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njhOif Vd;? vt;thW?

njhFg;G : iraj; mg;Ju; u`;khd; ckup> ntspaPL: ,f;w/ Gf; ru;tP]; kJiu


 

Kd;Diu

njhOiff;F ve;j msT ,];yhkpy; Kf;fpaj;JtKk; rpwg;Gk; ,Uf;fpd;wJ vd;gJ ahtUk; mwpe;j xd;Nw!. ,];yhik Vw;Wf;nfhs;Sk; xU kdpjdpd; kPJ Rkj;jg;gLfpd;w Kjy; flikahfTk;> ,Wjp tiu mtd; filgpbj;J xOfNtz;ba Kf;fpa flikahfTk; njhOif cs;sJ.

ekf;fpilNa ,d;W njhOif xU topghl;Lr; rlq;F vd;w mstpNyNa cs;sJ. cz;ikapy; \uPmj;jpd; FwpaPl;L milahskhfNt njhOif jpfo Ntz;Lk;. J}jupd; Njhou;fs; J}a r`hghf;fs; fhyj;jpy; njhOif xU nfhs;iff; FwpaPlhfNt milahsk; fhzg;gl;lJ. ,];yhik ahu; kdg;G+u;tkhf Vw;Wf; nfhz;Ls;shu;? ahu; ,];yhkpy; ,d;Dk; KOikahf Eioatpy;iy? vd;gij ,dq;fz;L nfhs;Sk; fUtpahfNt njhOif jpfo;e;J te;jJ. mjdhy; jhd;> K];ypk;fshf jq;fis ,dq;fhl;bf; nfhz;lhy; jhd; ,];yhkpa r%f mikg;gpDs; CLUtp Fog;gq;fis Vw;gLj;j ,aYk; vd;W tpUk;gpa ,ul;ilNtl Kdh/gpf;Ffs; $l jtwhJ gs;spthrYf;F njhOf te;J nfhz;bUe;j fhl;rpia ek;khy; fhz KbfpwJ.

nfhs;if NtWghl;il tpsf;fpf; fhl;Lk; fyq;fiu tpsf;fj;ij ,d;W ehk; rlq;F tl;lj;jpy; milj;Jr; rpiw itj;J tpl;Nlhk;. njho tuhjtu;fs; $l ,d;iwf;F ek;kpilNa ,iwapy;yf; fhg;ghsu;fshf tyk; tUfpd;w mty epiyiaf; fhz KbfpwJ.

njhOif vd;gJ ,];yhkpa ,jhmj;Jf;Fk; ,iw epuhfupg;Gf;Fk; ,ilapyhd vy;iyf;NfhL vd;gij Fu;MDk;> Rd;dhTk; ekf;F njspthf czu;j;jpf; nfhz;L cs;sd.

jpUkiw Fu;Md; $wpf;nfhz;Ls;sJ.

my;yh`;tpd; gf;fk; jpUk;gpatu;fsha; (mjpy; epiyj;jpUq;fs;) mtDf;F kl;LNk gag;gLq;fs;> njhOifia epiyehl;Lq;fs;. ,iz itf;Fk; K\;upf;fPd;fshf Mfp tplhjPu;fs;.

vy;yhf; nfhs;iffisAk; Gwf;fzpj;Jtpl;L Xupiwf; nfhs;if kl;LNk `f; vd;W milahsq;fz;L my;yh`;tpd; gf;fNk jpUk;gp tpl;lhy;> mjpNyNa epiyj;jpUf;f Mirg;gl;lhy;> my;yh`;Tf;F kl;LNk gae;J tho tpUk;gpdhy; mjw;fhd ntspg;ghL njhOif kl;LNk! mNj Nghy; K\;upf;fPd;fis tpl;Lk; tpyfpepw;f tpUk;gpdhy;> ,iw epuhfupg;ghsu;fis tpl;Lk; NtWgLj;jpf; fhl;bf; nfhs;s tpUk;gpdhy; mjw;fhd topAk; njhOif xd;Nw!

vdNt jhd;> njhOiff;F r`hghf;fs; kpFe;j Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ij mspj;Js;shu;fs;. [khmj;NjhL njhOf tuhjtd; Kdh/gpf; vd;W KbT fl;bdhu;fs;. \pu;f;ifAk;> <khidAk; NtWgLj;jpf; fhl;Lk; njhOifia rpijj;Jf; nfhs;tij mtu;fs; tpUk;gtpy;iy. gpw;fhyj;jpy; njhOif mikg;gpy; rpw;rpy FiwghLfs; Vw;gl;lijf; $l mtu;fshy; nghWj;Jf; nfhs;s ,aytpy;iy.

<khid Vw;Wf; nfhz;l gpwF ,iwtid> ,iwtopia jd; tho;f;if ,yl;rpaj;ij vd;Wk; gRikahf ,iw ek;gpf;ifahsd; jd; epidtpy; epWj;j Ntz;Lk;. epidtpy; ,Ue;J ePq;fptpl;lhy; ,iwtDk; ePf;fp tpLthd;.

vtu;fs; my;yh`;it kwe;Jtpl;L ,Uf;fpwhu;fNsh mtu;fs; jq;fisNa kwe;J tpLk;gb my;yh`; nra;J tpl;lhd;. (`\u; 19)

,uT gfy; INtis Kiwahfj; njhOJ nfhz;bUe;jhy; vq;fpUe;J tUk; kwjp? myl;rpa mOf;Fk;> kwjp khRk; kdjpy; vd;WNk gbahJ my;yth? mg;gbNa te;jhYk; jpf;Uy;yh`; vd;w Xil mbj;Jf; nfhz;L nrd;W tplhjh mt;tOf;if?

vtu;fs; ,iwar;rk; jf;thitg; ngw;wpUf;fpwhu;fNsh mtu;fSf;F i\j;jhDila jhf;fj;jpdhy; VNjDk; jPa vz;zk; Vw;gl;lhy; clNd mtu;fs; epidT $Wfpwhu;fs;. tpopg;gile;J tpLfpwhu;fs;! (m/uh/g;201)

mOf;if mfw;Wk; njhOifapd; ,e;jg; gz;gpidj; jhd; G/fhupapd; `jP]; fPo;tUkhW tu;zpf;fpwJ.

cq;fspy; xUtu; tPl;L Kw;wj;jpy; Mnwhd;W Xbf; nfhz;Ls;sJ. ehnshd;Wf;F Ie;J Kiw mjpy; mtu; Fspf;fpwhu; vd;why; kpQ;rp ,Uf;Fkh mtu; clk;gpy; mOf;F vJTk;?" vd;W ,iwj;J}ju; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; Nfl;lhu;fs;. ",y;iy! mtu; clk;gpy; mOf;nfJTk; xl;bapUf;fhJ!" vd;whu;fs; Njhou;fs;. "INtisj; njhOifapd; cjhuzKk; mt;thNw! njhOiffisf; nfhz;L my;yh`; jtWfisj; Jilj;J tpLfpwhd;!" vd;whu;fs; ngUkhdhu; (]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;).

ehk; ,d;iwf;F njhOifia rlq;fhf Mf;fptpl;ljhy;> mJ jd; ,aw;jd;ikia ,oe;J epw;fpd;wJ. Kftup mw;Wg; Ngha;tpl;lJ. ntw;Wr; rlq;Ffs; ,iwtdpd; neUf;fj;ij vd;WNk ngw;Wj; jUtjpy;iy. mit Nkhjy;fisAk;> gpsTfisANk cUthf;Ffpd;wd. mtw;iwj; jhd; ehk; md;whlk; ghu;j;Jf; nfhz;Ls;Nshk;.

ehk; njhOifia njhiyj;J tpLk; epiyapy;> Kw;wpYk; mgha fl;lj;jpy; cs;Nshk;. ehk; xU gf;fk; cs;spUe;jthNw njhOifia Ruz;bf; nfhz;bUf;f ntspapypUf;Fk; jh$j;jpa rf;jpfSk; jk; gq;Ff;F njhOiff;F rkhjpfl;l epidf;fpd;wd. ,iwapy;yq;fisf; Fwp itj;J jhf;Ffpd;wd!

mz;znyk; ngUkhdhu; (]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;) mtu;fs; vr;rupj;Jr; nrd;Ws;shu;fs;.

(xU fhyk; tUk; mg;NghJ) ,];yhkpd; gpbkhdq;fs; xt;nthd;whf> xt;nthd;whf mWe;J tpOe;J nfhz;Nl nry;Yk;. xt;nthU gpbkhdk; mw;W tpOk; NghJk; (mij ,Wf;fpf;fl;l Kaw;rp gz;zhky;) kf;fs; vQ;rpAs;stw;iwf; nfhz;Nl jpUg;jp mile;J nfhs;thu;fs;! Kjd; Kjyhf mWe;J tPo;tJ Ml;rpajpfhuk; MFk;. filrpahf mWe;J tPo;tJ njhOif MFk;! (ju;fPg;)

mj;jifa NfLnfl;l epiyia Nehf;fp ehk; nrd;W nfhz;Ls;NshNkh vd;W kpfTk; mr;rkhf ,Uf;fpd;wJ. ekf;F Kd;dhy; nrd;w gD} ,];uhaPy;fs; ,Nj Nghd;wnjhU epiyia mile;J cs;shu;fs;. /gpu;mt;d; kPjhd gaj;jpdhYk; nfhLikfisj; jhq;f KbahkYk;> Jzpr;riyAk;> jf;thitAk; [p`hjpa czu;itAk; ,oe;J Ngha;> mtu;fs; $l;Lj; njhOifiaNa iftpl;L tpl;lhu;fs;. ,jid thd;kiw Fu;Mdpy; my;yh`; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shd;.

NkYk; ehk; %]hTf;Fk; mtUila rNfhjuUf;Fk; t`p mwptpj;Njhk;. cq;fSila rKjhaj;Jf;fhf vfpg;jpy; rpy ,y;yq;fis fpg;yh Mf;fpf; nfhz;L njhOifia epiy ehl;Lq;fs;! (A+D]; 87)

muR gaq;futhjk;> Ml;rpahsu;fspd; nfhLq;Nfhd;ik Nghd;wtw;iw jhq;fKbahkYk; jq;fSila nrhe;j <khd; gyk; Fd;wpg; Ngha;tpl;ljhYk;> $l;Lj; njhOifiaNa mtu;fs; iffOtp tpl;lhu;fs;. vd;d nfhLik ,J? khu;f;fj;jpd; Kf;fpakhd gpbkhdj;ijNa filrpg;gpbkhdj;ijNa mtu;fs; ,oe;Jtpl;lNghJ mtu;fSila jPd; ,];yhk; kuz tpspk;Gf;Nf nrd;Wtpl;lJ!

nrj;Jg;Nghd czu;Tfis capu;g;gpj;J ,];yhkpa vOr;rpA+l;ba gpwNf %]h miy`p];]yhk; $l;Lj; njhOif Kiwia ,fhkj;J]; ryhj;ij kWepu;khdk; nra;jhu;fs;.

mj;jifa xU Nkhrkhd Kd;Djhuzk; ek;Kila r%f tho;tpYk; Vw;gl;L tplf;$lhJ. ehk; vr;rupf;ifNahL ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;.

`{idd; Nghupd; NghJ K\;upf;fPd;fs; xU kuj;jpd; fpisia epu;zapj;J mjpy; jkJ thl;fis njhq;ftpl;bUe;jhu;fs;. "]hJy; mt;jhj;" vd;W ngau; #l;b mjidg; Gdpjg;gLj;jpdhu;fs;. mNj Nghy jkf;Fk; Xu; milahsf; FwpaPL thl;fisj; njhq;ftpl Vw;gLj;jpj; jUkhW Njhou;fs; mz;zyhu; (]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;) mtu;fsplk; Ntz;LNfhs; itj;jhu;fs;. "ePq;fs; gD} ,];uhaPy;fisg; NghyNt nray;gLfpwPu;fs;. epr;rakhf cq;fs; Kd;dhy; nrd;w r%fj;jpdiu ePq;fs; mg;gbNa gpd;gw;WtPu;fs;!" vd;W fbe;J $wpdhu;fs; mz;zyhu; (]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;)

njhOifiag;gw;wp Vw;fdNt jkpopy; gy E}w;fs; ntspte;Js;sd. Vwf;Fiwa midj;JNk njhOifapd; tbtj;ijg; gw;wp NgRfpd;wd. njhOifapd; tbtj;jpy; vOe;j fUj;J Nkhjy;fs; ek;Kila gs;spthry;fisg; gpupj;J> K`y;yhf;fisg; gpsTgLj;jp tpl;lijAk; ehk; fhz;fpNwhk;. mt;tupirapy; mikahky; ,e;E}y; njhOifapd; Nehf;fj;ijg; gw;wpAk;> mjd; capNuhl;lj;ijg; gw;wpAk; NgRfpwJ.

vd;dhy; ,ad;wtiu njhOif rk;ge;jkhd Kf;fpakhd tp\aq;fisj; njhFj;Js;Nsd;. cq;fSila njhOifapy;> njhOif gw;wpa cq;fSila fz;Nzhl;lj;jpy; xU rpd;dQ;rpW khw;wj;ijahtJ Vw;gLj;jpdhy; mJNt ,e;E}Yf;fhd ntw;wpahFk;!

ePz;l Kd;Diuiag; gbf;Fk; tof;fk; nghJthf jkpo; K];ypk;fSf;F ,y;iy vd;gjhy; ehk; Neubahf E}Yf;Fs; nry;Nthk;.

cw;rhfj;ijAk; Cf;fj;ijAk; mspj;j ey; cs;sq;fs; ntsptuj; Jiz epd;w el;Gf;fuq;fSf;F csg;G+u;tkhd ed;wpiaj; njuptpj;Jf; nfhs;fpNwd;. ,e;E}iy ntw;wpfukhdjhf Mf;fpj; je;jUSkhWk; njhFj;jtDf;Fj; jd;jpUg;jpia toq;FkhWk; ty;y my;yh`;tplk; kd;whLfpNwd;.

gzpTld;

iraj; mg;Ju; u`;khd; ckup

 

 

1. njhOifapd; Nehf;fk;


kdpjg;gilg;gpd; Nehf;fk;

kdpjd; ,t;Tyfpy; tPzhf gilf;fg;gltpy;iy. Njitaw;W mtd; tpl;L itf;fg;gl tpy;iy. Ntiyaw;W ,iwtd; tpisahl;Lj; jdkha; kdpjidAk; kfj;jhd gpugQ;rk; kw;WNkida nghUl;fisAk; gilf;ftpy;iy. khwhf xU njspthd Nehf;fj;jpw;fhfNt kdpjd; gilf;fg;gl;Ls;shd;. mtd; gazpf;f Ntz;ba Xu; ,yl;rpag; ghij mtd; Kd;Nd jpl;ltl;lkhdjha; cs;sJ. cyifAk;> cyF ,aq;Fk; KiwiaAk; fUj;J}d;wp ftdpg;gtu;fs; ,t;Tz;ikia njspe;j rpe;ijNahL xg;Gf; nfhs;fpd;whu;fs;.

thdq;fs; G+kp Mfpatw;wpd; xUq;fikg;gpYk; ,uT gfy; khwp khwp tUtjpYk; mwpTilNahUf;Fg; gy rhd;Wfs; cs;sd. mtu;fs; vj;jifatu;fs; vdpy; epw;Fk; NghJk;> cl;fhUk; NghJk;> gLj;jpUf;Fk; NghJk; Mf vy;yh epiyfspYk; my;yh`;it epidf;fpwhu;fs;. NkYk; thdq;fs; kw;Wk; G+kpapd; mikg;igg; gw;wp rpe;jpf;fpwhu;fs;.(gpwF czu;r;rp nghq;f Koq;Ffpwhu;fs;) vq;fs; ,iwth! ,it midj;ijAk; eP tPzhfg; gilf;ftpy;iy! (My ,k;uhd; 190>191)

,t;Tyfpd; cau;gilg;gpdkhf kdpjidg; gilj;J kw;w midj;J gilg;gpdq;fisAk; mtDf;Ff; fPo;gbe;J flikahw;w itj;j ,iwtd; ve;j Nehf;fKkpd;wp ntl;b Ntiyahf> tpisahl;Lr; nrayhf ,tw;iw nra;jpUf;f tha;g;Ng ,y;iy. mg;gb xU Ntis kdpjd; epidj;Jf; nfhz;lhy; mJ mtDila klj;jdkhfNt ,Uf;Fk;.

kdpjd; (mtpo;j;Jtplg;gl;l fhiskhl;ilg; Nghd;W) ntWkNd tpl;L tplg;gLthd; vd;W vz;zpf; nfhz;Ls;shdh? (my; fpahkh 36)

thd;kiw Fu;Mdpy; ty;y my;yh`; ek;ikg; ghu;j;Jj; jhd; Nfl;fpwhd;

cq;fis ehk; tPz; tpisahl;lha; gilj;Js;Nshk; vd;w vz;zpf; nfhz;Ls;sPu;fsh? (K/kpD}d;115)

,y;iyapy;iy> ,y;yNt ,y;iy! xU njspthd Nehf;fj;jpw;fhfj;jhd; mtd; ek;ikg; gilj;Js;shd;.

ehd; [pd;fisAk;> kdpju;fisAk; vdf;F mbgzpa Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhfNt md;wp NtW vjw;fhfTk; gilf;ftpy;iy! (]hupahj; 56)

mbgzpAk; K];ypk;fs;

,e;Nehf;fj;ij ed;F tpsq;fp> kdg;G+u;tkhf Vw;Wf; nfhz;L> KOikahf mbgzpfpwtu;fNs K];ypk;fs; Mthu;fs;. ek;Kila tho;it ehk; vg;gb elj;j Ntz;Lk; vd;W njspthd ghijia ,iwtd; tFj;Jj; je;Js;shd;. mr;Rg; gprfhky; mg;gbNa mg;ghijiag; gpd;gw;WNthk; vd;W ehk; xg;Gf; nfhz;Ls;Nshk;. Mifahy; ehk; K];ypk;fs; fPo;gbfpwtu;fs; mbgzpfpwtu;fs; vd;W miof;fg;gLfpNwhk;!

,iwtDf;F kl;LNk mbgzpfpd;w ,e;jj; jd;ik ek; KOtho;f;ifiaAk; #o;e;J cs;sJ. ,iwtdpd; t`p kPJ mstw;w ek;gpf;if> mtDila jPu;khdq;fspd; kPjhd <khd;> mtDila MizfSf;Fk;> fl;lisfSf;Fk; fl;Lg;gLfpd;w jd;ik. mtDila Mw;wy;> mjpfhuj;Jf;F Kd;dhy; jho;e;J Nghfpd;w kdg;ghd;ik> mtDila Nfhgj;ij vz;zp gak;> mtDila jpUg;jpiaAk; md;igAk; NjLk; Fzk;> Jd;gq;fs; Jauq;fspd; NghJ nghWik> epiyFiyahik> flikfisAk; nghWg;GfisAk; epiwNtw;Wk; gz;G> jLf;fg;gl;l> jtwhd nray;fis tpl;L tpyfp ,Uj;jy;> Njitaw;w> ntl;bNtiyfisj; jtpu;j;J tply;> tpUk;gj;jFe;j ew;nray;fspy; Mu;tk;> kdjpy; kdpjNeaj;jpd; tsu;r;rp> nghJkf;fs;> khDl Fyj;J eydpd; kPjhd mf;fiw> jPidAk;> \uPmj;ijAk; gug;Gk; Kaw;rp> tha;ikf;Fk; rj;jpaj;jpw;Fk; cWJizaha; tpsq;Fk; jd;ik> jPikf;Fk; mrj;jpaj;Jf;Fk; vjpuha; [p`hj;> jPid epiyehl;lTk; \uPmj;ij nray;gLj;jTk; ,iltplhj Kaw;rp. Mf> ,it midj;JNk mbgzpjypy;> ,ghjj;jpy; mlq;Ffpd;wd. ,tw;wpy; ek;ik KOikahf <LgLj;jpf; nfhs;gtu;fNs> ,iwtd; ghu;itapy; cz;ikahd K/kpd;fshf fzpf;fg;gLthu;fs;!

ek;ikg; gilj;J ekf;Fj; Njitahd tho;f;if trjpfisAk; tha;g;GfisAk; Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhLj;j ,iwtd; ek; tho;f;iff;fhd top fhl;Ljy;fisAk; toq;fpNa cs;shd;. ek;Kila ,yl;rpag;ghij vJ? ve;j topia ehk; Nju;e;njLj;Jf; nfhz;lhy; ntw;wp ngWNthk;> vd;gijAk; mwptpj;Jf; nfhLj;Js;shd;.

ehk; mtDf;F topfhl;btpl;Nlhk;. ,dp mtd; ed;wp cs;stdhfTk; ,Uf;fyhk; my;yJ ed;wp nfhd;wtdhfTk; ,Uf;fyhk;." (j`;u; 3)

(ed;ik> jPikapd;) njspthd ,U topfis ehk; mtDf;F fhl;btpl;Nlhk;. (gyj; 10)

Mf> ek;Kd; ,UtopfSk; cs;sd. my;yh`;Tf;F kl;LNk mbgzpe;J K];ypkhf thOk; topiaah? my;yJ> my;yh`;Tf;F khW nra;J mtd; Nfhgj;Jf;F MshFk; topiaah? vjid ehk; Nju;e;njLf;fg; Nghfpd;Nwhk;? ,J jhd; ek;Kd; cs;s rthy;> Nrhjid! ehk; K/kpd;fshf ,Ug;gJk; ,y;yhky; NghtJk; ,jw;fhd tpilapNyNa jhd; cs;sJ!

kyf;Ffshy; ][;jh nra;ag;gLk; cau;khz;G gilj;j kdpjd; ,jw;fhd rupahd tpilia tpsq;fp topgLtij mtDila epue;jug; giftdhd ,g;yP]; xU NghJk; rfpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;f khl;lhd;. mtid vg;gbahtJ vt;topapyhtJ topnfLf;fNt Kaw;rp nra;thd;.

ek;Kd; ,uz;L topfSk; njspthf ,Ue;j NghjpYk; ehk; ek;Kila md;whl tho;tpy; i\j;jhidAk; mtDila Njhou;fisANk mjpfkhf re;jpj;Jf; nfhz;Ls;Nshk;. ,iwtid ek;khy; jpde;NjhWk; re;jpf;f ,ayhJ. mtd; topapd; gf;fk; miof;fpd;w thdtu;fisNah> J}ju;fisNah ehk; re;jpg;gjpy;iy. Mdhy; i\j;jhid kdpj cUtpYk;> NtW tbtq;fspYk; ehk; re;jpj;Jf; nfhz;Nl cs;Nshk;. *ehk; ek;Kila njhopy; tpahghuj;jpy; <Lgl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghJ mtd; ,yhgj;ijf; nfhz;L te;J ek; fz; Kd;dhy; epWj;Jfpd;whd;. \uPmj;ijAk;> rupnad;W eP epidg;gijAk; tpl;Lf; nfhLj;jhy;> rl;nld;W xU ngha; Ngrpdhy;> Neu;ikiaf; nfhQ;rNk nfhQ;rk; fyq;f mbj;jhy; ngUj;j yhgk; fpilf;FNk vd;W Mirfhl;Lfpd;whd;. fud;]p Nehl;LfNshL ek; Kd;Nd ghu;l;b ek;Kila gjpYf;fhf fhj;jpUf;Fk; NghJ ek;Kila <khd; nfhQ;rk; fyf;fkilaj;jhd; nra;fpd;wJ. gazj;jpy;> gpuahzj;jpy; mofpa kq;ifaUk; jtwhd fhl;rpfSk; ek; jf;thitr; Nrhjpf;fj;jhd; nra;fpd;wd. cioj;Jf; fisj;J> Ntiyia Kbj;J khiyg;nghOjpid ehk; milAk; NghJ ez;gu;fspy; xUtdhf ek;Kd;Nd mtd; te;J epw;fpd;whd;. nghOJ Nghf;F epfo;r;rp xd;wpw;F Nghfyhk; thntd;W typa miof;fpd;whd;. njhOif jilgLNk vd;W ehk; jaq;fp epd;whYk; tpLtjpy;iy. filrpf;F filtPjpiaahtJ Rw;wptuyhk; th vd;fpd;whd;. filtPjp! kypthd tpiyf;F jf;thit mq;FjhNd vilf;F vLj;Jf; nfhs;fpwhu;fs;.

tho;f;if top fhl;ba ,iwtd; ek;topg;gazj;jpy; vjpu;g;gLk; ,e;jr; rpf;fYf;F jPu;nthd;iwr; nrhy;yhky; ,Ug;ghNdh? ,iwtid kwe;j cs;sj;ijj; jhNd i\j;jhd; Njb tUthd;> vd;Wk; Rlu; vupe;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; miwapy; vg;gb tUk; ,Ul;L? vdNt my;yh`; [y;y\hd`{j; jMyh jd; jpUkiwapy; tpsf;nfhd;iw> jPu;nthd;iw tpsf;fpAs;shd;.

vd;id epidT $Wtjw;fhfj; njhOifia epiy epWj;JtPuhf. ,Ug;gJk; ,y;yhky; NghtJk; ,jw;fhd tpilapNyNa jhd; cs;sJ! (jh`h 14)

Mf> njhOifapd; Nehf;fk; ,Jjhd;! ,iwtid epidT $u;tJ! my;yh`;it epidT gLj;jpf; nfhz;Nl ,Uq;fs;. my;yh`;it kwe;J tplhjPu;fs;. mtd; cq;fis vjw;fhfg; gilj;jhd;? ve;j Nehf;fj;jpw;fhf ePq;fs; tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpwPu;fs;? vd;gij kwe;J tplhjPu;fs; vd;W> njhOif ekf;F epidT gLj;jpf; nfhz;Nl ,Uf;fpwJ. ek;Kila <khid ,yl;rpaj;ijg; GJg;gpj;Jf; nfhz;Nl ,Uf;fpwJ.

rNfhju> rNfhjupfNs! ,jw;fhfj;jhd; ,e;j Nehf;fj;jpw;fhfj;jhd; ,iwtd; ek;kPJ INtisj; njhOifia flikahf;fp cs;shd;. njhOifapd; nghOJfisAk;> Neuq;fisAk; rw;W rpe;jpj;Jg; ghu;j;jhy; ,J tpsq;fp tpLk;. ehk; ek;Kila xt;nthU jpdj;ijAk; njhOifiaf; nfhz;Nl Jtf;FfpNwhk;. ehk; mjpfhiyapy; tpopj;J vOe;jJk; ,iwtDf;F Kd;dhy; iffl;b epd;W ,iwth ehd; cd;Dila mbik! cd;Dila topapNyNa vd; tho;ehisf; fopg;Ngd;! cd; fl;lisfis xU NghJk; kPw khl;Nld; vd;W cWjpg;gpukhzk; vLj;Jf; nfhs;fpNwhk;.

,iw epidg;gpNyNa ek;Kila ehs; Jtq;Ffpd;wJ. gpwF gbg;gbahf cyf fhupaq;fspy; ek;ik <LgLj;jpf; nfhs;s Muk;gpf;fpNwhk;. Ntiy> tpahghuj;jpy; %o;fptpLfpNwhk;. cyf myq;fhuk; ek;ikAk; tpl;L itg;gjpy;iy. ek;Kila <khDk; nfhQ;rk; kq;fp Nja;e;JtpLk; NghYs;sJ. jpBnud;W `a;a myy;/gyh`; vd;nwhU Fuy;! ehk; clNd jahuhfp ,iwapy;yj;ij milfpNwhk;. ,iwepidTk;> <khdpa czu;Tk; kPz;Lk; Gj;njOr;rp ngWfpd;wd. jpUk;gp te;J njhlu;e;J ehk; ek;Kila Ntiyfspy; %o;fpdhYk;> ek;Kila <khd; typik ngw;W ftrkhf ek;ik fhf;fpd;wJ. mg;nghOJ jhd; njhOJ Kbj;J te;j xUtd;> te;jTlNd ngha; nrhy;thdh? Vkhw;w epidg;ghdh? Neu;ikiaj; njhiyg;ghdh? ,y;iy! rhj;jpaf; $Wfs; FiwT jhNd!

kdij kaf;Fk; khiyg; nghOjpy; njhlu;e;J ,uz;L njhOiffs; m]Uk;> k/upGk; ek;ik milfpd;wd. cyfpd; i\j;jhd;fs; vy;yhk; khiyg; nghOjpy; jhd; Fk;khsk; NghLfpd;whu;fs;. filtPjpfs; fyfyf;fpd;wd. \hg;gpq; $l;lk; miy NkhJfpd;wJ. tpahghuj;NjhL NtW tp\aq;fSk; #L gpbf;fpd;wd. nghOJ Nghf;F> kdkfpo; epfo;r;rpfs; vy;yhk; khiy Neuq;fspy; jhk; muq;NfWfpd;wd. khiyf; fhl;rpfSf;F kf;fs; miy miyaha; tUfpwhu;fs;. NtW tk;G Ntz;lhk;> tPL nrd;W tplyhk; vd;whYk; mq;Fk; xU i\j;jhd; tuNtw;giwapy; rk;kzk; Nghl;Lf; nfhz;L mku;e;Js;shd;. rpwg;ghd fhl;rpfs; vy;yhk; Nrdy;fspy; rhaq;fhyk; jhd; njhlq;Ffpd;wd. g;iuk; `tu;]; vd;W me;j Neuj;J Neau;fisf; nfhz;Ljhd; Nul;bq;Nf fzf;fplg;gLfpd;wJ.

