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,yl;rpak; <Nlw


;,e;j G+kpapy; my;yh`;tpd; khHf;fj;ij epiyehl;Lk; nghUl;L> ,];yhkpa ,af;fj;jpy; ,ize;J ahH nray;gLfpwhHfNsh mtHfis i\j;jhd; jd; Kjy; vjphpahf vz;Zfpwhd;. Vnddpy;> i\j;jhdpd; Ml;rpiaj; jtpL nghbahf;Fk; rf;jp ,tHfsplNk cs;sJ. ,tHfs; my;yh`;tpd; fl;lisfis eilKiwg;gLj;Jtjpy; ntw;wp mile;J tpl;lhy; i\j;jhdpd; Ml;rp mjpfhuk; tPo;e;J tpLfpwJ.

vdNt> my;yh`;tpd; kPJ ek;gpf;if nfhz;L ew;nray; GhpAk; xt;nthUtiuAk; topnfLf;f i\j;jhd; vg;nghOJk; jUzk; ghHj;Jf; nfhz;Nl ,Uf;fpd;whd;. thastpy; fypkh nrhy;yp> njhOif Nghd;w topghl;L Kiwfis ntWk; rlq;F hPjpapy; filg;gpbg;gtHfshy; i\j;jhDf;Fg; nghpa e\;lk; xd;Wkpy;iy. mg;gbg;gl;ltHfsplk; mtd; rw;W mjpUg;jp nfhz;lhYk; mtHfsplk; gifik ghuhl;Ltjpy;iy. Vnddpy;> mtHfs; i\j;jhdpd; rl;l jpl;lq;fNshL vjpHj;Jg; Gul;rp nra;gtHfs; my;yH.

Mdhy;> ,];yhkpa ,af;f CopaHfs; mg;gb my;y. xU Gwk; i\j;jhdpa Mjpf;fj;ij vjpHf;fpd;whHfs;. kWGwk; mNj rkfhyj;jpy; my;yh`;tpd; rl;lq;fis epiyehl;lTk; ghLgLfpd;whHfs;. ,jdhy; ,];yhkpa ,af;fj;jpd; xt;nthU CopaidAk; jd;Dila khngUk; vjphpahf i\j;jhd; fUJfpd;whd;. ,tHfis khHf;fj;jpy; ,Ue;J rj;jpa Nghuhl;lj;jpy; ,Ue;Jk; jpir jpUg;gp tpl tpjtpjkhd #o;r;rpfspYk; NkhrbfspYk; <LgLfpd;whd;. rpy Ntis mtHfis rj;jpag; ghijapy; ,Ue;J mfw;w Kbatpy;iy vd;whYk;> Fiwe;j gl;rk; fyg;gl vz;zq;fs;> el;Gwtpy; tphpry;> xUtiug; gw;wp kw;wtH jtwhd fUj;Jf; nfhs;sy;> Kuz;gLjy;> Nghd;w Fog;gq;fis Vw;gLj;j Kaw;rp nra;fpd;whd;. i\j;jhdpd; rPlHfs; ,af;f copaHfis cyf Mjha Mir fhl;bNah my;yJ vjpH jug;gpd; rf;jpiaf; fhl;b gaKWj;jpNah rj;jpag; ghijapy;,Ue;Njh khw;w KaYfpd;whHfs;. vdNt ,af;f CopaHfs; xt;nthUtUk; i\j;jhidAk; mtDila rPlHfisAk; giftdha; vz;zp> mtHfspd; #o;r;rpfs; Vkhw;W Ntiyfs; Fwpj;J vr;rhpf;ifahf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;.

,iwtd; $Wfpd;whd; :

cz;ikahfNt i\j;jhd; cq;fspd; giftdhthd;. MfNt ePq;fSk; mtid cq;fspd; giftdhff; fUJq;fs; (my;FHMd; : 35:6)

Mjk; (miy) mtHfsplk; I\j;jhd; te;J kaf;Fk; thHj;ijfs; Ngrpdhd;. mtUila eyk; tpUk;gpahf ebj;J Vkhw;wpdhd;. ,td; ek;Kila vjphpahapw;Nw! vd;gij czHe;J mtH rw;W vr;rhpf;ifahf ,Ue;jpUe;jhy;> mtDila mwpTiuia epuhfhpj;jpUg;ghH. mwpTs;s kdpjd; jd; vjphpapd; mwpTiuia Vw;f khl;lhd;. my;yh`;tpd; ghijapy; NghuhLtijj; jLf;Fk; vtdhtJ Mir thHj;ij Ngrp> vt;tsT caHthd cgNjrk; nra;jhYk; vr;rhpf;ifahf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. mJ i\j;jhdpd; #o;r;rp Vkhw;W Ntiy vd;gij czu Ntz;Lk;. ,];yhkpa ,af;f CopaHfs; my;yh`;tpd; ghijapy; vd;Wk; ,ize;jpUf;f ehbdhy;> vg;NghJ ve;j epiyapYk; khngUk; ghf;fpakha;f; fUj Ntz;Lk;. vz;zq;fspYk; ,yl;rpaj;jpYk; vj;jifa fyg;;glKk; Vw;glhky; ghHj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,];yhkpa ,af;fj;jpy; ehk; ,ize;j gpd; my;yh`; vj;jifa jpahfq;fis vjpHghHf;fpd;whd; vd;gijg; Ghpe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,g;ghijapy; ntw;wp ngwj; Njitahd gz;G eyd;fisg; gw;wp mwpe;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,e;jg; gz;Gfisg; gw;wpf; Fwpg;ghf VO mk;rq;fisg; gw;wp ,q;F tphpthf tpthjpg;Nghk;. ,jpy; tUk; xt;nthU jiyg;Gk; jpUf;FHMdpy; ,Ue;J vLj;jhsg;gl;Ls;sJ.

 

Kjw;gz;G

my;`k;Jypy;yh`;

