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ehisa rf;jp ,];yhk;


;,];yhj;jpd; vjpHfhyk;

my;FHMdpd; epoypy;....

,];yhkpa miog;ghsHfspy; gyH ,Wjpf;fhyk; gw;wpAk; kWikapd; milahsq;fs;> gpj;dhf;fs; Njhd;Wjy; vd;gd njhlHghf te;Js;s `jP];fisg; gw;wpANk gpu];jhgpf;fpd;whHfs;. Fg;H (epuhfhpg;G) Kd;Ndwpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; mNjNtis> ,];yhk; gpd;dile;J nry;fpd;wJ> jPik ntw;wpailfpd;wJ> ed;ik Njhy;tpiaj; jOTfpd;wJ jPikfspy; <LgLNthH kpifj;J tpLfpd;wdH> ed;ikapy; <LgLNthH epHf;fjpf;Fs;shfpd;wdH.. vd;w fUj;Jf;fisNa ,tHfspd; $w;W RUf;fkhf czHj;Jtjhf mikfpd;wJ.

NtW thHj;ijfspy; $Wtjhapd;> r%f khw;wj;jpYk; rPHjpUj;jj;jpYk; ve;jNthH vjpHghHg;Gk; ek;gpf;ifAk; itf;f Kbahj epiy cUthfpd;wJ. NkYk; Nkhrkhd epiyapypUe;J mghakhd fl;lj;jpw;Fk; mq;fpUe;J ,d;Dk; mjpgaq;fu fl;lj;jpw;FNk ,d;W cyfk; nrd;W nfhz;bUf;fpd;wJ. cyf KbT Njhd;Wk; tiu xU ehs; nrd;W mLj;JtUk; ehs; mijtplg; gaq;fukhdjhfNt ,Uf;fpd;wJ! vd;gd Nghd;w fUj;Jf;fs; ,tHfspd; $w;Wf;fspypUe;J ngwg;gl KbAk;.

re;Njfkpd;wp NkNy $wg;gl;lthwhd gpu];jhgk; kpfg; ngWk; jtwhf mike;J tpLfpd;wJ. my;FHMd;> `jP]; trdq;fspd; rpy gFjpfis khj;jpuk; fUj;jpw; nfhz;ljd; tpisNt mJthFk;. vjpHfhyk; ,];yhj;jpw;Nf! epr;rakhff; fhgpHfs; ntWj;j NghjpYk; my;yh`; ,e;j khHf;fj;ij ,t;TyfpYs;s midj;J kjq;fspYk; Mjpf;fk; nrYj;jf; $ba epiyf;Ff; nfhz;L tUthd;> Nghd;w my;FHMdpd; RgNrhgdq;fisg; Gwf;fzpj;J tpl;ljdhy; Vw;gl;l jtwhd GhpjNy ,JthFk;.

vdNt jhd; ,];yhj;jpd; ntw;wp epr;rakhdJ vd;gJ gw;wp te;Js;s RgNrhgdq;fisg; gw;wp ehk; Ngr Ntz;b ,Uf;fpwJ. mtw;iw K];ypk;fs; kj;jpapy; gug;gp> mtHfsJ kNdhjplj;ijg; gyg;gLj;jp vjpHghHg;Gfs; nfhLg;gNjhL> mtHfsJ cs;sq;fisNa ghohf;fp tplf; $ba ek;gpf;ifapd;ikiag; Nghf;f Ntz;bAs;sJ.

,];yhj;jpd; ntw;wp rk;ge;jkhf te;Js;s RgNrhgdq;fs; Vuhsk;. mtw;Ws; rpy my;FHMd;> egpfshhpd; topfhl;ly;fs; vd;gw;wpy;> fhzg;gLfpd;wd. ,d;Dk; rpy tuyhw;wpYk; eilKiwapYk; gpujpgypf;fpd;wd. NkYk; rpy my;yh`; jdJ gilg;Gfspy; Vw;gLj;jpAs;s epajpfspYk; epiyj;jpUf;fpd;wd.

my;FHMdpd; RgNrhgdq;fs; (Kd;dwptpg;Gf;fs;)

,];yhj;jpw;F cjtp nra;tjhfTk;> fhgpHfs; ntWj;j NghjpYk; jd;Dila xspiag; G+uzg;gLj;JtjhfTk;> mt;thNw ,iz itg;ghsHfs; tpUk;ghj NghjpYk; ,];yhj;ij midj;J kjq;fis tplTk; caHe;jjhf Mf;FtjhfTk; my;yh`; my;FHMdpy; jdJ ey;ybahHfSf;F mspj;Js;s ,t;thf;FWjpfis> ,t;ntw;wpr; nra;jpfspd; Muk;gkhff; Fwpg;gplyhk;.

#uh mj; jt;ghtpy;> my;yh`;it tpl;L jq;fsJ re;epahrpfisAk; ghjphpfisAk; flTsHfshf vLj;Jf; nfhz;L> jq;fsJ khHf;fj;ijj; jphpTgLj;jpa m`;Yy; fpjhg;fs;> (A+j fpwpj;jtHfs;) K\;hpf;Ffs; gw;wpAk; mLj;j kdpjHfsJ nrhj;Jf;fisj; jtwhd Kiwapy; Grpg;gtHfs; gw;wpAk; my;yh`;tpd; ghijia tpl;Lk; kf;fisj; jLg;gtHfs; gw;wpAk;> $w te;j my;FHMd; gpd;tUkhW $Wfpd;wJ :

,tHfs; jq;fs; tha;fisf; nfhz;Nl (Cjp) myy;h`;Tila gpufhrj;ij mizj;J tpl tpUk;Gfpd;wdH. vdpDk; ,e;epuhfhpg;NghH ntWj;j NghjpYk; my;yh`; jd;Dila gpufhr;ijg; G+Hj;jpahf;fp itf;fhky; ,Uf;fg; Nghtjpy;iy.

mtd; jhd;> vd;Dila J}jiu Neuhd topiaf; nfz;Lk; rj;jpa khHf;fj;ijf; nfhz;Lk; mDg;gp itj;jhd;. ,iz itj;J tzq;FNthH (mjid) ntWj;j NghjpYk; (cyfpYs;s) vy;yh khHf;fq;fisAk; me;jr; rj;jpa khHf;fk; ntw;wp ngw;Nw jPUk;. (#uh mj;jt;gh : 32>33)

,iz itg;gtHfspYk; Ntjk; nfhLf;fg;gl;ltHfspYk; cs;s my;yh`;it epuhfhpg;gtHfshd fhgpHfNs my;yh`;tpd; xspia mizf;fg; ghHf;fpd;whHfs;. ,q;F xsp vd;gJ egpfshUf;Ff; nfhLf;fg;gl;l rj;jpa top KiwiaNa Fwpf;Fk;. Mdhy; egpfshhpd; J}J ,t;Tyfpy; G+uzj;Jtk; ngw;W ntw;wpailtJ epr;rakhd xU tplakhFk;. ,jd; fhuzkhf fhgpHfSf;F vjpuhf my;yh`; gpd;tUkhW $Wfpd;whd;.

mtHfs; ntWj;j NghjpYk; mtd; jdJ xspiag; G+uzkhf;fNt tpUk;Gfpd;whd;. ,q;F fhgpH vd;w gjk; ,e;j xspia kiwf;fpd;wtd;> %Lfpd;wtd; Nghd;w nghUs;fisj; jUk;. njhlHe;J tUk; trdj;jpy;> my;yh`; jdJ J}jiu NeHtopAlDk; rj;jpa khHf;fj;JlDNk mDg;gp itj;jhd; vdf; $Wfpd;whd;. ,q;F NeHtop vd;gJ egpfshH nfhz;L te;j cz;ikahd nra;jpfs;> rPhpa <khd;> gad;kpf;f Nghjidfs; vd;gdthFk;.

rj;jpa khHf;fk; vd;gJ ,k;ikapYk; kWikapYk; gad; juf; $ba rPuhd ey;yky;fshFk;.

midj;J kjq;fisAk; kpifg;gjw;fhfNt mDg;gp itj;jhd; vd;w gjk; cyfpy; Vida kjq;fs;> Nfhl;ghLfs; midj;ijAk; Mf;fpukpj;j rf;jpahf ,];yhj;ij Mf;FtijNa Fwpf;Fk;. egp (]y;) mtHfs; gpd;tUkhW $wpdhHfs; :

,g;Gtpapd; fpof;Fg; gFjpfs; Nkw;Fg; gFjpfs; midj;ijAk; my;yh`; vdf;F RUf;fpf; fhz;gpj;J tpl;lhd;. vjpHfhyj;jpy; vdJ r%fj;jpd; Mjpf;fk; vdf;Ff; fhl;lg;gl;l cyfpd; vy;yhg; gFjpfisAk; nrd;wilAk;. (]`P`; K];ypk;> my; /gpjd; tm\;uhJ]; ]hM> `jP]; vz; 19> mG+jhT+j; 4225.)

k];Cj; gpd; fgP]h my;yJ fgP]h gpd k];Cj; vd;gthpd; mwptpg;nghd;W K];djpy; gjpthfpAs;sJ.

xU FOtpdH Rg;`{j; njhOifia epiwNtw;wp Kbj;j NghJ mq;fpUe;j thypgHfspy; xUtH egpfshH $wpajhfg; gpd;tUkhW nkhopfpd;whH. G+kpapd; fpof;Fj; Njrq;fs;> Nkw;Fj; Njrq;fs; midj;JNk cq;fshy; ntw;wp nfhs;sg;gLk;. mq;F jkJ fhhpaq;fspy; my;yh`;Tf;F ,iwar;rj;JlDk; NeHikAlDk; elg;gtHfisj; jtpu kw;wtHfs; eufk; nry;tH.(K];dj; m`;kj; ghfk; 5 : gf;fk; 366)

jkPk; mj;jhhp mwptpf;fpd;whH ,];yhj;ijj; jOtpatH ed;ikfisAk;> fz;zpaj;ijAk;> ngUikiaAk; ngw;Wf; nfhz;lhH. fhgpHfs; ,opitAk;> rpWikiaAk; mile;J [p];ah thpiaAk; nrYj;j Ntz;ba epiyf;F cs;shdhHfs;. ,jid ehd; vdJ FLk;gj;jpypUe;Nj mwpe;J nfhz;Nld;. (K];dj; m`;kj; ghfk; 4 : gf;fk; 103) mjP ,g;D `hjpk; (uyp) $Wfpd;whHfs; : ehd; egpfshhplk; te;j NghJ> mjP ,];yhj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhs;> ghJfhg;Gg; ngw;Wf; nfhs; vd;whHfs;. mjw;F ehd;> ehDk; xU kjj;ijg; gpd;gw;Wgtd; jhNd vd;Nwd;. cdJ kjj;ijg; gw;wp cd;id tpl ehd; ed;F mwpe;jtd; vd $wp tpl;L> cd;id ,];yhj;ij  tpl;Lk; jLg;gJ vd;dntd;W vdf;Fg; Ghpe;J tpl;lJ. mjidg; gpd;gw;WgtHfs; ve;jtpj rf;jpAkw;w gytPdHfs;> mugpfNsh mjidg; gpd;gw;Wk; K];ypk;fis xJf;fp tpl;lhHfs; vdf; $wpa u#Yy;yh`;> i`uh vd;w gpuNjrj;ij cdf;Fj; njhpAkh? vd tpdtpdhHfs;. ehd; Nehpy; fz;ljpy;iy. Mdhy; Nfs;tpg;gl;bUf;fpd;Nwd; vd tpil $wpNdd;. gpd;G my;yh`;tpd; J}jH gpd;tUkhW $wpdhHfs;.

vdJ Mj;khitj; jd;trk; itj;jpUg;gtd kPJ rj;jpakhf! epr;rakhf my;yh`; ,e;jj; jPidg; G+uzg;gLj;Jthd;. ve;j msTf;nfd;why; i`uh vd;w ,j;J}ug; gpuNjrj;jpypUe;J xU gpuahzp topapy; ahUf;Fk; mQ;rhJ> jdpikahf kf;fh nrd;W f/ghit jthg; nra;J tpl;Lj; jpUk;GthHfs;. epr;rakhf ghurPf kd;ddhd fp];u ,g;D `{HK]{ila f[hdhf;fs; ntw;wp nfhs;sg;gLk;. fp];uhTilajh? vd ehd; Nfl;f Mk; vdf; $wp tpl;L> gpw;fhyj;jpy; ]fhj; ]jfhthf nry;tq;fs; mjpfkhf nrytplg;gLk;. Mdhy; mjidg; ngwj; jFjp tha;e;jtHfs; ahUk; ,Uf;f khl;lhHfs;.

mjP ,g;D `hjpk; $WfpwhH :

cz;ikapy; egpfshH $wpathNw> gpw;fhyj;jpy; xU gpuahzp ahUf;Fk; gag;glhjtdhf jdpikapy; I`uh vd;w J}ug; gpuNjrj;jpypUe;J Gwg;gl;L kf;fh te;J f/ghit jthg; nra;J tpl;Lr; nry;fpd;w epiyia ehd; ghHj;Njd;. NkYk; fp];uh kd;ddJ f[hdhf;fs; ntw;wp nfhz;ltHfspy; ehDk; ,Ue;Njd;. my;yh`;tpd; J}jH  kPJ rj;jpakhf u#Yy;yh`; $wpa %d;whtJ epfo;Tk; ele;Nj jPUk;.(K];dj; m`;kj; ghfk; 4 : gf;fk; 257 (fyPgh ckH gpd; mg;Jy; m[P]; mtHfspd; fhyg;  gFjpapy; ,t;tplak; eilKiwahfpaij tuyhW capHg;gpf;fpd;wJ.))

Map\h (uyp) mtHfs; $Wfpd;whHfs; :

,uT gfy; ,Uf;Fk; fhynky;yhk; yhj;> c];]h Nghd;w rpiyfSk; tzq;fg;gl;Lf; nfhz;Nl,Uf;Fk; vd egpfshH $wpa NghJ> my;yh`; jdJ J}jiu NeHtopiaf; nfhz;Lk; rj;jpa khHf;fj;ijf; nfhz;Lk; ,t;Tyfpw;F mDg;gp itj;Js;shd;> vd;w trdk; ,wq;fpaTld; (,t;Tyfpy; rpiy tzf;fnky;yhk; xope;J) ,k;khHf;fk; G+uz ntw;wpiag; ngw;W tpl;lnjd;wy;yth?! ehd; vz;zpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;Nwd; vd Map\h (uyp) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. mjw;F egp (]y;) mtHfs; - my;yh`; vJtiu G+uz ntw;wpAld; ,];yhk; ,Ug;gjw;F ehb ,Uf;fpd;whNdh mJtiu jhd; me;epiy fhzg;gLk;. gpd;G J}a fhw;nwhd;iw mDg;gp ahUila cs;sj;jpy; fLfsNtDk; <khd; fhzg;gLfpd;wNjh mtHfs; kuzpf;fr; nra;J tpLthd;. jPq;F nra;J nfhz;bUg;gtHfNs vQ;rpapUg;gH. mtHfNsh jq;fsJ %jhijahpd; topKiwf;Nf kPz;L nry;thHfs;.(]`P`; K];ypk;> my; /gpjd; tm\;uhJ]; ]hM> `jP]; vz; 72.)

