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`[;[pd; nghOJ fl;lhak; jtpHf;f Ntz;ba jtWfs;


m) ,`;uhk; mzptjpy; jtwpiog;gJ

1) rpy `h[pfs; [pj;jh tpkhd epiyaj;ij milAk; tiuf;Fk; ,`;uhk; mzptij jtpHj;J tpLfpd;whHfs;. mjhtJ `[;[{r; nra;tjw;Fz;lhd epge;jidfspy; jiyahjjhd ,`;uhk; mzpjy; kw;Wk; `[;[pw;fhd epa;aj; itj;jy;> ,tw;iw mjw;Fhpa kPfhj; vd;w vy;iyfisf; flg;gjw;F Kd;ghf epiwNtw;wp tpl Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ fl;lhar; rl;lkhFk;. Mdhy;> rpyH [pj;jh tpkhd epiya vy;iyahdJ> kPfhj; my;yNt vd epidj;J> [pj;jh tpkhd epiyaj;jpy; tpkhdk; ,wq;Fk; nghOJ ,`;uhk; kw;Wk; epa;aj; itf;fhky; ,Ue;J tpLfpd;whHfs;.

`[; kw;Wk; ck;uh nra;a tUgtHfs;> mjw;Fhpa vy;iyfspy; ,`;uhk; mzpe;J tpl;L tUtjw;F me;je;j gFjpfSf;nfd;Nw cs;s vy;iyfis ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; Fwpg;gpl;Lf; fhl;b tpl;Lr; nrd;wpUf;fpd;whHfs;.

vdNt> `[; my;yJ ck;uh nra;a tpUk;Gfpd;w xUtH> ,e;jf; Fwpg;gpl;l vy;iyfisf; flf;Fk; nghOJ ,`;uhk; mzpe;jpUg;gJld;> `[;[{f;fhd epa;aj;ijAk; thahy; nkhope;jpUf;f Ntz;baJ mtrpakhFk;.

,Jtd;wp> Fwpg;gpl;l kPfhj; vy;iyfis ,`;uhk; mzpahkYk;> epa;aj; nra;J nfhs;shkYk; fle;J tpLthuhfpy;> me;j kdpjH xU ghtj;ijr; nra;jtuhfp tpLfpd;whH. ,jw;Fg; ghpfhukhf mtH xU Ml;ilg; gyp nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;.

[pj;jhit kPfhj;jhff; nfhs;tJ vd;gJ> [pj;jhit ,Ug;gplkhff; nfhz;bUg;gtHfSf;F kl;LNk chpj;jhdjhFk;. vdNt> [pj;jhthrpfSf;fhd kPfhj; mtutH ,y;yq;fNsahFk;.

,e;j rl;lk; ntspA+H kw;Wk; ntspehLfspy; ,Ue;J tUgtHfSf;Fg; nghUe;jhJ vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

vdNt> ntspehLfspy; ,Ue;J tUgtHfs; xd;W jq;fsJ Gwg;ghL eilngWfpd;w ,lj;jpy; itj;J ,`;uhk; mzpe;J nfhs;tJ kw;Wk; epa;aj; nra;J nfhs;tJ. my;yJ tpkhdk; [pj;jhit neUq;Ftjw;F rw;W 15 epkplq;fSf;F Kd;dhy; ,`;uhik mzpe;J nfhz;L> epa;aj;Jk; nra;J nfhs;tJ. ,J jhd; kpfr; rpwe;j KiwahFk;.

2) rpyH ,`;uhik mzpe;J nfhz;l gpd;> Gifg;glk; vLj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;whHfs;. ,e;jg; Gifg;glj;ij jq;fsJ ez;gHfs;> cwtpdHfsplk; fhl;Ltjw;Fk;> jq;fsJ QhgfhHj;jj;jpw;fhfTk; itj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;whHfs;. ,J jtwhdnjhU nrayhFk;. Vndd;why;>

xUtH mj;jpatrpaky;yhj xd;wpw;fhf xUtH jd;idg; Gifg;glk; vLj;Jf; nfhs;tJ> ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; fhl;bj; je;jpUf;Fk; topKiwf;F kpfTk; Kuz;ghlhd nrayhFk;. ,t;thW Gifg;glk; vLf;ff; $batHfis ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfspd; egpnkhopfs; vr;rhpf;fpd;wd vd;gJ Fwpj;J mtHfSf;F Qhgf%l;b vr;rhpf;if nra;a Ntz;Lk;. xU ed;ikahd fhhpaj;ijj; njhlq;Ffpd;w xUtH> ghtkhd fhhpaj;ijr; nra;J tpl;L ed;ikahd fhhpaj;ijj; njhlq;FtJ Kuzhd nrayhFk;.