,J tphpe;j nghUs; nfhz;l nrhy;yhFk;. ,jd; nghUs; Gfo; midj;Jk; my;yh`;Tf;Nf chpajhFk;. egp (]y;) mtHfspd; etpd;Ws;shHfs;. my;`k;Jypy;yh`; vd;gJ ,iwtDf;Fr; nra;Ak; ed;wpahFk;. mbahd; my;yh`;itg; Gfohky; ,Ue;jhy; mtd; ,iwtDf;F ed;wp nrYj;jhjtd; Mthd;. my;yh`; jkJ clypy; ,g;gb mstw;w mUl;nfhilfis itj;Js;shd;. mNj Nghy; thdj;jpYk;> G+kpapYk; FHMdpy; tpthpj;Js;sgb fzf;fw;w mUl;nfhilfs; cs;sd. ,j;jifa mUl;nfhilfspy; xd;W jPDy; ,];yhkhFk;. my;yh`;tpd; kw;w vy;yh mUl;nfhilfisAk; xd;whf NrHj;jhYk; ,e;jj; jPd; vd;Dk; mUl;nfhilf;F <lhfhJ. ,e;j mUl;nfhilf;F thapyhfj; jhd; ,t;Tyfpy; mikjpiaAk; kWikapy; <Nlw;wKk; fpilf;Fk;. ,];yhkpa ,af;fj;jpy; ,ize;J nray;gLk; ghf;fpak; ngw;wthpd; KO Kjw;flik my;yh`;itg; Gfo;e;J ed;wp nrYj;JtNjahFk;. ,e;j ,af;fj;jpy; NrUKd; ,];yhj;ij ntWk; xU kjkhfNt vz;zp te;Njhk;. my;yh`;it ek; tho;tpy; xt;nthU nraypYk; epidT $w Ntz;Lk;. ,iwr; rl;lq;fSf;Nf fPo; gbe;J elf;f Ntz;Lk;. egp (]y;) mtHfis ek; jiytuhf Vw;W mtHfspd; topKiwiag; gpd;gw;wp elf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gtdtw;iw vy;yhk; mwpahjtHfsha; ,Ue;Njhk;. njhOif Nehd;G [fhj; kw;Wk; `[; Nghd;wtw;iw rlq;F hPjpahd topghl;L KiwahfNt epidj;J te;Njhk;. mjd; mbg;gilj; jj;Jtq;fis czHe;jtHfsha; ehk; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. mj;Jld; ,iwahl;rpia kyur; nra;J mjd; %ykhf cyf kf;fis ,iwf;fl;lisfis Vw;W elf;Fk;gbr; nra;a Ntz;Lk;. ,e;j Nehf;fj;jpw;fhf ,];yhkpa ,af;fj;jpy; ,ize;J nray;gl Ntz;baJ ek;gpf;ifahsHfspd; fl;lhaf; flik vDk; Gul;rpfukhf fUj;Jf;fisf; Nfs;tpg;glhky; ,Ue;Njhk;. cyfpy; cs;s midj;J khHf;fq;fisAk; ntw;wp nfhs;sNt ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfis rj;jpa newpAld; mDg;gg; gl;lhHfs;. mtHfSila tUifapd; Nehf;fk;  cyfpy; cs;s VNjh xU khHf;j;jpw;Ff; fPo;g;gbe;J ,Ug;gjy;y. khwhf> midj;J khHf;fq;fisAk; ekf;Ff; fPo;g;gbar; nra;J cyFf;Nf topfhl;Lk; jiyikg; nghUg;gpy; mtH ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gij ,];yhkpa ,af;fj;Jld; ,iztjw;F Kd;> ,J gw;wp vy;yhk; ehk; vJTk; mwpahjtuha; ,Ue;Njhk;.

,e;j epiyapy; ,iwaUshy; ,af;fj;Jld; ekf;Fj; njhlHG Vw;gl;ljw;fhf my;yh`;it vt;tsT Gfo;e;jhYk;> mJ FiwNt! mjdhy; nrhy;YfpNwd;. ek;Kila Kjw; gz;ghf my;`k;Jypy;yh`; vd tho;ehs; KotJk; my;yh`;itg; Gfo;e;J Jjpg;gij tof;fkhff; nfhs;Nthk; vd;W ,iwtdpd; mUs; fpilf;fhj xUtDf;F topfhl;LjYk; fpilg;gjpy;iy. ,iwtDila topfhl;Ljy; fpilj;jhy; jhd; kdpjd; ,iwtopapy; nray;gl KbAk;. ,e;j mbg;gilia ehk; czHe;jhy; jhd;> ek;kpy; ,iwtidg; Gfo;e;J Jjpf;Fk; gz;G kq;fhky; ,Uf;Fk;. ,iwtdhy; topelj;jg;gl;l mtDila mbahHfs; ,t;Tyf tho;tpy; kl;Lky;y kWikapy; ,iwGfo; ghb nrhHf;fk; GFthHfs; vd;W my;FHMd; mwptpf;fpd;wJ.

mtHfs; nrhHf;fthrpfs; $WthHfs;. vq;fSf;Fk; ,t;topiaf; fhl;ba my;yh`;Tf;Nf vy;yhg; GfOk;. my;yh`; vq;fis NeHtopapy; nrYj;jpapuhtpby; ehq;fs; NeHtopia mile;jpUf;f khl;Nlhk;. (my;FHMd; : 7-43)

nrhHf;fj;jpd; mUl;nfhilfis ngw;wtHfs; ,itj; jk;Kila ew;nray;fspd; gpujpgydhf ekf;F mUsg;gl;ld vd jw;ngUik nfhs;s khl;lhHfs;.

,iwtdpd; mUshy; jhd; jhk; ,tw;iw milag; ngw;Nwhk; vd;Nw $WthHfs;. MfNt xt;nthUtU njhOiff;Fg; gpd; my;yh`;Tf;F ed;wp nrYj;Jk; nghUl;L Koj; njspTld; my;`k;Jypy;yh`; jpUk;gj; jpUk;g nkhopa Ntz;Lk;. ,jdhy; kdjpw;F mikjp fpilf;fpd;wJ. my;yh`;Tf;F ed;wp nrYj;Jk; gzpia NkYk; ,yFthf;f ,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; my;`k;Jypy;yh`; vdj; njhlq;Fk;> ,iwQ;Rjy;fisf; fw;Wj; je;Js;shHfs;. fhiyapy; fz; tpopf;Fk; nghOJ ek;Kila Njitfs; G+Hj;jpahFk; nghOJ> thfdj;jpy; VWk; nghOJk;> Nghy mikAk; gy fl;lq;fspy; njhlq;Fk; gpuhHj;jidfis egp (]y;) mtHfs; Nghjpj;Js;shHfs;.

,uz;lhtJ gz;G

,J ,iwctg;G - hps;thDy;yh`; vd;gjhFk;

jpUf;FHMdpy; ,iwctg;G ,iwyapg;G ,iw ehl;lk; vDk; nghUspy; hps;thDy;yh`; vDk; nrhy; te;Js;sJ.

,af;f CopaHfSf;Fk; ,e;jg; gz;G Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;j xd;whFk;. vz;zj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; jd; nraYf;Fhpa $ypia ,iwtd; jUfpd;whd;. kdpjdpd; vz;zq;fs; rhpahditahf mikah tpl;lhy; nray;fs; ahTk; gadw;Wk; Ngha; tpLk;.

egp (]y;) mtHfs; kpfj; njspthff; $wpdhHfs;. nray;fs; ahTk; vz;zj;ijg; nghUj;Nj mikAk;. MfNt ,af;f CopaHfs;xt;nthUtUk; ehd; ve;j vz;zj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; ,g;ghijapy; Gwg;gl;Ls;Nsd;. VjhtJ cyfpay; yhgk; ngUk; nghUl;L ehd; ,af;fj;Jld; ,ize;Js;Nsdh vd;W kdjpd; Moj;jpy; Njbg; ghHj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. mg;gb cyfpay; yhgk; vijNaDk; Fwpf;Nfhshf ,Ug;gpd;> mjpypUe;J tpLgl Ntz;Lk;. my;yhky; ek; ,af;fj;Jld; ,ize;J epiyj;jpUg;gJ ,ayhjjhfp tpLk;.

,iwctg;igg; ngWk; Nehf;fj;Jld; kl;LNk xU ,af;fj;Jld; ,ize;J n ray;gl Ntz;Lk;. ,iwctg;ig ehk; vjw;fhfg; ngw Ntz;Lk;. cyf MjhaKk; mjdhy; milAk; gyd;fSk; xU vy;iyf;F cl;gl;lit. mit epue;jukhdjy;y.m tw;wpd; tpiyAk; mjpfky;y. ,it xUehs; KbT ngw;Nw Mf Ntz;Lk;.

,iwctg;Gf;fhf nra;ag;gl;l nray;fs; epiyahd moptpy;yhj mUl;nfhilfisg; ngw;Wj; jUk;. MfNt rj;jpaj;ij czHe;jtHfs; ,iwctg;gpd; NjitiaAk; mjd; kjpg;igAk; ed;F mwpe;jtHfshf ,Ug;gtHfs;.

ek;kpy; vtH kz;ziwapd; Ntjidapy; ,Ue;Jk; kWik kw;Wk; eufj;jpd; jz;lidapy; ,Ue;Jk; tpLjiy ngw tpUk;Gfpd;whHfNsh mtHfs; mjw;fhf ,iwctg;igj; jtpHj;J NtW khHf;fk; ,y;iy vd;gij czu Ntz;Lk;.

