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,];yhj;jpw;F vjpuhd fpU];Jt tpkHrdq;fSk; tpsf;fq;fSk;

MrphpaH : mg+ Mrpah> ntspaPL : /GHfhd; gg;spNf\d;]; l;u];l;


EioAk; Kd;...

kdpj r%fj;ij Neu;topg;gLj;j ,iwtd; gy J}ju;fis Ntjq;fNshL mDg;gpitj;jhd;> mt;thW mDg;gl;l J}ju;fspy; ,Wjpahdtu; K`k;kj;(]y;) mtu;fs;. jpUf;Fu;Md; mtu;fSf;F mUsg;gl;l Ntj fpue;jk;. ,J ,iwtdpd; ,Wjp Ntjk;. Ke;ija J}ju;fSf;Fk; my;yh`; Ntjq;fis mUspAs;shd;. Mdhy;> mt;Ntjq;fs; me;jj; J}ju;fspd; fhyj;jpw;Fg; gpd; rpijf;fg;gl;L tpl;ljhy;> gupRj;j jd;ikia mit ,oe;J tpl;ld vd;W K];ypk;fs; ek;Gfpd;wdu;.

fpwpj;jtu;fspd; ek;gpf;ifahdJ K];ypk;fspd; ek;gpf;iff;F khWgl;ljhFk;. fu;j;ju; jd; jPu;f;fjuprpfSf;F mjhtJ J}ju;fSf;F Ntjq;fis toq;fpdhu; vd;W ek;Gfpd;wdu;. Mdhy;> ,NaRTf;F gpd;dhy; te;j jPu;f;fjuprpahd K`k;kj;(]y;) mtu;fisAk;: mtu;fSf;F mUsg;gl;l jpUf;Fu;MidAk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjpy;iy. khwhf Fu;Md; ,iwNtjk; my;y vd;Wk;: K`k;kj;(]y;) vOjpf; nfhz;lhu;. vd;Wk; mtJ}whd gpur;rhuk; nra;jdu;.

,d;Nwh> fpwpj;jtu;fs; xU Gjpa Af;jpiaf; ifapnyLj;Jf; nfhz;L> K];yPk; r%fj;jpy; ,wq;fp jPtpug; gpur;rhuk; nra;fpd;wdu;. mjpy; xd;W iggpisg; gpd;gw;Wk; gb Fu;MNd $WfpwNj'' vd;gjhFk;. jq;fs; thjj;jpw;F tY Nru;f;f Fu;Md; trdq;fis %yj;NjhL gpuRupj;j E}y;fis ,ytrkhf toq;fp tUfpd;wdu;. ,ijf; fhZk; gbg;gwpT mw;w ghku K];ypk;fs; Fok;gpg; NghfTk; tha;g;Gs;sJ. vdNt mj;jifa tpku;rdq;fSf;F tpsf;fkhfTk; Fog;gq;fSf;Fj; njspthfTk; ,e;E}iy njhFj;J toq;fpAs;Nshk;.

,];yhj;jpw;F vjpuhd fpwpj;jt tpku;rdk;.

egpNa Kw;wpYk; cz;ikiaf; nfhz;Ls;s ,t;Ntjj;ij ehk;jhk; ck;kPJ ,wf;fpNdhk;. ,J jdf;F Kd;Ds;s xt;nthU Ntjj;ijAk; nka;g;gLj;jf; $bajhfTk; mijg; ghJfhg;gjhfTk; ,Uf;fpd;wJ.'' (my;Fu;Md; 5:48)

epr;rakhf ehk; jt;uhj;ij ,wf;fpNdhk;. mjpy; Neu;top fhl;LjYk; xspAk; ,Ue;jJ.'' (my;Fu;Md; 5:44) gpwF> (Kd;nrd;w) me;j ,iwj;J}ju;fspd; mbr;RtLfspd; ku;ak; cila Fkhuu; <]hit ehk; gpd; njhlur; nra;Njhk;. jt;uhj;jp(d; mwpTiwfsp)y; vit mtu; Kd; (vQ;rp) ,Ue;jdNth> mtw;iw mtu; nka;gLj;Jgtuha; ,Ue;jhu;.''

NkYk;> ehk; mtUf;F ,d;[Piy toq;fpNdhk;. mjpy; Neu;topAk; xspAk; ,Ue;jd.

,d;Dk;> jt;uhj;jp(d; mwpTiufsp)y; vit mg;NghJ vQ;rp ,Ue;jNjh mtw;iw nka; vd cWjpg;gLj;jf; $bajhfTk; mJ jpfo;e;jJ. NkYk;> ,iwar;rk; cilatu;fSf;F Kw;wpYk; Neu;topfhl;lf; $bajhfTk;> ey;YiuahfTk; mJ ,Ue;jJ.

NkYk;> ,d;[Py; mUsg;gl;ltu;fs;> mjpy; ve;jr; rl;lj;ij my;yh`; ,wf;fp itj;jhNdh> me;jr; rl;lj;jpw;F Vw;g jPu;g;G toq;fl;Lk;. (vd;gNj ek; fl;lisahf ,Ue;jJ) NkYk;> vtu;fs; my;yh`; ,wf;fp mUspa rl;lj;jpw;F Vw;g jPu;g;G toq;ftpy;iyNah> mtu;fs;jhk; ghtpfshtu;'' (my;Fu;Md; 5:46>47)

epr;rakhf ,r;nra;jp Kd;du; mUsg;gl;l ,g;uh`Pk;> %]hTila Ntjq;fspYk; nrhy;yg;gl;bUe;jJ'' (my;Fu;Md;: 87-18>19)

,iwek;gpf;if nfhz;Nlhu;fNs! ePq;fs; my;yh`;tpd; kPJk;: mtDila J}ju; kPJk;: mtd; jd;Dila J}ju; kPJ ,wf;fp mUspa Ntjj;jpd; kPJk;: ,jw;F Kd;dhy; mtd; ,wf;fp itj;j Ntjq;fs; kPJk; ek;gpf;if nfhs;Sq;fs;. vtd; my;yh`;itAk;: mtDila thdtu;fisAk;: mtDila Ntjq;fisAk;: mtDila J}ju;fisAk;> kWik ehisAk; kWf;fpd;whNdh> mtd; top Nfl;bNy cod;W ntFJ}uk; nrd;W tpl;lhd;.'' (my;Fu;Md;: 4:136)

gupRj;j Ntjhfkj;ij (iggpis) tpRthrpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l trdq;fspy; Fu;Md; fl;lisapLk;NghJ> Ntjhfkj;ij (iggpis) thrpg;gJ jtW vd;W $WtJ rupah? Fu;MidAk;> Ntjhfkj;ijAk; tpRthrpf;f Ntz;Lnkd;w fl;lis xNu tpjkhf ,Uf;f Fu;Mid kl;Lk; XJtJ ey;yJ vd;Wk;> Ntjhfkj;ij thrpg;gJ - jpahdpg;gJ jz;lidf;Fupa nranyd;Wk; $WtJ vg;gb?

K];ypk;fs;> k;,d;[Py;' NjtDila thu;j;ij vd;W xg;Gf; nfhs;fpd;wdu;. Mdhy;> fs;s cgNjrq;fs; %ykhf mtu;fSk; ,d;[Py; jpUj;jg;gl;Ltpl;lJ vd;W ek;Gfpd;wdu;. ve;jg; gFjp jpUj;jg;gl;lJ? vd;Nwh> ahuhy; jpUj;jg;gl;lJ? vd;Nwh> mtu;fshy; $w ,ayhJ.

ahu; Ntjhfkj;ij jpUj;jpa nfhLur; nraiyr; nra;jJ? vjw;fhfr; nra;ag;gl;lJ? vq;Nf nra;ag;gl;lJ? vg;gbr; nra;ag;gl;lJ? gjpy; $w Ntz;batu; (K];ypk;fNs) ePq;fs;jhd;!' (tpdpNahfk;)

,jw;fhd tpsf;fj;ij my;yh`; $Wfpd;whd;:

(njhlf;fj;jpy;) kf;fs; midtUk; xNu nfhs;if top elf;Fk; rKjhaj;jtuhfNt ,Ue;jdu;. gpd;du;> (,e;epiy ePbf;ftpy;iy. mtu;fspilNa fUj;J NtWghLfSk;> gpzf;FfSk; Njhd;wNt> Neu;topapy; nry;NthUf;F) ew;nra;jp mwptpg;NghuhfTk;> (jPa topapy; nry;NthUf;F) vr;rupf;if nra;NthuhfTk; my;yh`; egpkh (,iwJ}j)u;fis mDg;gp itj;jhd;.

NkYk;> kf;fs; fUj;J NtWghL nfhz;l tp\aq;fspy; mtu;fspilNa jPu;g;G toq;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf> rj;jpa Ntjq;fisAk; me;j ,iwj; J}ju;fSld; my;yh`; mUspdhd;.'' (my;Fu;Md; 2:213)

ehk; ek; J}ju;fisj; njspthd rhd;WfSlDk;> topfhl;Ljy;fSlDk; mDg;gpNdhk;. kf;fs; ePjpapy; epiyj;jpUf;Fk; nghUl;L mtu;fSf;F Ntjj;ijAk;> Jyhf;NfhiyAk; ,wf;fpNdhk;.'' (my;Fu;Md; 57:25)

J}ju;fs; Ntjq;fSlNd tUif je;Js;shu;fs; vd;gJ ,jd; %yk; njspthfpwJ. ,jpy; ,];uNty; rKjhaj;jpw;F te;j J}ju;fisg; gw;wp Fwpg;gpLk; NghJ> %]h(miy) mtu;fSf;F jt;uhj;' vDk; Ntjj;ijAk;: jhj;(miy) mtu;fSf;F [g+u;' vDk; Ntjj;ijAk;: <]h(miy) mtu;fSf;F ,d;[Py;' vDk; Ntjj;ijAk; mUspajhf ,iwtd; $Wfpd;whd;.''

(my;Fu;Md; 5:44> 21:48> 17:55 >5:46)

jpUkiw Fu;Md; vt;thW ,wf;fp mUsg;gl;lNjh> mJNghd;Nw nja;tPf ntspg;ghLfs; %ykhf Ke;ija Ntjq;fSk; ,wf;fpaUsg;gl;ld.

(egpNa) mtNd ck; kPJ ,e;j Ntjj;ij ,wf;fpAs;shd;. mJ rj;jpaj;ijf; nfhz;L te;jpUf;fpd;wJ. ,J jdf;F Kd;du; mUsg;gl;l Ntj E}y;fis cz;ikg;gLj;JfpwJ.

NkYk;> kf;fSf;F Neu;top fhl;Ltjw;fhf ,jw;F Kd; jt;uhj;ijAk;> ,d;[PiyAk; mtd; ,wf;fp ,Uf;fpd;whd;. nka;iaAk;> ngha;iaAk; NtWgLj;jpf; fhl;Lk; ,e;j /Gu;fhidAk; ,wf;fpAs;shd;. (,dp) vtu;fs; my;yh`;tpd; fl;lisfis Vw;f kWf;fpd;whu;fNsh> mtu;fSf;Fj; jpz;zkha;f; fLikahd jz;lid cz;L. NkYk;> my;yh`; ty;yik kpf;ftDk;> jPa nray;fSf;F gopthq;FgtDk; Mthd;.'' (my;Fu;Md; 3:3>4)

,iwtd; ,t;thW jd; Fu;Mdpy; $WtjpypUe;J> ty;y ehad; my;yh`; jd; J}ju;fs; %ykhf mUspa Ntjq;fs; midj;Jk; Jy;ypakhf ,iwthf;FfNs mjpy; mj;J}ju;fspd; NghjidfNsh tho;f;if tuyhWfNsh ,lk; ngWtjpy;iy. ,iwtd; jd; J}ju;fSf;F mUspa thf;Ffs; kl;LNk ,Uf;Fk;. ,d;W Fu;Md; vg;gb Jy;ypakhf ,iwtdpd; thf;Ffs; kl;Lk; nfhz;ljhf ,Uf;fpd;wdNth> mJ Nghd;Nw Ke;ija J}ju;fSf;F mUspa Ntjq;fSk; ,Ue;jpUf;Fk;. mJ k;jt;uhj;' Mf ,Ue;jhYk; rupNa! my;yJ k;[g+u;' Mf ,Ue;jhYk; rupNa! my;yJ k;,d;[Py;' Mf ,Ue;jhYk; rupNa!

Mdhy; ,d;W A+ju;fspd; iftrk; cs;s k;Njhuh' my;yJ fpwp];jtu;fspd; trk; cs;s k;Njhuh' ,iwtd; mUspa jt;uhj; jhdh? ,d;W fpwpj;jtu;fs; iftrKs;s RtpNr\q;fs; ,iwtd; mUspa k;,d;[Py;' jhdh? vd;W rw;W tpupthfNt Muha;Nthk;.

iggps;

gpg;ypa (BIBLIA) vd;Dk; fpNuf;f gjNk iggps; vd;Dk; nrhy;ypd; %yk;. E}y;fs; my;yJ rpwpa E}y;fs; vd;gNj mjd; nghUs;. fp.gp. 392 Kjy; 404 tiu fhd;];ld; b Nehg;gpspNy ghjpupahu; fP]hf ,Ue;j [hd; f;upN]hl;lkhd; vd;gtNu fpwpj;jt Ntj E}Yf;F iggps;' vd;Dk; ngau; r#l;bdhu;. iggps; vd;Dk; ngauhdJ iggpspy; mlq;fpa E}y;fspy; ve;jnthU E}ypYk; fhzg;glhj ngauhFk;.

(Ref: iggpspd; ek;gfj;jd;ik - K`k;kJ mkhdp)

iggpspy; gioa Vw;ghL> Gjpa Vw;ghL vd;W ,UngUk; gpupTfs; cs;sd. gioa Vw;ghl;by; 39 E}y;fSk; Gjpa Vw;ghl;by; 4 RtpNr\q;fs; cl;gl 27 fl;LiufSk; cs;sd. nkhj;jk; 66 E}y;fis cs;slf;fpa ,e;E}y; GNuhl;l];lz;l; iftrKs;s iggps; MFk;. fj;Njhypf;f iggpspy; 73 E}y;fs; cs;sd> rhup];Nkl;bf; (C.V) i>ggpspy; 76 E}y;fs; cs;sd. Mu;j;Njhlf;]; iggpspy; (O.C.V) 80 E}y;fs; cs;sd. cynfq;fpYKs;s kpfg;ngUk;ghd;ik fpwpj;jtu;fs; GNuhl;l];lz;l;L fshfTk;> fj;Njhypf;fu;fshfTk; ,Ug;gjhy;> ngUk;ghNyhu; 66 E}y;fisf; nfhz;l iggpisAk; 73 E}y;fisf; nfhz;l iggpisAk; cgNahfg;gLj;Jfpd;wdu;.

(Ref: The History of Destruction of Bible Old & New Test a merit by Sheriff)

,d;W fj;Njhypf;fu;fsplKs;s gioa Vw;ghl;by; 46 E}y;fs; cs;sd. Gjpa Vw;ghl;by; 27 E}y;fs; cs;sd. GNuhl;l];z;LfsplKs;s gioa Vw;ghl;by; 39 E}y;fs; cs;sd. Gjpa Vw;ghl;by; 27 E}y;fs; cs;sd.

,NaRtpd; fhyj;jpy; mjpfkhd E}y;fs; gioa Vw;ghl;by; ,lk; ngw;wpUe;jd> fp.gp. ehd;fhk; E}w;whz;by; $l;lg;gl;l jpUr;rig xU gl;baiy jahupj;J: mjpy; mlq;fpa E}y;fNs NtjE}y;fs; vd nghJ mwptpg;G nra;jJ. mjd;gbAs;s njhFg;G E}y; ,d;wsTk; fhdhd;' (CANON) vd;wiof;fg;gLfpwJ. ,jd; njhFg;igj; jhd; fj;Njhypf;fu;fs; Vw;Ws;sdu;. mjd;gb gioa Vw;ghl;by; 46 E}y;fs; cs;sd.

fj;Njhypf;fu;fsplkpUe;J gpupe;j GNuhl;l];lz;L fpwpj;jtu;fs; me;j fhdhd; njhFg;gpy; (gioa Vw;ghl;bypUe;J) VO Gj;jfq;fis ePf;fptpl;L 39 E}y;fis kl;LNk gioa Vw;ghL vd;Wk; mJNt fhdhd; njhFg;G vd;Wk; $Wfpd;whu;fs;

(GNuhl;l];lz;L gioa Vw;ghl;by; ,y;yhj 7 E}y;fs;)

1. njhgpah]; Mfkk;

2. A+jpj; Mfkk;

3. Qhd Mfkk;

4. rpuhf; Mfkk;

5. gh&f; Mfkk;

6. kf;Ng Mfkk; - I

7. kf;Ng Mfkk; - II

fhdhd; (CANON)

fhdhd; (CANON) vd;Dk; fpNuf;f gjj;jpd; nghUs; msTNfhy;' vd;gjhFk;. fp.gp. ehd;fhk; E}w;whz;by; rig $b rpy E}y;fis kl;Lk; gioa Vw;ghlhf Vw;Wf;nfhz;l NghJ jhd;> fhdhd; vd;Dk; gjk; fpwpj;jtu;fshy; cgNahfg; gLj;jg;gl;lJ> gupRj;j Ntjk; vd;W rig mq;fPfupj;j E}y;fis fhdhdpf fpue;jq;fs;'' vd;whu;fs;. Vuhskhd E}y;fSf;F kj;jpapy; fhdhd; vd;W Nju;T nra;jJ gupRj;j Mj;kh my;y rigahFk;.

Mapuk; Mz;LfSf;fpilapy; gyuhy; vOjg;gl;l gy E}y;fspd; njhFg;Ng iggps;. ,e;E}y;fSila Mrpupau;fs; vOjpa mry; (Original) gpujp ,d;W ,y;iy. efy;fs; kl;LNk cs;sd.

iggps; gz;bju;> lhf;lu; ikf;Nfy; $Wfpwhu;: gupRj;j fpue;jq;fspd; Mrpupau;fs; vOjpa ifnaOj;J gpujpfs; ,d;W ,y;iy> gyKiw jpUg;gpj; jpUg;gp vOjg;gl;l efy;fNs ,d;Ws;sJ. efy;fshf cs;s ifnaOj;Jg; gpujpfs; ve;j msTf;F %y gpujpfSld; ,ize;J NghFk; epr;rapf;f vd;W El;gkhd Qhdk; mtrpak;.

