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,e;j Ehypd; Mrphpaiu gw;wp


;mG mg;JHu`;khd; K`k;kJ Ry;j;jhd; my;-k/#kp mtHfs; jhd; ,jd; muG %yj;ij vOjpa MrphpauhthH. ,tH u\;ahtpy; ,Ue;J gphpe;J Rje;jpu ehlhfj; jpfOk; m]Hig[hd; vd;Dk; ehl;by;> f[;djh vd;Dk; Chpy; `p[;hp 1297 (fp;.gp. 1896) - y; gpwe;jhH.

,tH tho;e;j gFjpapy; tof;fpy; ,Ue;j> JUf;fp nkhopapy; vOjg;gl;l E}y;fs; %yk; fy;tp mwpitg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;lhH. mjw;Fg; gpd;G> muG nkhopapy;   kpfTk; Gfo; ngw;w mwpQHfshf ,Ue;j my;-ci]a;> m]; ]d;[hdp MfpNahHfsplk; ,Ue;Jk;> my;-[Hkhdp vd;gtH vOjpa mthkpy;> ,g;Dy; `h[pg; vOjpa f/gpa;ah Mfpa E}w;fis Ma;T nra;Jk; khHf;j;jpy; njspT ngw;whH. K]y;yKy; cY}k;> `pf;kj;Jy; ma;d; kw;Wk; ,g;D ]pdh mtHfspd; ,\huj; Mfpa E}w;fs; %yk; jj;Jtk;> tpthjf;fiy Mfpatw;iwf; fw;Wf; nfhz;lhH. mjd; gpd; ,];yhkpa %yr; rl;lq;fshd mf;fPjh-it me; e]/gpa;ah> my; mJjpa;ah> mj; j`tpa;ah> [t;`uj;Jj; jt;`Pj; kw;Wk; m];]D]pa;ah Nghd;w E}y;fs; %yk; fw;Wf; nfhz;lhH.

mtuJ 23-k; tajpy; kj;`G vd;gJ fz;%bj;jdkhdnjhU nfhs;ifiaf; nfhz;lJ vd;W kf;fs; Kd; gpufldk; nra;a Muk;gpj;jhH. NkYk;> kj;`Gfspy; ,Uf;Fk; Kuz;ghLfisAk;> kj;`Gthjpfs; jq;fs; ,khk;fs; $wpajw;F khwhf fz;%bj;jdkhf ele;J tUtijAk; ,tH ntspg;gilahfj; njhptpj;jhH. ,jd; fhuzkhf ,tH gy;NtW jug;G kf;fspd; gifiar; rk;ghjpf;f NeHe;jJ. ,jd; fhuzkhf ,tH `p[;hp 1323 (fp.gp. 1922) y; jd;Dila nrhe;j Ciu tpl;L tpl;L `p[h]; (kjpdh) f;F gazg;gl Ntz;bajhapw;W. ,tH ,uapy; %ykhfTk;> fg;gy; %ykhfTk; JUf;fpia mile;jhH.

mq;F JUf;fpia Mz;L nfhz;bUe;j Ry;j;jhd; mg;Jy; `kPij re;jpj;jhH. cJkhdpaf; fpshgj;jpd; jiyikaplkhfj; jpfo;e;j JUf;fpapy; mtUf;F tuNtw;Gf;Fg; gjpyhf gy frg;ghd mDgtq;fNs fpl;baJ. mjd; gpd; JUf;fpia tpl;Lf; fpsk;gp> `p[;hp 1323 Jy; `[; khjk; 8 Mk; ehs; kf;fhit mile;jhH.

