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]{[_J];]`;T - kwjpf;fhd ][;jhf;fs;


]{[_J];]`;T - vd;why; vd;d?

ehk; njhOk;NghJ> kwjpahf epfOk; $Ljy;> FiwAjy; Kjypatw;iw eptHj;jpr; nra;tjw;fhf njhOifapd; ,Wjpapy; nra;ag;gLk; ,U ][;jhf;fshFk;.

'']{[_J];]`;T'' vt;thW nra;a Ntz;Lk;?

]{[_J];]`;T nra;tjw;F ,U Kiwfs; cs;sd.

1. njhOifapd; ,Wjpapy; ]yhk; $Wtjw;F Kd; 2 ][;jhf;fs; nra;Jtpl;L gpd;dH ]yhk; $Wjy;. 2. njhOifapd; ,Wjpapy; xU ]yhk; $wptpl;L gpd;dH 2 ][;jhf;fs; nra;Jtpl;L kPz;Lk; ]yhk; $Wjy;.

,t;tpU Kiwfspy; vjidAk; vLj;J mky; nra;J nfhs;syhk;. Vnddpy; ,t;tpU KiwfSf;FNk ]`P`hd `jP];fs; MjhukhAs;sd.

'']{[_J];]`;T'' nra;a Ntz;ba re;jHg;gq;fs;:

1. Kjy; ,Ug;gpy; (eL ,Ug;gpy;) cl;fhuhky; vOe;Jtpl;lhy; (]{[_J];]`;T nra;a Ntz;Lk;)

xU Kiw egp(]y;) mtHfs; jhk; ,uz;lhtJ ufhmj;jpypUe;J cl;fhuky; vOe;J tpl;lhHfs;. mtHfSld; (NrHe;J) kf;fSk; vOk;gp tpl;lhHfs;. egp(]y;) mtHfs; njhOifia Kbf;Fk; jUthapy;> kf;fs; egp(]y;) mtHfs; ]yhk; nfhLg;gij vjpHghHj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghJ> mtHfs; jhk; ]yhk; nfhLg;gjw;F Kd; jf;gPH nrhy;yp> 2 ][;jhf;fs; nra;Jtpl;L gpd;dH ]yhk; $wpdhHfs;. (,g;DGd`dh(uop)> ghlk;: ]{[_J];]`;T> GfhhP> K];ypk;)

2) njhOifapy; re;Njfk; Vw;gl;L tpl;lhy;>

vJ rhpahdJ vd;w KbTf;F te;J> mjd;gb njhOifia epiwT nra;Jtpl;L gpd;dH mjw;fhf ]{[_J];]`;T nra;a Ntz;Lk;.

cq;fspy; xUtUf;F jkJ njhOifapy; re;Njfk; Njhd;wptpl;lhy;> vJ rhpahdJ vd;w KbTf;F te;J> mjd;gb njhOifia epiwT nra;Jtpl;L> gpd;dH 2 ][;jhf;fs; nra;J nfhs;thuhf! vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpAs;shHfs;. (,g;Dk];Cj;(uop)> K];ypk;> mg+jhj;> e]aP> ,g;Dkh[h)

3. vJ rhpahdJ? vd;gij jk;khy; CH[pjk; nra;a ,ayhtpby;>

re;Njfj;ij mfw;wptpl;L> jkf;F CH[pjkhdJ vJNth mjd;gb mky; nra;Jtpl;L> gpd;dH '']{[_J];]`;T'' nra;J nfhs;sNtz;Lk;.

cq;fspy; xUtUf;F jkJ njhOifapy; re;Njfk; Vw;gl;L ehk; njhOjJ %d;wh? my;yJ ehd;fh? vd;gJ mtUf;Fg; Gyg;gltpy;iy vd;why;> clNd mtH re;Njfj;ij mfw;wptpl;L> ekf;F cWjpahdjd;gb> njhOJ Kbj;J> gpd;dH jhk; ]yhk; $WKd;> 2 ][;jhf;fs; nra;J nfhs;thuhf!

