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,];yhkpa ehl;by; K];ypk; my;yhjhhpd; chpikfs;

"The Rights of Non-Muslims in the Islamic World" By Prof. Saleh Hussain Al-Aayed, Ph.D.

Translated From Arabic to English by Alexandra Alosh and in Tamil by Bro. Abdul Hameed.


vy;yhg; GfOk; Vf ,iwtdhfpa ty;y my;yh`;Tf;Nf chpj;jhfl;Lk;! rhe;jpAk; rkhjhdKk; rj;jpaj; J}jH K`k;kJ (]y;) mtHfs; kPJk; md;dhiug; gpd;gw;Wfpd;w midtH kPJk; cz;lhtjhf!

,];yhk; midj;J caphpdq;fspd; kPJk; msg;ghpa md;igg; nghopfpd;w khHf;fkhFk;. mJ jdJ fUizia midj;J caphpdq;fspd; kPJk; nghopfpd;wJ. ,iwtd; jd;Dila jpUkiwapNy $Wfpd;whd; :

,J (FHMd;) kdpjHfSf;F njspthd mj;jhl;rpfisf; nfhz;ljhfTk;> cWjpahd ek;gpf;ifAila r%fj;jhUf;F NeH topahfTk;> u`;kj;jhf (mUl;nfhilahf)Tk; ,Uf;fpwJ. (45:20)

,e;j gpugQ;rj;jpy; thOfpd;w caphpdq;fSf;F ,];yhj;jpy; epiwaNt mUl;nfhilfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,d;Dk; ,];yhj;ijg; gpd;gw;wpatHfSf;Fk;> ,d;Dk; mjidg; gpd;gw;whjtHfSf;Fk; gy ed;ikfs; mjpy; Gije;J fplf;fpd;wd. ahhplk; njspthd rpe;jid ,y;iyNah..> ,d;Dk; ahhplk; Czg; ghHit cs;sNjh mj;jifatHfsplk; jhd; ,];yhj;ijg; gw;wpa njspthd mwpT ,y;yhky;> mtHfs; ,];yhj;jpd; kPJ fho;g;GzHr;rpAld; ele;J nfhs;sf; $batHfshf ,Uf;fpd;whHfs;. ,J mtHfspd; mwpahikNa MFk;. ,iwtd; jd;Dila jpUkiwapNy $Wfpd;whd; :

.. ,JNt epiyahd khHf;fkhFk;. Mdhy; kdpjHfspy; ngUk;ghNyhH (,ij) mwpa khl;lhHfs;. (30:30)

gfy; ntspr;rj;ij ek;Gtjw;F xUtDf;F Mjhuk; Njitg;gl;lhy;> ,dp vjidf; nfhz;Lk; mtidj; jpUg;jpAwr; nra;J tpl KbahJ.

,q;Nf ehk; ghHf;fg; NghFk; ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpy;> ,];yhj;ijg; gw;wpa njspthdnjhU tpsf;fj;ij ehk; cq;fs; Kd; nfhz;L tu ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk;> mjd; %yk; ePq;fs; NeHtopiag; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sf; $Lk;. ,d;Dk; mjpfkhf K];ypk; my;yhjtHfSf;F ,];yhk; ve;jsT chpikfis toq;fpAs;sJ vd;gij ePq;fs; mwpAk; nghOJ> ,];yhk; midj;J caphpdq;fspd; kPJk; jdJ mUl;nfhilfis ve;jsT gue;j kdg;ghd;ikAld; jd;Ds; nghjpe;J itj;jpUf;fpd;wJ vd;gijAk; ePq;fs; mwpe;J nfhs;syhk;. kj rfpg;Gj; jd;ikia> Ntw;WikapYk; ,e;j cyfg; G+kpg; ge;ij vt;thW gpur;idfsw;w tpjj;jpy; gq;F Nghl;Lf; nfhz;L> mikjpahf tho KbAk; vd;gjw;F ,];yhk; fhl;bj; je;jpUf;Fk; mikjp topia ,jd; %yk; ePq;fs; fz;L nfhs;syhk;. ,d;Dk; K];ypk; my;yhjtHfspd; gy Njrq;fis K];ypk;fs; ntw;wp nfhz;l NghJk; $l mtHfs;> ntw;wp kkijapy; jq;fsJ nfhs;ifia Vw;fhj kf;fsplj;jpy; ele;J nfhs;shky;> kjr; Rje;jpuj;ijf; nfhLj;J te;jpUf;fpd;whHfs; vd;gijAk;> ,d;Dk; kdkhr;rhpaq;fSf;F ,lq;nfhlhky; eLT epiyapy; epd;W nfhz;L vj;jidNah ngUkf;fs; ,e;j khHf;fj;jpd; GfOf;F rhl;rpak; mspj;jpUf;fpd;whHfs; vd;gijAk; ePq;fs; ,e;jj; njhlhpy; fz;L nfhs;tPHfs;.

muGf;fs;> ,tHfSf;Fj; jhd; ,iwtd; ,e;j cyfj;ij Msf; $ba mjd; fl;Lg;ghl;ilf; nfhLj;jhd;> ePq;fs; mwpe;jpUe;jgb mtHfs; ek;ik mg;nghOJ elj;jpdhHfs;> ,d;Dk; mtHfs; (K];ypk;fs;) fpwp];jtHfspd; vjphpfSky;y vd;gijAk; eP&gpj;Jf; fhl;bdhHfs;. ,d;Dk; ekJ khHf;fj;ij mtHfs; Nghw;wpdhHfs;> ekJ kj FUkhHfisf; fz;zpag;gLj;jpdhHfs;> mtHfis ey;yKiwapy; elj;jpdhHfs;> ,d;Dk; ekJ Njthyaq;fSf;Fk;> klq;fSf;Fk; cjtpf; nfhil toq;fpdhHfs;. (Patriarch Ghaytho)

cikahf;fspd; Ml;rpapd; nghOJ> fpwp];jtHfs;> neUg;G tzq;fpfshd #uh];bhpaHfs;> A+jHfs;> ,d;Dk; rhgpaPd;fs; Mfpa midtUk; KOikahd kjr; Rje;jpuj;ij mDgtpj;jhHfs;> ,e;j kjr; Rje;jpuj;ij ,d;Dk; ekJ fpwp];jt cyfj;jpy; $l ehk; fz;bUf;f khl;Nlhk;. mtutH kj Mr;rhuq;fisg; gpd;gw;Wk; Rje;jpuj;ijAk;> ,d;Dk; fpwp];jt Njthyaq;fSk;> Nfhtpy;fSk; ngw;wpUe;jd. ,d;Dk; kj rl;l toq;fy;fspy; mtutUila khHf;f mwpQHfspd; jPHg;Gfis nray;gLj;Jk; msTf;F Rahjpf;fk; ngw;wtHfshfj; jpfo;e;jhHfs;. ((Will Durant States, anachronism)

,];yhj;jpw;Fk; ,d;Dk; kw;WKs;s kjf; nfhs;iffSf;Fk; cs;s tpj;jpahrk; vd;gJ kjr; rlq;FfSf;F ,ilNa cs;s tpj;jpahrj;ijg; Nghd;wjy;y> ,];yhj;jpw;Fk; kw;w kjq;fSf;Fk; cs;s tpj;jpahrk; vd;gJ> ,];yhk; fhl;b epw;Fk; tho;tpay; newpfshd kdpj Neak;> mjhtJ kdpjHfs; midtuJ capHfSk; fz;zpag;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;baNj vd;gJk; ,d;Dk;> mtutH jq;fsJ tpUg;gg;gb jq;fSf;Fg; gpbj;j nfhs;iffisg; gpd;gw;Wtjw;fhd Rje;jpuj;ijAk; ,];yhk; kdpjHfSf;F toq;fpAs;sJ. ,e;j ,uz;L mbg;gilapy; jhd; kw;w kjq;fis tpl ,];yhk; Nkk;gl;ljhf ,Uf;fpd;wJ. tpj;jpahrg;gLj;j Kbe;jjhf ,Uf;fpd;wJ. Mdhy; ,d;iwf;F JujpU\;ltrkhf ,];yhj;jpd; kPJ Nrw;iw thhp ,iwf;Fk; Nehf;fj;ij kl;Lk; ,yf;fhff; nfhz;L nray;gLk; kdpjHfs;> Clfq;fs; ahTk; fz;iz %bf; nfhz;L jhd;..> ,];yhj;jpd; kPJ gopiag; NghLfpd;wd. ,];yhj;jpy; kdpj chpikfs; ,y;iy vd;Wk;> ,];yhk; rfpg;Gj; jd;ikaw;w khHf;fk; vd;Wk;> ,];yhk; kw;w kjq;fspd; kPJ ky;Yf;Fj; jhd; epw;fpd;wJ> ,d;Dk; mjidj; jd; kf;fSf;Fk; Nghjpf;fpd;wJ vd;Wk; Mjhukw;w Fw;wr;rhl;Lfisf; $wp tUfpd;whHfs;. ,tHfs; $Wk; Fw;wr;rhl;by; ve;j MjhuKkpy;iy> fho;g;GzHr;rpiaj; jtpu..!

,q;Nf ,];yhj;jpy;> ,];yhj;jpidg; gpd;gw;whj kdpjHfspd; chpikfs; vd;dntd;gij ePq;fs; Ghpe;J nfhz;BHfnsd;why;> NkNy nrhd;d Fw;wr;rhl;Lf;fs; ahTk; Kid Kwpe;j mk;Gfshf ,yf;ifj; jtw tpl;L> mw;gkhf fPNo tpOe;J tpLk;. NkYk;> ,];yhj;ijg; gw;wpa Ghpe;JzHitAk; ,J Vw;gLj;Jk;.

ty;y my;yh`; mjw;Fj; Jiz Ghpthdhf vd;W Nfl;Lf; nfhz;L> ,e;jj; njhliu Muk;gk; nra;fpd;Nwhk;. ,iwtd; ,jd; %yk; cq;fSf;Fk; vq;fSf;Fk; NeHtop fhl;Lthdhf!

K];ypk; ehLfspy; thOfpd;w K];ypk; my;yhjhHfspd; chpikfspd; tiffs;

,];yhkpa ehLfspy; thOfpd;w K];ypk; my;yhjhHfspd; chpikfs; gw;wp ehk; tpthjpg;gjw;F Kd;ghf ,];yhkpa ehLfspy; thof; $ba K];ypk; my;yhjhHfspd; tiffisg; gw;wp ehk; gphpj;jwpa Ntz;ba NjitapUf;fpd;wJ. me;j gphpj;jwpjy; vd;gJ ,d hPjpahfNth mjhtJ A+jHfs;> fpwp];jtHfs;> neUg;G tzq;fpfs; ,d;Dk; ,J Nghd;w gphpTfspy; mlq;ff; $batHfs; vd;w tifapy; my;yhJ> NtW tifapy; ehk; mtHfis ,dk; gphpf;f Ntz;Lk;.

mjhtJ Fbkf;fs; kw;Wk; Fbkf;fs; my;yhjtHfs; vd;w hPjpapy; jhd; ,dk; gphpf;f Ntz;Lk;.

,];yhkpa \hPmj; rl;lq;fisg; gw;wp mwpe;J nfhz;ltHfs;> ,];yhkpa ehLfspy; thof; $ba K];ypk; my;yhjtHfis jpk;kpfs; vd;W miog;ghHfs;. ,tHfs; ,];yhkpa ehLfspy; cs;s K];ypk; my;yhjhHfSf;nfd cs;s rl;l jpl;lq;fis Vw;Wf; nfhz;L> ,tHfisg; ghJfhf;Fk; chpikia ,];yhkpa Ml;rpahsHfSf;F toq;fp mjd; %yk; jq;fsJ ghJfhg;ig cWjpg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;sf; $batHfshthHfs;. ,tHfis jpk;kpfs; my;yJ [p];ah thp nrYj;jf; $batHfs; vd;Wk; miof;fyhk;. ,J ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfsJ fhyj;jpypUe;Nj eilKiwapy; cs;s tof;fkhFk;. xd;W ,];yhj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhz;L ,];yhkpa G+kpapy; tho;tJ> my;yJ ,];yhkpa Ml;rpia Vw;Wf; nfhz;L jq;fisg; ghJfhf;Fk; nghWg;ig ,];yhkpa Ml;rpahsHfsplj;jpy; toq;fp tpl;L> mjw;F <lhf ghJfhg;G thpiar; nrYj;jpf; nfhz;L> Rje;jpukhd kf;fshf tho;tJ.

,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; jdJ NjhoHfis NghUf;F mDg;Gk; nghOnjy;yhk; ,t;thW mtHfSf;Ff; fl;lis gpwg;gpf;ff; $batHfshf ,Ue;jhHfs; :

ePq;fs; vjphpfspd; Nfhl;ilia Kw;Wifapl;L mjid ntw;wp nfhs;s ,Uf;Fk; jUthapy;> mjpy; trpf;ff; $ba kf;fs; cq;fsplk; te;J xg;ge;jq;fs; nra;J nfhs;s Kd; te;J ,iwtd; ngahpd; kPJk; ,d;Dk; ,iwj;J}jH ngahpd; kPJk; mtHfs; xg;ge;jk; nra;a Kd;tUthHfnsd;W nrhd;dhy;> ePq;fs; cq;fsJ xg;gjq;fis ,iwtd; kPJk; ,d;Dk; ,iwj;J}jH kPJk; vd;W vOjhjPHfs;. mij tpl cq;fs; ngahpYk; ,d;Dk; cq;fs; NjhoHfs; ngahpYk; me;j xg;gjq;fis vOjpf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. Vnddpy;> ehis mtHfs; ,e;j xg;ge;jj;ij Kwpf;f Nehpl;lhy;> ,iwtdplKk; ,iwj;J}jhplKk; nra;J nfhz;l xg;ge;jj;ij Kwpj;J tpl;l gLghjf ghtj;jpw;F Mshd Fw;wj;jpw;F mtHfs; Mshf NehplhJ fhg;ghw;wg;gLthHfs; vd;W $wpdhHfs;.

,d;DnkhU cjhuzk; :

,];yhj;jpd; Kjy; fyPghthf mGgf;fH rpj;jPf; (uyp) mtHfs; e[;uhd; kf;fSf;F vOjpa fbjNk ,];yhj;jpd; kj rfpg;Gj; jd;ikf;F ,d;DnkhU rpwe;j rhl;rpakhf tpsq;fpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wJ.

mstw;w mUshsDk; epfuw;w md;GilNahDkhfpa me;j my;yh`;tpd; jpUehkj;ijf; nfhz;Lk;> rhe;jpAk; rkhjhdKk; rj;jpaj; J}jH K`k;kj; (]y;) mtHfs; kPJ cz;lhtjhf vdg; gpuhHj;jpj;jtdhf> mg;Jy;yh gpd; mGgf;fH vOjpf; nfhs;Sk; mwpf;if. ,iwtDila kw;Wk; ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfsJ topfhl;Ljy;fspd;gb me;epa kjj;jtHfshfpa ePq;fs; vq;fsJ ghJfhg;gpd; fPo; cs;stHfs; vd;gij cWjp nra;fpd;Nwhk;> ,d;Dk; ePq;fSk;> cq;fsJ epyq;fs;> cq;fsJ rKjhaq;fs;> cq;fsJ nrhj;Jf;fs;> ePq;fs; itj;jpUf;fpd;witfs; ,d;Dk; cq;fsJ Ntiyahl;fs;> ,tw;iw ngw;Wf; nfhz;L cs; ehl;by; thof;$batHfs; my;yJ ntsp ehl;by; trpf;ff; $ba mjd; chpikahsHfs;> cq;fsJ ghjphpkhHfs;> Jwtpfs; kw;Wk; klq;fs;> kw;Wk; ePq;fs; itj;jpUf;ff; $baitfs; mit rpwpaitahfNth kw;Wk; nghpajhf ,Ue;jhYk; mjpy; vjidAk; cq;fis tpl;Lk; ehq;fs; mtw;iw mg;Gwg;gLj;jp tpl khl;Nlhk;> cq;fSf;F chpikahd vjpYk; ehq;fs; jiyapl khl;Nlhk;> cq;fSf;F chpikahd midj;jpd; kPJk; ePq;fNs G+uz chpik cilatHfshtPHfs;.

,khk; mt;rha; (u`;) mtHfs; mg;gh]pa fyPgh mtHfSf;F vOjpa fbjj;jpy;> myP gpd; mg;Jy;yh mtHfNs!

cq;fSf;F fPo; cs;s [p];ah vd;Dk; thpiaf;fl;b thof; $batHfs; cq;fsJ mbik Nghd;wtHfsy;yH. vdNt mtHfs; Rje;jpukhf tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;ff; $ba epiyapy;> mtHfsJ epiyia khw;Wtjpy; vr;rhpf;if Njit. mtHfs; ekJ ghJfhg;gpd; fPo; cs;s Rje;jpukhd kf;fs;.

,e;j epiyapy;> fpwp];jt kd;dHfs; jq;fSf;Ff; fPo; cs;s khw;Wkjj;jtHfs; kPJ fpwp];Jtj;ijj; jpzpf;f Kw;gl;bUe;j nghOJ> muGf;fs; kjr; rpWghd;ikapdiu mq;fPfhpj;jhHfs; ,d;Dk; mtHfsJ ,Ug;igf; $l mtHfs; mq;fPfhpj;jhHfs;. fpwp];jtHfSk;> A+jHfSk; ,d;Dk; neUg;ig tzq;ff; $ba #uh];buHfSk; ,e;j muGf;fsplk; [p];ah thpiaf; fl;b tpl;L ghJfhg;Gg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;ltHfshf ,Ue;jtHfs; jhd; vd;gij mwpNthk;> ,jid ,d;DnkhU tbtpy; nrhy;y Ntz;Lnkd;why;> ,tHfs; midtUk; muGf;fsplkpUe;J ghJfhg;igg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;L> jq;fis ghJfhf;fg;gl;l rKjhaj;jtHfshfTk; mjd; chpikia mDgtpj;jtHfshfTk; jpfo;e;jhHfs;.

M. ghJfhg;Gg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;l ,d;ndhU tifapdH

,tHfs; K];ypk; ehLfSf;F gzp epkpj;jk; my;yJ tpahghu epkpj;jkhf te;jtHfs;. ,tHfs; ,e;j ehLfspy; FWfpa fhyj;jpy; ,Ue;J tpl;L> jq;fsJ Nehf;fk; epiwtile;jTld; kPz;Lk; jq;fsJ Njrj;ij Nehf;fpr; nrd;W tplf; $batHfs;.

Mf> NkNy cs;s ,e;j ,uz;L tifapdUf;Fk; nghJthd chpikfs; gy cs;sd. NkYk; ,e;j ,uz;L ,dq;fspYk; mlq;fhf kpfr; rpwg;ghd chpikfs; gy cs;sd. mtw;iwAk; ehk; Mq;fhq;Nf ghHj;J tpl;Lr; nry;Nthk;.

,];yhkpa ehl;by; thOk; K];ypk; my;yhjhhpd; nghJthd chpikfs;

,];yhkpa ehl;by; thOfpd;w K];ypk; my;yhjtH> mtH ve;j ,dj;ijr; NrHe;jtuhf ,Ue;jhYk; my;yJ ve;j Njrj;ijr; NrHe;jtuhf ,Ue;jhYk; my;yJ ve;j jFjpiag; ngw;wpUe;jhYk;> mtH ve;j ghugl;rj;jpw;Fk; cl;gLj;jg;gl khl;lhH. kdpj ,d tuyhw;wpy; kw;w ve;j nfhs;ifapYk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Kbahj rkj;Jtj;ij> ,];yhj;jpd; epoypy; jhd; kdpj Fyk; ngw;Wf; nfhz;lJ. Vnddpy; ,];yhk; ve;j jdpg;gl;l ,dj;Jf;Nfh> Fyj;Jf;Nfh> epwj;Jf;Nfh my;yJ Njrj;Jf;Nfh nrhe;jkhf khHf;fky;y. khwhf mJ Njrk;> ,dk;> epwk;> Fyk;> Njrpa milahsq;fs;> Njr vy;iyf;NfhLfs; mj;jidAk; jhz;ba cyfshtpa khHf;fkhFk;. me;j khHf;fj;ij Nkw;fz;l gphpTfspd; gl;bapypy; vjDs;Sk; jdpj;Jg; gphpj;J milj;J tpl KbahJ.

,d;Dk;> me;j ,];yhk; khHf;fj;jpd; ,Wjpj; J}juhd K`k;kj; (]y;) mtHfs; ve;j jdpg;gl;l rKjhaj;jpw;F kl;Lky;yhJ> cyfj;jpy; thof; $ba khe;jH midtUf;Fk; nghJthd J}juhf te;jtH. ,jw;F Kd; te;j rNfhju J}jHfisg; Nghyy;yhky;> K`k;kj; (]y;) mtHfs; jdpg;gl;l ve;j rKjhaj;jpw;fhf kl;Lk; te;jtuy;yH.

,d;iwf;F ,Uf;fpd;w If;fpa ehLfs; rigapd; kdpj chpikfs; gw;wpa rl;lq;fisAk;> ,d;Dk; ,];yhk; toq;fpapUf;fpd;w kdpj chpik rhrdj;ijAk; xUtH khr;rhpakpd;wp xg;G Nehf;Fthnud;W nrhd;dhy;> If;fpa ehLfs; rig typAWj;Jfpd;w kdpj chpik rhrdj;ijf; fhl;bYk;> tphpthfTk; ,d;Dk; mjpf xOf;f tpOkpaq;fis mbg;gilahff; nfhz;ljhfTk; ,Uf;ff; fhz;gPHfs;. kdpjdpd; chpikfisg; gw;wp cyf rKjhak; ,g;nghOJ jhd; rpe;jpf;f Muk;gpj;jpUf;fpd;w nghOJ> fpl;ljl;l 1400 tUlq;fSf;F Kd;dhy; ,];yhk; mJ gw;wp njspthdnjhU nfhs;ifiaf; nfhz;bUe;jJ vd;gij mwpe;J> mjidg; Gfo;tjw;F thHj;ijfNs fpilahJ vd;W nrhy;yf; $batuhf me;j Ma;thsH ,Ug;ghH.

,];yhk; njhFj;J toq;fpapUf;fpd;w kdpj chpikfspy; fhzg;glf; $ba xOf;f tpOkpaq;fis xUtH gpd;gw;wp ele;jhH vd;W nrhd;dhy;> ,d;iwf;F kdpjidg; gPbj;jpUf;ff; $ba midj;J NfLfSk; mtid tpl;Lk; ePq;fp tpLk;> ,d;Dk; kdpj rKjhak; mikjpg; G+q;fhthf khwp tpLk;.

,d;Dk; ,];yhkpa rl;lq;fis xUtH khr;rhpakpd;wp Muha;thH vd;;W nrhd;dhy;> mjpy; toq;fg;gl;bUf;fpd;w rl;ljpl;lq;fisg; Nghy> ,d;Dk; xOf;f Nkk;ghl;Lf;F ,];yhk; mjpff; ftdk; nrYj;jp ,Ug;gijg; Nghy NtW ve;j kjKk; mj;jifa Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ijf; nfhLj;jpy;iy vd;gij mtH xg;Gf; nfhs;thH.

,];yhkpa rl;l jpl;lq;fisf; nfhz;l rl;l njhFg;Gf;F \hPmj; rl;lq;fs; vd;W miof;fg;gLfpd;wJ. me;j rl;ljpl;lq;fs; ahTk; ,];yhj;ijg; gpd;gw;WgtHfSf;F kl;Lk; jhd; mjpy; rl;l jpl;lq;fs; tFf;fg;gl;Ls;sd vd;W ePq;fs; epidj;Jf; nfhz;BHfs; vd;why; mJ jtwhdjhFk;. khwhf> mJ jd;idg; gpd;gw;WgtHfSf;Fk; ,d;Dk;> ,];yhkpa ehLfspy; thof; $ba ,];yhj;jpidg; gpd;gw;whjtHfSf;Fk; cs;s chpikfs;> flikfs;> rl;l jpl;lq;fs; Mfpatw;iwg; gw;wpAk; mJ NgRfpd;wJ. ,J jhd; ,];yhj;jpd; jdpj;JtkhFk;. ,e;j jdpj;Jtj;ij ,d;W tiuf;Fk; ve;j nfhs;ifAk;> ve;j kjKk; mjd; thriyf; $lj; njhl;Lg; ghHf;ftpy;iy vd;gnjhd;Nw> kw;w kjq;fSf;Fk; ,];yhj;jpw;Fk; cs;s NtWghlhFk;.

K];ypk;fisg; NghyNt> K];ypk; my;yhjtHfSk; Vfg;gl;l chpikfisg; ngw;Ws;shHfs; vd;gij fPo;tUk; mj;jpahaq;fspy; ehk; ghHg;Nghk;.

kdpjHfs; vd;w mbg;gilapy; mtHfs; fz;zpaj;ij ghJfhf;Fk; chpik

kdpjHfspy; mtHfs; ,];yhj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhz;lhYk; rhp my;yJ Vw;Wf; nfhs;sh tpl;lhYk; rhp> kdpjd; vd;w mbg;gilapy; mtd; fz;zpaj;jpw;Fhpa epiyapNy ,iwtd; mtidg; gilj;Js;shd;. ,d;Dk; jdJ midj;Jg; gilg;gpdq;fis tplTk; kdpjid kpfr; rpwe;j gilg;ghfg; gilj;Js;Nsd; vd;W ,iwtd; jd;Dila jpUkiwapNy kdpjdpd; fz;zpj;ijg; gw;wpf; $Wfpd;whd;. ,e;j kdpjidg; gilj;j ,iwtdpd; jpUkiw ,J gw;wpf; $Wfpd;wJ :

epr;rakhf> ehk; MjKila re;jjpiaf; fz;zpag;gLj;jpNdhk;; ,d;Dk;> flypYk;> fiyapYk; mtHfisr; Rke;J> mtHfSf;fhf ey;y czT(k; kw;Wk;) nghUl;fisAk; mspj;J> ehk; gilj;Js;s (gilg;Gfs;) gytw;iwAk; tpl mtHfis (jFjpahy;) Nkd;ikg; gLj;jpNdhk;. (17:70)

kdpj Fyj;jpd; je;ijahuhd Mjk; (miy) mtHfSf;Fr; rpuk; gzpAkhW thdtHfSf;F ,iwtd; fl;lis gpwg;gpj;jpUf;fpd;wjd; %yk;> ,e;j kdpj rKjhaj;ij ,iwtd; kpfTk; fz;zpag;gLj;jp ,Uf;fpd;whd;. ,jd; %yk; kdpjdpd; fz;zpakhdJ> kw;w [Ptuhrpfis tplTk; kpfTk; cd;djkhd epiyf;F caHj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jidj; jd;Dila jpUkiwapNy ,iwtd; ,t;thW $Wfpd;whd; :

''ePq;fs; MjKf;F ]{[_J nra;Aq;fs;"" vd;W ehk; thdtHfsplk; $wpa NghJ> ,g;yPi] jtpu> mtHfs; ]{[_J nra;jhHfs;. mtd; (mt;thW nra;ahJ) tpyfpf; nfhz;lhd;. (20:116)

,iwtd; ,e;j kdpj rKjhaj;jpd; kPJ gy mUl;nfhilfs; toq;fpapUf;fpd;whd;. mtw;wpy; rpy ntspg;gilahfj; njhpaf; $baitfs;> ,d;Dk; rpy kiwthditfs;. ehk; trpf;fpd;w ,e;j G+kpAk; ,d;Dk; ek;ikr; Rw;wpAs;s thd; ntspAk; ,e;j kdpjDf;fhfNt ,iwtd; gilj;Js;shd;> ,jd; %yk; ,iwtd; ,e;j kdpjidf; fz;zpag;gLj;jp ,Uf;fpd;whd;.

ek;ikg; gilj;j ,iwtd; jd;Dila jpUkiwapNy $Wfpd;whd; :

my;yh`; vj;jifatd; vd;why; mtd; jhd; thdq;fisAk;> G+kpiaAk; gilj;J thdj;jpypUe;J kioiaAk; nghopar; nra;J mijf; nfhz;L fdptHf;fq;fisAk; cq;fSf;F - Mfhukhf ntspg;gLj;jpj; jd; fl;lisapdhy; flypy; nry;YkhW fg;giy cq;fSf;F trg;gLj;jpf; nfhLj;Jk;> MWfisAk; cq;fSf;F trg;gLj;jpj;je;jhd;. (jtwhky;)> jk; topfspy; xOq;fhfr; nry;YkhW #hpaidAk; re;jpuidAk; mtNd cq;fSf;F trg;gLj;jpj;je;jhd;. NkYk;> mtNd ,uitAk; gfiyAk; cq;fSf;F trg;gLj;jpj; je;jhd;. (14:32-33)

kdpjdJ nfsutj;ij ,iwtd; kw;w [Ptuhrpfisf; fhl;bYk; caHj;jp ,Ug;gjd; %yk;> ,d;Dk; thdq;fisAk;> G+kpiaAk; ,td; nghUl;Nl gilj;jpUf;fpd;Nwd; vd;W $Wtjd; %yKk; ,iwtd; ,e;j kdpjid kw;w [Ptuhrpfisf; fhl;bYk; kpfTk; caHe;j ];jhdj;jpy; nfhz;L itj;Js;shd;> mjd; %yk; mtd; kdpjidf; fz;zpag;gLj;jp ,Uf;fpd;whd;. ,e;jf; fz;zpakhdJ K];ypk;fSf;F kl;Lk; chpj;jhdJ vd;W ,iwtd; $wtpy;iy> khwhf KO kdpj rKjhaj;jpw;Fk; chpj;jhdJ vd;W $Wtjd; %yk;> ghFghlw;w Kiwapy; ,e;j kdpjid ,iwtd; fz;zpag;gLj;jp> midj;J kdpjHfspd; fz;zpaj;ijAk; rkkhd Kiwapy; ghJfhj;Jj; je;Js;shd;. ,d;Dk; xUgb NkNy nrd;W> ,e;j G+kpg; ge;jpy; CHe;J jphpfpd;w midj;J kdpjHfSk; xU jha;> je;ijapd; topj;Njhd;wy;fNs vd;W Mzpj;jukhd jdJ nfhs;ifia typAj;Jtjd; %yk;> ,e;jf; fz;zpaj;ij nghJthf;fp itj;jpUf;fpd;wJ. mjidNa ek;ikg; gilj;j ,iwtd; fPo;f;fz;l trdk; %yk; ekf;F njspthf;Ffpd;whd; :

kdpjHfNs! epr;rakhf ehk; cq;fis XH Mz;> xU ngz;zpypUe;Nj gilj;Njhk;; ePq;fs; xUtiu xUtH mwpe;J nfhs;Sk; nghUl;L. gpd;dH> cq;fisf; fpisfshfTk;> Nfhj;jpuq;fshfTk; Mf;fpNdhk;; (MfNt) cq;fspy; vtH kpfTk; gagf;jpAilatuhf ,Uf;fpd;whNuh> mtHjhk; my;yh`;tplj;jpy;> epr;rakhf kpf;f fz;zpakhdtH. epr;rakhf my;yh`; ed;fwpgtd;> (ahtw;iwAk; #o;e;J) njhpe;jtd;. (49:13)

,iwj;J}jH K`k;kj; (]y;) mtHfs; jdJ ,Wjp `[;[pd; nghOJ> <Jg; ngUehs; jpdj;jd;W Mw;wpa ciuapy; ,t;thW Fwpg;gpl;bUf;fpd;whHfs; :

vd;Dila kf;fNs! Nfl;Lf; nfhs;Sq;fs;! cq;fisg; gilj;j ,iwtd; xUtNd! cq;fsJ je;ijAk; xUtNu! muGf;fs; muG my;yhjtiu tpl caHe;jtuy;y vd;gijAk;> my;yJ muG my;yhjtH muGf;fis tpl caHe;jtuy;y vd;gijAk; mwpe;J nfhs;Sq;fs;> NkYk; rptg;G epwj;ij cilatd; fWg;gid tplNth my;yJ fWg;G epwj;ij cilatd; rptg;G epwj;jtid tplNth caHe;jtdy;y> cq;fspy; mtutH ngw;Wf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;w ew;nray;fisj; jtpu. ehd; vd;Dila nra;jpia cq;fSf;F vLj;Jiuj;J tpl;Nldh?

