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Nehd;gpd; rl;lq;fs;

gz;Ul;b mg+ \H/Gj;jPd;


Nehd;gpw;F mugp nkhopapy; ]t;k; vd;W nrhy;yg;gLk;. ]t;k; vd;w mugp thh;j;ijf;Fj; jLj;Jf; nfhs;Sjy; (fl;Lg;gLjy;) vd;W nghUs;.

Nehd;G flikahd Mz;L

`pI;hp ,uz;lhk; Mz;L \/ghd; khjj;jpd; ,Wjpapy; Nehd;G Nehw;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w rl;lk; gpwg;gpf;fg;gl;lJ.

ukyhd; khjj;jpd; Nehd;ig Nehw;gJ flik

<khd; nfhz;NlhHfNs! cq;fSf;F Kd; ,Ue;jtHfs; kPJ Nehd;G tpjpf;fg;gl;bUe;jJ Nghy; cq;fs; kPJk; (mJ) tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;;sJ (mjd; %yk;) ePq;fs; J}a;ikAilNahH Mfyhk;. (2:183)

ukyhd; khjk; vj;jifanjd;why; mjpy; jhd; kdpjHfSf;F (KOikahd topfhl;bahfTk;> njspthd rhd;Wfisf; nfhz;ljhfTk;; (ed;ik - jPikfisg;) gphpj;jwptpg;gJkhd my; FHMd; ,wf;fpaUsg; ngw;;wJ MfNt> cq;fspy; vtH mk;khjj;ij milfpwhNuh> mtH mk;khjk; Nehd;G Nehw;f Ntz;Lk;; vdpDk; vtH NehahspahfNth my;yJ gazj;jpNyh ,Uf;fpwhNuh (mtH mf;Fwpg;gpl;l ehl;fspd; Nehd;igg;) gpd;tUk; ehl;fspy; Nehw;f Ntz;Lk;; my;yh`; cq;fSf;F ,yFthdij ehLfpwhNd jtpu> cq;fSf;F rpukkhdij mtd; ehltpy;;iy Fwpg;gpl;l ehl;fs; (Nehd;gpy; tpLgl;Lg; Nghdijg;) G+Hj;jp nra;aTk;> cq;fSf;F NeHtop fhl;bajw;fhf my;yh`;tpd; kfj;Jtj;ij ePq;fs; Nghw;wp ed;wp nrYj;Jtjw;fhfTNk (my;yh`; ,jd; %yk; ehLfpwhd;) (2:185)

`jP];:

1.,];yhj;jpd; flikfs; Ie;J my;yh`;itj; jtpu tzq;fg;gLtjw;F NtW ,iwtd; ,y;iynad;Wk;> K`k;kJ(]y;) mtHfs; my;yh`;tpd; J}jH vd;Wk; rhl;rp $WtJ njhOifia epiwNtw;WtJ ukyhdpy; Nehd;;;G Nehw;gJ> [fhj;nfhLg;gJ> `[; nra;tJ vd egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. - ckH(uyp) : Gfhhp> K];ypk;.

gpiw ghh;j;jy;

1. gpiw ghh;j;J Nehd;G itAq;fs; gpiw ghh;j;Nj Nehd;ig tpLq;fs; (thdk;) Nkf%l;lkhf ,Ue;jhy; khjj;jpd; vz;zpf;ifia Kg;gjhf G+h;j;jp nra;J nfhs;Sq;fs;. - mG+`{iuuh(uyp) :  Gfhhp> K];ypk;

2. ukyhdpw;fhf \/ghd; gpiwiaf; fzf;fpl;L thUq;fs; vd;W egp(]y;)mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;.  mG+`_iuuh(uyp):  jpHkpjp.

ukyhd; khjj;jpd; rpwg;Gfs;

1.ukyhd; khjk; te;J tpl;lhy; thdj;jpd;(Rtdj;jpd;) fjTfs; jpwf;fg;gLk;. eufj;jpd; fjTfs; %lg;gLk;> i\j;jhd;fSf;F tpyq;fplg;gLk; vd egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;.  mG+`_iuuh(uyp) : Gfhhp

2.my;yh`;tpd; kPJ <khd; nfhz;ltuhfTk;> ed;ikia vjpHghHj;jtuhfTk; ukyhd; khjj;jpy; ahH Nehd;G Nehw;fpd;whNuh mthpd; Kd; nrd;w ghtq;fs; kd;dpf;fg;gLk;. iyyj;Jy; fj;H ,utpy; my;yh`;it <khd; nfhz;ltuhfTk; ed;ikia vjph; ghHj;jtuhfTk; ahH epd;W tzq;Ffpd;whNuh mthpd; Kd; ghtq;fs; kd;dpf;fg;gLk; vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. - mG+`_iuuh(uyp) : Gfhhp

Nehd;gpd; rpwg;Gfs;

  1. Nehd;G eufj;jpypUe;J ghJfhf;Fk; NflakhFk;. MfNt Nehd;G Nehw;wpUf;Fk; Neuj;jpy; clYwT nfhs;sf;$lhJ. ,d;Dk; ,];yhj;Jf;F khw;wkhd nray;fisAk; nra;af;$lhJ. ahuhtJ rz;ilapl;lhy; my;yJ Vrpdhy; epr;rakhf ehd; Nehd;ghsp> ehd; Nehd;ghsp vd;W $wl;Lk;. vd; capH vtdplk; ,Uf;fpd;wNjh me;j ,iwtd; kPJ Mizahf Nehd;ghspapd; thapypUe;J ntspahFk; thil my;yh`;tplj;jpy; f];J}hpia tpl kpfTk; eWkzKs;sjhFk; (fhuzk;) jd;Dila czitAk;> ghdj;ijAk; ,r;iriaAk; vdf;fhfNt tpl;LtpLfpwhd;. Nehd;G vdf;FhpaJ mjw;F ehNd $yp nfhLfpd;Nwd;. xU ed;ikf;F gj;J klq;F ed;ik nfhLf;fg;gLk; vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. - mG+`_iuuh(uyp) : Gfhhp

  2. RtHf;f thry;fspy; xd;Wf;F mHua;ahd; vd;W nrhy;yg;gLk;> kWik ehspy; mjpy; Nehd;ghspfisj; jtpu NtW ahUk; Eioakhl;lhHfs;. Nehd;ghspfs; vq;Nf vd;W miof;fg;gLk; mg;NghJ Nehd;ghspfs; vOe;J mt;thry; topahf EiothHfs;. mtHfs; Eioe;jJk; mt;thry; %lg;gLk;. mtHfisj; jtpu NtW ahUk; mt;thry; topahf Eioakhl;lhHfs;> vd egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. - ]`;y;(uyp) : Gfhhp

  3. xt;nthU ed;ikahd fhhpaj;Jf;Fk; gj;J Kjy; vOE}W klq;F tiu ghpR toq;fg;gLfpwJ. Mdhy; Nehd;G vdf;Nf chpaJ. vdNt mjw;F ehNd ghprspg;Ngd; vd;W my;yh`; $Wfpwhd; vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. - mg+`{iuuh(uyp) : Gfhhp

  4. Nehd;ghspf;F ,uz;L kfpo;r;rpfs; cs;sd. xd;W Nehd;G Jwf;Fk; NghJ kw;nwhd;W jd; ,iwtidr; re;jpf;Fk; NghJ fpilf;Fk; kfpo;r;rpahFk;> vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. - mG+`{iuuh(uyp) :  Gfhhp

  5. ahH ukyhd; khjj;jpy; ek;gpf;ifAlDk; kWikg; gaid vjpHghHj;Jk; Nehd;G Nehw;fpwhNuh mtH mjw;F Kd; nra;j ghtq;fs; kd;dpf;fg;gLk; vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. mg+`{iuuh(uyp) : Gfhhp

Nehd;gpd; Nehf;fk;

  1. grpapd; nfhLikiag; gzk; gilj;jtHfs; czu Ntz;Lnkd;gjw;fhfj;jhd; Nehd;G flikahf;fg;gl;lJ vd;gH rpyH. grpia czHtJ jhd; fhuzk; vd;W my;yh`;Tk; $wtpy;iy> mtdJ J}jUk; $wtpy;iy. ,J ,tHfspd; fw;gidNa jtpu NtW ,y;iy.

  2. grpia czHtJ jhd; fhuzk; vd;why; nry;te;jHfSf;F kl;Lk; Nehd;G flikahf;fg;gl;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;. md;whlk; grpapNyNa coy;gtDf;F Nehd;G flikapy;iy vd;W mtwptpf;fg;gl;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;.

    NkYk; gzf;fhuHfNsahdhYk; Nehd;G Nehw;fhkNy grpapd; nfhLikia czHe;J jhd; ,Uf;fpd;wdH. kdpjHfs; kl;Lkpd;wp vy;yh caphpdq;fSk; grpia czHe;jpUf;fpd;wd vdNt ,e;jf; fhuzk; Kw;wpYk; jtwhFk;.

  3. cly; MNuhf;fpak; Ngzg;gLfpwJ vd;gJ jhd; Nehd;gpd; Nehf;fk; vd;gH NtW rpyH mJTk; jtW.

Nehd;G flikahf;fg;gl;ljw;Fhpa fhuzj;ij my;yh`;Nt kpfj; njspthff; $wp tpl;lhd;. me;jf; fhuzk; jtpu NtW ve;jf; fhuzj;jpw;;;fhfTk; Nehd;G flikahf;fg;gltpy;iy. NkNy ehk; vLj;Jf; fhl;bAs;s trdj;jpy; ePq;fs; ,iwar;rKilNahuhtjw;fhf vd;W ,iwtd; Fwpg;gpLfpwhd;.