mtH 5 ufhmj;J njhOjtuhfptpl;lhy;> mtUila ,t;tpU ][;jhf;fSk; xU ufhmj;Jila epiyapy; Mk; (mtUila njhOif mtUf;F ,ul;ilahk; tpLfpwJ) (mt;thwpd;wp) mtH KOikahf ehd;F ufhmj;Jf;fs; njhOjtuhfptpl;lhy;> ehk; cghpahfr; nra;Js;s) 2 ][;jhf;fSk; i\j;jhdpd; Njhy;tpf;F XH vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf mike;J tpLk;d;wd. (mg+]aPjpy; Fj;hP(uop)> K];ypk;> m`;kj;)

cq;fspy; xUtUf;F jkJ njhOifapy; re;Njfk; Vw;gl;L> jhk; njhOjJ xU ufhmj;jh> my;yJ ,uz;lh? vd;gJ ekf;F Gyg;glhtpby; (,e;epiyapy; mtH xd;W njhOjJ jkf;F cWjpahapUg;gjhy;) mij xd;Wjhd; vd;W CH[pjk; nra;J mjd;gb ele;J nfhs;sNtz;Lk;. ,t;thNw jhk; njhOjJ ,uz;lh> my;yJ %d;wh? vd;gJ Ghpahtpl;lhy;> (Nkw;fz;lthW) 2 jhd; vd;W CH[pjk; nra;J mjd;gb ele;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,t;thW jhk; njhOjJ %d;wh? my;yJ ehd;fh? vd;gJ Ghpahtpl;lhy;> %d;Wjhd; vd;W CH[pjk; nra;J mjd;gb mky; nra;Jtpl;L> gpd;dH jhk; ]yhk; $Wtjw;F Kd; 2 ][;jhf;fs; nra;J nfhs;sNtz;Lk; vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpAs;shHfs;. (mg;JHu`;khd; mt;/g;(uop)> jpHkpjP)

,t;twptpg;G ,jw;F Kd;dhy; cs;s mwptpg;Gf;F tpsf;fkhf mike;Js;sijf; fhZfpNwhk;. Vnddpy; Ke;ija mwptpg;gpy; jkf;F re;Njfkhdij tpl;Ltpl;L> cWjpahdjd;gb ele;J nfhs;sNtz;Lk; vd;W $wg;gl;bUg;gjhy; mjw;Nfw;g> cWjpahdJ ,d;dnjd;gij ,t;thW jhd; njhpe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;w tifapy; xd;wh> ,uz;lh? my;yJ ,uz;lh> %d;wh> my;yJ %d;wh> ehd;fh? vd;gdtw;wpy; xUtUf;F re;Njfk; Vw;gl;L rw;W jLkhWk; epiy Vw;gl;Ltpl;lhy;> mjpfgl;rj;ij tpl;L tpl;L> Fiwe;j gl;rj;ij CH[pjg;gLj;jpf; nfhz;L mjd;gb ele;J nfhs;sNtz;Lk; vd;gij ,e;j mwptpg;G njspTgLj;JfpwJ.

4. xUtUf;F re;Njfk; jkJ njhOifapd; kj;jpapy; Vw;glhky;> Fwpg;ghf njhOifapd; filrp ,Ug;gpy; ,Uf;Fk;NghJ jhk; vj;jid ufhmj;Jf;fs; njhOJs;Nshk; vd;gNj Ghpahjtuhfptpl;lhy;> mjw;fhf mtH (filrp ,Ug;gpy;) jhk; cl;fhHe;jpUf;Fk; mNj epiyapy; 2 ][;jhf;fs; nra;Jtpl;L> gpd;dH ]yhk; nfhLf;fNtz;Lk;.