K];ypk; my;yhjtHfspd; czHTfSf;F khpahij nfhLg;gjd; %yk;> mtHfsJ fz;zpak; Ngzg;gLtjhf ,Uf;fpd;wJ> ,d;Dk; thjg; gpujpthjq;fspy; ey;nyhOf;fg;ghl;ilf; filgpbg;gJk;> ey;y Kiwapy; NgRtJk;> my;yh`;tpd; fl;lisfSf;Ff; fPo;gbtjpYk; cs;sitfshf ,Uf;fpd;wd vd;gij ,iwtdJ jpUNtjk; ,t;thW ekf;Fj; njspTgLj;Jfpd;wJ :

,d;Dk;> ePq;fs; Ntjj;ijAilatHfSld; - mtHfspy; mf;fpukkha; elg;gtHfisj; jtpHj;J> (kw;wtHfSld;) mofpa KiwapNyad;wpj; jHf;fk; nra;ahjPHfs;; ''vq;fs; kPJ ,wf;fg;gl;l (Ntjj;)jpd; kPJk; cq;fs; kPJ ,wf;fg;gl;l (Ntjj;)jpd; kPJk; ehq;fs; <khd; nfhs;fpNwhk;; vq;fs; ,iwtDk; cq;fs; ,iwtDk; xUtNd - NkYk; ehq;fs; mtDf;Nf Kw;wpYk; topgl;L> elg;NghH (K];ypk;fs;) MNthk;"" vd;W $WtPHfshf.(29:46)

K];ypk; my;yhjhHfs; jq;fsJ ek;gpf;ifia eifg;Gf;fplkhdjhf Mf;fp tplhky; ghHj;Jf; nfhs;Sk; chpik ngw;wtHfs;. ,e;j G+kpapy; cs;s ve;j nfhs;ifiaAk;> gphptpd; kPJk; ehd; ek;gpf;if nfhs;tjpy;iy vd;gJ> ,];yhky;yhj Vida ek;gpf;iffis Vw;Wf; nfhs;tijf; fhl;bYk; kpfTk; ePjkhdJ. ,jidAk; ek;ikg; gilj;j ,iwtd; njspthfNt jd;Dila jpUkiwapNy ,t;thW $Wfpd;whd; :

''thdq;fspypUe;Jk;> G+kpapypUe;Jk; cq;fSf;F czT (trjpfis) mspg;gtd; ahH?"" vd;W (egpNa!) ePH NfSk;; ''my;yh`;jhd;! ,d;Dk; epr;rakhf> ehq;fsh my;yJ ePq;fsh NeHtopapy; my;yJ gfpuq;fkhd topNfl;by; ,Ug;gtHfs;"" vd;Wk; $Wk;.

NkNy cs;s trdj;ij ehk; $He;J Nehf;fpdhy;> my;yh`; jd;id ek;ghj kdpjHfisg; ghHj;J vj;jifa eakhd Kiwapy; Nfs;tpiaj; njhLf;fpd;whd; vd;gij mwpe;J nfhs;s ,aYk;. K];ypk; vjid rj;jpak; vd;W ek;gpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfNsh> mjid khw;W mzpapy; cs;s K];ypky;yhjtHfs; epuhfhpj;J mjd; kPJ re;Njfg; ghHit tPrpf; nfhz;bUe;j NghJk;> jdf;F vjphpy; cs;stDf;F fUj;Jr; Rje;jpuj;ij toq;fpa ,iwtd;> jdJ ty;yik gw;wp rpe;jpj;J rj;jpak; vJ my;yJ mrj;jpak; vJ vd;wnjhU KbTf;F mtNd tUk;gbj; J}z;Lfpd;wJ. NkNy cs;s trdj;ij mjd; nkhop eilapy; ghHg;Nghkhdhy;> tof;Fj; njhLj;jpUf;Fk; vjpuhspf;Fk; $l ,];yhk; mtDila fUj;ijr; nrhy;tjw;fhd re;jHg;gj;ij toq;fp ,Ug;gij ehk; czHe;J nfhs;syhk;.

NkNy cs;s cjhuzq;fs; ahTk; ,e;j cyfj;jpy; eilngwf; $ba tpthjj;jpy; khw;W mzpapdUf;Fg; GhpAk;gbr; nra;tjw;Ff; ifahz;l KiwNa md;wp> ty;y ,iwtd; ahH rj;jpaj;jpd; gf;fk; ,Ue;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfs; vd;gijAk;> ,d;Dk; mrj;jpaj;jpy; mkpo;e;J fplf;fpd;whHfs; vd;gijAk; mwpahjty;y> ,d;Dk; ngha;aHfs; ahH vd;gijAk;> cz;ik ciug;gtHfs; ahH vd;gijAk; njhpahjtdy;yd;.

,d;Dk;> my;yh`; jd;Dila jpUkiwapy; jd;id ek;ghj kf;fs; tzq;ff; $ba nja;tq;fis ePq;fs; epe;jpj;Jg; Ngr Ntz;lhk;. mt;thW ePq;fs; Ngrpdhy; mtHfSk; gjpYf;F cq;fsJ ,iwtdhfpa vd;id mtHfs; gopf;ff; $Lk; vd;W mwpTWj;Jfpd;whd;. ,jd; %yk; kdpjj;ij ,iwtd; kjpf;Fk;gb K];ypk;fSf;Ff; fw;Wf; nfhLg;gNjhL> gpw kdpjHfspd; cs;sf; fplf;if my;yJ tpUg;gq;fisAk;> czHTfisAk; kjpf;Fk;gb K];ypk;fSf;F mwpTiu $Wfpd;whd;.

Xhpiwtid ek;ghj gy nja;t tzf;ff; fhuHfs;> jq;fSila nja;tq;fis K];ypk;fs; epe;jpj;Jg; NgRtijAk;> J}rd thHj;ijfshy; jpl;LtijAk; nrtpAw;whHfs; vd;W nrhd;dhy;> ve;jj; nja;tj;ij ePq;fs; epe;jpj;jPHfNsh> me;j nja;tj;jpw;F Kw;wpYk; mtHfs; topg;gl;L jq;fsJ tzf;f topghLfis jdpj;Jtg;gLj;jhj NghjpYk;> gjpYf;F mtHfSk; ty;y u`;khid J}rd thHj;ijfshy; VRtjw;F tha;g;ghfp tpLk;. ePq;fs; mtHfsJ kd czHTfisg; Gz;gLj;JtPHfs; vd;W nrhd;dhy;> mtHfSk; cq;fsJ kd czHTfisg; Gz;gLj;jf; $Lk; vd;W K];ypk;fisg; ghHj;Jf; $Wfpd;whd;. mjd; %yk; ,UtUk; gu];guk; xUtiu xUtH ntWf;ff; $Lk;> Ngjq;fs; tsu VJthfp tpLk; vd;Wk; ,iwtd; $Wfpd;whd;. mjid ,iwtd; jd;Dila jpUkiwf; FHMdpy; $Wtijg; ghUq;fs; :

mtHfs; miof;Fk; my;yh`; my;yhjtw;iw ePq;fs; jpl;lhjPHfs;; (mg;gbj; jpl;bdhy;) mtHfs; mwptpy;yhky;> tuk;ig kPwp my;yh`;itJ jpl;LthHfs; - ,t;thNw xt;nthU r%fj;jhUf;Fk; mtHfSila nraiy ehk; mofhf Mf;fpAs;Nshk; - gpd;G mtHfSila kPl;rp mtHfspd; ,iwtdplNk ,Uf;fpwJ. mg;NghJ mtHfs; nra;jij mtHfSf;F mtd; mwptpg;ghd;. (6:108)

,d;Dk;> khdplHfs; midtUf;Fk; mtHfsJ fz;zpaj;ijf; fhg;gjw;fhd eilKiw xd;iw ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; K];ypk;fSf;Ff; fw;Wf; nfhLj;J tpl;Lr; nrd;Ws;shHfs;. xU K];ypikf; fle;J khw;W kjj;jthpd; kuz CHtyk; nrd;why; $l ePq;fs; vOe;J epd;W> ,we;j me;j Mj;khitf; fz;zpag;gLj;JkhW $wpAs;shHfs;. me;j egpnkhopapy; :

ePq;fs; xU kuz CHtyj;ijg; ghHj;J tpl;lhy;> mJ cq;fisf; fle;J nry;Yk; tiuapy; vOe;J epy;Yq;fs;.

,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfspd; tho;tpy; xU ehs; ele;j epfo;r;rp ,J :

xUKiw kuz CHtyk; xd;W ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfisf; fle;J nrd;w nghOJ> mtHfs; vOe;J epd;whHfs;. mg;nghOJ mq;F $bapUe;j mtHfsJ NjhoHfs;> ,e;j kuz CHtyk; xU A+jDilaJ vd;W $wp> ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; mjw;fhf vOe;J epw;gijapl;L Ml;Nrgk; njhptpj;jhHfs;. mg;nghOJ (,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;) : mtDk; xU kdpjdpy;iyah? vd;W gjpyspj;jhHfs;.

,Nj eilKiwia ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfspd; NjhoHfSk; (,iwaUs; nghoptjhf) KOikahfj; jq;fsJ tho;tpy; gpd;gw;wp ele;jhHfs;. ,];yhkpa tuyhw;wpy; fjP]pa;ahg; NghH kpfTk; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;jJ. me;jg; Nghhpd; nghOJ> ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfspd; NjhoHfshd ]`;y; ,g;D `dP/g; (uyp) kw;Wk; if]; ,g;D rmj; (uyp) Mfpa ,UtUk; mkHe;jpUf;Fk; nghOJ> xU kuz CHtyk; mtHfisf; fle;J nrd;wJ. mg;nghOJ ,tHfs; ,UtUk; vOe;J epd;whHfs;. ,jidg; ghHj;j kw;wtHfs;> nry;Yfpd;w kuz CHtykhdJ ekf;F thp nrYj;jp tuf;$ba ,g;gFjp tho; K];ypky;yhj kf;fisr; rhHe;jjhFk; vdf; $wp> ,UtUk; vOe;J epd;wjw;F kw;w NjhoHfs; Ml;Nrgk; njhptpj;jhHfs;.

,Nj Nghy xU A+jDila kuz CHtyk; xd;W ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfisf; fle;J nrd;w nghOJ> ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; vOe;J epd;whHfs;. mg;nghOJ kw;wtHfs; mjw;F Ml;Nrgk; njhptpf;ifapy;> mtDk; xU kdpjdy;yth? vd;W ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; gjpyspj;jhHfs; vd;W gjpy; $wpdhHfs;.

,d;Dk; K];ypk; my;yhjtHfspd; fz;zpaj;ijf; fhj;jnjhU khngUk; tuyhw;W epfo;r;rp xd;W ,];yhkpa rhk;uh[;aj;jpd; ,uz;lhtJ fyPghthd ckH ,g;D my; fj;jhg; (uyp) mtHfspd; Ml;rpf; fhyj;jpy; eilngw;wJ.

mk;H ,g;D my; M]; (uyp) mtHfs; ,tH xU egpj;NjhoH. ,tH ckH (uyp) mtHfspd; fypghthf ,Ue;j nghOJ> vfpg;Jg; gFjpapd; ftHduhfg; gzpGhpe;J te;jhH. mg;nghOJ ,tuJ kfd; xU fpwp];jt kjj;ijr; NrHe;j xUtiu jd;Dila rhl;ilahy; mbj;J tpLfpd;whH. ,e;j tof;if mk;H ,g;D my; M]; (uyp) mtHfsplk; nfhz;L nrd;why;> Ml;rp mjpfhuj;ijg; gad;gLj;jp ek;kPJ ngha;f; Fw;wk; Rkj;jg;gl;L tplyhk; vd;W gae;J> Neuhf kjPdh te;j me;j fpwp];jtH> NeNu ckH (uyp) mtHfsplk; nrd;W jdf;F ,iof;fg;gl;l nfhLikiag; Gfhuhfg; gjpT nra;fpd;whH. Gfhiug; ngw;Wf; nfhz;l ckH (uyp) mtHfs;> xU fbjj;ij vOjp> mf;fbjj;jpy; mk;H ,g;D my; M]; (uyp) mtHfisAk;> mtuJ kfidAk; clNd kjPdh te;J jd;idr; re;jpf;FkhW cj;jutpLfpd;whH.

ckH (uyp) mtHfspd; fbjj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;l mk;H ,g;D my; M]; (uyp) mtHfs;> jdJ kfid mioj;J kfNd! eP VjhtJ jtW nra;jhah? vd;W tpdTfpd;whH. kfNdh> ,y;iy vdg; gjpy; $Wfpd;whH. gpd; Vd; ckH (uyp) mtHfs; vd;idAk;> vd;Dld; vdJ kfidAk; mioj;Jf; nfhz;L kjPdhTf;F tur; nrhy;y Ntz;Lk;? vd rpe;jpj;jtuhf NeNu ,UtUk; kjPdhTf;Fr; nry;fpd;whHfs;.

gpd; ,e;j rk;gtj;ijg; gw;wp md]; (uyp) mtHfs; ,t;thW tpthpf;fpd;whHfs; :

,iwtd; kPJ rj;jpakhf! ehq;fs; mg;nghOJ ckH (uyp) mtHfSld; mkHe;jpUe;Njhk;. mg;nghOJ rhjhuz kf;fs; mzpe;jpUf;Fk; MilAld; mk;H (uyp) mtHfs; ckH (uyp) mtHfs; r%fk; te;J epd;whHfs;. ckH (uyp) mtHfs; mk;H (uyp) mtHfisr; Rw;wpAk; Nehl;lk; tpl;l nghOJ> mk;H (uyp) mtHfspd; kfd; jdJ je;ijf;Fg; gpd; xope;J nfhz;bUe;jhH.

mg;nghOJ ckH (uyp) mtHfs;> vq;Nf me;j vfpg;J Njrj;Jf;fhuH? vd;W tpdtpa nghOJ> me;j kdpjH.. ckH mtHfNs! ehd; ,Njh ,q;fpUf;fpd;Nwd; vd;W gjpy; $wpdhH. ,e;j rhl;ilia cq;fs; iffspy; vLj;Jf; nfhz;L> Nkd;ikjq;fpa> kpfg; ngUk; mjpfhuj;jpw;Fr; nrhe;jf;fhuuhd me;j kdpjdpd; kfid mbAq;fs;! vd;W $wpdhH. rhl;ilia vLj;j me;j kdpjH gyk; nfhz;l kl;Lk; mk;H ,g;D M]; (uyp) mtHfsJ kfid mbj;jhH. gpd; NghJk; epWj;Jq;fs;> NghJk; epWj;Jq;fs; vd;W $wg;gl;lJ. kPz;Lk; mtiu rhl;ilahy; mbf;FkhW ckH (uyp) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. gpd; mtH NghJnkd;W fUJk; tiuapy; rhl;ilahy; mtiu mbj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhH> ,jpy; me;jj; jz;lidiaj; jLj;J epWj;Jtjw;F ehq;fs; mDkjpf;fg;gltpy;iy.

gpd; ckH (uyp) mtHfs; Milfsw;w jdJ KJiff; fhz;gpj;J> ,g;nghOJ rhl;iliaf; ifapy; vLj;Jf; nfhz;L> vdJ KJfpy; mbAk;. vdJ mjpfhuj;jpd; fhuzkhf tpioe;jJ jhNd ,e;jf; nfhLik> mjd; fhuzkhfj; jhNd ckf;F ,e;j mePjk; ,iof;fg;gl;bUf;fpd;wJ> vdNt> ,e;jj; jz;lidiag; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjpy; vdf;Fk; gq;fpUf;fpd;wJ vdf; $wp jdJ KJifj; jpwe;J fhl;ba nghOJ> me;j kdpjH $wpdhH> ckNu! ehd; jpUg;jpaile;J tpl;Nld;> vdJ Nfhgk; jzpe;J tpl;lJ. ahH vd; kPJ mePjk; ,ioj;J vd;id mbj;jhNuh> mtiu ehd; jz;bj;J tpl;Nld;. mg;nghOJ ckH (uyp) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;> ePq;fs; vd;id mbf;fyhk;> cq;fSf;Fg; NghJnkd;w tiuapYk; ePq;fs; vd;id mbf;fyhk;> mJtiu ehd; nghWj;jpUg;NgNd jtpu ehd; jLj;J epWj;j khl;Nld; vd;Wk; $wpdhH.

gpd;> mk;H (uyp) mtHfNs! ,tHfsJ jha;khHfs; ,tHfisr; Rje;jpukhdtHfshfg; ngw;wpUf;Fk; nghOJ> vg;nghOjpypUe;J ePq;fs; ,tHfis mbikg;gLj;jpdPHfs; vd;W Nfl;lhHfs;. kd;dpg;Gf; Nfhhpa mk;H (uyp) mtHfs;> epr;rakhf ckH (uyp) mtHfNs! vd;d ele;jJ vd;gJ vdf;Fj; njhpahJ. gpd; me;j vfpg;jpadpd; gf;fk; jpUk;gpa ckH (uyp) mtHfs;> ,g;nghOJ ePq;fs; nry;yhk;. cq;fs; kPJ vd;d mePjk; ,iof;fg;gl;lhYk; mq;fpUe;J nfhz;L vdf;Fg; GfhH mDg;Gq;fs;> ePq;fs; NeHtop fhl;lg;gLtPHfs; vd;W $wpdhHfs;.

NkNy ele;j ,e;j tuyhw;Wr; rk;gtj;ij jdJ ePjp newpKiwfSf;F cjhuzkhf;fp Ml;rp Ghpe;j ckH (uyp) mtHfs;> jhd; Ml;rpg; nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhz;l nghOJ> NkNy cs;s rk;gtj;ijf; fUj;jpy; nfhz;lnjhU ciuia mg;nghOJ epfo;j;jpdhH. mg;nghOJ mtH vjidr; nrhd;dNuh> mjid tOthJ jd;Dila Ml;rpapd; nghOJ> ePjptOthJ Ml;rp Ghpe;Jk; fhl;bdhH.

vspNahiu tho itg;gJk;> typNahiuj; jho;j;JtJk; jhd; vd;Dila Ml;rpapd; Kf;fpa mbg;gilf; Fwpf;NfhshFk; vd;whH ckH (uyp) mtHfs;. Ml;rpg; nghWg;ig Vw;Wf; nfhz;l nghOJ> mtH vjidf; $wpdhNuh> mjidj; jd;Dila Ml;rpf; fhyj;jpy; epiwNtw;wpf; fhl;bdhH vd;gij vfpg;jpypUe;J Gyk; ngaHe;J> ePjp fpilf;Fk; vd ek;gp kjPdhit Nehf;fp te;j me;j fpwp];jthpd; ek;gpf;if xd;Nw> ckH (uyp) mtHfspd; ePjpkpf;f Ml;rpf;F rhd;whfj; jpfo;fpd;wJ.

mNugpa G+kpia ,];yhk; Ml;rp nra;J nfhz;bUe;j me;j fhy fl;lj;jpy; jhd; Nuhkg; NguuRk;> ghurPfg; NguuRk; NfhNyhr;rpf; nfhz;bUe;jd. ehfhPfKk; mq;fpUe;J jhd; Cw;nwLj;Jf; fpsk;gpaJ vd;Wk; ,d;iwa tuyhWfs; ngUikg;gl;Lf; nfhz;bUe;j fhy fl;lj;jpy;> xU rhjhuz kdpjd; Ml;rpg; nghWg;gpy; ,Uf;Fk; Ml;rpahsUf;F vjpuhfg; GfhH njhLg;gJ vd;gJ fdtpYk; epidj;Jg; ghHf;f ,ayhj xd;W. mjidg; NghyNt> ePjp fpilf;Fk; vd;gJ epidj;Jg; ghHf;f ,ayhj xd;W. Mdhy;> ngUk;ghd;ikapduhf K];ypk;fs; Ml;rpg; nghWg;gpy; ,Uf;Fk; epiyapy;> Ml;rpg; nghWg;gpy; cs;stH kPJ Fw;wk; Rkj;jp> mtuJ fuq;fshNyNa Fw;wg;ghpfhuk; Njbr; nry;Yk; msTf;F ,];yhkpar; rl;lq;fs; kpfg; gue;j mstpy; ePjp nrYj;jpf; nfhz;bUe;jd. ePjpf;F Kd;ghf ahiuAk; mJ ghFgLj;jpg; ghHg;gjpy;iy. kdpjHfs; ve;jf; Fyj;jtuhfTk;> ,dj;jtuhfTk;> nkhop ,duhfTk; ,Ug;gpDk; rl;lj;jpd; Kd; midtiuAk; rkkhfNt fUjpaJ. jdJ nfhs;ifiag; gpd;gw;whj NghjpYk;> kdpjHfs; midtUk; rl;lj;jpd; Kd; rkkNk! vd;W ePjpia epiyehl;bf; fhl;ba ngUik ,];yhj;jpw;F md;wp> NtW ve;jf; nfhs;iffsplKk; ,jidf; fhz KbahjnjhU tuyhw;W cz;ikahFk;.

kj kw;Wk; topghl;Lr; Rje;jpuk;

jdJ nfhs;iffis Vw;Wf; nfhs;shj ahiuAk; epHg;ge;jg;gLj;jp> ,];yhj;jpid Vw;Wf; nfhs;SkhW ,];yhk; J}z;Ltjpy;iy> kjk; khw;Wtjpy;iy. mtHfs; mtHfsJ nrhe;j kjj;jpNyNa ,Ue;J nfhs;syhk;> ve;jtpjj;jpYk; ,];yhk; mtHfisf; fl;lhag;gLj;Jtkpy;iy> kjk; khw;WtJkpy;iy. ,e;j kjr; Rje;jpuj;ij ,];yhk; jdJ jpUkiwf; FHMdpYk;> ,d;Dk; egpnkhopj; njhFg;GfspYk; njspthfNt gpufldk; nra;jpUf;fpd;wJ. ,iwtd; jdJ jpUkiwapNy ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfisg; ghHj;J $Wfpd;whd; :

NkYk;> ck; ,iwtd; ehbapUe;jhy;> G+kpapYs;s ahtUNk <khd; nfhz;bUg;ghHfs;;. vdNt> kdpjHfs; ahtUk; K/kpd;fshf (ek;gpf;if nfhz;Nlhuhf) MfptplNtz;Lnkd;W mtHfis ePH fl;lhag;gLj;j KbAkh? (mj;jpahak; A+D]; : trd vz; 99)

,d;Dk; ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs;> kf;fSf;F ,uz;L tpjkhd chpikfis toq;fpdhHfs;. xd;W mtHfs; ,];yhj;jpid Vw;Wf; nfhs;tJ> my;yJ mtHfsJ gioa kjj;jpNyNa ,Ue;J nfhs;tJ. mjhtJ> ,];yhkpa Ml;rp Kiwia Vw;Wf; nfhz;L> mjNdhL xg;ge;jk; xd;iwAk; nra;J nfhs;tjd; %yk;> ehl;bd; gpui[fshf Mfp tpLtJld; mtH> jdJ kj kw;Wk; topghl;Lr; Rje;jpuj;ijAk; ngw;Wf; nfhz;L> ghJfhg;igAk;> kjtopghL kw;Wk; nrhj;J Mfpatw;wpy; Rje;jpug; Nghf;ifAk; ngw;Wf; nfhz;ltuhfp tpLfpd;whH. ,jd; %yk; mtHfsJ xg;ge;jj;jpd; %ykhf> my;yh`;Tk;> mtdJ J}jH (]y;) mtHfSk; thf;fspj;j ghJfhg;ig ngw;Wf; nfhz;lhHfs;. ,e;j fhuzj;jpw;fhfNt K];ypk; my;yhjtHfs; jpk;kpfs; - mjhtJ ghJfhg;G thp nrYj;JgtHfs; vd;w ngaiug; ngw;whHfs;. (Islam and Non-Muslims, pp.60-61)

Giujh (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpd;whHfs; :

ntspaplq;fSf;F gilfis mDg;Gk; nghOnjy;yhk;> ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; jdJ jsgjpfisAk;> jdJ NjhoHfisAk; ghHj;J> cq;fsJ nrhe;j elj;ijfspy; ,iwtidg; gae;J nfhs;Sq;fs;> ,d;Dk; cq;fsJ NjhoHfis ey;yKiwapy; elj;Jq;fs; vd;W $wp tpl;L> ,t;thW $wf; $batHfshf ,Ue;jhHfs; :

NghH nra;tjw;F Gwg;gLk; nghOJ> my;yh`;Tf;fhf NghH nra;tjw;fhfNt fpsk;Gq;fs;. ,d;Dk; my;yh`;tpd; kPJ ek;gpf;if nfhs;shjtHfs; kPJ NghH GhpAq;fs;. ,d;Dk; NghH nra;Aq;fs;> Mdhy;> nfhLikf;fhuHfshfNth> my;yJ nfhiyfhuHfshfNth> mq;ftPdj;ij Vw;gLj;JgtHfshfNth my;yJ Foe;ijfisf; nfhy;yf; $batHfshfNth khwp tpl Ntz;lhk;. ,iwek;gpf;if nfhs;shj cq;fsJ vjphpfisr; re;jpf;Fk; nghOJ mtHfsplk; %d;W tpjkhd Nfhhpf;iffis Kd; itAq;fs; : KjyhtJ> mtHfis ,];yhj;jpid Vw;Wf; nfhs;SkhW miog;G tpLq;fs;> mjid Vw;Wf; nfhz;lhy; mtHfsJ ,lj;ij tpl;L ,];yhkpa Ml;rpg; gpuNjrj;jpw;Fs; FbngaHe;J tpLkhW $Wq;fs;> mt;thW mtHfs; nra;ar; rk;kjpj;jhy;> ,tHfisg; Nghyf; FbngaHe;J te;jtHfisg; NghyNt ,tHfSf;Fk; rpy Kd;DhpikfSk; ,d;Dk; flikfSk; cs;sd. mt;thW mtHfs; jq;fsJ tho;tplq;fis tpl;L ,];yhkpa Ml;rpg; gFjpfSf;F FbngaHe;J tur; rk;kjpf;ftpy;iynadpy;> kw;wtHfisg; NghyNt mtHfsJ me;j];Jk; fzpf;fg;gLk;. ,d;Dk; mtHfs; ,iwr; rl;lq;fSf;F cl;gl;ltHfSkhthHfs;. mtHfs; [p`hj; Nghd;w ,iwg; NghHfspy; fye;J nfhs;stpy;iy vdpy;> ntw;wp nfhs;sg;gl;l gFjpfspy; ifg;gw;wg;gLk; fdPkj; nghUl;fspypUe;J mtHfSf;F ve;jg; gq;Fk; toq;fg;gl khl;lhJ> mjpy; mtHfSf;F ve;jg; gq;fPLk; fpilahJ. ,uz;lhtjhf> mtHfsplk; [p];ah vDk; thpia nrYj;Jk;gbf; $Wq;fs;> mjw;F mtHfs; rk;kjpf;Fk;gl;rj;jpy; mtHfsplk; NghH nra;a Ntz;lhk;. %d;whtjhf> ,jpy; vjidAk; mtHfs; Vw;Wf; nfhs;stpy;iy vd;why;> ,iwtdplk; cjtpiaf; NfhUq;fs;> mtHfsplk; NghH nra;Aq;fs;. (Sahih Muslim, v.2,p.1357)

(,];yhkpa) khHf;fj;jpy; (vt;tifahd) epHg;ge;jKkpy;iy topNfl;bypUe;J NeHtop Kw;wpYk; (gphpe;J) njspthfptpl;lJ. Mifahy;> vtH top nfLg;gtw;iw epuhfhpj;J my;yh`;tpd; kPJ ek;gpf;if nfhs;fpwhNuh mtH mWe;J tplhj nfl;bahd fapw;iw epr;rakhfg; gw;wpf; nfhz;lhH - my;yh`;(ahtw;iwAk;) nrtpAWNthdhfTk; ed;fwpNthdhfTk; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. (2:256)

Nkw;fz;l ,iwtrdj;jpy; tUfpd;w ,];yhkpa khHf;fj;jpy; (vt;tifahd) epHg;ge;jKkpy;iy vd;w thpfisf; Fwpj;J> mnkhpf;f mwpQuhd vl;tpd; fhy;fhhp mtHfs; ,t;thW $Wfpd;whH :

,iwNtjkhd FHMdpy; xU trdk; tUfpd;wJ> mJ jd;dfj;Nj rj;jpaj;ijAk; Qhdj;ijAk; epiwj;J itj;jpUf;fpd;wJ vd;gJ K];ypk;fs; midtUf;Fk; mJ mwpe;j xd;W. mtHfs; mwpe;J nfhz;bUg;gJ NghyNt kw;wtHfSk; mjid mwpe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. (Ntjq;fs; vd;W nrhy;yf; $ba gy Ntjq;fs; ,Ue;jhYk;) jpUkiwf; FHMd; xd;Nw> khHf;fj;jpy; ve;jtpj epHg;ge;jKkpy;iy vd;W njspthfr; Rl;bf; fhl;Lfpd;wJ. The Near East : Society and Culture, pp.163-164)