Mf> ngupjha; tiy tpupf;fg;gLk; gLgaq;fu khiyg; nghOjpy;> m]Uk; kf;upGk; te;J ek;ikf; fhf;fpd;wd. i\j;jhdpa jhf;Fjiy mit jLf;fpd;wd. filrpapy;> ehk; ek;Kila Ntiyfis vy;yhk; Kbj;Jtpl;L ,ghjj; fzf;if> Md;kpff; fzf;if my;yh`;tplk; ,\hj; njhOifapy; xg;gilf;fpNwhk;. vd;dpiwth! vd;dhy; ,ad;wtiu cd; topapy; ,e;ehis fopj;Jtpl;Nld;!vd;W jpUg;jp mile;jtu;fshf ek;Kila tho;T mjd;gb fope;jpUe;jhy; jpUg;jp mile;jtu;fshf gLf;iff;Fr; nry;fpNwhk;.

rNfhju> rNfhjupfNs! nfhQ;rk; rpe;jpj;Jg; ghUq;fs;. my;yh`; Vd; njhOifia Ie;J Ntisfspy; gpupj;J gpupj;J itj;Js;shd;? mJTk; Fwpg;gpl;l Neuq;fspy; njhOtijNa flikahf Mf;fpAs;shd;? Neuk; jtwpdhy; njhOif $lhJ vd;W $wpAs;shd;? vd;d fhuzk;?

S`upYk;> m]upYk; mtru mtrukhf Xbr; nrd;W muf;fg;gwf;f njhOJ js;Stijtpl epk;kjpahf ,utpNyh> RG`;tpNyh epiwNtw;WtJjhNd rpwe;jJ? Vd;> INtisj; njhOiffisAk; xd;whf;fp xNu Ntisapy; epk;kjpahf uh`j;jhf njhOff; $lhJ? my;yJ gpw kjj;jtu;fs; nra;tJ Nghy VNjDk; xU ehis xJf;fp xU thuj;ija xl;Lnkhj;j njhOiffis vy;yhk; njhOjhYk; ey;yJ jhNd? tpLKiw ehspNyh> my;yJ tpLKiw Nghl;Lf; nfhz;Nlh mikjpahfj; njhOfyhk; my;yth?

\uPmj; ,jw;nfy;yhk; mDkjp mspf;fhjjw;Ff; fhuzk; ,J xd;W jhd;> jpf;U! ,iwtid epidT $WtJ> ,yl;rpaj;ij epidT nfhs;tJ> jpirkhwpr; nry;yhky; epiyj;J ,Ug;gJ!

jpf;Uy;yh`;

ehk; kdjpy; epidf;Fk; "vz;zq;fNs nray;fshf tbtk; ngWfpd;wd!" vd;W mz;zyhu; (]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;) ,jidNa Fwpg;gpLfpwhu;fs;. ehk; vijg;gw;wp mbf;fb rpe;jpj;Jf; nfhz;Nl ,Uf;fpNwhNkh> mJ mg;gbNa ek; %isapy; gjpe;J Ngha;> mij Nehf;fp> mij mila ehk; gbg;gbaha; Kaw;rp nra;a Muk;gpf;fpNwhk;. ek; rpe;ijia Mf;fpukpf;Fk; vz;zq;fNs ek; nray;fSf;fhd ghijiaj; jPu;khdpf;fpd;wd!

ehk; gilf;fg;gl;l Nehf;fj;ijg; gw;wpAk; ek;kPJ ,iwtd; Rkj;jpAs;s flikfisg; gw;wpAk; njhOif ekf;F epidT+l;bf; nfhz;Nl cs;sJ. tho;tpyf;if epidtpy; nfhz;L rupahd ghijia ehk; gw;wpg; gpbj;Jf; nfhs;fpNwhk;.ek;Kd; tha;tpupj;J mfykha; fhj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; fzthia milahsq;fz;L mjid tpiue;J flf;f jahuhfptpLfpNwhk;. (fhz;f 90 11)

epidT+l;LtNj njhOifapd; Nehf;fk;! ty;y my;yh`; NtW gy ,lq;fspYk; ,jidNa $wp cs;shd;.

NkYk; jd; ,iwtdpd; ngaiu epidT $u;e;jhd;.njhOifia epiwNtw;wpdhd;. (my;m/yh 15)

ck; ,iwtdpd; ngaiu epidT $u;e;J nfhz;bUg;gPuhf! NkYk; midj;ijAk; tpl;L mtDf;fhfNt MfptpLtPuhf! (K];]k;kpy; 8)

jgj;jy; ,iy`p mtDf;fhfNt MfptpL! vd;gjd; nghUs; mtidNa njhOJ th vd;gij ,jw;F Ke;ija trdj;ij Kd;itj;Jg; Gupe;J nfhs;fpNwhk;.

njhOif vd;whNy jpf;Uy;yh`; jhd; vd;gij ,d;DnkhU trdk; kpfj; njspthfNt Fwpg;gpLfpd;wJ.

",iwek;gpf;if nfhz;ltu;fNs! nts;spf; fpoik md;W njhOiff;fhf miof;fg;gLk; NghJ my;yh`;it epidT $u;tjd; gf;fk; tpiue;J nrhy;Yq;fs;! ([{k;M9)

njhOif ryhj; vd;why; vd;d?

ryhj; vd;why; xU nghUis Nehf;fp Kd;NdWtJ vd;gJ Neubg; nghUs; MFk;. U$/> j/oPk;> jou;U/> JM Nghd;witAk; ,Nj nghUspNyNa gad;gLfpd;wd. gd;ndLq;fhykhfNt ryhj; vd;w ,r;nrhy; ,ghjj; vd;w nghUspNyNa gad;gLj;jg;gl;L te;Js;sJ. fy;jhdp nkhopapy; (The Ancient Chaldeans - What is Now Southern Iraq) JM kw;Wk; jho;ik gzpT (jou;U/) vDk; nghUspy; toq;fp te;Js;sJ. `pg;U nkhopapy; (Language of Ancient People Living in what in now Israel and Palastine, who Established The King of Israel and Judah) topghL kw;Wk; rpuk; Fdpjy; (U$/) vDk; nghUspy; toq;fp te;Js;sJ.

euif Nehf;fp jPatu;fis Kd;Ndhf;fp mioj;Jr; nrd;W js;Stijf; Fwpf;fTk; thd;kiw ,Nj nrhy;iyNa ifahs;fpwJ.

tpiutpy; mtd; eufpy; Nghlg;gLthd; (y`g; 3)

nfhOe;J tpl;nlupAk; eufj;jpy; Ngha; tPo;thd;. (,d;\pfhf; 12)

eufj;jpy; tPrg;gLtJk; jhd;! (thfpM 94)

,iwtid Nehf;fp ek;ik Kd;Ndw;Wfpd;wJ. ,iwtid ehk; neUq;fr; nra;fpd;wJ vd;gjhy; jhd; njhOifia ryhj; vd;W miof;fpNwhk;.

khu;f;fj;jpy; njhOifapd; epiy

jPdpd; njhOif kpfkpf Kf;fpakhd ,lj;ij tfpf;fpd;wJ! <khidAk; Fg;iuAk; gpupf;fpd;w vy;iyf; Nfhlhfj; jpfo;fpd;wJ. mz;zyhH ngUkhdhu; ry;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;ypk; mUspAs;shu;fs;"epuhfupg;Gf;Fk;> ek;gpf;iff;Fk; ,ilNa njhOifia tpLtJ vy;iyf; NfhlhFk;!"(jpu;kpjp)

md;d igdu; u[{yp t igd\; \pu;f;fp ty; F/g;up ju;f;F]; ryhj;jp vd;nwhU `jP]{k; K];ypkpy; gjpthfp cs;sJ.

mz;zyhu; fhyj;jpy; r`hghf;fs; ,jw;F kpfTk; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; jUgtu;fshf ,Ue;jhu;fs;. fh/gpiuAk; K];ypikAk; mtd; njhOiff;F gs;spf;F tUtijf; nfhz;L jhd; gpupj;J mwpag;gl;lJ. mg;Jy;yh`; ,g;D k];T+jpd; Xu; mwptpg;gpypUe;J ehk; ,ij tpsq;fpf; nfhs;fpd;Nwhk;. vg;gb cyf ,af;fq;fs;> jkJ nghJf; FOtpy; njhlu;e;J gq;Fngwhj xUtid jkJ cWg;gpduhf mq;fPfupf;f kWf;fpd;wdNth mt;thNw njhOfhj xUtid K];ypkhff; fUjhj epiyNa md;W epytpaJ!

jPdpy; njhOiff;F ve;j msT Kf;fpaj;Jtk; ,Ue;jJ vd;gij cku; (uopay;yh`{ md;`{) jk;Kila MSeu;fSf;F vOjpAs;s Xu; murhizapypUe;J tpsq;fpf; nfhs;syhk;. "cq;fSila nray;fspNyNa vd;dplk; kpfTk; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nghUe;jpaJ njhOifNa MFk;. vtd; mijg; NgZgtdhfTk; fz;fhzpg;gtdhfTk; ,Uf;fpd;whNdh mtd; jd;Dila jPidf; fhj;Jf; nfhs;thd;. vtd; mijj; njhiyj;Jtpl;lhNdh kw;w jPDila tp\aq;fis ,ij tplTk; mjpfkhf njhiyj;JtpLthd;!"

Mifahy;> njupe;Nj xUtd; njhOifia tpLfpwhd; vd;why; mtd; epuhfupg;gpd; F/g;upd; vy;iyf;Fs; fhyb itj;Jtpl;lhd; vd;W nghUs;. <khDldhd mtDila njhlu;G mw;Wtpl;lJ vd;Wk; nghUs;. me;j msTf;F mjpKf;fpak; tha;e;j mk;rk; njhOifapy; vd;d ,Uf;fpd;wJ vd;gij rw;W tpuptha; fhz;Nghk; thUq;fs;!

jPdpd; Jtf;fg;Gs;spAk; njhOifAk;

jd;id tzq;Ftjw;fhf kdpjidg; gilj;j ,iwtd; kdpjDf;F Nrit nra;a KO cyifAk; gilj;Js;shd;. cyfpy; cs;s vy;yhg; nghUs;fSk; kdpjDf;fhfNt ,aq;fpf; nfhz;Ls;sd. #upad;> re;jpud;> fly;> kiy> Nkfk;> fhw;W> ntg;gk;> Fspu; vd;W ahTNk kdpjDila eyj;jpw;fhfNt nraw;gLfpd;wd. xd;Wkwpah gpQ;Rf; Foe;ij jhapd; fu;g;gg;igapypUe;J ntsptUk; NghNj mjw;F Njitahd vy;yhtw;iwAk; ,iwtd; Vw;ghL nra;J itj;Js;shd;. jhapd; khu;gfq;fs; mjw;Fj; Njitahd czitr; Nrfuk; gz;zpAs;sd. ms;sp mizj;J mutizj;Jf; nfhs;s cw;whu; cwtpdu;fs; #o;e;J cs;sdu;. mjw;Fj; Njitahd czitr; nropf;fr; nra;aNt MjtDk; cjakhfpd;whd;. jhdpa tpijnahd;wpid Kisf;fr; nra;aNt iel;u[d; Row;rp Vw;gl;L fhu;Nkfk; kioiag; nghopfpd;wJ. ,g;gb nrhy;ypf; nfhz;Nl Nghfyhk;> ty;ytd; ekf;fhfr; nra;jpUf;Fk; Vw;ghLfis!

,tw;iw rpe;jpj;Jg; ghu;f;Fk; ek;gpf;ifAs;s kdpjdpd; cs;sj;jpy; ed;wpAzu;T ngUf;nfLf;fpd;wJ! ed;wpAzu;T kdjpy; ngUFk; NghJ md;Gk; Cw;nwLf;fpd;wJ!

,e;ed;wpAzu;tpd;> ,t;td;gpd; njs;spa ntspg;ghL jhd; njhOif! gilg;Gfis rpe;jpj;Jg; ghu;j;J ,iwtbid tpsq;fpf; nfhs;fpd;wtd; ,iwtDf;F ed;wp nrYj;j epidf;fpd;whd;. njhOiff;fhf te;J epw;fpd;whd;. ed;wpAzu;T mw;wtdplk; ek;gpf;ifAk; ,w;Wg; Ngha;tpLfpd;wJ. mj;jifatd; njhOiff;F jiyKOfhky; vd;d nra;thd;?

Vw;fdNt ehk; fz;l ryhj;jpd; nghUshd "Kd;Ndwpr;nry;Yjy;" vd;gij kPz;Lk; vz;zpg; ghUq;fs;. ed;wpAzu;T ngUf;nfLj;J ehafidj; Njbr; nry;Yk; ,e;jr; nra;iff;F ryhj; vd;w nrhy; rupahfg; nghUe;jpg; Nghfpd;wJ ,y;iyah?

,khk; mg;Jy; `kPJ /guh`p (u`;kj;Jy;yh`p miy`p) jd;Dila j/g;]PU epshkpy; Fu;Mdpy; vOJtjhtJ.

Kiwahd ,y;k; (mwpT) rupahd nray; (mky;) ,tw;wpd; kPNj jPd; epiy nfhz;Ls;sJ. jd;Dila ,iwtid mwpe;J nfhs;tJ. mtDf;Fk; jdf;Fkhd njhlu;gpidg; Gupe;J nfhs;tJ. ,JNt mwpT MFk;. gpwF ,t;twptpid myl;rpag;gLj;jhky; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,t;twpT md;igAk;> ed;wpAzu;itAk; fz;bg;ghf Njhw;Wtpj;Nj jPUk;! cs;sj;jpy; cUthfpd;w ,t;td;gpd;> ,e;ed;wpAzu;tpd; ntspg;ghlhfj;jhd; mky;fs; mikfpd;wd. jhf;fk; tpisT> cs;sik ntspg;ghL Nghd;wtw;wpw;fpilNa vd;d njhlu;G cs;sNjh mNj njhlu;G jhd; mwptpw;Fk;> nraYf;Fk; ,ilNa ,y;Kf;Fk;> mkYf;FkpilNa cs;sJ. mjhtJ> ,y;k;> <khNdhLk; mky;> ,];yhj;NjhLk; njhlu;G nfhz;Ls;sd!"

gpwF ,d;ndhU Kf;fpakhd tp\aj;ijAk; ehk; ftdpf;f Ntz;bAs;sJ. vt;thW nray; vd;gJ mwptpd; gpujpgypg;gha; cs;sNjh> mt;thNw nrhy; (ft;y;) Yf;Fk; gpujpgypg;gha; cs;sJ. mjhtJ mwpTf;Fk;> nraYf;Fk; ,ilepiyapy; nrhy; cs;sJ. vz;zq;fspd; Kjy; ntspg;ghlha; nrhy; cs;s mNj rkak; mJ nray;fspd; Jtf;fkhfTk; cs;sJ".

nrhy;ypd; nkhopaha;> Vw;wypd; ntspg;ghlha; njhOif cs;sJ!. vOtJ> mku;tJ> FdptJ> ][;jh nra;tJ> iffis cau;j;JtJ> tpuiy ePl;bf; nfhz;bUg;gJ ,itnay;yhk; vijj;jhd; Fwpf;fpd;wd? nra;iffspd; nkhopapy; ek;Kila nrhy;ypd;> Vw;wypd; ntspg;ghL ,it! <khDf;Fg; gpwF ,jhmj;Jf;fspy; ek;Kila Kjy;gjpT jhd; ,J! ,J mky;fspd; jiythry;> jpwTNfhy;> vdNt jhd; \uPmj;jpd; jiythryhf njhOif fUfg;gLfpd;wJ! vz;zw;w trdq;fis ,t;Tz;ikiaNa NgRfpd;wd.

cjhuzkhf mtu;fs; kiwthf ,Uw;jNghJk; ,iwek;gpf;if nfhs;thu;fs;> njhOifia epiyehl;Lthu;fs;. (my;gfwh > 03 )

,iwtidg; gw;wpa ek;Kila mwptpd; (k/up/gj;) Kjy; ntspg;ghNl njhOif jhd; vd;gJ ,jpypUe;J tpsq;Ffpd;wJ. \uPmj;jpd; jiythrNy njhOif vDk; NghJ vy;yh mky;fSk; ,jpypUe;J jhd; gpwf;fpd;wd.

vdNt> Fu;Mdpy; vq;nfy;yhk; RUf;fkhfr; nrhy;yg;gl;Ls;sNjh mq;nfy;yhk; <khDf;Fg; gpwF mkyd; ]hyp`h ew;nray;fs; vd;Dk; nrhy; gad;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ.

<khd; nfhz;L ey;mky;fisr; nra;fpd;wtu;fisj; jtpu. (mj;jPd; 6)

,ijNa tpsf;fkhf tptupf;f Ntz;bte;jhy; mq;F njhOifNa jiyaha ,lk; tfpf;fpd;wJ.

epr;rakhf vtu;fs; <khd; nfhz;L> ew;nray;fisr; nra;J NkYk; njhOifia epiyehl;Lfpwhu;fNsh.. (my;gfwh 277)

vy;yh ey; mky;fSf;Fk; jiyg;ghf ,q;Nf njhOifNa ,lk; ngw;Ws;sJ. mj;jpahak; `[;[py; <khd; nfhz;ltu;fNs! ePq;fs; U$Tk; ][;jhTk; nra;Aq;fs;. cq;fs; ,iwtDf;F mbgzpAq;fs;! (my;`[; 77)

ek;Kila trdq;fs; kPJ ek;gpf;if nfhs;gtu;fs; ahnudpy; mt;trdq;fis mtu;fSf;F Xjpf;fhl;b mwpTiu $wg;gLk; NghJ mtu;fs; ][;jhtpy; tpOe;J tpLfpwhu;fs;. ,iwtidg; Gfo;e;J Jjpf;fpwhu;fs;. mtu;fs; ngUik mbf;f khl;lhu;fs;. NkYk;> mtu;fSila tpyhg;Gwq;fs; gLf;iffis tpl;Lk; cau;e;J tpLfpd;wd. mr;rj;JlDk;> MtYlDk; jq;fs; ,iwtid miof;fpd;u;fs;. (][;jh 15>16)

,it Nghd;w trdq;fs; Fu;Mdpy; mstw;W cs;sd. ,tw;wpy; <khdpd;> ,iwawptpd; (k/up/gj;jpd;) Kjy; ntspg;ghL njhOif vd;W typAWj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. njhOifiaAk; <khidAk; ,izf;Fk; ,ilepiy> md;Gk;> ed;wpAzu;Tk; jhd;! ,d;Dk; <khdila> ,iwAwpTila Kjy; Cw;Nw ,t;td;Gk; ed;wpAzu;Tk; jhd;! ,d;Dk; vy;yh mky;fSf;Fk; %ykhd njhOifapd; Kjw;fhuzpAk; ,itjhd;! njhOiff;Fk;> ed;wpAzu;Tf;Fk; cs;s njhlu;ig ngupjha; tpsf;f Ntz;bajpy;iy. njhOifapd; capNuhl;lNk #uj;Jy; /ghj;jp`h jhd;. #uj;Jy; /ghj;jp`h KOf;f KOf;f ed;wpAzu;tpdhNyNa epug;gg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,Jjtpu NtWrpy ,lq;fspYk; njhOif ed;wpAzu;tpdhy; cUtfg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ.

vd;id epidT $Wq;fs;. ehDk; cq;fis epidtpy; itg;Ngd;! vdf;F ed;wp nrYj;Jq;fs; ed;wp nfhy;yhjPu;fs;! (gfwh 152)

,iwtNdhlhd xg;ge;jk;

xU nghUspd; cz;ikahd epiyia ruptu tpsq;fpf; nfhz;lhy;jhd; mijg;gw;wpa kjpg;G ek; kdjpy; gpwf;Fk;. juhjuk; vd;d vd;gij ve;j msT ehk; tpsq;fpf; nfhs;fpd;NwhNkh me;j msTf;F mjw;F kjpg;G mspg;gtu;fshf khwptpLNthk;. njhOifapd; epiyia ehk; ed;F Gupe;J nfhz;lhy; jhd; njhOifia tpLgtd; (jhupf;F]; ryhj;) vt;thW epuhfupg;gpd; (F/g;upd;) thrypy; Eiofpd;whd; vd;gij tpsq;fpf; nfhs;sTk; KbAk;.

Md;khf;fshf ,Ue;j NghJ ek;NkhL my;yh`; Xu; xg;ge;jk; nra;Js;shd;. ehKk; mij xg;Gf; nfhz;Nl te;Js;Nshk;. mj;jpahak; m/uh/g; 172k; trdj;jpy; my;yh`; mjid tpsf;fpAs;shd;. my];J xg;ge;jk; vd;w mt;nthg;ge;jk; ed;wp kw;Wk; Vw;wypd; xg;ge;jk; (Ooath of Allegiance) MFk;.

,e;j xg;ge;jj;ijNa my;yh`; kPz;Lk; NtW tbtpy; mj;jpahak; my;gfwhtpd; 152k; trdj;jpy; njspTgLj;jpAs;shd;.

,iwj;J}jiu mDg;gpitj;j Nehf;fj;ij mwpahjdtw;iw cq;fSf;Ff; fw;Wf; nfhLf;Fk; tifapy; njspTg;gLj;jpa gpd;G ,t;trdk; mike;Js;sijAk; kdjpy; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

epidT $Wq;fs; vd;why;> njhOJ thUq;fs;! ,e;j ck;kj;Njhlhd my;yh`{j; jMyhtpd; xg;ge;jk; ryhj;jpd; %ykhfj;jhd; cs;sJ. njhOifapy; ehk; cWjpNahL epiyj;jpUf;Fk; ehs;tiuf;Fk; xg;ge;jj;jpy; epiyj;jpUg;Nghk;. ,iwtDila cjtpiag; ngWk; jFjp cilatu;fshf ,Ug;Nghk;. ,];yhkpa vjpupfisAk;> i\j;jhidAk; vjpu;nfhs;Sk; JzpT nfhz;ltu;fshf ,Ug;Nghk;.

milahsk; kl;Lky;y> m];jpthuKk; $l

njhOif vd;gJ ,];yhj;jpd; ey;mky;fspd; milahskhf kl;Lk; ,y;iy. \uPmj;jpd; m];jpthukhfTk; mike;Js;sJ. vdNt ve;j r%fk; njhOifapd; epiyia kwe;J mjd; rpwg;gpay;Gfisg; Gwf;fzpj;J mjidj; njhiyj;J tpLfpd;wNjh mJ ehsiltpy; topNfl;bd; mjy ghjhsj;jpy; Kfk; Fg;Gw tPo;e;J tpLfpd;wJ.

Kd;nrd;w r%fq;fisg; gw;wp thd;kiwapy; ,iwtdpd; jpUthf;F

mtu;fSf;Fg; gpwF gpw;re;jjpfshfj; Njhd;wpa kf;fs; njhOifiaj; njhiyj;Jtpl;lhu;fs;. kd ,r;irfis gpd;gw;wpdhu;fs;! mj;jifatu;fs; topNfl;bd; jPatpisTfis tpiutpy; re;jpg;ghu;fs;. (kupak; 59)

njhOifiaj; njhiyj;J tpl;lhu;fs; vd;why; njhOtij tpl;Ltpl;lhu;fs;. mf;fiw ,d;wpAk; myl;rpaj;NjhLk; njhOJ te;jhu;fs;. Xu; ck;kj;Jila tPo;r;rpf;fhd Kjy; milahsk; MFk; ,J! Vw;fdNt fz;lJ Nghy njhOifNa K/kpDila <khidAk; mkiyAk; my;yh`;NthL gpizf;fpd;wJ. ,j;njhlu;G mw;Wg; NghFk; NghJ kdpjd; ,iwtid tpl;L tpyfpr; nry;y Muk;gpf;fpd;whd;. ,iwtid Nehf;fp my;y> ,iwtDf;F vjpuhd jpirapy; mtDila gazk; Jtq;Ffpd;wJ. kd,r;irfs; $l te;J Nru;e;J nfhs;fpd;wd. ekf;F Kd;nrd;w ck;kj;Jfs; topNfl;by; %o;fp mope;J Nghdjw;F Jtf;ff; fhuzk; mtu;fs; njhOifiaj; njhiyj;jNj vd;w my;yh`; ,q;F $Wfpwhd;.

ek;Kila epiy

ehk; ,d;W K];ypk;fs; Vwj;jho 120 Nfhb Ngu; ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk;. ehKk; njhOJ tUfpd;Nwhk;. ,e;j ciufy;ypy; ek;Kila njhOifiaAk; curpg; ghu;f;f Ntz;Lk;.

xt;nthU nghUSf;Fk; xU jd;ik ,Uf;fpd;wJ. cz;ikapy; xU nghUspd; jd;ikNa mjw;Fupa milahskhf tpsq;Ffpd;wJ. me;j jd;ik ,y;yhJ Nghdhy; mJ jd; kjpg;ig ,oe;J tpLfpd;wJ. tp\j;jpd; jd;ik Misf; nfhy;ytpy;iy> nfhy;Yk; jd;ik mjpy; ,y;iy vd;why; vd;d nghUs;? mJ fyg;glk;> mJ tp\Nk my;y vd;W nghUs; (njsptha; tpsq;fNt tp\j;jpd; cjhuzk; je;Js;Nsd;)

mt;thNw njhOiff;Fk; Xu; ,aw;jd;ik cs;sJ. njhOifia tpl;L ePf;f Kbahj epiyj;j jd;ik mJ.

my;yh`; mijg;gw;wp>

njhOifia epiyepWj;JtPuhf! njhOif khdf;Nflhd> kw;wk; jPa nray;fis jLf;fpd;wJ. (md;fG+j; 45)

Mdhy; eilKiw tho;tpy; ehk; ghu;g;gJ vd;d? INtis tplhky; njhOJtuf; $ba vj;jidNah njhOifahspfs; ru;trhjhuzkhf ngha; NgRfpd;whu;fs;. tpahghuj;jpy; vy;yhtifahd je;jpuq;fisAk; ifahs;fpd;whu;fs;. ek;gpf;if Nkhrb nra;fpd;whu;fs;. ,d;Dk; vd;ndd;dNth..........

ePupd; Fspu;r;rpiag; Nghy> neUg;gpd; #l;bidg; Nghy njhOifapd; jLf;Fk; jd;ikAk; cz;ikahdhy; ,tu;fis Vd; mJ jLf;ftpy;iy? vd;nwhU Nfs;tp vOfpd;wjy;yth?

ek; ftdj;Jf;F ,uz;L tp\aq;fs; tUfpd;wd. (1) njhOif fz;bg;ghf mjd; Ntiyia nra;Nj jPUk;. njhOifahspaplk; ,j;jifa ,ay;Gfs; fhzg;gl;lhy; mtu;fs; njhOifahspfNs ,y;iy vd;W jhd; mu;j;jk;. (2) ,y;iynad;why;> eCJ gpy;yh`; Fu;Md; jtwhd jftiy je;Js;sJ vd;W jhd; nghUs;.

Mf ntWkNd njhOJ te;jhy; kl;LNk mJ njhOifahfp tplhJ. vg;gb Kiwahfj; njhOJ tu Ntz;LNkh mg;gb njhOJ tu Ntz;Lk;. njhOif vd;gJ rlq;F my;y! ,];yhk; vd;gJk; rlq;F rk;gpujhaq;fspd; njhFg;G kjk; my;y!

njhOif rupahf ,y;yhjNghJ> mjid Kiwg;gb njhOfhj NghJ> mJ ek;Kila cs;sj;J <khdpa ntspg;ghlha; mikahjNghJ> ,iwtDldhd njhlu;G ,ay;ghfNt FiwfpwJ. ,iwj;njhlu;Gk;> ,iw neUf;fKk; ,y;yhky; Nghdhy; kNdh,r;irfs; cs;sj;ij Mf;fpukpj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;wd. mtw;wpd; gpd;dhy; gLNtfkhf kdpjd; nry;y Muk;gpf;fpd;whd;. ,t;thwhf mtDila xOf;fk;> eltbf;iffs;> gof;ftof;fq;fs; vd;W vy;yhNk kd,r;irfspd; jhd;Njhd;wpj;jdkhd topfhl;Ljy;fspd; mbg;gilapy; mikfpd;wd. ,iwahizfis mtd; VnwLj;Jk; ghu;g;gjpy;iy. ,Wjpapy; topNfl;il jtpu NtW vij mtd; mila KbAk;?