Nehd;G Nehw;gjhy; ,iwar;rk; Vw;gLk;. Vw;glNtz;Lk; vd;gJ jhd; my;yh`; $Wfpd;w fhuzk;.

ekf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd czit gfy; Neuj;jpy; my;yh`; fl;lisapl;ljhy; jtpHj;J nfhs;fpNwhk;. ekJ tPl;by; ehk; jdpahf ,Uf;Fk; NghJ ekf;Fg; grp vw;gLfpwJ. tPl;by; czT ,Uf;fpwJ. ehk; rhg;gpl;lhy; mJ ahUf;Fk; njhpag;NghtJ ,y;iy. MdhYk; ehk; rhg;gpLtjpy;iy. ehk; rhg;gplf;$lhJ vd;W my;yh`; fl;lisapl;Ls;sjhy; ehk; rhg;gpLtjpy;iy. ahUk; ghHf;fh tpl;lhYk; ehk; rhg;gpLtJ my;yh`;Tf;Fj; njhpAk;. mtd; ghHj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhd; vd;w vz;zk; ekJ cs;sj;jpy; Mokhfg; gjpe;jpUg;gjhNyNa ehk; rhg;gpLtjpy;iy. ahUk; ghHf;ftpl;lhYk; ,iwtd; ghHf;fpwhd; vd;gjw;fhf ekf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd czit XJf;Fk; ehk; ukyhd; my;yhj kw;w khjq;fspYk; my;yh`; ghHj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhd; vd;W ek;g Ntz;Lk;.

`uhkhd fhhpaq;fspy; <LgLk; nghOJ ,iwtDf;Fg; gae;J `yhyhdijNa ehk; xJf;fp te;jij epidj;Jg; ghHf;f Ntz;Lk;.

,e;j Md;kPfg; gapw;rpjhd; Nehd;G flikahf;fg;gl;ljw;fhd xNu fhuzk;. ,ij egp(]y;) mtHfSk; tpsf;fpAs;shHfs;.

1.`jP];: ahH ngha;ahd Ngr;Rf;fisAk;> ngha;ahd eltbf;iffisAk; tpl;L; tpltpy;iyNah mtH grpj;jpUg;gNjh> jhfpj;jpUg;gNjh my;yh`;Tf;Fj; Njitapy;iy. vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. - mg+`{iuuh(uyp) : Gfhhp> m`kj;> mg+jht+j;> jpHkpjp> ,g;Dkh[h

2.`jP];: cq;fspy; xUtH Nehd;G Nehw;wpUf;Fk; NghJ ahNuDk; Kl;lhs; jdkhf ele;J nfhz;lhy; ehd; Nehd;ghsp vd;W $wptpLq;fs; egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpAs;shHfs;. - mg+`{iuuh(uyp) : Gfhhp> jpHkpjp

Gfhhpapd; kw;Wk; rpy mwptpg;Gfspy; ahNuDk; rz;ilf;F te;jhy; ahNuDk; jpl;bdhy; vd;W $wg;gl;Ls;sJ.

Nehd;gpypUe;J rYifaspf;fg;gl;ltHfs;

epue;ju rYif mspf;fg;gl;lth;fs;

js;shj tajpdH kw;Wk; Nehahspfs;

(,t;thW tpjpf;fg; ngw;w Nehd;G) rpy Fwpg;gl;l ehl;fspy; (flikahFk;) Mdhy; (me;ehl;fspy;) vtNuDk; NehahspahfNth> my;yJ gazj;jpNyh ,Ue;jhy; (mtH mf;Fwpg;gpl;l ehl;fspd; Nehd;igg;) gpd;dhy; tUk; ehl;fspy; Nehw;f Ntz;Lk;; vdpDk; (fLikahd Neha;> KJik Nghd;w fhuzq;fspdhy;) Nehd;G Nehw;gijf; fbdkhff; fhz;gtHfs; mjw;Fg; ghpfhukhf - /gpj;ahthf - xU kp];fPDf;F (Viof;F) cztspf;f Ntz;Lk;;. vdpDk; vtNuDk; jhkhfNt mjpfkhff; nfhLf;fpwhNuh mJ mtUf;F ey;yJ - MapDk; ePq;fs; (Nehd;gpd; gyid mwPtPHfshdhy;)> ePq;fs; Nehd;G Nehw;gNj cq;fSf;F ed;ikahFk; (vd;gij czHtPHfs;). (2:184)

jw;fhypf rYif mspf;fg;gl;lth;fs;

gazpfs;

(,t;thW tpjpf;fg; ngw;w Nehd;G) rpy Fwpg;gl;l ehl;fspy; (flikahFk;) Mdhy; (me;ehl;fspy;) vtNuDk; NehahspahfNth> my;yJ gazj;jpNyh ,Ue;jhy; (mtH mf;Fwpg;gpl;l ehl;fspd; Nehd;igg;) gpd;dhy; tUk; ehl;fspy; Nehw;f Ntz;Lk;; vdpDk;(fLikahd Neha;> KJik Nghd;w fhuzq;fspdhy;) Nehd;G Nehw;gijf; fbdkhff; fhz;gtHfs; mjw;Fg; ghpfhukhf - /gpj;ahthf - xU kp];fPDf;F (Viof;F) cztspf;f Ntz;Lk;;. vdpDk; vtNuDk; jhkhfNt mjpfkhff; nfhLf;fpwhNuh mJ mtUf;F ey;yJ - MapDk; ePq;fs; (Nehd;gpd; gyid mwPtPHfshdhy;)> ePq;fs; Nehd;G Nehw;gNj cq;fSf;F ed;ikahFk; (vd;gij czHtPHfs;). (2:184)

`jP];:

1. ehd; gazj;jpy; Nehd;G Nehw;fyhkh? vd;W egpfs; ehafk;(]y;) mtHfsplk; `k;]h gpd; mk;H(uyp) Nfl;lhH> mjw;F egp(]y;) mtHfs; eP tpUk;gpdhy; Nehd;G Nehw;Wf; nfhs;! tpUk;gpdhy; Nehd;ig tpl;LtpL vd tpilaspj;jhHfs;. - Map\h(uyp) : Gfhhp

2. gazj;jpd; NghJk; Nehd;G Nehw;f vdf;Fr; rf;jp cs;sJ. vdNt (Nehd;G Nehw;gJ) Fw;wkhFkh? vd; ehd; egpfs; ehafk;(]y;) mtHfsplk; Nfl;Nld;. mjw;F egpfs; ehafk;(]y;) mtHfs; mJ my;yh`;tpd; rYifahFk;. ahH mr;rYifiag; gaz;gLj;jpf; nfhs;fpwhNuh mJ ey;yNj> ahH Nehd;G Nehw;f tpUk;GfpwhNuh mtH kPJ Fw;wkpy;iy> vd;whHfs;. - `k;]h gpd; mk;U (uyp) : K];ypk;

3. egp(]y;) mtHfs; kf;fh ntw;wp nfhs;sg;gl;l epfo;r;rpapd; NghJ Nehd;g Nehw;wtHfshf NghUf;F Maj;jkhdhHfs;. fjPj; vDk; ePNuhilia mile;j NghJ Nehd;ig tpl;L tpl;lhHfs;. gpd;dH mk;khjk; (ukyhd;) KbAk; tiu Nehd;ig tpl;L tpl;lhHfs;. - ,g;D mg;gh];(uyp) : Gfhhp> K];ypk;> m`;kj;

fHg;gpzpfSk;> ghY}l;Lk; md;idaUk;

fHg;gpzpfSf;Fk; ghY}l;Lk; md;idaUf;Fk; Nehd;gpypUe;J egp(]y;) mth;fs; rYifaspj;jhHfs;  md];gpd; kypf;(uyp) : jpHkpjP> mg+jht+j;> e]aP> m`;kj;> ,g;Dkh[h

 

jLf;fg;gl;ltHfs;

khjtplha; Vw;gl;l ngz;fs;

1.ehq;fs; egpfs; ehafk;(]y;) mtHfSld; ,Ue;j fhyj;jpy; khjtplha; Vw;gl;L J}a;ikailNthk;. mg;NghJ tpLgl;bUe;j Nehd;igf; fshr; nra;AkhW egp(]y;) mtHfs; vq;fSf;Ff; fl;lisapLthHfs;. tpLgl;l njhOiffisr; fshr; nra;AkhW fl;lisapl khl;lhHfs;. - Map\h(uyp) : Gfhhp> K];ypk;> mg+jht+j;> jpHkpjP> ,g;Dkh[h

2.xU ngz;Zf;F khjtplha; Vw;gl;lhy; mts; njhOtjpy;iy Nehd;G Nehw;gjpy;iy my;yth? mJ jhd; khHf;fj;jpy; mtSf;(ngz;Zf;)Fs;s FiwghlhFk; vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. - mG+ ]aPj;(uyp) : Gfhhp

rYif gw;wpa tpsf;fk;.

Nehd;G Nehw;f rf;jp ngw;wtHfs; xU Viof;F cztspg;gJ mtrpak; vd;w (2:184) trdk; gw;wp ,g;D mg;gh];(uyp) $Wk; NghJ ,J KOikahf khw;wg;gltpy;iy> Nehd;G Nehw;fr; rf;jpaw;w fpotHfs; kw;Wk; fpotpfs; xU ehs; Nehd;Gf;F gjpyhf xU Viof;F cztspf;fNtz;Lk; vd;W tpsf;fk; mspj;Js;sdH.