Nkw;fz;l ,e;j trdk; rpy kjPdj;J md;]hHfisf; Fwpj;J ,wq;fpaJ. mtHfSf;F taJ te;j Mz; kw;Wk; ngz; kf;fs; ,Ue;jdH. mtHfs; fpwp];jtHfshfNth my;yJ A+jHfshfNth ,Ue;jdH. jq;fsJ gps;isfis ,];yhj;jpw;Fs; te;J tpLkhW mtHfs; tw;GWj;Jtijf; fz;l ,iwtd;> mt;thW nra;a Ntz;lhk;> mtHfs; kPJ ve;j epHg;ge;jj;ijAk; jpzpf;f Ntz;lhk; vd;W K];ypk;fSf;F mwpTWj;Jtjw;fhfNt Nkw;fz;l trdk; ,wf;fpaUsg;gl;lJ. (Al-Wahidi, History of the Revelation, pp.114-116)

Nkw;fz;l trdj;ijAk;> mJ ,wq;fpa tuyhw;Wr; #o;epiyfisAk; rpe;jpj;Jg; ghHj;Njhkhdhy;> fl;lhag;gLj;jp xUtiu ,];yhkpa khHf;fj;jpw;Fs; ,izg;gij ,];yhk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjpy;iy vd;gJ Gydhfpd;wJ. ,d;Dk; ngw;whHfs; $l jq;fsJ gps;isfisf; fl;lhag;gLj;jp> kjk; khw;wk; nra;af; $lhJ. ,d;Dk; ngw;NwhHfs; jdJ gps;isfSf;F ey;yij ehbdhy;> ,d;Dk; gps;isfs; ,];yhky;yhj NtnwhU kjj;jpd; cWg;gpdHfshf ,Ue;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;w epiyapy;> mjhtJ me;jf; Foe;ijfs; me;j kjj;ij tpUk;gp Vw;Wf; nfhs;shj gl;rj;jpYk; mtHfis me;j kjj;jpy; ePbf;ftpLtJ K];ypk; ngw;NwhHfSf;F jFe;jjy;y. jq;fsJ gps;isfis ,];yhj;jpw;Fs; nfhz;L te;J tplyhk;. cjhuzkhf>

Ke;ija fhyj;jpy;> ve;jf; Foe;ijAk; capNuhL gpwg;gjpy;iy my;yJ gpwe;jhYk; ,we;J tpLfpd;wnjd;why;> me;jg; ngw;NwhHfs; gps;is capNuhL ,Ue;jhy; mjid ehd; fpwp];jtdhfNth my;yJ A+jdhfNth khw;WNtd; vd ,iwtd; kPJ NeHr;ir nra;thHfs;. ,t;thW NeHr;ir nra;J nfhz;l gpd; ,];yhj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhz;l K];ypk; ngw;NwhHfs; jq;fsJ gps;isfis ,iwtDf;F NeHr;ir nra;J tpl;NlhNkh vd;gjw;fhf mtHfsJ gioa kjj;jpNyNa jq;fsJ gps;isfis tpl;L tpl Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ mtrpakpy;iy. ,j;jifa NeHr;irfis jq;fsJ gps;isfs; kPJ fl;lhag;gLj;j Ntz;ba mtrpaKkpy;iy. (Non-Muslims in Muslims Society, pp.18-19)

(egpNa!) ,d;Dk; ePH $WtPuhf. '',e;jr; rj;jpa (Ntjk;) cq;fs; ,iwtdplkpUe;J (te;J)s;sJ"" MfNt> tpUk;GgtH (mjid) epuhfhpf;fl;Lk;. mepahaf; fhuHfSf;F (euf) neUg;ig epr;rakhf ehk; rpj;jg;gLj;jpAs;Nshk;; (me;neUg;gpd;) RtH mtHfisr; #o;e;J nfhs;Sk;; mtHfs; (jz;zPH Nfl;L) ,ul;rpf;fj; Njbdhy; cUf;fg;gl;l nrk;G Nghd;w jz;zPiuf; nfhz;Nl ,ul;rpf;fg;gLthHfs;. (mtHfSila) Kfq;fis mJ Rl;Lf; fUf;fp tpLk;; kpff; Nflhd ghdkhFk; mJ! ,d;Dk;> ,wq;Fk; jyj;jpy; mJNt kpff; nfl;ljhFk;. (18:29)

,];yhkhdJ jdJ nfhs;ifia Vw;Wf; nfhs;shjtHfSf;F mtHfsJ kjj;ijAk;> mjd; Mr;rhuq;fisAk; gpd;gw;Wtjw;fhd chpikia kl;Lk; toq;fp tpl;L epd;W tpltpy;iy. khwhf> mjidAk; jhz;b mtHfs; jq;fsJ kj topghLfisg;; G+uz Rje;jpuj;Jld; elj;jpf; nfhs;tjw;Fk;> kj topghl;Lj; jsq;fisAk; ghJfhj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;Fk; $l jd;Dila rfpg;Gj; jd;ikia fhl;LtNjhL> mjidj; jd;Dila jpUkiwf; FHMdpYk; gjpT nra;J rl;lkhf;fp itj;jpUf;fpd;wJ vd;gijf; fPo;f;fhZk; FHMd; trdk; ekf;F vLj;jpak;Gfpd;wJ :

,tHfs; (vj;jifNahnud;why;) epahakpd;wpj; jk; tPLfis tpl;L ntspNaw;wg;gl;lhHfs;; 'vq;fSila ,iwtd; xUtd;jhd;" vd;W mtHfs; $wpaijj; jtpu (NtnwJTk; mtHfs; nrhy;ytpy;iy). kdpjHfspy; rpyiur; rpyiuf; nfhz;L my;yh`; jLf;fhjpUg;gpd; Mrpukq;fSk; rpwp];jtf; Nfhapy;fSk;> A+jHfspd; Myaq;fSk;> my;yh`;tpd; jpU ehkk; jpahdpf;fg;gLk; k];[pJfSk; mopf;fg;gl;Lg; NghapUf;Fk;. my;yh`;Tf;F vtd; cjtp nra;fpwhNdh> mtDf;F jpldhf my;yh`;Tk; cjtp nra;thd;. epr;rakhf my;yh`; typik kpf;NfhDk;> (ahtiuAk;) kpifj;NjhDkhf ,Uf;fpd;whd;.

,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfsJ ,wg;gpw;Fg; gpd; Ml;rpg; nghWg;gpw;F te;j ,];yhkpa Ml;rpahsHfs; gyH> ,iwg;NghHfSf;Fr; nrd;w jq;fsJ jsgjpfSf;F Nkw;fz;l ,iwf;fl;lisia typAWj;jp> mjidg; Ngzp elf;FkhW mwpTWj;jp NghUf;F mDg;gp itj;jdH.

cjhuzkhf..!

c]hkh (uyp) mtHfisg; NghUf;F mDg;gp itj;j nghOJ> mGgf;fH (uyp) mtHfs; ,t;thW fl;lis gpwg;gpj;J mDg;gp itj;jhHfs;.

c]hkh (uyp) mtHfNs..! cq;fSf;F ehd; gj;Jf; fl;lisfs; Fwpj;J mjidg; Ngzp elf;FkhW $Wfpd;Nwd;. ngz;fisNah my;yJ Foe;ijfisNah my;yJ tajhdtHfisNah nfhiy nra;J tplhjPHfs;. fdp jUk; kuq;fis ntl;b tPo;j;jp tplhjPHfs;. kf;fs; FbapUf;Fk; tPLfis mopj;J jiukl;lkhf;fp tplhjPHfs;. fhy;eilfisNah my;yJ xl;lfq;fisNah czTf;fhftd;wp ePq;fs; nfhd;W tplhjPHfs;> NghPr;rk; kuq;fis ntl;lhjPHfs; my;yJ vhpj;J tplhjPHfs;. rjpfspYk;> eatQ;rfj;jpYk; <LglhjPHfs;. ePq;fs; nry;Yk; ,lq;fspy; jq;fis ,iwtDf;fhfNt mw;gzpj;J thof; $batHfisf; fhz;gPHfs;> mtHfis xd;Wk; nra;ahJ> jpahdj;jpNyNa ,Uf;Fk;gb tpl;L tpLq;fs; vd;W $wp c]hkh (uyp) mtHfis mDg;gp itj;jhHfs; mGgf;fH (uyp) mtHfs;. (Tarikh At-Tabari, v.3, p.210)

,d;Dk; ckH (uyp) mtHfs; jdJ Ml;rpf; fhyj;jpy; n[U]yk; kf;fSf;F ,t;thW xU gpufldj;ij ntspapl;lhHfs;.

my;yh`;tpd; mbikAk;> ,iwek;gpf;ifahsHfspd; jiytUkhd ckH ,g;D fj;jhghfpa ehd; n[U]yk; - ,ypah kf;fSf;F vOjpf; nfhz;l ghJfhg;Gg; gpufldk; : cq;fsJ ghJfhg;Gf;F cj;juthjk; jug;gLfpd;wJ> cq;fsJ clikfs;> rHr;Rfs;> cq;fsJ rpYitfs;> ,d;Dk; cq;fsplk; cs;sitfs;> cq;fspy; Neha; tha;g;gl;l my;yJ ey;y epiyapy; cs;stHfs;> ,d;Dk; cq;fsJ r%fj;jpy; cs;s midtUf;Fk; ,jd; %yk; ghJfhg;G cj;juthjk; jug;gLfpd;wJ. cq;fsJ rHr;Rfs; ifg;gw;wg;glNth my;yJ mopj;njhopf;fNth gl khl;lhJ> mjpypUe;J vjidAk; vLj;Jf; nfhs;sg;glTk; khl;lhJ. mtw;wpy; cs;s rhjdq;fs; myyJ rpYitfs; my;yJ nry;tq;fs; vd vjidAk; ehq;fs; vLj;Jf; nfhs;s khl;Nlhk;. kjkhWk; gbAk; ehq;fs; cq;fis tw;GWj;j khl;Nlhk; my;yJ khwtpy;iy vd;gjw;fhf cq;fisj; njhe;juTk; nra;a khl;Nlhk;. ,d;Dk; cq;fis A+jHfs; Mf;fpukpf;Fk;gb tpl;L tplTk; khl;Nlhk; vd;W me;jg; gpufldj;jpy; njspthf;fp ,Ue;jhHfs;. (Tarikh At-Tabari, v.3, p.159)

,];yhkpa Ml;rpahsHfs; fpwp];jtHfSf;Fk;> A+jHfSf;F jq;fsJ ,j;jifa gpufldq;fs; %yk; mtHfSf;F kjr; Rje;jpuj;ijAk;> topghl;L chpikiaAk; toq;fpdhHfs;. ,j;jifa chpikfis ,];yhkpa Ml;rpahsHfshd mGgf;fH (uyp) kw;Wk; ckH (uyp) MfpNahHfsJ fhyj;jpy; KOikahfTk;> epiwthfTk; ngw;W khw;W kjj;jtHfs; tho;e;jhHfs; vd;gJ tuyhw;W cz;ikahFk;. mjidg; NghyNt ckH (uyp) mtHfSf;Fk; n[U]yk; - ,ypah kf;fSf;Fk; ,ilNa gpuRhpf;fg;gl;l gpufldKk; mike;jJ. (Al-Qardawi Y. Religious Minorities : The Islamic Solution, p.13)

,d;Dk; K];ypk;fs; fpwp];jtHfspd; rHr;RfisAk; ghJfhj;jhHfNs xopa> mjid vd;WNk mopf;f Kw;gl;ljpy;iy. KOg; ngHrpahtpd; gq;Fj; je;ijAk;> MHr; gp\g;Gfspd; jiytUkhd rpNkhd; vd;gtUf;F> ne];Nlhhpad; Ngl;hpahHf; [pNah/g; (3) vd;gtH vOjpa fbjj;jpy; ,t;thW Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH :

muGf;fs;> mtHfSf;F my;yh`; ,e;j KO cyfj;jpd; mjpfhuj;ijAk; toq;fpdhd;> mtHfs; ve;jsT tskhdtHfs; vd;gij ePq;fs; mwptPHfs;> ,d;Dk; mtHfs; cq;fSld; jhd; tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfs;. ,Ue;j NghjpYk;> mtHfs; jq;fsJ mjpfhuj;ijf; nfhz;L fpwp];jtHfspd; fz;zpaj;ijf; Fiyf;f Kw;gl;ljpy;iy. mjw;Fg; gjpyhf ek; kjj;jpd; kPJ mtHfs; fhpridNa nfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfs;> ek;Kila kjFUkhHfisAk;> ,d;Dk; ek;Kila re;epahrpfisAk; fz;zpag;gLj;Jfpd;whHfs;> ,d;Dk; ek;Kila rHr;RfSf;Fk;> klq;fSf;Fk; jhuhskhf ed;nfhil toq;Ffpd;whHfs;> vd;Wk; me;jf; fbjj;jpy; Fwpg;gpl;Lf; $wpAs;shH. (Arnold T. Invitation to Islam, p. 102)

NeHtop ngw;w Ml;rpahsHfSf;Fg; gpd; te;j fyPghf;fspy; xUtuhd my; tyPj; gpd; mg;Jy; kypf; vd;gtH> fpwp];jtHfspd; rHr;rpd; xU gFjpiag; gs;spthrYld; ,izj;Jf; nfhz;lhH. my; tyPj; mtHfis mLj;J Ml;rpg; nghWg;Gf;F te;j ckH ,g;D mg;Jy; m[P]; mtHfsplk; ,e;j tof;if fpwp];jtHfs; nfhz;L te;j nghOJ> jdf;F Ke;ija Ml;rpahsuhd my; tyPj; mtHfs; ifg;gw;wp gs;spthrYld; ,izj;j rHr;rpd; epyg;gFjpia kPz;Lk; fpwp];jtHfsplk; toq;FkhW me;jg; gFjp ftHdUf;F ckH ,g;D mg;Jy; m[P]; cj;jutpLfpd;whHfs;. ,d;Dk; me;jg; gFjpf;F <lhf gzj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s mtHfs; Kd;tUk; gl;rj;jpy;> mtHfs; jpUg;jpgLk; msTf;F mjid <Lnra;Ak;gbAk; jdJ ftHdUf;F mwpTWj;Jfpd;whHfs;. (Non-Muslims in Muslim Society, p.32)

n[U]yj;jpy; cs;s Riykhd; Myaj;jpd; xU gFjpia A+jHfs; Gdpjkhdjhf topgl;L tUtJ ehnky;yhk; mwpe;j xd;W. cJkhdpa rhk;uh[;aj;jpd; fyp/ghthf Ry;jhd; Riykhd; mtHfs; Ml;rpg; nghWg;gpy; ,Ue;j nghOJ> A+jHfs; Gdpjkhff; fUjpa me;jg; gFjp KOtJk; Fg;igf; fplq;fhf khwp me;jg; gFjpiaNa Fg;igf;Fs; mkpo;e;jpUe;jJ. Ry;jhd; Riykhd; mtHfs; n[U]yj;ij epHtfpj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;j jdJ ftHdUf;F xU fbjj;ij mDg;gp> me;jg; gFjpiar; Rw;wpYk; cs;s Fg;igfis mfw;wp> mtw;iwg; Rj;jg;gLj;jp> A+jHfspd; tzf;fj;jpw;Fj; jpwe;J tpLkhW cj;jutpLfpd;whHfs;. (Tolerance : The West and Muslims, p.67)

,];yhkpa tuyhw;iw Muha;e;J ghHf;ff; $ba Nkw;fj;jpa tuyhw;W MrphpaH fha;jy; ctj;jypd;wp> ,];yhk; khw;W kjj;jtHfsplk; fhl;b tuf; $ba kj rfpg;Gj; jd;ikiag; Nghw;wp> ,];yhj;jpd; cz;ikj;Jtj;jpw;F ew;rhd;W toq;fpAk; cs;shHfs;.

F];jt; yP ghd; vd;gtH $Wfpd;whH :

fpwp];jtHfs; kPJk;> A+jHfs; kPJk; ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; fhl;ba kj rfpg;Gj; jd;ik kpfTk; caHe;jJ. ,];yhj;jpw;F Kd; Njhd;wpa kjq;fshd Fwpg;ghf A+jk;> fpwp];j;jtk; Mfpait $l ,e;j ey;nyz;zj;ijf; fhl;ltpy;iy. ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfspd; top te;j fyPghf;fs; $l ,e;j ey;nyz;zj;ijf; filgpbj;jhHfs;> kj rfpg;Gj;jd;ikiaf; fhl;bdhHfs; vd;gij ,];yhj;jpd; kPJ re;Njfk; nfhs;gtHfs; $l> ,];yhkpa tuyhw;iw Muha;e;J ghHg;ghHfshdhy;> mjd; cz;ikiag; Ghpe;J nfhs;thHfs;. (Arab Civilization, p.128)

Nkw;fj;jpa mwpQuhd rH jhk]; mHdhy;L vd;gtH $Wfpd;whH :

kw;w ,dr; rpWghd;ikapdiuj; jpl;lkpl;L K];ypk;fs; kjk; khw;wpdhHfs; vd;w nra;jpia ehk; Nfs;tpg;gl Kbatpy;iy my;yJ xUq;fpize;j jpl;lq;fspd; %ykhf fpwp];jtHfis $l;lhff; nfhiy nra;aTk; mtHfs; jpl;lkpl;ljhfj; njhpatpy;iy. ngHbdhz;L vd;w ];ngpad; uhZt mikr;rUld; ,ize;J nfhz;L uhzp ,]ngy;yh rpWghd;ik K];ypk;fisf; $z;NlhL mopj;jJ Nghy my;yJ fpwp];Jtj;jpd; xUgphpthd gpuhl;l];ld;ilg; gpd;gw;WtJ nfhLq; Fw;wk; vd;W mwptpj;j gpuhd;rpd; Y}ap]; (14) NghyNth my;yJ 350 tUlq;fshf A+jHfisj; jd;dhl;bypUe;J ehL flj;jp itj;jpUe;jNj gphpl;ld; mijg; NghyNth> ,];yhkpa fyPghf;fspy; vtuhtJ xUtH jq;fSila G+kpapy; tho;e;j rpWghd;ik A+j> fpwp];jtHfsplk; eltbf;if vLf;f epidj;jpUe;jhy; vLj;jpUf;f KbAk;.

,e;j Neuj;jpy; Nkw;fj;jpa rHr;Rfs; cyfpd; kw;w ghfq;fspy; ,Ue;j rHr;RfSld; rhpahd cwitf; nfhz;bUf;ftpy;iy> Kw;whf Jz;bf;fg;gl;bUe;jJ. fpwp];jtHfSk; xU ,dk; vd;w mbg;gilapy;> cyfpd; MjuT mtHfSf;F ,y;yhkypUe;jJ. ,d;iwf;F mtHfs; mopahky;> fpwp];jt ,dk; epiyj;jpUg;gJ xd;Nw> ,];yhkpaHfs; fhl;ba kj rfpg;Gj; jd;ikf;Fr; rhd;whf cs;sJ. (Invitation to Islam, p.98-99)

mnkhpf;f vOj;jhsH Nyhj;uhg; ];Nlhl;lHl; vd;gtH $Wfpd;whH :

fyPgh ckH (uyp) mtHfs; fpwp];jtHfspd; Gdpjj; jsq;fspd; ghJfhg;gpy; mjpfg;gbahd ftdj;ijr; nrYj;jpdhH. mtUf;Fg; gpd; te;jtHfSk; $l ckH (uyp) mtHfspd; topKiwiaNa gpd;gw;wpdhHfs;. xt;nthU tUlKk; Gdpj efukhd n[U]yj;ij jhprpf;f tuf; $ba fpwp];jt ahj;jphPfHfSf;F K];ypk;fs; ve;j ,ilA+Wk; je;jjpy;iy. Stoddard LW, The islamic World at Present, v.1, pp.13-14)

cz;ik vd;dntd;why;> nrhe;j ,dj;jtHfspd; Ml;rpapd; fPo; tho;e;j fpwp];jtHfs; ngw;w chpikfis kw;Wk; rfpg;Gj; jd;ikfis tpl> mjpfkhfNt K];ypk;fspd; Ml;rpapd; fPo; tho;e;j kw;w ,dj;jtHfs; ngw;Wf; nfhz;lhHfs;.

hpr;rHl; ];nlg;gpd;]; vd;gtH ,];yhkpa ,Wjp fpyhgj; NfhNyhr;rpa JUf;fpapy; tho;e;j rpWghd;ik fpwp];jtHfs; mDgtpj;j chpikfs; gw;wp ,t;thW Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH :

mtHfs; (JUf;fpaHfs;) Nuhk; fj;Njhypf;f fpwp];jtHfs; kw;Wk; fpNuf;f goikthj fpwp];jtHfs; Mfpa midtiuAk; jq;fsJ Ml;rpapd; vy;iyg; gFjpf;Fs; tho mDkjpj;jNjhL> mtutH nfhs;ifg;gb thoTk;> gpd;gw;wp elf;fTk; mDkjpj;jdH. ,d;Dk; fhd;];lhd;bd; Nehgps; efuk; kw;Wk; mJ Nghd;w gy efuq;fspy; vt;thW mtHfsJ kjr; rlq;Ffis elj;jpf; nfhz;bUe;jhHfNsh mt;thNw JUf;fpapYk;> mtHfsJ kjr; rlq;Ffis epiwNtw;w mDkjpj;jhHfs;. Mdhy;> ,jw;F NeHkhwhd Nghf;ifNa..! ehq;fs; ];ngapdpy; tho;e;J nfhz;bUe;j nghOJ mDgtpf;f Nehpl;lJ> mtHfsJ ghg;b];l; rHr; nfhz;lhl;lq;fspy; vq;fis tw;GWj;jp fye;J nfhs;sr; nra;jhHfs;> mJkl;Lky;y vq;fsJ capHfSk; ,d;Dk; vq;fsJ guk;giuAk; $l mghaj;jpd; tpspk;gpd; fPo; jhd; ,Ue;jJ.(Religious Minorities : The islamic Solution, pp. 56-57)

,d;Dk; jhk]; mHdhy;L jd;Dila Invitation to Islam vd;w E}ypy; $Wfpd;whH :

,j;jhypapy; tho;e;j kf;fs; ek; ehl;bYk; cJkhdpa rhk;uh[;ak; Ml;rp te;Jtplhjh vd Vq;fpdH. fpwp];jt Ml;rpahHfshy; kWf;fg;gl;l Rje;jpuKk; chpikfSk;> K];ypk;fsJ G+kpapy; tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;w fpwp];jtHfs; ngw;Wf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;w Rje;jpuk; kw;Wk; kj rfpg;Gj; jd;ik Nghd;W ekf;Fk; fpilf;fhj vd Vq;fpdH. (Invitation to Islam, p.183)

15 k; E}w;whz;by; ];ngapdpy; fpwp];jt Ml;rpahsHfshy; elj;jg;gl;Lf; nfhz;bUe;j A+j ,dg; gLnfhiyfSf;Fg; gae;J mq;fpUe;J ntspNawpa A+jHfs;> K];ypk;fspd; Ml;rp ele;J nfhz;bUe;j JUf;fpapy; jhd; milf;fyk; GFe;jhHfs;.

,d;iwf;Fk; rphpah> vfpg;J> ghfp];jhd; kw;Wk; %hp]; ];ngapdpy; rpWghd;ikapduhf tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;w fpwp];jtHfis itj;Nj> ,];yhk; ve;jsTf;F jd;Dila nfhs;ifia Vw;Wf; nfhs;shj kf;fs; kPJ kj rfpg;Gj; jd;ikiaf; fhl;b te;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;wJ vd;gjw;F kpfr; rpwe;j rhd;whFk;. md;iwf;F ];ngapdpYk; kw;w ehLfspYk; K];ypk;fs; jq;fsJ Ml;rpapd; nghOJ fhl;ba kj rfpg;Gj; jd;ik jhd;> ,d;iwf;F mtHfspd; mopTf;Nf fhuzkhf mike;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;wJ vd;gJ Ntjidahd tuyhw;W cz;ikahFk;.

mtHfs; K];ypk;fisj; jhf;Fjy;fSf;Fk;> gLnfhiyfSf;Fk;> mtHfsJ milahsq;fisj; Jilj;njwptjpYk;> mtHfs; tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;w G+kpia tpl;Nl mtHfis mg;Gwg;gLj;JtjpYk;> ahUila Ml;rpapd; fPo; epk;kjpiag; ngw;Wf; nfhz;lhHfNsh me;j A+jHfSk;> fpwp];jtHfSk; Kidg;Gld; ,Ug;gij ehk; ekJ tho;ehspy; fz;L tUfpd;Nwhk;.

,ijf; Fwpj;J vbad;dp bida;aH vd;gtH vOJfpd;whH :

K];ypk;fisg; gw;wp kf;fspy; gyH ek;gpf; nfhz;bUg;gijg; Nghy my;y mtHfs;. mtHfs; `p[h]; (kf;fh kw;Wk; kjPdh mlq;fyhf cs;s efuq;fisj; jtpu) kw;w ,lq;fspy; tho;e;j rpWghd;ikapdUf;F vjpuhf K];ypk;fs; ve;jtpj gyg;gpuNahfj;ijAk; cgNahfpf;ftpy;iy. ,d;iwf;Fk; K];ypk;fspd; kw;w gFjpfspy; tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;w fpwp];jtHfspd; ,Ug;Ng> mtHfs; fle;j vl;L E}w;whz;Lfshf kjr; Rje;jpuj;NjhL jhd; tho;e;J te;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfs; vd;gjw;fhd MjhukhFk;. fhHNlhgh (K];ypk;fspd; Ml;rpapd; fPo; ];ngapd; ,Ue;j nghOJ cs;s efuk;) tpy; mtHfs; gy cahpa gjtpfspy; $l ,Ue;jhHfs;. Mdhy; mNj ];ngapd; fpwp];jtHfspd; Ml;rpapd; fPo; te;j nghOJ mtHfs; nra;j Kjy; Ntiy> K];ypk;fisg; gLnfhiyf;F cl;gLj;jpaJ jhd;. (Mohamed Messenger of Allah, p.332)

kjr; rl;lq;fisg; gpd;gw;Wk; chpik

,];yhj;jpd; ,d;DnkhU kjrfpg;Gj; jd;ik vd;dntd;why;> mJ jd;Dila ehl;by; thOfpd;w K];ypk; my;yhjtHfspd; kPJ jdJ ,];yhkpa \hPmj; rl;lq;fisg; gpd;gw;wpNa Mf Ntz;Lk; vd;W fl;lhag;gLj;jhJ. ,d;iwf;F ,e;jpahtpy; xNu khjphpahd rl;lq;fisf; (nghJ rptpy; rl;lk;) nfhz;L tu Ntz;Lk; vd;W ,e;J rdhjdthjpfs; $f;Fuy; ,LtJ Nghy ,];yhkhdJ gpwH kPJ jdJ nfhs;ifiaj; jpzpf;fhJ.

[fhj; vd;gJ ,];yhj;jpd; mbg;gilf; flikfSs; xd;W. trjp gilj;j midj;J K];ypk;fSk;> jdJ tUthapy; ,Ue;J 2.5 rjtPjj;ij ViofSf;Ff; nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W fl;lisNa ,Lfpd;wJ. ,jidg; gpd;gw;whjtid K];ypk; vd;W $l miog;gjpy;iy. Vd;> mj;jifatd; ,we;jhy; mtid K];ypk;fs; mlf;fk; nra;ag;gLk; ikathbapy; $l mlf;fk; nra;af; $lhJ vd khHf;fj;jPHg;Gfs; $Wfpd;wd. mj;jifa rl;lj;jpypUe;J K];ypk; my;yhjtHfSf;F ,];yhk; tpjptpyf;F mspf;fpd;wJ. mijg; NghyNt ,uhZtj; Jiwapy; gzpahw;Wtjpy; ,Ue;Jk; K];ypk; my;yhjtHfSf;F ,];yhk; tpjptpyf;F mspf;fpd;wJ. Mdhy; K];ypk;fNsh [p`hj; Nghd;w ,uhZt Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;j gzpfspy; fz;bg;ghf fye;J nfhz;L> Nritahw;w Ntz;Lk; vd;W gzpf;fpd;wJ.

,e;j ,uz;L epiyfspy; K];ypk; my;yhjtHfSf;F ,];yhk; tpjptpyf;F mspj;J> mjw;Fg; gjpyhf [p];ah vd;w ghJfhg;G thpiag; ngw;Wf; nfhs;fpd;wJ. ,jidg; gw;wp rH N[k;]; mHzhy;L vd;w Nkw;fj;jpa mwpQH $Wk; nghOJ :

(K];ypky;yhjtHfs;) [p];ah vd;Dk; ghJfhg;G thpiar; nrYj;JtJ vd;gJ kpfTk; vspjhdJ> mtHfs; kPJ kpfg; ngUk; ghukhfTk; ,Uf;fhJ. Fwpg;ghf K];ypk;fs; ,uhZtj;jpy; Nritahw;w Ntz;Lk; vd;W gzpf;fg;gLfpd;w mNjNtisapy;> fz;bg;ghf ,uhztj;jpy; gzpahw;wpNa Mf Ntz;Lk; vd;wpy;yhky;> K];ypk; my;yhjtHfSf;F mjpypUe;J tpjptpyf;F mspf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. Invitation to Islam, p.77.

,d;Dk;> mtHfsJ fyhr;rhug; gof;f tof;fq;fspd; gb tho;e;J nfhs;sTk; ,];yhk; mtHfis mDkjpf;fpd;wJ. mtHfsJ jpUkzk;> kztpyf;F> kw;Wk; cs;s midj;J rKjha tptfhuq;fspYk; mtHfsJ fyhr;rhuj;jpd;gb ele;J nfhs;sTk; mDkjpf;fpd;wJ. ,d;Dk; fphpkpdy; Fw;wq;fisg; nghWj;jtiuapy;> mjhtJ fsT> tpgr;rhuk; Nghd;w fphpkpdy; Fw;wq;fSf;F> mtHfs; nra;jpUf;fpd;w Fw;wk; vd;gJ xU ghtfukhdJ vd;w mbg;gilapy; jhd;> me;jf; Fw;wj;jpw;fhf jz;lid toq;fg;gLfpd;wJ. ,d;Dk;> mjw;fhf kJ mUe;JtJ> gd;wpf; fwp rhg;gpLtJ Nghd;wtw;wpw;fhf mtHfs; Fw;wk; gpbf;fg;gl khl;lhHfs;. The Rights of the people of the Covenant in the Islamic State. pp.20-21.

