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,Jjhd; cz;ik!

Gjpjhf fz;Lgpbf;fg;gl;l tpQ;Qhd cz;ikfs; jpUf;Fh;MdpYk; egpnkhopfspYk; ntspg;gLj;jg;gl;litfs;


;thdtpapy; gw;wpa cz;ikfs;

Some Qur'aanic Verses & Astronomical Discoveries

jpUf;Fh;Md; KO cyfj;jpw;Fk; epidT+l;lf; $ba Ntjk; vd;W my;yh`; mtDila Ntjj;jpy; njspthf;Ffpd;whd;:Astronomy

'',J cynfq;fSf;nfy;yhk; epidT+l;Lk; NtjNkad;wp Ntwy;y.  epr;rakhf (rpwpJ) fhyj;jpw;Fg; gpd;dH> ePq;fs; ,jd; cz;ikiaj; jpl;lkhf mwpe;J nfhs;tPHfs;."" (jpUf;Fh;Md; 38:88)

,t;thwhf jpUf;Fh;Md; ,Wjp Neuk; tiu kdpjh;fSf;F epidT+l;b tUk; xU NtjkhFk;. mt;tg;nghOJ kdpjd; fz;L gpbg;gitfisg; gw;wpa jfty;fis mJ cs;slf;fpAs;sJ.  Vnddpy;> my;yh`; $wpaJ Nghy;> ,e;jf; Fh;Md; my;;yh`;tpd; mwptpypUe;J ,wf;fg;gl;lJ. mjpy; cs;s xt;nthU trdKk; my;;yh`;tpd; mwpT nfhz;L ,wf;fg;gl;lJ.

my;;yh`; rhl;rp $Wfpd;whd;:  ckf;F mDg;gpapUg;gij mtd; jd;Dila nrhe;j mwptpypUe;J mDg;gpAs;shd;. (jpUf;Fh;Md;  4:166)

xt;nthU trdj;jpYk; ,iw Qhdk; cs;sJ. Mdhy; kdpj ,dk; rpwpJ rpwpjhfj;jhd; mij mwpe;J tUfpd;wJ. kdpj ,dk; cah; kl;lj;jpYs;s mwptpay; mwpit milAk; NghJ xU Fwpg;gpl;l trdj;jpYs;s ,iw Qhdj;ij tpsq;Fk; rf;jpia mJ ngWfpd;wJ. ,t;thwhf> ,e;j trdk; my;;;;yh`;thy; ,wf;fg;gl;lJjhd; vd;W mwpe;J nfhs;fpd;wJ. vg;nghOJk; njhlh;e;J Vw;gl;L tUk; kdpj Kd;Ndw;wk;> tsh;r;rp Mfpatw;wpd; %yk; xt;nthU trdkhf njhlh;e;J Ghpe;J nfhs;Sk; mwpit mtd; ngWthd;. ,t;thwhf kdpj ,dk; njhlh;e;J NkYk; NkYk; gy trdq;fis Ghpe;J nfhs;Sk;.  ,J jpUf;Fh;Mdpd; jdpg;gl;l mw;Gjj;jd;ikahFk;.

Nguhrphpah; Mh;k;];l;uhq; mth;fs; mnkhpf;fhtpd; eh]htpy; (-NASA) gzp Ghpfpd;whh;.  eh]h vd;gJ NjrPa tpkhd Xl;Lk; fiy kw;Wk; tpz;ntsp eph;thfk; vd;gjhFk;. (-National Aeronautics and Space Adminstration). mq;Nf mth; kpfTk; Gfo; ngw;w tpQ;Qhdp Mthh;. ehk; mtiur; re;jpj;J tpz;zpay; Fwpj;Jf; $Wk; gy jpUf;Fh;Md; trdq;fs; Fwpj;J mthplk; Nfs;tp Nfl;Nlhk;.  ,Uk;igf; Fwpj;Jk; mJ vt;thW cUthfpaJ vd;gJ Fwpj;Jk; mthplk; Nfl;Nlhk;. G+kpapy; cs;s xt;nthU nghUSk; vt;thW cz;lhfpaJ vd;W mth; tpsf;fpdhh;. mitfs; vt;tpjk; cz;lhfpd;wJ vd;gij mwptpayhsh;fs; kpfTk; rkPgj;jpy;jhd; fz;Lgpbj;jhh;fs; vd;W mth; $wpdhh;.  ,Uk;gpd; %yf;$iw cz;lhf;Fk; mstpw;F Muk;g fhy R+hpaf; FLk;gj;jpw;F NghJkhd rf;jp ,Ue;jpUf;ftpy;iy vd;W mth; $wpdhh;.

