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kuz rpe;jid

njhFg;G Dr. A. K`k;kJ myP Ph.D.>

Kd;dhs; NguhrphpaH. mfpy cyf ,];yhkpa gy;fiyf; fofk; kNyrpah


;kuzk;> rhT> ,wg;G> mopT ,t;Tyfpy; cUthd vy;yhg; gilg;gpdq;fSk; re;jpf;f Ntz;ba rj;jpak;. Mdhy;> vtUk; ,r;rj;jpaj;ijg; gw;wp rpe;jpf;fNth> NgrNth> tpthjpf;fNth jq;fspd; ciuahlypy; gq;Fg; ngwr; nra;aNth tpUk;Gt jpy;iy. fhuzk;: ,g;g+Tyfpy; eykhf> tskhf> Rfkhf> re;Njh\khf tho tpUk;Gifapy; kuzj;ijg; gw;wp epidg;gNjh> etpy;tNjh mgr;rhukhf> JHrFdkhf ghtpf;fpd;wdH. vdNt> ngUk;ghNyhhplk; kuzk; gw;wpa rpe;jidapy;iy.

Xhpiwf; nfhs;iff; nfhz;l Vfj;Jtthjp kuzj;ijg; gw;wpa rpe;jidapd;wp ,Ug;gjpy;iy ,Uf;f KbahJ ,Uf;fTk; $lhJ. Xhpiwtd;> xNu jiytH> xNu khHf;fk;; xNu Ntj E}y;; xNu rl;lk; vd;wf; nfhs;if nfhz;l xt;nthU K];ypKk; jd;Dila ,t;Tyf tho;Tk; xd;Nw epue;jukw;wJ kpfTk; FWfpa fhyf; nfLitf; nfhz;lJ vd;w ek;gpf;if itj;jpUf;fpwhd;.

,t;Tyf tho;tpd; KbT kuzk;; kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpd; xU epue;ju> epj;a tho;T cz;L mt;tho;tpy; ehk; ,t;Tyfpy; tho;e;j jw;nfhg;g $yp> ntFkjp (jz;lid) Vfdhy; toq;fg;gLk; vd;gij ,];yhj;jpd; Xhpiwf; nfhs;ifapd; xH mq;fkhf csg;g+Htkhf K];ypk;fs; ek;GfpwhHfs;. mg;gb ek;ghjtd; cz;ik K];ypkhf ,Uf;Fk; jFjpia ,of;fpwhd;.

kuzk; epr;rak;; mJ rj;jpak; vd epidf;fpw xt;nthU kdpjDk; ey;ytdhf tho epr;rak; Mirg;gLthd;. kuz rpe;jidaw;wtd; vg;gbAk; thoyhk;; eyKk;> tsKld; tho;e;jhy; NghJnkd jd;Dila kNdh ,r;irg;gb tho;thd;. ,jid ,];yhk; mq;fPfhpg;gNj ,y;iy.

,];yhj;ij kl;LNk jd;Dila Nehpa khHf;fkhf Vw;Ws;s xt;nthU K];ypKk; ey;nyhOf;fKs;stdhf tho jpdrhp kuzj;ijg; gw;wp xt;nthU nehbAk; kwthky; rpe;jpf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,jid ,];yhkpa xOf;fnewpapd; KOikahd Kjy; mq;fkhf ,d;wsTk; K];ypkhf ,Uf;Fk; xt;nthU MZk;> ngz;Zk; eilKiwg;gLj;jp tUfpwhHfs;.

K];ypk;fspd; xg;gw;w jiytH K`k;kJ(]y;) mtHfs; ek;Kila jpdrhp tho;tpd; - ehspd; - Muk;gj;ij (tpopg;ig) Ak;> Kbit (J}f;fj;ij)Ak; kuz rpe;jidAld; mikj;Jf; nfhs;sg; gzpj;Js;shHfs;. ngUk;ghyhd K];ypk;fs; ,jid jq;fspd; tho;f;ifnewpahff; nfhz;L nray;gLj;jp tUfpwhHfs;.

jpdrhp kuzk;: cwf;fk;

Vfdpd; Vfkiw ,ak;Gtijg; ghhPH:

my;yh`; capHfis mit kuzpf;Fk;NghJk;> kuzpf; fhjtw;iw mtw;wpd; epj;jpiuapYk; ifg;gw;wp> gpd;G vjd; kPJ kuzj;ij tpjpj;J tpl;lhNdh> mij(j; jd;dplk;) epWj;jpf; nfhs;fpwhd;. kPjpAs;s tw;iw xU Fwpg;gpl;l jtiz tiu (tho) mDg;gp itf;fpwhd;. rpe;jpj;Jg; ghHf;Fk; kf;fSf;F (,jpy;) epr;rakhf (ey;y) mj;jhl;rpfSs;sd. (my;FHMd; 39:42)

Nkw;fz;l ,iwthf;fpd;gb epj;jpiu - J}f;fk; - cwf;fk;> ehk; jpdrhp re;jpf;Fk; rpwpa kuzk; - rhT vd;gJ njspthfpwJ. ,jdbg;gilapy; xt;nthU K];ypKk; gLj;Jwq;f> nry;Yk; NghJ kuz rpe;jidAld; nry;y egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpa mwpTiu:

'my;yh`{k;k gp];kpf;f m%j;J t m`;ah"

ah my;yh`;! cd;Dila jpUehkk; Nghw;wp ehd; kuzpf;fpNwd;; NkYk;> (eP tpUk;gp fhiyapy; tpopf;fr; nra;jhy;) ehd; capHg; ngWNtd;.

mt;thNw mjpfhiyapy; fz;tpopj;jTlNd kuz rpe;jidAld; Nkw;$wpa ,iwthf;fpd;gb ek;ik cwf;fj; jpy; kuzpf;fr; nra;ahky;> kPz;Lk; capH je;J tpopf;fr; nra;j Vfd; my;yh`;tpw;F ed;wp nrYj;jp gpuhHj;jpf;FkhWk; ,iwj; J}jH(]y;) mtHfs; mwpTiuf; $wpdhHfs;.

'my;`k;Jypy;yh`py;yjP m`;ahdh gmj kh mkhj;jdh

t ,iy`pd; D\_H.

vq;fis (J}f;fj;jpy;) khpf;fr; nra;J (tpopg;G %yk;) capiuj; jpUg;gpj; je;j my;yh`;Tf;Nf vy;yhg; GfOk;! (,Wjp ahd kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpd;) mtdplNk ehk; jpUk;GNthfp. mwptpg;ghsHfs;: `{ijgh gpd; akhd;; mg+jH> gHuhc gpd; M[pg;> mg+`{iuuh>(uop - md;Fk;) Mjhuq;fs;: Gfhhp> u.m. 6312> 6314> 6324> 6325> 7394> 7395; K];ypk; M.nkh: 6544; mg+jhj;: 5031> 5050> jpHkpjp; 3819> 3339; ,g;Dkh[h: 3870> 3878> K];dJ m`;kJ: 11862> 17938> 20404> 22184> 22198> 22280> 22301> 22362> 8295> 10345>

,t;tpjk; gpuhHj;jpg;gjd; %yk; xt;nthU K];ypKk; jdf;F jpdrhp epfOk; ''cwf;fk; vd;w rpwpa kuzj;ijAk;> ,Wjp kuzj;ijAk; epidj;J> mr;rpe;jidAld; jdJ md;whlg; gzpfisr; nra;a Ntz;Lnkd;gJ ,];yhkpa newpahFk;. ,jw;fhd fhuzf; fhhpaq;fisg; ghHg;Nghk;:

'gpwg;G" vd;why; ',wg;G" cz;L

ehk; thOk; ,g;gue;j g+Tyfpy; vz;zpylq;fhj gy Nfhb gilg;gpdq;fs;> caphpdq;fs; cs;sd. ,d;W thOk; kdpjHfspd; tUiff;F Kd;gpUe;Nj #hpad;> re;jpud;> gy Nfhb el;rj;jpuq;fs;> Nfhsq;fs; vd thdpYk;> kuk;> kiy> kLf;fs; vd g+kpapYKs;sd. g+kpapay;> thdpay; Muha;rpahsHfs; ,itaidj;Jk; gy;yhapuf;fzf;fhd Mz;LfSf;F Kd; cUthapd. fhyg;Nghf;fpy; xU ehs; ,itaidj;Jk; mopAk; vdf; $Wfpd;wdH. ,g;gpugQ; rj;jpYs;s midj;jpw;Fk; mit cUthd Muk;gk; - gpwg;G cs;sd. gpwtpnaLj;j midj;Jk; mopAk;; Muk;gk; vd;W xd;wpUe;jhy;> mjw;F KbT vd;W xd;W ,Ue;Nj Mf Ntz;Lk;; gpwg;G vd;W xd;wpUe;jhy; mjw;F ,wg;G vd;W xd;W ,Ue;Nj MfNtz;Lk; vd;gJ vy;NyhUk; Vw;Fk; ,aw;if epajp.

kdpjdhy; cUthf;fg;gLk; midj;jpw;Fk; Muk;gk; (Date bf QrbductibN) KbT (ExaPiry date) Fwpf;fg;gLtijf; fhzyhk;. m/wpizg; nghUl;fSf;F KbT vd;Wk;; caphpdq;fSf;F rhT> kuzk;> ,wg;G vd;Wk; mk;Kbitf; Fwpg;gpLfpd;wdH. ,g;g+Tyfpy; kpfTk; Nkd;ikahd gilg;ghd kdpjdpd; Muk;gk; mtDila jhapd; fUg;igapy; cUthfp; RkhH gj;J khjq;fs; fUtiwapy; KO tbtike;J gpurtk; vd;gjpd; %yk; ,g;g+Tyfpy; gpwg;gjpy; Muk;gkhfpwJ.

,g;gpugQ;rj;jpy; cUthd> gpwtpnaLj;j midj;Jk; mjw;Fhpa fhyf;nfL Kbe;jJk; mjdjd; Kbit> rhit> ,wg;ig> kuzj;ijr; re;jpf;Fk;; re;jpj;Nj MfNtz;Lk; vd;gJ tpQ;QhdpfSk; Vw;Fk; nkQ;Qhd cz;ik. epj;jpakhdJ; epue; jukhdJ; Kbtw;wJ; rhfhtuk; ngw;wJ vd;W vg;gilg; gpdKkpy;iy. ,e;epiyapy; kpfTk; Nkyhd gilg;ghd xt; nthU kdpjDk; jdJ ,t;Tyf tho;tpd; Kbit kuzj;jpd; %yk; re;jpj;Nj Mf Ntz;Lk;. ,J epr;rak;; rj;jpak;.

jhapd; fUtiwapypUe;J ,g;g+Tyfpy; gpwf;fpd;w NghNj midtUk; epr;rapf;fg;gl;l (Confirmed) kuzj;jpd; gazr; rPl;il (Ticket) ngw;wtHfshf jq;fsJ ,t;Tyf tho;it Muk;gpf;fpd;wdH. vtUk; ,jpy; tpjptpyf;fy;y. Mdhy;> mid tUk; re;jpf;fTs;s kuzj;ijg; gw;wp kf;fspilNa fUj;J NtWghLfs; cs;sd.

kuzk; ghtj;jpd; rk;gsk; vd;gJ xU rhuhhpd; fUj;J. g+HtPfn[d;kk;; gyg; gpwg;G vd;w Nfhl;ghLilatHfs; kuzk; ,g;gpwtpapd; KbT; ,g;gpwtpapd; nray;ghLfSf; nfhg;g kuzpj;jtd; ,g;g+Tyfpy; kPz;Lk; kWgpwtp vLg;ghd; vd;gJ mtHfsJ fUj;J. kuzk; ,t;Tyf tho;tpd; KbT; epue;jukhd kWik tho;tpd; Muk;gk; vd;gJ Vfj;Jtthjp fspd; njspthd ek;gpf;if. kW gpwtpAkpy;iy; kWikAk; ,y;iy kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpd; vJTkpy;iy kz;NzhL kz;zhf khwptpLNthfp vd;gJ ehj;jpfHfspd; fUj;J.

kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpd;Ds;s epiyikiag; gw;wp gy;NtW gl;l> fUj;Jf;fs; epytpdhYk; midtUk; kuzj;ij re;jpj;Nj jPuNtz;Lnkd;gjpy; fUj;J NtWgltpy;iy. ehk; midtUk; xU ehs; rhNthfp kuzpg;Nghk;; ,wg;Nghk; vd;gij epidtpy; epWj;jp mk;kuzj;ijg; gw;wpa ,];yhkpa fz;Nzhl;lk; vd;d? vd;gijg; ghHg;Nghk;.

kuzkpy;yhjtd; midj;ijAk; gilj;J> ghpghypj;J> Nghf;Fk; Vfd; xUtd; my;yh`; kl;LNk. Vnddpy;>

mtNd Mjp> me;jk;; Muk;gk;> KbT ,y;yhjtd;. mtid md;wp midj;Jk; mtDila gilg;gpdq;fs;; Muk;gk;> KbT> gpwg;G> ,wg;G vd;w fl;Lg;ghl;by; mlq;fpait. gilg;gpdq;fs; midj;Jk; xU Fwpg;gpl;l fhyj;jpy; cUthfp> gpwtp vLj;J> Vfd; my;yh`; mjw;nfd tpjpj;Js;s flik fisr; nrt;tNd nra;J Kbj;J mjw;Fhpa fhyf;nfL Kbe;jJk; mopfpd;wd; my;yJ kuzpf;fpd;wd. midj;jpw;Fk; Muk;gj;ijAk;> gpwg;igAk;; mjd; KbitAk;> kuzj;ijAk; epr;r apj;jpUg;gtd; Mjp me;jkw;w Vfd; ,iwtNd! ,jid ,];yhj;jpd; ,Wjp Ntjk; jpUf;FHMd; njspTgLj;Jtijg; ghhPH:

epr;rakhf mtNd khpf;fr; nra;fpwhd;; ,d;Dk; capHg;gpf;fpd;whd;. my;FHMd; 53:44

,Nj fUj;jpid ntt;NtW nrhw;nwhlHfspy; jpUf;FH Mdpy; 3:156> 7:158> 9:116> 15:23> 23:80> 40:58 trdq;fspYk; fhzyhk;.

,g;gpugQ;rj;jpYs;s thdk;> mjpYs;s #hpad;> re;jpud;> nrt;tha; kw;Wk; vz;zpylq;fh el;rj;jpu kz;lyq;fs;> Nfhsq;fs; mtw;wpYs;s gilg;gpdq;fs;; g+kp mjpYs;s gy Nfhb gilg;Gfshd nrb> nfhb> kuk;> kiy> kLf;fs; kw;WKs;s caphpdq;fshd XuwpT jhtuk; Kjw;nfhz;L midj;ijAk; jdJ fl;Lg;ghl;by; itj;J gydilAk; Nkyhd gilg;ghd gFj;jwpT kpf;f kdpj ,dk; tiu midj;Jk; (Vfdpd; ty;yikahy; cUthd gilg;gpdq;fs;) mopaf;$bait mjdjd; Kbit. rhit> ,wg;ig> kuzj;ij Ritf;ff; $bait.

Vfd; ,iwtd; my;yh`; kl;LNk kuzkw;wtd;; epue;jukhdtd;; epiyj;J [Ptpg;gtd;. Kbtw;wtd; mJNt Vfd; my;yh`;tpd; Nkyhd ty;yik> fz;zpak;> <bizaw;w rf;jpapd; ntspg;ghL vd;gij epidTWj;Jtijf; fhz;gPH:

mjpYs;s midj;Jk; mopaf;$bait ty;yikAk;> fz;zpaKk; kpf;f ckJ ,ul;rfdpd; KfNk epiyj;jpUf;Fk;. (my;FHMd; 55: 26> 27)

kuzj;jpw;Fk; xU ehs; kuzKz;L

thdKk; g+kpAk; mtw;wpYs;s #hpad;> re;jpud; kw;Wk; midj;J Nfhsq;fSk;; thdsht caHe;J epw;Fk; kiyfs; vg;gb filrp ehsd;W mopf;fg;gLk; vd;gij Vfd; ty;Nyhd; my;yh`; jdJ jpUkiwapy; gy trdq;fspy; Fwpg;gpLtijf; fhzyhk;. tpguk; ngw ehLNthH jpUFHMdpy; 75:6 Kjy; 12> 77:7 Kjy; 11> 78: 19> 20> 79:6 Kjy; 10> 81:1 Kjy; 11> 82:1 Kjy; 3> 84:1 Kjy; 5> 99:1 Kjy; 4> 101:1 Kjy; 5 trdq;fisg; ghHitaplTk;.

kuzkw;wtd;> epj;jpakhdtd;> epue;j [PtDs;std; Vfd; my;yh`; kl;LNk vd;w Vfj;Jtf; nfhs;ifia epiy epWj;j my;yh`; thdtHfisAk; kuzkilar; nra;J capH nfhLg;ghd; vd;gJ ,];yhkpaf; nfhs;ifahFk;. ,jd; mbg;gilapy; ,];yhkpa nfhs;ifg;gb xspapdhy; (E}H) gilf;fg;gl;l thdtHfs;; neUg;ghy; gilf;fg;gl;l [pd;tHf;fj;jpdH; kz;zpypUe;J gilf;fg;gl;l kdpj ,dk; kw;widj;Jk; kuzj;ij jOTk; vd;gJ njspthfpwJ.

