;whd;. ,e;jf; fUj;Jf;F nghUj;jkhd fUj;ij gTy; nfhupe;jpaUf;F vOjpa klypYk; $wpapUf;fpwhu;.

ePq;fs; fpwp];JtpDilatu;fs;. fpwp];J NjtDilatu; (I nfhupe;jpau; 3:23)

jpUf;Fu;Mdpd; $w;wpw;F> gTypd; ep&gk; nghUe;jpg;NghFk; tifapy;> Nahthd; 1:1 trdk; ,t;thW gjpag;gl;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;.

MjpapNy thu;j;ij ,Ue;jJ. me;j thu;j;ij Njtdplj;jpNyapUe;jJ. me;j thu;j;ij NjtDilajhapUe;jJ Mdhy;> Nahthd; 1:1 - trdkhdJ me;j thu;j;ij NjtdhapUe;jJ vd;W $Wtjhy;> nkhopngau;g;gpy; Vw;gl;l Fiwghlhf ,Uf;fNtz;Lk;. mugp nkhopapy; ,Ue;J fpNuf;f nkhopf;F ngau;j;J vOjpaNghJ ,e;j FiwghL Vw;gl;bUf;f tha;g;Gs;sJ fhuzk; fpNuf;f nkhopapy; jpNah]; (Theou) vd;why;> NjtDilaJk; vd;W nghUshFk;.

khwhf> k;me;j thu;j;ij NjtdhapUe;jJ'' vd;gNj rup> vd;W thjpg;ghu;fshdhy;> mJ gioa kw;Wk; Gjpa Vw;ghLfs; $Wtjw;F KuzhfpwJ.

,];uNtNy> Nfs;! ek;Kila Njtdhfpa fu;j;ju;> xUtNu fu;j;ju;. (khw;F 12:29)

tpf;fpufq;fSf;Fg; gilf;fg;gl;litfisg; Grpf;fpw tpraj;ijg; gw;wp> cyfj;jpNy tpf;fpufkhdJ xd;Wkpy;iynad;Wk;: xUtNuad;wp> NtnwhU Njtd; ,y;iynad;Wk; mwpe;jpUf;fpNwhk;'' (I nfhupe;jpau; 8:4)

Njtd; xUtNu> NjtDf;Fk; kD\Uf;Fk; kj;jpa];jUk; xUtNu.

vy;NyhiuAk; kPl;Fk; nghUshfj; jk;ik xg;Gf;nfhLj;j kD\dhfpa fpwp];J ,NaR mtNu: I jp Nkhj;NjA 2:5-6

,NaR Njtdhf ,Uf;ftpy;iy kdpjdhfNt ,Ue;jhu;. ,iwtd; xUtNd. mtNd Njtd;. MfNt Nahthd; 1:1 trdj;jpd; nkhop ngau;g;gpy; jtW Vw;gl;bUf;fNtz;Lk;. nkhopngau;g;G rupjhd; vd;whYk;> ,ij mbg;gil Mjhukhf nfhs;s KbahJ. fhuzk; ,J fu;j;jUila thu;j;ijNah> ,NaRTila thu;j;ijNah my;y. RtpNr\ Mrpupaupd; nrhe;j thu;j;ijahFk;.

Mjhuk;: 4

Vrhah 7:14 - y;> k;Mjyhy; Mz;ltu; jhNk cq;fSf;F xU milahsj;ijf; nfhLg;ghu;. ,Njh xU fd;dpif fu;g;gtjpahfp> xU Fkhuidg; ngWths;. mtUf;F ,k;khDNty; vd;W NgupLths; vd;Ws;sJ. ,k;khDNty; vd;gjw;F Njtd; ek;NkhL ,Uf;fpwhu;. vd;gJ nghUs; vd;W kj;NjA 1:83 $WfpwJ> MfNt> NjtDk; ,NaRTk; xd;whf ,Uf;fpwhu;fs; vd;gjw;F ,J Mjhuk; MFk; vd;fpd;wdu;.

Vrhah 7:14 trdj;jpy; fd;dpif vd;W jkpopYk; VIRGIN vd;W Mq;fpyj;jpy; nkhopngau;f;fg;gl;Ls;s gjj;jpd; `pg;& %yk; my;kh (Almah) vd;gjhFk;.. Mdhy;> my;kh vd;Dk; gjj;jpd; Neub nghUs; ngz;k; MFk;. fd;dpif (VIRGIN) vd;gjw;F `pg;Utpy; "BETHULA'' vd;gjhFk;.

,uz;lhtJ> ,k;khDNty;k; vd;gjw;F Njtd; ek;NkhL ,Uf;fpwhu; vd;gJ nghUshapUe;jhYk;> mJ ,NaRTf;F nghUe;jhJ> fhuzk;. ,NaRtpd; tho;ehspy; ahUk; mtiu ,k;khD Nty; vd;W mioj;jJ fpilahJ.

II rhKNty; 5:10 trdkhdJ> jhtPJ ehSf;F ehs; tpUj;jpaile;jhd;: Nridfspd; Njtdhfpa fu;j;ju; mtNdhL $l ,Ue;jhu;. vd;fpwJ.

MfNt> Njtd; ek;NkhL ,Uf;fpwhu;'' vd;Dk; trdk; jpupj;Jtj;jpw;F Mjhuk; vd;why;> jpupj;Jt gl;baYf;Fs; jhtPijAk;: Vrhah $Wk; vq;fisAk; ,izf;f Ntz;baJ tUk;. mg;NghJ mq;Nf jpupj;Jtk; ,Uf;fhJ (gFj;Jtk;) gynja;tq;fs; jhk; ,Uf;Fk;.

Mjhuk;: 5

Nahthd; 10:30-y; ehDk; gpjhTk; xd;whapUf;fpNwhk; vd;W ,NaR $wpapUf;fpd;whNu ,J jpupj;Jtj;jpw;F xU Mjhuk; my;yth? vd;fpd;wdu;.

,t;trdk; vd;d mbg;gilapy; $wg;gl;lJ vd fhz;Nghk;.

vd; MLfs; vd; rj;jj;jpw;Fr; nrtp nfhLf;fpwJ. ehd; mitfis mwpe;jpUf;fpNwd;. mitfs; vdf;Fg; gpd; nry;YfpwJ. ehd; mitfSf;F epj;jpa [Ptidf;nfhLf;fpNwd;. mitfs; xUf;fhYk; nfl;Lg;Nghtjpy;iy. xUtDk; mitfis vd; ifapypUe;J gwpj;Jf; nfhs;tJkpy;iy> mitfis vdf;Fj; je;j vd; gpjh vy;yhupYk; ngupatuhapUf;fpwhu;. mitfis vd;gpjhtpd; ifapypUe;J gwpj;Jf; nfhs;s xUtdhYk; $lhJ. ehDk; gpjhTk; xd;whapUf;fpNwhk; vd;whu;.'' (Nahthd; 10:27-30)

,q;Nf ehDk; gpjhTk; xd;whapUf;fpNwhk; vd;Dk; gjk; cgNahfg;gl;lJ ehq;fs; ,UtUk; xNu ]j;ijapy; my;yJ nka;g;nghUspy; my;yJ jd;ikapy; Mdtu;fs; vd;Dk; nghUspyh vd;why; ,y;iy. ehq;fs; ,uz;LNgUk; xd;W vd;W rhjhuzkhf If;fpaj;ij Fwpf;f Fwpg;gpLk; uPjpapNy ,t;thu;j;ijg; gpuNahfk; mike;Js;sJ. mt;trdj;jpNy MLfis vdf;Fj; je;j vd; gpjh vy;NyhupYk; ngupatuhapUf;fpwhu;: vd;W njspthf ,iwtidj; jdpikg;gLj;jp: Neu;ikg;gLj;jp: Vfj;Jtj;ij epiy epWj;jpAs;shu;.''

,d;Dk; Nahthd;> 17:21- k;gpjhNt! ePu; vd;id mDg;gpdij cyfk; tpRthrpf;fpwjw;fhf ePu; vd;dpNyAk; ehd; ck;kpNyAk; ,Uf;fpwJ Nghy> mtu;fs; vy;yhUk; ek;kpy; xd;whapUf;fTk; Ntz;bf; nfhs;SfpNwd;'' vd;W ,NaR gpuhu;j;jpf;fpwhu;.

Nahthd; 10:30 y; $wg;gl;Ls;s gpjhTk; ehDk; xd;whapUf;fpNwd; vd;W $wpaJ> ,UtUk; jd;ikapy; xd;whapUf;fpwhu;fs; vd;W thjpj;jhy;> Nahthd; 17:21 -d; gb mtu;fs; vy;yhk; ek;kpy; xd;whapUf;fTk; vd;W $WtJ fu;j;jUk; ,NaRTk; jd;ikapy; xd;whapUg;gJld;> rPlu;fSk; Nru;e;J vy;NyhUk; xd;wp ,Uf;fpwhu;fs; vd;W thjpf;f Ntz;baJ tUk;. ,NaRTk; NjtDk; xd;whdjpdhy; fpwpj;J nja;tnkd;why; rPlu;fSk; nja;tkhfpd;whu;fs;. mg;NghJ gpjhTk;> FkhuDk;> gupRj;j MtpAk; > 12 rPlu;fSk; Nru;e;J nkhj;jk; 15 Ngu;fs; mlq;fpa Vfj;Jt nja;tkhfptpLk;.

Mjhuk; 6

kj;NjA 3:16>17 trdq;fspy;> ,NaR Qhd];Qhdk; ngw;W> [yj;jpypUe;J fiuNawpdTlNd ,Njh> thdk; mtUf;Fj; jpwf;fg;gl;lJ. Njt Mtp Gwhitf; Nghy ,wq;fp> jk;Nky; tUfpwijf; fz;lhu;.

md;wpAk; thdj;jpypUe;J xU rj;jk; cz;lhfp> ,tu; vd;Dila NerFkhud; ,tupy; gpupakhapUf;fpNwd; vd;W ciuj;jJ''

,t;trdk; jpupj;Jtj;jpw;F Xu; MjhukhFk; vd;fpd;wdu;.

cz;ikapy; ,e;j trdk; jpupj;Jtj;jpw;F Mjhuky;y> jpupj;Jtj;ij vjpu;f;fpd;w trdkhFk;. %d;Wk; %d;W tpjq;fspy; ,Ug;gJ jpupj;Jtj;jpw;F vjpuhdjhFk;.

1. Fkhud; ];ehdk; nra;Jtpl;L fiuNaWfpwhu;.

2> gupRj;j Mtp Gwhitg; Nghy ,wq;fp tUfpwJ.

3. gpjh Rtu;f;fj;jpypUf;fpwhu;.

%d;Wk; %d;W epiyfspy; - %d;W ,lq;fspy; ,Uf;fpwJ. mjhtJ> %d;Wk; xd;whapUf;fpwJ vd;Dk; ek;gpf;ifia jfu;f;fpwJ.

mLj;J thdj;jpypUe;J Xu; mruPup> k;,tu; vd;Dila NerFkhud;' vd;W $wpdhy;> mJ ,NaR nja;tPfj; jd;ik cilatu; vd;gjw;F Mjhuk; vd;why; fu;j;jUld; Neubahf rz;ilapl;L> mjpy; ntw;wpngw;w ahNfhig (mjpahfkk; 32:28) gpjhTf;Fk; FkhuDf;Fk; Nkyhf jpupj;Jtj;jpw;Fk; Nkyhf my;yth itf;f Ntz;Lk;?

Mdhy;> ,ijnay;yhk; mwpe;j mg;Ngh];jyu; ,NaRit vd;d epiyapy; itj;jpUe;jhu; vd;gij mg;Ngh];jyu; elgbfs; 3:13 ,t;thW $WfpwJ:

mgpufhk; <rhf;F ahf;NfhG vd;gtu;fSila

Njtdhfpa ek;Kila gpjhf;fspd; Njtd; jk;Kila

gps;isahfpa ,NaRit kfpikg;gLj;jpdhu;.

Mjhuk; 7

Nahthd; 8:58: mjw;F ,NaR: mgpufhk; cz;lhfpwjw;F Kd;dNk ehd; ,Uf;fpNwd; vd;W nka;ahfNt. nka;ahfNt cq;fSf;Fr; nrhy;YfpNwd; vd;whu;. vd;wpUf;fpwJ. ,J ,NaR MjpapNy NjtNdhL ,Ue;jhu; vd;gjw;F Mjhuk; MFk; vd;fpd;wdu;.

gpwe;j ghyfd; my;yJ 33 tajhd thypguhd ,NaR Kjpatuhd MgpufhKf;F Kd;Ng ,Ue;jhu; vd;why;> ve;j mbg;gilapy; vd;gij mwptjw;F Kd;dhy; vNukpah E}y; $Wtijf; fhz;Nghk;

fu;j;ju;> ehd; cd;idj; jhapd; tapw;wpy; cUthf;F Kd;Nd cd;id mwpe;Njd;: eP fu;g;gj;jpypUe;J ntspg;gLKd;Nd ehd; cd;idg; gupRj;jk; gz;zp> cd;id [hjpfSf;Fj; jPu;f;f juprpahff; fl;ilisapl;Nld; vd;W nrhd;dhu;.'' (vNukpah 1: 5)

,t;trdkhdJ> ,NaRtpd; [ddj;jpw;F Kd;Ng gpwe;j vNukpah> gpwf;Fk; Kd;Ng jPu;f;fjuprpahf fu;j;juplj;jpy; ,Ue;jhu; vd;W $WfpwJ.

,dp rhykd; $Wtijf; fhz;Nghk;:

rhyNkhdpd; ePjpnkhopfs;: fu;j;ju; jk; fpupiafSf;F Kd; g+u;tKjy; vd;idj; jk; topapd; Mjpahff; nfhz;bUe;jhu;.

g+kp cz;lhF Kd;Dk;> MjpKjw; nfhz;Lk; mehjpaha; ehd; mgpN\fk; gz;zg;gl;Nld;.

