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my;FHMd; tphpTiu

kWikapd; mtrpak;


''<khd; nfhz;L ey;yky;fs; nra;gtHfisg; Nghy; jPik nra;gtHfisAk; ehk; Mf;fp tpLNthk; vd;Wk; jhk; capUld; ,Ug;gJk; kuzkiltJk; rkkhdNj vd;Wk; ,e;jj; jPik nra;NthH vz;ZfpwhHfsh? thdq;fisAk; G+kpiaAk; my;yh`; rj;jpaj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; gilj;Js;shd;. xt;NthH Mj;khTk;> mJ Njbf; nfhz;ljw;Fj; jf;f $ypia mepahak; nra;ag;glhky; - ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;FNk (,t;thW rj;jpaj;jpdbg;gilahfg; gilj;jhd;)"". (my;[hjpah 21-22)

,e;j my;FHMd; trdj;jpy; ,Wjpehs; Vd; mtrpag;gLfpwJ vd;gjw;Fj; njspthd gjpy; ,Uf;fpwJ. cyfj;ij ehk; vLj;J Nehf;fpdhy; mq;F ey;y kdpjHfs; jkf;fhd ntfkjpiag; ngwhkNyNa ,we;J tpLtijg; ghHf;fpNwhk;. mepahaf;fhuHfs; jz;bf;fg;glhkNyNa epk;kjpahf capH tpLtijAk; fhZfpNwhk;. mjhtJ ,t;Tyfpy; mtutUf;fhd chpa $yp fpilf;fhkNyNa kdpjHfs; ,wf;fpwhHfs;. cyfpNyNa nfsutkhd gilg;ghfpa kdpjdJ tho;T ,g;gbahf Kbtiltjhapd; G+r;rp GOf;fsJ tho;Tf;Fk; mtdJ tho;Tf;Fk; tpj;jpahrKkpy;yhkYk; mHj;jkpy;yhkYk; Ngha; tpLk;. vdNt> ,e;j tho;it mHj;jKs;sjhf khw;Wtjw;F nray;fSf;fhd epahakhd $yp toq;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; kWikia me;j Nehf;fj;jpw;fhf Vw;gLj;jpapUg;gjhfTk; ,e;j trdk; $WfpwJ. mt;thwhd xUehis my;yh`; Vw;gLj;j khl;lhd;> Vw;gLj;JtJ rhj;jpakpy;iy vd Fiw\pf; fhgpHfs; $WthHfshapd; mtHfsJ fUj;J mePjahdJ vd;Wk;> kWikia Vw;gLj;Jk; ,iwtNd rhpahd epahathjp vd;Wk; ,t;trdk; czHj;Jfpd;wJ.

 

kdpj tho;T tpisahl;ly;y!

,Nj trdj;jpy; my;yh`; thdq;fs; G+kpia jhd; rj;jpaj;jpd; mbg;gilapy;> mHj;jKs;sjhf> Nehf;fKs;sjhfg; gilj;jpUg;gJ kdpj tho;itAk; mHj;jKs;sjhf khw;Wtjw;Nf vd;Wk; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whd;. mjhtJ kdpjd; kuzpg;gJld; mtdJ tho;T Kw;Wg; ngw;W tpLkhapd; thdq;fisAk; G+kpiaAk; gilj;jpUg;gJ tPZf;F vd;whfp tpLk; vd;gJ ,jd; fUj;jhFk;.

,Nj fUj;ijNa gpd;tUk; trdq;fSk; czH;j;Jfpd;wd : ''thdq;fisAk;> G+kpiaAk; mtw;wpilNaAs;stw;iwAk; ehk; tpisahl;Lf;fhfg; gilf;ftpy;iy. mit ,uz;ilAk; ehk; rj;jpaj;ijf; nfhz;L khj;jpuNk gilj;Njhk;. vdpDk; mtHfspy; ngUk;ghyhNdhH ,jid mwpa khl;lhHfs;. epr;rakhf epahaj; jPHg;G ehs; jhd; mtHfs; ahtUf;Fk; Fwpg;gpl;l jtizahFk;"". (mj;Jfhd; : 38-40)