,iw ctg;G vg;NghJ fpl;Lk;?

kz;Zyfpy; ,iwtdhy; ,aw;wg;gl;l rl;lq;fs; filgpbf;fg;glhj NghJ ntWk; njhOif Nehd;gpdhy; kl;Lk; ,iwtd; kfpo;r;rp miltjpy;iy vd;gij FHMd;> egpnkhop> egpj;NjhoHfspd; nray;fs; %yk; mwpfpd;Nwhk;. ,iwr;rl;lq;fis epiyehl;l Nghuhl Ntz;b tUk; vd;wQ;rp mjpypUe;J jg;gpf;f kdpjd; jPa rf;jpAld; cld;gbf;if nra;J nfhs;tJ ,iwek;gpf;iff;Fk; - <khDf;Fk; KuzhdjhFk;.

egp (]y;) mtHfs; fhyj;jpy; tho;e;j rpyH njhOifiaAk; Nehd;igAk; filgpbj;Nj tho;e;jhHfs;. Mdhy; ,];yhj;jpw;F vjpuhd rf;jpfSld; Nghubl tuhjjpdhy; mtHfs; eatQ;rfHfs; Kdhgpf;Ffs; vd;wiof;fg;gl;ldH. MfNt ek; ,af;fj;Jld; ,ize;J ,iwctg;igg; ngWk; xNu Nehf;fj;Jld; ,iw newpia epiyehl;lg; ghLgl Ntz;Lk;.

egp (]y;) mtHfs; c`j; Nghhpd; Njhy;tpf;Fg; gpwF kPz;Lk; Nghhpl K];ypk;fis mioj;j NghJ> cz;ikahd ek;gpf;ifahsHfs; me;j miog;Gf;F clNd mbgzpe;jhHfs;. Mdhy; eatQ;rfHfs; gpd;thq;fpdhHfs;. mJkl;Lky;y ngUk; gil jpul;btpl;ljhff; $wp K];ypk;fspilNa gPjpiaf; fpsg;gp tpl;lhHfs;. Mdhy; ,ijf; Nfl;lJk; cz;ikahd K];ypk;fspd; ,iwek;gpf;if ,d;Dk; mjpfkhfp ek; my;yh`;tpd; fl;rpiar; NrHe;jtHfs;> mtNd ekf;Fg; NghJkhdtd; vd;W Koq;fpagb jk; ,yf;F Nehf;fpg; gha;e;J Gwg;gl;lhHfs;. my;yh`;tpd; jpUg;nghUj;jj;ijAk;> mstpl Kbahj mUl;nfhiliaAk; ngw;W mikjpAld; jpUk;gpdhHfs; . ,iwg; ghijapy; cWjpAld; nrd;wjw;fhd gyidAk; ngw;whHfs;.

,ijg; gw;wp my;yh`; ,t;thW $Wfpd;whd; :

mtHfs; vj;jijNahnud;why; jq;fSf;F(g; Nghhpy;) fhak;gl;l gpd;dUk; my;yh`;TilaTk;> (mtDila) u]_YilaTk; miog;ig Vw;(W kPz;Lk; NghUf;Fr; nrd;)wdH; mj;jifNahhpy; epd;Wk; ahH mofhdtw;iwr; nra;J> ,d;Dk; ghtj;jpypUe;J jq;fisf; fhj;Jf; nfhs;fpwhHfNsh mtHfSf;F kfj;jhd ew;$ypapUf;fpwJ. kf;fspy; rpyH mtHfsplk;; ''jplkhf kf;fspy; (gyH cq;fSld; NghhpLtjw;fhfj;) jpuz;L tpl;lhHfs;> vdNt mg;giliag;gw;wp mQ;Rpf; nfhs;Sq;fs;"" vd;W $wp (mr;RWj;jp)dH; Mdhy; (,J) mtHfspd; <khidg; ngUf;fp tYg;glr; nra;jJ. ''my;yh`;Nt vq;fSf;Fg; NghJkhdtd;. mtNd vq;fSf;Fr; rpwe;j ghJfhtyd;"" vd;W mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. ,jdhy; mtHfs; my;yh`;tplkpUe;J ep/kj;ijAk; (mUl;nfhiliaAk;>) Nkd;ikiaAk; ngw;Wj; jpUk;gpdhHfs;; vj;jifa jPq;Fk; mtHfisj; jPz;ltpy;iy; (Vnddpy;) mtHfs; my;yh`;tpd; tpUg;gj;ijg; gpd;gw;wpdhHfs; - my;yh`; kfj;jhd nfhilAilatdhf ,Uf;fpwhd;. (3:172-173)

%d;whtJ gz;G

,J my;yh`;tplj;jpy; jQ;rkiljyhFk;. ,jw;F igmj; vd;Dk; nrhy; gad;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. mjhtJ tpw;W tpLjy;. mjhtJ my;yh`;tplk; jd;id tpw;WtpLjy; vDk; nghUshFk;. jd; capiuAk;> clikfisAk; nrhHf;fj;jpw;Fg; gfukhf tpw;W tpLjy; vd;gijNa ,r;nrhy; Fwpj;Jf; fhl;Lfpd;wJ. ek; ,af;fg; gzpfis Koikahd yapg;Gld; xUq;fpize;J nray;gl epidj;jhy; ,iwtdplk; nra;Js;s ,e;j cld;gbf;ifapd;gb ek; capiuAk;> nghUisAk; ,af;fg; gzpfSf;F mw;gzpj;J tpl Ntz;Lk;. ,J ek; jiyaha flikahFk;.

(epr;rakhf my;yh`; K/kpd;fspd; capHfisAk;> nghUs;fisAk; epr;rakhf mtHfSf;F Rtdk; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;w (mbg;gilapy;) tpiyf;F thq;fpf; nfhz;lhd;; (9:111)

nrhHf;fk; fpilf;f Ntz;Lkhdhy; ehk; ek;Kila capH kw;Wk; clikfisAk; ek;Kilait vd;W vz;zhky; my;yh`;tpd; nrhj;J vd;W thof; flikg;gl;Ls;Nshk;. ,jidj; jhd; Nkw;nrhd;d FHMd; trdk; czHj;Jfpd;wJ. ek; capH kw;Wk; clikfis ek; kdk; Nghd Nghf;fpy; gad;gLj;jpdhy; nrhHf;fk; fpilf;fhJ. ,e;j cld;gbf;ifia ehk; vspjhf epiwNtw;wyhNk vd ePq;fs; fUjyhk;. Mdhy; eilKiwapy; mJ ,yFthdjy;y. xUgf;fk; kdpjdpd; kdk; mtid Vkhw;Wk;. kWgf;fk; FLk;gk; kw;Wk; gps;isfspd; md;G mtidg; gpd;dila itf;Fk;. ,jdhy; my;yh`; fhl;ba topapy; eilNghLtJ ,ayhjjhfp tpLk;. MfNt jhd; ,];yhkpa ,af;fj;Jld; ,izAk; nghOJ ehk; xt;nthUtUk; ,t;thW igmj; vDk; cWjp nkhop vLj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

,iwnewpia - ,];yhj;ij Koikahf epiyehl;Lk; xU ,af;fj;Jld; mjw;fhfg; NghuhLk; xU $l;likg;Gld; vd;id ehd; ,izj;Jf; nfhz;Ls;Nsd;. ,jd; %yk; vd;Dila cly; nghUs; Mtp midj;ijAk; my;yh`;tpd; topapy; mw;gzpj;J tpl;Nld;. ,dp vd; clYf;Fk;>nghUSf;Fk;> capUf;Fk; chpikahsd; ehd; my;y> my;yh`; jhd;. ,e;j topapy; ehd; ghLgLk; NghJ kd ,r;irfs; Fwpf;fplyhk;. I\j;jhdpd; #o;r;rpfs; Fog;gyhk;. Rw;wj;jhHfs; vd;id mr;RWj;jyhk;. ,J Nghd;w re;jHg;gq;fspy; ehd; ,lwp tpohky; ,Ug;gjw;fhfTk; njhlHe;J my;yh`;tpd; topapy; Kd;NdwTk; ,e;j ,af;fj;Jld; vd;id ,izj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;Nwd;.