mq;F jdJ `[;[{f; flikfis epiwT nra;J tpl;L> md;iwa kjpdhtpy; kpfg; gpugykhd mwpQuhfj; jpfo;e;j N\f; RIg; gpd; mg;JH u`;khd; my; k/f;hpgp my; khypf;fp vd;gthplk;> Gfhhp> K];ypk;> Ktj;jh kw;Wk; kp\;fhj;Jy; k]hgP`; Mfpa `jP]; E}y;fisf; fw;Wj; NjwpdhH. NkYk;> mtH N\f; ]hyp`; fkhy; my; `d/gp> N\f; K`k;kJ Kuhj; mH uk;]p my; f];dp> N\f; K`k;kJ raPj; gg;]Py; m\; \hgp<> N\f; m`;kJ my; `j;jhtp ,d;Dk; gyiuAk; re;jpj;Jf; fy;tpawpT ngw;whH. ,tH gpd;G #gpap]j;jhy; ftug;gl;L> N\f; K`k;kJ k/#kp gpd; mg;JH u\PJ my; K[j;jpjp me; ef;\ge;jp vd;gthplk; igmj;-Jk; nra;J nfhz;lhH. ,e;j N\f; ,tUf;F #gpap]j;ijg; gw;wp fw;Wf; nfhLf;f Muk;gpj;jhH. jpf;hpd; NghJ N\f; mtHfis vt;thW Qhdf; fz; nfhz;L ghHg;gJ vd;gijAk; ,tH fw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd N\f; ,tUf;F cj;jutpl;lhH.mjd; gpd; ,tH jdpahfNt khzhf;fHfSf;F gapw;rp mspf;Fk; msTf;F tsHe;jhH. mjw;F ,tuJ N\f;Fk; xg;Gjyspj;jhH. ,Ug;gpDk; N\f; k/#kp mtHfspd; kdk; vijNah ,oe;jijg; Nghy> kdJ miy gha;e;J nfhz;bUe;jJ.

mjd; gpd; ,tH FHMdpDila j/g;]PH kw;Wk; `jP]; tpsf;fq;fisAk; kpfj; jPtpukhff; fw;Wf; nfhs;s Muk;gpj;jhH. mjd; gpd; mq;F f/ghitr; Rw;wp ele;j rpy rk;gtq;fs; N\f; k/#kp mtHfsJ kdijg; nghpJk; ghjpj;jJ. mjhtJ xt;nthU Neuj; njhOifapd; NghJk;> me;j me;j kj;`igr; rhHe;j ,khk;fisg; gpd;gw;wp> ehd;F gphpthff; $l;Lj; njhOif ele;J tUtijAk;> xU gphptpdH me;jg; ghptpd; ,khikg; gpd;gw;wpj; njhOJ nfhz;bUf;f> mLj;j gphptpdH Nkw;gb ,khikg; gpd;gw;wpj; njhohky;> jq;fSila kj;`G ,khk; tuj; jhkjkhFk;gl;rj;jpy; jq;fsJ kj;`G ,khk;fSf;fhff; fhj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; kw;nwhU gphptpdiuAk; ,tH ftdpj;J tpl;L kpfTk; kdk; ntJk;gp> mJ gw;wpr; rpe;jpf;fyhdhH.

,Nj epiyapy; %d;W tUlq;fis kf;fhtpy; fopj;J tpl;L> kjpdh nrd;W K`k;kJ (]y;) mtHfsJ fg;iu [pahuj; nra;J tpl;L>  mq;Fs;s ,khk;fisr; re;jpj;J ,J gw;wpf; fye;JiuahLfpd;whH. N\f; mg;Jy;yh my; fJkp my; `k;gyp> N\f; m`;kJ my; gH]d;[p MfpNahH ,tH fye;Jiuahba Kf;fpakhf mwpQHfshthHfs;. ,tH $wpa fUj;Jf;fis ,tHfs; midtUk; xg;Gf; nfhz;L> ,tHfs; %ykhf mwptpg;gjhf mtuJ fUj;Jf;fisf; $wTk;> mjw;F Nkw;fz;l mwpQHfspd; ngaHfisg; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;sTk; rk;kjk; njhptpj;jdH.

