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,];yhkpa vOr;rpapd; iky;fw;fs;

MrphpaH : \`Pj; nra;apj; FJhg; (u`;)

nkhopg;ngaHg;G : M. Fyhk; K`k;kJ> ntspapL : ,yf;fpar;Nrhiy


K];ypk; rKjhaj;jpd; ,ay;GfSk; Gduikg;Gk;

,iwtdpd; Jhjh;fs; midtUk; nfhz;L te;j JhJ:

,iwtdpd; JhJth;fs; midtUk; nfhz;L te;j nra;jp xd;Nw xd;W jhd; mJ yh ,yh` ,y;yy;yh`_. my;yh`; xUtidj; jtpu NtW ,iwtd; ,y;iy vd;gNj. K`k;kj; (]y;)mth;fs; thpirahf te;j ,iwtdpd; Jhjh;fspy; ,Wjpj; Jhjh; Mthh;fs;. tuyhw;wpy; md;Wkjy; ,d;Wtiu ,e;jj; JhJ khwhky; ,iwtd; xUtNd vd;gjha;j;jhd; ,Ue;J te;jJ. kdpjh;fs; jq;fisg; gilj;jtDk; jq;fSf;F cztspg;gtDk; me;j my;yh`; xUtNd vd;gij Vw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; me;j my;yh`;Tf;F kl;LNk jiyjho;j;j Ntz;Lk;. mbgzpe;jpl Ntz;Lk;. NtW ve;jr; rf;jpiaAk; mbgzpe;jplf;$lhJ. kdpjDf;F mbgzpaNth mtid v[khddhf Vw;Wf; nfhs;sNth $lhJ vd;gNj ,jd; rpW tpsf;fk;. kdpj ,dk; md;Wkjy; ,d;Wtiu ,iwtd; ,Uf;fpd;whd; vd;gij kWj;jjpy;iy. ,e;jg; nghJtpjpf;F mq;nfhd;Wk; ,q;nfhd;Wkhf rpy tpjptpyf;Ffs; ,Uf;fyhk;. mw;g nrhw;gkhd ,e;j tpjptpyf;Ffis tpyf;fp tpl;Lg;ghh;j;jhy;> kdpjd; tuyhW neLfpYk; ,iwtd; ,Uf;fpd;whd; vd;gij Vw;Wf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;whd;. mNj Nghy; ,e;jg; gpugQ;rj;ij mlf;fpahSk; Mw;wy; ngw;wtDk; mtNd vd;gijAk; kdpjd; Vw;Wf;nfhz;Nl ,Uf;fpd;whd;. mtd; jtW nra;jnjy;yhk; me;j ,iwtdpd; cz;ikahd gz;Gfs; vit vit vd;gijg; Ghpe;J nfhs;tjpNy jhd;. ,d;ndhU jtiwAk; mtd; nra;jhd; mJ: ,d;Dk; rpy flTs;fisf; fz;Lgpbj;J me;j ,iwtDf;Fj; Jizf;F mkh;j;jpdhd;. ,g;gb ,iwtDf;Fj; Jiz itj;jf; flTs;fisg; gy Neuq;fspy; Mj;khh;j;jkhf topgl;lhd;. gy Neuq;fspy; ntWk; ek;gpf;ifahfNt jd; ,jaj;jpy; ,Uj;jpf;nfhz;lhd;. ,d;Dk; rpy Neuq;fspy; me;j ,iwtidg; NghyNt me;jj; Jizf; flTs;fSf;Fk; MSikAk; mjpfhuKk; cz;L vd ek;gp topgl;L tho;e;jhd;. ve;j cUtpy; ve;j tbtpy; ,iwtDf;Fj; Jiz itj;jf; flTs;fisg; gy Neuq;fspy; Mj;khh;j;jkhf topgl;lhd;. gy Neuq;fspy; ntWk; ek;gpf;ifahfNt