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njhOifia Kwpj;JtpLk; fhhpaq;fs;


1. x@it Kwpg;git midj;Jk; njhOifia Kwpj;JtpLk;.

fhuzk;> njhOiff;F x@ fl;lhakhFk;> x@tpy;yhJ njho KbahJ. egptopapy; ek; njhOifg; gFjpapy; x@itg; gw;wp $Wkplj;J ehk; Kd;Ng ,ij mwpe;Js;Nshk;.

2. njhOifapd; gHSfspy; mj;jpahtrpakhdtw;wpy; xd;iw kwjpapd;wp Ntz;Lnkd;Nw tpl;LtpLjy;.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; fpuhkthrp xUtH njhOifia Kiwg;gb njhohJ> epiy> U$/> ]{[_J Kjypa njhOifapy; gHshAs;stw;iw miuFiwahd tifapy; nra;J njhOj NghJ mtiu Nehf;fp kPz;Lk; ePH njhOtPuhf! Vnddpy; ePH njhotpy;iy vd;W $wpAs;shHfs;. (mg+`{iuuh(uop)> GfhhP> K];ypk;)

3. kwjpapd;wp Ntz;Lnkd;Nw cz;zy;> Fbj;jy; Mfpait

xUtH kwjpahf cz;Ztjhy; my;yJ Fbg;gjhy; njhOif KwpahJ.

vq;fs; ul;rfNd! ehq;fs; kwe;jpUg;gpDk; my;yJ jtW nra;jpUg;gpDk; vq;fisf; Fw;wk; gpbj;J tplhNj.

,t;trdk; mUsg;gl;lNghJ> my;yh`; ''rhp'' vd;W $wpajhf egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpAs;shHfs; vd;gjhfTk;> ,g;D mg;gh];(uop) mtHfspd; mwptpg;gpy; ''epr;rakhf ehd; nra;J tpl;Nld;'' vd;W my;yh`; $wpdhd; vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpAs;shHfs; vd;Wk; cs;sJ. (mg+`{iuuh(uop)> ,g;D mg;gh];(uop)> K];ypk;)

MfNt ,t;twptpg;gpd; gb ehk; kwjpahfNth my;yJ jtWjyhfNth nra;gtw;iw my;yh`; kd;dpj;J tpLfpwhd; vd;gd mwpfpNwhk;.

4. kwjpapd;wp Ntz;Lnkd;Nw NgRjy;:

ehq;fs; njhOifapy; NgRgtHfshapUe;J nfhz;bUe;Njhk; vq;fspy; xUtH jkf;F mLj;Js;s eghplk; njhOk; NghJ (rhjhuzkhfg;) Ngrpf; nfhz;bUg;ghH. ,e;epiyapy;> ''my;yh`;tpd; Kd;dpiyapy; cs;sr;rg;ghl;Lld; epy;Yq;fs;'' (2:238) vDk; trdk; mUsg;gl;lJ. mg;NghJ jhd; ehq;fs; (njhOifapy;) trdk; mUsg;gl;lJ. mg;NghJ jhd; ehq;fs; (njhOifapy;) nksdkhf ,Uf;Fk;gb Vtg;gl;L> Ngrf;$lhJ vd jil tpjpf;fg;gl;Nlhk;. (i[Jgpd; mHf;fk;(uop)> GfhhP> K];ypk;> jpHkpjP> mg+jhj;> e]aP> ,g;Dkh[h)