(tpRthrj;jpd; ngau;fs;.' gf;fk; 28-29)

Guhjd iggpspd; VLfs; vd;w fUjg;glf;$ba VLfspy; fpilj;jJ Fk;uhd; RUs;fs;' (Qumran Scrolls) vd;Wk;> rhT fly; RUs;fs;' (Dead sea Scrolls) vd;Wk; miof;fg;gLk;. ,it Njhy; RUs;fspy; vOjg;gl;l VLfs; MFk; 1947-f;Fk; 1960-f;Fk; ,ilNa rhTflypd; tlNkw;F gFjpapYs;s FiffspypUe;J fz;nlLf;fg;gl;l RUs;fshFk;. ,itfspy; ,d;W iggpspy; cl;gLj;jg;gl;l E}y;fspd; ghfq;fSk;: iggpspypUe;J ePf;fg;gl;l fpue;jq;fspd; ghfq;fSk;: iggpSld; ve;jnthU njhlu;Gk; ,y;yhj E}y;fSk; cl;gl;Ls;sJ. fpwpj;Jtpw;F Kd;G %d;whk; E}w;whz;bd; ,WjpapYk;> fpwpj;Jtpw;Fg; gpd;G 70f;Fk; ,ilapy; vOjg;gl;litfNs rhTfly; RUs;fs;' vd;W mjd; nkhop eilapd; mbg;gilapy; fzpj;Jf; $Wfpd;wdu;. jw;NghJ cgNahfpf;fg;gLk; iggpspy; mNdfkhf nghUe;jpg; NghtJ Vrahtpd; E}y; kl;LNk. gy RUs;fs;> gioa Vw;ghl;bd; rpy E}y;fspy;> rpy gFjpfs; nghUe;jp NghfpwJ.

k;rhTfly; RUs;fs;' fz;nlLf;Fk; Kd;G tiu> kpfTk; Guhjd ifnaOj;Jg; gpujpahf fUjg;gl;lJ fp>gp> 894-y; vOjg;gl;l nfa;Nuh Nfhnlf;]{k; (Cairo Codex) 930 -y; vOjg;gl;l mnyg;Ngh Nfhnlf;]{k; (Aleppo Codex) 1008-y; vOjg;gl;l nydpd;fpNul; Nfhnlf;]{k; (Lenin Codex) MFk;. Njhy;fs; Nru;j;J xl;b klf;fp Gj;jf tbtpy; cz;lhf;fg;gl;l gpuhjd VLfisNa Nfhnlf;];' vd;wiof;fg;gLfpwJ.

fpNuf;f iggpspy; kpfTk; Guhjdkhd ifnaOj;J gpujpahdJ Nfhnlf;]; ]pidw;wpf;f];' MFk;. fpwpj;Jtpw;F gpd; ehd;fhk; E}w;whz;Lfspy; cUthf;fg;gl;lJ vd;W fUjg;gLk; ,e;j Nfhnlf;]; 1859-y; ]pdha; kiyapNy xU FifapypUe;J fz;nlLf;fg;gl;ljhf $wg;gLfpwJ> ,e;j ifnaOj;J Vl;by; Gjpa Vw;ghl;bd; KO ghfq;fSk; ,lk; ngw;wpUg;gNjhL> ,d;W iggpspy; Nru;f;fg;glhj gu;dgh];' cila RtpNr\Kk;> n`u;kh]pDila ,lad;' vd;Dk; Vl;bd; ghfKk; Nru;f;fg;gl;bUf;fpwJ. gioa Vw;ghl;bd; ,Wjpapy; tUk; kf;fhgh ahUila 4-Mk; ePUk; vd;Dk; xU E}Yk; ,d;W iggpspy; ,y;yhjjhf ,Ue;jJ ,g;NghJ Nru;e;Js;sJ.

fpwpj;JTf;Fg;gpd; Ie;jhk; E}w;whz;by; vOjpanjd;W fUjg;gLk; gpujp Nfhnlf;]; mnyf;]hd;bupa]; ifnaOj;J gpujp 1627-y; mnyf;];]hz;bupahtpy; itj;Nj ,g;gpujp fz;nlLf;fg;gl;lJ. ,J vOjg;gLk; NghJ gioa Vw;ghl;bYk;> Gjpa Vw;ghl;bYk; cs;s KO E}y;fSk; mj;Jld; ,d;W iggpspy; cl;gLj;jg;glhj fnykd;upd; (fhy;kPd];)-vDk; xd;whk; ,uz;lhk; epUgq;fs; rhyNkhdpd; rq;fPjq;fs; Jtq;fpa fpue;jq;fSk; ,Ue;jJ. kj;NjA cila RtpN\rj;jpYk;: Mjpahfkk; E}ypYk; mjpf gFjpAk; e\;lg;gl;l uPjpapYkhf ,e;j Nfhnlf;]; fpilj;jJ>

4-k; E}w;whz;by; vOjg;gl;lJ vd;W fUjg;gLk; kw;nwhU Guhjd ifnaOj;Jg; gpujp Nfhnlf;]; thj;jpfhd]; MFk;. Nuhkpy; thbfd; E}y; epiyaj;jpy; ghJfhf;fg;gl;L tUk; ,e;j Nfhnlf;]pYk; gy ghfq;fs; ghjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

fp.gp. 200f;Fk; 250-f;FkpilNa vOjg;gl;ljhf fUjg;gLk; kw;nwhU ifnaOj;Jg; gpujp nr];lu; gPl;bWghk;gpup vd;wwpag;gLk; g;gpup]; Vl;by; ,d;Ws;s Gjpa Vw;ghL E}y;fs; cs;sd.

,t;thW ,d;W gy ifnaOj;J gpujpfs; fpwpj;Jt cyfpy; cs;sd.. Vwj;jho 4000 ifnaOj;Jg; gpujpfs; iggpspd; gpujpfshfNt fUjg;gl;lJ. vdpDk; ,jpy; mjpfkhdit gupg+uzkhd fbjq;fs; my;y.

mwpQu; gp.b. FUd;tp vOjpAs;shu;. ,g;NghJ vd;trk; 4000 iggpspd; ifnaOj;Jg; gpujpfs; ifapYs;sd. ,tw;wpy; iggpspd; rpy ghfq;fs; kl;LNkAs;sJ. ,e;j ifnaOj;J gpujpfs; vy;yhk; fp.gp. 20-Kjy; 150f;Fk; ,ilg;gl;l kj;jpa fhyj;jpy; vOjg;gl;ljhf mDkhdpf;fyhk;.

(gp.b. FUtpd;> iggps; E}w;whz;Lfspy;' (gf;fk; 40-Nfhl;lak; 1971>) iggpspd; nja;tPfj;jd;ik-tpku;rdq;fSk; tpsf;fq;fSk;)'

,e;j tpguq;fspypUe;J ,d;W iggpspy; cs;s E}y;fis tpl ,d;Dk; mjpfkhd E}y;fs; Ntjkhff; fUjg;gl;L te;jJ vd;gJ njspT. jpUr;rig Nju;T nra;jJ gioa Vw;ghL E}y;fs; 46-k;: Gjpa Vw;ghL E}y;fs; 27-k; MFk;> GNuhl;l];lz;l; gpuptpdu; Nju;T nra;jJ gioa Vw;ghL E}y;fs; 39k; Gjpa Vw;ghL E}y;fs; 27-k; MFk;.

,NaRtpd; fhyj;jpy; gioa Vw;ghl;by; - ,d;W fhzg;gLk; E}y;fis tpl mjpfkhd E}y;fs; ,Ue;jd. mtw;wpy; rpytw;wpw;F ,d;Dk; iggpspy; rhd;Wfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. (mitfs; fPNo milg;Gf; FwpfSf;Fs; nfhLf;fg;gl;bUf;fpd;wd)

1. jhdpNaYila jPu;f;fjuprd Gj;jfj;jpd; kw;nwhU ghfk;

2. Rl;jhtpd; Gj;jfk;

3. tp\;jKila Gj;jfk;

4. vf;tP];ah]; x

5. vf;yP];ah]; xx

6. NkhNrf;F ntspg;gLj;jpd RtpNr\k;

7. NkhNr vOjpa ,];khy; [Pdp]];

8. NkhNr vOjpa Mnrd;\d;

9. NkhNr vOjpa Ntj me;juq;fk;

10. NkhNr vOjpa nl];l;nkd;l;

11. NkhNr vOjpa cld;gbf;if

12. v];wh Mfkk; x

13. v];wh Mfkk; xx

14. v];wh Mfkk; xxx

15. v];wh Mfkk; xa

16. mn]d;\d; Mg; Vrhah

17. VrhahTf;F ntspg;gLj;jpd RtpNr\k;

18. rhyNkhdpd; thf;fpaq;fs;

19. fu;j;jUila Aj;j G];jfk; (vz;zhfkk; 21:15)

20. epiwkhd; G];jfk;

21. ahNrupd; G];jfk; (NaRth 10:13)

22. na$tpd; G];jfk; (II ehs; 20 : 34)

23. nrkhahtpd; G];jfk; (II ehs; 12:15)

24. ,j;Njhtpd; juprdk; (II ehs; 12:15)

25. ehj;jhdpd; G];jfk; (II ehs; 9:29)

26. rPNyhdpadhfpa mfpah vOjpa jPu;f;f juprdk; (II ehs; 9:29)

27. ,j;Njh vOjpd juprdk; (II ehs; 9:29)

28. rhyNkhdpd; eltbf;if (I ,uh[h 11:41)

29. Vrhahtpd; NtnwhU Gj;jfk; (II ehs; 26:22)

30. Vrhahtpd; ntspg;gLj;jpd RtpNr\k; (II ehs; 32:32)

31. rhKNtypd; gpuge;jk; (I ehs; 29:30)

32. fhj;jpd; gpuge;jk; (I ehs; 29:30)

33. ehj;jhdpd; gpuge;jk; (I ehs; 29:30)

34. rhyNkhdpd; nrbfspd; gpuhzpfspd; Fzq;fs; Kjyptw;iw Fwpj;Jr; nrhd;d thf;fpaq;fspd; Gj;jfq;fs; (I ,uh[ 4:33)

35. rhyNkhdpd; 3000 thf;fpa G];jfk; (I ,uh[ 4:33)

36. rhyNkhdpd; 1005 ghl;Lfspd; Gj;jfk; (I ,uh[ 4:33)

37. VNukpah Nahrpahtpd; Nky;ghba Gyk;gy; (II ehs; 35:25)

fp.gp> ehd;fhk; E}w;whz;L tiu Gjpa Vw;ghl;by; ,Ue;j gpw E}y;fs;>

1. ,NaRtpd; epUgk; (kly;)

2. ,NaRtpd; rPlu;fspd; ,uz;lhk; eltbf;if

3. mtUila tpRthrq;fs;

4. gu;dgh]; RtpNr\k;

5. fhy;kPd]; ep&gq;fs; (fbjq;fs;)

6. mr;dh\]; ep&gq;fs;

7. nghypf;fhupg;G ep&gq;fs;

8. kupahdpd; gpwg;igg; gw;wpa RtpNr\k;

9. ahf;NfhGila RtpNr\k;

10. epNfhNjKtpd; RtpNr\k;

11. gTYila elgbfs;

12. gTYila (ntspaplg;glhj gpw) 7 epUkq;fs;

13. ,NaR mg;fhU]; murDf;F vOjpa epUgk;

14. ,NaR NgjU Kjypatu;fSf;F vOjpa epUkk;

15. ,NaRtpd; gpurq;fk;

16. ,NaR jkJ rP\u;fSf;F ufrpakha; nra;j cgNjrq;fs;

17. ,NaRtpd; mw;Gjk;

18. NgJUtpd; RtpNr\k;

19. mtUila eltbf;if

20. mtupd; ntspg;gLj;jy;fs;

21. mtUila (ntspaplg;glhj rpy) epUkq;fs;

22. mtUila ju;f;fq;fs;

23. mtUila Nghjid

24. mtUila gpurq;fk;

25. ,NaRtpd; rP\u; Nahthdpd; eltbf;if

26. Nahthdpd; 2-tJ RtpNr\k;

27. mtUila Nyhgq;fs;

28. mtUila (NtWrpy) ep&gq;fs;)

29. mtUf;F ntspg;gLj;jpd (NtW) RtpNr\k;

30. me;jpNuahtpd; RtpNr\k;

31. mtUila eltbf;if

32. gpypg;Gtpd; RtpNr\k;

33. mtUila eltbf;if

34. gu;Jy;khkhtpd; RtpNr\k;

35. Nfhkhtpd; RtpNr\k;

36. mtUila eltbf;if

37. mtUf;F ntspg;gLj;jpd tpNr\q;fs;

38. ahf;Nfhgpd; 3-tJ RtpNr\q;fs;

39. kpj;jhtpd; RtpNr\k;

40. mtUila RNyhgq;fs;

41. mtUila eltbf;if

42. khw;fpd; 2-tJ RtpNr\k;

43. Nltp]{ila RtpNr\k;

44. Ng Y}]{ila RtpNr\k;

45. mtu; eltbf;iffs; xd;W

46. mtu; eltbf;iffs; ,uz;L

47. mtUila 10 epUkq;fs;

48. mtUf;F ntspg;gLj;jpd 3 RtpNr\q;fs;

49. mtUila gpurq;fk;

Nkw;nrhd;d E}y;fs; ,Ue;jjw;F Mjhukhf Y}f;fh 11-y; mNdfk; Ngu; vOjpajhfTk;. fyhj;jpau; (1:6.7) NtnwhU RtpNr\k; ,Ue;jjhfTk; tUfpw tp\aq;fisf; fhz;f)

gioa Vw;ghL

1. Njhuh - TORAH

2. egpaPk; - Nabiim

3. nfj;Jgpk; - Ketubim

Njhuh (TORAH)

vd;gitjhk; mit> Njhuh vd;Dk; `pg;U gjj;jpd; nghUs; mwpTiu' MFk;. ,e;j gjj;ij Guhjd A+j fpNuf;f nkhopahd n]g;l;l[d;upy; rl;lk;' vd;Dk; nghUs; tuf;$ba NehNkh]; (Nomos) vd;Dk; ngaupNy nkhop ngau;f;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mjd; gpd; mg;gjk; k;rl;lk; vd;Nw nghJthf nkhopngau;f;fg;gLfpwJ.

iggpspd; Kjy; Ie;J E}y;fshd Mjpahfkk;> ahj;jpuhfkk;> Nytpauhfkk;> vz;zhfkk;> cghfkk; Mfpa E}y;fisNa Njhuh' my;yJ ngd;l;lh]; (Ie;J Mfkk;) vd;wiof;fg;gLfpwJ. ,g;ngau;fs; Guhjd `pg;U ngau;fSf;F njhlu;gpy;yhJ fpNuf;f n]g;l;b[du; ngau;fshf ,Uf;fpwJ.

`pg;U       -  nghUs;            - n]g;l;b[du;         - jkpo;

Bereshith               -   Mjpapy;            - Genesis              - Mjpahfkk;

Welleh - Shmoth - ,itjhd;ngau;fs;   - Exodos               - ahj;jpuhfkk;

Wayigra       - nja;tk; mioj;jJ   - Leutikon              - Nytpauhfk;

Bammidbar    - ghiytdj;jpy;       - Arithmoi              - vz;zhfkk;

Elleh hadabarim - ,itjhd; thf;Ffs;  - Deuteronomion        - cghfkk;

negpapk; (NABIIM)

egp vd;Dk; `pg;U' gjj;jpd; gd;ik gjNk negpapk;' J}ju;fs;' vd;gJ ,jd; nghUs;. A+ju;fs; egpkhu;fis ,uz;L tifahf gpupj;J $Wfpd;whu;fs;> mit Kw;fhy J}ju;fs;. gpw;fhy J}ju;fs;. NaRth> epahjpgjpfs; rhKNty; I & II. uh[hf;fs; I & II Mfpa E}y;fs; Kw;fhy J}ju;fspy; cl;gLfpd;whu;fs;. Vrhah. vNuhkpah> vNrf;fpay;> Jtq;fpa J}ju;fs; gpw;fhy J}ju;fshf tUfpd;whu;fs;. Xrpah> NahNty; MNkh];> xgjpah> Nahdh> kPfh> eh$k;> Mg$f;> nrg;gdpah> Mfha;> rfupah> ky;fpah Mfpa 12 E}y;fSk; rpwpa J}ju;fs; fpue;jq;fs; MFk;.

(Mjhuk;: iggps; KfTiu - # K.C.P.C iggps; fkp\d; D.O.C - Cochin.)

nfj;Jgpk; (KETUBIM)

nfj;Jgpk; vd;Dk; gjj;jpd; nghUs; k;vOjg;gl;lJ' vd;gjhFk;. A+ju;fs; ,j;jiyg;gpd; fPo; gpupj;Jf; nfhLj;j E}y;fs; rq;fPjk;> cd;djg; ghl;L> ePjpnkhopfs;> gpurq;fp> Vrhah vd;Dk; Qhd E}y;fSk; &j;> v];ju;> v];wh> neNfkpah> ehshfkk;> jhdpNay;> Nghd;w rupj;jpuk; $Wk; E}y;fSk; MFk;. fpwpj;jt iggps; v];wh> neNfkpah jiyg;gpd; fPo; NtW NtW E}y;fisNa je;Js;sJ. ,d;Dk; ehshfkk; E}iy ,uz;lhf gpupj;J ,uz;L NtW E}y;fshf;fp itj;Js;sJ.

(Mjhuk;: iggpspd; nja;tPfj;jd;ik (gf;fk; 32-35)

Ie;J Mfkq;fs;

gioa Vw;ghl;by; ,lk;ngWk; Kjy; Ie;J Mfkq;fshd Mjpahfkk;> ahj;jpuhfkk;> Nytpauhfkk;> vd;zhfkk;> cghfkk; MfpaitfNs epahag; gpukhzk;. mjhtJ Njhuh (jt;uhj;) vd;W ek;gg;gLfpwJ. ,itfs; NkhNrahy; vOjg;gl;lJ vd;Wk; ek;gg;gLfpwJ (ghu;f;f Nuhku; 10: 5) (ahj;jpuhfkk; 17: 14> 24: 4) Mdhy;> xt;nthU E}iyAk; jdpj;jdpahf Ma;e;J ntspaplg;gl;l mwpf;ifia itj;J ghu;f;Fk;NghJ> mjpy; ve;j E}Yk; NkhNr vOjpaJ my;y vd;W njspthfpwJ. fhuzk;:

1. Ie;J Mfkq;fspd; kj;jpapy; fhzg;gLk; ,yf;fpa eilapYk; nkhopeilapYk; khWghLfs; cs;sJ.

2. fu;j;jUila ngaiu cr;rupg;gjpy; khw;wq;fs; cs;sJ

3. NkhNr fhyj;jpw;F gpe;ija nra;jpfSk; ,lk; ngw;Ws;sJ.

nghJthd ,t;tbg;gilapd; fPo; itj;J ghu;f;Fk; nghOJ Ie;J Mfkq;fSk; xNu eguhy; vOjg;gl;lJk; my;y. xNu fhyfl;lj;jpy; vOjg;gl;lJk; my;y vd;gJ njspT. ,jid JEDP Documentary Theory JEDP gpukhz rpj;jhe;jk;) %yk; njspTgLj;jpajhy; ,r;rpj;jhe;jNk gpugykhdJ.