,uz;lhk; ckH vd;W miof;fg;gLfpd;w ckH ,g;D mg;Jy; m[P]; (u`;) mtHfs; fyP/ghthf> ,];yhkpa Ml;rpahsuhf ,Ue;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;w rkaj;jpy;> jdJ MSiff;F cl;gl;l gpuNjrq;fspy; thOk; K];ypk; my;yhjtHfspd; tho;f;if Kiwiag; ghHj;J tpl;L> vd;d ,tHfs; nra;tnjy;yhk; ,];yhj;jpw;F khw;wkhf ,Uf;fpd;wJ> ehk; vjd; kPJ ek;gpf;if nfhz;bUf;fpd;NwhNkh> me;jf; nfhs;ifiaj; jfHf;ff; $bajhf mtHfsJ nray;ghLfs; mike;Js;sd> ,d;Dk; mitahTk; ,];yhkpar; rl;lq;fSf;F Kw;wpYk; khw;wkhf my;yth ,Uf;fpd;wd vd epidj;J> ,J gw;wp rl;l tpsf;fk; ngw mtHfsJ fhyj;jpy; tho;e;j kpfg; ngUk; khHf;f mwpQuhd `]d; my; g]hP (u`;) mtHfSf;F xU kliy vOjp> ,e;j tp\aj;jpy; ,];yhkpa khHf;fr; rl;lq;fs; vd;d $Wfpd;wd vd;W Nfl;fpd;whHfs;. mjhtJ>

ekf;F Kd; Ml;rp nrYj;jp tpl;Lr; nrd;w NeHtop ngw;w fyPghf;fs; - Ml;rpahsHfs;> ghJfhg;G thp nrYj;jpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; ,e;j kf;fis ,];yhk; jil nra;jpUf;fpd;w nrhe;jq;fspy; ,Ue;J kzKbj;Jf; nfhs;sTk;> ,d;Dk; gd;wpf; fwpia cz;gjw;Fk; vt;thW mDkjp nfhLj;J tpl;Lr;; nrd;wpUf;fpd;whHfs;? vd;gJ Ghpatpy;iy. ,jw;fhf ,];yhkpa rl;l tpsf;fk; vd;d $Wfpd;wd vdf; Nfl;L> fbjk; xd;iw `]d; g]hp (u`;) mtHfSf;F mDg;gpdhHfs;.

me;j fbjj;ijg; ghHj;J tpl;L> `]d; g]hp (u`;) mtHfs;> Ml;rpahsuhf ckH ,g;D mg;Jy; m[P]; (u`;) mtHfSf;F ,t;thW fbjk; vOjpdhHfs; :

mtHfs; [p];ah vDk; ghJfhg;G thpiar; nrYj;jp tpLfpd;whHfs; vDk; nghOJ> mtHfs; vjid khHf;fk; vd;W ek;gpf;if nfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfNsh> mjd;gb mtHfis tho;e;J nfhs;s tpl;L tpLq;fs;. ePq;fs; cq;fsJ rl;lq;fisg; gpd;gw;Wq;fs;> Gjpjhf xd;iwAk; ePq;fs; fz;Lgpbf;f Ntz;lhk;. The Rights of the people of the Covenant in the Islamic State. pp.22.

,d;Dk; rl;lq;fisg; nghWj;jtiu> mtHfs; jq;fSf;Fs; vOfpd;w gpur;idfspy; jq;fSf;nfd rl;l tiuaiwfs; ,Uf;Fkhdhy;> mjidf; nfhz;L jq;fSf;Fs; jPHg;gspj;Jf; nfhs;syhk;. mt;thW ,y;iy vdpy;> ,];yhkpa rl;l cjtpia mtHfs; ehbf; nfhs;syhk;. ,jidAk; tuyhW jd;dfj;Nj gjpT nra;J itj;jpUf;fpd;wJ. ,J ,d;iwf;F ,e;jpahtpy; ,e;Jj;Jt thjpfs; thjpLtjw;F Kw;wpYk; khw;wkhd kj rfpg;Gj; jd;ikiaf; nfhz;lJ.

,e;jpahtpy; ,Uf;fpd;w rpWghd;ik K];ypk;fs; jq;fsJ kj rl;lg;gb> jq;fsJ gpur;idfis mjhtJ rptpy; gpur;idfisj; jPHj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;Nwhk; vd;W nrhd;dhy;> ,e;Jj;Jtthjpfs; mjid khw;Wtjw;F jpdk; jpdk; ky;Yf;F epd;W nfhz;bUf;fpd;w epiyiaAk;> ,d;Dk; ,];yhk; jdJ Ml;rpg; gpuNjrj;jpw;Fs; thof; $ba K];ypk; my;yhjtHfspd; chpikfis vt;thW Ngzpf; fhj;J te;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;wJ vd;gNj> ,];yhk; xd;Nw ,e;jg; G+kpapy; cs;s kjq;fspNyNa Rje;jpukhd> kjrfpg;Gj; jd;ik nfhz;l khHf;fk; vd;gJ GydhFk;.

,d;Dk; mtHfs;> jq;fSf;fpilNa Vw;gLk; tof;Ffspy;> mtHfs; ePjpia Ntz;b ,];yhkpa rl;l Kiwia mZfpdhHfs; vd;W nrhd;dhy;> K];ypk;fs; mtHfSf;F ePjkhd Kiwapy; ePjp toq;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W jpUkiwf; FHMdpy; ,iwtd; K];ypk;fSf;F mwpTWj;Jfpd;whd;.

(egpNa!) ,tHfs; ck;kplk; te;jhy;> ,tHfSf;fpilNa jPHg;G toq;Fk;; my;yJ ,tHfisg; Gwf;fzpj;J tpLtPuhapDk;> ,tHfs; ckf;F ahnjhU jPq;Fk; nra;a KbahJ. Mdhy;> ePH (,tHfspilNa) jPHg;gspg;gPuhapd; epahakhfNt mtHfspilapy; jPHg;gspg;gpPuhf. Vnddpy; epr;rakhf my;yh`; ePjpkhd;fisNa Nerpf;fpd;whd;. (05:42)

Nkw;fj;jpa tuyhw;W MrphpaH> Mjk; nkl;]; mtHfs;> jdJ Islamic Civilization in the Fourth Century of the Hijrah E}ypy; ,t;thW Fwpg;gpLfpd;whHfs; :

,];yhkpa \hPmj; rl;lq;fs; K];ypk;fSf;fhdjhf ,Ue;J nfhz;bUf;ifapy;> ,];yhkpa murhdJ jdJ Ml;rpg; gpuNjrj;jpw;Fs; thOfpd;w K];ypky;yhj kw;w kjj;jtHfis> mtHfsJ nrhe;j rl;l Kiwfisg; gpd;gw;wpf; nfhs;s mDkjpf;fpd;wJ. ehk; mwpe;jtiuapy;> me;j ePjpkd;wq;fs; ahTk; fpwp];jt Njthyaq;fSf;Ff; fl;Lg;gl;lit> ,d;Dk; mjpy; rl;l toq;fy;fspy; ,Uf;ff; $ba ePjpkhd;fs; ahtUk; mtHfspy; gpugykhd ghjphpahHfshf ,Uf;fpd;whHfs;. Nfdhd; rl;l Kiwfs; gw;wp ,tHfs; Vuhskhd E}y;fis vOjp itj;jpUf;fpd;whHfs;> mjpy; nrhe;j tptfhuq;fspy; ,Ue;J midj;J tptfhuq;fspy; vOfpd;w gpur;idfSf;fhd jPHTfSk;> mjd; tpjpKiwfisAk; njhFj;J itj;jpUf;fpd;whHfs;. mtw;wpy; nrhj;Jg; gpur;idapypUe;J> fpwp];jtHfSf;Fs; vOfpd;w gpur;idfs; tiuf;Fk;> ,d;Dk; mjw;fhd rl;l toq;fy; eilKiwfs; vd;W mtHfs; jq;fSf;nfd jdp ePjpj; JiwiaNa itj;jpUe;jhYk;> ,];yhkpa Ml;rp ,tw;wpy; vjpYk; jdJ %f;if Eiof;fhJ. Islamic Civilization in the Fourth Century of the Hijrah v.1, p.85.

,];yky;yhj khw;Wkjj;jtHfs; vjid mtHfs; jq;fsJ kj ek;gpf;if kw;Wk; rl;l Kiwfs; vd;W ek;gpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfNsh> ,d;Dk; vjid mtHfSf;F mtHfsJ rl;lk; MFkhdjhf Mf;fp itj;jpUf;fpd;wNjh> mjhtJ kJ mUe;Jjy; my;yJ gd;wpf; fwp rhg;gpLjy; Mfpait ,];yhkpa rl;lg;gb jil nra;ag;gl;ljhf ,Ug;gpDk;> khw;W kjj;jtHfisg; nghWj;jtiu> ,jw;fhf ,];yhkpa \hPmj; rl;lq;fs; jdJ jz;lid vDk; rhl;iliaj; J}f;fhJ.

,];yhkpa rl;lq;fs; goikahdit> mjDila Ml;rp Kiw ,e;jf; fhyj;jpw;F xt;thjit vd ,];yhj;ijAk;> mjd; rl;lq;fisAk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;shjtHfs; $l> ,];yhj;jpd; ,e;j kj rfpg;Gj; jd;ikia re;Njfkpy;yhky; ePjkhdJ vd xg;Gf; nfhs;thHfs;.

F];lt; yPghd; vd;tH jdJ The Civilization of Arabs E}ypy; ,t;thW $Wfpd;whH :

,e;j muGf;fs; jq;fsJ Kjy; ntw;wpapd; NghNj fz;iz %bf; nfhz;L muh[fj;jpy; ,wq;fp ,Uf;fyhk;> Mf;fpukpg;ghsHfs; vt;thW Mf;fpukpf;fg;gl;l kf;fspd; kPJ mePjkhf ele;J nfhs;thHfNsh mt;thNw ele;jpUf;fyhk;> mtHfs; ntw;wp nfhs;sg;gl;l kf;fis Nkhrkhd Kiwapy; elj;jpapUe;jpUf;fyhk; my;yJ mtHfs; fl;lhag;gLj;jp kjk; khw;wp ,Uf;fyhk;> ,e;j cyfk; KOtJk; jq;fsJ kjj;ij ,t;thwhd Kiwapy; gug;Gtjw;F Kad;wpUf;fyhk;.

Mdhy; ,e;j muGf;fs; ,it mj;jidapypUe;Jk; jtpHe;J nfhz;lhHfs;. me;j Muk;g fhy Ml;rpahsHfs;> mtHfs; murpaypy; kpfTk; epGzj;Jtk; ngw;wpUe;jhHfs;> ,j;jifa epGzj;Jtk; vd;gJ Gjpa khHf;fj;jpy; kpfTk; mhpjhff; fhzg;glf; $baJ> mj;jifa jq;fsJ njhiy Nehf;Fr; rpe;jidapd; %ykhf> kjj;ijAk;> kjr; rl;lq;fisAk; tYf;fl;lhakhf ahH kPJk; jpzpf;f KbahJ vd;W mtHfs; fUjpr; nray;gl;lhHfs;. ,jdhy; mtHfs; rphpah> vfpg;J> ];ngapd; ,d;Dk; mtHfs; ntw;wp nfhz;l midj;J kf;fisAk; md;NghLk;> ,uf;fj;NjhLk; elj;jpdhHfs;. K];ypk;fs; jq;fsJ rl;lq;fisAk;> ek;gpf;iffisAk; mtHfs; kPJ jpzpf;fhky; tpl;L tpl;lNjhL> mtHfs; kPJ [p];ah vd;Dk; ghJfhg;G thpia kl;Lk; tpjpj;jhHfs;. ,e;j [p];ah thp $l Gjpjhdjy;y> [p];ah thpNahL xg;gpLifapy;> ,jw;F Kd; cs;s Ml;rpahsHfSf;Ff; $l ,e;j thpia nrYj;jpj; jhNd me;j kf;fs; te;jpUf;fpd;whHfs;. ,jw;F Kd; ,Ue;j Ml;rpahsHfsplk; nrYj;jpaJ NghyNt ghJfhg;G rk;ge;jg;gl;litfSf;fhf [p];ah thp tpjpf;fg;gl;lJ. cz;ik vd;dntd;why;> Njrq;fis ntw;wp nfhz;l ve;j Ml;rpahsUk; K];ypk;fisg; Nghy rfpg;Gj; jd;ikAld; ,Ue;jpUf;f khl;lhHfs;> my;yJ ve;j kjKk; ,];yhj;ijf; fhl;bYk; kpfTk; rfpg;Gj; jd;ikAld; ,Ue;jpUf;fhJ vd;gNj cz;ikahFk;. LeBon G, The Civilization of the Arabs, p.605. Also refer to Religious Minorities : The Islamic Solution, p.54.

 

epahak; ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sk; chpik

,];yhk; vd;gNj mepahaj;jpypUe;Jk;> mePjj;jpypUe;Jk; kf;fisg; ghJfhj;J ePjp toq;ff;$ba khHf;fkhFk;. my;yh`; jdJ jpUkiwapNy $Wfpd;whd;> vy;yhtw;wpYk; ehk; ePjp vDk; msitia epiyehl;bAs;Nshk; vd;Wk;> kf;fSf;F mePjk; ,iog;gjpypUe;Jk; vr;rhpf;if nra;Js;Nshk; vd;Wk; $Wfpd;whd;. ,jid ,iwtNd jdJ thHj;ijfspy; ekf;F mwpTWj;jp ,Ug;gijg; ghHg;Nghk; :

NkYk;> thdk; - mtNd mij caHj;jpj; juhirAk; Vw;gLj;jpdhd;. ePq;fs; epWg;gjpy; tuk;G kPwhJ ,Ug;gjw;fhf. MfNt> ePq;fs; epWg;gij rhpahf epiyepWj;Jq;fs;; viliaf; Fiwf;fhjPHfs;. ,d;Dk;> G+kpia - gilg;gpdq;fSf;fhf mtNd tphpj;jikj;jhd;. (55:7-10)

NkYk;>

epr;rakhf ek; J}jHfisj; njspthd mj;jhl;rpfSld; mDg;gpNdhk;;. md;wpAk;> kdpjHfs; ePjpAld; epiyg;gjw;fhf> mtHfSld; Ntjj;ijAk; (ePjj;jpd;) Jyhf;NfhiyAk; ,wf;fpNdhk;; ,d;Dk;> ,Uk;igAk; gilj;Njhk;; mjpy; fLk; mghaKkpUf;fpwJ. vdpDk; (mjpy;) kdpjHfSf;Fg; gy gad;fSk; ,Uf;fpd;wd - (,tw;wpd; %ykhfj;) jdf;Fk;> jd;Dila J}jUf;Fk; kiwKfkhfTk; cjtp nra;gtH vtH vd;gijAk; (Nrhjpj;J) mwpe;J nfhs;tjw;fhf my;yh`; (,t;thW mUs;fpwhd;) epr;rakhf my;yh`; gyk; kpf;ftd;> (ahtiuAk;) kpifj;jtd;.(57:25)

,d;Dk;> K];ypk;fNs..! ePq;fs; midj;Jj; JiwapYk; ePjj;ij epiyehl;Lq;fs;> ,d;Dk; mt;thW ePjpia epiyehl;Ltjdhy; cq;fSf;F e\;lNkw;gl;lhYk; rhpNa..! my;yJ ahUf;F vjpuhf ePq;fs; jPHg;Gr; nra;ag; Nghfpd;wPHfNsh mtHfs; cq;fSf;F kpfTk; neUf;fkhd njhg;Gs; nfhbr; nrhe;jkhf ,Ue;jhYk; rhpNa..! ePjj;ijNa epiyehl;Lq;fs; vd;W fPo;f;fz;l trdk; %yk; K];ypk;fSf;F gbg;gpidia toq;Ffpd;whd; :

K/kpd;fNs! ePq;fs; ePjpapd;kPJ epiyj;jpUg;gtHfshfTk;> cq;fSf;Nfh my;yJ (cq;fs;) ngw;NwhUf;Nfh my;yJ neUq;fpa cwtpdUf;Nfh tpNuhjkhf ,Ug;gpDk; my;yh`;Tf;fhfNt rhl;rp $WgtHfshfTk; ,Uq;fs;; (ePq;fs; ahUf;fhf rhl;rpak; $WfpwPHfNsh) mtHfs; nry;te;jHfshf ,Ue;jhYk; Viofshf ,Ue;jhYk; (cz;ikahd rhl;rpak; $Wq;fs;) Vnddpy; my;yh`; mt;tpUtiuAk; fhg;gjw;F mUfijAilatd;. vdNt epahak; toq;Ftjpy; kd ,r;iriag; gpd;gw;wp tplhjPHfs;;. NkYk; ePq;fs; khw;wpf; $wpdhYk; my;yJ (rhl;rp $Wtijg;) Gwf;fzpj;jhYk;> epr;rakhf my;yh`; ePq;fs; nra;tijnay;yhk; ed;F mwpe;jtdhfNt ,Uf;fpd;whd;. (4:135)

,d;Dk; ePjp nrYj;Jtjw;F Neuk; fhyk; vJTk; fpilahJ. ve;Neuj;jpYk; ePq;fs; ePjp nrYj;JtJ cq;fs; kPJ flikahfTk; ,Uf;fpd;wJ.

ek;gp cq;fsplk; xg;gilf;fg;gl;l mkhdpjq;fis mtw;wpd; nrhe;jf;fhuHfsplk; ePq;fs; xg;Gtpj;J tplNtz;Lnkd;Wk;> kdpjHfspilNa jPHg;G $wpdhy; epahakhfNt jPHg;Gf; $Wjy; Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; cq;fSf;F epr;rakhf my;yh`; fl;lisapLfpwhd;; epr;rakhf my;yh`; cq;fSf;F (,jpy;) kpfTk; rpwe;j cgNjrk; nra;fpwhd;; epr;rakhf my;yh`; (ahtw;iwAk;) nrtpAWNthdhfTk;> ghHg;gtdhfTk; ,Uf;fpd;whd;.(4:58)

,d;Dk; mt;thW ePjp epiyehl;Ltjdhy;> mJ cq;fSf;Fg; ghjfkhfTk; cq;fsJ vjphpfSf;Fr; rhjfkhfTk; ,Ug;gpDk; rhpNa..! ePq;fs; rj;jpaj;jpw;Fr; rhd;W gfHgtHfshf ,Uf;f Ntz;LNk xopa> mePjj;jpw;Fj; Jiz Nghff; $batHfshf ,Uf;ff; $lhJ> ghtj;jpYk;> gifikapYk; ePq;fs; xUtUf;nfhUtH mePjk; ,ioj;Jf; nfhs;shjPHfs; vd;Wk; $Wfpd;whd; :

K/kpd;fNs! epahaj;ijepiy ehl;Ltjw;fhf my;yh`;Tf;F ePq;fs; cWjpahd rhl;rpahf ,Uq;fs;> ve;j xU $l;lj;jhH kPJk; ePq;fs; nfhz;Ls;s ntWg;G ePjp nra;ahkypUf;f cq;fisj; J}z;l Ntz;lhk;. ePjp nra;Aq;fs;; ,JNt (jf;thTf;F) - gagf;jpf;F kpf neUf;fkhFk;; my;yh`;Tf;F mQ;Rq;fs;; epr;rakhf my;yh`; ePq;fs; nra;gtw;iw(nay;yhk; ed;F) mwpe;jtdhf ,Uf;fpd;whd;. (5:8)

K];ypk; my;yhjtHfSf;F vt;thW ePjp toq;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w ,];yhkpa eilKiw kpfTk; MokhdJ. mJ mtHfsJ nrhe;j ePjpj;Jiwiar; rhHe;J ,Uf;fTk; mDkjpf;fpd;wJ> ,d;Dk; epahaj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sk; chpikiaAk; toq;fp ,Uf;fpd;wJ> ,d;Dk; mtHfs; ePjpia ,];yhkpa \hPmj; rl;lq;fs; %ykhf vjpHg;ghHg;ghHfs; vd;W nrhd;dhy; - mjw;F Kd;ghf> ePjp Nfl;L mtHfs; cq;fsplk; te;jhy; vt;thW ele;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;W ,iwtd; K];ypk;fSf;F mwpTWj;JtJ vd;dntd;why;>

(egpNa!) ,tHfs; ck;kplk; te;jhy;> ,tHfSf;fpilNa jPHg;G toq;Fk;; my;yJ ,tHfisg; Gwf;fzpj;J tpLtPuhapDk;> ,tHfs; ckf;F ahnjhU jPq;Fk; nra;a KbahJ. Mdhy;> ePH (,tHfspilNa) jPHg;gspg;gPuhapd; epahakhfNt mtHfspilapy; jPHg;gspg;gpPuhf. Vnddpy; epr;rakhf my;yh`; ePjpkhd;fisNa Nerpf;fpd;whd;. (5:42)

xU K];ypk; K];ypky;yhj ghJfhg;G thp nrYj;jp tuf; $banjhU gpui[aplk; xU nghUisj; jpUb tpl;lhndd;W nrhd;dhy;> mtd; jpUbajw;Fj; jz;lidahf me;j K];ypkpDila if Jz;bf;fg;gLk;. mjidg; NghyNt xU ghJfhg;G thp nrYj;jp tuf; $banjhU K];ypky;yhj egH> K];ypkplkpUe;J xU nghUisj; jpUb tpl;lhndd;W nrhd;dhy;> jpUba Fw;wj;jpw;fhf me;j K];ypky;yhjtdpd; if Jz;bf;fg;gLk;.

,jidg; NghyNt> xU K];ypk; K];ypky;yhjtid mtkjpj;jhndd;W nrhd;dhy;> mtid mtkjpj;j Fw;wj;jpw;fhf K];ypkpw;Fj; jz;lid toq;fg;gLk;. mjidg; NghyNt K];ypky;yhjtd; xU K];ypid mtkjpj;jhndd;W nrhd;dhy;> mjw;Fj; jFe;jhw; Nghy jz;lid toq;fg;gLk;. Rights of the People of the Convenant in the Muslim State, pp.19-20.

,JNt ,];yhkpa eilKiw. ePjpia ahUf;Fk; ghugl;rkpy;yhky;> rhpahd mstpy; toq;fp ePjpia epiyehl;Ltjpy; fz;Zk; fUj;Jkhfr; nray;gl;lnjhU khHf;fk; ,e;jg; G+kpapy; cz;nld;W nrhd;dhy;> mJ ,];yhj;jpidj; jtpu ePq;fs; NtW vq;Fjhd; ghHf;f ,aYk;.

fle;j tUlk; F[uhj;jpy; xU ,dg; gLnfhiyia elj;jpa NkhbAld; cl;fhHe;J FJ}fykhfr; rphpj;J kfpOk; rq;fuhr;rhhpaHfs; vq;Nf?! ePjpia epiyehl;Ltjw;fhfNt ,e;j G+Tyfj;Jf;F te;Jjpj;j Njt J}jHfs; Nghy ,e;jg; G+kpapy; elkhbj; jphpe;j> kd;duhf ,Ug;gpDk; ehq;fSk; rhjhuz kdpjNd..! vd;W ePjpia epiyehl;Ltjw;fhf kzpKbapypUe;J fPo; ,wq;fp> rhjhuz gpui[ahf ePjpgjpapd; Kd; epd;W rhl;rpak; gfHe;j me;j K];ypk;fs; vq;Nf..! kiyf;Fk; kLTf;Fk; cs;s tpj;jpahrk;..!

thUq;fs; rj;jpaj;jpw;Fr; rhd;W gfHe;j me;j ,];yhkpa ,sty;fspd; tuyhw;iwg; Gul;LNthk;..!

ijkh ,g;D cighpf; vd;gtH md;]hhpfSs; xUtH> ,tH gD} J/ghH ,g;D my; `hhpj; Nfhj;jpuj;ijr; NrHe;jtUk; MthH. ,tH jdJ mz;il tPl;Lf;fhuuhd Fjhjh ,g;D md; E/khd; vd;gtUila ftr ciliaj; jpUb tpLfpd;whH. ,e;j ftr cilia Fjhjh ,g;D md; E/khd; mtHfs; xU khT %l;ilapy; Nghl;L itj;jpUe;jhH. ijkh ,g;D cighpf; mtHfs; me;j khT %l;ilAld; ,Ue;j ftr ciliaj; jpUbf; nfhz;L nrd;w nghOJ> me;j %l;ilapy; ,Ue;j Xl;il ntspNa ghij neLfpYk; khT rpe;jpf; nfhz;L nrd;wij itj;J> ,tH jhd; ,e;j ftr ciliaj; jpUb ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w re;Njfk; gf;fj;J tPl;Lf;fhuuhd Fjhjh mtHfSf;F Vw;gl;lJ. Mdhy; ftr ciliaj; jpUba ijkh mtHfs;> me;jf; ftr cilia jdJ mz;il tPl;Lf;fhuuhd i]j; ,g;D m]; ]hkpd; vd;w A+jUila tPl;by; kiwj;J itj;J tpLfpd;whH. kf;fs; fsT Nghd ftr ciliaj; Njba nghOJ> xOfpf; nfhz;L te;j khtpd; milahsj;ij itj;J Fjhjh mtHfsJ tPl;ilr; Nrhjid ,l;ldH. Mdhy; Fjhjh mtHfsJ ,y;yj;jpy; ftr cil fpilf;ftpy;iy. ijkh mtHfNsh jhd; me;j ftr cilia vLf;fTk; ,y;iy> mJ gw;wp vdf;F vJTk; njhpahJ vd;W rj;jpaKk; nra;J tpLfpd;whH. vdNt> mtiu tpl;L tpl;L> Nkw;nfhz;L VNjDk; Jg;Gf; fpilf;fpd;wjh vd Muha;e;j nghOJ> me;j khtpd; milahsk; nrd;w jlaj;ij itj;J> kPz;Lk; mtHfs; me;j khtpd; milahsj;ij gpd;gw;wpr; nrd;w nghOJ> me;j khT me;j A+jUila tPl;by; Kbtila> A+jUila tPl;ilr; Nrhjid nra;j nghOJ> fsT Nghd ftr cil fpilj;jJ. ,jd; fhuzkhf me;j A+jH ifJ nra;ag;gl;L> ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; Kd; epWj;jg;gl;lhH.

me;j A+jNuh jhd; me;jf; ftrj;ij vLf;ftpy;iy vd;Wk; ijkh mtHfs; jhd; mtHfs; jd; tPl;by; me;j ftrj;ij te;J itj;jjhfTk; $wp> jdf;Fk; ,jw;Fk; rk;ge;jkpy;iy vd;W $wpdhH. ,tuJ ,e;jf; $w;Wf;F rpy A+jHfSk; Mjuthfr; rhl;rp $wpdhHfs;.

,e;j epiyapy; gD} J/ghH Fyj;jtHfs;> mjhtJ ijkh tpd; Fyj;jtHfs; ijkhtpw;F Mjuthf jq;fsJ Fyj;jtHfspy; rpyiuj; NjHT nra;J ijkhtpw;Fr; rhHghfg; NgRtjw;F> ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfsplk; mDg;gp itj;jhHfs;. me;jj; J}Jf; FOtpdH $wpdhHfs; :

,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfNs..! ePq;fs; me;j A+jUf;Fr; rhHghf thjhbdPHfs; vd;W nrhd;dhy;> vq;fSila Fyj;jtH khpahijia ,of;f NehpLk;> ,d;Dk; jz;lidAk; fLikahf ,Uf;Fk;> Mdhy; me;j A+jNdh Rje;jpu kdpjdhf tplg;gl;L tpLthd; vd;W $wpdhHfs;.

,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfSk; ,tHfsJ thjj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhz;L> ijkh mtHfis Fw;wkw;wtH vdf; fUjp> me;j A+jDf;Fj; jz;lid toq;Ftnjd;W KbntLj;J tpl;lhHfs;. ,e;j epiyapy;> ,iwtd; jdJ J}jUf;Ff; fPo;f;fz;l trdj;ij me;j A+jDf;Fr; rhHghf ,wf;fp itj;jNjhL> ahH me;j A+jd; kPJ Fw;wk; Rkj;jpdhNuh mtuJ me;j Fw;wr; nraiyAk; NjhYhpj;Jf; fhl;b tpl;lhd;. Al-Wahidi, History of Revelation, 210-211.

me;j ,iwtrdk; ,d;wsT njhOifapd; nghOJ Xjg;gl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wJ> tUk; ehl;fspYk; me;j trdk; Xjg;gl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;Fk;> ,d;Dk; me;j trdk; xypf;fg;gl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; fhynky;yhk; ePjpAk;> epahaKk; epiyehl;lg;gl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;Fk;> ePjp nrYj;JtJ jhd; ,iwek;gpf;ifahsHfshfpa K];ypk;fspd; topKiwahFk; ,d;Dk; me;j ePjpia K];ypk;fsplk; kl;Lky;yhJ K];ypk; my;yhjtHfs; kPJk; epiyehl;b> mjidg; gpd;gw;wf; $ba kf;fshfTk; ,Ue;J tUthHfs;. my;yh`; $Wfpd;whd; :

(egpNa!) my;yh`; ckf;F mwptpj;jijf; nfhz;L> ePH kdpjHfspilNa jPHg;G toq;Ftjw;fhf> Kw;wpYk; cz;ikiaf; nfhz;Ls;s ,t;Ntjj;ij epr;rakhf ehk; ck;kPJ ,wf;fpAs;Nshk;; vdNt rjp Nkhrf;fhuHfs; rhHgpy; thjhLgtuhfp tplhjPH. (jtWfSf;fhf) ePH my;yh`;tplk; kd;dpg;Gf; NfhUk;> epr;rkhf my;yh`; kd;dpg;gtdhfTk; kpf;f fUiz cilatdhfTk; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. (egpNa!) gpwUf;F jPik nra;J mjdhy; vtH jkf;Fj; jhNk jPq;fpioj;Jf; nfhz;lhHfNsh mtHfSf;fhf ePH thjhl Ntz;lhk;; Vndd;why; nfhba ghtpahd rjp nra;J nfhz;bUg;gtiu epr;rakhf my;yh`; Nerpg;gjpy;iy. ,tHfs; (jq;fs; rjpfis) kdpjHfsplkpUe;J kiwj;J tpLfpd;wdH. Mdhy; (mtw;iw) my;yh`;tplkpUe;J kiwf;f KbahJ. Vnddpy; mtd; nghUe;jpf; nfhs;shj nrhw;fspy; mtHfs; ,utpy; (rjp) MNyhrid nra;Ak; NghJ mtd; mtHfSld; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. NkYk; mtHfs; nra;gtw;iwnay;yhk; my;yh`; #o;e;J mwpe;jtdhf ,Uf;fpd;whd;. (K/kpd;fNs!) vd;Nd! ,j;jifa kdpjHfSf;fhfth ,t;Tyfpy; ePq;fs; thjhLfpwPHfs; - epahaj; jPHg;G ehspy; mtHfSf;fhf my;yh`;tplk; ahH thjhLthHfs;? my;yJ (me;ehspy;) mtHfSf;fhf nghWg;ghspahf MFgtd; ahH? (4:105-109)

ePjpf;Fr; rhd;W gfUk; ,];yhkpa tuyhw;Wr; rhl;rpaq;fspy; ,d;DnkhU kzpkFlk;>

mk;H ,g;D my; M]; (uyp) mtHfs; vfpg;jpd; ftHduhf tPw;wpUf;fpd;whH. mtuJ kfd;fspy; xUtH jdJ ehl;L fpwp];jtH xUtiu rhl;ilahy; mbj;J tpl;L> ehd; ahH njhpAkh? ftHduJ kfd; vd;Wk; $wp tpLfpd;whH. mb thq;fpa me;j fpwp];jtH ,];yhkpa rhk;uh[;aj;jpd; jiyefuhd kjPdhtpw;F te;J> Ml;rpj;jiytH ckH ,g;D my; fj;jhg; (uyp) mtHfsplk; vfpg;jpd; ftHduJ kfd; kPJ Fw;wk; rhl;b xU GfhH kD xd;iwf; nfhLf;fpd;whH. kDitg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;l ckH (uyp) mtHfs; mk;H ,g;D my; M]; (uyp) mtHfisAk;> mtuJ kfidAk; kjPdhtpw;F clNd Gwg;gl;L tUkhW miog;G tpLfpd;whHfs;. mtHfs; te;jJk;> me;j fpwp];Jthplk; rhl;iliaf; nfhLj;J> me;j Nkd;ik jq;fpa kdpjuJ kfd; kPJ ePq;fs; rhl;ilahy; mbf;fyhk; vd;W cj;jutpLfpd;whHfs;. me;j kdpjUk; mbj;J Kbj;jhH. gpd;G ckH (uyp) mtHfs; jdJ jiyiaf; fhl;b jd; kPJ mbf;FkhW $wp tpl;L> ehd; mjpfhuj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; nghOJ jhNd ckf;F ,e;jf; nfhLik NeHe;jJ> Ml;rpahsd; vd;w Kiwapy; ckf;F ,iof;fg;gl;l nfhLikf;F vd;kPJk; gop jPHj;Jf; nfhs;tPuhf vd;W $wpdhHfs;.

gpd;G mk;H ,g;D my; M]; (uyp) mtHfisg; ghHj;J> mtHfsJ jha;khHfs; mtHfisr; Re;jpukhdtHfshfg; ngw;nwLj;jpUf;f ePq;fs; mtHfis vt;thW mbikahf;fpf; nfhs;fpd;wPHfs;> mt;thW elj;Jtjw;F cq;fSf;F ve;j chpikAk; fpilahJ vd;W mtHfsJ rl;ilf; fhyiug; gpbj;Jf; $wp vr;rhpf;fpd;whHfs;.