,iwtdpd; gilg;gpdq;fspy; Vjhtnjhd;W kuzj;ij Ritf;ftpy;iynadpy;> mJ kuzkw;w epj;adhd ,iwtdpd; jdpg;ngUk; gz;igf; nfhz;ljhfptpLk;. vdNt> kuzj;jpd; nghWg;ghspahf my;yh`; epakpj;Js;s 'kyf;fy; nksj;' vd;w thdtUk; ,Wjpahf kuzj;ijj; jOTthH. kuzKk; kuzj;ijj; jOtpag; gpd; kWikapy; Rtdj;jpYk;> eufpy; cs;stHfs; kuzkw;w jPHg;ghizfis mZgtpg;ghHfs; vd;gij egp(]y;) mtHfs; mwpTWj;jpdhHfs;:-

kWikapy;> fUik fye;j nts;shL xd;wpd; Njhw;wj;jpy; kuzk; nfhz;L tug;gLk;. mr;rkak; mwptpg;ghsH (thdtH)fspy; xUtH RtdthjpfNs! vd;W miog;ghH. RtHf;fj;jpypUg;gtHfs; jiyia ePl;bg; ghHg;ghHfs;. mwptpg;ghsH (mt;thdtH) ,ij (,e;j Ml;il) ''ePq;fs; mwptPHfsh? vdf; Nfl;ghH. Rtdthjpfs; (,t;Tyfpy; kuzpf;fpd;wNghJ kuzj;ij Nehpy; fz;L mjd; fLikahd Ntjidfis mDgtpj;jpUg;gjhy;) ''Mk;> ,J jhd; kuzk; vd gjpyspg;ghHfs;. mtHfs; mij Kd;Ng ghHj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. gpwF me;j mwptpg;ghsH (thdtH) eufthjpfis Nehf;fp ''eufthjpfNs! vd;W miog;ghH. eufthjpfs; jiyia ePl;bg; ghHg;ghHfs;. mwptpg;ghsH: ,ij ePq;fs; mwptPHfsh? vd tpdTthH. eufthjpfSk; (jq;fspd; kuzj;jpd;NghJ mDgtg;g+Htkhf ghHj;jpUg;gjhy;) ''Mk;> ,J jhd; kuzk; vd tpilaspg;ghHfs;. Vnddpy;> mtHfs; Kd;Ng kuzj;ij ghHj;Js;sdH.

gpd;dH mJ (Ml;bd; Njhw;wj;jpYs;s kuzk;) mWf;fg;gl;LtpLk;. gpwF mwptpg;ghsH> ''RtdthjpfNs! epue;juk;; ,dp kuzkpy;iy vd;Wk;; eufthjpfNs! epue;juk;; ,dp kuzkpy;iy'' vd;Wk; mwptpg;ghH. mwptpg;gtH: mg+raPj; my;Fj;hP(uop)

Mjhuq;fs;: Gfhhp u.m: 4730> K];ypk;: M.nkh: 6827;

jpHkpjp: 2481> K];dJ m`;kJ: 10644

kuzkw;wtd;; epue;jukhdtd;; epj;a [Ptd; jd;idj; jtpu. vtUkpy;iy vd;gij epiyepWj;jp> jdJ msg;ghpa ty;yikiaAk;; rf;jpiaAk;; Vfj;Jt Nfhl;ghl;ilAk; ntspg;gLj;Jk;> Vfd; my;yh`;tpd; nrayhFk; ,J.

kuzj;jpd; gy;NtW ngaHfs;

cyfpYs;s gy;NtWgl;l kjq;fs;> rkaq;fs;> nfhs;if Nfhl;ghLfs; kuzj;ijg; gw;wp tphpthf Ngrtpy;iy. Vnddpy;> ngUk;ghNyhhplk; rhT> kuzk;> ,wg;G vd;gJ mkq;fy> m#irahd nrhy;yhf fzpf;fg;gLfpd;wd. xU rpy ePjp E}y;fs; kuzj;ij fhuzq;fhl;b ew;nray; nra;a J}z;Lfpd;wd. Mdhy;> kuzj;ijg; gw;wpa tphpTiufs;> njspthd tpsf;fq;fs; ,y;iy.

mfpy cyf kf;fs; midtUf;Fk; (`{jd;) NeHtop fhl;bahfTk;> (u`;kj;) mUl;nfhilahfTk; my;yh`;tpdhy; mUsg;gl;l ,Wjp Ntjk; my;FHMDk;> mjid jdJ tho;tpd; newpKiwahf tho;e;J fhl;ba ,Wjp ,iwj;J}jH K`k;kJ(]y;) mtHfspd; eilKiwAk; - `jP]{k; - ehkidtUk; re;jpf;fTs;s kuzj;ijg; gw;wp njspTgLj;jpAs;s msT NtW ve;j Nfhl;ghLk;> kjKk;> rkaKk; njspTgLj;jtpy;iy vd;gJ epr;rak;.

ehk; rhT> ,wg;G> kuzk; vd;W miog;gij my;FHMd; egpnkhopfs; gw;gy nrhw;fs; %yk; mjd; cz;ik epiyia ekf;F njspthf;Ffpd;wd:

1. my;kt;j; - ,wg;G> kuzk;

2. my; m[y; - nfL>jtiz> kzpj;Jsp

3. my; ]hmj; - (,Wjp) Neuk;

4. my; t/ghj; - epr;rapf;fg;gl;lJ> jPHkhdpf;fg;gl;lJ

5. my; afPd; - cWjpahdJ

6. m]; ]hk; - rhTf;F ,l;Lr; nry;Yk; nfhba Ntjid

,r;nrhw;fspy; Kjy; ehd;F nrhw;fis gpd;tUk; nra;jpfspd; Mjhuq;fspy; epjHrdkhff; fhzyhk;. 5-tJ nrhy;yhd ''my; afPd; jpUkiw FHMdpy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;sJ.

ckf;F cWjpahdJ (kuzk;) tUk; tiu ckJ ,ul;rfid tzq;FtPuhf!

(egpf;Nf ,lg;gl;l fl;lis) (my;FHMd; 15:99)

kWikapy; ghtpfs; Gyk;Gtijg; ghhPH:

cWjpahdJ (kuzk;) vq;fsplk; tUk; tiuapy; ehq;fs; ,e;j epahaj; jPHg;G ehis ngha;ahf;fpNdhk;; my;FHMd; 74:46> 47

,t;tpiw trdq;fspy; ,lk; ngWk; ''my; afPd; (cWjpahdJ) vd;w mugpr; nrhy; cWjpahf ahtUk; re;jpf;fTs;s kuzj;ijf; Fwpf;Fnkd egp(]y;) mtHfs; tpsf;f kspj; Js;shHfs;. mwptpg;gtH: rhypk; gpd; mg;jpy;yh`; gpd; ckH(uop)> ,k;uhk; gpd; `{ird;(uop)Mjhuq;fs;: Gfhhp: u.m. : 4706

6tJ nrhy;yhd ''m];-]hk; (nfhba NtjidAldhd rhT) vd;w ngaHr;nrhy; jpUFHMdpy; ,lk; ngwtpy;iy. Mdhy; mjd; tpidr; nrhy;ypyhd nrhw;fs; FHMdpy; ''aK`{k; (7:167) ''aKf;Fk; (2:49> 7:141> 14:6) ,lk; ngw;Ws;sd. mit ''rhTf;F epfuhd nfhba Ntjidapd; nghUisj; jUtijf; fhzyhk;.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; ''m];-]h%k; vd;w nrhy;Yf;F nfhba NtjidAldhd rhT> kuzk; vd;w nghUl;gl mwpTiug; gfHe;jpUg;gijf; fhzyhk;.

fUQ;rPuf tpijapy; '']hikj; jtpu kw;w vy;yh Neha;fSf;Fk; epthuzk; cs;sJ.

''m];-]h% vd;why; vd;d? vd tpdtg;gl ''kuzk; vd tpilg; gfHe;jhHfs;.

mwptpg;G: fhypj; gpd; ]mj;(uop)> mg+`{iuuh(uop) Mjhuq;fs;: Gfhhp: u.m. 5687>5688> K];ypk;: M.nkh: 5489> 5490> jpHkpjp: 1964; ,g;Dkh[h: 3438> 3440; K];dJ m`;kJ: 6986> 7242> 7317> 8161> 8695> 9107> 9177> 9665> 9892> 10146> 10217> 10525> 23916> 23980

''m];-]hKk; vd;w nrhy;Yf;F ''nfhba Ntjid Aldhd ,wg;G> rhT vd;w nghUs; vd;gij md;iwa mugpfSk;; Fwpg;ghf j mugpfs; mwpe;J itj;jpUe;jdH; ,jid fPo; fhZk; egpnkhop cWjp nra;fpwJ.

jHfs; cq;fSf;F ryhk; nrhd;dhy; mtHfspy; rpyH ''m];-]hK miyf;Fk; (cq;fs; kPJ nfhba NtjidAldhd rhT epfol;Lk;) vd;Nw $WtH. MfNt> (mtHfSf;F gjpyhf) ''t miyf;fk; (mt;tpjNk ckf;Fk; epfol;Lk;) vd;W gjpy; nrhy;f! mwptpg;gtH: ,g;D ckH(uyp)

Mjhuq;fs;: Gfhhp> u.m. 6257> K];ypk;: M.nkh.: 5382> mg+jhj;: M.nkh: 3* *5187> 5188: jpHkpjp> 2844> e]aP> ,g;D kh[h> m`;kJ: 4335> 4469> 4470> 5668

egp(]y;) mtHfspd; kPJ fLk; Nfhgk; nfhz;bUe;j md;iwa jHfs; ''m];]yhK miyf;Fk; (cq;fs; kPJ rhe;jp> rkhjhdk; epoTtjhf!) vd Kfkd; $Wtjw;F gjpyhf ''m];-]hK miyf;Fk; (cq;fs; kPJ nfhba NtjidAldhd rhT epfol;Lk;) vd;gjpy; 'm]; ]hK' rhT vd;gij cgNahfpj;J rgpf;f mt;tpjNk mtHfSf;Fk; epfo;tjhf! vd> egp(]y;) mtHfs; gjpyspj;Js;shHfs;.

guk ,ufrpak;: kuzk;

epj;a [Ptdhd> kuzkw;w Vfd; my;yh`;tpdhy; gilf;fg;gl;l midj;J gilg;Gfspd; ,Wjp fhyj;ij> Neuj;ij mtNd epHzapj;J; mtidad;wp vtUk; mwpahj epiyapy; ,ufrpakhf itj;Js;shd;. gFj;jwpT kdpjHfshfpa ehk; xt;nthd;wpd; Muk;gk;> gpwg;G fhyj;ij XusT fzpj;J Njhuhakhf (EZf;fkhf my;y) $w KbAk;. Mdhy;> mtw;wpd; ,Wjp> kuz fhyj;ij Njhuhakhff; $l $w KbahJ. fzg;nghOjpy; mope;J tplTk;; kuzj;ijj; jOtp tplTk; KbAk;. ,jid mDgtg;g+Htkhd gFj;jwpT> mwptpay; hPjpahfTk; ehk; tpsq;fyhk;.

gaphpLfpw tptrhap epyj;ij cOJ> nrk;ikg;gLj;jp tpj;jpLfpwhd;. mtdhy; XusT Njhuhakhf mtd; Nghl;l tpj;J> tpij vg;NghJ Kisf;Fk; vdf; $w KbAk;. #o; nfhz;l ngz;kzp> jhd; vg;NghJ Foe;ijiag; ngw;nwLg; Nghk; vd;gij XusT Njhuhakhf mwpaKbAk;. ,jdbg; gilapNyNa kUj;JtHfSk; fzpj;Jf; $Wtijf; fhzyhk;. Mdhy;> (Kbit) kuzj;ij Njhuhakhff; $l $w KbahJ. ,J Vfdpd; ,ufrpak;.

mwptpay;hPjpahf xt;nthU gilg;gpdj;jpd; ruhrhp MAs; fhyj;ijf; fzf;fpl;L tpQ;Qhdpfs; $Wtijf; fhzyhk;. ,Wjpj;J}jH K`k;kj;(]y;) mtHfs; ,d;iwa kdpj ,dj;jpd; ruhrhp MAs; fhyj;ijAk; ,iwaUshy; fzpj;Jr; nrhd;dhHfs;.

vdJ rKjhaj;jpd; (ruhrhp) taJ mWgJ tUlq;fspypUe;J vOgJ tUlq;fs; tiuahFk;. mwptpg;gtH: mg+`{iuuh(uyp)

Mjhuq;fs;: jpHkpjp 2253> ,g;Dkh[h: 4226

,jdbg;gilapy; egp(]y;) mtHfs;> mtUila md;Gj;NjhoHfs; mg+gf;fH> ckH> myp(uop md;Fk;) Nghd;NwhH 60 Kjy; 63 tajpy; kuzpj;jhHfs;. c];khd;(uop) mtHfs; 88 Mz;LfSk; `d/gp ,khk; mg+`dP/gh(u`;-`p80-150) 70 Mz;LfSk;> `k;gsp-(u`;- `p164-243) 79 Mz;LfSk;> \hgp< (u`; - `p150 - 204) 54 - Mz;LfSk;> khypk;(u`; - `p93-179) 86Mf tpjptpyf;fhf tho;e;Js;sdH. ,jdbg;gilapy; tpjptpyf;if jtpHj;J> ruhrhp 60 (mWgJ) Mz;il itj;J ,d;W mfpy cyfstpy; Xa;T fhyj;ij (Retirement age) fzpj;jpUg;gJ ftdpf;fj;jf;fJ.

,itaidj;Jk; ruhrhp msTNfhshFk;. ve;j xU capUk; vg;NghJ> vq;F vg;gb kuzpf;Fk; vd;gJ Jy;ypakhf vtuhYk; fzpf;f KbahJ $wTk; KbahJ. Vfd; my;yh`{tpd; Neub fl;Lg;ghl;bYs;s ,e;j ,ufrpak; vtUk; mwpahjJ. ,jid jpUFHMd; gy topfspy; njspT gLj;Jtijg; ghhPH:

jpiwkiwf;FHMd; $WfpwJ:

''ve;j Md;khTk; (Kd;dNu) tpjpf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; jtizf;Fk; ,zq;f my;yh`;tpd; mDkjpapd;wp kuzpg;gjpy;iy. my;FHMd; 3:145

''xU Fwpg;gpl;l jtiztiu mtd; cq;fSf;F mtfhr kspg;ghd;; epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd; jtiz tUk; NghJ mJ gpw;gLj;jg;glkhl;lhJk;. my;FHMd; 14:10

''xt;nthU $l;lj;jhUf;Fk; (tho;Tf;Fk;> tPo;Tf;Fk;) xU fhyf;nfL cz;L mtHfsJ nfL te;J tpl;lhy;; mtHfs; xU fzg;nghOJk; gpe;jTk; khl;lhHfs;; Ke;jTk; khl;lhHfs;k;. my;FHMd; 7:34> 10:49

''jhd; ve;j g+kpapy; (vg;NghJ> vg;gb) ,wg;Nghk; vd;gijAk; vtUk; mwptjpy;iy. epr;rakhf my;yh`; jhd; ed;fwpe;jtd;; mwptpg;gtd;. my;FHMd; 31:34

(,Wjp) Neuj;jpw;Fhpa Qhdk; mtDf;Nf chpaJ. my;FHMd; 41:47

kuzj;jpd; jpBH tUif

xt;nthUtUk; re;jpf;fTs;s> Vfdhy; epr;rapf;fg;gl;l kuzk; vg;NghJ tUk; vd;gij ehk; mwpa Kbahtpl;lhYk; vg;gb tUk; vd;gij midj;jpd; Kbitf; $Wtjd; %yk; ek; xt;nthUthpd; KbitAk;> ,wg;igAk; ekf;F my;yh`; njspTgLj;Jfpwhd;.

me;Neuj;ijg; gw;wp kf;fs; ck;kplk; tpdTfpwhHfs;. ''mijg; gw;wpa Qhdk; my;yh`{tplNk cs;sJk; vd;W ePH $WtPuhf! my;FHMd; 33: 63

mJ rkPgj;jpYk; te;J tplyhk; vd;gij ePH mwptPuh? my;FHMd; 33:63> 42:17

me;Neuk; mtHfsplk; jpBnud tUk;. my;FHMd; 22:55

jq;fshy; czu Kbahj epiyapy; jpBnud ,tHfSf;F ,t;(tpWjp) Ntis tUtijj; jtpu> (NtnwijAk;) ,tHfs; vjpHg;ghHf;fpwhHfsh? my;FHMd; 43:66> 47:18

NkYk;> thdq;fspYk;> g+kpapYKs;s ,ufrpak; my;yh`;Tf;Nf chpaJ vdNt> mt;(tpWjp) Ntisapd; tp\ak; ,ik nfhl;b tpopg;gJ Nghy; my;yJ (mij tpl ntF) rkPgj;jpy; ,y;yhkypy;iy. my;FHMd; 16:77

,t;tpiw trdq;fs; %yk; cyf KbNt kpfTk; rkPgj;jpy;> ,ik nfhl;b tpopg;gJ Nghy; my;yJ mijtpl ntF mUfpy; ,Ug;gij mwpa KbfpwJ. ehk; rpwpJk; czuKbahj Ntfj;jpy; jpBnud te;J jhf;Fk; vd;gijAk; mwpayhk;.

,jid egp(]y;) mtHfs; rpW gps;isAk; tpsq;Fk; tpjkhf jdJ Ml;fhl;b tpuiyAk;> eLtpuiyAk; ,izj;Jf; fhl;b ''ehDk;> cyf KbT ehSk; kpfTk; ,ize;jpUg;gjhf mLj;jLj;J ,ilntspapd;wpapUg;gjhf ghyg; ghlkhf Nghjpj;Jr; nrd;whHfs;.

mwptpg;G: ]`y; gpd; ]mJ> md];> mg+`{iuuh(uop - md;Fk;)

Mjhuq;fs;: Gfhhp> u.m. 4936> 5301> 6503> Kjy; 6505; K];ypk; M.nkh. 7044 Kjy; 7048; jhukp: 2641; ,g;D kh[h: 4030; m`;kJ 11797> 11873> 11884> 12540> 12810> 12841> 12857> 12998> 13399> 13440> 13503> 21731> 21743> 21767> 21792.

xl;L nkhj;j cyf KbNt kpf mUfpypUf;fpwJ vd;why;> ek; xt;nthUthpd; KbT - kuzk; mijtpl mUfhikapy;> mLj;j nehbapy; cs;sJ ehk; vjpHghuhj epiyapy; jpBnud jhf;Fk; vd;gij tpsq;fyhk;. me;epidg;G ek; tho;tpd; xt;nthU nehbAk; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;.

gpwg;G> ,wg;G ek; tpUg;gj;jpypy;iy

kdpjdpd; Muk;gkhd mtDila gpwg;G mtDila tpUg;G> ntWg;Gf;fpzq;f miktjpy;iy. muridg; ghHj;J jhDk; murdhf gpwe;jpUf;fyhNk vd epidf;f KbahJ. Vio> gzf;fhud;; mwpthsp> mwptpyp Kjyhsp> njhopyhsp caHe;j Fyk;> jho;e;j Fyk;; ,dk;> nkhop> ehL> vd;w ghFghL ghHj;J gpwf;fTk; KbahJ. mtutH jha;> je;ijahpd; Nkhf Ntfj;jpy; jhk;gj;a cwtpy; gpwf;fpNwhk; mjhtJ mtutH tpUg;G> ntWg;Gf; fpzq;f ek;Kila gpwg;G mikatpy;iy.

mijg;Nghy ek;Kila Kbthd ,wg;Gk; ek;Kila tpUg;G> ntWg;Gfpfpzq;f mikag; Nghtjpy;iy. vq;Nf> vg;NghJ> vg;gb ehk; kuzpg;Nghk; vd;gij ek;khy; ,k;kpasTk; fzpj;Jf; $w KbahJ. mJ my;yh`; kl;Lk; mwpe;j guk ufrpak; vd;gij ehk; mwpNthk;. ,Ug;gpDk; xU ehs; kuzpj;Nj Mf Ntz;Lk;. kuzkw;w rhfhtuk; ngw;wtH vtUKz;Nlh? ,y;iy. ,y;yNt ,y;iy.

my;yh`; mtDila mUs; kiwapy; $Wfpwhd;:

ckf;F Kd;dH ve;j kdpjUf;Fk; (mtd; - my;yh`;) vd;nwd;Wk; thof;$ba epj;jpa tho;it ehk; (,q;F) nfhLf;ftpy;iy. MfNt> eP khpj;jhy; mtHfs; kl;Lk; vd;nwd;Wk; thog; NghfpwhHfsh? my;FHMd; 21:34

,t;Tyfpy; vtUk; epue;jukhf tho KbahJ vd;gJ ,t;tpiw trdg;gb cz;ikahdhy;> ,t;Tyf tho;tpd; Kbit - kuzj;ij ehk; re;jpj;Nj Mf Ntz;Lk;. rhT> ,wg;G> kuzk; midtUf;Fk; epr;rapf;fg;gl;lJ jPHkhdpf;fg;gl;lJ cWjpahdJ vd;gij czu Ntz;Lk;. ,jid mOj;jk; jpUj;jkhf my;yh`;tpd; mUs; kiw $Wtijf; fhH:

xt;NthH Mj;khTk; kuzj;ijr; Ritj;Nj Mf Ntz;Lk;; gpd;dH ePq;fs; ek;kplNk kPl;fg;gLtPHfs;. my;FHMd; 29: 57

xt;NthH Mj;khTk; kuzj;ijr; Ritf;fNt cs;sd; NjHTf;fhf ed;ik> jPikf; nfhz;L ehk; cq;fisr; Nrhjpf;fpNwhk;. gpd;dH> ek;kplNk ePq;fs; kPl;fg; gLtPHfs;. my;FHMd; 21:35

xt;NthH Mj;khTk; kuzj;ijr; Ritj;Nj Mf Ntz;Lk;; md;wpAk;> kWik ehspy; jhd; cq;f(s; nray; f)Sf;Fhpa gyhgyd;fs; KOikahf toq;fg;gLk;. my;FHMd; 3:185

ngUk;ghNyhH kuzk; kdpj tho;tpd; KbT vd epidf;fpd;wdH. Xhpiwf;nfhs;ifNah> gynja;tf; nfhs;ifNah nfhz;l kjthjpfspy; fpwpj;JtHfs; ghtj;jpd; rk;gsk; kuzk; (iggps;: NuhkH 6:23) vd;fpd;wdH. mtutH nra;Ak; nray;fSf;nfhg;g [d;kk;> gpwtpapd; KbT kuzk; vd;gJ tHzhrpuk jj;Jtj;jpyhd ,e;J kjf; nfhs;if (rhe;Njhf;Nah cgep\j; 5:10:7)

kuzj;jpw;Fg;gpd; xU epj;a tho;T cz;nld;Wk;> ,t;Tyf tho;tpy; ehk; nra;j ey;y> jPa nray;fSf;nfhg;g RtHf;fk;> eufk; nfhLf;fg;gLNthk; vd;gJ ,e;jpahtpd; g+HtPf itjPf hpfspd; Nfhl;ghL (<\hth];Nah cgep\j;:3) ,NjfUj;jpid njs;sj;njspthf ,];yhk; $Wfpd;wJ.