,f;fUj;Jj; jhd; #uj;J]; ]/g; 8> kw;Wk; 9 Mk; trdq;fspYk; ]{uj;Jy; gj;`; d; 28 k; trdj;jpYk; $wg;Lfpd;wJ.

,];yhj;jpd; ntw;wp gw;wp RgNrhgdq;fspy; gpd;tUk; FHMd; trdK; ,lk;ngWfpwJ. my;yh`; cq;fspy; <khd; nfhz;L ey;yky;fspy; <LgLNthUf;F gpd;tUkhW thf;Fwjpaspf;fpd;whd;. ,jw;F Kd;dH ,Ue;Njhiu Mf;fpaJ Nghd;W epr;rakhf mtd; mtHfisAk; ,g;G+kpapy; fyPghf;fshf Mf;fp itg;ghd;. mtHfSf;fhf mtd; nghUe;jpf; nfhz;l ,];yhj;ij Ml;rpf;Fhpa me;j];jpYk; Mf;fp itg;ghd;. mr;rkhd #o;epiyapypUe;J mtHfis mtDf;F ,iz-\pHf; itf;fhJ mtid khj;jpuNk tzq;FthHfs;. mjw;Fg; gpd;dUk; ahuhtJ epuhfhpj;jhy; mtHfs; my;yh`;tpd; khHf;fj;ij Gwf;fzpj;j ngUk;ghtpfshthH. (my;FHMd; #uh me;E}H : 24:55)

,t;trdj;jpw;F tphpTiu $wte;j ,g;D f]PH (u`;) gpd;tUkhW $Wfpd;whH. egpfshhpd; r%fj;ij ,g;Gtpapd; fyPghf;fshfTk;> kf;fisg; nghWg;Ngw;W jiyik jhq;fpr; nry;yf; $batHfsfhfTk; Mf;Ftjhff my;yh`; jdJ J}jUf;F toq;fpa thf;FwjpNa mJthFk;. mjhtJ kf;fspd; jiytHfshfTk;> mtHfspd; nghWg;GjhuHfshfTk; Mf;Ftjhff; $Wfpd;whd;. ,iwabahHfs; mtHfSf;Ff; fl;Lg;gl;L elg;gH. vdNt mr;rkhd epiyapypUe;J mtHfis ghJfhg;ghd xU fl;lj;jij milar; nra;J> kf;fs; kj;jpapy; ePjp nrYj;jf; $batHfshfTk;> mtHfis Mf;Ftjhf my;yh`; mspj;j cWjpNa Nkw;$wg;gl;l trdkhFk;. me;j ,iwtDf;Nf GfOk; fPHj;jpAk;. cz;ikapy; mtd; thf;FWjpia eilKiwg;gLj;jpf; fhl;bAk; tpl;lhd;.egpfshH (]y;) kuzpg;gjw;F Kd;dNu kf;fh> ifgH> g`;iud;> muGj; jPgfw;gj;jpd; Vida gFjpfs;> vkd; gpuNjrj;jpd; KOikAk; mtHfspd; trkhfpaJ. mt;thNw `[H gpuNjrj;J k[{rp (neUg;G tzq;fp)fsplkpUe;Jk;> \hkpd; rpy gphptpdhpkpUe;Jk; [p];ah thp t#ypf;fg;gl;lJ. NkYk; Nuhk; ehl;L kd;dd; `pHfy;> vfpg;J> mnyf;rhe;jphpah Mfpatw;Wf;F nrhe;jk; nfhz;lhba Kft;fp];> ck;khd; gpuNjr murHfs;> mgPrpdpah kd;dH e[;[h\p Nghd;NwhH egpfshUf;Fg; ghpRg; nghUl;fisAk; mDg;gp itj;jdH.

,iwJ}jH (]y;) mtHfs; kuzpj;j NghJ fyPgh mG+gf;fH ]pj;jPf; (uyp) mtHfs; fpyhgj; (,];yhkpaj; jiyikj;Jtg;) nghWg;ig Vw;fpwhH. egpfshH nrg;gdpl;L itj;j ,lj;jpypUe;J Muk;gpf;fpwhH. ghurPfj;Jf;F fhypj; gpd; tyPjpd; jiyikapy; xU gilia mDg;gp> mtHfs; mjd; rpy gFjpfis ntw;wp nfhs;fpwhHfs;. mt;thNw mG+ cigjh (uyp) mtHfspdJk; ,d;Dk; gy jiytHfspd; fz;fhzpg;gpYk; rphpahTf;Fg; gil mDg;gp itf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. %d;whtJ gil mk;H ,g;Dy; M]; (uyp) mtHfspd; jiyikapy; vfpg;ij Nehf;fp mDg;gp itf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. mG+gf;fH (uyp) mtHfs; capNuhL ,Uf;Fk; NghNj rphpah nrd;w gil> g];uh> lkh];f];> `t;uhd;> mjid mLj;Js;s gpuNjrq;fisnay;yhk; ntw;wp nfhs;fpwJ.

mG+gf;fH (uyp) mtHs; fhykhfpd;whHfs;. ckH (uyp) mtHfisf; fyPghthf mG+gf;fH (uyp) mtHfs; %yk; my;yh`; epakpj;J> ,e;j ,];yhkpa r%fj;jpw;F NguUs; Ghpe;jhd;. egpkhHfSf;Fg; gpd;dH ,t;Tyfk; rPhpa elj;ij nfhz;l G+uz ePjp nrYj;jpa xU jdpegiu ckhpNyNa fz;L nfhz;lJ. mtuJ fhyg;gphptpy; rphpah gpuNjrk; KOtJk;> vfpg;jpd; filrp vy;iy tiu cs;s gFjp> ghurPfj;jpd; mjpfkhd khfhzq;fs; vd;gd ntw;wp nfhs;sg;gl;ld. fp];uh kd;dd; Kwpabf;fg;gl;L> kpf fPo;kl;lj;jpw;F jho;j;jg;gl;L mtdJ Kbahl;rpapd; vy;iyg; gFjpf;F gpd;thq;fp Xlr; nra;ag;gl;lhd;. rphpah gpuNjrj;jpd; if]H kd;ddJ mjpfhuk; gpLq;fp vwpag;gl;lJ. mtd; nfhd;jh];J Nehgpis Nehf;fp GwKJF fhl;b Xb tpl;lhd;. mk;kd;dHfs; ,UtuJ nrhj;Jf;fSk; my;yh`;tpd; ghijapy; nrytplg;gl;ld. ,itfs; midj;Jk; my;yh`; egpkhHfSf;F thf;fspj;jijg; Nghd;Nw ele;J Kbe;jJ.

c];khd; (uyp) mtHfsJ fhyg;gFjpapy; cyfpd; J}ug; gpuNjrq;fSf;nfy;yhk; ,];yhkpa rhk;uh[;ak; gutyhfpaJ. nkhuhf;NfhtpypUe;J rPdh tiuAs;s gpuNjrq;fs; ,];yhkpa Ml;rpf;Fl;gl;ld. fp];uh kd;dDk;> mtdJ Ml;rpAk; G+z;NlhL mopf;fg;gl;ld. NkYk; <uhf;fpd; kjhapd; gpuNjrk;> Fuh]hd;> m`;th]; Nghd;w gFjpfSk; ifg;gw;wg;gl;ld. cyfpd; Nkw;Fg; gpuNjrq;fs;> fpof;Fg; gpuNjrq;fs; midj;jpypUe;Jk; fyPghit Nehf;fp tUkhdq;fs; te;J Ftpe;J nfhz;bUe;jd. ,J FHMid Xjp> mjidf; fw;W> mjid xd;wpize;J jdJ rKjhaj;jpw;fhf FHMidg; ghJfhj;jjpdhy; fpilf;fg; ngw;w mUshFk;. vdJ r%fj;jpd; Mjpf;fk; vdf;F Ruf;fpf; fhz;gpf;fg;gl;lJ. mJ Gtpapd; fpof;F> Nkw;F ehLfSf;nfy;yhk; nrd;wilAk; vd;w me;j Rgr;nra;jp xU E}w;whz;L Kbtiltjw;Fs; epfo;e;J Kbe;jijf; fhz;fpNwhk;.

K/kpd;fSf;F mspf;fg;gl;l ,t;tpiwthf;F epue;jukhdJ mtrpak; ,lk; ngwf; $baJ. FyghcH uh\pjPd;fspd; fhyj;jpy; fpilj;j ntw;wp me;j];J mtHfisj; njhlHe;J te;NjhUf;Fk; fpilg;gJ epr;raNk Vnddpy; my;yh`; xU NghJk; thf;F kPw khl;lhd;. vdJ ,ul;rfdpd; thf;F vd;iwf;Fk; rj;jpakhdNj. (#uh f/g; - 98) Mdhy; ,q;F my;yh`;tpd; thf;F gy epge;jidfis Ntz;b epw;fpd;wJ. <khd;> ey;yky;fs; my;yh`;Tf;F kl;LNk ,ghjj; nra;jy;> NtW ahiuAk; mtDf;F ,iz Mf;fhjpUj;jy; vd;gdNt me;epge;jidfshFk;. vdf;F ,ghjj; nra;thHfs;. vtiuAk; vd;NdhL ,izhaf vLj;Jf; nfhs;s khl;lhHfs;. (#uh me;E}H : 55).

 

vq;fsJ mj;jhl;rpfisf; fhz;gpg;Nghk;

kdpjHfs; ,];yhk; rj;jpakhdJ vd tpsq;fpf; nfhs;tjw;fhf gpugQ;rj;jpypUe;Jk; mtHfspypUe;Jk; mj;jhl;rpfisf; fhzpg;Nghk;. (#uh : G];]pyj; : 53) vd;w trdKk; Rgr; nra;jpNa MFk;.

ehq;fs; ghHf;fpd;w nrtpkLf;fpd;w> czHfpd;w vy;yh mk;rq;fspypUe;Jk; my;yh`;tpd; ,t;thf;FWjp vy;yhf; fhyq;fspYk; ntspaplg;gLtij mtjhdpf;ff; $bajhf cs;sJ.

vj;jidNah ngsjPf> fzpjtpay; Muha;r;rpfs; my;FHMdpd; mwptpay; mw;Gjj; jd;ikia Gjpa fz;Nzhl;lj;jpy; tpsq;f itg;gjw;fhf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;bUf;fpd;wd. K];ypk;fs; my;yhj mwpQHfs; $l ,t;thuha;r;rpfspy; gpujpgypf;Fk; Mokhd rpwe;j fUj;Jf;fis Vw;Wf; nfhz;Ls;shHfs; vd;gij ehk; kWf;f KbahJ.

 

tuyhw;wpy; rpy jPHg;Gf;fs;

my;FHMd; egpkhHfSf;Fk; mtHfisg; gpd;njhlHe;NjhHf;Fk; Vw;gl;l ntw;wpkpf;f KbitAk; mtHfis kWj;NjhUf;F Vw;gl;l mopitAk; rpj;jhpf;fpd;wJ. ,jpypUe;J ehk; gad;kpf;f gbg;gpidfisg; ngWtJ mtrpak;

my;yh`; gytPdkhd ,];uNtyHfSf;F %]h (miy) mtHfs; %yk; ntw;wpiaf; nfhLj;jhd;. ml;^opak; Ghpe;J nfhz;bUe;j gpHmt;d; mopTf;Fl;gLj;jpdhd;.

epr;rakhf /gpHmt;d; ,g;G+kpapy; ngUikabj;Jf; nfhz;L> me;j G+kpapYs;stHfisg; (gy) gphptpdHfshf;fp> mtHfspypUe;J xU $l;lj;jhiu gy`Pdg;gLj;jpdhd;; mtHfSila Mz; Foe;ijfis mWj;(Jf; nfhiy nra;)J ngz; Foe;ijfis capUld; tpl;Lk; itj;jhd;; epr;rakhf mtd; Fog;gk; nra;Nthhpy; xUtdhf ,Ue;jhd;. MapDk; (kp];W) G+kpapy; gy`Pdg; gLj;jg;gl;NlhUf;F ehk; cgfhuk; nra;aTk;> mtHfisj; jiytHfshf;fptplTk; mtHfis (ehl;Lf;F) thhprfshf;fTk; ehbNdhk;. ,d;Dk;> mg;G+kpapy; mtHfis epiyg;gLj;jp /gpHmt;Dk;> `hkhDk;> mt;tpUthpd; gilfSk; ,tHfisg;gw;wp v(t; tp\aj;)jpy; gae;J nfhz;bUe;jhHfNsh mijf; fhz;gpf;fTk; (ehbNdhk;). (#uh : my;f]]; : 4>5>6)

,q;F my;yh`; gpHmt;idAk; mtidr; #oTs;s ghpthuq;fisAk; ghHj;Jg; ghpfrpf;fpd;whd;. Vnddpy; jdJ Ml;rpf;F vjpuhf ahUk; cUthfp tplhky; ,Uf;fNt gD} ,];uhaPy;fspy; Njhd;wpa Mz; Foe;ijfisnay;yhk; nfhd;W Ftpj;jhd;. Mdhy; vjpHghHf;fg;gl;l Foe;ij mtdJ tpUg;gj;JlNdNa mtdJ Neubf; fz;fhzpg;gpy;> mtdJ muz;kizapNyNa tsHfpwJ. Mdhy; ,f; Foe;ijjhd; jdJ vjphpnad gpHmt;d; ,dq; fz;L nfhs;s Kbatpy;iy.

gpHmt;d; FLk;gj;jpdH jq;fSf;F vjphpahf> Jd;gk; Vw;gLtjw;Ff; fhuzkhff ,Ug;gjw;fhfNt %]h (miy) mtHfis vLj;Jf; nfhz;ldH. ePr;rakhf gpHmt;d;> `hkhd; ,UthpdJk; ghpthuq;fs; ngUk; jtwpioj;NjhuhfNt ,Ue;jdH. (#uh f]]; : 8)

NkYk; FHMd; %]h (miy) Nghd;wtHfisg; gw;wp tpsf;fkhf $Wk; vy;yhNk cz;ikahd ,lk; ngw;wd. %]hTk; mtuJ rNfhjuH `h&Dk; gpHmt;Df;Fk;> mtdJ Nfhj;jpuj;jhUf;Fk; J}jHfshf mDg;gp itf;fg;gl;ldH. %]h (miy) ngUk; rthyhfNt gpHmt;Df;Fj; njhlHe;Jk; ,Ue;J> ,Wjpahf mtd; %]htpw;F vjpuhf mioj;j ke;jputhjpfNs> mtdJ ,Wjpj; Njhy;tpf;F fhuzkhf khwp tpl;ldH. Vnddpy; fPo;tUkhW $wpa tz;zk; mtHfs; R[{jpy; tpOe;jhHfs;. ,t;Tyf ,ul;rfDk;> %]h> `h&d; MfpNahhpdJ ,ul;rfDkhfpa my;yh`;it mtd; <khd; nfhz;L tpl;lhd;. (#uh my; m/uhg; : 121>122)

clNd gpHmt;d; igj;jpak; gpbj;jtidg; Nghd;W Mfp tpl;lhd;. ke;jputhjpfis mr;RWj;jpdhd;. Nfhgj;jhy; nfhjpj;Jg; Nghdhd;.