cq;fspy; xUtH jhk; njho Muk;gpj;Jtpl;lhy; i\j;jhd; (mthplk;) te;J> (gy rpe;jidfis cz;L gz;zptpl;L> mtiuf; Fog;Gthd;. (mjdhy;) mtH jhk; vt;tsT njhOJs;shH vd;gij Gyg;glhjtuhk; tpLthH. cq;fspy; xUtUf;F ,e;epiy Vw;gl;L tpl;lhy;> clNd mtH jhk; cl;fhHe;jpUf;Fk; mNj epiyapy; 2 ][;jhf;fs; nra;J nfhs;thuhf vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpAs;shHfs;. (mg+`{iuuh(uop)> ghlk;: ]{[_J];]`;T> GfhhP> K];ypk;)

cq;fspy; xUtUf;F kwjp Vw;gl;L> jhk; mjpfkhf njhOJs;shuh? my;yJ Fiwthf njhOJs;shuh? vd;gJk; Ghpatpy;iyahapd;> mg;NghJ mtH jhk; cl;fhHe;jpUf;Fk; mNj epiyapy; 2 ][;jhf;fs; nra;Jtpl;L> gpd;dH ]yhk; $Wthuhf! vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpAs;shHfs;. (a`;ahgpd; mgPfjPH(uop)> jhUFj;dP)

Nkw;fhZk; ,uz;L mwptpg;GfspYk; fhzg;gLk; ghpfhuKiw midtUf;Fk; nghJthd Kiw my;y vd;gij epidtpy; nfhs;Nthkhf! ,J xUtUf;F jkJ njhOifapd; kj;jpapy; vy;yhk; Vw;glhky;> jhk; njhOJ Kbf;Fk; jUthapy;> njhOifapd; filrp ,Ug;gpy; cl;fhHe;jpUf;Fk; NghJ jpBnud;W mtUf;Fj; Njhd;Wk; re;NjfkhFk;. mJTk; ,jw;F Kd; cs;s mwptpg;Gfspy; fhzg;gl;lijg; Nghd;Ws;s rhjhuzkhd re;Njfk; my;y. mtw;iwg; ghHf;fpDk; fLikahd tifapy; nghJthf jhk; njhOjit ,j;jid ufhmj;Jfs; jhd; vd;Nwh> $l;bj; njhOJs;Nshkh> my;yJ Fiwj;Jj njhOJs;Nshkh? vd;gij Ghpahj epiyapy;> (mJTk; filrp ,Ug;gpy; ]yhk; $Wtjw;F jahH epiyapy; ,Uf;Fk;NghJ Njhd;Wk;> kpfr; rpf;fyhd re;NjfkhFk;. ,j;jifa rpf;fyhd re;Njfj;ij cilatH jhd; Nkw;fhZk; ,uz;L `jP];fspYk; $wg;gl;lthW> jhk; cl;fhHe;jpUf;Fk; mNj epiyapy; 2 ][;jhf;fs; nra;Jtpl;L> gpd;dH ]yhk; $wp jkJ njhOifia epiwT nra;J nfhs;s Ntz;LNk md;wp> NtW vtUk; mt;thW nra;J nfhs;sf; $lhJ.

5) xUtH jhk; njho Ntz;ba ufhmj;Jfis tpl xU ufhmj; mjpfkhf njhOJ tpl;lhy; mg;NghJ mtHfs;> mg;gb vd;why; vd;d? vd;W Nfl;lhHfs;. mjw;F ePq;fs; 5 ufhmj;Jfs; njhoitj;J tpl;BHfs; vd;W xUtH $wpdhH. clNd jhk; ]yhk; $wptpl;L gpd;dH ][;jhf;fs; nra;jhHfs;. ghlk;: ]{[_J];]`;T. (,g;Dk];Cj;(uop)> GfhhP> K];ypk;)

,g;D hPd; mtHfsplj;jpy; egp(]y;) mtHfs; ]`;Tila ][;jhf;fs; nra;j gpd;dH kPz;Lk; ]yhk; nfhLj;jhHfsh? vd;W Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. mjw;F mtHfs; Mk;> egp(]y;) mtHfs; ][;jhf;fs; nra;Jtpl;L gpd;dH ]yhk; $wpdhHfs; vd;W ,k;uhd;gpd; `{i]d;(uop) mtHfs; jkf;F mwptpj;jjhf $wpdhHfs;.

