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,Jjhd; cz;ik!

Gjpjhf fz;Lgpbf;fg;gl;l tpQ;Qhd cz;ikfs; jpUf;Fh;MdpYk; egpnkhopfspYk; ntspg;gLj;jg;gl;litfs;


;Kiwaw;w ghYwT guTk; NghJ Vw;gLk; Gjpa Neha;

Aerosol Bacteria White Blood Cells

Nguhrphpah; T.V.N. Persuad  (-ngh;rhj;) $Wfpd;whh;:  ,j;jifa $w;Wf;fis mtiu $w itj;jnjy;yhk; ,iwtdplkpUe;J te;j cs;Szh;T my;yJ ,iw ntspg;ghL vd;W ek;Gtjpy; vdf;F ve;j tpj rpukKkpy;iy.

cq;fSf;F lhf;lh; T.V.N. Persuad  (-ngh;rhj;) mth;fis mwpKfg;gLj;Jfpd;Nwhk;.  fdlhtpd; kdpNlhgh khfhzj;jpy;  cs;s tpd;dpngf; efuj;jpy; mike;jpUf;Fk; kdpNlhgh gy;fiyf;fofj;jpy; mth; gzp Ghpfpd;whh;.  mth;

Professor of Anatomy

Professor of Pediatrics and Child Health

Professor of Obsterics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences Mthh;. mq;NfAs;s cly; ,aq;fpay; Jiwapd; jiytuhf gjpdhW tUlq;fs; ,Ue;Js;shh;.  Nguhrphpah; fPj; %h; mth;fs; ,tiu ek;kplk; mwpKfg;gLj;jpdhh;.   cz;ikiaj; NjLtJ xd;Nw jq;fSila gpujhd gzpahff; nfhz;l jd;dpr;irahf rpe;jpf;ff;$ba mwpQh;fSk; mwptpayhsh;fSk; mq;Nf cs;sdh; vd;W  mth; epidf;fpd;whh;. mth; mtUila Jiwapy; gpugy;akhdtuhthh;. mth; ,j;Jiwapy; 22 ghlg;Gj;jfq;fis ,aw;wpAk; jpUj;jpAk; cs;shh;. NkYk; 181 mwptpay; Muha;r;rpfis ntspapl;Ls;shh;.  1991k; tUlj;jpy; fdlhtpd; cly; ,aq;fpay; ty;Ydh;fs; mikg;G mspj;j kpfg; ngUk; tpUjhd J.V.C. Grant Award ngw;whh;.  ,e;j Gj;jfq;fspy; rpy jpUf;Fh;Md; trdq;fisAk; egpnkhopfisAk; Nrh;j;Js;shh;. mth; fye;J nfhs;Sk; gy khehLfspy; mitfisg; gw;wp NgrpAs;shh;. gpd;tUk; `jPJ Nguhrphpah; ngh;rhj; mth;fs; Muha;e;j `jPJfspy; xd;whFk;:

fU ehw;gj;J ,uz;L ,uTfis flf;Fk; NghJ mij cUthf;fTk; gilf;fTk;> mjDila Nfs;tp> ghh;it> Njhy; rijfs;> vOk;Gfs; Mfpatw;iw gilf;fTk; ,iwtd; xU thdtiu mDg;Gfpd;whd;.  mjd; gpwF me;j thdth; ,iwth> ,J Mzh ngz;zh? vd;W Nfl;fpd;whh;.  my;yh`; jhd; tpUk;gpaij jPh;khdpf;fpd;whd;.  thdth; mij gjpe;J nfhs;fpd;whh;.  (]`P`; K];ypk;> fpjhg; my; fj;h;).

