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,Wjpj;J}jh; K`k;kJ(]y;) mth;fspd; tUif gw;wp ,e;jpa Ntjq;fspy; Kd;dwptpg;G


K`k;kJ(]y;) mth;fs; tUif gw;wp ,e;J kj Ntjq;fspy; Kd;dwptpg;G.

K`k;kJ(]y;) mth;fspd; Njhw;wk; gw;wp ,e;J kj Gdpj kiwfspy; Vuhskhd Kd;dwptpg;Gf;fs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd.  ,e;j Gdpj kiwfs; %d;W tiffshf gFf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. mitfs; Ntjq;fs;> cgep~j;Jf;fs; kw;Wk; Guhzq;fs; MfpaitfshFk;. kw;nwhU Gdpj Gj;jfkhd gpuh`;kzh]; fpue;j; vd;gJ Ntjq;fspd; tphpTiu khj;jpuNk. MapDk; mJTk; ,iw Ntjq;fspy;(];&jp) Nrh;f;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. Ntjq;fspy; ehd;F Kf;fpakhd gphpTfs; cs;sd. vz;zpf;iffisg; nghWj;j tiu mitfs; 1131[3] vd;W fUjg;gl;lhYk; mitfspy; Rkhh; xU l[d; khj;jpuNk fhzf; fpilf;fpd;wd. hpf; Ntjk;> a[_h;; Ntjk;> rhk Ntjk; Mfpaitfs; kpfTk; Guhjhz Ntjq;fshf fUjg;gLfpd;wd. ,itfspy; hpf; Ntjk;jhd; kpfTk; Ke;jpajhFk;. hpf; Ntjk; %d;W ePz;l fhyq;fspy; njhFf;fg;gl;ljhFk;.[4] NkNy Fwpg;gplg;gl;l %d;W Ntjq;fs;jhd; gioa Ntjq;fs; vd kD $Wfpd;wJ.[5] ,t; Ntjq;fs; jpiu tpj;ah|my;yJ %d;W mwptpay;fs; vdTk; mwpag;gLfpd;wd. ehd;fhtJ Ntjkhd mjh;tz Ntjk; gpe;jpa fhyj;ijr; rhh;e;jJ. Ntjq;fs; njhFf;fg;gl;l my;yJ mUsg;gl;l fhyk; gw;wp fUj;Jf;fs; kpfTk; tpj;jpahrg;gLfpd;wd. MapDk;> jq;fspd; Muha;r;rpapy; INuhg;gpah;fs; ,Jgw;wp Vwf;Fiwa xUkpj;j fUj;ijf; nfhz;Ls;sdh;. Mdhy; gy;NtW tpj `pe;J kjg; gphpTfSf;Fk; mwpQh;fSf;FkpilNa ,izf;f Kbahj ngUk; fUj;J Ntw;Wikfs; epyTfpd;wd. Ntjq;fs; 131 Nfhb tUlq;fSf;F Kd; mUsg;gl;lJ vd[6] xU mwpQh; $Wk; mNj Ntisapy; mitfspd; taJ ehd;fhapuk; Mz;LfSf;F Nky; xd;Wk; Mftpy;iy vd kw;wth;fs;[7] $Wfpd;wdh;. ,ijg; Nghd;Nw ,e;j Ntjk; toq;fg;gl;l hp~pfs; kw;Wk; ,lq;fs; Mfpait gw;wpa gy;NtW fUj;Jf;fspy; kpfTk; Kuz;ghLfs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd.,e;j tpj;jpahrq;fis xJf;fp tpl;L ghh;g;Nghkhfpy;> Ntjq;fs;jhd; ,e;Jf;fspd; kpfTk; Mjhug;G+h;tkhd Gj;jfq;fSk; `pe;J jh;khtpd; cz;ikahd mbg;gilfSk; MFk; vd;gij njhpe;J nfhs;syhk;.

cah;T kw;Wk; Mjhuk; Mfpatw;wpd; mbg;gilapy; Ntjq;fSf;F mLj;jgbahf tUtJ cgep~j;Jf;fshFk;.  ,Ug;gpDk;> cgep~j;Jf;fs; Ntjq;fis tpl cah;thdit vd rpy gz;bl;Lfs; fUJfpd;wdh;.[8] ,e;j jj;Jt fpue;jf;fis nfhz;L `pe;Jf;fs; ngUikg;gLfpd;wdh;. ,itfs; Ntjq;fis tpl Nkd;ikahdit vd;w thjj;ij cgep~j;Jf;fspYk; ehk; fhzyhk;.[9]