vjphpfs; Nkhg;gk; gpbj;J tuyhk; vd;gjw;fhf my;yh`; ,utpNyNa jdJ mbahHfis ehl;il tpl;L $l;br; nrd;W tpLkhW %]h (miy) mtHfSf;Ff; fl;lisapl;lhd;. gpd;dH %]hTf;F ehk t`P mwptpj;Njhk;. (,];uhaPypd; re;jjpfshfpa) vd;Dila mbahHfis mioj;Jf; nfhz;L ePH ,uNthbuthfr; nrd;W tpLk;. vdpDk;> epr;rakhf mtHfs; cq;fisg; gpd;njhlHe;Nj tUthHfs;. (mt;thW mtHfs; nrd;W tplNt) gpHmt;d; gy CHfSf;Fk; ([dq;fis miof;fg;) giwrhw;WNthiu mDg;gp itj;J> epr;rakhf (,];uhaPypd; re;jjpfshfpa) ,tHfs; ntF nrhw;gj; njhifapdNu> (mt;thwpUe;Jk;) mtHfs; ek;ikg; Nfhgj;jpw;Fs;shf;fp tpl;ldH. epr;rakhf thq;s; ngUe;njhifapdH mj;Jld; kpf;f vr;rhpf;ifAilatHfs; (vd;W $wpa> gy ChfisAk; xd;W jpul;bf;nfhz;L ,];uhaPypd; re;jjpapdiug; gpd;njhlHe;J nrd;whd;) ,t;thW mtHfSila Njhl;lq;fspypUe;Jk; JuTfspypUe;Jk; ehk; mtHfis ntspNaw;wp tpl;Nlhk;. (mtHfSila nghf;fp\q;fspypUe;Jk;> kpf;f NeHj;jpahd tPLfspypUe;Jk; (mtHfis ntspNaw;wpNdhk;). ,t;thW ,];uhaPypd; re;jjpfis mitfSf;F mde;juf;fhuuhfTk; Mf;fp tpl;Nlhk;. (#uh m\;\}muh : 53>59).

K/kpd;fSf;F ntw;wpiaf; nfhLg;gJk; ghJfhg;ig toq;FtJk; my;yh`;tpd; nghWg;G K/kpd;fSf;F ntw;wpiaf; nfhLg;gNjhL> mtHfisg; ghJfhg;Nghk; vd;gJ nghJthff; FHMd; $Wk; Rgr; nra;jpahFk;.

epr;rakhf K/kpd;fSf;F ntw;wpiaf; nfhLg;gJ vd;gJ vq;fs; kPJ flikahftpUf;fpwJ. (#uh mH &k; :47)

ehq;fs; u#y;khiuAk; mtHfis <khd; nfhz;NlhiuAk; ghJfhg;Nghk;. mt;thNw ,dpNky; tuf; $ba K/kpd;fisg; ghJfhg;gJk; vq;fs; kPJ flikahFk;. (A+D]; : 103).

epr;rakhf my;yh`; <khd; nfhz;Nlhiug; ghJfhg;ghd;. (#uh : my;`[; : 38)

epr;rakhf my;yh`; <khd; nfhz;NlhUf;Fg; nghWg;ghf ,Uf;fpd;whd;. mtHfis ,UspypUe;J xspia Nehf;fp ntspNaw;Wfpd;whd; (#uh my; gfuh : 257)

fhgpHfisg; ghHj;J> cq;fsJ FO vt;tsT nghpajhf ,Ue;jhYk;> mjdhy; cq;fSf;F ve;jg; gaidAk; ju KbahJ. Vnddpy; myyh`; K/kpd;fNshL ,Uf;fpd;whd;. (#uh md;/ghy; : 19)

NkNy $wg;gl;l thf;Ffs; K/kpd;fSf;F ngUk; NrhjidfSk; ,d;dy;fSk; ,lk;ngWfpd;w NghNj njhpatUk; nrhj;Jf;fspy; Nrjq;fs;> cly; hPjpahd mghaq;fs;> capHr; Nrjq;fs; Nghd;wit Vw;gLk; NghNj ,e;j ntw;wp K/kpd;fSf;F ,d;Dk; md;kpj;J tUk;.

cq;fSf;F Kd;dH ,ue;jtHfSf;F ,lk; ngw;w Nrhjidfs; Nghd;W cq;fSf;Fk; tuhj epiyapy; ePq;fs; RtHf;fj;jpy; Eioe;J tplyhk; vd vz;zpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wPHfsh? ,iwj;J}jUk; K/kpd;fSk;> my;yh`;tpd; cjtp vg;NghJ tUnkd mq;fyha;f;Fk; tiuf;Fk; Nrhjpf;fg;gl;lhHfs;. epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd; cjtp kpf mz;ikapNyNa ,Uf;fpd;wJ. (#uh my;gfuh : 214).

ntw;wpapd; jhkjNk ,iwj;J}jiuAk;> K/kpd;fisAk; vg;NghJ cjtp tUk;? vd mq;fyha;f;f itf;fpwJ. ,J kdpjdJ mtruj;jd;ikapdhy; vOfpd;w Nfs;tpahFk;. Mdhy;> mt;ntw;wp mz;ikapNyNa ,Uf;fpwJ vd my;yh`; Mwjy; gLj;Jfpwhd;. mtdplk; midj;Jk; jpl;lkplg;gl;L itf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. rw;W Kd;dNuh> jhkjpj;Njh my;yhky; rhpahd Neuj;jpw;Nf mtdJ epajp nraw;gLk;. ehq;fs; ngha;g;gLj;jg;gl;L tpl;Nlhk; vd ,iwj;J}jHfs; vz;zp> ek;gpf;if ,oe;jpUe;j Ntisapy; my;yh`;tpd; cjtp tUfpwJ. my;yh`; ehbNahH jg;gpj;Jf; nfhz;ldH. ghtpfshd r%fj;jpdiu tpl;Lk; my;yh`;tpd; jz;lidia ahuhYk; jLf;f KbahJ. (#uh A+]{g; :11).

J}jHfs; ePz;l fhykhf my;yh`;tpd; cjtpia vjpHghHj;jpUf;fpd;wdH. mtHfs; vjpHghHj;j Ntisapy; ,t;ntw;wp tuhjjhy; tpuf;jpailfpd;wdH. jhq;fs; ngha;g;gLj;jg;gl;L tpl;ljhfTk; ek;Gfpd;wdH. ngha;g;gLJNthUf;F mJ tha;g;ghf mikfpd;wJ. Mdhy; jpBnud my;yh`;tpd; thf;F epiwNtWfpd;wJ. mtd; tpUk;gpNahH ghJfhf;fg;gl;L VidNahH jz;bf;fg;gLfpd;wdH.

my;yh`;tpd; cjtp kdpjHfs; cr;r Njitapy; ,Uf;Fk; NghNj tUk;. mjd; tpUg;gk; mjd;ghy; kpf mjpfk; fhzg;gLk; NghNj nfhz;L tug;gLfpwJ. NkYk; my;yh`;tpd; tpjp Fw;wthspfs; jz;bf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;gjhFk;. me;j tifapy; ghtpfSf;F ,q;F jz;lid toq;fg;gLfpd;wJ.

neUf;fb cr;rfl;lj;ij mile;j gpd;dNu tpLjiyf;fhd top jpwf;fg;gLfpwJ vd;gJ K/kpd;fspd; cs;sq;fspy; gjpthfpd;wJ. ,utpd; fLikahd ,Uisj; njhlHe;J tutpUg;gJ cjak; jhd;.

 

midj;ijAk; kpifj;J tpLk; ,];yhk;

]{d;dhtpd; topfhl;lypy;...

,];yhj;jpd; ntw;wp gw;wp te;Js;s RgNrhgdq;fs; midj;J `jP]; fpue;jq;fspYk; mjpfkhff; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. gpw;gl;l fhy K];ypk;fs; mtw;iw kwe;J Gwf;fzpj;J tpl;lJ kl;Lkpd;wp> gpj;dhf;fs; Njhd;WtJ gw;wpAk;> kWik ehspd; milahsq;fs; gw;wpAk; te;Js;s `jP];fisNa gpu];jhgpj;J tUfpd;wdH. ,d;W K];ypk;fSf;F Vw;gl;Ls;s rhjhfkhd epiy> r%fj;ij mjd; tPo;r;rpapypUe;J vOr;rp ngwr; nra;tjw;fhf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; eltbf;iffs; Nghd;wtw;wpnyy;yhk; ek;gpf;ifapd;ikia Vw;gLj;Jk; tifapNyNa egpfshhpd; Nghjidfis tpsq;fpr; nray;gLfpd;whHfs;. eilKiwapy; ,Uf;fpd;w epiyikia mijtplr; rpwe;j caHthd epiyikf;F khw;wpaikg;gjw;fhf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; Kaw;rpfSf;Fk; r%fj;jpy; ,lk; ngWk; khw;wq;fSf;Fk; topNfhy te;j r%fj;jpdhplkpUe;J mk; Kaw;rpfSf;nfjpuhd eltbf;iffs; Njhd;WtJ mwpTf;Fg; Gwk;ghd mk;rkhFk;.

vjpHfhyk; ,];yhj;Jf;Nf vd;w ew;nra;jpia vq;fSf;Fj; njhptpj;jpUg;gtH my;yh`;tpd; J}jH (]y;) mtHfshthHfs;. mt;thW mwptpj;jpUg;gtH kNdh ,r;irf;F cl;gl;Lg; Ngrf; $batuy;yH.

mNj Ntis my;yh`;Tf;Fhpa kiwthd mwptpidg; ngw;wtuhfTk; mtH ,y;iy. thdq;fs; G+kpapYs;s vtUNk kiwthd tplaq;fis mwpe;jtuy;yH. my;yh`; kl;LNk mtw;iw mwpe;jtd; vd;gij egpNa ePH mtHfSf;Fj; $WtPuhf. (#uh me;ek;y; : 65) vd my;yh`; $Wfpd;whd;.

Mdhy; my;yh`; t`papD}lhf mwptpj;j kiwthd tpraq;fis egpfshH mwpe;jpUe;jhHfs; vd;gij my;FHMd; njhptpf;fpd;wJ. kiwthd tpraq;fis mwpe;j my;yh`; mt;wiwj; jhd; tpUk;gpa xU u]{Yf;fd;wp NtW vtUf;Fk; njhpag;gLj;j khl;lhd;. (#uh my;[pd; : 26-27).

 

KO cyfpYk; ,];yhkpag; gpur;rhuj;jpd; guty;

INuhg;ghTf;F ,];yhj;jpd; tUif

mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; mk;U (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpj;Js;sjhf ,khk; m`;kj; gpd;tUk; `jPi]g; gjpT nra;Js;shHfs;. egpfshH (]y;) mtHfs; nfhd;];jhe;Jnehgps;> Nuhk; Mfpa efuq;fspy; vJ KjyhtJ ntw;wp nfhs;sg;gLk; vd tpdtg;gl;lhHfs;. `pHfy; (`pHfy; vd;gtd;> K`k;kj; (]y;) mtHfSf;F egpj;Jtk; toq;fg;gl;l fhyj;jpy; ig]he;jpa Nuhk; gpuNjrj;ij Ml;rp nra;j murd; Mthd;. ,];yhj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhs;Sk;gb miog;G tpLj;J egpatHfs; ,k; kd;dDf;Ff; fbjk; xd;iw mDg;gpdhHfs;. mG+Rg;ahd; ,];yhj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhs;S Kd;dH ,tdJ rigf;F te;j NghJ egpatHfs; gw;wp ,t;turd; Nfl;l Ezf;fkhd Nfs;tpfs; mtdJ Gj;jpf; $Hikiaak;> J}u Nehf;ifAk; vLj;Jf; fhl;Ltdthf mike;jpUe;jd. mt;tpdhf;fs; %yk; egpatHfs; cz;ikahsH vd;gJ mtDf;Fg; GydhfpaJ. vd;whYk; jd;idr; #o ,Ue;jtHfspd; gpbthjKk; ,];yhj;jpd; kPjhd ntWg;Gk; rj;jpaj;ijg; gpd;gw;Wtij tpl jdJ Ml;rpia Nkyhf kjpf;Fk; epiyf;F mtidj; js;sp tpl;ld. ,k;ikf;fhf kWikia mtd; tpw;W tpl;lhd;. ckH (uyp) mtHfspd; fhyg;gphptpy; rphpah ntw;wp nfhs;sg;gl;l NghJ mjd; gpd;dH cd;id ehd; re;jpf;fNt tha;g;gpy;iy vd rphpahTf;Fg; gphpahtpil $wp mg;gpuNjrj;ij tpl;Lr; nrd;whd;.) kd;ddJ efuk; jhd; Kjypy; ntw;wp nfhs;sg;gLk; vd u]{y; (]y;) mtHfs; gjpyspj;jhHfs;.(K];dj; m`;kj; (`jP]; vz; : 6645) ,khk; my;ghdp mtHfs; ,e;j `jPi] jkJ ]`P`hd `jP];fspd; njhFg;gpy; NrHj;Js;shHfs; (`jP]; vz; :4)) Nuhk; vd;gJ jw;Nghija ,j;jhypapd; jiyefuhd NuhkhGhpahFk;. nfhd;];jhe;J Nehgps; vd;gJ jw;Nghija ,];jhd;G+y; efukhFk;. NkNy tpdtg;gl;l tpdhtpypUe;J egpj;NjhoHfs; ,t;tpU efuq;fSk; ntw;wp nfhs;sg;gl;L> me;efuthrpfs; ,];yhj;jpy; EiotH vd Kd;dNu mwpe;jpUe;jdH vd tpsq;f KbAk;. Mdhy; Kjypy; ntw;wp nfhs;sg;glg; NghtJ vJ vd mtHfs; mwpa tpUk;gpdH. vdNt u]{Yy;yh`; (]y;) mtHfs; `pHfy; ,d; efuk; - nfhd;];jhe;Jnehgps; - Kjypy; ntw;wp nfhs;sg;gLnkd gjpyspj;jhHfs;.

,k;Kd;dwptpg;G 23 taJ epuk;gpa c];khdpa rhk;uh[;a ,isQH K`k;kj; gpd; Kuhj; vd;gtH nfhd;];jhe;Jnehgpis ntw;wp nfhz;l NghJ epiwNtWfpwJ. ,t;tpisQH K`k;kj; my; /ghj;jp`; (ntw;wpahsH) vd tuyhw;wpy; gpugy;akhdhH. `p[;hp 857 [{khjh my; Cyh 20 Mk; ehs; Gjd; fpoik (fp.gp.1453> Nk 29 y;) ifg;gw;wg;gl;lJ.