MfNt> GfhhP> K];ypk; Mfpatw;wpy; fhzg;gLk; ,e;j ]`P`hd `jP]pd;gb egp(]y;) mtHfSf;F> jhk; njhOJ Kbj;j gpd;dH> ]{[_J];]`;T nra;a Ntz;ba #o;epiy Vw;gl;L> me;j ]{[_J];]`;T mtHfs; Kjypy; ]yhk; nfhLj;Jtpl;L gpwF nra;thHfNsahdhy;> mt;thW mtHfs; ][;jhf;fs; nra;jTld; ]yhk; $wptpLthHfs; vd;W kl;LNk cs;sJ.

,t;twptpg;gpd;gb> Kjypy; ]yhk; $wptpl;L gpd;dH 2 ][;jhf;fs; nra;gtH mt;thW mtH ][;jhf;fs; nra;J tpl;L> vOe;J cl;fhHe;jTld; ]yhk; $wp tpLtJ MFkhdjhapUg;gpDk;> mtH ''mj;j`pa;ahj;'' Xjptpl;L ]yhk; nfhLg;gNj NkyhdjhFk;.

Vnddpy; mj;j`pa;ahj; Xjptpl;L ]yhk; nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gjhf ,g;Dk];Cj;(uop)> mtHfs; thapyhf mg+jhj;> e]aP Mfpatw;wpYk;> KfPuh(uop) thapyhf ig`fPapy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s mwptpg;Gfs; gyfPdkhditahapUg;gpDk;> ''egp(]y;) mtHfs; ]{[_J];]`;T nra;j gpd;dH> ''mj;j`pa;ahj;'' Xjpa gpd;dNu ]yhk; nfhLg;ghHfs;'' vd;gjw;fhd ]`P`hd mwptpg;nghd;W ,g;D k];Cj;(uop) mtHfspd; thapyhfNth ''K]d;d/g; ,g;Di\gh''tpy; ,lk; ngw;wpUg;gjhf `hgpo; ]yh`{j;jPdpy; myhaP(u`;) mtHfs; $Wtjhf `hgpo; ,g;D `[;H(u`;) mtHfs; jkJ /gj;`{y;ghhPapy; vLj;Jf; $wpAs;shHfs;.

,g;D k];Cj;(uop) mtHfspd; thapyhf ]`P`; K];ypkpy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s kw;nwhU mwptpg;gpy; egp(]y;) mtHfs; kwjpahf 5 ufhmj;J njho itj;Jtpl;l NghJ> (jhk; k;g;yhtpd; gf;fk;) jpUk;gp 2 ][;jhf;fs; nra;Jtpl;L gpd;dH ]yhk; nfhLj;jhHfs; vd;Wk; cs;sJ.

MfNt> egp(]y;) mtHfs; jhk; kwjpahf 5 ufhmj;J njho itj;Jtpl;l epiyapy; ]{[_J];]`;Tf;Fhpa ,UKiwfspy; xU Kiwg;gb xU re;jHg;gj;jpYk;> kw;NwhH Kiwg;gb kW re;jHg;gj;jpYk; nra;Js;shHfs; vd;gjpypUe;J> ahUk; ,U Kiwfspy; xd;wpd;gb mky; nra;J nfhs;syhk; vd;gijj; njspthf mwpfpNwhk;.

