tamilislam.com

The Tamil Islamic Library on the Net

Download Tamil Font  | Site Map  |  Home  Updation Map  |   E-mail Us miog;G |  me;ep]h  vjpnuhyp  

ukshDk; Nehd;Gk;


Nehd;gpd; rl;lq;fs;

ukohd; khjk; Nehd;G Nehw;gJ flikahFk;. my;yh`; jpUkiwapy; $Wfpwhd;:

'cq;fspy; vtu; mk;khjj;ij milfpwhNuh mtu; mk;khjk; Nehd;G Nehw;f Ntz;Lk;" (2:185)

egp (]y;) mtu;fs; $wpdhu;fs;: ' ,];yhk; Ie;J fhupaq;fs; kPJ mikf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mit tzf;fj;jpw;F jFjpahdtd; my;yh`;itj; jtpu NtW ahUkpy;iy vd;Wk; epr;rakhf K`k;kj; (]y;) mtu;fs; my;yh`;tpd; J}jnud;Wk; rhl;rp gfu;tJ> njhOiffis epiy epWj;JtJ>[fhj; nfhLg;gJ> ,iw ,y;yj;ij juprpg;gJ( `[; nra;tJ) ukohd; khjk; Nehd;G Nehw;gJ. Nehd;G Nehw;gJ ,];yhkpaf; flikfspy; kpf Kf;fpakhd xd;whFk;. Nehd;G> my;yh`;tpd;ghy; neUq;Ftjw;fhf cz;zy;> Fbj;jy; clYwT nfhs;sy;> Nghd;wtw;iw mjpfhiy cjakhdJ Kjy; R+upad; kiwAk; tiu> Nehd;ig Kwpj;J tpLk; fhupaq;fis tpl;Lk; jd;id jLj;Jf; nfhs;tjhFk;. ,J Gj;jp RthjPdKs;s. gUt taij mile;j vy;yh K];ypk;fSf;Fk; fl;lhaf; flikahFk;. gUt taij miltnjd;gJ Mz;fSf;F gjpide;J taJk;. ngz;fSf;F khjtplha; Vw;gLtJ Kjy; vd;W Fwpf;Fk;.

ukohdpd; rpwg;Gfs;

my;yh`; ukohd;; khjj;ij kw;w khjq;fis tpl gy rpwg;gk;fq;fisf; nfhz;L rpwg;gpj;Js;shd; mtw;wpy; rpyitfis ,q;F fhz;Nghk;.

1. Nehd;ghspfs; Nehd;G jpwf;Fk; tiu mtu;fSf;fhf kyf;Ffs; ght kd;dpg;Gj; NjLfpd;wdu;.

2. my;yh`; jdJ nrhu;f;fj;ij xt;nthU ehSk; moF gLj;Jfpwhd;. NkYk; nrhu;f;fj;ij Nehf;fp vdJ ey;ybahu;fs; jq;fspd; f\;lq;fisAk;> rpukq;fisAk; jhq;fpf; nfhz;L cd;dplk; tu ,Uf;fpwhu;fs; vd;W $Wfpwhd;.

3. %u;f;fj;jdk; nra;Ak; irj;jhd;fs; tpyq;fplg;gLfpwhu;fs;.

4. Mapuk; khjq;fis tpl rpwg;ghd fz;zpakpf;f ,uT ,k;khjj;jjpy; cssJ.

5. ukohdpd; filrp ,utpy; Nehd;ghspfSf;F kd;dpg;G toq;fg;gLfpwJ.

6. ukohdpd; xt;nthU ,utpYk; my;yh`; euf tpLjiy toq;Ffpwhd;.

7. ukohdpy; nra;fpd;w ck;uh kw;w ehl;fspy; nra;ag;gLk; ck;uhf;fis tpl ed;ikia $Ljyhf jUthjhf ,Uf;fpwJ.