egp(]y;) mtHfs; njhOifapy; ,Uf;Fk;NghJ mtHfSf;F '']yhk;'' $wpf;nfhz;bUe;Njhk;. mjw;F mtHfs; gjpy; $wpf; nfhz;L ,Ue;jhHfs;. gpd;dH e[;[h murhplkpUe;J ehq;fs; jpUk;gp te;jNghJ> egp(]y;) mtHfSf;F ]yhk; $wpNdhk;. Mdhy; mtHfs; mjw;F gjpy; $wtpy;iy. mg;NghJ my;yh`;tpd; J}jNu! (ePq;fs;) njhOk; NghJ cq;fSf;F ehq;fs; '']yhk;'' $wpf;nfhz;bUe;jPHfs;. mjw;F mtHfs; gjpy; $wpf;nfhz;L ,Ue;jhHfs;. gpd;dH e[;[h murhplkpUe;J ehq;fs; jpUk;gp te;jNghJ> egp(]y;) mtHfSf;F ]yhk; $wpNdhk;. Mdhy; mtHfs; mjw;F gjpy; $wtpy;iy mg;NghJ my;yh`;tpd; J}jNu! (ePq;fs;) njhOk; NghJ cq;fSf;F ehq;fs; '']yhk;'' $wpf; nfhz;bUe;Njhk;. jhq;fSk; mjw;F gjpy; nrhy;ypf; nfhz;bUe;jPHfs;> (,g;NghJ vd;d) vd;W Nfl;Nlhk;. mjw;F mtHfs; ''epr;rakhf njhOifapy; (,jy;yhj) NtW Ntiy ,Uf;fpwJ'' vd;W $wpdhHfs;. (,g;D k];Cj;(uop)> GfhhP> K];ypk;)

5. xUtH rl;lk; mwpahky; jhk; njhOk;NghJ Ngrptpl;lhy; njhOif KwpahJ:

ehd; egp(]y;) mtHfNshL njhOJ nfhz;bUe;Njd;. mg;NghJ $l;lj;jpy; xUtH Jk;kpdhH. mjw;F ehd; ''aH`Kf;fy;yh`;'' -my;yh`; ckf;F mUs;Ghpthdhf! vd;Nwd;. clNd mq;Fs;NshH midtUk; vd;idf; $He;J ghHj;jhHfs;. mg;NghJ ehd; ''Vd; vd;id ePq;fs; ,t;thW Kiwj;Jg; ghHf;fpwPHfs;? cq;fs; jha;khHfs; cq;fis ,of;ff; fltJ'' vd;Nwd;. mt;NghJ mtHfs; jk; njhilfspy; jkJ iffis mbj;jhHfs;. mtHfs; vd;id nksdkhf ,Uf;Fk;gb rkpf;if nra;tjhf czHe;J ehd; nksdkhf ,Ue;J nfhz;Nld;.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; njhOJ Kbj;jTld;> my;yh`;tpd; kPJ Mizahf vd;id mtHfs; mjl;lNth> mbf;fNth> VrNth> NgrNth nra;atpy;iy. vdJ jhiaAk;> je;ijiaAk; mtHfSf;F mHg;gzpf;fpNwd;. mtHfSf;F Kd;dUk;> gpd;dUk; mtHfis tplr; rpwe;jnjhU mofhd Nghjfiu ehd; fz;lNjapy;iy.

mg;NghJ mtHfs; vd;id Nehf;fp> epr;rakhf ,j;njhOifahdJ ,jpy; kdpjHfspd; Ngr;Rf;Fk; ,lkpy;iy njhOif vd;why; ''j];gP`;'' nra;jy;> jf;gPH $wy;> FHMd; (KMtpaj;Jg;dpy; `f;fk;(uop)> K];ypk;> mg+jhj;> e]aP> m`;kj;)

Nkw;fhZk; `jP]py; ''xUtH jhk; njhOk;NghJ Ngrf;$lhJ'' vd;w rl;lk; njhpahj epiyapy; NgrpAs;shH. mij mwpe;j egp(]y;) mtHfs; mtiu kPz;Lk; njhOk;gb $whky;> njhOifapd; xOf;f Kiwfis kl;Lk; mtUf;Ff; fw;Wf; nfhLj;Js;shHfs; vd;gij mwpfpNwhk;. ,t;twptpg;gpd;gb rl;lk; njhpahjtH njhOk;NghJ Ngrp tpl;lhy; mtuJ njhOif KwpahJ vd;gij mwpfpNwhk;.