Moq;fSk;> [yk; Guz;LtUk; Cw;WfSk; cz;lhFKd;Nd ehd; [dpg;gpf;fg;gl;Nld;.

kiyfs; epiyngWtjw;F Kd;Dk;> Fd;Wfs; cz;lhtjw;F Kd;Dk;>

mtu; g+kpiaAk; mjpd; ntspfisAk; g+kpapYs;s kz;zpd; jpus;fisAk; cz;lhf;F Kd;Dk; ehd; [dpg;gpf;fg;gl;Nld;.

mtu; thdq;fisg; gilf;ifapy; ehd; mq;Nf ,Ue;Njd;> mtu; rKj;jpu tpyhrj;ij tl;lzpf;ifapYk;>

cauj;jpy; Nkfq;fis ];jhgpj;J> rKj;jpuj;jpd; Cw;Wfis milj;J itf;ifapYk;>

rKj;jpu [yk; jd; fiuia tpl;L kPwhjgbf;F mjw;F vy;iyiaf; fl;lisapl;L> g+kpapd; m];jpghuq;fis epiyg; gLj;JifapYk;>

ehd; mtu; mUNf nry;ygps;isahapUe;Njd;. epj;jk; mtUila kdkfpo;r;rpahapUe;J> vg;nghOJk; mtu; rKfj;jpy; fsp$u;e;Njd;. mtUila g+Tyfj;jpy; re;Njh\g;gl;L> kD kf;fSlNd kfpo;e;J nfhz;bUe;Njd;.

ePjpnkhopfs; 8:22-31

vd;W rhykd; $Wfpwjhf iggps; $WfpwNj? mgpufhKf;F Kd;Ng ,NaR ,Ue;jhu; vd;gJk;> ,NaRTk; NjtDk; xd;W vd;gjw;F Mjhuk; vd;why;> mgpufhKf;F gpe;ija rhykd; thdk; g+kp gilf;fg;gLtjw;F Kd;Ng ,Ue;jhu; vd;fpwNj? NjtDk; rhykDk; $l Xd;W vd;whfpwJ my;yth? ,jdhy;> jpupj;Jtj;jpy; rhyNkhidAk; Eiof;f Ntz;baJ tUk; ,jid nra;thu;fsh?

Mjhuk;-8

Nahthd; 14:8-10 $WfpwJ: gpypg;G mtiu Nehf;fp: Mz;ltNu> gpjhit vq;fSf;Ff; fhz;gpAk;. mJ vq;fSf;Fg; NghJk; vd;whd;.''

mjw;F ,NaR> gpypg;GNt> ,t;tsT fhyk; ehd; cq;fSlNd $l ,Ue;Jk; eP vd;idj; jd;ikapy; mwpatpy;iyah? vd;idf; fz;lhd; gpjhitf; fz;ltd;. mg;gbapUf;f> gpjhit vq;fSf;Ff; fhz;gpAk; vd;W eP vg;gbr; nrhy;Yfpwha;? ehd; gpjhtpYk; gpjh vd;dpYk; ,Uf;fpwij eP tpRthrpf;fpwjpy;iyah? ehd; cq;fSlNd nrhy;Yfpw trdq;fis vd; Rakha;r; nrhy;ytpy;iy. vd;dplj;jpy; thrkhapUf;fpw gpjhthdtNu ,e;jf; fpupiafisr; nra;JtUfpwhu;.

,t;trdk; $l jpupj;Jtj;jpw;F Mjhuk;fhl;l vLj;J itf;fg;gLfpwJ.

,t;trdj;jpy;> vd;idf; fz;ltd; gpjhitf; fz;lhd; (Nahthd; 14:9) vd;W $wpajw;F fhuzk;> gpjhitf; fhz KbahJ. Vnddpy;>

Njtd; MtpahapUf;fpwhu;. (Nahthd; 4:24) ePq;fs; xUf;fhYk; mtu; rj;jj;ijf; Nfl;lJkpy;iy> mtu; &gj;ijf; fz;lJkpy;iy Nahthd; (5:37)

mtNu epj;jpahde;jKs;s Vfrf;fuhjpgjpAk;> uh[hjpuh[hTk;> fu;j;jhjp fu;j;jhTk;>

xUtuha; rhthikAs;stUk;> Nruf;$lhj xspapy; thrk; gz;ZfpwtUk;> kD\upy; xUtUk; fz;buhj tUk;> fhzf; $lhjtUkhapUf;fpwtu; I jpNkhj;NjA 6:15>16

fu;j;jiuf; fhzKbahJ vd;why;> fu;j;ju; ,y;iynad;W MfptplhJ. fu;j;juhy; gilf;fg;gl;l gilg;gpdq;fis MuhAk; NghJ> fu;j;ju; cz;L vd;gij mwpa KbAk;. ,iwtd; jd;Dila nja;tPf ntspg;ghlhfpa ,iwNtjj;jpd; %yKk;> ,iwj;J}ju;fspd; %yKk; jd;idf; Fwpj;J ntspapLfpwhd;. ,NaR ,iwtdpd; J}ju;> ,iwtdhy; mDg;gg;gl;ltu; vd;Dk; cz;ikia mwpAk;NghJ> ,iwtd; cz;L vd;gij mwpayhk;

,];uNtyNu ehd; nrhy;Yk; thu;j;ijiaf; NfSq;fs;. ePq;fs; mwpe;jpUf;fpwgb> ehrNuadhfpa ,aNRitf; nfhz;L> Njtd; cq;fSf;Fs;Ns gyj;j nra;iffisAk;> mw;Gjq;fisAk;> milahsq;fisAk; elg;gpj;J> mitfspdhNy mtiu cq;fSf;F ntspg;gLj;jpdhu;'' (mg;Ngh];jyu; 2:22)

,iwtd; cz;L vd;gjw;F MjhuNk ,iwj;J}jiu Vw;Wf;nfhs;tjhFk;. me;j nghUspy;jhd;> vd;idf; fz;ltd; gpjhitf; fz;lhd;'' vd;W $wpdhu;. ,d;Dk; ,NaR jd;id fu;j;ju; vd;Nwh> ehd; jhd; gpjh vd;Nwh> ,iwtdpd; mk;rk; jd;ik jdf;F cz;L vd;Nwh cupik NfhupaJ fpilahJ. vy;yh r#o;epiyfspYk; jd;id flTspd; jhrd; vd;Dk; epiyapy; ,Ue;J nfhz;L gpjhtplk; cjtp NjLgtuhfNt ,Ue;jhu;.

1. ehd; NjtDila MtpapdhNyNa gprhRfisj; Juj;Jfpwgbahy;...'' (kj;NjA 12 : 28)

2> thdj;jpYk; g+kpapYk; fry mjpfhuKk; vdf;F nfhLf;fg;gl;bUf;fpwJ.'' (kj;NjA 28 : 18)

3. ehd; NjtDila tpuypdhNy gprhRfisj; Juj;Jfpwgbahy;> NjtDila uh[;ak; cq;fsplj;jpy; te;jpUf;fpwNj...'' (Y}f;fh 11 : 20)

4> ehd; vd; Rakha; Xd;W nra;fpwjpy;iy...'' Nahthd; 5:30)

5> Njtdplj;jpy; Nfl;bUf;fpw rj;jpaj;ij cq;fSf;Fr; nrhd;d kD\dhfpa vd;idf; nfhy;yj; NjLfpwPu;fs;>..'' (Nahthd; 8:40)

6. ehd; vdf;F kfpikiaj; NjLfpwjpy;iy: mijj;Njb epahae;jPu;f;fpwtu; xUtu; ,Uf;fpwhu;.'' (Nahthd; 8:50)

7. ehd; Rakha;g; Ngrtpy;iy> ehd; NgrNtz;baJ ,d;dnjd;Wk; cgNjrpf;f Ntz;baJ ,d;dnjd;Wk; vd;id mDg;gpd gpjhNt vdf;Ff; fl;lisapl;lhu;.'' (Nahthd; 12:49)

,NaR ,iwj;jd;ik jdf;F cz;L vd;W cupik nfhz;lhbaJ fpilahJ. vtuhtJ ,iwj;jd;ik jdf;F cz;L vd;W $WtijAk; iggps; jil tpjpj;J cs;sJ.

kD\d; NjtDf;F Kd;ghf ePjpkhdhf ,Ug;gJ vg;gb? ];jpuPapdplj;jpy; gpwe;jtd; Rj;jkhapUg;gJ vg;gb?

re;jpuid mz;zhe;JghUk;> mJTk; gpufhrpahkypUf;fpwJ. el;rj;jpuq;fSk; mtu; ghu;itf;Fr; Rj;jkhditfs; my;y.

GOthapUf;fpw kdpjDk;> g+r;rpahapUf;fpw kD Gj;jpuDk; vk;khj;jpuk; vd;whd;.'' (NahG 25:4-6)

kD\Dila fw;gidfis cgNjrq;fshfg; Nghjpj;J> tPzha; vdf;F Muhjid nra;fpwhu;fs; vd;W> Vrhah jPu;f;fjuprp ed;wha;r; nrhy;ypapUf;fpwhd; vd;whu;.'' (kj;NjA 15:9)

RUf;fkhf $WNthkhNkahdhy;> iggpspy; xU trdk; $l jpupj;Jtj;jpw;F Mjhukhf ,y;iy. Mjhukhf rku;g;gpf;Fk; trdq;fNsh jpupj;Jtj;ij jfu;f;f $bajhf ,Uf;fpwJ. Mjpkdpju; Mjk; Kjy; ,NaR tiuf;Fk; te;j jPu;f;fjuprpfs; jpupj;Jtj;ij mwpaf; $l nra;ahjtu;fs;. nkhj;jj;jpy; jpupj;JtkhdJ mbg;gil Mjhukw;wJk; mwpTf;F nghUj;jkw;wJ. nja;tPf fpue;jk; vd;W fUjg;gLk; iggpspy; Kd;Df;Fg;gpd; Kuz;ghLfSk;> mjd; thu;j;ijg; gpuNahfq;fspy; njsptpd;ikAk;> vOjpaJ ahu; my;yJ njhFj;jtu; ahu;? vd;gJ gw;wpa tptuKk; ,y;yhjjpdhy;> iggpspd; mbg;gilapy; ,NaRtpd; tuyhw;iwAk; NghjidiaAk; njspTld; mwpa rhj;jpakpy;iy. ,itnay;yhk; fUj;jpy; nfhz;L> ,NaRtpd; tuyhw;iw Nghjidfis ehk; njspthf mwpa Ntz;L nkd;why;> ,d;Ws;s xNu top ,iwtdpd; ,Wjp Ntjkhd jpUf;Fu;Md; kl;LNkahFk;.

jpUf;FHMdpYk; tptpypaj;jpYk;

1. jpUf;Fu;MdpYk; tptpypaj;jpYk; jPu;f;f juprdq;fs;

kdpj r%fk; Neupakhu;f;fj;ij tpl;L> topjtWk; NghJ: mtu;fis rPu;j;jpUj;jp> Neu;topapd; gf;fk; nfhz;L tu my;yh`; J}ju;fis mDg;gpitf;fpwhd;. me;j J}ju;fs; midtUila Nehf;fKk; xd;NwahFk;. ,ij ,Wjp J}ju; K`k;kJ (]y;) mtu;fSf;F mUspa jpUf;Fu;Md; %ykhf my;yh`; $Wfpd;whd;.

(egpNa!) ckf;F Kd;du; ehk; mDg;gpa xt;nthU J}juplj;jpYk;> epr;rakhf vd;idj; jtpu NtW ,iwtd; ,y;iy. vdNt> vd;idNa ePq;fs; mbgzpa Ntz;Lk;' vd;W ehk; t`papd; %yk; jhk; mwptpj;J ,Ue;Njhk;.'' (my;Fu;Md; 21:25)

NkYk;> ehk; xt;nthU r%fj;jpw;Fk; xU J}jiu mDg;gpNdhk;> NkYk;> my;yh`; Tf;F mbgzpAq;fs;. (jh/$j;J) i\j;jhd;fSf;F mb gzptijj; jtpu;j;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs;!' vd;W (mtupd; thapyhf) midtiuAk; vr;rupj;Njhk;. (16:36)

,t;thW ,iwtd; mDg;gpa J}ju;fs; ,yl;rj;jpw;Fk; Nkw;gl;ltu;fs; cz;L. mjpy; K`k;kj; egpAld; Nru;e;J 26 J}ju;fspd; ngaiu Fu;Md; Fwpg;gpLfpwJ iggpSk; mtu;fisg; gw;wpf; $WfpwJ.

vz; Fu;Mdpy; Mjhuk; iggpspy; Mjhuk;

1. Mjk;(miy) 3 : 33 Mjhk; Adam

2. E}`;(miy) 6 : 84 Nehth Noah

3. ,j;uP];(miy) 19 : 56 <Ndhf; Enoch

4. `{j;(miy) 7 : 65 - -

5. ]hyp`;(miy) 7 : 73 - -

6. Ri`g;(miy) 7 : 85 - -

7. Jy;fpg;Y(miy) 21 : 85 - -

8. Y}j;(miy) 6 : 86 Nyhj; Lot

9. ,g;uh`Pk;(miy) 6 : 83 Mgpufhk; Abraham

10. ,];khaPy;(miy) 6 : 86 ,];kNty; Ishmel

11. ,];`hf;(miy) 6 : 84 <rhf;F Isaac

12. ah$g; (miy) 6 : 84 ahNfhG Jacob

13. ]{g; (miy) 6 : 84 NahNrg;G Joseph

14. Ig;(miy) 6 : 84 NahG Job

15. %rh(miy) 6 : 84 NkhNr Moses

16. `h&d;(miy) 6 : 84 MNuhd; Aaron

17. jhj;(miy) 6 : 84 jhtPj; David

18. Riykhd;(miy) 6 : 84 rhyNkhd; Solomon

19. ,y;ah];(miy) 6 : 85 vypah Elias/Elijah

20. my;a]`;(miy) 6 : 86 vyP\h Elisha

21. D];(miy) 6 : 86 Nahdh Jonah

22. ci]u;(miy) 9 : 30 ,];uh Ezra

23. [f;fupa;ah(miy) 6 : 85 nrfu;ah Zeehariah

24. a`;ah(miy) 6 : 85 Nahthd; John

25. <]h(miy) 6 : 85 ,NaR Jesus

26. K`k;kJ(]y;) 33:40 m`;kJ> rj;jpaMtp> nguf; yPl; Paraclyte

2. ku;ak; (miy)

<]h(miy - ,NaR) mtu;fspd; jhia ku;ak; vd;Dk; ngau; nfhz;L> Fu;Md; miof;fpwJ. kdpj rKjhak; KOtjw;Fk; vf;fhyj;jpw;Fk; Vw;Gila Gdpj fpue;jkhd jpUf;Fu;Md; ku;ak;(miy) mtu;fisAk; M]pah(miy) mtu;fisAk; ngz; ,dj;jpw;Nf Kd;khjpupahf;fp itj;Js;sJ. jpUf;Fu;MdpYs;s 114 mj;jpahaq;fspy;> xU jiyg;gpw;F ku;a vDk; ngaiuAk; r#l;bAs;sJ. mj;Jld; 34 Kiw ku;ak; vd;Dk; ngau; Fu;Mdpy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;sJ. <]h(miy) mtu;fspd; jhahd ku;ak;(miy) mtu;fspd; gpwg;G Fwpj;J Fu;Md; kpf tpupthfNt NgRfpwJ.