];ngapdpypUe;Jk;> ghy;fd; gpuNjrq;fspypUe;Jk; ,];yhk; 2 jlitfs; Juj;jg;gl;l gpd;dH kPz;Lk; Nuhk; ifg;gw;wg;gl;L INuhg;ghTf;Fs; ,];yhk; EioAk; vd egpfshhpd; RgNrhgdj;jpd; 2 tJ gFjp ,d;Dk; epiwNtwhj epiyapy; fhzg;gLfpwJ.

ths;> <l;b Nghd;wtw;wpdhyd;wp Ngr;R> vOj;Jj; JiwfspdhNyNa ,t;ntw;wpiar; rhjpf;f KbAk; vd ehd; fUJfpd;Nwd;. kdpjdhy; ,aw;wg;gl;l nfhs;iffs; tpistpj;j Nfl;Lf;Fg; gpd;dhy; ,d;W cyfk; ,];yhj;jpw;fhfj; jdJ fjTfis kdg;G+Htkhfj; jpwe;J itj;jpUf;fpd;wJ. thdj;jpypUe;J cjtpfisAk; my;yh`;tplkpUe;J topfhl;Ljy;fisAk; vjpHghHj;J epw;fpd;wJ. ,t;Ntisapy; kPl;rpf;fhd Xlkhf ,];yhj;jpd; kPJ ek;gpf;ifAk; nfhz;Ls;sJ.

jkPk; mj;jhhp (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpd;whHfs; : egpatHfs; fPo;tUkhW $wpdhHfs; : ,uT gfy; nrd;wilAk; gpuNjrq;fisnay;yhk; ,k;khHf;fk; epr;rak; nrd;wilAk;. kjH> tgH Mfpa ve;jg; gpuNjrj;ijAk; ,iwtd; tpl;L itf;f khl;lhd;. mtw;wpYk; ,e;j jPid my;yh`; Eiotpg;ghd;. fz;zpaKilatd; fz;zpak; ngWthd;. ,opthdtd; ,optilthd;. ,];yhj;ijf; fz;zpag;gLj;jtjd; %yk; xUtDf;Ff; fz;zpaKk; Fg;iu ,optilar; nra;tjd; %yk; mLj;jtDf;F ,opTk; Vw;gLk;.(K];dj; m`;kj; ghfk; 4 : gf;fk; 103)

,uT gfy; nrd;wilAk; gpuNjrq;fs; vd;gJ KO cyfpYk; ,];yhk; guTtijf; Fwpf;Fk;. ehfhPfkile;j gFjpfspy; ,];yhk; EioAk; vd;gij kjH vd;w gpuNahfk; fhl;Lk;. kjH vd;gJ muG nkhpapy; fy; vdg; nghUs;gLk;. ehfhPfkile;j gpuNjrq;fs; vg;NghJk; fw;fspdhy; cUthf;fg;gl;l fl;llq;fisf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; vd;gJ njspthd tplakhFk;. mJkl;Lkpd;wp ehl;Lg;Gwq;fSf;Fk; ,];yhk; nrd;wilAk;. tgH vd;w gjk; cNuhkk; vdg; nghUs;gLk;. Vnddpy; ehfhPfkilahj kf;fs; jq;fsJ tPLfis mikj;Jf; nfhs;s cNuhkq;fisAk; Njhy;fisAk; ghtpg;ghH vd;gJk; ehk; mwpe;jNj.

,q;F my;yh`;tpd; thf;F epiwNtWfpwJ ,t;Tyfj;jpYs;s kjq;fs; nfhs;iffs; Nghd;w midj;ijAk; kpifj;jjhf ,e;j jPid Mf;fNt my;yh`; jdJ J}jiu NeHtopiaf; nfhz;Lk; rj;jpa Ntjj;ijf; nfhz;Lk; mDg;gp itj;jhd;. (#uh mj;jt;gh : 33> #uh my;gj;`; : 128> #uh m];]/g; : 09).

fle;j E}w;whz;Lfspy; ,];yhk; cyfpd; rpy kjq;fis kl;LNk ntw;wp nfhz;bUe;jJ. A+jk;> fpwp];jtk;> muG ehl;L rpiy tzf;fk;> ghurPfj;jpypUe;j neUg;G tzq;fpfspd; kjk; Mrpah> Mg;gphpf;fh gpuNjrq;fspy; fhzg;gl;l ,d;Dk; rpy kjq;fNs mitfshFk;. midj;J kjf; nfhs;iffisAk; kpifj;jjha; mJ fhzg;gltpy;iy. midj;ijAk; kpiff;Fk; vd;w Rgr; nra;jp epiwNtwhJ fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. my;yh`; jhd; thf;fspj;jtw;Wf;F xUNghJk; khW nra;a khl;lhd;. vdNt mt;thf;ifAk; mtd; epiwNtw;Wthd; vd;gij ehk; njhlHe;J vjpHghHj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;.

Nkw;$wg;gl;l fUj;ij my;kpf;jhj; gpd; my; m];tj; (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;Fk; egpnkhop cWjpg;gLj;Jfpd;wJ. egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs; : ehfhPfkile;j (kjH) ehfhPfkilahj (tgH) vy;yhg; gpuNjrq;fspYk; my;yh`; ,];yhj;ij Eiotpg;ghd;.(K];dj; m`;kj; ghfk; 6 : gf;fk; 4 : jguhdp 20:601 ,g;D `pg;ghd; 6699> 6701> `hfpk; 4:30> ,khk; Gfhhp> ,khk; K];ypk; MfpNahhpd; epge;jidfspd;gb ,e;j `jP]; ]`P`hdJ vd ,khk; `hfpk; Fwpg;gpLfpwhH.)

 

,];yhkpa rhk;uh[;aj;jpd; guty;

]g;thd; (uyp) mtHfs; egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpajhf mwptpf;fpd;whHfs; : ,g;Gtpia mjd; fpof;Fg; gFjpfs; Nkw;Fg; gFjpfs; midj;ijAk; ghHf;ff; $bajhf my;yh`; vdf;Fr; Ruf;fpf; fhz;gpj;jhd;. vdJ r%fj;jhhpd; Mjpf;fk; vdf;Ff; fhz;gpf;fg;gl;l ,g;gpuNjrq;fs; KOtijAk; epr;rak; nrd;wilAk; (Nuhk kd;dHfs; Nrkpj;J itj;jpUf;Fk;) jq;fg; Gijay;fSk; (ghurPf Ml;rpahshpd; nts;spr; nrhj;Jf;fSk; vd;id te;jilAk;.(]`P`; K];ypk; fpjhGy; /gpjd; t m\;uhJ]; ]hM> `jP]; vz; :2289> mG+jhT+j; :4353.)

RUf;fpf; fhz;gpj;jhd; vd;gJ KOg; Gtpia xNuabahf KOikahff; fhz;gpj;jijf; Fwpf;Fk;. cyfpd; KOg; gpuNjrq;fisAk; ,];yhkpa rhk;uh[;aj;jpd; Mjpf;fk; nrd;wilAk; vd;gjw;fhd Kd;dwptpg;ghf ,e;j `jP]; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. Kd;dH $wg;gl;l ,U `jP];fSk; ,];yhkpa j/thtpd; gutiyAk;> ,];yhk; Vida midj;J kjq;fisAk; kpifj;J epw;Fk; jd;ikiaAk; mwptpf;Fk; mNjNtis ,e;j egpnkhop> KO cyfj;ijAk; jd;dj;Nj itj;jpUf;Fk; msTf;F ,];yhkpa rhk;uh[;ak; gyk; ngw;wpUf;Fk; vd Kd;dwptpg;Gr; nra;fpwJ.

mG+ `{iuuh (uyp) mtHfs;> egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpajhf gpd;tUkhW mwptpf;fpd;whHfs;. NrhiyfisAk; MwfisAk; nfhz;ljhf mugpfspd; gpuNjrk; khWk; tiu kWik epfo khl;lhJ. ,khk; m`;kj; jdJ mwptpg;gpy; <uhf;Ff;Fk; kf;fhTf;Fkpilapy; gazk; nra;fpd;w xU kdpjH ghij jtwp tpLNkh vdg; gag;gLk; msTf;Fr; Nrhiyfs; kpifj;jpUf;Fk; vd;w xU gFjpiar; NrHj;Js;shH.(]`P`; K];ypk; fpjhG]; ]fhj; `jP]; vz; :60> 1012> m`;kj; 2: 370> 371.)

NkYk; mG+ `{iuuh (uyp) mtHfs; egp (]y;) mtHfspd; ,d;DnkhU egpnkhopiaAk; mwptpf;fpd;whHfs; : cq;fsplk; nrhj;Jf;fs; Nkyjpfkhff; fhzg;gLksTf;F ngUfpapUf;Fk;. xU nry;te;jd; jd;dplkpUe;J ]jhfhit ngw;Wf; nfhs;s ahUk; tutpy;iyNa vdf; ftiyg;gLthd;. ahhplkhtJ nfhz;L nrd;W ,e;j ]jfhit Vw;Wf; nfhs;SkhW Ntz;bdhy; mtH jdJ Njit G+uzkhfp tpl;lJ vdf; $wptpLthH. ,t;thwhd epiy Vw;gLk; tiu cyf KbT ehs; Njhd;w khl;lhJ.(]`P`{y; Gfhhp> ]`P`; K];ypk;.)

,jid mG+ %]h (uyp) mtHfs; egpfshUld; njhlHGgLj;jp mwptpf;Fk; fPo;tUk; `jP]; cWjpg;gLj;Jfpd;wJ. cq;fspy; xUtH jdJ ]jfhitg; ngwj; jfjpahdtiuj; NjbaiythH. ahiuAk; mtuhy; fz;L nfhs;s KbahJ NghFk;.(]`P`{y; Gfhhp> ]`P`; K];ypk;.)

`hhp]; gpd; t`g; mtHfs; mwptpf;fpd;w xU `jP]{k; ,f;fUj;ijNa Fwpf;fpwJ. ePq;fs; ]jfhit (tpiuthff;) nfhLq;fs;. xU fhyk; tUk;. mg;NghJ jdJ ]jfhitg; ngwj; jFjpahNdhiuj; Njb xU kdpjH miye;J jphpthH. mjidg; ngw ahUk; Kd;tu khl;lhHfs;. New;W ePH nfhz;L te;jpUe;jhy; Vw;Wf; nfhz;bUg;Ngd;. ,d;W vdf;F mJ Njitapy;iy vd;W jhd; gjpy; fpilf;Fk;.(]`P`{y; Gfhhp> ]`P`; K];ypk;.)

Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l egpnkhopfs; midj;Jk; cyfpy; nropg;Gk; trjp kpf;f tho;f;ifAk; cUthFk; vd;gijr; Rl;bf; fhl;Lfpd;wd. ]jfhg; gq;Ffisf; $lg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sj; jFjpahd Viofs; fpilf;fhj msTf;F r%fj;jpypUe;J Vo;ik mfd;W tpLk;. kdpjHfSila tho;f;ifapy; <khd;> ,iwar;rk; vd;gd Njhw;Wtpj;j tpisTfNshL ,];yhkpa Ml;rpapd; ePjpapdhy; fpilf;fg;ngw;w mUl;nfhilahfNt Nkw;$wg;gl;l khw;wq;fisf; fUj Ntz;bAs;sJ. kf;fs; <khd; nfhz;L jq;fsJ KO tho;f;ifapYk; my;yh`; Vtpaitfisg; gpd;gw;WtNjhL jLj;jitfis tpyf;fp ,iwar;rj;Jld; nraw;gLthHfs; vd;wpUe;jhy; ehq;fs; thdk; G+kp Mfpatw;wpYs;s midj;J mUl;nfhilfisAk; mtHfSf;Fj; jpwe;J nfhLg;Nghk;. (#uh my; m/uhg; : 99).

 

fpyhgj;jpd; kPs; cUthf;fk;

Fijgj; jgpd; my; akhd; (uyp) mtHfs; egpfshH (]y;) mtHfs; $wpajhf mwptpf;fpd;whHfs; : my;yh`; ehba fhyk; tiuf;Fk; egpj;Jtk; cq;fs; kj;jpapy; ePbj;jpUf;Fk;. mtd; ehLfpd;w NghJ mjid ePf;fp tpLthd;. gpd;G egpj;Jtj;jpd; topKiwapyhd ,];yhkpa Ml;rp Njhw;wk; ngWk;. tpUk;gpa NghJ mjidAk; my;yh`; ,y;yhky; nra;J tpLthd;. gpd;G mepahaf;fhu Kbahr;rp muNrhr;Rk;. mjidAk; my;yh`; tpUk;gpa NghJ ,y;yhky; nra;J tpLthd;. mLj;Jf; nfhLq;Nfhy; Ml;rpahsHfs; Mjpf;fk; nrYj;JtH. mjidAk; Fwpg;gpl;l fhyj;jpd; gpd;dhy; my;yh`; ,y;yhky; nra;J tpLthd;. mjidaLj;J egpj;Jtj;jpd; topKiwapyhd Ml;rp Vw;gLj;jg;gLk; vdf; $wpa egpatHfs; gpd;dH nksdkhf ,Ue;J tpl;lhHfs;.(K];dj; m`;kj; 4 : 273 ,khk; jguhdp ,e;j `jP]pd; xU gFjpia kl;Lk; gjpT nra;Js;shHfs;.)

mepahaf;fhu Ml;rpapy; kf;fs; ePjpapd;ikapdhy; Jd;gq;fSf;Fs;shthHfs;. Ml;rpgPlk; jdJ Ntl;ifg;gw;fis kdpjHfs; kPJ nrYj;Jtjpy; jaq;fhJ nraw;gLk;. nfhLq;Nfhyhl;rp kdpjHfis mbikahf elhj;Jk;. ,d;W fhzg;gLk; ,uhZt nfhLq;Nfhy; Ml;rpahsHfis ,t;tifapy; Fwpg;gplyhk;.

Mdhy; egpfshH nghd;nkhop cyfpy; mePjp nfhLq;Nfhy; vd;gd ePq;fp tpLk;. my;yh`;tpd; tuk;Gfisg; Ngzp kdpj chpikfis kjpj;J elf;ff; $ba topKiwahd fpyhgj; Njhw;wk; ngWk; vd Rgr; nra;jp $Wfpd;wJ.

