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epiwNtwpa FHMdpd; Kd;dwptpg;Gf;fs;


NuhkHfs; ghurPfHfis ntw;wp nfhz;l tuyhw;Wr; rk;gtj;ij ehk; ,q;Nf cjhuzkhf vLj;Jf; nfhs;syhk;. NuhkHfisg; ghurPfHfs; ntw;wp nfhz;l %d;wpypUe;J xd;gJ Mz;LfSf;Fs;shf> jq;fisj; Njhy;tpAwr; nra;j mNj ghurPfHfis NuhkHfs; ntw;wp nfhz;lhHfs;. ,t;thW ghurPfHfs;  Njhy;tpailag; Nghtijf; FHMdpd; %yk; ,iwtd; Kd;dwptpg;Gr; nra;Js;shd;. mjhtJ>

NuhkhGhp  (ghurPfHfshy;) ntw;wp nfhs;sg;gl;L tp;l;lJ. rkPgj;jpYs;s G+kpapy; - mtHfspd; Njhy;tpf;Fg; gpwF mtHfs; ntw;wpailthHfs;. (my; FHMd;> 30:2-4).

jpUkiwf; FHMd; Fwpg;gpLk; ,e;jg; Nghiug; gw;wp tuyhW vd;d nrhy;fpwJ vdg; ghHg;Nghk;. igrhe;jpa tuyhW vDk; tuyhw;W Ehy; ,e;jg; Nghiug; gw;wpf; Fwpg;gpLk; NghJ> fp.gp.613-y; Mz;bNahf; (Antioch) vd;Dkplj;jpy; ele;j Nghhpy; ghurPfHfsplk; NuhkHfs; gLNjhy;tp mile;J> midj;Jg; NghH KidfspYk; NuhkHfs; tpul;babf;fg;gl;L> midj;J ,lq;fspYk; ghurPfHfs; Kd;dzp tfpj;jdH. me;j Neuj;jpy; NuhkHfs; ,Ue;j epiyia vz;zpg;ghHg;NghNkahdhy;> ,dp vd;Wk; NuhkHfs; ghurPfHfis ntw;wp nfhs;s ,ayhJ vd;Nw midtuJ fzpg;Gk; ,Ue;jJ. Mdhy;> Njhy;tpaile;j ,e;j NuhkHfs; %d;wpypUe;J xd;gJ Mz;LfSf;Fs;shf ntw;wpailthHfs; vd jpUkiwf; FHMdpy; ,iwtd; Kd;dwptpg;Gr; nra;jhd;.  me;j Kd;dwptpg;ghdJ> fp.gp.622-y; MHkPdpa kz;zpy; ,U gilfSk; re;jpj;j Nghhpy; NuhkHfs; ntw;wpaile;jdH. fp.gp.613-y; ele;j NghUf;F> xd;gJ Mz;LfSf;Fg; gpd; ele;j me;j Kjy; re;jpg;gpNyNa ghurPfHfis NuhkHfs; ntw;wp nfhz;ldH vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. NuhkHfsJ ntw;wpAld; FHMdpd; Kd;dwptpg;Gk; epiwNtwpaJ.

History of Byzantine State, ostrogorsky, p.95

History of Byzantine State, ostrogorsky,pp.100-101, and History of Persia, Sykes, vol.1.483-484.  Also see The New Encyclopaedia Britanica, Micropaedia vol.4,p.1036.

,J Nghd;w> gpd;dhy; tuf;$ba Kd;dwptpg;gf;fs; jpUkiwf; FHMdpYk;> egpfs; ehafk; (]y;) mtHfspd; nghd; nkhopfspYk; (`jP];fs;) Vuhskhf cs;sd.

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