MjhikAk;> E}i`Ak;> ,g;uh`Pkpd; re;jjpaiuAk;> ,k;uhdpd; re;jjpaiuAk; epr;rakhf my;yh`; mfpyj;jhiu tpl Nkyhfj; Nju;e;njLj;jhd;. (mtu;fspy;) xUtu; kw;wtupd; re;jjpahthu;. NkYk;> my;yh`; (ahtw;iwAk;) nrtpAWNthdhfTk;> ed;fwpgtdhfTk; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. ,k;uhdpd; kidtp. k;vd; ,iwtNd! vd; fu;g;gj;jpy; cs;sij cdf;F Kw;wpYk; mu;g;gzpf;f ehd; epr;rakhf Neu;e;J nfhs;fpNwd;. vdNt (,ij) vd;dplkpUe;J eP Vw;Wf; nfhs;thahf! epr;rakhf eP ahtw;iwAk; nrtpAW NthdhfTk;> ed;fwpgtdhfTk; ,Uf;fpd;wha; vd;W $wpaijAk; - (gpd;-jhd; vjpu;ghu;j;jjw;F khwhf) mts; xU ngz; Foe;ijiag; ngw;wJk;: k;vd; ,iwtNd! ehd; xU ngz;izNa ngw;wpUf;fpd; Nwd;'' vdf; $wpaijAk; epidT $Wq;fs;: mts; ngw;nwLj;jij my;yh`; ed;fwpthd;: Mz;> ngz; Nghyy;y: (NkYk; me;jj; jha; nrhd;dhs;:) k;mtSf;F ku;ak; vd;W ngaupl;Ls;Nsd;: ,d;Dk; mtisAk; mts; re;jjpiaAk; tpul;lg;gl;l irj;jhdpd; jPq;FfspypUe;J fhg;ghw;wj; jplkhf cd;dplk; fhty; NjLfpd;Nwd;. mtSila ,iwtd; mts; gpuhu;j;jidia mofpa Kiwapy; Vw;Wf;nfhz;lhd;. mf;Foe;ijia mofhf tsu;j;jplr; nra;jhd;: mjid tsu;f;Fk; nghWg;ig [fupa;ah Vw;Wf;nfhs;Sk; gb nra;jhd;. [fupa;ah mts; ,Ue;j kp`;uhGf;Fs; (njhOk; miwf;Fg;) NghFk; Nghnjy;yhk;: mtsplk; czT ,Ug;gijf; fz;lhu;> k;ku;aNk! ,t;TzthdJ cdf;F vq;fpUe;J te;jJ?'' vd;W mtu; Nfl;lhu;: k;,J my;yh`;tplkpUe;J fpilj;jJ. epr;rakhf my;yh`; jhd; ehbatu;fSf;Ff; fzf;fpd;wp cztspf;fpd;whd;'' vd;W mts; (gjpy;) $wpdhs;'' ( 3:33-37)

(egpNa!) ,it(nay;yhk;) kiwthdtw;wpy; cs;s tp\aq;fshFk;. ,tw;iw ehk; ckf;F t`P' %yk; mwptpf;fpd;Nwhk;. NkYk; ku;ak; ahu; nghWg;gpy; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gijg; gw;wp (Fwp ghu;j;jwpa) jq;fs; vOJNfhy;fis mtu;fs; vwpe;jNghJ> ePu; mtu;fSld; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. (,ijg;gw;wp) mtu;fs; tpthjpj;j NghJk; ePu; mtu;fSld; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. (my;Fu;Md; 3:44)

(egpNa! ku;akplj;jpy;) kyf;F (thdtu;)fs;: ku;aNk! epr;rakhf my;yh`; ck;ikj; Nju;e;njLj;jpUf;fpd;whd;. ck;ikj; J}a;ik ahfTk; Mf;fpapUf;fpd;whd;. ,d;Dk; cyfj;jpYs;s ngz;fs; ahtiuAk; tpl (Nkd;ikahf) ck;ikj; Nju;e;njLj;jpUf;fpwhd;'' (vd;Wk;)

ku;aNk! eP cd; ,iwtDf;F ]{[{J nra;Jk;> U$/ nra;NthUld; U$/ nra;Jk; tzf;fk; nra;tPuhf' (vd;Wk;) $wpdu;.'' (my;Fu;Md;3:42>43)

3. ,NaRtpd; gpwg;G - iggpspy;...

ku;akpd; Fkhudhfpa ,NaRit fu;j;juhf;fp itj;jw;F $wpa fhuzq;fspy; xd;W mtUila tpaf;fj;jf;f gpwg;G MFk;. ,NaR je;ijapy;yhky; gpwe;jhu; vd;W K];ypk;fSk; fpwpj;jtu;fshYk; ek;gg;gLfpwJ Mdhy; mtu;> je;ijapy;yhky; gpwe;jhu; vd;gij iggps; %ykhf tpsf;FtJ fbdkhFk;. fhuzk;!''

1. je;ijahd NahN]g;gpd; kfdhapUe;jhu; fpwpj;J vd;Nw iggps; RtpNr\q;fs; $WfpwJ. kj;NjA cila RtpNr\j;jpd; Jtf;fj;jpNy ,NaRtpd; jiyKiw gw;wp $Wk;nghOJ> k;Mgpufhkpd; Fkhudhfpa jhtPjpd; Fkhudhd ,NaR fpwpj;JtpDila tk;r tuyhW:

Mgpufhk; <rhf;ifg; ngw;whd;: <rhf;F ahf;Nfhigg; ngw;whd;: ahf;NfhG jhitAk; mtd; rNfhjuiuAk; ngw;whd;.

ahf;NfhG kupahSila GU\dhfpa NahNrg;igg; ngw;whd; mtsplj;jpy; fpwp];J vdg;gLfpw ,NaR gpwe;jhu;. (kj;NjA 1: 1> 2> 16) vd;W $WfpwJ.

2. Y}f;fhTila RtpNr\j;jpy; ,NaRTila jiyKiwg;gw;wpa tptuk; ,t;thW cs;sJ.

mg;nghOJ ,NaR Vwf;Fiwa Kg;gJ taJs;stuhdhu; mtu; NahNrg;gpd; Fkhundd;W vz;zg;gl;lhu;. me;j NahNrg;G Vypapd; Fkhud; Vypkhj;jhj;jpd; Fkhud;...

VNdh]; Nrj;jpd; Fkhud;: Nrj; Mjkpd; Fkhud;: Mjhk; Njtdhy; cz;lhdtd;.'' (Y}f;fh 3:23.38)

je;ijapy;yhky; gpwe;jhu; vd;W $Wtjw;F Mjhukhf $wg;gLk; ,t;trdk; ,JthFk;. k;,NaR fpwp];Jtpd; [ddj;jpd; tptukhtJ: mtUila jhahfpakupahs; NahNrg;Gf;F epakpf;fg;gl;bUf;ifapy;> mtu;fs; $btUKd;Nd> mts; gupRj;j MtpapdhNy fu;g;gtjp ahdhs; vd;W fhzg;gl;lJ. (kj;NjA 1:18)

Nahthd; RtpNr\j;jpYk;> khw;fpd; RtpNr\j;jpYk;> ,NaRtpd; gpwg;igf; Fwpj;J ve;jnthU tptuKk; ,y;iy. kj;NjAila RtpNr\Kk;> Y}f;fhtpd; RtpNr\Kk; $Wk; tptuq;fs; re;Njfj;ij cz;L gz;zf; $bajhf ,Uf;fpwJ. kj;NjA kw;Nwhu; ,lj;jpy; $Wfpwhu;.

mts; GU\dhfpa NahNrg;G ePjpkhdhapUe;J> mtis mtkhdg;gLj;j kdjpy;yhky;> ,ufrpakha; mtisj; js;sptpl NahridahapUe;jhd;. mtd; ,g;gbr; rpe;jpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;ifapy;> fu;j;jUila J}jd; nrhg;gdj;jpy; mtDf;Ff; fhzg;gl;L> jhtPjpd; Fkhudhfpa NahNrg;Ng> cd; kidtpahfpa kupahisr; Nru;j;Jf; nfhs;s Iag;glhNj. mtsplj;jpy; cw;gj;jpahapUf;fpwJ gupRj;j Mtpapdhy; cz;lhdJ.'' (kj;NjA 1:19>20)

,t;trdq;fspy; ftdpf;fj;jf;f tprak; ,JthFk;. NahNrg;Gf;Fk; kupaj;jpw;Fk; jpUkzk; epr;rapf;f kl;LNk Kbe;jJ.'' (khj;NjA 1:18) vd;why;> cd; kidtp vd;W $wKbahJ. fhuzk; jpUkzk; Mdhy; kl;LNk kidtp vd;Dk; gjtpiag; ngwKbAk;. epr;rapf;fg;gl;l jpUkzk; gpd;dhy; elf;ftpUg;gjhy;> kidtpahfg; Nghfpw (kidtpahfpa vd;wy;y) kupahis Nru;j;Jf;nfhs; vd;gjhf thf;fpak; mike;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. Mdhy; mt;thW ,y;iy.

kj;NjA njhlu;e;J $Wfpwhu;> k;NahNrg;G epj;jpiu njspe;J vOe;J> fu;j;jUila J}jd; jdf;Ff; fl;lisapl;lgbNa jd; kidtpiar; Nru;j;Jf; nfhz;L> mts; jd; Kjw;Ngwhd Fkhuidg; ngWksTk; mtis mwpahjpUe;J> mtUf;F ,NaR vd;W ngaupl;lhd;.'' (kj;NjA 1 :24>25)

,dp ,JFwpj;J Y}f;fh nrhy;fpwhu;:

mg;nghOJ NahNrg;Gk;> jhd; jhtPjpd; tk;rj;jhDk; FLk;gj;jhDkhapUe;j gbapdhNy> jdf;F kidtpahf epakpf;fg;gl;Lf; fu;g;gtjpahd kupahSlNd Fbkjpg;ngOjg; gLk;gb> fypNyah ehl;bYs;s ehrNuj; J}upypUe;J Njah ehl;bYs;s ngj;yNfk; vd;Dk; jhtPjpd; CUf;Fg; Nghdhd;.'' (Y}f;fh 2 :4>5)

kupahSf;Fk; NahNrg;gpw;Fk; ,ilNa jpUkz epr;rak; kl;LNk nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ vd;why;> fu;g;gtjpahd kidtpk; vd;W vg;gbf; $wKbAk;? Y}f;fh 2:48-y; kupaNk jd; kfdhd ,NaRtplk; ,g;gb $wpajhf cs;sJ kfNd! Vd; vq;fSf;F ,g;gbr; nra;jha;? ,Njh> cd; jfg;gDk; ehDk; tprhuj;NjhNl cd;idj; NjbNdhNk'' vd;whs;

,q;Nf kupahs; ,NaRNthL> ehDk; cd; jfg;gDk; vd;W $WtjpypUe;J NahNrg;G ,NaRtpd; gpjhthf ,Ue;jhu; vd;Nw cWjpnra;fpwJ. NkYk;> gyUk; fpwpj;Jit gpjhthd NahNrg;gpd; kfd; vd;Nw mioj;jjhf RtpNr\q;fspy; fhzKbfpwJ.

kj;NjA 13:54>55 - y; $Wfpwhu;: k;jhk; tsu;e;j CupNy te;J> mtu;fSila n[g Myaj;jpNy mtu;fSf;F cgNjrk; gz;zpdhu;. mtu;fs; Mr;rupag;gl;L: ,tDf;F ,e;j QhdKk; gyj;j nra;iffSk; vg;gb te;jJ? ,td; jr;rDila Fkhud; my;yth? ,td; jha; kupahs; vd;gts; my;yth? ahf;NfhG> NahNr> rPNkhd;> jh vd;gtu;fs; ,tDf;Fr; rNfhjuu; my;yth?

Nahthd; 1:45-y; k;epahag;gpukhzj;jpNy NkhNrAk; jPu;f;fjuprpfSk; vOjpapUf;fpwtiuf; fz;Nlhk;: mtu; NahNrg;gpd; FkhuDk; ehrNuj;J}uhDkhfpa ,NaRNt vd;whd;'' vd cs;sJ.

fpwp];j;Jtpd; gpwg;G Fwpj;J njspthf mwpe;J nfhs;s tpUk;Gk; xUtUf;F ,NaR gpjh ,y;yhky; gpwe;jhu; vd;gij RtpNr\q;fs; topahf njspthf mwpa rhj;jpakpy;iy. kupahSf;F xU fztu; ,Ue;jhu; vd;dhy; kupahis fd;dp vd;W vg;gbf; $wKbAk;? ,NaR tpgr;rhuj;jhy; gpwe;jhu; vd;Dk; ju;fspd; Fw;wr;rhl;LfSf;F njspthd gjpiy $w RtpNr\q;fshy; Kbatpy;iy. jpUf;Fu;Md; kl;LNk mij rhjpj;jJ.