 

2. njhOif Kiw


njhOiff;fhd jahupg;G

mz;znyk; ngUkhdhu; (ry;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;ypk;) tpz;Zyfg; gazk; kp/uh[pd; NghJ ty;y my;yh`;it re;jpj;J njhOiff;fhd fl;lisiag; ngw;Wf; nfhz;lhu;fs;. mt;thNw xt;nthU njhOifAk; xU K/kpidg; nghWj;jkl;Lk; mtdstpy; my;yh`;Nthlhd re;jpg;ghfNt ,Uf;fpd;wJ.

mz;znyk; ngUkhdhu; (ry;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;ypk;) $wpAs;shu;fs;

cq;fspy; xUtu; njhOFk;NghJ jk; ,iwtdplk; jdpikapy; ciuahLfpd;whu;. (r`P`{y;G/fhup)

Xu; mbahd; njhOifapy; jd;Dila ,iwtNdhL ciuahLtjw;fhfr; nry;fpd;whu;. vdNt mjw;Fupa jahupg;GfNshL nry;y Ntz;Lk;. ehk; rhjhuzkhf gyjug;gl;l kdpju;fis gy;NtW fhupaq;fSf;fhf re;jpj;Jf; nfhz;Nl cs;Nshk;. ehk; re;jpf;fg; Nghfpd;w egu; vj;jifatNuh> mjw;Nfw;wthW ek;ik jahu;gLj;jpf; nfhs;fpd;Nwhk;. mtUila jFjp> jd;ikfSf;F Vw;wthNw re;jpf;f Ntz;bapUe;jhy; rhjhuz cilapNyNa re;jpf;fpd;Nwhk;. mNj rkak; xU ngupa mjpfhupiaNah> cau;epiy NkyhsiuNah re;jpf;f Ntz;b Neuk; xJf;fg;gl;bUe;jhy;> gykzpNeuk; Kd;djhf jahuhfpf; nfhs;fpd;Nwhk;. cilfis ftdkhf Nju;e;njLf;fpd;Nwhk;. NgrNtz;ba ciuahliy kdJf;Fs;shfNt mir Nghl;Lg; ghu;j;Jf; nfhs;fpd;Nwhk;. vd;d Nfl;ghu;? vd;d gjpy; nrhy;tJ? vd;gijnay;yhk; jpl;lkpl;Lf; nfhs;fpd;Nwhk;. mtUila mYtyfj;ij Nehf;fpr; nry;y rhiyapy; ,wq;fpa gpd; ek;Kila rpe;jid mijNa Rw;wpRw;wp tUfpd;wJ. vjpNu tUNthu;> NghNthu; vd;w vjpYk; ftdk; nry;tjpy;iy. ePz;lehs; re;jpf;fhj ez;gnuhUtu; vjpNu te;jhYk; jtpu;j;J tpLfpd;Nwhk;. xJf;fg;gl;l Neuj;Jf;F xU kzpNeuk; ,uz;L kzp Neuk; Kd;djhfNt fpsk;gpr; nrd;W fhj;jpUf; fpd;Nwhk;.

rhjhuzkhf ek;iktplr; rw;W Nkk;gl;l kdpj xUtiu re;jpg;gjw;fhfNt ehk; ,j;jid rpuj;ij> rpukq;fs; Kd;Ndw;ghLfs; nra;Ak; NghJ ek;iknay;yhk; gilj;j my;yh`;> Mw;wy;kpf;f mjpfhuq;nfhz;l my;yh`; cyifAk; gpugQ;rj;ijAk; fl;b MSk; my;yh`;> khngUk; ty;yik gilj;j ug;Gy; MykPd; my;yh`;itr; re;jpf;f ehk; ve;jsT> vg;gbnay;yhk; Kd;Ndw;ghLfis jahupg;Gfisr; nra;a Ntz;b ,Uf;Fk;?

rw;w Nahrpj;Jg; ghUq;fs;> ve;j msTf;F ek;Kila kdjpy; my;yh`;itg;gw;wp kjpg;gr;rKk; gagf;jpAk; ,Uf;fpd;wNjh me;j msNt jahupg;GfSk; ,Uf;Fk; (my;yh`;itg; gw;wp ,iwawpitg; nghWj;Nj jf;thTk; mikAk; vd;gJ ,q;F Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.)

Xu; mbahd; ,iwapy;yj;jpypUe;J miog;Nghir te;jTld; jd;Dila vy;yhf; fhupaq;fisAk; xJf;fp itj;Jtpl;L ,iwtidr; re;jpf;f jahuhfp tpLfpd;whd;. mr;rj;NjhLk;> eLq;fpathWk; xO nra;a Muk;gpf;fpd;whd;. ,iwtidr; re;jpf;fg; Nghfpd;Nwhk; vd;fpw epidg;Ng mtid epiy jLkhwr; nra;fpd;wJ. mtDila ghtq;fis epidtpy; te;J miyf;fopf;fpd;wd. my;yh`; jd;kPJ Rkj;jpAs;s nghWg;Gfis> jhd; ve;j msT flik czu;TlDk; mf;fiwNahLk; epiwNtw;Wfpd;Nwhk; vd;fpw rpe;ij mtd; kdijj; Jz;lhlfpd;wJ. xO nra;a Muk;gpf;Fk; NghJ Kfj;jpy; topAk; jz;zPNuhL mtDila fz;zPUk; fyf;fpd;wJ]

ehk; ,iwtid vg;gb re;jpg;gJ? mtNdhL vd;d NgRtJ? ve;j Kfj;NjhL NgRtJ? vd;gijnay;yhk; mtd; Nahrpf;fpd;whd;. vj;jid ufmj;Jfs; njhog; Nghfpd;Nwhk; ve;j ufmj;jpy; ve;j #whit Xjg; Nghfpd;Nwhk; vd;gijnay;yhk; mtd; xOtpd; NghNj jPu;khdpj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;whd;.

Xu; cz;ikahd ,iwek;gpf;ifahsd; ,j;jifa czu;TfNshL jhd; xO nra;a Ntz;Lk;. ,g;gb nra;ag;gLfpd;w ,/f;sh]hd xOitr; rpwg;gpj;Jj; jhd; fPo;f;fz;l `jP];fs; NgRfpd;wd.

epr;rakhf vdJ rKjhaj;jtu;fs; kWikehspy; xOTila RtLfshy; Kfk;> if> fhy;fs; xspkakhdtu;fNs! vd;W miof;fg;gLthu;fs;. vdNt cq;fspy; vtUf;Fj; jkJ xspia ePskhf;fpf; nfhs;s KbANkh mjidr; nra;J nfhs;sl;Lk;> vd;W ,iwj;J}ju; (ry;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;) $wpdhu;fs;. (r`P`{y;G/fhup)

K/kpd; xOr; nra;j cWg;Gfspy; vy;yhk; mzpfyd;fs; Mguzq;fs; mzptpf;fg;gLk;! (upahS]; ]hypaPd;> Nkw;Nfhs; r`P`; K];ypk;)

Xu; ,iw ek;gpf;ifahsd; xt;Nthu; cWg;ghf fOtf;fOt mtid tpl;L mtDila ghtq;fs; mfw;wg;gLfpd;wd.

xU K];ypkhd (my;yJ K/kpdhd) ,iwabahd; xOr; nra;J jk; Kfj;ijf; fOTk; NghJ mtu; fz;fshy; nra;j ghtq;fs; ahTk; filrpr; nrhl;L jz;zPNuhL ntspNawp tpLfpd;wd. mtu; iffisf; fOTk; NghJ iffisg; gad;gLj;jp nra;j ghtq;fs; ahTk; filrpr; nrhl;L jz;zPNuhL ntspNawp tpLfpd;wd. mtu; fhy;fisf; fOTk; NghJ fhy;fshy; ele;J nrd;W nra;j ghtq;fs; ahTk; filrpr; nrhl;L jz;zPNuhL ntspNawp tpLfpd;wd. filrpapy; mtu; vy;yhg; ghtq;fSk; ePq;fp gupRj;jkhdtuhf Mf;fptpLfpd;whu;. (upahS]; ]hypaPd;> Nkw;Nfhs; r`P`; K];ypk;)

rNfhju> rNfhjupfNs! nfhQ;rk; Nahrpj;Jg; ghUq;fs;. ntWk; jz;zPiuf; nfhz;L iffhy;fisf; fOTtjw;fhfth ,t;tsT rpwg;Gfs;? ,t;tsT ngUikfs;? epr;rakhf ,y;iy!khwhf xO nra;gtDila cs;sk; ve;epiyapy; cs;sJ? mtd; ahiur; re;jpg;gjw;fhf jahuhfp nfhz;Ls;shd;? ve;epiyapy; re;jpf;fg; Nghfpd;whd;> Mu;tj;Jldh? mrl;ilAldh? mtDila cs;sk; epfog;Nghfpd;w re;jpg;ig vz;zp gag;gLfpd;wjh? ,y;iyah vd;gijnay;yhk; nghWj;Jj; jhd; ,t;tsT ed;ikfSk;!

ntWk; if> fhy;fisf; fOTfpd;w rlq;Fr; nray; my;y xO! ,iwtidr; re;jpf;f nry;Yk; mr;rKs;sNjh ,iwek;gpf;ifahsdpd; Mu;tKk;> gaKk; fye;j Kd;Ndw;ghL! vdNt jhd; mJNt Xu; ,ghjj;jhf Mfp tpLfpwJ. xt;nthU mkiyAk;> xt;nthu; ,ghjj;ijAk; ehk; ,uz;L tifg;gLj;jyhk;. (1) rhjhuzkhf epiwNtw;WtJ. (2) rpwg;ghf epiwNtw;WtJ. nra;ij mofhfr; nra;tJk;. rpwg;ghf epiwNtw;WtijNa> mofhf nra;tijNa ,`;]hDy; ,ghjh vd;W miof;fpd;Nwhk;. re;jpg;ig vz;zp gae;J eLq;fp fz;fspy; ePu;tu nra;ag;gLk; ,j;jifa xOitNa mz;zyhu; (ry;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;ypk;) ,`;]hDy; xO vd;W Fwpg;gpL fpd;whu;

mJNt Xu; ,ghjj;jhf Mfp tpLfpwJ. xt;nthU mkiyAk;> xt;nthu; ,ghjj;ijAk; ehk; ,uz;L tifg;gLj;jyhk;. (1) rhjhuzkhf epiwNtw;WtJ. (2) rpwg;ghf epiwNtw;WtJ. nra;ij mofhfr; nra;tJk;. rpwg;ghf epiwNtw;WtijNa> mofhf nra;tijNa ,`;]hDy; ,ghjh vd;W miof;fpd;Nwhk;. re;jpg;ig vz;zp gae;J eLq;fp fz;fspy; ePu;tu nra;ag;gLk; ,j;jifa xOitNa mz;zyhu; (ry;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;ypk;) ,`;]hDy; xO vd;W Fwpg;gpLfpd;whu;fs;. ,j;jifa xOTf;Fj; jhd; Nkw;fz;l rpwg;Gfs; midj;Jk;!

vtd; (,`;]hDy; xOit) mofpa Kiwapy; xOitr; nra;fpd;whNuh mtu; eff; fz;fs; topahf mtUila vy;yhg;ghtq;fSk; ntspNawp tpLfpd;wd! (upahS]; ]hyp`Pd;> Nkw;Nfhs; r`P`;K];ypk;)

jd;Dila tho;nthg;ge;jj;ij GJg;gpj;Jf; nfhs;sTk;> jhd; ,iwabik vd;gij ,iwtdpd; r%fj;jpy; epd;w ep&gpj;Jf; nfhs;sTk; jhd; Xu; ,iwabahd; ,iwtidr; re;jpf;f njhOifapdhy; mtd; milAk; tpisTfis vy;yhk; ,`;]hDy; xO epiyapNyNa ngw;W tpLfpd;whd;. mtDila ghtq;fs; kd;dpf;fg;gl;L tpLfpd;wd. ,`;]hDy; xONt mtDf;F NghJkhdjhf MfptpLfpd;wJ.

mz;znyk; ngUkhdhu; (ry;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;ypk;) $Wfpd;whu;fs;

vtu; ,j;jifa xOitr; nra;fpd;whNuh mtUila Ke;ija Fw;wq;fs; ahTk; kd;dpf;fg;gl;L tpLfpd;wd. mtu; njhOtJk;> gs;spf;F ele;J nry;tJk; mtUf;F cgupahd (ed;ikahf) mike;JtpLfpd;wd! r`P`;K];ypk; (ghG /go;tpy; xO)

,`;]hDy; xO nra;Jtpl;L> jd; ,iwtidr; re;jpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gij jtpu NtW ve;j vz;zKk; ,y;yhky; ,xNu Fwpf;NfhSld; nry;gtDf;Fj; jhd; ,t;tsT rpwg;Gk; vd;gijAk; mz;zyhu; (ry;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;ypk;) Nfhbl;Lf; fhl;bAs;shu;fs;.

vtu; ,t;thW xO nra;Jtpl;L njhOifiaj; jtpu NtW ve;j vz;zKk; ,y;yhky; gs;spthrYf;Fr; nry;fpd;whNuh mtUila fle;j fhy ghtq;fs; ahTk; kd;dpf;fg;gLk;! r`P`;K];yk; (ghG /go;tpy; xO)

ele;J nry;tJk;> gs;spapy; fhj;jpUg;gJk; $l mtDf;F ed;ikiaNa ngw;Wj; jUfpd;wd. mz;znyk; ngUkhdhu; (ry;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;ypk;) nrhy;fpd;whu;fs;

jk; tPl;by; ed;Kiwapy; xOr; nra;J nfhz;L flikahd njhOif xd;wpid epiwNtw;w ,iwapy;yk; xd;Wf;F ahNuDk; nrd;why; mtu; vLj;J itf;Fk; fhybfSs; xd;W mtu; ghtj;ij mopf;Fk;. ,d;ndhd;W mtu; me;j];j;ij cau;j;Jk;! (upahS]; ]hyp`Pd; Nkw;r`P`; K];ypk;)

cq;fspy; xUtu; njhOifia vjpu;ghu;j;Jf; fhj;jpUf;Fk; fhynky;yhk; njhOjtiug; Nghd;wtNuahthu;. mtu; tPL jpUk;Gtij njhOifiaj; jtpu NtnwJTk; jLf;ftpy;iy! (upahS]; ]hyp`Pd;)

njhOif Neuq;fs;

njhOiff;fhf epu;zapf;fg;gl;Ls;s Neuq;fisg; gw;wpAk; vz;zpg; ghUq;fs;. mit nra;aj; jFe;j Neuq;fs;> JMf;fs; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;glj;jf;f Neuq;fs;> kdpjdpd; cs;sj;Jf;F epk;kjpiaj; jUk; Neuq;fs;. cyfpy; cs;s midj;Jk; #upa> re;jpu> jhuiffs; cl;gl j];gP`;> j`;yPy; nra;Ak; Neuq;fSf;F xg;gNt ek;Kila njhOif Neuq;fSk; tFf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. RG`;> S`u;> mru;> kf;upg;> ,\h vd;W xt;nthd;iwAk; cw;W Nehf;Fq;fs;. ,e;j fz;Nzhl;lKk;> fUj;Njhl;lKk; KOf;fr; rupNa vd;W xg;Gf; nfhs;tPu;fs;.

itifiw Neuj;jpnyhU njhOif> RG`; njhOif! cs;sj;Jf;F mikjpiaAk; mutizg;igAk; jUk; mw;Gj Neuk; mJ. itfiw tpopj;njOk; kdpjd; rydkw;w cs;ssj;NjhL jpUg;jpahf vOfpd;whd;. Gj;Jzu;T nghq;fpnaOk; mf;fUf;fy; nghOjpdpy; mtNdhL Nru;e;J gwitfSk;> Gs;spdq;fSk; Japy; fiye;J gs;spnaOfpd;wd. jk; gy tz;zg; ghly;fshy; gilj;jtidj; Jjp nra;fpd;wd. jk; gy tz;zg; ghly;fshy; gilj;jtidj; Jjp nra;fpd;wd. ,Njh] rw;W Neuj;jpy; cjakhFk; ,sq;fjputDk; jd;idg; gilj;jtDf;fhd tzf;f mzptFg;gpy; fye;J nfhs;fpd;whd;. jhNd topgLgtdhapUf;f jd;idg; Ngha; tzq;Ffpd;whu;fNs %lkdpju;fs; vd;W fUjpathW jhDk; xU gilg;gpdNk! vd;gij ep&gpf;fpd;whd;.

VO thdq;fSk; G+kpAk; kw;Wk; ,tw;wpYs;s midj;JNk mtDila J}a;ikg; Gfo; ghbf; nfhz;Ls;sd. mtidg; Gfo;tJld; mtidj; Jjp nra;J nfhz;buhj ve;jnthU nghUSNk ,y;iy. MapDk; mit Jjp nra;tij ePq;fs; Gupe;J nfhs;tjpy;iy! (gD} ,];uhaPy; 44)

thdq;fspYk; G+kpapYk; cs;s midj;Jk; rpwfbj;Jg; gwf;Fk; gwitfSk; my;yh`;itj; Jjpj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;gij ePq;fs; ghu;f;ftpy;iyah> vd;d? xt;nthd;Wk; jd;Dila njhOifiaAk; JjpKiwiaAk; mwpe;jpUf;fpd;wJ! (me;E}u; 41)

nghOJ Vwp cr;rpia milfpd;wJ. cyfk; gugug;ghf ,aq;fpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; Neuj;jpy; gfw;njhOif S`u; njhOif tUfpd;wJ. ,iwtdpl;l Mizfisr; nra;tjw;Fg; ngau; jhNd ,ghjj;Jk; ,jh mj;Jk;! nrhd;d Ntiyfisr; rup tu nrt;tNd nra;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd cyfpYs;s midj;Jk;. Mizia mbnahw;wp mZtsTk; kPwhky; filikahw;wpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd. fjputdpypUe;J flyiyfs; tiu! jd;idr; Rw;wp ghu;itfis Xl;Lk; ,iwek;gpf;ifahsd; ,e;j cyfshtpa ,iwtopghl;Lzu;itf; fz;L jpifj;Jg; Nghfpd;whd;. jhDk; mjpNy jpisf;f ,iwapy;yk; Nehf;fp XLfpd;whd;. ,iwth! ehDk; cd; fl;lisia kPwkhl;Nld;. kPwNt khl;Nld; vd;W jd; ,iwek;gpf;ifia> <khid> fPo;gbjiy ,jh mj;ij nkUNfw;wpf; nfhs;fpd;whd;.

my;yh`; gilj;Js;s nghUs;fSs; vjidAk;> ,tu;fs; ghu;f;ftpy;iyah? mtw;wpd; epoy;fs; tyg;GwKk;> ,lg;GwKk; my;yh`;tpd; jpUKd; vt;thW gzpe;J tpOfpd;wd vd;gij! ,it midj;Jk; gzpit ntspg;gLj;jpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;w. thdq;fs; kw;Wk; G+kpapYs;s midj;J capupdq;fSk;> midj;J thdtu;fSk; my;yh`;tpd; jpUKd; rpuk; gzpe;J nfhz;bUf;fpwhu;fs;. mtu;fs; xU NghJk; Mztk; nfhs;tjpy;iy. mtu;fs; jq;fSf;F NkNy ,Uf;fpd;w mjpgjpf;F mQ;Rfpd;whu;fs;. jqfSf;F ,lg;gLk; fl;lisfSf;F Vw;g nray;gLfpd;whu;fs;! (me;e`;y;4850)

khiy kaq;Fk; nghOjpy; ehk; mru; njhOifia milfpd;Nwhk;. khiyg; nghOJ ekf;F xU Kf;fpakhd tp\aj;ij epidTgLj;Jfpd;wJ. vy;yh Muk;gj;Jf;Fk; xU KbT cz;L vd;gNj mJ! vy;yh Jtf;fg; Gs;spf;Fk; xU Kw;Wg;Gs;sp fz;bg;ghf cz;L. cyfpy; cs;s ve;jg;nghUSk; mjw;F tpjptpyf;F my;y. fhiyapy; gspr;rpLk; fpuzq;fNshL fpsk;gpa Mjtd; khiyapy; Nrhfkha; fha;e;J Nghfpd;whd;. RWRWg;NghL $l;il tpl;Lf; fpsk;gpa gwitapdq;fs; Ntiyia Kbj;Jf; nfhz;L Ntfkha; te;J $lilfpd;wd. vy;yhg; nghUl;fSf;Fk; ,Wjp cz;L vd;gijr; nrhy;yhky; nrhy;Yfpd;wd. Vfty;yik gilj;j Mw;wnyhd;W jhd; vQ;rpapUf;Fk; vd;gij cWjp nra;fpd;wd. ,iwek;gpf;ifahsd; jd; ,iwtdpd; Kd;dhy; iffl;b epd;W njhOfpd;whd;. jt;gh nra;fpd;whd;. jd; Kbit vz;zp VjhFNkh? vg;gbapUf;FNkh? ftiyg;gLfpd;whd;. ,];jpf;/ghu; nra;fpd;whd;.

mLj;J kf;upGila Neuk;. xU thry; milgl;L ,d;ndhU thry; jpwf;Fk; Neuk;. cyfk; jd;Dila gfy;Neuj;ij RUl;b vLj;Jf; nfhz;L ,d;ndhU cyfpy; ,uT Neuj;jpy; Eiofpd;wJ. nta;apypd; cf;fpukk; epoypd; jz;ikaha;> gfypd; fLik ,utpd; njd;wyha; khWfpd;wJ> gfy; KOtJk; cioj;Jf;fisj;j kdpjd; ,utpd; jhyhl;by; jd;id kwf;fj; njhlq;Ffpd;whd;. jd;idr; Rw;wp ,t;tsT ngupa khw;wk; epfo;e;J nfhz;bUg;gij cs;sj;jpy; czu;Ts;s vtdhtJ ftdpf;fj; jtWthdh? cyf tho;T Kbe;J Ngha; kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpwF MyNkgu;]j;jpy;> Md;khf;fspd; cyfpy; ,d;ndhU tho;T njhlq;f cs;sJ vd;gij mtDf;F ,e;j khw;wk; epidTgLj;jhjh? ghu;f;fg; ghu;f;f gl;lg;gfiyAk;> KO cyifAk; ,utpd; Nghu;itf;Fs; kiwj;Jtpl;l ty;y ,iwtdpd; Kd;dhy; jiyrha;j;J jd;gzpit> jho;ikia> ,ayhikia> fl;Lg;ghl;il ntspg;gLj;jhky; ,Ug;ghdh?

,dptUfpd;w ,\htpd; nghOJ RagupNrhjid ,`;jp]hGf;Fupa NeukhFk;. ,Ul;L typikaile;J ,af;fj;jpd; filrpr;Rf;fhidAk; epWj;jp tpLfpd;wJ. kdpjd; vy;yhtw;iwAk; tpl;L xJq;fp tPllq;fp Xa;tpy; Klq;fp ehisa gazj;jpw;fhd Mw;wiy ,isg;ghwpj; jpul;l epidf;fpd;whd;. J}q;fr; nry;YKd; jd; ,iwtDf;F Kd;dhy; epd;W njhOJ jd; flikAzu;it ntspg;gLj;jTk;> jd;Dila fzf;F tof;if xg;gilf;fTk; Njhjhd nghOJ jhNd ,J! xUNtis J}q;fg; NghFk; mtd; kWehs; vOe;jpupf;fhkNy Ngha;tplTk; tha;g;G cs;sJ my;yth?

j`[;[{j; cila Neuk;> mikjpf;F Njhjhd Neuk; epk;kjpia toq;Fk; Neuk; ,ijtplr; rpwg;ghdJ. NtnwJTNk ,y;iy! thndy;iyapypUe;J G+kpg;ghjhsk; tiu vq;Fk; mikjp> rydkw;w epiy. midtUk;> midj;JNk cwq;fpf; nfhz;Ls;sd. xUNtis i\j;jhDk; J}q;fp tpl;bUf;fyhk;! Mdhy; Xupiwtd; kl;LNk cwq;fhtpopfNshL fz;fhzpj;Jf; nfhz;Ls;shd;. ntspaUNf cs;sthdpy; vOe;jUsp u`;kj;jpd; miog;ig> jt;gh Vw;wypd; miog;ig> Nfl;gij vy;yhk; toq;Fk; mwptpg;ig tpLj;Jf; nfhz;Nl cs;shd;. vt;tsT mw;Gjkhd Neuk; mJ!cy;yhr tho;it tpUk;Ggtu;fSk;> rup cyif ntWj;J gw;ww;Wg; Nghdtu;fSk; rup> midtUNk me;Neuk; mUikahdJ jhd; vd;gij xg;Gf; nfhs;fpwhu;fs;. J}q;Fgtd; J}f;fj;ij ,dpikaha; mDgtpf;f ,Jjhd; rupahd jUzk; vd;W epidf;fpwhd;. tpopj;jpUg;gtNdh> tpopj;jpUf;f ,J jhd; cfe;j Neuk; vd;W fUJfpd;whd;. cz;ik jhNd? J}q;Ftjw;Fr; rpwe;j Neuk; jhNd tpopj;jpUf;fTk; rpwe;j Neukhf ,Uf;f KbAk;? rpwe;jtw;iw mu;g;gzpj;jhy; jhNd cau;e;jtw;iwg; ngw KbAk;! vdNt> gilg;ghsid neUq;f epidg;gtu;fs; gLf;iffisj; Jwe;J gzpNthLk;> gaj;NjhLk; iffl;b epw;fpd;whu;fs;. mtu;fSila Nfhupf;ififsr; nrtp kLf;fj;jhjNd NeunkhJf;fp thDyiftpl;L neUq;fp te;J epw;fpwhd; ehafDk;!

njhOiff;fhf epu;zapf;fg;gl;Ls;s ,e;j Neuq;fs; xt;nthd;iwAk; Mokha; cw;W Nehf;Fq;fs;. ,it rpwg;ghd Neuq;fs; jhk; vd;gij KOkdNjhL xg;Gf; nfhs;tPu;fs;.

mfpyNk ,iwtDf;Ff; fl;Lg;gl;lk;> ,iw MizfSf;Ff; fPo;gbe;Jk; ,aq;fpf; nfhz;Ls;sij mwpfpd;Nwhk;. j];gP`; nra;fpd;wd. ,iwtdpd; ngUikiag; giwrhw;Wfpd;w> epiyj;J epd;W ,iwahizfis epiwNtw;Wfpd;wd. ,iwek;gpf;ifahsDk; jd;Dila njhOifapy; ,t;Tzu;Tfis ntspg;gLj;Jfpd;wdu;. Fu;Md; njhOifia> j];gP`; vd;Wk; `k;j; vd;Wk; Fwpg;gpLfpd;wJ. Fu;MDila jpyhtj; vd;Wk; njhOifia miof;fpd;wJ.

"vdNt JjpAq;fs;. my;yh`;it ePq;fs; khiy Neuj;ij milAk; NghJk;> fhiy Neuj;ij milAk; NghJk;!" (&k;17)

ck; ,iwtidg; Gfo;tJld; mtidj; Jjpg;gPuhf! #upad; cjakhFk; Kd;dUk;> kiwAk; Kd;dUk;!" (fh/g;39)

"NkYk;> ,utpYk; mtdJ jpUKd; ][;jh nra;Ak;! ,utpd; ePz;l Neuq;fspy; mtidj; Jjpj;Jf; nfhz;bUk;." (j`;u;26)

",utpy; vOe;J njhOtPuhf> Mdhy; nfhQ;r Neuk;] mjhtJ ghjp ,uT my;yJ mijtplr; rw;w FiwthfNth my;yJ $LjyhfNth (njhOtPuhf]) NkYk;> Fu;Mid epWj;jp epjhdkhf XJtPuhf!" (K];]k;kpy; 24)

Mifahy; jhd; mz;zy; egp (]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;ypk;) njhOifia j];gP`;> jf;gPu; fpuh mj; vd;W tpsf;fpAs;shu;fs;.

"njhOif vd;gNj Gfo;ghly;> ngUikia giwrhw;wy;> Fu;Md; Xjy; vd;gJ jhd;!"

,d;Ndhuplj;jpy;.......