6. xUtH jkJ njhOifapy; epfo;e;j jtiwr; Rl;bf; fhl;Lk; tifapy; NgrpdhYk; njhOif KwpahJ.

xUKiw egp(]y;) mtHfs; S`;iuNah my;yJ m];iuNah njho itj;jNghJ ,uz;lhtJ ufhmj;jpy; '']yhk;'' nfhLj;J tpl;lhHfs;. mg;NghJ ''Jy;aijd;'' vd;gtH my;yh`;tpd; J}jNu! njhOif Fiwf;fg;gl;L tpl;ljh? my;yJ ePq;fs; jhd; kwe;J tpl;BHfsh? vd;whH. mjw;F egp(]y;) mtHfs; ''njhOif Fiwf;fg;glTkpy;iy> ehd; kwe;J tplTkpy;iy'' vd;whHfs;. mjw;F kPz;Lk; mtH my;yh`;tpd; J}jNu!'' ,y;iy ePq;fs; jhk; kwe;J tpl;BHfs;'' vd;W $wpdhH. mg;NghJ egp(]y;) mtHfs; ''Jy;aijd; $WtJ cz;ikah?'' vd;W Nfl;lhHfs;. midtUk; ''Mkhk;'' vd;wdH. gpd;dH egp(]y;) mtHfs; (tpLgl;Ls;s) ,uz;L ufhmj;JfisAk; njhOJtpl;L 2 ][;jhf;fs; nra;jhHfs;. (mg+`{iuuh(uop)> GfhhP> K];ypk;)

Nkw;fhZk; mwptpg;gpy; egp(]y;) mtHfSk;> kw;WKs;NshUk; jkJ njhOiff;F kj;jpapy; NgrpAs;shHfs;. vt;thnwdpy;> eP ufhmj;Jj; njhOifapy; 2tJ ufhmj;jpy; kwjpahf egp(]y;) mtHfs; '']yhk;'' nfhLj;J tpl;lhHfs;. mg;NghJ njhOjtHfspy; xUtH jtWjy; gw;wp Nfs;tp Nfl;f> mjw;F egp(]y;) mtHfs; mjw;F gjpy; $w ,t;thW ,uz;L ufhmj;Jfs; kl;Lk; njhOJtpl;L 3tJ> 4tJ ufhmj;Jfs; njhOtjw;F Kd;Ng ,ilapy; NgrpAs;shHfs;.

Mdhy; mtHfspd; Ngr;Rf;fs; midj;Jk; jkJ njhOifapy; epfo;e;Js;s jtiwr; rhp nra;J nfhs;tJ rk;ge;jkhfNt ,Ue;Js;sd. MfNt mtHfs; ,t;thW jkf;Fs; Ngrpf;nfhz;ljhy; njhOif Kwpatpy;iy. mt;thW mtHfs; Ngrpajhy; njhOif Kwpe;jpUf;Fkhapd;> mtHfs; kPz;Lk; 4 ufhmj;Jfs; KOikahf njhOjpUg;ghHfs;. mt;thwpd;wp tpLgl;Ls;s kPJ 2 ufhmj;Jfis kl;LNk njhOJs;shHfs;. ,jpypUe;J mtHfs; njhOif Kwpatpy;iy vd;gij mwpfpNwhk;.