''thdj;ijAk; G+kpiaAk; mtw;wpw;fpilNaAs;stw;iwAk; ehk; tPZf;Fg; gilf;ftpy;iy. ,J ,iwepuhfhpg;ghsHfsJ vz;zkhFk;... my;yJ <khd; nfhz;L (]hyp`hd) ey;yky;fs; nra;Nthiug; G+kpapy; Fog;gk; nra;Nthiug; Nghd;W ehk; Mf;fptpLNthkh? my;yJ gagf;jpAilNahiug; ghtpfisg; Nghy; ehk; Mf;fptpLNthkh?"". (]hj; : 27-28)

tho;f;ifia tpisahl;lhf vLj;Jf; nfhz;l ,iwepuhfhpg;ghsHfs; jhd; ey;ytHfsJ KbTk; jPatHfsJ KbTk; xd;whf mikAk; vd;W epidj;jhHfs;. tho;f;if vd;gJ tpishal;ly;y. ,uhl;rjg; gpugQ;rk; $l Nehf;fj;NjhL mikf;fg;gl;bUf;ifapy; mjp cj;jkkhd kdpj tho;T mHj;jkpd;wp Kbtilayhkh? vd;gJ my;yh`; vOg;Gk; Nfs;tpahFk;.

vyfk; Nrhjidf; fskhFk;. kdpjHfis Mrhghrq;fSld; gilj;jpUg;gJ mtdJ Vw;ghlhFk;. Nrhjidfspd; KbTfis mtd; ,q;F ntspg;gLj;jhky; KbTfSf;nfd;W NtW xU gpuj;jpNafkhd tho;it (cyif) cz;L gz;zpapUf;fpd;whd;. vdNt me;j cyif epuhfhpj;J tpl;L FWfpa fhy cyf tho;Tf;Fs; khj;jpuk; rpe;jpg;gtd; NjHT KbTfisg; gw;wpf; ftiyg;glhky;> mjd; kPjhd vjpHghHg;gpy;yhky; ghPl;ir vOJk; khztDf;F xg;ghfpd;whd;.

 

rkepiyahd gpugQ;rk; rkepiyaw;w kdpj tho;T?

G+kpapd; fl;likg;gpYk; ,af;fj;jpYk; xOq;Fk;> EZf;fKk; Ngzg;gLfpwJ. mq;F vt;tpjf; FsWgbfSk; epfOtjpy;iy. ngsjpf tpjpfspy; ,k;kpasTk; gprFjy; ,y;iy. ,J ,iwtdpd; epajpahFk;. ''mHu`;khdpd; gilg;gpy; Fiwia ePH fhz khl;BH. gpd;Dk; (xUKiw) ghHitia kPl;bg;ghH. VjhtJ Nfhshiw fhz;fpwhah? gpd;dH kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; ghH. cd; ghHitia fise;J kOq;fpr; rpWikaile;J cd;dplk; jpUk;Gk;"" vd;W ]_uJy; Ky;fpd; %d;whk; ehd;fhk; trdq;fs; $Wfpd;wd.

vdNt> gpugQ;rk; vt;tpj FsWgbfSk; FiwghLfSkpd;wp rPuhf ,aq;FfpwJ. Mdhy;> kdpj tho;Nth gpurpidfs;> G+ry;fs;> mePjpfs;> rz;ilfs;> Nkhjy;fs; epiwe;jjhf cs;sJ. mq;F kpfg; nghpa NtWghLfisr; fhz KbfpwJ. MfNt jhd; ]_uj;Jy; Ky;fpd; ,t;tpuz;L trdq;fSf;F Kd;dhYs;s 2k; trdk; ''cq;fspy; vtH nray;fspy; kpfTk; mofhdtH vd;gijr; Nrhjpg;gjw;fhfNt mtd; (my;yh`;) kuzj;ijAk;> tho;itAk; gilj;jhd;"" vd;W Fwpg;gpLfpd;wJ.

gpugQ;rk; FsWgbfs; ,d;wp ,aq;Fk; NghJ kdpj tho;T rQ;ryq;fs;> Nghl;lh Nghl;bfsJ fskhf mike;jhy; mJ khngUk; Kuz;ghlhFk;. ,e;j Kuz;ghl;il ePf;Ftjw;fhfNt epue;jukhd> gpur;idfs; mw;w> ahtUf;Fk; ePjp fpilg;gij E}W tPjk; epr;rag;gLj;j KbAkhd XH cyif my;yh`; Vw;gLj;Jfpwhd;. cyifr; Nrhjidf; $lhkhf Mf;fpaUg;gjhy; kWikapd; mtrpaKk; ,Ue;J tUfpwJ.