cgep~j;Jf;fSf;F mLj;jgbahf Mjhug;G+h;tkhd Gj;jfq;fs; Guhzq;fshFk;.midj;J Gdpj Gj;jfq;fspNyNa Guhzq;fs;jhd; kpfTk; gutyhf gbf;fg;gLfpd;w Gj;jfq;fshFk;. ,e;j Gj;jfq;fs; vspjpy; Ghpe;J nfhs;sf; $bajhfTk; vy;yh ,lq;fspYk; fpilf;ff; $bajhFk; cs;sd. Ntjq;fNsh Ghpe;J nfhs;tjw;F fbdkhdJk; kpfTk; mhpjhfNt fpilg;gJkhFk;. `pe;Jf;fs; ,e;j Gj;jfq;fSf;F kpfTk; khpahij nra;fpd;wdh;: mitfis kpfTk; tpUg;gj;JlDk; gf;jpAlDk; gbf;fpd;wdh;. ,g;gpugQ;rg; gilg;G gw;wpa rhpj;jpuKk;> Muk;g fhy Mhpa Fyj;jthpd; rhpj;jpuKk;> Gdpjh;fs; kw;Wk; nja;tq;fspd; tho;f;iff; rhpj;jpuKk; Guhzq;fspy; cs;sd. k`hp~p tpah~h mth;fs; ,g;Gj;jfq;fis gjpndl;L ngUk; ghfq;fshf gphpj;Js;shh;. Guhzq;fs; cz;ikahdit vd Ntjq;fSk; cWjpg;gLj;Jtjhf ngUk;ghd;ikahd ,e;Jf;fs; ek;Gfpd;wdh;. Guhzq;fs; Ntjq;fis tpl GuhjhdkhdJk; Mjhug;G+h;tkhdJk; MFk; vd;gijNa ,e;j ek;gpf;if fhl;Lfpd;wJ. mjh;tz Ntjj;jpy; ehk; fhz;gjhtJ :- trdq;fs;> ghl;Lf;fs;> ke;jpu cr;rhldq;fs;> Guhzq;fs;> gyp trdq;fs; vy;yh Nky; cyfj;J flTs;fs; Mfpamidj;JNk ,iwtdplkpUe;J te;;jitfs;jhd;.[10] NkYk; ehk; fhz;gjhtJ mtd; kpfTk; ngUk; gpuNjrj;jpw;F nrd;whd;. ,jp`hrKk; GuhzKk;> fjhf;fSk;> eu~hd;rpfSk; mtidg; gpd; njhlh;e;jd.[11] ,J Nghd;W hpf; Ntjj;jpYk; Guhzj;ijg; gw;wpa Fwpg;G fhzg;gLfpd;wJ : MfNt aT`th vDk; Guhzj;jpd; mwpitf; nfhz;L ek;Kila Kd;Ndhh;fs; hp~pfs; epiyf;F cah;e;jdh;.[12] Guhzq;fis gw;wpa xU Fwpg;G ~he;Njhf;ah cgep~j;JtpYk; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ.[13]

Ntjq;fSk; Guhzq;fisg; Nghd;w ,iwtdplkpUe;J te;jitfs;jhd; vd;Nw ,e;j Fwpg;Gf;fs; fhz;gpf;fpd;wd.  mitfs; mUsg;gl;l fhyj;ijg; nghWj;j tiu xU Ntis mitfs; Ntjq;fs; mUsg;gl;l mNj fhyj;jpNyh my;yJ mjw;F rpy fhyj;jpw;F Ke;jpNah mUsg;gl;bUf;fyhk;. xNu thh;j;ijapy; nrhy;tjdhy;>  Guhzq;fs; Gdpjk; epiwe;jit> mitfs; gf;jpf;Fhpait vd;gJ midj;J Mjhug;G+h;tkhd `pe;J kj Gdpj Gj;jfq;fshYk; xg;Gf; nfhs;sTk; rhp fhzTk;gl;Ls;sJ. ,t;tstpUe;Jk;>mitfspy; K`k;kJ (]y;) mth;fs; gw;wpa Vuhskhd Kd;dwptpg;Gf;fSk; mth;fspd; cz;ikf;fhd njspthd milahsq;fSk; fhzf;fpilf;fpd;wd vd;gjhy; khj;jpuk; rpy gz;bl;Lfs; ,e;j njhFg;Gf;fis epuhfhpf;fj; njhlq;fpAs;sdh;. egp(]y;) mth;fis ek;Gtjd; %yk; mth;fspd; kpfg;ngUk; Gdpj hp~pfSf;F fPo;g;gbe;J mth;fs; nrhd;ditfspd; cz;ikia czUtjw;F gjpyhf Guhzq;fspy; mlq;fpapUf;Fk; rhl;rpaq;fis Kw;wpYk; kWg;gNj rhyr;rpwe;jnjd ,g;gz;bl;Lfs; epidj;J tpl;ldh; NghYk;. Mdhy; Guhzq;fs; cz;iknad Ntjq;fNs njspthf rhl;rp $Wfpd;wd NkYk; Ntjq;fs; ,iwtd; Gwj;jpypUe;J mUs; nra;ag;gl;lJ Nghd;Nw Guhzq;fSk; mtdplkpUe;Nj mUsg;gl;Ls;sd vd;Wk; Ntjq;fspy; gjpag;gl;Ls;sJ. ,t;tsT ,Ue;Jk;> jw;Nghija Guhzq;fs; Ntjq;fspy; $wg;gLk; mNj njhFg;Gf;fs; my;y: cz;ikahd Guhzq;fs; njhiye;J tpl;ld vd;Wk; rpyh; thjpLfpd;wdh;. Mdhy; ,e;j thjhl;lk; rhpay;y. ngUk;ghyhd kf;fshy; kpfTk; gutyhfTk; kpfTk; Mh;tj;JlDk; kf;fshy; gbf;fg;gLk; Guhzq;fs; mth;fshy; kwf;fg;gl;L G+Nyhfj;jpypUe;Nj mopj;J kiwf;fg;gl;L tpl;lJ vd;W nrhy;tJk; mNj Neuj;jpy; rpyh; khj;jpuk; thrpj;J Ghpe;J nfhs;sf;$ba Ntjq;fs; khj;jpuk; ,f;fhyk; tiu ghJfhg;ghf ,Uf;fpwJ vd;W nrhy;tJk; kpfTk; rhj;jpakw;wJk; eifg;gpw;fplkhdJkhFk;.