mjd; gpwF ,tH rphpah nrd;W> lkh];f]; efhpy; ,Ue;j kpfg; nghpa mwpQHfshf ,Ue;j N\f; gj;Uj;jPd; A+Rg; my;-k/kH vd;w K`j;jpj;> N\f; mg;Jy; `f;fPk; my;-fe;jfhhp> N\f; mg;Jy; ifH ,g;D MgpjPd; kw;Wk; gyiur; re;jpj;J> kj;`Gfisf; fiya Ntz;ba mtrpak; gw;wp mtHfsplk; fye;JiuahbdhH. mtHfSk; ,tuJ fUj;Jf;fis Vw;Wf; nfhz;L> mjd;gb gpur;rhuk; nra;aTk; xg;Gf; nfhz;ldH. ,q;F lkh];f]py; ,Ue;j \{/gpap]f; nfhs;iffisg; gpd;gw;Wk; N\f;Ffs;> ,ir ,irg;gijAk;> Gy;yhq;Foy; Cjpf; nfhz;Lk;> nfhl;Lf;fis mbj;Jf; nfhz;Lk; eldkhLtijAk;> ,tH ntFthf rpyhfpj;Jg; Nrrp> mit vy;yhk; topNfLfs; vd;gJ gw;wp mtHfSf;F mwpTWj;jp mtHfsplk; tpthjq;fSk; elj;jpdhH. hp/ghapa;ah my;-igj;jpa;ah vd;w jpf;H rigapdhpd; jpf;H-fs; gw;wp mtH tpthjpj;J> mit vy;yhk; khHf;fj;jpy; Eiof;fg;gl;l gpj;mj;fs; vd;W mtHfSf;F mwpTwpj;jpdhH.

,jd;gpd; ,tH ,d;iwa nygdhd; jiyefuhf ,Uf;Fk; nga;&j; efUf;Fr; nrd;W N\f; mg;JH u`;khd; gpd; jHNt\; my; `{a+j; kw;Wk; N\f; A+Rg; me;eg`hdp vd;w ,U mwpQHfisAk; re;jpj;J jd;Dila fUj;Jf;fis mtHfsplk; vLj;J itj;jhH. mjd; gpd; k];[pJy; mf;]h nrd;whH. gpd; vfpg;J ehl;Lf;Fg; gazkhfp>  Gfo; ngw;w my; m];`H gy;fiyf; fofj;jpy; ,Ue;j Gfo; ngw;w mwpQHfshd> N\f; gfPj; my; Kj;< vd;gtiuAk;> N\f; K`k;kJ u\Pj; hpoh vd;gtiuAk; re;jpj;jhH. ,e;j ,U mwpQHfSk; md;iwa ehspy; ntspte;j kdhH vd;w ,jopd; gioa kw;Wk; rkPgj;jpa gpujpfis ,tUf;F toq;fp> mjpy; N\f; K`k;kJ mg;J`{ vd;gtuJ fl;Liufis ,tUf;F mwpKfg;gLj;jpaNjhL> mjpy; ,J tiu ntspte;jpUe;j ,g;D ijkpa;ah kw;Wk; mtuJ khzhf;fuhd ,g;D ifa;apk; my;-[t;]pa;ah mtHfspd; Mf;fq;fisAk; Nrfhpj;Jf; nfhs;s cjptpdH. mq;F ,tH rpwpa ,jo;fs; kw;Wk; ifNaLfisj; jtpHj;J> Mapuj;Jf;Fk; mjpfkhd Gj;jfq;fisr; Nrfhpj;Jf; nfhz;lhH.

mjd; gpd; jd;Dila nrhe;j ehl;Lf;Fj; jpUk;gpr; nrd;W jd;Dila FLk;gj;Jld; jd; vQ;rpa tho; ehl;fisf; fopf;f Muk;gpj;jhH. mtH jd;Dila nrhe;j efhpy; jq;f Muk;gpj;jTld;> jd;Dila je;ijahH Vw;gLj;jpapUe;j gs;spapy; gzpahw;w Muk;gpj;J> mq;Fs;s khztHfSf;F ,g;D ijkpa;ah> ,g;D ifa;apk; kw;Wk; ,g;D mg;Jy;-gH MfpNahuJ Mf;fq;fisf; fw;Wf; nfhLf;f Muk;gpj;jhH. mJ Kjy; ,];yhj;jpd; cz;ikahd jj;Jtq;fs; ,tUf;F KOikahfg; gpbgl Muk;gpj;jJ. `p[;hp 1328-y; mq;Fs;s ,];yhkpar; rl;l (\hPM) ePjp kd;wj;jpy; K/g;jp Mf epakdk; nra;ag;gl;lhH.

