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ehKk; ekJ njhOifAk;


cyfpy; my;yh`; kdpjidg; gilj;jjpd; Nehf;fk;>jdf;F kl;Lk; ,Ue;J>jdf;Nf Kw;wpYkhf mbgzpa Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhNt. Me;j mbikj;jd;ik kdpjdplk; ntspg;gLtjw;fhf rpy mky;fis mtd; mtrpakhf;fpAs;shd;. me;j mky;fspy; Kf;fpakhdJ njhOifahFk;. me;j njhOifia Kiwg;gb. KOikahf epiwNtw;Wk;NghJ> my;yh`;thy; mJ mq;fpfhpf;fg;gl;L> ed;ikfis ngw;Wj; jUk; ew;fhhpakhf mike;J tpLfpwJ. mjw;F khw;wkhf> Kiw jtwp> KiwNflhf nray;gLj;jg;gLkhdhy; my;yh`;thy; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;glhjjhf Mfp tpLfpd;wJ. vdNt my;yh`;tplj;jpy; ntWk; njhOif vDk; hpjpapy; ftdpf;fg;glhJ. khwhf> vj;jifa jd;ikfspy; mJ epiwNtw;wg;gl;Ls;sJ vd;gNj Kf;fpakhf ftdpf;fg;gLk;. vdNt jhd; my;yh`; njhOgtHfspd; Kbit ,uz;Ltpjkhf nrhy;ypf; fhl;Lfpwhd;.

jq;fs; njhOifapy; cs;sr;rj;Jld; ,Uf;Fk; K/kpd;fs; epr;rak; ntw;wp ngw;W tpl;lhHfs;.(23.1>2)

jq;fs; njhOifapy; ftdkw;wtHfshf ,Uf;Fk; njhOifahspfSf;F NfL jhd;.(107.4>5) njhOifahspfspy; rpyUf;F ntw;wp fpilf;fpd;wJ. rpyUf;F ehrk; cz;lhfpwJ. ,uz;LNk njhOifapypUf;Fk; jd;ikNa nghWj;Nj mikfpd;wJ. egp (]y;) mtHfs; fhl;bj; je;j Kiwg;gb njhOifia epiwNtw;Wk; NghJ mJ KOikahdjhfTk; ntw;wp nfhLf;ff; $bajhfTk; mike;J tpLfpwJ. njhOif ghtq;fis ePf;fp kdpjid Rj;jg;gLj;jf;$baJ vd;gjhy;> me;j njhOifia epiwNtw;Wk; NghJ> ntspg;gilahf vy;yhtpjj;jpYk; Rj;jj;ij Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. vdNt ,lk;>cil>Rj;jkhf ,Ug;gJld; clYk; Rj;jkhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. flikahd Fspg;igAk; xSitAk; ghpG+uzkhf nra;tJ njhOif ghpG+uztjw;Fhpa Kf;fpa topahFk;. vdNt jhd; egp (]y;) mtHfs;> ,g;gbf; $wPdhHfs;.

RtHf;fj;jpd; jpwTNfhy; njhOifahFk;. njhOifapd; jpwTNfhy; Rj;jkhFk;.(m`;kJ)