 

J\;lHfs; epk;kjpapy;> ed;kf;fs; rQ;ryj;jpy;?!

my;yh`; md;Gk; ,uf;fKKs;std;. mtd; ePjp> ghpG+uzj;Jtk;> Qhdk; Mfpa gz;GfisAk; cilatd;. ePjpthdhd mtd; vtUf;Fk; ,k;kpasTk; mePjpapiof;f khl;lhd;. xt;nthUtiuAk; mtUf;Nf chpa ,lj;jpy; itf;Fk; '`fPk;" Mfpa mtd; ey;NyhiuAk; jPNahiuAk; rkkhff; fUj khl;lhd;. mJ ngUk; mePjpahFk;.

cyfpy; tuyhW neLfpYk; rj;jpaKk;> mrj;jpaKk; Nkhjp te;jpUf;fpd;wd. cz;ik Xq;f Ntz;Lnkd;gjw;fhf rj;jpathjpfs; Fuy; nfhLj;jdH. Mdhy; mepahaf;fhuHfshy; me;j ed;kf;fs; fLikahfj; Jd;GWj;jg;gl;lhHfs;. rpj;jputij nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;. rpjWz;L XbdH. mtHfs; nra;j mHg;gzq;fSf;F <lhf vjidANk ngwhky; ,Wjpapy; rj;jpaj;jpd; ghijapy; capH Jwe;J tpl;ldH. my;yJ nfhy;yg;gl;ldH. mtHfsJ vjphpfshd mepahaf;fhuHfNsh ghJfhg;ghfTk; epk;kjpahfTk; Vd; Mlk;guj;NjhLk; tha;g;G trjpfNshLk; thOfpd;wdH. mtHfs; mjpfhu> gz gyj;Jld; gy ,yl;rk; Ngiuf; nfhd;W Ftpj;J tpl;L gQ;rizapy; epk;kjpahfj; J}q;Ffpd;wdH. gyH tWikapy; gijf;fg; gijf;f ,we;J tpLk; NghJ ,d;Dk; rpy FNguHfs; tapWGilf;f cz;L tpuaKk; nra;fpd;wdH. tprpj;jpukhd ,e;j cyfpy; ghjfHfSf;F nrq;fk;gs tuNtw;Gf; fpilf;fpwJ. mtHfs; G+khiyapl;L nfsutpf;fg;gLfpwhHfs;. rkhjhdj;jpd; J}JtHfs; vd;W gl;lk; #l;lg;gLfpwhHfs;. Mdhy;> mLj;j gf;fj;jpy; ePjpf;fhf tho;gtHfNsh rpiwapy; thLfpwhHfs;. kpUfq;fisg; nghy; fz;lk; Jz;lkhf ntl;lg;gLfpwhHfs;.

,e;j epiyapy; ,e;jg; ghjfHfSf;fhf cyfpy; jz;lidapy;iyah vd;W xLf;fg;gl;l kf;fs; mq;fhyha;f;fpwhHfs;. Mdhy;> my;yh`; ePjpgjpfSf;nfy;yhk; ePjpgjp. my;yh`;tpd; ePjpapy; mirahj ek;gpf;if nfhs;Sk; K/kpd;fs; chpa $yp toq;fg;gLk; xU ehs; Vw;gLj;jg;gLk; vd;W cWjpahf ek;GfpwhHfs;. thdq;fs;> G+kpapYs;s xt;nthH mZTk; ,e;j rj;jpa ehjj;ijNa cr;rhpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd.

vdNt jhd;> ''jPik nra;NthH vz;ZfpwhHfsh <khd; nfhz;L rhyp`hd mky; nra;gtHfisg; Nghy; mtHfisAk; Mf;fp tpLNthk; vd;W?"" vd my;yh`; tpdTfpwhd;.