,e;j Kd;dwptpg;Gf;fs; gpw;fhyj;jpy; Nrh;f;fg;gl;ld vd;W kw;nwhU rkhjhdKk; nrhy;yg;gLfpd;wJ. Mdhy; ,JTk; mbg;gilaw;w thjNkahFk;.mJ Nghd;w kpfTk; ed;fwpag;gl;l> kpfTk; mjpfkhf Gof;fj;jpy; ,Ue;J te;j> Fwpg;gpl;l Neuq;fspy; ,iw tzf;fj;jpy; thrpf;fg;gl;L te;j[14] Gj;jfj;jpy; if itg;gnjd;gJ rhj;jpakhdjy;y. mNugpa egpiag; gw;wpa njspthd Kd;dwptpg;Gf;fis fz;l gpwF NtW xd;Wk; nra;a top njhpahky; Guhzq;fNs khw;wg;gl;Ls;sd vd gz;bl;Lfs; gpjw;wj; njhlq;Ffpd;wdh;.NkYk;> `pe;J kjj;ij Nrh;e;j vy;yh gz;bl;LfSk;> fw;wwpe;j QhdpfSk; xU ,lj;jpy; xd;W $b ,e;j Kd;dwptpg;Gf;fis Guhzq;fspy; Nrh;j;jdh; vd;W epidg;gJ kpfTk; Kl;lhs;jdNk my;yhky; Ntnwd;d? mNj Neuj;jpy;> gpuhkzh;fSf;fpila xUtUf;nfhUth; Kl;b Nkhjpf; nfhz;bUe;j gy gphpTfs; ,Ue;jd vd;gij fzf;fpnyLj;jhy;> mth;fs; midtUk; xd;W $b me;j khw;wj;ij nra;jhh;fs; vd;gJ rhj;jpakw;wJ vd;gij njspthf Ghpe;J nfhs;syhk;. Vwf;Fiwa xt;nthU gpuhkzhpd; tPl;bYk; Guhzj;jpd; xU gpujp ,Ue;jpUf;Fk;. Mdhy; mNj Neuj;jpy; ,e;j Kd;dwptpg;Gf;fs; ,y;yhj Guhzj; njhFg;Gf;fis ,J tiu cyfk; fhztpy;iy vd;gJ kpfTk; tpag;gpw;FhpaJ. ,e;j ,ilr;nrUfy; mth;fspd; kjj;jpw;F vjpuhfTk; egp(]y;) mth;fSf;F MjuthfTk; nra;ag;gl;bUf;fpwJ vd;gJ midj;ijAk; tpl kpfTk; eifg;gpw;fplkhd tprakhFk;. ,e;j Kd;dwptpg;Gf;fSf;F vjpuhf vijAk; Nrh;g;gNjh my;yJ mitfis khw;WtNjh Ntz;Lkhdhy; nra;a rhj;jpakhf ,Ue;jpUf;fyhk;> mdhy; `pe;J gz;bl;Lfs; jq;fspd; kjj;jpw;Fk; ek;gpf;iff;Fk; tpNuhjkhf ,tw;iw Nrh;j;jhh;fs; vd;gJ Kw;wpYk; mgj;jkhdjhFk;. MfNt> ,e;jf; Nfs;tpia kpfTk; Mo;e;J rpe;jpf;FkhW ek;Kila `pe;J rNfhjuh;fis Nfl;Lf; nfhs;fpNwhk;. Guhzq;fspYs;s xt;nthU thh;j;ijAk; Ntjq;fisg; Nghd;W mryhdJk; ,iwtdhy; mUsg;gl;lJkhFk;.mtw;iw thrpg;gjdhy; ,t;TyfpYk; kW cyfpYk; Nkhl;rKk; mUSk; fpilf;fpd;wd.MfNt> mth;fs; trkpUf;Fk; mUsg;gl;l Ntjq;fspy; fhzg;gLk; egp K`k;kJ(]y;) mth;fs; gw;wpa kfpikia   ftdj;Jld; gbj;J mth; Nky; mth;fs; ek;gpf;if nfhs;sl;Lk;.

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