YAHWIST = J (aNfhtp];l;)

JEDPELOHIST=E (NyhNfhtp];l;)

DEUTERONOMIS=D (bA+l;Nuhdkp];l;)

PRIESTER=P (g;uP];lu;)

1. gpukhzk;

Ie;J Mfkq;fspYk; fu;j;jiu a`;tp];l;' vd;Dk; ngau; $wp miof;Fk; ghfq;fis cl;nfhz;Ls;s gpukhzj;ij a`;tp];l; gpukhzk; vd;W $Wfpd;wdu;> ,e;j gpukhzj;Jila Muk;gk; ghy];jPdpd; njw;F ghfj;jpYs;s A+jhAila Nfhj;jpuj;jpyhFk;. ,jDila Njhw;wKk; tsu;r;rpAk; fpK 10-k; E}w;whz;L Kjy; fp>K 870 tiuahf ,Uf;Fk; vd;W $Wfpd;wdu;>

>,jpy; gilg;G Kjy; A+j[dk;' vfpg;jpy; mbikj;jisapypUe;J tpLgl;L> fhdhd; Njrj;jpw;F te;jJ tiuAs;s rupj;jpuNk gpujhdkhf cs;sJ. Ie;J Mfkq;fspypUe;J a`;tp];l; gpukhzj;ij gpupj;njLg;gjw;F nty;`t;]d; epakpj;j tpjpKiwfs; ,itfshFk;.

1. ,iwehkj;jpy; ah`;Nt' vd;Dk; gjNk cgNahfg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ.

2. ,iwtidg; gw;wp tptupf;Fk; NghJ khD\pf&gKk; ,aw;ifANk fpue;j fu;j;jhtpd; kdjpypUf;fpwJ.

3. tuyhWk; tpguq;fSk; ,jpy; mjpfk; cs;sJ. rl;lq;fNsh tpjpKiwfNsh ,lk;ngwtpy;iy.

4. nkhopeilahdJ fij uPjpahfTk;> ehlf uPjpahfTk; cs;sJ.

5. ngau;fSila gj cw;gj;jpahdJ tuyhw;W rk;gtq;fNshL kj uPjpahf ge;jg;gLj;Jk; kdepiyAk; jPikiaj; jtpu;j;Js;s ,aw;if epfo;Tfs; vy;yhk; ,iwtd; Gwj;jpypUe;jhFk; vd;W $Wk; kdepiyAk; cz;L.

,e;j Ie;J mbg;gilia cl;nfhz;Ls;s trdq;fis Ie;J Mfkq;fspypUe;J gpupj;njLj;J itj;jhy;> mJ a`;tp];l; gpukhzkhFk; vd;fpwhu; nty;`t;]d;.

2> vNyh`p];l; gpukhzk;

,iwtid k;vNyh`pk;' vd;W miof;Fk; gFjpfis cl;nfhs;Sk; rpj;jhe;jq;fSf;F vNyh`p];l; (Elohist-E) vd;wiof;fg;gLfpwJ. fp.K.> 9-k; E}w;whz;L Kjy; fp.K. 770 tiuAs;s fhyfl;lj;jpy; jhd; ,J g+u;j;jp nra;ag;gl;lJ. ghy];jPdj;jpd; tlf;F ghfj;jpYs;s ,];Nuy; ,uh[;aj;jpy; jhd; ,jd; Njhw;wk;. fPo;f;fhZk; mbg;gilapNy jhd; vNyh`p];l; gpukhzk; njhFf;fg;gl;lJ>

1. ,iwtdpd; ngauhd vNyh`pk;' vd;Dk; gjk;nfhz;L miof;fg;gLfpwJ.

2.kdpj&gNkh> ,aw;ifapd; jd;ikNah ,iwtDf;F ,y;iy. ,iwtd; fhzKbahjtDk; (Mw;wiy) mstpl KbahjtDk; Mthd;>

3> Mgpu`hkpd; rupj;jpuk; Jtq;fpa rk;gtq;fNs gpujhdkhf cs;slq;fpAs;sJ>

4 >fij nrhy;tJ Nghd;w uPjpapNy mjd; ,yf;fpa tbtk; mike;Js;sJ.

5. ghtq;fisf; Fwpg;gpLk; ,lj;jpy; ePjpgupghyidiaAk; tpguq;fisAk; toq;FfpwJ.

Ie;J Mfkq;fspypUe;J Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l mk;rq;fs; mlq;fpa trdq;fisg; gpupj;njLj;jhy;> mJ vNyh`p];l; gpukhzkhf mikAk; vd;fpwhu;fs;.

3. bAl;Nuhzkp];l; gpukhzk;

cghfkk; E}ypYs;sJ mj;jidAk; xNu gpukhzkhfNt nty;`t;]d; fhz;fpwhu;. ,e;j gpukhzj;jpw;F b A+l;Nuhzkp];l; gpukhzk; vd;W ngau; r#l;bAs;shu;. ,J vOjg;gl;lJ mNefkhf fp>K 650-y; Mf ,Uf;Fk; vd;fpwhu;> ,jpy; xU fpue;jfu;j;jh my;yhky; $Ljy; fpue;jfu;j;jhf;fs; gq;F ngw;wpUf;f rhj;jpaq;fs; FiwthFk;. n[Uryk; Njthyaj;jpypUe;J `py;f;fpa xU rl;l E}y; fz;nlLj;jhu; vd;W II ,uh[hf;fspy; (22:3-10) $wg;gLfpwJ. ,J fp>K 621-y; ele;j jhFk;. mjdhy; ,J b A+l;Nuhzkp];l; gpukhzkhfNt ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ nty;`t;]Dila thjk;. ,e;j gpukhzj;jpd; mk;rq;fs; fPNo nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;sitfs; MFk;.

1. ,iwtDf;F vNyh`pk; vd;w ngau; nfhz;Nl nghJthf miof;fg;gLfpwJ.

2. tuyhW rl;lq;fSilaTk; ,iw epakj;jpd; mbg;gilapYNk tptupf;fpwJ.

3. cgNjrj;jpd; my;yJ gpurq;fj;jpd; mbg;gilapNy ,jd; ,yf;fpa eil mike;Js;sJ>

4 .tuyhW - gbg;gpidf;fhfTk;> ,iwtdpd; Nerj;ij fw;gpf;fTk;> ,iwtdpd; fl;lisia mDrupf;f typAWj;JtJk; fpue;jfu;j;jhtpd; Nehf;fkhfTs;sJ.

4. g;uP];lu; gpukhzk;

n[UrykpYs;s GNuhfpju;fspd; rpe;jidAk; NghjidAk; cl;nfhs;sf;$ba gpukhzNk g;uP];lu; gpuhkzk;.(Priester-P) fp.K 530f;Fk; 450f;Fk; ,ilNa Njhw;wk; ngw;wjhf fUjg;gLfpwJ. Nytpahufkk; E}y; VfNjrk; KOtJk; g;uP];lu; gpukhzj;jpy; cl;gLfpwJ. ,e;j gpukhzk; gpupj;njLf;fg;gl;lJ. fPo;f;fhZk; mk;rj;jpd; mbg;gilapyhFk;.

1. ,iwtid vNyh`pk;' vd;Wk;> vy;\j;jha;' vd;Wk; miof;fpwJ.

2. kw;w gpukhzq;fspy; $wg;gl;l nja;t jj;Jtq;fSf;F tpahf;ahdq;fSk;> khu;f;f juprd epakq;fSk;> topghl;L fu;kq;fSk; ,jpy; mike;Js;sJ.

3> Mjk; KjYs;s [dd kuz fzf;Ffis xOq;FgLj;jp $wp rupj;jpuj;ij ,];uNty; kf;fNshL ge;jg;gLj;JtJ njupfpwJ..

4. gpukhzk; mjpfKk; jj;Jt uPjpahfTk; thjg;gpujpthj uPjpahfTk; mike;Js;sJ.

JEDP gpukhz rpj;jhe;jj;jpd; jPu;khdk;

JEDP gpukhz rpj;jhe;jj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; Ie;J Mfkq;fis Muha;e;jjpy; ,itfs; fpwpj;JTf;F Kd; 10-k; E}w;whz;L Kjy; 4-k; E}w;whz;L tiuAs;s fhyfl;lj;jpy; khWgl;l fhyr;r#o;epiyapy; khWgl;l gFjpapy; khWgl;l Mrpupau;fshy; vOjg;gl;lJ vd;gJ njspT.

,jpy; Kjyhtjhf vOjg;gl;lJ a`;tp];l; gpukhzkhFk; ,J fp>K> 727-f;Fk; 699-f;Fk; ,ilNa tho;e;j N`]f;fpah uh[htpd; Ml;rpfhyj;jpy; mrPupau;fs; ghy];jPdpd; tlf;F gFjpia Mf;ukpj;J: ]kupa;ahit gpbj;J mlf;fpaNjhL> ,];uNty; uh[;[pak; rpjwTk; mq;F tho;e;j vOj;jhsuhd Nytpau; A+jhtpy;mgak; NjlTk; nra;jhu;> ,jd; gydhf A+jhtpypUe;j a`;tp];l; gpukhzKk;> ,];uNtyu;fsplkpUe;j vNyh`p];l; gpuhkzKk; $bf;fye;J xd;whfpaJ. fp>K> 721-f;F gpd;Ng ,e;j xd;W Nru;T Vw;gl;lJ>

n[Urykpy; GNuhfpju;fs; a`;tp];l;> vNyh`p];l; gpukhzq;fSila xd;W Nru;jiy xOq;FgLj;j Kaw;rpj;jhu;fs;. mg;NghJ mtrpak; vd;w epidj;jnjw;nfy;yhk; tpahf;ahdq;fs; vOjpdhu;fs;> gy tpraq;fis $l;b Nru;j;J vOjpdhu;fs;> NkYk;> mtu;fNs xU E}Yk; vOjp ,NjhL Nru;j;jhu;fs;> ,NjhL Nru;j;J bA+l;Nuhzkp gpukhzj;ijAk; Nru;j;J Nghjpf;f Jtq;fpdhu;fs;> ,g;gbj;jhd; JEDP gpukhzq;fspd; xd;W Nru;g;ghy; Ie;J Mfkq;fs; (Pentatech) tbtk; nfhz;lJ vd;W nty;`t;]d; epUgpj;jhu;.

,e;j JEDP gpukhz rpj;jhe;jj;ij vy;yh fpwpj;jt mwpQu;fSk; mq;fPfupj;Jf; nfhz;lhu;fs;. fj;Njhypf;f jpUr;rig Mjpapy; gpukhz rpj;jhe;jk; iggpspd; nja;tPfj; jd;ikf;F ,Of;if Vw;gLj;Jk; vd;W $wp: ,e;j rpj;jhe;jj;ij cjhrPdg;gLj;jpaJ vd;whYk;> ,d;W mtu;fSk; mq;fPfupj;Jf; nfhz;lhu;fs;.

JEDP gpukhz rpj;jhe;jj;ij fj;Njhypf;fu;fs; Vw;fyhkh? vd;W Nfl;l Nfs;tpf;F 1948-y; ghuP]py; ele;j gpg;spf;fy; fkp\dpy; fu;j;jpdhs; ]{`hu;jpd; $wpa gjpy; ,JthFk;: gpukhz rpj;jhe;jj;ij re;Njfpg;gtu;fs; ahuhtJ cs;shu;fs; vd;W ehd; epidf;ftpy;iy. mJ Nghy NkhNr ey;fpa epakq;fSk; kw;Wk; NghjidfSk; fhyg;Nghf;fpy; tpLglTk; khWjYf;F cl;glTk; nra;jJ vd;W $Wk; thjj;ij epuhfupf;fTk; KbahJ. vd;whYk; jPu;f;fkhd Qhdj;jpdhy; rl;l Nghjfu; fpue;jfu;j;ju; vd;Dk; epiyapy; NkhNr Ie;J Mfkq;fspy; fhl;ba ngupa Kaw;rp re;Njfj;jpw;fplkpy;yhjjhFk;.

(lhf;lu; N[h]g; Nfhl;lf;fy; gQ;rfpue;jk; xU tpahf;ahdk;'' (gf;fk;:30)

,jpypUe;J JEDP gpukhz rpj;jhe;jk; nghJthf vy;yhjug;G iggps; mwpQu;fSk; mq;fPfupj;j rpj;jhe;jk; MFk; vd;W tpsq;fpf; nfhz;Nlhk;. ,jd; %yk; (Pentatech) Ie;J Mfkq;fspy; NkhNrf;F ngupjhd gq;F xd;Wk; ,y;iy vd;gJk;> iggps; mwpQu;fshy; xg;Gf; nfhs;sg;gl;lJ.

mbg;gilthjpfs;:

fpwpj;jtu;fsplKs;s gpuptpdu;fspy; gpukhz rpj;jhe;jq;fisAk; etPd fz;Lgpbg;GfisAk; epuhfupf;ff;$ba xU gpuptpdu;fs; cz;L. ,tu;fs; iggps; mbg;gilthjpfs; Mthu;fs;.

mwptpaypd; tpUg;G ntWg;gw;w gFj;jha;Tfisf; nfhz;L jpUntspg;ghLfis (Revelation) Ma;e;J> mjpy; nghjpe;Js;stw;iw Iag;gLtij vjpu;j;J jLf;Fk; rka ,af;fk; Fundamentalism MFk;. ntspg;ghLfisg; gw;wp ghuk;gupakhf tUk; nghUs; tpsf;fj;ijAk; kw;Wk; fpwpj;Jt kjj;jpd; Nfhl;ghLfisAk; mJ cs;@u ek;GfpwJ.'

(Ref: Universal Deluxe Dictionary Deluxe Publishing, Coimbatore - 24.)

,e;j mbg;gilthjpfisg; nghWj;jtiu Mjpahfkk; Kjy; cghfkk; tiuAs;s Ie;J Mfkq;fSk; NkhNr ifg;gl vOjpdhu; vd;W ek;Gfpd;wdu;. Mdhy;> vt;tsT fLikahd iggps; mbg;gilthjpahf ,Ue;jhYk; rup: vt;tsT ngupa thjq;fis Gupe;jhYk; rup> NkhNr vOjpa trdq;fs; jhk; ,it vd;W $w Kbahj gy trdq;fis Ie;J Mfkq;fspy; fhl;lKbAk;.

1. mg;gbNa fu;j;jupd; jhrdhfpa NkhNr Nkhthg;Njrkhd mt;tplj;jpNy fu;j;jUila thu;j;ijapd; gbNa kupj;jhd;.

mtu; mtid Nkhthg; Njrj;jpYs;s ngj;NgNahUf;F vjpuhd gs;sj;jhf;fpNy mlf;fk; gz;zpdhu;. ,e;ehs; tiuf;Fk; xUtDk; mtd; gpNujf;Fopia mwpahd;. NkhNr kupf;fpwNghJ E}w;wpUgJ tajhapUe;jhd;. mtd; fz; ,UsilaTkpy;iy. mtd; gyk; FiwaTkpy;iy. ,];uNty; Gj;jpuu; Nkhthgpd; rkdhd ntspfspy; NkhNrf;fhf mOJ Jf;fq;nfhz;lhbd ehl;fs; Kbe;jd. (cghfkk; 34:5-8)

fu;j;jiu KfKfkha; mwpe;j NkhNriag;Nghy xU jPu;f;fjuprpAk; ,];uNtypy; mg;Gwk; vOk;gpdjpy;iy vd;W tpsq;Fk;. (cghfkk; 34:10)

NkhNr vOjpajhf $wg;gLk; Mfkj;jpy; NkhNrapd; kuzr;nra;jp ,lk; ngw;wJ vg;gb? kuzj;jpw;Fg;gpd; ele;j rk;gtq;fs; ,lk; ngw;wJ vg;gb?

2. ,];uNty; Gj;jpuu;fs; Nky; uh[hf;fs; murhSfpwjw;F Kd;Nd> VNjhk; Njrj;jpNy Mz;l uh[hf;fshdtu; Ngyh...Nahghg;...c\hk;...Mjhj;... (Mjpahfkk; 36:31)

,];uNtyu;fspy; Kjy; uh[h k;nrsy;' Mthu;. NkhNrtpw;F gpd; 356 tUlq;fs; fope;Nj ,tUf;F Ml;rp mjpfhuk; fpilj;jJ. mg;gbapUf;f 356 tUlq;fSf;F Kd;Ng NkhNr ,ij vOjpdhu; vd;W ek;gNtz;LNk? vg;gb ek;g KbAk;?

3. ,];uNty; Gj;jpuu; vfpg;jpNy FbapUe;j fhyk; E}w;W Kg;gJ tUlk;'' (ahj;jpuhfkk; 12 : 40) Mjpahfkj;jpy; (15: 13) ehD}W tUlk; vd;wpUf;fpwJ. Mjpahfkk; vOjpaJ NkhNr vd;why; ahj;jpuhfkk; vOJk; NghJ Kuz;gl;l jftiy $wpaJ Vd;?

4. mg;NghJ NkhNr jd; khkdhfpa nuFNty; vd;Dk; kPjpahd;Dila Fkhuuhd Xghit Nehf;fp'' (vz;zhfkk; 10:29) vd;W vz;zhfkj;jpy; cs;sJ.

ahj;jpuhfkj;jpy; (4:18) NkhNr jd; khkdhfpa vj;jpNuhypdplj;Jf;F te;J'' vd;Ws;sJ. ahj;jpuhfkk; vOjpaJ NkhNr vd;why;> vz;zhfkj;jpy; vOJk; NghJ Kuz;gl;lJ Vd;?

,g;gb gy Kuz;gl;l jfty;fspd; mbg;gilapy; itj;J fhZk;NghJ> Ie;J Mfkq;fSk; NkhNrapd; fhyj;jpw;Fg; gpd; E}w;whz;LfSf;F gpd; vOjg;gl;lJ vd;W njspthfpwJ. ,ij iggps; mwpQu;fSk; xg;Gf; nfhs;fpd;wdu;.