jd; ,jaj;jpy; ,Uj;jpf; nfhz;lhd;. ,d;Dk; rpy Neuq;fspy; me;j ,iwtidg; NghyNt me;jj; Jizf; flTs;fSf;Fk; MSikAk; mjpfhuKk; cz;L vd ek;gp topgl;L tho;e;jhd;. ve;j cUtpy; ve;j tbtpy; ,iwtDf;Fj; Jiz itj;jhYk; mJ \ph;f; vd;w ,izitg;gpy; jhd; NrUk;. xt;nthU ,iwj;JhjUf;Fg; gpd;dUk; Xh; fhyf;fl;lk; ,Ue;jJ. me;jf; fhy ,ilntspapy; kf;fs; ,e;j khh;f;fj;ijg; Ghpe;J nfhz;lhh;fs;. Mdhy; fhyg;Nghf;fpy; kf;fs; kwe;jhh;fs;. ,iwtDf;F ,izitj;jhh;fs;. ngha;ahd ,e;j ,izfis topgl Muk;gpj;jhh;fs;. fhyq;fspd; Xl;lj;jpy; [h`pypa;ah vd;w mQ;Qhdg; gof;ftof;fq;fspy; Kw;whf tPo;e;jhh;fs;. mjhtJ ,izitg;gpy; jq;fs; tho;it %o;fbj;Jf; nfhz;lhh;fs;. ,iwtDf;F itf;fg;gl;l ,e;j ,iz gy Neuq;fspy; topghLfNshL epd;wJ. gy Neuq;fspy; me;j ,izj; nja;tq;fspd; ngauhy; te;j Ml;rp mjpfhuq;fSf;Ff; fl;Lg;gLtJ vd;Wk; MdJ. ,d;Dk; rpy Neuq;fspy; ntw;W ek;gpf;if vd;w msNthL epd;wJ. tuyhW neLfpYk; ,iwtdpd; gf;fk; kf;fis mioj;jpLk; kfj;jhd gzpapy; Xh; jdpg;gl;l ,ay;G njhdpj;jpUf;fpd;wJ. ,e;jj; jdp ,ay;G ,];yhk; vd;gjhFk;. ,jd; nghUs; kdpjh;fs; ,iwtDf;F kl;Le;jhd; fPo;g;gba Ntz;Lk; vd miog;gjhFk;. kdpjh;fs; jq;fisg; Nghd;w Vida kdpjh;Sf;Ff; fPo;g;gbahky; ghh;j;Jf; nfhs;tJ. ,ijNa cz;ikahd ,iwtdpd; ghh;itapy; nrhd;dhy; kdpjh;fis vy;yhtpjkhd mbikj;jdq;fspypUe;Jk; tpLtpg;gJ vd;W nghUs;gLk;. ,e;j mbikj;jisfspypUe;J mth;fis tpLtpg;gjd; Nehf;fk; mth;fis my;yh`;Tf;F kl;LNk mjhtJ me;j cz;ikahd ,iwtDf;F kl;LNk fPo;g;gbar;nra;tjhFk;. vy;yhtpjkhd mbikj;jdq;fspypUe;Jk; tpLtpg;gJ vd;gJ kdpjh;fshy; ,aw;wg;gl;l rl;lq;fspd; gpbapypUe;J mth;fisf; fhg;ghw;WtJ kdpjh;fshy; cUthf;fg;gl;l rpj;jhe;jq;fs; rpe;jidg; Nghf;Ffs; gz;ghLfs; gof;ftof;fq;fs; Mfpatw;wpypUe;J mth;fisf; fhg;ghw;WtJ vd;nwy;yhk; nghUs;gLk;. ,tw;wpnyy;yhkpUe;J kdpjid tpLtpj;J my;yh`;tpd; cz;ikahd ,iwtdpd; rl;lq;fSf;Fk; topfhl;Ljy;fSf;Fk; mjpfhuq;fSf;Fk; mtidf; fPo;g;gba itg;gNj ,];yhk;. K`k;kj;(]y;)mth;fs; ,jw;fhfNt ,iwtdpd; jpUj;Jhjuhf epakpf;fg;gl;lhh;fs;. ,J jhd; K`k;kj;(]y;)mth;fSf;F