,t;thW ePq;fs; Gifg;glk; vLj;Jf; nfhz;L> gpwhplk; fhl;Ltjd; %yk; mjidg; ghHf;ff; $batH> vd;d ,e;j kdpjH `[;[{r; nra;J te;J tpl;Nld; vd;gijg; ngUikabj;Jf; nfhz;L jphpfpd;whNu vd;W cq;fisj; jtwhfTk; vz;zf; $Lk;. ,t;thW ngUikabg;gJ> cq;fsJ topghl;bw;fhd $ypia ed;ikiag; ghobj;J tpLk;. ,J eatQ;rfHfsJ epiyahFk;.

3) ,d;Dk; rpyH ,`;uhk; mzpa Muk;gpj;j nghOJ vjidj; jq;fSld; itj;jpUe;jhHfNsh> mjhtJ fhyzpfs;> gzk; kw;Wk; Njitahd nghUl;fspy; vjid itj;jpUe;jhHfNsh mjid filrp tiuf;Fk; mzpe;jpUg;gJ kw;Wk; gad;gLj;JtJ. ,d;Dk; ,`;uhik Muk;gpf;Fk; nghOJ vjidj; jd;NdhL itj;jpUf;ftpy;iyNah mjidg; gad;gLj;j kWg;gJ. ,J kpfg; ngUk; jtwhFk;. ,`;uhk; mzpe;jpUf;fpd;w epiyapy; cq;fSf;Fj; Njitg;gLk; ve;jg; nghUisAk; thq;fyhk;> gpwhplk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;syhk;> ,d;Dk; ,`;uhikf; $l khw;wp mzpe;J nfhs;syhk;. ,d;ndhU Gjpa ,`;uhikf; $l thq;fp mzpe;J nfhs;syhk;. mJNghy mzpe;jpUf;fpd;w fhyzpfs; njhiye;J tpl;lhNyh my;yJ gOjhfp tpl;lhNyh ,d;ndhU fhyzpfis thq;fp mzpe;J nfhs;syhk;. ,tw;wpy; vJTNk ,`;uhikNah my;yJ `[;i[Nah ghjpj;J tplhJ.

,`;uhk; mzpe;jpUf;fpd;w epiyapy; ,Uf;ff; $ba Mz;> vg;nghOJk; jdJ Njhs; G[q;fis ,`;uhikf; nfhz;L kiwj;Nj itj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwy;yhky;> Njhs; G[q;fs; njhpa tpl;Lf; nfhz;L ,Ug;gJ jtwhFk;. jth/gpd; Muk;g %d;W Rw;Wf;fspy; kl;LNk xUtUf;F tyJ Njhs; G[k; jpwe;jpUf;f Ntz;baJ Rd;dj;jhFk;. mJjtpu kw;w Neuq;fspy; %bNa itj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;.

4) rpy ngz; `h[pfs; ,`;uhk; cilahdJ xU Fwpg;gpl;l fyhpy; jhd; mike;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W epidg;gJ jtwhFk;. cjhuzkhf> gr;ir epwk;. ngz;fisg; nghWj;jtiu> ,`;uhk; mzptjw;F xU Fwpg;gpl;l cilNah my;yJ epwNkh mtrpaky;y. myq;fhuk; nra;ag;gl;l> ,Wf;fkhd my;yJ clYWg;Gf;fis ntspf;fhl;Lk; mstpy; cs;s cilfs; jhd; mzptjw;Fj; jil nra;ag;gl;litfs;. ,j;jifa cilfis rhjhuz ehl;fspYk; ,d;Dk; `[;[pd; nghOJ ,`;uhkhfTk; mzpaj; jil nra;ag;gl;bUf;fpd;wd.

5) ,d;Dk; rpy ngz;fs; ,`;uhkpd; nghOJ> jq;fsJ Kfj;ij %bf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;w Jzpia tpyf;fp tpl;L tpLfpd;whHfs;. ,JTk; jtwhdjhFk;. Map\h (uyp) mtHfspd; mwptpg;gpd;gb> ngz;fs; jq;fsJ Kfj;ij me;epa MltH ghHf;fhjpUf;Fk; nghUl;L> %bNa itj;jpUf;f Ntz;baJ mtrpakhFk;. Kfj;ij %lf; $ba Jzp> Kfj;ij kiwg;gJ jtwhf khl;lhJ.