Human Embryo at 7 weeks
Fig. 7.1


Stages of development of Human Face (in days)
Fig. 7.2

,e;jg; glk; Kg;gj;ije;J ehisa rpRitf; fhz;gpf;fpd;wJ.  mJ ,Jtiu kdpj cUtpw;F tutpy;iy.  mNj rpRtpd; 42tJ ehs; glj;ij gpd;tUk; glk; fhz;gpf;fpd;wJ. lhf;lh; ngh;rhj; mth;fs; $Wfpd;whh;fs;: ,J tiu> ehk; kdpj cUtj;ij gphpj;Jg; ghh;f;f Kbatpy;iy. CIBA thy; cz;lhf;fg;gl;l 42k; ehs; fUtpd; tpsf;fg;glj;ij ehk; fhz;fpd;Nwhk; (fhz;f glk; 7.1).  xU thuj;jpw;Fg; gpwF> Vohk; thuj;jpd; NghJ> 42 ehs; Kbe;jTlNdNa> ehk; ,q;F fhz;gJ Nghd;W glk; KOikahf khWfpd;wJ. (fhz;f glk; 7.2). ,J rk;ge;jkhf egp nkhop $Wfpd;wJ:

fU ehw;gj;J ,uz;L ,uTfis flf;Fk; NghJ mij cUthf;fTk; gilf;fTk;> mjDila Nfs;tp> ghh;it> Njhy; rijfs;> vOk;Gfs; Mfpatw;iw gilf;fTk; ,iwtd; xU thdtiu mDg;Gfpd;whd;.

jpUf;Fh;Md;> `jPJ Mfpatw;wpw;Fk; etPd tpQ;Qhdj;jpw;FKs;s njhlh;G Fwpj;J lhf;lh; ngh;rhj; mth;fs; gy Muha;r;rpfis Nkilapy; ntspapl;Ls;shh;. Nguhrphpah; ngh;rhj; mth;fs; Muha;r;rp nra;J mijNa jd;Dila xU Nkilg;Ngr;rpd; jiyg;ghf Mf;fpaJ gpd; tUk; kw;nwhU `jPjhFk;: kf;fSf;fpilNa fl;Lg;ghlw;w ghYwT ,Uf;Fkhapd; mJ rh;trhjhuzkhd ntspg;gilahd xd;whf Mfp tpLkhapd; Kd;dh; ,y;yhj xU Neha; mth;fspilNa guTk;. (,g;D kh[h> my; `hf;fpk;). ,e;j `jPjpw;F Nguhrphpah; ngh;rhj; mspf;Fk; tpsf;fj;ij ehk; Nfl;Nghk;:

fh;g;gg;igapd; thapy; kpfTk; jPq;Fjuf;$ba khw;wq;fs; cz;lhtJ ngz;zpd; taijAk;> clYwtpd; vz;zpf;ifiaAk; vj;jid NgUld; clYwT nfhs;fpd;whs; vd;gijAk; nghWj;Nj cs;sJ vd;gJ gutyhf Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;l xd;whFk;. gyNgUld; clYwT nfhs;tjw;Fk; fh;g;gg;ig tha; Gw;W Neha;f;Fk; xU Kf;fpakhd njhlh;G cs;sJ vd;gij gy;NtW epidemiological Muha;r;rpfs; njspthf fhl;bAs;sd. fl;Lg;ghlw;w kw;Wk; Kiwaw;w ghYwTfshy; Vw;gLk; tpisTfs; kw;Wk; Mgj;Jf;fisg; gw;wp ,e;j `jPjpy; Rkhh; 1400 Mz;LfSf;F Kd;Ng tpsf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. |fl;Lg;ghlw;w ghYwT| vd;gJ tpgr;rhukhFk;. Xhpdg;Gzh;r;rp> kpUfj;jdk;> NkYk; kw;w midj;J tpj ghy; NfLfSk; me;j thh;j;ijapd; NtW mh;j;jq;fs; vd vdf;F $wg;gl;Ls;sd. MFk;. n`h;g;]{k; va;l;]{k; mj;jifa Gjpa tpahjpfSf;F cjhuzq;fs; vd;gJ mjpfk; rpe;jpf;fhkNyNa ekf;F re;Njfkw tpsq;fp tpLk;. cz;ikapy; mitfs;jhd; jw;fhy Gjpa tpahjpfs;. mitfSf;F ek;kplk; kUe;J ,y;iy.