,khk; ,g;D fjPH (u`;) ,t;trdj;ij tpsf;f te;j NghJ> ''my;yh`; mg;gbf; nra;a khl;lhd;. ,U rhuhUk; my;yh`;tplk; rkdhf khl;lhHfs;. mg;gbahf ,Ue;jhy; my;yh`;Tf;Ff; fl;Lg;gl;L thOgtd; ew;$ypAk; ghjfd; jz;lidAk; ngWk; xUehs; Njit. my;yh`;tplk; kf;fs; kPz;L nry;Yk; xU ehSk; $ypAk; Njit vd;W J}a rpe;jid gilj;j> rPhpa ,ay;G nfhz;ltHfSf;F ,e;j trdk; czHj;JfpwJ. mepahaf;fhudhf mj;JkPWk; xUtidg; ghHf;fpNwhk;. mtdJ nry;tk; ehSf;F ehs; $LfpwJ. gps;isg; ghf;fpaKk;> tho;thjhu trjpfSk; mjpfhpf;fpwJ. mtDk; ,Uf;fpwhd;. mLj;j gf;fj;jpy; my;yh`;Tf;Ff; fl;Lg;gl;L thOk; mePjpf;F cs;shf;fg;gl;ltd; rQ;ryj;NjhL ,wf;fpwhd;. mwpTs;s my;yh`;tpd; Qhdk; ,q;Nf Ntiy nra;a Ntz;Lk;. mtd; epahak; jPHf;ifapy; mZg;gpukhd msT $l mePjpapiof;fhj ePjpthd;. ,e;j ePjp toq;Fk; eltbf;if ,t;Tyfpy; ,lk; ngwh tpl;lhy; $yp toq;Ftjw;Fk; MWjy; fpilg;gjw;Fkhd XH cyfk; mtrpakhfpwJ"" vd;W tpsf;FfpwhHfs;.

vdNt> cyfk; vd;w re;ij mHj;jkpd;wpf; fiye;J NghtJ Kiwjhdh? mr;re;ijapy; Ruz;LgtHfs; Ruz;LfpwhHfs;. nfhs;isabg;NghH nfhs;isabf;fpwhHfs;. nfhiyAk; mj;JkPwYk; elf;fpwJ. ,tHfspy; xUtuhtJ jkf;fhd jz;lidiag; ngwhky; kiwe;J nfhs;fpwhHfs;. jg;gp tpLfpwhHfs;. my;yJ Mjpf;f MAjj;jhy; kf;fis mlf;fp xLf;FfpwhHfs;. ,J epahakh?

 

rj;jpaj;jpd; murd;

cz;ikahd murd; my;yh`; Nfl;fpwhd;. ''cq;fis ehk; tPZf;fhfg; gilj;jpUg;gjhfTk; ePq;fs; jpUk;gp tpl khl;BHfs; vd;Wk; epidj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wPHfsh? rj;jpaj;jpd; murdhd my;yh`; kpf caHe;jtd;. mtidj; jtpu ehadpy;iy. fz;zpakpf;f mH\pd; ,iwtd; mtNd"". (my; K/kpD}d; : 115-116)

cz;ikahd murd;" ,t;thW mePjpapiof;fg; Nghtjpy;iy vd;W ,t;trdk; Mzpj;jukhf typAWj;JfpwJ. vdNt> cyf tho;it rkepiyg;gLj;j kWikia cz;L gz;ZtJ my;yh`;tpd; epjpapd;ghw;gl;l tprakhFk;. cyfpy; 'elg;gjw;Fk;" 'elf;f Ntz;bajw;Fk;" ,ilapyhd kpfg; nghpa ,ilntspahdJ tho;f;iff;F NtW xU epahakhf fsk; mikf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;W $wpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ vd t`PJj;jPd; fhd; ,e;j mHj;jj;ij tpsf;FfpwhH.

,t;thW kWik tho;T xd;W ,Uf;fpwJ vd;W $wp my;yh`; mjd; mtrpaj;ij typAWj;Jtjd; %yk; kdpjd; jdJ tho;it caH gz;GfisAk; xOf;f khz;GfisAk; ngw;W kNdh ,r;irfSf;F topg;glhJ thOk;gb vr;rhpf;fpwhd;. vdNt> kdpj tho;T ey;ynjhU jpiria Nehf;fpr; nry;y ,e;j kWik ek;gpf;if mtrpakhfpwJ.

 

kdpj ,ay;gpd; vjpHghHg;G

jhd; ,t;Tyfpy; khpj;JtpLtNjhL jdJ tho;T Kbe;J tplf; $lhJ vd;W kdpjd; vjpHghHf;fpwhd;. tho;T miuFiwahf ,Ug;gjhfTk; jhd; xU guNjrp> my;yJ topg;Nghf;fd; Nghy ,Ug;gjhfTk; mtd; vz;ZtNj ,jw;Ff; fhuzkhFk;. tuyhnwq;Fk; tho;e;j r%fq;fsplj;jpy; ,e;j czHT ntt;NtW cUtq;fspy; ntspg;gl;lJ. gz;ila vfpg;jpaH rlyq;fisj; ijykpl;Lg; ghJfhj;jdH. tho;T ,ileLtpy; Kbtile;J tpl;ljhf mtHfsplk; xU gpuik ,Ue;J te;jjhy; kdTWj;jYf;fhf mt;thW mtHfs; nra;jpUf;fyhk;. NtW rpyH> kdpjd; ,we;jgpd;dH cliy tpl;Lg; ghpAk; capuhdJ mopahJ epiyj;jpUf;Fnkd ek;gpdH. ,jdhy; jhd; (Transmigration of Soul) mt;TapH NtW XH ,lj;jpy; GFe;J epiy nfhs;Sk; (kWgpwg;G) vd mjid tpsf;fpdH. kdpj Mj;kh cr;repiyahd G+uzj;Jtj;ij milAk; tiu ,e;j eltbf;if njhlUk; vd;gJ mtHfsJ ek;gpf;ifahFk;.