xUtH jhk; njho Ntz;ba ufhmj;Jfspy; kwjpahf xd;iwNah> my;yJ ,uz;ilNah Fiwj;Jj; njhOJ tpl;lhy;> mtw;iw epiwT nra;Jtpl;L> ,Wjpapy; ]{[_J];]`;T nra;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

xU Kiw egp(]y;) mtHfs; m];U njho itj;jhHfs; mg;NghJ 3tJ ufhmj;jpy; ]yhk; nfhLj;Jtpl;L jkJ tPl;by; GFe;J tpl;lhHfs;. clNd ifjhuhsk; tha;e;j k;Hghf;(uop) mtHfs; vOe;J> my;yh`;tpd; J}jNu! vd;W mioj;J mtHfspd; elg;ig vLj;Jf; $wpdhH. mg;NghJ egp(]y;) mtHfs; MNtrj;Jld; jkJ Nky; Milia ,Oj;jtHfshf ntspapy; te;J> kf;fis Nehf;fp ,tH $WtJ cz;ikah? vd;whHfs;. midtUk; ''Mkhk;'' vd;wdH. clNd xU ufhmj;J njho itj;Jtpl;L> gpwF ]yhk; $wp> 2 ][;jhf;fs; nra;J gpd;dH ]yhk; nfhLj;jhHfs;. (,k;uhd;gpd; `{i]d;(uop)> K];ypk;)

xUKiw egp(]y;) mtHfs; vq;fSf;F m];U njho itf;Fk;NghJ> ,uz;lhtJ ufhmj;jpy; ]yhk; nfhLj;J tpl;lhHfs;. mg;NghJ ''Jy;aijd;'' vd;W miof;fg;gLk; xUtH vOe;J my;yh`;tpd; J}jNu! njhOif Fiwf;fg;gl;L tpl;ljh> my;yJ ePq;fs; kwe;J tpl;BHfsh? vd;W Nfl;lhH. mjw;F> mg;gb vy;yhk; vJTk; epfotpy;iy'' vd;whHfs;. mjw;F mtH my;yh`;tpd; J}jNu! ''mg;gb rpy kl;LNk epfo;e;Js;sd'' vd;whH. mg;NghJ egp(]y;) mtHfs; kf;fis Nehf;fp ''Jy;aijd;'' $WtJ cz;ikjhdh? vd;whHfs;. mjw;F my;yh`;tpd; J}jNu! 'Mkhk;' vd;wdH. clNd mtHfs; njhOifapy; tpLgl;ltw;iw epiwT nra;Jtpl;L> jhk; cl;fhHe;j epiyapy; ]yhk; nfhLj;j gpd;dH 2 ][;jhf;fs; nra;jhHfs;. (mg+`{iuuh(uop)> K];ypk;)

7 njhOifapy; kwjpahf ,uz;lhtJ ufhmj;ij tpl;Lk; vOk; xUtUf;F epidT te;J tpl;lhy;> mtH KOikahf vohj epiyapy; ,Ue;jhy;> clNd cl;fhHe;J nfhs;sNtz;Lk;. KOikahf vOe;J tpl;lhy; kPz;Lk; cl;fhuhky; jkJ njhOifia epiwT nra;J tpl;L ,Wjpapy; ]{[_J];]`;T nra;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

xU ,khk; ,uz;lhtJ ufhmj;jpy; (cl;fhuhky;) vOthuhdhy;> jhk; KOikahf vOtjw;F Kd; mtUf;F Qhgfk; te;J tpl;lhy; clNd mtH cl;fhHe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. (mt;thwpd;wp) mtH KOikahf vOe;J tpl;lhy; gpwF cl;fhUtJ $lhJ. mjw;fhf mtH jkJ (njhOifapd; ,Wjpapy;) kwjpf;Fhpa 2 ][;jhf;fs; nra;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. (KfPuj;Jgpd; \{/gh(uop)> mg+jhj;> ,g;Dkh[h)