7. njhOk; NghJ kpjpab Kjypatw;wpy; mRj;jk; ,Ug;gJ njhpe;J> cld; mij mfw;wptpl;lhy; njhOif KwpahJ.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; jkJ ]`hghf;fSf;F njho itj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk;NghJ> jkJ kpjpabiaf; fow;wp jkJ tyg;Gwj;jpy; itj;jhHfs;. mg;NghJ kw;wtHfSk; jkJ kpjpabfisf; fow;wp itj;J tpl;lhHfs;. egp(]y;) mtHfs; jkJ njhOifia epidT nra;Jtpl;L> mtHfis Nehf;fp> Vd; ePq;fs; cq;fs; kpjpabfisf; fow;wp tpl;BHfs;? vd;whHfs;. mjw;F mtHfs; ''ePq;fs; jq;fspd; kpjpabfisf; fow;wp itg;gijg; ghHj;J ehq;fSk; vq;fs; kpjpabfisf; fow;wp itg;gijg; ghHj;J ehq;fSk; vq;fs; kpjpabfisf; fow;wp itj;Jtpl;Nlhk;'' vd;whHfs;. mg;NghJ egp(]y;) mtHfs; vd;dplk; [pg;hPy;(miy) te;J kpjpab mRj;jkhapUg;gjhff; $wpdhH (mjdhy; mtw;iwf; fow;wp tpl;Nld;.) vd;whHfs;. (mg+]aPjpy; Fj;hP(uop)> mg+jhj;)

8. njhOiff;F rk;ge;jkpy;yhj nra;iffisj; njhOk;NghJ mjpf mstpy; nra;jy;:

,j;jifa nra;iffisf; Fiwe;j msT Njitf;Nfw;g nra;J nfhz;lhy; njhOif KwpahJ. ''mjpf msT> Fiwe;j msT'' vd;gjw;F msTNfhy; ''njhOifapd;NghJ MFkhd nray;fs;'' vd;w jiyg;gpy; NkNy ,lk; ngw;Ws;s egp(]y;) mtHfspd; nrhw;nray;fNsahFk;. ,tw;iw msTNfhyhff; nfhz;Nl xUtUila nra;if mjpf msT> Fiwe;j msT vd;gij epHzapf;fNtz;Lk;.

xU rpyH> njhOk; xUtH njhOiff;F rk;ge;jkpy;yhj nra;iffis epiy> U$/> ]{[_J Nghd;w fl;lq;fspy; xNu fl;lj;jpy; Kk;Kiw nra;J tpl;lhy; njhOif Kwpj;J tpLk; vd;k;d;wdH.

NtW rpyNuh> ''mt;thW nra;tjhy; njhOif KwpahJ'' vd;W $wptpl;L> xUtH njhOiff;F rk;ge;jkpy;yhj nraiyj; njhOifapy; mtH nra;J nfhz;bUf;Fk;NghJ mtiu J}uj;jpypUe;J ftdpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; xUthpd; ghHitapy; mtH njhOifapy; ,y;iy vd;W fUJk; msTf;F mtuJ nra;if ,Uf;Fkhdhy;> njhOif Kwpe;JtpLk; vd;k;d;wdH.

,tHfshff; $Wk; ,e;j msTNfhypd; gb ghHj;jhy; egp(]y;) mtHfs; jkJ Ngj;jpahd ckhkhitj; jkJ njhOifapy; epw;Fk;NghJ jkJ Njhspd; kPJ Rke;J nfhz;Lk; gpwF U$/Tf;Fr; nry;Yk;NghJ fPNo ,wf;fpf; nfhz;Lk;> J}f;fj; Njhspd;kPJ itj;Jf; nfhz;Lk; ,Ue;jhHfs; vd;gij J}uj;jpypUe;J ftdpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; xUthpd; ghHitapy; egp(]y;) mtHfs; njhOifapy; ,y;iy vd;W jhd; Gyg;gLk;. ,jdhy; egp(]y;) mtHfspd; njhOif Kwpe;J tpl;lJ vd;w KbTf;F tu KbAkh? MfNt ehk; NkNy Fwpg;gpl;Ls;sthW rhpahd msTNfhy; ,J rk;ge;jkhf `jP]pd; fhzg;gLk; nrhw; nray;fNsahFk;.

