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FHMdpd; xspapy; ,irAk; ghlYk;

ghLjy; & eldkhLjy;


;ghLjy; :

xUtH jdpahfNth my;yJ ,irf;fUtpfSld; ,iae;j tifapy; (Vw;fdNt Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s re;jHg;gq;fs; kw;Wk; j/g; (iff; nfhl;L) ,irj;Jg; ghLtJ jtpu) ghLtJ ,];yhkpa \hPMtpdhy; G+uzkhfj; jil nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ vd;gij ehk; Vw;fdNt fz;l my;-`hf;fpk; y; te;Js;s `jP]pd; %yk; mwpe;Js;Nshk;.

,irf; fUtpfis (I\j;jhdpd; ,irf;fUtpfis) ,irj;Jf; nfhz;L ghLJk;| Jf;ffukhd Neuq;fspy; Kfj;jpy; miwe;J nfhz;L> Miliaf; fpopj;Jf; nfhz;L mOtijAk; egp (]y;) mtHfs; jil nra;Js;shHfs;. ,it ghtfukhdJk;> ntl;ffukhdJk; MFk; vdTk; njhptpj;Js;shHfs;.

NkYk;> mDkjpaspf;fg;gl;l rkaq;fspy; ghlg;glf; $ba ghly;fs; vt;thW ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gijAk; ehk; Vw;fdNt fz;Nlhk;. MjhtJ> Jha;ikahd mbg;gilapy; ,iwg; Nghjidfisf; nfhz;lhfTk;> ,iw epidT Cl;lf; $bajhfTk;> NkYk; ntFspj;jdkhdjhfTk;> ,];yhj;jpw;Fk; mjd; nfhs;if> Nfhl;ghLfSf;F Kuzpy;yhj tifapYk; mg;ghly;fs; mike;jpUf;f Ntz;baJk; mtrpakhFk;.

NkYk; ,d;W ghlg;glf; $ba rpdpkhg; ghly;fisg; Nghd;W tf;fpu czHTfisj; Jhz;lf; $ba> fhjiy ikakhf itj;Jk;> Gide;Jiuf;fg;gl;l ghly;fs;> kw;Wk; ,d;Dk; ,J Nghd;wJk;> ngz;fis ghl itj;J mtHfspd; Kf;fy; Kdfy;fisg; gad;gLj;jp fhk czHTfisj; Jhz;lf; $baJk;> Md ,J Nghd;w ,];yhkpa tiuaiwfSf;F cl;glhj ghly;fisg; ghLtJk; jil nra;ag;gl;ljhFk;.

NkYk;>Vw;fdNt j/g; mbj;J ngz;fSk;> rpWkpfSk; ghl mDkjpaspf;fg;gl;l re;jHg;gq;fspy;> ngz;fs; mtHfSf;nfd xJf;fg;gl;l ,lq;fspy; kl;Lk; jhd; ghl mDkjpaspf;fg;gl;Ls;sdH. Mz;fspd; Kd; ghlNth my;yJ Fwpg;gpl;l Neuk; Fwpj;J ngz;fs; cs;s rigapy; ghly;fisg; ghLtNjh my;yJ ngz;fs; $ba rigapy; ,irf; fr;Nrhp mikj;J ngz; ghlfHfis itj;Jg; ghLtjhf ,Ue;jhYk; mDkjp kWf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ vd;gijf; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;f. mDkjpaspf;fg;gl;Ls;s Fwpg;gpl;l re;jHg;gq;fspy; kfpo;r;rpf;fhfTk;> me;epfo;r;rp (jpUkzj;ij)ia gpwH mwpAk;gbr; nra;aTk; kl;LNk ghlTk; mj;Jld; j/g; mbf;fTk; mDkjpaspf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mj;jifa ghly;fspy; $l kwe;Jk; tiuaiu kPwg;glf; $lhJ vd;gijAk; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;f.