,t;Tyf tho;T> ehk; ey;ytuh> jPatuh vd;gij ek; nray;fs; %yk; ghPl;rpf;Fk; gapw;rpf;$lk;; epue;jukw;w FWfpa tho;T. kuzk; ,g;gapw;rpf; $lj;jpy; nray;fspd; Kbitf; fhzg;NghFk; gazj;jpd; Muk;gk;. ,f;FWfpa tho;tpw;fhd KbT ek;Kila nray;fspd; gyhgyd;fisf; fhzg;NghFk; kWikf;fhd Muk;gk;; epue;jukw;w tho;(jhUy; /gdh)tp ypUe;J epj;a tho;(jhUy; g/fh)tpw;fhd gaznkdf; $WfpwJ ,];yhk;.

my; m[y; (nfL) vg;NghJ jPHkhdpf;fg;gl;lJ?

ehk; epr;rakhf re;jpf;fTs;s> ehk; vjpHghuhj epiyapy; ek;ik jhf;fTs;s ek;Kila ,t;Tyf KbT - kuzk; ehk; ,t;Tyfpy; gpwg;gjw;F Kd;Ng my;yh`;tpdhy; jPHkhdpf;fg; gl;lJ vd;gij ,];yhk; njspthf;FfpwJ.

kdpjFyj;jpd; MjpkdpjH Mjk;(miy) mtHfs; jha;> je;ijapd;wp Vf ,iwtdhy; fspkz;zpypUe;J gilf;fg; gl;ltH vd;gij ahtUk; ed;fwptH. MjpkdpjH Mjk;(miy) mtHfs; gilf;fg;gl;lNghNj kdpj Fyj;jpd; midj;J kf;fspd; (mHth`;) capHfisAk; mtUila KJfpy; itj;jpUe;jjhf my;yh`; mtDila ,Wjp Ntjj;jpy; 7:172tJ trdj;jpy; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whd;. Mjk;(miy) mtHfspd; KJfpypUe;J midtiuAk; ntspahf;fp> mtHfis jq;fSf;Nf rhl;rpahf;fp> jd;id ''Vf ,ul;rfd; vd nrhy;y itj;jjhfTk;; ,d;W ,t;Tyf tho;tpy; mtHfs; epidl;lg; glhjjhy; Vfj;Jt Xhpiwf; nfhs;ifapy; jhq;fs; ghuh Kfkhf ,Ue;jjhfTk; tpthpf;fpwhd;.

md;W fspkz;zpypUe;J gilf;fg;gl;l Mjj;jpd; KJfpypUe;J ehk; ntspg;gl;bUf;fpNwhk; vd;gij epidtpy; epWj;jp gpd;tUk; ,iwthf;iff; ftdpAq;fs;.

jpUFHMd; $WfpwJ:

mtd; jhd;> cq;fis fspkz;zpypUe;J gilj;J> gpd;dH (cq;fSf;fhd xU) jtizAk; Vw;gLj;jp As;shd;; NkYk; (cq;fisf; Nfs;tp fzf;fpw;F vOg;Gtjw;fhff;) Fwpf;fg;gl;l jtizAk; mtdplNk cs;sJ; mg;gbapUe;Jk; ePq;fs; re;Njfg;gLfpwPHfs;. my;FHMd; 6:2

MjpkdpjH Mjk;(miy) mtHfis kz;zpypUe;J gilj;J> mtUila KJfpypUe;J ntspahf;fpa md;Nw ek;Kila fhyf;nfL (m[y;) Vfd; my;yh`;tpdhy; jPH khdpf;fg; gl;bUg;gij mwpayhk;. nghJthf midtUf;Fk; jdpj; jdpahf mtutUf;Fhpa fhyf;nfLit (m[iy) md;Nw Vw;gLj;jpapUg;gijAk; Fwpg;gpLfpwhd;.

xt;nthU jtizf;Fk; xU (gjpT) VL cs;sJ. my;FHMd; 13: 38

mtHfSf;F xU Fwpg;gpl;l jtiziaAk; Vw;gLj;jp apUf;fpwhd;. mjpy; re;Njfkpy;iy. my;FHMd; 17:99

,t;tpiw trdq;fs; %yk; ehk; ,t;Tyfpy; gpwg;gjw;F gy;yhapuk; Mz;LfSf;F Kd; Mjk;(miy) mtHfis gilj;jNghNj kdpj ,dj;jpd; midthpd; fhyf;nfL (m[y;) jtiz KOikahf Vfty;Nyhdhy; Iak; jphpGw jPHkhdpf;fg; gl;L tpl;lJ. gpd; ek;Kila gpwg;gpd; NghJ mtutH fhyf;nfL - m[y; - jdpj;jdpahf mtDila jhapd; fUg; igapy; vOjg;gLfpwJ.

''ehk; epr;rakhf cq;fis (Mjpapy;) kz;zpypUe;Jk;> gpd;dH ,e;jphpaj;JspapypUe;Jk;; gpd;dH njhq;F epiy apYs;s myf;fpypUe;Jk;> gpd;G cUthf;fg;gl;lJk;> cUthf;fg;glhjJkhd jirf; fl;bapypUe;Jk; gilj;Njhk;. cq;fSf;F tpsf;Ftjw;fhfNt (,jid tpthpf;fpNwhk;). NkYk;> ehk; ehbatw;iw xU Fwpg;gpl;l fhyk; tiu fHgg;igapy; jq;fr; nra;fpNwhk;. gpd;G> cq;fis Foe;ijfshf ntspg;gLj;JfpNwhk;; gpd;G ePq;fs; cq;fs; thypgj;ij milAk;gbr; nra;fpNwhk;; md;wpAk; (,jdpilapy;) cq;fspy; khpg;gtHfSk; cz;Lk;. my;FHMd; 22:5

,t;tpiw trdj;jpw;F tpsf;fkspj;j ,iwj;J}jH K`k;kJegp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;:

''cq;fs; gilg;G cq;fs; jhapd; tapw;wpy; ehw;gJ ehl;fspy; (tpe;jpd; epiyapy;) xUq;fpizf;fg;gLfpwJ. gpwF mNj fhyf;fl;lj;jpy; (40 ehl;fspy;) njhq;Fgbahd ml;il (myf;F)ahf khWfpwJ gpwF mNj fhyf; fl;lj;jpy; (40 ehl;fspy; miwFiwahf Ritf;fg;gl;l rf;if Nghd;W) rijg; gpz;lkhf ghpzkpf;fpwJ gpwF my;yh`; xU thdtiu (mjdplk;) mDg;g ehd;F Mizfs; gpwg;gpf;fg; gLfpd;wd: mitahtd:

1. mtDila nray; (mky;)

2. mtDila (tho;tpw;fhd) tho;thjuq;fs; (hp[;f;)

3. mtDila tho;tpd; nfL (m[y;)

4. mtd; ey;ytdh? jPatdh? vd;gijAk;

(ehd; tpjpj;jgb) vOJ vd;W mt;thdtUf;F fl;lisaplg;gLk;. gpwF mjDs; capH (&`;) Cjg;gLk;.

mwptpg;gtH: mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; k];J(uop)

Mjhuq;fs;: Gfhhp> u.m. 3208> 3332> 3333> 6595> 7454; K];ypk;: M.nkh. 6390: mg+jhTj;: M.nkh. : 4691; jpHkpjp: 2063> ,g;Dkh[h: 73; K];dJ m`;kJ: 3372> 3441> 3738>3882

,e;egp nkhopapd; filrp thrfj;ijg; ghhPH: ehk; ek;Kila jhapd; fUtiwapy; Kjy; 40 ehl;fs; tpe;jhf ,Ue;J gpd; mLj;j 40 ehl;fs; njhq;Fk; ml;ilg; Nghd;w epiyia mile;J gpd; mLj;j 40 ehl;fs; miwf;Fiwahf Ritf;fg; gl;l jirg; gpz;lkhf khwpapUf;ifapy; ek;Kila ,t;Tyf tho;tpy; nra;atpUf;Fk;: 1. nray;ghLfs;; mjw;fhd 2. tho; thjhuq;fs;; ,t;tho;tpd; 3. KbT - kuzk;; ek;Kila ,t;Tyf tho;tpy; ngWk; 4. ghf;fpak;> JHghf;fpak; tiuaWf; fg;gl;l gpd; jhd; capH (&`;) Cjg;gLfpwJ. mjhtJ ek; Kila gpwg;gpw;F Kd;Ng> capH nfhLf;fg; gLtjw;F Kd;Ng ek;Kila kuzk; jPHkhdpf;fg;gl;L tpl;lJ vd;gij czu KbfpwJ.

epr;rapf;fg;gl;lJ epoyhf njhlUk;

ek;Kila gpwg;G ek;Kila tpUg;G> ntWg;gpw;fpzq;f mikatpy;iy. ek;Kila ,wg;Gk; ek;Kila tpUg;G ntWg;gpw;fpzq;f mikag;Nghtjpy;iy. mjhtJ ek;Kila ,t;Tyf tho;tpd; Muk;gKk;> KbTk; ek;Kila tpUg;G> ntWg;gpw;fpzq;f ,y;iy. ek;Kila fl;Lg;ghl;by; ,y;iy. Mdhy;> ,t;Tyf tho;tpy; ehk; epidg;gJ midj;Jk; ek;Kila tpUg;gg;gb elf;fNtz;Lnkd tpUk;GfpNwhk;. ek;Kila vz;zk;> nrhy;> nray;> ek;Kila kidtp> kf;fs;> cw;whH cwtpdHfs;> mijr; rhHe;j Rw;Wg;Gw #oy;fs;> epfo;Tfs; midj;Jk; ek;Kila tpUg;G> ntWg;gpw;fpzq;f epfoNtz;Lk;; mika Ntz;Lnkd Mrpf;fpNwhk;; mjw;fhd Kaw;rpfspy; Kk;Kukhf <LgLfpNwhk;.

ek;Kila ,t;Tyf tho;tpw;fhd tho;thjhuq;fshd nghd;> nghUs;> Jiztd;> Jiztp> ,lk;> czT midj;Jk; ek;Kila jhapd; fUg;igapy; Vf ty;Nyhdhy; epHzapf;fg; gl;bUe;jhYk;> mjid nrk;ikahf> KOikahf mila Ntz;ba vy;yh Kaw;rpfisAk; Nkw;nfhs;fpNwhk;. midj;J cj;jpfisAk; gpuNahfpj;J ngw Kaw;rpf;fpNwhk;. tho; thjhuq;fs; vt;tsT> vq;F> vg;gb> vg;NghJ fpilf;F nkd njs;sj;njspthf mwpahj epiyapYk; mjidg; ngw;W ek;Kila ,t;Tyf tho;tpy; RfNghfj;Jld; tho Mirg;gLfpNwhk;. mjw;fhf KO Kaw;rpapy; fLikahf ciof;fpNwhk;. jdJ vy;yh MirfSk;> NjitfSk; KOikahf g+Hj;jpahf Ntz;Lk; vd xt;nthU kdpjDk; tpUk;Gfpd;whd;. mjid epiwNtw;w jdJ cjpuj;ij NtHitahf;fp ciof;fpwhd;. ,itaidj;Jk; jdJ tpUg;gg;gb elf;f Ntz;Lnkd Kaw;rpf;fpwhd;. Mdhy;> ,t;Tyf tho;tpd; Kbtpy; ehk; epr;rak; kuzj;ij re;jpj;Nj MfNtz;Lnkd;gij rpwpJk; epidg;g jpy;iy. khwhf kuzk;> ,wg;G> rhT vd;gij m#irahf> mgr;rhukhf> jPajhfNt kjpf;fpwhd;.

,t;Tyfpy; ekf;F fpilf;Fk; tho;thjhuq;fs; ey;yjh? nfl;ljh? mjd; tpisTfs; vd;d? vd;gij mwpahj kdpjd; mjid KOikahf ngw Kaw;rpf;fpwhd;. Mdhy;> ek;Kila ,Wjp KbT> kuzk; ey;yjhf mika Ntz;Lk; vd;gij rpe;jpg;gNj ,y;iy. kdpjdpd; ,t;Tyf tho;tpd; Kbthd kuzj;ij jd; fl;Lg;ghl;by; nfhz;L tuNth> mjidj; jLj;J epWj;jNth> Vd;? rpwpJ fhy jhkjk; nra;aNth KbahJ.

Vfdhy; vd;Nwh epr;rapf;fg;gl;l kuzk; nehb nghOjpy;> ehk; vjpHghuhj epiyapy; ek;ik re;jpf;Fk;. jpBnud jhf;Fk;. cyf ,r;irfspy; %o;fp jpisf;Fk; kdpjd;> kuzj;ijf; fz;L gag;gLfpwhd;; tpuz;NlhLfpwhd;. ek;khy; kuzj;jp ypUe;J jg;gpf;fNt KbahJ. ,jidAk; my;yh`; glk; gpbj;Jf; fhl;Ltijg; ghhPH:

''ePq;fs; vij tpl;Lk; tpuz;NlhLfpwPHfNsh> me;j kuzk; epr;rakhf cq;fis re;jpf;Fk; vdf; $WtPuhf! my;FHMd; 62:8

''kuzj;ij tpl;Nlh> nfhy;yg;gLtij tpl;Nlh ePq;fs; tpuz;NlhbdPHfshapd;; mt;thW tpuz;NlhLtJ cq;fSf;F ahnjhU gyDk; mspf;fhJ. mJ rkak; ntF nrhw;gNkad;wp (mjpf) RfkDgtpf;f khl;BHfs; vd ePH $WtPuhf! my;FHMd; 33:16

fy;Yf;Fs; Jis nra;J Njiug; Nghy; tho;e;jhYk;: fUq;fy; Nfhl;ilf;Fs; Eioe;J nfhz;lhYk;; kuzk; tplhJ

cd;id kyf;fy; kt;j; (thdtH) kwe;J tpLtjpy;iy ,jid vtUk; rpe;jpg;gjpy;iy. ,Nj fUj;jpid ,iwkiw ,ak;Gtijf; fhH:

''ePq;fs; vq;fpUe;j NghjpYk; cq;fis kuzk; mile;Nj jPUk;; ePq;fs; kpfTk; cWjpahff; fl;lg;gl;l Nfhl;ilfspy; ,Ue;jNghjpYk; rhpNa! my;FHMd; 4:78

xUtiu kuzk; re;jpf;fpd;w NghJ> mjid Vw;f kWj;J mjw;F gfukhf g+kp epiwa jq;fj;ijNa <lhf nfhLj;jhYk; Vw;fg;glkhl;lhJ. mtDila fhyf;nfL> tho;tpd; jtiz Kbe;Jtpl;lJ vd> capH gpLq;fg;gLk;. (my;FHMd; 3:91) vd;gJ ,iwtdpd; epajpahFk;. ,jpypUe;J kdpj ,dj;jpy; caHe;jtHfshd egp (,iwj;J}jH)fs; $l tpjptpyf;fy;y:

kuz Kd; mwptpg;G cz;lh?

,t;Tyf tho;tpy; kaq;fp> gphpa kdkpd;wp kuzj;ijf; fz;L> kdpj ,dk; ngUk;ghYk; gag;gLfpwJ. epr;rapf;fg; gl;l cz;ikia - kuzj;ij> epue;jukhd kWik tho;Tf;F ,l;Lr; nry;Yk; gazj;ijf; fz;L kdpjd; tpuz;NlhL fpwhd;. ,Ug;gpDk; mtutUf;Fhpa nfL (m[y;) te;jJk; rhit re;jpj;Nj MfNtz;Lk;. jg;gpf;f KbahJ. kuzKk; vt;tpj Kd; vr;rhpf;ifAk; nra;ahky; jpBnud tUk;. Mdhy;> ,iwj; J}jHfs; kl;Lk; ,jpy; tpjptpyf;F.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;:

Rtdj;jpy; jk; ,Ug;gplj;ijg; ghHj;J (,d;Dk; rpwpJ fhyk; ,t;Tyfpy;) tho tha;g;gspf;fg;glhj tiuapy; my;yJ (,k;ik> kWik ,uz;by; xd;iwj;) NjHT nra;a tha;g;gspf;fhj tiuapy; ve;j ,iwj;J}jhpd; capUk; gwpf;fg; gLtjpy;iy. mwptpg;ghsH: md;id Map\h(uop)

Mjhuq;fs;: Kmj;jh 559> Gfhhp: u.m. 4435> 4437> 4463> 4586> 6059> K];ypk;: M.nkh. 5988> 5990> ,g;Dkh[h : 1609> m`;kJ: 24262> 24519> 25115> 25142

ve;j ,iwj;J}jUk; kuzj; jUthapy; (,k;ik> kWik ,uz;by; xd;iwj;) NjHT nra;Ak; tha;g;gspf;fg;glhj tiuapy; kuzpf;ftpy;iy. u#y;(]y;) mtHfs; ''vd;id caHthd NjhoHfSld; NrHj;jUs; vdg; gpuhHj;jpj;jij nrtpAw;Nwd;. egpatHfs; ek;iktpl;L gphpag;NghfpwhHfs; vd;gij mwpe;J nfhz;Nld;. mwptpg;G: md;id Map\h(uop)

Mjhuk;: Kmj;jh 559> Gfhhp u.m.: 4435> 4437> 4586> 6348> K];ypk;: M.nkh. 5988> 5990 m`;kJ: 24262> 24519> 25115> 25142

,e;egp nkhopfspd; %yk; kdpj Fyj;jpy; my;yh`{ tpdhy; NjHT nra;ag;gl;l ey;ybahHfshd ,iwj;J}jH(egp) fSf;F kl;Lk; kuzj;jpw;F Kd; kuzk; tUfpwJ vd;w nra;jp njhptpf;fg;gLk;. kw;wtH vtUf;Fk; mr;rYif ,y;iy vd;gJ njspthfpwJ.

kuzr; nra;jpiaf; Nfl;ljd;gpd;> ey;ybahHfshd egpkhHfs; kuzj;ij re;jpf;f jahuhdhHfs;. epue;ukw;w ,t;Tyf tho;tpypUe;J epue;jukhd kWik tho;tpd; Muk;gk; vd vjpHnfhz;ldH. Vnddpy;> mtHfs; Vfdhy; vd;Nwh epr;rapf;fg;gl;l kuzj;jpypUe;J jg;gpf;fNt KbahJ vd;gij tpsq;fp itj;jpUe;jdH. vdNt> kdpj Fyj;jpy; Nkyhd ,iwj;J}jHfSk; kuzr; nra;jp mwptpf;fg;gl;l gpd;Gk; $l kuzj;jpypUe;J jg;gpf;f KbahJ vd;gij %]h(miy) mtHfsJ kuzk; ekf;F njspthf;FfpwJ.