9. njhOk;NghJ rg;jkpl;Lr; rphpj;jy;:

ehq;fs; njhOifapy; NgRgtHfshapUe;J nfhz;bUe;Njhk;. vq;fspy; xUtH jkf;F mLj;Js;s eghplk; njhOk;NghJ (rhjhuzkhfg;) Ngrpf; nfhz;bUg;ghH. ,e;epiyapy; jhd; ''my;yh`;tpd; Kd;dpiyapy; cs;sr;rg;ghl;Lld; epy;Yq;fs;'' (2:238) vDk; trdk; mUsg;gl;lJ. mg;NghJ ehq;fs; (njhOifapy;) nksdkhf ,Uf;Fk;gb Vtg;gl;L Ngrf;$lhJ vd jil tpjpf;fg;gl;Nlhk;. (i[Jgpd; mHf;fk;(uop)> GfhhP> K];ypk;> jpHkpjP> mg+jhj;> e]aP> ,g;Dkh[h)

[hgpH(uop) mtHfsplk; njhOk;NghJ rg;jkpl;Lr; rphpf;Fk; xUthpd; epiy gw;wp Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. mg;NghJ mtH njhOifia (kl;Lk;) kPl;l Ntz;Lk;. x@it kPz;Lk; nra;a Ntz;bajpy;iy vd;W $wpdhHfs;.

Nkw;fhZk; trdj;jpy; njhOgtH cs;sr;rg;ghl;Lld; epw;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W typAWj;jg;gl;bUg;gNjhL> `jP]py; nksdkhapUf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gjhfTk; fl;lis ,lg;gl;Ls;sJ. MfNt rg;jkpl;Lr; rphpg;gjhdJ cs;sr;rj;jpw;Fk;> nksdkhapUg;gjw;Fk; Gwk;ghd nrayhapUg;gjhy; njhOifia Kwpj;JtpLfpwJ.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; njho itj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk;NghJ> ghHitf; Nfhshwpdhy; gs;spapy; gpuNtrpj;j xUtH gf;fj;jpypUe;j gs;sj;jpy; jLkhwp tpOe;J tpl;lhH. mg;NghJ egp(]y;) mtHfNshL njhOJ nfhz;bUe;Njhhpy; mNefH jhk; njhOk; NghNj (mtH tpOe;jijg; ghHj;J) rg;jkpl;Lr; rphpj;J tpl;lhHfs;. mg;NghJ egp(]y;) mtHfs; mt;thW rphpj;jtHfis Nehf;fp mtHfs; x@itAk; kPl;l Ntz;Lk;. njhOifiaAk; kPl;l Ntz;Lk; vd;W fl;lisapl;lhHfs;. (mg+%]h(uop)> jg;uhdP)

Nkw;fhZk; ,t;twpg;ig Mjhukhff; nfhz;L rpyH njhOk; NghJ xUtH rg;jkpl;Lr; rphpj;J tpl;lhy;> mtH jkJ njhOifia kPl;LtJld;> jkJ x@itAk; kPl;bahf Ntz;Lk; vd;W $Wk;d;wdH. Mdhy; ,e;j `jP]pd; mwptpg;ghsH njhlhpy; ngUk;ghNyhH ek;gfkhdtuhapUg;gpDk; xU rpy ek;gfkw;wtUk; ,lk; ngw;wpUg;gjhy; mij Mjhukhff; nfhs;sg;gl khl;lhJ. (k[;kc[;[thapj;> ghfk; 2> gf;fk; 85)

10. rg;jkpy;yhJ Gd;KWtyhfr; rphpj;jtH njhOifapd; epiy:

''rg;jkpd;wp Gd;KWtyhfr; rphpg;gjhdJ njhOifia Kwpf;fhJ. Mdhy; rg;jkpl;Lr; rphpg;gjhdJ njhOifia Kwpf;Fk;'' vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs $wpAs;shHfs;. ([hgpH(uop)> jg;uhdP)