4. ,NaRtpd; [ddk; - jpUf;FHMdpy;

Mz; ngz; $lypdhy; Mzpd; tpe;jZTk; ngz;zpd; rpid Kl;ilAk; Nru;e;J> fU cz;lhfpwJ. ,JNt gpwg;G gw;wpa ,ay;ghd tpjp. ,jpypUe;J khWgl;l %d;W gpwg;igf; Fwpj;Jk; jpUf;Fu;Md; $WfpwJ.

1. MjKila Njhw;wk;

2. `t;thTila Njhw;wk;

3. <]hTila Njhw;wk;

1. Mjk;(miy) mtu;fs; jhAk; je;ijAk; ,y;yhky; Mjp kdpjuhf gilf;fg;gl;lhu;fs;. ,jid my;yh`; ,t;thW $Wfpd;whd;:

(egpNa!) ck;Kila ,iwtd; kyf;Ffsplk;: Xir jUk; fUg;ghd fspkz;zpypUe;J> kdpjid epr;rakhf ehd; gilf;fg;NghfpNwd; vd;Wk;> mtiu ehd; nrt;itahf cUthf;fp> mtupy; vd; MtpapypUe;J CjpaJk;> mtUf;F rpuk; gzpAq;fs;' vd;Wk; $wpaij (epidT $u;tPuhf!)'' (my;Fu;Md; 15:27>28)

(egpNa! epidT $u;tPuhf!) epr;rakhf ehd; fspkz;zpypUe;J kdpjidg; gilf;f ,Uf;fpd;Nwd;' vd;W ck;Kila ,iwtd; $wpa Ntisapy;> ehd; mtiur; nrt;itg;gLj;jp> vd; MtpapypUe;J mtUf;Fs; CjpanghOJ> mtUf;F ePq;fs; tpOe;J ]{[{J nra;Aq;fs;' (vd;W$wpaJk;)'' (my;Fu;Md; 38:71>72)

2. Mjk;(miy) mtu;fSf;F kidtpahf `t;th(miy) mtu;fisg; gilj;jJk; mrhjhuzkhdjhFk;. jhAk; je;ijAk; ,y;yhky;> Mjkpy; ,Ue;Nj gilf;fg;gl;lhu;fs;. ,jid Fu;Md; ,t;thW $WfpwJ:

mtNd> cq;fis xNu kdpjupypUe;J gilj;jhd;> mtUld; $b (,ize;J) tho;tjw;fhf mtUila Jiztpia (mtupy; ,Ue;Nj) gilj;jhd;'' (my;Fu;Md; 7:189)

mtd; cq;fis xNu kdpjupypUe;J gilj;jhd;: gpwF mtuplk; ,Ue;J mtUila kidtpia Mf;fpdhd;'' (my;Fu;Md; 39:6)

3. <]h(miy) ,NaR mtu;fs; je;ijapy;yhky; gilf;fg;gl;lhu;fs; mjdhy; mtu; Mjikg; Nghd;wtuhfpd;whu; vd;W Fu;Md; $Wfpd;wJ.

my;yh`;tplj;jpy; epr;rakhf <]htpd; cjhuzk; Mjkpd; cjhuzk; Nghd;wNj. mtd; mtiu kz;zpypUe;J gilj;Jg;gpd; Fd;' (MFf) vd;whd;. mtu; (kdpjuhf) Mfptpl;lhu;.'' (my;Fu;Md; 3:59)

NkYk; <]h(miy) mtu;fspd; gpwg;G vj;jifajhf ,Ue;jJ vd;gijAk; md;id ku;ak;(miy) mtu;fspd; gupRj;j jd;ikapidAk;> ju;fs; ku;ak; kPJ rhl;ba Fw;wr;rhl;LfSf;F gjpiyAk; Fu;Md; tpupthf $WfpwJ.

(egpNa!) ,t;Ntjj;jpy; ku;aikg; gw;wpAk; epidT $u;tPuhf! mtu; jk; FLk;gj;jpdiu tpl;Lk; ePq;fp> fpof;Fg; gf;fKs;s ,lj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk;NghJ> mtu; (jk;ik) mtu;fsplkpUe;J (kiwj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;fhf) xU jpiuia mikj;Jf; nfhz;lhu;. mg;NghJ ehk; mtuplj;jpy; ek; &i` ([pg;uaPiy) mDg;gp itj;Njhk;: (ku;akplk;) rupahd kdpj cUtpy; Njhd;wpdhu;. (mg;gb mtiuf; fz;lJk;) epr;rakhf ehd; ck;ik tpl;Lk; u`;khdplk; fhty; NjLfpNwd;> ePu; gagf;jpAilatuhf ,Ue;jhy; (vd;id neUq;fhjPu;)' vd;whs;. epr;rakhf ehd; ck; ,iwtdpd; J}jd; MNtd;. gupRj;jkhd Gjy;tiu ckf;F mspf;f (te;Js;Nsd;) vd;W $wpdhu;. mjw;F mtu; (ku;ak;) k;ve;j MltDk; vd;idj; jPz;lhkYk;> ehd; topjtwhkypUf;Fk; epiyapYk;> vdf;F vt;thW Gjy;td; cz;lhf KbAk;?' vdf; Nfl;lhu;. k;mt;thNwahFk;> ,J vdf;F kpfTk; RygkhdNj. kdpju;fSf;F xu; mj;jhl;rpahfTk;> ek;kplkpUe;J xU u`;kj;jhfTk; ehk; mtiu Mf;FNthk;. ,J tpjpf;fg;gl;l tp\akhFk;' vd;W ck; ,iwtd; $Wfpwhd;'' vdf; $wpdhu;> mg;ghy;> ku;ak; <]hit fUf;nfhz;lhu;. gpd;du; fu;g;gj;Jld; njhiytpYs;s Xuplj;ij nrd;wile;jhu;. gpd;G mtUf;F Vw;gl;l gpurt Ntjid> mtiu xU NguPj;j kuj;jpd; gf;fk; nfhz;L te;jJ. mjw;F Kd;Ng ehd; ,we;J> Kw;wpYk; kWf;fg;gl;ltshfp ,Uf;ff; $lhjh?' vd;W $wp muw;wpdhu;. (mg;NghJ xUthdtu;) mtUf;Ff; fPopypUe;J> (ku;aNk!) ftiyg;glhjPu;fs;! ck;Kila ,iwtd; epr;rakhf ckf;F fPohNyNa xU rpd;d Mw;iw cz;lhf;fpapUf;fpd;whd;' vd;W mioj;J $wpdhu;. ,d;Dk; ,e;j NguPr;rkuj;jpd; fpisiag;gpbj;J ck; mUfpy; ,Oj;Jf; FYf;Fthahf! (nfha;tjw;Fg;) gf;Ftkhd goq;fis mJ ck; kPJ cjpu;f;Fk;. MfNt>(mtw;iw) cz;L> (Mw;W ePiug;) gUfp fz; Fspu;e;J ,Ug;gPuhf! gpd;du; ve;j kdpjiuNaDk; ePu; ghu;f;f Neupl;lhy;> nka;ahf mu;u`;khDf;fhf ehd; Nehd;gpUg;gjhf Neu;e;jpUf; fpd;Nwd;> Mjypd; ,d;iwa jpdk; ve;j kdpjUlDk; Ngrkhl;Nld; vd;W $Wk;!'' (my;Fu;Md; 19:16-26)

kyf;Ffs; $wpdhu;fs;: ku;aNk! epr;rakhf my;yh`; jd;dplkpUe;J tUk; xU nrhy;iyf; nfhz;L ckf;F (xU kfT tutpUg;gJ gw;wp) ed;khuha;q; $Wfpwhd;. mjd; ngau; k]P`;> ku;akpd; kfd; <]h vd;gjhFk;. mtu; ,t;TyfpYk; kW cyfpYk; fz;zpakpf;ftuhfTk; (,iwtDf;F) neUq;fp ,Ug;gtu;fspy; xUtuhfTk; ,Ug;ghu;. NkYk; mtu; (Foe;ijahfj;) njhl;bypy; ,Uf;Fk;NghJk;. (ghy;a taJ jhz;b) Kjpu;r;rpaile;j gUtj;jpYk; mtu; kf;fSld; NgRthu;. ,d;Dk; (ey;nyhOf;fKila) rhd;Nwhu;fspy; xUtuhfTk; ,tu; ,Ug;ghu;'' (mr;rkak; ku;ak;) $wpdhu;: k;vd; ,iwtNd! vd;id xU kdpjDk; njhlhjpUf;Fk; NghJ> vdf;F vt;thW xU kfd; cz;lhf KbAk;?'' (mjw;F) mtd; $wpdhd;: mg;gbj;jhd; my;yh`;> jhd; ehbaijg; gilf;fpwhd;> mtd; xU fhupaj;ijj; jPu;khdpj;jhy; mtd; mjdplk; MFf' vdf; $Wfpwhd;. clNd mJ MfptpLfpwJ. ,d;Dk; mtUf;F mtd; Ntjj;ijAk; Qhdj;ijAk; jt;uhj;ijAk; ,d;[PiyAk; fw;Wf;nfhLg;ghd;. (my;Fu;Md; 3:45-48)

NkYk;> ku;aKila kfidAk; mtUila jhahiuAk; xu; mj;jhl;rpahf;fpNdhk;> md;wpAk; mtUf;Fk; trjpahd eP&w;Wf;fs; epuk;gpaJk;> jq;Ftjw;F trjpAs;sJkhd Nkl;Lg; ghq;fhd ey;yplj;ijf; nfhLj;Njhk;. (my;Fu;Md;23:50)

gpd;du; (ku;ak;) mf;Foe;ijiar; Rke;J nfhz;L> jk; r%fj;jhuplk; te;jhu;: mtu;fs; $wpdhu;fs;: k;ku;aNk! epr;rakhf ePu; xU tpguPjkhd nghUisf; nfhz;L te;jpUf;fpwPu;! `h&dpd; rNfhjupNa! ck; je;ij nfl;l kdpjuhf ,Uf;ftpy;iy> ck; jhahUk; elj;ij gprfpatuhf ,Uf;ftpy;iy'' (vd;W gopj;Jf; $wpdhu;fs;) (Mdhy;> jk; Foe;ijaplNk Nfl;Fk;gb) mjd; gf;fk; Rl;bf; fhl;bdhu;: k;ehq;fs; njhl;bypy; ,Uf;Fk; Foe;ijAld; vg;gbg; NgRNthk;?'' vd;W $wpdhu;fs;. epr;rakhf ehd; my;yh`;Tila mbahdhf ,Uf;fpd;Nwd;: mtd; vdf;F Ntjj;ijf; nfhLj;jpUf;fpd;whd;: ,d;Dk; ehd; ,Ue;jhYk; mtd; vd;id ew;ghf;fpaKilatdhf Mf;fpapUf;fpd;whd;: NkYk;> ehd; capUld; ,Uf;Fk; fhynky;yhk; njhOifiaAk; [fhj;ijAk; (epiwNtw;w) vdf;F t]pa;aj; nra;J (fl;lisapl;L ,Uf;fpd;whd;. vd; jhahUf;F ed;wp nra;gtdhf (vd;id VtpapUf;fpd;whd;) ew;NgW nfl;l ngUikf; fhudhf vd;id mtd; Mf;ftpy;iy. ,d;Dk; ehd; gpwe;j ehspYk;> ehd; ,wf;Fk; ehspYk; (kWikapy;) ehd; capu;ngw;W vOk; ehspYk; vd; kPJ rhe;jp epiyj;jpUf;Fk;' vd;W (mf;Foe;ij) $wpaJ.'' (my;Fu;Md; 19:27-33)

ku;akpd; kfd; <]hTf;F ehk; njspthd mj;jhl;rpfisf; nfhLj;Njhk;: ,d;Dk; &`{y; FJ}];. (vDk; gupRj;j Mj;khitf;) nfhz;L mtUf;F cjtp nra;Njhk;.'' (my;Fu;Md; 2:253)

,NaR ,iwtdpd; mbikAk; J}jUk; Mthu;. ,t;tptuj;ij mtu; kf;fs; kj;jpapy; njspTgLj;jpAkpUf;fpd;whu;.

(<]h) k]P`{k;> (my;yh`;Tf;F) neUf;fkhd kyf;FfSk; my;yh`;Tf;F mbikahapUg;gijf; Fiwthff; nfhs;s khl;lhu;fs;. vtu; mtDf;F (mbikaha;) topgLjiyf; Fiwthf vz;zp> fu;tKk; nfhs;fpwhu;fNsh> mtu;fs; ahtiuAk; kWikapy; jd;dplk; xd;W Nru;g;ghd;'' (jpUf;Fu;Md; 4:172)

ku;aKila Fkhuu; k]P`; ,iwJ}jNuad;wp> Ntwpy;iy> ,tUf;F Kd;dUk; J}ju;fs; gyu; te;J nrd;W tpl;ldu;. ,tUila jhahu; kpf;f cz;ikahdtu;. ,t;tpUtUk; (kw;w kdpju;fisg; Nghd;W) czT cz;gtu;fshfNt ,Ue;jdu;: mtu;fSf;F ek;Kila mj;jhl;rpfisf; nfhz;L vt;thW njspthf;fpNdhk; vd;gij (egpNa!) ePq;fs; ftdpg;gPuhf! mtu;fs; vt;thW jpir jpUg;gg;gLfpwhu;fs; vd;gijAk; ftdpg;gPuhf!'' (my;Fu;Md; 5:75)

Ntjj;ijAilNahNu! ePq;fs; cq;fs; khu;f;fj;jpy; msT fle;J nry;yhjPu;fs;. my;yh`;itg; gw;wp cd;ikiaj; jtpu (NtnwijAk; $whjPu;fs;!. epr;rakhf ku;aKila kfdhfpa <]h my; k]P`; my;yh`;tpd; J}ju; jhd;. ,d;Dk; (Fd; MFf' vd;w) my;yh`;tpd; thf;fhf (mjdhy; cz;lhdtuhfTk;) ,Uf;fpd;whu;. mij mtd; ku;akpd; kPJ Nghl;lhd;(vdNt) mtUk; mtdpl kpUe;J (te;j) xU Md;khjhd;: MfNt> my;yh`;tpd; kPJk; mtd; J}ju;fs; kPJk; ek;gpf;if nfhs;Sq;fs;. (my;Fu;Md; 4 :171)

NkYk;> ku;akpd; Fkhuu; <]h> k;,];uhaPy; kf;fNs! vdf;F Kd;Ds;s jt;uhj;ij nka;g;gpg;gtdhfTk;: vdf;F gpd;du; tutpUf;Fk; m`;kj;' vd;Dk; ngaUila J}jiug; gw;wp ed;khuhaq; $Wgtdhf ,Uf;Fk; epiyapy; my;yh`;tpd; J}jdhf cq;fsplk; te;Js;Nsd;'' vd;W $wpa Ntisia (egpNa! ePu; epidT $u;tPuhf!)