\hpmj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; ,af;fk; fl;Lf;Nfhg;ghf vLf;Fk; KbTf;F fl;Lg;gLfpd;Nwd; vd cWjp mspf;fpd;Nwd;. ,t;thW ,];yhkpa ,af;fj;Jld; ,ize;J mjw;Ff; fl;Lg;gl;L mjDld; jd;id xg;gilf;fhj tiu  Koikahd mw;gzpg;G ,ayhj fhhpakhfp tpLk;.

\`hjj; - tPu kuzj;jpy; MHtk;

my;yh`; tplk; jd;id Koikahf mw;gzpj;jy; vd;gJ mtd; topapy; jd; capiu mw;gzpf;Fk; Fwpf;NfhisAk; cs;slf;fpajhFk;.

epr;rakhf> vdJ njhOifAk; vd;Dila topghLk; vd;Dila tho;Tk; vd;Dila kuzKk; mfpyq;fspd; mjpgjpahd my;yh`;tpw;Nf chpahjhFk;. (6:162)

,J FHMd; ekf;Ff; fw;Wj; je;j ghlk;. khHf;fj;ij epiyehl;Lk; gzpapy; jd;id Koikahf my;yh`;tplk; mw;gzpj;j czHTld; eilNghLtNj ek; KO Kjw;flikahFk;. ek;kplk; vg;NghJk; vg;gbg;gl;l jpahfq;fis FHghdp Nfl;ghd; vd;gJ mtd; kl;LNk mwpe;j nra;jp. ek;ikg; nghWj;jtiu vy;yh tpj jpahfq;fSf;Fk; ehk; jahuhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. my;yh`;tpd; jpUTsg;gb> mtd; topapy; ehk; nfhy;yg;gl;L \`Pj; tPuj; jpahfp vDk; caH jFjpia ekf;F mspf;fyhk;. my;yJ ek; ifahy; vjphpfis tPo;j;jp my;yh`; ek;ik ntw;wpahsHfshf Mf;fyhk;. vy;yhk; mtdJ vz;zg;gb jhd; elf;Fk;. ,e;j ,Utifahd KbTf;F ek;ik jahH gLj;jpf; nfhz;L nray;gl Ntz;Lk;. c`Jg; Nghpy; 70 egpj;NjhoHfs; tPu kuzk; mile;jhHfs;. gj;Ug; Nghhpd; ntw;wpAld; xg;gpLk; nghOJ ,J xU Njhy;tpahfNt fUjg;gLfpd;wJ.

cq;fSf;F xU fhak; Vw;gl;lJ vd;why;> mNj Nghd;W kw;wtHfSf;Fk; fhak; Vw;gl;Ls;sJ; ,j;jifa (Nrhjidf;) fhyq;fis kdpjHfspilNa ehNk khwp khwp tur; nra;fpd;Nwhk;; ,jw;Ff; fhuzk;> <khd; nfhzlNlhiu my;yh`; mwptjw;Fk;> cq;fspy; capHj; jpahfk; nra;Nthiu NjHe;njLj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;FNk MFk;; ,d;Dk;> my;yh`; mepahak; nra;Nthiu Nerpg;gjpy;iy. (3:140)

,jpypUe;J xd;W \`hjj; tPukuzk; gilg;gJ mj;jid ,yFthdjy;y. mJ kpfg; ngUk; NgWjhd;. ehy;tUf;F kl;Lk; jhd; my;yh`; me;jg; Ngw;iw toq;Ffpd;whd;. ,];yhkpa ,af;fj;Jld; ,ize;J gzpahw;WgtHfspy; me;j caH jFjpf;F chpatHfis my;yh`; NjHe;njLj;J itj;Js;shd;. MfNt ,];yhj;jpw;fhd Nghul;lf; fsj;jpy; jParf;jpfisf; fz;L mQ;rNth gpd;thq;fNth Njitapy;iy. mt;thW nry;tJ my;yh`;Tld; ehk; nra;J nfhz;l xg;ge;jj;jpw;F KuzhdjhFk;. mjw;fhf me;j nray; jpl;lKk; ,d;wp ve;jj; jw;fhg;Gk; eltbf;ifAk; ,d;wp Neuhfj; jd; jiyiaf; nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gJk; mjd; nghUs; my;y. ,iwkhHf;fj;ij NkNyhq;fr; nra;a ,Wjp %r;R tiu Nghul Ntz;Lk;. gpd;thq;ff; $lhJ. mile;jhy; ntw;wp> ,y;iynad;why; tPu kuzk;. ,e;j czHTfs; ,];yhkpa ,af;fj;Jld; ehk; ,ize;J gzpahw;Wk; NghJ Vw;gLk;.

ehd;fhtJ gz;G

,af;f CopaHfsplk; ,Uf;f Ntz;ba> my;yh`;tpd; mbahd; vd;w epiyg;ghlhFk;. XH mbahdpd; jiyaha flik jd; v[khdpd; fl;lisfisg; Ngzp filgpbj;jyhFk;. ,];yhkpa ,af;fk; jd; CopaUf;fhf cUthf;fpAs;s nray; jpl;lk; mtHfis my;yh`;tpd; ey;ybahHfshf Mf;Fk; tha;g;G cUthfpd;wJ. ,e;j nray; jpl;lj;ijf; filgpbg;gtHfs; jhk; ,af;fj;jpd; cz;ikahd CopaHfs; MthHfs;. my;yh`;tpd; mbahdhf khWtjw;F khHf;f mwpT ngWtJ mtrpak;. ve;j msTf;F khHf;f mwpT ngWfpNwhNkh me;j msTf;F mjd;gb nray;gl Ntz;Lk;. ,jw;fhf ehs;NjhWk; Fiwe;jgl;rk; jpUf;FHMdpd; rpy trdq;fisahtJ gbj;Jg; Ghpe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. md;whl ,];yhk; njhlHghd Gj;jfq;fspy; ,Ue;J Fiwe;jJ gj;Jg; gf;fq;fshtJ gbj;jwpa Ntz;Lk;. NkYk; njhOifiaf; $l;lhfr; [khj;Jld; epiwNtw;w Ntz;Lk;. ,itahTk; xU ,af;f Copadpd; fl;lhaf; flikahFk;. thue;NjhWk; eilngWk; ,af;ff; $l;lq;fspy; khHf;f mwpit> NkYk; ngWtjw;fhd re;jHg;gq;fs; fpilf;fpd;wd. ey;yKiwapy; FHMd; XjTk; khHf;fr; rl;lq;fisg; Ghpe;J nfhs;sTk; Ntz;Lk;. CopaHfSf;fhd gapw;rpj; jpl;lq;fisj; jahhpj;Jf; nfhLg;gJ nghWg;gpy; cs;stHfsJ flikahFk;. my;yh`;tpd; mbahd; vDk; jFjpia ngWk; tYthd vz;zk; nfhz;ltHfs; kd ,r;irf;F e/g;]{f;F mbikahf khl;Nld; vd;w cWjpiaf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. kd ,r;irahdJ cyfpy; vy;yh tifahd ,d;gq;fisAk; ngw kdpjidj; J}z;Lfpd;wJ. Mdhy; Md;khTk; &$k; kd rhl;rpAk; jtwhd ,d;gq;fisAk; vjpHj;Jg; Gul;rp nra;fpd;wd. ey;yijak; jPaijAk; xt;nthU kdpjDk; czHe;jpUf;fpd;whd;. kd ,r;ir jtwhd nray; Ghpaj; J}z;Lk; NghJ kdrhl;rp mjid vjpHf;fpd;wJ. kdrhl;rpapd; FuYf;F kjpg;gspj;J jtwhd ,d;gq;fis vl;b cijAq;fs;. Mdhy; rpw;rpy re;jHg;gq;fspy; kdpjdpd; kdrhl;rpapd; vjpHg;igg; nghUl;gLj;jhky; kd ,r;irf;F mbikahfp tpLfpd;whd;. kd,r;irf;F mbikahfhky; my;yh`;Tf;F kl;LNk cz;ikahd mbahdhfj; jpfo %d;W nray;fs; cjtp Ghpfpd;wd.