A+jHfs; kPjhd ntw;wp

,g;D ckH (uyp) mtHfs; egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wf; Nfl;ljhf mwptpf;fpwhH : cq;fSld; A+jHfs; NghuhLthHfs;. ePq;fs; ntw;wp ngWtPHfs;. mt;Ntis ghiwfs; $l ,t;thW $Wk;! X K];ypNk! vdf;Fg; gpd;dhy; xU A+jd; kiwe;jpUf;fpd;whd;. mtidf; nfhd;W tpL!(]`P`{y; Gfhhp> ]`P`; K];ypk;.)

mG+ `{iuuh (uyp) mtHfs;> egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpajhf mwptpg;Gr; nra;Js;shHfs; : K];ypk;fsk; A+jHfSk; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; <Lgl;L K];ypk;fs; A+jHfisf; nfhy;Yk; tiu cyf KbT ehs; Vw;glhJ. mg;NghJ A+jd; fw;fSf;Fg; gpd;dhYk; kuq;fSf;Fg; gpd;dhYk; kiwe;J nfhs;thd;. fw;fSk; kuq;fSk; X! K];ypNk! my;yh`;tpd; mbikNa! vdf;Fg; gpd;dhy; xU A+jd; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. ,q;Nf te;J mtidf; nfhy;! vdf; $Wk;.(]`P`{y; Gfhhp> ]`P`; K];ypk;.)

fw;fspdhYk; kuq;fspdhYk; Ngr KbAkh? mg;gb ,lk; ngw;why; mJ my;yh`;tpd; mj;jhl;rpahf mikAk;. Vnddpy; mt;thW nra;tJ $l my;yh`;Tf;Ff; f\;lkhd xd;wy;y. NkYk; mt;Ntisapy; cyfpy; cs;s xt;nthd;Wk; A+jHfisf; fhl;bf; nfhLf;Fk; vd;w nghUspy; ,g;gjk; gad;gLj;jg;gl;bUf;f KbAk;.

vf;fUj;ij ehk; vLj;Jf; nfhz;lhYk; rhp mf;Fwpg;gpl;l Ntisapy; midj;Jk; K];ypk;fspd; eyd;fs; rhHghfTk; mtHfsJ vjphpfshd A+jHfSf;F vjpuhfTk; nraw;gLk;. epr;rakhf K];ypk;fSf;F ntw;wp tUtjpy; vt;tpj re;NjfKkpy;iy. gyk; ,Uf;fg; gak; Vd;? vd;w A+jHfspd; gpuik njhlHe;J epiyf;fg; Nghtjpy;iy. MAj gyj;jpdhYk; gyk; vd;w MAjj;jpdhYk; gy];jPid Mf;fpukpj;j mtHfis my;yh`; ,opTgLj;JtJ epr;rak;. mepahaf;fhuHfSf;F mtfhrk; nfhLj;j gpd;Ng kpff; fLikahfj; jz;bg;gJ my;yh`;tpd; topKiwahFk;.

ntw;wp ngWk; FOtpdH

Kmtpah (uyp) mtHfs; cl;gl gy egpj;NjhoHfs; egpfshhpd; fPo;tUk; nghd; nkhopia mwptpg;Gr; nra;fpwhHfs;. my;yh`;tpd; khHf;fj;ij eilKiwg;gLj;Jk; xU FOtpdH vdJ r%fj;jpy; njhlHe;Jk; epiyj;jpUg;gH. my;yh`;tpd; fl;lis tUk; tiu ahH mtHfis ,g;gzpapy; iftpl;Lr; nrd;whYk; my;yJ Kuz;gl;L xJq;fpdhYk; mJ mtHfSf;F ve;jj; jPq;ifAk; tpistpf;fhJ. mtHfs; vd;Wk; kdpjHfis kpifj;Nj fhzg;gLtH.(K];dj; m`;kj;> ]`P`{y; Gfhhp> ]`P`; K];ypk;.)

ckH> KfPuh> ]t;ghd;> mG+`{iuuh> Fhuh gpd; ,ah];> [hgpH> ,k;uhd; gpd; `]Pd;> cf;gh gpd; MkpH>(,tHfspd; `jP]; mwptpg;Gfs; [hkpc]; ]fPhp y; ,lk; ngw;Ws;sd.) [hgpH gpd; rKuh>(]`P`{y; [hkpc]; ]fPH.) mG+ckhkh (uyp md;`{k;) Mfpa ]`hghf;fs;> egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpajhf mwptpf;fpd;w fPo;tUk; egpnkhop %yk; Nkw; Fwpg;gpl;l `jP]; cWjpg;gLfpwJ. ,e;j jPid caHj;jf; $ba xU FOtpdH vdJ ck;kj;jpy; epiyj;jpUg;gH vjphpia kpifj;jpUg;gH. mtHfSf;F ,g;ghijapy; Vw;gLk; ,d;g Jd;gq;fisj; jtpu mtHfSld; Kuzhfr; nraw;gLfpd;w ahuhYk; ve;jj; jpUg;gj;ijAk; mtHfSf;F Vw;gLj;j KbahJ. kWik tiu ,tHfs; ,t;thNw njhlHe;JkpUg;gH> mg;NghJ ]`hghf;fs; mtHfs; vq;Nf fhzg;gLtH vd tpdt igJy; kf;jp]ppdJk; mjidr; #oTs;s gpuNjrj;jpYk; vdg; gjpyspj;jhHfs;.(my; K];dj; 5 : 269)

,e;j r%fj;jpy; ed;ik njhlHe;JkpUf;Fk; vd;gij ,e;j `jP];fs; Rl;bf; fhl;Lfpd;wd. my;yh`;tpd; khHf;fNk rj;jpakhdJ vd thjpLNthUk; rj;jpaj;jpw;F cjtp GhpNthUk; rj;jpaj;ij cWjpAld; gw;wpg; gpbg;NghUk; kWik tiu ,e;j r%fj;jpy; ,Uf;fNt nra;tH. vj;jid Jd;gq;fs; jhd; ,tHfisg; gPbj;jhYk;> ,iwtdJ KbT tUk; tiu ,e;j ntw;wpahsH $l;lk; epiyj;jpUf;Fk;.

mG+ khypf; my; m\;mhp (uyp) mwptpf;fpd;w gpd;tUk; egpnkhop ,jid cWjpg;gLj;JfpwJ. egpatHfs; gpd;tUkhW $Wfpd;whHfs;. epr;rakhf my;yh`; %d;W tplaq;fis tpl;Lk; cq;fisg; ghJfhj;J tpl;lhd;. cq;fsJ egp cq;fSf;nfjpuhfg; gpuhHj;jpj;J ePq;fs; mopTf;Fs;shtij tpl;Lk;> mrj;jpathjpfs; rj;jpathjpfis kpifg;gij tpl;Lk; ePq;fs; midtUk; topNfl;by; xd;W NrHtij tpl;Lk; (my;yh`; cq;fisg; ghJfhj;J tpl;lhd;)(mG+jhT+j; fpjhGy; /gpjd; 4253)

rPHjpUj;jthjpfs; Njhw;wk;

egpfshH (]y;) mtHfs; $wpajhf mG+`{iuuh (uyp) mwptpf;fpd;whHfs;. epr;rak; E}w;whz;bd; Muk;gj;jpYk; ,e;j khHf;fj;jpw;Fg; Gj;Japuspf;ff; $ba xUtiu my;yh`; ,e;j r%fj;jpw;F mDg;gp itg;ghd;.(mG+jhT+j; fpjhGy; kyh`pk; 4291> ,khk; `hfpk; ,jid ]`P`hfpk; ,jid ]`P`hd `jP]hff; Fwpg;gpLfpwhH.)

,e;j `jP]py; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;w kd; vd;w mugpr; nrhy; fyPgh ckH gpd; mg;Jy; m[P];> ,khk; \hgp<> ,khk; f];]hyp KjypNahH Nghd;w jdp egHfisf; Fwpg;gJ NghyNt gyH vd;w fUj;ijAk; cs;slf;Fk; vd rpy tphpTiuahsHfs; njhptpf;fpd;whHfs;. ,uz;lhtJ fUj;ijNa ehq;fs; njhpT nra;Js;Nshk;. me;j tifapy; xU j/th ,af;fj;jpd; %yk; my;yJ khHf;f hPjpahd gz;ghl;Lg; gapw;rp toq;Fk; XH mikg;gpd; %yk; my;yJ xU Nghuhl;l mzpapd; %yk; khHf;fj;ijg; GJg;gpg;gJ ,lk; ngwyhk;. vdNt khHf;fj;Jf;Fg; Gj;Japuspf;Fk; xUtiu vjpHghHg;gij tpl rPHjpUj;j ,af;fj;jpy; jdJ gq;F vd;d vd;gNj xUtd; Nfl;Lf; nfhs;Sk; tpdhthf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

tuyhw;wpy;.... Rgr; nra;jpfs;

my;FHMdpd; trdq;fSk;> egpfshhpd; nghd; nkhopfSk; ,];yhj;jpd; ntw;wpf;Ff; fl;bak; $WtJ Nghd;Nw ,we;j fhy epfo;Tfs; vjpHfhyk; ,];yhj;jpw;Nf vd;gijg; giw rhw;wpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd. ,];yhkpa vOr;rpf;F Kd;dhy; ngUk; ngUk; jilfs; ghhpa ,d;dy;fs; vd;gd FWf;fpl;l NghjpYk; tuyhw;Wr; rk;gtq;fs; midj;Jk; ,];yhj;jpd; ntw;wp epr;rakhdJ vd;w ek;gpf;ifia vkJ cs;sq;fSf;Fk; je;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd.

,];yhj;jpw;F ntspapypUf;Fk; vjphpfs; kl;Lk;jhd; vOr;rpg; ghijapy; jilahf ,Ug;gtHfsy;yH. ,];yhj;jpw;Fs;Sk; vjphpfs; ,Uf;fpd;wdH. Mr;rhpak; ahnjdpy; mtHfspy; mNefH ,];yhkpag; ngaHfisr; Rke;J nfhz;bUe;jhYk; ,];yhj;jpw;F vjpuhd Nguzpapy; ,ize;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;wdH. ,];yhkpa xOf;f khz;Gfs; kf;fis topelhj;JtijNah my;yh`;tpd; khHf;fk; NkNyhq;FtijNah ,tHfs; tpUk;Gtjpy;iy.

,];yhk; XH cs;shHe;j rf;jpia jd;dj;Nj kiwj;J itj;Js;sJ vd;gjw;F tuyhW rhd;whfTs;sJ. mjdJ ikjhdj;jpy; ngUk; ,d;dy;fSk; Jd;gq;fSk; gputhfpj;J mjdJ ck;kj;ij Nrhjidfs; #o;fpd;w NghJ ,g;ghhpa ,];yhkpa rf;jpia ntspf; nfhzug;gLk;. mg;NghJ ,];yhk; mirf;f Kbahj kiy Nghd;W gyk; ngw;WtpLfpd;wJ. ,t;Ntis jdJ r%fj;jpw;fhf mJ kiwj;J itj;jpUe;j rf;jpfnsy;yhk; ntspg;gLk;.(kpd; m[;yp ]`;tjpd; uh\pjh" vd;w vkJ E}ypy; Rd;dhtpd; xspapy; khHf;fj;ijg; GJg;gpj;jy; vd;w jiyg;gpy; ghHf;fTk; (kf;jGy; ,];yhkpah nga;&l;> jhUy; g\PH> jd;jh> vfpg;J).

,];yhj;jpd; Njhw;wf; fhyg; gFjpapNyNa ,jid ehk; fz;L nfhz;Nlhk;. gj;hpy; K];ypk;fsJ rpd;dQ;rpW FO ngUk; gilia kpifj;jdH. Md;kPf gyNk rlhPjpahd gyj;ij Kwpabj;jJ.

my;yh`; K];ypk;fs; kPJ Ghpe;j mUis fPo;tUkhW Fwpg;gpLfpwhd;. ePq;fs; nrhw;g njhifapduha; ,Ue;j NghJ gj;H jpdj;jpy; my;yh`; cq;fSf;F cjtp nra;jhd;. vdNt ed;wp njhptpf;Fk; nghUl;L ePq;fs; my;yh`;Tf;F mQ;rp elTq;fs;. (#uh My ,k;uhd; : 123)

Gtpapy; kdpjHfs; cq;fis mbj;Jf; nrd;W tpLthHfNsh vdg; gae;jtHfshf gytPdHfshf nrhw;g njhifapy; ePq;fs; fhzg;gl;l re;jHg;gj;ij vz;zpg; ghUq;fs;. ePq;fs; ed;wpNahL ele;J nfhs;Sk; nghUl;L md;W my;yh`; cq;fSf;F milf;fyk; je;jhd;. jdJ cjtpaphy; cq;fisg; gyg;gLj;jpdhd;. ey;y Mfhuq;fis cq;fSf;F toq;fpdhd;. (my; md;/ghy; : 26)

hpj;jj; Nghhpy;

,J egpatHfspd; kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpd;dH ,lk; ngw;wJ. kjPdh> kf;fh> jhapg; jtpHe;j Vida gFjpfspypUe;J Nfhj;jpuq;fs; KHjj;Jf;fshf (,];yhj;ij tpl;L) khwp tpl;ld. muG kz;zpypUe;j kj NghjfHfspy; rpyH Nghyp egpkhHfshfj; Njhw;wk; ngw;wdH.

,tHfsJ Nfhj;jpuj;jpdH jkJ Nfhj;jpu czHT fhuzkhfNt ,tHfisg; gpd;gw;wpdH. ugPM Nfhj;jpuj;ijr; NrHe;j ngha;ad; KoH Nfhj;jpu cz;ikahsid tpl vq;fSf;F tpUg;gj;jpw;Fhpatd; vd;w ,tHfsJ thHj;ij ,jid cz;ikg;gLj;JfpwJ. m];tJy; md;]P> Jiyfh my; m]jp Nghd;NwhNuhL Ki]ykh> ][h`; Nghd;w ,d;Dk; gyiuAk; jq;fsplk; egpj;Jtk; ,Ug;gjhf thjpl;l ngha;aHfspd; gl;baypy; NrHf;fyhk;. njhOifia Vw;Wf; nfhz;L ]fhj;ijf; nfhLf;f kWj;j FOtpdUk; ,tHfSld; NrHe;J nfhz;ldH. ,e;j epfo;T kpf msT fle;j Fog;gj;ijAk; fLikahd NrhjidiaAk; ,];yhkpa fpyhgj;jpw;F Vw;gLj;jpaJ. rpy ]`hghf;fs; mG+gf;fH (uyp) mtHfsplk;> fyPgh mtHfNs! KO muGfSld; NghuhLtjw;F ck;kplk; rf;jpapy;iy. fjitg; G+l;bf; nfhz;L tPl;il tpl;L ntspNawhJ kuzk; tUk; tiuckJ ,ul;rfis topgl;Lf; nfhz;bUq;fs; vd;W $WksTf;F ,e;epiy cf;fpukile;jJ.

Mdhy;> mG+gf;fH (uyp) mtHfs; ,sfpa kdk; gilj;jtuhf ,Ue;j NghJk; ,f;fUj;Jf;F cld;gl kWj;jhHfs;. jdJ fUj;jpy; kiy Nghd;W cWjpahf epd;whHfs;. KHjj;Jf;fSf;nfjpuhfTk; ]fhj; nfhLf;f kWj;NjhUf;F vjpuhfTk; gjpndhU gilfisj; jahH nra;jhHfs;. yh ,yh` ,y;yy;yh`; vd;w thHj;ijiaf; $Wk; tiu mtHfSld; NghuhLk;gb ehd; Vtg;gl;Ls;Nsd;. mt;thW mtHfs; $wp tpl;lhy; chpa fhuzq;fSf;fhftd;wp mtHfsj capH>  nghUs; vd;gtw;Wf;F vd;dplkpUe;J ghJfhg;Gf; fpilf;Fk;. mtHfSf;Ff; $yp nfhLg;gJ ,iwtdpd; flik vd;w ,iwj;J}jhpd; thHj;ijiaf; nfhz;L ]fhj; nfhLf;f kWj;NjhUld; NghuhLtJ $lhnjd ckH (uyp) mtHfs; thjpl;lhHfs;. ,t;Ntis ckH (uyp) mtHfSf;F mG+gf;fH (uyp) mtHfs; gpd;tUkhW gjpyspj;jhHfs;.

my;yh`;tpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf vtd; njhOiff;Fk; ]fhj;jpw;Fkpilapy; gpsit Vw;gLj;Jfpd;whNdh mtDf;nfjpuhf jhd; NghuhLNtd;. ]fhj;> nry;tj;jpd; kPJs;s flik my;yh`;tpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf> xl;lifapd; fOj;jpy; fl;lg;gLfpd;w rpwpa fapw;Wj; Jz;il u]{Yy;yh`; (]y;) mjid ]fhj;jhf mwtpl;bUe;jhy; mjidg; ngWtjw;Fk; ehd; NghuhLNtd;.