6) njhlf;F epiyapy; cs;s ngz;fs;> kPfhj; vy;iyf;F te;J tpl;l gpwF jq;fSf;F njhlf;F Vw;gl;L tpl;lij fz;lTld;> ekf;Fj; jhd; njhlf;fhfp tpl;lNj> ,dp ehk; kPfhj; vy;iyapy; ,`;uhk; kw;Wk; epa;aj; itf;f Ntz;bajpy;iy. ,`;uhk; kw;Wk; epa;aj; nra;J nfhs;tjw;F J}a;ikahd epiy mtrpakhapw;Nw vd;W fUjp> ,`;uhk; kw;Wk epa;aj; nra;J nfhs;shkNyNa kPfhj;ijf; fle;J tpLfpd;whHfs;. ,J nghJthf eilngWfpd;w jtwhFk;> khjhe;jpuj; jPl;lhdJ xUj;jp ,`;uhk; kw;Wk; epa;aj; nra;J nfhs;tjw;Fj; jilahf mikahJ. vdNt> khjhe;jpuj; jPl;Lf; fz;l ngz;> kPfhj; vy;iyapy; ,`;uhk; kw;Wk; epa;aj; nra;J nfhs;tNjhL> jth/g; vd;w tyk; tUjiyj; jtpu Vida `[;[pd; midj;J fphpiafspYk; fye;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,J mtsJ khjhe;jpuj; jPl;b epw;Fk; tiuf;Fk; ,e;j epiyapy; njhlHe;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;.

xU ngz;> ,`;uhk; kw;Wk; epa;aj; nra;ahky; kPfhj; vy;iyiaf; fle;J tpl;lhnsd;W nrhd;dhy;> mts; kPz;Lk; kPfhj;jpw;Fr; nrd;W mq;F itj;J ,`;uhk; mzpe;J gpd; epa;aj; nra;J nfhz;L kf;fhtpw;Fs; gpuNtrpf;f Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwpy;yh tpl;lhy;> mts; ,jw;Fg; gfukhf xU Ml;il gyp nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;.

M) jthgpd; nghOJ

1) `h[pfspy; gyH jq;fsJ iffspy; xU Fwpg;gpl;lnjhU tif> JMf;fisf; nfhz;l Gj;jfj;ijj; jq;fsJ iffspy; itj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;gijg; ghHf;fpd;Nwhk;. FOthf tuf; $ba kf;fs;> ,e;jg; Gj;jfj;ijg; ghHj;J thrpf;f> mtiuj; njhlHe;J tuf; $ba mtuJ FOtpdHfs; cuj;j Fuypy; mtH $wf; $baijj; jpUg;gpr; nrhy;yf; $batHfshf ,Ug;ghHfs;. ,J ,U tiffspy; jtwhd nrayhFk;. Vndd;why; :

mtH vjidj; JMf;fs; vd;W thrpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfNsh> mjid jth/gpd; nghOJ thrpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W nrhy;yp ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; fhl;bj; jutpy;iy. jth/gpd; nghOJ Nfl;gjw;fhd rpwg;ghd JMf;fs; vd VJkpy;iy.

$l;lhfj; JMf; Nfl;gJ khHf;fj;jpy; GFj;jg;gl;Ls;s etPdk; my;yJ E}jdr; nray; (gpj;M) MFk;. xt;nthU `h[pAk; jdf;Fj; njhpe;j JMf;fis my;yJ jhd; tpUk;Gk; JMf;fis kpf nkJthd Fuypy; gpuhHj;jpj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

2) rpy `h[pfs; Uf;Dy; akhdp vd;w akdp Kidf;F Kj;jk; nfhLf;fpd;whHfs;. ,e;j ,lj;ij iffspdhy; njhlhyNk xopa> Kj;jkplf; $lhJ. Kj;jkpLtjw;nfd;W cs;sJ `[Uy; m];tj; vd;w fWg;Gf; fy; kl;LNkahFk;. ,jidAk; $l $l;l nehprypd; fhuzkhf ,ayhtpl;lhy;> iffspdhy; njhLtJ my;yJ irif nra;J tpl;Lf; fle;J nry;tJ jhd; ey;yJ. vdNt> akhdp Kidiag; nghWj;jtiu mjidj; njhlyhNk xopa Kj;jkplf; $lhJ. $l;lkhf ,Ue;jhy; njhlf; $l mtrpakpy;iy.