A.C. fpisl;ld; $Wfpwhu;:

A.C. fpisl;ld; jd;Dila NtjGj;j epfz;Ltpy; $Wfpwhu;: cyf cw;gj;jpiaf; Fwpj;J $Wk; xd;whk; E}yhd Mjpahfkj;jpd; Mrpupau; NkhNr vd;W $wg;gl;lhYk; mjpy; rpy ghfq;fs; NkhNr vOjpdhu; vd;W $wyhNk jtpu KOtJk; mtu; vOjpdhu; vd;W $Wtjw;Fg; gy jilfs; cs;sJ. ,uz;L Ngu; vOjpa ,uz;L fpue;jq;fis %d;whtjhf Nru;e;J vOjpdhu; vd;W jPu;khdpf;fyhk;. xUtu; ,iwtid aN`hth' vd;Wk; kw;nwhUtu; Njtd;' vd;Wk; %d;whktu; kj mD\;lhdk; ,Jntd;W $wpapUg;gJk; ,jd; MjhukhFk;. (gf;fk; lyp58)

,];uNtyu;fs; vfpg;jpy; mDgtj;ijAk; NkhNr jiyikapy; mq;fpUe;J ,ul;rg;gl;lijAk; mijj; njhlu;e;Js;s tuyhw;iwAk; tptupf;Fk; ,uz;lhk; E}yhd ahj;jpuhfkj;jpd; Mrpupau; ahu; vd;Nwh? ve;j fhyj;jpy; vOjg;gl;lJ vd;Nwh? mij cUthf;fpaJ xU Msh? gy Ml;fsh? vd;Nwh vJTk; jpl;ltl;lkhf njupahJ. (gf;fk; 250)

%d;whk; E}y; Nytpauhfkk; vd;Dk; ngaupy; mwpag;gl;lhYk; mjpy; Nytpaiuf; Fwpj;J my;y GNuhfpju;fisf; Fwpj;Nj NgRfpwJ. ,];uNtyu;fSila tuyhW ,jpy; ,y;iy> E}yhrpupau; ahu; vd;Wk; njupa topapy;iy. (gf;fk; 463)

ehd;fhk; E}yhd vz;zhfkk; NkhNr vOjpajy;y Mjpahfkk; E}iyg;Nghy %d;W Ngu; vOjpajhf ,Uf;Fk; vd;gJ gyu; mgpg;gpuhak; fp.K 8-k; E}w;whz;bNy jhd; ,JTk; Mjpahfkk; E}Yk; vOjg;gl;bUf;fyhk; vd;W gyUk; $Wfpd;wdu;. (gf;fk; 532)

cgfhkk; E}Ny Ie;jhk; E}y;. nfhQ;rk; $Ljy; FiwT cz;nld;whYk; ajhu;j;j jt;uhj;jpd; rpy ghfq;fs; ,e;j Ie;jhk; E}ypNy cl;nfhz;Ls;sJ vdyhk;. ,jpy; $wpapUf;Fk; Muhjid uPjpfs; fu;k mD\;lhd Kiwfs; gw;wpa mwpTiufs; NkhNrapd; fhyj;jpYs;sjy;y. gpw;fhyj;jpYs;sjhFk; vd;Wk; ,jpy; NkhNr cgNjrpj;jJ gy cz;nld;whYk; ,e;E}y; NkhNrahy; my;y. gpw;fhyj;jpNy vOjg;gl;ljhFk; vd;Wk; fUJfpd;whu;fs;> ,ij vOjpaJ ahu; vd;W ekf;Fj; njupatpy;iy. (gf;fk; 41)

iggps; tpQ;Qhd Nfh\k; $WfpwJ:

Fiwe;jJ 500 tUlq;fSf;fpilNa khWgl;l fhyfl;lj;jpy;. khWgl;l gFjpapy; khWgl;l Mrpupau;fshy; tbtk; nfhz;lNj Ie;J Mfkq;fs;. my;yhky; NkhNrNah my;yJ NtW xU egNuh vOjpaJ my;y. Mdhy; NkhNrAila fhyj;jpa tptuq;fSk; tpraq;fSk;> tpjp(epakq;)fSk; mjpy; cl;gl;Ls;sJ. Ie;J Mfkq;fisf; Fwpj;j Ma;tpy; kpfKf;fpakhf tpsq;fpf; nfhs;s Ntz;ba tprak; vd;dntd;why;> mjpYs;s rk;gtq;fSk; tptuq;fSk; ele;j fhyfl;lj;jpy; vOjg;gl;litay;y ePz;l fhyk; tho;e;jtu; jd; filrp fhyj;jpy; Ke;ija fhy epfo;Tfis jd; epidtpy; nfhz;L te;J $WtJ Nghd;w uPjpapNy gjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. (gf;fk; 437)

Ie;J Mfkq;fspd; Njhw;wKk;> mitfspd; fhyq;fSk; xU tpraj;ijj; njspthf;FfpwJ. mjhtJ mitnay;yhk; fp>K. 10-k; E}w;whz;bw;Fk; fp>K 6-k; E}w;whz;bw;Fk; ,ilNa Njhw;wKw;wJ vd;W mg;gbahdhy;> Ie;J Mfkq;fs; my;yhky; NkhNrNah my;yJ NtW xU egNuh vOjpaJ my;y. Mdhy; NkhNrAila fhyj;jpa tptuq;fSk; tp\aq;fSk;> epakq;fSk; mjpy; cl;gl;Ls;sJ. Ie;J Mfkq;fisf; Fwpj;j Ma;tpy; kpf Kf;fpakhf tpsq;fpf; nfhs;s Ntz;ba tprak; vd;dntd;why; mjpYs;s rk;gtq;fSk; tptuq;fSk; ele;j fhy fl;lj;jpy; vOjg;gl;lit my;y. ePz;l fhyk; tho;e;jtu; jd; filrp fhyj;jpy; Ke;ija fhy epfo;Tfis jd; epidtpy; nfhz;L te;J $WtJ Nghd;w uPjpapNy gjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. (gf;fk; 437)

Ie;J Mfkq;fspd; Njhw;wKk;> mitfspd; fhyq;fSk; xU tpraj;ijj; njspthf;FfpwJ> mjhtJ mitnay;yhk; fp.K. 10-k; Ehw;whz;bw;Fk; fp>K> 6k; Ehw;whz;bw;Fk; ,ilNa Njhw;wKw;wJ vd;W. mg;gbahdhy; Ie;J Mfkq;fspYk; kpfTk; goikahd gpukhzk; vd;W fUjg;gLtJ $l fp.K> 13-k; Ehw;whz;by; tho;e;jpUe;j NkhNrahy; vOjpapUf;f KbahJ. (gf;fk; 441)

Mf Ie;J Mfkq;fSf;Fk; NkhNrf;Fk; ,ilNaAs;s ge;jk; xU ghuk;gupa ek;gpf;if kl;Lk; jhNd jtpu> tuyhW my;y vd;gij xU tifapy; vy;yh iggps; mwpQu;fSk; xg;Gf; nfhs;fpd;whu;fs;.

fpwpj;jt kp\dupfNs! ,g;NghJ $Wq;fs; gilj;j ,iwtd; %rh (miy) mtu;fSf;F mUs; nra;j Fu;Md; mwpKfg;gLj;Jk; k;jt;uhhj;' jhd; Ie;J Mfkq;fSk; vd;W cupik nfhz;lhLtJ ve;j mbg;gilapy;?

iggpspy; jt;uhj;'

Ie;J Mfkq;fspYk; xd;W $l %rh vOjpaNjh> mtu; fhyj;jpy; mtu; nrhy;yp kw;wtu; vOjpaNjh my;y vd;gij iggps; mwpQu;fspd; thf;F%yj;jpypUe;Nj mwpe;J nfhz;Nlhk;. mg;gbahdhy;> ,iwtd; %rh(miy) mtu;fSf;F ,wf;fpaUspa jt;uhj; vq;Nf? mj;jifa fpue;jk; Fwpj;J iggpspy; VjhtJ Fwpg;GfshtJ cs;sdth? vdf; fhz;Nghk;:

Ie;J Mfkq;fspYk; gyKiw k;Njhuh' vd;Dk; gjk; cgNahfg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. Njhuh vd;why; k;epakk;' vd;Wk;> gpuhkzk; vd;Wk; epahag;gpukhzk; vd;Wk; nghUs; nfhs;sg;gLfpwJ. ghuk;gupa epakq;fisAk; nja;tPf fl;lisfisAk; Fwpf;f ,g;gjk; cgNahfg; gLj;jg;gLfpwJ> vd;whYk;> rpy ,lq;fspy; xU fpue;jj;ijNah xU fpue;jj;jpd; xU gFjpiaNah Fwpf;fTk; ,g;gjk; cgNahfg; gLj;jg;gl;bUg;gJ njspthfpwJ. k;Njhuh' vd;Dk; gjk; cgNahfg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;s rpy k;iggps;' trdq;fisf; fhz;Nghk;.

fu;j;jupd; epahag;gpukhzk; (Njhuh) cd;thapypUf;Fk; gbf;F...'' (ahj;jpuhfkk; 13:9)

Ngh[dgypapd; gpukhzk; (Njhuh) vd;dntd;why;...'' (Nytpauhfkk; 6: 14)

fu;j;ju; fw;gpj;j epahag;gpukhzkhtJ (Njhuh).....'' (vz;zhfkk; 19: 2)

fu;j;ju; NkhNrTf;F fw;gpj;j epahag;gpukhzk; (Njhuh) vd;dntd;why;...'' (vz;zhfkk; 31: 21)

,JNt NkhNr ,];uNty; Gj;jpuUf;F tpjpj;j gpukhzk; (Njhuh) cghfkk; 4:44

cd;Njtdhfpa fu;j;jUila rj;jj;jpw;F nrtp nfhLj;J ,e;j epahag;gpukhz (Njhuh) G];jfj;jpy; vOjpapUf;fpw mtUila fw;gidfisAk;: mtupd; fl;lisfisAk; iff;nfhs;Sk; NghJk;> cd; Njtdhfpa fu;j;juplj;jpy; cd; KO ,Ujaj;NjhLk; cd; KO Mj;khNthL jpUk;Gk;NghJk;> fu;j;ju; cd; gpjhf;fs; Nky; re;Njh\khf ,Ue;jJ Nghy cd;NkYk; cdf;F ed;ikAz;lhfj;jpUk;gTk; re;Njh\khf ,Ug;ghu;. (cghfkk; 30:10)

,t; trdq;fspypUe;J k;Njhuh' vd;Dk; ngau; nfhz;L miof;fg;gl;l xU fpue;jk; ,Ue;jJ vd;gJ njspthfpwJ> Nkw;nrhd;d trdq;fspy; ,Wjpahd cghfkk; trdk; NkhNr nrhd;djhf cs;sJ. cghfkk; fpue;jk; NkhNr vOjpajy;y vd;gijAk; Kd;G mwpe;Njhk;. ,jpypUe;J (Njhuh) epahag;gpukhzk; vd;W NkhNr Fwpg;gpLk; E}y; cghfkk; my;y vd;gJ njspT. kw;w ehd;F fpue;jq;fSk; NkhNr vOjpajy;y vd;Wk; mwpe;J nfhz;Nlhk;> mjpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;l epahag;gpukhzKk; (Njhuh) cghfkk; Fwpg;gpLk; epahag;gpukhzKk; (Njhuh) vJthf ,Uf;Fk;?

gj;J fl;lisfs;

mJ NkhNrf;F ,iwtd; mUspa Fu; Md; $Wk; jt;uhj;Nj my;yhky; Ntnwhd;Wkpy;iy> me;j jt;uhj;jpy; xU rpy gFjpfs; Ie;J Mfkq;fspYk; ,lk; ngw;wpUf;fyhk;> my;yhky; gilj;j ug;Gy; MykPd; my;yh`; mUspa jt;uhj;jpd; gupg+uz ghfKk; Ie;J fpue;jq;fspy; cs;sJ vd;W fUJtJ mwpahikahFk;. (,ij ehk; vkJ A+fj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; $wtpy;iy. Fu;Md; xspapy; iggpspd; $w;Wg;gbAk; iggps; mwpQu;fspd; $w;wpd; mbg; gilapYNk $Wfpd;Nwhk;)

iggps; $WfpwJ

rPdha; kiyapy; mtu; NkhNrNahL Ngrp Kbe;jgpd; NjtDila tpuypdhy; vOjg;gl;l fw;gyiffshfpa rhl;rpapd; ,uz;L gyiffis mtdplj;jpy; nfhLj;jhu;. (ahj;jpuhfkk; 31:18)

gpd;Dk; fu;j;ju; NkhNria Nehf;fp ,e;j thu;j;ijfis eP vOJ ,e;j thu;j;ijfspd; gbNa cd;NdhLk; ,];uNtNyhLk; cld; gbf;if gz;zpNdd; vd;whu;. mq;Nf mtd; mg;gk; GrpahkYk; jz;zPu; FbahkYk; ,uTk; gfYk; 40ehs; fu;j;jNuhNl ,Ue;jhd; mtupd; 10 fw;gidfshfpa cld;gbf;ifapd; thu;j;ijfisg; gyiffspy; vOjpdhd;. (ahj;jpuhfkk; 34: 27>28)

10 fl;lisfSk; ,iwtd; mUspaJjhd; vd;gjpy; re;Njfkpy;iy. Mdhy; ,t;tpraj;ijf; $Wkplj;jpy; iggps; Kuz;gLfpwJ> Xuplj;jpy; ,iwtd; jd; ifg;gl vOjpf;nfhLj;jhd; vd;fpwJ. kw;Nwhu; ,lj;jpy; ,iwtd; nrhy;yr; nrhy;y NkhNr jd;ifg;gl vOjpdhu; vd;fpwJ> ,j;jifa Kuz;ghLfs; iggpspy; ru;trhjhuzkhf fhzg;gLtjhy; ,ij xJf;fptpLNthk;.

10 fl;lisfSk; gyifapy; vOjpf; nfhLj;jJ Nghy;> kw;w fl;lisfisAk; fw;gyiffspy; vOjp nfhLj;jpUf;fyhk;. Vnddpy;> mf;fhyj;jpy; vOjpf;nfhLf;Fk; tof;fNk ,Ue;jJ. ,t;tptuk; Fwpj;J Fu;Md; $WtJ ,t;thwhFk;.

NkYk; ehk; mtUf;F gyiffspy; xt;nthU tprak; gw;wpa ey;YgNjrq;fisAk; (fl;lisfisAk;) xt;nthd;iwg; gw;wpa tpsf;fq;fisAk; vOjp> mtw;iw cWjpahfg; gw;wpg; gpbg;gPuhf! ,d;Dk; ck;Kila r%fj;jhiu mtw;wpy; mofhdtw;iw vLj;Jf;nfhs;SkhW fl;lisapLtPuhf! mjprPf;fpuk; ghtpfspd; jq;Fkplj;ij ehd; cq;fSf;Ff; fhl;LNtd;.'' (my;Fu;Md; 7:145)

Nkw;nrhd;d tp\aj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; ,iwtd; NkhNrf;F toq;fpa k;jt;uhj;' vd;gJ 10 fl;lisfs; kl;Lky;y. ,d;Dk; gy tpraq;fisAk;> ey;YgNjrq;fisAk; nfhz;ljhFk;> mitfs; ,iwtdhy; vOjpf; nfhLf;fg;gl;lJkhFk;> mitfs; NkhNr fhyj;jpw;Fg; gpd;Dk; epiy epd;wJ vd;Wk;> mjpypUe;Nj NahRth jPu;f;fjuprp efy; vLj;jhu; vd;Wk; iggps; $WfpwJ.

,];uNty; Gj;jpuUf;F Kd;ghf NkhNr vOjpapUe;j epahag;gpukhzj;ij mtd; mq;Nf fw;fspy; Nghu;j;njOjpdhd;'' (NahRth 8:32)

,e;j Njhuhtpd; (epahag;gpukhzj;jpd;) gpujpia NkhNrapd; gpd;dUk; ,];uNtyu;fs; Xjpte;jjhf iggps; $WfpwJ> Idq;fs; vy;NyhUk; jz;zPu; thrYf;F Kd;dhy; tPjpapNy xU kdg;gl;Lf; $b> fu;j;ju; ,];uNtYf;F fw;gpj;j NkhNrapd; epahag;gpukhz G];jfj;ijf; nfhz;L tu Ntz;Lnkd;W Ntjghufdhfpa v];uhTf;Fr; nrhd;dhu;fs;.

mg;nghOJ Vohk; khjk; Kjy; Njjpapy; Mrhupadhfpa v];wh epahag;gpukhzj;ijg; GU\Uk; ];jpuPfSk;. Nfl;L mwpaj;jf;f midtUkhfpa rigf;F Kd;ghff;nfhz;L te;J> jz;zPu; thrYf;F Kd;dhy; tPjpf;F vjpNuapUe;J> fhyNk njhlq;fp kj;jpahdk; kl;Lk; GU\Uf;Fk; ];jpuPfSf;Fk;> Nfl;L mwpaj;jf;f kw;wtu;fSf;Fk; Kd;ghf mij thrpj;jhd;. rfy [dq;fSk; epahag;gpukhz G];jfj;jpw;F ftdkha;r; nrtpnfhLj;jhu;fs;. (neNfkpah 8:1-3)

,e;j Njhuhit (epahag;gpukhzj;ij) NkhNrf;F gpd; te;j J}ju;fs; gpd;gw;w typAWj;jp Nghjpj;jhu;fs; vd;Wk; iggps; $WfpwJ.

NkhNrapd; epahag;gpukhz Gj;jfj;jpy; vOjpapUf;fpwij tpl;L tyJ GwkhfpYk; ,lJGwkhfpYk; tpyfpg;Nghfhky; mijnay;yhk; iff;nfhs;sTk; nra;aTk; epu;zak; gz;zpf;nfhs;Sq;fs;. (NahRth 23:6) vd;W jPu;f;fjuprp NahRth Nghjpj;Js;shu;.

NkhNrapd; epahag;gpukhzj;jpy; vOjpapUf;fpwgb> eP cd; Njtdhfpa fu;j;jUila fl;lisfisAk;> fw;gidfisAk; epahaq;fisAk; rhl;rpfisAk; iff;nfhs;s mtu; topfspy; elf;Fk; gbf;F mtUila fhtiyf;fhg;ghahf. (uh[hf;fs; 2:4)

vd;W jhj; kuzg;gLf;ifapd; NghJ rhykNdhL $wpapUf;fpd;whu;.