,d;DnkhU kzpkFlk;..!

myP ,g;D mgPjhypg; (uyp) mtHfs; fyP/ghthf ,Ue;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfs;. mg;nghOJ xU A+jd; myP (uyp) mtHfs; kPJ Fw;wk; Rkj;jp> me;j tof;if mg;nghOJ ePjpgjpahf ,Ue;j Riu`; ,g;D my; `hhpj; mtHfsplk; nfhz;L nry;fpd;whH. Riu`; mtHfNs..! me;j tof;fpd; tpguj;ijf; $Wtijf; Nfl;Nghk;.

myP (uyp) mtHfs; KMtpah (uyp) mtHfSf;F vjpuhf NghUf;Fj; jahuhd rkak;> mtuJ ftr cil njhiye;J Ngha; tpl;lij mwpe;J> mjidj; Njb $/ghtpw;F tUfpd;whHfs;. mq;F xU A+jUila ifapy; jdJ ftr cil ,Uf;f> mjid mtd; re;ijapy; tpiy $tp tpw;Wf; nfhz;bUf;ff; fz;lhHfs;. mg;nghOJ me;j A+jid mZfpa myP (uyp) mtHfs;>

A+jNd..! eP ifapy; itj;jpUf;Fk; ftr cil vd;DilaJ> mjid ehd; ahUf;Fk; nfhLf;fTk; ,y;iy> tpw;fTk; ,y;iy.

me;j A+jd; $wpdhd;>

,J vd;DilaJ> ,J vd;Dila clikAk; $l..!

myP (uyp) $wpdhHfs;>

ehk; ,UtUk; epahaj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s ePjpgjpaplk; nry;Nthk;.

,t;thwhf> ,UtUk; vd;dplk; te;jhHfs; vd;W ePjpgjp Riu`; mtHfs; $wp tpl;L> tof;fpd; Nghf;iff; $Wfpd;whHfs; :

myP mtHfs; vd;dUfpy; cl;fhHe;J nfhz;L> ,e;j ftr cil vd;DilaJ vd;W $wp> ,jid ehd; ahUf;Fk; nfhLf;fTk; ,y;iy> ahUf;Fk; tpw;fTk; ,y;iy vd;W $wpdhHfs;.

vdf;F Kd;G cl;fhHe;jpUe;j A+jd; $wpdhH :

,J vd;Dila ftr cil. ,J vd;DilaJ vd;Wk; $wpdhH.

ehd; myP mtHfisg; ghHj;J>

,iwek;gpf;ifahsHfspd; jiytH mtHfNs..! cq;fsplk; ,jw;fhd Mjhuk; ,Uf;fpd;wjh?

Mk;..! vd;Dld; ,uz;L rhl;rpaq;fs; ,Uf;fpd;whHfs;. xd;W vd;Dila kfd; my; `]d; kw;Wk; fd;ghH vd;gtUk;> ,J vd;Dila ftr ciljhd; vd;W rhl;rpakspg;ghHfs; vd;W $wpdhHfs;.

,iwek;gpf;ifahsHfspd; jiytH mtHfNs! je;ijf;F Mjuthf kfDila rhl;rpaj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhs;s ,ayhJ! vd;Nwd;.

Mr;rhpag;gl;l myP (uyp) mtHfs;>

kfj;Jtq;fs; midj;Jk; cdf;Nf ah my;yh`;! vd;W ,iwtidg; Gfo;e;jtHfshf> nrhHf;fj;jpw;F ed;khuaq; $wg;gl;l kdpjuJ rhl;rpaj;ij ePq;fs; Vw;Wf; nfhs;s khl;BHfsh? ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfsJ jpUtjdj;jpypUe;J ehd; Nfl;l ed;nkhop xd;W> mtHfsJ NguHfshd `]d; kw;Wk; `{i]d; ,UtiuAk; nrhHf;fj;jpd; thrkyHfs;> nrhHf;fj;jpd; ,sturHfs; vd;wy;yth $Wfpd;wJ.

,jidf; Nfl;Lf; nfhz;bUe;j me;j A+jd; $wpdhd;>

myP vd;id mtuJ ePjpkd;wj;jpw;Nf mioj;J te;jhH. mtUf;F vjpuhfTk; vdf;F MjuthfTk; ,e;j ePjpgjp ePjp toq;fp tpl;lhNu?

,e;j rj;jpa khHf;fjpw;F ehd; rhd;W gfHfpd;Nwd;> ty;y my;yh`;itj; jtpu tzj;jpw;Fhpa ehad; NtW ,y;iy vd;W rhd;W gfHfpd;Nwd;. ,d;Dk; mtdJ jpUj;J}juhf K`k;kJ (]y;) mtHfs; ,Uf;fpd;whHfs; vd;gijAk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;fpd;Nwd; vd;W ,];yhj;jpw;Fs; Eioe;j mtH> myP (uyp) mtHfNs..! ,Njh ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sq;fs;..! ,e;jf; ftrj;ij..! ,J ck;Kila ftrk; jhd;. ,jid ePq;fs; xU ,utpy; jtw tpl;Lr; nrd;W tpl;BHfs;. mjid ehd; vLj;J itj;jpUe;Njd; vd;W $wpdhH.Hostory of Judges, v.2. p.200.

,d;DnkhU rhd;W..!

tuyhw;W Mrphpauhd ,g;D my; mjPH (History of the Atabegs, p.76) mtHfs; ,khJj;jPd; my; ]d;fP mtHfisg; gw;wp ,t;thW Fwpg;gpLfpd;whHfs;. ,tH []Puj; ,g;D ckH vd;w efuj;jpy; FspH fhyj;jpd; nghOJ Eiofpd;whH. ,tH xU Nfhl;ilapy; jq;fpf; nfhz;L> jdJ uhZtj;ij $lhuj;jpy; jq;f itf;fpd;whH. jdJ uhZtg;gilj; jsgjpfspy; xUtuhd ,];]j;jPd; mG+gf;fH mj; jgPrP vd;gtuJ fUj;Jf;F kpfTk; kjpg;G mspf;ff; $batuhf ,Ue;jhH. ,tH jhd; jq;Ftjw;fhf xU A+jid mtdJ nrhe;j tPl;bypUe;J ntspNaw;wp tpl;L mjpy; mtH jq;fpf; nfhs;fpd;whH. ,e;j A+jd; xU ehs; ,khJj;jPd; mtHfis topapy; fz;l NghJ> mtUld; ,];]j;jPd; mtHfSk; gazk; nra;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; epiyapy;> ,khJj;jPd; mtHfis ,e;j A+jd; mioj;jhd;. ,khJj;jPd; mtHfSk; jdJ gazj;ij rw;W epWj;jp tpl;L> me;j A+jDf;F ,iof;fg;gl;l nfhLikiag; gw;wp Nfl;lwpe;J nfhz;lhH. ,khJj;jPd; mtHfs; vJTk; Ngrtpy;iy> mtH ghHj;j ghHitapNyNa jdf;F mopT fhyk; te;J tpl;lJ vd;gij czHe;J nfhz;l ,];]j;jPd;> jdJ ,Ug;gplj;ijf; fhyp nra;J tpl;L> jdf;fhd $lhuj;ij efUf;F ntspg;Gwj;jpy; mikf;FkhWk;> ,d;Dk; kio nga;J me;j ,lk; NrWk; nrfjpAkhf ,Ug;gpDk; rhpNa..! vd;W $wp jdJ ,Ug;gplj;ij khw;wpf; nfhz;lhH. ,J xU A+jDf;F ,];yhk; toq;fpa eL epiyahd jPHg;ghFk;.

,d;DnkhU rhd;W..!

Fijgh ,g;D K];ypk; my; gh`pyP (u`;) mtHfs; rPdh kw;Wk; l;uhz;];Nrh]hdpah Mfpa ,lq;fisf; ifg;gw;wpa ngUikf;Fhpa ,tuJ fhyj;jpy; epfo;e;j epfo;r;rp tuyhw;Wr; rpwg;G kpf;fJ. ,tH rhkHfz;ilf; ifg;gw;wp nghOJ> me;j kf;fsJ tpUg;gq;fis epiwNtw;wj; jtwp tpl;lhH. mjhtJ me;j kf;fis ,];yhj;jpidj; NjHT nra;J nfhs;tijNah my;yJ ghJfhg;G thpiaf; fl;bf; nfhz;L jpk;kpahf ,Ue;J nfhs;tijNah my;yJ NghHg; gpufldk; nra;tijNah> ,tw;wpy; vjidAk; NjHT nra;tjw;fhd tha;g;;ig mtH mspf;ftpy;iy. rhkHfz;l; ifg;gw;wg;gl;ljd; ,UgjhtJ Mz;Lf;Fg;gpd; ,];yhkpa rhk;uh[;aj;jpd; fyPghthf ckH ,g;D mg;Jy; m[P]; (u`;) mtHfs; Ml;rpg; nghWg;Ngw;W ePjj;Jld; Ml;rp nra;J tUfpd;whH vd;gijf; Nfs;tpg;gl;l rhkHfz;l; kf;fs;> jq;fsJ rhHghf xU FOit mthplk; mDg;gp itj;J> jq;fsJ epiyikiag; gw;wp GfhH kD xd;iwAk;> ckH ,g;D mg;Jy; m[P]; (u`;) mtHfsplk; me;jf; FO nfhLj;J ePjp Ntz;b epd;wJ. NkYk; ,e;j GfhH kD nfhLf;fg;gl;l fhyj;jpy; Fijgh mtHfSk; kuzkile;J tpLfpd;whHfs;.

mtHfs; me;j kDtpy;> ,];yhk; mDkjpj;jpUf;fpd;w topKiwfspy; vJnthd;iwAk; NjHT nra;J nfhs;Sk; chpikia Fijgh mtHfs; vq;fSf;F toq;ftpy;iy vd;W GfhH nra;jpUe;jhHfs;.

,jidf; Nfl;l ckH ,g;D mg;Jy; m[P]; (u`;) mtHfs;> rhkHfz;l;bw;Fg; nghWg;ghf epakpf;fg;gl;l ftHdUf;F xU cj;juit ,l;L> me;j cj;jutpy; rhkHfz;bypUe;J K];ypk; gilfs; thg]; ngw Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk;> ,];yhk; toq;fpAs;s %d;W chpikfspy; vJnthd;iwAk; mtHfs; NjHT nra;J nfhs;Sk; chpikia toq;Fk;gbAk; mwpTWj;jp ,Ue;jhH. ,e;j cj;juitg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;l ftHdH> me;j Neuj;jpypUe;J rhkHfz;l;bypUe;J K];ypk; gilfis thg]; ngw;Wf; nfhz;lNjhL> K];ypk;fSk; mq;fpUe;J ntspNawpdhHfs;. K];ypk;fs; ve;jtpj epHg;ge;jKkpd;wp ntspNawpf; nfhz;bUg;gijf; fz;l rhkHfz;l; kf;fs; mjpraj;jtHfshf> midtUk; ,];yhj;jpidj; jq;fsJ tho;tpay; newpahf Vw;Wf; nfhz;lhHfs;.Al-Tantawi, Stories from History, p.85.

,q;Nf ehk; ftdpf;f Ntz;baJ vd;dntd;why;> K];ypk;fs; K];ypk; my;yhjtHfspd; chpikfs; vd;dntd;gij ftdj;jpy; vLj;Jf; nfhs;shj nghOJk;> kd;dUk; $l me;j kf;fSf;F mePjp ,iof;f KbahJ> tptfhuk; ePjp kd;wj;jpw;F nry;Ykhdhy;> me;j kf;fspd; epiyepWj;JtNj ePjpkd;wj;jpd; Kjy; flikahf ,Uf;Fk;.

,jw;F kpfr; rpwe;j vLj;Jf; fhl;L..!

cikah tk;rj;jtuhd my; tyPj; gpd; a]Pj; mtHfs; K];ypk;fSld; xg;ge;jq;fisr; nra;J nfhz;ltHfshd i]g;u]; kf;fis rphpahtpw;F ehL flj;jp tpl;lhH. ,tuJ ,e;j eltbf;if ,];yhkpa khHf;f mwpQHfis nfhjpg;gilar; nra;jNjhL> mtHfspd; fLk; fz;ldj;ijAk; ngw;Wj; je;jJ. a]Pj; cila ,e;jr; nray; mlf;FKiwiar; rhHe;jJ vd;W mtHfs; fLk; fz;ldk; njhptpj;jdH. ,tuJ kfd; a]Pj; mtHfs; Ml;rpf;F te;j nghOJ> mtuJ je;ij nra;j nraiy vLj;Jf; $wp> irg;u]; kf;fis kPz;Lk; rphpahtpypUe;J irg;u]; f;F jpUg;gp mDg;g Ntz;Lk; Nfhhpf;if itj;jdH. ,];yhkpa khHf;f mwpQHfspd; mwpTiuia Vw;Wf; nfhz;l a]Pj; mtHfs; irg;u]; kf;fis kPz;Lk; rphpahtpypUe;J irg;u]; f;F mDg;gp itj;jhH. cikah tk;rj;jpy; kpfTk; ePjkhf Ml;rp nra;jtHfspy; ,UtH ,Ue;jdH. xUtH a]Pj; vd;why; ,d;ndhUtH> ckH ,g;D mg;Jy; m[P]; (u`;) MthHfs;. Futuh al-Buldan, p.214.

,d;DnkhU vLj;Jf; fhl;L..!

nygdhid Mz;L nfhz;bUe;j mg;gh]paf; ftHduhd rhyp`; ,g;D myP ,g;D mg;Jy;yh ,g;D mg;gh]; mtHfs;> K];ypk;fSld; cld;gbf;if nra;J nfhz;l xU fpuhkj;J kf;fspy; rpyH rhpahf thpf; nfhLf;fhjjd; fhuzkhf me;j fpuhkj;jpy; trpj;J te;j xl;Lf nkhj;j kf;fis me;jf; fpuhkj;ij tpl;Lk; ntspNaWkhW cj;juT gpwg;gpj;jhH. ,d;Dk; ,e;j ftHdH> md;iwa fyPghtpd; gpujhd mikr;rHfspy; xUthpd; cwtpdhuhfTk; ,Ue;jhH. ,Ug;gpDk;> ,jidg; ghHj;Jf; nfhz;L ,Uf;f kdkpy;yhj khHf;f mwpQuhd ,khk; my; mt;]ha; mtHfs; xU kpf ePz;l fbjk; xd;iw mtUf;F mDg;gp itf;fpd;whHfs;.

xU rpyH nra;j jtWf;fhf ePq;fs; vt;thW midj;J kf;fisAk; gopthq;fyhk;> ,d;Dk; mtHfis vt;thW ePq;fs; mtHfsJ ,y;yq;fspypUe;J ntspNaw;wyhk;? vd;W Nfl;lNjhL> my;yh`; jdJ jpUkiwapNy $Wfpd;whd; :

(mjhtJ) Rkf;fpwtd; gpwpnjhUtdpd; Rikiar; Rkf;f khl;lhd;;. (53:38)

,d;Dk; ePq;fs; Mjuhkhf vLj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;Fk; ,d;Dk; cq;fsJ eltbf;iffis rPHjpUj;jpf; nfhs;tjw;Fk;> gpd;gw;Wtjw;Fk; kpfTk; nghWj;jkhd MjhukhFk;. ,jid mLj;J ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfspd; fl;lisfis Vw;Wg; gpd;gw;Wtjw;Fk; ,d;Dk; ghJfhg;gjw;Fk; chpj;jhdjhFk; vd;W $wp tpl;L> mtH $wpdhH>

vtnuhUtH jpk;kp (ghJfhg;G thp nrYj;j xg;Gf; nfhz;l)fSf;F vjpuhf elf;fpd;whNuh my;yJ mtH Rkf;ftpayhj Rikiar; Rkj;Jfpd;whNuh> mtUf;F vjpuhf ehd; tof;fhLNtd; (mjhtJ jpk;kp kPJ Fw;wkpioj;jtH kPJ). As-Sunan al-Kubra lil-bayhaqi, v.9, p.205.

mtHfs; cq;fsJ mbikfs; my;y. ePq;fs; epidj;j khj;jpuj;jpy; mtHfis xU ,lj;jpypUe;J ,d;DnkhU ,lj;jpw;F khw;Wtjw;F. mtHfs; cq;fSld; xg;ge;jq;fs; nra;J nfhz;ltHfs;. Non Muslims in Islamic Society, p.31.

K];ypky;yhjtHfs; kPJ ,];yhk; epidj;Jg; ghHj;jpuhj msTf;F ePjpia toq;fpaJ> me;j kf;fs; ve;j Njrj;ijr; NrHe;jtHfshf ,Ug;gpDk; rhpNa> ,d;Dk; kjj;ij my;yJ murhf ,Ue;jhYk; rhpNa..> Mdhy; ,it vy;yhk; kw;w kjq;fspy; epidj;Jk; ghHj;jpu Kbahjitfshf ,Ue;jd vd;gJ jhd; ,d;W tiu epiyj;J epw;Fk; cz;ikahFk;. cynfq;fpYk; cs;s mwpQHfSk;> Ma;thsHfSk; ,jw;fhd rj;jpa rhl;rpaj;ij jq;fs; vOj;Jf;fspy; tbj;J tpl;Lr; nrd;Ws;shHfs;. ,jd; %yk; ,];yhk; vd;Dk; rj;jpa xspia kw;wtHfSk; mwpe;J nfhs;s toptFj;Js;shHfs;.

gphpl;lidr; NrHe;j kpfTk; Gfo; ngw;w tuyhw;W mwpQuhd nty;]; vd;gtH ,];yhj;jpd; Nghjidfisg; gw;wp ,t;thW Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH :

Ghpe;JzHtpd; %yk; mtHfs; xU kpfg; ngUk; fyhr;rhuj;ijNa cUthf;fpdhHfs;. mtHfs; kf;fis jq;fsJ jhusg; Nghf;F kw;Wk; rfpg;Gj; jd;ik %yk; ftHe;jhHfs;> ,d;Dk; kdpjNeaj;jpd; %yKk;> mtw;iw eilKiwg;gLj;jpf; fhl;bajd; %yKk; kf;fis ,];yhj;jpd; ghy; ftHe;jhHfs;. nfhLikiaAk;> nfh^uq;fisAk;> mePjq;fisAk;> ntWg;GzHTfisAk; ghHf;f Kbahj kdpjhgpkhdkpf;f rKjhaj;ij cUthf;fpf; fhl;bdhHfs;. ,d;Dk; ,jidg; Nghd;wnjhU rKjhak; Kd;ndg;NghJk; cUthf;fg;gl;lJkpy;iy.As-Suba’i M, Splendors of our Civilization, p.146.

rH jhk]; mHdhy;L mtHfs;> ,];yhkpa Ml;rp cr;rj;jpy; ,Ue;j fhyq;fspy;> fpwp];jt kjj;jpy; cs;s fpisapdUf;fpilNa cs;s gpur;idfspd; fhuzkhf xUtH kw;wthpd; fOj;ij newpf;Fk; re;jHg;gj;jpw;fhf Vq;fpf; nfhz;bUe;jdH.

xUtH kw;wtiuf; Fop Njhz;bg; Gijf;Fk; ,e;jr; nraiy ,];yhk; jil nra;Nj itj;jpUe;jJ. ,j;jifa gpur;idfspy; K];ypk;fspy; ,y;yhjpUe;jJ> ,d;Dk; gy fpwp];jt fpisapdUf;fpilNa Ntw;Wikia cz;lhf;fhky;> mtHfspy; vtiuAk; gphpj;Jg; ghHf;fhky;> ePjpNahLk;> epahaj;JlDNk mtHfsJ gpur;idia mZfpdhHfs;> mjidj; jPHj;J itf;f Kad;whHfs;.

cjhuzkhf> vfpg;ij K];ypk;fs; ifg;gw;wpajd; gpd;dhs;> fpwp];jtHfspy; xU gphptpduhd N[f;Nfhigl;];> igrhe;jpaHfis ehl;il tpl;Nl mg;Gwg;gLj;Jk; ,e;jr; re;jHg;gj;ij jq;fSf;F rhjfkhfg; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhz;L> rkag; gw;Ws;s fpwp];jtHfisAk; mtHfsJ klhyaq;fisAk; mg;Gwg;gLj;j Kaw;rpfis Nkw;nfhz;lhHfs;. Mdhy;> rkaf; fpwp];jtHfs; rkHg;gpj;j rhd;Wfisg; ghHitapl;l K];ypk;fs;> N[Nfhigl;]; gphptpdhpd; thjq;fis kWj;jNjhL> klhyaq;fis rkaf; fpwp];jtHfSf;Nf jpUg;gpf; nfhLj;jhHfs;.Invitation to Islam, 87-88.

rprpypiar; NrHe;j Nkw;fj;jpa rpe;jidahsuhd mkhhp vd;gtH $Wfpd;whH :

K];ypk;fs; rprpypiaf; ifg;gw;wpa nghOJ> mjw;F Kd; jq;fsJ nrhe;j rNfhjuHfshd ,j;jhypaHfspd; Ml;rpapy; ,Ue;jij tpl> ghJfhg;igAk;> Rftho;itAk; ngw;Wf; nfhz;lhHfs;.Islam : The Perennial Religion, p.290.

ehj;kp Yfh vd;gtH $Wfpd;whH :

jpUkiwf; FHMdpy; xU trdk; cz;L. ,e;j trdj;ij tpl ,d;ndhU rl;lj;jhy; ,e;j cyfj;jpy; fhzg;gLk; mePjj;ijAk;> ghugl;rg; Nghf;ifAk; jLj;J tpl KbahJ. Muhammad : The Message and the Messenger. p.26.

ve;j xU $l;lj;jhH kPJk; ePq;fs; nfhz;Ls;s ntWg;G ePjp nra;ahkypUf;f cq;fisj; J}z;l Ntz;lhk;. ePjp nra;Aq;fs;; ,JNt (jf;thTf;F) - gagf;jpf;F kpf neUf;fkhFk;;. (jpUkiwf; FHMd; mj;jpahak; : my;khapjh> trd vz; : 8)

 

tho;Thpik> nrhj;Jhpik> fz;zpak;

nghJthf ,];yhk; kdpj rKjahj;jpy; cs;s mj;jid NgUf;Fk; thOk; chpikia mbg;gil chpikahf Mf;fp itj;Js;sJ. ,jpy; xU kdpjdJ tho;thjhu chpik> mtdJ jdpj;jd;ik> nrhj;J> kw;Wk; fz;zpak; Nghd;wtw;iwg; Ngzpf; nfhs;tjw;F top tif nra;fpd;wJ. mtHfs; K];ypk;fshf ,Ue;jhYk; rhp my;yJ K];ypk; my;yhjtHfshf ,Ue;jhYk; rhpNa> ,d;Dk; mtHfs; Fbkf;fshf ,Ue;jhYk; my;yJ Fbkf;fs; my;yhj Rw;Wyhg; gazpahf ,Ue;jhYk; rhpNa..! Nkw;fz;l chpikia Ngzpf; nfhs;tjw;F midtUf;Fk; rk chpikia toq;Ffpd;wJ. ,it ,iwtdhy; tFj;jspf;fg;gl;l fz;zpakpf;f rl;lq;fshFk;> NkYk; mit kpfTk; ftdj;Jld; ghJfhf;fg;gl;Lk;> ,d;Dk; rl;lk; my;yhj vjidf; nfhz;Lk; js;Sgb nra;a ,ayhj msTf;F mtw;iw epHtfpj;J tuf; $baJkhFk;. xU K];ypk; my;yhjtidf; $l fhuzq;fspd;wp nfhy;jtw;F jdpg;gl;l vtUf;Fk; ve;j chpikAk; ,y;iy> fhuzkpUe;jhYk; mjidr; rl;lj;jpd; Jiz nfhz;L jhd; mjid> chpa mjpfhuk; ngw;wtH jhd; epiwNtw;Wk; mjpfhuk; ngw;wtuhthH vd;W jpUkiw njspthfNt $wp epw;fpd;wJ. jpUkiwia mUspa my;yh`; $Wfpd;whd; :

''thUq;fs;! cq;fs; ,iztd; cq;fs; kPJ tpyf;fpapUg;gtw;iwAk; (VtpapUg;gtw;iwAk;) ehk; Xjpf; fhz;gpf;fpNwd;; vg;nghUisAk; mtDf;F ,izahf itf;fhjPHfs;; ngw;NwhHfSf;F ed;ik nra;Aq;fs;; tWikf;Fg; gae;J cq;fs; Foe;ijfisf; nfhy;yhjPHfs; - Vnddpy; cq;fSf;Fk;> mtHfSf;Fk; ehNk cztspf;fpd;Nwhk;; ntspg;ilahd ,ufrpakhd khdf;Nflhd fhhpaq;fis ePq;fs; neUq;fhjPHfs;; my;yh`; jLj;Js;s ve;j XH Mj;khitAk; epahakhdjw;F my;yhky; - nfhiy nra;ahjPHfs; - ,tw;iw ePq;fs; czHe;J nfhs;tjw;fhf (,iwtd;) cq;fSf;F (,t;thW) Nghjpf;fpd;whd;. (my;FHMd; mj;jpahak; my; md;Mk; (fhy;eilfs;): trd vz; 151)

NkYk; ,iwtd; $Wfpd;whd; :

,jd; fhuzkhfNt> ''epr;rakhf vtd; xUtd; nfhiyf;Fg; gjpyhfNth my;yJ G+kpapy; Vw;gLk; Fog;gj;ij(j; jLg;gjw;fhfNth) md;wp> kw;nwhUtiuf; nfhiy nra;fpwhNdh mtd; kdpjHfs; ahtiuANk nfhiy nra;jtd; Nghyhthd;; NkYk;> vtnuhUtH Xuhj;khit tho itf;fpwhNuh mtH kf;fs; ahtiuAk; tho itg;gtiug; NghyhthH"" (my;FHMd; mj;jpahak; my; khapjh (kutl;il) : trd vz; 32)

,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; `[;[pd; nghOJ> mu/gh ngUntspapy; epd;W jdJ NjhoHfSf;F kj;jpapy; Fj;gh ciu epfo;j;jpa nghOJ>

cq;fsJ ,uj;jk;> cq;fsJ nrhj;Jf;fs;> cq;fsJ fz;zpak; Mfpa midj;Jk; ,e;j ehisg; NghyNt> ,e;j efuj;ijg; NghyNt> NkYk; ,e;j khjj;ijg; NghyNt Gdpjkhdit vd;W $wpdhHfs;.56 Sahih Al-Bukhari, v.2, p.191.

,e;j Gdpjj;jd;ik K];ypk;fSf;F kl;Lk; chpj;jhdjy;y> Vndd;why; ,J gw;wp ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; ,t;thW $Wfpd;whHfs; :

ek;Kld; xg;ge;jk; nra;jpUf;fpd;w xUtiu vtnuhUtH nfhiy nra;fpd;whNuh> mtH Rtdj;jpd; thiliaf; $l Efu KbahJ> ,d;Dk; me;j thilahdij ePq;fs; 40 tUl gaz njhiyT msTf;Ff; fz;L nfhs;s KbAk;> (EfHe;J nfhs;s KbAk;). Sahih Al-Bukhari, v.8, p.48.

ve;jtpjf; fhuzKkpy;yhky;> xU K];ypk; my;yhjtUf;F ve;jtpj Jd;gKk; tpistpj;J tpl KbahJ> mJ ve;jtpjj;jpdpy; ,Ue;jhYk; rhpNa> mtdJ fz;zpaj;ijf; Fiyg;gjhf ,Ue;jhYk; rhpNa> mtJ nrhj;Jf;fSf;Fr; Nrjk; tpistpj;jhYk; rhpNa> mtid fhag;gLj;jpdhYk; my;yJ nfhiy nra;jhYk; rhpNa..> ve;jtpj rl;lf; fhuzq;fSk; ,y;yhj epiyapy;> mtd; kPJ if itg;gJ Kw;wpYk; jLf;fg;gl;ljhFk;.