1. Md;khtpd; fl;lisf;F vjpuhf kdrhl;rpapd; FuYf;F tpNuhjkhfr; nray;gl khl;Nld;. kd,r;iria vd;Dila v[khdhf Vw;Wf; nfhs;s khl;Nld;vd;W cWjp $WtJ.

2. kd ,r;irfs; kPJ Md;kh Ml;rp nrYj;j Ntz;Lk;. mjw;F ek; njhOifia $l;lhfj; njho Ntz;Lk;. INtis [khj; njhOifapy; fz;Zk; fUj;Jkhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. ukshd; khjj;jpy; Nehd;G ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. kw;w ehl;fspy; %d;W ehl;fs; Nehd;gpUf;f Ntz;Lk;.

3. kd,r;irfs; ntw;wp ngwhky; ,Uf;f ve;jNeuKk; ek;ik ehNk Ra kjpg;gPL nra;J nfhz;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;. rpy rkak; kd,r;ir ntw;wp mile;jpUf;Fk; gl;rj;jpy; cldbahf my;yh`;tplk; Kiwapl;L> ght kd;dpg;Gf; Nfhhp NkYk; Kad;W kd ,r;iriaj; Njhy;tpAwr; nra;a Ntz;Lk;.

Ie;jhtJ gz;G

,af;f CopaHfsplk; ,Uf;f Ntz;ba gz;G ,iwNerk; vd;gjhFk;.

,q;F ,iwNerHfSf;F mt;ypah my;yh`; vd;Dk; nrhy; gad;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. mt;ypah vDk; ,r; nrhy; typ vDk; nrhy;ypd; gd;ikahFk;. typ vd;why; NerH> cjtpahsH> ez;gH> ghJfhtyH> nka;fhg;ghsH> MjuthsH vd;nwy;yhk; nghUs; nfhs;syhk;. NerH vDk; nrhy; my;yh`;Tf;Fg; nghUe;Jk;> mtDila mbahDf;Fk; nghUe;Jk;.

my;FHMd; NgRfpd;wJ :

,iwek;gpf;if nfhz;ltHfSf;F ghJfhg;gspj;J cjTgtd; typ my;yh`; jhd; (my;FHMd; 2:257)

njhpe;J nfhs;Sq;fs;. my;yh`;tpd; NerHfSf;F vj;jifa mr;rKkpy;iy. mtHfs; Jaug;glTk; khl;lhHfs;. (my;FHMd; 10:62)

mt;ypah vDk; nrhy;iy my;yh`;Tf;Fg; gad;gLj;jpdhy; ghJfhtyd; cjtpahsd; vd;W nghUs; gLk;. mbahDf;Fg; nghUj;jpf; $wg;gl;lhy;> Mokhd md;G nfhz;l ez;gd; vd;W nghUs;gLk;. my;yh`;tpd; NerHfSf;Fr; rpy rpwg;Gf; $Wfs; cs;sd. mitahtd :

    1. mtHfs; my;yh`;tpd; fl;lisfis MirAlDk;> MHtj;JlDk; nray;gLj;JthHfs;. jz;lidf;Fg; gae;J xU nray;gLj;Jk; NghJ> mjpy; ,d;gKk; kfpo;r;rpAk; fpl;Ltjpy;. mNj nray; md;Gf;Ff; fl;Lg;gl;L nra;ag;gLk; NghJ ngUk; kfpo;r;rpAk;> ,d;gKk; fpl;Lfpd;wJ.

    2. mtHfs; my;yh`; tpd; fl;lisf;F khW nra;tjpy; Kbe;jsT jk;ikj; jw;fhj;Jf; nfhs;thHfs;.

    3. my;yh`;tpd; fl;lis ,U tifg;gLk;. xd;W Vty; - fl;lisfs; (mk;H) ,uz;L jLj;jy; (e`;) MFk;. my;yh`; vtw;iwr; nra;Ak;gbf; fl;lisapl;Ls;shNdh mtw;iw Koikahfr; nra;a Kbah tpl;lhYk; vtw;iw tpl;L jLj;Js;shNdh mtw;wpypUe;J epr;rak; tpyfp epw;f KbAk;. my;yh`;tpd; NerHfs; ve;j epiyapYk; my;yh`;tpw;Ff; Nfhg%l;Lk; ve;jr; nraYk; jq;fsplkpUe;J epfof; $lhJ vd;gjpy; kpfTk; ftdkhf ,Ug;ghHfs;. my;yh`;tpd; kPjhd; mg;gOf;fw;w md;G ,j;jd;ikapid mspf;fpd;wJ. my;yh`; mwptpj;j egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. mtHfspd; fhJfs; vd; fhJfshfp> mtHfspd; fz;fs; vd; fz;fshfp tpLfpd;wd> mtHfs; fhy;fs; vd; fhy;fshfp tpLfpd;wd. MfNt my;yh`;tpd; NerHfspd; ve;jnthU cWg;Gk; my;yh`;tpd; tpUg;gj;jpw;F khwhfg; gad;gLj;jg;glf; $lhJ.

    4. ve;j epiyapYk; jd;id my;yh`;tpd; ehl;lj;jpw;F ,dq;Ftijf; nfhz;L kfpo;r;rpahf ,Ug;ghHfs;. ,tHfs;  vy;yhtpjkhd Jd;gq;fisAk; ,og;Gf;fisAk; kdKte;J Vw;Wf; nfhs;thHfs;. my;yh`;tpd; J}jHfSk; ,jw;F tpjptpyf;fy;y. my;yh`;tpd; kPJ nfhz;l Nerj;jpd; fhuzkhf ,e;jj; Jd;gq;fspy; vy;yhk; ed;ikfs; ,Ug;gjhf mwpthHfs;. ,d;gKk; Jd;gKk; my;yh`;tpd; ehl;lg;gbNa Vw;gLfpd;wd. vdpDk; cWjpahd vz;zk; ,Ug;gjhy; Jd;gq;fspd; NghJ mtHfs; Jtz;L tpLtjpy;iy. kdnkhbe;J Nghtjpy;iy. my;yh`;Tf;fhf jq;fis mw;gzpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; ,tHfs; vj;jifa epiyapYk; my;yh`;Tf;F ed;wp nrYj;JNthHfshf ,Uf;fpd;whHfs;.