,e;j `jPjpd; Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ij ,d;W ehk; ed;F tpsq;fpf;nfhs;syhk;. Vnddpy; Xhpdg;Gzh;r;rp> tpgr;rhuk;> fl;Lg;ghlw;w ghYwT Mfpaitfs; nfhb fl;bg;gwf;fpd;wNjhL khj;;;jpuky;yhky; gy Nkw;fj;jpa ehLfspy; mitfs; rl;l G+h;tkhfTk; Mf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. Nguhrphpah; ngh;rhj; NgRk; ,e;j tpahjpfs; ghy;Gul;rp Vw;gl;L rpy tUlq;fspNyNa vq;nfq;Fk; Njhd;w Muk;gpj;jd> mitfspy; rpy> va;l;]; Nghd;witfs;> kpfTk; Nkhrkhd MNuhf;fpag; gpur;idia cUthf;fpAs;sJ. egp (]y;) mth;fspd; thh;j;ijfs; kpfTk; Jy;ypakhdJ.  Kd;Ds;s re;jjpfspy; ,y;yhj xU Neha;f;F va;l;]; kpfTk; rhpahd cjhuzk;.  mJ jw;NghJ kpfTk; gag;glf;;$ba Ntfj;;;jpy; mjpfhpj;J tUfpd;wJ. jq;fSf;Fk; te;J tpLNkh vd;W gyUk; mQ;rpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wdh;.

Scanning Electron Micrograph (SEM) of the surface of a T-Lymphocyte (pink) infected with HIV   Scanning Electron Micrograph (SEM) of the surface of a T-Lymphocyte (pink) infected with HIV
 Fig. 7.3
(Scanning Electron Micrograph (SEM) of the surface of a T-Lymphocyte (pink) infected with HIV)

Nguhrphpah; ngh;rhj; mth;fspd; Kaw;r;rpf;F ehk; ed;wp ghuhl;bl Ntz;Lk;. mtNu ed;fwpe;j>  Muha;r;rp nra;j  ,e;j tpraj;ijg; gw;wp ehk; mtUila fUj;ijf; Nfl;l NghJ mth; gpd;tUgtdw;iw $wpdhh;;:

K`k;kJ mth;fs; xU rhjhuz kdpjuhfNt ,Ue;jhh; vd vdf;Fj; Njhd;Wfpd;wJ. mtUf;F vOjNth gbf;fNth njhpahJ.  cz;ikapy; mth; gbg;gwptpy;yhjth;. ehk; 1400 Mz;LfSf;F Kd;Gs;sijg; gw;wp Ngrpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;Nwhk; vd;gij Qhgfk; itj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.  fy;tpawptpy;yhj xUth; Mo;e;j Qhdq;fisAila mwptpg;Gf;fisAk; $w;Wf;fiAk; ntspfpd;whh;. mitfs; Mr;rhpag;gLk; tifapy; tpQ;Qhdj;NjhL kpfTk; Jy;ypakhf nghUe;Jfpd;wJ. jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; vd;dplk; Nfl;gPh;fshapd;> ,J jw;nray; vd;nwy;yhk; nrhy;ypl KbahJ vd;W cq;fSf;F ehd; nrhy;Ntd;. Vnddpy; xd;wpuz;ly;y Vuhskhd tpraq;fs; Jy;ypakhf nrhy;yg;gl;Ls;sd. lhf;lh; %h; mth;fisg; Nghd;Nw> ,j;jifa $w;Wf;fis mtiu $wr; nra;jJ ,iwtd; mspj;j cs;Szh;T my;yJ nja;tPf ntspg;ghLjhd; vd;W Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjpy; vdf;F ve;jr; rpukKkpy;iy.

,e;j Ntj ntspg;ghLfs; my;yh`;tplkpUe;J K`k;kJ (]y;) mth;fSf;F te;jd.  my;yh`; mwptpg;gJ Nghd;W mij mtDila mwptpypUe;J mDg;gpdhd;: mtd; ckf;F mUspaij mtd; jd;Dila nrhe;j mwptpypUe;Nj mUspdhd; vd;W my;yh`; rhl;rp $Wfpd;whd;. (jpUf;Fh;Md; 4:66)

jpUf;Fh;Mdhfpa ,e;j Ntjk; xU topfhl;b> mj;jhl;rpahFk;. ,Wjp ehs; tiu ek;kplk; ,Uf;Fk; ep&gpf;fg;gl;l cz;ikahFk;.

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