(egpNa!) E}`{f;Fk; mtUf;Fg; gpd;te;j (,ju) egpkhu;fSf;Fk; ehk; t`P mwptpj;jJ NghyNt> ckf;Fk; epr;rakhf t`P mwptpj;Njhk;. NkYk;> ,g;uh`PKf;Fk;> ,];khaPYf;Fk;> ,];`hf;Ff;Fk;> a/$Gf;Fk; (mtu;fspd;) re;jjpapdUf;Fk;> <]hTf;Fk;> ma;Gf;Fk;> D]{f;Fk;> `h&Df;Fk;> ]{iykhDf;Fk; ehk; t`P mwptpj;Njhk; ,d;Dk; jhJf;F [g+u;' (Ntjk;) nfhLj;Njhk;. (my;Fu;Md; 4:163)

,d;Dk; (Kd;dpUe;j) egpkhu;fspd; mbr;RtLfspNyNa ku;akpd; Fkhuuhfpa <]hit> mtUf;F Kd; ,Ue;j jt;uhj;ij cz;ikg;gLj;Jgtuhf ehk; njhlur; nra;Njhk;. mtUf;F ehk; ,d;[PiyAk; nfhLj;Njhk;. mjpy; Neu;topAk; xspAk; ,Ue;jd. mJ jdf;F Kd;dpUf;Fk; jt;uhj;ij cz;ikg;gLj;Jtjhf ,Ue;jJ. mJ gagf;jpAilatu;fSf;F Neu;top fhl;bahfTk; ey;YgNjrkhfTk; cs;sJ. (my;Fu;Md; 5:46)

gpd;du; mtu;fspd; (mbr; ) RtLfspd; kPJ (kw;iwa) ek; J}ju;fisj; njhlur; nra;Njhk;. ku;akpd; Fkhuu; <]hit (mtu;fis)j; njhlur; nra;J> mtUf;F ,d;[PiyAk; nfhLj;Njhk;.'' (jpUf;Fu;Md; 57:27)

5. jpUj;J}ju; ,NaR iggpspy;...

fpwpj;J xU J}juhf kl;LNk ,Ue;jhu; vd;W Fu;Md; $Wtij iggpSk; mq;fPfupf;fpwJ.

,NaR jk; tuT Fwpj;J $wpaij kj;NjA cila RtpNr\k; ,t;thW $WfpwJ:

epahag; gpukhzj;ijahdhYk;> jPu;f;f juprdq;fisahdhYk; mopf;fpwjw;F te;Njd; vd;W vz;zpf;nfhs;shNjAq;fs;. mopf;fpwjw;F my;y> epiwNtw;Wfpwjw;Nf te;Njd;.'' (kj;NjA 5:17)

xU J}jiu tpl Nkyhd jFjp jdf;F ,Uf;fpwJ vd;W ,NaR cupik Nfhupajpy;iy. jhd; xU J}ju; vd;Dk; epiyapy; mtu; NkYk; $Wfpd;whu;:

mtu; mDg;gpdtiu ePq;fs; tpRthrpg;gNj NjtDf;Nfw;w fpupiaahapUf;fpwJ vd;whu;.'' (Nahthd; 6:29)

vd; cgNjrk; vd;Dilajhapuhky;> vd;id mDg;gpdtUilajhapUf;fpwJ. mtupd; rpj;jj;jpd; gb nra;a kdJs;stndtNdh mtd; ,e;j cgNjrk; Njtdhy; cz;lhapUf;fpwNjh ehd; Rakha;g; NgRfpNwNdh vd;W mwpe;J nfhs;Sthd;. Rakha; NgRfpwtd; jd; Rakfpikiaj; NjLfpwhd;> jd;id mDg;gpdtupd; kfpikiaj; NjLfpwtNdh cz;ikAs;stdhapUf;fpwhd;> mtdplj;jpy; mePjpapy;iy.' (Nahthd; 7:16-18)

vd;id mDg;gpdtu; rj;jpaKs;stu;. ehd; mtuplj;jpy; Nfl;litfisNa cyfj;Jf;Fr; nrhy;YfpNwd;' vd;whu;.'' (Nahthd; 8 :26)

ehd; Rakha; Ngrtpy;iy> ehd; Ngr Ntz;baJ ,d;dnjd;Wk;> cgNjrpf;f Ntz;baJ ,d;dnjd;Wk; vd;id mDg;gpd gpjhNt vdf;Ff; fl;lisapl;lhu;. mtupd; fl;lis epj;jpa [PtdhapUf;fpwnjd;W mwpNtd;. Mifahy;> ehd; NgRfpwitfisg; gpjh vdf;Fr; nrhy;ypag;gbNa NgRfpNwd; vd;whu; .(Nahthd; 12:4)

rP\iu Nehf;fp: cq;fSf;Fr; nrtpnfhLf;fpwtd; vdf;F nrtpnfhLf;fpwhd;. cq;fis mrl;il gz;Zfpwtd; vd;id mrl;il gz;Zfpwhd;. vd;id mrl;il gz;Zfpwtd; vd;id mDg;gpd tiu mrl;il gz;Zfpwhd; vd;whu;.'' (Y}f;fh 10:16)

rj;jpaj;ijf; Fwpj;J rhl;rp nfhLf;f ehd; gpwe;Njd;. ,jw;fhfNt ,e;j cyfj;jpy; te;Njd;: rj;jpathd; vtDk; vd; rj;jk; Nfl;fpwhd; vd;whu;.'' (Nahthd; 18:37)

,NaRtpd; Cuhd ehrNuj;jpypUe;J mtiu ntspNaw;wg;gl;lNghJ mtu; $wpdhu;: k;jPu;f;fjuprp xUtd; jd; CupYk; jd; ,dj;jpYk;> jd; tPl;bYNkad;wp Ntnwq;Fk; fdtPd kilahd; vd;whu;.'' (khw;F 6:4)

,ijNa kj;NjATk; Y}f;fhTk; $l $Wfpd;whu;fs; (ghu;f;f kj;NjA 13:57 Y}f;fh 4:24)

kw;Nwhu; ,lj;jpy; ,NaR $Wfpd;whu;. k;vd;id Vw;Wf; nfhs;Sfpwtd; vd;id mDg;gpd tiu Vw;Wf;nfhs;Sfpwhd;. jPu;f;fjuprp vd;Dk; ehkj;jpdpkpj;jk; jPu;f;fjuprpia Vw;Wf; nfhs;Sfpwtd; jPu;f;fjuprpf;Nfw;w gyid milthd;.'' (kj;NjA 10:40>41)

,d;iwf;Fk;> ehisf;Fk;> kWehisf;Fk; ehd; elkhl Ntz;Lk;> vUrNyKf;Fg; Gwk;Ng xU jPu;f;fjuprpAk; kbe;J Nghfpw jpy;iy vd;W ehd; nrhd;djhf ePq;fs; Ngha; me;j eupf;Fr; nrhy;Yq;fs;.'' (Y}f;fh 13:33)

jq;fs; r%fj;jpw;F mDg;ggl;l J}ju;fis epuhfupf;ff;$ba xU $l;lj;jpw;Fk; vf;fhyf;fl;lj;jpYk; ,Ue;jJ NghyNt ,NaRtpd; fhyfl;lj;jpYk; ,Ue;jJ. ,NaRtpd; J}Jj;Jtj;ij mtu;fs; epuhfupf;fTk; vjpu;f;fTk; nra;jhu;fs;. mJ Fwpj;J rpy Fwpg;Gfis iggpspYk; fhzyhk;.

mg;NghOJ gupNrau;> ePq;fSk; tQ;rpf;fg;gl;lPu;fsh? mjpfhupfspyhtJ gupNraupyhtJ ahNjDnkhUtu; mtid tpRthrpj;jJz;lh? Ntjj;ij mwpahjtu;fshfpa ,e;j [dq;fs; rgpf;fg;gl;ltu;fs; vd;whu;fs;. ,uhj;jpupapNy mtuplj;jpw;F te;jtDk; mtu;fspnyhUtDkhfpa epf;nfhNjK vd;gtd; mtu;fis Nehf;fp: xU kD\d; nrhy;tijf; Nfl;L mtd; nra;iffis mwptjw;F Kd;Nd> mtid Mf;fpidg; gLj;jyhnkd;W ek;Kila epahag; gpukhzk; nrhy;Yfpwjh? vd;whd;. mjw;F mtu;fs;> ePUk; fypNyaNd? fypNyahtpypUe;J xU jPu;f;fjuprpAk; vOk;Gfpwjpy;iy vd;gij Muha;e;J ghUk; vd;whu;fs;.

,NaRit J}ju; vd;W ek;Gtij tpl;Lk; ghkukf;fis jpirjpUg;Gtjw;fhf GNuhfpju;fs; vLj;j Kaw;rpia ,t;trdq;fs; tptupf;fpwJ. mf;fhy ,iwtpRthrpfisg; nghWj;j tiu mtu;fs; ,NaRit ,iwtdpd; J}ju; vd;Nw ek;gpdhu;fs; vd;gijAk; iggps; tptupf;fpwJ:

gpujhd Mr;rhupaUk;> gupNraUk; mtUila ctikfisf; Nfl;L> jq;fisf; Fwpj;Jr; nrhy;Yfpwhu; vd;W mwpe;J> mtiug; gpbf;f tif Njbdhu;fs;.

MfpYk; [dq;fs; mtiuj; jPu;f;fjuprp nad;W vz;zpd gbapdhy; mtu;fSf;Fg; gae;jpUe;jhu;fs;.'' (kj;NjA 21:45-46)

mtiu mioj;j gupNrad; mijf; fz;lNghJ> ,tu; jPu;f;f juprpahapUe;jhy; jk;ikj; njhLfpw ];jpuP ,d;dhnsd;Wk; ,g;gbg; gl;ltnsd;Wk; mwpe;jpUg;ghu;.'' (Y}f;fh 7:39)

gpd;G ,NaRTk; mtUila rP\u;fSk; Gwg;gl;L gpypg;Gr; nrrupah gl;lzj;ijr; Nru;e;j fpuhkq;fSf;Fg; Nghdhu;fs;> topapNy mtu; jk;Kila rP\u;fis Nehf;fp: [dq;fs; vd;id ahu; vd;W nrhy;Yfpwhu;fs; vd;W Nfl;lhu;: mjw;F mtu;fs; : rpyu; ck;ik Nahthd;];ehdd; vd;Wk;> rpyu; vypah vd;Wk;> NtW rpyu; jPu;f;fjuprpfspy; xUtu; vd;Wk; nrhy;Yfpwhu;fs; vd;whu;fs;. mg;nghOJ mtu;> ePq;fs; vd;id ahu; vd;W nrhy;YfpwPu;fs; vd;W Nfl;lhu;. NgJU gpujpAj;jukhf> ePu; fpwpj;J vd;whd;.'' (khw;F 8: 27-29)

mtu;fspy; xUtdhfpa fpnyNahg;gh vd;gtd; gpujpAj;jukhf: ,e;ehl;fspy; vUrNykpNy ele;jtifis mwpahjgbf;F ePu; me;epauhapUf;fpwPNuh vd;whd;. mtu;> vitfs; vd;whu;. mjw;F mtu;fs; ehrNuadhfpa ,NaRitf; Fwpj;jitfNs> mtu; NjtDf;F Kd;ghfTk; [dq;fnsy;yhUf;F Kd;ghfTk; nra;ifapYk; thf;fpYk; ty;yikAs;s jPu;f;fjuprpahapUe;jhu;.'' (Y}f;fh 24:18>19)

mtu; vUrNyKf;Fs; gpuNtrpf;ifapy;> efuj;jhu; ahtUk; Mr;rupag;gl;L> ,tu; ahu;? vd;W tprhupj;jhu;fs;. mjw;F [dq;fs; ,tu; fypNyahtpYs;s ehrNuj;jpypUe;J te;j jPu;f;f juprpahfpa ,NaR vd;whu;fs;.'' (kj;NjA 21:10>11)

mg;nghOJ me;j ];jPuP mtiu Nehf;fp> Mz;ltNu> ePu; jPu;f;fjuprp vd;W fhz;fpNwd;.'' (Nahthd; 4 :19)

kWgbAk; mtu;fs; FUlid Nehf;fp: cd; fz;fisj; jpwe;jhNu> mtu;fis Fwpj;J eP vd;d nrhy;Yfpwha; vd;whu;fs;. mjw;F mtd;: mtu; jPu;f;fjuprp vd;whd;.'' (Nahthd; 9:17)

,NaR NghjidfisAk;> nray;ghLfisAk; fz;l mf;fhy ,iwtpRthrpfs; mtiu xUjPu;f;f juprp mjhtJ> J}ju; vd;Nw fUjpdhu;fs; vd;gijNa Nkw;fz;l rk;gtq;fspd; mbg;gilapy; iggps; $wpAs;sJ.