3) ,d;Dk; rpyH `[Uty; m];tj; fy;iy Kj;jkpl Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf gpwiu ,bj;Jf; nfhz;Lk; js;spf; nfhz;Lk; nry;fpd;whHfs;> ,t;thW nra;tJ gpwiuj; Jd;GWj;JtjhFk;. ,jdhy; gpwH ghjpf;fg;glyhk; my;yJ ngz;fis ,bj;J my;yJ mtHfs; kPJ tpOe;J tplTk; tha;g;G Vw;gl;L tpLk;. ,J kpfg; ngUk; jtwhd nrayhFk;. xd;W `[Uy; m];tj; fy;iy Kbe;jhy; gpwUf;Fj; njhe;jutpy;yhky; mjid Kj;jkpLtJ my;yJ njhLtJ. Nkw;fz;l ,uz;Lk; ,ayhtpl;lhy;> mjid Nehf;fpr; irif nra;tNj NkyhdjhFk;.

,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfspd; Rd;dhit epiwNtw;Wtjw;F> ,];yhk; jil nra;jpUf;fpd;wnjhU nraiyr; nra;J tpl;Lj; jhd; mjid epiwNtw;w Ntz;Lkh? rpe;jpf;f Ntz;Lk;.

,) Kbfisf; fistJ

rpyH `[; kw;Wk; ck;uhit epiwNtw;wp tpl;lTld;> jiyKbfspy; rpytw;iwf; fj;jhpj;Jf; nfhs;tJ NghJnkd;W epidf;fpd;whHfs;. ,J jtwhdjhFk;. xd;W jiyKbia Kw;wpYk; rpiuj;J nkhl;ilabj;Jf; nfhs;tJ my;yJ jiyKOtJk; xNu mstpy; ntl;bf; nfhs;tJ (kp\pd; cgNahfpg;gJ). my;yh`; jdJ jpUkiwapy; $Wfpd;whd;> ''cq;fsJ jiyKbia kopj;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs; my;yJ ntl;bf; nfhs;Sq;fs;""..> ,q;Nf rpy Kbfis kl;Lk; ntl;bf; nfhs;tJ vd;gJ midj;J KbfisAk; ntl;bf; nfhs;tjw;F <lhfhJ.

<) mu/ghj; epfof; $ba jtWfs;

1) mu/ghj; Eioaf; $ba xUtH> mu/ghj;jpd; vy;iyfisf; fhz;gpf;ff; $ba mwptpg;Gg; gyiffisg; ghHf;fhky;> vy;iy vJntd;Nw njhpahky; epd;W nfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfs;. mjhtJ> mtHfs; muh/ghTf;Fk; ntspNa rpy NghJ epd;W nfhz;bUf;ff; $batHfshf ,Ug;ghHfs;. ,e;j epiyapy; ,Uf;ff; $ba xUtuJ `[; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sf; $bajhf khl;lhJ. vdNt> `h[pfs; ,jpy; mjpff; ftdk; nrYj;jp> jhq;fs; epd;W nfhz;bUg;gJ mu/ghtpd; vy;iyfs; jhdh vd;gij CH[pjg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

2) rpyH jhq;fs; epd;W nfhz;bUf;ff; $ba ,lj;jpypUe;J mu/gh Fd;iwj; jq;fsJ fz;fshy; ghHf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W tpUk;GtNjhL> ,d;Dk; rpyH jq;fis tUj;jpf; nfhz;L mu/gh kiykPJ Vwf; $batHfshf ,Uf;fpd;whHfs;. ,J Njitahd nrayy;y. mtH epd;W nfhz;bUf;fpd;w mu/gh vy;iyNa mtuJ `[;i[g; G+Hj;jp nra;tjw;Fg; NghJkhdjhFk;. ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs; : ''KO mu/ghTNk epw;gjw;fhd vy;iyfs; jhk;"". ,d;Dk; rpyH f/ghit Kd;Ndhf;fpj; njhOtJ Nghy> mu/gh kiyia Kd;Ndhf;ff; $batHfshf ,Uf;fpd;whHfs;. ,JTk; jtwhdjhFk;. f/ghit kl;LNk njhOiff;F Kd;Ndhf;f Ntz;Lk;.