Here evaporating gaseous globules (EGGs) are captured emerging from pillars of molecular hydrogen and dust in the Eagle Nebula (M16). These pillars, dubbed elephant trunks, are light years in length and are so dense that interior gas gravitationally contracts to form stars. At each pillars' end, the intense radiation of bright young stars causes low density gas to boil away, leaving stellar nurseries of dense EGGs exposed.
 Fig. 16.1 Eagle Nebula

,Uk;gpd; xU mZit cz;lhf;f Ntz;ba rf;jpia fzf;fpl;lhy;> KO R+hpaf; FLk;gj;jpYk; ,Ue;jij tpl ehd;F klq;F mjpf rf;jp Ntz;bajpUe;jJ vd;W fz;L gpbf;fg;gl;lJ.  NtW thh;j;ijfspy; nrhy;tjhdhy;> G+kp> re;jpud;> Gjd; my;yJ  kw;w ve;j Nfhs;fspYKs;s KO rf;jpAk; $l> Vd; KO R+hpaf; FLk;gKk; Nrh;e;J $l> xU ,Uk;gZit cUthf;f Kbatpy;iy. mjdhy;jhd; ,Uk;;ngd;gJ ntsp cyfj;jpypUe;J G+kpf;F mDg;gg;gl;ljhfj;jhd; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W mwptpayhsh;fs; ek;Gfpd;wdh; Nguhrphpah; Mh;k;];l;uhq; mth;fs; $wpdhh;. mtUf;F jpUf;Fh;Mdpd; trdj;ij thrpj;Jf; fhz;gpj;Njhk;. 

,Uk;igAk; ehk; jhd; ,wf;fp itj;Njhk;. mjpy; fLk; mghaKkpUf;fpwJ. vdpDk; (mjpy;) kdpjHfSf;Fg; gy gad;fSk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. (jpUf;Fh;Md; 57:25)

gpwF thdj;ijg;gw;wp mthplk; Nfl;Nlhk;. mjpy; VjhtJ gpsTfNsh my;yJ gs;sq;fNsh cs;sdth vd;W Nfl;Nlhk;. ehk; Ngrpf; nfhz;bUg;gJ tpz;zpaypy; xU gphpthd xUq;fpize;j thdk;|vd;gjhFk;. mij jw;fhyj;jpy;jhd; mwptpayhsh;fs; fz;L gpbj;jhh;fs; vd;W mth; nrhd;dhh;.  cjhuzj;jpw;F> ntspg;Gw thdpy; xU nghUs;;; VNjDk; xU jpir Nehf;fp xU Fwpg;gpl;l J}uk; tiu gwf;fpd;wJ. gpwF mNj J}uj;ij NtnwhU jpirapy; gwf;fpd;wJ vd;why;> (mjDila) fd vil vy;yh jpirfspYk; xNu khjphp ,Ug;gij fhz;gPh;fs;. Vnddpy; ,e;j cUtk; mjDila nrhe;j rk epiyia nfhz;Ls;sJ. mjhtJ vy;yh jpirapYKs;s mOj;jq;fs; xNu khjphpahf cs;sd. ,e;j rkepiy ,y;iynadpy;> KO gpugQ;rKNk Fiye;J tpLk;. jpUf;Fh;MdpYs;s my;yh`;tpd; trdj;ij ehd; epidT $h;e;Njd;:

mtHfSf;F NkypUf;Fk; thdj;ij ehk; vt;thW mij (xU fl;Lf; Nfhg;ghf) mikj;J> mij moF nra;J> mjpy; vt;tpj ntbg;GfSk; ,y;yhky; (Mf;fpapUf;fpd;Nwhk;) vd;gij mtHfs; ghHf;ftpy;iyah? (jpUf;Fh;Md; 50:6)

gpugQ;rj;jpd;; Nfhbia mila mwptpayhsh;fspd; Kaw;rpfisAk; mjpy; mth;fs; ntw;wpaile;jhh;fsh vd;gJ gw;wpAk; Nguhrphpah; Mh;k;];l;uhq; mth;fsplk; Nfl;Nlhk;.  gpugQ;rj;jpd; Nfhbia mila mth;fs; jPtPukhf Nghuhbf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wdh; vd;W mth; $wpdhh;. gpugQ;rj;ij cw;W Nehf;f rf;jp tha;e;j rhjdq;fis ehq;fs; epWtpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;Nwhk;. MdhYk; Gjpa el;rj;jpuq;fs; ek;Kila Nfyf;]pf;Fs;NsNa ,Ug;gijg;gjhd; vq;fshy; fhz Kbfpd;wJ. gpugQ;rj;jpd; Nfhbia ehq;fs; ,d;Dk; mila Kbatpy;iy. fPo;tUk; jpUf;Fh;Md; trdj;ij mth; mwpthh;:

md;wpAk;> jpl;lkhf ehNk (G+kpf;Fr;) rkPgkhf ,Uf;Fk; thdj;ij (el;rj;jpu) tpsf;Ffisf; nfhz;L myq;fhpj;jpUf;fpd;Nwhk;; ,d;Dk;> mtw;iw i\j;jhd;fis (ntUl;Lk;) vwp fw;fshfTk; ehk; Mf;fpNdhk;;. (jpUf;Fh;md; 67:5)

cz;ikapy; ,e;j el;rj;jpuq;fs; midj;Jk; fPo; thdj;jpw;fhd myq;fhuq;fNs. mwptpayhsh;fs; gpugQ;rj;jpd; filrpia mile;jpltpy;iy vd;W mth; $Wfpd;whh;. G+kpapypUe;J njhiy Nehf;fp %yk; cw;W Nehf;Fk; NghJ J}RfshYk; kw;w Rw;Wr;R+oy; jilfshYk; rhpahf ftdpf;f Kbatpy;iy vd;Wk; ,jd; fhuzkhf> tpz;ntspapy; NkYk; gy njhiyNehf;fp epiyaq;fis epWTtJ gw;wp mthfs; rpe;jpj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;gjhfTk; $wpdhh;. xspia cgNahfpf;Fk; tp\d; njhiy Nehf;fpfs; ePz;l J}uq;fs; nry;y ,ayhjit. MfNt NkYk; njhpAk; tifapy;> mitfis mfw;wp tpl;L tpl;L> NubNah %yk; ,af;fg;gLk; njhiy Nehf;fpfis itj;Njhk;. MapDk; ,d;Dk; ehq;fs; vy;iyf;Fs;Nsjhd; cs;Nshk; vd;whh; mth;.  mtUf;F ,e;j trdj;ij ehd; Fwpg;gpl;Nld;:

gpd;Dk; (xU Kiw) ghHitia kPl;bg;ghH! (mt;thdq;fspy;) VjhtJ XH gpsit fhz;fpwhah? gpd;dH ,UKiw cd; ghHitia kPl;bg;ghH; cd; ghHit fisj;J> kOq;fpr; rpWikaile;J cd;dplk; jpUk;Gk;.

xt;nthU KiwAk; Nguhrphpah; Mh;k;];l;uhq; mth;fs; xU mwptpay; cz;ikia $Wk; NghJ mJ rk;ge;jkhd jpUf;Fh;Md; trdj;ij mtUf;F vLj;Jf; fhz;gpj;Njhk;. mitfs; midj;Jk; rhpnad mth; xg;Gf; nfhz;lhh;;. gpd;G ehk; mthplk; Nfl;Nlhk;: kdpjh;fshy; cz;lhf;fg;gl;l etPd fUtpfs;> uhf;nfl;Lfs;> tpz;ntspf; fg;gy;fs; Mfpatw;wpd; cjtp nfhz;L etPd tpz;zpaypd; cz;ikahd ,ay;ig jhq;fs; ghh;j;Jk; fz;Lgpbj;Jk; cs;sPh;fs;. ,Nj cz;ikfs; jpUf;Fh;Mdhy; 1400 Mz;LfSf;F Kd;G Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sijAk; jhq;fs; fz;Bh;fs;.  MfNt ,J gw;wp jq;fspd; fUj;J vd;d?

mth;; $wpdhh;: ek;Kila ciuahly; njhlq;fpajpypUe;Nj ehd; rpe;jpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; rpf;fyhd Nfs;tp mJjhd;. Guhjhd Fwpg;Gf;fspy; rpy ve;j mstpw;F etPd tpz;zpaYld; xj;Jg; Nghfpd;wJ vd;gJ Fwpj;J ehd; kpfTk; Gy;yhpj;Jg; NghNdd;. 1400 Mz;LfSf;F Kd; epytp $+o;epiyfs; gw;wp (mjhtJ mth;fSf;F ve;j mstpw;F tpz;zpay; gw;wpa mwpT ,Ue;jJ vd;gJ gw;wp) KOikahfTk; ek;Gk; tifapYk; vLj;Jf; $Wk; mstpw;F NghJkhd epGzj;Jtk; ngw;w khdpl rhpj;jpuk; gapd;w rhpj;jpu mwpQuy;y ehd;.