,e;j ek;gpf;iffspy; jtWfs; ,Ug;gpDk; $l cyf tho;T Kw;Wg; ngWk; tpjj;ij mtHfshfy; rPuzpf;f Kbahky; Nghdjhy; jhd; ,t;thW vz;zpdhHfs; vdf; $w KbAk;. ,J XH cstpay; cz;ikAk;$l. NtW xU G+uzj;Jtkpf;f cyFf;fhf kdpjd; Vq;Ffpwhd; vdpd; mt;thwhd XH cyF ,Ug;gijNa mJ fhl;LfpwJ. jhfk; Vw;gLtJ ePH ,Ug;gjw;F MjhukhFk; vd;gJ Nghy kWikf;fhd Vf;fk; kWik tUk; vd;gijf; fhl;LfpwJ. NtW XH cyF Njit vd;w czHT gd;ndLq;fhykhfNt ngUk;ghyhd kdpjhplk; ,Ue;J te;Js;sJ. mg;gbahapd; KO kdpj r%fj;ijAk; jOtpa tifapy; ,g;gbahd xU gpuik ,Ue;J tu KbAkh?

 

tpUk;gpatw;iw mila.. ..

kdpjDf;F gy;NtWgl;l vjpHghHg;GfSk; mgpyhi\fSk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. Mdhy;> mtw;wpy; ngUk;ghydtw;iw mile;J nfhs;shkNyNa mtd; ,we;J tpLfpwhd;. ,wf;fhky; eP^op tho Ntz;Lnkd;gJ kdpjdplKs;s Kf;fpakhd MirahFk;. rpyNtis ntw;wpfukhd xU Jiwapy; fhyb vLj;J itj;j khj;jpuj;jpNyNa kuzk; mtid te;J ftHe;J nrd;W tpLfpwJ. vdNt> my;FHMd; gy;NtWgl;l ,lq;fspy; ed;ik nra;Ak; K/kpd;fs; RtHf;fr; Nrhiyfspy; epue;jukhf ,Ug;gH vd;W $Wfpd;wJ. kdpjd; kWikapy; ,wg;gpd;wp tho;thd; vd;gjdhy; ,e;j Mirf;F ,q;F tbfhy; fpilf;fpwJ.

nghJthf my;yh`; kdpjDf;fhf kWikapy; jahH nra;J itj;jpUg;gjhff; $Wk; midj;J ,d;gq;fSk; cyfpy; mtd; ,oe;j> miuFiwahf mDgtpj;jtw;wpd; KOikahd tbtq;fshfNt ,Uf;Fk;. clypay;> cstpay; Njitfs; midj;Jk; mq;F epiwthfNt fpilf;Fk;. cjhuzkhf #uJy; thfpMtpd; 15-37 tiuapyhd trdq;fspy; ,J gw;wpa tpsf;fj;ijf; fhz KbfpwJ. NkYk; my;yh`; $Wk; NghJ> ''mtHfsJ cs;sq;fs; tpUk;gpa midj;ijAk; mDgtpj;Jf; nfhz;L vd;nwd;Wk; epiyj;jpUg;ghHfs;"" (my; md;gpah :100) vd;W Rtdtho;tpd; G+uzj;Jtj; jd;ikia tpsf;Ffpwhd;.