,g;D mg;gh];(uyp) Fwpg;gpLk; trdk; gw;wp Kjypy; ehk; mwpe;J nfhz;lhy;jhd; KO tpsf;fk; ngwKbAk;.

Nehd;G flikahf;fg;gl;l Muk;g fhyj;jpy; xU rYifAld; jhd; flikahf;fg; gl;bUe;jJ. Nehd;G Nehw;fr; rf;jpAs;stHfs; tpUk;gpdhy; Nehd;G Nehw;fyhk;. tpUk;gpdhy; Nehd;ig tpl;Ltpl;L xU Viof;F cztspf;fyhk; vd;gJjhd; me;j rYif.

ey;y jplfhj;jpukhf ,Ue;jtHfs;$l Nehd;Gf;F gfukhf Viof;F cztspj;J te;jdH. gpd;dH> ''ahH ukyhid mile;J tpl;lhNuh mtH mk;khjj;jpy; Nehd;G Nehw;fl;Lk;"" vd;w trdk; mUsg;gl;lTld; ,e;jr; rYif ePf;fg;gl;Ltpl;lJ. rf;jpAs;stHfs; fl;lhak; Nehd;G jhd; Nehw;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w rl;lk; ,jd %yk; eilKiwf;F te;jJ.

,ijj;jhd; ,g;D mg;gh];(uyp) Fwpg;gpLfpwhHfs;. Viof;F cztspf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w rl;lk; rf;jpAs;stHfisg; nghUj;jtiu khw;wg;gl;lhYk; js;shj tajpdiug; nghUj;jtiu khw;wg;gltpy;iy vd;W ,g;D mg;gh];(uyp) $WfpwhHfs;!.

 

Nehd;gpd; Neuk;(fhy msT)

Rg;`{Neuk; te;jJ Kjy; #hpad; kiwAk; tiu Nehd;gpd; NeukhFk;. mjhtJ Rg;`{Neuk; Jtq;fpaJ Kjy; #hpad; kiwAk; tiu cz;zhky;> gUfhky;> clYwTnfhs;shky; ,Ue;J Nehd;ig KOikg;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;. g[;U vDk; nts;is E}y; (,uT vDk;) fWg;G E}ypUe;J njspthFk; tiu cz;Zq;fs;! gUFq;fs; (2:187)

,t;trdj;jpy; g[;U tiu cz;zyhk;> gUfyhk; vd;W ,iwtd; mDkjpf;fpwhd;. g[;hpypUe;J jhd; Nehd;gpd; Neuk; Muk;gkhfpwJ vd;gij ,jpypUe;J mwpe;J nfhs;syhk;. gpd;dH ,uT Nehd;ig KOikahf;Fq;fs;. (2:187)

,uT vd;gJ #hpad; kiwe;jTld; Muk;gkhfpwJ. vdNt #hpad; kiwtJ tiu cz;zhky; gUfhky;> ,Uf;f Ntz;baJ mtrpak;.

`jp];: ,j;jpirapypUe;J ,uT ek;ik Nehf;fpte;J mj;jpirapy; gfy; gpd;Ndhf;fpr; nrd;W #hpaDk; kiwe;J tpLkhdhy; Nehd;ghsp Nehd;G Jwf;f Ntz;Lk; vd egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpAs;shHfs;. - ,g;D mgP mt;gh(uyp) : K];ypk;

ehq;fs; egp(]y;) mtHfSld; ,Ue;Njhk;. #hpad;; kiwe;jTld; xU kdpjhplk; ''Ngha; ekf;fhf (Nehd;G Jwf;f) khTf;fiuriyf; nfhz;L tUtPuhf"" vd;whHfs; mjw;F mk;kdpjH '',d;Dk; nfhQ;rk; khiyahfl;LNk"" vd;whH. mjw;F egp(]y;) mtHfs; ''Ngha; khitf; fiuj;J vLj;JtUtPuhf"" vd;whh;fs; ,d;Dk; gfy; Neuk; kpr;rKs;sNj vd;W mtH $wpf; nfhz;Nl nrd;W khitf; fiuj;J vLj;Jte;jhH. mij egp(]y;) mtHfs; Fbj;jhHfs;. - ,g;D mgP mt;gh(uyp): Gfhhp> K];ypk;

]`H(mjpfhiy) czT

ePq;fs; ]`H Neuj;jpy; cz;Zq;fs; Vnddpy; ]`H Neu cztpy; gufj;(GyDf;Fj; njhpahj kiwKfkhd NguUs;) cs;sJ> vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpAs;shHfs;. - md];gpd; khypf;(uyp)Gfhhp> K];ypk;> e]aP> jpHkpjp

ekJ Nehd;Gf;Fk; Ntjk; nfhLf;fg;gl;l (a+j> fpU];j;j)tHfspd; Nehd;Gf;Fk; tpj;jpahrk; ]`H Neuj;jpy; cz;gjhFk; vdTk; egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpAs;shHfs;. - mk;U gpd; my;M];(uyp) : K];ypk;

3.]`H czitj; jhkjg;gLj;jp Nehd;G Jwg;gij tpiuT gLj;Jk; tiu kf;fs; ed;ikapy; ePbj;Js;shHfs; vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpAs;shHfs;. - mg+jH(uyp) : m`kj;

4.ehqfs; egp(]y;) mtHfSld; ]`Hnra;Jtpl;L (RG`;) njhOiff;F MAj;jkhNthk; vd;W i]j; gpd; ]hgpj;(uyp) $wpdhHfs; (]`Uf;Fk; RG`{f;Fk; ,ilNa) vt;tsT Neuk; ,Uf;Fk; vd;W mtHfsplk; ehd; Nfl;Nld;> mjw;ftHfs; Ik;gJ trdq;fs; XJk; Neuk; vd tpilaspj;jhHfs;. - md];(uyp) : Gfhhp> jpHkpjp

Nehd;ghsp kdjpy; vz;zpf;nfhs;tJ

mky;fSf;F $yp nfhLf;fg;gLtJ vz;zq;fisg; nghWj;Jj;jhd;; vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. - ckh;(uyp) : Gfhhp

g[;Uf;F Kd;dhy; ahH epa;aj;J itf;f(vz;z)tpy;iyNah mtUf;F Nehd;G fpilahJ vd egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. - jpHkpjp

Nehd;G jpwg;gJ

Nehd;G jpwg;gij (jhkjpf;fhJ) tpiuTgLj;Jk; fhyk; tiuf;Fk; vd; ck;kj;J eytpNyNa ,Ug;ghHfs; vd egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. - Gfhhp

ehDk; k];&f; vd;Dk; egpj;NjhoUk; Map\h(uyp) mtHfsplj;jpy; nrd;W K/kpd;fspd; jhNa! egp(]y;) mtHfspd; ,UNjhoHfs; ed;ikiaj; NjLk; tp\aj;jpy; FiwT nra;tjpy;iy. xUtH Nehd;G Jwg;gij mtrug;gLj;jp Neuj;NjhL njhOJk; tpLfpd;whH> kw;wtH Nehd;G jpwg;gij gpw;gLj;jp njhOifiaAk; gpw;gLj;Jfpd;whH> vd;whH. ahH Nehd;G jpwg;gijAk; njhOifiaAk; mtrug;glj;Jfpd;whH? vd Map\h(uyp) mtHfs; Nfl;lhHfs;. mg;Jy;yh ,g;D k];Cj;(uyp) vd;W ehq;fs; $wpNdhk;. mg;gbj;jhd; egp(]y;) mtHfs; nra;jhHfs; vd Map\h(uyp) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. - K];ypk;

,d;Dk; xU mwptpg;gpy; kw;w egpj;NjhoH mg+%]h my; m\;mhp(uyp) mtHfs; vd;W mwptpf;fg;gl;buf;fpwJ. - jpHkpjp

Nehd;G jpwg;gjpy; fhyjhkjk; nra;ahjth;fs; jhd; vdf;F tpUg;gkhd mbahh;fs; vd;W my;yh`; $Wtjhf egp(]y;) mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;. - mG+`_iuuh(uyp) : jph;kpjp

Nehd;G jpwf;f Vw;w czT

1: ahUf;F NghPr;rk; gok; fpilf;fpwNjh mtH mjd; %yk; Nehd;G Jwf;fl;Lk;. fpilf;fhjtHfs; jz;zPH %yk; Nehd;G jpwf;fl;Lk;. Vnddpy; mJ J}a;ikahdjhFk; vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;.  - md]; gpd; khypf;(uyp) : jph;kpjp> e]aP

2:egp(]y;) mtHfs; njhOiff;F nry;tjw;F Kd; fdpe;j <j;jk; goq;fisf; nfhz;L Nehd;G Jwg;ghHfs;. mJ ,y;iynad;why; rhjhuz rpy <j;jk; goq;fisf; nfhz;L Nehd;G Jwg;ghHfs;> mJTk; ,y;iy nad;why; rpy kplH jz;zPH Fbj;Jf; nfhs;thHfs;. - jpHkpjp

cq;fspy; xUtH Nehd;G Jwe;jhy; <j;jk; goj;ijf; nfhz;L Nehd;G Jwf;fl;Lk;> mJ fpilf;ftpy;iy nad;why; jz;zPiuf; nfhz;L Nehd;G Jwf;fl;Lk; vd egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. - jpHkpjp> mg+jht+j;