,jpypUe;njy;yhk; NkhNrapd; fhyj;jpy; mUsg;gl;l epahag;gpukhzk; (Njhuh) mtu; fhyj;jpw;Fg; gpd;Dk; Xjg;glTk; kdg;ghlk; gz;zTk; gpd;gw;wg;glTk; $bajhf ,Ue;jpUf;fpwJ> mJ ,d;Ws;s Ie;J Mfkq;fs; my;y> ,ij tpl kpfTk; rpwpa fpue;jkhf ,Ue;jjhFk;> ,f;fUj;J iggps; gz;bju;fshy; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;lJkhFk;.

A.C. fpisw;wd; $Wfpwhu;:

gioa Vw;ghl;bYs;s Kjy; Ie;J Mfkq;fspy; $wpapUf;fpd;w gpukhzq;fis ehk; ftdkhf Ma;Nthkhdhy;> gz;ila fhyj;jpy; Goq;fg;gl;l epahag; gpukhzk; xU rpwpa fpue;jj;jpy; mlq;fpapUe;jJ vd;W tpsq;fpf; nfhs;syhk;. (iggps; epfz;L gf;fk; 244)

NkhNrf;F ,iwtd; Gwj;jpypUe;J ,wq;fpa ,j;jifa nja;tPf ntspg;ghl;ilNa k;Njhuh' vd;wiof;fg;gl;lJ. gpd; ,JTk; $l el;lg;gl;lJ vd;Wk; thf;F%yk; jUfpwJ.

Nahrpahtpd; Ml;rpf; fhyj;jpd; NghJ> gpujhd Mrhupadhfpa ,yf;fpah rk;gpujpahfpa rhg;ghid Nehf;fp: k;ehd; fu;j;jupd; Myaj;jpNy epahag; gpukhz G];jfj;ij fz;L gpbj;Njd; vd;W nrhy;yp> me;j Gj;jfj;ijr; rhg;ghdplj;jpy; nfhLj;jhd;. mtd; mij thrpj;jhd;. rk;gpujpahfpa rhg;ghd; gpd;Dk; uh[hit Nehf;fp> Mrhupahfpa ,yf;fpah vd;dplj;jpy; xU G];jfj;ijf; nfhLj;jhd; vd;W mwptpj;J mij uh[hTf;F Kd;ghf thrpj;jhd;.

uh[h epahag;gpukhz G];jfj;jpd; thu;j;ijfisf; Nfl;lNghJ. jd; t];jpuq;fs; fpopj;Jf;nfhz;L> Mrhupadhfpa ,yf;fpahTf;Fk;> rhg;ghdpd; Fkhudhfpa mq;fPfupUf;Fk;: kpfhahtpd; Fkhudhfpa mf;NghUf;Fk;> rk;gpujpahfpa rhg;ghDf;Fk;> uh[htpd; Copaf; fhudhfpa mrhahTf;Fk; uh[h fl;lisapl;lJ. fz;nlLf;fg;gl;l ,e;j G];jfj;jpd; thu;j;ijfspd; epkpj;jk; ePq;fs; Ngha;. vdf;fhfTk; [dj;jpw;fhfTk; A+jhtidj;jpw;fhfTk; fu;j;juplj;jpy; tprhupAq;fs;> ekf;fhf vOjpapUf;fpw vy;yhtw;wpd; gbNaAk; nra;a ek;Kila gpjhf;fs; ,e;jg; G];jfj;jpd; thu;j;ijfSf;Fr; nrtpf;nfhlhjgbapdhy;. ek;Nky; gw;wpnaupe;j fu;j;jUila cf;fpuk; ngupaJ vd;whd;. II ,uh[hf;fs; 22:8-13

Nkw;fz;l iggps; trdg;gb NkhNr fhyj;jpa epahag;gpukhzk; ePz;l fhyk; ,y;yhjpUe;jJ> gpd;Nd fz;nlLf;fg;gl;lJ vd;Wk; tpsq;fpf;nfhs;s KbfpwJ.

-Mf NkhNr fhyj;jpa epahag;gpukhzNk Njhuh vd;wiof;fg;gl;lJ. gpd; NkhNrapd; epahag;gpukhzq;fs; el;lkile;jNghJ rpy my;yJ gy epahag;gpukhzq;fs; Ie;J Mfkq;fspy; cl;nfhz;Ls;s fhuzj;jhy; Ie;J Mfkq;fSk; Njhuh vd;wiof;fg;gl;lJ.

A.C. fpisw;wd; $Wfpwhu;: epahak; tpjpf;Fk; tp\aj;jpy; aNfhthTila ,\;lk; mwpe;jtu; $wpa jPu;khdj;jpw;Fk; Gdpj ];jyj;jpy; NkhNr ngw;Wf; nfhz;l jPu;khdj;jpw;Fk; Nru;j;J epahag;gpukhzk; vd;Dk; nghUSila Njhuh vd;Dk; ngau; $wp tug;gl;lJ. Gdpjrpdha; kiyapy; aNfhthtplkpUe;J NkhNr ngw;Wf;nfhz;l gpukhzj;jpw;Fk; ,e;j ngaNu cgNahfpj;Js;sJ. gpw;fhyj;jpy; fu;zguk;giuahf te;j gpukhzq;fs; mlq;fpa gioa Vw;ghl;by;> Kjy; Ie;J Mfkq;fSf;Fk; Njhuh mjhtJ epahag;gpukhzk; vd;Dk; ngau; $wp miof;fj; Jtq;fpdu;. (iggps; epfz;L gf;fk; 244)

NkhNr (%rh (miy)) mtu;fSf;F ,iwtd; ,wf;fp mUspa jt;uhj;ij cz;ikg;gLj;jpf; nfhz;Nl jpUf;Fu;Md; ,wq;fpaJ. me;j jt;uhj;ij iggpspd; Ie;J Mfkq;fspy; fz;nlLf;f KbahJ. jt;uhj;jpYs;s gy tp\aq;fs; Ie;J Mfkq;fspYk; gy ,lq;fspYk; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ vd;gJ rupahf ,Uf;fyhk;. Mdhy;> Ie;J Mfkq;fspYk; mjpfKk; GNuhfpju;fspd; trdq;fNs cs;sd. mjdhNyNa iggpspYs;s Ie;J Mfkq;fSk; Fu;Md; cz;ikg;gLj;Jk; k;jt;uhj;' vd;Nwh> ,iwthf;F vd;Nwh ,iwNtjk; vd;Nwh $WtJ mwptpw;Nf vjpuhdJ vd;gjpy; re;Njfkpy;iy.

my;yh`;it vt;thW kjpg;gpl Ntz;LNkh> mt;thW mtu;fs; kjpg;gpltpy;iy. mjdhy;jhd;> ''my;yh`; ve;j kdpjd; kPJk; vjidAk; ,wf;fpltpy;iy''. vd;W mtu;fs; $wpdhu;fs;.

%]h nfhz;L te;j Ntjj;ij ,wf;fpatd; ahu;?' vd;W mtu;fsplj;jpy; ePu; NfSk;!' mJNth kdpju;fSf;F xspahfTk;> Neu;topahfTk; jpfo;e;jJ. mjid ePq;fs; gFjp gFjpfsha;g; gpupj;J> mjpy; rpytw;iw ntspg;gLj;Jfpd;wPu;fs;. ngUk;ghyhdtw;iw kiwj;J tpLfpd;wPu;fs;. NkYk;> ePq;fSk; cq;fSila %jhijau;fSk; mwpe;jpuhjit vy;yhk; vjd; %yk; cq;fSf;Fg; Gfl;lg; gl;lNjh> mjid ,wf;fpatd; ahu;?' my;yh`;jhd;!'' vd;W $WtPuhf. mtu;fisj; jq;fspd; tPz; tpthjq;fspNyNa tpisahbf; nfhz;L ,Uf;FkhW tpl;LtpLtPuhf!'' (my;Fu;Md; 6:91)

]g+u;

jhj;(miy) mtu;fSf;F ]g+u;' vd;Dk; Ntjj;ij toq;fpajhf Vf ,iwtd; my;yh`; jpUf;Fu;Mdpy; 17:55 $Wfpd;whd;.

]g+u;' vd;Dk; gjj;jpw;F rq;fPjk; vd;gJ nghUshFk;. gioa Vw;ghl;by; rq;fPjk; vd;Dk; jiyg;gpd; fPo; 150 mj;jpahaq;fs; cs;sd. ,itaidj;Jk; ,iwtd; jhj;jpw;F mUspa Ntjk; (rq;fPjk;) MFk; vd;W rpyu; ek;Gfpd;wdu;. Mdhy;> rq;fPjk; E}y; xNu fhyfl;lj;jpy; xNu eguhy; vOjg;gl;l E}y; my;y. gy fhyr; r#o;epiyapy;> gy fpue;j fu;j;jhf;fshy; vOjg;gl;lJ vd;W NtjG];jfk; epfz;L (gf;fk; 523) $WfpwJ.

A.C. fpisw;wd; $Wfpwhu;: rq;fPjk; E}ypy; jhj; vOjpaJ vd;W jiyg;gpl;L 35 rq;fPjq;fs; cs;sJ> ,itfs; $l jhj; vOjpaJ vd;W jpl;ltl;lkhf $wpl KbahJ vd;gJ gz;bju;fspd; fUj;J. (iggps; epfz;L gf;fk; 604) jhjpd; fhyj;jpy; rpy rq;fPjq;fs; epiy epd;wJ vd;Wk;> mitfspy; rpy ,g;NghJk; rq;fPjk; E}ypy; cz;L vd;gJ cz;ikahFk;. Mdhy; vitnay;yhk; jhjpd; rq;fPjq;fs; vd;W Nju;e;njLf;f ek; trk; ve;j msT NfhYk; ,y;iy.

,ju E}y;fs;:

gioa Vw;ghl;bd; kw;w E}y;fspd; epiyAk; ,JNtahFk;. Ntj G];jf epfz;Ltpd; Mrpupau; M.< fpisw;wd; ,ij njspthf $Wfpwhu;. Guhjd fpue;jfu;j;jhf;fspy; rpyu; Gjpjhf xU tpA+fj;ij nrhy;ytpUk;gpdhy; mtu;fs; jhk; nrhy;Yk; cgNjrk; jhj;> `Ndhf;F> Nara;ah> Kjypa kfhd;fs; $wpaJ Nghy; ghtpj;J> mtu;fs; vOjpajhfNt vOjptpLtij jtnwd;W vz;Ztjpy;iy (gf;fk; 41)

,Jjhd; cz;ik! ahNuh rpyu;> jhd; vz;zpanjy;yhk; vOjp> mij jPu;f;f juprpfs; vOjpdhu;fs; vd;W $wptpLfpd;wdu;. ,Njh iggpNs mijf; $WfpwJ.

ehq;fs; Qhdpfnsd;Wk;> fu;j;jUila Ntjk; vq;fsplj;jpypUf;fpwJ vd;Wk; ePq;fs; nrhy;fpwnjg;gb? nka;ahfNt> ,Njh Ntjghufupd; fs;s vOj;jhzp mij mgj;jkhf;FfpwJ. (vNuhkpah 8:8)

Ntjk; mUsg;gl;ltu;fNs!

rj;jpaj;ij mrj;jpaj;Jld; fye;J Vd; mjidr; re;Njfj;Jf;F cupajha; Mf;Ffpd;wPu;fs;? ePq;fs; ed;F mwpe;J nfhz;Nl rj;jpaj;ij Vd; kiwf;fpd;wPu;fs;?'' (my;Fu;Md; 3:71)

Gjpa Vw;ghL

iggpspd; filrp 27 E}y;fNs Gjpa Vw;ghL vdg;gLfpwJ. vNukpa E}ypy; 31-k; mj;jpahaj;jpy; 31 Kjy; 34 tiuAs;s trdq;fspy; $wg;gLfpd;w GJ cld;gbf;if'' - fu;j;ju; ,];uNty; FLk;gj;NjhLk; A+jh FLk;gj;NjhLk; nra;fpd;w GJ cld;gbf;if vd;Dk; rpj;jhe;jj;jpd; mbg;gilapNyNa iggpspd; ,Wjp E}y;fSf;F> k;Gjpa Vw;ghL' vd;Dk; ngau; r#l;lg;gl;ljhf iggps; mwpQu;fs; $Wfpd;wdu;.

Gjpa Vw;ghl;L E}y;fs;:

fp>gp> %d;whk; E}w;whz;Lfspd; NghJ> gioa Vw;ghl;by; cl;glhj E}y;fis Gjpa Vw;ghL vd;W $wpdhu;fs;. ehd;fhk; E}w;whz;Lfspd; NghJ> fpwpj;jtj;ijg; gw;wpa tp\aq;fs; midj;ijAk; Gjpa Vw;ghlhf fUjpdhu;fs;.

Gjpa Vw;ghl;L E}y;fis nghJthf %d;W tifahf gpupf;fpd;wdu;.

1. ehd;F RtpNr\q;fSk;> mg;Ngh];jyu; eltbf;iffSk;>

2. fl;Liufs; - gTYila fbjq;fs;> vgpnuau;> kw;WKs;s fbjq;fs;.

3. ntspg;ghL G];jfk;

,t;thW tifg;gLj;jpajpd; mbg;gilapNyNa iggps; E}y;fs; njhFf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. fhy mbg;gilapy; my;y. Gjpa Vw;ghL E}y;fspy; Kjy; fhyj;jpy; vOjg;gl;lJ RtpNr\q;fs; my;y. gTy; vd;gtupd; fbjq;fNs MFk;.

RtpNr\q;fs;:

,thd;[;ypNahz; (Evangelion) vd;Dk; fpNuf;f gjj;ijNa fh];gy; (Gospell) vd;W Mq;fpyj;jpy; $Wfpd;wdu;. fhl;];ngy; (Godspell) vd;Dk; gjj;jpypUe;Nj fh];gy; (Godspell) vd;Dk; gjk; ngwg;gl;lJ. RtpNr\k; vd;W jkpopy; nrhy;yyhk;. ,thd;[y; (EVANGEL) vd;Dk; gjj;jpd; mugp tbtNk ,d;[Py;.

Gjpa Vw;ghl;bYs;s Kjy; ehd;F Ehy;fshd Nkj;jpA+ khw;F> Yhf;fh> Nahthd; Mfpa Ehy;fNs RtpNr\q;fs; vd;wiof;fg;gLfpwJ. Mdhy; ,e;ehd;F RtpNr\q;fSk; vOjg;gLtjw;F Kd;Ng vOjg;gl;l gTypd; fbjq;fspy; RtpNr\k; vd;Dk; gjk; mjpfk; cgNahfpf;fg;gl;bUf;fpwJ.

NjtDila RtpNr\k; - Nuhku; 1:1

fpwpj;Jtpd; RtpNr\k; - Nuhku; 15:9

,NaR jd;Dila tho;ehspy; xU RtpNr\j;ij itj;J gpurq;fpj;jhu; vd;W Gjpa Vw;ghl;by; RtpNr\Kk; $WfpwJ.

,NaR fypNyahtpNy te;J> NjtDila uh[;[paj;jpd; RtpNr\j;ijg; gpurq;fpj;J fhyk; epiwNtwpw;W. NjtDila uh[;ak; rkPgkhapw;W. kde;jpUk;gp RtpNr\j;ij tpRthrpAq;fs;!' vd;whu;. (khw;F 1:14>15)

,jpypUe;J ,NaRtpd; fhyj;jpy; xU RtpNr\k; ,Ue;jJ. mJ tha;nkhopahfNth my;yJ vOjg;gl;ljhfNth epiyepd;wpUe;jJ vd;gJ cz;ikahFk;. Mdhy; ,d;W fpwpj;jtu;fs; RtpNr\k; vd;wiog;gJ Nkj;jpA+> khw;F> Yhf;fh> Nahthd; MfpNahu;fspd; RtpNr\q;fisNa MFk;. ,e;j RtpNr\q;fSk; ,NaRTf;F fu;j;ju; mUspa fu;j;jupd; thf;Ffs; kl;Lk; mlq;fpaNjh> ,NaR mg;Ngh];jyu;fSf;F Nghjpj;j Nghjidfs; kl;Lk; mlq;fpaNjh my;y. khwhf> ,NaRtpd; fhyj;jpw;Fg; gpd; vOjg;gl;ljhf ,NaRitg; gw;wpAk; ,d;dgpw tpraq;fisAk; gw;wpAk; $Wtjhf ,Uf;fpd;wJ.

,NaRtpd; mg;Ngh];jyu;fs;

,NaR jd; rPlu;fis tutioj;J mtu;fspy; 12 Ngu;fisj; Nju;e;njLj;jhu;> mtu;fSf;F mg;Ngh];jyu; vd;W ngaupl;lhu;. (Yhf;fh 6:13)

Fu;Md; mg;Ngh];jyu;fis k;`thupfs;' vd;wiof;fpwJ

1. NgJU vd;Dk; rPNkhd;>

2. mtd; rNfhjudhfpa me;jpNuah>

3. ahf;NfhG

4. Nahthd;

5. gpypg;G.

6. gu;njhnyhNkA

7. kj;NjA

8. Njhkh>

9. my;NgAtpd; Fkhudhfpa ahf;NfhG.

10. nrNyhj;Nj vdg;gl;l rPNkhd;>

11. ahf;Nfhgpd; rNfhjudhfpa A+jh>

12. JNuhfpahd A+jh];fhupNahj;J. (Yhf;fh 6:13-16)

Mdhy;> kj;NjAtpd; RtpNr\k; (kj;NjA 10:2-5) gbAk;; ahf;Nfhgpd; rNfhjud; A+jh vDk; ngau; ,y;iy. khwhfhj; NjA vDk; kWehkKs;s nyNgA'' vDk; ngaNu cs;sJ. khw;fpd; RtpNr\k; khw;F (3:14-16) gbAk; kj;NjA' vd;Dk; ngaNu cs;sJ.

RtpNr\q;fspd; Mrpupau;fs;

RtpNr\ fu;j;jhf;fshd kj;NjA+> khw;F> Y}f;fh> Nahthd; MfpNahu;fspy; khw;Fk;> Y}f;fhTk; mg;Ngh];jyu;fNs my;yu;> kj;NjA> Nahthd; vd;Dk; ,uz;L ngau;fSk; mg;Ngh];jyu;fspd; ngau;fspy; cz;L vd;gJ cz;ikahFk;. Mdhy;> RtpNr\q;fspd; Mrpupau;fshd kj;NjAk; NahthDk; NtwhFk; vd;gNj iggps; gz;bju;fspd; fUj;J.

kj;NjA

ahu; ,e;j kj;NjA?

Nuhk; rhk;uh[;[paj;jpd; fPo; cs;s ghy];jPdpy; Rq;fk; tr#y; nra;af;$ba xU kj;NjA cz;L> mtid iggps; Rq;ff;fhud; kj;NjA vd;Nw miof;fpwJ.