NkYk;> ve;j epiyapYk; Mz;fs; ghLtijAk;> ,ir ,irg;gijAk; khHf;fk; mDkjpf;ftpy;iy vd;gijAk; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;f. mjhtJ> Ntiyapd; fisg;G ePq;f> gazf; fisg;G kw;Wk; jdpikiag; Nghf;f (,jw;fhd Mjhu `jP];fs; ehk; Vw;fdNt fz;Ls;Nshk;.)) Mfpa re;jHg;gq;fs; ePq;fyhf> ,r; re;jHg;gq;fspy; ghl kl;Lk; Rd;dh (egp nkhop)tpd; rl;lq;fs; mDkjpaspj;Js;sd vd;gijAk; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;f.

 

eldkhLjy; :

,irAlDk;> ghlYlDk; my;yJ ,tw;wpy; VjhtJ xd;WlNdh ,iae;J eldkhLjy; ,];yhkpa rl;lq;fspdhy; jil nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.

NkYk;> ,ir (j/g; mbj;J) Ald; mj;Jld; ,iae;J ghLtjw;F eldkhLtjw;F (Fwpg;gpl;l re;jHg;gq;fspy;) ngz;fSf;Fk;> Foe;ijfSf;Fk; kl;LNk chpj;jhdJ. NkYk; Mz;fisg; nghUj;jtiu ,J mtHfSf;Fg; nghUe;jhj nrayhFk;.

,];yhkpa khHf;f mwpQUk;> rl;l epGzUkhd ,];]{j;jPd; gpd; mg;jp]; ]yhk;* mtHfs; eldkhLtJ gw;wpf; fUj;Jj; njhptpf;ifapy;> if jl;LjYk;> eldkhLjYk; kpfTk; nkd;ikahdtHfshd ngz;fSf;F kl;LNk chpj;jhd> mw;g my;yJ Kf;fpakw;w tprakhFk;. NkYk;> jiyia Ml;bf; nfhz;Nl ,Uf;ff; $ba tpjj;jpy; Neha;tha;g;gl;ltH> kw;Wk; igj;jpak; jtpu> Mz;fisg; nghWj;jtiu eldkhLtJ jil nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.

*(,];yhkpa rl;l mwptpay; Jiwapy; Ry;jhDy; cykh vdg; Nghw;wg;gl;ltH. Mj;jifa gjtpf;F chpatUk;> jFe;jtUk; MthH. `p[;hp 577 - y; lkh];f]py; gpwe;J `p[;hp 660 y; nfa;Nuhtpy; fhykhdhH. NkYk; jfty;fSf;F> K/[Ky; Kmy;yp/gPd; vd;w Ehiyg; ghHf;fTk;.  Ghfk; 5> gf;fk;.249-250).

Nkw;$wpa mtUila tpsf;fj;jpw;F FHMdpNyh egp nkhopfspNyh> ]`hghf;fsplkpUe;Njh ve;j Mjhuj;ijAk; mtH fhl;ltpy;iy. vdpDk;> ,d;iwa #gpj;Jtf; nfhs;iff; fhuHfspd; nray;ghLfs;> cz;ikahd khHf;fr; rl;lq;fisg; Gwf;fzpj;J> jkJ ,r;irf;fhf Ntz;b rl;lq;fis ,aw;wpf; nfhz;L> Md;kPfj;jpd; cr;r ntspg;ghlf eldj;I Vw;gLj;jp itj;jpUf;fpd;whHfs; vd;gij ehk; mwpNthk;. NkYk;> mjpy; if jl;b muhtuk; $lf; nra;thHfs;. Mdhy;> egpnkhopfspy;* Mz;fs; if jl;b ghLtJ my;yJ MLtJ jil nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ vd;gijAk; Kd;dNu fz;Nlhk;. NkYk;> if jl;ly; ngz;fSf;F kl;LNk chpajhFk;. *Gfhhp> K];ypk; ,d;Dk; gy. (Kuffur Raaa p.73)

NkYk; eldk; vd;gJ GjpdkhFk; (gpj;mj;). Igj;jpaf;fhuidj; jtpu NtW ahUk; eldkhlf; $lhJ. NkYk; ngz;fisj; jtpu NtW ahUf;Fk; ,J nghUe;jf; $baJk; my;y. (jg;]PH> &`{y; kMdp ghfk; 21 gf;.71)