"njhOif vd;why; Fu;Md; XJtJk; fz;zpaKk; ty;yikAk; nfhz;l my;yh`;it epidT $UtJk; MFk;. vdNt> eP njhOifapy; epd;why; ,tw;wpNyNa %o;fpg; Ngha;tpL!"

njhOifapd; tbtk;

njhOifapd; tbtj;jpd; gf;fk; ftdj;ijr; nrYj;Jq;fs;! cyfpy; jho;ikiaAk;> gzpitAk;> ,ayhikiaAk;> ifahyhfhj;jdj;ijAk;> mbikf;Fzj;ijAk; ntspg;gLj;j kdpjd; cUf;nfhLf;Fk; epiyfisnay;yhk; xd;W jpul;b njhOif tbtikf;g;gl;Ls;sJ. njhOifapidj; Jtq;Fk; kdpjd; iffl;b> jz;fs; jho;j;jp> fhy;fis epiyf;fr; nra;J ,lk;tyk; vj;jpirapYk;ghu;itapid Xl;lhky; gzpNthLk; gaj;NjhLk; gf;FtkhfTk; nksddkhfTk; epw;fpwhd;. iffl;b> tha;nghj;jp mLj;jMs; Kd;dhy; epw;gij ve;j RakupahijAs;s kdpjdhtJ xg;Gf; nfhs;thdh? ,iwtDf;F Kd;dhy; jdf;nfd;W ve;j milahsKk; ,y;iy. RakupahijAk; ,y;iy. jhd; xU mbik> ifahyhfhjtd; vd;gij ,t;thW epw;gjd; %ykhf ,iwek;gpf;ifahsd; ntspg;gLj;Jfpd;whd;.

mLj;J U$/jiyf;FdpT> jiyf;FdpT vd;w nrhy;Ny mbikj;jdj;ijf; fhl;ltpy;iyah? jiyf;FdpT vd;w nrhy;iy vq;Nfnay;yhk; ehk; gad;gLj;Jfpd;Nwhk; mbikg;Gj;jpiar; Rl;bf;fhl;l> mtkhdg;gl;lij vLj;Jf; $w> ,opit czu;j;j...... vd;W fPo;j;jukhd epiyia tpsf;fj;jhNd ,e;j nrhy;iyNa ehk; gad;gLj;Jfpd;Nwhk;. vd;idj; jiyFdpa itj;J tpl;lhd; vd;W nrhy;fpd;Nwhk;. NtWthu;j;ij nrhy;yj;njupahky;> gjpy; mspf;f ,ayhky; Ngr;R%r;rw;Wg; NghFk; epiyiaj;jhNd ,t;thf;fpak; czu;j;Jfpd;wJ. jiyiaf; Fdptij ,Of;fpd; milahskhfj;jhNd ehk; ghu;f;fpd;Nwhk;. fhypy; kpjpgLk; kz;zpypUe;J gpwe;j kdpjDf;F fz;zpaKk;> nfhsutKk;> kjpg;Gk;> kupahijAk; ,d;iwf;F cs;snjd;why; mtw;iw mspj;jJ ahu;? jiyFdpe;J epw;gjhf ,Ue;jhy; mj;jifa my;yh`;Tf;F Kd;dhy; jhNd epw;f Ntz;Lk;! vdf;nfd;W me;j milahsKk; ,y;iy. vy;yhk; ePahfj; je;jitNa! vd;W mtd; Gfo; ghl Ntz;Lk;!

mLj;J ][;jh. jiuapy; rpuk; Nja;j;jy;! mbikj;jdj;jpd; cr;rf;fl;lk; ,J. ifahyhfhj;jdj;jpd; Mff;nfl;l fPo;j;juk; ,J. jd;Dila kdjpy; ngUik> Mztk;> jw;ngUikapd; epoy; $lg;gbahj ,iwek;gpf;ifahsNd KOikahfr; r[;jh nra;a ,aYk;. fPo;j;jukhd mUntWf;fj;jf; tpe;Jj;JspapypUe;J gilf;fg;gl;l kdpjDf;F ngUik vd;d Ntz;bf;fplf;fpd;wJ? xUJsp tpe;J Milapy; gl;Ltpl;lhy; vt;tsT mUntWg;G milfpd;Nwhk;. Kfj;ijr; Rspf;fpd;Nwhk;. vt;tsT tpiutpy; e[P]pypUe;J J}a;ikahf Fspj;Jf; nfhs;fpNwhk;. me;j xU Jsp tpe;jpypUe;J jhNd ehk; gpwg;ngLj;Njhk;. mg;gbnad;why; ek;Kila epiy vd;d? mJTk; J}a my;yh`;Tf;f Kd;dhy;! ,iwth! ehd; xd;WNk ,y;iy vd;W ,iwek;gpf;ifahsd; ][;jh nra;Ak; NghJ kdg;G+u;tkhf czUfpwhd;. jhd; ifahyhfhjtd;> fPo;j;jukhdtd;> guNjrp> gpr;irf;fhud; vd;gijAk; cs;sj;jpy; czUfpd;whd;.

"kf;fNs! ePq;fs; jhk; my;yh`;tplj;jpy; ifNae;Jfpd;w gpr;irf;fhuu;fs;. my;yh`;Nth Njitaw;wtd;> gzf;fhud;> GfOf;F cupatd;!" (/ghj;jpu;15 )

,e;j czu;T Vw;gl;l gpwF mtd; jd; jiyia gpwUf;F Kd;dhy; epkpu;e;J epw;Fk; jiy> tzq;fhrpuir jiuapy; Nja;f;fpd;whd;. jd; khz;Gfis> Nghyp kupahijfis vy;yhk; my;yh`;Tf;F Kd;dhy; njhiyj;J J}f;fp vwpe;Jtpl;L jd;id xU gzpTs;s mbikahf ntspg;gLj;jfpd;whd;.

j\`;`{j;! ,iwtDf;F Kd; kz;bapl;l mku;e;J jd; gzpit ntspg;gLj;Jk; fhl;rp.

,t;thwhf njhOifapd; epiyfs; midj;JNk KOikahd mbikj;jdj;ij ntspg;gLj;Jfpd;wdthf mike;Js;sd. ,tw;iw ruptug;Gupe;J nfhz;Ls;s ,iwek;gpf;ifahsd;> nrt;tNd ,tw;iw epiwNtw;Wfpd;whd;. xt;nthd;iwAk; KO czu;NthL nra;fpd;whd;. mtd; iffl;b epiyqapy; epw;Fk; NghJ nfhl;lhtp tpLtjpy;iy. ififisr; nrhwpe;J nfhs;tjpy;iy. fz;fis miyatpLtjpy;iy. ,t;thW epiyapy; epiyj;J epw;fhky; ,it Nghd;w nray;fisr; nra;fpd;wtd; topgl tutpy;iy. tutiof;fg;gl;bUf;fpd;whd;. NtWtopapd;wp tzq;Ffpd;whd; vd;W nghUs;.

njhOFk; Kiw

iffis caNu J}f;fp my;yh`;tpd; ngUikia cuj;Jf; $wpathW jf;gPu; fl;Lfpd;Nwhk;. gpd;G ek;Kila njhOifia JMNa ,g;wh`Pk; ,ypUe;J Jtf;Ffpd;Nwhk;.

ira;apjpdh ,Gwh`Pk; miy`p];]yhk; Xjpa JM ,J. ,tw;wpd; nghUis Kjypy; ghu;g;Nghk;.

thdq;fisAk; G+kpiaapk; Kjd;Kjyhfg; gilj;jtdpd; gf;fk; xU kdj;Jld; vd; Kfj;ij jpUg;gptpl;Nld;. NkYk;> xU NghJk; ehd; ,izitg;ghsu;fspy; cs;std; my;yd;! (679)

vd;Dila njhOifAk;> vd;Dila Fu;ghdpAk;> vd;Dila tho;Tk;> vd;Dila kuzKk; mfpyq;fspd; mjpgjpahfpa ug;Gy; MykPd; my;yh`;Tf;Nf cupadthFk;. mtDf;Nfh ahUk; ,izapy;iy. ,t;thNw vdf;Ff; fl;lis ,lg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,iwtDf;F kl;LNk fPo;gl;L thOk; K];ypk;fspy; Kjyhktdhf ehd; cs;Nsd;. (6162>163) vd;dpiwth! ePNa murd;. cd;idad;wp NtWahUk; topgl jFjpgilj;jtupy;iy. eP J}a;ikahdtd; vd;gij cd;idg; Gfo;e;J $Wfpd;Nwd;.

ahtw;iwAk; Jwe;J xUkdNjhL ,iwtopgl;by; ehd; xd;wptpl;l epiyia mbahd; ,t;thu;j;ijfspy; ntspg;gLj;Jfpd;whd;. jd;Dila njhOifAk; gypapLk; jpahfKk; jd;Dila tho;f;ifAk; kuzKk;> ,iwtDf;fhfNt ug;Gy; MykPDf;fhfNt! vd;W mtd; xg;Gjy; thf;F%yk; nfhLf;fpd;whd;.

rNfhjuu;fNs! rNfhjupfNs! njhOif vd;gJ ,iwtDf;Fk; mbahDf;Fk; ,ilapyhd xg;ge;jk; vd;gij Kd;Ng fz;Nlhk;. xg;ge;jq;fspy; xt;nthU thu;j;ijAk; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; ngWfpd;wJ. nghWf;fp vLj;J nghUj;jkhd thu;j;ijfNs xg;ge;jj;jpy; vOjg;gLfpd;wd> ,y;iyah? ,g;nghOJ Nahrpj;Jg; ghUq;fs;. Nkw;nrhd;d thu;j;ijfis ahuhy; nrhy;y ,aYk;? ,J Xu; xg;Gjy; thf;F%yk; my;yth? ntWk; thu;j;ijj; njhFg;G> mu;j;jk; Gupah ke;jpu cr;rhldk; ,y;iyNa! vtUila tho;f;if ,];yhkpa epiyapy; fope;J nfhz;Ls;sNjh Nfl;gij vy;yhk; toq;Fk; mwptpg;ig tpLj;Jf; nfhz;Nl cs;shd;. vt;tsT mw;Gjkhd Neuk; mJ!cy;yhr tho;it tpUk;Ggtu;fSk;> rup cyif ntWj;J gw;ww;Wg; Nghdtu;fSk; rup> midtUNk me;Neuk; mUikahdJ jhd; vd;gij xg;Gf; nfhs;fpwhu;fs;. J}q;Fgtd; J}f;fj;ij ,dpikaha; mDgtpf;f ,Jjhd; rupahd jUzk; vd;W epidf;fpwhd;. tpopj;jpUg;gtNdh> tpopj;jpUf;f ,J jhd; cfe;j Neuk; vd;W fUJfpd;whd;. cz;ik jhNd? J}q;Ftjw;Fr; rpwe;j Neuk; jhNd tpopj;jpUf;fTk; rpwe;j Neukhf ,Uf;f KbAk;? rpwe;jtw;iw mu;g;gzpj;jhy; jhNd cau;e;jtw;iwg; ngw KbAk;! vdNt> gilg;ghsid neUq;f epidg;gtu;fs; gLf;iffisj; Jwe;J gzpNthLk;> gaj;NjhLk; iffl;b epw;fpd;whu;fs;. mtu;fSila Nfhupf;ififsr; nrtp kLf;fj;jhjNd NeunkhJf;fp thDyiftpl;L neUq;fp te;J epw;fpwhd; ehafDk;!

njhOiff;fhf epu;zapf;fg;gl;Ls;s ,e;j Neuq;fs; xt;nthd;iwAk; Mokha; cw;W Nehf;Fq;fs;. ,it rpwg;ghd Neuq;fs; jhk; vd;gij KOkdNjhL xg;Gf; nfhs;tPu;fs;.

mfpyNk ,iwtDf;Ff; fl;Lg;gl;lk;> ,iw MizfSf;Ff; fPo;gbe;Jk; ,aq;fpf; nfhz;Ls;sij mwpfpd;Nwhk;. j];gP`; nra;fpd;wd. ,iwtdpd; ngUikiag; giwrhw;Wfpd;w> epiyj;J epd;W ,iwahizfis epiwNtw;Wfpd;wd. ,iwek;gpf;ifahsDk; jd;Dila njhOifapy; ,t;Tzu;Tfis ntspg;gLj;Jfpd;wdu;. Fu;Md; njhOifia> j];gP`; vd;Wk; `k;j; vd;Wk; Fwpg;gpLfpd;wJ. Fu;MDila jpyhtj; vd;Wk; njhOifia miof;fpd;wJ.

"vdNt JjpAq;fs;. my;yh`;it ePq;fs; khiy Neuj;ij milAk; NghJk;> fhiy Neuj;ij milAk; NghJk;!" (&k;17)

ck; ,iwtidg; Gfo;tJld; mtidj; Jjpg;gPuhf! #upad; cjakhFk; Kd;dUk;> kiwAk; Kd;dUk;!" (fh/g;39)

"NkYk;> ,utpYk; mtdJ jpUKd; ][;jh nra;Ak;! ,utpd; ePz;l Neuq;fspy; mtidj; Jjpj;Jf; nfhz;bUk;." (j`;u;26)

",utpy; vOe;J njhOtPuhf> Mdhy; nfhQ;r Neuk;] mjhtJ ghjp ,uT my;yJ mijtplr; rw;w FiwthfNth my;yJ $LjyhfNth (njhOtPuhf]) NkYk;> Fu;Mid epWj;jp epjhdkhf XJtPuhf!" (K];]k;kpy; 24)

Mifahy; jhd; mz;zy; egp (]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;ypk;) njhOifia j];gP`;> jf;gPu; fpuh mj; vd;W tpsf;fpAs;shu;fs;.

"njhOif vd;gNj Gfo;ghly;> ngUikia giwrhw;wy;> Fu;Md; Xjy; vd;gJ jhd;!"

,d;Ndhuplj;jpy;.......

"njhOif vd;why; Fu;Md; XJtJk; fz;zpaKk; ty;yikAk; nfhz;l my;yh`;it epidT $UtJk; MFk;. vdNt> eP njhOifapy; epd;why; ,tw;wpNyNa %o;fpg; Ngha;tpL!"

,d;ndhU Nfhzj;jpYk; ehk; ,ij Nahrpf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,it ahUila thu;j;ijfs;? ahiu ,it epidTgLj;Jfpd;wd? `o;uj; ira;apjpdh ,g;uh`Pk; miy`p];]yhk; mtu;fis] ehk; ,e;j thu;j;ijfis nkhopAk; NghJ ek;Kila rpe;ijapy; ,g;wh`Pk; mtu;fSila KOtho;f;ifAk; XlNtz;Lk;. mtu; vt;tpjk; Xupiwf; nfhs;ifia milahsk; fz;L nfhz;lhu;. ,iwmiog;Gg; gzpia vq;Nf vt;tpjk; Jtf;fpdhu;. vj;jid vj;jid ,ilA+Wfis> ,d;dy;fis vjpu;nfhz;lhu;> jd;Dila je;ij kw;Wk; Rw;wj;jhiuAk;> cw;whu;> cwTfisAk; cjwpj;js;sptpl;L vt;thW `p[;uj;Jf;F Jzpe;J epd;whu; vd;gijnay;yhk; kdjpy; nfhzu Ntz;Lk;. tho;f;ifAk; kuzKk; ug;Gy; MykPDf;fhf vd;gij mtu; ctkhdkhf thu;j;ijj; Njhuzkpl;Lf; $wtpy;iy. mtUila tho;tpd; xt;nthU tpdhbapYk; mtu; nksj;ij vjpu; nfhz;lhu;. mtUila ajhu;j;j tho;tpd; mg;gl;lkhd tu;zid ,J. kpifNah> mjpfg;gpurq;fNkh my;y!

,g;wh`Pk; miy`p];]yhk; mtu;fSbila tho;Tg; ghijia rpe;jidapy; nfhz;ltu;fshf mtUila ,/f;sh];> `dP/gpa;aj; Nghd;wtw;iw ngw;wtu;fshf ehk; njhOiff;Fs; Eiofpd;Nwhk;. Xu; ,iwabahd; ,q;F jhd; xU rlq;Fj; njhOifahsp my;y vd;gij czUfpd;whd;. jhd; xU Kry;yp kl;Lky;y xU K[h`pJk; $l vd;gij mtd; Gupe;J nfhs;fpd;whd;. ed;wpNahL flikahw;WNtd; vd;W jd; ,iwtd; jpUKd; ek;gpf;ifNahL rgjk; nra;fpd;whd;.

,e;j rgjj;ij rhjhuzkhf epiwNtw;w ,ayhJ> ty;yhtifahd mu;g;gzpg;GfisAk; mJ tpiyahff; Nfl;Fk;! vd;gijAk; mtd; jpl;ltl;lkhfg; Gupe;J itj;Js;shd;.

gpwF ehk; #uj;Jy;/ghj;jp`hit XJfpd;Nwhk;. cyfpy; ,ijtpl mUikahd> ,ijtpl mw;Gjkhd xU JMit ek;khy; ghu;f;f ,ayhJ> ,ij> gilj;j ty;ytNd Nguhsd; my;yh`;Nt ekf;Ff; fw;Wf; nfhLj;Js;shd;. Mfr; rpwg;ghd xU JMitNa ehk; Nfl;fpd;Nwhk;. mg;Gwk;> Nfl;Fk; nghUs;! mJTk; rpwg;ghdJ. cyfpy; cs;s nghUs;fs; ep/kj;Jfs; vy;yhtw;iwAk; tpl cd;djkhdijNa rpwg;ghdijNa `pjhaj;ij> Neu;topia ehk; Nfl;fpd;Nwhk;. mJTk; ahuplk;? rpwg;ghdnjhU rf;jpaplk;! ahuplk; Nfl;lhy; ,y;iy vd;w gjpNy fpilf;fhNjh mj;jifa fuPkplk; mu;`Ku; uh`pkPdplk; Nfl;fpd;Nwhk;.

njhOif vd;gJ ,iwtDldhd ciuahly; vd;gij Vw;fdNt ghu;j;Js;Nshk;. njhOifapy; ehk; nkhopfpd;w xt;nthU thu;j;ijiaAk; my;yh`; ftdkhff; Nfl;L gjpy; mspf;fpwhd;.

mz;znyk; ngUkhdhu; (]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;ypk;) $Wtijf; NfSq;fs;

"ehd; njhOifia vdf;Fk; vd; mbahDf;Fk; ,ilapy; gq;fpl;Ltpl;Nld;!" vd;W my;yh`; $Wfpwhd;. "ghjp vdf;fhf! ghjp vd;mbahDf;fhf! vd; mbahDf;F mtd; Ntz;baJ fpilf;Fk;."

my;`k;J ypy;yh`p ug;gpy; MykPd; vd;W mbahd; $Wk; NghJ>

vd; mbahd; vdf;F ed;wp nrYj;Jfpd;whd; vd;W my;yh`; $Wfpwhd;.

mu;u`;khdpu; u`Pk; vd;W mbahd; $Wk;NghJ>

vd; mbahd; vd;Gfo; ghLfpd;whd; vd;W my;yh`; $Wfpwhd;.

khypf;fp at;kpj;jPd; vd;W mbahd; $Wk; NghJ>

vd; mbahd; vd;idg; ngUikg;gLj;Jfpd;whd; vd;W my;yh`; $Wfpwhd;.

,a;ahf;f e/GJ t ,a;ahf;f e];j<d; vd;W mbahd; $Wk; NghJ>

,J vdf;Fk; vd; mbahDf;Fk; ,ilapyhdJ> vd; mbahDf;F mtd; Ntz;baJ fpilf;Fk; vd;W my;yh`; $Wfpwhd;.

fa;upy; kf;*gp miy`pk; tyo;ohs;sPd; vd;w mbahd; $Wk; NghJ>

,J vd; mbahDf;Nf MdJ. mtd; tpUk;gpaJ mtDf;Ff; fpilf;Fk; vd;W my;yh`; $Wfpwhd;.

jd;Dila xt;nthU thu;j;ijiaAk; ty;y my;yh`; ftdkhff; Nfl;L gjpy; mUSfpd;whd; vd;w vz;zj;NjhL ,iw ek;gpf;ifahsd; njhOfpd;whd;. ciuahly; vd;why; vd;d? ,uz;L Ngu; jj;jkJ Ngr;irg; gfpu;e;J nfhs;tJ jhNd ciuahly;. xUtu; Ngrpf; nfhz;Ls;shu;. ,d;ndhUtu; ftdkpy;yhky;> myl;rpakhf Ntnwq;Nfh guhf;F ghu;j;Jf; nfhz;L cs;shu; vd;why;> mJ ciuahlyhf ,Uf;Fkh? my;yJ mtu;jhd; njhlu;e;J Ngrpf;nfhz;bUg;ghuh? vOe;jpupj;Jg; Ngha;tpl khl;lhuh> vd;d?

ek;iktpl Nkyhd xUtiu ehk; re;jpf;f nry;fpd;Nwhk;> mtUk; ekf;fhf Neuk; xJf;fp ek;NkhL ciuahl tUfpd;whu;. mtu; vd;d NgRfpwhu; vd;gj ftdkhf Nfl;L mjw;Fupa rupahd gjpiyj; je;jhy; jhNd mtu; Nkw;nfhz;L ciuahLthu;. myl;rpakhfTk;> mf;fiw ,y;yhkYk; ehk; ghl;Lf;F NjNk vd;W %o;fpg; NghapUe;jhy; ek;NkhL njhlu;e;J mtu; Ngrpf; nfhz;bUg;ghuh vd;d?

rhjhuz kdpju;fNs gjpy; kupahijia vjpu;ghu;f;Fk; NghJ ehk; njhOifapy; epd;W kdk; <Lglhky; flflntd;W my;`k;Jit cUl;bj; js;spdhy; mJ vg;gb ciuahlyhf mikAk;? my;yh`; jhd; mjw;F vg;gb gjpy; mspg;ghd;?

ehk; njhOifapy; epw;fpd;Nwhk; vd;why;> mq;F %d;W mk;rq;fs; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. ek;Kila cly;> kdk;> mwpT ek;Kila cly; M[uhfpapUf;f Ntz;Lk;. ek;Kila mwpT M[uhfpapUf;f Ntz;Lk; ehk; vd;d nkhopfpd;Nwhk; vd;gij mJ rpe;jpj;J czu Ntz;Lk;. ehk; rpy milahsr; nrhw;fis cr;rupf;Fk; NghJ cjhuzkhf JMNa ,g;wh`Pk;> mjw;Fupa fhl;rpfis rpe;ijapy; nfhz;L te;J epWj;j Ntz;Lk;. ek;Kila kdk; M[uhfpapUf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,iwtDf;F Kd;dhy; epw;fpd;NwhNk vd;W mJ mQ;rp eLq;f Ntz;Lk;. gae;J mOf Ntz;Lk;!

mz;znyk; ngUkhdhu; (ry;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;ypk;) mtu;fs; xt;Nthu; Maj;ijAk; epWj;jp epWj;jp njspthf XJthu;fs;. ,iwtidj; Jjpf;fpd;w trdq;fs; te;jhy; ,iwtdpd; J}a;ikia Jjpg;ghu;fs;. ,iwtdplk; ghJfhg;G NfhUfpd;w ,lq;fs; te;jhy; ghJfhg;G NfhUthu;fs;.

ehk; vd;d XJfpd;Nwhk; vd;gijNa Gupe;J nfhs;shky; vjidNah Xjp itf;f $lhJ. khwhf nghUSzu;e;J Xj Ntz;Lk;. ekf;F xU gjpide;J ,UgJ #uhf;fs; njupe;jpUf;Fk; ,y;iyah? mtw;wpd; nghUisAk;> tpupTiuiaAk; gd;Kiw gbj;J kdjpy; gjpaitj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ek;Kila tha; Xjj; Jtq;fpaTld; mtw;wpd; nghUisAk; njspTiufisAk; ek;Kila mwpT ftdj;jpw;Ff; nfhz;L tu Ntz;Lk;. mij epidj;J kdk; gag;gl Ntz;Lk;. Rgr; nra;jpfs;> Rtdr; nra;jpfs; te;jhy; ,iwtidg; Gfo Ntz;Lk;. tprhuiz> jPu;g;G ehs;> eufk; gw;wpait te;jhy; ,iwtdplk; ghJfhty; Njl Ntz;Lk;. gpio nghWf;f Ntz;Lk;.

Kju;up/g; ,g;D mg;Jy;yha; (uopay;yh`{ md;`{) mwptpf;fpwhu;fs;.

ehd; mz;zyhuplk; te;Njd;. mz;zyhu; (ry;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;ypk;) njhOJ nfhz;bUe;jhu;fs;. nfhjpf;Fk; ciyg; ghidapypUe;J vOk; rg;jj;ijg; Nghd;w mtu;fSila neQ;rpypUe;J rg;jk; vOk;gpf; nfhz;bUe;jJ.

njhOifapy; Fu;Md; Maj;Jfis XJk; NghJ epWj;jp epWj;jp epjhdkhf Xj Ntz;Lk;. mz;znyk; ngUkhdhu; (]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;ypk;) njhOifapy; XJtijf; Nfl;lhy; vOj;Jf;fis vz;zpr; nrhy;yyhk; vd;W md;id ck;K ]ykh (uopay;yh`{ md;`h) mwptpf;fpwhu;fs;. rpy trdq;fis> ek; kdk; nefpOk; trdq;fis klf;fp klf;fp gyKiw Xj Ntz;Lk;.

#uj;Jy; /ghjp`hTf;Fg; gpwF ehk; NtW #uhf;fis XJfpd;Nwhk;. mtw;iwAk; ,t;thNw Xj Ntz;Lk;. Kbe;j msT epiwa #uhf;fis kddk; nra;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ek;Kila cs;sj;ij ghoile;j kz;lgkhf itj;jpUf;ff; $lhJ. Fiwe;j gl;rk; mk;k [_];itahtJ KOtJkhf njupe;J itj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;.

U$/

mLj;jjhf jiyFdpe;J U$/ nra;fpd;Nwhk;. Vw;fdNt fz;lJ Nghy> njhOifapy; cly;> kdk;> rpe;ij %d;W gq;F ngw Ntz;Lk;. cly; kl;Lk; Fdpe;J tzq;fpdhy; NghjhJ kdKk; Fdpa Ntz;Lk;> rpe;ijAk; jiytzq;f Ntz;Lk;. vtDila kdjpy; MztKk;> mjpfhu NghijAk; cs;sNjh> ahUf;F MSikntwp jiyf;Nfwp cs;sNjh mtd; rpuk;Fdpa khl;lhd;. mtd; cly; Ntz;Lkhdhy; Fdpayhk;> cs;sk; FdpahJ. jiy tzq;fhJ. ,iw ek;gpf;ifahsd; mtd; tho;tpd; ve;j %iyapyhfl;Lk; jd;Dila ,iwtDf;F mbikahfNt ,Uf;fpd;whd;> ,iwtDf;F gzpe;J tho;tjpy; jhd; mtd; ngUik nfhs;fpd;whd;.

Rg;`hd ug;gpay; msPk;

U$/tpy; ehk; j];gP`; XJfpd;Nwhk;. Rg;`hdug;gpay; msPk;. ,it VNjh ke;jpu thu;j;ijfs; my;y. kdjpd; mbahoj;jpypUe;J czu;NthLk;> rpe;ijj; njspNthLk; ntspf; fpsk;g Ntz;bait. Rg;`hd ug;gpay; msPk; vd;why; vd;d nghUs;? vd;gij ehk; ed;F tpsq;fp itj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. Rg;`hd ug;gpay; msPk; vd;why; Mw;wy;kpf;f vd;dpiwtd; J}a;ikahdtd; vdg; nghUs;.

J}a;ikahdtd; vd;why; vjid tpl;Lj; J}a;ikahdtd;? ,iwtd; vd;W kf;fs; vijnay;yhk; epidj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhu;fNsh> mtw;iwnay;yhk; tpl;Lj; J}a;ikahdtd;> flTs; vd;w ngaupy; kf;fs; fl;Lk; fijfisnay;yhk; tpl;Lj; J}a;ikahdtd;> \pu;f;if tpl;L> F/g;iutpl;L> gpj;mj;ij tpl;L> gpjw;wy;fis tpl;Lj; J}a;ikahdtd;.

mtu;fspd; ngha;ahd tu;zidapypUe;J mu;\f;F cupatdhd my;yh`; kpfg; Gdpjkhdtd;. (md;gpah 22)

,tu;fs; Gide;J $Wk; fw;gidfspypUe;J mtd; J}a;ikahdtd;. cau;e;jtd;! (md;Mk; 100)

,tu;fs; ,izitg;gtw;iw tpl;L mtd; J}a;ikahdtDk; cau;e;jtDk; Mthd;. (A+D]; 18)

,tu;fs; ,izitg;gtw;iw tpl;Lk; mtd; kpfj; J}a;ikahdtDk; kpf cau;e;jtDk; NkyhdtDk; Mthd;. (gD} ,];uhaPy; 43)

flTs; vd;w ngauhy; ehl;by; toq;fp tUfpd;w fw;gidf; fijfs;. foprilf; fUj;Jf;fs;> ,d;Dk; vd;ndd;dNth Fg;ig $sq;fs; ,it midj;ijAk; tpl;L mtd; J}a;ikahdtd;!

mLj;J ,d;ndhU Nfs;tpAk; vOfpd;wJ.