Fiwe;j vz;zpf;ifiaf; nfhz;l ]`hghf;fSf;Fk; ngUe;njhifahd KHjj;JfSf;Fk;> ]fhj; nfhLf;f kWj;NjhHfisf; nfhz;l FOtpdUf;Fk; ,ilapy; Aj;jk; ,lk; ngw;wJ. ,e;jg; NghHfspy; K];ypk;fs; ntw;wp ngw;wdH. vjpuhspfs; gpd;dH ght kd;dpg;Gf; Nfl;L ,];yhkpa mzpAld; NrHe;J nfhz;ldH. jkJ topNflhd nfhs;ifiaj; J}f;fpnawpe;J tpl;L Nuhk> ghurPfHfSldhd Nghhpy; <Lgl;bUe;j K[h`pj;fSld; ,ize;J nfhz;ldH. mg;Nghuhl;lj;jpy; mtHfSf;Nfw;gl;l Nrhjidfis Vw;Wf; nfhz;L> mit ,];yhj;jpd; chpik rk;ge;jkhf jk;kplkpUe;J te;j jtwhd ntspg;ghLfSf;Fg; gfukhf Vw;gl;ljhff; fUjpf; nfhz;ldH.

vdNt muGj; jPgfw;gk; kPz;Lk; mLj;j te;j E}w;whz;Lfspy; ,];yhj;jpd; fhg;guzhfj; jpfo;e;jJ.

rpYit Aj;jq;fs;

Nkw;Fyff; fpwp];jtHfs; ngUe;jpushfj; jpuz;L jkJ jphpj;Jtf; nfhs;ifAlDk; rpYitAlDk; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; Fjpj;j NghJ ,];yhk; jd;dfj;Nj kiwj;J itj;jpUe;j gyk; ,d;ndhU jlit ntspg;gl;lJ.

rpYit Aj;jq;fs; vd tuyhw;wpy; gpugy;ak; ngw;Ws;s ,e;j Aj;jq;fs; 9 jlitfs; ,lk; ngw;Ws;sd.

K];ypk;fs; kPJ Mf;fpukpg;G Nkw;nfhs;s te;j ,k;Nkw;Fyff; fpwp];jtHfs; ,];yhj;jpw;Fk; K];ypk;fSf;Fk; vjpuhff; fLk; FNuhjKk; JNtrKk; nfhz;bUe;jdH. ,];yhkpa ehLfspd; tsq;fs; kPJ Nguhir nfhz;bUe;jNjhL kl;Lkpd;wp> ,];yhj;jpd; gyj;ijAk; mjd; Ml;rpg; guk;giuiaAk; jfHj;njwpaTk; mth nfhz;bUe;jdH. ,t;Ntis K];ypk;fspd; nghLNghf;F ,tHfSf;Fg; NgUjtpahf ,Ue;jJ. mNj Nghd;W ,f;fhy K];ypk; Ml;rpahsHfs; Nfspf;iffspy; %o;fpapUe;jdH. ,t;Tyf ,d;gq;fSf;fhfg; gpsTgl;bUe;jdH. jiyikj;Jt Nkhfk; mtHfis Ml;nfhz;bUe;jJ. jd;Dila rNfhjuid tpw;W me;epahplkpUe;J tUkhdk; ngwTk; jahuhf ,Ue;jdH. mt;thNw jiyikj;Jtj;ijj; jf;f itj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;fhfr; r%fj;ij tpiy NgrTk; jaq;ftpy;iy.

,t;thwhd epiyapy; KjyhtJ jlitapNyNa fpwp];jtHfs; ntw;wp ngw;Wg; gy rpw;wuRfisAk; khepyq;fisAk; ,];yhkpa kz;zpy; epWTtjw;F K];ypk; Ml;rpahsHfs; cle;ijfshapdH. igJy; kfj;jp]py; fpwp];jtHfs; Eioe;j epfo;T> Koq;fhy; tiu ,uj;jk; gPwpl;Lg; ghAk; msT gy;yhapuf; fzf;fhd K];ypk;fisg; gypnaLj;j gpd;dNu epfo;e;jJ.

RkhH 200 tUlq;fs; \hkpy; rpYit tPuHfs; epiy ngw;wpUe;jdH. KOikahf 90 tUlq;fs; igJy; kf;jp]; mtHfsJ iftrk; rpf;fpapUe;jJ.

mg;NghJ mf;fpukf;fhuUld; NghuhlTk;> Mf;fpukpf;fg;gl;l G+kpia kPl;nlLf;fTk; jkJ chpikfis kPsg; ngwTk; NghuhLtjw;F cWjp G+z;l rpy kdpjHfis my;yh`; cUthf;fpdhd;.

,khJj;jPd; ]d;fp> jdJ elj;ij> tPuk; ePjp Kjyhdtw;wpy; FyghcH uh\pjPd;fis xj;jpUe;j mtuJ tPukfd; E}Uj;jPd; k`;%j; m\;\`Pj;> mtuJ khztuhd ntw;wp tPuH> `pj;jPd; Nghuhl;lj;jpYk; igJy; kf;jp]; ntw;wpapYk; rpYit Aj;j tPuHfisj; Njhw;fbj;jdtuhd ]yh`{j;jPd; ma;A+gp KjypNahHfNs mk;kdpjHfs;. ]yh`{j;jPd; ma;A+gpapd; Nghuhl;lj;jpYk; igJy; kf;jp]; kPl;fg;gl;lJ. mjd; gpd;dH vfpg;jpy; ele;j Nghhpy; 9 Mk; Y}ap]; kd;]{uh vDkplj;jpy; itj;J ]yh`{j;jPd; IA+gpapdhy; rpiwgpbf;fg;gl;lhH.

Nkw;$wg;gl;lit midj;Jk; K];ypk; r%fk; rw;W cwf;fkilayhk;. Neha; tha;g;glyhk;. Mdhy; <khdpa ,uj;jk; mjd; cWg;gpdHfspd; clypy; XLk; tiu yh ,yh` ,y;yy;yh`; K`k;kJH u]{Yy;yh`; vd;w ehkj;jpd; fPo; mr;r%fj;ijj; jiyik jhq;fp elhj;Jfpd;wtHfs; fhzg;gLk; tiu mJ epr;rak; kuzpj;J tplhJ vd;gijNa ,it Rl;bf; fhl;Lfpd;wd.

jhHj;jhhpag; gilnaLg;G

Nkw;fpypUe;J INuhg;gpaf; fpwp];jtHfs; Nkw;nfhz;l gilnaLg;Gf;F ,];yhk; cl;gl;lik Nghd;w rpiy tzf;fj;jpy; %o;fpg; NghapUe;j fPioj; Nja jhHj;jhhpaHfspd; Mf;fpukpg;Gf;Fk; ,];yhk; ,yf;fhf;fpaJ. jd;ndjpNu epw;fpd;w vjidAk; tpl;L itf;fhJ Jfs; Jfs;fshf Mf;fp tplf; $ba #whtsp Nghd;W ,];yhkpa cyif mtHfs; jpBnudj; jhf;fpdH. K];ypk;fs; rpd;dhgpd;dkhfp gytPdHfshf ,Ue;j fhyg; gFjpapNyNa ,tHfs; NkNyhq;fpdhHfs;. K];ypk;fsplk; jkJ rpjwpa mzpfis xd;WgLj;Jk; xU gykpf;f jiyikj;JtNkh> kf;fisj; jl;bnaOg;gf; $ba XH <khdpa czHNth ,Uf;ftpy;iy. Mdhy; jhHj;jhhpaHfs;> ahuhYk; mirf;f Kbahj gyk; ngw;w ,uhZt rf;jpahf md;W tpsq;fpdH. mtHfsJ jiyikj;Jtj;jpw;F mr;rj;Jld; $ba kjpg;gpUe;jJ. ngUk; gilfnsy;yhk; Njhw;fbj;j kd;dHfs;> jiytHfs; ngUk; nry;t tsk; ngw;wpUe;j Ml;rpahsHfs; Nghd;w vtUf;Fk; mtHfs; Kd;Nd vjpHj;J epw;f ijhpak; Vw;gltpy;iy. ehLfnsy;yhk; xt;nthd;whf mtHfs; trkhfpd. Ml;rpahsHfs; GwKJF fhl;b Xlj; njhlq;fpdH. mj;NjhL gbg;gbahf jiytHfs; mtHfs; Kd; iffl;b epw;fyhapdH. xU ntw;wp mLj;jij Nehf;fp mtHfisj; J}z;b tpl;lJ. ntw;wpNky; ntw;wp fpilj;jJ. jhHj;jhhpaHfs; Njhw;fbf;fg;gl;ldH df; $wg;gl;lhy; mjid ek;gp tplhNj vd;w thHj;ijfs; md;W gpugy;akhapUe;jd. jhHj;jhhpaH vd;NghH kpiff;f Kbahj rf;jp vd;w fUj;J fhyfhykhfr; nrhy;yg;gl;L te;jJ.

,Wjpahf ,];yhj;jpd; G+kpahd gf;jhj; kPJ gilnaLj;jdH. mg;gh]pa fpyhgj;jpd; jiyikg;gPlkhf> ,];yhkpa rhk;uh[;aj;jpd; caH kjpg;gpw;Fhpa jskhf ,e;efuk; tpsq;fpaJ. gyj;j mbfSf;F ,yf;fhfpa ,t;thl;rp gPlk; mtHfs; iftrk; rpf;fpf; nfhz;lJ. K];ypk;fspd; ngaHfisr; Rke;j Gy;YUtpfSk; ,t;tPo;r;rpf;F cle;ijahfr; nray;gl;ldH. MWfshf ,uj;jk; ngUf;nfLj;NjhbaJ. vkJ ehfhPfj;ijj; jd;dfj;Nj nfhz;bUe;j ngUk;ghyhd E}y;fs; ijfphP]; ejpapy; tPrg;gl;ld. Gj;jfq;fspd; fWg;Gepw ikapdhy; me;ejp KOtJk; fUik epwkhf khwp tpl;lJ.

,t;thW tUlq;fs; fle;J nrd;wd. mNjh! ,];yhk; jd;dfj;Nj kiwj;J itj;jpUe;j mw;Gjk; ,uz;L jlitfspy; ntspg;gLfpwJ.

KjyhtJ> tuyhw;wpy; ,lk; ngw;w jPtpu Aj;jq;fspy; xd;wpy; ,uhZt hPjpahf jhHj;jhhpaHfis ,];yhk; ntw;wp nfhz;lJ. Id;[hY}j; vd;wiof;fg;gLk; ,e;j Aj;jk; NeHj;jp kpf;f kk;Y}f;fpa jsgjp i]Gj;jPd; vd;gtuJ jiyikapy; vfpg;jpa gilapdUld; ,ize;J elhj;jg;gl;lJ. `p[;hp 658 ukohd; 25 Mk; NjjpiaNa ,t;ntw;wpapd; ehshf Mf;fpapUe;jhd;. mjhtJ gf;jhj; tPo;r;rpaile;J ,uz;Nl tUlq;fspy; ,J epfo;e;jJ.

jhHj;jhhpaHfspd; cs;sq;fisAk; ,];yhk; Mf;fpukpj;Jf; nfhz;lik ,];yhk; mile;j ,d;ndhU ntw;wpahFk;. ,Njh! ,];yhj;Jld; NghH njhLj;j ,f;nfhLq;NfhyHfSld; ,];yhk; Aj;jk; Ghpfpd;wJ. gil tPudpd; cUtpa epiyapYs;s ths;> epuhAjghzpahd ,];yhkpaf; Nfhl;ghl;bd; jhf;fj;jpw;F Kd;dhy; epiyj;jpUf;f KbahJ tPo;e;J tpLfpwJ. ntw;wpahsHfs; ,Wjpahf ntw;wp nfhs;sg;gl;ltHfspd; khHf;fj;jpDs;Ns Eioe;J tpLfpd;wdH. Njhy;tpAw;wtd; ntw;wpahsDf;Fg; gpd;dhy; fz;iz %bf; nfhz;L nry;tjpNy MHtkhf ,Ug;ghd; vd ,g;D fy;J}d; $wpa tof;fj;jpw;Fk; gpugy;aj;jpw;Fk; NeH Kuzhfty;yth ,J ,lk; ngw;Ws;sJ! vdNt ,J ,uz;lhtJ ntw;wpahFk;.

etPd fhyj;jpy;> gpw ,];yhkpa ehLfspy; fhydpj;Jtg; gilfSf;F vjpuhf tPukpf;f K];ypk;fspd; [p`hjpag; Nghuhl;lj;ijf; fhz;fpNwhk;. gpuhd;]paHfSf;F vjpuhf mkPH mg;Jy; fhjpH my; []haphp[p mtHfs; my;[Phpahtpy; NghuhLfpwhHfs;> ];ghdpaHfSld; mkPH mg;Jy; fhPk; fpjhgp nkhNuhf;Nfhtpy; Aj;jk; GhpfpwhH. tPuH ckH Kf;jhH ypgpahtpy; ,j;jhypaHfSld; NghH njhLf;fpwhH. Mq;fpNyaH> A+jHfs; Nghd;NwhUld; n\a;f; ,];]jPd; my; f];]hk; gy];jPdpy; NkhJfpwhH. gpuhd;]paf; fhydpj;Jtj;jpw;nfjpuhd Gul;rp A+j> rpNahdp]thjpfSf;nfjpuhd gy];jPd Nghuhl;lk;> Mq;fpNyaUf;nfjpuhf Ra];fhy;tha;g; Nghuhl;lk; Kjypatw;iwnay;yhk; tuyhw;wpy; fz;L te;Js;Nshk;.