NkYk;> ngz;fs; eldkhLtJk;> rpy tiuaiwfSf;F cl;gl;Nl mDkjp toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. j/g; - j; jtpu NtW ve;j ,irf; fUtpiaAk; gad;gLj;jf; $lhJ. me;j j/g;-ld; ,iae;J mts;ghb MLk; NghJ> ,];yhkpa tiuaiwfSf;F cl;gl;l Milfis mzpjy; Ntz;Lk;. NkYk;> rpWkpfSld; jtpu> gy ngz;fs; ,ize;j F&g; lhd;]; Nghd;W MLtJk; $lhJ. NkYk;> Mz;fs; cs;s rigapYk; MLtJ $lhJ. ngz;fs; cs;s rigapy; mts; MbdhYk;> mtsJ Ml;lj;jpy; ghlypy; fhk czHTfisj Jhz;lf; $ba tpjj;jpy; mtsJ ghlYk;> ,irAk; mike;jpUf;ff; $lhJ. NkYk;> Fwpg;gpl;l mDkjpf;fg;gl;l re;jHg;gq;fshd <Jg; ngUehs;> jpUkz tpUe;J> [p`hJ> NghH Kbe;J jpUk;GtHfis tuNtw;gJ> Kf;fpa gpuKfHfis tuNtw;gJ> ,J Nghd;w re;jHg;gqfspy;> Nkw;nfhz;l nray;fs; re;Njhrj;jpd; ntspg;ghlhf mika Ntz;LNk jtpu> ,d;W Nfspf;iffs; kw;Wk; rpdpkhf;fspy; eilngWk; Mghrf; $j;Jf;fs; Nghy; Mfp tplf; $lhJ vd;gijAk; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. Kf;fpakhf> ,it midj;Jk; xU mDkjpNa jtpu> fz;bg;ghf ghbNa jpu Ntz;Lk;. jg;]; mbj;Nj Mf Ntz;Lk;> ghbNa jPu Ntz;Lk; vd;gjy;y.

egp (]y;) mtHfsJ fhyj;jp; mtHfsJ mUik kfshH ghj;jpkh> Ufifah> ck;K Fy;Jhk; ,d;Dk; vz;zw;w ]`hgh kw;Wk ]`hgpag; ngz;fSf;Fk; jpUkzk; ele;Nj ,Ue;jJ. NkYk;> egp (]y;) mtHfs; gj;Ug; NghH> c`Jg; NghH> mfo;g; NghH Nghd;w vz;zw;w NghHfspy; ntw;wp thif #bNa te;js;sdH. MJ Nghy; mtHfis ehb gy ehl;Lj; JhJtHfSk; te;Nj ,Ue;jhHfs;. Mdhy; mj;jifa re;jHg;gq;fspy; vy;yhk; MbajhfNth ghbajhfNth> jg;]; mbj;jjhfNth ek;khy; mwpa Kbatpy;iy. vdpDk;> ehk; mwpe;Js;s egp nkhopfisAk; Gwf;fzpf;fTk; ,ayhJ.

vt;thW Mz;fSk; gl;lhil mzptJ jil nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ vdpDk; rl;il Nghd;w Milapd; Xuj;jpy; rpwpa mstpy; kbj;Jj; ijf;f mDkjpaspf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ (Gfhhp> mGjhT+j;). Mt;thNw> ,JTk; mjhtJ ghlk;> ,irAk; (jg;];) eldkhLjYk; (Vw;fdNt Fwpg;gpl;l re;jHg;gq;fspy; kw;Wk; mtw;wpd; tiuaiufSf;Fs;) mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mDkjp cs;sNj vd;gjw;fhf ,tw;iw vy;yhk; nra;J jhd; jPu Ntz;Lk; vd;gjpy;iy. ,J jtpu> mDkjp mspf;fg;gl;l Nkw;gb jg;];-k; kw;Wk; mJty;yhj Vida ,irf;fUtpfSk;> Vida re;jHg;gq;fspy; njspthd jiliag; ngw;Ws;sd.

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