Nehd;G Jwe;J tapW FspHe;j gpd; my;yh`;Tf;F ed;wp nrYj;Jk; tpjkhf Nfl;Fk; xU JMit egp(]y;) mtHfs; fw;Wj; je;Js;shHfs;. Nehd;G Jwe;J Kbe;jJk; mij Xjpf;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

JM ''j`gs;skT tg;jy;yjpy; c&F> t]gjy; m[;U ,d;\h my;yh`;"" vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; XJthHfs;.,g;D ckH(uyp)mg+jht+j;

Nehd;ghspapd; gpuhHj;jid

Nehd;ghsp Nehd;G Jwf;Fk; NghJ Nfl;Fk; gpuhHj;jid jl;lg;gl khl;lhJ vd egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. - ,g;Dkh[h

Nehd;ghsp Nehd;ig Jwf;Fk; tiuf;Fk;> ePjpahd murd;> mdpahak; nra;;;;;;;ag;gl;;ltd;> ,k;%thpd; gpuhHj;jidfs; jl;lg;gLtjpy;iy vd egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. - jpHkpjp

Nehd;G jpwf;f itg;(cztspg;)gjpd; rpwg;Gfs;

ahH xUtiu Nehd;G jpwf;f itf;fpd;whNuh mtUf;F> Nehd;G Nehw;wtHf;F fpilf;Fk; ed;ikiag; Nghd;W (xU gq;F) fpilf;Fk;> Mdhy; Nehd;G Nehw;wthpd; ed;ikapy; vJTk; FiwahJ vd egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. jpHkpjp

Nehd;ig Kwpg;git

RG`; Kjy; k/hpg;tiu cz;zhky; ,Ug;gJ gUfhky; ,Ug;gJ> ,y;ywj;jpy; <Lglhky; ,Ug;gJ Mfpa fl;Lg;ghLjhd; Nehd;G vdg;gLfpwJ. Nehd;ghspfSf;F ,k;%d;iwj; jtpu NtW vijAk; nra;af; $lhJ vd;W jil ,y;iy. ,k;%d;W fhhpaq;fspy; vijr; nra;jhYk; Nehd;G Kwpe;J tpLk;.

rhg;gpLjy;> Fbj;jy;> Nghd;wtw;why; (mitfs; clYf;F gad;juhj Gifgpbj;jy; Nghd;witahf ,Ue;jhYk; rhpNah) Nehd;G Kwpe;JtpLk;.

Kj;jkpLjy;> mizj;jy;> Ra ,d;gk; Nghd;wtw;why; ,e;jphpak; ntspahdhy; Nehd;G Kwpe;JtpLk;> J}f;fj;jpy; jhdhfNt ,e;jphpak; ntspahdhy; Nehd;G KwpahJ.

Ntz;Lnkd;Nw the;jp vLj;jhy; Nehd;G Kwpe;J tpLk;. jhdhfNt the;jp te;jhy; Nehd;G KwpahJ.

czitg; Nghd;W rf;jpa+l;lf;$ba tw;iw (kUe;J> FSf;Nfh];> Nghd;witfis) Crp Nghd;wtw;wpd; %yk; clYf;F nrYj;jpdhy; Nehd;G Kwpe;J tpLk;.

khjtplha; kw;Wk; gpurt ,uj;jk; ntspg;gl;lhy; Nehd;G Kwpe;J tpLk;.

 

mDkjpf;fg; gl;litfs;

kwjpahfr; nra;jy;

xUtH Nehd;G Nehw;wpUf;Fk; NghJ kwjpahf rhg;gpl;lhNyh> gUfpdhNyh mtH jdJ Nehd;ig KOikahf;fl;Lk;! Vnddpy;> mtUf;F my;yh`;Nt cz;zTk; gUfTk; mspj;Js;shd; vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. - mg+`{iuuh(uyp) : Gfhhp> K];ypk;> m`;kj;> mg+jht+j;> jpHkpjP> ,g;Dkh[h

kidtpAld; Nehd;ghsp neUf;fkhf ,Ug;gJ

1.egpfs; ehafk;(]y;) mtHfs; Nehd;G Nehw;wpUf;Fk; NghJ jk; kidtpaiu Kj;jkpLthHfs;. fl;baizg;ghHfs; mtHfs; jk; czHTfis mjpfk; fl;Lg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;gtHfshf ,Ue;jhHfs;! - ,g;Dkh[h : Map\h(uyp) : Gfhhp> K];ypk;> m`;kj;> mg+jht+j;> jpHkpjP> e]aP

2. Nehd;ghsp (jk; kidtpia) fl;baizg;gJ gw;wp xU kdpjH egpfs; ehafk;(]y;) mtHfsplk; Nfl;lhH mtUf;F mDkjp mspj;jhHfs;. kw;nwhUtH te;J Nfl;lNghJ mtUf;F mDkjp kWj;jhHfs;. mDkjp toq;fg;gl;ltH KjpatuhfTk;> mDkjp kWf;fg;gl;ltH ,isQuhfTk; ,Ue;jdH. - mG`_iuuh(uyp) : MGjhTj;

Fspg;Gf; flikahd epiyapy; Nehd;G Nehw;gJ

ukyhd; khjj;jpy; egp(]y;) mtHfs; Fspg;Gf; flikahdtHfshf Rg;`{ Neuj;ij milthHfs; (me;j epiyapy;) Nehd;Gk; Nehw;ghHfs;. - ck;K ]yhkh(uyp) > Map\h(uyp) : Gfhhp> K];ypk;> m`;kj;

Nehd;G itj;Jf; nfhzN;l Fspf;fyhk;

egpfs; ehafk;(]y;) mtHfs; Nehd;G Nehw;wpUf;Fk; NghJ ntg;gj;jpd; fhuzkhf jkJ jiyapy; jz;zPH Cw;wpf; nfhz;bUe;jij ehd; ghHj;Js;Nsd; vd;W egpj;NjhoH xUtH mwptpf;fpwhH.  - m`;kj;> mg+jht+j;> e]aP

Nehd;G Nehw;wtH gy; Jyf;Fjy;

egpfs; ehafk;(]y;) mtHfs; Nehd;G Nehw;wpUf;Fk; NghJ vz;zpr; nrhy;yKbahj jlit gy; Jyf;fpaij ehd; ghHj;Js;Nsd;. - MkpH gpd; ugPM(uyp) : mg+jht+j;> jpHkpjP

czTfis Urp ghHg;gJ

czT rikf;Fk; NghJ NghJkhd msT cg;G kw;Wk; fhuk; cs;sjh? vd;gij mwpa ehf;fpy; itj;Jg; ghHg;gjpy; jtNwJk; ,y;iy. cs;Ns tpOq;fp tplhky; Urp ghHf;fyhk;. ,g;D ckH(uyp) mtHfs; Nehd;G Nehw;wpUf;Fk; NghJ Jzpiaj; jz;zPhpy; eidj;Jj; jd; kPJ Nghl;Lf; nfhs;thHfs;.

rikf;fg;gl;l czit Urp ghHg;gJ jtwpy;iy vd;W ,g;D mg;gh];(uyp) $wpdhHfs;.

tha; nfhg;gspg;gJk;> cliyf; FspHr;rpahf itj;Jf; nfhs;tJk; jtwpy;iy vd;W `]d; g]hp (uyp) $wpdhH.

cq;fspy; xUtH Nehd;G Nehw;wpUe;jhy; fhiyapy; jiyf;F vz;nza; Nja;j;J jiy thhpf; nfhz;L ntspNa tul;Lk; vd;W ,g;D k];t+j;(uyp) $WfpwhHfs;.

vd;dplk; fy;yhy; Md jz;zPHj; njhl;b cs;sJ. Nehd;G itj;Jf; nfhz;L mjpy; %o;fpf; Fspg;Ngd; vd;W md];(uyp) $wpAs;shHfs;!

gr;irahd Fr;rpahy; gy;Jyf;FtJ Fw;wkpy;iy vd;W ,g;D rPhPd; $wpdhH> mjw;F Urp ,Uf;fpwNj vd;W xUtH Nfl;lhH. mjw;ftHfs;> jz;zPUf;Fk; jhd; Urp cs;sJ Vd; tha; nfhg;gspf;fpwha;? vd;W jpUg;gpf; Nfl;lhHfs;. - Gfhhp

,e;j fhhpaq;fs; Nehd;Gf;F vjpuhdJ vd;w fUj;J gpw;fhyj;jpy; cUthdJ vd;gjw;F Gfhhpapy; ,lk; ngw;w ,e;jr; nra;jpfs; MjhukhfTs;sd.

Nehd;gpd; NghJ fhaq;fSf;F kUe;J NghLjy;> gy;gpLq;Fjy;> fz;> fhJfSf;F nrhl;L kUe;jpLjy; Nghd;w tw;wpw;F mDkjpAs;sJ.

Nehd;G ehl;fspd; gfy; nghOjpy; gy;Jyf;FtJ jtwpy;iy. khwhf mJ Nehd;gy;yhj ehl;fsppy; Rd;djhf ,Ug;gJ Nghd;Nw Nehd;G ehl;fspYk; Rd;djhFk;.

Fspg;G flikahd epiyapy; ]`H nra;tjpy; jtwpy;iy. Rg;`{njhOiff;fhf Fspj;Jf; nfhz;lhNy NghJkhdJ.

fLk; ntapypd; fhuzkhf FspHe;j ePiu clypy; Cw;wpf; nfhs;tNjh> gfy; kw;Wk; khiy nghOjpy; Fspj;Jf; nfhs;tNjh jtwpy;;;;iy.