 

ghpG+uz ,d;gk;

,d;gq;fs; fpilj;jhy; kl;Lk; NghjhJ. ,d;gq;fis KOikahf mDgtpg;gjw;Fr; NrhHTk;> gytPdKk;> njtpl;lYk; gytPdkhf ,Uf;fpd;wd. vdNt RtHf;fj;jpy; cs;s;tHfs; $Wtjhf my;yh`; gpd;tUkhW $Wfpd;whd; :

''my;yh`;Tf;Nf vy;yhg;GfOk; mtd; vkJ ftiyia vk;ik tpl;Lk; Nghf;fpdhd; vd;Wk; ,ul;rfd; epr;rakhf kd;dpg;gtdhfTk; ed;wpia Vw;gtdhfTk; ,Uf;fpwhd;. mtd; jhd; jdJ mUspd; fhuzkhf vd;nwd;Wk; epiyahd tPl;by; (RtHf;fj;jpy; vk;ik ,Uf;fr; nra;jhd;. mjpy; ve;jtpjkhd rq;flKk; vkf;F tu khl;lhJ. mjpy; ve;jr; NrhHTk; vk;ik mZfhJ vd;Wk; mtHfs; $WthHfs;"". (my;ghjpH : 22-34>35)

RtHf;fj;jpYs;s kJitg; gw;wpf; $Wk; my;yh`; ''mjidg; gUFtjdhy; mtHfSf;F jiytyp tuhJ. mtHfs; NghijA+l;lg;glTk; khl;lhHfs;. (my;thfpM 19) vd;W $Wfpd;whd;.

vdNt> kdpjd; epidj;j ,d;gq;fis kWikapy; milaTk; mDgtpf;fTk; KbAk; vd;gNjhL mtw;iw jq;Fjilapd;wp mDgtpf;f KbAk; vd;Wk; my;FHMd; $WfpwJ. ,j;jifa XH cyif midtUk; vjpHghHf;fpwhHfs;. vdNt> my;yh`; kdpjdJ ,t;thirfis kWikapy; G+Hj;jp nra;fpwhd;.

cyfj;jpy; kdpjHfspilNa kpfg; nghpa Vw;wj;jho;Tfis vk;khy; fhz KbfpwJ. vj;jifa Kaw;rpfis Nkw;nfhz;lhYk; mtw;iwg; Nghf;f KbahjpUf;fyhk;. rpyH vt;tifapYk; ePf;f Kbahj gpur;rpidfspy; rpf;fpapUg;ghHfs;. xU rpyH fhynky;yhk; NehAld; tho;f;ifia Xl;LfpwhHfs;. NtW rpyH jpwikfs; vJTkpd;wp gpd;js;sg;gLfpwhHfs;. kw;Wk; rpyNuh mtyl;rdkhdtHfshf> mq;f mtaq;fspy; FiwghLfSilatHfshf thOfpwhHfs;. NtW rpyUf;F gps;isg; ghf;fpakpd;ikahy; kdk; nehe;J NghapUf;fpwhHfs;.

rpwe;j nghUshjhuj; jpl;lq;fshNyh tpQ;Qhd Kd;Ndw;wq;fshNyh rpy FiwghLfisg; Nghf;f KbahjpUf;fyhk;. kWikapy; ahTk; epiwthff; fpilf;Fk; vd;W epidj;J kl;LNk ,g;gbahdtHfs; epk;kjpaila KbAk;. vdNt> kWik ek;gpf;ifapy; khj;jpuNk ,e;jg; GjpHfSf;fhd tpil ,Uf;fpwJ.

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jdJ tho;T miuFiwahdJ vd;W kdpjd; vz;Ztjhy; mjid KOikg;gLj;j NtW xU epiwthd tho;f;if Njit vd vjpHghHf;fpwhd;. mq;F ,d;gq;fis KOikahfTk;> vJTkpd;wpAk; mDgtpf;fyhk; vd;W my;yh`; typAWj;Jfpwhd;.

 

Jiz epd;witfs; :

,khk; ,];khaPy; ,g;D fjPH (u`;) jg;]PUy; FHMdpy; moPk;> ghfk; -4> jhUy; `jP]; - nfa;Nuh 1998 gf;-34.

iraj; rhgpf;> my; mfhapJy; ,];yhkpa;ah> jhUy; fpjhgpy; mugP nga;&j;> 1985> gf; :259> 279.

fyhepjp A+]_/g; my; fHshtp : my; <khD ty;`ahj;> Km];]JH hp]hyh> nga;&j;> gjpg;G 2>1982. gf; 41-46.

K`k;kj; FJg;> gpd;eg;]p ty; K[;jk,> kf;jgJ t`;gh> gjpg;G 2>1962 gf; : 28

t`PJj;jPd; fhd;> my; ,];yhK aj`j;jh> my; Kf;jhUy; ,];yhkp> nfa;Nuh> gjpg;G 7> 1977> gf; :127> 136.

H 4
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