,af;f CopaHfspd; md;whl nray; jplj;jpy; jd;idj; jhNd Ra kjpg;gPL nra;J nfhs;tJ ,lk; ngw;wpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpAs;shHfs; :

jd; kdij Muha;e;J mjidr; rhpgLj;jpf; nfhs;gtNd rpwe;j mwpthspahthd;. vd;W ,e;jr; nraiy my;yh`;tpd; mbahid my;yh`;tpd; NerH vd;Dk; jFjpf;F caHj;Jfpd;wJ. vdNt ehs;NjhWk; Fwpg;gpl;l Neuj;jpy; jdf;Fj; jhNd Nfl;Lf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

       ehd; my;yh`;tpd; fl;lisfis mtd; kPJ nfhz;l md;gpd; fhuzkhf MHtj;Jld; filgpbf;fpd;Nwdh?

       ehd; vd; cly; cWg;Gf;fisAk; mjdhy; tpisAk; nray;fisAk; my;yh`;tpw;F tpUg;gkpy;yhj topia tpl;Lk; ghJfhg;ghf itj;jpUf;fpd;Nwdh?

       ehd; vd; mjpgjpahfpa my;yh`;tpd; ehl;lg;gb ele;J ve;j epiyapYk; vd; mjpgjpf;F ed;wp nrYj;Jfpd;Nwdh?

,g;gb ek; jtWfisf; fiye;J my;yh`;tpd; ghijapy; eilNghl Ntz;Lkhdhy; ehk; jhd; Kaw;rp nra;a Ntz;Lk;.

kw;wtHfs; ekf;fhf Kaw;rpapy; <Lgl KbahJ vd;gij ehk; epidtpy; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,af;fg; nghWg;Gf;fisr; Rke;J nfhz;L cyf hPjpahd flikfSf;F kj;jpapy; gw;gy Jd;gq;fisAk; vjpH nfhz;L my;yh`;tpd; NerH vDk; jFjpiag; ngWtJ vt;thW rhj;jpag;gLk; vd;w Nfs;tp voyhk;. my;yh`;tpd; Nerk; vd;gjw;F kf;fs; jtwhf gy fUj;Jf;fisf; nfhz;Ls;sdH. ,iwj; jpahdj;jpy; jpf;U y; <LgLtJ cghpj; njhOiffis njhOJ nfhz;L ,Ug;gJ Nghd;w fUj;Jf;fs; mt;thW mikfpd;wd. egpj;NjhoHfis tplr; rpwe;j my;yh`;tpd; NerHfs; NtW ahUk; ,y;iy. mtHfsJ tho;f;if vt;thW ,Ue;jJ vd;W ehk; ghHf;f Ntz;Lk;.

xU epfo;r;rpiag; ghHg;Nghk; :

xU Kiw gazj;jpd; NghJ NjhoHfs; rpyH egpfshH (]y;) mtHfs; Kd;dpiyapy; Fwpg;gpl;l xU Njhoiug; gw;wp kpfTk; Gfo;e;J Ngrpf; nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. ,t;thW GfOtjw;fhd fhuzj;ij egp(]y;) mtHfs; Nfl;lhHfs;. mjw;Fj; NjhoHfs; ehk; ,isg;ghWtjw;fhf $lhuk; mikj;Njhk;. Fjpiufisf; fl;bg; Nghl;Nlhk;. mjw;Fj; jPdp jz;zPH Gfl;bNdhk;. ek;Kila nghUl;fisr; rhpghHj;J xOq;F nra;Njhk;. Mdhy; me;jj; NjhoH egpy; njhOifapy; njhlHe;J <Lgl;Ls;shH vd;W $wpdH. mjw;F egp (]y;) me;jj; Njhohpd; nghUl;fis ahH rhp nra;jhHfs;? mtuJ Fjpiuf;F ahH jPdp Nghl;lhHfs;? vd;W Nfl;lhHfs;. mjw;F ehq;fs; jhd; nra;Njhk; vd;wdH NjhoHfs;. mg;gbahdhy; ePq;fs; vy;NyhUk; mtHfis tplr; rpwe;jtHfs; vd;W mz;zyhH (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;.

ehk; gbg;gpid ngWtjw;F ,e;j xU epfo;r;rpNa NghJkhdJ. ekJ rKjhaj;jpd; ,];yhkpa mwptpd; FiwghL fhuzkhf my;yh`; tpd; gw;wp jtwhd fz;Nzhl;lk; kf;fsplk; cs;sJ. cz;ikahd my;yh`;tpd; NerHfsplk; ngUik gfl;L> kw;Wk; Mlk;guq;fs; vJTk; ,Uf;fhJ. kf;fs jhq;fNs Njb te;J gf;jp nrYj;j Ntz;Lk; vd;nwy;yhk; mtHfs; tpUk;g khl;lhHfs;. kw;w mbahHfisg; Nghy rhjhuzkhfNt ,Ug;ghHfs;. my;yh`;tplk; ehk; Mokhd md;G nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. cyf KotJk; cwq;fpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; Ntisapy; ehk; J}q;fhky; my;yh`;tpd; Kd;dpiyapy; gzpe;J epd;W j`[;[j; njhOifiaj; njhOJ tzq;f Ntz;Lk;. ,t;thW nra;ahj tiu mtd; kPJ Mokhd md;G Vw;gl topapy;iy.

egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs; : ePq;fs; gpd;dpuT Ntisapy; tpopj;jpUe;J njhOq;fs;. ,J rhd;NwhHfspd; topKiwahFk;. ,J cq;fSf;F my;yh`;tpd; neUf;fj;ijg; ngw;Wj; jUk;. cq;fs; ghtq;fis kd;dpj;J> vjpHfhyj;jpy; ghtq;fspypUe;J ghJfhg;Gf; fpilf;fTk; top nra;Ak;.

MwhtJ gz;G

ek;kplk; ,Uf;f Ntz;ba MwhtJ gz;G cjtpahsHfsha; md;]hUy;yh`; ehk; jpfo Ntz;Lk; vd;gjhFk;.

jpUf;FHMd; $Wfpd;wJ.

my;yh`;tpd; kPJ ek;gpf;if nfhz;l kf;fs; my;yh`;tpd; cjtpahsHfsha; Mfp tpLq;fs;. (61:14)

,q;F rpy Nfs;tpfs; voyhk;. kdpjdhy; my;yh`;Tf;F vd;d cjtpfs; nra;a KbAk;. ,jd; cz;ikahd nghUs; vd;d? my;yh`; kdpjdpd; cjtpia vjpHghHj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;whdh? epr;rakhf ,y;iy! mg;gbapUf;f my;yh`; Vd; ,g;gbf; $Wfpd;whd;. epr;rakhf ,J xU ngUk; tpsf;fj;ijj; jdfj;Nj nfhz;Ls;sJ. thUq;fs; me;j tpsf;fj;ijf; nfhQ;rk; ghHg;Nghk;.

top jtwpa xUtd; my;yh`;tpd; Kaw;rpahy; NeHtopia mile;J tpl;lhy;> my;yh`; mstpl Kbahj kfpor;rpiaf; nfhs;fpd;whd;. my;yh`;tpd; ,e;j kfpor;rpia  tpsf;f egp (]y;) mtHfs; xU mofpa epfo;r;rpia vLj;Jf; fhl;lhfr; nrhd;dhHfs;. xU gazp rw;W ,isg;ghWtjw;fhf jd; gazj;ij epWj;jp> xU kuj;jpd; epoypy; jq;fpdhd;. J}f;fk; mtidf; ft;tpf; nfhz;lJ. fz; tpopj;j nghOJ mtdJ xl;lfk; fhzg;gltpy;iy. me;j xl;lfj;jpd; Kjfpy; mtDil czTk;> ePUk; ,Ue;jd. mjdhy; mtd; ngUk; ftiy mile;jhd;. xl;lfj;ij  ,q;Fk; mq;Fk; Njb miye;J fisj;Jg; Nghdhd;. kdnkhbe;J epiyFiye;J kuzk; epr;rak; vd;w vz;zj;Jld; mg;gbNa NrhHe;J Ngha; gLj;J cwq;fp tpl;lhd;. rw;W Neuj;jpw;Fg; gpd; kPz;Lk; fz; tpopj;Jg; ghHj;j NghJ> fhzkhy; Nghd xl;lfk; mq;F epw;gijf; fz;lhd;. kfpo;r;rpapy; jpf;FKf;fhbg; Nghdhd;. my;yh`;Tf;F ed;wp nrYj;Jk; nghUl;L> jd;id kwe;j epiyapy; eP mbahd;! ehd; cd; mjpgjp vd;whd;. njhiye;j xl;lfk; kPz;Lk; fpilj;j nghOJ> me;jg; gazp mile;j kfpo;r;rpia tpl top jtwpa xUtd; kPz;Lk; NeHtopf;F tUk; nghOJ my;yh`; mjpf kfpo;r;rp milfpd;whd;. topjtwpatHfis NeHtop nfhz;L tUtJ vt;tsT kfj;jhd gzp vd;W ,jd; %yk; ehk; czuyhk;.