Nehd;G jpwf;f vJTk; fpilf;fhtpl;lhy; Nehd;G jpwf;Fk; Neuj;jpy;> Nehd;G jpwg;gjhf vz;zpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. gpwF thag;;Gf; fpilf;Fk; NghJ rhg;gpl;Lf; nfhz;lhy; NghJkhdJ.

tha; nfhg;gspf;Fk; NghJ jd;id mwpahJ jz;zPH njhz;ilapy; ,wq;fptpl;lhy; Nehd;G KwpahJ. Mdhy; mbj;njhz;il tiu jz;zPiu nrYj;jhky; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;.

Neuk; njhpahJ #hpad; kiwe;J tpl;lJ vd;W epidj;J> #hpad; kiwtjw;F Kd;dNuh> my;yJ /g[;H Neuk; tutpy;iy vd;W epidj;J /g[;H Neuk; Neuk; te;jjw;F gpwF rhg;gpl;Ltpl;lhNyh Nehd;G KwpahJ. vdpDk; rhpahd Neuk; njhpe;J tpl;lhy; clNd epWj;jpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

fhaq;fs; rpW(fpsp) %f;F ciljy;> gy; gpLq;Fjy; Nghd;wtw;why; ,uj;jk; ntspahdhy; Nehd;G KwpahJ. kwe;J my;yJ njhpahky; rhg;gpl;Nlh> Fbj;Njhtpl;lhy; Nehd;G KwpahJ> Mdhy; Nehd;gpd; epidT te;jTlNd epWj;jp nfhs;sNtz;Lk;.

jtpHf;fNtz;bait

1: ahH nfl;l Ngr;Rf;fisAk;> nray;fisAk; tpl;Ltpltpy;iyNah mtH czit tpLtjpYk;> Fbg;ig tpLtjpYk; my;yh`;Tf;F ve;jj; NjitAk; ,y;iy vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. (Gfhhp)

2: vj;jidNah Nehd;gspfs; mtHfs; grpj;jpUe;jijj; jtpu NtW vijAk; mtHfspd; Nehd;gpdhy; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjpy;iy. ,d;Dk; ,utpy; epd;W tzq;Fk; vj;jidNah NgH ,utpy; fz; tpopg;gijj; jtpu NtW vijAk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjpy;iy vd egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;! (e]aP> ,g;D kh[h)

3: cq;fspy; xUtH Nehd;G Nehw;wpUe;jhy; jd; kidtpNahL cly; cwTf;nfhs;sf; $lhJ> ,d;Dk; nfl;l thHj;ijfs; NgrTk; $lhJ ahuhtJ mtiu Vrpdhy; my;yJ mbj;jhy; mtH Nehd;ghsp vd;W $wpf; nfhs;sl;Lk; vd egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. - Gfhhp> K];ypk;

Nehd;ig(Ntz;Lnkd;Nw)Kwpg;gjw;Fhpa ghpfhuk;

xU kdpjH egp(]y;) mtHfsplk; te;jhH. my;yh`;tpd; J}jNu! ehd; mope;J tpl;Nld; vd;whH. vd;d mope;Jtpl;lha;? vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; Nfl;lhHfs;. ukyhdpy; vd; kidtpAld; clYwT nfhz;Ltpl;Nld; vd;W mtH $wpdhH. mjw;F egp(]y;) mtHfs; ''xU mbikia tpLjiy nra;a ck;khy; ,aYkh? vd;f; Nfl;lhHfs; mtH ,ayhJ vd;whH;. mg;gbahdhy; njhlHe;J ,uz;L khjq;fs; Nehd;G Nehw;f ,aYkh? vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; Nfl;lhHfs;. mjw;F mth; ,ayhJ vd;whh;. mg;ggbahdhy; mWgJ ViofSf;F cztspf;f ck;khy; ,aYkh? vd;W egp(]y;) mth;fs; Nfl;lhh;fs; mjw;Fk; mth; ,ayhJ vd;whh;. gpd;dh; me;NfNa (gs;spapy;) mkh;e;J tpl;lhh;.rw;W Neuj;jpy; Nghpr;rk; gok; epuk;gpa $il xd;W egp(]y;)mth;fsplk; nfhz;L tug;gl;lJ. mij egp(]y;) mth;fs; mthplk; toq;fp ,ijj; jh;kk; nra;tPuhf vd;whh;fs;. mjw;fth; ,e;j kjpdhTf;Fs; vq;fistpl Vio ahUk; ,y;iyNa vd;whh; mijf;Nfl;l egp(]y;) mth;fs; jkJ filtha;g; gw;fs; njhpa rphpj;jhh;fs;. ,ij ckJ FLk;gj;jhUf;Nf toq;FtPuhf vdTk; $wpdhh;fs;. - mG`_iuuh(uyp) : Gfhhp> K];ypk;> e]ap> jph;kpjp> mGjhTj;

xOf;fq;fs;

/g[;Uf;F rw;W Kd;G ]`H czT cz;gJk; #hpad; kiwe;j clNd jhkjg;gLj;jhJ Nehd;G jpwg;gJk; Rd;dj;jhFk;.

NghPj;jk; goj;ijf; nfhz;L Nehd;G jpwg;gJ> mJ fpilf;ftpy;iynadpy; jz;zPiuf; nfhz;L Nehd;G jpwg;gJ Rd;dj;jhFk;.

]`H Neuj;jpy; jhkjhkhf vOe;J /g[;Uila Neuk; te;J tpl;lJ vd njhpe;Jk; tpb ]`H vd;w ngahpy; vijNaDk; cz;gJ jtwhFk;. /g[;H Neuk; te;Jtpl;lhy; vijAk; cz;zf;$lhJ. ,J Nghd;w epiyfspy; ]`H nra;ahkNyNa Nehd;G Nehw;f Ntz;Lk;.

`yhyhd czitNa cl;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,ij vy;yhf; fhyq;fspYk; filg;gpbf;f Ntz;Lk;.

Nehd;ghsp mjpfkhd tzf;f topghLfspy; <LglNtz;Lk;. my;yh`; jLj;jitfis tpl;Lk; KOikahfj; jtpHe;J nfhs;sNtz;Lk; ngha;> Gwk;> Nfhs; nrhy;Yjy;. Vkhw;Wjy;> `uhkhd topapy; nghUsPl;ly; Nghd;w jtwhd midj;J nrhy; nray;fis tpl;Lk; jtpHe;jpUj;jy; fl;lha flikahFk;.

filrpg; gj;J ehl;fspy; mjpYk; Fwpg;ghf Xw;iwg;gil ,uTfs; midj;jpYk; ,uT KOtJk; tzf;f topghl;by; <Lgl;L iyyj;Jy; fj;H ,uitj; Njbf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

ngUehs; njhOiff;F Kd;G ([fhj;Jy; /gpj;H) vDk; ngUehs; jUkj;ij Kiwahff; nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;.

kw;wth;fSf;fhf Nehd;G Nehw;gJ

1. Nehd;G fshthfTs;s epiyapy; xUth; kuzpj;J tpl;lhy; mtUf;fhf mtuJ nghUg;ghsh; Nehd;G Nehw;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W egp(]y;) mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;. - Map\h(uyp) : Gfhhp

2. xU kdpjh; egp(]y;) mth;fsplk; te;jhh;. my;yh`;tpd; JhjNu vd; jha;kPJ xU khj Nehd;G (flikahf) cs;s epiyapy; kuzpj;J tpl;lhh;.mtuJ rhh;gpy; ehd; mij epiwNtw;wyhkh? vd;W Nfl;lhh;. mjw;F egp(]y;) mth;fs; Mk; epiwNtw;wyhk;. my;yh`;tpd; fld; epiwNtw;wg;gl mjpfk; jFjpahdJ vd;W $wpdhh;fs;. - ,g;D mg;gh];(uyp) : Gfhhp

ukyhd; ,uT tzf;fq;fs;

1. ukyhdpy; egp(]y;) mtHfspd; njhOif vt;thW ,Ue;jJ? vd;W map\h(uyp) mtHfsplk; ehd; Nfl;Nld; mjw;F md;id Map\h(uyp) mtHfs; ukyhdpYk; ukyhd; my;yhj khjq;fspYk; egp(]y;) mtHfs; gjpndhU uf;mj;fSf;F Nky; njhOjjpy;iy> ehd;F uf mj;Jfs; njhOthhfs; mjd; moifAk; ePsj;ijAk; Nfl;f;f Ntz;lhk; gpd;dH ehd;F uf mj;Jfs; njhOthHfs; mjd; moifAk; ePsj;ijAk; Nfl;f;f Ntz;lhk; gpd;dH %d;W uf mj;Jfs; njhOthHfs; vd;W tpilaspj;jhHfs;. - mG+]ykh(uyp) : Gfhhp> K];ypk;> jpHkpjp

Nkw; fz;l `jP]pd; %yk; ,uTj; njhOifia ehd;F ehd;fhfj;jhd; njho Ntz;Lk; vd;wy;yth tpsq;f KbfpwJ. mg;gbahdhy; ehk; ,uz;buz;lhf njhOtJ rhpah? rhpjhd; mjw;fhd Mjhuk;

2. ,\hit Kbj;jjpypUe;J Rg;`_(/g[;H)tiu egp(]y;) mtHfs; gjpndhU uf mj;Jfs; njhOthHfs; xt;nthU ,uz;L uf mj;JfSf;FkpilNa ]yhk; nfhLg;ghHfs;. - Map\h(uyp) : ,g;D kh[h.