NgHdhl; Y}ap]; jdJ Nkw;FyfKk;> kj;jpa fpof;Fk; vd;w E}ypd; Vw;Wf; nfhz;lijg; Nghd;W> Vida Nkw;fj;Nja tuyhw;W MrphpaHfSk; fPo; tUfpd;w fUj;ij xg;Gf; nfhz;Ls;sdH. ,];yhkpag; gpuNjrq;fspy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s fhydpj;Jtj;jpw;nfjpuhd tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lq;fis topelhj;jpr; nrd;wit khHf;fk; rhHe;j ,af;fq;fNs. fkhy; mjhHJHfpdJ ,af;fKk; $l me;jg; ngaiu itj;Nj Nghuhl;lj;ij Kd;ndLj;jJ. Mdhy; kpfTk; JHghf;fpakhd tplak; ahnjdpy; ,];yhkpathjpfs; tpijj;jtw;wpd; KOg; gaidAk; rlthjpfs; mWtil nra;fpwhHfs;. [p`hjpd; %yKk; K[h`pjPd;fspd; ClhfTk; fpilf;fg; ngw;w KO tpisr;riyAk; jpULtjw;fhfg; gapw;Wtpf;fg;gl;ltHfNs ,];yhj;jpw;nfjpuhd ,t;tpNuhjpfs;.

 

ehisa rf;jp ,];yhk;

eilKiwapy;.. .. ..

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Gdpj ths; vd;w jdJ E}ypy; nuhgHl; ngd; Fwpg;gpLfpwhH. mugpfis ehq;fs; ed;F Ma;Tf;Fl;gLj;JtJld; mtHfsJ rpe;jidfis mjd; Moj;jpypUe;J mstpl;Lg; ghHg;gJ vk;kPJ flikahFk;. Vnddpy; mtHfs; cyfpy; Vw;wpa jPg;ge;jk; gykhf ,d;Dk; vhpe;J nfhz;Nl ,Uf;fpd;wJ. mj;jPg;ge;jk; mizf;fg;gl KbahjJ vd cWjpahf ek;Gtjw;fhd milahsq;fSk; njspthf fhzg;gLfpd;wd. thrfHfs; mtHfsJ mbg;gilfis ed;F Muha;e;J Ghpe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lnkd;gjw;fhf ehd; ,e;j E}iy vOJfpNwd;. gj;H Nghuhl;l ntw;wpiaf; Fwpf;FKfkhf K`k;kj; ngw;wpUe;j ,U KidapYk; $Hfisf; nfhz;bUe;j thspd; ngauhNyNa ,g;Gj;jfj;jpd; ngaiur; #l;bAs;Nsd;. Vnddpy; ths; rhk;uh[;a rf;fuhjpgj;jpaj;ij Ntz;Ltjw;fhd milahskhfNt cs;sJ.(%]h my; `{I]dp nkhopngaHj;J 1950 fspd; ,Wjpg; gFjpapy; my; m];`H gy;fiyf;fof fyhr;rhu gPlj;jpw;F toq;fpa Gj;jfj;jpypUe;J ngw;Wf; nfhz;Nlhk;.)

Nkw;$wg;gl;l thHj;ijfspy; fhzg;gLk; msT kPwpa jd;ik mtHfs; kiwj;J itj;jpUf;Fk; JNt\k; vd;gij xU GwkpUf;f K];ypk;fsJ gyk; vt;tsT J}uk; mtHfisr; rpe;jpf;fj; J}z;bapUf;fpwJ vd;gij tpsq;ff; $bajhf ,Uf;fpd;wJ. Nrhtpaj; A+dpadpd; tPo;r;rpAld; rptg;G mghak; ePq;fp> kQ;rs; mghak; Mf tpsq;fpa rPdhTld; neUq;fpa cwTfis Vw;gLj;jpajd; gpd;dH gr;ir mghak; vd ,];yhj;jpw;F ehkk; #l;bAs;shH. cz;ikapy; ,];yhk; eh];jpfk; mf;fpukk; ml;^opak; xOf;fr; rPHNfL mbikj;Jtk; vd;gtw;wpw;F mghakhfNt mikAk;. ,Njh ,];yhj;jpd; cs;shHe;j gyj;jpw;F eilKiw cjhuzj;ij Kd;itf;fpNwd;. fkhy; mjhJHf;Fk; mtdJ fl;rpAk; JUf;fpia ,];yhj;jpd; Mil ghz;ghLfs;> gof;f tof;fq;fs;> rl;lq;fs;> nkhop ,];yhj;Jld; njhlHGila ngz;fs; `p[hg; mzptij rl;lj;jpw;F Kuz; vd Mf;fpd. muG nkhop vOj;jikg;igf; nfhz;l JUf;fp nkhopia yj;jPd; vOj;jikg;Gf;F khw;wpdH. Mq;fpNyaH mzpAk; njhg;gpiaNa K];ypk;fs; mzpa Ntz;Lk; vd epHg;ge;jpj;jdH. khHf;fk; Ngrg;gLtJ KOikahfj; jLf;fg;gl;lJ. mjhd; nrhy;tnjd;whYk; rhpNa> K];ypk; ngz; A+jid> fpwp];jtidnay;yhk; $l jpUkzk; nra;a KbAnkd rl;lk; nfhz;L tug;gl;lJ. thhpRr; nrhj;ijg; gq;fpLtjpy; FHMDf;F Kuzhf MZk; ngz;Zk; rk me;j];J toq;fg;gl;ld. ,uj;j Xl;lk; $l Nkw;fj;jpa rl;lg;gbNa ,aq;f Ntz;Lnkd;W $WksTf;F khw;wq;fs; nfhz;L tug;gl;ld. K];ypk; jdpahH rl;lj;jpYk; vt;tpj rYifAk; toq;fg;gltpy;iy. muG ,];yhkpa gz;ghLfSk; fyhr;rhuq;fSk; Juj;jpabf;fg;gl;lJ. mtw;wig; gpd;gw;Wfpd;w kf;fSf;F vjpuhfg; Nghuhl;lk; njhLf;fg;gl;lJ. nfhiyf;fsq;fSk; epWtg;gl;ld. kPz;Lk; tuNt KbahJ vd;W nrhy;YksTf;F ,];yhkpar; re;jpud; kiwe;J tpl;lJ vd;W JUf;fpapy; kf;fs; vz;zpdH. kPs KbahjthW mjd; epoy; $l Ruq;fr; nra;ag;gl;L tpl;lNjh! vd cWjpahd ek;gpf;if cs;sq;fspy; ,lk;gpbj;jJ. ,];yhkpa czHT kuzpj;J tpl;lJ. ,];yhk; gw;wpa ek;gpf;ifaPdk ,jaq;fis epug;gp tpl;lJ vd;gij ep&gpf;ff; $ba tifapy; Njf;fk; epiwe;j gy jrhg;jq;fs; fle;J nrd;wd.

Mdhy; JUf;fp kf;fspd; ,jaq;fspy; kiwe;jpUe;j ,];yhk; kuzpf;ftpy;iy. mjid ,t;thW $w KbAk;. rpy fhyk; rw;Wj; J}q;fpaJ. Mdhy; re;jHg;gk; tha;j;jJk; G+jhfukhf ntspf;fpsk;gp tpl;lJ. Ml;rpf;F kPz;Lk; xU jlit tUksTf;F jhf;fk; nrYj;Jk; ngUk; rf;jpahf Njhw;wk; ngw;wJ. khHf;fg;gw;W mq;F vt;tsT J}uk; ePz;L nry;fpd;wJ vd;gijg; gj;jphpf;iffspy; thrpg;gJ NghyNt thndhypfspy; Nfl;fpd;Nwhk;. NkYk; eh];jpfKk; mjdbahf cUthd xOf;ff; fl;Lf;Nfhg;gpd;ikAk; - ,tw;iwg; gug;Gtjw;fhd rl;lhPjpahd ,yf;fpa hPjpahd trjpfs; nra;J nfhLf;fg;gl;l NghjpYk;> mjd; miog;ghsHfs; ntspehLfspypUe;Jk; cs;ehl;bypUe;Jk; ngUk; cjtpfisAk; MjuTfisAk; ngw;w epiyapYk; xLq;fp tUfpd;wJ. mtw;wpd; rj;jk; ehSf;F ehs; Xa;e;Nj tUfpd;wJ. Mapuf;fzf;fpy; FHMdpa ghlrhiyfs; cUthfp tpl;ld. kPz;Lk; gs;spthry;fs; fl;lg;gl;L tUfpd;wd. ,];yhkpa E}y;fs; ntspaplg;gl;L tUfpd;wd. ,];yhkpa rpe;jid tsHr;rp ngw;W kf;fSila tho;f;ifapy; jhf;fk; nrYj;jp tUfpd;wJ.

,];yhkpa vOr;rp ,Wjpahf JUf;fpapy; ugh`; ,];yhkpaf; fl;rp xg;gPl;lstpy; ngUk;ghd;ik thf;Ffisg; ngw;W gy jilfs; Vw;gl;l NghjpYk; 2 tUlq;fs; Ml;rp nra;a top tif nra;jJ.

,e;j jPdpYk;> ,e;j ck;kj;jpd; kPjhd mjd; jhf;fj;jpYk; cs;s mj;jhl;rpfspnyy;yhk; kpfg; nghpaJ ehq;fs; Vw;fdNt Fwpg;gpl;lJ Nghd;W mghaq;fSk; neUf;fbfSk; jd;idr; #o;e;J nfhs;fpd;w NghJ> jdJ ck;kj; NrhjidfSf;Fl;gl;L rpf;fypNy khl;bf; nfhz;L cyfpYs;s gykpf;f rf;jpfspy; fLikahdjhfTk; vjpHg;GfSf;Ff; nfhLf;Fk; jPtpu GayhfTk; khwp tpLfpwJ.

,e;j Ntisapy; ,];yhk; jdJ mw;Gjj;ij epfo;j;jpf; fhl;Lk;. clNd kuzpj;jpUe;j clk;G capH ngw;W vOk;. r%fj;jpd; euk;GfspNy gykpf;f ,uj;j Xl;lk; gputhfpf;Fk;. rj;jpaj;jpd; tPuHfs; ghriwapypUe;J G+jq;fshf ntspf;fpsk;gp tpLthHfs;. J}q;fpatd; tpopg;gile;J tpLthd;. Nfhio tPuk; ngw;W tpLthd;. gytPdd; gyk; ngw;W tpLthd;. Juj;jg;gl;ltd; kPs te;J tpLthd;. rpjwbf;fg;gl;ltHfs; xd;W NrHe;J tpLtH. ve;j XH mizAk; jhf;Fg; gpbf;f KbahjthW Mq;fhq;Nf njhlHe;NjHr;rpahf tpOfpd;w ,r;rpW rpW Jspfs; ngUk; nts;skhf khwp tpLk;.(kpd; m[;yp ]`;tjp uh\pjh vd;w Gj;jfj;jpd; 103-107 tiuAs;s gf;fq;fspy; ghHf;fTk;.)

rpyH ,t;thW FWf;fPL nra;a KbAk;. ,];yhkpa miog;ghsHfspd; jiyfspy; fLikahd Nrhjidj; jdy;fs; ms;spf; nfhl;lg;gLfpd;wJ. mq;F kpq;Fnkd gyj;j mbfs; mtHfs; kPJ tPo;j;jg;gLfpd;wd. vdNt fLikahd rpj;jputijf;Fk; Jd;GWj;jy;fSf;Fk; cl;gLj;jg;gl;L rpjwbf;fg;gl;gl;Ls;s ,tHfSf;F vq;Nf xH vOr;rp Vw;gl KbAk;? mtHfsJ Nghjidfs; vt;thW NkNyhq;f KbAk;? ghf;Fntl;bf;F mfg;gl;l ghf;Fg; Nghd;W ,f;fl;bYs;s ,tHfshy; miog;G tpLf;fg;gLfpd;w mur xOq;Fk;> jplkhd mtHfshy; ek;gg;gl;ltUk; ,];yhkpa miog;Gg; gzpAk; vt;thW ntw;wp ngWk; vd vjpHghHf;f KbAk;?

,e;j FWf;fPl;lhsHfSf;Fk; ek;gpf;ifaPdHfSf;Fk; ehk; $WNthk;. ePq;fs; Fwpg;gpLk; NrhjidfSk; neUf;fbfSk; ,];yhkpa miog;ghsHfisg; nghWj;j tiuapy; ,ayhikiaNah kuzpj;J tpl;l epiyiaNah Rl;bf; fhl;lhJ. Vnddpy; capuw;W gpzkhfpg; Nghdtidj; jhf;Ftjpy; vt;tpj gaDk; Vw;glg; Nghtjpy;iy. MfNt capHngw;W ,af;fkile;J> vjpHg;Gf;fis Kd;itf;fpd;wtidNa Jd;GWj;jTk; jz;lidf;Fl;gLj;jTk; KbAk;. ,J jhd; ,d;iwa ,];yhkpa miog;ghsHfsJ epiy. mtHfs; capHngw;W vOr;rpaile;J tpl;lhHfs;. gyj;Jld; rthy;fis vjpH nfhs;fpwhHfs;. mr;rkile;j vjphpfs; mlf;fKw;gLk; NghJ Nkw;nfhs;Sk; Jd;GWj;jy;fSk; rpj;jputijfSNk ehq;fs; ,e;j Ntisfspy; vy;yhk; kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; cw;rhfk; ngw;W ,aq;f top nra;fpwJ. ,e;epiyg;ghL gytPdkh? vd;gijg; Ghpe;J nfhs;tPHfs;. jd;id jj;njLj;jtHfs;> jdf;fhf miog;G tpLf;fpd;wtHfs; Jd;GWj;jg;gl;l NghJ f\;lq;fis vjpHnfhs;shj epiyapy; ve;j xU j/thTk; miog;Gg; gzpAk; mw;gkhd capuw;w cliyg; Nghd;wJ. Fiwe;jgl;rk; mt;tiog;ghsHfNs Nfhiofshf capNuhl;lkpy;yhjtHfshf ,Ug;gH.