3) ,d;Dk; rpyH #hpa m];jkdj;jpw;F Kd;ghfNt mu/ghit tpl;Lk; fpsk;gp tpLfpd;whHfs;. mu/ghit tpl;Lf; fpsk;GtJ vd;gJ> #hpa m];kdj;jpw;Fg; gpd;G jhd; eilngw Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW m];jkdj;jpw;F Kd;ghff; fpsk;gf; $batHfs;> `[;[pd; Kf;fpakhdnjhU fphpia tpl;L tpl;l Fw;wj;jpw;F MshtNjhL> mjw;fhf mtH xU Ml;ilg; gypapl Ntz;Lk;> ,d;Dk; ght kd;dpg;Gk; Nfhu Ntz;Lk;. ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs;> #hpa m];jkdk; tiuf;Fk; mu/ghtpy; jq;fp ,Uf;fpd;whHfs;. `[;[pd; fphpiafspk; NghJ> ,t;thNw ele;J nfhs;Sk;gb jdJ NjhoHfSf;Fk; mtHfs; VtpAk; cs;shHfs;.

c) K];jyp/ghtpy; epfof; $ba jtWfs;

K];jyp/ghit mile;jTld;> mq;F k/f;hpg; kw;Wk; ,\hj; njhOiffis NrHj;Jj; njhOJ tpl;L> kWehs; #hpa cjak; tiuf;Fk; mq;F jq;fpapUf;f Ntz;Lk;. #hpa cjaj;jpw;F Kd;ghf jq;fSf;Fj; Njitahd JMf;fisr; nra;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. mjidaLj;J kpdhit Nehf;fpr; nry;y Ntz;Lk;. `h[pfspy; ngz;fs;> Foe;ijfs; kw;Wk; ,ayhj tNahjpfHfs; ,d;Dk; ,j;jifatHfisf; ftdpf;Fk; epiyapy; cs;stHfs;> eL,uTf;Fg; gpd; kpdhTf;Fr; nry;y mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. K];jyp/ghtpy; jq;fpapUf;ff; $ba xUtH jhd; K];jyp/ghTf;fhd vy;iyf;Fs; jhd; jq;fpapUf;fpd;Nwhkh vd;gijg; gw;wp mwpe;J nfhs;shkNyNa jq;fp ,Uf;ff; $batHfshf ,Uf;fpd;whHfs;. ,d;Dk; rpyH eL ,uTf;F Kd;gjhfNt K];jyp/ghit tpl;Lk; fpsk;gp> kpdhTf;Fr; nry;;yf; $batHfshf ,Uf;fpd;whHfs;. ,J jtwhd eilKiwahFk;.

,j;jifatHfs;> `[;[pd; fphpiafspy; Fiwfspy; xd;iw tpl;L tpl;l Fw;wj;jpw;fhf xU Ml;ilg; ghpfhukhfg; gypapl Ntz;Lk;. mjw;fhf ght kd;dpg;Gf; NfhuTk; Ntz;Lk;.

C) [kuhj;jpy; epfof; $ba jtWfs;

`[;[pd; nghOJ [k;uhf;fspd; kPJ (i\j;jhdpw;F) fy; vwptJ Kf;fpakhd eilKiwahFk;. ,e;j fphpiaahdJ K];jypghtpypUe;J ,ayhjtHfSk; ngz;fSk; fpsk;gp te;J Jy;`[; 11d; mjpfhiy> ,d;Dk; kw;wtHfSf;fhd kjpa Ntisahd 11k; ehs; kw;Wk; 12> 13k; ehs;fspy; fy; vwpa Ntz;baJ mtrpakhFk;. ,Ug;gpDk; ,jpy; rpyH jtwpioj;J tpLfpd;whHfs;. mjhtJ>

1) K];jypghtpy; ,Ue;J fpsk;gf; $batHfs; eL ,uT jhz;Ltjw;F Kd;ghf te;J kpdhtpy; cs;s %d;W [k;uj;fspYk; fy;nywptJ my;yJ mjid mLj;J tuf; $ba 11 k; ehspd; kjpa Ntis jhz;Ltjw;F Kd;ghf fy;nywpe;J tpLtJ> Mfpa jtWfisr; nra;J tpLfpd;whHfs;. xd;W ,jid me;jf; Fwpg;gpl;l epHzapf;fg;gl;l Neuj;jpNy jhd; nra;a Ntz;LNk xopa> ve;j Neuj;jpYk; epiwNtw;wpf; nfhs;syhk; vd;wpUf;ff; $lhJ. njhOifia mjdjw;F epHzapf;fg;gl;l Neuj;jpy; jhd; njho Ntz;LNk xopa> ehNk jPHkhdpj;jpUf;fpd;w xU Neuj;jpy; njho KbahNj..! ,ijg; NghyNt epHzapf;fg;gl;bUf;fpd;w Neuj;jpy; jhd; mjdjd; fphpiafisr; nra;a Ntz;Lk;.