11. ,iwmr;rj;jpd; fhuzkhf rg;jkpl;L mOtjhy; njhOif KwpahJ:

u`;khDila trdq;fs; mtHfspd; kPJ Xjg;gl;lhy; mtHfs; mOjtHfshfTk;> ]{[_J nra;jtHfshfTk; tpOthHfs;. (19:58)

ehd; egp(]y;) mtHfs; njhOJ nfhz;bUf;Fk;NghJ mOifapd; fhuzj;jhy; mtHfspd; neQ;rpypUe;J nrk;Gg;ghj;jpuj;jpypUe;J tUk; rg;jj;ijg; Nghd;wnjhU rg;jk; tUtijf; fz;Nld;. (mg;Jy;yh`p\; f;fPH(uop)> mg+jhj;> e]aP> m`;kj;)

''jpUifapd; rg;jj;ijg; Nghd;wnjhU rg;jj;ijf; fz;Nld; vd;W mg+jhjpy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s mwptpg;gpy; fhzg;gLfpwJ.

egp(]y;) mtHfSf;F tpahjp fLikahapUe;j NghJ> mtHfsplk; njhOif gw;wpf; $wg;gl;lJ. mg;NghJ mtHfs; ''mg+gf;U mtHfis kf;fSf;F njho itf;Fk;gb $Wq;fs;'' vd;whHfs;. mg;NghJ ''mg+gf;U mtHfs; ,sfpa cs;sk; gilj;jtHfs;. mtHfs; FHMid Xjpdhy; mOif mtHfis kpifj;JtpLk;'' vd;W Map\h(uop) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. mg;NghJ egp(]y;) mtHfs; ''mtiuj; njho itf;Fk;gb $Wq;fs;'' vd;whHfs;. (RUf;fk;) (,g;DckH(uop)> GfhhP)

xUtH jhk; njhOJ nfhz;bUf;Fk;NghJ> ,iw mr;rj;jpd; fhuzkhfNth my;yJ jkJ Neha;> nehk;gyk;> Jd;gk;> Jauk; Kjypatw;iwj; jk;khy; jhq;fpf; nfhs;s ,ayhjjjd; fhuzkhfNth rg;jkpl;L mOJtpl;lhy; njhOif KwpahJ. mt;thW mtH rg;jkpl;L mOk;NghJ ''M`;'' vd;gd Nghd;w ,uz;L vOj;Jf;fisf; nfhz;Ls;s thHj;ijfs; ehtpypUe;J te;Jtpl;lhYk; njhOif KwpahJ.

fhuzk;> ,iw mr;rj;jhy; mOtjhdJ njhOiff;F cld;ghlhd nraNy> mjdhy; njhOif KwpahJ. ,t;thNw Neha;> nehk;gyk;> Jd;gk;> Jauk; Kjypa fhuzq;fshy; rg;jkpl;L mOtjhYk; njhOif KwpahJ. Vnddpy; ,tw;wpw;fhf xUtH mOfpwhH vd;why;> ,tw;wpd; f\;lq;fis jk;khy; jhq;fpf; nfhs;s Kayhjjd; fhuzkhfNt mOfpwhH. ,e;epiyapy; ''mtuJ njhOif Kwpe;JtpLk;'' vd;W $Wtjw;F FHMd; `jP]; Mfpatw;wpd; thapyhf NghJkhd Kiwahd Mjhuk; vJTkpy;iy.

''my;yh`; ve;j xU Mj;khTf;Fk; mJ jhq;fpf; nfhs;s Kbahj msT f\;lj;ijf; nfhLg;gjpy;iy'' (2:286)

,t;trdj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; ghHf;Fk;NghJ ,t;tpjkhd ,f;fl;lhd epiyapy; rg;jkpl;L mOgthpd; njhOif Kwpe;J tplhJ vd;gij mwpfpNwhk;.

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