uR+y; (]y;) $wpdhu;fs; : vtu; ukohdpy; <khDlDk; cz;ikahd cs;sr;rj;JlDk; ed;ikia ehbatu;fshf Nehd;G Nehw;W ,iwtdplk; njhsghr; nra;J ght kd;dpg;Gj; NjLfpwhNuh mtupd; Kd; nra;j ghtq;fs; kd;dpf;fg;gLfpd;wd. NkYk; $wpdhu;fs; MjKila kfdpd; vy;yhr; nray;fSk; mtDf;FwpaNj mtw;wpy; xt;nthd;wpw;Fk; ed;ik gj;jpypUe;J vO E}W klq;F tiu cs;sd. Nehd;igj;jtpu> Vnddpy; epr;rakhf me; Nehd;G vdf;FwpaJ. mjw;F ehNd $yp nfhLg;Ngd; mtd; jdJ kNdh ,r;ir> czT> Mfpatw;iw vdf;fhfNt tpl;L tpl;lhd; vd my;yh`; $Wfpwhd;. Nehd;ghspf;F ,U re;Njhrq;fs; cs;sd. xU re;Njhrk; mtd; Nehd;G jpwf;Fk; Neuk;. kw;nwhd;W mtd; jd; ehaidr; re;jpf;Fk; Neuk;. my;yh`;tplk; Nehd;ghspapd; thapd; thil f];J}up thilia tpl eWkzk; kpf;fjhFk;.

ukohdpd; tUif ,U fhupaq;fshy; cWjpahFk;

1. ukohd; gpiw ghu;g;gJ: gpiw ghu;f;fg;gl;lhy; Nehd;G fl;lhakhfptpLk;. egp (]y;) mtu;fs; $wpdhu;fs;: gpiw ghu;j;J Nehd;G itAq;fs;> gpiw ghu;j;J Nehd;ig tpLq;fs; (Gfhup> K];ypk;) ukohd; khjk; cWjp nra;ag;gLtjw;F ePjkhd xUtu; gpiw ghu;g;gJ NghJk;> \t;thy; gpiwiaf; fz;L Nehd;G tpLtjw;F ePjkhd ,Utu; gpiw ghu;g;gJ fl;lhakhFk;.

2. \/ghd; khjj;ij Kg;gJ ehl;fshfg; G+u;j;jpahf;FtJ Kg;gJ ehl;fs; G+u;j;jpahfp tpl;lhy; 31 tJ ehs; ukohdpd; Kjy; ehshFk; egp (]y;) mtu;fs; $wpdhu;fs;: ePq;fs; gpiw ghu;f;f Kbahj mstpw;F Nkfk; %bf;nfhz;lhy; ehl;fspd; vz;zpf;ifiag Kg;gjhf G+u;j;jpahf;fpf; nfhs;Sq;fs;.

Nehd;G tpLtjw;F mDkjpf;fg;gl;ltu;fs;.

1. Nehahsp

Neha; ePq;fptpLnkd vjpu; ghu;f;fpwhd; MapDk; Nehd;G Nehw;gJ mtDf;F f\;lkhf cs;sJ. ,g;gbg;gl;ltd; Nehd;ig tpl mDkjpf;fg;gLfpwhd;. gpd;du; tpLgl;l Nehd;igf; fyhr; nra;J gpd;du; itf;f Ntz;Lk;. vdpDk; jdJ Neha; ePq;fp tpLnkd vjpu; ghu;f;f Kbahj epue;ju NehAilatd; Nehd;G Nehw;gJ fl;lhakpy;iy. mtd; xt;nthU Nehd;gpw;Fk; xU Viof;F 550 fpuhk; msT czT nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk; my;yJ mtd; tpl;L tpl;l Nehd;gpd; vz;zpf;if mstpw;F czT jahupj;J ViofSf;F toq;f Ntz;Lk;.

2. gazp

xU gazp jdJ CupypUe;J Gwg;gl;L jpUk;gp tUk; tiu Nehd;ig tpl;L tpl mDkjp mspf;fg; gLfpwhd;. mtd; ve;j Nehf;fj;jpw;fhf gazk; nra;jhNdh me;j Nehf;fk; Kbe;j gpd;du; mq;F jq;fpapUf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w vz;zkpy;yhky; mq;F ,Uf;Fk; tiu mtd; gazj;jpNyNa ,Ue;J nfhz;bUf;fpwhd;. ,g;gazj;jpw;Fwpa njhiy J}uk; 80 fpNyh kPl;lUk; mjw;F NkYk; MFk;. ,J Nghd;Nw xU fu;g;gpzpg;ngz; my;yJ ghY}l;Lk; jha;khu;fs;> jhd; Nehd;G Nehw;why; jdf;Nfh jd; Foe;ijf;Nfh VNjDk; ,ilA+Wfs; Vw;gLk; vd gae;jhy; Nehd;ig tpl mDkjpf;fg;gLthu;fs;. gpd;du; tpLgl;l Nehd;ig fyhr; nra;J itf;f Ntz;Lk;.