jtwhd nfhs;ifapy; ,Ug;gtHfSf;F jtwhd topapy; nry;gtHfSf;F vJ NeH top vd;gij ehk; vLj;Jiuf;fyhk;. Mdhy; mtHfis me;j NeHtop nfhz;L nrYj;Jk; Mw;wy; kdpjHfSf;F toq;fg;gl;Ls;sjh? ,y;iy. Vd; my;yh`;tpd; J}jHfSf;F mJ toq;fg;gltpy;iy. jk;Kila nghpa je;ijahH mG+jhypg; mtHfis NeHtopf;Ff; nfhz;L te;J tpl Ntz;Lk; vd;W mz;zy; egp (]y;) mtHfs; vt;tsNth Kad;whHfs; Mdhy; me;j Kaw;rpapy; mtHfs; ntw;wp ngw tpy;iy. ,j;jidf;Fk; mG+jhypg; egp (]y;) mtHfs; kPJ khwhj md;G nfhz;ltH. jd; ,Wjp %r;Rtiu vjphpfsplkpUe;J mz;zyhiug; ghJfhj;J te;jhH. MapDk; mz;zyhhpd; rj;jpa miog;ig mtH Vw;Wf; nfhs;stpy;iy. mG+jhypg; kuzg;gLf;ifapy; ,Ue;j rkaj;jpy; $l mtH NeHtopf;F te;J tpl Ntz;LNk vd;W mz;zyhH Jbaha;j; Jbj;jhH. mg;NghJ mtHfSf;F Mwjy; jUk; tifapy; ,iwtd; $wpdhd;.

egpNa! ePH tpUk;gpatHfSf;F NeHtopfhl;bl KbahJ. MapDk; ,iwtd; jhd; ehLgtHf;F topfhl;Ljiy mspf;fpd;whd;. NkYk; topfhl;Ljiyg; ngwf; $batHfis mtd; ed;F mwpfpd;whd;. (28:56)

kdpjid NeH topapd; gf;fk; jpUg;GtJ my;yh`; tpd; fl;Lg;ghl;by; cs;sJ. ,J jhd; cz;ik. ,J jhd; rhpahd top. vd;W vLj;Jiuf;fNt my;yh`; jd; J}jHfis mDg;gp itj;jhd;. my;yh`;tpd; J}jHfis topfhl;bahf Vw;Wf; nfhz;ltHfs; kPJ ,e;j miog;Gg; gzp flikahf;fg;gl;lJ. ,g;nghOJ kdpjHfis NeHtopapy; nrYj;Jk; Mw;wiy jd;dplk; itj;Jf; nfhz;L NeHtop fhl;Lk; nghWg;ig kl;Lk; J}jHfs; kPJk;> ek;gpf;ifahsHfs; kPJk; Vd; Rkj;jpdhd;. cz;ikapy; topfhl;Ljiy Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;Fk;> jtpHg;gjw;Fkhd chpikfis my;yh`; kdpjHfSf;F toq;fpAs;shd;. tpUk;gpdhy; topfhl;Ljiyg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;syhk;. tpUk;ghtpl;lhy; epuhfhpj;J tplyhk;. Mdhy; tpUk;gp topfhl;Ljiy Vw;gtUf;F mjw;fhd Vw;ghLfisr; nra;a Ntz;Lky;yth? me;jj; Njitiag; G+Hj;jp nra;Ak; nghUl;Nl jd; J}jHfis mDg;gp itj;jhd;. mijg; NghyNt me;jj; J}jHfisg; gpd;gw;WtHfs; kPJk; me;jg; nghWg;igr; Rkj;jpdhd;.

topfhl;Ljy; toq;Fk; cz;ikahd mjpfhuk; my;yh`;tplk; jhd; cs;sJ vd;gjpy; rpwpjsTk; re;Njfkpy;iy. Mdhy; kf;fSf;F me;j topfhl;Ljiy vLj;Jiuf;Fk; nghWg;G miog;Gg; gzpapy; <Lgl;Ls;stHfsplk; kl;LNk nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. my;yh`;Tk; mtHfisj; jd;Dila cjtpahsHfs; vd;W mioj;J mtHfspd; jFjpia caHj;Jfpd;whd;. ,];yhkpa ,af;f CopaHfspd; nray; jpl;lk; miog;Gg; gzpia mbg;gilahff; nfhz;Ls;sJ. ,jd; %ykhfNt my;yh`;tpd; cjtpahsHfs; vd;Dk; jFjpiag; ngw KbAk;. Mdhy; xd;iw kdjpy; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. my;yh`;tpd; cjtpahsH vd;Dk; jFjpia my;yh`; jd;Dila mUspd; fhuzkhf mtd; ek;kPJ nfhz;l md;gpd; fhuzkhfTk; mspj;Js;shd;. MfNt ek; miog;Gg; gzpapy; <Lgl;Ls;s fhuzj;jpdhy; ek;ik ehNk my;yh`;tpd; cjtpahsH vd;W epidj;Jf; nfhs;tJ rhpay;y. miog;Gg; gzpia ek;Kila flikahf Vw;W my;yh`;tpd; md;igg; ngw ehk; ngUksT Kaw;rpf;f Ntz;Lk;. my;yh`;tpd; NerHfSf;fhd jd;ikfis ek;kpy; ehk; cUthf;fpf; nfhz;lhYk; miog;Gg; gzpapy; ehk; <Lglhtpl;lhy; kfpo;r;rp miltjpy;iy. xU Fwpg;gpl;l efuj;ij mopf;Fk;gb [pg;hPy; (miy) mtHfsplk; fl;lisapl;lhd;. my;yh`;itj; jpahdpg;gjpy; <Lgl;Ls;s my;yh`;tpd; NerH xUtiuf; fz;lhH. vdNt mtH my;yh`;tplk; jpUk;gp te;J me;j efhpy; cd;idg; Gfo;e;J cd;id tzq;fpf; nfhz;bUf;ff; $ba ,iwNerH xUtH ,Uf;fpd;whH. ,e;j epiyapy; me;j Ciu vg;gb mopg;gJ vd;W Nfl;lhH. mjw;F my;yh`; $wpdhd; : mtiuAk; NrHj;J mq;fpUg;gtHfis mopj;J tpLk;. kf;fs; vd;Dila fl;lisfSf;F khWn ra;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfs;> Mdhy; me;j ,iwNerH mtHfSf;F NeHtop fhl;ltpy;iy. mJkl;Lky;y mq;F elf;Fk; jPa nray;fisf; fz;L mtUila new;wpapy; ntWg;gpdhy; xU rpW RUf;fk; $l Vw;gltpy;iy vd;W>