,e;jkhjphpahd rl;lq;fs; rl;lq;fshf kl;Lk; ,];yhkpa tuyhw;wpy; epd;W tpltpy;iy. khwhf fhyk; fhykhf eilKiwg;gLj;jg;gl;L tUfpd;wd vd;gij tuyhw;iw Ma;e;J ghHg;gtHfSf;F tpsq;Fk;. ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfsJ fhyj;jpy;> xU K];ypk; xU K];ypk; my;yhjtiuf; nfhiy nra;J tpLfpd;whH. ,e;j epiyapy;> me;j tof;F ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfsJ Kd;dpiyapy; te;j nghOJ> me;j K];ypk; my;yhjtUf;Fr; rhHghf tof;fhLtjw;F ehNd jFjpAilatd; vd;W $wpa ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs;> nfhiyiar; nra;j me;j K];ypik rpur; Nrjk; nra;J jz;lidia epiwNtw;Wk;gb cj;jutpLfpd;whHfs;. Sunan Ad-Darqutni, v.3, p.135; hadith No.168.

,];yhj;jpd; ,uz;lhtJ Ml;rpahsH ckH (uyp) mtHfsJ fhyj;jpy; gD} gf;H ,g;D thapy; vd;w Nfhj;jpuj;ijr; NrHe;j K];ypk; xUtH> K];ypk;fSld; xg;ge;jk; nra;jpUe;j K];ypk; my;yhj Nfhj;jpuj;ijr; NrHe;j xUtiuf; nfhiy nra;J tpl;lhH. ,e;j tof;F ckH (uyp) mtHfSf;F Kd;G te;j nghOJ> nfhiyAz;l eghpd; cw;whHfis mioj;J> gopf;Fg; gop vLj;Jf; nfhs;Sk;gb jPHg;G toq;f> nfhiyiar; nra;j K];ypkpDila jiy ntl;lg;gLfpd;wJ. Rights of the People of the Convenent in the Islamic State, p.18.

,];yhkpa rhk;uh[;aj;jpd; ehd;fhtJ Ml;rpahsH myP (uyp) mtHfsJ fhyk;. K];ypk;fSld; xg;ge;jk; nra;jpUe;j egH xUtiu xU K];ypk; nfhiy nra;J tpLfpd;whH. tof;F Ml;rpahsuhf myP (uyp) mtHfs; Kd; te;jJ. K];ypkpd; kPJ Fw;wk; ep&gzkhdJ. nfhiyAz;l K];ypk; my;yhj me;j eghpd; cwtpdHfis mioj;j myP (uyp) mtHfs; gopf;Fg; gop vLj;Jf; nfhs;Sk;gb> mjhtJ me;j K];ypkpDila jiyiaj; Jz;bj;J tpLk;gb cj;jutpLfpd;whHfs;. jPHg;gpidf; Nfl;l> nfhiyAz;l eghpd; rNfhjuH $wpdhH> ePq;fs; ,thpd; jiyiaj; Jz;bg;gjhy; nfhiyAz;l vdJ rNfhjuH jpUk;gp tug; Nghtjpy;iy. mjw;Fg; gjpyhf mthplkpUe;J vdf;F ,og;gPl;Lj; njhifiag; ngw;Wj; jhUq;fs;> ehd; jpUg;jpNahL Vw;Wf; nfhs;fpd;Nwd; vd;W $wpdhH.

,jidf; Nfl;l myP (uyp) mtHfs;> cq;fis ,tuJ Nfhj;jpuj;jtHfs; ahUk; kpul;bdhHfsh? my;yJ gaKWj;jpdhHfsh? mt;thnwy;yhk; ePq;fs; gag;gl Ntz;lhk;. jz;lidia epiwNtw;w tpUg;gkh? vd;W Nfl;lhHfs;. mjw;F nfhiyAz;l eghpd; rNfhjuH $wpdhH> mt;thwy;y> vdf;F ,og;gPl;Lj; njhifNa NghJkhdJ. mtiug; gop vLf;f tpUg;gkpy;iy vd;W $wptpl;lhH.

,jidf; Nfl;l Ml;rpj; jiytuhd myP (uyp) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs; :

mwpe;J nfhs;Sq;fs;. vq;fsplk; xg;ge;jk; nra;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;w cq;fisg; nghWj;jtiuapy;> cq;fsJ ,uj;jKk; vq;fsJ ,uj;jKk; xNu kjpg;Gilait jhd;> mjw;fhd ,og;gPLk; vq;fsJ ,og;gPl;Lj; njhifiag; Nghd;W rkkhdJ jhd; vd;W $wpdhHfs;. ,jid ,d;ndhU trdj;jpy; $Wtnjd;why;>

mtHfs; ek;kplk; ghJfhg;G thpahd [p];ah thpiar; nrYj;jp tUfpd;whHfs;> vdNt mtHfsJ tho;Tk;> nrhj;Jk; K];ypk;fSila clikiag; Nghd;Nw rhp rkkhd kjpg;GilaNj..! vd;W $wpdhHfs;. As-Sunan al-Kubra, v.8, p.34.

,d;Dk; nrhy;yg; Nghdhy;> ,];yhkpag; NghH Kiwahd [p`hij vLj;Jf; nfhz;lhYk; rhp..> rhpahd fhuzq;fs; kw;Wk; ed;Nehf;fj;jpw;fhf md;wp epidj;jnjw;nfy;yhk;> [p`hj;..> [p`hj; vd mwptpf;f ,ayhJ. fPo;f;fz;l fhuzq;fSf;fhf kl;LNk Nkw;fz;l Nghiuj; njhLf;f ,aYk;> mjhtJ :

1 nfhLik kw;Wk; mlf;FKiwia vjpHj;J> ,jid my;yh`; ,t;thW $Wfpd;whd; :

cq;fis vjpHj;Jg; NghH GhpgtHfSld; ePq;fSk;> my;yh`;tpd; ghijapy; NghhpLq;fs;; Mdhy; tuk;G kPwhjPHfs;; epr;rakhf my;yh`; tuk;G kPWgtHfis Nerpg;gjpy;iy.(2:190)

NkYk; my;yh`; $Wfpd;whd; :

(NghH nra;tJ tpyf;fg;gl;Ls;s u[g;> Jy;f/jh> Jy;`[;> K`Huk; Mfpa) Gdpj khjj;jpw;Fg; Gdpj khjNk <lhFk;; ,Nj Nghd;W> vy;yhg; Gdpjg; nghUl;fSf;Fk; <L cz;L - MfNt> vtdhtJ (mk;khjj;jpy;) cq;fSf;F vjpuhf tuk;G fle;J ele;jhy;> cq;fs; Nky; mtd; vt;tsT tuk;G kPwpAs;shNdh mNj msT ePq;fs; mtd; Nky; tuk;T kPWq;fs;; my;yh`;it gae;J nfhs;Sq;fs;; epr;rakhf my;yh`; gagf;jpAilNahUld; ,Uf;fpd;whd; vd;gij mwpe;J nfhs;Sq;fs;. (2:194)

2 vtnuhUtH jq;fsJ cld;gbf;ifia Kwpj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;whHfNsh my;yJ nra;J nfhz;l xg;ge;jj;ij kPWfpd;whNuh mjid vjpHj;Jk; : ,iwtd; $Wfpd;whd; :

mtHfSila cld;gbf;iff;Fg;gpd;> jk; rj;jpaq;fSila khHf;fj;ijg; gw;wpAk; ,opj;Jf; Fiw nrhy;yp nfhz;L ,Ug;ghHfshdhy;> mtHfs; (Nkw;$wpa nray;fspypUe;J) tpyfpf; nfhs;tjw;fhf epuhfhpg;gtHfspd; jiytHfSld; NghH GhpAq;fs;; Vnddpy; mtHfSf;F epr;rakhf xg;ge;jq;fs; (vd;W vJTk;) ,y;iy. (9:12)

3 rj;jpag; gpur;rhuj;Jf;Fj; jilf;fy;yhf epw;gtHfis vjpHj;Jk;> ,jidf; Fwpj;J my;yh`; $Wfpd;whd; :

/gpj;dh(Fog;gKk;> fyfKk;) ePq;fp my;yh`;Tf;Nf khHf;fk; vd;gJ cWjpahFk; tiu> ePq;fs; mtHfSld; NghhpLq;fs;; Mdhy; mtHfs; xJq;fp tpLthHfshdhy; - mf;fpukf;fhuHfs; jtpu(NtW vtUlDk;) gif (nfhz;L NghH nra;jy;) $lhJ.

4 mlf;FKiwf;Fs;shf;fg;gl;l kf;fSf;F MjuthfTk;> mtHfis mlf;FKiwfspypUe;J tpLtpf;fTk;> ,iwtd; ,Jgw;wpj; jd;Dila jpUkiwapNy $Wfpd;whd; :

gy`Pdkhd Mz;fisAk; ngz;fisAk;> rpW Foe;ijfisAk; ghJfhg;gjw;fhf> my;yh`;tpd; ghijapy; ePq;fs; NghH nra;ahjpUf;ff; fhuzk; ahJ? (mtHfNsh) ''vq;fs; ,iwtNd! mf;fpukf;fhuHfs; ,Uf;Fk; ,t;T+iutpl;L vq;fis ntspg;gLj;Jthahf; vq;fSf;fhf cd;dplkpUe;J XH cjtpahsidAk; mspj;jUs;thahf"" vd;W gpuhHj;jid nra;fpwhHfs;.

tp[a; Nuhl;hpf; vd;w ,e;jpa vOj;jhsH $Wfpd;whH :

mePjpiaAk; kw;Wk; mlf;FKiwiaAk; mfw;Wtjw;fhf ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfis [p`hj; vd;w Nghiuj; njhlq;Ftjw;F ,];yhk; mDkjp mspj;jJ. ,d;Dk; mtHfspd; gpur;rhug; ghijf;F jilf;fy;yhf epd;W nfhz;bUg;gtw;iw mfw;Wtjw;fhfTk; mDkjpj;jJ. ,e;j gpur;rhufHfs; ahiuAk; ,];yhj;jpw;Fs; te;J tpLkhW tw;GWj;jtpy;iy. khwhf> ,];yhj;jpw;Fs; te;J tpLkhW miog;G tpLj;jhHfs;> ,d;Dk; mjid mtHfsJ nrhe;j tpUg;gj;jpw;Nf tpl;L tpl;lhHfs;. ,jd; fhuzkhfNt> mtHfs; vg;nghOJ ,];yhj;jpw;Fs; Eioe;J tpl;lhHfNsh> mjDld; ,Wfg; gpize;J tpLfpd;whHfs;> mjDila jPtpu MjuthsHfshfTk; khwp tpLfpd;whHfs;. ,];yhk; xU mikjpahf khHf;fkhFk;> ,iwtDila rhe;jpAk;> ,d;Dk; midj;J kf;fsplKk; rhe;jp rkhjhdj;ijNa mJ nfhz;bUf;fpd;wJ. People's Impression about Islam. p.228.

K];ypk; my;yhjthpd; nrhj;jpy; Kjw; nfhz;L> mlf;FKiwfspypUe;Jk;> mjid fhuzkpd;wp tYf;fl;lhakhf mgfhpj;Jf; nfhs;tjpypUe;Jk; ghJfhg;Gg; ngw;wtdhf ,Uf;fpd;whd;. ahuhtJ xUtH mtuJ nrhj;ijj; jpUb tpl;lhnud;why;> jpUbathpd; fuk; Jz;bf;fg;gLk;;;;> ,d;Dk; ahuhtJ mtiu Nkhrb nra;jpUe;jhH vd;why; mjw;fhd jz;lidia Nkhrb nra;jtUf;F toq;fg;gLk;> ,d;Dk; vtuhtJ mthplk; fld; thq;fpapUe;jhnud;why; me;jf; fld; njhifia kPl;Lf; nfhLf;fg;gLk;.

,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; $wpajhf fhypj; gpd; tyPj; (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpd;whHfs; :

cq;fSld; xg;ge;jk; nra;J nfhz;ltHfSila nghUs;fis> (thp Nghd;w mj;jpahtrpa t#ypg;Gf;fhftd;wp Ntnwjw;fhfTk;) vLj;Jf; nfhs;tJ> MFkhdjy;y vd;gjid mwpe;J nfhs;Sq;fs;.

m`;kj; ,g;D Jyd; vd;gtH vfpg;jpd; Ml;rpahsuhf ,Ue;j Neuk; mJ> ,tUila jsgjp xUtiu xU efuj;jpd; ftHduhf epakpj;jpUe;jhH. xUehs;> fpwp];jt re;epahrp xUtH m`;kj; ,g;D Jyd; d; muz;kidf;F xU GfhH kDitf; nfhz;L te;jhH. ,jid ftdpj;j muz;kidf; fhtyhspahd xUtH> me;j re;epahrpia mioj;J> ePq;fs; muz;kidf;F te;jjd; fhuznkd;d vd;gjid tpdtpdhH.

mjw;F me;j re;epahrp $wpdhH>

cq;fsJ ftHdH vd; kPJ mlf;FKiwia Vtp> vd;dplkpUe;j 300 jpH`k;fisf; ifg;gw;wpf; nfhz;lhH. mjidg; Gfhuhfj; njhptpf;fNt muz;kid te;Njd; vd;whH.

rhp..! ePq;fs; me;j ftHdiug; gw;wpg; GfhH $w Ntz;lhk;. mtH ifg;gw;wpa me;jg; gzj;ij ehd; cq;fSf;Fj; jUfpd;Nwd;. vd;Dld; vd; tPl;Lf;F te;j mjidg; ngw;Wr; nry;Yq;fs; vd;W mioj;Jr; nrd;W> me;jg; gzj;ij nfhLj;jDg;Gfpd;whH.

,e;jr; rk;gtj;ij vg;gbNah Nfs;tpg;gl;l m`;kj; ,g;D Jyd; mtHfs;> me;j ftHdiuAk;> me;j muz;kidf; fhtyhspiaAk;> fpwp];jt re;epahrpiaAk; mioj;J tUk;gb cj;jutpLfpd;whH. mtHfs; midtUk; ,g;nghOJ muz;kidapy; m`;kj; ,g;D Jyd; Kd;ghf epd;W nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;.

Kjypy; ftHdhpd; gf;fk; jdJ ftdj;ijj; jpUg;gpa kd;dH>

cq;fSf;F tuf; $ba tUkhdk;> cq;fsJ tho;f;ifj; Njitfisg; G+Hj;jp nra;J nfhs;sg; Nghjtpy;iyah? ePq;fs; gpwhplk; t#ypf;fpd;w gzj;jpw;fhd rhpahd fhuzj;ijf; $w Ntz;Lk; vd;W $l tpUk;Gtjpy;iyah?

ftHdH kd;dUf;F vjpuhf vijAk; Ngrj; jpuhzpaw;wtuhf> jdJ Fw;wj;ij xg;Gf; nfhs;tijj; jtpu NtW topapy;yhj epiyapy; epd;W nfhz;bUe;jhH. kd;dH njhlHe;jhH..

gpd; vjw;fhf mthplkpUe;J me;jg; gzj;ijf; ifg;gw;wpdPH? vd;W $wptpl;L> mtiuf; ftHdH gjtpapypUe;J ePf;Fk;gb mitNahUf;F cj;jutpl;lhH.

gpd;G> fpwp];jt re;epahrpapd; gf;fk; jpUk;gpa kd;dH> cq;fsplkpUe;J mtH vt;tsT gzj;ij vLj;Jf; nfhz;lhH.

re;jpahrp $wpdhH : 300 jpH`k;fis vLj;Jf; nfhz;lhH> m`;kj; Jyd; $wpdhH> ,J kpfTk; mw;gkhdJ> 3000 jpH`k;fs; vd;W ePH nrhy;yp ,Uf;ff; $lhjh? mjw;Fj; jFe;jhw; Nghy mtUf;Fj; jz;lidia ehd; mjpfhpj;jpUg;NgNd..! rhp..! ck;Kila thf;F%yj;ijNa vLj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;Nwd;> vd;W $wp ftHdiug; gzp ePf;fk; nra;a cj;jutpl;lhH.

,d;Dk; K];ypky;yhjtHfs; jq;fsJ nfsutj;ijAk; Ngzpf; nfhs;s chpik gilj;jtuhfpd;whHfs;> nfl;l Ngr;Rf;fs;> mtJ}W Nghd;wtw;wpypUe;Jk; ghJfhg;Gg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s chpik gilj;jtHfshthHfs;. ,tHfs; K];ypk;fSld; xg;ge;jk; nra;jpUf;Fk;gl;rj;jpy;> K];ypk;fisg; NghyNt Nkw;gb chpikiag; ngw;wtuhfpd;whHfs;. Ibn ‘Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar ‘ala ad-Durr al -Mukhtar, v.3, p.244.

,e;j chpik rf Fbkf;fSf;F kl;Lkpd;wp> ,];yhkpag; gpuNjrj;jpy; te;J jw;fhypfkhfj; jq;fpr; nry;Yk; midtUf;Fk; $l nghJthdNj. ,tHfSd; $l ghJfhty;> ghJfhg;G kw;Wk; ftdpg;G Mfpa chpikfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s chpik gilj;jtHfshfpd;whHfs;. my;yh`; jdJ jpUkiwapNy $Wfpd;whd; :

(egpNa!) K\;hpf;Ffspy; ahNuDk; ck;kplk; Gfyplk; Njb te;jhy;> my;yh`;Tila trdq;fis mtH nrtpNaw;Fk; tiuapy; mtUf;F mgakspg;gPuhf. mjd; gpd; mtiu mtUf;Fg; ghJfhg;Gf; fpilf;Fk; NtW ,lj;jpw;F (gj;jpukhf) mDg;GtPuhf - Vndd;why; mtHfs; epr;rakhf mwpahj r%fj;jpduhf ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. (9:6)

myP ,g;D mgPjhypg; (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpj;jpUf;fpd;w xU egpnkhopapd; %ykhf> milf;fyk; jUtJ vd;gJ midj;J K];ypkpd; kPJ cs;s flikahFk;.

,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs; :

xg;ge;jq;fis epiwNtw;WtJ vd;gJ rKjhaj;jpd; kPJ tpjpf;fg;gl;lJ> mjid mUfpy; cs;s K];ypk; epiwNtw;Wtjw;F Kaw;rp nra;al;Lk;> xU K];ypkpdhy; ghJfhg;G toq;fg;gl;ljd; gpd;G> mjid ahuhtJ Kwpf;f my;yJ mjid epiwNtw;whky; kPWk; gl;rj;jpy;> mtH my;yh`;tpd; rhgj;jpw;Fhpatuhfpd;whH> ,d;Dk; thdtHfs;> kw;Wk; midj;J kf;fspd; rhgj;jpw;Fk;> ,d;Dk; ,tUf;fhf ve;jg; ghpe;JiuAk; me;j kWik ehspd; nghOJ Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;glTk; khl;lhJ. Sahih al – Bukhari v.4 p.74

,d;ndhU egpnkhopapd; thrfkhdJ ,t;thW $Wfpd;wJ :

mUfpy; ,Uf;ff; $ba K];ypk; (kw;w midtiuf; fhl;bYk;) mjpfk; ghJfhg;G toq;f Ntz;Lk;. Sunan Ibn Majah, v.2. p.895

,jd; fhuzkhf> ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfspd; NjhopaHfSs; xUthuhd> ck;K `hdP gpd;j; mgP jhypg; (uyp) mtHfs; ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfsplk; $wpdhHfs; :

,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfNs..!

`{iguh`; vd;gtUf;F ehd; milf;fyk; nfhLj;jpUf;Fk; epiyapy;> mtH kPJ myp (uyp) mtHfs; NghH nra;Ntd; vd;W $Wfpd;whH.

,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; ,t;thW gjpy; $wpdhHfs; :

ePq;fs; ahUf;F milf;fyk; nfhLj;jpUf;fpd;wPHfNsh> mtH ek; midthpd; ghJfhg;gpd; fPo; ghJfhg;Gg; ngw;wtuhf ,Uf;fpd;whH. Sahih al – Bukhari, v.4, p.67

,e;jg; ghJfhg;G vd;gJ ,];yhj;jpw;F kl;LNk chpa cahpa nfhs;ifahFk;. ,jd; %yk; xU K];ypky;yhjtH> xU K];ypkpdplj;jpy; ghJfhg;Gf; NfhUthH vd;W nrhd;dhy;> mtH mjid toq;FtNjhL> mjid kPWNthH fLikahd jz;lidf;F cs;shthH vd;Wk; vr;rhpf;if nra;aAk; Ntz;Lk;. ,jd; %yk; ghJfhg;igg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;ltH> gpwuJ jhf;Fjy; kw;Wk; mtUf;F Mgj;J tpistpf;Fk; epiyfspypUe;J mtH ghJfhg;Gg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tNjhL> K];ypk;fs; je;j thf;FWjpia kPwhjtHfs; vd;w cd;dj epiyiaAk; mtH fz;L nfhs;thH. ,J kw;w kjq;fspy; ,y;yhjJk;> ,];yhj;jpy; kl;LNk cs;s rpwg;Gf; $WfshFk;.

mlf;FKiwapypUe;Jk; ghJfhg;G

,];yhkpar; rl;lq;fshdJ> K];ypky;yhjtHfspd; ghJfhg;G tp\aj;jpy; nghLNghf;Fj; jdkhfr; nray;glhJ. ,];yhkpa Ml;rpg; gpuNjrj;jpw;Fs; mtH ghJfhg;Gg; ngw;W ,Ue;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; epiyapy;> ,tHfis mr;RWj;Jk; Nehf;fpy; VNjDk; ntspr; rf;jpfs; KidAkhdhy;> K];ypk;fisg; ghJfhg;gjpy; vt;thW ,];yhkpa muR nray;gLNkh mt;thNw> ,];yhj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhs;shjtHfspd; ghJfhg;G tp\aj;jpYk; mjpf mf;fiwAld; nray;gLk;. mtHfs; nrYj;jf; $ba ghJfhg;G thpahdJ> mtHfspd; ghJfhg;G tp\aj;jpw;fhfntd;W t#y; nra;ag;gLfpd;w fhuzj;jhy;> K];ypky;yhjtHfspd; ghJfhg;G tp\aj;jpy; ,];yhkpa muR nghLNghf;fhfr; nray;gl KbahJ. ,d;Dk;> [p];ah thp nrYj;jp tUk; epiyapy;> vjphpfspdhy; rpiw gpbj;Jr; nry;yg;gl;lhy;> mt;thW rpiw gpbf;fg;gl;Lr; nry;yg;gl;ltHfis> vd;d tpiy nfhLj;jhtJ kPl;Lf; nfhz;L tu Ntz;ba nghWg;G ,];yhkpa muirr; rhHe;jJkhFk;.

,];yhkpa cyfpd; kpfr; rpwe;j mwpQuhd> ,g;D `];k; mtHfs;> ,e;jf; flik gw;wp ,t;thW Fwpg;gpLfpd;whHfs; :

ehk; vjphp ehL xd;wpdhy; jhf;fg;gLNthkhdhy;> mjpy; ek;Kld; xg;ge;jk; nra;jpUf;fpd;w K];ypky;yhjtHfSk; ,jdhy; jhf;fg;gLthHfs; vd;wpUf;Fk; epiyapy;> K];ypk;fs; KO MAj jhpg;gpy; NghUf;Fj; jahuhFtNjhL> ek;Kld; xg;ge;jk; nra;jpUf;fpd;w K];ypky;yhjtHfisg; ghJfhg;gjw;fhd me;jg; Nghhpy; nrj;J kbtjw;Fk; jahuhfp tpl Ntz;Lk;> ,jd; %yk; my;yh`;Tk; kw;Wk; mtdJ J}jH (]y;) mtHfSk; toq;fpapUf;fpd;w me;jg; ghJfhg;G xg;ge;jj;jpid KOikahf epiwNtw;wpf; nfhLf;f K];ypk;fs; KOikahfg; ghLgl Ntz;Lk;. ,Jty;yhky;> ,jid tpl kl;lkhfNth kw;Wk; Njhy;tpia xg;Gf; nfhz;L ruzile;J tpLNthnkd;why;> ehk; toq;fpa me;j Gdpjkhd xg;ge;jj;ij epiwNtw;whj Fw;wj;jpw;Fk;> mjid epiwNtw;w kWj;j Fw;wj;jpw;Fk; MshNthk; vd;W $Wfpd;whHfs;. Al-Furuq, v.3, p.14. Also refer to As-Sawwa, A. The Islamic View of non-Muslims in Muslim Society, in : The Treatment of non-Muslims in Islam, p.211.

mG+ cigjh gpd; my; [Huh`; (uyp) mtHfs; ig]he;jpag; gilfSf;F vjpuhd Nghhpy; jsgjpahf epakpf;fg;gl;bUe;j Neuk;. (Kitab al-Kharaj, pp.149-151). K];ypk;fSld; rkhjhd xg;ge;jk; nra;J nfhz;l efuq;fspypUe;j rpy egHfisj; NjHe;njLj;J> ig]he;jpag; gilfspd; rjp Ntiyfs; Fwpj;J csT ghHg;gjw;fhf mDg;gp itf;fg;gl;lhHfs;. mt;thW mDg;gp itf;fg;gl;l xw;wHfs;> ig]he;jpag; gilfs; kpfg; nghpa uhZtk; xd;iwj; jahH nra;J> K];ypk;fSf;F vjpuhfg; NghH nra;aj; jahuhfp tUtjhf> xUtH gpd; xUtuhf te;J njhptpj;Jf; nfhz;Nl ,Ue;jhHfs;. xUtH gpd; xUtuhf ,e;j ig]he;jpag; gilfs; K];ypk;fSf;F vjpuhfg; NghH nra;aj; jahuhfp tUk; nra;jpia cWjpg;gLj;jpaTld;> ghJfhg;G tp\aj;jpy; jFe;j eltbf;if vLf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gjid cWjp nra;j mG+ cigjh gpd; my; [Huh`; (uyp) mtHfs;> xt;nthU efuj;jpYk; epakpf;fg;gl;bUe;j jdJ cjtpahsHfSf;F xU fbjk; xd;iw vOjp mDg;gp itj;jhH.

me;jf; fbjj;jpy; ehk; ghJfhg;G toq;Ftjw;F cj;juthjk; mspj;J> ahH ahhplnky;yhk; [p];ah vd;w ghJfhg;G thpia t#y; nra;jpUf;fpd;NwhNkh> me;jg; gzj;ij mtutHfsplk; jpUg;gpf; nfhLj;J tpLk;gbf; $wp tpl;L> fPo;f;fhZk; nra;jpia mtHfSf;F mwptpj;J tpLk;gb cj;jutpLfpd;whHfs;.

ehq;fs; cq;fsplk; t#y; nra;j gzj;ij jpUg;gpf; nfhLj;J tpLfpd;Nwhk;> Vndd;why;> vk;ik vjpHg;gjw;fhf xU ngUk; gil jahuhfp tUk; nra;jp fpilj;Js;sJ. ehk; nra;J nfhz;l xg;ge;jj;jpd; epge;jidfspd; mbg;gilapy;> ehk; cq;fisg; ghJfhg;gjhf thf;FWjp mspj;jpUf;fpd;Nwhk;> mjid epiwNtw;w ,ayhj #o;epiy cUthfp tUtjhf mwpfpd;Nwhk;> vdNt ghJfhg;Nghk; vd;W cq;fsplk; t#y; nra;j gzj;ijj; jpUg;gpj; jUfpd;Nwhk;> mjid ePq;fs; vq;fsplk; ,Ue;J jpUk;gg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. my;yh`; vq;fSf;F ntw;wpia mspj;jhy;> ehk; cq;fSld; nra;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;w xg;ge;jg;gb ehk; ele;J nfhs;Nthk;; vd;W mjpy; Fwpg;gpl;bUe;jhHfs;.

mG+ cigjh (uyp) mtHfspd; cjtpahsHfspd; nra;jpia me;j K];ypky;yhj kf;fsplk; mwptpj;J tpl;L> me;jg; gzj;ijj; jpUg;gpf; nfhLj;j nghOJ> mtHfs; ,t;thW $wpdhHfs; :

my;yh`; cq;fisg; ghJfhj;J vq;fsplk; jpUg;gp mDg;Gthdhf> my;yh`; cq;fSf;F ntw;wpiaAk; mUs;thdhf. epr;rakhf..! ePq;fs; ,Uf;Fk; ,e;j ,lj;jpy; ig]he;jpaHfs; ,Ue;jpUg;ghHfNsahdhy;> fz;bg;ghf ,e;jg; gzj;jpy; vjidAk; jpUg;gpj; je;jpUf;f khl;lhHfs;. vq;fsplkpUe;J mj;jidiaAk; gwpj;Jf; nfhz;L> vjidAk; kpr;rk; itj;jpUf;fhky; mgfhpj;Jr; nrd;wpUg;ghHfs; vd;W $wpdhHfs;;.

gpd; ,uz;L gilfSk; fLikahf Nkhjpf; nfhz;ld. ,U gf;fKk; fLikahd Nrjk; tpise;j NghjpYk;> ,Wjpapy; K];ypk;fs; ntw;wp ngw;whHfs;. ,jw;F Kd; K];ypk;fSlk; xg;ge;jk; nra;J nfhz;buhj kw;w efuj;J kf;fs;> ig]he;jpaHfs; jq;fSld; ele;J nfhz;l KiwiaAk;> Njhy;tpaile;j epiyiaAk; fz;L tpl;L> K];ypk;fsplk; rhkhjdk; xg;ge;jk; nra;J nfhs;s J}J mDg;gpdhHfs;. ,jw;F Kd; kw;w efuj;J kf;fsplk; vt;thW K];ypk;fs; xg;ge;jk; nra;J nfhz;lhHfNsh> mjidg; NghyNt ,tHfsplKk; ghJfhg;G xg;ge;jk; nra;J nfhz;lhHfs;. Mdhy;> mtHfs; xU tpjpKiwia kl;Lk; ,izj;Jf; nfhs;s tpUk;gpdhHfs;. jq;fsJ gFjpfspy; xope;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; ig]he;jpag; gil tPuHfs; ghJfhg;ghf ntspNawp> jq;fsJ ehl;Lld;> jq;fSila FLk;gq;fSld; nrd;W ,ize;J nfhs;SKfkhf mtHfSf;F ve;jtpj ,ilA+Wkpd;wp mtHfsJ topapy; jpUk;gpr; nry;y mDkjp toq;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W Ntz;bf; nfhz;lhHfs;. mjw;F rk;kjk; njhptpf;fg;gl;lNjhL> ig]he;jpag; gilapd; vQ;rpa tPuHfs; jq;fsJ gFjpfSf;F ve;jtpj ,ilA+Wk; ,d;wp jpUk;gpr; nry;y mDkjpf;fg;gl;ldH. gpd;G> me;j kf;fs; [p];ah thpia mG+ cigjh (uyp) mtHfSf;F mDg;gp itj;jhHfs;.