3.egp(]y;) mtHfs; es;sputpy; gs;spf;Fr; nrd;Wj; njhOjhHfs; mtHfisg; gpd;gw;wp kf;fSk; njhOjhHfs; tpbe;jJk; kf;fs; ,Jgw;wpg;;; Ngrpf;nfhz;lhHfs; (kW ehs;) Kjy; ehis tpl mjpfkhd kf;fs; jpuz;L egp(]y;) mtHfspd; gpd;dhy; epd;W njhOjhHfs; tpbe;jJk; kf;fs; ,Jgw;wpg; Ngrpf; nfhz;lhHfs; %d;whk; ,utpy; gs;sp thrYf;F epiwa NgH te;jdH. egp(]y;) mtHfs; gs;spthrYf;F te;J njhOjhHfs; mthfisg; gpd; gw;wp kf;fSk; njhOjdH. ehd;fhk; ,uT gs;spthry; nfhs;shj msTf;F kf;fs; jpuz;ldH. Mdhy; egp(]y;) mtHfs; Rg;`_ njhOiff;Fj;jhd; gs;sp thrYf;F te;jhHfs;. Rg;`_ njhOifia Kbj;jJk; kf;fis Nehf;fp ehd; ,iwtidg; Nghw;wpg; Gfo;e;J $WfpNwd; ePq;fs; te;jpUe;jJ vdf;Fj; njhpahkypy;iy vdpDk; ,J cq;fs; kPJ flikahf;fg;gl;L mij cq;fshy; epiwNtw;w ,ayhky; Ngha;tpLNkh vd;W mQ;RfpNwd; vdNtjhd; ehd; njhOtpf;f tutpy;iy vd;W $wpdhHfs;. - Map\h(uyp) - Gfhhp.

%d;W egHfSf;F Nky; ehk; [khj;jhf njhoyhkh? njhoyhk;. Mjhuk; vd;d?

4. ukyhdpy; kf;fs; (jdpj;jdp) Fof;fshfj; njhOJ te;jdH FHMdpy; rpwpjsT kddk; nra;jpUe;j xUtiug; gpd;gw;wp Ie;J egHfs; my;yJ VO egHfs; my;yJ mijtplf; Fiwe;j vz;zpf;ifapdH my;yJ mijtpl mjpf vz;zpf;ifapdH njhOJ te;jdH.  - Map\h(uyp) : m`;kj;.

5.egp(]y;) mtHfs; fhyj;jpy; (kf;fs;)rpW rpW [khmj;jhf njhOJ te;jdH ,jid egp(]y;) mtHfs; mq;fPfhpj;jhHfs;. - Map\h(uyp) : m`;kj;.

juhtP`; vd;w ngahpy; 20 uf;mj;Jfs; njhOk; tof;fk; gutyhfTs;sJ. ,jppy; Mr;rh;akhd tp\ak; vd;d ntd;why; jpUFHMdpNyh> (gy;yhapuf; fzf;fhd `jP];fs; ,Ue;Jk;);> xNu xU `jP]pNyh> $l juhtP`; vd;w thHj;ijNa ,lk; ngwtpy;iy.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; ukyhdpYk;> ukyhd; my;yhj khjq;fspYk; njhOj njhOif j`[;[j; ,uTj; njhOif vd;Wjhd; Fwpg;gplg;gLs;sJ.

iyyj;Jy; fj;H

,e;jj; jpUf;FHMid kfj;Jtkpf;;f XH ,utpy; ehk; mUspAs;Nshk;. kfj;Jtkpf;f ,uitg;gw;wp ckf;F njhpAkh? me;j kfj;Jtkpf;f ,uT Mapuk; khjq;fistplr; rpwe;jjhFk; (97:1-5)

iyyj;Jy; fj;iu ukshdpd; filrpg;gj;J ehl;fspd; xw;iwg;gil ,uTfspy; ePq;fs; NjLq;fs;. - Map\h(uyp) : Gfhhp

egp(]y;) mtHfs; kf;fsplk; te;jhHfs; mg;NghJ ,uz;L kdpjHfs; tof;fhbf; nfhz;bUe;jdH. mt;tpUtUlDk; i\j;jhd; ,Ue;jhd;. vdNt mij ehd; kwe;Jtpl;Nld;. vdNt mijf; filrpg;gj;J ehl;fspy; NjLq;fs; vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. - mg+]aPj;(uyp) : K];ypk;> m`kj;

my;yh`;it <khd; nfhz;ltuhfTk;> ed;ikia vjpHghHj;jtuhfTk; ukyhd; khjj;jpy; ahH Nehd;G Nehw;fpd;whNuh mthpd; Kd;nrd;wg; ghtq;fs; kd;dpf;fg;gLk;. iyyj;Jy; fj;hpy; my;yh`;it <khd; nfhz;ltuhfTk; ed;ikia vjpHghHj;j tuhfTk; ahH epd;W tzq;Ffpd;whNuh mthpd; Kd; ghtq;fs; kd;dpf;fg;gLk; vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. - Gfhhp

ukyhd; khjj;jpd; filrpg; gj;jpd; xw;iwg;gil ehl;fspy; iyyj;Jy; fj;hpd; ,uit Njbg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sq;fs; vd egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. - Gfhhp

egp(]y;) mtHfs; vq;fSf;F iyyj;Jy; fj;iu mwptpj;Jf; nfhLg;gjw;fhf ntspapy; te;jhHfs;> mg;NghJ ,uz;L NgH xUtUf;nfhUtH rz;ilapl;Lf; nfhz;lhHfs;> mg;NghJ egp(]y;) $wpdhHfs;> iyyj;Jy; fj;iu cq;fSf;F mwptpj;J nfhLg;gjw;fhf ehd; ntspahfp te;Njd; ,uz;L NgH xUtUf;nfhUtH rz;ilapl;Lf; nfhz;ljpd; fhuzkhf my;yh`; mijg;gw;wpa nra;jpia caHj;jp tpl;lhd; vd;W $wp mJ cq;fSf;F eythf ,Uf;ff; $Lk; vd;whHfs;. MfNt mij ,Ugj;jp [e;J> ,Ugj;jp vO> ,Ugj;jp xd;gJ Mfpa ehl;fspy; Njbg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sq;fs; vd egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;.  - Gfhhp

7. (ukyhdpd; filrpg;) gj;J ehl;fs; te;J tpl;lhy; egp(]y;)mth;fs; ,y;ywj; njhlHig epWj;jpj; nfhs;thHfs;.,uit (my;yh`;it tzq;fp) capHg;gpg;ghHfs;. (,iwtid tzq;Ftjw;fhfj;)jk; FLk;gj;jpdiu vOg;gp tpLthHfs;;. Map\h(uyp)Gfhhp.

8.my;yh`;tpd; J}jNu iyyj;Jy; fj;hpd; ,uit ehd; mwpe;J nfhz;lhy; mjpy; vd;d $w Ntz;Lk; vd;W Nfl;Nld;? ,t;thW $WkhW egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;.

my;yh`{k;k ,d;df;f m/g;Td; J`pg;Gy; m/g;t /gc/Gmd;dP. - Map\h(uyp): jpHkpjp

,/jpfh/g;

...ePq;fs; gs;spthrypy; jdpj;J (,/jpfh/gpy;) ,Uf;Fk; NghJ> cq;fs; kidtpaUld; $lhjPHfs;-,itNa my;yh`; tpjpj;j tuk;GfshFk;; me;j tuk;Gfis(j;jhz;l) Kw;glhjPHfs;; ,t;thNw (fl;Lg;ghLld;) jq;fisf;fhj;J gagf;jpAilNahH Mtjw;fhf my;yh`; jd;Dila rhd;Wfisj; njspthf;Ffpd;whd;. (2:187)

egp(]y;) mtHfs; ukyhdpd; filrpg; gj;J ehl;fspy; mtHfs; kuzpf;Fk; tiu ,/jpfh/g; ,Ue;Js;shHfs;. - Map\h(uyp) : Gfhhp> K];ypk;> m`;kj;

egp(]y;) mtHfs; ,/jpfh/g; ,Uf;f ehbdhy; Rg;`{njhOJ tpl;L jkJ ,/jpfh/g; ,Uf;Fkplk; nrd;W tpLthHfs;. - Map\h(uyp) : Gfhhp> K];ypk;> m`;kj;>e]aP> jpHkpjp> ,g;Dkh[h

xw;iwg;gil ,uTfspy; iyyj;Jy; fj;iuj; NjLkhW egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpAs;sij Kd;Ng ehk; mwpe;Njhk;. vdNt g[;U njhOjTld; ,/jpfh/g; ,Uf;fj;Jtq;FthHfs; vd;gJ 21 Mk; ehs; /g[;uhf ,Uf;f KbahJ mg;gb ,Ue;jhy; me;j ,uT mtHfSf;Fj; jtwpg;NghapUf;Fk;. 20k; ehs; g[;U njhOJtpl;L ,/jpfhg; ,Ug;ghHfs; vd;W tpsq;FtNj rhpahdJ.