njhOifapd; xt;nthU epiyiaAk; epjhdkhf Kiwg;gb epiwNtw;w Ntz;Lk;. mtru mtrukhf> miuFiwahf epiwNtw;wf;$lhJ. MG+`Piuuh (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpwhHfs;. xU Kiw egp (]y;) mtHfs; gs;spapd; Xuj;jpy; mkHe;jpUe;jNghJ> xU kdpjH gs;spf;F te;J njhOjhH. gpwF egp(]y;) mtHfsplk; te;J ]yhk; nrhd;dNghJ> egpatHfs; gjpy; $wp tpl;L jpUk;g ePH njhOtPuhf> Vnddpy; ePH njhOftpy;iy vd;W $wPdhHfs;. ,t;thNw %d;whtJ jlitAk; egpatHfs; nrhd;dNghJ> mk;kdpjH> ahu#yy;yh`; vdf;F fw;Wf; nfhLq;fs; vd;W $wpdhH. mg;NghJ ngUkhdhH (]y;) mtHfs; nrhd;dhHfs;> ePH njhOiff;F jahuhdhy; xSit ey;y Kiwapy; nra;Aq;fs;. gpwF fpg;yhit Kd;Ndhf;fp> jf;gPH fl;Lq;fs;> gpwF FHMdpypUe;J cq;fSf;F (jLkhw;wkpd;wp XJtjw;F) ,yFthd> trdq;fis XJq;fs;. gpwF U$T nra;Aq;fs;. mjpy; (mtrug;glhky;> epjhdkhf) epk;kjpahf nra;Aq;fs;. gpwF (U$tpypUe;J) vOe;jpUe;J Neuhf epy;Yq;fs;. gpwF ][;jh nra;Aq;fs;. mjpy; (mtrug;glhky;) epk;kjpahf nra;Aq;fs;. gpwF jiyia caHj;jp Neuhf cl;fhUq;fs;> gpwF ][;jh nra;Aq;fs;. mjpYk; (mtrug;glhky;) epk;kjpahf nra;Aq;fs;> gpwF jiyia caHj;jp Neuhf epy;Yq;fs;. ,t;thNw njhOifapy; kw;w uf;mj;jpYk; nra;tPuhf.(Gfhhp 1 109)

mbgzpjiy nray; tbtpy; ntspg;gLj;Jtjw;fhf epakpf;fg;gl;l njhOifapy; U$Tk;>]{[_Jk; Kf;fpakhFk;. Vnddpy; nghJthf xUtUf;F Kd;dhy; FdptJ> gzpT> jho;T> mbikj;jdk; Mfpatw;wpd; milahskhFk;. jiyia jiuapy; itj;J ][;jh nra;tJ me;j mbikj;jdj;jpd; cr;rfl;lkhFk;. mjdhy; jhd; xt;nthU uf;mj;jpYk; ][;jhit ,uz;L jlit nra;AkhW fl;lisaplg;gl;Ls;sJ. U$T> ][;jhtpy; FiwghL nra;tJ> my;yh`;tpw;F nra;a Ntz;ba mbgzpjypy; FiwghL nra;tijg; Nghd;wJ vd;gjhy;> egp(]y;) mtHfs; mt;tpuz;L epiyfisAk; Kiwg;gb>KOikahf nra;tij typAWj;jpAs;shHfs;.

egp (]y;) mtHfs; nrhd;dhHfs;. U$tpYk; ][;jhtpYk; jd; KJif (tisf;fhky;) Neuhf itf;Fk; tiu ve;j kdpjdpd; njhOifAk; (ghpG+uzkhf) epiwNtwhJ. (mG+jhT+J-jpHkpjp) U$T> ][;jhit mtru mtrukhf nra;ahky;> Fiwe;jgl;rkhf> %d;W j];gP`;fs; XJk; tiu epjhdkhf nra;a Ntz;Lk;.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; nrhd;dhHfs;. cq;fspy; xUtH U$T nra;J> %d;W jlit Rg;`hd ug;gpay; msPk; vd;W nrhd;dhy;> mtuJ U$T G+uzkile;J tpLk;. NkYk; ,J Fiwe;j gl;rkhFk;. ][;jh nra;J> mjpy; %d;W jilt Rg;`hd ug;gpay; m/yh vd nrhd;dhy;>mtuJ ][;jh G+uzkhfp tpLk; NkYk; ,J

Fiwe;jgl;rkhFk;. (jpHkpjp-mG+jhTJ) U$T > ][;jhit KOikahf nra;ahky; mtrukhf nra;gtHfis egp (]y;) fLikahf rhLtjw;Fk; jaq;ftpy;iy.