NghH Kbe;J mG+ cigjh (uyp) mtHfs; jdJ jhafk; jpUk;gpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;whH. mtH flf;Fk; xt;nthU efuj;ijf; flf;Fk; nghOJk;> ,jw;F Kd; mG+ cigjh (uyp) mtHfsplk; xg;ge;jq;fs; nra;J nfhs;shj kf;fs; jq;fsJ jiytHfis mG+ cigjh (uyp) mtHfsplk; mDg;gp> ,jw;F Kd; kw;w efuq;fspy; vt;thW ePq;fs; ghJfhg;G xg;ge;jk; nra;J nfhz;BHfNsh> mjidg; Nghd;wnjhU xg;ge;jj;ij ehq;fSk; cq;fSld; nra;J nfhs;s tpUk;Gfpd;Nwhk; vd;W $wf; $batHfshf ,Ue;jhHfs;. ,d;Dk; ,jw;F Kd; ghJfhg;G xg;ge;jk; nra;J nfhz;bUe;j kf;fs;> jq;fsplk; jpUg;gp mspf;fg;gl;l ghJfhg;G thp kw;Wk; epy thpia kPz;Lk; mG+ cigjh (uyp) mtHfsplk; jpUg;gpf; nfhLj;J> jhq;fs; Vw;fdNt xg;Gf; nfhz;bUe;j xg;ge;jj;ijg; kPz;Lk; mjid ve;jtpj khw;wj;jpw;Fk; cl;gLj;jhky;> GJg;gpj;Jf; nfhz;lhHfs;.

,];yhkpa tuyhw;wpy; nghd;ndOj;Jf;fshy; vOjg;gl;l ,d;DnkhU xspgilj;j rhpj;jpur; rhd;W xd;iw ,q;F ghHg;Nghk;.

,g;D ijkpa;ah (u`;) mtHfs; tho;e;j fhykJ> mg;nghOJ rphpahitf; ifg;gw;wpf; nfhz;ldH jhHj;jhhpaHfs;. ,g;D ijkpa;ah mtHfs; jhHj;jhhpaHfs; jiytuhf Fy;J\h vd;gthplk; Neubahfr; nrd;W> ifjpfshfr; rpiwgpbf;fg;gl;ltHfis tpLjiy nra;AkhW NfhhpdhHfs;. ,g;D ijkpa;ah mtHfspd; Ntz;LNfhis Vw;Wf; nfhz;l Fy;J\h K];ypk; ifjpfis tpLjiy nra;jhH. ,g;D ijkpa;ah mtHfs; ,e;jr; nraYf;F vjpHg;Gj; njhptpj;jNjhly;yhky;>

vq;fSld; xg;ge;jk; nra;jpUf;fpd;w fpwp];jtHfisAk;> A+jHfisAk; tpLtpf;fhj tiu ehd; jpUg;jpaila khl;Nld;> mtHfisg; ghJfhg;gJ vq;fsJ flikahf ,Uf;fpd;wJ. vq;fsJ nrhe;j kf;fis tpLtpj;J tpl;L> vq;fSld; ghJfhg;G xg;ge;jk; nra;jpUf;fpd;w kf;fis rpiwapy; thl tpl;Lr; nry;y KbahJ. jhHj;jhhpaH jiytH kw;w midtiuAk; tpLtpf;Fk; tiu ,g;D ijkpa;ah (u`;) mtHfs; Xatpy;iy. Non-Muslim in Islamic Society, p.10.

ntspapypUe;J tUk; jhf;Fjy;fspypUe;Jk;> Mgj;Jf;fspypUe;Jk; K];ypk;fisg; ghJfhg;gJ K];ypk;fspd; flikahf ,Uf;fpd;w mNjNtis> cs;ehl;Lf;Fs; vOfpd;w Mgj;Jf;fspypUe;Jk; mtHfisg; ghJfhg;gnjd;gJ mjid tpl mjp Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;jjhFk;. my; ktHjp mtHfs; $Wfpd;whHfs; :

K];ypky;yhjtHfs; mspf;fpd;w [p];ah vd;Dk; ghJfhg;G thpahdJ ,uz;L tpjkhd chpikfis mtHfs; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tijj; jPHkhdpf;fpd;wJ. KjyhtJ> mtHfs; vy;yhtpj njhe;juTfspypUe;Jk; tpLtpj;J tpLtJ> ,uz;lhtJ> vy;yhtpj Mgj;Jf;fspypUe;Jk; ghJfhg;gJ. ,e;j mstpy; r%fj;jpy; mtHfisg; ghJfhg;gJk; ,d;Dk; ntspapypUe;J tuf; $ba Mgj;Jf;fspypUe;J ghJfhg;gJkhFk;. Al-Ahkam as-Sulthaniyah, p.143; refer also to As-Sawwa, A. The Islamic View of non-Muslims in Muslim Society, p.211.

mtHfisg; ghJfhf;Fk; nghWg;gpypUe;J jtwp tpLtjhdJ> mtHfs; kPJ njhLf;fpd;w mlf;FKiwf;FahFk;. ,];yhk; midj;Jtpj mlf;FKiwfspypUe;Jk; kf;fis tpLtpj;Js;sJ> mt;thW nray;gLNthiu KO %r;NrhL vjpHf;fTk; nra;fpd;wJ. my;yh`; jdJ jpUkiwapy; ,Jgw;wpf; $Wfpd;whd; :

ePq;fs; nrhy;ypaijnay;yhk; jpldhf ,tHfs; ngha;ahf;fptpl;ldH; MfNt (,g;NghJ Ntjidiaj;) jLj;Jf; nfhssNth> cjtp ngw;Wf; nfhs;sNth ePq;fs; rf;jp ngwkhl;BHfs;; NkYk; cq;fspy; vtd; mepahak; nra;J nfhz;bUe;jhNdh> mtid ehk; nghpanjhU Ntjidiar; Ritf;fr;nra;Nthk;"" (vd;W ,iwtd; $Wthd;). (my; /GHfhd; : 19)

my;yh`; jdJ Fj;]papy; $Wtjhf> ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; $Wfpd;whHfs; :

vd;Dila mbahHfNs..! mlf;FKiw nra;tij vdf;F ehNd jil nra;Js;Nsd;> NkYk; cq;fSf;fpilapk; mlf;FKiwapy; <LgLtijAk; jil nra;jpUf;fpd;Nwd;> vdNt mlf;FKiw nra;ahjPHfs;. Riyadh as-Saliheen, p.65

xg;ge;jk; nra;jpUf;fpd;w K];ypk; my;yhjtHfs; kPJ mlf;FKiwapy; <LgLtJ vd;gJ ghtkhdjhFk;. nra;j xg;ge;jj;jpd; mbg;gilapy;> xg;ge;jq;fis epiwNtw;WtJ Ml;rpahshpd; flikahFk;> mjid mtuJ cjtpahsHfs; ey;y Kiwapy; epiwNtw;wpl Ntz;Lk;.

mtHfsplk; nra;jpUf;fpd;w xg;ge;jq;fis kPWtJ> my;yh`;Tf;F vjpuhfg; Ghpaf; $ba kpfg; ngUk; Fw;wkhFk; vd;W ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; Fwpg;gpl;Lf; $wpAs;shHfs; :

ahuhtJ ([p];ah toq;Fk;) jpk;kpia Nehtpid nra;thuhfpy;> mtH vd;id Nehtpid nra;tjhf vz;zpf; nfhs;sl;Lk;. vd;id ahuhtJ Nehtpid nra;thuhfpy;> mtH my;yh`;Tf;F vjpuhf Nehtpid nra;tjpy; <Lgl;ltuhthH. Al-Jami’as -Saghir, Hadith No.8270

,d;Dk; ahuhtJ xU jpk;kpf;F Nehtpid nra;thuhfpy;> ehis epahaj; jPHg;G ehsd;W me;j jpk;kpf;F Mjuthf ehd; tof;fhLNtd; vd;Wk; ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; $wpapUf;fpd;whHfs; :

ahuhtJ jpk;kpiia Nehtpid nra;thuhfpy;> mtUf;F ehd; vjphpahNtd;. mtH vdf;F vjphpahfp tpl;lhnudpy;> ehis kWik ehspy; ehd; mtiu vjpHg;Ngd;.Al-Jami’as -Saghir, Hadith No.8270

,jid ,d;DnkhU thHj;ijapy; ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; $wpapUg;gijg; ghUq;fs; :

ePq;fs; mwpe;J nfhs;Sq;fs;> ePq;fs; xg;ge;jk; nra;jpUf;fpd;w (jpk;kpfshd)tHfs; kPJ mtHfs; jhq;ftpayhj thpia Rkj;JtJk; my;yJ mtHfsJ tpUg;gkpd;wp mtHfsJ nghUl;fis vLj;Jf; nfhs;NthHfSf;F vjpuhf ehd; kWik ehisapy; tof;fhLNtd;.As-Sunan al-Kubra, v.9. p.205

,jd; %yk; ghJfhg;G xg;ge;jk; nra;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;wtHfis ghJfhg;gJ vd;gJ ekJ jiyaha flikfspy; xd;whf ,Ug;gij ehk; czHe;J nfhs;syhk;.

NkNy cs;s midj;J tpguq;fSk;> ,];yhkpa muRld; xg;ge;jk; nra;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;w ,];yhk; my;yhjtHfisAk;> mtHfsJ clikfisAk; ghJfhg;gJ vd;gJ K];ypk;fspd; jiyaha flikahFk; vd;gij tpsf;fp epw;fpd;wd. ,Jgw;wp my; Fuh/gp vd;gtH Fwpg;gpLk; nghOJ :

mtHfSf;fpilNa ehk; nra;J nfhz;litfs; xg;ge;jnkd;Dk; epiyapy;> mjpy; cs;s tpjpKiwfs; ahTk; ek;ikAk; fl;Lg;gLj;jf; $baitfs;> mtHfs; ek;Kila mz;il tPl;Lf; fhuiug; Nghy ek;Kila ghJfhg;G tisaj;jpw;Fs; cs;stHfs;> mJ ek;Kila ghJfhg;G rk;ge;jg;gl;lJk;> ,d;Dk; mJ my;yh`;tpDila xg;ge;jKk;> ,d;Dk; ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfsJ xg;ge;jKk;> ,d;Dk; ek;Kila khHf;fkhd ,];yhk; nra;J nfhz;l xg;ge;jKkhFk;.

ahuhtJ xUtH ,j;jifa xg;ge;jq;fisr; nra;J nfhz;ltHfs; kPJ Ngr;rpd; %ykhf> mtuJ ew;ngaUf;Ff; fsq;fk; Vw;gLj;JtJ> mtHfisg; Gz;glr; nra;tJ my;yJ ,J Nghd;W mtHfis Gz;gLj;jf; $batw;iwr; nra;tJ vd;git ahTk;> my;yh`;tplKk;> ,d;Dk; mtdJ J}jH (]y;) mtHfsplKk;> ,d;Dk; ,];yhj;jpdplKk; nra;J nfhz;l xg;ge;jj;ij kpfTk; ,yFthf vLj;Jf; nfhz;ltH Nghd;wtuhthH. Al-Furuk, p.14.

K];ypk; my;yhjtHfsplk; nra;J nfhz;bUf;ff; $ba xg;gjq;fs; gw;wp Ke;ija Ml;rpahsHfs; vt;thW ftdkhfr; nray;gl;lhHfs; vd;gjw;F ,];yhj;jpd; ,uz;lhtJ fyP/gthf Ml;rpahsuhf ,Ue;j ckH (uyp) mtHfspd; nray;ghLfs; ekf;F kpfr; rpwe;j cjhuzq;fshfj; jpfo;fpd;wd.

gy;NtW gpuNjrq;fspy; ,Ue;J tuf; $ba ghHitahsHfsplk;> mtHfsJ gpuNjrq;fspy; thof; $ba K];ypk; my;yhjtHfspd; epiy vt;thwpUf;fpd;wJ vd;gJ gw;wp tprhhpj;jwpaf; $batHfshf ckH (uyp) mtHfs; ,Ue;jhHfs;.

mjw;F me;jg; ghHitahsHfs;>

mtHfsplk; ehk; nra;J nfhz;bUf;ff; $ba xg;ge;jq;fs;> ',d;Dk; eilKiwapy; cWjpahf mKy;gLj;jg;gl;L tUfpd;wd vd;gjid ehq;fs; mwpNthk;"> vd;W $wpdhHfs;. Tarikh at-Tabari, v.4, p.218.

ckH (uyp) mtHfs; jdJ kuzg;gLf;ifapy; ,Ue;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; nghOJ>

''ek;Kld; xg;ge;jq;fs; nra;J nfhz;bUf;ff; $ba kf;fsplk; njhlHe;Jk; ey;y Kiwapy; ele;J thUq;fs;"" vd;W jd;id mLj;J tuf; $ba Ml;rpahsUf;F mwpTiu $wpdhHfs;.

mG+ A+Rg; (uyp) kw;Wk; mk;H ,g;D ik%d; (uyp) mtHfs; Mfpa ,UtUk; ckH (uyp) mtHfs; ,t;thW $wpajhff; $Wfpd;whHfs; :

vdf;Fg; gpd;dhy; tuf; $ba Ml;rpahsH ahuhf ,Ug;gpDk;> mthplk; $Wq;fs;..> xg;ge;jq;fs; nra;J nfhz;ltHfsplk; ey;yKiwapy; ele;J nfhs;sr; nrhy;Yq;fs;> xg;ge;jq;fisg; Ngzp elf;fr; nrhy;Yq;fs;> mtHfisj; Jd;GWj;jf; $batHfis vjpHj;Jg; NghhpLk;gbf; $Wq;fs;. ,d;Dk; mtHfs; jhq;ftpayhj Rikfisr; Rkj;j Ntz;lhk; vd;Wk; mthplk; nrhy;Yq;fs; vd;W $wpdhHfs;. Kitab al-Kharaj, p.1136.

NkNy Fwpg;gpl;l mj;jidAk;> ,];yhj;ij ek;gp mjdplk; xg;ge;jk; nra;J nfhz;l kf;fsplk; vt;thW xU K];ypk; ele;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;gjid ,];yhk; tpUk;Gfpd;wJ vd;gjw;F rpwe;j vLj;Jf;fhl;LfSk;> Mjhuq;fSkhFk;. Fwpg;ghf jiytHfs; ,jidg; Ngzp tUtNjhL> mtHfsJ chpikia kPwf; $ba ve;jr; nraYk; xU fLikahd Fw;wkhFk; vd;gij mwptNjhL> mtHfSf;Fk; ekf;Fk; toq;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; chpikfSk;> flikfSk; kdpjdhy; tFf;fg;gl;ljy;y> khwhf cq;fisAk; vq;fisAk; gilj;j ty;y my;yh`;tpdhy; tFj;jspf;fg;gl;l rl;lq;fshFk; vd;gjidAk; czHe;J me;jj; jiytH nray;glf; $batuhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gijAk; ,];yhk; ,q;Nf njspthf;fp ,Uf;fpd;wJ.

ey;y Kiwapy; elj;JtJk; mtHfSila chpikahFk;

FHMd; K];ypk;fSf;Ff; $Wk; mwpTiu ahnjdpy;> mtHfis ey;yKiwapy; elj;j Ntz;Lk; vd;gijj; jhd; njspthf;Ffpd;wJ. K];ypk; my;yhjtHfs; ek;kPJ gifik ghuhl;lhj tiuf;Fk; mtHfSld; ey;y KiwapYk;> jHkj;jpd; mbg;gilapYk;> jhuhsj; jd;ikAlDk; mtHfSld; ele;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;gij my;yh`; ,e;j K];ypk; rKjhaj;jpw;F mwpTUj;JtJ ahnjdpy;>

khHf;f (tp\a)j;jpy; cq;fsplk; NghhplhkYk;> cq;fs; ,y;yq;fspypUe;J cq;fis ntspNaw;whkYk; ,Ue;jhHfNs mtHfSf;F ePq;fs; ed;ik nra;tijAk;> mtHfSf;F ePq;fs; ePjp nra;tijAk; my;yh`; tpyf;ftpy;iy - epr;rakhf my;yh`; ePjp nra;gtHfis Nerpf;fpwhd;. epr;rakhf my;yh`; cq;fis tpyf;Ftnjy;yhk; khHf;f tp\aj;jpy; cq;fsplk; NghH nra;J cq;fis cq;fs; ,y;yq;fis tpl;Lk; ntspNaw;wp> ePq;fs; ntspNaw;wg;gLtjw;F cjtpAk; nra;jhHfNs> mj;jifatHfis ePq;fs; NerHfshf Mf;fpf; nfhs;tijj; jhd; - vdNt> vtHfs; mtHfis NerHfshf;fpf; nfhs;fpwhHfNsh mtHfs; jhk; mepahak; nra;gtHfs;. (60:8-9)

mtHfsplk; ,uf;fj;JlDk;> ePjpAld; ele;J nfhs;Sq;fs; vd;W K];ypk;fis mwpTWj;Jtjd; %yk;> NkNy cs;s jiyg;gpd; nghUis tpl ,J kpfr; rpwe;j mwpTWj;jyhf mike;Js;sJ. kpfTk; Mokhd fUj;JilaJ. ,jid ,khk; my; Fuh/gp mtHfs; tpsf;Ftijg; ghUq;fs; :

gytPdHfs; kPJ nkd;ikahf ele;J nfhs;Sjy;> Vo;ikahdtHfspd; Njitfis mwpe;J mjid epiwT nra;jy;> grpj;jtHfSf;F czT+l;Ljy;> mtHfsJ mq;fq;fis kiwg;gjw;F cil mspj;jy;> ,d;Dk; mtHfSld; fdpthd Kiwapy; NgRjy;. Nkw;fz;ltw;iw md;ghfTk;> fdpthd elj;ijfspd; %yk; kl;LNk epiwNtw;w Ntz;LNk xopa> mjpfhuj;jpd; %ykhfTk; kw;Wk; K];ypk; my;yhjtHfspd; fz;zpaj;jpw;F fsq;fk; fw;gpf;Fk; tifapYk; ele;J nfhs;sf; $lhJ. ,d;Dk; me;j K];ypk; my;yhjtHfs; cq;fSf;F rjh njhe;jpuT juf; $batHfshf ,Ue;J> ,d;Dk; mtHfis me;j ,lj;jpypUe;J mg;Gwg;gLj;j Ntz;Lk; vd;w epiy ,Ug;gpDk; $l> mtHfis gyte;jkhd Kiwapy; mg;Gwg;gLj;JtJk;> ,uf;fkw;w Kiwapy; ele;J nfhs;tJk;> ,d;Dk; mr;RWj;Jk; KiwapYk; my;yJ mjw;Fg; gpd;Gykhf nghUshjhuk; rhHe;j Nehf;fq;fSk; ,Uf;ff; $lhJ. ,d;Dk; mtHfs; NeHtop ngWjtw;fhf gpuhHj;jpg;gNjhL> mUs; nra;ag;gl;l kf;fSld; mtHfs; ,ize;J nfhs;tjw;Fk;> ew;$ypfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;ltHfSld; ,ize;J nfhs;tjw;Fk; gpuhHj;jpg;gNjhL> cyf kw;Wk; Md;kPf tpthfuq;fspy; mtHfSf;F cjtNjhL> mtHfsJ fz;zpak; rPHFiyf;fg;gLk; nghOJ mjidg; ghJfhg;gJk;> mtHfisAk; mtHfsJ nrhj;Jf;fisAk;> mtHfsJ FLk;gj;jtHfisg; ghJfhg;gJk;> ,d;Dk; mtHfsJ chpikfisr; rhpahd Kiwapy; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F cjTtJk; me;j rfpg;Gj; jd;ikahdjpy; mlq;Fk;. mtHfSf;F vjpuhf elj;jg;gLk; mlf;FKiwfSf;fhd vjpHeltbf;iffSf;Fk;> mtHfSf;F toq;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; chpikfisr; rhptug; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F cjTtJk; mtrpakhFk;. Al-Furuk, v.3, p.15; Also refer to Religious Minorities : The islamic Solution, pp. 45-46.

,iwtdJ topfhl;ly; vt;thW ,Uf;fpd;wnjdpy;> K];ypk; my;yhjtHfSld; nra;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;w xg;ge;jq;fs; ahTk; Ngg;ghpy; vOjp itj;J thrpj;Jg; ghHg;gjw;fhdjy;y> khwhf> mjid eilKiwg;gLj;Jtjw;Fz;lhdJk;> nraypy; nra;J fhl;l Ntz;ba Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;jjhFk; vd;W K];ypk;fis vr;rhpf;fpd;wJ.

,e;j fl;lisfs; ahTk; cq;fs; nray;fspy; kyu Ntz;Lk; vd;w cj;juthdJ> ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfspd; topahf> fyPghf;fSf;Fk;> gpuNjr ftHdHfSf;Fk;> ,d;Dk; ,iwek;gpf;ifahsHfshd nghJkf;fSf;Fk; te;J NrHfpd;wJ. ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfspd; tho;thdJ> mtHfs; vt;thW K];ypky;yhjtHfSld; ele;J nfhz;lhHfs; vd;gjw;fhd tho;tpay; cjhuzq;fshfj; jpfo;fpd;wd.

,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfspd; mz;il tPl;Lf;fhuHfs; rpyH K];ypk; my;yhjtHfshf ,Ue;Js;shHfs;. mtHfSld; ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; ngUe;jd;ikahf ele;J te;Js;shHfs;. rpyNtis mtHfSf;Fg; ghpRg; nghUl;fis toq;fpAs;shHfs;> mjw;Fg; gjpyhf mtHfs; jUk; ghpirAk; Vw;Ws;shHfs;. ,d;Dk; Vd;? xU A+jg; ngz;kzp tp\k; Njha;f;fg;gl;l Ml;bd; njhilf; fwpia mDg;gpa NghJk; mjidAk; rfpg;Gj; jd;ikAld; Vw;Wf; nfhz;ltHfs; jhd; ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs;.

,d;Dk; K];ypk; my;yhjtHfs; Neha;tha;g;gl;bUf;Fk; nghOJ mtHfisr; re;jpj;J Neha; tprhhpj;jpUf;fpd;whHfs;. nfhLf;fy; thq;fy;fspy; mtHfis ek;gpr; nray;gl;Ls;shHfs;. ,d;Dk; mtHfSf;F kpfTk; neUf;fkhdnjhU A+jf; FLk;gk; xd;wpw;F tof;fkhf jHkk; nra;gtHfshfTk; ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; ,Ue;jNjhL kl;Lky;yhJ> mtHfsJ ,wg;gpw;Fg; gpd;Dk; fyPghf;fshy; ,e;jg; gof;f tof;fk; njhlug;gl;lJ. The Book of Finances, p.613

mG+ Fjhjh (uyp) mtHfs; ,q;Nf xU rk;gtj;ij ekf;F tpthpf;fpd;whHfs; :

mgPrPdpahtpypUe;J xU fpwp];jt J}Jf;FO xd;W kjPdhtpw;F te;jpUe;jJ. ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; mtHfisj; jdJ gs;spthrypy; jq;f itj;jNjhL> mtHfSf;F midj;J tpj flikfisAk; nra;jNjhL> jhNd Kd;dpd;W czTfisAk; mtUf;Fg; ghpkhwpdhHfs;. ,e;j rpwg;Gr; NritahdJ> mtHfs; kPJs;s caHe;j vz;zKk; kw;Wk; fz;zpaKk; MFk;> ,J gw;wp ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;>

vd;Dila NjhoHfsplk; mtHfs; kpfr; rpwe;j Kiwapy; ele;J nfhz;lhHfs;. vdNt ehDk; mtHfisr; rpwe;j Kiwapy; elj;Jtjw;F tpUk;Gfpd;Nwd; vd;W $wp tpl;L> (Fiw\pfspd; nfhLikfspypUe;J) jg;gpg;gjw;fhf kf;fhit tpl;Lk; mgPrPdpahtpw;F vdJ NjhoHfs; nrd;w nghOJ> mgPrPdpahtpy; itj;J mtHfs; rpwe;j Kiwapy; elj;jg;gl;lij ,q;F Rl;bf; fhl;bdhHfs;. At-Tadhkirah al-Hamduniyah, v.2, p.95; also refer to Splendors of our Civilization, p.134.

,d;Dk;> K];ypk; my;yhjtHfsplk; ey;y Kiwapy; vt;thW ele;J nfhs;tJ vd;w gapw;rpia ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; jdJ NjhoHfSf;Fk; toq;fpdhHfs;. ,g;D fjPH (u`;) mtHfs; fPo;f;fz;l rk;gtj;ij ,q;Nf epidT $Wfpd;whHfs; :

i]j; ,g;D ]d;M vd;nwhU A+jH> ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfsplk; te;J jhd; nfhLj;j flidf; Nfl;lhH. mtd; ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfspd; fOj;Jr; rl;iliag; gpbj;J> jdJ Kfj;Jf;F mUfpy; nfhz;L itj;J nfhz;L> fLikahd thHj;ijfshy; ,t;thW Nfl;lhH :

K`k;kNj..! ePH vd;dplk; thq;fpa flidf; nfhLf;f khl;Buh? ePAk;> rhp ckJ Fykhd gD} my; Kj;jypg; Nfhj;jpuj;jtUk; rhp...> thq;fpa flid vg;nghOJk; rhpahd Neuj;jpy; jpUg;gpj; je;jjpy;iy..! vd;whd;.

mg;nghOJ> mq;Nf mUfpy; epd;W nfhz;bUe;j ckH (uyp) mtHfs; Nfhgk; jiyf;NfwpatHfshf> fz;fs; rptg;Ngwpa tz;zk; mtiug; gaKWj;Jk; njhzpapy;>

my;yh`;tpd; vjphpNa..! eP ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; Fwpj;Jf; $wpa thHj;ijfisf; Nfl;Nld;? rj;jpaj;Jld; mtiu mDg;gpa ,iwtdpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf> mtH vd;id ,jw;fhf fbe;J nfhs;s khl;lhH vd;wpUe;jhy;> ehd; cdJ jiyia ,e;j thshy; nfha;jpUg;Ngd; vd;W ckH (uyp) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;.

,jidf; Nfl;Lf; nfhz;bUe;j ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs;> mikjpahf Gd;dif jto jdJ Njhouhd ckH (uyp) mtHfisg; ghHj;j mtHfs;>

ckH mtHfNs..! ,e;j thHj;ijia ehd; cq;fsplk; ,Ue;J vjpHghHf;ftpy;iy. ePq;fs;> 'ehd; thq;fpa flid Fwpj;j jtizapy; jpUg;gpr; nrYj;Jk;gb vdf;F mwpTiu $wp ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;"> ',d;Dk; nfhLj;j flidr; rpwe;j Kiwapy; Nfl;L> mjidg; ngw;wpUf;f Ntz;Lk;"> vd;W mtUf;F ePq;fs; mwpTiu $wpapUf;f Ntz;Lk;. mtiu mioj;Jr; nrd;W> mtuJ flid (vd;Dila ,Ug;gpypUe;J vLj;J)j; jpUg;gpf; nfhLq;fs;> ,d;Dk; mjNdhL ,UgJ NghPj;jk; goq;fisAk; NrHj;Jf; nfhLq;fs; vd;W $wp mDg;gp itj;jhHfs;.

,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; fhl;ba ,e;j ew;gz;ghL> me;j A+jiu ,];yhj;jpid Vw;fr; nra;jJ. me;j ,lj;jpNyNa me;j A+jH> jhd; ,];yhj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjhff; $wp fypkh \`hjj;ij Kd; nkhope;jhH.

''tzq;fj;jf;f ,iwtd; - my;yh`;it md;wp NtW ,iwtd; ,y;iy vd;Wk;> K`k;kJ (]y;) mtdJ J}juhfTk;> mbikahfTk; ,Uf;fpd;whH vd;W ehd; rhl;rp $Wfpd;Nwd;.."" vd;W $wpdhH. Al-Bidayah wan-Nihaya, v.2 p.310.

,d;DnkhU re;jHg;gj;jpy;>

,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; mkHe;jpUe;j mitf;F xU A+jHfsJ FOnthd;W> 'cq;fs; kPJ rhe;jp cz;lhfl;Lkhf..!" vd;w ']yhk;" vd;w K];ypk;fspd; tho;j;Jr; nra;jpia> cq;fs; kPJ tp\k; (mopT) cz;lhfl;Lk;"" vd;W khw;wp> tp\kj;jdj;Jld; (]yhk; vd;gij ]hk; vd;w khw;wp) $wpf; nfhz;Nl mq;Nf Eioe;j nghOJ>

,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; mikjp G+j;jtHfshf..>

''cq;fs; kPJk; cz;lhfl;Lkhf""> vd;whHfs;.

,jid mLj;J> Map\h (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpd;whHfs;.

(ehd;) mtHfs; $wpaijg; Ghpe;J nfhz;Nld;> mjw;Fg; gjpYk; ciuj;Njd;>

(mjhtJ)> cq;fs; kPJ tp\k; (mopT) cz;lhfl;Lk;> ,d;Dk; ehrKz;lhfl;Lk; vd;W gjpy; $wpNdd;> (vd;whHfs;).

,jid Ml;Nrgpj;j ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs;>

Map\hNt..! nghWikiaf; iff; nfhs;Sq;fs;> Vnddpy; midj;J tp\aq;fspYk; nkd;ikahd jd;ikiaf; filgpbg;gijNa my;yh`; tpUk;Gfpd;whd; vd;W $wpdhHfs;.

(mjw;F ehd;) mtHfs; vd;d $wpdhHfs; vd;gJ cq;fSf;Ff; Nfl;ftpy;iyah? vd;Nwd;.

mtHfs; nrhd;dJ vdf;F tpsq;fpaJ> (mjw;Fj; jhd;) ehd;> 'cq;fs; kPJk; cz;lhfl;Lkhf" vd;W $wpNdd; vd;whHfs;. Sahih al-Bukhari, v.7,p. 80; and Sahih Muslim, v.1, p.1706.