2) ,d;Dk; rpyH> [k;uj;f;fspidf; fy;nywpAk; nghOJ thpirf; fpukkhfr; nrd;W vwpa Ntz;LNk vd;wpy;yhky;> jhq;fs; epidj;jgb fy;nywpe;J tpl;L te;J tpLfpd;whHfs;. mjhtJ Kjypy; rpd;d [k;uj;ijAk;> gpd; eL [k;uj; ,Wjpahf filrpapy; cs;s nghpa [k;uj;jpw;Fk; fy;nywpa Ntz;Lk;. ,e;j thpirf;fpukk; jtwp> fy;nywpaf; $lhJ.

3) ,d;Dk; rpyH J}uj;jpy; epd;W nfhz;L fy;nywpfpd;whHfs;. ,jdhy; fy; tpof;$ba njhl;bapDs; tpohky; fy; njhl;bia tpl;Lk; ntspNa tpOe;J tpLfpd;wJ. ,t;thW vwptjhdJ fy;nywptjw;Fz;lhd epge;jidiag; G+Hj;jp nra;ahJ. ,J mwpahikAk;> nghLNghf;Fj; jdk; my;yJ ftdkpd;ikapd; fhuzkhf epfof; $bajhFk;.

4) ,d;Dk; rpyH Kjy; ehs; fy;nywptJld;> ,uz;lhk; kw;Wk; %d;whk; ehSf;fhd fy;iyAk; vwpe;J tpl;L> nghUshjhu trjp kw;Wk; ,ayhik fhuzkhf> jq;fsJ ,Ug;gplq;fSf;F my;yJ ehLfSf;Fj; jpUk;gf; $batHfshf ,Uf;fpd;whHfs;. ,d;Dk; rpyH jq;fSf;fhf ahiuahtJ fy;nywpa epakpj;J tpl;Lr; nrd;W tpLfpd;whHfs;. ,J xU tpisahl;Lj; jdkhd nrayhFk;. ,t;thW nra;tjd; fhuzkhf i\j;jhd; ,j;jifatHfis topnfLj;J tpl;lhd;. kpFe;j nghUl;nryT> f\;lk;> cly; ciog;G Mfpatw;iw Nkw;nfhz;L gy iky;fSf;Fk; mg;ghy; ,Ue;J `[; nra;a tuf; $batHfs;> Mf mjpfgl;rkhd midj;J fphpiafisAk; Kbj;J tpl;L> ,d;Dk; rpy xd;wpuz;L ehl;fs; ,Ue;J `[;[pd; kPjpf; fphpiafisAk; epiwthfr; nra;J tpl;Lr; nry;tjid tpl;L tpl;Lk;> gaz jth/ig mjw;Fhpa Neuk; tUtjw;F Kd;ghfNt epiwNtw;wp tpl;Lk; nry;tJ> ,t;thW nra;af; $batHfs; jq;fsJ gazj;jpw;Fj; Njitahd msT gz trjpiag; ngw;wpUf;fTk; ,y;iy> ,d;Dk; mjpfkhd f\;lk; kw;Wk; rpukj;jpw;Fj; jq;fis Mshf;fpf; nfhz;lNjhL> ,tHfs; `[;i[Ak; KOikahf epiwNtw;wTk; ,y;iy vd;gJ vt;tsT tUj;jj;jpw;FhpaJ.

5) ,d;Dk; rpy `h[pfs; kpdhtpy; jhpj;jpUg;gij jtwhff; fzf;fpl;L tpLfpd;whHfs;. 10 Mk; ehSk;> 11k; ehSk; vd;W vz;zpf; nfhz;L> 11 Mk; ehs; md;W fpsk;gp tpLfpd;whHfs;. ,J jtwhdJ. Vndd;why;> kpdhtpy; jhpj;jphpg;gJ vd;gJ 10 ehisj; njhlHe;J tuf; $ba 11 kw;Wk; 12 k; ehshFk;. vdNt> 11 kw;Wk; 12 Mfpa ,uz;L ehl;fs; my;yJ 11> 12> 13 Mfpa %d;W ehl;fs; jq;fp> [k;uj;fSf;F fy;nywpe;J tpl;Lr; nry;tJ rpwg;ghdjhFk;.

H 4
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