6. ,NaRtpd; J}Jj;Jtk;

kdpj r%fj;jpw;F ,iwtd; mDg;gpa J}ju;fs; midtUk; vg;gb ,iwtid kl;LNk tzq;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W Nghjpj; jhu;fNsh> mg;gbNa ,NaRTk; Nghjpj;jhu; vd;W jpUf;Fu;Md; ekf;F njspthfNt mwptpj;Jj; jUfpwJ.

,NaR $Wtjhf jpUf;Fu;Md; $WfpwJ: k;vdf;F Kd; ,Uf;Fk; jt;uhj;ij nka;gpf;fTk;> cq;fSf;F tpyf;fp itf;fg;gl;ltw;wpy; rpytw;iw cq;fSf;F mDkjpf;fTk;> cq;fs; ,iwtdplkpUe;J (,j;jifa) mj;jhl;rpia cq;fsplk; ehd; nfhz;L te;jpUf;fpNwd;: MfNt> ePq;fs; my;yh`;Tf;F mQ;Rq;fs; vd;id gpd;gw;Wq;fs;

epr;rakhf my;yh`;Nt vd;Dila ,iwtDk;> cq;f Sila ,iwtDk; Mthd;. MfNt> mtidNa tzq;Fq;fs; ,JNt Neuhd topahFk;.'' (jpUf;Fu;Md; 3:50>51)

,d;Dk;> <]h njspthd mj;jhl;rpfSld; te;jNghJ: k;nka;ahfNt ehd; cq;fSf;F Qhdj;ijf; nfhz;L te;jpUf;fpNwd;: ePq;fs; fUj;J Ntw;WikAld; ,Uf;Fk; rpytw;iw cq;fSf;F tpsf;fpf; $WNtd;. MfNt> ePq;fs; my;yh`;tplk; gagf;jpAld; ,Uq;fs;. vdf;Fk; fPo;gbAq;fs;'' vd;W $wpdhu;. epr;rakhf> my;yh`;jhd; vdf;Fk; ,iwtd;> cq;fSf;Fk; ,iwtd;. MfNt> mtidNa tzq;Fq;fs;> ,JNt ]puhj;Jy; K];jfPk; (Neuhd top) Mdhy;> mtu;fspilNa (Vw;gl;l gy) gpuptpdu; jkf;Fs; khWgl;ldu;. Mjypd; mepahak; nra;jhu;fNs mtu;fSf;F Nehtpid jUk; ehSila Ntjidapy; NfLjhd; cz;lhFk;. (jpUf;Fu;Md; 43: 63-65)

k]P`; $wpdhu;: k;,];uhaPypd; re;jjpapdNu! vd;Dila ,iwtDk; cq;fSila ,iwtDkhfpa my;yh`;it tzq;Fq;fs;'' vd;W. vdNt> vtndhUtd; my;yh`;Tf;F ,iz fw;gpg;ghNd mtDf;F my;yh`; Rtdgjpia epr;rakhf `uhkhf;fp tpl;lhd;. NkYk;> mtd; xJq;Fkplk; eufNkahFk;> mf;fpukf; fhuu;fSf;F cjtp Gupgtu; vtUkpy;iy.'' (jpUf;Fu;Md; 5:72)

E}`{f;F vjid mtd; cgNjrpj;jhNdh> mjidNa cq;fSf;Fk; mtd; khu;f;fkhf;fpapUf;fpd;whd;. MfNt> (egpNa!) ehk; ckf;F t`P' %yk; mwptpg;gJk;> ,g;uh`PKf;Fk;> %rhTf;Fk;> <]hTf;Fk; ehk; cgNjrpj;jJk; vd;dntd;why;> ePq;fs; (mid tUk;) rd;khu;f;fj;ij epiyepWj;Jq;fs;. ePq;fs; mjpy; gpupe;J tplhjPu;fs;'' vd;gNj. (jpUf;Fu;Md; 42:13)

vy;yh ,iwJ}ju;fsplKk; ,iwtd; thf;FWjp thq;fpapUg;gJ Nghy> <]h(miy) mtu;fsplKk; thf;FWjp thq;fpAs;shd;.

egpNa! ek; fl;lisfis vLj;Jf; $WkhW egpkhu;fs; midtu;fsplKk; (rpwg;ghf) ck;kplKk;> E}`{k;> ,g;uh`Pk;> %]h > ku;akpd; Fkhuu; <]h MfpNahuplKk; thf;FWjp thq;fpa NghJ> kpf;f cWjpahd thf;FWjpiaNa mtu;fsplk; ehk; thq;fpNdhk;. vdNt> cz;ikahsu;fshfpa (mj;J}ju;fsplk;) mtu;fs; (vLj;Jf; $wpa J}jpd;) cz;ikiag;gw;wp my;yh`; Nfl;ghd;. ,iwkWg;ghsu;fSf;F my;yh`; Nehtpid jUk; Ntjidiar; rpj;jk; nra;jpUf;fpd;whd;.'' (jpUf;Fu;Md; 33:7>8)

,iwtdpd; nra;jpia kf;fsplk; vLj;Jr; nrhy;yTk;> rj;jpa khu;f;fj;jpw;F rhl;rpahsu;fshfTk;> nja;tPf khu;f;fj;ij epiyepWj;jf; $batu;fshfTk; MFtjw;fhf ,iwtd; vy;yh J}ju;fsplk; thq;fpa thf;FWjpia Nghd;W> <]h(miy) mtu;fsplKk; thq;fpAs;shd;. <]h(miy) mtu;fspd; Nghjidia Vw;W gpd;gw;wpatu;fis `thupd; vd;W Fu;Md; Fwpg;gpLfpwJ. ,e;j `thupfs; ,iwtdpd; khu;f;fj;ij vLj;Jiuf;f <]htpw;F cWjpAld; cjtpahapUe;jhu;fs; vd;Wk; jpUf;Fu;Md; Fwpg;gpLfpwJ.

mtu;fsplk; ,iwkWg;Gj; jd;ik' ,Ug;gij (mjhtJ mtu;fspy; xU rhuhu; jk;ik epuhfupg;gij) <]h czu;e;j NghJ> k;my;yh`;tpd; ghijapy; vdf;F cjtp nra;gtu;fs; ahu;? vd;W mtu; Nfl;lhu;: (mjw;F mtu;fspd; rp\;au;fshd) `thupa;d;> k;ehq;fs; my;yh`; Tf;fhf(cq;fs;) cjtpahsu;fshf ,Uf;fpNwhk;. epr;rakhf ehq;fs; my;yh`;tpd; kPJ ek;gpf;if nfhz;Ls;Nshk;. jplkhf ehq;fs; (mtDf;F Kw;wpYk; topg;gl;l) K];ypk;fshf ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk;> vd;W ePq;fs; rhl;rp nrhy;Yq;fs;'' vdf; $wpdhu;fs;.

vq;fs; ,iwtNd! eP mUspa (Ntjj;)ij ehq;fs; ek;GfpNwhk;> (cd;) ,j;J}jiu ehq;fs; gpd;gw;WfpNwhk;: vdNt vq;fis (rj;jpaj;jpw;F) rhl;rp nrhy;NthUld; Nru;j;J vOJthahf!'' (vd;W rp\;au;fshd `thupa;d; gpuhj;jpj;jdu;)'' (jpUf;Fu;Md; 3:52>53)

,iwek;gpf;ifahsu;fNs! ku;akpd; Fkhuu; <]h(jk;) rPlu;fis Nehf;fp> k;my;yh`;Tf;fhf vdf;F cjtp nra;Nthu; ahu;? vdf; Nfl;f > rPlu;fs;> k;ehq;fs; my;yh`;tpd; cjtpahsu;fshf ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk; vd;W $wpaJ Nghy; ePq;fs; my;yh`;tpd; cjtpahsu;fshf MfptpLq;fs;. vdpDk; ,];uhaPy; kf;fspy;> xU $l;lk; ek;gpf;if nfhz;lJ. gpwpnjhU $l;lNkh kWj;jJ. MfNt> ek;gpf;ifahsu;fSf;F> mtu;fspd; giftu;fSf;F vjpuhf cjtp mspj;Njhk;. mjdhy; mtu;fs; ntw;wpahsuhf Mfptpl;lhu;fs;. (jpUf;Fu;Md; 62:14)

III IaKk; - njspTk;

1. my;yh`;tpd; thf;F

my;yh`; jd; jpUkiwf; Fu;Mdpy; $Wfpwhd;: Ntjj;ijAilNahNu! ePq;fs; cq;fs; khu;f;fj;jpy; msT fle;J nry;yhjPu;fs;. my;yh`;itg; gw;wp cz;ikiaj; jtpu (Ntnw ijAk;) $whjPu;fs;. epr;rakhf ku;aKila kfdhfpa <]hthfpa my;k]P`; my;yh`;tpd; J}ju;jhd;. ,d;Dk; (k;Fd;' MFf vd;w) my;yh`;tpd; thf;fhf (mjdhy; cz;lhdtuhfTk;) ,Uf;fpd;whu;: mij mtd; ku;akpd; kPJ Nghl;lhd;. (vdNt) mtUk; mtdpl kpUe;J (te;j) xu; Md;khjhd;: MfNt> my;yh`;tpd; kPJk; mtd; J}ju;fs; kPJk; ek;gpf;if nfhs;Sq;fs;: ,d;Dk;> (tzf;fj;jpw;Fupa ,iwtd;) %d;W vd;W $whjPu;fs;- (,g;gbf; $Wtij tpl;L) tpyfpf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. (,J) cq;fSf;F ed;ikahFk;. Vnddpy;> tzf;fj;jpw;Fupa ,iwtd; xUtd;jhd;. mtDf;F vtUk; re;jjpahf ,Ug;gjpypUe;J mtd; J}a;ikahdtd;. thdq;fspYk; g+kpapYk; ,Ug;gitnay;yhk; mtDf;Nf nrhe;jk;. (fhupaq;fs; midj;Jf;Fk;) nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F my;yh`;Nt NghJkhdtd;.'' (jpUf;Fu;Md; 4:171)

,t;trdj;jpy; ,NaRit ,iwthf;F vd;Wk;> Md;kh vd;Wk; rpwg;gpj;Jf; $wg;gLtJ> ,NaR ,iwtdpd; Fkhud; vd;gjw;Fk; NghJkhd Mjhuk; my;yth? vd Nfs;tp vOg;gg;gLfpwJ.

,g;gpugQ;rKk;> mjpYs;s gilg;Gf;fSk; ,NaRit gilj;jJ Nghd;W ,iwtdpd; thf;F nfhz;Nl gilf;fg;gl;lJ vd;W Fu;Md; trdq;fs; njspthf;Ffpd;wd. ,NaRitAk; kw;WKs;s kdpju;fisAk; midj;J nghUl;fisAk; ,iwtd; gilj;jJ> jd; thf;iff; nfhz;Nl MFk;. mjdhy;> ,t;tp\aj;jpy; ,NaRTf;F ve;jnthU rpwg;Gk; ,y;iy.

,d;Dk; $Wfpwhu;fs;: my;yh`; xU Fkhuidg; ngw;wpUf;fpwhd;'' vd;W. mg;gbay;y - mtd; (,tu;fs; $WtjpypUe;J) kpfj;J}a;ikahdtd;. thdq;fs;> g+kpapy; cs;sitahTk; mtDf;Nf cupait. ,itaidj;Jk; mtDf;Nf mbgzpe;J topgLfpd;wd. (my;yh`;) thdq;fisAk;> g+kpiaAk; Kd;khjpupapd;wp (,y;yhikapypUe;J) jhNd cz;lhf;fpdhd;. mtd; xd;iw cz;lhf;f tpjpj;J: mjdplk; (k;Fd;k;) MFf-vd;W $wpdhy;> clNd mJ MfptpLfpwJ. (jpUf;Fu;Md; 2:116>117)

,Nj tpjkhd thu;j;ijg; gpuNahfj;ijNa ,iwtd; ,NaRtpd; tp\aj;jpy; cgNahfg;gLj;jpAs;shd;. k;ku;ak; $wpdhu;: k;vd; ,iwtNd! vd;id xU kdpjDk; njhlhjpUf;Fk; NghJ> vdf;F vt;thW xU kfd; cz;lhf KbAk;?'' (mjw;F) mtd; $wpdhd;: k;mg;gbj; jhd;. my;yh`;jhd; ehbaijg; gilf;fpwhd;. mtd; xU fhupaj;ijj; jPu;khdpj;jhy;> mtd; mjdplk; MFf' vdf; $Wfpwhd;> clNd mJ MfptpLfpwJ. (Fu;Md; 3:47)

my;yh`;Tf;F ve;jnthU Gjy;tidAk; Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s Ntz;bajpy;iy> mtd; J}atd;: mtd; xU fhupaj;ijj; jPu;khdpj;jhy;> MFf!' vd;Wjhd; $Wthd;: (clNd) mJ MfptpLfpwJ.'' (jpUf;Fu;Md; 19:35)

mtNd capu;gpf;fpwhd;: mtNd kupf;fr;nra;fpwhd;. MfNt mtd; xU fhupaj;ij (nra;a)j; jPu;khdpj;jhy;> MFf!' vd;W mjw;Ff; $Wfpwhd;. cld; mJ MfptpLfpd;wJ. (jpUf;Fu;Md; 40:68)

,NaRitg; NghyNt Mjpkdpjuhd Mjj;jpw;Fk; kw;w midtUf;Fk; ,iwtd; jd; Mj;khtpypUe;J vLj;J Cjpajhf Fu;Md; $WfpwJ. Mjyhy;> ,t;tp\aj;jpYk; ,NaRtpw;F ve;jnthU rpwg;Gk; fw;gpf;f KbahJ.

kdpjdpd; Muk;g gilg;Ggw;wp Fu;Md; $WfpwJ: (egpNa!) ck; ,iwtd; kyf;Ffsplk;: k;Xir jUk; fUg;ghd fsp kz;zpypUe;J> kdpjid epr;rakhf ehd; gilf;fg; NghfpNwd;'' vd;Wk;> mtiu ehd; nrt;itahf cUthf;fp> mtupy; vd; MtpapypUe;J CjpaJk;. mtUf;F rpuk; gzpAq;fs; vd;Wk; $wpaij (epidT $u;tPuhf)!'' (jpUf;Fu;Md; 15:28>29)

,NaRit ,iwtdpd; thf;F vd;Wk; Mj;kh vd;Wk; $wpa ,iwtrdj;jpNyNa (4:171) jpupj;Jtj;ij fz;bj;Jk; $wg;gl;L cs;sJ.