epr;rakhf> ehd; ,q;F fz;lJ kpf kpf Kf;fpakhdJ vd;gij $wpf; nfhs;fpd;Nwd;. mjw;F mwptpay; tpsf;fk; ,Uf;fyhk; my;yJ ,y;yhkYk; ,Uf;fyhk;. ekf;Fj; njhpe;j kdpj czh;TfSf;F mg;ghYs;s VNjh xd;Wjhd; ehk; fz;l ,e;j trdq;fs;; cUthtjw;F fhuzkhf ,Ue;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,e;; Neuj;jpy; mJ rk;ge;jkhf gjpyspg;gJ vd;Dila Nehf;fKk; my;y vd;Dila epyikAk; mJty;y. ehd; vij $w Ntz;Lnkd;W jhq;fs; tpUk;Gfpd;wPh;fNsh mij Fwpg;gpl;L $whkNyNa mJ gw;wp mjpfkhd thh;j;;;ijfis cjph;j;J tpl;Nld; vd;W ehd; epidf;fpd;Nwd;. tpQ;Qhdp vd;w Kiwapy; Fwpg;ghd xU rpy Nfs;tpfis tpl;Lk; xJq;fpapUg;gJ vd;Dila flik vd;W ehd; fUJfpd;Nwd;. ePq;fs; tpUk;Gk; gjpiy KOikahf nfhLf;fhky; rw;W Fiwj;J ,j;Jld; epWj;jpf; nfhs;tJ ey;yJ vd;W ehd; fUJtJjw;F mJTk; xU fhuzk; vd;W ehd; epidf;fpd;Nwd;.

Mk;. gjpdhd;F E}w;whz;LfSf;F Kd;G my;yh`;tpd; Ntjj;jpy; ,wf;fg;gl;l ,e;j mwpT egp K`k;kJ (]y;) mth;fSf;F xU kdpj %yj;jpUf;F te;jpUf;f KbAk; vd;W epidg;gJ kpfTk; fbdkhdJ. mwptpayhsh;fs; jq;fspd; mwpitg; ngWk; kw;nwhU %yk; fz;bg;ghf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. Vnddpy; thdq;fs; G+kp Mfpatw;wpd; ufrpaq;fis my;yh`; khj;jpuk;jhd; mwpthd;.  gy;NtW mwptpayhsh;fsplkpUe;J gy khehLfspy; ehk; fz;ltw;iwAk; Nfl;ltw;iwAk; vz;zpg; ghh;j;jhy; ehk; GjpanjhU rfhg;jj;jpd; Eiothapypy; ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk; vd;gij czh;e;J nfhs;syhk;.

kjKk; mwptpaYk; xd;iwnahd;W jOtpf; nfhs;Sk; fhykhFk; ,J. mjhtJ> cz;ikahd kjKk; cz;ikahd mwptpaYk;. me;j ,uz;Lf;FkpilNa ve;;j tpj Kuz;ghLk; ,Uf;f KbahJ NkYk; ve;j vjph;g;Gk; ,Uf;ff;$lhJ. ,g;gbj;jhd; gy E}w;whz;Lfshf K];ypk; mwpQh;fs; KbT nra;Js;shh;fs;. mjhtJ> ,iw ntspg;ghl;bd; %yk; te;j> njspthf tpsq;fpf; nfhs;sg;gl;l xU cz;ik ep&gpf;fg;gl;l tpQ;Qhd cz;ikNahL Kuz;gLtjw;fhd rhj;jpaNk ,y;iy.  ehk; jw;nghOJ tpz;ntspf;Fg; Ngha; nfhz;bUf;Fk; fhyj;jpy; ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk; vd;W mth;fs; nrhd;dhy;> mJ cz;ikjhd;> kjKk; mwptpaYk; ,ire;J NghFk; fhyk; ,Jjhd; vd;W ehk; mth;fsplk; $WNthk;. Mdhy; cz;ikahd mwptpw;Fk; cz;ik khh;f;fkhd ,];yhj;jpw;Fk; ,ilNajhd; ,J elf;f KbAk;. me;j khh;f;fj;ijj;;;jhd; my;yh`; vy;yh tpjkhd ngha;ikfspypUe;Jk; khw;wq;fspypUe;Jk; fhj;Js;shd;.

A huge, billowing pair of gas and dust clouds are captured in this stunning NASA Hubble Space Telescope image of the supermassive star Eta Carinae. Even though Eta Carinae is more than 8,000 light-years away, structures only 10 billion miles across (about the diameter of our solar system) can be distinguished. Dust lanes, tiny condensations, and strange radial streaks all appear with unprecedented clarity.  Estimated to be 100 times more massive than our Sun, Eta Carinae may be one of the most massive stars in our Galaxy. It radiates about five million times more power than our Sun.  Astronomical Facts
 Fig. 16.2

H 4
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