3. Kjpatu;

 Nehd;G itg;gJ rpukkhf ,Ue;jhy; Nehd;ig tpl mDkjpaspf;fg;gLthu;.

Nehd;ig Kwpj;J tpLgitfs;.

1. Ntz;Lnkd;Nw ed;whf mwpe;J cz;gJ> Fbg;gJ 

kwjpahf cz;gJ> Fbj;J tpLjy; Nehd;ig Kwpf;fhJ egp (]y;) mtu;fs; $wpdhu;fs;: ahNuDk; kwe;jtuhf cz;zNth> Fbf;fNth nra;jhy; mtu; Nehd;ig mg;gbNa G+u;j;jp nra;J nfhs;sl;Lk; %f;F topahf jz;zPu; tapw;wpDSy; Nru;e;J tpLtJk; euk;G topahf czT> ,uj;jk; nrYj;JtjhYk; Nehd;G Kwpe;J tpLk;. Vnddpy; ,it Nehd;ghspf;F czT+l;LtJ vd;w mu;j;jj;jpYs;sitahFk;.

2. clYwT nfhs;Sjy;

Nehd;ghsp clYwT nfhz;Ltpl;lhy; Nehd;G Kwpe;J tpLk;. mtu; Nehd;ig fyhr; nra;J itg;gJld; mguhjkhf njhluhf ,U khjq;fs; Nehd;G itf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,t;tpuz;L khjq;fspy; khu;f;f my;yJ czu;Tg;G+u;tkhd fhuzq;fsd;wp Nehd;ig tpl;L tplf; $lhJ. khu;f;ff; fuhznkd;gJ ,U ngUehl;fSk; mij mLj;J tuf; $ba ma;ahKj;j\;uPf; vdf; $wg;gLk; 11> 12> 13 MtJ ehl;fSkhFk;. czu;Tg;G+u;tkhdf; fhuznkd;gJ tpahjp> Nehd;ig tpl Ntz;Lnkd;w Nehf;fkpd;wp gazk; nra;jy; MfpaitahFk;. vf;fhuzKkpd;wp ,U khjq;fs; njhluhf Nehd;G gpbg;gij xUtd; tpl;L tpl;lhy; mJ xU ehshapDk; rup njhlu; cz;lhtjw;fhf mtd; kPz;Lk; Gjpjhfj; njhlu;tJ fl;lhakhFk;. njhluhf Nehd;G Nehw;f mtu; rf;jp ngw;wpUf;ftpy;iy vd;why; 60 ViofSf;F czT toq;f Ntz;Lk;.

3. ,e;jpupaj;ij ntspg;gLj;Jjy;:

Kj;jkpLtJ> Ra ,d;gk; miltJ Nghd;w fuzq;fshy; Ra tpUg;Gld; ,e;jpupaj;ij ntspg;gLj;JtJ. ,g;gbr; nra;gtd; mguhjkpd;wp Nehd;igf; fyhr; nra;J itf;f Ntz;Lk;. cwf;fj;jpy;> fdtpy; ,e;jpupak; ntspg;gLjyhy; Nehd;G KwpahJ.

4. ,uj;jj;ij ntspg;gLj;Jjy;:

clypypUe;J euk;G topahf ,uj;jj;ij ntspg;gLj;Jjy; my;yJ ,uj;j jhdk; nra;tjw;fhf ,uj;jj;ij ntspg;gLj;Jjy;. ,uj;jg; gupNrhjidf;fhf vLf;fg;gLk; Fiwthd ,uj;jj;jhy; Nehd;G KwpahJ. ,t;thNw cs; %f;F ciljy;> fhak;> gy; gpLq;Fjy; Nghd;w kUj;Jtk;> cly; eydpw;fhf mtrpak; nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;W nra;ag;gLgitfs; Ra tpUg;gkpd;wp ntspNaWk; ,uj;jk; ,itfshy; Nehd;G KwpahJ.