ukyhd; khjj;jpd; filrpg; gj;jpy; egp(]y;) mtHfs; ,/jpfh/g; ,Ug;ghHfs;. - mg+`{iuuh(uyp) : Gfhhp

egp(]y;) mtHfs; kuzpf;Fk; tiuf;Fk; ukyhd; khjj;jpd; filrpg;gj;jpy; ,/jpfh/g; ,Uf;ff; $batHfshf ,Ue;jhHfs;. mtHfs; kuzpj;j gpwF mtHfspd; kidtpkhHfs; ,/jpfh/g; ,Ue;jhHfs;. - Gfhhp

egp(]y;) mtHfs; xt;nthU ukyhd; khjKk; gj;J ehl;fs; ,/jpfh/g; ,Ug;ghHfs;> kuzpj;j tUlj;jppy; ,UgJ ehl;fs; ,/jpfh/g; ,Ue;jhHfs;.- mg+`{iuuh(uyp) : Gfhhp

(Nehd;gpd;) filrpg;gj;J te;J tpl;lhy; egp(]y;) mtHfs; ,unty;yhk; tpopj;jpUe;J mky; nra;thHfs;> jd; FLk;gj;ijAk; mky;nra;tjw;fhf vOg;gptpLthHfs;> jd; kidtpkhHfsplkpUe;J J}ukhfp tpLthHfs;. - Map\h(uyp) : Gfhhp> K];ypk;

egp(]y;) mtHfs; ,/jpfhg; ,Uf;Fk; NghJ kdpjdpd; mtrpaj;Njit (ky[yk; fopj;jy;)f;fhfj; jtpu tPl;bw;Fr; nry;ykhl;lhHfs;. - Map\h(uyp) : Gfhhp> K];ypk;> m`;kj;

egp(]y;) mtHfs; gs;spapy; ,/jpfh/g; ,Uf;Fk; NghJ ehd; tPl;by; khjtplhahf ,Ue;J nfhz;Nl mtHfsJ jiyia thhptpLNtd;. mtHfs; jkJ jiyia(kl;Lk;) tPl;bw;Fs; ePl;LthHfs;. - Map\h(uyp) : Gfhhp> K];ypk;> m`;kj;

egp(]y;) mtHfs; ,/jpfh/g; ,Ue;jhHfs;. ,utpy; mtHfisr; re;jpf;f ehd; nrd;Nwd;. mtHfSld; Ngrpf; nfhz;bUe;Njd;. gpd;dH ehd; Gwg;gLtjw;fhf vOe;Njd;> vd;id tPl;by; tpLtjw;fhf mtHfSk; vOe;jhHfs;. - ]gppa;ah(uyp) : Gfhhp> K];ypk;> m`;kj;

,/jpfh/g; ,Ug;gtH Nehahspia tprhhpf;fhkypUg;gJk;> [dh]htpy; gq;nfLf;fhkypUg;gJk;> kidtpiaj; jPz;lhYk; mizf;fhypUg;gJk;> mtrpaj; Njitia Kd;dpl;Nl jtpu ntspNa nry;yhkypUg;gJk; egptopahFk;. - Map\h(uyp) : mg+jht+j;

ngz;fSk; ,/jpfh/g; ,Uf;fyhk;

K/kpd;fspd; jhahd xUtH cjpug; Nghf;F cs;s epiyapYk; (khjtpyf;F my;y) ,/jpfh/g; ,Ue;Js;shHfs;. - Map\h(uyp) : Gfhhp

,/jpfh/gpd; KbT

egp(]y;) mth;fs; (<Jy; /gpj;u;)ngUehsd;W (fhiy) czT cz;L ngUehs; njhoif Kbf;fhjtiu (,/jpfh/ig tpl;L) ntspNaw khl;lhh;fs;. - Giujh(uyp) : jph;kpjp> `hfpk;> m`;kj;.

 

([fhj;Jy; /gpj;H)fl;lhaf; flik

mbikfs;> Rje;jpukhdtHfs;> Mz;fs;> ngz;fs;. rpwpNahH> nghpNahH Mfpa midj;J K];ypk;fs; kPJk; Nehd;Gg; nghUehs; jHkj;ij egp(]y;) mtHfs; flikahf;fpdhHfs;. NghPr;rk; gok;> jPl;lg;glhj NfhJik> Mfpatw;wpypUe;J xU ]hT vdTk; mtHfs; epHzapj;jhHfs;. NkYk; (ngUehs;) njhOiff;F kf;fs; Gwg;gLtjw;F Kd;Ng mij toq;fptpl Ntz;Lk; vdTk; fl;lisapl;lhHfs;. - ,g;D ckH(uyp) : Gfhhp> K];ypk;

egp(]y;) mtHfs; miog;ghsHfis kf;fhtpd; njUf;fSf;F mDg;gp njhpe;J nfhs;Sq;fs;! epr;rakhf [fhj;Jy; /gpjH xt;nthU K];ypkpd; kPJk; flikahFk; vd;w thrfj;ij nrhy;yr; nrhd;dhHfs;. - mk;h; gpd; \_Ig; (uyp) : jpHkpjp

[fhj;Jy; /gpj;h; nfhLf;fNtz;ba fhyk;

egpj; NjhoHfs; Nehd;Gg; ngUehisf;F xU ehs; my;yJ ,uz;L ehl;fSf;F Kd;djhf mij([fhj;Jy; /gpj;iu)f; nfhLj;J te;jdH. - ,g;D ckH(uyp) : Gfhhp

Nehd;G Nehw;wtH tPzhd fhhpaq;fspy; <Lgl;ljw;Fg; ghpfhukhfTk;> ViofSf;F czthfTk; ,Uf;Fk; nghUl;L Nehd;Gg; ngUehs; jHkj;ij egp(]y;) mtHfs; flikahf;fpdhHfs;. ahH (nghUehs;) njhOiff;F Kd;G mij epiwNtw;WfpwhNuh mJ Vw;fg;gl;l flikahd [fhJy;/gpj;uhhf mikAk;> ahH ngUehs; njhOiff;Fg; gpd; toq;FfpwhNuh mJ rhjhuz jHkq;fspy; xU jHkk; Nghy; mikAk; vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. - ,g;D mg;gh];(uyp) : mg+jht+j;

ukyhd; ,Wjpapy; cq;fs; Nehd;G jHkj;ij nfhLj;J tpLq;fs; vdf;$wp ,j;jUkj;ij egp(]y;) mtHfs; flikahf;fpdhHfs;. - ,g;D mg;gh];(uyp) : mg+jht+j;> e]aP

[fhj;Jy; /gpj;hpd; (nghUs;) msT

Nghpj;jk; gok; NfhJik Mfpatw;wpypUe;J ngUehs; jh;kk; xU ]hT vd;W egp(]y;) mth;fs; eph;zak; nra;jhh;fs;. - ,g;D ckh;(uyp) : ig`fp> jhuFj;dp

xU ]hT vd;gJ ,U iffs; epiwa ehd;F Kiw ms;spdhy; vt;tsT ,Uf;FNkh me;j msthFk;.

([fhj;Jy; gpj;h;) nfhLf;f Ntz;ba nghUs;

ehq;fs; egp(]y;) mth;fs; fhyj;jpy; czTg;nghUl;fspy; xU ]hT /gpj;uh jh;kk; toq;FNthk; md;iwa jpdq;fspy; vq;fspd; czthf NfhJikAk> cyh;e;j jpuhl;irAk; ,Ue;jJ. mG+]aPj;(uyp)Gfhhp

 

\t;thy; (MW)Nehd;G

ahh; ukyhd; khjk; Nehd;G Nehw;W mijj; njhlh;e;J \t;thy; khjk; MW Nehd;G Nehw;fpwhNuh mth; fhynky;yhk; Nehd;G Nehd;G Nehw;wtuhthh; vd;W egp(]y;) mth;fs; $wpAs;shh;fs;. - mG ma;Ag;my; md;rhup (uyp) : K];ypk;> mGjhTj;> jph;kpjp> ,g;D kh[h

 

tpLgl;l(fsh)Nehd;G

ehq;fs; egp(]y;) mth;fSld; ,Uf;Fk;NghJ vq;fSf;F khjtplha; vw;gl;L Jha;ikailNthk;. mg;NghJ tpLgl;l Nehd;igf; fsh nra;AkhW egp(]y;) mth;fs; vq;fSf;Ff; fl;lisapLthh;fs;. tpLgl;l njhOif fisf; fshr;nra;AkhW fl;lisaplkhl;lhh;fs;. - Map\h(uyp) : Gfhhp> K];ypk;.

vdf;F ukyhdpy; rpy Nehd;Gfs; tpLgl;LtpLk;. mij \/ghd; khjj;jpy; jtpu vd;dhy; epiwNtw;w KbahJ. - Map\h(uyp) : Gfhhp

egp(]y;) mth;fSf;F Map\h(uyp) mth;fs; gzptpil nra;jNj ,jw;Ff; fhuzk; vd;W a`;ah $Wfpwhh;.

,we;jtHfSf;fhf Nehd;G itj;jy;

my;yh`;tpd; J}jNu! vd; jhahUf;F xU khj Nehd;G flikahf ,Ue;j epiyapy; ,we;J tpl;lhH mtHfSf;fhf ehd; mij epiwNtw;wyhkh? Vd;W xUtH Nfl;lhh;. cdJ jha;f;F (kw;w)fld;fs; ,Ue;jhy; epiwNtw;wj;jhNd nra;tha; vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; Nfl;lhHfs; mjw;F mtH Mk; vd;whH. mg;gbahdhy; epiiwNtw;wg;gl mjpfk; jFjp tha;e;jJ my;yh`;tpd; fldh(Nehd;gh)Fk;. vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. - ,g;D mg;gh];(uyp) : Gfhp> K];ypk;.