kdpjHfspy; kpff; nfl;l jpUld; jd; njhOifia jpULgtd; vd egp (]y;) mtHfs; nrhd;dNghJ> ]`hghf;fs;> ahu#y;yh`;>njhOifia vg;gb jpULthd;? vd tpdtpdhHfs;. mjw;F egp(]y;) mtHfs;>jdJ U$itAk; ][;jhitAk; mtd; G+Hj;jp nra;akhl;lhd; vd gjpYiuj;jhHfs;. (jhukP)

xU Kiw `Pijgh (uyp) mtHfs;>gs;spapy; mkHe;jpUf;Fk;NghJ> U$itAk;> ][;jhitAk; KOikahf nra;ahky; njhOJ nfhz;bUe;j xU kdpjiu ghHj;jhHfs;. mtH njhOJ Kbe;jTld; mtiu mioj;Jr; nrhd;dhHfs;.

ePH (KOikahf) njhOftpy;iy> ,e;epiyapy; ePH kuzpj;jhy;> egp(]y;) mtHfspd; topKiway;yhjjpd; kPJ kuzpj;jtdhf Mfp tpLtha;. Gfhhp (156) [khmj;jhf ,khKld; NrHe;J njhOFk;NghJ ,khk; ve;epiyapy; ,Uf;fpwhNuh me;epiyapy; njhOifapy; Nru Ntz;Lk;. ,khk; ][;jhtpNyh> mj;j`pahj;jNyh ,Ue;jhy; mLj;j uf;mj;jpw;F tUk; tiu vjpHghHf;f Njitapy;iy.

,khk; (njhOifapYs;s) VNjDk; xU epiyapy; ,Uf;Fk;NghJ cq;fspy; xUtH njhOiff;F te;jhy;>(,khKld; NrHe;J) ,khk; nra;tijg; Nghd;W nra;aTk;. (jpHkpjp)

egp (]y;) mtHfs; nrhd;dhHfs;. ehq;fs; ][;jhtpy; ,Uf;Fk; epiyapy; njhOiff;F te;jhy;> ePq;fSk; ][;jh nra;Aq;fs;. (Mdhy;) mij (uf;mj;jhf) fzf;fpy; vLf;fhjPHfs;. ahH U$it mile;J nfhs;fpwhNuh>mtH njhOifia (uf;mj;ij) mile;jtuhthH.(mG+jhT+J) ,khKld; NrHe;J njhOk; NghJ thpirapd; xOf;fj;ijAk; filgpbf;f Ntz;Lk;. thpirapy; Kd;gpd; ,y;yhky; Neuhf epw;fNtz;Lk;. ,ilntspapy;yhky; NrHe;J epw;f Ntz;Lk;.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; nrhd;dhHfs;. thpirfis Neuhf;Fq;fs;. Njhs; G[q;fis (ftdpj;J) NeHgLj;jpf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. ,ilntspfis milj;J epy;Yq;fs;. irj;jhdpw;F (NjhJthf) ,ilntspfis tpl;L itf;fhjPHfs;. ahH thpirfis (Jz;bj;J tplhky;) NrHe;J epw;ghNuh my;yh`;Tk; mtiu NrHj;Jf; nfhs;thd;. ahH thpirfis Jz;bj;J (mLj;j thpirapy;) epw;ghNuh my;yh`; mtiu Jz;bg;ghd;. (mG+jhTJ 1 97)

,khKf;Fg; gpd; epd;W njhOtNj ,khik gpd; njhlHe;J njhOtjw;Fj; jhd;. vdNt U$T> ][;jhtpw;F nry;Yk; NghJk;> ][;jhtpypUe;J vOe;jpUf;Fk; NghJk; ,khKf;F Ke;jp nra;af; $lhJ.,t;thW nra;tij egp(]y;) mtHfs; fLikahf fz;bj;Js;shHfs;. mG+`Piuuh (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpwhHfs;. ,khik Ke;jp nra;ahjPHfs; vd ngUkhdhH (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;.(Gfhhp) kw;nwhU `jP]py; ,g;gb te;Js;sJ.