J}a;ikahdtd; vd;why; mtDila J}a;ik vg;Ngw;gl;lJ? vj;jifaJ? mtDf;nfd;W rpwg;ghd gy Fzq;fs; cs;sd. Gfog;gl Ntz;ba gy gz;Gfs; cs;sd. J}a;ikahd me;jj; jd;ikfSf;F mtd; kl;LNk nrhe;jf;fhud;.

my;yh`;Tf;nfd;W mofpa jpUehkq;fs; cs;sd. (m/uh/g; 180)

,it midj;Jk; mtDila mofpa gz;Gg; ngau;fs;. 99 J}a;ikahd jpUehkq;fis mtd; ngw;Ws;shd;. mit midj;JNk mtDila J}a;ikia Gdpjj; jd;ikia giwrhw;Wfpd;wd.

ehk; Rg;`hd....... vd;W U$/tpy; j];gP`; XJk; NghJ ,t;tpU Nfhzq;fspYk; rpe;jidiar; nrYj;jp ftdj;Jf;Ff; nfhz;ltu Ntz;Lk;. xd;iw KOikahf epuhfupf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,d;ndhd;iw kdg;G+u;tkhf Vw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

flflntd;w gy;ypy; $lg; glhky; j];gPi` cUl;Lfpd;w nray; my;y ,J! epWj;jp epjhdkhf Nkw;fz;ltw;iw kdjpy; vz;zpathW Rg;`hd ug;gpay; msPk; vd;W Xj Ntz;Lk;. Mw;wy; vd;W VJk;> mUik ngUik vd;W VJk; vd;dplk; ,y;iy. Mw;wy; vy;yhk; cdf;Nf nrhe;jk; vd;gijAk; ehk; thu;j;ijfshy; nkhopfpd;Nwhk;.

][;jh

mt;thNw ][;jhtpYk; Rg;`hdug;gpay; m/yh vd;W $WfpNwhk;. m/yh vd;why; Nkyhdtd; cau;thdtd; vd;W nghUs;. jd;id kpfTk; fPo;j;jukhf fUjpf; nfhs;tjpd;> cr;rfl;l mbikj;jdj;jpd;> jho;ikAzu;tpd;> gzptpd; milahskhd ][;jhtpy; m/yh vd;W nkhopfpd;Nwhk;. vt;tsT nghUj;jkhd thu;j;ij mikg;G> ghu;j;jPu;fsh! Rg;`hdy;yh`;!

j\`;`{j;

njhOifapd; filrp epiyahd ,Ug;gpy; nghJthd %d;W JMf;fs; Xjg;gLfpd;wd. mj;j`pa;ahj;> ]ythj;> ,];jpf;/ghu;.

vy;NyhiuAk; tpl mjpfkhf kdpjd; ,iwtDf;Nf flikg;gl;Ls;shd;. vdNt mtDila jpUr;r%fj;jpy; mtDf;fhf tzf;fq;fis (Fr;^jtr;tbzpz) rku;g;gpf;fpd;whd;. gpd;G mz;zyhu; kPJk; tho;j;Jf;fis mDg;Gfpd;whd;.

,uz;lhtjhf ]ythj;. ,UngUk; Kf;fpa Kd;khjpup kdpju;fis ,q;Nf ,iwabahd; epidT $Wfpd;whd;. mz;zy; ,Gwh`Pk; miy`p];]yhk;> mUikj;J}ju; ry;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;yk;. ,iwtd; thd;kiwapy; ,t;tpUtiuAk; jhNd mofpa Kd;khjpup c];tJy;`]dh fshf Kd;dpiyg; gLj;jp cs;shd;. (fhz;f 604>3321) Vw;fdNt njhOifiaj; Jtf;Fk; NghNj /fyPYy;yh`;it epidT $u;e;J `dP/gpa;aj;jhd kNdh epiyapy; mtd; Jtf;fpdhd;. ,g;NghJ Kbf;Fk; Kd;Gk; epidT$u;e;J mtUf;fhf cs;sq;fdpe;j gpuhu;j;jidAk; nra;fpd;whd;. ,t;tpU J}ju;fSk; vg;gb tho;e;jdu;? vj;jifa topfhl;ljy;fis toq;fpdu;? ,t;tpUtupd; mbnahw;wp ghijapy; gazj;jpy; gpd;njhlUk; ituhf;fpak; G+z;L nfhs;fpd;whd;.

%d;whtjhf> jd; Fw;wq;fis> ,iwtopg;gazj;jpy; jdf;F Vw;gl;l rWf;fy;fis epidT $u;e;J fz;fs; frpa> cs;sk; nefpo ghtkd;dpg;G Njbf; nfhs;fpd;whd;.

Xu; ,iw ek;gpf;ifahsdpd; njhOifia ehk; njhOf tpUk;gpdhy; ehk; Fiwe;j gl;rk; ,k;Kiwiag; gpd;gw;wpNa Mf Ntz;Lk;.

mz;zyhu; ngUkhdhu; (ry;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;ypk;) $wpAs;shu;fs;.

eP njhOtjw;fhf epd;why; ,t;Tyif tpl;L tpil ngw;Wr; nry;Yk; kdpjidg;Nghy njhOthahf! (kp\;fhj;)

mjhtJ ,Jjhd; vd;Dila filrpj; njhOif vd;w epidg;gpy; cs;sr;rj;Jld; njhOf Ntz;Lk;.

ghtq;fis fOTk; ePNuhil

,g;gb J}a cs;sj;NjhL ehk; njhOJ te;jhy; mj;njhOif ek;Kila Fw;wq;Fiwfis vy;yhk; Nghf;Fk; [Ptejpahf khwptpLfpd;wJ.

mz;zy; egp (ry;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;ypk;) jk; Njhou;fisg; ghu;j;Jf; Nfl;lhu;fs;.

cq;fspy; xUtu; jd; tPl;L thryUNf XLk; Mw;wpy; xU ehisf;F Ie;J Ntis Fspj;J te;jhy; mtu; clk;gpy; mOf;F VJk; kpQ;RNkh?

Njhou;fs; $wpdhu;fs; ,y;iy> mOf;F vJTk; kpQ;rhJ mz;zyhu; gpwF $wpdhu;fs;> INtisj; njhOiffspd; epiyAk; ,Jjhd;! mtw;iwf; nfhz;L my;yh`; Fw;wq;fis mopj;J tpLfpd;whd;. (raP`{y;G/fhup)

ehk; cyf tptfhuq;fspy; KOikahf <Lgl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghJ njhOiff;fhd miog;Nghir Nfl;fpd;wJ. gu;Sj; njhOifapy; fye;J nfhs;s trjpahf ehk; ,fhkj;Jf;F ehd;F epkplq;fs; Kd;djhf fpsk;gpr; nrd;why; ek;khy; Nkw;nfhz;l Kiwg;gb jpUg;jpNahL njhOf ,aYkh? vd;why; fz;bg;ghf ,ayhJ. vd;djhd; ehk; kdij xUq;fpizf;f> xU epiyg;gLj;j Kad;whyk; mJ fbdNk! vdNt ghq;Nfhir Nfl;lJk; ehk; gs;spf;F tpiue;jpl Ntz;Lk;. gs;spf;F nrd;W> gs;spapd; mikjpahd #o;epiyapy; cyfg; gugug;Gfis tpl;L tpyfp ,Ug;gJk;> Kd; Rd;dj;Jfis njhOJtpl;L> gu;S njhOifia vjpu;ghu;j;J fhj;jpUg;gJk; ek;Kila kdij xU epiyg;gLj;Jtjpy;> ,iw epiditj; J}z;ltjpy; ngUk;gq;F Mw;Wk;.

i\j;jhdplkpUe;J ghJfhg;G

i\j;jhd; ek;Kila gfpuq;f tpNuhjp Mthd;. Mjpkdpju; fhyj;jpypUe;J gifik njhlu;fpd;wJ. jpf;Uy;yh`; ,iwtid epidT$Wk; ,lq;fspy; i\j;jhdpd; rjptiyfs; gadw;Wg; Nghfpd;wd. fopg;gplq;fspy; ehk; jpf;U nra;tjpy;iy. mq;Nf mtDila Mjpf;fk; mjpfkhf cs;sJ. vdNt cs;Ns nry;Yk; NghJ ehk; nfl;l [pd;fis tpl;L ghJfhg;G Njbf; nfhs;fpd;Nwhk;.

i\j;jhd; topNfl;Lf;F top tFf;Fk; nray;fisNa J}z;Lfpd;whd;.

khdf;Nflhdit kw;wk; jPatw;iwr; nra;AkhNw i\j;jhd; VTthd;. (E}u; 21)

,iwek;gpf;ifahsd; njhOifapd; %ykhf ,iwtDldhd xg;ge;jj;ij GJg;gpj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;whd;. ,iwepidT mtd; kdjpy; ePq;fh ,lk; gpbf;fpd;wJ. ,iwepidT ve;j epkplKk; mtid tpl;L ePq;FtNj ,y;iy. vdNt> mtidf; fhf;Fk; Nflakhf> ,iw epidtpid mtDf;F mspf;Fk; njhOif khwptpLfpd;wJ.

epr;rakhf njhOif khdf;Nflhd kw;Wk; jPanray;fis jLf;fpd;wJ. (md;fG+j; 45)

,t;trdj;ij tpsf;Fifapy; my;yhkh ,g;D f]Pu; (u`;) xU fUj;ij mwptpf;fpd;whu;. mJ kt;$/g;`jP]; MFk;. mjhtJ egpj;Njhou;fNshL epd;WtpLk; mwptpg;G. mg;Jy;yh`; ,g;D k];T+j;> mg;Jy;yh`; ,g;D mg;gh];> `]d; MfpNahu;fNshL epd;W tpLfpd;wJ. mjhtJ

jLf;fg;gl;l jPa nray;fis tpl;Lk;> khdf;Nflhd Mghrkhd fhupaq;fis tpl;Lk; ahiu mtUila njhOif jLf;ftpy;iyNah> mJ njhOifNa my;y! (my;yJ mtu; njhOfNt ,y;iy)

,`;]hD]; ryhj;

ehk; Vw;fdNt ,`;]hDy; xOitg; gw;wp ghu;j;Js;Nshk;. mNj Nghy ,`;]hD]; ryhj;Jk; cs;sJ. xt;nthU ,ghjhtpYk; ,`;]hd; cs;sJ (cjhuzk; ,`;]hDj; JG`;> ,`;Dy; [p`hj;) ,`;]hD]; ryhj; vd;why; vd;d?

Gfo; ngw;w `jP]{[pg;uPy; If; fhz;Nghk;.

gpwF mtu; ,`;]hd; vd;why; vd;d? vd;W Nfl;lhu;. mz;znyk; ngUkhdhu; gjpy; $wpdhu;fs;> eP my;yh`;itg; ghu;j;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwha; vd;w czu;NthL mtid tzq;f Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW tzq;f ,aytpy;iy vd;why; mtd; cd;id ghu;j;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhd; vd;w czu;TldhtJ tzq;f Ntz;Lk;. (r`P`{y;G/fhup)

ePz;l `jP]pd; xU gFjp ,J! mz;zyhu; (ry;yy;yh`_ miy`p try;ypk;) mtu;fs; ,`;]hd; vd;gjw;F njspthdnjhU tpsf;fj;ij mspj;Js;shu;fs;. mjdbg;gilapy; xU kdpjd; ,Utpj epiyfspy; njhoyhk;> njho Ntz;Lk;!

(1) my;yh`;Tf;F Kd;dhy; ehk; epd;W nfhz;L> mtidg; ghu;j;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhy; vj;jifa vz;zq;fs;> czu;r;rpfs; ek; cs;sj;jpy; NknyOk;GNkh mt;Tzu;TfNshL njhOf Ntz;Lk;.

(2) me;j msTf;F ehk; ,y;iy vd;why;> mj;jifa czu;Tfis ek;khy; mila ,aytpy;iy vd;why;> mtd; ek;ikg; ghu;j;Jf; nfhz;Nl ,Uf;fpwhd;. ehk; ghu;f;fhtpl;lhYk; mtd; ek;ik fz;fhzpj;Jf; nfhz;Nl cs;shd; vd;w czu;NthL njhOf Ntz;Lk;.

,e;j ,Utpj epiyfspy; VNjDnkhU epiyapy; epd;W njhOjhy; jhd; mJ ,`;]hd]; ryhj; Mf ,Uf;Fk;. ,iwtdhy; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gLk;. ,t;tpU epiyfisj; jtpu;j;J %d;whtjhf xU epiy fpilahJ.

ehk; xU filapy; Ntiy nra;tjhf epidj;Jf; nfhs;Nthk;. Kjyhspf;F Kd;dhy; epd;W nfhz;Ls;Nshk;. ehk; Kjyhspapd; ghu;itapYk; mtu; ek;Kila ghu;itapYk; ,Uf;Fk; NghJ ek;Kila nghWg;G czu;T ve;j msT ed;whf ,Uf;Fk;. tPz; fhupaq;fs; nra;a khl;Nlhk;. rf Copau;fNshL mul;ilapy; <Lgl khl;Nlhk;. thbf;ifahsu;fisf; ftdpf;fhky; nghOijg; Nghf;f khl;Nlhk;. khwhf> flikapy; fz;Zq;fUj;Jkhf ,Ug;Nghk;. ,y;iyah?

,Nj fil> Mdhy; Kjyhsp Kd;dhy; ,y;iy. mtu; jd;Dila miwf;F nrd;Wtpl;lhu;. ek;khy; mtiug; ghu;f;f ,ayhJ. Mdhy; mtu; Fspu;fz;zhbfspd; topahf ek;ikf; fz;fhzpj;Jf; nfhz;Nl ,Uf;Fk; NghJ> ehk; ntl;bNtiyfspy;> Nrl;ilfspy; <LgLNthkh? ,y;iy> ftdkhf ,Ug;Nghkh?

ehk; xU rigapy; fye;J nfhs;s nry;fpd;Nwhk;. Nkd;kdpju;fs;> cau; ngUkf;fs; mr;rigapy; mku;e;Js;shu;fs;. rig kupahijNahL jd; mlf;fj;NjhL ele;J nfhs;fpd;Nwhk;. mNj mitf;F ghu;itaw;w xU kdpjd; tUfpwhu;. mtuhy; ahiuAk; ghu;f;f KbahJ. jd;id tpl mwpypYk;> me;j];jpYk; ngupa rhd;Nwhu; gyu; mku;e;Js;shu;fs; vd;w epidg;NghL fz;zpakhfTk; mlf;fkhfTk; mtu; ele;J nfhs;thuh? ,y;iy> jhd;jhd; ahiuAk; ghu;f;f ,ayhNj vd;w vz;zj;jpy; nfsutf; Fiwthd Ntiyfis $r;ry; ,LtJ> cilfis jhWkhwhf Mf;fpf; nfhs;tJ Nghd;w nray;fis nra;thuh?

Mf> rNfhju> rNfhjupfNs! ,t;tpuz;L epiyfs; jhk; njhOiff;fhd epiyfs;. ek;Kila njhOif cz;ikapNyNa njhOifahf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lkhdhy; ehk; ,tw;wpy; xd;iw iff;nfhz;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;. mg;NghJ jhd; mJ njhOifahf ,Uf;Fk;. njhOifapd; jd;ikfisg; ngw;wpUf;Fk;. ,iwtdhy; njhOifahf mq;fPfupf;fg;gLk;> Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gLk;. njhOif> njhOifahf ,Ue;jhy; jhd; mJ jPikfis tpl;L> jLf;fg;gl;l nray;fis tpl;L Mghrkhd fhupaq;fis tpl;L ek;ikj; jLf;Fk;. Nfhop jhdpaq;fisf; nfhj;Jtijg; Nghy mtru mtrukhf nfhj;jp vwpe;J tpl;L te;jhy; mJ njhOifAk; my;y. mJ jd; NtiyiaAk; nra;ahJ] mt;thW njhOgtid njhOifj; jpUld; vd;W `jP]; tu;zpf;fpwJ.

njhOifia cly;> capu; vd;W ehk; tifg;gLj;jyhk;. capu; ,y;yhj cly; gadw;wJ. xUtd; kpfTk; mofhf fr;rpjkhd cWg;Gfisf; nfhz;ltdhf ,Uf;fpd;whd;. Mdhy; mtd; clk;gpy; capu; ,y;iy vd;why;> mtd; vd;W mij ehk; nrhy;ykhl;Nlhk;. mJ gpzk;! mNj rkak; xUtd; iffhy; mw;wtdhf> my;yJ cWg;Gfs; rpije;j epiyapy; my;yJ n`yd; nfy;yiug; Nghy GyDzu;Tfs; mw;w epiyapy; ,Ue;jhYk; ehk; mtid kdpjd; vd;Nw fUJNthk;.kjpg;Nghk;. capNuhl;lk; ,y;yhj njhOif tbtofpy; KOikahdjhf ,Ue;jhYk;

mz;zyhiu mg;gbNa gpd;gw;wpdhYk; mJ njhOifahf MfptplhJ. gpzj;jpw;F vjw;F moFk; nrse;ju;aKk;?

`p/g;Oy; Fu;Md;

my;yh`;Tila fyhkhfpa thd;kiw Fu;Mdpy; ek;khy; ,ad;w msT mjpfkjpfk; kddk; nra;a Kaw;rpf;f Ntz;Lk;. rNfhju> rNfhjupfNs! ek;kpy; gyUk; ,];yhj;ij rupahf tpsq;fpf; nfhs;Sk; Kd; rpdpkhTk; $qAk; ghu;j;Jf; nfhz;bUe;Njhk;. ,y;iyah? mg;Nghnjy;yhk; Nfl;l vj;jidNah glg;ghly;fs;> tpsk;gug;ghly;fs; ,d;Wk; epidtpy; gRikahf cs;sd. vg;NghNjh Nfl;l ghly;fSf;Fk;> Njitaw;w nra;jpfSf;Fk; ehk;> ek;Kila epidtpy; ,lk; xJfpfpAs;s NghJ> Vd; Fu;MDf;nfhd;Wk; Xuplj;ij xJf;ff; $lhJ? kdpj %is mw;Gjkhd jpwd; nfhz;lJ. ehk; ,g;NghJ rpdpkhNt ghu;g;gjpy;iy vd;whYk; vg;NghNjh Nfl;l ghly;fs; ,d;Wk; mopahky; epidtpy; itj;Jf; nfhs;Sk; jpwd; gilj;jJ ek;Kila %is! vdNt ehk; Fu;Mid `pg;o; nra;a Kaw;rpf;f Ntz;Lk;.

ePz;l #uhf;fs;> eLj;jukhd #uhf;fs;> rpwpa #uhf;fs; vd;W Fu;Md; #uhf;fis tifg;gLj;jpAs;sdu;. rpwpa #uhf;fSf;F K/g];]y; vd;W ngau;. mj;jpahak; 49 (my;`{[{uhj;)ypUe;J filrp tiu cs;s mj;jpahaq;fNs K/g];]y; mj;jpahaq;fs;. vdNt> rpwpa mj;jpahaq;fs; KOtijAk; ehk; kddk; nra;J nfhs;Sk; ituhf;fpaj;ij Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. my;yJ Fiwe;j gl;rk; filrp ,uz;L [{];TfisahtJ (29>30) kdg;ghlk; nra;Nj jPu Ntz;Lk;.

mz;zyhu; nrhd;dJ Nghy nfhQ;rNkDk; Fu;Md; ,y;yhj cs;sk;> ghoile;j tPl;ilg; Nghd;wjhFk;. nfhQ;rNkDk; vd;gJ Fiwe;j gl;rk; xU [{];T> ,uz;L [{];Tthf ,Uf;ff;$lhjh vd;d?

 

3. njhOifia jhf;Fk; Neha;fs;


vJ cz;ikapNyNa njhOif? vg;gbj; njhOjhy; ek;Kila njhOif Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gLk;? ve;jj; njhOif jd; ,ay;NghL jd; jd;ikfis ntspg;gLj;jp ek;ikf; fhf;Fk;? vd;gij mwpe;J nfhz;Nlhk;! ehk; mt;thW njho Kad;whYk; rpygy fhuzq;fshy; ek; njhOif ghjpg;gilfpd;wJ. njhOifia jhf;fk; Neha;fs; vd;W mtw;iwf; $wyhk;. mtw;iwg; gw;wpf; fhz;Nghk;

Nrhk;gy;

njhOifia mopf;fty;y nghJthd ghjpg;G Nrhk;gy; MFk;. ahNuDk; xUtDf;F ,e;j tpahjp njhw;wpf; nfhz;lhy; mtd; Neuj;NjhL njho epidg;gjpy;iy. [khmj;NjhL njhOf Kf;fpaj;Jtk; mspg;gjpy;iy. epd;why; kdijAk; mwpitAk; jd;NdhL itj;Jf; nfhs;tjpy;iy. ,j;jifa kdpjd; nfhQ;rk; nfhQ;rkhf njhOifiaj; njhiyj;J tpLfpwhd;. mg;gbNa njhOjhYk; mJ njhOifahf ,Ug;gjpy;iy. njhOifapd; jd;ikfs; mq;Nf njd;gLtjpy;iy.

Nrhk;gYf;F fhuzkhf gy tp\aq;fs; mikfpd;wd. J}f;fk;> Ntiyg;gS> cyf tptfhuq;fspy; <LgLk; Mu;tk; ,it Nghd;w gy fhuzq;fs;. Mdhy; Mokhf cw;W Nehf;fpdhy; ,itaidj;Jk; cz;ikahd fhuzq;fs; my;y! ,it ntWk; jpiufNs> cz;ikahd fhuzk; kdjpy; cs;sJ vd;gij ,dq;fz;L nfhs;syhk;.

xd;W ,aw;ifahd Nrhk;gy; MFk;! J}f;fk;> fisg;G> Ntiyr;Rik> ciog;ig cwpQ;Rk; mYty;fs; Nghd;wit RWRWg;ghd kdpjidAk; mbj;J tplj;jhd; nra;fpd;wd. Mdhy;> nfhQ;rNk nfhQ;rk; Kaw;rp nra;jhNy NghJk; ,e;j Nrhk;giy mbj;J tpul;btplyhk;.

,d;ndhU tifahd Nrhk;gy; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. mJ nfhs;ifr; Nrhk;gy;> mjhtJ ep/ghf;> rhjhuz kUe;Jfs; vy;yhk; mq;Nf gyd; mspf;fhJ. #uj;Je; ep]htpy; thd;kiw Fu;Md; mtu;fis ,t;tpjk; tu;zpf;fpwJ.

Kdh/gpf;Ffs; my;yh`;it Vkhw;Wfpd;whu;fs;. cz;ikapy; mtNd ,tu;fis Vkhw;wj;Jf;F Mshf;fp ,Uf;fpwhd;. ,tu;fs; njhOiff;fhf vOe;J epd;why; Nrhk;gy; gl;Lf; nfhz;Nl epw;fpd;whu;fs;. kf;fSf;F fhl;bf; nfhs;sNt njhOfpd;whu;fs;. ,d;Dk; my;yh`;it kpff; FiwthfNt epidT $Ufpd;whu;fs;. (ep]h 142)

ehk; ,q;Nf Kdh/gpf;fPd;fisg; gw;wpNah ep/ghf;ifg; gw;wpNah fhzg;Nghtjpy;iy. *njhOifiag; ghjpf;Fk; rhjhuz Nrhk;gypypUe;J tpLglk; topKiwfisf; fhz;Nghk;.

Kjypy; kdpjd;> jPdpy; njhOiff;F cs;s Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ij kdjpy; ed;whf gjpaitj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. <khd; nfhz;l gpd;G epiwNtw;w Ntz;ba Kjw;flik njhOifNaahFk;. jPd; epiynfhz;l J}z;fspy; <khDf;Fg;gpwF Kf;fpakhd J}z; njhOifNaahFk;. J}z;fisj; jfu;j;Jtpl;lhy; fl;llk; epiyf;FNkh? vdNt jhd; r`hghf;fs; njhOifia tpLtij kpfg; ngupa Fw;wkhff; fUjpdhu;fs;. njhOifj; njhiyj;J tpl;ltd; ehsiltpy; jPidNa njhiyj;J tpLthd;. njho Nrhk;gy;gLfpd;wtd; ehsiltpy; kNdh ,r;irfspd; mbikahfNt MfptpLthd;. njhOifiaj; njhiyj;j Kd; nrd;w r%fj;jpdu; vg;gb mope;J Nghapdu; (1959) vd;gij Kd;Ng fz;Nlhk;.

jPdpy; njhOifapd; epiy vd;d vd;gijAk; Vw;fdNt tpsq;fp te;Js;Nshk;. vdNt> njhOifapy; nghOJNghf;fhf> myl;rpakhf ,Ug;gtu;fs; jPDila kw;w fhupaq;fspy; Kidg;NghL ,Ug;gjhff; $wpdhy; mJ tbfl;bd Nfzj;jdk;> mwpahik MFk;! m];jpthuk; ,y;yhj fl;llj;Jf;F myq;fhuk; vjw;F? mbg;gilf;F> mjw;fhd Kf;fpaj;Jtk; mspf;f Ntz;Lk;. kw;w tp\aq;fs; vy;yhk; mjw;Fg; gpwj jhd;. ,jidj; jhd; xU `jP]; ,t;thW Fwpg;gpLfpd;wJ! my;yh`{j;jMyh gu;Sfis (mbg;gilf; flikfis) epiwNtw;whjtiu xU kdpjdpd; eth/gpy; (cgup)fis xg;Gf; nfhs;tjpy;iy. (upahs;)

Nrhk;giy Kwpabf;ff; $ba ,uz;lhtJ topKiw> ,iwtid Nehf;fpa Kaw;rp kw;Wk; jpf;Uy;yh`; vd;why; ,iwapy;yj;jpypUe;J njhOiff;fhd miog;nghyp fhjpy; tpOe;jJk;> nra;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; vy;yhf; fhupaq;fisAk; mg;gbNa tpl;ltpl;L njhOiff;fhf jahuhtjpYk; gs;spf;F nry;tjpYk; <Lgl Ntz;Lk;. ghq;nfhyp Nfl;l gpd;G NtW ve;j NtiyiaAk; nra;J nfhz;bUf;ff; $lhJ. jPdpy; mJ kpf Kf;fpakhd Ntiyahf ,Ue;jhYk; rupNa! Nghu;f;fsj;jpNyNa njhOifia tplf; $lhJ vd;wpUf;Fk; NghJ [p`hijtplTk; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; NtW ve;j Ntiyf;F ,Uf;fg; Nghfpd;wJ? v[khdd; miof;Fk; NghJ fl;Lg;gl;L clNd XLk; tpRthrkhd mbikiag; Nghy clNd Xl Ntz;Lk;. xd;iw ed;whf ehk; Gupe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ghq;F nfhLf;fg;gl;l gpwF my;yh`;Tf;F kpfTk; gpupakhd mky; njhOifiaj; jtpu NtW vJTk; ,y;iy. (epu;g;ge;jk;> fl;lhak; fhuzkhf NtW Ntiyfis nra;J nfhs;s tpjptpyf;F cz;L.)

ghq;nfhyp Nfl;lTld; vy;yh NtiyfisAk; tpl;L tpLtJ. clNd njhOiff;fhf tpiue;J nry;tJ vd;gij f\;lg;gl;lhtJ ehk; gof;fpf; nfhz;lhy; tpiutpy; ,ijNa ek; gpupaj;Jf;Fupa nrayhf my;yh`; khw;wptpLthd; vd;gjpYk; Mr;ru;ak; ,y;iy.

J}f;fj;jpd; fhuzkhf Vw;gLk; Nrhk;giyg; Nghf;f (Fwpg;ghf ,uTj; njhOifapy;) mz;znyk; ngUkhdhu; (ry;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;ypk;) Xu; mUikahd topKiwia fw;Wj; jUfpwhu;fs;.

cq;fspy; xUtu; cwq;Fk; NghJ gplupapy; i\j;jhd; %d;W Kbr;Rfisg; NghLfpd;whd;. xt;nthU Kbr;rpd; NghJk; ,uT ,d;Dk; ,Uf;fpd;wJ> cwq;F! vd;W nrhy;Yfpd;whd;. mtu; tpopj;njoe;J my;yh`;it epidT $u;e;jhy; xU Kbr;R mtpo;fpd;wJ. mtu; xO nra;jhy; ,d;ndhU Kbr;R mtpo;fpd;wJ. njhOf epd;Wtpl;lhy; mLj;j Kbr;Rk; mtpo;e;J tpLfpd;wJ. mtu; RWRWg;ghfTk; cw;rhfkhd kdNjhLk; fhiyia milfpd;whu;. ,y;yhtpl;lhy; rpLrpLg;NghLk;> Nrhk;gNyhLk; fhzg;gLfpd;whu;. (r`P`{y;G/fhup)

RWRWg;igAk; cw;rhfkhd kdijAk; mtu; ngWfpd;whu;. ve;j msTf;F vd;why;> ,j;jid ehs; ,e;j ,d;gj;ij ,oe;J tpl;NlhNk vd;W vz;zp vz;zp tUj;jg;gLk; msTf;F! xd;iw epidtpy; nfhs;Sq;fs;. J}f;fj;ij jpahfk; nra;J njhOfpd;w kdpjd; J}f;fk; Ngha;tpl;lNj vd;W ehSk; tUj;jg;gl khl;lhd;. fw;W f\;lg;gl;L cq;fisg; gof;fg;gLj;jpf; nfhz;lhy; mbj;Jg; Nghl;lhw;Nghd;W Mo;e;J J}q;fpf; nfhz;bUe;jhYk; rupahd Neuj;jpy; rl;nld;W Kopg;G te;J tpLk;.

t];t]h Cryhl;lq;fs;

mLj;J njhOifiaj; jhf;Fk; Kf;fpakhd Neha; t];t]hMFk;. njhOiff;F iffl;b epd;wTld; kdjpy; VNjNjh vz;zq;fs; Cryhl;lq;fs; gilnaLf;f Muk;gpj;J tpLfpd;wd. kiof;fhyj;jpy; tpsf;if Nehf;fp Gw;wPry;fs; gilnaLg;gJ Nghy miymiyaha; miy miyaha; vz;zq;fs;> kdij Mf;fpukpj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;wd. Xu; vz;zk; Njhd;wpaTld; mjidj; njhlu;e;J ,d;ndhd;W mg;Gwk; ,d;ndhd;W vd;W ,it tpuptile;J nfhz;Nl nry;fpd;wd. Fsj;jpy; vwpe;j fy; Nghy Xu; vz;zk; Xuhapuk; vz;zq;fisj; Njhw;Wtpj;J tpLfpd;wJ.