5. the;jp vLj;jy;:

Ntz;Lnkd;Nw the;jp vLj;jhy; Nehd;G Kwpe;J tpLk;. Ra tpUg;gkpd;wp the;jp te;jhy; Nehd;G KwpahJ. Nehd;ig Kwpj;JtpLk; ,f;fhupaq;fspy; xd;iw Nehd;ghsp njupe;jtdhf> QhgfKld; Ntz;Lnkd;Nw nra;jhy; mtd; Nehd;G Kwpe;J tpLk;. Nehd;gpd; rl;ljpl;lq;fis mwpahjtdhf my;yJ Neuk; njupahjtdhf ,Ue;jhy; mtd; mwpahjtd;> kwjpahfr; nra;J tpl;lhd; vd;gjhy; mtd; Nehd;G KwpahJ.   cjhuzkhf mjpfhiy Mftpy;iy vd vz;ZtJ my;yJ R+upad; kiwe;Jtpl;lJ vd vz;ZtJ ,d;Dk; ,J Nghd;wtw;iw nra;tJ Nghy. ,t;thNw xUtd; Ra tpUg;gkpd;wp epu;g;ge;jpf;fg;gl;ltdhf rhg;gpl;bUe;jhy; mtdJ Nehd;G G+uzkhfp tpLk;.

6. khjtplha;> gpurt ,uj;jk; ntspg;gLjy;:

xU ngz; vg;NghJ khjtplha;> gpurt ,uj;jj;ijf; fhz;fpwhNsh mg;NghNj mtsJ Nehd;G Kwpe;JtpLk;. khjtplha;> gpurt ,uj;jk; te;jtu;fs; Nehd;G Nehw;gJ `uhkhf ,Ug;gJ Nghy ukohDf;Fg; gpd;du; mtu;fs; tpl;l Nehd;Gfisf; fyhr; nra;J itg;gJ fl;lhakhFk;.

5. Nehd;ig Kwpf;fhjit

1. Fspj;jy;> ePe;Jjy;> ntg;gj;ij jzpj;Jf; nfhs;s jz;zPu; nfhz;L Fspu;r;rp mile;J nfhs;sy;.

2. mjpfhiy te;Jtpl;lnjd cWjpahfj; njuptJ tiu cz;gJ> Fbg;gJ> clYwT nfhs;tJ.

3. gy; Jyf;fy; (kp];thf; nra;jy;) gfypy; kp];thf; nra;tjhy; Nehd;gp;w;F ve;jf;FiwAk; Vw;glhJ. kl;Lkpd;wp mg;gb kp];thf; nra;tJ. K];j`g;ghd ($Lkhd) fhupaq;fspy; cs;sitahFk;.

4. czty;yhj `yhyhd ve;j kUe;J nfhz;Lk; itj;jpak; nra;J nfhs;tJ. FSf;Nfh];> tpl;lkpd; Crp my;yhj kw;w Neha;f;fhd rpfpr;irf;fhf Crp Nghl;Lf; nfhs;tJk; $Lk;. fz;> fhjpy; kUe;jpl;Lf; nfhs;tJk; mjd; Urpia njhz;ilapy; ngw;Wf; nfhz;lhYk; rup ,itfshy; Nehd;G KwpahJ. Rthr neUf;fbia ePf;f ];gpNu gad;gLj;JtjhYk; Nehd;G KwpahJ. tapw;wpw;F nry;yhky; czTfis ehthy; Urp ghu;g;gJk; Nehd;ig Kwpf;fhJ. tha; nfhg;gspg;gJ> ehrpf;F jz;zPu; nrYj;Jtjpy; Fw;wNkJkpy;iy. vdpDk; mtw;why; tapw;wpw;F ePu; nrd;Wtplhky; ghu;j;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,J Nghd;Nw thrid jputpaq;fis cgNahfpg;gJk;> Kfu;e;J ghu;g;gJk; Fw;wkpy;iy.

5. khjtplha;> gpurt ,uj;jk; epd;W tpl;lhy; mjpfhiy cjakhdjw;Fg;gpd;du; cs;s Neuk; tiu Fspg;gij gpw;gLj;jpf;nfhs;tJ $Lk;. gpd;du; mt;tpUtUk; /g[;Uj; njhOiff;fhff; Fspj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ngUe; njhlf;FilatUf;Fk; ,J Nghd;Wjhd;.