,khk; ][;jhtpy; ,Uf;Fk;NghJ> (,khik Ke;jp) jd; jiyia caHj;jpdhy; my;yh`; mtuJ jiyia fOijapd; jiyiag; Nghd;W khw;Wtij cq;fspy; ahUk; gag;gl Ntz;lhkh? vd egp (]y;) mtHfs; nrhd;dhHfs;. (mG+jhT+J 1 91) ek;Kila njhOif KOikailtjw;fhfrpy tpraq;fis ehk; filgpbg;gijg; Nghd;W gpwH njhOif KOikailtjw;fhf rpytw;iw filgpbf;f Ntz;Lk;. mjpy; Kf;fpahkdJ> gpwH njhOk; NghJ kiwg;gpw;Fk; mtUf;Fkpilapy; FWf;Nf nrhy;ykypUg;gjhFk;. mt;thW nry;tjpd; %yk; njhOgthpd; ftdk; rpjwp> KOikailahky; Ngha;tpLk;. vdNt mt;thW nry;tij egp(]y;) mtHfs; td;ikahf fz;bj;Js;shHfs;.

xU Kiw [{k;M ehnsd;W> mG+]apjpy; Fj;hp(uyp) mtHfs;> xU kiwg;gpw;F gpd; epd;W njhOJ nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. mg;NghJ> gD} mgP KaPj; vDk; $l;lj;ij NrHe;j xU thypgH>mtUf;F Kd;dhy; FWf;Nf nry;tjw;F ehbdhH. njhOJ nfhz;bUe;j mG+]aPJ (uyp) mtHfs; neQ;rpy; mbj;J jLj;jhHfs;. mt;thypgH Rw;wpg; ghHj;jhH. ,t;thW FWf;Nf fle;J nry;tijj; jtpu NtW topia ngw;Wf; nfhs;stpy;iy. vdNt kPz;Lk; mt;thW nry;y Kw;gl;lNghJ> mG+]aPJ (uyp) mtHfs; Kd;ig tpl gykhf mbj;Jj; jLj;jhHfs;. ,jdhy; mt;thypgUf;F typ Vw;gl;lJ. njhOJ Kbj;j gpd;G> mt;thypgH mg;Nghija fyPghthd kHthd; mtHfsplk; nrd;whH. mG+]aPJ (uyp) mtHfSk;> mtiu gpd; njhlHe;J kHthd; ,lk; te;jhHfs;. mG+]aPJ mtHfNs cq;fSf;Fk; cq;fs; rNfhjuH kfDf;Fkpilapy; vd;d gpur;rid vd;W kHthd; mtHfs; tpdtpaNghJ> mG+]aPJ (uyp) mtHfs; $wPdhHfs;. egp(]y;) mtHfs; nrhy;y ehd; Nfl;Ls;Nsd;. cq;fspy; xUtH kiwg;G itj;J njhOJ nfhz;bUf;Fk;NghJ> mtUf;F Kd; ahNuDk; FWf;Nf nry;y ehbdhy;> mtiu jLj;J epWj;jl;Lk;. mtH kWj;J kPz;Lk; nry;y Kw;gl;lhy; mtiu gykhf mbj;J jLf;fl;Lk;. Vnddpy; mtH i\j;jhd; MFk;.(GfhH 1 73)

,t;thW ehk; njhOifapd; Kiwfis filgpbj;J KOikahf epiwNt;wwpdhy; mjd; $ypia Kgikahf ngw;Wf; nfhs;syhk;. Miy Fiwahf njhOjhy; mjw;Nfw;gj; jhd; $ypAk; fpilf;Fk;. ,ijj;jhd; egp(]y;) mtHfs; ,g;gbf; nrhd;dhHfs;. xU kdpjH njhOJtpl;L jpUk;Gk; NghJ mtUf;F (njhOifapd; jd;ikiag; nghWj;J) ed;ikapy; 1 10 my;yJ 1 9 my;yJ 1 7 my;yJ 1 5 my;yJ 1 3 my;yJ 1 2 fpilf;Fk; (mG+jhTJ 1 115).

vy;yhk;ty;y my;yh`; ekJ njhOiffis ghpG+uzj;Jtk; kpf;fjhf Mf;Fthdhf.

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