,NaR mt;tplk; tpl;Lg; Gwg;gl;Lg; Nghifapy;> Maj;Jiwapy; cl;fhu;e;jpUe;j kj;NjA vd;Dk; xU kD\idf; fz;L> vdf;Fg;gpd; nrd;W th vd;whu;. mtd; vOe;J> mtUf;F gpd; nrd;whd;.'' (kj;NjA 9:9)

mg;Ngh];jyu;fspy; cs;s Rq;ff;fhud; kj;NjA vd;gtd; ,NaRTf;F gpd; nrd;w ,tdhfNt ,Uf;fNtz;Lk;. Vndd;why;> RtpNr\ Mrpupau; ,tnud;W $Wtjw;F Nkw; $wpa trdeil nfhQ;rk; $l nghUe;jhJ.

gg;gpa]; (Pappies A.D 70yp125) $Wfpwhu;: kj;NjA `pg;U nkhopapy; nja;tPf ntspg;ghL vOjpdhu;. mjdbg;gilapy; gyUk; jq;fs; jpwikapd; mbg;gilapy; tpahf;fpahdk; nra;jdu;. (fpwp];J juprdk; gf;fk; 184) vd;W. Mdhy;> iggps; Gjpa Vw;ghLfspd; RtpNr\q;fspd; %yk; fpNuf;f nkhopapNy cs;sJ.

mjdhy; RtpNr\ Mrpupau; kj;NjAk; mg;Ngh];jyu; kj;NjAk; xNu eguy;y.

khw;F:- (,aw;ngau; Nahthd;)

RtpNr\ Mrpupauhd khw;F ,NaRtpd; mg;Ngh];jyu;fspy; cs;slq;fpatu; my;yu;. khw;fpd; ,aw;ngau; Nahthd;. vd;whf ,Ue;jJ. Mdhy;> mg;Ngh];jyu;fspy; xUtuhd Nahtd; xUNtis RtpNr\k; vOjpa khw;fhf ,Uf;fyhk;.

me;jpNahfpahtpy; gu;dgh]{k; gTYk; gpur;rhuj;jpw;F nrd;wpUe;jNghJ> Nahthd; mtu;fSf;F cjtpf;fhudhf ,Ue;jjhf iggps; (mg;Ngh];jfu; 13:5) $WfpwNj?

me;j NahthNd vd;why;> mNj Nahthid gpw;fhyj;jpy; gu;dgh]; gazj;Njhodhf Nju;njLj;jNghJ gTy; vjpu;j;jhu; vd;W iggpspy; tUfpwJ.

gTYk;> gu;dgh]{k; me;jpNahfpahtpNy rQ;rupj;J> NtW gyNuhL $l fu;j;jUila trdj;ij cgNjrpj;J> gpurq;fpj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhu;fs;.

rpy ehl;fSf;Fg; gpd;G> gTy; gu;dgh]{it Nehf;fp> k;ehk; fu;j;jUila trdj;ij mwptpj;jpUf;fpd;w rfy gl;lzq;fspYKs;s rNfhjuu;fs; vg;gb ,Uf;fpwhu;fnsd;W Ngha;g; ghu;g;Nghk; thUk;!'' vd;whd;.

mg;nghOJ gu;dgh]{> khw;F vd;Dk; ngau; nfhz;l NahthidAk; $l mioj;Jf; nfhz;L Nghf Ntz;Lk;' vd;whd;.

gTNyh> mtd; gk;gpypah ehl;bNy ek;ik tpl;Lg;gpupe;J ek;NkhL $l Copaj;Jf;F tuhjjpdhNy mtid mioj;Jf; nfhz;L Nghff; $lhJ' vd;whd;.

,ijg;gw;wp mtu;fSf;Fs;Ns fLq; NfhgKz;lhd gbapdhy; mtu;fs;> xUtiunahUtu; tpl;Lg; gpupe;jhu;fs;. gu;dgh]{ khw;Fitf; $l;bf; nfhz;L fg;gy; Vwpr; rPg;wh jPTf;F Nghdhd;. (mg;Ngh];jtu; 15:35-39)

,d;Dk; khw;F gu;dgh]pd; kr;rpddhf ,Ue;jhu; vd;Dk;> tp\ak; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;Lk;. (ghu;f;f nfhyhrpau; 4:10)

MfNt> gu;dhgh]{Tld; nrd;w khw;F jhd;> RtpNr\j;jpd; Mrpupau; vd;W gyUk; ek;gtpy;iy 31 fpwpj;jt mwpQu;fs; xd;W $b vOjp Nfusgh\h ,d;];bl;A+l; ntspapl;l fpwp];J juprdk;' vd;Dk; E}ypy; (gf;fk;186) $wg;gl;lJ ,t;thW MFk;. RtpNr\ Mrpupauhd khw;F vd;Dk; ehkk; ngw;wpUe;jtd; Nahthdhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W $wpl KbahJ. fhuzk; Nuhk; rhk;uh[;[paj;jpy; khw;F vd;Dk; Gidg;ngau; ngUk;ghyUf;F ,lg;gl;bUe;jJ.'

mg;gbahdhy; RtpNr\k; vOjpa khw;F ahuhf ,Uf;f KbAk;? Nkj;jpA+ cila RtpNr\j;jpw;F $l Mjhukhf cs;s ,uz;lhtJ RtpNr\j;jpd; Mrpupau; ahnud;Nw njupahj NghJ> mjpy; fhZk; tpraq;fis vg;gb MjhukhdJ vd;W mq;fPfupf;f KbAk; ?

Y}f;fh

A+jh FLk;gj;jpy; gpwe;j Y}f;fh xU kUj;Jtu; Mthu;. gTy; kjg;gpur;rhuk; nra;Ak; gy ,lq;fspy; Y}f;fhTk; cldpUe;jjhf gTypd; fbj(ep&g)q;fs; %ykhf mwpa KbfpwJ.

gTy; jPNkhj;NjAf;F vOjpa II k; fbj(ep&g)j;jpy;

Y}f;fh khj;jpuk; vd;NdhNl ,Uf;fhd; II jPNkh4:11) vd;Wk; nfhNyhnraUf;F vOjpa fbjj;jpy; vd;NdhNl $lf; fhty; ,Uf;fpw mup];ju;f;F cq;fSf;F tho;j;Jjy; nrhy;Yfpwhd;. gu;d gh]{Tf;F ,dj;jhdhfpa khw;Fk; tho;j;Jjy; nrhy;fpd;whd;. ,tidf; Fwpj;Jf; fl;lisg; ngw;wPu;fNs> ,td; cq;fsplj;jpy; te;jhy; ,tid mq;fPfupj;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs;''. (nfhNyhnrau; 4:10)

gpupakhd itj;jpadhfpa Y}f;fhTk; NjhkhTk; cq;fSf;F tho;j;Jjy; nrhy;fpwhu;fs; vd;Wk; cs;sJ. (nfhNyhnrau; 4:14))

Mifahy; Gdpj gTYf;Fk; Y}f;fhtpw;Fk; ,ilNa neUq;fpa njhlu;G ,Ue;jJ vd;W $wyhk;. Mdhy;> ,jdhy; Y}f;fhtpd; RtpNr\rk; mjpfhug;g+u;tkhdJk;: Neub rhl;rp $Wtjhf nfhs;sKbahJ> Vndd;why;>Y}f;fhtpd; FUthfpa gTNy ,NaRit Neupy; fz;ljpy;iy. mtu; ,NaRTf;Fk; ,NaRtpd; Mjp mg;Ngh];jyu;fSf;Fk; epiwa JNuhfk; ,ioj;jpUf;fpwhu;.

(ghu;f;f: ,e;E}yhrpupaupd; cyfr; rkaq;fs; xU jj;Jtg; ghu;it'')

Y}f;fhNth jhd; RtpNr\k; vOjpaJ: kw;w gy gioa fpue;jq;fis gupNrhjpj;J ghu;j;J tpl;L> jhd; xU RtpNr\k; vOj Kd;te;jjhf $Wfpwhu;.

kfh fdk; nghUe;jpa njNahg;gpYNt> ehq;fs; KO epr;rakha; ek;Gfpw rq;fjpfis Muk;g Kjy; fz;zhuf;fz;L trdj;ij Nghjpj;jtu;fs;. cq;fSf;F xg;Gtpj;jgbNa mitfisf; Fwpj;J rupj;jpuk; vOj mNefk;Ngu; Vw;gl;l gbapdhy;> MjpKjy; vy;yh tw;iwAk; jpl;lkha; tprhupj;jwpe;j ehDk; ckf;F cgNjrpf;fg;gl;l tpNr\q;fspd; epr;raj;ij ePu; mwpa Ntz;Lnkd;W mitfis xOq;fha; ckf;F vOJtJ vdf;F eykha; Njhd;wpaJ'' (Y}f;fh 1:1-4)

Y}f;fh cgNahfpj;j gjj;ij cw;Wf; ftdpAq;fs;. gupRj;j Mtpahy; ce;jg;gl;Nl iggps; vOjg;gl;lJ vd;W $Wk; fUj;Jf;F Kuz;ghlhf my;yth Y}f;fhtpd; thf;F%yk; mike;Js;sJ.

Nahthd;:

mg;Ngh];jyu;fs; $l;lj;jpy; xU Nahthd; ,Ue;jhu;. Mdhy; >RtpNr\ Mrpupau; Nahthd; kw;nwhUtu; MFk;. ,d;Dk; mOj;jkhf nrhy;tjhdhy;> RtpNr\ Mrpupau; Nahthd; ahu; vd;Nw njupahjtu; Mthu;.

Nahthd; RtpNr\j;jpy; ,NaR tpUk;gpa xU rp\;au; Fwpj;j tptuq;fs; Mq;fhq;Nf fhzg;gLtJz;L.

k;rPNkhd; NgJUTk; NtnwhU rP\Dk; ,NaRTf;Fg; gpd; nrd;whd;. me;jr; rP\d; gpujhd MrhupaDf;F mwpKfkhdtdhapUe;jjpdhy;> ,NaRTlNd $l gpujhd MrhupaDila muz;kidf;Fs; gpuNtrpj;jhd;.'' (Nahthd; 18:15)

,NaRit rpYitapy; mbf;Fk; NghJ> rpYitaUfpYk; me;j rp\;ad; epd;whd; vd;fpwJ.

,NaR jk;Kila mUNf epd;w jkf;F md;ghapUe;j rP\JidAk; fz;L: jk;Kila jhia Nehf;fp> k;];jpupNa! mNjh> cd; kfd;!'' vd;whu;. gpd;G me;j rP\id> Nehf;fp mNj cd;jha;!' vd;whu;. me;Neuk; Kjy; me;jr; rP\d; mtis jd;dplkha; Vw;Wf; nfhz;lhd;. (Nahthd; 19:26>27)

,e;j rp\;aNd RtpNr\k; vOjpatu; vd;W ,e;j RtpNr\j;jpd; ,Wjpapy; $wg;gLfpwJ.

me;j rP\Nd ,itfisf; Fwpj;J rhl;rp $wpdhd;. mtd; rhl;rp nka;nad;W mwpe;J ,Uf;fpNwhk;. (Nahthd; 21: 24)

fpNuf;f nkhopapy; vOjg;gl;Ls;s Nahthdpd; RtpNr\j;jpy; fpNuf;f jj;Jt uPjpahd> ,yf;fpa ,yf;fz uPjpahd tpraq;fs; Vuhsk; mlq;fpAs;sJ. Mjyhy; ,J Mjhug;g+u;tkhf fUj Kbatpy;iy vd;gJ gy mwpQu;fspd; mgpg;gpuhak;. k;fpwp];J juprdk;' E}ypd; Mrpupau;fspd; mgpg;gpuhag;gb mg;Ngh];jyuhd Nahthdpd; rp\;aguk;giuapy; Njhd;wpa VNjh xU egu; vOjpajhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;fpd;wdu;>

,NaR tpUk;gpa rp\;au; Nahthd;. (Nahthd; 19: 26.30) (Nahthd; 21: 24) ,e;j RtpNr\k; vOjpdhu; vd;W gbf;fpNwhk;. me;j rp\;au; Nahthd; jhd; vd;Dk; fUj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhz;lhYk;> ,NaR fypypNahtpy; mioj;j kPd;gpbf;fhud; Nahthd; (khw;F 1:16-20) jhd; ,e;j RtpNr\k; vOjpdhu; vd;gij Vw;f Kbatpy;iy - (fpwp];J juprdk; gf;fk; 185)

Mifahy;> iggpspYs;s RtpNr\q;fs; vJTk; ,NaRtpd; mg;Ngh];jyu;fs; vtUk; vOjpaJk; my;y. ,NaRtpd; fhyfl;lj;jpYk; vOjg;gl;lJk; my;y vd;gNj iggps; mwpQu;fspd; mgpg;gpuhak;.

RtpNr\q;fs; vOjg;gl;lJ vg;NghJ?

RtpNr\q;fspy; Kjypy; vOjg;gl;lJ khw;fpd; RtpNr\k; vd;gjpy; iggps; mwpQu;fs; kj;jpapy; ve;j fUj;J NtWghLk; ,y;iy. khw;fpd; RtpNr\k; vOjg;gl;lJ fp>gp> 70Yk; Nkj;jp AilaJk;> Y}f;fhTilaJk; vOjg;gl;lJ fp.gp. 80 f;Fk; 90f;Fk; ,ilapYk;> NahthDila RtpNr\k; vOjg;gl;lJ fp.gp. 90 ypYk; ,Uf;fyhk;. ,njy;yhk; Njhuhakhd fzf;FfNs gj;J Mz;Lfs; $LjyhfTk; ,Uf;fyhk;. my;yJ gj;J Mz;Lfs; FiwthfTk; ,Uf;fyhk;.

Raymond E. Brown : Responses to 101 Question  on the Bible, Page 55-57

trdq;fSf;F kj;jpapy; cs;s xw;Wik

ehd;F RtpNr\q;fspYKs;s trdq;fis Ma;T nra;jpLk; NghJ: khw;fpYs;s gy trdq;fis Y}f;fhTk;> Nkj;jpA+Tk; vLj;J cgNahfpj;jpUf;fpd;whu;fs; vd;gJ njupfpwJ.

khw;fpd; RtpNr\j;jpy; nkhj;jk; 673 trdq;fNsAs;sJ> ,jpy; 606 trdq;fs; VfNjrk; mg;gbNa Nkj;jpA+tpy; cs;sJ> khw;fpYs;s trdq;fspy; 350 trdq;fs; ,Nyrhd khw;wj;Jld; mg;gbNa Y}f;fhtpy; cs;sJ> kj;jpA+Tila RtpNr\j;jpy; nkhj;jk; 1068 trdq;fs; cs;sJ> Y}f;fhtpy; 1149 trdq;fs; cs;sJ. khw;fpypUe;J kj;NjA 606-k; Y}f;fh 350 vLj;J cgNahfg;gLj;jpAs;shu;fs; vdf; fz;NlhNk. kj;NjAtpYk; Y}f;fhtpYk; cs;s trdq;fspy; 235 trdq;fs; nghJthf cs;sJ. ,jpypUe;J kj;NjAf;F nrhe;jkhdJ fpl;lj;jl;l 300 trdq;fshFk; vd;Wk;: Y}f;fhtpw;F nrhe;jkhdJ fpl;lj;jl;l 550 trdq;fshFk; vd;Wk; $wyhk;.

(iggpspd; nja;tPfj;jd;ik gf;fk; 54)

mg;Ngh];jyupd; eltbf;iffs;:

rigAila tuyhw;iwAk;> gTypd; nray;ghLfisAk; Fwpj;J ekf;F tptuk; $Wfpw EhyhFk; ,J. Y}f;fhjhd; mg;Ngh];jyUila eltbf;iffSk; vOjpAs;shu; vd;W iggps; mwpQu;fs; $Wfpd;whu;fs;. M.< fpisw;wd; $Wfpd;whu;> ,ij vOjpa egu; 16:11-y; jd;Dila ngaiu Fwpg;gplhtpl;lhYk;> ehq;fs; vd;Dk; gjk; cgNahfg;gLj;jg;gl;bUg;gjhy;> gTYld; gazk; nra;jtNu vd;gJ njspT> ,e;E}ypd; nkhop mikg;ig fhZk; NghJ> ,e;E}y; xNu eguhy; vOjg;gl;lJ vd;W tpsq;fpf; nfhs;syhk;. Y}f;fh 1:1w;Fk; mg;Ngh];jyu; 1:1w;Fk; ,ilNa cs;s xw;Wikiaf; fhZk; NghJ> ,e;E}Yk; Y}f;fh vOjpajhfNt $wyhk;.

(NtjGj;jfk; epfz;L gf;fk; 21)

gTiy Neupy; fz;ltNu ,e;E}ypd; Mrpupau; vd;W gyu; fUj;Jf; $wpdhYk;> ,jpy; $wg;gLk; gy tpraq;fs; gTypd; epUgq;fSld; Kuz;gLfpwJ vd;gJ kWf;fKbahj cz;ikahFk;. (New Jerome Biblical Commentary Page 722 - 725)

 

gTypd; fbj(ep&g)q;fs;

fbj(ep&g)q;fspy; gy gTy; vOjpaNj vd;W fUjg;gLfpwJ 13 ep&gq;fis gTy; vOjpajhf fUjyhk; vd;W iggps; mwpQu;fs; $Wfpd;whu;fs;> Mdhy;> gTy; jd; tho;ehspy; xUKiwf; $l ,Na Rit Neupy; fz;ljpy;iy vd;W iggpspy; $WfpwJ. xx nfhupe;jpau; 9:1> 15:8 I fhz;Nghkhdhy; ,NaRtpd; kuzj;jpw;F Kd;G gTy; mtiu fz;ljpy;iy vd;Nw epidf;fpNwhk;> Vndd;why;> ,NaR jd;Dila gpur;rhuj;ij Muk;gpf;Fk; Kd;Ng> gTy; n[UrykpypUe;J jd;Dila nrhe;j CUf;F nrd;wpUf;fyhk;. (gf;fk; 296)

kw;w ep&gq;fs;

gTypd; ep&gq;fs; my;yhj NtW 8 ep&gq;fSk; $l cz;L.

xd;W vgpNuaUf;F vOjpa ep&gk; MFk;> ,jd; fpue;j fu;j;ju; ahnud;W njupatpy;iy vd;W M.<. fpisw;wd; $Wfpd;whu; (iggps; gf;fk; 78).

kw;nwhd;W ahNfhG vOjpa ep&gk; MFk;. mg;Ngh];jyDk; ,NaRtpd; rNfhjuDkhfpa ahNfhNg ,jd; fpue;j fu;j;jh vd;Dk; ek;gpf;if ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. MdhYk; ,J Mjhug;g+u;tkhd ek;gpf;if my;y. Ntj gz;bju;fspy; rpyu;> ehk; mwpahj NtnwhU ahNfhNg ,J vOjpaJ vd;Wk;> mjdhy; ,J gpe;ija fhyj;jpy; vOjg;gl;bUf;fyhk; vd;Wk; fUJfpd;wdu;. (iggps; epfz;L gf;fk; 415)

mg;Ngh];jydhfpa NgJU vOjpajhf epfz;L fUjg;gLk; ,uz;L ep&gq;fs; cs;sJ> ,jpy; xd;whk; ep&gk; Fwpj;J iggps; $WfpwJ. etPd Ntjgz;bju;fs; rpyu;> ,jpy; Gdpj gTypd; nja;tPf rpj;jhe;jq;fs; gy ,Ug;gJ nfhz;Lk;> ,J Gdpj gTy; RtpNr\k; gpur;rhuk; nra;j Njrq;fspYs;s rigfSf;F mDg;gl;lJ nfhz;Lk; ,J fypypNahfhudhfpa xU kPd;gpbf;fhud; ,aw;wpaJ Nghy; my;yhky; ey;y cau;e;j nkhopeilapy; ,aw;wg;gl;bUg;gjhYk; NgJUtpd; fhyj;jpy; Nuhk; if]u; fpwp];Jrigia fl;Lg;gLj;jhjJ nfhz;L> ,e;j ep&gk; Gdpj NgJU vOjpajy;y vd;W $wyhk;.'' (iggps; epfz;L: gf;fk; 258)

NgJUtpd; ,uz;lhk; ep&gk; Fwpj;J iggps; $WfpwJ> ,e;j fpue;jk; ahu; vOjpaJ? vd;gJ Fwpj;J> gy re;Njfq;fSz;L. Mdhy;> Gdpj NgJUjhd; vOjpdhu; vd;gjw;F NghJkhd Mjhuq;fs; ,y;iy.