,iwj;J}jH(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;:

''kyf;Fy; kt;j; (capiu gwpf;Fk; thdtH) %]h(miy) mtHfsplk; mDg;gg;gl;lhH. %]h(miy) mtHfsplk; capiug; gwpf;f thdtH te;j NghJ> %]h(miy) mtHfs; mtUila fz; gpJq;FksT Kfj;jpy; miwe;J tpl;lhHfs;. thdtH (kyf;fy; kt;j;) clNd jdJ ,ul;rfdplk; jpUk;gpr; nrd;W 'kuzj;ij tpUk;ghj xU mbahhplk; vd;id eP mDg;gp tpl;lha;' vd Kiwapl;lhH; 'vd;id mbj;J fz;iz fyq;f itj;J tpl;lhH' vdf; $wpdhH.

my;yh`;> mtUila fz;iz rhp nra;Jtpl;L> eP jpUk;gpr; nrd;W mtUila fuj;ij xU fhis khl;bd; KJfpy; itf;f> mtUila fuk; vt;tsT Kbfis gpbf;fpwNjh mjpy; xt;nthU Kbf;Fg; gfukhf XH Mz;L ,t;Tyfpy; tho mtUf;F mDkjp cz;L vdf; $w Mizapl;lhd;. mt;tpjNk mt;thdtH jpUk;gp nrd;W %]h(miy) mtHfsplk; $wpaNghJ mtH> '',iwth! mj;jid fhyk; tho;e;J Kbe;j gpd; vd;d epfOk;? vd> tpdtpdhHfs;. ,iwtd; ''kuzk; jhd; vd tpilaspf;f> %]h(miy) mtHfs;> ''mg;gbnadpy;> ,g;NghNj vd; capiu vLj;Jf; nfhs; vdf; $wptpl;L igj;Jy; kf;jp]; vDk; Gdpj g+kpf;F neUf;fkhf mjpypUe;J fy;nywpAk; J}uj;jpy; jdJ kz;ziw (fg;U) mike;jplr; nra;a Ntz;bdhHfs;.

mwptpg;gtH: mg+`{iuuh(uop)

E}y;fs;: ]`P/gh `k;khk; 59> Gfhhp: u.m. 1339> 3407; K];ypk;: M.nkh. : 4374> 4375: e]aP: 2062; mg+mthdh: 1> 188; ,g;D `pg;ghd;: 6190> 6191; K];dJ m`;kJ: 7326> 7825> 8262> 10484

ckf;F Kd;dH vtUf;Fk; ,t;Tyfpy; kuzkpd;wp epue;jukhf thOk; epj;jpa tho;it ehk; nfhLf;ftpy;iy vdf;$Wk; (21:34) Vfd; my;yh`;:

''K`k;kJ(]y;) ,iwj;J}jNuad;wp Ntwy;y. mtUf;F Kd;dUk; (gy ,iwj;)J}jHfs; (te;J) nrd;W tpl;ldH; mtH ,we;J tpl;lhy; my;yJ nfhy;yg;gl;lhy;> ePq;fs; (Vfj;Jtj;ij tpl;L) cq;fs; Fjpfhy;fspd; Nky; (Gwq;fhl;bj;) jpUk;gp tpLtPHfsh! my;FHMd; 3:144

''epr;rakhf ePUk; kuzpg;gtH; epr;rakhf mtHfSk; kuzpg;gtHfNs! my;FHMd; 39:30

,g;g+Tyfpy; gpwe;j xt;nthUtUk;> mtH ,iwj; J}juhfl;Lk;> jPHf;fjhprpahfl;Lk; ahuhapDk; kuzj;ij re;jpj;Nj MfNtz;Lk;. kuzk; ek;Kila gpwg;gpw;F Kd;Ng my;yh`;tpdhy; epr;rapf;fg;gl;l cz;ik. MjpkdpjH Mjk; (miy) mtHfs; Kjy; ,d;W tiu md;whlk; eilngw;W tUk; rj;jpak;.

kuzk; ,dpikahdjy;y! fLikahdJ nfhba Ntjidiaj; juf;$baJ ,g;g+Tyfpy; glhj f\;lj;ij> ,d;diy kuzpf;fpd;w nehb nghOjpy; mDgtpf;f Ntz;baJ. ,jd; Ritia mDgtpj;jtH vtUkpy;iy. ,Ug;gpDk;> kuzNtjidapd; fLikia vy;NyhUk; ek;Gfpd;wdH. vdNt kuzk;> kuzr;Rit Nghd;wtw;iwg; gw;wp epidf;f> Ngr tpUk;ghjtd; $l kuzj;ij re;jpj;Nj Mf Ntz;Lk;; mjd; Rit iar; Ritj;Njahf Ntz;Lk;. ,J ,aw;ifahf ,iwtd; ek; kPJ tpjpj;Js;s fl;lhaf; flik.

kuz Ntjid

kdpjd; ,t;Tyfpy; jdJ md;whl tho;tpy; gw;gy f\;lq;fis> ,d;dy;> ,ilWfis re;jpj;J tUfpwhd;. mtw;wpy; kpfTk; fbdkhdJ nfhbaJ kuz NtjidahFk;. kuz Ntjidaile;J khpj;jtH vtUk; jpUk;gp te;J mtUila mDgtj;ij ekf;F njhptpj;jjpy;iy. ''fz;ltH tpz;byH> tpz;ltH fz;byH'' vd;gH. Mdhy;> kuzNtjid kpfTk; fLikahdjhf ,Uf;Fk; vd;gij vtUk; kWg;gjpy;iy.

,];yhj;jpy; '']fuhj;Jy; kt;j;f; vd;W mugpapy; nrhy;thHfs;. '']fuhj; vd;why;> nfhba Ntjid vd;W nghUs;. ,r;nrhy; ,aw;ifahd Kjy; gpurtj;jpy; xU ngz; kzp mDgtpf;Fk; f\;lj;jpw;Fk;> kuzj;jpd;NghJ xt;nthU tUk; mDgtpf;Fk; f\;lj;jpw;Fk; kl;Lk; mugp nkhopapy; cgNahfg;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ. ,jd; %yk; kuz Ntjidapd; fLikia XusT tpsq;fyhk;. gpurt Ntjidiaf; $l ngz;fshy; mDgtpf;f KbfpwJ. Mdhy;> kuzj;jpd; Ntjidia mDgtpg;gJ ,khya rhjidahFk;. ,g;gbg; gl;l fba nfhba Ntjidia re;jpf;f tpUk;ghky;> kdpjd; tpuz;NlhlNt tpUk;Gthd;. Mdhy;> jg;gpf;f KbaNt KbahJ.

jpUFHMd; $WfpwJ:

kuz Ntjid rj;jpaj;ijf; nfhz;L (nka;ahf) tUfpd;wJ (mg;NghJ mtdplk;) eP vij tpl;Lk; tpuz;Nlhbf; nfhz;bUe;jhNah> mJjhd; (,e;epiy vdf; $wg;gLk;) my;FHMd; 50:19

egp(]y;) mtHfs; jdJ kuzj;jUthapy; mDgtpj;j nra;jpia mg;NghJ mtUldpUe;j JiztpahH md;id Map\h(uop) $WfpwhHfs;.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; jk; ,UiffisAk; FtisapypUe;j ePhpy; Eioj;J jk; Kfj;jpy; jltpf; nfhz;L

''tzf;fj;jpw;Fhpatd; my;yh`;itj; jtpu NtnwtUkpy;iy; kuzj;jpw;Fj; Jd;gq;fs; cz;Lk; vdf;$wp gpuhHj;jpj; jtHfshf kuzpj;jhHfs;. Mjhuq;fs;: Gfhhp> u.m. : 4449> 6510

ah my;yh`;! vd;id kuzNtjidapypUe;J fhj;jUs; thahf! vdg; gpuhHj;jpj;jhHfs;. mwptpg;G: md;id Map\h(uop)

E}y;fs;: jpHkpjp : 900> ,g;Dkh[h : 1612.> K];dJ m`;kJ : 23220> 23280> 23341> 24021

u#y;(]y;) mtHfs; Neha;tha;g;gl;L ,aw;if kuzk; va;jpdhHfs;. my;yh`{tpd; md;Gf;Fk;> mUSf;Fk; chpa tuhf tho;e;j u#y;(]y;) mtHfNs kuzNtjidia mDgtpj;J mjpypUe;J ghJfhg;G NjbAs;shHfs; vd;why;> kuzNtjidapd; fLikia> nfhLikia ehk; czuyhk;. vdNt> ,aw;if kuzj;ij re;jpg;gtH gltpUf;Fk; kuz Ntjidiag; gw;wp jpUFHMDk;> egpnkhopfSk; ekf;F njspthd fhl;rpfisf; fhl;)Ltij fhz;gPH:

''kuzj;jUthapy; xUtdpd; (capH) njhz;ilf; Fopia milAk; NghJ me;Neuk; ePq;fs; ghHj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwPHfs;; MapDk;> ehNkh mtDf;F cq;fis tpl kpfTk; rkPgkhf ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk;. my;FHMd; 56:83> 84> 85

,r;nra;jpia Nkyjpfkhd tpsf;fj;JlDk; my;yh`; tpthpf;fpd;whd;:

'',Lg;ig xbf;Fk; xU Nguhgj;J jk; kPJ Vw;glg; Nghtjhf mit cWjp nfhz;bUf;Fk;. mt;thwy;y! (kuz Ntisapy; mtDila capH) njhz;ilf; Fopia mile;J tpl;lhy;> ''ke;jphpg;gtd; ahH? vdf; Nfl;fg;gLfpwJ. Mdhy;... mtNdh epr;rakhf mJ jhd; jd; gphpT (fhyk;) vd;gij cWjp nfhs;fpwhd;. NkYk;> nfz;ilf;fhy; nfz;ilf;fhYld; gpd;dpf; nfhs;Sk;> ck; ,ul;rfdplk; me;ehspy; jhd; ,Oj;Jr; nry;Yjy; ,Uf;fpwJk;. my;FHMd; 75:25> Kjy; 30 tiu

''mtHfs; ghHj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghNj ahNuh mtHfis kuzj;jpd; ghy; ,Oj;Jf; nfhz;L nry;tJ Nghd;W czHfpwhHfs;. my;FHMd; 8:6

''NghH GhpAkhW $wg;gl;lhy;> vtHfsJ ,jaq;fspy; (eatQ;rf) Neha; cs;sNjh> mtHfs; kuz(ga)j;jpdhy; jdf;F kaf;fk; Vw;gl;ltd; Nehf;FtJ Nghy; ck;ik Nehf;Ftij ePH fhz;gPH! my;FHMd; 47:20

kuzgaj;jpd; ghHit vg;gbapUf;Fk; vd;gijAk; my;yh`; tpthpf;fpd;whd;:

''gak; Vw;gLk; rkaj;jpy;> kuzj;jUthapy; kaq;fpf; fplg;gtH Nghy;> mtHfsJ fz;fs; Rod;W> Rod;W> mtHfs; ck;ikg; ghHj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;gijg; fhz;gPH my;FHMd; 33:19

,t;tpiw trdq;fs; ,aw;ifahf kuzj;ij re;jpg;gthpd; epiyikfis njs;sj; njspthf tpsf;Ffpd;wd. mitahtd:

1. ,Lg;G xbe;j epiyapy; epw;f Kbahik.

2. nfz;ilf;fhy;fs; xd;iwnahd;W gpd;dp elf;f Kbahik.

3. capH njhz;il Fopia milf;f Ngr;rpy; jLkhw;wk; my;yJ Ngr Kbahik.

4. kaq;fpa epiy.

5. kuzj; jUthapy; fz;fs; epiyFj;jp epw;wy;.

6. cly; ntg;gj;jhy; FSikia ehLjy;

u#y;(]y;) mtHfs; kuzpj;jNghJ mtNuhL njhlHe;J ,Ue;J mtHgl;l kuzNtjidfis Nehpy; fz;l ek;Kila md;id Map\h(uop) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpwhHfs;:

my;yh`;tpd; J}jH(]y;) mtHfs; fLikahf Neha; tha;g;gl;L> mtHfspd; Ntjid mjpfhpj;jNghJ> vd; tPl;by; jq;fp rpfpl;irAk;> guhkhpg;Gk; ngw;wpl jk; (kw;w) kidtp fsplk; mDkjp Nfl;lhHfs;. mtHfSk; mDkjpaspj;jdH. mg;NghJ egp(]y;) mtHfspd; fhy;fs; g+kpapy; ,Ogl mg;gh];(uyp) mtHfSf;Fk; kw;nwhU kdpjUf;Fk; (myp(uop) mtHfSf;Fk;) ,ilapy; njhq;fpagb vd; ,y;yk; te;jhHfs;.

Mjhuq;fs;: Gfhhp : u.m 198> 665> 2588> 4442> K];ypk;: M.nkh. 833> 834> ,g;D kh[h : 1608> m`;kJ: 22974> 24725

egp(]y;) mtHfs; ve;j Nehapy; kuzpj;jhHfNsh me;Nehapd; NghJ egpatHfspd; njhz;il fl;bf; nfhs;s (fk;kpa> fufuj;jf; Fuypy;) ''my;yh`; mUs; Ghpe;j ,iwj; J}jHfs;> cz;ikahsHfs;> ,iwg;ghijapy; capH ePj;j jpahfpfs;> ey;ybahHfSld; ,Ug;ghHfs; (my;FHMd; 4:69) vd;w ,iwtrdj;ij XjpdhHfs;. mwptpg;G: md;id Map\h(uop)

Mjhuq;fs;: Gfhhp: u.m : 4435> 4586> K];ypk; : M.nkh. 5988>

,g;D kh[h: 1609> K];dJ m`;kJ: 24262> 24519> 25115

egp(]y;) mtHfSf;F kuzk; neUq;fp tpl;lNghJ> mtHfs; rpwpJ Neuk; kaf;f Kw;whHfs;. gpwF mtHfspd; kaf;fk; njspe;jNghJ> tPl;bd; $iuia Nehf;fp egpatHfspd; ghHit epiyFj;jp epd;wJ. gpd;dH '',iwth! (RtHf;fj;jpy;) caHe;j NjhoHfSld; NrHj;jUs;! vdg; gpuhHj;jpj;jhHfs;.

mwptpg;G: md;id Map\h(uop)

Mjhuq;fs;: Gfhhp: u.m. 4437> 4463> 6358> 6509> K];ypk;: M.nkh. : 5988 Kjy; 5990 ,g;Dkh[h : 1609> m`;kJ : 23083

egp(]y;) mtHfspd; kuzj;jpw;F Ke;jpa Neha; tpahof; fpoik md;W kpfTk; fLikahdJ.

mwptpg;G: ,g;D mg;gh];(uop)

Mjhuq;fs;: Gfhhp u.m. : 3053> 3168> 4431> K];ypk; : M.nkh. : 4014> 4015> m`;kJ: 1834> 3165> 3089> 3090

egp(]y;) mtHfs; kuzg;gLf;ifapy; tpOe;j NghJ> (tpahodd;W) mq;F tUif je;j egpatHfspd; rpwpa je;ij mg;gh]; gpd; mg;Jy; Kj;jypg;(uop) mtHfs;> ''mg;Jy; Kj;jyp Gila kf;fspd; (egpatHfs; mtUila NguH) Kfq;fisg; ghHj;J kuzf;fisia milahsk; fz;L nfhs;gtd; ehd;. my;yh`;tpd; kPJ Mizahf! ePq;fs; %d;W ehl;fSf;Fg; gpwF NtnwhUtH mjpfhuj;jpw;Fg; gzpe;jtuhf Mfptplg; NghfpwPHfs;. ,e;Nehapy; egpatHfs; ,we;J tpLthHfs; vd vz;ZfpNwd; vd;W myp(uop) mtHfsplk; njhptpj;jhHfs;.

mwptpg;G: ,g;D mg;gh];(uop)

Mjhuq;fs;: Gfhhp :u.m. : 4447> 6266> K];dJ m`;kJ: 2254> 2842

egp(]y;) mtHfs; jpq;fs; fpoik kuzkile;jhHfs;.

mwptpg;G: md;id Map\h(uop)

Mjhuk;: Kmj;jh : 539> K];dJ m`;kJ : 23056> 23724> 23856

egp(]y;) mtHfs; Gjd;fpoik ey;ylf;fk; nra;ag; gl;lhHfs;. mwptpg;G: md;id Map\h(uop) Mjhuk;: m`;kJ: 23646

,e;egpnkhopfs; %yk; u#y;(]y;) mtHfs; tpahof; fpoik elf;f Kbahj epiy Vw;gl;L; kuzg; gLf;ifapy; gLj;Js;shHfs;. mtUila ghjq;fs; rf;jpapoe;J g+kpapy; ,Ogl ,g;D mg;gh];> myp(uop md;Fkh) ,UtUk; mioj;J te;jpUf;fpwhHfs;.

,Lg;G xbe;j epiy.

kuzj;jUthapy; njhz;ilf; fl;ba epiyapy; fufuj;jf; Fuypy; my;yh`;tplk; gpuhHj;jpj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;.

rhpahf Ngr Kbahj epiy.

kaf;fKw;W njspe;j NghJ egpatHfspd; ghHit tPl;bd; $iuia Nehf;fp epiyFj;jp epd;Ws;sJ.

,itaidj;Jk; Vfd; my;yh`; mtDila ,Wjp Ntjj;jpy; egp(]y;) mtHfs; eyNkhL ,Ue;jNghNj kuzj;jpd; mwpFwpfshf> nfhba Ntjidfshf $wpait. egpatHfspd; kuzNk ,iwthf;fpd; nray;tbtkhdJ. mjpraj;jf;f nra;jp kl;Lky;y. kdpj ,dj;jpy; kuzNtjidapypUe;J vtUk; tpjptpyf;ifg; ngwtpy;iy vd;gJ tpsq;FfpwJ.