Kd;dhy; te;j mj;jid ,iwj;Jhjh;fSk; nra;jj; jpUg;gzpahFk;. ,e;jg; gpugQ;rk; KOtJk; my;yh`;tpd; mjpfhuj;jpd; fPo; ,aq;fp tUfpd;wJ. kdpjd; ,e;jg;gpugQ;rj;jpy; rQ;rhpf;Fk; xU rpWgFjpNa. Mtd; jd;Dila ngsjPf tho;f;ifapy; Gw cyf tho;f;ifapy; jdJ fl;Lg;ghl;by; ,y;yhjtw;wpd; tptfhuq;fspy; mtd; me;j my;yh`;tpd; tpjpfSf;Nf fl;Lg;gl;L tho;fpd;whd;. (kdpj tho;f;ifapd; ,af;fj;jpy; elf;Fk; nray;fis ,uz;lhfg; gphpf;fyhk;. 

1. mtDila fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;F cl;gl;l ,r;irr; nray; 

2. mtDila fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;F cl;glhj mdpr;irr; nray;. 

mtdJ fl;Lg;ghLfSf;F cl;glhj nray;fs; midj;Jk; my;yh`;tpd; tpjpfspd; gbNa eilngWfpd;wd. mNj Nghy; kdpjd; jd; fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;F cl;gl;l nray;fspYk; my;yh`;tpd; tpjpg;gbr; nray;gLtNj epahak;) cz;ik ,t;thwpUf;f kdpjd; jd; fl;Lg;ghl;bYs;s tho;f;ifg; gFjpfspYk; me;j my;yh`;tpd; tpjpfSf;Ff; fl;Lg;gl;L elg;gNj epahak; - ,aw;ifapd; epajp. MfNt kdpjd; tho;f;ifia topelj;Jk; fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; Kiwg;gLj;Jk; rl;lq;fshf me;j my;yh`;tpd; rl;lq;fisg; gzpe;J tho;e;jpl Ntz;Lk;. mJNt gz;ghd ghijahFk;. ,ij tpLj;J kdpjd; my;yh`;tpd; mjpfhuq;fSf;Fk; gpbfSf;Fk; mg;ghw;gl;ltdhfj; jd;id epidj;Jf; nfhs;sf; $lhJ. ,e;jj; jtwhd rpe;jidapd; mbg;gilapy;> mtd; rl;lq;fis ,aw;wpLk; mjpfhuj;ij tisTk; nespTk; epiwe;j jd; tho;f;ifia newpg;gLj;jpLk; tpjpfis tFj;jpLk; mjpfhuj;ij mgfhpj;jplf;$lhJ. kdpjdpd; gpwg;G mtdJ tsh;r;rp mtdJ MNuhf;fpak; tho;T ,wg;G ,j;jidAk; my;yh`;tpd; gpbapypUf;fpd;wJ. mijg; NghyNt kdpjd; nfhz;Ltu tpUk;Gk; khw;wq;fs; Gul;rpfs; ,tw;wpd; tpisTk; KbTk; my;yh`;tpd; gpbapy;jhd; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,tw;wpnyy;yhk; kdpjd; Mw;wyw;wtdhf ,Uf;fpd;whd;. ,tw;wpYk; ,d;Dk; ,e;jg; gpugQ;rj;jpypUf;Fk; Vidatw;wpd; nray;fspYk; kdpjd; ve;jg; gpbg;Gk; mw;wtd;. ,tw;wpnyy;yhk; mtd; my;yh`;tpd; rl;lq;fis epajpfis tpjpfis khw;w ,ayhjtdhf ,Uf;fpd;whd;. ,tw;wpy; my;yh`;tpd; rl;lq;fis tpjpfis khw;wplNth jphpj;jplNth mtdhy; Kbtjpy;iy. ,g;gb mtd; vy;yhtw;wpYk; my;yh`;tpd; mjpfhuj;ijf; fhz;fpd;whd;. mtDila tho;f;ifia newpgLj;Jk; rl;lq;fisAk; me;j my;yh`;tplkpUe;J vjph;ghh;g;gNj epajp. kdpj tho;tpd; gpw gFjpfisAk; my;yh`;tpd; rl;l jpl;lq;fSf;Ff; fPo;g;gba itg;gjpy; xU kfj;jhd gyd; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. me;jg; gyd; mtdJ tho;f;if ,aw;ifapd; Vidag; gFjpfNshL nghUe;jp ajhh;j;jkhdnjhU tho;f;ifahf MfptpLfpd;wJ. ,jdhy; ,e;jg; gpugQ;rj;ij cyif fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; rf;jpAk;. MjhtJ kdpjdpd; ngsjPf tho;f;ifia Gwtho;f;ifia fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; rf;jpAk; mtdJ tho;f;ifapd; ,jug; gFjpfisf; fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; rf;jpAk; xd;whfNt MfptpLfpd;wJ. ,];yhj;jpw;F vjpuhdJ [h`pypa;ah vd;w mQ;Qhdk; nksl;bfk; klj;jdj;ij Kjyhff; nfhz;l nfhs;iffs;. ,e;j mQ;Qhdj;jpd; Kjy; ntspg;ghL kdpjid kdpjd; Mjpf;fk; nrYj;JtjhFk;. ,J ,e;j cyfpy; ,Uf;Fk; vy;yh ,aw;if tpjpfSf;Fk; ajhh;j;jq;fSf;Fk; vjpuhdJ. ,e;j mQ;Qhd gof;fq;fs;jhk;> ,e;j ,aw;iff;F vjpuhd mlhtbj;jdq;fs;jhk;> ,iwtdpd; jpUj;Jhjh; (]y;) mth;fSf;F vjpuhf vOe;J epd;wd. ,itjhd; mj;jid jpUj;Jhjh;fisAk; vjph;j;J epd;wit. ,tw;wpd; vjph;g;ig vjph;nfhs;tjw;F mth;fs; ve;jg; nghpa jtiwAk; nra;jpltpy;iy. mth;fs; nra;jnjy;yhk; ,e;j mQ;Qhdj;jpy; jq;fisg; gwpnfhLj;J mbikj;jisfspy; rpf;f itj;jpUe;j kf;fis mtw;wpypUe;J tpLgl;L my;yh`;tpd; gf;fk; thUq;fs; vd mioj;jJjhd;. ,e;j mQ;Qhdk; [h`pypa;ah nksl;Bfk; vd;gJ xU ntw;Wf; Nfhl;ghly;y. gy Neuq;fspy; mJ xU Nfhl;ghlhfNt ,Ue;jjpy;iy. ,e;j [h`pypa;ah kdpj tho;it ,af;fpf; nfhz;bUe;j xU Nghpaf;fkhFk;. mjw;nfd xU jiyik ,Ue;jJ. mjw;nfd tho;f;if topKiwfSk; rl;lq;fSk; jpl;lq;fSk; ,Ue;jd. mjw;nfd jdpahd gz;ghLfs; fyhr;rhuq;fs; czh;Tfs; tpUg;G ntWg;Gfs; gof;ftof;fq;fs; vy;yhk; ,Ue;jd. mjw;nfd xU rKjhak; jd; nksl;bfq;fis klikfisf; fhj;jpl