Nehd;gpd; Rd;dj;Jfs;

1. ]`u; nra;jy;:

egp (]y;) nrhd;dhu;fs; ']`u; czT cz;Zq;fs; epr;rakhf ]`u; cztpy; guf;fj; epiwe;Js;sJ" (Gfhup> K];ypk;)]`u; czit ,utpd; filrptiu gpw;gLj;JtJ Rd;dj;jhFk;. NkYk; egp (]y;) $wpdhu;fs; 'vdJ ck;kj;jtu; Nehd;G jpwg;gij jPtpug;gLj;jpAk;> ]`u; czit gpw;gLj;jpAk; tUk; tiu ed;ikapNyNa ,Ue;J nfhz;bUf;fpwhu;fs;" (m`;kj;)

2. Nehd;G jpwj;jy;:

R+upad; kiwe;J tpl;lnjd cWjpahf njupe;J tpl;lhy; Nehd;G jpwg;gij jPtpug;gLj;j Ntz;Lk; fdpe;j Ngupr;rk; gok; nfhz;L Nehd;G jpwg;gJ Rd;dj;jhFk;. mJ fpilf;fhj NghJ rhjhuzg; goq;fisf; nfhz;Lk;. mJTk; fpilf;fhj NghJ jz;zPu; nfhz;Lk; ,tw;wpy; vJTk; fpilf;fhj NghJ vJ fpilf;fpwNjh mijf; nfhz;Lk; Nehd;G jpwg;gJTk; Rd;dj;jhFk;.

3. JMr; nra;jy;:

Nehd;G Nehw;wpUf;Fk; NghJ Fwpg;ghf Nehd;G jpwf;Fk; rkak; JMr; nra;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. egp (]y;) mtu;fs; $wpdhu;fs;: %d;W JMf;fs; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sj;jf;fitahFk;. mitNehd;ghspapd; JM> mePjkpiof;fg;gl;ltdpd; JM> gazpapd; JM. (ig`fp) Nehd;ghsp ,utpy; njhOtJ mtrpakhFk; egp (]y;) mtu;fs; $wpdhu;fs;. ukohd; ,utpy; vtu; <khDlDk; ed;ikiaj; NjbatuhfTk; epd;W tzq;FfpwhNuh mtuJ Kd; nrd;w ghtq;fs; kd;dpf;fg;Lfpd;wd.juhtP`; njhOifia ,khKld;> G+u;j;jp nra;tJ mtrpakhFk;. egp (]y;) mtu;fs; $wpdhu;fs;: 'ahu; jdJ ,khKld;> mtu; njhOifia Kbj;J nry;fpwtiu njhOfpwhNuh mtUf;F ,uT KOtJk; epd;W tzq;fpa ed;ik mtUf;F gjpT nra;ag;gLfpwJ. (Rdd; cilatu;fs; ,ij mwptpf;fpwhu;fs;)

,d;Dk; ukohdpy; ju;kk; nra;tij mjpfg;gLj;JtJk;. mtrpakhFk; egp (]y;) mtu;fs; $wpdhu;fs; ju;kq;fspy; jiy rpwe;j ju;kk; ukohdpy; nra;ag;gLk; ju;kkhFk; (jpu;kpjp) NkYk; ukohdpy; Fu;Md; XJtjpy; ftdk; nrYj;JtJ mtrpakhFk;> Vnddpy; ukohd; Fu;Md; khjkhFk;. Fu;Md; XJgtUf;F xt;nthU vOj;Jf;fSf;Fk; xU ed;ikf;F mJ Nghd;w gj;J klq;FfSk; cz;L.

Kf;fpaf;Fwpg;Gfs;

1. xU fh/gpu; ukohdpd; gfypy; ,];yhkhfptpl;lhy; kPjKs;s Neuj;jpy; cz;gJ> Fbg;gij jLj;Jf; nfhs;tJ fl;lhakhFk;. mij mtu; fyhr; nra;a Ntz;baJkpy;iy.