,t;tpjkhf egpatHfspd; kuzNtjidia Nehpy; fz;l ek;Kila md;id Map\h(uop) mtHfSf;F mg;NghJ 16 taJ. egpatHfspd; kuzj;jpd; Ntjidfis> f\;lq;fis Nehpy; fz;l ehd; mjw;Fgpd; ve;j NtjidAk; vdf;F nghp jhfg;gltpy;iy vd;W $wpdhHfs;. md;idatHfs; `p. 58-y; kjPdhtpy; jdJ 65-tJ tajpy; kuzkile;jhHfs;.

capH gphpAk; nehbapy;

nfhba kuzNtjidf;Fg; gpd; capH gphpfpwJ. kuzk; KOikahf jOt Xq;fhukhf> capNuhbapUe;j cly; capuw;w> rlykhf> gpzkhf khWfpwJ. capNuhbapUf;ifapy; ngaUk;> GfOld; gw;gy rpwg;Gg;gl;lq;fis jdJ ngaUld; NrHj;J tho;e;jtd;; ,d;dhhpd; ike;jd;> ,d;dhhpd; je;ij vdg; GfOld; tho;e;jtd;> jdJ nrhe;jg; ngaiu ,of;fpwhd;. gpzk;> rlyk;> [dh]h vd miof;fg;gLfpwhd;. vd;Nd nfhLik! capH vg;gb gwpf;fg;gLfpwJ kuzpg;gthpd; epiy vg;gbapUf;Fk; vd;gijAk; mUs;kiw jpUFHMDk;> egpnkhopfSk; njs;sj; njspthf tpsf;Ftijg; ghhPH.

kuzj;jpw;fhd thdtH> ''kyf;fy; kt;j; vd;W ehk; mwpNthfp. Mdhy;> xU kdpjdpd; capiu my;yh`; jdJ thdtHfspd; ghpthuq;fSld; vLf;fpwhd;. mg;ghpthuj;jpd; jiyikahf ''kyf;fy; kt;j;k; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.

jpUFHMd; $WfpwJ:

cq;fspy; xUtUf;F kuzk; te;J tpLkhdhy;> ek; Kila J}jH(thdtH)fs; mtH Mj;khitf; ifg;gw;W fpwhHfs;. mtHfs; (jk; flikapy;) jtW tjpy;iy. my;FHMd; 6:61

cq;fs; kPJ epakpf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; ''kyf;Fy; kt;j; jhd; cq;fs; capiuf; ifg;gw;WthH. gpd;dH> ePq;fs; cq;fs; ,ul;rfdplk; kPl;fg;gLtPHfs;. my;FHMd; 32:11

mtHfsJ Kfq;fspYk;> KJFfspYk; mbj;J (capHfisf; ifg;gw;Wk;) thdtHfs; mtHfis kuzkilar; nra;ifapy; (mtHfsJ epiy) vg;gb? my;FHMd; 47:27

mepahaf;fhuHfs; kuzNtjidapy; ,Uf;ifapy;> ePq;fs; mtHfisg; ghHj;jhy;> thdtHfs; jk; iffis ePl;b (,tHfsplk;) ''cq;fsJ capHfis ntsp Naw;Wq;fs; ,d;iwa jpdk; ePq;fs; ,opT jUk; Ntjidiaf; $ypahff; nfhLf;fg;gLtPHfs;.. vd;W $wg;gLk;. my;FHMd; 6:93

mtHfs; jkf;Fj;jhNk mepahak; nra;gtHfshd ,Uf;Fk; epiyapy;> thdtHfs; mtHfsJ capHfisf; ifg;gw;WthHfs;; mg;NghJ mtHfs;> ''ehq;fs; vt;tpj jPikAk; nra;atpy;iyNa vd (gzpe;J thdtH fsplk;) rkhjhdk; NfhUthHfs;. ''mt;thwpy;iy epr;rakhf my;yh`; ePq;fs; nra;J nfhz;bUe;jtw;iw ed;fwpthd; (vdf; $wg;gLk;) my;FHMd; 16:28

mepahak; nra;jtHfs;: ''vq;fs; ,ul;rfh! vq;fSf;F rw;Nw mtfhrkspg;ghahf! cdJ miog;ig Vw;fpNwhk;; cdJ J}jHfisAk; gpd;gw;WfpNwhk;. vd;W $WthHfs;. my;FHMd; 14:44

cq;fspy; xUtUf;F kuzk; tUk; Kd;dNu> ehk; cq;fSf;F mspj;jjpypUe;J jhd> jHkk; nra;Aq;fs;; (mt;tpjk; nra;ahJ kuzpf;Fk; rkak;) 'vd; ,ul;rfh! vd; jtizia rpwpJ gpw;gLj;jf; $lhjh! mg;gbahapd; ehDk; jhd> jHkk; nra;J ey;y(]hyp`hd) tHfspy; xUtdhfp tpLNtNd' vd;W Gyk;Gthd;. Mdhy;> my;yh`;> ve;j Mj;khTf;Fk; mjd; jtiz te;J tpl;lhy; (mjidg;) gpw;gLj;j khl;lhd;. ePq;fs; nra;gtw;iw my;yh`; ed;F mwpe;Nj ,Uf;fpwhd;. my;FHMd; 63:10> 11

xUtDf;F kuzk; tUk;NghJ> mtd; vd; ,ul;rfNd! ehd; tpl;L te;jjpy; ew;fhhpaq;fisr; nra;tjw;fhf vd;idj; jpUk;g (cyfpw;F) jpUg;gp mDg;Gthahf! vd;ghd;. mt;thwpy;iy! mtd; $WtJ ntWk; thHj;ijfNs! mtHfs; vOg;gg;gLk; ehs;tiuapy; mtHfs; Kd; xU jpiuapUf;fpwJ. my;FHMd; 23:99> 100

,t;tpiw trdq;fSf;F tpsf;fkhf egp(]y;) mtHfs; kuzpg;gtd; re;jpf;Fk; epfo;r;rpfisAk;> mtDila ajhHj;j khd epiyfisAk; njs;sj; njspthf tpsf;fpAs;shHfs;. ehk; kuzpj;jthpd; clYf;F Jzp (fgd;) mzptpf;fpNwhk;. Mdhy;> mtUila capUf;F (&`{f;F) my;yh`; jdJ thdtHfs; %yk; Jzp (fgd;) mzptpj;J capiu vLf;fpwhd;.

u#y;(]y;) mtHfs; njspthf;fpdhHfs;:

xU ey;ybahhpd; capH kuzj;jpd; thdtuhy; (kyf;Fy; kt;j;jhy;) gwpf;fg;gl;L ,U thdtHfs; Rfe;jkhd eWkzj; Jld; thd;Nehf;fp nry;thHfs;. thdpYs;s thdtHfs; ''g+kp apy; ey;ybahuhf tho;e;jthpd; capH g+kpapypUe;J tUfpwJ mjw;F ek; ey;tho;j;Jf;fs; vdg;Nghw;wpg; Gfo;e;J ,iwtdplk; mtUf;fhf gpuhHj;jpg;ghHfs; xU nfl;ltdpd;> ghtpapd; capH gwpf;fg;gl;L tUifapy;> nfhba JHehw;w kbf;Fk; vd> egp(]y;) mtHfs; jdJ ifj;Jzpahy; %f;ifg; gpbj;Jf; nfhz;L $wpdhHfs;. me;j capiu thdtHfs; rgpg;ghHfs;. mjw;Fhpa ,lj;jpw;F (eufpw;F) vLj;Jr;nry;y Mizaplg;gLk;. mwptpg;gtH: mg+`{iuuh(uop)

Mjhuq;fs;: K];ypk;: M. nkh. : 6867> ,g;D kh[h : 4252> 4258>

m`;kJ: 8414

fUizapd; thdtHfs; (kyhapfj;JH u`;kj;) ey;yb ahhpd; capiu vLj;Jr;nry;y eWkzk; g+rg;gl;l ntz;zpwg; gl;il fgdhf vLj;J tUthHfs;. jz;lidapd; thdtHfs; (kyhapfj;Jy; mjhG) ghtpapd; capiu JHehw;wkbf;Fk; neUg;gpyhd fe;jy; Jzpiaf; fgdhf mzptpj;J vLj;Jr; nry;y tUthHfs; vd egp(]y;) $wpdhHfs;.

mwptpg;gtH: mg+`{iuuh(uop)

Mjhuk;: e]aP: 1810> ,g;D `pg;ghd;> m`;kJ

kyf;Fy; kt;j; 500 thdtHfs; Gil #o Rtdj;jpypUe;J eWkzk; fkOk; ntz;zpw gl;lhyhd fgd; JzpAld; ,wq;FthHfs; vd> egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpajhf jkPKj;jhhp(uop) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpwhHfs;.

,r;nra;jpfsidj;ijAk; xd;wpizj;J kuzpg;gtd; kuzj;jUthapy; fhZk; epfo;r;rpfisAk;> capHgwpf;fg;gLk; epiyfisAk; my; gHuhc gpd; M[pg;(uop) mtHfs; $Wk; egpnkhop njs;sj; njspthd fhl;rpiaf; fhl;LfpwJ.

xH Vfj;Jt ey;ybahH ,t;Tyf tho;it Kbj;J

kWik tho;tpy; EioAk; NghJ (kuzpf;Fk; NghJ) thdpypUe;J ntz;zpwKila thdtHfs; ,wq;FfpwhHfs;. mtHfSila Kfk; #hpaidg; Nghy gpufhrkhf ,Uf;Fk;. mtHfsplk; Rtdj;jpd; fgd; Jzp eWkzq;fshy; Jitf;fg; gl;bUf;Fk;. kuzpg;gthpd; Kd; mtUila fz;ghHit vl;L ksT mkHe;jpUg;ghHfs;. (kuzpg;gthpd; ghHit epiyFj;jp epw;f fhuzkpJNt.)

gpd;> kyf;fy; kt;j; (kuzj;jpd; thdtH) te;J kuzpg;gthpd; jiygf;fkhf mkHe;J> ''X ey;y Mj;khNt! my;yh`;tpd; kd;dpg;G jpUg;jpapd;ghy; jpUk;gptpL!'' vdf;$wp capiuf; ifg;gw;WthH. ey;ybahhpd; capH jz;H ghj;jpuj;jpypUe;J ePH nfhl;LtJ Nghy (vt;tpj) rpuKkpd;wp ntspNaWk;.

me;j capiu Rtdj;jpypUe;J nfhz;L te;j eWkzKs;s (GDF thrid) fgd; Jzpapy; itg;ghH. mjd; eWkzk; g+kpia #o tpz;ZyFf;F thdtHfs; vLj;Jr; nry;thHfs;.

g+kpia xl;bAs;s thdpYs;s fhtyhspfshd thdtHfs;> '',e;j ey;y Mj;kh ahUilaJ? vd tpdt capiu vLj;Jr; nry;Yk; thdtHfs; ,we;jthpd; ngaiuf; Fwpg;gpl;L '',d;dhhpd; kfd; ,d;dhH g+kpapy; ew;ngaUld; tho;e;jhH. mtUila ,g;g+Tyf tho;T (nfL) Kbtila mtUila capH vLj;Jr; nry;yg;gLfpwJ vd gjpyspg;ghHfs;. mt; thdpd; thry;fs; jpwf;fg;gl mLj;j thdk; vd ,Nj epiyapy; MW thdq;fisj; jhz;b VohtJ thid milthHfs;.

'',y;ypa;d; vd;gJ vd;dntd;W ckf;F vJ mwptpf;Fk;? mJ nray; vOjg;gl;l VlhFk;. (my;yh`; tplk;) neUq;k;a(thd)tHfs; mijf; fhz;ghHfs;. my;FHMd; 83: 19-21

vdJ ,e;ey;ybahhpd; ngaiu caHthd ,y;ypa;d; vd;w gjpNtl;by; gjpT nra;Aq;fs; gpd; kPz;Lk; g+kpapYs;s mtuJ clypy; NrHj;J tpLq;fs;; mtiu ehd; khpf;fr; nra;J kPz;Lk; capH jUfpNwd;. kPz;LnkhU Kiw mtiu (kWik apy;) ntspg;gLj;JNtd; vd> my;yh`; $Wthd;.

kuzpj;jtiu ehk; kz;ziwapy; (fg;hpy;) %bagpd;> mtUila clYf;F capH jpUg;gpj; jug;gLk;. mg;NghJ ,U thdtHfs; (Kd;fH> efPH) mtuUfpy; mkHe;J 'ckJ ,ul;rfd; ahH?' vd tpdt vt;tpj gjw;wKkpd;wp vd; ,ul;rfd; my;yh`; vd gjpyspg;ghH. mLj;J. 'ckJ khHf;fnkd;d?' vd;W tpdt> 'vdJ khHf;fk; ,];yhk;' vd gjpyspg;ghH. 'ckf;F mDg;gg;gl;l ,k;kdpjH ahH?' vd tpdtg;gl> ',tH u#y; (]y;)' mtHfs; vd gjpyspg;ghH. 'mLj;J cdJ Qhdnkd;d?' vd tpdtg;gl ''ehd; ,iwNtjj;ijg; gbj;Njd;; mij KOikahf (<khd;) ek;gp (vdJ tho;tpy;) cz;ikg; gLj;jpNdd;'' vd gjpyspg;ghH.

clNd> thdpypUe;J ''vdJ ,e;ey;ybahd; rj;jpathd;; cz;ikahsd;; mtDf;F Rtd Milfis mzptpAq;fs;; mtDf;Fhpa Rtd thriyj; jpwe;J tpLq;fs;; mtDila Rtdj;ij tprhykhf;Fq;fs; vd mrhPhp $Wk;.

kPz;Lk; kz;ziwapy; capH ngw;w ey;ybahhpd; ghHit vl;LksT kz;ziw tprhykhFk;; Rtdj;jpd; thry;fs; jpwe;jpUf;f eWkzj;Jld; Rtdj;jpd; moif urpg;ghH. mg;NghJ eWkzk; g+rpa ntz;zpw Milazpe;j xU mofpa kdpjH tUthH. mtH ''X ey;ybahNu! ckf;F ehd; xU ew;nra;jp $WfpNwd;! ,e;ehs; ckf;F thf;fspf;fg;gl;l ed;ehshFk;! vdf; $WthH.

kuzpj;jtH> jq;fsJ jpUKfk; mofpa ed;khuhakhf njhpfpwNj! jhq;fs; ahH? vd tpdt> ''ehd; jhq;fs; g+kpapy; nra;j ew;nray;fs;k; vd tpilaspg;ghH. ey;ybahH kz;ziwapy; Rfkhf ,Ug;ghH.

nfl;ltd;> ghtp kuzpf;fpd;w NghJ; fz;fs; rpte;j fUj;j Kfj;Jld; fLfLj;j ghHitAld;> (jz;lidapd;) thdtHfs; eufj;jpypUe;J JH ehw;wKila neUg;gpyhd Jzp (fgd;) vLj;J tUthHfs;. kyf;fy; kt;j; mtDila jiyaUk;y; mkHe;J> ''X nfl;l Mj;khNt! my;yh`{tpd; Nfhgk;> mjpUg;jpapd; ghy; jpUk;gp tpL! vdf;$w> ghtp capH tplkWg;ghd;.

mg;NghJ thdtHfs; mtDila Kfq;fspYk;> KJFfspYk; Xq;k; mbj;Jk; (my;FHMd; 47:27) mtDila capiug; gpLq;FthHfs;.

ghtpapd; capH fk;gsp Jzpapy; Ks;is Nghl;L cUTtJ Nghy nfh^ukhf cUtg;gLk; mtDila euk;GfSk;> %l;LfSk; njwpj;J tpLtJ Nghd;w fba Jd;gk; Vw;gLk;. mt;TapH JH ehw;wKs;s fgdpy; itj;J> thd; Nehf;fp vLj;Jr;nry;y thdpYs;s fhtyhspfshd thdtHfs; JH ehw;wk; rfpf;fhky;> '',e;j nfl;l Mj;kh ahUilaJ? vd tpdt> capiug; gwpj;Jr; nry;Yk; thdtHfs;> ,we;j ghtpapd; ngaiuf; Fwpg;gpl;L> '',d;dhhpd; kfd; ,d;dhHk; g+kpapy; nfl;ltdhf tho;e;jtd; mtDila g+Tyf tho;tpd; nfL Kba mtDila capH vLj;Jr; nry;yg;gLfpwJ vd> mtUf;fhf gjpyspg;ghHfs;. thdpd; thry;fs; jpwf;fg;gl khl;lhJ vdf; $wpa egp(]y;) mtHfs;>

''Crpapd; fhjpy; xl;lfk; EioAk; tiu ,g;ghtpfs; Rtdj;jpy; Eioa khl;lhHfs;k; (my;FHMd; 7:40)

vd;w ,iwtrdj;ij XjpdhHfs;.

',e;j ghtpapd; ngaiu g+kpf;F mjy ghjhsj;jpYs;s ifjpfs; - rpQ;rPd; vd;w - gjpNtl;by; gjpT nra;J tPrp vwpAq;fs;' vd my;yh`; $Wthd;.

''mtd; thdpypUe;J tpOe;J gwitfs; mtid thhp vLj;Jr; nrd;wJ NghYk;> my;yJ ngUq; fhw;wbj;J> mtid ntF njhiytpYs;s Xhplj;jpw;F mbj;Jf; nfhz;L nrd;wJ NghYk; MfptpLthd;k; (my;FHMd; 22:31) vd;w ,iwtrdj;ij egp(]y;) mtHfs; XjpdhHfs;.

mtid khpf;fr; nra;J kPz;Lk; capHjUfpNwd;. kPz;LnkhU Kiw mtid (kWikapy;) ntspg;gLj;JNtd; vd my;yh`; $w mtDila capH kz;ziwapYs;s ghtpapd; clypy; NrHf;fg;gLk;. mg;NghJ ,U thdtHfs; (Kd;fH> efPH) te;J> 'cdJ ,ul;rfd; ahH? cdJ khHf;fk; vd;d? ckf;F mDg;gg;gl;l ,k;kdpjH ahH?' vd thpirahf Nfs;tp Nfl;f> xt;nthU Nfs;tpf;Fk; ''ma;aN`h! ma;aN`h! ehdwpNad;!'' vdg;Gyk;Gthd;.

clNd thdpypUe;J> '',td; ghtp; ngha;ad;; eufthjp; mtDila eufj;ij tprhykhf;fp> euf thriyj; jpwe;J tpLq;fs;k; vd> mrhPhp $Wk;. ghtpapd; kz;ziw> eufj;jpd; fy;yiwahf khwp; neUg;ghf nfhjpf;f> mtDila tpyh vYk;Gfs; nehWq;f fg;H ,Wf;f Muk;gpf;Fk;.

mg;NghJ JHehw;wj;Jld;> mtyl;rzj;Jld; xU kdpjd; te;J> ''ghtpNa! ckf;F xU nfl;lr; nra;jp $WfpNwd;! ,e;ehs; (g+kpapy;) ckf;F thf;fspf;fg;gl;l ehshFk; vdf; $Wthd;. kuzpj;j ghtp> ''eP ahH? mtyl;rzKs;stdhf> nfl;ltdhf njhpfpwha;. ahH eP?'' vd tpdt> ''ehd; jhd;> eP (g+kpapy;) Ghpe;j jPa nray;fs;!'' vd gjpyspg;ghd;. ghtp vd;nwd;Wk; euf Ntjid mDgtpj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;ghd;.

,e;ePz;l egpnkhop K];dJ m`;jpy; 17803 `jP]hf ,lk; ngw;Ws;sJ. ,jpy; ehk; Kd; Fwpg;gpl;l vy;yh jpUFHMd; trdq;fSf;Fk; tpsf;fkpUg;gij mwpayhk;.