NrhjidfSk; rpj;jputijfSk; ,];yhj;jpd; nfhs;ifapy; cs;s capNuhl;lj;ijAk; mjd; miog;ghsHfspd; nfhs;if gw;Wf;Fkhd ngUk; rhd;whFk;. xt;nthU fl;lj;jpYk; Nghuhl;lq;fspy; capiuNa kjpahJ mHg;gz rpe;jidAld; nraw;gLk; tPuj;jpahfpfis ,];yhk; cUthf;fpf; fhl;bapUf;fpwJ. jq;fsJ ,uj;jj;jhy; ,];yhkpa tpUl;rj;jpw;F ePH Gfl;b ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. rpd;dhgpd;dkhd jkJ cly; cWg;Gf;fspd; kPJ ,];yhj;jpd; fz;zpaj;ij giwrhw;Wk; NfhGuj;ijf; fl;b vOg;gpapUf;fpwhHfs;.

jdpegHfs; vd;w tifapy; ,r; NrhjidfSk; f\;lq;fSk; miog;ghsHfSf;F Mokhd ghlq;fisAk; mOj;jkhd gapw;rpfisAk; toq;fpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. f\;lq;fs; Nrhjidfs; %yk; mtHfsJ Md;khTk; njsptile;J ghpRj;jkhfpd;wJ. Nrhjidfs; gPbj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;w K/kpd; neUg;gpNy Eiofpd;w ,Uk;gpid xj;jtd;. Njitaw;w mOf;Ffis ePf;fp ey;y gFjp kl;LNk mt;tpUk;gpNy vQ;rpapUf;Fk; vd egpfshH (]y;) mtHfs; njhptpj;Js;shHfs;.(my; g];]hH jguhdp MfpNahH my;fgPH vDk; fpue;jj;jpy; my; `hfpk; my; K];juf;fpy; ]`P`; vdf; $w mj; jhukP mq;fPfhpj;Js;shH. 1 k; ghfk; 73> 345 gf;fq;fspy; my; my;ghdp mwptpg;ghsH thpir `]d; MFk;. Nkyjpf Mjhuq;fs; gpugy;akhdit. Mifahy; `jP]; `{`hFk; ]py;]pyj;Jy; m`jP]; m];]`P`h 4k; ghfk; 290> 291 k; gf;fq;fs; 1714 tJ `jP];)

 

,iwepajpfspd;gb Rg Nrhgdq;fs;

gilg;GfspYk; kdpj r%fj;jpYk; my;yh`; Vw;gLj;jpAs;s epajpfspy; ,Ue;J ,d;Dk; gy RgNrhgdq;fis fz;L nfhs;s KbAk;. Kd;idatHfs; kPJ nrayhfpaijg; Nghd;Nw mLj;jLj;J tUfpd;w midthpYk; mJ nrayhFk; rf;jp ngw;w epiyahd jd;ik nfhz;lit. ,izitg;ghsHfshapDk; K];ypk;fshapDk; rhp> ,lk; ngw;W jPuf; $ba khw;w Kbahj cWjpahditfshf my;yh`; Mf;fpAs;sjhf my;yh`;Tila epajp tpjpiag; nghWj;jtiu vt;tpj khw;wj;ijNah jphpigNah ck;khy; fz;L nfhs;s KbahJ (#uh my; /ghjpH :43) vd njhptpf;fpd;whd;.

khwp khwp tUjy;

ehl;fis my;yh`; rhHghfTk; vjpuhfTk; cyfpd; guk;giuapdUf;F kj;jpapy; khwp khwp tur; nra;tij epajpahf Mf;fp itj;Js;shd;. c`Jg; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; K];ypk;fs; fLikahd Nrjj;jpw;Fl;gLj;jg;gl;l Ntisapy; my;yh`; cq;fSf;F ,d;W Vw;gl;l jPq;F Nghd;Nw (gj;hpy;) ,e;j r%fj;jpw;Fk; (Fiw\pfSf;Fk;) Nrjq;fs; Vw;gl;ld. ,t;thW jhd; my;yh`; ehl;fis kdpjHfSf;F kj;jpapy; kwpkhwp nfhz;L tUthd; (My ,k;uhd; : 140) vd;W njhptpf;fpwhd;.

vdNt jhd; tof;fhwhf njhptpf;fg;gl;L tUfpwJ fhyk; ,uz;L tifg;gLk;. ckf;F rhHghfTk;> vjpuhfTk; nraw;glf; $baJ. xNuepiy njhlHe;jpUg;gJ rhj;jpakw;wJ. vj;jidNah nry;te;jHfs; Viofshf khwpapUf;fpd;wdH. vj;jidNah twpatHfs; gzk;gilj;jtHfshf khwpAs;sdH. vj;jidNah kfhd;fs; ,optile;Js;sthNw vj;jidNah mw;gHfs; kfhj;khf;fshf khwpAs;sdH. f\;lKk; ,yFTk; $l mt;thNw my;yh`; f\;lj;Jf;Fg; gpd;dhy; ,yFitNa nfhz;L tUthd;. (#uh mj;jyhf; : 7).

tuyhw;wpNy r%fq;fsJ epiyikfis ed;F cw;W Nehf;fpatHfs; vt;thW ehfhPfj; jPg;ge;jk; xU r%fj;jpd; ifapypUe;J ,d;DnkhU r%fj;jpw;F ifkhwpapUf;fpd;wJ vd;gijg; Ghpe;J nfhs;tH. vq;fSila mjpH\;lk;> khwpkhwp tUjy; - epajp vq;fSf;Fr; rhHghf cs;sJ. fl;lk; ,g;NghJ vq;fSf;F chpaJ. vjpuhdjy;y vd ,khk; `]Dy; gd;dh mtHfs; njhptpj;Js;shHfs;. gz;ilafhyj;jpy; cyfpd; jiyikj;Jtk; fpof;fpd; iffspNy jto;e;jJ. gpHmt;dpak;> mirhpak;> ghgpNyhdpak;> fy;jhdpak;> igdPf;fpah> ,e;jpah> rPdh Nghd;w ehfhPfq;fNs cyfpd; topfhl;bfshf nraygl;ld. mLj;J. gpugy;a jj;Jtj;jpw;F ngaH Nghd fpNuf;f ehfhPfk;> Gfo;kpf;f rlthjj;ij cila Nuhk ehfhPfk; Nghd;wit Nkw;fpypUe;J jiyikj;Jtj;ij jkjhf;fpf; nfhz;ld. gpd;dH kPz;Lk; ,];yhkpa muG ehfhPfj;jpw;F cyfpd; fbthsk; te;jJ. <khidAk; mwpitAk; Md;kPf eyd;fisnay;yhk; xUq;fpizj;Jf; nfhz;l jdpj;Jtk; kpf;f me;ehfhPfk; ePz;lnjhU fhyg;gFjpf;F cyfpd; gpbia jd;dplk; itj;jpUe;jJ.

mLj;J te;j fhyg;gFjpfspy; fpof;F cwq;fp tpl;lJ. jdJ J}Jj;Jtg; gzpapNy nghLNghf;fhf ,Ue;J tpl;lJ. ,d;Dk; xU jlit Nkw;F cyif jd;trkhf;fpf; nfhz;lJ. Mdhy; mkhdpjkhfpa ,j;jiyikj;Jtkg; nghWg;ig fhpridNahL elf;ftpy;iy. Md;kPf gz;ghl;L mk;rq;fspy; Fiwtpl;L tpl;lJ. ePjpj;JiwAk; mt;thNw rj;jpaj;ij tpl gzj;jpw;Fk; Md;khit tpl nys`Pfj;jpw;Fk;> kdpjid tpl rlg;nghUl;fSf;Fk; Nkyhz;ikia Kd;Dhpikia toq;fp tpl;lJ. kdpj tptfhuq;fspNy ,U msTNfhy;fisf; nfhz;L mstpl Muk;gpj;J tpl;lJ vdNt my;yh`;tpd; tpjp jiyikj;Jtk; gpwhplk; efHe;J nry;tij Ntz;b epd;wJ. tuyhw;W Ma;Tfspd;gb kPz;Lk; fpof;F Nehf;fpNa fbthsk; kPs Ntz;Lk; vd;w vLNfhs; tYthfj; njhptpf;fg;gLfpwJ. Vnddpy; ,q;F fhzg;gLfpd;w J}J Nkw;F itj;jpUf;Fk; J}Jf;F NeH KuzkhdJ. ,];yhkpa fpof;F kl;LNk mj;J}ij nrhe;jkhf itj;Js;sJ. vdNt mg;nghWg;ig Rke;J nfhs;sj; jahuhFtNjhL mjw;fhd Maj;jq;fisAk; K];ypk;fs; Nkw;nfhs;tJ fl;lhakhFk;. cq;fsJ vjphpia mopj;J cq;fis G+kpapd; Ml;rpahsHfshf Mf;fp ePq;fs; vt;thW nraw;gLfpwPHfs; vd ckJ ,ul;rfd; mtjhdpf;ff; $batd;. (#uh my; m/uhg; :129).

vd;Dila ey;ybahHfNs G+kpapd; mde;juf;fhuHfshf tUthHfs; vd jt;whj;jpy; Fwpg;gpl;l gpd;dH rG+H Ntjj;jpYk; flikahf;fpNdhk;. (#uh my; md;gpah/ : 105).

khw;wk;

K];ypk;fspd; Gwj;Nj fhzg;gLfpd;w RgNrhgdq;fspy; xd;whfTs;s> my;FHMd; xd;Wf;F Nkw;gl;l ,lq;fspy; typAWj;jpapUf;fpd;w khw;wp tpLjy; vd;gJ ,iw epajpahf cs;sJ.

ed;ikapypUe;J jPq;fpw;Fk;> NeHtopapypUe;J topNfl;bw;Fk; rPuhd epiyapypUe;J rPuopTf;Fk; khw;wk; ngWfpd;wtHfisg; nghWj;jtiuapy; my;yh`; jhd; ,e;epiyfis mtHfspy; Njhw;Wtpf;fpwhd;. mUl;nfhil jz;lidahfTk;> gyk; gytPdkhfTk;> fz;zpak; ,opthfTk;> nropg;G twz;ljhfTk; khWtjw;F Vw;ghL nra;fpd;whd;. gpHmt;dpdJ Nfhj;jpuj;jhiuAk; mtHfSf;F Kd;dpUe;NjhiuAk; epuhfhpg;gpd; fhuzkhfTk; ghtq;fSf;fhfTk; gpbj;Jf; nfhz;lij ,g;gbf; $Wfpd;whd;. xU r%fk; jq;fis khw;wpf; nfhs;shj tiuf;Fk; mtHfSf;F mUl;nfhil my;yh`;  GhptJkpyiy. me;epiyapypUe;J mtHfSf;F khw;wq;fis Vw;gLj;JtJkpy;iy. mtd; ed;F Nfl;gtdhfTk; mwpe;jtdhfTk; cs;shd;. Mdhy; gpHmt;dJ FOtpdUk; mjw;F Kd;dpUe;NjhUk; jq;fsJ ,ul;rfdJ mj;jhl;rpfisg; epuhfhpj;jdH. vdNt ehq;fs; mtHfsJ ghtq;fisf; nfhz;L> gpbj;J mopTf;Fl;gLj;jpNdhk;. gpHmt;dpdJ FOtpdiu Mo;flypy; %o;fbf;fr; nra;Njhk;. Vnddpy; mtHfs; xt;nthUtUk; mepahaf;fhuHfshf ,Ue;jhHfs;. (#uh my; md;ghy; : 53-54

my;yh`;tpd; ,Nj epajpia ehq;fs ,d;W Nkw;F ehfhPfj;jpw;F eilKiwg;gLj;jyhk;. cyf ,ul;rfd; Nkw;fj;ijaHfSf;F G+kpapy; mjpfhuj;ij toq;fpAs;shd;. mjd; rf;jpfis trg;gLj;jpf; nfhLj;Js;shd;. mjd; gad;ghLfs; xt;nthd;wpypUe;Jk; Rtpf;ff; nfhLj;Js;shd;. mtHfs; mwpahjtw;iwnay;yhk; fw;Wf; nfhLj;Js;shd;. jdJ mUl;nfhilfis thhp toq;fpAs;shd;. mjd; fhuzkhf jiyf;F NkypUe;Jk; fhy;fSf;Ff; fPohypUe;Jk; mtHfs; vy;yh tsq;fisAk; mDgtpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wdH. Mdhy; mtHfNs nghWg;G jiyikj;Jtk; vd;w mkhdj;ijg; Ngzp elf;fhJ Nkhrb nra;J tpl;ldH. G+kpapy; ml;^opaq;fs; mf;fpukq;s; Ghptjpy; mj;JkPwpr; nrd;W tpl;ldH. Ruq;ff; $wpd; jq;fis jPq;fpd;ghy;> mtHfis khw;wp tpLtNjhL kl;Lkpd;wp jiyikj;Jtj;ij gwpj;J mjw;NfAhpa gpwhplk; toq;FtJ kpfg; nghUj;jkhdNj.

,e;j tpjpapd; KbT ahUila cs;sq;fs; khw;wkile;J mtHfspy; fhzg;gl;l jPq;Ffs; ePq;fp ed;ikfshf khWfpwNjh> topNfL NeHtopahf khWfpwNjh! rPHNfL ePq;fp rPHjpUj;jk; cUthfpwNjh> Nrhk;gy; ePq;fp cw;rhfk; Njhw;wk; ngWfpwNjh ,opthd gz;Gfs; ew;Fzq;fshf jpUk;Gfpd;wNjh epr;rak; mtHfis my;yh`; khw;wp tpLthd; mtHfs; gytPdj;jpypUe;J gyj;ij Nehf;fpAk; ,optpypUe;J ghJfhg;ghd epiyf;Fk; mbikj;jisapypUe;J mjpfhuj;jpw;Fk; khw;wg;gLtjw;F jFjpahdtHfNs.

,ij ,d;DnkhU trdk; Fwpg;gpLfpwJ> jq;fspYs;stw;iw khw;wpf; nfhs;shjtiuf;Fk; my;yh`; ve;j xU r%fj;ijAk; khw;wp tpl khl;lhd;. (#uh mHu/j; : 11).

K];ypk;fs; vd;w tifapy; vkJ epiyikfis khw;wpr; rPHnra;J nfhs;tjpy; me;epajp xU ek;gpf;ifia toq;Ffpd;wJ. ,];yhkpa vOr;rp NkNyhq;fpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;w ,f;fhyg;gFjpapy; ngUk;ghyhd K];ypk;fs; jq;fis khw;wpf; nfhs;tij fz; $lhff; fz;L nfhzbUf;fpd;Nwhk;.

mbg;gilapNyNa KOikahd khw;wkhf mJ fhzg;gLfpwJ. Gwf;fzpj;jtHfs; MHtj;Jld; ,];yhj;ij Nehf;fp tUfpd;whHfs;. ,];yhkpar; rl;lq;fs; gw;wp vz;zpAkpy;yhjtHfs; Mokhf mitfisf; fw;Wj; NjHtjpy; MHtk; fhl;LfpwhHfs;. mitfis myl;rpak; nra;J tpuz;NlhbatHfs; ,d;W mitfis KOikahf Ngzp tUfpwhHfs;. mt;thNw cld;ghLlDk; J}a;ikAlDk; ,g;gzpapy; <LgLfpwhHfs;. rpwpa tptfhuq;fspy; $l jPidAk; mjd; chpikfisAk; ghJfhg;gjpYk; Nghuhbf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;. miuepHthz tho;f;ifapy; MHtk; fhl;ba vj;jidNah ngz;fs; `p]hg; mzpe;J ,];yhj;jpw;Fr; rhd;W gfHfpd;wdH. gs;spthry;fis tpl;Lk; J}ukhfapUe;j vj;jidNah NgH ,d;W mitfis njhOiffs; %yKk;> mq;F eilngWk; ghl Nghjidspy; gq;F nfhs;tjd; %yKk; capHg;gpf;fpwhHfs;. ,e;j midj;J eltbf;iffsk; tpisTfSk; ,];yhkpa r%fk; ghhpa mstpy; khw;wk; ngw;Ws;sij czHj;jpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd. my;yh`;tpd; ePajpAk; Ntz;b epw;gJ mtd; ,r;r%fj;ijf; iftpl khl;lhd; vd;gjhFk;. jd;dpy; cshPjpahf elj;ij hPjpahf Mokhf Vw;gLj;jpapUf;Fk; khw;wq;fSf;Fg; gfukhf my;yh`; mjidg gPbj;Js;s f\;lq;fis ePf;fp kpfr; rpwe;jnjhU khw;wj;ij Vw;gLj;jp caHtilar; nra;thd;.

H 4
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