,jd; gpd; ,];yhkpar; rl;l Muha;r;rpaYk;> cz;ikfisj; Njb ntspf; nfhzHtjpYk; jd;Dila tho;ehl;fisf; fopf;f Muk;gpj;jhH. mtUf;Ff; fpilj;j midj;J E}y;fisAk; FHMidf; nfz;Lk;> `jP];fisf; nfhz;Lk; xg;gpl;L Nehf;f Muk;gpj;jhH. mjd;gpd; ]ygp Kiwapy; vt;thW Ma;Tfis Nkw;nfhs;tJ vd;gJ ,tUf;Fj; njspthfpaJ. mjd; gpd; xUtiuNa jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; gpd;gw;Wtjhd jf;yPj; Kiwiag; gw;wp tpkHrpj;J vOjyhdhH. ,Nj Neuj;jpy; ilf;hP]; ejpNahuj;jpy; ,Ue;J ,];yhj;jpd; cz;ikj; jj;Jtk; Gj;JapH ngw;W> ]y/gp Kiwapy; mike;j fUj;Jf;fs; nky;yg; nky;yg; gut Muk;gpj;J ,];yhk; Gj;JapH ngw Muk;gpj;jJ. ,iwj;jd;ik cz;L vd vz;zp kf;fs; jq;fsJ tzf;fq;fis my;yh`; my;yhjtw;Wf;F nrYj;jpf; nfhz;bUe;j ,lq;fSk;> \{/gpahf;fspd; klq;fSk;> jH`hf;fSk;> topghl;Lj; jsq;fSk;> my;yh`;itj; jtpHj;J jq;fSila NeHr;irfisr; nrYj;jpf; nfhz;bUe;j ,lq;fSk; jiukl;lkhf;fg;gl;ld.

1917-y; u\;ahtpy; Vw;gl;l Nghy;];tpf;fspd; Ml;rpapd; NghJ> Vuhskhd khHf;f mwpQHfs; tlf;Nf fLq;FspH gpuNjrkhd irgPhpatpw;F ehL flj;jg;gl;ldH> mq;F gyH fLikahd rpj;jputijfspdhy; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH. gyH ,aw;ifahd fLq;FspH> grp> gl;bdpapdhy; kuzkile;jdH. gy;NtW rkaq;fspy; N\f; mtHfs; ifJ nra;ag;gl;Lk;> mtHfis Rl;Lf; nfhy;y cj;juTk; gpwg;gpf;fg;gl;lJ. ,iwtDila kpfg; ngUk; fUizapdhy; N\f; k/#kp mtHfs; ,jpypUe;njy;yhk; jg;gpj;J> 1928 Mk; Mz;L rPdhtpw;Fj; jg;gpr; nrd;W> mq;NfNa gy Mz;Lfs; tho;e;jhHfs;. gpd; `p[;hp 1354 Mk; Mz;L mq;fpUe;J gazg;gl;L kf;fh efuile;J> mq;F ,Ue;j jhUy; `jP]; gs;spf; $lj;jpy; Mrphpauhfg; gzpahw;wj; Jtq;fpdhHfs;.

,tH kf;fhtpy; gzpahw;wpf; nfhz;bUe;j ehl;fspy;> xU `[;[pd; NghJ> kf;fhtpd; k];[pJy; `ukpy;> JUf;fp kf;fSk; khHf;f nrhw;nghopT Nfl;Lg; gad;ngw Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf> JUf;fpa nkhopapy; gahd; nra;tjw;F Vw;ghlhfp ,Ue;jJ. ,tH JUf;fpa nkhopapy; epfo;j;jpa ciuiaf; Nfl;L. mjpy; fye;J nfhz;l Vuhskhd JUf;fpa K];ypk;fs;  gad;ngw;wdH. jd; ehl;il tpl;L ntspNawpaJ Kjy; ,J tiu ,tH jd;Dila FLk;gj;ij mZf Kbahj mstpw;F Ml;rpahsHfspd; nfLgpb ,Ue;jJ. mtH capUld; ,Ug;gijj; jd; FLk;gj;jpdUf;F njhptpg;gjw;fhf> JUf;fpapy; ,Ue;J `[; nra;a te;jpUe;jtHfsplk; xU fbjj;ij vOjp> jd;Dila FLk;gj;jpdhplk; NrHe;J tpLk;gbAk;> jhd; ,q;F capUld; ,Ug;gijj; njhptpj;J tpLk;gbAk; $wp mDg;gpdhH. ,iwtdpd; ehl;lg;gb `p[;hp 1380-y; (fp.gp.1959) kuzkile;jhHfs;. ,iwtd; mtHfsJ kWikg; Ngw;iw nrhHf;fr; Nrhiyfspy; epiyngw;wpUf;fr; nra;a JMr; nra;J nfhs;Nthkhf!!