,jd; %yk; xUtd; kuzpf;fpd;w NghNj mtd; ey;ytdh? jPatdh? ,iwbadh? ghtpah? RtHf;fthjpah? eufthjpah? vd;gJ kuzpg;gtDf;F cs;sq;if ney;ypf; fdpahf tpsq;fptpLk; vd;gJ njspthfpwJ.

kuzk; Vd;?

Ntj E}y; nfhLf;fg;gl;l fpwpj;JtHfs; $WtJ Nghy kuzk; ghtj;jpd; rk;gsk; my;y. ,f;$w;W rhpnadpy;> ,iwtdpd; Nkyhd gilg;ghd KO kdpj ,dKk; kuzj;ij re;jpf;fpd;wd. vdNt> KO kdpj rKjhaNk ''ghtpfs; vd;w gFj;jwpT Vw;fhj> Vw;f Kbahj nghUs; tUk;.

ehj;jpfHfs; $WtJ Nghy kuzk; ,aw;ifahdJ mjpy; ve;j rpwg;Gkpy;iynad;why; cyfpYs;s Xhpd jhtuk; Kjy; vy;yh gilg;gpdq;fSk; kuzj;ij re;jpf;fpd;wd. mjw;nfd ehk; nghpJk; tUe;Jtjpy;iy. mtw;wpd; kuzk; ek;ik ntFthf ghjpg;gjpy;iy. Mdhy;> gFj;jwpTs;s kdpjd; kuzpf;fpd;w NghJ> ek;Kila cs;sk; nrhy;nyhdh ftiyf; nfhs;fpwJ. Vd;? kuzj;jpy; mHj;jkpy;iynadpy;> kw;w gilg;gpdq;fSf;Fk; kdpj ,dj;jpw;Fk; NtWghl;by;iy vd;w gFj;jwpT Vw;fhj> Vw;f Kbahj nghUs; tUk;.

kuzk; ,g;gpwtpapd; KbT: mLj;jg; gpwtpapd; Muk;gk; vd;why;> Kjy; NjHtpy; Njhy;tpAw;wtd;. mLj;jj; NjHtpy; ntw;wp ngwyhk; vd;w nghOJ Nghf;Fj;jdk;; tho;tpy; xOf;fk;> Md;kpfj;jpy; gpbg;gpd;ik Vw;gLk;. ,JTk; Vw;f Kbahj thjk;.

kuzk; FWfpafhy> epue;jukw;w ,t;Tyf tho;tpd; KbT> epue;jukhd kWik tho;tpd; Muk;gk;. epue;jukhd kWik tho;tpy; RtHf;fthjpfshf tho ew;nray;fis ,t;Tyfpy; nra;a Ntz;Lk;. ,t;Tyfpy; ehk; nra;Ak; ey;y - jPa nray;fNs ek;Kila epue;jukhd kWik tho;it jPHkhdpf;Fk;. vdNt> kuzk; tUk; Kd; kWikf;F ek;ik jahH nra;J nfhs;sNtz;Lk;. ,t;Tyf tho;T xd;Nw. mjpy; ed;Nw tho Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ ,];yhkpa nfhs;if jpUFHMd; $WfpwJ.

cq;fspy; mofhd (ew;) nray;fs; nra;gtH ahH? vd;gijr; Nrhjpg;gjw;fhf mtd; kuzj;ijAk;> tho;itAk; gilj;jhd;. my;FHMd; 67:2

u#y;(]y;) mtHfs; NkYk; njspTgLj;jpdhHfs;:

kuzpj;jtdpd; rlyj;ij kz;ziwapy; Gijf;f vLj;Jr; nry;Yk;NghJ> mtDld; %d;W tp\aq;fs; kz;ziw (fg;H) tiu tUfpd;wd. rlyk; Gijf;fg;gl;l gpd;> ,uz;L jpUk;gp tpLfpd;wd. xd;W kl;LNk kuzpj;jtDld; njhlHe;J nry;Yk;. rlyj;Jld; kz;ziw tiu nry;Yk; %d;W:

1. mtDila cwTfs;.

2. mtDila nghUl; nry;tq;fs;

3. mtDila nray;fs;

rlyj;ij mlf;fpagpd; mtDila cwTfSk;> nghUl; nry;tq;fSk; jpUk;gp tpLk;. Mdhy;> mtDila ey;y - jPa nray;fs; mtDlNd njhlHe;J ,Uf;Fk;.

mwptpg;ghsH: md]; gpd; khypf;(uop)

Mjhuq;fs;: Gfhhp: u.m : 6514> K];ypk;: M.nkh. : 7064> e]aP : 1911>

jpHkpjp: 2301> m`;kJ: 11637

kz;ziwapy; kPz;Lk; my;yh`;tpdhy; capH nfhLf;fg; gl;lJk; mtDila ey;y - jPa nray;fs; mofhdtdhfTk; mtyl;rdKs;stdhfTk; te;J ew;nra;jp nfl;l nra;jp nrhy;tij Ke;jpa egpnkhopapy; ehk; fz;Nlhk;. vdNt> ,t;Tyfpy; ehk; kWikf;fhf tho;e;j tho;tpd; Kbitf; fhZk; fhl;rpNa kuzk;. epue;jukhd tho;tpd; Muk;gk;. vdNtjhd;> ngUk;ghyhd K];ypk;fs; tof;fj;jpy;> kuzpj; jtHfis ''kH`_k; (kWikapd; Urpfhz my;yh`;tpdhy;) MrpHtjpf;fg;gl;ltHfs; vdg; ngUikg;gLj;jp miof;fpd;wdH NghYk;.

ey;y kuzj;jpd; milahsq;fs;

1. ,];yhj;jpd; %yf;fypkh 'yhapyh` ,y;yy;yh`;' (tzf;fj;jpw;Fhpatd; Vfd; my;yh`;itj; jtpu NtW vtU kpy;iy) vd;w Vfj;Jt thHj;ijia vtH kuzj;jpd; NghJ kwf;fhky; nrhy;fpwhNuh mtH Rtdk; EiothH vd> egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. mwptpg;G: KMj;(uop)>E}y;: `hk;

u#y;(]y;) mtHfs; kuzpf;fpd;w NghJ> ,f;fypkhitf; $wp capH gphpe;jhHfs; vd;gij Ke;jpa egpnkhopfspy; fhzyhk;.

2.' kuzj;jpd; NghJ xU ey;ybahdpd; new;wp tpaHj; jpUf;f kuzpj;jhy; mtH ew;NgW ngw;wtH' vd> egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpajhf Giujh(uop) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpwhHfs;. Mjhuk;: e]aP> jpHkpjp> `hk;

3. [{k;M jpdj;jpd; ,utpNyh> gfypNyh xU ,iwabahH kuzpj;jhy;> kz;ziwapd; Ntjidia my;yh`; ePf;fp tpLthd; vd;gJk; egpnkhop. Mjhuk;: jpHkpjp> m`;kJ

4. NghHf;fsj;jpy; capH jpahfk; nra;j cj;jkHfs;. Mjhuk;: jpHkpjp> ,g;Dkh[h> m`;kJ

5. 'NghUf;Fr; nry;y> Nehapdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;L> Nghhpy; nfhy;yg;glhky; me;Nehapdhy; kuzkile;jhYk; ew;NgW ngw;wtNu!' vd> egp(]y;) mtHfs; njspthf;fpdhHfs;. Mjhuk;: K];ypk;> m`;kJ

6. gpNsf; Nghd;w nfhs;is Nehapdhy; kuzpj;j Vfj;Jt thjp jpahfpahthH vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. Mjhuk;: Gfhhp> m`;kJ> jahyp]p

7. 'vtH tapw;Nwhl;l (the;jp> Ngjp) Nehapdhy; kuzpf;fpwhNuh> mtH jpahfpathH' vd> u#y;(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. Mjhuk;: K];ypk;

8. ePhpy; %o;fp ,wg;gtH.

9. tPL ,be;J tpOe;J ,bghLfspy; ,wg;gtH.

10. ngz;fs; gpurtj; jPl;L fopA Kd; ,wg;gtH.

11. jPapdhy; kuzkilgtH

12. ghrprthj Nehapdhy; ,wg;gtH.

13. fhr Nehapdhy; ,wg;gtH.

14. jdJ nghUis> chpikiag; ghJfhf;f jpUlDld; jPatDld; Nghuhb ,wg;gtH.

15. jdJ FLk;gj;jhhpd; khdk; fhf;f Nghhpl;L> Nghuhb kuzpg;gtH.

16. ey;nyhOf;f> ew;nraiy nray;gLj;Jtjpy;> tpNuhjpfshy; nfhy;yg;gLgtH.

17. jd;Dapiu> khdj;ijf; fhf;f Nghuhb> Nghhpl;L mjpy; kuzpg;gtH.

18. cs;sr;rj;Jld; (,];yh]{ld;) ,iwtopghl;bypUf;ifapy; kuzkile;jtH.

19. nfhLq;NfhyDf;F ey;Yiuf; $wpa fhuzj;jhy; nfhy;yg;gl;ltH.

kuzpj;jthpd; Rw;wj;jhUf;F MWjy; $wy;

kuzk; rk;gtpj;j FLk;gj;jpdH> cw;whH> cwtpdHfs;> NjhoHfs;> ez;gHfs; kpfTk; ftiyAldpUg;ghHfs;. mtHfs; ve;j kjj;ij> rkaj;ij> nfhs;if Nfhl;ghl;ilf; nfhz;ltHfshf ,Ug;gpDk;> mtHfsJ kdk; jpUg;jpAld; MWjy; mila ftiy> Jf;fk; FiwAk; tpjj;jpy; ehk; MWjy; nrhy;yNtz;Lk;. mtHfSf;F vijAk; jhq;Fk; ,jaj;ijAk;> nghWikAk; fpilf;f my;yh`;tplk; gpuhHj;jpf;f Ntz;Lk;.

Jd;gj;jhy; gPbf;fg;gl;l jdJ rfNjhoHfSf;F mDjhgk; njhptpj;J MWjy; $wpdhy;> kWikapy; gpwH ghHj;J nghwhikg;gLk;gbahd mofpa Milfis my;yh`; mtDf;F mzptpg;ghd; vd> u#y;(]y;) mtHfs; mwpTWj;jpdhHfs;. mwptpg;G: md]; gpd; khypf;(uop)

Mjhuq;fs;: ,g;D m]hfPH> ,g;D mgPi\gh

egp(]y;) mtHfs; jdJ kfs; i[dg;(uop) mtHfSf;F> mtUila kfd; khpf;fpd;w NghJ $wpa MWjy; nkhop: vLg;gJk;> nfhLg;gJk; Vfdpd; Vfhjpgj;a chpik. xt;nthd;Wf;Fk; xU vy;iyia my;yh`; tFj;Js;shd;. mtd; jUk; Nrhjidfis Vw;W nghWikAldpUg;gJ jhd; ey;yJ. mwptpg;G: c]hkh gpd; i[J(uop)

Mjhuq;fs;: Gfhhp> u.m. : 1284> 5665> 6602> 6655> 7377> 7448> K];ypk;: M.nkh. : 2008> mg+jhj;: M.nkh. : 3119> e]aP: 1845> ,g;D kh[h : 1577> m`;kJ: 20777> 20790> 20800

egpatHfspd; md;Gj;NjhoH xUtH jdJ fz;kzpahd Foe;ij ,we;jjhy;> fLk; Jf;fj;jpypUe;j NghJ egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpa MWjy; nkhopfs;:

''NjhoNu! cq;fs; Foe;ijapdhy; ePH tho;ehs; KOJk; kfpo;r;rp miltij tpUk;GfpwPuh? my;yJ mf;Foe;ij kWikapy; RtHf;fj;jpd; thriy ckf;fhf jpwe;J tpLtij tpUk;Gfpwpuh?'' vd> egp(]y;) mtHfs; tpdtpdhHfs;. ''my; yh`;tpd; J}jNu! mf;Foe;ij vdf;F Kd; nrd;W vdf;fhf RtHf;f thriyj; jpwe;J tpLtijj;jhd; tpUk;GfpNwd;'' vd gjpyspj;jhH ''mt;tpjNk epfOk;! ftiyg;glhjPH!'' vd egp (]y;) mtHfs; MWjspj;jhHfs;. mwptpg;G: FHuj;Jy; K[;dP(uop) Mjhuk;: e]aP: 1847> 2061 ,g;D `pg;ghd; `hk;> m`;kJ: 1* *384

je;ijapd; kiwtpw;F kfDf;F egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpa MWjy;: [h/gH gpd; mgPjhypg; mtHfs; Nghhpy; capH ePj;jJk;> mtUila FLk;gj;jpdUf;fhf> ''ah my;yh`;! [h/guJ FLk;gj;jpw;F eP gpujpepjpahf ,Ug;ghahf! (mtUila kfd;) mg;Jy;yh`;Tila tpahghuj;jpy; mgptpUj;jpaspg;ghahf! vdg; gpuhHj;jpj;jhHfs;. mwptpg;G: mg;Jy;yh`;gpd; [h/gH(uop) Mjhuk;: m`kJ 1659> `hk;

Foe;ijia ,oe;j jha;f;F egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpa MWjy;:

%d;W Foe;ijfis (kuzj;jpy;) ,oe;j ngw;NwhH ghf;fparhypfs;; kWikapy; mf;Foe;ijfs; ngw;Nwhiu RtHf;fj;jpw;F mioj;Jr; nry;Yk;> kw;nwhU NjhoUf;F ,uz;L Foe;ijis ,oe;jtHfSk; mt;tpjNk! vdf; $wpdhHfs;. mwptpg;G: Giujh(uop)> Mjhuk;: `hk;> i`jkP

kuzpj;jtUf;F ehk; NrHg;gpf;Fk; ed;ikfs;

1. kuzpj;jtH jdJ kuzj;jpw;F Kd; VjhtJ kuz rhrdk; (jpUFHMd; 2:180> 181> 182> 5:106 thf;Fgb) nra;J itj;jpUe;jhy;> mJ khHf;f mbg;gilapy; mq;fPfhpf;fg; gl;ljhf ,Ue;jhy;> ePjKld; mtUila thhpRjhuHfs;> nghWg;ghsHfs; mjid epiwNtw;w Ntz;Lk;. mjd; ed;ikfs; kuzpj;j tUf;Fk;> epiwNtw;wpatUf;Fk; epiwthf fpilf;Fk;.

2. kuzpj;jtH Nehd;G itg;gjhf NeHr;ir nra;jpUe;jhy; mtUila nghWg;ghsp> thhpRjhuH me;NeHr;iriag; g+Hj;jp nra;aNtz;Lk;.

ahuhtJ Nehd;G NeHr;ir nra;J kuzpj;jhy;> mtU ila thhpRjhuH mjid epiwNtw;wl;Lk;. mwptpg;G: md;id Map\h(uop) Mjhuq;fs;: Gfhhp: u.m. : 1952> K];ypk; : M.nkh. : 2553> mg+jhj;> M.nkh. : 2394> 3305> m`;kJ : 23265 ig`fP: 6-279

3. kuzpj;jtH ahhplkhtJ fld;gl;bUe;jhy;> thhpR jhuH mtUila flid milj;jgpd;Nd jq;fSf; fpilapy; ghfg;gphptpid nra;a Ntz;Lk;. ghHf;f: my;FHMd; 4:10> 11

4. ew;nray;fs; GhpAk; ey;nyhOf;f kf;fspd; nray;fSk; ,we;j ngw;NwhUf;F gadkspf;Fk;.

egp(]y;) $wpdhHfs;:

jd; ciog;ghy; cz;gNj kdpjDf;F kpf ey;yJ. mtDila kfDk; mtd; ciog;Ng. mwptpg;G: md;id Map\h(uop)

Mjhuq;fs;: mg+jhj;> M.nkh. : 3521> 3522> e]aP: 4373>Kjy; 4376>

jhukp : 2425> jpHkpjp: 1278> ,g;Dkh[h : 2128> 2281> jahyp]p : 1580>

`hk; 2-46> m`;kJ> 22904> 23005> 23803> 23809> 24133> 24231>

24433> 24474> 24488> 24662

5. ey;y milahsq;fs;> epiyahd jHkq;fs; kuzpj;j gpd;Gk; ed;ikaspf;Fk;.

epr;rakhf ehNk khpj;jtHfis capHg;gpf;fpNwhk;; (ed;ik> jPikfspy;) mtHfs; Kw;gLj;jpaijAk;> mtHfs; tpl;Lr; nrd;wijAk; ehNk vOJfpNwhk;. midj;ijAk; XH njspthd gjpNtl;by; gjpe;Js;Nshk;. my;FHMd; 36:12

egp(]y;) mtHfs; njspthf;Ffpd;wdH:

xUtH ,we;jhy; mtUila vy;yh ew;nray;fSk; Kbe;J tpLfpd;wd. %d;Nw %d;W ew;nray;fs; mtH ,we;j gpd;Dk; njhlHe;J ed;ikfisg; ngw;W jUk;> mitahtd:

1. epiyahf eilngWk; jHk nray;fs;

2. gaDs;s fy;tp

3. gpuhHj;jpf;Fk; ed; kf;fs; mwptpg;G : mg+`{iuuh(uop) Mjhuq;fs;: mjGy; K/g;uj; Gfhhp: 38> K];ypk;: M.nkh.:4005> mg+jhj;: M.nkh. 2874> jhukp: 558> e]aP: 3591> jpHkpjp: 1297> ,g;Dkh[h: 228> m`;kJ: 8489

vr;rhpf;if: Gjpdq;fs; topNfLfshFk;.

1. ehk; NkNy Fwpg;gpl;Ls;sitfs; jtpu> NtW ve;j nray;fSf;Fk; ,];yhj;jpy; ,lkpy;iy. ,d;W kf;fspilNa gpugy;akhfTs;s 7k; ghj;jp`h> 16-k; ghj;jp`h> 40k; ghj;jp`h> tUl ghj;jp`h> FHMd; Xjp fj;jk; ghj;jp`h> ahd;> FHMd; Xjp `jpah nra;jy; Nghd;wit khHf;fj;jpy; Gjpjhf ,izf;fg;gl;lit.

2. kuzpj;jtUf;F mDjhg $l;lq;fs; NghLtNjh> ,uq;fy; jPHkhdq;fs; vLg;gNjh> mwpf;iffs; ntspapl;L mDjhgj;ij NjLtNjh ,];yhkpa newpapy; cs;s topKiw fsy;y.

3. MWjy; $WgtHfSf;F czT> rpw;Wz;b jahhpj;J kuzpj;jtH tPl;by; tpUe;J nfhLg;gJ; kuzpj;jthpd; [dh]h(kz;ziw gazk;)tpw;F te;jtHfSf;F czT> tpUe;J mspg;gJ fl;lhak; jtpHf;fg;gl Ntz;ba nray;fs;. [hPH ,g;D mg;Jy;yh`; g[;tp(uop) mtHfs;:

kuzpj;jtH tPl;by; $bapUe;J czT cz;gij ehq;fs; (,];yhk; ntWf;Fk;) xg;ghhp itj;J mOtJ Nghd;w ghtkhf fUjpNdhk;. vd;whHfs;. Mjhuk;: ,g;D kh[h> m`;kJ

te;jtHfSf;F cztspg;gjpy; ,g;ghtkhd nraiy tpl;L egptopapy; nray;gLj;j topAz;L. mJ vd;d?

kuzpj;jthpd; tPl;lhUf;F cwtpdHfs;> ez;gHfs;> NjhoHfs;> gf;fj;J tPl;bdH MfpNahH czT jahhpj;Jf; nfhLf;fyhk;.