2. ,NaRtpd; mw;Gjq;fs;

,NaR gwitfSf;Fk;> ,we;j clYf;Fk; cap&l;bajhfTk;: FUlu;fSf;F ghu;it toq;fpajhfTk;> F\;lNuhfpfis Fzg;gLj;jpajhfTk; Fu;MDk; $WfpwNj? ,njy;yhk; ,iwj; jd;iknfhz;l mk;rk;jhNd? vd;Dk; Nfs;tpAk; vOg;gg;gLfpwJ.

,iwtdpd; J}ju;fshf kdpj rKjhaj;jpw;F mDg;gg;l;ltu;fis mr;r%fj;jhu; ek;Gtjw;fhf rpy mw;Gjq;fSk; mj;jhl;rpfSk; toq;fg;gl;lJ. me;epiyapy; ,NaR mtu;fSf;Fk; ,iwtd; mw;Gjq;fis toq;fpdhd;. me;j mw;Gjq;fSk; ,iwtdpd; ehl;lg;gb fl;lisapd; gb nra;jNj my;yhky;> Rakhf nra;jJ fpilahJ. ,jid Fu;Md; njspTgLj;JtNjhL> iggpSk; xg;Gf; nfhs;fpd;wJ.

,];uhaPypd; re;jjpapdUf;Fj; J}juhfTk; (mtiu Mf;Fthd;: ,t;thW mtu; MfpaJk; ,];uNtyu;fsplk; mtu;:) k;ehd; cq;fs; ,iwtdplkpUe;J mj;jhl;rpAld; epr;rakhf te;Js;Nsd;: ehd; cq;fSf;fhf fspkz;zhy; xU gwitapd; cUtj;ij cz;lhf;fp: ehd; mjpy; CJNtd;> mJ my;yh`;tpd; mDkjpiaf; nfhz;L (capUila) gwitahfptpLk;> gpwtp FUlu;fisAk;> ntz;F\;lNuhfpfisAk;> Fzg;gLj;JNtd;. my;yh`;tpd; mDkjpiaf; nfhz;L ,we;NjhiuAk; capu;g; gpg;Ngd;. ePq;fs; cz;gtw;iwAk;> ePq;fs; cq;fs; tPLfspy; Nrfuk; nra;J itj;jpUg;gijAk; gw;wp ehd; cq;fSf;F vLj;Jf; $WNtd;. ePq;fs; ,iwek;gpf;ifahsu;fshf ,Ue;jhy;> epr;rakhf ,tw;wpy; cq;fSf;Fj; jplkhd mj;jhl;rp ,Uf;fpwJ'' (vd;W $wpdhu;) vd;W Fu;Md; $WfpwJ. (jpUf;Fu;Md; 3:49)

,we;JNghd yh]iu ,NaR capu;gpj;jhu; vd;W iggps; $wtpy;iy. capu;nfhLj;J vOg;g fu;j;juplk; gpuhu;j;jpj;jhu; vd;Nw iggps; $WfpwJ. ,d;Dk; ,NaRtpw;F kl;Lky;y kw;WKs;s gy jPu;f;fjuprpfSf;Fk; mw;Gjq;fs; toq;fg;gl;ljhf iggps; $WfpwJ.

1. vyp\h jPu;f;fjuprp r#Ndkpahspd; ,we;j kfid capu;nfhLj;J vOg;gpAs;shu;. (II ,uh[hf;fs; 4:28-37)

2. vyp\h> 20 mg;gq;fisAk; nfhQ;rk; jhs; fjpu;fisAk; nfhz;L 100 Nghu;fSf;F tapW epiwa cz;zf;nfhLj;J kPjKk; itf;Fk; gb nra;jhu;. (II ,uh[hf;fs; 4: 42-44)

3. vyP\h rPupa uh[htpd; gilj;jiytdhfpa ehfkhdpd; F\;lNuhfj;ijf; Fzg;gLj;jpdhu;.'' (II ,uh[hf;fs; 51 -14)

4. vyP\h> rPupa kf;fspd; fz;fSf;F kaf;fk; Vw;glr; nra;J> gpd; mij Rfg;gLj;jTk; nra;jhu;. (II ,uh[hf;fs; 6:18 - 21)

5. vypahTk; tpahjpapy; fple;J ,we;jtid capu;g;gpj;jhu; (I ,uh[hf;fs; 17: 17-22)

6. k;vNrf;fpNay;> vYk;GfisAk; euk;GfisAk; Nru;j;J: khkprk; nfhz;L Nghu;j;jp nfhiy nra;ag;gl;ltu;fis capu;nfhLj;J vOg;gpdhu;.'' (vNrf;fpNay; 37: 6-10)

,d;Dk; fs;s fpwpj;JTk; fs;s jPu;f;fjuprpfSk; $l mw;Gjq;fs; nra;thu;fs; vd;Wk; iggps; $WfpwJ. k;Vnddpy;> fs;sf; fpwpj;Jf;fSk; fs;sj; jPu;f;fjuprpfSk; vOk;gp> $Lkhdhy; njupe;J nfhs;sg;gl;ltu;fisAk; tQ;rpf;fj;jf;fjhfg; ngupa milahsq;fisAk; mw;Gjq;fisAk; nra;thu;fs;.'' (kj;NjA 24:24)

,jdhy; mw;Gjk; nra;jhy;> mtu; flTs; vd;W $wpl KbahJ.

3. my;yh`; ,NaRit jd;dstpy; cau;j;Jjy;

my;yh`; mtiuj; jd;dstpy; cau;j;jpf; nfhz;lhd;.'' vd;W (my;Fu;Md; 4:158) $WfpwNj. vy;NyhUk; ,we;jpUf;f ,NaR kl;Lk; capUld; ,Uf;fpwhu; vd;why; mtu; nja;tPf mk;rk; nghUe;jpau; vd;WjhNd tpsq;f KbfpwJ?

,iwj;J}ju;fspy; gyUk; gytifapy; rpwg;G mk;rk; nghUe;jpatu;fshf ,Ue;jpUf;fpd;wdu;. cjhuzj;jpw;F NkhNr ,iwtNdhL Neupy; NgrpapUf;fpwhu;. ,NaRtpd; rpwg;G mk;rk; mtu; je;ijapy;yhky; gpwe;jJk;> vjpupfspd; nfhLikapypUe;J ,ul;rpf;fg;gl;L ,iwtd; gf;fk; cau;j;jg;gl;lJkhFk;.

,iwtdplj;jpy; ,NaR capUld; ,Ug;gJ cz;ikahFk;. vd;whYk;> ,NaR kl;Lky;y. ,];yhj;jpw;fhf capu; ePj;j capu; jpahfpfSk; $l ,iwtdplj;jpy; capUld; ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs; vd;Nw Fu;Md; $WfpwJ. k;my;yh`;tpd; ghijapy; Nghupl;Lf; nfhy;yg;gl;ltu;fis kupj;jtu;fs; vd;W epr;rakhf vz;zhjPu;fs;. - jk; ug;gpdplj;jpy; mtu;fs; capUlNdNa ,Uf;fpwhu;fs; - (mtdhy;) mtu;fs; cztspf;fg;gLfpwhu;fs;. jd; mUl; nfhilapypUe;J> my;yhh`; mtu;fSf;F mspj;jijf; nfhz;L> mtu;fs; Mde;jj;Jld; ,Uf;fpwhu;fs;: NkYk;> (Nghupy; <Lgl;bUe;j ,iwek;gpf;ifAs;s jk; rNfhjuu;fspy; kuzj;jpy;) jk;Kld; Nruhky; (,t;Tyfpy; capUld;) ,Ug;Nghiug; gw;wp> k;mtu;fSf;F vt;tpj gaKkpy;iy. mtu;fs; Jf;fg;glTk; khl;lhu;fs; vdf; $wp kfpo;tilfpwhu;fs;. my;yh`;tplkpUe;J jhq;fs; ngw;w mUl;nfhilfs; gw;wpAk;> Nkd;ikiag; gw;wpAk; epr;rakhf my;yh`; ,iwek;gpf;ifahsu;fSf;Fupa ew;$ypia (rpwpJk;) tPzhf;fp tpLtjpy;iy vd;gijg; gw;wpAk; kfpo;tile;Njhuha; ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;. (jpUf;Fu;Md; 3:169-171)

,t;trdq;fspypUe;J ,iwtd; gf;fk; cau;j;jg;gl;L> capUld; ,Ug;gtu; ,NaR kl;Lky;y. ,iwtd; ghijapy; capu; ePj;j capu;j;jpahfpfSk;jhd; vd;Nw Fu;Md; $WfpwJ. ,jdhy; ,iwtd; gf;fk; cau;j;jg;gl;L ,d;wsTk; capUld; ,Uf;Fk; ,NaRit nja;tPf mk;rk; nghUe;jpatu; vd;W $wplKbahJ. ,d;Dk; iggps; nkhopapy; $Wtjhdhy; ,NaR kl;Lky;y> vypahTk; VNdhRf;Fk; mt;thW cau;j;jg;gl;ltu;fs; Mthu;fs;.

(vypahTk; vyP]hTk;) mtu;fs; Ngrpf; nfhz;L ele;J Nghifapy;> ,Njh> mf;fpdpujKk; mf;fpdpFjpiufSk; mtu;fs; eLthf te;J> ,UtiuAk; gpupj;jJ. vypah Row;fhw;wpNy guNyhfj;jpw;F Vwpg; Nghdhd;. mij vyp\h fz;L> vd; jfg;gNd> vd; jfg;gNd ,];uNtYf;F ,ujKk; Fjpiu tPuUkha; ,Ue;jtNu vd;W Gyk;gpdhd;. mtid mg;Gwk; fhztpy;iy... (xx uh[hf;fs; 2:11>12)

VNdhf;F mWgj;ije;J tajhd NghJ> nkj;J}ryhitg; ngw;whd;. VNdhf;F nkj;J}ryhit ngw;wgpd;> Ke;E}W tU\k; NjtNdhNl rQ;rupj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;J> FkhuiuAk; Fkhuj;jpfisAk; ngw;whd;. VNdhf;Fila ehnsy;yhk; Ke;E}w;W mWgj;ije;J tU\k;. VNdhf;F NjtNdhNl rQ;rupj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;ifapy; fhzhkw; Nghdhd;. Njtd; mtid vLj;Jf; nfhz;lhu;.'' (Mjpahfkk; 5:21-24)

,iwtd; ,NaRit jd;dstpy; cau;j;jpf; nfhz;ljhy;> mtu; flTs; vd;Nwh flTspd; Fkhuu; vd;Nwh fUjg;gLthuhdhy;> vypahitAk; VNdhf;ifAk; flTs; my;yJ flTspd; Fkhud; vd;W $wpapUf;f Ntz;LNk? Mdhy;> mt;thW vtUk; $wpajpy;iyNa Vd;?

4. ,NaRtpd; ,uz;lhk; tuT

cyf ,Wjp ehSf;F Kd;G ,NaR jpUk;g tUthu; vd;Wk;> cyifNa jk; Ml;rpapd; fPo; nfhz;L tUthu; vd;Wk; K`k;kj; egp(]y;) mtu;fs; $wpAs;shu;fNs> cz;ik ,ul;rfu; ,NaRNtahFk; vd;gijay;yth ,J cWjpgLj;JfpwJ?

I. ,NaR ,t;Tyfpw;F jpUk;gTk; tUthu; vd;W $Wk; egp nkhopfs; gy cs;sd> vd;whYk; ,J ,];yhj;jpd; mbg;gil ek;gpf;iffis khw;wf;$ba tp\aKk; my;y. ,NaRtpd; tUifia Kd;dwptpg;Gr; nra;Ak; egpnkhopfis Ma;Nthkhdhy;> mitnay;yhk; ,NaRitg; gpd;gw;Wtjhff; $wp> ,NaRtpd; kPJ fw;gidahf fl;bitj;Js;s ek;gpf;iffis jfu;f;fNt nra;fpd;wd. ,NaRtpd; tuT Fwpj;J Kd;dwptpg;G nra;Ak; egpnkhopfs; $Wk; tptuq;fis ,t;thW njhFf;fyhk;.

,NaRtpd; tUif K`k;kJ egp(]y;) mtu;fis gpd;gw;wf; $batu; vd;Dk; epiyapy; MFk;.

II. ,NaR GjpanjhU Ntjj;ijNah> NghjidiaNah nfhz;L tUgtu; my;y. K`k;kj;(]y;) mtu;fs; nfhz;L te;j Ntjj;ijAk;> NghjidiaAk; eilKiwapy; nfhz;L tUgtu;jhd;.

III. ,NaR njhOtJ K`k;kj;(]y;) mtu;fs; fw;Wj;je;j tpjj;jpNyjhd; ,Uf;Fk;. njhOifapy; (,khkhf) jiyik Vw;W njhOif elj;Jgtu; K];ypk;fspy; xUtuhf ,Ug;ghu;. ,NaR me;j ,khikg; gpd;gw;wp njhof; $batuhf ,Ug;ghu;.

IV. ,NaR> K`k;kj;(]y;) mtu;fis gpd;gw;wp thOk; tpRthrpfSf;F jiyik Vw;W Nghu; nra;thu;. ,];yhk; my;yhj kjq;fSf;F vjpuhd Nghu; gpufldNk ,NaRtpd; Nghu; gpufldk;.