VtNuDk; jd; kPJ Nehd;G flikahf ,Uf;Fk; epiyapy; kuzpj;J tpl;lhy; mtUf;fhf mtuJ nghUg;ghsp (thhpRjhuh;) Nehd;G itg;ghH vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. - Map\h(uyp) : Gfhhp> K];ypk;

 

Rd;dj;jhd Nehd;Gfs;

M\_uh Nehd;G

ukyhDf;Fg;gpd; Nehd;Gfspy; kpf;f tpN\rkhd Nehd;G my;yh`;tpd; khjkhk; K`h;uk; khjj;jpd; Nehd;ghFk;. /gh;yhd njhOiff;Fg;gppd; kpf;f tpN\rkhd njhOif ,uTj; njhOifahFk; vd my;yh`;tpd; Jhjh;(]y;) mth;fs;; $wpdhh;fs;. - mG`_iuuh(uyp) : K];ypk;

ukyhd; Nehd;;;;G flikahf;fg;gLtjw;F Kd; ,e;j Nehd;G fl;lhaf; flikahf ,Ue;jJ. ukyhd; Nehd;G flikahf;fg;gl;l gpd; tpUk;gpath; Nehw;fyhk; vd;w epiyf;F te;jJ. - Map\h(uyp) : Gfhhp> K];ypk;

egp(]y;) mtHfs; kjpdhtpw;F te;jNghJ A+jHfs; K`Huk; gj;jhk; ehsd;W Nehd;G Nehw;ff; fz;L ,J vd;d Nehd;G vd;W Nfl;ljw;F ,e;j ey;y ehspy; jhd; %]h(miy) mtHfisAk; gDh ,];uNtyHfisAk; mtHfspd; vjphpfsplkpUe;J my;yh`; fhg;ghw;wpdhd;. mjdhy; %]h(miy) Nehd;gpUe;jdH vd;wdH. mjw;F egp(]y;) mtHfs; cq;fistpl %]h(miy) mtHfSf;F kpfTk; chpikAilatd; ehd; jhd; vd;W $wp tpl;L jhDk; Nehd;G Nehw;W kw;wtHfisAk; Nehd;G Nehw;ff; fl;lisapl;lhHfs;. - mG+`_iuuh(uyp) : mG+jhT+j;

K`h;uk; khjk; gj;jhtJ ehspy; egp(]y;) mth;fs; Nehd;G Nehw;wpUe;jdh; kw;wth;fisAk; Nehd;G Nehw;Fk;gb gzpj;jhh;fs;. egpj;Njhoh;fs; my;yh`;tpd; JhjNu A+jh;fSk; fpU];jth;fSk; ,e;ehis fz;zpag;gLjJfpd;wdh; vd;W $w mjw;F egp(]y;) mth;fs; ,d;\hmy;yh`; (,iwtd; ehbdhy;) tUk; Mz;L ehd; capUld; ,Ue;jhy; xd;gjhtJ ehSk; Nehd;G itg;Ngd; vd;whh;fs;. Mdhy; kW Mz;L tUtjw;Fs; egp(]y;) mth;fs; kuzpj;Jtpl;lhh;fs;. - ,g;Dmg;gh];(uyp) : K];ypk; mG+jhT+j;

u]_y;(]y;) mth;fsplk; K`h;uk; khjj;jpd; gj;jhtJ ehs; Nehd;G gw;wp Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. mjw;F egp(]y;) mth;fs; Ke;ja tUlg;ghtq;fSf;F mJ ghpfhukhf mikAk; vd;W $wpdhh;fs;. - mG+fjhjh(uyp) : K];ypk;

mu/gh Nehd;G

mu/gh ehspy; Nehd;G Nehw;gJ mjw;F Ke;ja tUlk; kw;Wk; mLj;j tUlj;jpw;fhd ghpfhukhFk;. vd;W egp(]y;) mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;. - mG+fjhjh(uyp) : K];ypk;> m`;kj;> mGjhTj;> e]ap> ,g;Dkh[h

mu/ghtpy; jq;fpapUg;Nghh; mu/gh ehspy; Nehd;G Nehw;gij egp(]y;) mth;fs; jil nra;jhh;fs;. - mG+`_iuuh(uyp) : m`;kj; ,g;Dkh[h

jpq;fs; kw;Wk; tpahof;fpoikfspy; Nehd;G

egp(]y;) mth;fs; jpq;fs; tpahod; Mfpa ehl;fisj; Njh;e;njLj;J Nehd;G Nehw;W te;jhh;fs;. - Map\h(uyp) : m`;kj;> e]ap> jph;kpjp> ,g;Dkh[h

xt;nthU tpahod; kw;Wk;; jpq;fl;;fpoikfspy; mky;fs; (,iwtdplk;) rkh;g;gpf;fg;gLfpd;wd. vdNt ehd; Nehd;G Nehw;Ws;s epiyapy; vdJ mky;fs; rkh;g;gpf;fg;gLtij ehd; tpUk;GfpNwd; vd;W egp(]y;) mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;. - mG`_iuuh(uyp) : m`;kj;> jph;kpjp> ,g;Dkh[h

jpq;fl;fpoik Nehd;G Nehw;gJ Fwpj;J egp(]y;) mth;fsplk; Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. Mjw;F egp(]y;) mth;fs; md;Wjhd; ehd; gpwe;Njd;;. md;W jhd; vd;kPJ ,iwr;nra;jpAk; mUsg;gl;lJ vd;W tpilaspj;jhj;fs;. - mGfjhjh my; md;rhhp(uyp) : K];ypk;

khjk; %d;W Nehd;Gfs;

khje;NjhWk; %d;W ehl;fs; Nehd;G Nehw;gJk; ukyhd; khjj;jpy; Nehd;G Nehw;gJk; fhynky;yhk; Nehw;wjhf mikAk; vd;W egp(]y;) mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;. - mGfjhjh(uyp) : K];ypk;> m`;kj;> mG+jhT+j;

mGjh; khjk; %d;W Nehd;G Nehw;gnjd;why; 13> 14> 15 Mfpa ehl;fspy; vd;W egp(]y;) mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;. - mG+jh;(uyp) : m`;kj;> e]ap> jph;kpjp.

cghpah(e/gpyh)d Nehd;G

xU ehs; egp(]y;) mth;fs; vd; tPl;by; Eioe;J (cz;gjw;F) VjhtJ cs;sjh vd;W Nfl;lhh;fs;. ehq;fs; ,y;iy vd;Nwhk; mth;fs; ehd; Nehd;ghspahf cs;Nsd; vd;W $wpdhh;fs; gpd;dh; kWehs; egp(]y;) mth;fs; te;jhh;fs; md;gspg;ghf khT nfhQ;rk; te;Js;sJ vd;W ehd; $wpNdd; mijf;nfhz;L thUq;fs;. ehd; Nehd;ghspahf fhiy Neuj;ij mile;Njd; vd;W $wpdhh;fs; gpd;dh; mij cz;lhh;fs;. - Map\h(uyp) : K];ypk;

mjpf gl;r(cghpahd) Nehd;G

khje;NjhWk; %d;W ehl;fs; Nehd;G Nehw;gPuhf vdW egp(]y;) mth;fs; vd;dplk; $wpdhh;fs;. mg;NghJ vdf;F ,ij tpl mjpf rf;jp ,Uf;fpwJ vd;W $wpNdd;. Kbtpy; egp(]y;) mth;fs; xU ehs; Nehd;G Nehw;W xU ehs; tpl;LtpLtPuhf. mJjhd; Nehd;GfspNyNa rpwe;jjhFk; ,J vd; rNfhjuh; jhT+j; egp(miy) mth;fspd; Nehd;ghFk; vd;W $wpdhh;fs;. mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; mk;h;(uyp) >Gfhhp> K];ypk;> m`;kj;.

 

nts;spf;fpoik(kl;Lk;) Nehd;G Nehw;fyhfhJ

nts;spf;fpoikf;F Kd;G xU ehs; my;yJ mij mLj;J xU ehs; Nrh;j;Nj jtpu nts;spf;fpoik Nehd;G Nehw;fyhfhJ. vd;W egp(]y;) mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;. - mG`_iuuh(uyp) : jph;kpjp ,g;Dkh[h

nts;spf;fpoik ehd; Nehd;G Nehw;wpUe;jNghJ egp(]y;) mth;fs; vd;dplk; te;jhh;fs;. New;W Nehd;G Nehw;whah? vd;W Nfl;lhh;fs;. ehd; ,y;iy vd;Nwd; ehis Nehd;G Nehw;Fk; vz;zk; cs;sjh? vd;W Nfl;lhh;fs; ehd; ,y;iy vd;Nwd;. mg;gbahdhy; Nehd;ig tpl;LtpL vd;W $wpdhh;fs;. - [_ithpah(uyp) : Gfhhp

 

Nehd;G Nehw;ff; $lhj ehl;fs;

egp(]y;) mth;fs; Nehd;Gg; ngUehs; kw;Wk; `[;[_g; ngUehs; Mfpa ,uz;L ehl;fspy; Nehd;G Nehw;fj; jil tpjpj;jhh;fs;. - mG+]aPj;(uyp) : Gfhhp> K];ypk;> m`;kj;

j\;hPFila ehl;fs;; (Jy;`[; gpiw 11> 12> 13)cz;gjw;Fk; gUFtjw;Fk; chpa ehl;fshFk; me;ehl;fspy; ve;j Nehd;Gk; fpilahJ vd;W gpufldk; nra;AkhW vdf;F egp(]y;) mth;fs; fl;lis ,l;lhh;fs;. - ]/J gpd; mgPtf;fh];(uyp)  : m`;kj;.

H 4
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