* ep/ghf;ifg; gw;wpAk; Kdh/gpf;fPd;fspd; milahsq;fis tpsf;fpAk; ,d;\h my;yh`; $ba tpiutpy; ek;Kila gjpg;gfj;jpypUe;J E}nyhd;W ntsptu cs;sJ.

ek;Kila kdk; rupapy;iy. mjdhy; jhd; ,J Nghd;w njhOifiag; ghjpf;Fk; Ntz;lj;jfhj vz;zq;fs; Njhd;Wfpd;wd vd;W rpyu; jq;fisj; jhq;fNs nehe;J nfhs;fpd;wdu;. Mdhy;> ,t;thW fUJtJk; rupapy;iy. njhOif vg;gb ,iwtDf;F kpfTk; gpupakhd mkyhf cs;sNjh> mJ Nghd;Nw i\j;jhDf;F kpfTk; ntWg;igj; jUk; nrayhf cs;sJ. njhOf epw;Fk; ,iwabahid vg;gbahtJ jpir jpUg;gp kdijf; fiyj;J tpl Ntz;Lk; vd;W mtDk; mtd; gilapdUk; ngUKaw;rp nra;fpd;whu;fs;. mJTk; ahu; nfhQ;rk; cWjpahd <khNdhL cs;shu;fNsh> mtu;fisNa i\j;jhd; Fwpg;ghf mZFfpd;whd;. t];t]hitNa jq;fs; Md;kPf jpUg;jpahf epidg;gtu;fisg; gw;wp mtd; mt;tsthf ftiyg;gLtjpy;iy. Xu; vz;zj;ij kdjpy; nltyg; nra;J xU yl;rk; t];t]hf;fshf;fp tpLfpd;wdu;.

,tw;wpypUe;J jg;gpf;f %d;W top Kiwfs; gyd; mspf;Fk;.

(1) i\j;jhDila t];t]hit kdjpy; czu;e;jTld; my;yh`;tplk; mgak; ghJfhg;G Njbf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. njhOiff;fhf epw;Fk; NghJ i\j;jhd; ek;Kila gfpuq;f tpNuhjp. ehk; xOq;fhfj; njhOtJ mtDf;Fg; gpbf;fNt gpbf;fhJ. vijahtj nra;J ek; njhOifiaf; Fiyf;fNt Kaw;rp nra;thd;> vd;W kdJs; $wpf; nfhz;Nl epw;f Ntz;Lk;. vjpupiar; rkhspf;f ve;epiyapYk; jahu; epiyapy; vjpu;ghu;j;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; giltPuidg; Nghd;W njho Muk;gpf;f Ntz;Lk;. tupe;J fl;bf; nfhz;L epw;Fk; ,ij ek;gpf;ifahsdpd; jahu;epiyNa i\j;jhdpd; Mapukhapuk; khiafis Kwpabj;J tpLk;.

(2) njhOifapy; XJfpd;w Fu;Md; trdq;fis kdjpNyNa nkJthf Xjhky; nfhQ;rk; tha;tpl;L> jhNd Nfl;Fk; msT rg;jkhf Xj Ntz;Lk; (gs;spthrypy; njhOFk; NghJ gf;fj;jpy; epw;Fk; Misg; ghjpf;Fk; tz;zk; Xjf; $lhJ [hf;fpuij!) ,g;gb nkJthf tha;tpl;L XJk;NghJ vd;d XJfpd;Nwhk; vd;W ftdkhf Nfl;f KbAk;. mjd; nghUisg;gw;wp> tpsf;fj;ijg; gw;wp rpe;jpj;Jg; ghu;f;f KbAk;. t];t]h kdjpy; Njhd;Wtjw;F tha;g;Ng ,y;yhky; Ngha;tpLk;.

(3) kdpjd; jd;dila rhjhuz tho;f;ifapy; ey;y vz;zq;fisNa epidj;Jg; gofpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. jtwhd vz;zq;fSf;F kdjpd; Xuj;jpy; $l ,lk; mspf;fhky; gofpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. kdpjDila kdjpid khtiuf;Fk; nk\pNdhL xg;gplyhk;. NfhJik miuf;f kl;LNk gad;gLk; nk\pdpy; fw;fs; fye;j NfhJikiaNah muprpiaNah Nghl;lhy; nk\pd; miuf;fhJ. flKlh vd;w rj;jj;NjhL epd;W tpLk;. mNj rkak; fz;lijAk; miuf;fpd;w nk\pdpy; NfhJikiag; Nghl;lhy; khT fpilf;fhJ> jtpl;L ckpNahL uitjhd; fpilf;Fk;. mJNghy; ey;y vz;zq;fisNa rpe;jpj;Jg; gofpa kdjpy; jpBnud;w jtwhd vz;znkhd;w jiy J}f;fpdhy;> kdk; mij mDkjpf;fhJ. tpul;bj; js;sptpLk;. jtwhd vz;zq;fis epidj;Jg; gofpg; Nghd kdk; jhd; vy;yh vz;zq;fSf;Fk; ,lk; nfhLf;Fk;> Mf> ehk;> ek; tho;tpy; ve;NeuKk; jpf;Uy;yh`; kw;Wk; ,];yhj;jpy; mDkjpf;fg;gl;l J}a vz;zq;fisNa rpe;jpj;Jg; gof Ntz;Lk;. jtwhd jPa> Mghrkhd tf;fpu vz;zq;fs; Kistpl xU NghJk; mDkjpf;ff; $lhJ.

,t;tsT Kd;Ndw;ghLfs;> jLf;fk; top Kiwfisg; gpd; gw;wpa NghjpYk; rpy rkaq;fspy; Ntw;W vz;zq;fs; njhOifapd; NghJ kdjpy; jiyJ}f;FtJz;L. MdhYk; mit jtwhd vz;zq;fshf ,Uf;fhJ. ckupg;D fj;jhg; uopay;yh`{ md;`{ Nghd;w fz;Zq;fUj;Jkhf ,Ug;gtu;fSf;Fk; $l njhOifapy; ftdk; rpjwptplj;jhd; nra;fpd;wJ. ckutu;fs; njhoepd;why; mtu;fs; kdjpy; <uhdpYk;> rpupahtpYk; NghuhLk; ,];yhkpag; gil Fwpj;j vz;zq;fs;> ftiyfs; Njhd;WtJz;L. ,JTk; $l xU tifahd ftdj; njhiyg;G jhNd vd;W rpyu; Nfs;tp vOg;gyhk;. Mk;> ,JTk; xU tif njhiyg;G jhd;] Mdhy; jd;Dila nrhe;j tPjpapNyNa njhiye;J Nghtjw;Fk;> Ntw;W nkh`y;yhtpy; tpyhrk; njupahj ,lj;jpy; njhiye;J Nghtjw;Fk; tpj;jpahrk; ,Uf;fpd;wJ my;yth?

,it Nghf> ,d;Dk; rpyUf;Nfh NtW tif tifahd Cryhl;lq;fs; Njhd;WtJKz;L! ,UKiwf;F ehd;F Kiw iffisf; fOtpdhYk; ,d;Dk; Rj;jkhftpy;iyNah vd;w vz;zk;. xU Kiwf;Fg; gyKiw xU tpraj;ij Nrhjpj;J mwpe;j gpd;Gk; re;Njfk;. ,J xU tifahd kdf;FiwghL MFk;. kdg;gapw;rpAk; kUj;Jtu; MNyhridAk; nfhz;L ,ijr; rupg;gLj;jyhk; ekf;F ,q;F ,J Njitapy;iy.

,d;dk; rpyu; \uPmj;jpy; kpfkpf xOq;fhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w epidg;gpy; ,it Nghd;w t];t]hf;fspy; khl;bf; nfhs;tJKz;l. \upmj; kpfTk; ,NyrhdJ> vspikahdJ vd;gij mtu;fs; Gupe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. xO nra;jgpwF VNjDk; frpe;jjhf re;Njfk; Vw;gl;lhy; kiwtplj;jpd; kPjhd Milapd; kPJ jz;zPu; njspj;Jf; nfhz;lhNy NghJkhdJ. (kp\;fhj;) vdNt> \uPmj; ,NyrhdJ. ehkhfNt typa f\;lj;ij tutioj;Jf; nfhs;sf; $lhJ.

Cryhl;lq;fs; kdjpy; Vw;glhky; ftdkhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. Cryhl;lq;fs; Vw;glhJ njhOjhy; mtUila Ke;ija ghtq;fs; midj;ijAk; my;yh`; kd;dpf;fpwhd; vd;nwhU `jP]; r`P`; K];ypkpy; gjpthfpAs;sJ.

XJtjpy; ftdkpd;ik

njhOifapd; kPJ jhf;Fjy; njhLf;fpd;w ,d;ndhU Mgj;J ftdkpd;ik MFk;. rhjhuzkhf ehk; ve;jf; fhupaj;ij nra;jhYk; ftdj;NjhL nra;fpd;Nwhk;. Ie;J &gha; nfhLj;J thq;fg;gLk; xU gj;jpupf;ifapy; cs;s fijfisf; $l ftdKld; Gupe;J nfhs;s Kaw;rpf;fpd;Nwhk;. Mdhy; njhOifapy; epd;why; vd;d XJfpd;Nwhk;> vd;d nrhy;fpd;Nwhk; vd;gijf; Fwpj;j mf;fiwAk; ,y;iy. mtw;wpy; ftdKk; ,y;iy.

ek;kpy; ngUk;ghNyhu; mugpnkhop njupahjtu;fshf ,Ug;gJk; ,jw;F xU Kf;fpa fhuzk; MFk;. mjhdhNyNa mtu;fs; myl;rpakhf ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;. ,iwtDf;F Kd;dhy; epd;W vd;d nrhy;fpd;Nwhk;? vijg;gw;wpa xg;ge;jk; ,J? ,jdhy; vd;d MFk;? vd;gJ VJk; njhupahky; ntWkNd ke;jpuq;fis Xjp mu;r;rid nra;tJ Nghyg; Gupahky; tpsq;fhky; Xjpf; nfhz;Ls;shu;fs;.

,d;Dk; rpyNuh XusT mugp tpsq;fpapUe;jhYk; my;yJ Fiwe;j gl;rk; jq;fSf;Fj; njupe;j mj;jpahaq;fspd; nghUSiu> njspTiuia czu;e;J ,Ue;jhYk; myl;rpakhf> mf;fiw ,y;yhky; ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;. ,JTk; kpfTk; jtwhd nrayhFk;.

mugp njupahjtu;fs; Fiwe;j gl;rk; jq;fSf;Fj; njupe;j mj;jpahaq;fs;> #uhf;fs;> JMf;fs; Nghd;wtw;wpd; nghUis fz;bg;ghf kddk; nra;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. mjpy; ftdk; nrYj;j Ntz;Lk;.

XusT tptuk; njupe;jpUe;Jk; myl;rpakhf ,Ug;gtu;fs; jq;fs; nraiy vz;zp tUj;jg;gl Ntz;Lk;. nfhQ;rk; rpukk; vLj;J Kaw;rp nra;jhy; ,e;j myl;rpaj;ijg; Nghf;fp tplyhk;. gof;fg;gLj;jhjd; fhuzkhf> ftdj;NjhL XJtJ ekf;F f\;lkhfj; njupfpd;wJ. gof;fg;gLj;jpf; nfhz;lhy; vspjhfp tpLk;.

jpdrup njhOtJ jhNd? jpde;NjhWk; xNu mj;jpahaq;fisj; jhNd jpUk;gj; jpUk;g Xjpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;Nwhk;? mjpy; ftdk; vd;d nrYj;j Ntz;bapUf;fpd;wJ? vy;yhk; ekf;Fj; njupe;jJ jhNd? vd;W epidf;ff; $lhJ. Gjpa Gjpa tp\aq;fisf; fw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhfNth> ek;Kila mwpitg; ngUf;fpf; nfhs;tjw;Nfh ehk; njhOJ tutpy;iy vd;gij ehk; czu Ntz;Lk;. ,iwtNdhL ehk; nra;J nfhz;l xg;ge;jj;ijNa njhOifapd; %yk; epidT $Wfpd;Nwhk;. ,iwth! cd; topapy; mfyhJ ehd; epiyj;jpUg;Ngd; vd;W ek; <khid GJg;gpj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;Nwhk;.

xt;nthU nghUSf;Fk; xU Rit ,Uf;fpd;wJ. njhOiff;Fk; xU Rit ,Uf;fpd;wJ. me;jr; Ritia mDgtpj;J tpl;lhy; ekf;F njhOif Vuhskhd tp\aq;fisf; fw;Wf; nfhLf;Fk;> Qhdj;ij ms;sp toq;Fk;. mj;jifa rpwg;G ngw;wtu;fNs ghf;fpathd;fs;!

jpUl;L

njhOifapy; Vw;gLk; ,d;ndhU nfLjy; njhOif jpUl;Lg; NghtJ MFk;. njhOifia i\j;jhd; jpUbf; nfhs;tjpy;iy. khwhf njhOgtNd jd;Dila njhOifia jpUbf; nfhs;fpd;whd;. tpNuhjkhf ,Uf;fpd;wJ my;yth? Mdhy; elg;gnjd;dNth mJjhd;!

NfL nfl;l jpUld; jd;Dila njhOifapy; jpULgtNd! vd;W mz;zyhu; (ry;yy;yh`{ miy`{ try;ypk;) $wpdhu;fs;. njhOifapy; vg;gb jpUl KbAk;? vd;W Njhou;fs; Nfl;lhu;fs;. mtd; U$/itAk; xOq;fhfr; nra;a khl;lhd;. ][;jhitAk; xOq;fhfr; nra;a khl;lhd;! vd;W mz;zyhu; gjpy; je;jhu;fs;.

,j;jifa jpUlu;fs; xO nra;Ak; NghNj jq;fsJ jpUl;il Muk;gpj;J tpLfpd;whu;fs;. iffisf; fOtpdhy; Koq;ifapy; nrhl;ilahf tpl;LtpLthu;fs;. Kfj;ijAk; mg;gbNa. fhy;fisf; fOtpdhy; Fjpfhy;fisf; Nfhl;il tpl;LtpLthu;fs;. gpwF njhOifapy; Ngha; epd;wJk; RLjz;zPiuf; fhypy; nfhl;bdhy; Nghyg; gwg;ghu;fs;. jf;gPu; fl;b epd;wNj njupahJ. mjw;Fs; vd;d XJthu;fNsh U$/Tf;Fr; nrd;W tpLthu;fs;. U$/Tf;Fg; NghdJk; njupahJ. vOe;jJk; njupahJ> ghu;j;jhy; ][;jhtpy; ,Ug;ghu;fs; fz;%b fz; jpwg;gjw;Fs; ][;jhf;fisj; jhz;b ]yhk; nfhLj;J tpLthu;fs;.

mjw;Ff; fhuzk; xU rpyu; ,ay;ghfNt Ntf tpUk;gpfshf (NtW thu;j;ijfspy; mtruf; FLf;iffshf) ,Ug;ghu;fs;. ve;j fhupaj;ijAk; NtfNtfkhfr; nra;Nj gofpg; Nghdtu;fs; ,tu;fs;. mNj gof;fk; jhd; njhOifapYk; ,tu;fisj; njhw;wpf; nfhs;fpd;wJ. njhOif vd;gJ epjhdkhfTk;> epk;kjpahfTk; epiwNtw;w Ntz;ba ,ghjh vd;gij ,tu;fs; czu;e;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ehk; rpWtu;fSf;Fk;> Foe;ijfSf;Fk; njhOifia fw;Wf; nfhLf;Fk; NghNj epjhdkhfj; njhof; fw;Wf; nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;. njhOifia NtfNtfkhfj; njhof;$lhJ vd;gij kdjpy; gjpa itf;f Ntz;Lk;.

,d;DQ; rpyu; ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;. ,tu;fs; Ntf Ntfkhff; nfhj;jp vLg;gjw;F fhuzk; gof;fk; my;y! khwhf Neha;! kdjpYs;s NehNa fhuzk;. ,tu;fs; Ntz;lh ntWg;ghf> njhOjhf Ntz;LNk vd;gjw;fhf gs;spf;F tUgtu;fs;. S`Uila ,fhkj; xU kzpf;F vd;why; rupahf 1258f;F ,tu;fs; gs;spapy; Eiothu;fs;. ,khk; fhiyapy; mjpfNeuk; XJthnud;why; U$/Tf;F NghFk; Neuj;ij fzf;fpl;L fye;J nfhs;thu;fs;. ,khk; tyJ gf;fk; ]yhk; nfLj;jJk; ,lJ gf;f ]yhik ,tu;fs; gs;spthrYf;F ntspNa nfhLg;ghu;fs;. rpl;nldg; gwe;J tpLthu;fs;. ,J ePz;l fhy kUj;Jtk; Njitg;gLfpd;w Neha;! ,j;jifatu;fs; jq;fs; <khidf; ifapnyLj;J fOtpr; Rj;jg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. jhq;fhsf khw tpUk;gp jq;fs; nfhs;iffis J}a;ikg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;shj tiu ,tu;fis xd;Wk; nra;a ,ayhJ.

gfl;Lupah

njhOifiag; ghjpf;Fk; tpahjpfSs; nghJthd> gaq;fukhd tpahjp upah MFk;. vy;NyhiuANk ghjpf;fpd;w tpahjp> vg;Ngw;gl;l MisAk;> ve;j msTf;F mtd; vr;rupf;ifahf ,Ue;jhYk; mtidAk; rhg;gpl;L tpLfpd;w tpahjp vd;gjhy; nghJthd tpahjp vd;W nry;fpd;Nwhk;. ,ghjj;Jfs; Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;why; mjpy; fyg;gw;w J}a vz;zk; ,/f;sh]; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ epge;jid. ,/f;shi] upah mopj;J tpLtjhy; ,J gaq;fukhd tpahjpahFk;. vdNt ,tw;iwf; fUj;jpy; nfhz;L fLk; gapw;rp vLj;J upahtpypUe;J kPs Ntz;Lk;.

mz;znyk;ngUkhdhu; (ry;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;ypk;) $wpAs;shu;fs;.

vtd; gpwUf;F fhl;Ltjw;fhfj; njhOfpd;whNdh mtd; ,iz itj;Jtpl;lhd;. vtd; gfl;Lf;fhf Nehd;G itj;jhNdh mtd; \pu;f; nra;J tpl;lhd;. vtd; gfl;Lf;fhf nrytopj;jhNdh mtd; \pu;f; nra;J tpl;lhd;.

upahtpypUe;J ek;ik jw;fhj;Jf; nfhs;s ,uz;L topKiwfs; gyd; juyhk;.

(1) upahtpd; midj;J tiffisg; gw;wpAk; mwpe;j itj;jpUg;gJ. mjd; gyjug;gl;l tbtq;fisg; gw;wpAk; njupe;J itj;jpUg;gJ. ,khk; f];]hyp (ua;kj;Jy;yh`p miy`p) mtu;fSila ,`;ahT cY}kpj;jPd; E}ypy; upah gw;wp ,khktu;fs; vOjpAs;sij ,q;Nf Fwpg;gplyhk;. mijf; fz;bg;ghf gbf;f Ntz;Lk;. rhjhuz ghku kf;fis tpl khu;f;f mwpT cs;stu;fSk;> ,iwar;rk; cilatu;fSk; upah tp\aj;jpy; kpfTk; vr;rupf;ifahf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. Vndd;why; njupe;jtu;fisNa ,J mjpfk; jhf;Ffpd;wJ. ngUk; ngUk; cykhf;fSk; mwpQu;fSk; i\f;FfSNk ,jpy; khl;bf; nfhs;fpd;whu;fs;. gs;spthrypy; epd;W epjhdkhf njhOJ nfhz;bUf;fpd;wPu;fs;. cq;fSf;Fg; gf;fj;jpy; xUtu; te;J NtfNtfkhfj; njhOfpd;whu;. ,tu; vd;d ,t;tsT mtrukhf njhOfpd;whu;. ehk; vt;tsT mofhf> epjhdkhfj; njhOfpd;Nwhk; vd;W ePq;fs; epidg;gPu;fNsahdhy; mJTk; upah MfptpLk;. vdNt kpfkpf vr;rupf;ifahf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;.

mz;znyk; ngUkhdhu; (ry;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;ypk;) mtu;fs; $Wfpwhu;fs;.

vtndhUtd; kf;fs; ghu;f;Fk; NghJ mofhfTk; epjhdkhfTk; njhOJ> jdpj;J njhOFk; NghJ NtfNtfkhfTk; njhOfpd;whNdh> mtd; tsKk; cau;Tk; nfhz;l my;yh`;itf; fpz;ly; nra;fpd;whd; vd;W mu;j;jk;! (ju;fPg;)

(2) upahit xd;Wk; ,y;yhky; nra;Ak; ,d;ndhU topKiw ,uTj; njhOif fpahKy;iyy; MFk;. j`[;[{j; njhOifia ,utpy; ahUf;Fk; njupahky; jdpj;J njhOkhW nrhy;yg;gl;Ls;sJ. upahit tpUk;Ggtu;fshy; xU NghJk; ,uTj; njhOifia njhOf ,ayhJ. ,iwtDf;F kl;LNk gag;gLgtu;fs;> upahtpypUe;J ghJfhg;G J}a;ik ngw;wtu;fshy; jhd; ,uTj; njhOifia njhOf KbAk;. mij kiwthfTk; itj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. ahuplKk; ntspg;gLj;jf; $lhJ. j\(ry;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;ypk;) j`{[;[j; njhOJ tUfpd;Nwd; vd;gij NeupilahfNth> kiwKfkhfNth ntspg;gLj;Jfpd;wtd; mijg; gw;wp ngUkpjq; nfhs;fpd;whd; vd;W nghUs;. ,J upahitAk; tplf; nfhbaJ. upahit mopf;Fk; kUe;ijNa upah Mf;fpf; nfhz;lhy; mif tplf; nfhLik NtW vd;dthf ,Uf;f KbAk;?

njhOifia ghjpf;ff; $ba kpf Kf;fpw Neha;fNs ,q;F gl;bayplg;gl;Ls;sd. ek;Kila njhOif mg;NghJ jhd; njhOifahf khWk;. mj;njhOif jhd;> ek;Kila fz;fSf;F Fspu;r;rpiaAk; kdJf;F rhe;jp> mikjpiaAk; Md;khTf;F re;Njh\j;ijAk; juf;$bajhf mikAk;!

 

4. ,fhkj;J]; ryhj;Jk; ,fhkj;Jj; jPDk;


K];ypk; ck;khtpd; flik

my;yh`; [y;y\hD`_j;jMyh K];ypk; ck;khit rpwe;j r%fkhf gilj;Js;shd;. ck;kj;Nj K];ypkhitf; nfhz;L Xu; cd;djkhd fhupaj;ijr; nraw;gLj;j epidj;Js;shd;. xU rpwe;j r%fj;jpd; gzp vd;dthf ,Uf;f KbAk;?

kdpj ,dj;ijr; rPu;gLj;Jtjw;fhf Njhw;Wtpf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; kpfr; rpwe;j r%fj;jtuha; ePq;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wPu;fs;. ePq;fs; ed;ik GupAk;gb VTfpd;wPu;fs;. jPikapypUe;J jLf;fpd;wPu;fs;. NkYk; my;yh`;tpd; kPJ ek;gpf;if nfhs;fpd;wPu;fs;. (My,k;uhd; 110)

ed;ikia VTtJ jPikiaj; jLg;gJ RUf;fkhfr; nrhy;tnjd;why; \uPmj;ij epiyehl;LtJ> jPid epiy ehl;LtJ. cyfpd; %iy KLf;FfSf;nfy;yhk; nrd;W jPidg; gug;GtJ> cyfpd; VNjDk; xUgFjpapYk; ,iwtDf;F vjpuhd mikg;G epyTfpd;wJ. ,iwtdpd; kf;fs; nfhLikf;F Mshfpd;whu;fs; vd;why; mjidf; fz;L nfhjpj;J vOtJ. mq;Fk; nrd;W ,iwtDila J}ajPid vLj;Jiug;gJ. ,ijNa ehk; ,fhkj;Jj; jPd; jPid epiyehl;LtJ vd;W nrhy;fpd;Nwhk;. ,e;j ,fhkj;Jj; jPd; gzpia nra;tjw;Fj; jhd; my;yh`; ek;ik> ck;kj;jd;t]j; Mf eLepiy rKjhakhf Mf;fpAs;shd;.

,t;thNw (K];ypk;fshd) cq;fis ehk; ck;kj;jd; t]j;jd; rkepiyAila rKjhakhf Mf;fpNdhk;. ePq;fs; kf;fSf;Fr; rhd;W toq;Fgtu;fshAk; ,iwj;J}ju; cq;fSf;Fr; rhd;W toq;FgtuhfTk; jpfo;e;jpl Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf! (gfwh 143)

,d;iwf;F cyfpy; cs;s K];ypk; rKjhak; jd;kPJ Rkf;fg;gl;Ls;s flikia epiwNtw;Wfpd;wjh? vd;W Nfl;lhy; ,y;iy vd;W xw;iw thu;j;ijapy; gjpy; nrhy;yptplyhk;. ,d;iwf;F K];ypk;fSf;F tUfpd;w Ntjidfs;> mtkhdk;> f\;lk;> ,opT midj;Jf;Fk; ,Jjhd; fhuzk;] ehk; ek;Kila nghWg;ig xOq;fhf epiwNtw;w ve;j Kaw;rpiaAk; vLf;ftpy;iy vd;W nrhy;YtNjhL> ehk; ek;Kila nghWg;G vd;d? vd;gijf; $l rupahf tpsq;fpf; nfhs;stpy;iy vd;gJ jhd; cz;ikahFk;.

cau;e;j Xu; ,yl;rpaj;Jf;fhf gilf;fg;gl;l rKjhak; jd;Dila nghWg;ig kwe;Jtpl;lhy;> jd;dila flikia epiwNtw;Wtjpy; myl;rpakhf ,Ue;jhy; mr;rKjhak; tPo;r;rp miltij ahuhYk; jLj;J epWj;j KbahJ] ekf;F Ke;ija rKjhaq;fspd; tPo;r;rpfspy; ,Ue;J ehk; ngwNtz;ba gbg;gpid ,JNt!

nray; mstpy; ePu;j;Jg; Nghd xU rKjhaj;ij moptpy; ,Ue;J fhg;ghw;w Ntz;Lkhdhy; Fiwe;jgl;rk; nrhy; mstpy; flikAzu;T ,Ue;jhy; fhg;ghw;wyhk;. mjhtJ nray; mstpy; jd;Dila flikiar; nra;ahky; myl;rpakhf cs;s xU rKjhaj;jpy; mjDila cz;ikahd Fwpf;Nfhs; vd;d? ve;j Nehf;fj;jpw;fhf mJ Njhw;Wtpf;fg;gl;lJ. vd;gij Xahky; gpur;rhuk; nra;Ak; miog;ghsu;fs; ,Ue;J nfhz;Nl ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;.

,j;jifa miog;ghsu;fs; ,Uf;Fk; tiy mr;rKjhaj;jpd; Fwpf;Nfhs; Fiwe;jgl;rk; Ngr;Rf;fshf> vOj;Jf;fshf mq;Nf tyk; te;J nfhz;bUf;Fk;. ,e;j Fiwe;jgl;r msTk; ,y;iy vd;why; me;j rKjhak; mope;J Ngha;tpLk;. mjd; mopitg; gw;wp my;yh`; nfhQ;rk; $lf; ftiyg;glkhl;lhd; vd;gijNa Fu;Md;> Rd;dhtpypUe;J ehk; mwpfpd;Nwhk;.