Nahthd; vOjpa %d;W ep&gq;fs; $l ,jpYz;L. ,itfs; mg;Ngh];jydhfpa NahthNd vOjpdhu; vd;W ek;gg;gl;L tUfpwJ. Mdhy;> ,itfs; mg;Ngh];jydhfpa Nahthd; vOjpapUf;f rhj;jpakpy;iy. mjw;F xd;wpw;F Nkw;gl;l Mjhuq;fisf; fhl;lyhk; vd;Wk; Harper's Bible Distionary $WfpwJ.

(gf;fk; 499-500)

,Wjpahd ep&gk; A+jh vOjpaJ vd;W $wg;gl;lhYk;> ,jd; fpue;jfu;j;ju; ahnud;W jpl;ltl;lkhf re;Njfj;jpw;F ,lkpy;yhj Kiwapy; ahUk; ep&gpj;jpltpy;iy.

ntspg;ghL

Gjpa Vw;ghl;bd; ,Wjp E}Ny ntspg;ghL. ,e;E}iy mg;NghNfypg;]; (Apocalypse) vd;W miof;fpd;wdu;> mg;NghNfypg;]; vd;Dk; fpNuf;f gjj;jpd; nghUs; ntspg;ghL'. vd;whYk; ,J nrhu;f;fj;jpypUe;J kdpju;fSf;F mUspa ntspg;ghLfs; vd;Dk; ek;gpf;ifapNy ,g;gjk; cgNahfg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ> ,t;tbg;gilapy; NtW E}y;fs; Gjpa Vw;ghl;by; ,y;iy. gioa Vw;ghl;by; cs;s jhdpNaypd; E}iy iggps; gz;bju;fs; mg;NghNfypg;];]hfNt fUJfpd;wdu;. fp.gp95 my;yJ 96-y; ntspg;ghL E}y; vOjg;gl;bUf;fyhk;. iggps; gz;bju;fspd; mgpg;gpuhak; kw;w E}y;fspy; cs;sJ Nghd;w re;Njfk; ,e;E}ypYk; cz;L. mjhtJ> ,jd; Mrpupau; ahu; vd;gJ gw;wpa re;Njfk;. A.C fpisw;wd; $Wfpwhu;. ,e;E}ypd; Mrpupau; ahu; vd;gJ njupahjjhy;> gpur;ridnahd;Wk; ,y;iy> Vndd;why; fpue;j fu;j;jhTila ngauy;y Kf;fpak;. mjpy; vOjg;gl;bUf;Fk; tpraNk ekf;F Kf;fpak;.

(Ntj G];jfk; epfz;L gf;fk; 397)

Nahthd; RtpNr\k; ep&gq;fs;> ntspg;ghL Mfpait xNu fpue;jfu;j;jh vOjpapUf;f rhj;jpakpy;iy vd;gJ gy gz;bju;fspd; mgpg;gpuhak;.

(iggps; ,d;W-gf;fk; 63)

,d;[Py; vq;Nf?

(<]h miy) mtUf;F ehk; ,d;[PiyAk; nfhLj;Njhk; mjpy; Neu;topAk; xspAk; ,Ue;jd. (my;Fu;Md; 5:46)

ty;y ,iwtd;> <]h (miy) mtu;fSf;F mUspa Ntj fpue;jk; jhd; ,d;[Py;. Mdhy;> Gjpa Vw;ghl;bYs;s ve;jnthU fpue;jKk; ,NaRTf;F Njtd; mUspa fpue;jkhFk; vd;W ve;j iggps; /gz;lnkd;lyp];l;fSk; $wkhl;lhu;fs;. mg;gbahdhy;> ,NaRtpw;F ,iwtd; mUspa Ntj fpue;jkhd RtpNr\k; vq;Nf?

iggps; $WfpwJ:

,NaR fypypNahtpNy te;J> NjtDila uh[;aj;jpd; RtpNr\j;ij gpurq;fpj;J: fhyk; epiwNtwpw;W. NjtDila uh[;ak; rkPgkhapw;W. kde;jpUk;gp RtpNr\j;ij tpRthrpAq;fs;! vd;whu;. (khw;F 1:14.15)

,NaR $wpdhu;! vd;dpkpj;jkhfTk;> RtpNr\j;jpdpkpj;jkhfTk; tPl;ilahtJ rNfhjuiuahtJ> rNfhjupfisahtJ> jfg;gidahtJ> jhiaahtJ> kidtpiaahtJ> gps;isfisahtJ> epyq;fisahtJ tpl;ltd; vtDk; ,g;NghOJ ,k;ikapNy Jd;gq;fNshL $l E}wj;jidahf> tPLfisAk;> rNfhjuiuAk;> rNfhjupfisAk;> jha;fisAk;> gps;isfisAk;> epyq;fisAk;> kWikapNy epj;jpa [PtidAk; milthd; vd;W nka;ahfNt cq;fSf;Fr; nrhy;YfpNwd;. (khw;F 10:29.30)

,NaR fypypNyah vq;Fk; Rw;wp ele;J mtu;fSila n[g Myaq;fspy; gpuNtrpj;J uh[;aj;jpd; RtpNr\j;ij gpurq;fpj;J [dq;fSf;F cz;lhapUe;j rfy tpahjpfisAk; rfy Neha;fisAk; ePf;fp nrhe;jkhf;fpdhu;. (kj;NjA 4:23)

Nkw;fz;l khw;fpd; trdq;fspypUe;J tpsq;fpf; nfhs;s Ntz;baJ ,Jjhd;:

1> ,aNR xU RtpNr\j;ijg; gpurq;fpj;jhu;. mJ nja;tj;jpd; tpNr\k; MFk;. ,NaRitf; Fwpj;j RtpNr\k; my;y. ,ij ehk; khw;fpd; 10:29 - trdj;jpd; %yk; njspthf tpsq;fyhk;. mjhtJ mjpy; vd;dpkpj;jKk; RtpNr\j;jpd; epkpj;jKk; vd;Ws;sJ ftdpf;fj;jf;fjhFk;. RtpNr\k; vd;why; NjtDila uh[;[paj;jpd; RtpNr\k;. vd;dpkpj;jk; vd;why; ,NaRtpd; eilKiwAk; mjhtJ `jP]hf ,Uf;fyhk;.

Gjpa Vw;ghl;L E}y;fs; midj;ijAk; Muha;e;jhYk; ,NaRtpd; trdq;fshf fpilg;gJ nfhQ;rNkahFk;. mJTk; ,NaRtpd; fhyj;jpw;Fg;gpd; Fiwe;jJ 50 Mz;LfSf;F gpd;Ng vOjg;gl;ljhFk;. Gjpa Vw;ghl;by; ,NaRitg; gw;wpa tpguq;fis itj;J> ,NaR jd; tho;ehspy; ,t;tsT jhd; Nghjpj;jhu;> nray; gl;lhu; vd;W $wplKbahJ. ,NaR jd; tho;ehspy; mjpf tpraq;fis nrhy;ypapUf;f Ntz;Lk;.

mitfs; vy;yhk; ghJfhf;fg;gl;bUe;jhy;> ,NaR $wpa ,uh[;[paj;jpd; RtpNr\j;ij mjpy; ehk; fhzyhk;. Mdhy;> ,NaRtpd; trdq;fisj; njhFf;f ek;kplk; ve;j topKiwAk; ,y;iyNa!''

2. ,NaRitf; Fwpg;gpLk; NghJ> mtu; gpurq;fpj;j RtpNr\j;ij gw;wpa mwpT mf;fhyj;jpy; epiy epd;W te;jJ> gTypd; ep&gq;fspd; fhyj;jpy; ,aNRtpd; RtpNr\j;ij Fwpj;j jplkhd ek;gpf;if ,NaRitg; gpd;gw;wpatu;fspd; kj;jpapy; ,Ue;jJ> mjdhy; jhd; mj;jifa r%fj;jpy; gTy; Nghjid nra;Ak; NghJ> ehd; $WtJ jhd; ,NaRtpd; RtpNr\k;' vd;W $wp! mjdhy; fpilf;Fk; gyid mila Kaw;rpj;jhu; fyhj;jpahu;fSf;F gTy; vOjpa ep&gj;jpypUe;J ,ij tpsq;fpf;nfhs;syhk;.

cq;fisf; fpwpj;Jtpd; fpUigapdhNy mioj;jtiu ePq;fs; ,t;tsT rPf;fpukha; tpl;L NtnwhU RtpNr\j;jpw;Fj; jpUk;Gfpwijg; gw;wp ehd; Mr;rupag;gLfpNwd;. NtnwhU RtpNr\k; ,y;iyNa! rpyu; cq;fis fyfg;gLj;jp fpwpj;JtpDila RtpNr\j;ijay;yhky; ehq;fshtJ thdj;jpypUe;J tUfpw xU J}jdhtJ NtnwhU RtpNr\j;ij cq;fSf;Fk; gpurq;fpj;jhy;> mtd; rgpf;fg;gl;ltdhapUf;f fltd;> Kd; nrhd;dJ Nghy kWgbAk; nrhy;YfpNwd;. ePq;fs; Vw;Wf;nfhz;l RtpN\j;ijay;yhky; NtnwhU RtpNr\j;ij xUtd; cq;fSf;F gpurq;fpj;jhy;> mtd; rgpf;fg;gl;ltdhapUf;f fltd;. fyhj;jpau; 11:6-9

,NaRtpd; fhyj;jpw;Fg; gpd;Dk; ,NaRtpd; rPlu;fs; ,NaRtpd; RtpNr\j;jpd; kPJ ek;gpf;if itj;jpUe;jdu;. ,jdhy; gpd; te;jtu;fs;> jhq;fs; $wptUk; ,NaRtpd; RtpNr\k; vd;W $wp r%fj;jpy; ,wq;fp te;jdu;. fhyk; nry;yr; nry;y mr;nrhy;Yk; $l kha;e;J NghdJ> RtpNr\q;fspy; KjyhtJ vOjg;gl;l khw;fpd; RtpNr\j;jpy; Njtdpd; ,uh[;[paj;jpd; RtpNr\k; gw;wpa mjpftptuk; cs;sJ. gpd;dhy; vOjg;gl;l kj;NjAtpd; RtpNr\j;jpy; ,NaRtpd; RtpNr\k; gw;wpa tptuq;fs; kpff; FiwT. mjw;Fg; gpd;dhy; vOjg;gl;l Y}f;fh Nahthdpd; RtpNr\q;fspy; RtpNr\k; vd;Dk; gjk; $l ,y;iy. Njtdpd; uh[;aj;jpd; RtpNr\k; vd;Dk; ,NaR fhyj;jpy; epiyepd;w ek;gpf;if fhyg;Nghf;fpy; kq;fpg; Ngha;tpl;lJ.

3. ,NaR Ngrpa nkhop `pg;U nkhopapd; fpis nkhopahd muhkpf; nkhopahf ,Ue;jJ. ,d;Ws;s iggps; RtpNr\q;fs; midj;Jk; vOjg;gl;lJ fpNuf;f nkhopapyhFk;. ,NaR Nghjpj;jJk; gpurq;fpj;jJk; mg;Ngh];jyu;fs; Nfl;L> gpd; Nghjpj;jJk; muhkpf; nkhopapyhd RtpNr\NkahFk;> Mjyhy; ,NaRTf;F mUsg;gl;l ,uh[;aj;jpd; RtpNr\Kk; muhkpf; nkhopapyhdjhfNt ,Uf;fNtz;Lk;.

4. Gjpa Vw;ghl;L E}y;fs; vOjg;gLtjw;F Kd;Ng muhkpf; nkhopapy; vOjg;gl;l xd;Nwh> mjw;F Nkw;gl;l VLfNsh ,Ue;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ iggps; gz;bju;fspd; mgpg;gpuhak;. ,e;j VLfisAk; khw;fpd; RtpNr\q;fisAk; mbg;gilahf itj;Nj kj;NjAk; Y}f;fhTk; jq;fs; RtpNr\q;fis ,aw;wpapUf;f Ntz;Lk;. fpwpj;Jtpd; rp\;adhapUe;j kj;NjA jd;Dila muhkpf; nkhopapy; vOjpa ,NaRtpd; RtpNr\k;> Kjy; fhyj;jpy; epiy epd;wpUe;jJ vd;Dk; mgpg;gpuhaKk; cz;L. Nfus fj;Njhypf;f gp\g; fTd;]pYila gh];ruy; xupad;Nl\d; nrd;l;uy; ntspapl;l iggpspy; kj;NjA RtpNr\j;jpw;F vOjg;gl;bUe;j KfTiuapy; ,t;thW cs;sJ:

kj;NjA RtpNr\k; vd;Dk; ngaupy; ,d;W ekf;F fpilj;jpUf;Fk; RtpNr\j;jpd; %ytbtk; xd;whk; E}w;whz;bd; ,Wjp fl;lj;jpy; fp>gp 75 Kjy; 90 f;Fk; ,ilapy; ,aw;wg;gl;ljhff; fUjg;gLfpwJ vd;whYk;> ,jw;F Kd;Ng muhkpf; nkhopapy; fpwpj;Jtpd; trdq;fspd; njhFg;Ngh my;yJ RtpNr\Nkh VNjh xd;W kj;NjAAilajhf ,Ue;jJ vd;gJ ghuk;gupa ek;gpf;if. ,J cz;ikahapUf;f rhj;jpaKz;L. Mdhy; mijjpl;ltl;lkhff; $w me;j RtpNr\j;jpd; ifnaOj;Jg; gpujp fhzf;fpilf;ftpy;iy.'' (Gjpa Vw;ghL - gf;fk; 1)

(Mjhuk;:iggpd; nja;tPfj;jd;ik gf;fk; 65-68)

gTypd; RtpNr\k;?

,NaRtpd; fhyj;jpw;Fg;gpd;> ,NaRtpd; ,uh[;[paj;jpd; RtpNr\j;ij jiyfPohf;fp Nghjpj;jtu;jhd; mg;Ngh];jydhfpa Gdpj gTy;. mg;Ngh];jyd; vd;why; ,NaR jd;tho;ehspy; Rakhf Nju;e;njLj;j 12 mg;Ngh];jyu;fspy; xUtuy;y. ,NaRit gTy; Neupy; fhzhjtUk; mtu; cgNjrj;ij Nfl;fhjtUk; Mthu;.

gTy; - ,NaRtpd; fhyj;jpw;Fg;gpd; mtu;fisg; gpd;gw;wp ele;jtu;fis nfhLikg;gLj;jTk;> nfhy;yTk; Jzpe;jtu;fspy; xUtuhapUe;jhu;. gTy; jk];FTf;F ahj;jpiu gz;Zk; NghJ> Mfhaj;jpy; ,NaR gpurd;dkhfp gTYf;F ntspg;ghL toq;fTk;> gpw[hjpfSf;F cgNjrk; gz;zf;$ba mg;Ngh];jydhf epakpj;jjhfTk; gTNy $Wfpd;whu;. (ghu;f;f mg;Ngh];jyu; 22: 3-5 25.23 :6.22:6-21 tpupthd tpsf;fj;jpw;F ghu;f;f cyfr; rkaq;fs; xU jj;Jtg;ghu;it'')

Mdhy;> Mjpfhy fpwpj;jtu;fspy; mNefUk; gTypd; cupik thjj;ij mq;fPfupf;ftpy;iy. mtu;fspy; xUtuhd vgpNahidl;];]pila E}y;fspy; gTy; fpNuf;f khjhgpjhf;fspd; kfdhd xU me;epa Njrf;fhud; vd;Wk;: A+juhdtd; vd;Wk; gTy; $wpaJ ngha; vd;Wk; fhzg;gLfpwJ. (The new catholic Encyclopaedio. Article: BBonites. Me Gran Hill Book Co/ 1967-P.34)

rhTfly; RUs;fspd; ufrpak;