my;-k/#kp mtHfs; mugpapYk;> JUf;fpa nkhopapYk; Vuhskhd E}y;fis vOjpAs;shHfs;. cq;fspd; iffspy; jtOk; ,e;j E}y; mugp nkhopapy;> `jpaj;J]; Ry;j;jhd; ,yh K];ypkP gpyhjpy;-aghdp, ([g;ghdpa K];ypk;fSf;F Ry;j;jhdpd; ghpR) my;yJ (SULTHANS GIFT TO THE MUSLIMS OF JAPAN)  vd;w ngahpy; Kjd; Kjypy; 1949-Mk; Mz;L vfpg;jpy; ,Ue;J ntspaplg;gl;lJ. N\f; K`k;kJ e]pUj;jPd; my;-my;ghdp mtHfs; 1949-y; `[; nra;ar; nrd;wpUe;j NghJ> N\f; k/#kp mtHfisj; jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; nrd;W re;jpj;jhHfs;. mg;nghOJ N\f; k/#kp mtHfs; jq;fs; iffspy; jtOk; ,e;j E}ypd; mr;Rg; gpujpia> N\f; K`k;kJ e]pUj;jPd; my;-my;ghdp mtHfSf;Fj; jd;Dila ghprhf toq;fpf; fTutpj;jhHfs;. 

khHf;fj;jpy; njspitf; fz;L nfhz;l neQ;rk; rpwpJk; Xa;T ngw;W ,Uf;fhJ vd;gjw;F Mrphpahpd; tho;f;iff; Fwpg;G ekf;F ey;ynjhU ghlkhFk;. NkYk;> ,tH rj;jpaj;ij vLj;J itj;j nghOJ> ngUk; ngUk; mwpQHfs; vy;yhk;> jq;fsJ jFjpfis kwe;J> jq;fsJ Ra fTutq;fisj; J}f;fp vwpe;J tpl;L> cz;ikf;Ff; fl;Lg;gl;lijAk;> mjd;gb jq;fs; fUj;Jf;fis khw;wpf; nfhz;lijAk; ehk; NkNy ghHj;Njhk;. Mdhy; ,d;W jq;fis mwpQHfs; vd;Wk;> K/g;jpfs; vd;Wk; giwrhw;wpf; nfhs;gtHfs;> cz;ikiaf; fz;l gpd;Gk;> mij vLj;J itj;j gpd;Gk; mjd;gb nrayhw;w Kd;tuhky;> twl;Lg; gpbthjk; gpbj;Jf; nfhz;L jphpfpd;wdH. ,J mtHfspd; mfk;ghtj;ijAk;> Ra nfsutj;ij khHf;fj;jpd; kPJ fhl;bf; nfhz;bUg;gijAk; jhd; vLj;Jf; fhl;Lfpd;wJ> ,iwtd; mtHfSf;F ey;topfhl;l JMr; nra;J nfhs;Nthkhf!!

ah my;yh`;!! top jtwpa $l;lj;jhHf;F cd;Dila NeHtopiaf; fhl;Lthahf!! NeHtopapd; ghy; elg;gtHfSf;F mjpy; vd;WNk epiyj;jpUg;gjw;F mUs;Ghpthahf!! mjpy; Vw;gLk; NrhjidfspypUe;Jk; vq;fisg; ghJfhg;ghahf!! MkPd;. (nkhop ngaHj;Njhd; : mg;Jy; `kPJ)

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