,j;jifa xU Nkhrkhd #o;epiyia tpl;L ,fhkj;J]; ryhj; mJ rupahd Kiwapy; eilKiwg;gLj;jg;gl;lhy;> jLf;fpd;wJ] ehk; Vw;fdNt ryhj; vd;gJ <khDf;Fk;> mkYf;Fk; ,ilg;gl;l ft;y; (nrhy;) vd;gijg; ghu;j;Js;Nshk;. Xu; ,iw ek;gpf;ifahsd; cz;ikahd ,iwar;rj;NjhLk;> gagf;jpNahLk; njhOJ te;jhy; njhOifia epiy ehl;bdhy; mJ mtDila tho;f;iff; Fwpf;Nfhis epidT gLj;Jfpd;wJ. mtd; nra;a Ntz;ba gzp vd;d? nry;y Ntz;ba ghij vd;d? vd;gijr; Rl;bf; fhl;Lfpd;wJ.

xU kdpjd; njhOifapy; Fu;Md; trdq;fis XJfpd;whd;. Fu;Mdpy; my;yh`; Mizapl;Ls;shd; vd;gjw;fhfj;jhd; mtd; njhOfNt te;Js;shd;. Fu;Mdpy; $wg;gl;Ls;s Mwhapuj;J mWw;Wr; nrhr;rk; trdq;fisAk; khwp khwp mtd; njhOifapy; XJfpd;whd;. Xu; ,iwabahidg; nghWj;jtiuapYk; Fu;Md; trdq;fs; midj;Jk; rkkhditNa! midj;JNk filg;gpbf;f Ntz;baitNa! xU rpyij kl;Lk; Vw;Wf; nfhz;L xU rpyijg; Gwf;fzpf;f Xu; ,iw ek;gpf;ifahsdhy; ,ayhJ.

Fu;Mdpy; $wg;gl;Ls;s ngUk;ghyhd trdq;fisj; jd;dhy; eilKiwg;gLj;j ,ayhj epu;f;fjpahd epiyia mtd; czUfpd;whd;. Mwhapuk; trdq;fspy; Vwj;jho ngUk;ghyhdtw;iw tpl;Lk; jhd; ntF njhiytpy; epd;W nfhz;bUg;gij mtd; epidj;Jg; ghu;f;fpd;whd;. INtis njhOf Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ vg;gb my;yh`;tpd; flikNah mJ Nghd;W jhNd> jpUldpd; ifiaj; Jz;bf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gJk; my;yha;tpd; flik] njhOk; Kd;dhy; xO nra;J J}a;ikahfpf; nfhs;Sq;fs; vd;gJ vt;thW ,iw MizNah> mJ Nghd;W jhNd tpgr;rhuk; nra;gtiuj; jz;bg;gJk; ,iw Miz!

jd;dhy; eilKiwg;gLj;j ,ayhj Vuhskhd ,iw Mizfis epiwNtw;w Ntz;Lkhdhy; mjw;f ,];yhkpa r%f mikg;G mtrpak; Njit vd;gij mtd; Gupe;J nfhs;fpd;whd;. Fu;Midg; gpd;gw;Wfpd;w mikg;gpy; jhd; jd;dhy; KOikahd K/kpdhf tho ,aYk; vd;gij mtd; Vw;Wf; nfhs;fpd;whd;. mj;jifanjhU r%f mikg;G cUthfj; jd;dhy; ,ad;w gq;fspg;ig toq;fpahf Ntz;Lk; vd;Dk; KbTf;F tUfpd;whd;. mjhtJ ,fhkj;Jj; jPDf;fhf ghLglTk;> gzpahw;wTk; mtd; jahuhfptpLfpd;whd;. mtDila njhOif mtidj; jahu;gLj;jp tpLfpd;wJ.

Mghrkhd fhupaq;fis tpl;Lk;> jPa nray;fis tpl;Lk; njhOif jLf;fpd;wJ> ,y;iyah? mePjpAk;> muh[fKk;> mf;fpuKk;> nfhLq;Nfhd;ikAk; mepahak; ,y;iyah? jPa nray;fs; ,y;iyah? ,tw;iw vt;thW njhOif jLf;Fk;? jd;Dila njhOifahspia jahu;gLj;Jtjd; %yk;!

jpf;Uy;yh`; my;yh`;it epidT $uj;jhNd Xu; ,iw ek;gpf;ifahsd; njhOfpd;whd;. gs;spthrypy; ,iwtid jpf;U nra;jhy; kl;Lk; NghJkh? filtPjpfspy;> \hg;gpq; fhk;g;nsf;];fspy;> njhopw;rhiyfspy; epidT $u Ntz;lhkh? nghUshjhuj; Jiwfspy;> r%f mikg;Gfspy;> rl;lrigfspy; jpf;U nra;a Ntz;lhkh? mq;Nfnay;yhk; ,iwtDf;F vjpuhd> khw;wkhd topKiwfisg; gpd;gw;Wk; xUtdhy; gs;spthry; Rtu;fSf;Fs; kl;Lk; vg;gb kdg;G+u;tkhf jpf;Uy;yh`;tpy; <Lgl ,aYk;?

Mf> xU kdpjd; cz;ikahfNt ,/f;sh]hf njhOJ te;jhy; me;jj; njhOif r%ff; nfhLikfSf;nfjpuhd mtdJ Fuiy cau;j;Jk;. r%f khw;wj;jpy; mtDila gq;fspg;ig Kd;dpWj;Jk;.

"\{INg! vq;fs; %jhijau; tzq;fp te;jtw;iw ehq;fs; tpl;Ltpl Ntz;Lk; vd;wh my;yJ vq;fSila nry;tj;ij vq;fs; tpUg;gg;gb gad;gLj;j vq;fSf;F mjpfhuk; ,Uf;ff; $lhJ vd;wh ck;Kila njhOif ckf;Ff; fw;Wj; jUfpd;wJ?" (`_j; 87)

\{Ig; miy`p];]yhk; mtu;fSila njhOifia> gpur;rhuj;ijf; fz;L mtUila r%f kf;fs; $wpa $w;W ,J] ,iwtid myl;rpag;gLj;jptpl;L jk; kdk; Nghd Nghf;fpy; cy;yhrkhf> jPa topKiwfspy; tho epidf;Fk; r%fq;fspy; ,d;iwf;Fk; ,e;jf; Fuiy ek;khy; Nfl;f KbAk;.

ehk; Vw;fdNt fz;lJ Nghy njhOif vd;gJ jPDila jiythry;. kNdh ,r;irfspd;gb tho tpUk;Ggtu;fs;> khu;f;f newpKiwfis vg;gb rfpj;Jf; nfhs;thu;fs;? vdNt> khu;f;fj;jpd; jiyaha mkYk;> jiyrpwe;j mkYkhd njhOifia mtu;fs; xU jPuhg; ngUNeha; MfNt ghu;g;ghu;fs;. njhOgtidg; ghu;j;J khu;f;f tpahjp ,tidg; gpbj;Jf; nfhz;lJ vd;W fpz;ly; mbg;ghu;fs;. Vndd;why; vtd; njhOFk; jd;ikia tsu;j;Jf; nfhs;fpwhNdh> mtd; jd;dstpy; mij epWj;jpf; nfhs;tjpy;iy. ehY NgUf;F nrhy;ypf; nfhLg;ghd;. ehyhGwKk; gpur;rhuk; nra;a Muk;gpj;J tpLthd;. jhd; rPuile;jNjhL epd;W tplhky; jd;idr; Rw;wpAs;s kf;fisAk; rPu;jpUf;Fk; Kaw;rpfspy; ,wq;fptpLthd;. xOf;fr; rPu;NfLfis jl;bf; Nfl;ghd;. jdf;Fs; xUtd; njhoj; Jtq;fptpl;lhNd vd;gjw;fhf my;y> ,td; ntFtpiutpy; xOf;fg; Nghjidia Jtf;fptpLthNd> jd;idNa tpku;rdk; nra;a Muk;gpj;J> jiytypaha; khwptpLthNd vd;gij vz;zpj;jhd;> mtid mr;r%fk; vjpu;f;fpd;wJ. vdNt jhd; mj;jifa r%fk; vy;yhtw;Wf;Fk; Nkyhf njhOifia> njhOifahspfis vjpu;f;fpd;wJ.

vdNt> njhOif vDk; jiythrYf;Fs; Eioe;J jPidf; filg;gpbf;f Muk;gpf;fpd;wtd; rKjhar; rPu;NfLfisf; fz;Lk; fhzhjtidg; Nghy ,Uf;f khl;lhd;. Jzpe;J epd;W vjpu;g;ghd; vd;gij ehk; czu;e;J nfhs;fpd;Nwhk;.

,fhkj;J]; ryhj;ij xOq;fhf Kiwg;gb epiwNtw;Wfpd;wtd; fz;bg;ghf ,fhkj;Jj; jPdpy; jd;id <LgLj;jpf; nfhs;thd;.

,ijNa NtW thu;j;ijfspy; nrhy;tjhf ,Ue;jhy; ,fhkj;Jj; jPdpy; KO %r;NrhL <LgLfpd;wtd; kl;LNk ,fhkj;J]; ryhj;ij Kiwg;gb nra;a ,aYk;.

,d;dy;fSf;fhd mUkUe;J

,fhkj;Jj; jPd; vDk; flikapy; <Lglr; nrhy;yp njhOif ek;ikj; J}z;LfpwJ. typAWj;JfpwJ. ,fhkj;Jj; jPd; vd;gJ VNjh rhjhuzghij my;yNt] Kw;fSk; fw;fSk; ,ilA+WfSk; ,lu;g;ghLfSk; epuk;gpa Jd;gg; ghij Mapw;Nw mJ] vdNt> ve;jj; njhOif Cf;f%l;Lfpd;wNjh mNj njhOif ghijapy; gLfpd;w fhaq;fSf;F kUe;jhfTk;> kdtypfSf;F xj;jlkhfTk; Mfpd;wJ.

F/g;ghu;fSf;F vjpuhf cWjpAld; epy;Yq;fs; vd;W vq;Nfnay;yhk; Fu;Md; fw;Wj; jUfpd;wNjh> mq;Nfnay;yhk;> njhOifiaAk; jpf;Uy;yh`;itAk; filgpbf;fr; nrhy;yp typAWj;Jfpd;wJ. ghj;jpiy Kwpabj;J> jPid epiy ehl;Ltjw;Fj; Njitahd Jzpr;ry;> typik njhOifapd; %ykhfj; jhd; fpilf;Fk; vd;gij mJ czu;j;Jfpd;wJ.

Fu;Md; fw;Wf; nfhLf;fpd;wJ.

"vdNt> ePu; ck; mjpgjpapd; fl;lisg;gb nghWikia Nkw;nfhs;Sk;! ,tu;fspy; jPa nray; nra;gtDf;Nfh rj;jpaj;ij epuhfupg;gtDf;Nfh ,zq;fpg; NghfhjPu;! cd; mjpgjpapd; ngaiuf; fhiyapYk; khiyapYk; (njhOJ) epidT $Uk;!" (j`;u; 24>25)

njhlu;e;J tUk; Jd;gq;fs;> ,d;dy;fisf; fz;L tUj;jk; milahjPu;fs;. cq;fs; ,iwtdpd; thf;F xU ehs; ntd;Nw jPUk; vd;W jplkhf ek;Gq;fs;. jsuhky; nfhs;ifapy; Fd;whky; njhlu;e;J NguhLq;fs;. mjw;Fj; Njitahd typikiaj; njhOififapd; %yk; jpul;bf; nfhs;Sq;fs; vd;W Fu;Md; $WfpwJ.

"vdNt> ePu; nghWikaha; ,Uk;! my;yh`;tpd; thf;FWjp Kw;wpYk; cz;ikahdJ. NkYk; (,yf;if mila mtrug;gLk;) ck;Kila jtWf;fhf kd;dpg;Gf; NfhUk;] fhiyapYk;> khiyapYk; ck; ,iwtidg; Gfo;tJld; njhOJ mtidj; Jjpj;Jf; nfhz;LkpUk;!" (K/kpd; 55)

"<khd; nfhz;l ek;gpf;ifahsu;fNs! (nghWik) epiy Fiyahikiaf; nfhz;Lk;> njhOifiaf; nfhz;Lk; cjtp NjLtPu;fshf!" (gfwh 153) (NkYk; fhz;f 50 39>40) (52 48)

Jd;gq;fisg; Nghf;f ty;yJ

njhOifapd; jd;ik> gad;fis mwpe;J nfhz;l gpd;G mJ Jd;gq;fisj; jPu;f;f ty;yJ vd;gijj; jaf;fkpd;wp xg;Gf; nfhz;bUg;gPu;fs;. mz;znyk;ngUkhdhu; (]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;ypk;) VNjDk; tUj;jkhd nray;> rpf;fy; Vw;gl;Ltpl;lhy; clNd njhOthu;fs; vd;gij `jP];fspy; ghu;f;fpd;Nwhk;.

mz;zyhUf;F Muk;g fhyj;jpy; egpg;gl;lk; mUsg;gl;l NghNj> ,J rhjhuz Ntiyay;y> KJnfYk;ig Kwpj;JtpLk;. vdNt ePq;fs; njhOJ cq;fisj; jahu;gLj;jpf; nfhs;Sq;fs;! vd;W $wg;gl;lJ.

"ehk; ck;kPJ fdkhfnjhU thf;if tpiutpy; ,wf;fg; Nghfpd;Nwhk;. ,utpy; vOe;jpUg;gNjh> kdjpf; fl;Lg;gLj;Jtjw;F kpfTk; gaDs;sjhfTk; (Fu;Mid) Neu;j;jpahf XJtjw;F kpfTk; Vw;wjhfTk; ,Uf;fpd;wJ." (K];]k;kpy; 5>6)

njhOif vt;thW Jd;gq;fisg; Nghf;Fk;? ,d;dy;fis ePf;Fk; vd;gij Nahrpj;Jg; ghUq;fs;! mjw;Fk; Kd;ghf Jd;gk;> ftiy vd;why; vd;d? vd;gijg; gw;wpAk; rpe;jpj;Jg; ghUq;fs;!

tUj;jk;> ftiy> Jd;gk;> Jauk; ,it vy;yhNk ek; rpe;ijapy; cz;lhFgitfNs! vz;zq;fs; jhk; czu;r;rpfSf;F tbtk; nfhLf;fpd;wd. mtw;Wf;Fg; ngaUk; #l;Lfpd;wd. ,it midj;Jk; rpe;jidapd; tpisTfNs vd;gij czu;e;J nfhs;Sk; kdpjd; czu;r;rpfspd; rpf;fy;fSf;Fs; mfg;gLtjpy;iy.

xNu tp\ak; xUtDf;F re;Njh\khfTk;> ,d;ndhUtDf;F tUj;jkhfTk; ,Ug;gij ehk; ghu;f;fpd;Nwhk;. xNu nghUs; xUtDf;F ed;whfTk; kw;wtDf;F nfl;ljhfTk; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. xNu Ntiyia ,Utu; nra;fpd;whu;fs;. xUtd; tpUg;gj;NjhL nra;fpd;whd;. Neuk; NghtNj mtDf;Fj; njuptjpy;iy. ,d;ndhUtd; Ntz;lh ntWg;ghf nra;fpd;whd;. mtDf;F Neuk; efuNt khl;Nld; vd;fpwJ. Ntz;lh ntWg;NghL rhg;gpl;lhy; NjDk; frf;Fk;. tpUk;gpj; jpd;why; ghfYk; ,dpf;Fk;. Mf> ek;Kila rpe;jidiag; nghWj;Jj; jhd; czu;r;rpfs; tbtq;nfhs;fpd;wd. vdNt jhd;> ed;F czu;e;j ,iwek;gpf;ifahsd; nry;tk; nfhopj;J re;Njh\k; kpiff;Fk; NghJ Js;spf; Fjpahl;lk; NghLtJkpy;iy. tWik kpifj;JtpLk; NghJ tUj;jk; njhz;iliz milf;f thdj;ij ntwpj;jg; ghu;j;Jf; nfhz;L cl;fhu;e;J tpLtJkpy;iy.

thd;kiw jpUf;Fu;Md; ,jidNa ntF mofhff; $Wfpd;wJ.

"G+kpapy; Vw;gLfpd;w my;yJ cq;fs; kPJ ,wq;Ffpd;w ve;jj; Jd;gkhdhYk; mjid ehk; cUthf;Ftjw;F Kd;G mijf; Fwpj;J xU Rtbapy; (mjhtJ tpjp Vl;by;) vOjp itf;fhky; ,y;iy. mg;gbr; nra;tJ my;yh`;tpw;F kpf vspjhdjhFk;. (,itaidj;Jk;) vjw;fhfntdpy;> cq;fSf;F ve;j e\;lk; Vw;gl;lhYk;> ePq;fs; kdk; Jtz;Ltplf; $lhJ. NkYk; my;yh`; cq;fSf;F toq;fp ,Ug;gtw;iwf; nfhz;l ePq;fs; G+upj;Jg; Ngha;tplf; $lhJ vd;gjw;fhfj;jhd;! jk;ikNa ngupjhf epidj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;w> ngUikabj;Jj; jpupfpd;w ahiuAk; my;yh`; Nerpg;gjpy;iy!" (`jPj; 22>23)

njspthd <khidg; ngw;wtu;fs; vj;jifa nghUshjhu ,og;Gfs;> capu; ,og;Gfs; Vw;gl;lhYk;> mit Vw;fdNt jkJ ,iwtdhy; jPu;khdpf;fg;gl;lit Vl;by; vOjg;gl;lit vd;gijg; Gupe;J nfhz;L tUj;jk; miltJkpy;iy> fyq;fpg; NghtJkpy;iy vd;gijNa ,t;trdk; ekf;F czu;j;Jfpd;wJ. mt;thNw> mtu;fs; ep/kj;Jfs;> mUl;nfhilfisg; ngWk;NghJ msTf;fjpfkhd kfpo;r;rpapdhy; FJ}fyk; miltJkpy;iy.

mtu;fs; kpfj; njspthf ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;. ve;j Jd;gj;ijAk; mJ vd;djhd; kiy Nghd;W ,Ug;gpDk; fz;L fyq;fptpLtjpy;iy.

ePu; $WtPuhf "(ed;ikNah> jPikNa) my;yh`; vq;fSf;fhf tpjpj;J itj;jpUg;gtw;iwj; jtpu NtnwJTk; vq;fis milahJ. mtd;jhd; vq;fspd; ghJfhtyd;. <khd; nfhz;Nlhu; my;yh`;itNa KOikahf rhu;e;J ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;." (jt;gh 51)

Jd;gq;fs;> Jauq;fis vjpu;nfhs;Sk; NghJ kdpj kdk; tpNehjkhfj; jhd; ele;J nfhs;fpd;wJ. kiy Nghd;w Jd;gq;fisAk; xU kdpjd; jhq;fpf; nfhs;fpd;whd;. mNj kdpjdhy; xU rhjhuz ,og;ig rkaq;fspy; rfpj;Jf; nfhs;s ,ayhky; Ngha;tpLfpd;wJ.

kdpju;fSs; xU gpuptpdiug; gw;wp Fu;Md; ,t;tpjk; $WfpwJ.

"my;yh`; K/kpd;fsplkpUe;J mtu;fSila capu;fisAk;> nghUs;fisAk; nrhu;f;fj;jpw;Fg; gjpyhf tpiyf;F thq;fpf; nfhz;lhd;. mtu;fs; my;yh`;tpd; topapy; Nghu; Gupfpd;whu;fs;. nfhy;fpd;whu;fs;. nfhy;yg;gLfpd;whu;fs;." (jt;gh 111)

,Nj kdpju;fspy; jhk; ,g;gbAk; xU gpuptpdu; ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;.

"xt;nthU cuj;j rg;jj;ijAk; ,tu;fs; jq;fSf;F vjpuhdjha;f; fUJfpd;wdu;. ,tu; jhk; fLk; giftu;fs; Mtu;. vdNt ,tu;fisg; gw;wp vr;rupf;ifahf ,Uk;!" (Kdh/gpf;$d; 4)

xNu kdpj ,dj;jpy; JUtq;fSf;F ,izahd ,e;j NtWghL Vd; Vw;gLfpd;wJ vd;why;> rupahd> KOikahd mwpT ,y;yhjjpdhy; jhd;] KOikahd> cz;ikahd mwpitg; ngw;wtu;fs; fLif kiyahf vd;Wk; epidg;gjpy;iy. mtu;fs; e/g;]{y; Kj;k ,d;dhitg; ngw;wtu;fs;. nfhs;ifAWjpapy; kiyNghy; cau;e;jtu;fs;. ,e;j rpwg;gplj;ij mtu;fs; njhOifiaf; nfhz;Nl mile;jhu;fs;. cz;ikahd mwptpw;fhd Mjhu Rid njhOifjhd; vd;gij ehk; Vw;fdNt fz;Ls;NshNk!

,ij ehk; ,d;ndhU Nfhzj;jpy; mZfyhk;. tUj;jKk;> JauKk; my;yh`;it tpl;L ek;ik J}u mioj;Jr; nry;fpd;wd. my;yJ my;yh`;it tpl;L J}u tpyFtjhy; mit Vw;gLfpd;wd. my;yh`;tpd; mUfhik ,Ue;jhy; tUj;jNkh> ftiyNah ek;ik miltjpy;iy. ,Nj Nghd;w xU Neuj;jpy; jhk; mz;zyhu; (]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;ypk;) $wpdhu;fs;.

"tUj;jkilahNj! my;yh`; ek;NkhL cs;shd;!" (jt;gh 40)

my;yh`;Tf;F mUfpy; ,Ue;jhy; ek;ik ftiyNah> tUj;jNkh> Jd;gNkh vJTNk mZfhJ. nrhu;f;fthrpfisg; gw;wpf; $Wk; NghJ>

"mj;jifatu;fSf;F vt;tpj mr;rKk; ,y;iy. mtu;fs; Jaug;glTk; khl;lhu;fs;!"(gfwhs112)

Vndd;why; mtu;fs; my;yh`;Tf;F mUfpy; cs;shu;fs;. ,g;G+Tyfpy; my;yh`;tpd; neUf;fj;ijg; ngw Ntz;Lkhdhy; vd;d top? njhOif xd;Nw top!

"][;jh nra;tPuhf! (ck; ,iwtdpd;) neUf;fj;ijg; ngWtPuhf!" (myf; 19)

Jd;g> Jau fhyq;fspy; njhOifiaf; nfhz;Lk;> nghWikiaf; nfhz;Lk; cjtp NjLq;fs; vd;W my;gfwhtpy; my;yh`; $Wfpwhd;.

mNj fUj;ij m/uhgpy; nrhy;Yk;NghJ>

"my;yh`;tplk; cjtp NjLq;fs;! nghWikia Nkw;nfhs;Sq;fs;!" (128)

vd;W $Wfpwhd;. ,t;tpU trdq;fisAk; ftdkhfg; ghu;j;jhy; Kjy; trdj;jpy; ryhj;vd;w nrhy; cs;sJ. ,uz;lhtJ trdj;jpy; mNj ,lj;jpy; my;yh`; vd;w nrhy; cs;sJ. mjhtJ ve;j msT njhOif my;yh`;Tf;F neUf;fkhdjha; cs;sJ vd;why;> ,t;Tyfpy; ,iw neUf;fj;jpd; khw;W tbtkha; cs;sJ. ,ijNa mz;znyk; ngUkhdhu; (]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;ypk;) njspthfr; nrhy;ypAs;shu;fs;.

"njhOif ,iwtid neUq;fr; nra;fpd;wJ!" (ju;fPg;)

,iwtid neUq;fp tpl;lhy; md;G> ghrk;> mgak; vy;yhNk fpilj;JtpLfpd;wd.

"ck; ,iwtd; ngaiu epidT $WtPuhf! vy;yhtw;iwAk; tpl;L mtidNa jQ;rk; mile;J mtDf;fhfNt Mfp tpLtPuhf!" (K];]k;kpy; 8)

md;G cs;s ,lj;jpy; jhd; MWjy; ,Uf;Fk;. mutizg;Gk; ,Uf;Fk;. md;igAk;> MWjiyak; mutizg;igAk; jhNd kdpj kdk; Njb miyfpd;wJ. ,ijj;jhd; mz;zyhu; $Wfpd;whu;fs;.

"vd; fz;fspd; Fspu;r;rp njhOifapy; cs;sJ."

mz;zyhu; (]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;ypk;) gpyhy; (uop) mtu;fis mioj;J "MWjiyj; jukhl;lhah?" vd;Wk; Nfl;Ls;shu;fs;.

,d;ndhU Nfhzj;jpy; ghu;j;jhYk;> Vw;fdNt fz;lJ Nghy njhOif jpf;Uy;yh`; MFk;. jpf;Uy;yh`;tpy; kdk; G+uz mikjpia> KO epk;kjpia mile;J tpLfpd;wNj

`jP]; tUkhW

",iwtdpd; epidtpy; cs;sq;fs; mikjp miltjpy;iyah?" u/J 28

epk;kjp vd;gJ vg;NghJ fpilf;Fk;? mwpTk;> rpe;jidAk; njsptile;J tpl;lhy; mikjp fpilf;Fk;. epk;kjp gpwf;Fk;. KOikahd mwpT fpilj;Jtpl;lhy; cs;sj;jpy; Ngnuhsp gpwf;Fk;. tUj;jk; kfpo;r;rp> ,d;gk;> Jd;gk; midj;ijAk; xd;whfg; ghtpf;Fk; kdg;ghd;ik Njhd;wptpLk;. ,J jhd;> epiy MFk;!

,d;Dk;> ,JNt jhd; 

,e;j epiy njhOifahspfSf;F kl;LNk nrhe;jkhdjhFk;. mtu;fSf;F kl;LNk fpilf;ff; $baJ.

kdpjd; gjw;wf;fhudha; gilf;fg;gl;bUf;fpd;whd;. xU Jd;gk; mtDf;F te;jhy; nghWikapoe;J Nghfpd;whd;. trjp tha;g;Gfs; mtDf;F tUk;NghJ fQ;rj;jdk; nra;aj; jiyg;gLfpd;whd;> njhOifahspfisj; jtpu! (mtu;fs; ,j;jifa jd;ikfspypUe;J J}utpyfp cs;shu;fs;). mtu;fNsh njhOifia epue;jukhf njhlu;e;J epiwNtw;Wfpwhu;fs;. (kMup[; 1923)

 

5. r%fq;fspd; tho;Tk; tPo;r;rpAk;


njhOifiag; gw;wpa tpsf;fj;jpd; ,e;j ,lj;jpy;> r%fq;fs; epiyj;J ,Ug;gjw;Fk; mope;J Nghtjw;Fk; njhOif xU Kf;fpa fhuzpahf tpsq;Ffpd;wJ vd;W $wg;gl;lhy; ePq;fs; Ml;Nrgpf;f khl;Bu;fs;. xj;Jf; nfhs;tPu;fs; vd;W epidf;fpd;Nwd;. ve;j r%fk; njhOifia czu;e;J epiwNtw;Wfpd;wNjh> mJ jd; Fwpf;Nfhspy; njspthf ,Uf;Fk;. ntw;wp milAk;. khwhf ve;j r%fk; njhOifiag; gw;wp czuhky; mjd; ,aw;jd;ikia KjypYk;> gpwF .ehsiltpy; njhOifiaNa njhiye;J tpLfpd;wNjh mJ ,yf;fpy;yhky; kylhfpg; NghFk;. mope;J NghFk;.