[h/gH(uyp) mtHfs; Nghhpy; capH ePj;j nra;jp fpilj;jJk; [h/ghpd; tPl;lhUf;F czT jahhpj;Jf; nfhLq;fs;. Vnddpy;> mtHfis Ntjidf;Fs;shf;Fk; nra;jp te;Js;sJ vd> egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. mwptpg;G: mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; [h/gH(uop) Mjhuq;fs;: mg+jhj;: M.nkh. 3126> `hk;> jpHkpjp: 919> ,g;Dkh[h> 1599> ig`fP> jhuhFj;dP> m`;kJ: 1660

kw;witaidj;Jk; khw;W kjj;jpdhpd; rfthr Njh\j;jhy; ek;kpilNa cUthd Gjpdq;fs; (gpj;mj;Jf;fs;) MFk;.

Gjpdq;fs; midj;Jk; gpj;mj;Jfs;> gpj;mj;Jfs; midj;Jk; topNfL; midj;J topNfLfSk; eufpw;F ,l;Lr; nry;Yk; vd;gJ egp(]y;) mtHfspd; vr;rhpf;if.

mwptpg;G: [hgpH gpd; mg;jpy;yh`;(uop)

Mjhuk;: e]aP: 1560> K];ypk;: 1435> mg+jhj;: 3991> jhukp: 208> jpHkpjp: 2601> ,g;Dkh[h: 42> 44> 45> 48; m`;kJ : 13815> 14455> 16521> 16522.

gpuhHj;jid(JMf;)fs;:

kiwe;Js;s jd; K];ypk; rNfhjuDf;F xU K];ypk; Nfl;Fk; gpuhj;jid my;yh`;tpdhy; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gLk;. gpuhHj;jpg;gthpd; jiyaUfpy; xU thdtH ,Ue;J mtUila gpuhHj;jidf;F MkPd; (Vw;ghahf!) $WtJld; cdf;Fk;> mit fpilg;gjhf! vdf; $WthH vd;W> egp(]y;) mtHfs; njhptpj;jhHfs;. mwptpg;G: mg+jHjh(uop) Mjhuq;fs;: K];ypk;: M.nkh: 6588 Kjy; 6590 mg+jhj;> M.nkh. : 1529 ,g;Dkh[h: 2886> m`kj;: 20717> 26278> 26279

vdNt> ehk; kuzpj;jtUf;fhfTk;> mtH nrd;W mlq;fTs;s kz;ziw tshfj;jpy; (fgu];jhdpy;) mlq;fpapUg;gtUf;fhfTk; gpuhHj;jpf;fNtz;Lk;.

1. ug;gdh! /f;/gpHydh typ ,f;thdpdy; yjPd ]g/$dh gpy;<khdp tyh j[;/my; /gP /FY}gpdh /k;y;yd; ypy;yjPd Mkd} ug;gdh! ,d;df u/c/GH u`Pk;

nghUs;: vq;fs; ,ul;rfh! vq;fSf;Fk;> ,iw ek;gpf;if (<khd;) nfhs;tjpy; vq;fSf;F Ke;jpatHfshd vq;fs; rNfhjuHfSf;Fk; ghtkd;dpg;G mUs;thahf! md;wpAk;> <khd; nfhz;ltHfisg; gw;wp vq;fSila ,jaq;fspy; gifikia cUthf;fhjpUg;ghahf! vq;fs; ,ul;rfh! epr;rakhf ePNa kpf;f ,uf;fKs;std; fpUigkpf;ftd;. my;FHMd; 59:10

''m];]yhK miyf;Fk;! jhu ifkp K/kpdPd t ,d;dh ,d;\h my;yh`; gpf;Fk; yh`p$d;

nghUs;: ,iw ek;gpf;ifahsHfspd; (kz;ziw) Fbj;jdf;fhuHfNs! cq;fs; kPJ rhe;jpAk;> rkhjhdKk; epyTtjhf! epr;rakhf> my;yh`; ehbdhy;> ehq;fSk; cq;fis (ntF tpiutpy;) te;jile;Njhk;. mwptpg;G: mg+`{iuuh(uop) Mjhuq;fs;: K];ypk;: M.nkh.: 483> mg+jhj; : M.nkh.: 3231> Kmj;jh : M.nkh: 56> e]aP 150> ,g;Dkh[h : 4296> m`;kJ: 7652> 8523> 8924

m];]yhK myh m`;ypj;jhhp kpdy; K/kpdPd ty; K];ypkPd> aH`k`{y;yh`{y; K];j/f;jkPd kpd;dh ty; K];jf;fPhpd t ,d;d ,d;\h my;yh`{ gpFk; yh`p$d;.

nghUs;: ,iwek;gpf;ifahsH(K/kpd;)fshfpa> K];ypk;fshfpa kz;ziwthrpfSf;F rhe;jp epyTtjhf! vq;fSf;F Kd; nrd;wtHfSf;Fk;> gpd; nry;ytpUg;gtH fSf;Fk; (ekf;Fk;) my;yh`; ew;fpUig ey;Fthdhf! my;yh`; ehbdhy; ehq;fSk; cq;fis te;jile;Njhk;. mwptpg;G: md;id Map\h(uop) Mjhuq;fs;: K];ypk;: M.nkh. 2126> e]aP: 2080> m`;kJ: 24297

kuzpj;jthpd; FLk;gj;jpdH> ngw;NwhH> cw;whH> cwtpdHfs;> ez;gHfs;> NjhoHfs;> cld; gpwg;Gf;fs; kpfTk; Jf;fj;jpypUg;gtHfs;. jpBH ,og;G> Nrhjid> ftiyahy; nghWikapoe;J ghpjtpg;ghHfs;. kdrQ;ryj;jpy; ek;Kila gfpuq;f tpNuhjp i\j;jhd; mtHfis mtHfswpahtpjj;jpy; mtHfsJ ,iwek;gpf;if (<khd;) gwpNghFk; vz;zq;fspy;> nrhw;fspy;> nray;fspy; <LgLj;j Kaw;rpg;ghd;.

,e;epiyapy; mtHfSf;F rfpg;Gj;jd;ikAk;> mstpyh nghWikAk;> vijAk; jhq;Fk; ,jaKk; Njit. ,tw;wpid vy;yhk; ty;y my;yh`{itj; jtpu NtnwtuhYk; mUs KbahJ. vdNt> mtHfSf;F mstpyh nghWik> rfpg;Gj; jd;ik> ,iwek;gpf;if (<khdp)apypUe;J ,k;kpAk; gpwohj cWjp> ];jpuj;jd;ik> vz;zk;> nrhy;> nray;fspy; tuk;G kPwhik Nghd;w gz;Gfis> Fzeyd;fis Vfd; my;yh`; mUs;ghypf;f> my;yh`; ekf;F mtDila mUs;kiwf; FHMdpy; fw;Wj; je;Js;s gpuhHj;jidfis ehKk; gpuhHj;jpf;f Ntz;Lk;. mtHfisAk; cs;sr;rj;Jld; (,f;yh]{ld;) gpuhHj;jpf;f mwpTWj;jNtz;Lk;. Vnddpy;> ,f;Fzq;fis Vfd; my;yh`;itj; jtpu NtnwtuhYk; mUs KbahJ. mtw;wpy; xU rpy:

2. ,d; `pa ,y;yh /gpj;dJf; Jopy;Y gp`h kd; j\hc t j`;jP kd; j\hc md;j typa;Adh /g/f;gpHydh> tH`k;dh t md;j ifUs; /f/gphPd;.

nghUs;: ,J cdJ NrhjidNaapd;wp Ntwpy;iy ,jd; %yk; eP ehbNahiu top jtwr; nra;fpwha;; NkYk;> eP ehbNahiu NeHtopapy; elj;Jfpwha;; eP jhd; vq;fSila ghJfhtyhd;; MfNt> vq;fSila ghtq;fis kd;dpj; jUs;thahf! vq;fSf;F ew;fpUig nra;thahf! kd;dpg;gtHfspnyy;yhk; ePNa Nkyhdtd;. my;FHMd; 7:155

3. ug;gdh! ,f;/g; /md;dy; mjhg ,d;dh K/kpd}d;

nghUs;: vq;fs; ,ul;rfh! eP vq;fis tpl;Lk; ,e;j Ntjidia ePf;Fthahf! epr;rakhf ehq;fs; ,iw ek;gpf;ifahsH(K/kpd;)fshf ,Uf;fpNwhk;. my;FHMd; 44:12

4. my;`k;Jypy;yh`py;yjP mj;`g /md;dy; `[d ,d;d ug;gdh y /f/g+Ud; \$H.

nghUs;: vq;fSila ftiyfis Nghf;fpa my;yh`{ tpw;Nf vy;yhg; GfOk;> epr;rakhf vq;fSila ,ul;rfd; kpf;f kd;dpg;gtd;; ed;wpia Vw;gtd;. my;FHMd; 35:34

5. ug;gd /g;hp/c miydh ]g;ud; tjg;gpj; m/f;jhkdh td;]{Hdh myy; nfskpy; fh/gphPd;.

nghUs;: vq;fSila ,ul;rfNd! vq;fSf;F msg;ghpa nghWikia ms;spj;jUthahf! vq;fs; ghjq;fis (<khdpy;) cWjpgLj;Jthahf! ,iwkWg;ghsH (fh/gpH) fspd; $l;lj;jhhpd; kPJ (ehq;fs; ntw;wp ngw) cjtp nra;thahf! my;FHMd; 2:250

6. ug;gd /ghp/f; miydh ]g;ud; tjt/g;gdh K];ypkPd;.

nghUs;: vq;fs; ,ul;rfNd! vq;fSf;F msg;ghpa nghWikia ms;sp mUs;thahf! vq;fis (cdf;F Kw;wpYk; topg;gl;l) K];ypk;fshf vq;fs; (capiu) ifg;gw;Wthahf! my;FHMd; 07:126

7. ug;gdh! /f;/gpHyP typthypja;a typy; K/kpdPd at;k a/$Ky; `p]hg;.

nghUs;: vq;fs; ,ul;rfNd! vd;idAk;> vdJ ngw;NwhHfisAk;> ,iwek;gpf;ifahsH (K/kpd;) fisAk;> Nfs;tp fzf;F (Nfl;fg;gLk; kWik) ehspy; (midtuJ ghtq;fis) kd;dpj;jUs;thahf! my;FHMd; 14:41

8. ug;ghd ,d;ddh Mkd;dh /g/f;gpHydh /Jd}gdh t/k;dh mjhge; ehH.

nghUs;: vq;fs; ,ul;rfNd! epr;rakhf ehq;fs; cd; kPJ ek;gpf;if nfhz;Nlhk;; vq;fSf;F vq;fspd; ghtq;fis kd;dpj;jUs;thahf! (euf) neUg;gpd; Ntjid apypUe;J fhj;jUs;thahf! my;FHMd; 3:16

9. yapd; yk;aH`k;dh ta/f;/gpHydh ye $dd;d kpdy; fh]phPd;.

nghUs;: vq;fs; ,ul;rfd; vq;fSf;Ff; fpUig nra;J vq;fis kd;dpf;fhtpl;lhy;> epr;rakhf ehq;fs; e\;lkile;jtHfshk; tpLNthk;. my;FHMd; 7: 149

10. ug;gdh! yh JMk;j;dh ,d;edh mt; mf;j/dh> ug;gdh! tyh j`;kpy; miydh ,];ud; fkh `ky;j`{ myy;yjPd kpd; /fg;ypdh> ug;gdh! tyh J`k;kpy;eh kh yh jh/fj;jyhdh gp`p> t/f;/G md;dh> t/f;/gpHydh> tH`k;dh md;j nksyhdh /gd;]{Hdh myy; nfskpy; fh/gphPd;.

nghUs;: vq;fs; ,ul;rfh! ehq;fs; kwe;J NghapUg; gpDk;> my;yJ ehq;fs; jtwpioj;jpUg;gpDk; vq;fisf; Fw;wk; gpbf;fhjpUg;ghahf! vq;fs; ,ul;rfh! vq;fS ila Kd;Ndhhpd; kPJ Rkj;jpa Rikiag; Nghd;W vq;fs; kPJ Rkj;jhjpUg;ghahf! vq;fs; ,ul;rfh! vq;fs; rf;jpf;fg;ghw;gl;l (Rkf;f Kbah) Rikia vq;fs; kPJ Rkj;jhjpUg;ghahf! vq;fSila ghtq;fis nghWj; jUs;thahf! vq;fis kd;dpj;jUs; thahf! vq;fs; kPJ fUizg; Ghpthahf! ePNa vq;fSila ghJfhtyd;! ,iw kWg;ghsH (fh/gpH) fspd; $l;lj;jhhpd; kPJ (ehq;fs; ntw;wpg; ngw) cjtp nra;thahf! my;FHMd; 2:286

11. ug;gdh! Mkd;dh /g/f;/gpHyhdh tH`k;dh tmd;j ifUH uh`pkPd;.

nghUs;: vq;fs; ,ul;rfh! ehq;fs; cd; kPJ ek;gpf;if (<khd;) nfhz;Nlhk;; eP vq;fSila Fw;wq;fis kd;dpj;jUsp> vq;fs; kPJ fpUig nra;thahf! fpUig ahsHfspnyy;yhk; ePNa Nkyhdtd;. my;FHMd; 23:109

12. ug;gdh! yh j[;/my;dh /gpj;djd; ypy;yjPd f/g& t/f;/gpHydh ug;gdh ,d;df;f md;jy; m[P[{y; `fPk;.

nghUs;: vq;fs; ,ul;rfNd! ,iw kWg;ghsH (fh/gpH)fSf;F vq;fisr; Nrhjid(g; nghUs;) Mf Mf;fptplhNj! vq;fs; ,ul;rfNd! vq;fSf;F (ght) kd;dpg;G mUs;thahf! epr;rakhf ePNa (ahtw;iwAk;) kpifj;jtd;; Qhdk; kpf;ftd;. my;FHMd; 60:5

13. ug;gp/f;/gpHyP typmfP tmj;k;y;dh /gP u`;kj;jpf;f> tmd;j mH`KH uh`pkPd;.

nghUs;: vd; ,ul;rfNd! vd;idAk;> vd; rNfhj uidAk; kd;dpj;jUs;thahf! cd; ew;fpUigapy; (u`; kj;jpy;) gpuNtrpf;fr; nra;thahf! ePNa fpUigahsH fspnyy;yhk; Nkyhd fpUigahsd;. my;FHMd; 7:151

14. ]kp/cdh> tmj/dh> /Fg;uhdf;f ug;gdh t ,iyf;fy; kH.

nghUs;: ehq;fs; (cd; Mizfis) nrtpkLj;Njhk;; ehq;fs; (mjd;gb ,k;kpAk; gprfhky;) topg;gl;Nlhk;; vq;fs; ,ul;rfNd! cd;dplNk kd;dpg;Gf; NfhUfpNwhk;; vq;fspd; (filrp) kPl;rpAk; cd;dplNk! my;FHMd; 2:285

15. ,d;dhypy;yh`p t ,d;dh ,iy`p uh[pCd;

nghUs;: epr;rakhf ehk; (Vfd;) my;yh`{Tf;Nf chpatHfs;; epr;rakhf ehk; mtdplNk jpUk;gpr; nry;Nthfp. my;FHMd; 2:156

,iwahizg;gb midtUf;Fk; Ntz;Ljy;...

,Jtiu ehk; kuzj;ijg; gw;wpa ,];yhkpa fz;Nzhl;lk; vd;dntd;gij mwpe;Njhk;. ,f;fz;Nzhl;lk; ekJ egp (]y;) mtHfSf;F kl;Lk; Vfd; my;yh`{thy; mUsg;gl;l nra;jpfsy;y. thioab thioahf ,iwj;J}jHfs; midtUf;Fk; mwptpf;fg;gl;l mUs;nkhopfshFk;. ,jw;fhd Mjhuq;fis jpUf;FHMdpy; gue;J> tphpe;J fhzyhk;.

Vfj;Jtf; nfhs;ifg;gb Vfd; my;yh`{it kl;Lk; jdJ xNu ,ul;rfdhf> ,iwtdhd> flTshf Vw;W> mtdJ Mizfis> fl;lisfis mtdhy; mDg;gg;gl;l ,iwj; J}jHfs; tho;e;J fhl;ba newpapy; ,k;kpAk; gprfhky; ''nrtp kLj;Njhk;> fl;Lg;gl;Nlhk;> topg;gl;Nlhk;'' vd thOk; xt;nthU K];ypKk; tho;tpd; xt;nthU nehbAk; kuz rpe;jidAld; epue;jukhd> epj;jpa kWik tho;it Nehf;fkhf nfhz;L mt;tho;T rpwg;ghf miktjw;fhd rPhpa nray;fis epue;ju kw;w ,t;Tyf tho;tpy; nray;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;.

vz;zk;> nrhy;> nraypy; Vfj;Jt czHT> kuz rpe;jid ,Uf;FNkahdhy; epr;rakhf ehk; jg;G> jtW> ghtk; nra;aNt khl;Nlhk;. KO kdpj rKjhaj;jpw;F ey;ynjhU Kd;khjphp ahf (c];tJd; `]dh`;; gf;fk;: 60:6) thoKbAnkd my;yh`{ ekf;F mwpTiug; gfHe;Js;shd;.

KO kdpj ,dj;jpy; Kjy; ''Kd;khjphp'' (c];tJd; `]dh`; ghHf;f: 60:4) vd my;yh`{thy; rpwg;gpf;fg;gLk;. ,g;uh`Pk;(miy) mtHfs; egp(]y;) mtHfSf;Fk;> ekf;Fk; khHf;f je;ijahfTk; fz;zpag;gLj;jg;gLfpwhH. mtH jdJ Foe;ijfs;> thhpRjhuHfSf;F $wpa cgNjrk; ghhPH.

,g;uh`Pk; jk; FkhuHfSf;F cgNjrk; (t]pa;aj;) nra;jhH. ahf;$Gk; $wpdhH: ''vd; kf;fNs! my;yh`; cq;fSf;Fr; rd;khHf;fj;ij (,];yhj;ij) NjHe;njLj;Js;shd;. ePq;fs; K];ypk; (Vfj;Jtj;jpw;F Kw;wpYk; topgl;ltH)fshfNt ad;wp kuzpf;fhjPHfs;. (my;FHMd; 2:132)

Ke;jpa ,iwj;J}jHfspd; FkhuHfSf;F ,Ue;j ,e;j cgNjrj;ij egp(]y;) mtHfspd; KO rKjhaj;jpw;F cgNjrkhf my;yh`; ekf;F MizapLtijg; ghhPH.