,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; fhl;bj; je;j ,e;j mbr;Rtl;il gpd;gw;wpatHfshf> mtHfSf;Fg; gpd;dhy; te;j Ml;rpahsHfs; ele;J fhl;bdhHfs;. ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfspd; fhyj;jpd; nghOJ> xU A+jf; FLk;gj;jpw;F njhlHe;Jk; cjtpfisg; Ghpe;J te;jhHfs;> mtHfSf;F jhd jHkq;fisf; nfhLj;J te;jhHfs;. ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; kiwe;j gpd;Gk;> me;jf; FLk;gj;jpw;nfd epue;jukhd cjtpj; njhif xd;iw Vw;gLj;jp njhlHe;Jk;> ckH (uyp) mtHfs; toq;fp tu Vw;ghL nra;jhHfs;. Al-Kharaj, p.86; also refr to Non-Muslims in Muslim Society, p.51.

,d;Dk; Ntjq; nfhLf;fg;gl;ltHfshd fpwp];jtHfSk; cjtpj; njhif ngwj; jFjp ngw;wtHfNs vd;w jdJ thjj;ij> fPo;f;fz;l ,iwkiw trdk; %yk; ckH (uyp) mtHfs; thjhbf; fhl;bdhHfs;.

([fhj; vd;Dk;) jhdq;fs; jhpj;jpuHfSf;Fk;> ViofSf;Fk;> jhdj;ij t#y; nra;Ak; CopaHfSf;Fk;> ,];yhj;jpd; ghy; mtHfs; cs;sq;fs; <Hf;fg;gLtjw;fhfTk;> mbikfis tpLjiy nra;tjw;fhfTk;> fld; gl;bUg;gtHfSf;Fk;> my;yh`;tpd; ghijapy; (NghH GhpNthUf;Fk;)> topg;Nghf;fHfSf;FNk chpait. (,J) my;yh`; tpjpj;j flikahFk; - my;yh`; (ahTk;) mwpgtd;> kpf;f QhdKilNahd;. (9:60)

,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfspd; fz;zpakpf;f NjhoHfSs; xUtuhd mg;Jy;yh ,g;D mk;H ,g;Dy; M]; (uyp) mtHfs;> jdJ mz;il tPl;Lf;fhu A+jUf;F mbf;fb jhdq;fs; toq;Fk; gof;fj;ijf; nfhz;ltuhf ,Ue;jhHfs;. ngUehs;fs; my;yJ gz;biff; fhyq;fspd; nghOJ> ML mWf;Fk; nghOJ me;j Ml;bd; ,iwr;rpapypUe;J xU gFjpiaj; jdJ mz;il tPl;Lf;fhu A+jUf;F toq;fp tUk;gb jdJ gzpahsUf;F ,e;j egpj;NjhoH cj;juNt ,l;bUe;jhH. mtH xU A+juhf ,Uf;Fk; epiyapy;> mtUf;Fj; njhlHe;J cjtp tUk; gof;fj;ijf; nfhz;bUe;j jdJ v[khdhpd; epiy Fwpj;J> me;jg; gzpahsH tpdtpa nghOJ> fPo;f;fz;l egpnkhopia mg;Jy;yh ,g;D mk;H ,g;Dy; M]; (uyp) mtHfs; me;jg; gzpahsUf;F Rl;bf; fhl;bdhHfs; :

'thdtH jiytH [pg;hPy; (miy) mtHfs; mz;iltPl;Lf;fhuHfSf;F cjTtJ gw;wp mbf;fb mtHfs; $Wtijg; ghHj;j ehd;> vq;Nf vdJ nrhj;jpYk; mtHfSf;Fg; gq;F jUk;gbf; $wptpLthHfNsh vd;Nw ehd; epidj;Njd;"> (vd;W ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;). Sahih al Bukhari, v.10, pp.369-370.

K];ypk; my;yhjtHfspd; chpikfis ghJfhg;gjpy; ,];yhkpa Ml;rpahsHfs; jq;fsJ ftHdHfSf;F mwpTWj;jp vOjpa fbjq;fs;> K];ypk;fs; ve;jsT rfpg;Gj;jd;ikAld; K];ypk; my;yhjtHfspd; chpikfisg; Ngzpg; ghJfhj;J te;jhHfs; vd;gjw;F ,d;iwf;Fk; tuyhw;Wr; rhl;rpaq;fshf jdpr;rpwg;Gg; ngw;witfshfj; jpfo;fpd;wd.

K`k;kJ ,g;D mg;Jy;yh vd;w nkhuhf;Nfhtpd; kd;dH> `p[;hp 1280 \h/ghd; khjk; 25 Mk; Njjp (mjhtJ> 1864 Mk; Mz;L> gpg;uthp khjk; 5k; Njjp) jdJ MSeHfSf;F vOjpa fbjj;jpy; ,t;thW cj;jutpl;bUe;jhH :

ek;Kila cs;tptfhu CopaHfSf;Fk;> ,d;Dk; ek;khy; mq;fPfhpf;fg;gl;L ek; MSiff;F cl;gl;l gFjpfspy; nrayhw;wp tUk; epakd KftHfSf;Fk;> ,e;j fPo;f;fz;l cj;juit ,Lfpd;Nwhk; :

ek; MSiff;Fl;gl;l gFjpapy; thof; $ba A+jHfis> my;yh`; toq;fpapUf;fpd;w ePjp newpg;gb KOikahd Kiwapy; elj;jp tuTk;. me;j A+jHfis kw;wtHfis elj;JtJ NghyNt> mtHfisAk; rkkhf elj;j Ntz;Lk;. mjd; %yk; ahUk; mePjkhd Kiwfshd mlf;FKiwfs;> Vkhw;Wjy; Nghd;wtw;wpdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;ltHfshf Mf khl;lhHfs;. mtHfsJ nrhe;j ,dj;jtHfs; my;yJ ntsp ,dj;jtHfs; vd;W ahUk; mtHfspd; kPNjh my;yJ mtHfspd; nrhj;Jf;fspd; kPNjh vjpHeltbf;iffs; vLg;gjw;F mDjpf;ff; $lhJ. mtHfsJ njhopyhsHfs; kw;Wk; iftpidQHfis mtHfsJ tpUg;gj;jpw;F khw;wkhf> mtHfis Ntiy nra;a epHg;ge;jpf;ff; $lhJ. mtHfs; ehl;Lf;Fr; Nrit nra;Ak; gl;rj;jpy;> mjw;F khw;whf KOikahd rk;gsj;ij mtHfSf;F toq;fp tpl Ntz;Lk;. vj;jifa mlf;FKiwAk;> me;j mlf;FKiwahsid kWikapy; ePjpj; jPHg;G ehspy; mtid eufpy; nfhz;L Nghar; NrHj;J tpLk;. mtHfspd; kPNjh my;yJ kw;wtHfspd; kPNjh Ghpag;gLk; mlf;FKiwfis ehk; ghHj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fTk; $lhJ> mjid mDkjpf;fTk; $lhJ. ek;Kila rl;lj;jpw;F Kd;G midtUk; rkNk> kw;Wk; A+jHfSf;F vjpuhf vtH mePjj;jpy; <Lgl;lhYk; my;yJ mlf;FKiwapy; <Lgl;lhYk;> mtHfis my;yh`; toq;fpapUf;Fk; ePjj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; mtHfisj; jz;bg;Nghk;.

,e;j cj;juthdJ> Vw;fdNt vg;nghOJk; ed;fwpag;gl;lJk;> epiyepWj;jg;gl;lJk;> njspthf mwpTWj;jg;gl;lJkhf ,Ue;jij> kPz;Lk; ,q;Nf epiyepWj;jg;gLj;JtNjhL kw;Wk; mjid tpthpj;Jk; ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk;. ,jid xU mwpTiuahfTk;> ,d;Dk; vtnuhUtH A+j rKjhaj;jpw;F vjpuhf mePjkhd Kiwapy; elf;fpd;whHfNsh mtHfis vr;rhpf;if nra;Ak; tpjkhfTk; ,jid mwpTWj;JtNjhL> ,jd; %yk; A+jHfs; ghJfhg;ghf jhq;fs; tho;tij cWjpg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;tNjhL> ,tHfSf;F vjpuhf elg;gtHfspd; kPJ ,];yhkpa Ml;rpahdJ fLikahd eltbf;if vLf;Fk; vd;gjid mj;jifatHfs; Ghpe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhfTk; ,e;j cj;juT ,lg;gLfpd;wJ. Religious Minorities :The islamic Solution, pp.58-59.

K];ypk;fspd; ,j;jifa rpwe;j ew;Fzr; NritfSf;F> kdkhr;rhpaq;fsw;w gy ey;y Nkw;fj;jpa rpe;jidahsHfs; rhl;rpak; gfHe;Js;shHfs;. hpdhy;l; vd;gtH Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH :

my; me;jY}]; efhpy; tho;e;j K];ypk;fs;> mq;Fs;s K];ypk; my;yhjtHfsplk; kpfr; rpwe;j gz;ghl;Lld; ele;J nfhz;lhHfs;. mjw;Fg; gfukhf> K];ypk; my;yhjtHfSk; kpFe;j khpahijAld; K];ypk;fSld; ele;J nfhz;lNjhL> jq;fsJ Foe;ijfSf;F tpUj;jNrjdk; (Circumcise) nra;J nfhz;lhHfs;> gd;wpf; fwp rhg;gpLtijAk; jtpHj;Jf; nfhz;lhHfs;. Splendors of our Civilization, p.147.

r%f ghJfhg;G ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sk; chpik

rpy ehLfs;> ehq;fs; ghjpf;fg;gl;l r%f kf;fSf;F cjTfpd;Nwhk; vd;gijg; ngUikahff; $wpf; nfhs;fpd;wd> ,j;jifa Nritfs; kjpf;fg;gl Ntz;bait> kjpg;G tha;e;jit. ehk; ,q;F $wtUtnjd;dntd;why;> ,e;j Nritfs; midj;ijAk; tpl ,];yhk; kw;Wk; mJ toq;Fk; rl;lq;fs; ahTk; ,e;jr; Nritapy; Kd;dpiy tfpf;fpd;wd.

,];yhkpar; rl;lq;fs; tho;f;ifapy; tWikahy; thLk; NjitAs;stHfSf;F cjTtij rl;lkhfNt ,aw;wp itj;Js;sJ :

]fhj; vd;Dk; Viothpia xt;nthU trjp tha;g;Gg; ngw;w K];ypkpd; kPJk; flikahf;fp itj;J> mjid twpatHfSf;F toq;Fk;gb flikahf;fp cs;sJ. ,d;Dk; jhd jHkq;fis mjpfkhd mstpy; nra;Ak;gb Cf;fg;gLj;jp cs;sJ. Nkw;fz;l rl;l tpjpfisg; gw;wp tpthjpg;gjw;fhf ,q;Nf Mjhukhff; fhl;lg;gltpy;iy. khwhf> rKjha ghJfhg;gpw;fhf Nkw;fhz;l ]fhj; kw;Wk; jhd jHkq;fis vt;thW K];ypk;fspd; kPJ flikahf;fp itj;jpUf;fpd;wJ> mjd; %yk; ,];yhk; r%fj;jpy; xUtuhf thOfpd;w Viofspd; rpukq;fisf; Fiwf;f top Vw;gLj;jp itj;jpUf;fpd;wJ vd;gNjhL> mjid trjp tha;g;Gs;s xt;nthU K];ypkpd; mbg;gilf; flikfSs; xd;whfTk; Mf;fp itj;jpUf;fpd;wJ vd;gijNa ehk; Rl;bf; fhl;l tpUk;Gfpd;Nwhk;.

,];yhkpa Ml;rpapd; fPo; thOfpd;w Fbkfd;fspy;> K];ypk; my;yJ K];ypky;yhjtH ,tHfspy; vtuhf ,Uf;fl;Lk;> ,tHfspy; rl;lG+Htkhd njhopy;fisr; nra;a ,ayhj epiyapy; cs;stHfis> njhopy; nra;tjdpd;Wk; mtHfisj; jLg;gNjhL> mtHfSf;F murpd; epjpf; fUT+yfj;jpypUe;J mtHfSf;Fj; Njitahs cjtpj; njhiffis toq;f Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW mtHfspd; chpikfis kjpf;fhJ cjtpj; njhiffis toq;fhj Ml;rpahsH> jtwpiog;gtuhfNt fUjg;gLthH.

,e;j Kiwapy;> ,];yhkpa G+kpia Ml;rp nra;j Ml;rpahsHfSk;> mtHfsJ MSeHfSk; khw;W kjj;jtHfspd; chpikfis vt;thW ftdkhfg; Ngzp ele;J te;Js;shHfs; vd;gjw;F> fPo;f;fz;l rk;gtNk kpfr; rpwe;j cjuhzkhfj; jpfo;fpd;wJ.

ckH (uyp) mtHfsJ fhyj;jpy; ele;jnjhU rk;gtj;ijg; gw;wp mG+ A+Rg; (u`;) mtHfs; Fwpg;gpLtijg; ghHg;Nghk; : Kitab al-Kharaj, p.136.

ckH (uyp) mtHfs; xU tPl;bidf; fle;J nry;Yk; nghOJ> me;j tPl;bd; thapypy; fz; njhpahj xU KjpatH gpr;ir vLj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;ff; fhz;fpwhHfs;.

me;j Kjpathpd; Njhspy; ifiag; Nghl;ltuhf ckH (uyp) mtHfs; Nfl;lhHfs;>

ePq;fs; ve;j r%fj;ijr; NrHe;jtH nghpatNu?

ehd; xU A+jd;> me;j Kjpathplk; ,Ue;J gjpyhf te;jJ.

cq;fis ,e;j epiyikf;F Mshf;fpaJ vJ? ckH (uyp) mtHfs; Nfl;lhHfs;.

vd;dplk; mjidf; Nfl;f Ntz;lhk;> [p];ah thp> Vo;ik> tNahjpgk; Mfpa midj;Jk; NrHe;J ,e;j epiyf;F vd;id Mshf;fp tpl;ld> vd;whH me;jg; nghpatH.

me;jg; nghpatiu mtuJ tPl;bw;Fs; ,Uf;f itj;j ckH (uyp) mtHfs;> jdJ nrhe;jg; gzj;jpypUe;J mtUf;F cjtpaNjhL> jdJ cjtpahsiu mioj;J> mtiu epjpf; fUT+yfg; nghWg;ghshplk; mDg;gp> me;j epjpf; fUT+fyg; nghWg;ghsUf;F ,t;thW cj;jutpl;lhHfs; :

,g;nghOjpypUe;J> ,tiuAk;> ,tiug; Nghd;wtHfisAk; ftdpg;gJ ek;Kila flikahFk;. ehk; ,tHfisr; rpwe;j Kiwapy; elj;jtpy;iy. mtHfs; ,sik tre;jj;Jld; tho;e;J nfhz;bUe;j fhyj;jpy;> ekf;F thp nrYj;jp te;jtHfspy;iyah> ,e;j js;shj tajpd; fhuzkhfj; jhNd mtHfs; ,e;jsT tWikapd; gpbapy; js;sg;gl;ltHfshf Mfp tpl;lhHfs;.

gpd; ckH (uyp) fPo;f;fz;l jpUkiwapd; trdq;fis Xjpf; fhz;gpf;f Muk;gpj;jhHfs; :

([fhj; vd;Dk;) jhdq;fs; jhpj;jpuHfSf;Fk;> ViofSf;Fk;> jhdj;ij t#y; nra;Ak; CopaHfSf;Fk;> ,];yhj;jpd; ghy; mtHfs; cs;sq;fs; <Hf;fg;gLtjw;fhfTk;> mbikfis tpLjiy nra;tjw;fhfTk;> fld; gl;bUg;gtHfSf;Fk;> my;yh`;tpd; ghijapy; (NghH GhpNthUf;Fk;)> topg;Nghf;fHfSf;FNk chpait. (,J) my;yh`; tpjpj;j flikahFk; - my;yh`; (ahTk;) mwpgtd;> kpf;f QhdKilNahd;. (9:60)

,e;j trdj;jpy; Rl;bf;fhl;lg;gLs;s /Gfuh (Viofs;) K];ypk;fisAk;> k]hf;fPd; (NjitAilatHfs;) vd;gJ Ntjq;nfhLf;fg;gl;ltHfisAk; Fwpf;ff; $baJ vd;W $wptpl;L> ,d;wpypUe;J ,thplKk; ,d;Dk; ,tiug; Nghd;W cs;stHfsplKk; [p];ah thpia t#ypf;ff; $lhJ> mt;thW t#ypg;gij epWj;jp tpLk;gb cj;jutpl;lhHfs;.

fhypj; gpd; tyPj; (uyp) mtHfs; <uhf;fpy; cs;s my; `puh gFjp kf;fsplk; fPo;f;fz;l rl;l tpjpfisf; nfhz;lnjhU mikjp xg;ge;jj;ijr; nra;J nfhs;jtw;fhd MNyhridia Kd; itj;jhHfs;.

my;yh`; ntw;wpia toq;fpdhd; vd;W nrhd;dhy;> (xg;ge;jk; nra;J nfhz;Ls;s kf;fs;) mtHfs; nra;J nfhz;Ls;s xg;ge;j;jpd; tpjpg;gb ghJfhf;fg;gLthHfs;. (xg;ge;jq;fisr; nra;J nfhz;Ls;s kf;fs;) - mtHfSf;nfd chpikfs; cs;sd> mit ahTk; my;yh`;tpdhy; thf;FWjp mspf;fl;litfshFk;. mtHfs; Vw;Wf; nfhz;Ls;s ,jd; tpjpKiwfis eilKiwg;gLj;JtJ flikahdjhf ,Uf;fpd;wJ> mjid ve;jepiyapYk; kPwf; $lhJ. ntw;wpf; nfhs;sg;gl;L tpl;lhYk;> mtHfs; epk;kjpahf thoyhk;> mtHfs; xg;Gf; nfhz;l rl;l jpl;lq;fSf;F khw;wkhf elg;gjw;F mDkjpf;fg;gl khl;lhHfs;. Nkyjpfkhf vd;Dila cj;juT vd;dntdpy;> ,ayhikapd; fhuzkhfTk; my;yJ tWikapd; fhuzkhfTk;> kw;Wk; jq;fsJ nrhe;j r%fj;jpypUe;J cjtpfisg; ngw;W thof; $batHfs;> ,j;jifa ciof;f ,ayhj KjpNahHfs; [p];ah vd;Dk; thp nrYj;Jtjdpd;Wk; tpjptpyf;F mspf;fg;gLthHfs;. ,j;jifatHfs; K];ypk;fspd; Ml;rpg; gpuNjrj;jpy; my;yJ K];ypk;fspd; FbNaw;wq;fspy; tho;e;J tUq;fhyq;fspy;> ,];yhkpa murpd; epjpf; fUT+yfj;jpypUe;J mtHfSf;Fk;> mtHfisr; rhHe;jpUg;gtHfSf;Fk; cjtpj; njhif toq;fg;gLk;. ,j;jifatHfs; ,];yhkpag; G+kpia tpl;Lk; my;yJ ,];yhkpa r%fj;ij tpl;Lk; ntspNa nrd;W tpLthHfnsd;W nrhd;dhy;> mtHfSf;Fk;> mtHfisr; rhHe;jpUg;gtHfSf;Fk; ve;jtpj cjtpj;njhifAk; toq;fg;gl khl;lhJ. Kitab al-Kharaj, p.155-156

ed;dk;gpf;ifahsHfspd; jiytuhd ckH ,g;Dy; fj;jhg; (uyp) mtHfs; lkh];f]; efUf;Fr; nrd;wpUe;j nghOJ> fpwp];jt KjpatHfspd; FOnthd;iwf; fle;J nrd;whHfs;. me;j fpwp];jtHfSf;F jhd jHkq;fspypUe;J toq;Fk;gb cj;jutpl;lNjhL> mtHfSila czTj; NjitfSf;F cjtpj; njhif toq;fTk; cj;jutpl;lhHfs;. Non-Muslims in Muslim Society, p.17.

,d;DnkhU Ml;rpahsuhd> ckH ,g;D mg;Jy; m[P]; (u`;) mtHfs; ,JkhjphpahdnjhU cj;juit> g\uhtpy; cs;s jdJ Kftuhd mjP ,g;D mHjhM vd;gtUf;F ,l;lhHfs;.

cq;fSila gFjpfspy; cs;s cioj;J rk;ghjpf;f ,ayhj tNahjpfHfs;> kw;Wk; gytPdHfs; MfpatHfisf; fz;lwpe;J> mtHfsJ Njitfis epiwT nra;Ak; msTf;F cjtpj; njhif toq;fp tUtjw;F> epjpf; fUT+yj;jpypUe;J Vw;ghLfisr; nra;aTk;. The Book of Finanaces. page.57.

,d;Dk; rpy Ml;rpahsHfs;> fPo;f;fz;l FHMd; trdj;ij mtHfs; tpsq;fp ,Ue;j tpjj;jpd; mbg;gilapy;> ngUehs; jpdj;jd;W K];ypk;fSf;F kl;LNk toq;Fk;gb mwpTWj;jp ,Uf;fpd;w [fhj;Jy; /gpj;H (ngUehs; jHkj;ij) rpy fpwp];jt re;epahrpfSf;Fk; toq;fp ,Uf;fpd;whHfs; vd;gijAk; mwpa Kbfpd;wJ.

khHf;f (tp\a)j;jpy; cq;fsplk; NghhplhkYk;> cq;fs; ,y;yq;fspypUe;J cq;fis ntspNaw;whkYk; ,Ue;jhHfNs mtHfSf;F ePq;fs; ed;ik nra;tijAk;> mtHfSf;F ePq;fs; ePjp nra;tijAk; my;yh`; tpyf;ftpy;iy - epr;rakhf my;yh`; ePjp nra;gtHfis Nerpf;fpwhd;. (60:8)

NkNy cs;s trdj;jpd; mbg;gilapy;> [fhj; vd;Dk; Vio thpia K];ypk; my;yhj kf;fSf;Fk; toq;fyhk; vd;W rpy khHf;f mwpQHfs; $wpapUf;fpd;whHfs;.

,Wjpahf> Ntiy nra;Ak; chpik> ciwAs;> Nghf;Ftuj;J> fy;tp ,d;Dk; ,J Nghd;w rpy mj;jpahaq;fs; gw;wp ehk; ,q;Nf tpthjj;jpw;F vLj;Jf; nfhs;stpy;iy> fhuzk;> NkNy ehk; tpthjpj;j tp\aq;fis tpl mit nghpjhdjy;y vd;gjdhyhFk;.

K];ypk; my;yhjhHfspd; ehl;by; $l toq;fg;glhj chpikfis vt;thW K];ypk;fs; Ml;rp nra;Ak; ehl;by;> xU K];ypk; my;yhjtH ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbAk; vd;gJ Fwpj;J ehk; ,Jtiu tpsf;fp ,Ue;Njhk;. ,jidr; rpyH kWj;J> ePq;fs; NkNy Fwpg;gpLk; mj;jidAk; Kd;ndhU fhyj;jpy; tho;e;j kf;fshy; eilKiwg;gLj;jg;gl;L> ,d;iwf;F tuyhw;Wg; gf;fq;fspy; fhl;rpaspg;git jhNd jtpu> ,d;iwa K];ypk; cyfpd; epiy ,jw;F khw;wkhf my;yth ,Uf;fpd;wJ vd;wnjhU Ml;Nrgidiaj; njhptpf;ff; $Lk;.

Mdhy;> NkNy cs;s mj;jid chpikfisAk; ,d;iwf;Fk; rpy K];ypk; ehLfspy; K];ypk; my;yhjtHfs; ngw;W tho;fpd;whHfs; vd;gNj cz;ikahFk;. ,d;Dk; ehl;bd; rpWghd;ik ,dkhf thof; $ba mtHfs;> ehl;bd; kpf caHe;j mjpfhukpf;f gjtpiaAk; $l mtHfs; mila Kbe;jpUf;fpd;wJ.

my;yh`; cz;ikahsHfshf thoNt K];ypk;fisg; gzpj;jpUf;fpd;whd;> mjidj; jdJ jpUkiwapy; ,t;thW Rl;bf; fhl;bapUf;fpd;whd; :

K/kpd;fNs! ePq;fs; ePjpapd;kPJ epiyj;jpUg;gtHfshfTk;> cq;fSf;Nfh my;yJ (cq;fs;) ngw;NwhUf;Nfh my;yJ neUq;fpa cwtpdUf;Nfh tpNuhjkhf ,Ug;gpDk; my;yh`;Tf;fhfNt rhl;rp $WgtHfshfTk; ,Uq;fs;; (ePq;fs; ahUf;fhf rhl;rpak; $WfpwPHfNsh) mtHfs; nry;te;jHfshf ,Ue;jhYk; Viofshf ,Ue;jhYk; (cz;ikahd rhl;rpak; $Wq;fs;); Vnddpy; my;yh`; mt;tpUtiuAk; fhg;gjw;F mUfijAilatd;; vdNt epahak; toq;Ftjpy; kd ,r;iriag; gpd;gw;wp tplhjPHfs;; NkYk; ePq;fs; khw;wpf; $wpdhYk; my;yJ (rhl;rp $Wtijg;) Gwf;fzpj;jhYk;> epr;rakhf my;yh`; ePq;fs; nra;tijnay;yhk; ed;F mwpe;jtdhfNt ,Uf;fpd;whd;. (4:135)

NkYk;> ,t;thW Fw;wk; rhl;lf; $batHfs; xd;iw ftdj;jpy; nfhs;Sk;gbf; Nfl;Lf; nfhs;fpd;Nwhk;.

K];ypk;fspd; Ml;rpg; gpuNjrj;jpy; thof; $ba K];ypk; my;yhjtHfspd; epiyiaAk;> ,d;Dk; K];ypk; my;yhjtHfspd; ehl;by; rpWghd;ikapduhf tho;e;J tuf; $ba K];ypk;fspd; epiyiaAk;> mjid ,d;Ws;s epiyfNshLk; my;yJ tuyhw;Wg; gf;fq;fspd; JizNahLk; ePq;fs; xg;G Nehf;fpg; ghUq;fs;.

];ngapdpy; tho;e;J te;j K];ypk;fis ];ngapdpd; Ml;rpahsuhd ,]ngy;yh> rpYit Aj;jk; vd;w ngahpy; nra;j nfhLikfs; vd;d vd;gij K];ypk;fspd; ,uj;jk; Njha;e;j me;j rpYit Aj;j tuyhw;Wg; gf;fq;fisr; rw;Wj; jpUg;gpg; ghUq;fs;.

fk;A+dp]r; rPdhtpd; mlf;FKiwapy; ,d;Wk; mope;J tuf; $ba ca;$H K];ypk;fspd; epiyia vz;zpg; ghUq;fs;. mq;F jhd; rPdhtpd; mZr; Nrhjid elj;jg;gl;L tUk; mtyj;ijg; ghUq;fs;.

Nrhtpaj; A+dpaid nydpDk;> fhHy; khHf;]; Mz;l nghOJk; rhp> mtHfSf;F Kd;dpUe;j [hH kd;dHfspd; Ml;rpapd; nghOJk; rhp irgPhpa gdp tij Kfhk;fspy; nfhd;nwhopf;fg;gl;l K];ypk;fspd; RtLfs; ,d;Dk; mopah ,uj;j rhpj;jpukhf> mtHfspd; nrq;nfhbapy; cs;s rptg;NghL fye;jpUg;gijf; fhz;gPHfs;.

,d;iwf;F elg;gnjd;d?

· ghy;fd; gpuNjrj;jpy; nfhNrhNthTk;> Ngh];dpahTk;

· u\;ah tpd; nrrd;ah

· ghy];jPd;

· <uhf;

· mnkhpf;fhtpd; tij Kfhk;fspy;

· ,];Nuy;

· Mg;fhd;

· ,yq;if

· ,e;jpahtpy;

(fh\;kPH> rkPgj;jpy; F[uhj; kw;Wk; 50 Mz;LfSf;F Kd;dhs; ,Ue;j ghuhSkd;wk; kw;Wk; rl;lkd;w gpujpepjpj;Jtk; kw;Wk; mjpfhfug; gfpHT> kw;Wk; muRg; gzp> fy;tp> uhZtk;> fhty; Jiw Nghd;wtw;wpy; K];ypk;fspd; kPJ ghugl;rkhd Nghf;F mjpfhpj;J tUfpd;wJ)

vdNt> gilj;jtdhy; tFj;jspf;fg;gl;l rl;lq;fisg; gpd;gw;wp tUk; rKjhak; ePjpahd rKjhakhf New;Wk; rhp> ,d;Wk; rhp jpfo;e;J tUfpd;wJ vd;gij epaha czHTfspd; mbg;gilapYk;> ePjp NeHik> rj;jpaj;jpd; mbg;gilapYk; jPHkhdpg;gJ> epaha czHTs;s midthpd; kPJk; flikahFk;. mJNt kjpg;G kpf;fJkhFk;. khdkhr;rhpakpd;wp> ,dNtw;Wikfspd;wp> JNt\kpd;wp ePjpNahLk; NeHikNahLk; rj;jpaj;jpw;Fr; rhd;W gfHfpd;wtHfshf K];ypk;fs; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;Nw vq;fsJ jpUkiw vq;fis Ntz;b epw;fpd;wJ.

my;yh`;..! mtNd cq;fisAk;> vq;fisAk; gilj;j xNu ,iwtd;. mtNd epahaj; jPHg;G ehspd; mjpgjp. jPHg;gspg;gtHfspy; vy;yhk; mtNd kpfr; rpwe;j jPHgspg;gtd;. mj;jifa my;yh`; jdJ jpUkiwapy; $Wfpd;whd; :

,iwek;gpf;ifahsHfNs! epahaj;ij epiyehl;Ltjw;fhf my;yh`;Tf;F ePq;fs; cWjpahd rhl;rpahf ,Uq;fs;> ve;j xU $l;lj;jhH kPJk; ePq;fs; nfhz;Ls;s ntWg;G ePjp nra;ahkypUf;f cq;fisj; J}z;l Ntz;lhk;. ePjp nra;Aq;fs;; ,JNt (jf;thTf;F) - gagf;jpf;F kpf neUf;fkhdjhFk;. my;yh`;Tf;F mQ;Rq;fs;. epr;rakhf my;yh`; ePq;fs; nra;gtw;iw(nay;yhk; ed;F) mwpe;jtdhf ,Uf;fpd;whd;. (5:08)

 

epiwfs; my;yh`;itr; rhHe;jJ> Fiwfs; vd;idr; rhHe;jJ

Bibiliography

1. The Noble Quran.

2. Al-Imam Muslim, Sahih Muslim

3. Al-Bukhari, Abu Abduallah Mohammed, Sahih Al-Bukhari, Dar Sihmoon, Tunisia

4. Alruba'ai, Abu Abduallah Mohammed, Sunan Ibn Majah. Dar Sihnoon, Tunisia.

5. At-Tirmidhi, Abu Isa. Sunan At-Tirmidhi, Dar Sihnoon, Tunisia.

ď H 4 đ ń
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