,jpypUe;J vd;d njhpfpd;wJ. my;yh`;tpd; cjtpahsHfspd; me;j];J my;yh`;tpd; Nerhpd; me;j];ij tpl my;yh`;tpd; ghHitapy; kfj;Jtk; tha;e;jjhf ,Uf;fpd;wJ vd;wy;yth xU K/kpd; ek;gpf;ifahsd; my;yh`;tpd; ,uhZtj;jpy; rpg;gha; Mthd;. ,e;j G+kapy; ,jd; Ml;rpAk; me;j my;yh`;Tf;F chpaJ. ,q;F mtd; fl;lisfSf;F khw;wkhd nray;fs; eilngWfpd;wd vdpy;> mJ my;yh`;itNa vjpHj;Jg; Gul;rp nra;tjw;F xg;ghd nfhLk; nrayhFk;. ,e;jepiyapy; my;yh`;tpd; rpg;gha;fs; ,ijg; ghHj;Jf; nfhz;L vg;gb Rk;kh ,Ue;J tpl KbAk;.

egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs; :

xU jPik eilngWtijf; fz;lhy; mijf; ifahy; jLj;J epWj;Jq;fs;. Kbahtpl;lhy; ehtpdhy; jLq;fs;. mJTk; Kbahtpl;lhy;> kdjstpyhtJ me;jj; jPikia ntWj;J xJf;Fq;fs;. ,J ,iwek;gpf;if - <khdpd; gy`Pdkhd epiyahFk;.

xU jPikia kdjstpy; ntWj;jhy; NghJkhdJ vd;W rpyH epidf;fpd;whHfs;. mJ rhpay;y. if ehT kw;Wk; ,jaj;jpy; cjtp nfhz;L jPikiaj; jLf;Fk;gb egp nkhopfs; typAWj;Jfpd;wd. mg;nghOJ jhd; my;yh`;tpd; cjtpahsHfs; vDk; jFjpf;F ehk; chpatHfshNthk;.

VohtJ gz;G

,af;f CopaHfsplk; ,Uf;f Ntz;ba VohtJ rpwg;Gg; gz;G. fyP/gj;Jy;yh vd;Dk; gpujpepjp vDk; gz;ghFk;.

fyP/gh vd;why; gpujpepjp. fyP/gj;Jy;yh`; vd;why; my;yh`;tpd; gpujpepjp vd;W nghUs;. jd;id epakpj;J mDg;gpa v[khdpd; tpUg;gj;jpw;F Vw;g nray;gLtNj gpujpepjpapd; flikahFk;. my;yh`; jpUkiwapy; $Wfpd;whd; :

ehd; G+kpapy; vd;Dila gpujpepjpia Vw;gLj;jg; Nghfpd;Nwd; (2:30).

,t;thW mtd; gpufldk; nra;J Mjk; (miy) mtHfis cUthf;fpdhd;. cyfpy; my;yh`;tpd; rhHghf my;yh`;tpd; gzpia Nkw;nfhs;Sk; ngUk; nghWg;G kdpjdplk; Rkj;jg;gl;lJ. mij mtd; epiwNtw;w Ntz;Lk;. mg;nghOJ jhd; mtd; my;yh`;  tpd; gpujpepjp vd;Dk; caHjFjpiag; ngw KbAk;. my;yh`;  jd;Dila vy;yhg; gilg;gpdq;fSf;Fk; rpy rl;l jpl;lq;fis tiuaWj;J itj;Js;shd;> #hpad; Kjw;nfhz;L rhjhuz rpwpa capuZ tiu xt;nthd;Wf;Fk; rpy epajpfisAk;> topKiwfisAk; Vw;gLj;jp> mit me;jf; fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; epajpf;Fs; nray;gl Vw;ghL nra;jpUf;fpd;whd;. me;j epajpfis kPwp mtw;Wf;Fg; Gwk;ghf nray;gLk; mjpfhuj;ij ve;jg; gilg;gpdq;fSf;Fk; jutpy;iy.vdNt> me;jg; gilg;gpdq;fs; my;yh`;tpd; epajpf;Ff; fl;Lg;gl;L elg;gjpy; jdpg; ngUik vJTk; ,y;iy. Mdhy; kdpj rKjhaj;jpw;fhf tiuaWf;fg;gl;l rl;ljpl;lq;fis my;yh`; jd; J}jHfs; %yk; kdpjHfsplk; xg;gilj;jhd;. mj;Jld; jd; jpUj;J}jH fs; %yk; ,e;jf; fl;lisfis nray;gLj;jpAk; fhl;bdhd;. ,ij Vw;W elf;Fk; nghWg;gpid kdpjHfs; kPJ Rkj;jpdhd;. kdpjd; ,ij Vw;W cyf rKjha kj;jpapy; eilKiwg;gLj;jpdhy; mtd; my;yh`;tpd; gpujpepjp vDk; gjtpf;F chpatd; Mthd; . ,j;jifa caH jFjpia mspf;Fk; nghUl;Nl kdpjid my;yh`; ,k; kz;Zyfpw;F mDg;gp itj;jhd;.

ePq;fs; my;yh`;  tpd; vd;Dk; caHitg; ngw Ntz;Lnkdpy;> mtdJ fl;lisfis eilKiwg;gLj;Jk; Kaw;rpfspy; <Lgl Ntz;Lk;. ,];yhkpa ,af;fk; my;yh`;thy; gilf;fg;gl;l ,t;Tyfj;jpy; ,];yhkpa \hpmj;ijAk; ,iwf; fl;lisfisAk; nray;gLj;Jk; Kaw;rpapy; Kk;Kukhf jd;id <LgLj;jpf; nfhz;Ls;sJ. ,r;rl;lq;fis eilKiwg; gLj;Jtjw;fhf ey;y xOf;fKs;s kdpjHfis cUthf;Fk; gapw;rpj; jpl;lq;fis jd;Dila CopaHfSf;F cUthf;fpf; nfhLj;Js;sJ. my;yh`;tpd; gpujpepjp vDk; nghWg;G njhlHghf ,uz;L tpraq;fisf; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

    1. my;yh`; ,k; kz;Zyfpy; cs;sit midj;ijAk; kdpjDf;fhfNt gilj;Js;sjhfNt mwptpj;Js;shd;. ,J gw;wp my;yh`; $Wfpd;whd;. G+kpapy; cs;stw;iw cq;fSf;fhfNt mtd; gilj;Js;shd; (2:29). kdpjDf;F my;yh`; fy;tp kw;Wk; mwpthw;wiy mspj;J xt;nthU gilg;igAk; Kor; Rje;jpuj;Jld; gad;gLj;Jk; mjpfhuj;ij mspj;Js;shd;. tpQ;Qhd mwpT kdpjDf;F kl;LNk fpl;bAs;sJ. ,aw;ifapd; Mw;wy;fisAk; rf;jpfisAk; kdpj ,dj;jpd; ed;ikf;fhf gad;gLj;jg;gLtJ my;yh`;tpd; gpujpepjpapd; flikAk; nghWg;GkhFk;.

kdpjd; gpujpepjpahf kl;LNk epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;shd;. gpujpepjpf;F nghUis mgfhpf;Fk; chpik ,y;iy. fUT+yq;fs; ahTk; mtidg; gpujpepjpahf epakpj;j my;yh`;Tf;Nf nrhe;jk;. MfNt ,t;Tyfpy; jd;idj; jhNd mjpgjpahfNt epakpj;Jf; nfhs;sNth> mg;gbj; epidj;Jf; nfhs;sNth kdpjDf;F chpikapy;iy. vdNt my;yh`;tpd; rl;lq;fis jhDk; gpd;gw;wp cyfpy; kf;fspilapYk; mij eilKiwg;gLj;JgtNd cz;ikahd gpujpepjpahthd;.

H 4
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