,iwek;gpf;if (<khd;) nfhz;NlhNu! ePq;fs; my;yh`;it (czHe;J) mQ;r Ntz;ba Kiwg;gb mQ;Rq;fs;. NkYk;> (VfDf;F Kw;wpYk; topg;gl;l) K];ypk; fshfNtad;wp> ePq;fs; kuzpf;fhjPHfs;. my;FHMd; 3:102

,jdJ nghUswpe;J cs;SzHTld; Vfdplk; ,Ufu Nke;jp ,iwQ;RNthkhf! Mkpd;.

ug;gd /ghp/f; miydh ]g;ud; tjt/g;gdh K];ypkPd;.

nghUs;: vq;fs; ,ul;rfNd! vq;fSf;F msg;ghpa nghWikia ms;sp mUs;thahf! vq;fis (cdf;F Kw;wpYk; topg;gl;l) K];ypk;fshf vq;fs; (capiu) ifg;gw;Wthahf! my;FHMd; 07:126

egp(]y;) mwptpj;j kuz Kd; mwptpg;Gfs;:

Vfd; my;yh`;itj; jtpu NtW vtUk; kuz Kd; mwptpg;G nra;a ,ayhJ. Mdhy;> my;yh`; jd;Dila J}jH (]y;) mtHfspd; %yk; xU rpyUf;F kuz Kd; mwptpg;Gfis ntspg;gLj;jpdhd;. ,];yhj;jpd; Kjy; NghHf;fskhd ''gj;U Aj;jj;jpd;NghJ> NghUf;F Ke;jpa ehs; NghH elf;ftpUf;Fk; ,lq;fis ghHitapl;l ,iwj;J}jH(]y;) mtHfs; Fwpg;gpl;l rpy ,lq;fis Rl;bf;fhl;b mq;nfq;F ,];yhj;jpd; guk tpNuhjpfshd mg+[`y;> cj;gh> cijgh> cika;ah gpd; fyg; Nghd;NwhH ntl;lg;gl;L kuznka;JthHfs; vd Kd; mwptpg;G nra;jhHfs;. mt;tpjNk kWjpdg; Nghhpy; epfo;e;jJ.

my;FHMdpy; 110tJ mj;jpahak; filrpahf ,wf;fg; gl;l NghJ mjd; njspthd nghUswpe;j ntF rpy egpj; NjhoHfs; egp(]y;) mtHfspd; egpj;Jtk; Kbe;Jtpl;lJ vjw;fhf K`k;kJ(]y;) mtHfis my;yh`; mDg;gpdhNdh me;j Fwpf;Nfhs; Kbe;Jtpl;lJ ntF tpiutpy; egpatHfs; kuzpf;fg; NghfpwhHfs; vd;gij tpsq;fp fyf;fKw;W> kd rQ;rykile;J NtjidAld; moyhdhHfs;. mtHfspy; xU tH egpatHfspd; md;G kfs; fz;kzp ghj;jpkh(uop) mtHfs;. clNd> egpatHfs; jk; kfis mUfpy; mioj;J ,ufrpakhf xU rpy thHj;ijfisf; $w mJtiu mOj ghj;jpkh (uop) mtHfs; FJ}fykile;J rphpf;fyhdhHfs;. egpatHfs; jk; kfsplk; vd;d ,ufrpak; $wpdhHfs;? vd;gij vtUk; mwpatpy;iy. mg;NghJ mq;F md;id Map\h(uop) mtHfSk; ,Ue;jhHfs;.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; kuzkile;J> ey;ylf;fk; nra;ag;gl;L rpy ehl;fSf;Fg; gpd;dH md;id Map\h(uop) mtHfs; ghj;jpkh(uop) mtHfsplk; jq;fsplk; filrp ehl;fspy; egpatHfs; vd;d ,ufrpak; $wpdhHfs; vd MtYld; Nfl;lhHfs;. mjw;F ghj;jpkh(uop) mtHfs;> ''ehd; kuzpf;fg; NghtJ cz;ik mJ ntF tpiutpy; epfOk;. mjw;fhf ftiyg;glhNj! vd;Dila kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpd; vd;id Kjd; Kjypy; (kuzpj;J) re;jpf;fg;NghtJ eP jhd; vd vdf;Fk; ntF tpiutpy; kuzk; tug;NghtjhfTk;> ek;Kila cw;whH> cwtpdHfspy; ehNd Kjypy; kuzpj;J egp(]y;) mtHfis re;jpg;Ngd; vdTk; $wpajhy; kdkfpo;e;J rphpj;Njd; vd;whHfs;. egp(]y;) mtHfspd; ,f;$w;W ,k;kpAk; gprfhky; mthpd; cwtpdHfspy; ghj;jpkh(uop) mtHfNs Kjd;Kjypy; egpatHfspd; kuzkhdjpypUe;J xU tUlj;jpw;Fs; `p11y; kuz kile;jhHfs;.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; jk;Kila md;Gj;NjhoHfs;> Njhopfs; midtUf;Fk; xl;Lnkhj;jkhf (jdpj;jdpahf my;y) kuz Kd; mwptpg;G nra;Js;sijAk; egpnkhop

E}y;fspy; fhzKbfpwJ. egpatHfs; jk;Kila KO rKjhaj; jpw;Fk; mWgJ Kjy; vOgJ Mz;Lfs; tiu taJ epHzapf;fg; gl;ljhfTk; rpyH ,jpy; tpjptpyf;F ngw yhnkdTk; $wpr; nrd;whHfs;. Mdhy; jk;Kila NjhoH> NjhopfSf;F `p[;hp Kjy; E}w;whz;L KbAk; tiu taij ,iwahizg;gb epHzapj;jpUg;gJ epjHrdkhd cz;ik ahFk;.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; jq;fspd; (,t;Tyf) tho;tpd; filrpf; fhyj;jpy; (xU ehs;) ,\hj; njhOif elj;jp ]yhk; nfhLj;jJk; vOe;J epd;W '',d;iwa ,uit epidtpy; itj;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs;; ,d;wpypUe;J (rhpahf mLj;j) xU E}w;whz;bd; Muk;gj;jpy; ,g;NghJ g+kpapypUg;gtHfs; vtUk; (capUld;) vQ;rpapUf;f khl;lhHfs; vd mwpTWj;jpdhHfs;. mwptpg;G: ,g;D ckH> mg+`{iuuh(uop - md;Fkh)

E}y;fs;: Gfhhp: u.m. 116> 564> 601; K];ypk;: M.nkh: 6160 mg+jhj;: M.nkh: 4334; jpHkpjp: 2177; m`;kJ: 5360> 5755> 5873

egpj;NjhoHfs;> NjhopfSf;fhd egpatHfspd; ,e;j kuzKd; mwptpg;G ,k;kpAk; gprfhky; ele;NjwpAs;sJ rhpj;jpu cz;ikfshFk;. egp(]y;) mtHfsplk; gj;J taJ rpWtdhf kjPdhtpy; xd;wpize;j md]; gpd; khypf;(uop) mtHfs; egpatHfs; kjPdhtpypUe;j (10 tUlq;fs;) fhynky;yhk; mtHfspd; md;G Nrtfuhf> gzpahshuhf ,Ue;jhHfs;. egpatHfspd; gpuhHj;jidia Vw;W my;yh`; md];(uop) mtHfSf;F ePz;l ey;y FLk;g tho;it> epiwe;j Foe;ij nry;tq;fisAk; ey;fpdhd;. Mdhy;> egpatHfspd; kuz Kd; mwptpg;Gg;gb `p[;hp Kjy; E}w;whz;bd; Kbtpy; `p91y; md];(uop) mtHfs; kuzkile;jhHfs;. mg;NghJ md]; gpd; khypf;(uop) mtHfspd; taJ 101.

egpatHfspd; fhyj;jpy; kpfr;rpwpa rpWtuhf ,Ue;j ]hapg; gpd; a[PJ(uop) mtHfSk; ePz;lfhyk; tho;e;J egpatHfspd; Kd; mwptpg;Gg;gb Kjy; E}w;whz;bd; Kbtpy; `p91y; kuz kile;jhHfs;. egpj;NjhoHfs;> Njhopfspy; vtUk; `p 91> 93f;F Nky; tho;e;jjhf rhpj;jpu Mjhuq;fspy;iy. vd;Nd mjprak;! vd;Nd tpag;G! ,tH ,iwj;J}jH md;Nwh!

egpatHfspd; kuz Kd; mwptpg;gpd; mbg;gilapy; rpy egpj;NjhoHfs;> Njhopfs; kuzkhd fhyq;fisf; fhz;Nghk;. md;iwa fhyj;jpy; gpwg;G> ,wg;Gfis gjpT nra;Ak; mikg;GfNsh> KiwNah ,y;yhjjhy; ngUk;ghd;ikapdhpd; gpwg;G tUlk; mwpag;gltpy;iy. Mdhy;> gpwe;J ey;ybahHfshf tho;e;J nrd;wjhy; mtHfs; kuzpj;j tUlq;fs; rhpj;jpu E}y;fspy; gjpT nra;ag;gl;Ls;sd. XusT gpwg;G tUl kwpe;jtHfspd; taijAk; Fwpg;gpLfpNwhk;. gy E}W ]`hghf; fspd; kuz tpguq;fisAk; ghHf;f Kbatpy;iy.

1. K`k;kJ(]y;) mtHfs; (taJ 63) `p.10

2. fjP[h(uop) (taJ 62) `p[;uj;J xU tUlk; Kd;G.

egp(]y;) mtHfspd; Foe;ij nry;tq;fs;:

3. ghj;jpkh gpd;J u#ypy;yh`; (uop) (taJ 29) `p 11

4. i[dg; gpd;J u#ypy;yh`;(uop)

5. Uifa;ah gpd;J u#ypy;yh`; (uop) (gj;U Nghud;W) `p 02

6. ck;K Fy;Jk; gpd;J u#ypy;yh`; (uop)

7. fh]pk; gpd; K`k;kJ (egpj;Jtj;jpw;F Kd;Ng kuzk;)

8. jh`pH gpd; K`k;kJ (egpj;Jtj;jpw;F Kd;Ng kuzk;)

9. ,g;uh`Pk; gpd; u#ypy;yh`;(uop) (taJ 1 1 - 2 tUlq;fs;) `p 09

egp(]y;) mtHfspd; JiztpaHfs;

10. ]t;jh gpd;J ]k;M(uop)

11. Map\h gpd;J mg+gf;fH(uop) `p 58

12. `g;]h gpd;J ckH(uop) `p 41

13. i[dg; gpd;J Fi[kh(uop) `p 06

14. i[dg; gpd;J [`;\;(uop) `p 20

15. ck;K ]ykh(uop) `p 62

16. [{ithpa;ah gpd;J `hhp];(uop) `p 56

17. ck;K `gPgh gpd;J mgP R/g;ahd; (uk;yh) (uop) `p49

18. ]/gpa;ah gpd;J `{aa;(uop-jg; ngz;zhf ,Ue;J ,];yhj;ij Vw;wtH) `p 50

19. ik%dh gpd;J `hhp]; (uop) `p 49

20. kHak; fpg;jpa;ah(uop-mbikg;ngz;kzp)

(Rtd) ed;khuhak; $wg;gl;l gj;J egpj;NjhoHfs;

21. mg+gf;fH gpd; mgP F`h/gh (uop- Kjy; fyP/gh) taJ 63 `p 13

22. ckH gpd; my;-fj;jhg; (uop- 2tJ fyP/gh) taJ 63 `p 23

23. c];khd; gpd; m/g;ghd; (uop- 3tJ fyP/gh)taJ 85 `p 35

24. myp gpd; mgPjhypg; (uop- 4tJ fyP/gh) taJ 63 `p 40

25. jy;`h gpd; cigJy;yh`; (uop) `p 36

26. my; - [{igH gpd; my;-mt;thfp(uop) `p 36

27. ]/J gpd; mgPtf;fh];(uop) `p 55

28. ]aPJ gpd; i[J(uop) `p 51

29. mg;JH u`;khd; gpd; mt;/g;(uop-ngUQ; nry;te;jH) `p 32

30. mg+ cigjh(uop) `p 18

kw;w egpj;NjhoHfs;> NjhopaHfs;:

31. `k;[h gpd; mg;Jy; Kj;jypg;(uop- taJ 56) (c`J) `p 03

32. mg;gh]; gpd; mg;Jy; Kj;jypg;(uop) `p 32

33. `]d; gpd; myp (uop-egp(]y;) mtHfspd; NguH) `p 50

34. `{ird; gpd;myp (uop-egp(]y;)mtHfspd; NguH) `p 61

35. cify; gpd; myp (uop) `p 60

36. [hgpH gpd; mgPjhypg; (uop - mypapd; rNfhjuH) `p 08

37. mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; k];J(uop - gzpahs;) `p 32

38. mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; mgP]y;kh (uop) `p 04

39. mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; [k;M(uop) `p 35

40. mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; if];(uop) `p 50

41. mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; Kf/g;gy;(uop) `p 59

42. mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; KjP/T(uop) `p 73

43. mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; mk;U(uop - taJ 80) `p 63

44. mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; mg;gh]; (uop - taJ 75) `p 63

45. mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; ckH (uop) `p 73

46. mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; [/gH(uop) `p 80

47. my;-k;Hghf; - ''Jy; aijd;k; (uop) (gj;U) `p 02

48. mah\; gpd; mgPugPM(uop) `p 15

49. /go;Y gpd; mg;gh];(uop) `p 15

50. gpyhy; gpd; hpgh`;(uop - mj;jpd;) `p 17

51. KMJg;D [gy; (uop - ftHdH) `p 18

52. fjhjh gpd; E/khd;(uop) `p 23

53. mg+]{/g;ahd; gpd; `HG(uop) `p 32

54. mg+jH my;-k;/g;ghhp(uop-[{d;Jg; gpd; [dhjh) `p 32

55. MkpH gpd; ugP/M(uop) `p 32

56. mg+jHjh (citkpH gpd; khypf;) (uop) `p 32

57. my;kpf;jhj; gpd; mk;H(uop) `p 33

58. cghjh gpd; jhgpj;(uop) `p 34

59. `{ij/gh gpd; akhd;(uop) `p 36

60. m];tJ ,g;D ]hP/T(uop) `p 36

61. Ri`y; gpd; ]pdhd; (uop) `p 38

62. mg+ k];J my;-gj;hp(uop-cf;gh gpd; mk;H(uop) `p 40

63. `hhp]; gpd; f[;kh(uop) `p 40

64. ]/g;thd; gpd; cka;ah(uop) `p 41

65. mg+GHjh gpd; epahH(uop) `p 41

66. c];khd; gpd; jy;`h(uop) `p 42

67. i[J gpd; ]hgpj; (uop - nrayhsH) `p 45

68. mg+%]h my; - m\;mhp(uop) `p 50

69. KfPuh gpd; \{mgh(uop) `p 50

70. [hPH gpd; mg;jpy;yh`;(uop) `p 51

71. mg+jy;`h(uop) `p 51

72. fmg; ,g;D khypf;(uop) `p 51

73. c];khd; gpd; mgPm];(uop) `p 51

74. mg+gf;uh `p52

75. ,k;uhd; gpd; `{ird; (uop) `p52

76. mg;JH u`;khd; gpd; mg+gf;H(uop) `p 53

77. `fPk; gpd; `p\hk;(uop) `p 54

78. mg+fjhjh - my; - `hhpj; gpd; ugPM(uop) `p 54

79. c]hkh gpd; i[J(uop) `p 54

80. jt;ghd; gpd; g[;j;j `p 54

81. ]mjpg;D mgP tf;fh];(uop) `p 55

82. mHf;fk; gpd; mgP mHf;fk;(uop) `p 55

83. mg+`{iuuh(uop-mg;JHu`;khd; gpd; rfH) `p 57

84. cf;gh gpd; MkpH(uop) `p 58

85. mg+k`;J}uh(uop - Kmj;jpd;) `p 59

86. [{igH gpd; Kj;apk;(uop) `p 59

87. i\gh gpd; c];khd;(uop) `p 59

88. mt;]; gpd; `{ij/gh(uop) `p 59

89. KMtpah gpd; mgP R/g;ahd;(uop) `p 60

90. my;fkh(u`;) `p 62

91. ugPM gpd; fmg;(uop) `p 63

92. Giujh gpd; my;-`g;(uop) `p 63

93. FHuj;Jg;D ,ah]; my;-K[;dP(uop) `p 64

94. mg+ gH]h - (e`;y gpd; cigj;(uop) `p 64

95. kp];tH gpd; kf;]kh(uop) `p 64

96. [{d;J gpd; mg;jpy;yh`;(uop) `p 64

97. me;E/khd; gpd; g\H(uop) `p 65

98. md]; gpd; if];(u`;) `p 67

99. mt;/g; gpd; my;-`hhpj;(uop) `p 68

100. Fityj;Jg;D mk;H(uop) `p 68

101. i[J gpd; mHfk;(uop) `p 68

102. i[J gpd; fhypj;(uop) `p 68

103. mjp gpd; `hjk;(uop) `p 68

104. my;gHuhT gpd; M[pg;(uop) `p 72

105. m];khT gpd;J mgPgf;fH(uop) `p 73

106. ugPT gpd; fjP[; (uop) `p 73

107. i[dg; gpd;J mgP]y;kh(uop) `p 73

108. mg+]aPj; my;-Fj;hP(uop) `p 74

109. ]y;kJg;D MkpH(uop) `p 74

110. khypf; gpd; my; - `{ithp];(uop) `p 74

111. my;-[{i`/gh - t`g; gpd; mg;jpy;yh`;(uop) `p 74

112. khypf; gpd; MkpH(u`;) `p 74

113. [hgpH gpd; mg;jpy;yh`;(uop) `p 78

114. mk;H gpd; mgP ]y;kh(uop) `p 83

115. \fPf;(u`;) `p 83

116. K`k;kJg;D `hjpg;(uop) `p 86

117. ]`y; gpd; ]TJ(uop) `p 88

118. ]hapg; gpd; a[PJ(uop) `p 91

119. md]; gpd; khypf; (uop - gzpahs;) `p 91

120 cHth gpd; my;-[{igH(u`;) `p 93

121. ,g;D Ki]g;(u`;) `p 93

122. ]aPj;Jg;D [{igH(u`;) `p 94

123. ckH gpd; mg;jpy; m[P];(u`;) `p101

124. mjhT gpd; a]hH(u`;) `p 103

125. MkpH gpd; ]/J(u`;) `p 104

ehd;F kj;`Gfspd; ,khk;fs;

126. ,khk; mg+`dPgh(u`; -E/khd; gpd; jhgpj;) taJ 70 `p 150

127. ,khk; khypf; (u`;-khypf; gpd; md];) taJ 86 `p 179

128. ,khk; \hgp< (u`;-,j;hP]; gpd; \hgp<) taJ 54 `p 204

129. ,khk; `k;gsp(u`; -m`;kJg;D `k;gs;) taJ 79 `p 243 `jP]; fyh ty;YeHfs;

130. ,khk; Gfhhp(u`;) taJ 62 `p194-256

131. ,khk; K];ypk;(u`;) taJ 57 `p204-261

132. ,khk; mg+jhj;(u`;) taJ 73 `p202-275

133. ,khk; e]aP(u`;) taJ 88 `p215-302

134. ,khk; jpHkpjp (u`;) taJ 70 `p209-279

135. ,khk; ,g;Dkh[h(u`;) taJ 64 `p209-273

136. ,khk; jhukp(u`;) taJ 74 `p 181-205

137. ,khk; mg+jhtj; jahyp]p(u`;) kuzk; `p 204

138. ,khk; ,g;D Firkh(u`;) taJ 88 `p 223-311

139. ,khk; mg+mthdh(u`;) kuzk; `p 316

140. ,khk; ,g;D`pg;ghd;(u`;) taJ 64 `p209-273

H 4
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