2. Nehd;G itg;gjhf ,utpNyNa vz;zpf; nfhs;tJ fl;lhakhFk;. mJ mjpfhiyf;F Kd;Gs;s ,utpd; ve;j Neuj;jpyhdhYk; rup. ,J /gu;yhd Nehd;gpw;F kl;Lk;jhd;. Rd;dj;> e/gpyhd Nehd;gpw;F mjpfhiy cjpj;j gpd;dUk; epa;aj; itj;Jf; nfhs;tJk; $Lk;. mJ R+upad; cau;e;j gpd;duhapDk; rupNa. MapDk; mtu; gfypy; VJk; cz;zhkypUg;gJ epge;jidahFk;.

3. Nehd;ghsp Nehd;G jpwf;Fk; Neuj;jpy; jdf;Fg; gpupakhdtw;iwj; JMr; nra;J nfhs;tJ tpUk;gj;jf;fjhFk;. egp (]y;) mtu;fs; $wpdhu;fs;: 'Nehd;ghsp Nehd;G jpwf;Fk; Neuj;jpy; Nfl;Fk; JM kWf;fg;gl khl;lhJ. 'my;yh`{k;k yf;f]{k;J t myh up];f;fpf;f m/g;ju;j;J" vd;w JM `jP]py; te;Js;sJ. nghUs;: ,iwth cdf;fhfNt Nehd;G Nehw;Nwd;> cdJ czT nfhz;Nl Nehd;G jpwe;Njd;.

4. gfypd; ,ilapy; Nehd;G te;Jtpl;lnjd mwpe;Jtpl;ltu; vQ;rpapUf;Fk; Neuj;jpy; cz;gJ> Fbg;gij jtpu;j;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.gpd;du; me; Nehd;ig fyhr; nra;tJk; fl;lhakhFk;.

5. fyh Nehd;Gs;stu; nghWg;ig ePf;fpf;nfhs;s jPtpuk; fhl;LtJk; tpUk;gj;jf;fjhFk;. gpw;gLj;JtJk; $Lk;. tpLgl;l Nehd;Gfisj; njhluhfNth tpl;L tpl;Nlh fyhr; nra;tJ $Lnkd;gJ Nghy kW ukohd; tUk; tiu vt;tpjf; fhuzKkpd;wp gpw; gLj;jf; $lhJ.

jhutP`; njhKif

juhtp`; vd;gJ ukohd; ,utpy; [kh mj;jhfj; njhOk; xU njhOifahFk;. mjd; Neuk; ,\hj; njhOif njhOjjpypUe;J mjpfhiy cjpf;Fk; tiuAs;s NeukhFk;. ukohd; ,utpy; njhOk;gb egp (]y;) mtu;fs; Mu;t%l;bAs;shu;fs;. juhtp`; njhOifapd; Rd;dj;jhd vz;zpf;if 11 uf; mj;fshFk; xt;nthU ,U uf; mj;Jfspy; ryhk; nfhLj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. 11 uf; mj;fSf;F Nky; mjpfkhf;fp njhOtjpy; Fw;wkpy;iy. juhtp`; njhOif elj;Jtjpy;  Rd;dj; njhOifahspfSf;F rpukk; Vw;glhj mstpy; ePl;b epjhdkhfj; njhOtjhFk;. Fog;gk; Vw;glhky; ,Uf;Fk; vd;why; juhtp`; njhOiff;F ngz;fs; gs;spf;F tUtjpy; Fw;wkpy;iy. vdpDk; mtu;fs; mofyq;fhuq;fis ntspg;gLj;jhkYk; thridg; G+rpf; nfhs;shkYk; jq;fis KOtJk; %b kiwj;jtu;fshf tUtJ epge;jidahFk;.

Rd;dj;jhd Nehd;G

uR+y; (]y;) mtu;fs; gpd; tUk; ehl;fspy; Nehd;G Nehw;f Mu;t%l;b cw;rhfg;gLj;jp ,Uf;fpwhu;fs;.

1. \t;thy; khj MW Nehd;Gfs;> egp (]y;) mtu;fs; $wpdhu;fs;: xUtu; ukohdpy; Nehd;G Nehw;W mijj; njhlu;e;J \t;thy; khjk; MW Nehd;Gfs; Nehw;why; mtu; fhynky;yhk; Nehd;G Nehw;wtu; Nghyhthu; (K];ypk;)

2. gpujp jpq;fs; kw;Wk; tpahof;fpoikfs;.

3. xt;nthU khjj;jpYk; %d;W ehl;fs; mit ma;ahKy; gPy; vDk; Gdpj ehl;fshFk;. mjhtJ khjj;jpd; 13>14>15 Mfpa %d;W ehl;fshFk;.