1947-y; rhTflypd; mUfhikapYs;s Fk;uhd; gpuNjrj;jpYs;s FifapypUe;J fz;nlLf;fg;gl;litfs;. k;rhTfly; RUs;fs;' vd;wiof;fg;gLfpwJ. ,itfs; midj;Jk; fpwpj;jt rigapdu; iftrk; cs;sJ. nkhj;jk; fpilj;j 500 RUs;fspy; 100 RUs;fs; kl;LNk rigapdu; ntspapl;ldu;. cyfpd; ehyhghfq;fspYs;s Ma;thsu;fs; Nfl;Lk;> rig nfhLf;fhJ itj;jpUe;j RUs;fspd; /Nghl;Nlh fpuhgpf; gpupz;Lfis ngau; ntspapl tpUk;ghj xUtu; topahf ,uz;L mnkupf;f Ma;thsu;fs; mz;ik fhyj;jpy; ngw;Wf; nfhz;ldu;. mnkupf;f ];Nll; A+dptu;rpl;b lhf;lu; uhgu;l; C Ird;kd;> rpf;fhf;Nfh A+dptu;rpl;b lhf;lu; ikf;Nfy; it]; Mfpa ,Utu;fNs mtu;fs; fbd Kaw;rpAld; Guhjd `Pg;Utpy; vOjg;gl;bUe;j me;j RUs;fis nkhopngau;j;J ntspapl;lNghJ> mJ iggps; gz;bju;fspilNa xU ngUk; ru;r;iria Vw;gLj;jpaJ v];]Pdu; vd;wwpag;gLfpd;w xU gpupT A+ju;fshy; ,aw;wg;gl;lnjd;W ek;gg;gLk; RUs;fs; fp>K> xd;whk; E}w;whz;bYk; fp.gp 1-k; E}w;whz;bYk; ghy];jPdpd; tpRthr Kiwfs; vt;thnwy;yhk; ,Ue;jJ vd;gij tptupf;fpwJ.

lhf;lu; I]d;kd; vOjpAs;shu;. ,NaRtpd; fhyj;jpy; ghy];jPdpy; vd;d ele;jJ vd;gij mwpa Ntz;Lnkd;why;> ePq;fs; RtpNr\q;fspd; gf;fk; Nghf Ntz;lhk;. mitfs; 300-k; 400-k; tUlq;fSf;F gpwF fpuP]pYk; NuhkpYk; itj;J vOjg;gl;litahFk;. ePq;fs; ghy];jPdu;fspd; E}y;fis> mjhtJ rhTfly; RUs;fis gbAq;fs;. ,d;Dk; $l mtu; $Wfpd;whu; RtpNr\q;fspd; fijfisg;gw;wp $w vd;dhy; KbahJ. Mdhy; xU tprak; $WfpNwd;. ehk; mwpfpd;w fpwpj;jt kjk; fp>gp xd;whk; E}w;whz;by; ghy];jPdu;fs; kj;jpapy; ,y;yhjjhFk;. ,J fpuP]pYk; NuhkpYk; gTypd; tpRthr mbg;gilapy; gupzhkkile;J te;jjhFk;. (Scroll Secrets by partha S.Banerjeee in los Angles Article Published in Indian Express sunday Magazine,Septs, 1993)

(Ref: ,NaRtpd; ghij K`k;kjpd; ghij gf;fk; 54:55)

rhTfly; RUs;fisg; gw;wp B.B.C nlyptp\d; xsp gug;gpa xU epfo;r;rpapy; (Horizon) lhf;lu; I]d;kd; $wpdhu;> ,e;j Guhjd RUs;fspy; gy gpugykhd egu;fspd; ngau;fSf;F gjpyhf gl;lg; ngau;fNs fhzg;gLfpwJ. cjhuzkhf Neu;ikahd FU> J\;l GNuhfpjd; The wicked Priest) ngha;ad; (The liar) Nghd;witfshFk;. Kf;fpakhd xu; RUspy; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ. Neu;ikahd FU fpwpj;J tpw;Fg; gpwF n[Uryk; rigapy; jiyikj;Jtj;ij Vw;nwLj;jhu; mtu; fpwpj;Jtpd; rNfhjudhfpa ahNfhG (James) thf ,Ue;jhu;> ngha;ad; gTyhf ,Ue;jhd; vd;W Mjhuq;fspd; mbg;gilapy; lhf;lu; I]d;kd; $Wfpd;whu;.

ePjpkhdhfpa ahNfhGk; (James the Just) mtiug; gpd;gw;wp epd;wtu;fSk;> gTYf;F vjpuhf ,Ue;jhu;fs; vd;gij Gjpa Vw;ghL E}y;fspypUe;J $l ek;khy; tpsq;fpf; nfhs;sKbAk;. mtu;fs; gTiy> Mz;l;b fpwp];J'' (Antichrist) vd;Wk;: ngha;ad;' vd;Wk; mioj;jpUf;fpd;wdu;. gTypd; epUgq;fspy; mjpfk; mtu;fSf;F vjpuhf cs;s gjpy;fisAk; thjgpujpthjq;fisAk; fhzyhk;.

gTy; $Wfpd;whu;:

1. ehd; nrhy;YfpwJ ngha;ay;y fpwp];JTf;Fs; cz;ikiar; nrhy;YfpNwd;. (Nuhku; 9:2)

2. vd;nwd;iwf;Fk; ];Njhj;jupf;fg;gl;l NjtDk;> ek;Kila fu;j;juhfpa ,NaR fpwpj;Jtpd; gpjhTkhdtu; ehd; ngha; nrhy;Yfpwjpy;iynad;W mwpthu;. (nfhupe;jpau; 11:31)

3. ehq;fNsh guPl;irf;F epy;yhjtu;fsy;ynad;gij mwptPu;fnsd;W ek;GfpNwd;. (nfhupe;jpau; 13:6)

4. ehd; cq;fSf;F vOJfpw ,itfs; ngha;ay;yntd;W NjtDf;F Kd;ghf epr;rakhfr; nrhy;fpNwd;. (fyhj;jpau; 1:20)

5. ehd; cq;fSf;Fj; njupe;jpUf;fpwgb> ehq;fs; xUf;fhYk; ,r;rfkhd trdq;fisr; nrhy;yTkpy;iy nghUshirAs;stu;fsha; khak; gz;zTkpy;iy. NjtNd rhl;rp (njrNyhdpf;Nfa;u; 2:5)

6. ,jw;fhfNt ehd; gpurq;fpahfTk;> mg;Ngh];jydhfTk;> gpw [hjpfSf;F tpRthrj;ijAk; rj;jpaj;ijAk; tpsq;fg;gz;Zfpw NghjfdhfTk; epakpf;fg;gl;bUf;fpNwd;. ehd; ngha; nrhy;yhky; fpwpj;JTf;Fs; cz;ikiar; nrhy;YfpNwd; (I. jPNkhj;NjA 2:7) gTy; $WtJ ngha; vd;W $wpa Fw;wr;rhl;LfSf;F gjpiyNa gTy; Nkw;fz;l trdq;fspy; $Wfpwhu;. xU re;ju;g;gj;jpy; gTy; ,g;gbAk; $Wfpwhu;:

md;wpAk; vd; ngha;apdhNy NjtDila rj;jpak; mtUf;F kfpikAz;lhf tpsq;fpdhy;> ,dp ehd; ghtpnad;W jPu;f;fg;gLthNdd;? (Nuhku; 3:7)

ePq;fs; vd; cgNjrj;jpy; epiyj;jpUe;jhy;> nka;ahfNt vd; rP\uhapUg;gPu;fs;. (Nahthd; 8:31)

vd;W $wpa ,NaR vq;Nf? NjtDila kfj;Jtk; tpsq;f ngha; $l $wyhk; vd;W fw;gpf;Fk; gTy; vq;Nf?

Gdpj gTy; $Wfpwhu;:

1. ,Njh> ePq;fs; tpUj;jNrjdk; gz;zpf;nfhz;lhy; fpwpj; Jtpdhy; cq;fSf;F xU gpuNah[dKk; ,uhJ vd;W gTyhfpa ehd; cq;fSf;Fr; nrhy;YfpNwd;. (fyhj;jpau; 5:2)

2. (I) tpthfk; gz;zpf;nfhz;ltu;fSf;F ehdy;y fu;j;jNu fl;lisapLfpwjhtJ> kidtpahdts; jd; GU\id tpl;L gpupe;J Nghff; $lhJ. (nfhupe;jpau; 7:10)

(II) kw;wtu;fisf; Fwpj;J fu;j;ju; my;y> ehNd nrhy;YfpwjhtJ rNfhjuDila kidtp... (nfhupe;jpau; 7:12)

III) md;wpAk; fd;dpiffisf; Fwpj;J fu;j;juhy; vdf;F fl;lis ,y;iy. MfpYk; ehd; cz;ikAs;stdhapUf;fpwjw;Ff; fu;j;juhy; ,uf;fk; ngw;W vd; mgpg;gpuhaj;ijj; njupag;gLj;JfpNwd;> (nfhupe;jpau; 7:25)

3. ehd; xUtUf;F mbg;glhjtdhapUe;Jk;> ehd; mjpf [dq;fis Mjhag;gLj;jpf;nfhs;Sk;gbf;F vd;idj;jhNd vy;NyhUf;Fk; mbikahf;fpNdd;. A+jiu Mjhag;gLj;jpf; nfhs;Sk; gbf;F A+jUf;F A+jidg; NghyTk; epahag;gpukhzj;Jf;F fPo;g;gl;ltu;fis Mjhag;gLj;jpf; nfhs;Sk; gbf;F epahag; gpukhzj;Jf;F fPo;gl;ltid NghyTkhNdd;> epahag;gpukhzkpy;yhjtu;fs;. Mjhag;gLj;jpf; nfhs;Sk;gbf;F epahag; gpukhzk; ,y;yhjtid NghyTkhNdd;. (nfhyhe;jpau; 9 91--21)

4. epahag; gpukhzj;jpdhy; ePjpkhd;fshf tpUk;Gfpw ePq;fs; ahtUk; fpwp];Jit tpl;Lg; gpupe;J> fpUigapdpd;W tpOe;jPu;fs;. (fyhe;jpau; 5:4)

5. ,g;nghOJ ehk; gioikahd vOj;jpd; gbay;y GJikahd Mtpapd; gb CopaQ; nra;aj;jf;fjhf ek;ik fl;bapUe;j epahag; gpukhzj;Jf;F ehk; kupj;jtu;fshfp> mjpdpd;W tpLjiyahf;fg;gl;bUf;fpNwhk;. Nuhku; 7:6

6. epahag;gpukhzj;jpd; fpupiafspdhNy ve;j kD\Dk; ePjpkhdf;fg;gLtjpy;iy. (fhyj;jpau; 2:16)

7.epahag;gpukhzj;jpd; fpupiaf;fhuuhfpa ahtUk; rhgj;jpw;F cl;gl;bUf;fpwhu;fs;. (fyhj;jpau; 3:10)

epahag;gpukhzk; gw;wp gTy; $wpa ,t;trdq;fis ,NaRtpd; trdq;fNshL xg;gpl;Lg;ghUq;fs;.

,NaR $Wfpwhu;:

epahag;gpukhzj;ijahdhYk;: jPu;f;fj;juprdq;fisahdhYk;: mopf;fpwjw;F te;Njd; vd;W vz;zpf; nfhs;shNjAq;fs; mopf;fpwjw;F my;y. epiwNtw;Wtjw;Nf te;Njd;. Mifahy; ,e;j fw;gidfs; vy;yhtw;wpYk; rpwpjhdnjhd;iwahfpYk; kPwp> mLj;JtUfpw mt;tpjkha; kD\Uf;Fg; Nghjpf;fpwtd; guNyhf uh[;aj;jpy; vy;yhupYk; rpwpatd; vdg;gLthd;. ,itfisf; nfhz;L Nghjpf;fpwtNdh guNyhf uh[;aj;jpy; ngupatd; vdg;gLthd;. (kj;NjA 5:17.19)

,g;NghJ $Wq;fs; gTy; Nghjpj;jJ ,NaRtpd; RtpNr\kh? gTypd; nrhe;j RtpNr\kh?

iggps; Gjpa Vw;ghl;bYs;s E}y;fs; midj;Jk; ,g;gbg;gl;l gTYk;> gTypd; nfhs;iffs; Nfhl;ghLfis Mjupg;gtu;fSk; vOjpajhFk;.

rhuhk;rk;:

,Jtiu ehk; fz;l tpraq;fspypUe;J mjd; rhuk;rj;ij RUf;fkhf ,t;thW $wyhk;.

1. ,NaRtpd; tho;ehSf;Fg;gpd; fpl;lj;jl;l 50 Mz;Lfs; fope;Nj Gjpa Vw;ghl;bd; E}y;fs; vOjg;gl Jtq;fpd.

2. ,NaRtpd; tuyhw;iwAk; cgNjrq;fisAk; vOjpatu;fs; vtUk; ,NaRit Neupy; fhzNth> cgNjrq;fisf; Nfl;fNth nra;jjpy;iy.

3. RtpNr\q;fs; vOjpaJ ahu; vd;Nw jpl;ltl;lkhf njupahJ.

4. Gjpa Vw;ghl;L E}y;fspy; xd;W $l ,NaRtpd; mg;Ngh];jyu;fs; vOjpaJ vd;W $wplKbahJ.

5. ,NaRtpd; tho;ifia Nghjidia vOjpa RtpNr\j;ij fu;j;ju;fs; %tUk; (kj;NjA > khw;F > Yhf;fh xNu mbg;gilapy; epd;W nfhz;L vOjpajhy; mJ Nahthd; RtpNr\j;jpw;F khw;wkhf ,Uf;fpwJ.

6. ,d;Ws;s Gjpa Vw;ghl;bYs;s E}y;fs; vOjg;gLtjw;F Kd;G ,NaRtpd; mg;Ngh];jyu;fs; cgNahfpj;jpUe;j xd;Nwh> mjw;F mjpfkhd RtpNr\ gpujpfs; ,Ue;jd vd;W iggps; mwpQu;fs; xg;Gf; nfhs;fpd;wdu;.

7. ,NaR xU RtpNr\j;ij itj;J gpurq;fpj;jhu; me;j RtpNr\k;jhd; (ehd; gpurq;fpf;fpNwd; vd;W gTy; $wpdhYk;> gTy; $WtJ cz;ikay;y vd;gij mtNu epUgpf;fpwhu;.

8. NkhNrapd; epahag; gpukhzj;ij epiwNtw;wNt ehd; te;Njd; vd;W ,aNR $Wfpwhu;. Mdhy; gTy; epahag; gpukhzk; Njitapy;iy vd;W $Wfpwhu;. ,e;j gTypd; Mjuthsu;fshy; vOjg;gl;lJjhd; Gjpa Vw;ghl;L Ehy;fs;>

,NaRtpd; fhyj;jpw;F gpd; ,NaRtpd; rpy trdq;fNsh my;yJ RtpNr\j;jpd; rpygFjpfNsh ,NaR Ngrpa muhkpf; nkhopapy; ,Ue;jpUf;fyhk;. mijg;ghu;j;J khw;F jd;Dila RtpNr\j;ij vOjpapUf;fyhk;> Y}f;fhTk;> kj;NjAk;> khw;fpd; RtpNr\j;ij ghu;j;J vOjpapUf;fyhk;>

,tu;fs; ,NaRtpd; trdk; vd;W $Wk; trdq;fs;> ,NaRtpd; trdk;jhd; vd;gij gupNrhjid nra;a ve;j xU mbg;gilAk; ,y;iy.

Gjpa Vw;ghL E}y;fnsy;yhk; vOjg;gLtjw;F Kd;G epiyepd;Wte;j ,NaRtpw;F ty;yug;Gy; Mykpd; mUspa RtpNr\k; jhd; ,d;[Py;. mjpy; jhd; Neu;topAk; xspAk; ,Uf;fpwJ. me;j ,d;[Piyj;jhd; Fu;Md; cz;ikg;gLj;JfpwJ.

,d;W fpwpj;jtu;fs; ifapYs;s Gjpa Vw;ghL Fwpj;J Fu;Md; $WtJ ,g;gbahFk;:

Ntjj;ijAilatu;fNs! rj;jpaj;ijAk; mrj;jpaj;ijAk; ePq;fs; fyf;FfpwPu;fsh? ,d;Dk; ePq;fs; mwpe;J nfhz;Nl Vd; cz;ikia kiwf;fpwPu;fs;?'' (my;Fu;Md; 3:71)

epr;rakhf mtu;fspy; xU gpuptpdu; ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs; mtu;fs; Ntjj;ij XJk; NghJ jq;fs; ehTfisr; rha;j;J xJfpwhu;fs; . (mjdhy; cz;lhFk; khw;wq;fisAk;) Ntjj;jpy; xU gFjpjhd; vd;W ePq;fs; vz;zpf;nfhs;tjw;fhf. Mdhy;> mJ Ntjj;jpy; cs;sjy;y. mJ my;yh`;tplk; ,Ue;J te;jJ vd;Wk; mtu;fs; $Wfpwhu;fs;. Mdhy;> mJ my;yh`;tplkpUe;J (te;jJk;) my;y. ,d;Dk; mwpe;J nfhz;Nl mtu;fs; my;yh`;tpd; kPJ ngha; $Wfpd;whu;fs;.'' (my;Fu;Md; 3:78)

jtpu Ntjk; nfhLf;fg;gl;Nlhuplk; mtu;fs; mij kf;fSf;Fj; njspthf vLj;Jiuf;f Ntz;Lk; mij kiwf;ff; $lhJ vd;W my;yh`; cWjp nkhop thq;fpaij (mk;kf;fSf;F egpNa! ePu; epidT gLj;JtPuhf) mg;ghy; mtu;fs; mijj; jq;fspd; KJFfSf;Fg; gpd;dhy; vwpe;J tpl;L: mjw;Fg; gjpyhfr; nrhw;g fpuaj;ijg; ngw;Wf;nfhz;lhu;fs;. mtu;fs; (,t;thW) thq;fpf; nfhz;lJ kpff; nfl;ljhFk;.'' (my;Fu;Md; 3:187)

mw;gf;fpuaj;ijg; ngWtjw;fhfj; jk; fuq;fshNy E}iy vOjpitj;Jf; nfhz;L> gpd;du; mJ my;yh`;tplkpUe;J te;jJ vd;W $Wfpwhu;fNs> mtu;fSf;Ff; NfLjhd;. mjpypUe;J mtu;fs; <l;Lk; rk;ghj;jpaj;jpw;fhfTk; mtu;fSf;Ff; NfLjhd;.'' (my;Fu;Md; 2:79)

ehk; mUspa njspthd mj;jhl;rpfisAk; Neu;topiaAk; mjid ehk; Ntjj;jpy; kdpju;fSf;fhf tpsf;fpa gpd;dUk; ahu; kiwf;fpd;whu;fNsh> epr;rakhf mtu;fisr; rgpg;gjw;F cupik cilatu;fSk; rgpf;fpwhu;fs;.'' (my;Fu;Md; 2:159)

NtjKilatu;fNs! ePq;fs; jt;uhj;ijAk;> ,d;[PiyAk;> ,d;Dk; cq;fs; ,iwtdplkpUe;J cq;fs; kPJ ,wf;fg;gl;ltw;iwAk; ePq;fs; filg;gpbj;J elf;Fk; tiuapYk;> ePq;fs; vjpYk; Nru;e;jtu;fshf ,y;iy.'' (my;Fu;Md; 2:68)

,iwtNd kpfmwpe;jtd;!

H 4
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