vg;NghJk; jahuhf ,Ue;jJ. ,e;jr; rKjahk; jd; nksl;bfq;fis klikfisf; fhj;jpl vg;NghJk; jahuhf ,Ue;jJ. Kbe;j Nghnjy;yhk; me;j klikfisf; nfhz;L cz;ikia mopf;f KO Kaw;rpiaAk; Nkw;nfhz;lJ. [h`pypa;ah vd;w mQ;Qhdk; jd;idnahU rKjhaj;jpd; %yk; gpujpgypj;Jf;nfhz;L (eilKiw)tho;f;if elg;G vd;w mstpy;> rj;jpaj;ijg; NghUf;fpOj;jpLk; NghJ ,e;j mQ;Qhdj;ij vjph;j;J kdpjh;fisg; g+uz mwptpd; gf;fk; cz;ikapd; gf;fk; mioj;jpLk; ,];yhk; kl;Lk; xU ntw;Wf; Nfhl;ghL vd Klq;fpf; fple;jhy; tha;ik vt;thW nty;Yk;? ,e;jg; Gul;Lf; nfhs;ifapd; gpbapypUe;J kf;fis tpLtpj;J mth;fis cz;ikapd; gf;fk; epiyngwr; nra;a Ntz;ba ,];yhKk;. Jd;id xU eilKiwf; nfhs;ifahf Xh; rKjha mikg;gpy; gpujpgypj;J me;jr; rKjhaj;ijf; nfhz;L jhd;> rkUf;fpOf;Fk; mQ;Qhdf; nfhs;iffNshL nghUe;jplg; Nghe;jpl Ntz;Lk;. ,d;iwa cyfpy; ngUk;ghyhd kf;fisAk; ,e;j mQ;Qhd nfhs;iffs; jq;fs; fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; itj;jpUf;fpd;wd. mtw;wpw;F gf;fj;Jizahf xU ngUk; gl;lhsKk; jahh; mopit Vw;gLj;Jtijj; jq;fs; %isapd; KONtiy vd Mf;fpf;nfhz;lth;fspd; er;R %is jahhpj;Jj; je;j MAjKk; ,e;j [h`pypa;a rf;jpfspd; fl;Lg;ghl;by;> ,j;jidAk; tha;f;fg;ngw;w Fjh;f;f nfhs;iffisf; nfy;yp vwpe;Jtpl;L me;j ,lj;jpy; rj;jpaj;ij (,];yhj;ij)mkh;j;jpl tpioNthh;> Ntjhe;j rpj;jhe;jk; vd jh;f;fthjq;fisAk; rpj;jhe;jq;fisAk; ek;gp ,Ue;jhy; rj;jpak; nty;Ykh? ,d;iwf;fpUf;fpd;w tho;f;if Kiwfis Kw;whfj; Jilj;njwpe;Jtpl;L me;j ,lj;jpy; ,];yhj;ij epiyehl;bLtJjhd; mWjpahd ,yl;rpak; vd;w gpd;dh; ,e;jr; rj;jpa ,];yhKk; jd;idnahU thOk; nfhs;ifahf Mf;fpf; nfhz;L> me;jf; nfhs;if> tho;tpd; midj;Jj; JiwfspYk; NfhNyhr;Rk; rKjhaj;ijf; nfhz;Ljhd; fsj;jpy; ,wq;fpl Ntz;Lk;. ,Jjhd; vjphpia vjph;nfhs;Sk; ajhh;j;jkhd ghij. me;jr; rj;jpa rKjhaj;jpy; jq;fis mq;fq;fshf Mf;fpf;nfhs;Sk; mj;jid jdp kdpjh;fSk; ,e;jf; nfhs;ifapd; cz;ikahd eilKiwg; gpujpepjpfshf tho;e;jpl Ntz;Lk;. mth;fspd; vz;zKk; tho;Tk; ,e;j ,];yhj;jpd; rj;jpaj;jpd; rl;l jpl;lq;fisAk; topfhl;Ljy;fisAk; vLj;J elg;gJk; vjph;nfhs;iffis ,e;j eilKiwiaf; nfhz;Nl vjph; nfhs;tjhAk; ,Ue;jpl Ntz;Lk;. ,e;jr; rj;jpaj;jpd; Nky; mth;fSf;fpUf;Fk; gpbg;Gk; gpizg;Gk; mrj;jpaj;jpd; Nky; mjidg; gpd;gw;WNthUf;F ,Uf;Fk; gpizg;igAk; gpbg;igAk; tpl mOj;jkhdjhf ,Ue;jplNtz;Lk;. ,];yhj;jpd; mbg;gilf; nfhs;ifAk; Muk;gf; nfhs;ifAk; yh ,yh` ,y;yy;yh`_ vd;gNjahFk;. mjhtJ my;yh`; xUtidj; jtpu NtW ,iwtd; ,y;iy vd;gJ ,jd; nghUs; : my;yh`; jhd; ,iwtd; vd;gjw;Fr; nray;Kiwapy; tho;f;if elg;gpy; rhl;rpak; toq;fpl Ntz;Lk;. me;j my;yh`; jhd; cztspg;gtd; my;yh`;jhd; Ml;rpahsd;. mtDf;Nf midj;J mjpfhuq;fSk; cz;ikahfr; nrhe;jk;. mtidNa tzq;fpl Ntz;Lk; mtDila rl;lq;;fisNa fPo;g;gbe;jpl Ntz;Lk;. ,g;gb tho;f;ifia Kw;whf yh ,yh` ,y;yy;yh`_ vd;w mbg;gilapd; fPo; mikj;Jf;nfhs;tJ jhd; ,];yhj;ij Vw;Wf;nfhs;tJ vd;W nghUs;. ,Jjhd; K];ypk; vdj; jd;id mioj;Jf; nfhs;gtid K];ypk; my;yhjth;fsplkpUe;J gphpj;Jf; fhl;LtJ. yh ,yh` ,y;yy;yh`_ vd;gij eilKiwg;gLj;jpf; fhl;lhtpl;lhy; ,jid Xq;fp xypj;Jf;nfhz;bUg;gjpy; ve;jg; gaDkpy;iy. kdpjd; jd;Dila KOtho;itAk; jdJ tho;tpd; xt;nthU mq;f miritAk; my;yh`;Tf;Ff; fPo;g;gbe;jjhf Mf;fpl Ntz;Lk; vd;gjhFk;. mtd; jd;Dila gpur;ridfis tptfhuq;fis jdJ tpUg;gk; Nghy; KbT nra;jplf;$lhJ. mitfis my;yh`;tpd; topfhl;Ljy;fisAk; rl;ljpl;lq;fisAk; ehk; K`k;kj;(]y;)mth;fs; topahfj;jhd; mwpNthk;. MfNt ehk; rhl;rpak; je;jpl Ntz;ba ,uz;lhtJ gFjp. t m\;`J md;d K`k;kjh; u#Yy;yh`; mjhtJ ehd; K`k;kJ(]y;)mth;fs; my;yh`;tpd; jpUj;Jhjh; vd rhl;rpak; mspf;fpd;Nwd;.

,];yhk; vLj;j vLg;gpNyNa nray; kakhdNjhh; Nghpaf;fkhFk;. cz;ikahd ,iwtid ek;gp Vw;W mtd; toq;fpa topfhl;Ljy;fs; toptho;e;J cz;ikf;Fk; me;j cz;ikj; JhjUf;Fk; rhl;rpaq;fshfTk; mj;jhl;rpfshfTk; ,yq;fpLk; ,e;j ,];yhkpa rKjhak; mjw;F Neh; vjpuhd mQ;Qhd rKjhaj;jpd; Mjpf;fj;jpypUe;Jk; jhf;fq;fspypUe;Jk; tpLgl;bl Ntz;baJ kpfTk; mtrpakhFk;. 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Mw;wy; kpf;f my;yh`; cz;ikiaNa NgRfpd;whd;.

H 4
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