4. K`u;uk; khjj;jpd; gj;jhk; ehs;. ,jw;F Kd;dhYs;s my;yJ gpd;dhYs;s xU ehs; Nru;j;J Nehd;G Nehw;gJ tpUk;gj;jf;fjhFk;.

5. mu/gh ehs; (Jy;`[; khjk; 9 k; ehs;).

Nehd;G Nehw;fj; jLf;fg;gl;l (`uhkhd) ehl;fs;.

1. ,uz;L ngUehl;fs;> Nehd;Gg; ngUehs; kw;Wk; `[;[{g; ngUehs;

2. j\;uPf;Fila %d;W ehl;fs; mit Jy;`[; khjj;jpd; 11>12>13 Mfpa %d;W jpdq;fshFk;. ,r;rl;lj;jpypUe;J Fu;ghdpg; gpuhzpiag; ngw;Wf; nfhs;shj `[;[{f; fpuhd;> `[;[{j; jkj;J/ nra;jtu;fs; tpjp tpyf;Fg; ngWthu;fs;.

3. khj tplha;> gpurt ,uj;jKila ehl;fs;.

4. fztd; CupypUf;Fk; rkak; mtdJ mDkjpapd;wp Nehd;G Nehw;ff; $lhJ. egp (]y;) mtu;fs; $wpdhu;fs;: xU ngz; mtsJ fztd; CuppypUf;Fk; rkak; mtdJ mDkjpapd;wp ukohd; my;yhj fhyq;fspy; Nehd;G Nehw;ff; $lhJ (Gfhup> K];ypk;)

[fhj;Jy; /gpj;u; (<if tup)

[fhj;Jy; /gpj;u; vd;gJ ukohd; Nehd;G Nehw;wtu; toq;f Ntz;ba xU fl;lha ju;kkhFk;

[fhj;Jy; /gpj;u; K];ypkhd rpwpatu;> nghpatu; Mz;> ngz; midtu; kPJk; flikahFk;. xUtu; mij jdf;Fk; jhd;id rhu;e;jtu;fSf;Fk; nfhLg;gJ mtupd; kPJ fl;lhakhFk;.

[fhj;Jy; /gpj;U Nehd;ghspf;F mtuJ Nehd;gpy; Vw;gl;Ltpl;;l jtWfis J}a;ikg; gLj;jp tpLk;.,J ViofSf;F ngUehs; czthfTk; Nehd;G> ,uTj; njhOif ,d;Dk; ,itay;yhj ey;ywq;fis KOikg; gLj;Jtjw;fhf my;yh`; mUspa ghf;fpaj;jpw;fhf ed;wp nra;tij ntspg;gLj;JtJkhFk;.

,jd; msT ,uz;liuf; fpNyhthFk;. ,j;ju;kk; Cupy; czthf gad; gLj;jf; $ba NfhJik>Ngupr;rk; gok;> jpuhl;irg;gok;> muprp Nghd;wtw;wpypUe;J nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,jw;fhd fpuaj;ijNah my;yJ kdpju;fs; czthf gad; gLj;jhj Milfs; tpupg;Gfs;> ghj;jpuq;fs; Nghd;wtw;iw nfhLg;gJ $lhJ.

,ijf; nfhLg;gjw;fhd rpwg;ghd Neuk; ngUehs; njhOifapd; RG`; NeuKk;> ngUehs; njhOiff;F Ke;jpAs;s NeuKkhFk;. fhuzkpd;wp ngUehs; njhOiff;F gpd;du; nfhLj;jhy; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;glkhl;lhJ. mJ rhjhuzkhf nfhLf;fpd;w Vida ju;kq;fs; Nghd;w xU ju;kkhf MfptLk;. [fhj;Jy; /gpj;uhf MfhJ. ngUehspw;F XupU ehl;fs;  Kd;dhy; nfhLg;gJ $Lk;. xNu Viof;F gyupd; ju;kj;ijf; nfhLg;gJ $Lk;.

vy;NyhUk; Nehd;G Nehw;W Gdpj khjk; ukohdpd; KOg;gyidAk; milNthkhf. my;yh`; kpf;f mwpe;jtd;.

H 4
Previous Home Contents Next Top