V. ,NaRtpd; ,uz;lhk; tUifapd; ,yl;rpak; ,itfshfNt ,Uf;Fk;.

1. rpYitia cilg;gJ

2. [p];ahit ,y;yhky; Mf;FtJ (mjhtJ [p];ah toq;f Ntz;ba epiyNa tuhJ)

3. `[; - ck;uhit epiwNtw;WtJ.

4. j[;[hiy (me;jp fpwp];Jit)Ak; mtdpd; uhZtj;ijAk; mopg;gJ.

K`k;kj;(]y;) mtu;fisg; gpd;gw;wp elf;Fk; ,NaR> ,];yhk; kl;LNk Nkhl;rj;jpw;Fupa khu;f;fk; vd;W cuj;Jf; $wp> gpur;rhuk; nra;J> kw;w kjq;fis ,y;yhky; Mf;Fthu;. mjw;fhf 40 tUlq;fs; tho;e;J ,yl;rpaj;ij g+j;jpahf;fptpl;L kuzpg;ghu;.

VI. fpwpj;jtu;fspd; rhl;rpak;

jpUf;Fu;Mdpd; $w;Wfis cz;ikg;gLj;Jk; tpjj;jpy; fpwpj;jt mwpQu;fs; mt;tg;NghJ $WtJz;L> vOJtJz;L. A.C fpisl;ld; jd;Dila iggps; epfz;Ltpy; $Wfpwhu;:

Kjy; %d;W RtpNr\q;fspYk; ,NaR kdpjj; jd;ik cs;stu; vd;Nw fhzg;gLfpwJ. ,NaR clyhYk; mwptpdhYk; jd;ikahYk; ,ay;ghYk; rhjhuz uPjpapyhd tsu;r;rpiag; ngw;wpUe;jhu;> grpAk; jhfKk; mtu; mDgtj;jpy; cz;L. njhy;iyfis re;jpj;jhu;. rfpj;jhu;. kfpo;r;rp> Jf;fk;> md;G> ghrk;> Nfhgk; Kjypatw;iw> vy;yh kdpju;fisg; Nghd;Nw mtuplk; ,lk; ngw;wpUe;jJ. rhjhuz kdpju;fis tpl Qhdk; mjpfkhf ngw;wpUe;jhYk;> ru;t Qhdpahf> ahtw;wpYk; kpifj;jtuhf ,Uf;ftpy;iy... mj;jpkuj;jpy; gokpUf;Fk; vd;nwz;zpr; nrd;W ghu;j;jNghJ> gokpy;yhjJ fz;L Vkhw;wj;Jld; jpUk;gpapUf;fpwhu;. mtu; nra;j mw;Gjq;fs; vy;yhk; nrhe;jkhf nra;jJ fpilahJ. ,iwek;gpf;ifapd; mbg;gilapy; nra;jjhFk;. ,NaR mtjhu GU\dhf te;jNghJ> mtuplk; kdpj jd;ikAk; ,iwj; jd;ikAk; Mf ,Ujd;ikfs; ,Ue;jjhf rpyu; fUJfpdwdu;. mjw;F ,e;j RtpNr\q;fspy; ve;jnthU MjhuKkpy;iy'' (iggps; epfz;L gf;fk; 413)

gpugy fpwpj;jt mwpQuhd utuz;l; rpuj;]; vd;Nlo;]d; ];Nfhl;L $Wfpwhu;:

Kjy; %d;W RtpNr\q;fspd;'' (kj;NjA> khw;F> Y}f;fh) Mrpupau;fs; ,NaR fpwp];Jit xU kdpju; vd;Dk; epiyia tpLj;J> mjw;F Nky; ve;j xU epiyapYk; fz;ljhf fUj ,lkpy;iy. mtu;fSila ghu;itapy; ,NaR xU kdpjuhf ,Ue;jhu;. ,iwtdpd; Mj;khtpdhy; cz;lhd xU kdpjd; ,iwtNdhL vg;NghJk; njhlu;G nfhz;bUe;j xU kdpjd;> jd; %yk; mtiu nja;tFkhud; vd;W miog;gjhf ,Ue;jhy;> mJ mDg;gl;l jd; uPjpapyhf ,Uf;Fk;. kj;NjA ,NaRit jr;rDila Fkhud; vd;W $Wfpd;whu;. Xuplj;jpy; NgJU> ,NaRit nk]a;ahthf mq;fPfupj;j gpd;dUk;> k;mtiuj; jdpahf mioj;Jr; nrd;W> cgNjrpf;fj; Jtq;fpdhu; vd;W cs;sJ. (kj;NjA 16:22) rpYit rk;gtj;jpw;F gpd;G ,NaRtpd; ,U rp\;au;fs; vk;khT vd;Dk; fpuhkj;Jf;Fg; Ngha; ,NaR xU jPu;f;fjuprp vd;Nw $wpapUf;fpd;whu;fs; vd;W Y}f;fhtpy; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ> k;ehrNu adhfpa ,aNRitf; Fwpj;jitfNs> mtu;fs; NjtDf;F Kd;ghfTk; [dq;fnsy;yhUf;Fk; Kd;ghfTk; nra;ifapYk; thf;fpYk; ty;yikAs;s jPu;f;fjuprpahapUe;jhu;'' (Y}f;fh 24:19) ,q;Nf xU tp\ak; Kf;fpakhf ftdpf;fj;jf;fjhFk;. mjhtJ RtpNr\q;fspNy Kjyhtjhf vOjg;gl;l RtpNr\khd khw;fpy; ve;j ,lj;jpYk; ,NaRit> k;Nyhu;L (fu;j;jhNt) vd;W mioj;jjhf fhz Kbatpy;iy. me;j gjk; ,iwtDf;F kl;LNk cgNahfg; gLj;jpAs;sjhf fhz KbfpwJ'' ,d;Dk; vd;. Nlo;]d; njhlu;e;J $Wfpwhu;: ,NaR fpwp];Jtpd; rpYit kuzk; gw;wpAk;> mjd; kfpikg;gw;wpAk; %d;W RtpNr\q;fspYk; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ Mdhy;> k;mNefiu kPl;Fk; nghUshfj; jk;Kila [Ptidf; nfhLf;fTk; te;jhu;'' (khw;F 1045) vd;Dk; khw;fpd; trdq;fisAk;> ,Wjp g];fhtpy; ele;j rpy ciuahly;fisAk; jtpu;j;jhy; me;epfo;r;rpf;F gpw;fhyj;jpy; nfhLf;fg;gl;l nghUis Kw;fhyj;jpy; ve;j r#o;epiyapYk; nfhLj;jjhf fhz KbahJ. kdpjdpd; ghtk; gw;wpNah> ghttpNkhrdk; gw;wpNah> mtu; kuzj;Jld; njhlu;G cz;L vd;W $Wk;gbahd ve;j Xu; MjhuKk; me;j RtpNr\q;fspy; fhzKbatpy;iy.

(Mjhuk;: ,NaR Fu;Mdpy; gf;fk; 38>39)

Kjy; %d;W RtpNr\q;fspypUe;Jk; tpj;jpahrkhd uPjpapy; ,NaRit fUJtjw;fhd Mjhuq;fs;> ehd;fhk; RtpNr\khd Nahthdpy; cz;L. ,NaR NgrpaJ muhkpf; nkhopahFk;. Mdhy;> RtpNr\q;fs; vOjg;gl;lJ fpNuf;f nkhopapyhFk;. ,NaRTf;Fg; gpd; fpwp];jt kjj;jpy; Nru;e;j fpNuf;f nkhop Ngrf; $batu;fshNyNa RtpNr\q;fs; vOjg;gl;lJ. RtpNr\q;fspy; Kjy; %d;Wk; ,aw;wg;gl;lJ fp.gp 70 fspYk; my;yJ mjw;Fg; gpd;ghf ,Ue;jhYk; ehd;fhk; RtpNr\khd Nahthd; ,aw;wg;gl;lJ. ,NaRtpd; fhyj;jpw;Fg;gpd; xU E}w;whz;Lf;Fg; gpd; cs;sitahFk;> mJTk; kj;jpa MrpahtpYs;s ,gP];' gl;lzj;jpy; itj;NjahFk;. ,jdhy; kw;w RtpNr\q;fis tpl khWg;gl;l fUj;Jf;fis Nahthdpy; fhz KbfpwJ

(tpupthd tpsf;fj;jpw;F ,];yhj;jpw;F vjpuhd fpwp];jt tpku;rdq;fSk; tpsf;fq;fSk; ghfk; 1 fhz;f)

V ek;gpf;ifAk; ey;YgNjrKk;

,NaR Vf ,iwtdhfpa my;yh`;tpd; J}juhf ,Uf;fpwhu;> je;ijapd;wp mw;Gjkhf gpwe;jhu;.

mtu; jha; gupRj;jkhdtUk; jiyrpwe;j ,iw tpRthrpfspy; xUtUkhthu;.

,NaR ,iwtd; mDkjpAld; ,we;jtUf;F capu; nfhLj;J vOg;gpdhu;> gpwtpf; FUlu;fSf;F ghu;it toq;fpdhu; F\;lNuhfpfis Fzg;gLj;jpdhu;. ,d;Dk; gy mw;Gjq;fisr; nra;jhu;.

mtu; rpYitapy; miwag;glTkpy;iy. nfhy;yg;glTkpy;iy. ,iwtd; jd; Gwj;jpy; mtiu cau;j;jpf; nfhz;lhd;. kPz;Lk; ,t;Tyfpw;F mtu; tUthu;. K`k;kj;(]y;) mtu;fisg; gpd;gw;wp thof;$ba ,iwek;gpf;ifahsu;fspy; xUtuhf mtu; ,Ug;ghu;.

,tw;iw ek;Gk; gb ,];yhk; gzpf;fpwJ. ,NaRit fz;zpag;gLj;jp kfj;Jtg;gLj;Jk; xNu Ntj fpue;jk; jpUf;Fu;Md; kl;LNk MFk;. ,d;Dk;> ,NaR cl;gl ,iwtdhy;mDg;gl;l midj;J J}ju;fisAk; Vw;W fz;zpag;gLj;j Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; ,iwNtjk; gzpf;fpwJ.

(,iwek;gpf;ifahu;fNs!) k;ehq;fs; my;yh`;itAk;> vq;fSf;F ,wf;fg;gl;l (Ntjj;)ijAk;> ,g;uh`Pk;> ,];khaPy;> ,];`hf;> a/$g; ,d;Dk; mtu; re;jjpapdUf;F ,wf;fg;gl;lijAk;> %]hTf;Fk;> <]hTf;Fk; nfhLf;fg;gl;lijAk; ,d;Dk; kw;w egpkhu;fSf;Fk; mtu;fspd; ,iwtdplkpUe;J nfhLf;fg;gl;lijAk; ek;GfpNwhk;> mtu;fspd; epd;Wk; xUtUf; fpilNaAk; ehq;fs; NtWghL fhl;lkhl;Nlhk;: ,d;Dk; ehq;fs; mtDf;Nf Kw;wpYk; topgLfpNwhk; vd;W $WtPu;fshf! (jpUf;Fu;Md; 2:136)

mjdhy;jhd; K];ypk;fs; ,NaRtpd; ngaiuf; Nfl;Fk; NghJk;> kw;w J}ju;fspd; ngau;fisf; Nfl;Fk;NghJk; k;mtu;fSf;F Vf ,iwtdpd; rhe;jpAk; rkhjhdKk; cz;lhfl;Lkhf'' (miy`p];]yhk;) vd;W gpuhj;jpf;fpwhu;fs;.

vd; md;gpw;Fupa fpwpj;jtu;fNs! ePq;fs; ,NaRit flTs; vd;Nwh flTspd; Fkhud; vd;Nwh $whjPu;fs;. my;yh`;Tk;> ,NaRTk;> gupRj;j MtpAk; Mfpa %d;Wk; xd;W vd;Wk; $whjPu;fs;.

epr;rakhf my;yh`; %tupy; %d;whktd; vd;W $wpatu;fs; ,iwkWg;ghsu;fshf Mfptpl;lhu;fs;> Vndd;why;> xNu ,iwtidj; jtpu> NtW ehad; ,y;iy. mtu;fs; nrhy;tij tpl;Lk; mtu;fs; tpyftpy;iyahdhy;> epr;rakhf mtu;fspy; kWg;ghsu;fis Jd;GWj;Jk; Ntjid fl;lhak; te;jilAk;. (jpUf;Fu;Md; 5:73)

Ntjj;ijAilNahNu! ePq;fs; cq;fs; khu;f;fj;jpy; msT fle;J nry;yhjPu;fs;. my;yh`;itg; gw;wp cz;ikiaj; jtpu (NtnwijAk;) $whjPu;fs;. epr;rakhf kupakpd; kfdhfpa <]h my; k]P`; my;yh`;tpd; J}ju; jhd;. ,d;Dk; (k;Fd;' MFf vd;w) my;yh`;tpd; thf;fhf (mjdhy; cz;lhdtuhfTk;) ,Uf;fpd;whu;.: mij mtd; ku;akpd; kPJ Nghl;lhd;. (vdNt) mtUk; mtdplkpUe;J (te;j) Xu; Mj;khjhd;: MfNt> my;yh`;tpd; kPJk; mtd; J}ju;fs; kPJk; ek;gpf;if nfhs;Sq;fs; ,d;Dk;> (tzf;fj;jpw;Fupa ,iwtd;) %d;W vd;W $whjPu;fs; (,g;gbf; $Wtij tpl;L) tpyfpf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. (,J) cq;fSf;F ed;ikahFk; - Vnddpy;> tzf;fj;jpw;Fupa ,iwtd; my;yh`; xUtd;jhd;> mtDf;F vtUk; re;jjpahf ,Ug;gjpypUe;J mtd; J}a;ik ahdtd;. thdq;fspYk; g+kpapYk; ,Ug;git vy;yhk; mtDf;Nf nrhe;jk;. (fhupaq;fs; midj;Jf;Fk;) nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F my;yh`;Nt NghJkhdtd;. (jpUf;Fu;Md; 4:171)

 

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