,Jtiu tpsf;fg;gl;lJ Nghjtpy;iy vd;why;> ,f;fUj;ij NkYk; ed;whf tpsq;fpf; nfhs;s Kaw;rpg;Nghk;.

cyfpy; cs;s midj;Jk; xOq;fha; njhOJ tUfpd;wd vd;gij Kd;Ng ghu;j;Njhk;. vdNt> ahuhtJ njhOf Ml;Nrgiz njuptpf;fpd;whd;> epuhfupf;fpd;whd; vd;why; mtd; ,iwtDf;F khW nra;tNjhL cyf ,aq;FKiwf;F vjpu;j;jpirapy; gazpf;fpd;whd; vd;Wk; nghUs;! cyfshtpa ,aq;F KiwNahL xj;jpire;J Nghf kWf;fpd;whd; vd;W nghUs;. mtd; Nju;e;njLf;Fk; ghijapy; mtDf;F Jizahf ahiuAk; ghu;f;f KbahJ. #upaidNah thdk;> G+kpiaNah capupdq;fs;> jhtuq;fisNah thdtu;fisNah ahiuAk; fhz ,ayhJ. cyfg; Nghf;fpy; mtd; vjpu;ePr;ry; NghLfpd;whd;. cyNfhL ,ize;J Nru;e;jpirrjw;Fg; gjpyhf mtd; jdp Mtu;j;jdk; nra;fpd;whd;. fliy vjpu;j;J jdpnahU Jspahf ,Uf;f tpUk;Gfpd;whd;. mtd; ntw;wp ngWtJ fw;gid $l gz;zpg; ghu;f;f Kbahj xd;W. kuj;jpypUe;J cjpu;e;J tpOe;j ,iy> rUfhfj;jhd; Mfpd;wJ. ke;ijapypUe;J gpupe;j ML> Xeha;f;Fj; jhd; ,iuahfpd;wJ ghiytdj;J kuk; Nghy jdpj;J ,Uf;Fk; mtd; mopitg; gw;wp ,d;Dk; VjhtJ re;Njfk; ,Uf;Fkh vd;d? #uj;Jy; `[; cila ,t;trdj;ij ftdpj;Jg; ghUq;fs;.

thdq;fspy; cs;stu;fSk;> G+kpapy; cs;stu;fSk; #upaDk; re;jpuDk; el;rj;jpuq;fSk;> kiyfSk;> kuq;fSk;> capupdq;fSk;> kw;Wk; kdpju;fspy; ngUk;ghNyhUk; my;yh`;it ][;jh nra;J nfhz;bUg;gij ePu; fhztpy;iyah? ,d;Dk; ngUk;ghNyhu; (mij epuhfupj;J Kfk; jpUg;gpf; nfhz;l fhuzj;jhy; mtu;fs;) kPJ my;yh`;tpd; Ntjid ,wq;FtJ cWjpahfptpl;lJ! (`[; 18)

mfpyNk my;yh`;Tf;F Kd;dhy; jiytzq;fp epw;gij ,t;trdk; glk; gpbj;Jf; fhl;Lfpd;wJ. #upad;> re;jpud;> fly;> kiy> fhw;W> Nkfd;> kuk;> fy;> tpyq;Ffs;> gwitfs; vd midj;Jk; Mw;wy; nfhz;l mu;\f;F mbgzpe;J ,aq;Ffpd;wd. Xu; ,dk; $l mijg; Gwf;fzpj;J Kiwj;Jf; nfhz;L epw;gjpy;iy. ey; cs;sk; nfhz;l> kdpjUs; xU $l;lk; ,tu;fNshL Nru;e;J nfhs;fpd;wJ. Mjtd; my;yh`;Tf;F Kd;dhy; mbgzpaj; jahuhFk; NghJ mtNdhL ,tu;fSk; Nru;e;J nfhs;fpd;whu;fs;. el;rj;jpuq;fs; ehaDf;F Kd;dhy; jiyFdpe;J epw;Fk; NghJ ,tu;fSk; gzpfpd;whu;fs;. kdpjd; gFj;jwpT gilj;jtd; vd;gjhy; epidj;j Nghnjy;yhk; jd;dpiwtd; Gfo;ghl vOe;J epw;fpd;whd;. myl;rpak; gilj;j Mzt kdpju;fs; Jiz juhtpl;lhy;> thd;ntspapd; gwitfis Jizf;F mioj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;whd;. fy;Ys;sk; nfhz;l rpiykdpju;fs; Nru;e;J epw;fhtpl;lhy; ghiw> kiyfis jd;Jjpf;F Jiz Nru;j;Jf; nfhs;fpd;whd;. Vndd;why;> kdpjidj; jtpu ntnwe;jg; gilg;gpdKk; ,iwtidg; Gfo;tij> mtidj; Jjpg;gij epuhfupg;gjpy;iy. vdNt jhd; jhTJ miy`p];]yhk; mtu;fisg; gw;wp Fwpg;gpLk; NghJ Fu;Md;>

"ehk; kiyfis mtUf;F trg;gLj;jpf; nfhLj;jpUe;Njhk;. mit fhiyapYk; khitapYk; mtUld; Nru;e;J (,iwtidj;) Jjp nra;j tz;zk;,Ue;jd. gwitfSk; xd;W jpuz;L te;jd. ,it midj;JNk my;yh`;it Jjpg;gjpy; ftdk; nrYj;jf;$badtha; ,Ue;jd" (]hj; 18>19)

,j;jifa kdpju;fs; jhk; ntw;wp ngw;wtu;fs;.

"jq;fSila njhOifapy; gagf;jp Nkw;nfhz;Ls;s K/kpd;fs; ntw;wp ngw;Wtpl;ldu;!" (K/kpD}d; 1>2)

Vndd;why;> mtu;fs; mfpyj;ij vy;yhk; ntWj;Jj; js;sptpl;l jk; ghijapy; jdpj;J ,Uf;f Mirg;gltjpy;iy. mfpyj;NjhL xl;btho> flypy; xU Jspahf ,Uf;f tpUk;Gfpd;wdu;. vdNt mfpyKk;> mfpyg; nghUl;fSk; mtu;fis Nerpf;fpd;wd. mfpyj;jpy; cs;s xt;nthU nghUSk; jdpj;jdpahf mtu;fs; kPJ md;G nrYj;Jfpd;wJ. G+kp mtu;fSf;fhf czitj; jahupf;fpd;wJ. kioNkfq;fs; mtu;fSf;fhf nfhl;Lfpd;wd. njd;wy; mtu;fSf;fhf gapu;fis nropf;fr; nra;fpd;wJ. gfytd; mtu;fSf;fhf ntg;gj;ijj; jUfpd;wJ. Fspu; epyT mtu;fSf;fhf fha;fpd;wJ. tpz;kPd;fs; mtu;fSf;f topfhl;Lfpd;wd. mtu;fs; mfpyj;jpYs;s midj;ijAk; Nerpf;fpd;whu;fs;. mfpyk; midj;Jk; mtu;fis Nerpf;fpd;wJ. mtu;fs; ,iwtDf;F gpupakhdtu;fshf MfptpLfpd;whu;fs;. vdNt my;yh`; mtu;fis Nerpf;FkhW midj;Jg; nghUs;fSf;Fk; MizapLfpwhd;.

mz;znyk; ngUkhdhu; (]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;ypk;) $Wfpwhu;fs; my;yh`; Xu;

mbahid Nerpj;jhy; [pg;uPiy mioj;J ehd; mt;tbahid Nerpf;fpNwd;. ePAk; mtiu Nerp vd;W $Wfpw;d;. mtiu [pg;uPYk; Nerpf;fpwhu;. gpwF thdpy; cs;Nshiu [pg;uPy; mioj;J ,e;j mbahid my;yh`; Nerpf;fpwhd;. vdNt ePq;fSk; mtiu NerpAq;fs; vd;W $Wfpwhu;. gpwF mtUf;F G+kpapy; mq;fPfhuk; toq;fg;gLfpd;wJ. (mjhtJ G+kpapy; cs;s midj;Jk; mtiu Nerpf;fj; Jtq;Ffpd;wd!) (upahS];]hyp`Pd;)

,ijNa jhd; thd;kiwAk; njspTgLj;JfpwJ.

vtu;fs; <khd; nfhz;L> ey; mky;fs; nra;j nfhz;bUf;fpwhu;fNsh mtu;fSf;fhf fUizkpf;f ,iwtd;> u`;khd;(mfpyj;jpYs;s midj;jpYk;) md;igj; Njhw;Wtpg;ghd;! (ku;ak; 96)

,ijNa my;yh`; NtNwhu; ,lj;jpy; NtW thu;j;ijfspy;..

"Ntjk; mUsg;gl;ltu;fs; <khd; nfhz;L ,iwtDf;F kl;LNk gag;gl;L jf;thitf; iff;nfhz;bUe;jhy; mtu;fSila jPikfis mtu;fis tpl;L ehk; mfw;wpapUg;Nghk;. NkYk; mUl;nfhil epuk;gpa [d;dj;Je; eaPkpy; mtu;fis Eioar; nra;jpUg;Nghk;. jt;uhj;ijAk;> ,d;[PiyAk; ,d;Dk; jk; ,iwtdplkpUe;J jkf;F ,wf;fpaUsg;gl;l NtW Ntjq;fisAk; mtu;fs; KOikahf epiyehl;bapUe;jhy; mtu;fSf;fhf Mjhuk; NkypUe;Jk; nghope;jpUf;Fk;. fPopUe;Jk; nghq;fpg; ngUfp ,Uf;Fk;. (thdk;> G+kpapd;> tw;whr; Ruq;fisf; nfhz;L mtu;fs; tsk; ngw;wpUg;gu;!" (khapjh65>66)

,fhkj; jt;uhj;ij> ,fhkj;Jy; ,d;[Piyr; nra;jpUe;jhy; thdk;> G+kpapd; thry;fs; mtu;fSf;fhfj; jpwe;jpUf;Fk;. jiyf;F NkypUf;Fk;" vd;W my;yh`; ,q;F $wpAs;shd;. ek;Kila jiyg;ghd njhOifiag; gw;wp ve;jf; Fwpg;Gk; ,jpy; ,y;iy> my;yth?

,fhkj;Jj; jt;uhj; Mfl;Lk;> my;yJ ,fhkj;Jy; ,d;[Py; Mfl;Lk;> my;yJ ,tw;iwtplTk; tpsf;fkhf ,fhkj;J\; \uPM vd;W $wg;gl;bUe;jhYk; mjw;F xU khw;Wr; nrhy; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. mJNt ,fhkj;J]; ryhj;! Fu;Mid my;yha;tpd; fyhik Mokhff; fUj;J}d;wpg; gbg;gtu;fs; ,q;Nf mfhKj; jt;uhj;> mfhKy; ,d;[PYf;Fg; gjpyhf mfhK]; ryhj; vd;W nrhy;yg;gl;bUe;jhYk; nghUs; khWghL Vw;glhJ vd;gij czu;e;jpUg;ghu;fs;. ,ijg; gw;wp ehk; Vw;fdNt tptupj;Js;Nshk;. vdpDk;> Rl;bf; fhl;lYf;fhf rpy trdq;fs; #uj;Jy; m/uh/gpy; (170) $wg;gl;Ls;sjhtJ

"ahu; ahu; Ntjj;ij Kiwahff; filg;gpbj;J njhOifia epiy epWj;Jfpd;whu;fNsh> mj;jifa ey; xOf;fk; cilatu;fSf;fhd $ypia ehk; tPzhf;fpl khl;Nlhk;!"

,t;trdj;jpy; jk];]{f; gpy; fpjhg; cila milahskhf njhOifNa $wg;gl;ls;sJ. mjhtJ ve;j r%fk; njhOifia mjd; rupahd tbtj;jpy; Kiwahf epiwNtw;Wfpd;wNjh> mJ jd;Dila Ntjj;ijAk; xOq;fhf filgpbf;Fk;. mj;jifatu;fspd; $ypia ehk; tPzhf;fptpl khl;Nlhk;.

,ijNa jhd; Ntwplj;jpy; njhOifiaj; njhiyj;jtu;fs; \uPmj;ijAk; njhiyj;Jtpl;lhu;fs;. kd ,r;irfspd; mbikfshfTk; Mfptpl;lhu;fs; vd;W $wg;gl;Ls;sJ. njhOif mope;Jtpl;lhy; \uPmj;Jk; mope;J NghFk;.

\uPmj;ijg; gpd;gw;WtJ njhlu;ghf A+ju;fNshL nra;J nfhz;l thf;FWjpiag; gw;wp my;yh`; khapjhtpy; Fwpg;gpLfpwhd;. mq;Nf Ntjk; my;yJ jt;uhj; vd;w thu;j;ijiag; gad;gLj;jtpy;iy. khwhf> njhOifia epiyehl;Ltjpy; cWjpahf ,Uq;fs; vd;Nw typAWj;jg; gl;Ls;sJ. mjhtJ njhOifia Kiwahf epiy ehl;Ltjpy; cWjpahf cs;s fhyk; tiuf;Fk; ,iwtDldhd cld;gbf;ifapYk; cWjpNahL ,Ug;gPu;fs;. njhOifapy; Rzf;fk; Vw;gl;Ltpl;lhy; cld;gbf;ifAk; tYtpoe;J Ngha; nry;yhf;fhrhfptpLk; vd;gNj ,jd; nghUs; MFk;.

",];uhaPypd; topj;Njhd;wy;fsplk; my;yh`; tYthd thf;FWjp thq;fpapUe;jhd;. mtu;fspy; gd;dpuz;L Ngiu fz;fhzpg;ghsu;fsha; epakpj;jpUe;jhd;. ,d;Dk; my;yh`; mtu;fsplk; $wpdhd;. epr;rakhf> ehd; cq;fSld; ,Uf;fpNwd;. ePq;fs; njhOifia epiyepWj;jpAk;> [fhj; toq;fpAk; te;jpu;fshapd;!" (kh,jh 12)

,Njh> ,e;j trdj;ijAk; fUj;jpy; nfhs;Sq;fs;.

",J xU NtjkhFk;> ,jid ehk; ,wf;fp itj;jpUf;fpNwhk;. ,J mUs;tsk; kpf;fjhfTk; jdf;F Kd;dhy; te;j Ntjj;ij nra;g;gLj;JtjhfTk; ,Uf;fpwJ. NkYk;> ,j;jiy efuj;jpYk; (kf;fhtpYk;) mjd; Rw;Wg; Gwq;fspYk; trpg;gtu;fSf;F ePu; vr;rupf;if nra;tjw;fhfTk; ,JmUsg;gl;Ls;sJ. NkYk; vtu;fs; kWikia ek;Gfpwhu;fNsh mtu;fs; ,t;Ntjj;ijAk; ek;Gthu;fs;. jkJ njhOifapYk; NgZjyhf ,Ug;ghu;fs;!" (md;Mk; 92)

,J tiu mspf;fg;gl;l Fu;MDila tpsf;fq;fisg; gbj;jwpe;j gpd;Gk; ahUf;NfDk; KO jpUg;jp Vw;gltpy;iynad;why; mtu; fPo; tUk; trdj;ij Muha;e;J ghu;f;fl;Lk;. re;NjfNk ,y;yhky; njhOifapd; ,lj;ij mJ cWjp nra;fpd;wJ.

"%]h jk; kf;fis Nehf;fpf; $wpdhu; my;yh`;tplk; cjtp NfhUq;fs;. NkYk; nghWikia Nkw;nfhs;Sq;fs;! epr;rakhf ,e;j G+kp my;yh`;Tf;Nf cupaJ. jd; mbikfspy; jhd; ehLNthiu mjw;F mtd; cupikahf;Ffpwhd;. mtDf;F mQ;rpa tz;zk; tho;gtu;fSf;Nf ,Wjp ntw;wp ,Uf;fpd;wJ." m/uh/g; 128

,t;trdk; #uj;Jy; gfwhtpy; cs;s (153)

vd;w trdj;jpd; xj;j nghUisf; nfhz;ljhfNt cs;sJ. Nkw;$wg;gl;l Maj;jpy; my;yh`; vd;w nrhy; cs;sJ. ,q;Nf ryhj; vd;w nrhy; cs;sJ. Vw;fdNt ehk; tpsf;fptpl;lJ Nghy ,t;tpU nrhw;fisAk; gad;gLj;jp my;yh`; xNu fUj;ijNa nry;ypAs;shd;. my;yh`;tpd; cjtpiag; ngw Ntz;Lnkd;why; xOq;fhf Kiwahfj; njhOJ tuNtz;lk;. xU trdj;jpy; topKiw $wg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,d;ndhUtrdj;jpNyh ,yf;F njspthf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

ehk; ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpy; nrhy;y tUtJ vd;dntd;why;> ve;j rKjhak; xOq;fhf Kiwahff;\j; njhOJ tUfpd;wNjh> mJ mfpyj;jpy; cs;s midj;Jg; nghUl;fNshLk; ,zq;fp> xj;jpirfpd;wJ. ,jd; fhuzkhf mfpyj;jpy; cs;s xt;Nthu; mZTk; mij Nerpf;fpd;wd. eyk; tprhupf;fpd;wd. thd;ntspapy;> G+kpg;gug;gpy; cs;s nghUs;fspNyNa vy;yhg; nghUl;fNshLk; me;jr; rKjhaj;jpw;F cwT Vw;gl;LtpLfpd;wJ. ,it midj;jpYk; gFj;jwpT nfhz;ljhf me;j rKjhak; kl;LNk ,Ug;gjhy; murpaw; jiyik vDk; fbthsk; mjd; ifapy; xg;gilf;fg;gLfpd;wJ.

,jw;F Neu;khw;wkhf ve;j rKjhak; njhOifia epuhfupf;fpd;wNjh> mJ mfpyj;Njhlhd jdJ cwit Kwpj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;wJ. thd;> G+kpNahlhd mjd; ,zf;fk; rpije;J tpLfpd;wJ. vdNt> ,iwtdpd; epajpapd; mbg;gilapy; me;jr; rKjhaj;jpd; Ntu;fs; gpLq;fg;gLfpd;wd. Vndd;why; Rw;wpAs;stu;fNshlhd cwit jhdhf me;jr; rKjhak; mWj;Jf; nfhz;Ltpl;lJ. tho;tjw;fhd jFjp ,dpNky; mjw;F ,y;iy!

murpaw; jiyik> Ml;rpaikg;G> fpyh/gj; gw;wpa my;yh`;tpd; Rd;dj;ij NkYk; tpsf;fpf; $wptpl Mtyha;j;jhd; cs;sJ. Mdhy; ,q;Nf ,g;Nghijf;F ,e;j msT NghJk; vd;W fUJfpd;Nwd;. ,d;\h my;yh`; NtnwhU E}ypy; mijg; gw;wp tpsf;fkhff; fhzyhk;.

 

6. epidtpNyNa fopfpd;wd epkplq;fs;


ve;NeuKk; ,iwtid epidtpy; epWj;JtNj njhOifapd; Nehf;fk; vd;gijg; Gupe;J nfhz;Nlhk;. ,iw ek;gpf;ifahsdpd; tho;tpy; xU epkplk; $l ,iw epidtpypUe;J tpyfp ,Ug;gjpy;iy.

"mtu;fs; vj;jifatu;fs; vdpy; epw;Fk; Nghjk;> cl;fhUk;NghJk;> gLj;jpUf;Fk; NghJk; Mf vy;yh epiyfspYk; my;yh`;it epidj;Jf; nfhz;Nl ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;!" (My,k;uhd; 191)

,d;Ndhu; ,lj;jpy; thd;kiw ,ijNa $WfpwJ.

"ek;gpf;if nfhz;ltu;fNs! my;yh`;it mjpfkjpfkhf epidT $Uq;fs;! fhiyapYk;> khiyapYk; mtid Jjpj;Jf; nfhz;bUq;fs;!" (m`;]hg; 41>42)

Xu; ,iwek;gpf;ifahsd; gs;spthrypy; kl;LNk njhOtjpy;iy. khwhf ve;j Neuj;jpy; vq;F ,Ue;jhYk; njhOJ nfhz;Nl cs;shd;. ,iwepidit gRikahf itj;jpUg;gJ jhNd njhOifapd; gzp. mtd; gs;spthriy tpl;Lk; gpupe;J ,Uf;fyhk;. Mdhy; ,iwepidit tpl;Lk; ve;epkplKk; tpyfp ,Uf;f khl;lhd;. ,iw epidit tpl;L tpyFk; re;jg;g;gk; Neu;e;jhy; mjpy; mtDf;F mikjpNah> epk;kjpNah> RitNah njd;glhJ.

myl;rpak;> ,yl;rpaj;jpy; mf;fiwapd;ik> kwjp Nghd;w mOf;Ffis ,iwepidT fOtpj; J}a;ikg;glj;jpf; nfhz;Nl cs;sJ. xU fl;lj;jpy; njhOifAk; ,iwepidTk; ,ijj; Jilj;Jk; J}z;bAk; nkd;NkYk; nkUNfw;wpf; nfhz;Nl cs;sd. kd ,r;ir ,Us; jiy J}f;Fk; Nghnjy;yhk; ,r;Rlu; gpufhrkhf vupe;J ,Uis tpul;btpLfpd;wJ. cs;sj;jpy; mgpyhirfs; cRg;Ngw;wp NkypUe;j cq;fis cUl;btpl;lhy; fPNo tpOe;J tplhky; cq;fis NkypUe;J cq;fis cUl;btpl;lhy; fPNo tpOe;Jtplhky; cq;fis ,g;Ngnuhsp ghJfhf;fpwJ. ,g;Ngnuhspg; ngUQ;Rliu cUthf;Ftjhdhy; jhd; njhOifia xU `jP]; "Gu;`hd;" vd;W tu;zpf;fpwJ. mg;Jy;yh`; ,g;D cku; (uop) me;j `jPi] tptupf;fpwhu;fs;

xU Kiw mz;zyhu; (]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;ypk;) njhOifiag; gw;wp $wpdhu;fs;. "vtd; njhOifiag; NgZjNyhL fz;fhzpj;J tUthNdh mJ mtDf;F xspahfTk;> Gu;`hd; (rhd;W) MfTk;> kWik ehspd; ntw;wpahfTk; Mfp tpLk;!

ghJfhg;G tisakhf ,e;jg; Ngnuhsp cq;fisr; Rw;wpr;Rw;wp te;J nfhz;NlapUf;Fk;. mz;zy; A+]{/g; miy`p];]yhk; NguoF ,skq;ifapd; fz;zirtpy; jLkhwp tpOe;J ghoile;J Ngha;tplhky; fhj;jJk; ,e;j Gu;`hd; jhd;!

"mts; mtiu mila Kide;Jtpl;lhs;. jd; mjpgjpapd; njspthd Gu;`hid rhd;wpid czuhjpUe;jhy; mtUk; mtis mila Kide;jpUg;ghu;!" (A+]{/g; 24)

,jdhy; jhd; ,e;jf; fhuzj;jpdhy; jhd; \uPmj;ijr; Rw;wp xU tiuaiw tl;lkhfnjhOif mike;Js;sJ. mjhtJ njhOif vDk; tl;lj;ij tiue;J mjw;Fs; my;yh`; \uPmj;ijg; ghJfhg;ghf itj;Js;shd;. tiuaiw tl;lk; ghJfhg;ghf ,Uf;Fk; tiu \uPmj;jpd; ve;j %iyapYk;> ve;jg; gFjpf;Fk; ahnjhU Mgj;Jk; Vw;gl;L tplhJ. VNjDk; xU gFjpapy; cilg;G> Nrjk; Vw;gl;lhy; mg;gFjpapd; topahf \`thj; ,r;irfs;> \`thJ\; \ahjPd; i\j;jhdpa vz;zq;fs; gilnaLf;Fk;. kw;w gFjpfs; midj;ijANk gho;gLj;jptpLk;.

#uj;Jy; K/kpdPd; cila ,t;trdq;fis ftdpAq;fs;

"epr;rakhf K/kpd;fs; ntw;wp ngw;W tpl;ldu;. mtu;fs; vj;jifatu;fs; vdpy; njhOifapy; gagf;jpia Nkw;nfhs;fpd;whu;fs;. tPzhdtw;iw tpl;L tpyfp ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;. [fhj;ij mjd; newpKiwg;gb nraw;gLj;jf; $batu;fshy; ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;. jq;fSila kidtpfsplNkh> jq;fSila tyf;fuq;fs; nrhe;jkhf;fpf; nfhz;l ngz;fsplNkh jtpu! mj;jifa epiyapy; mtu;fs; gopf;fg;gl khl;lhu;fs;. MapDk;> vtu;fs; ,jw;F mg;ghYk; Mirg;gLfpd;whu;fNsh mtu;fNs tuk;G kPwf; $batu;fs; Mtu;. ,d;Dk; mtu;fs; jq;fsplk; xg;gilf;fg; gl;l mkhdpjq;fisAk;> jhq;fs; nfhLj;j thf;FWjpfisAk; Ngzpf; fhf;ff; $batu;fsha; ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;. NkYk;> jq;fSila njhOiffisAk; NgZgtu;fsha; ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;!" (K/kpD}d; 19)

tiuKiw tl;lk; njd;gLfpd;wjh ,y;iyah? ,q;Nf $wg;gl;Ls;s vy;yh ew;nray;fSk; njhOifapy; mr;rj;NjhL ,Ug;gjpy; Muk;gpf;fpd;wd. njhOifia Kiwahff; fz;fhzpj;J tUtjpy; te;J Kbtilfpd;wd. njhOifiag; ghJfhg;gjpy; jhd; \uPmj;jpd; ghJfhg;G cs;sJ vd;gijNa ,J fhl;Lfpd;wJ. ntw;wpf;F topfhl;bf; nfhLf;Fk; njhOifapd; capNuhl;lk; /F\/ (gak;> mr;rk;) tpYk; mjDila rpwg;gk;rk; njhlu; fz;fhzpg;gpYk; jhd; cs;sJ vd;gijAk; $lNt czu;j;Jfpd;wd.

topfhl;l te;j thd;kiwapd; Jtf;f trdq;fSk; ,t;Tz;ikiaNa ekf;F czu;j;Jfpd;wd.

",iwar;rKilNahUf;F ,J rPupa topfhl;bahFk;. mtu;fs; vj;jifNahu; vd;why; kiwthdtw;iw ek;Gfpd;whu;fs;. njhOifia epiyngwr; nra;fpd;whu;fs;." (gfwh 2>3)

rl;lq;fs;> ,iwahizfs; tpsf;fg;gLk;NghJ mtw;Wf;F ,Wjpapy; ifapy; jbNae;jpf; nfhz;L fhf;Fk; jz;ly;fhudhf ,t;trdk; tUfpd;wJ. cjhuzkhf

"vy;yhj; njhOiffisAk; (Fwpg;ghf> njhOifapd; rpwg;gidj;ijAk; xUq;Nf ngw;Ws;s) ]yhj;Jy; c];jhitAk; ePq;fs; Ngzpj; njhOJ thUq;fs;!" (gfwh 238)

,t;tiuKiw tl;lj;ij ehk; #uj;Jy; kMup[; ,Yk; fhzKbAk;. (trdq;fs; 22320 ,t;thW vq;Nfnay;yhk; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;wNjh mq;Nfnay;yhk; K`h/gsj;J]; ryhj;njhOifiaf; fz;fhzpf;FkhW $wg;gl;Ls;sijAk; fhzyhk;. Mf> njhOifiaf; fz;fhzpj;J te;jhy; jhd; \uPmj;ijf; fhg;ghw;w ,aYk;.

vtd; jd;Dila njhOifia fz;fhzpj;j tutpy;iyNah> mJ mtDf;F xspahfTk; mikahJ. Gu;`hd; MfTk; mikahJ. kWik ehspd; ntw;wpahfTk; mikahJ!

mz;zyhu; (]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p try;ypk;) $Wfpwhu;fs;.

mkhdpjk; ,y;yhjtdplk; <khd; ,y;iy. J}a;ikapy;yhjtDf;F njhOifapy;iy. njhOif ,y;yhjtdplk; jPd; ,y;iy. jPdpy; njhOiff;fhd me;j];J> clypy; jiyf;Fupa me;j];ijg; Nghd;wjhFk;."

,j;jifa rpwg;Gk;> Kf;fpaj;JtKk; nghUe;jpa njhOifia ftdKlDk;> fz;fhzpg;GlDk; njhof;$ba kf;fshf ehk; khw Ntz;Lk;!

njhOif vd;gjw;fhd rhjhuz tpsf;fNk ,r;rpW E}y;! ,iwtid neUq;fr; nra;Ak; tPupa kpf;f njhOif vd;gJ ,jw;Fk; mg;ghy; cs;sJ r`hghf;fs; njhOJ te;j mj;njhOifapd; jd;ik Fwpj;J tpsf;fNth> czu;j;jNth mbNadhy; ,ayhJ!

E}w;gl;bay;

1. thd;kiw Fu;md;

2. mGy;/gpjh `hgpo; ,g;D f]Pu; mj;jpkp\;fp j/g;]PUy; Fu;Mdpy; moPk;

3. mg;Jy; `kPJ my;/guh`p epshKy; Fu;Md; tj/tPYy; /Gu;fhd; gpy;/Gu;fhd;

4. irapj; mGy; m/yh nksJ}jp j/g;`PKy; Fu;Md;

5. K`k;kJ ,g;D ,];khaPy; my; G/fhup r`P`; G/fhup

6. mGy; `{i]d; K];ypk; ,g;D `[;[h[; ie\hG+up r`P`; K];ypk;

7. mG <]h K`k;kJ ,g;D <]h jpu;kpjP [hkp/jpu;kpjP

8. typAj;jPd; K`k;kJ ,g;D mg;Jy;yh`; my;/fjP jg;Nu[p kp\;fhj;Jy; k]hgP`;

9. mG [f;fupa;ah a`;ah ,g;D \u/gpd; dttP upahO]; ]hyp`Pd;

10. es;Ky; Fu;Md; Vf; jMU/g;

11. mkPd; m`;]d; ,];yh`p j];fpaj;Je; e/g;];

12. mkPd; m`;]d; ,];yh`p `fPfj;Nj ekh];

13. mG`hkpj; K`k;kJ f];]hyp fPkpahNa ]Mjj;

H 4
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