,jd; mwptpg;Gj; njhlhpy; ''[hgpUy;[{m/gP'' vDk; ek;gfkw;w xUtH ,lk; ngw;wpUg;gjhy; ,ij gyfPdkhd mwptpg;ngd;W fUjg;gl;lhYk;> ,g;uh`Pk;gpd; j`;khd;> if]{g;dpHugP/ Mfpa ,UtUk; ''j`htP/gP\H`py; kMdp'' vDk; E}ypy; (ghfk; 1> gf;fk; 255-y;) fhzg;gLk; ,e;j `jP]pd; epiyia rhp fz;L> ,ij ]`P`hd mwptpg;ngd;W CH[pjk; nra;Js;sdH. (kp\;fhj; j`;fPf; my;ghdP ghfk; 1> gf;fk; 322) ]{[_J];]`;T (kwjpf;fhd ][;jhf;fs;) nra;Nthhpd; ftdj;jpw;F

1. ,khk; ,uz;lhtJ ufhmj;jpy; cl;fhuhky; kwjpahf vOe;Jtpl;lhy; mtiug; gpd;gw;wpj; njhONthUk; mt;thNw mtUld; vOk;gp tpl Ntz;Lk;.

xUKiw egp(]y;) mtHfs; S`H njhOifapy; ,uz;lhtJ ufhmj;jpy; cl;fhuhky; vOe;J tpl;lhHfs;. mg;NghJ mtHfSld; njhONjhUk; vOe;J tpl;lhHfs;. (`jP]; RUf;fk;) (,g;D Gi`dh(uop)> GfhhP> K];ypk;)

2. ,khk; jkJ kwjpf;fhf ]`;Tila ][;jhf;fs; nra;Ak; NghJ gpd;gw;wpj; njhONthUk; me;j ][;jhf;fs; nra;a Ntz;Lk;.

'',khk; ][;jh nra;jhy; ePq;fSk; ][;jh nra;Aq;fs;'' vd;W ,khKld; ][;jh nra;Ak;gb nghJthfNt egp(]y;) mtHfs; fl;lisapl;Ls;shHfs;. (`{ikjP(uop)> ghlk;: ,khkj;> K];ypk;)

3. kwjpf;fhd ][;jhf;fs; nra;Ak;NghJ> ][;jh nra;tjw;fhf jkJ jiyiaj; jho;j;Jk; NghJk;> mjpypUe;J jiyia caHj;Jk;NghJk; jf;gPH $w Ntz;Lk;.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; ehd;F ufhmj;Jfs; njho Ntz;bapUf;f> kwjpahy; 2tJ ufhmj;jpNyNa ]yhk; $wptpl;lhHfs;. gpwF tp\ak; njhpe;jTld; tpLgl;l 2 ufhmj;JfisAk; njhOJ tpl;L> ]yhk; nfhLj;J> gpwF jf;gPH $wp ][;jh nra;J> gpwF jf;gPH $wp jiyia caHj;jp> gpwF jf;gPH $wp kPz;Lk; ][;jh nra;J> gpwF jf;gPH $wp vOe;J mkHe;jhHfs;. (mg+`{iuuh(uop)> GfhhP)

4. xUtH ,khik mtH U$/tpypUf;Fk;NghJ gpd;gw;wp> U$/Tf;Fr; nrd;Wtpl;lhH. mg;NghJ ,khk; jiyia caHj;jpdhH. ,e;epiyapy; mtUf;F jhk; ,khKld; U$/tpy; NrHe;Jtpl;Nlhkh> ,yiyah? vd;W re;Njfk; Vw;gl;L tpl;lJ. mg;NghJ mtH jkf;F re;NjfkhAs;s me;j ufhmj;ijf; fzf;fpy; vLf;fhky;> njhOJtpl;L ''kwjpf;fhd 2 ][;jhf;fs;'' nra;J nfhs;sNtz;Lk;.

cq;fspy; xUtUf;F jkJ njhOifapy; re;Njfk; Vw;gl;L jhk; njhOjit %d;wh my;yJ ehd;fh? vd;gJ Gyg;gltpy;iy vd;why;> clNd re;Njfj;ij mfw;wptpl;L jkf;F cWjpahdjd;gb njhOJ Kbj;Jtpl;L> gpd;dH jhk; ]yhk; $Wk; Kd; 2 ][;jhf;fs; nra;J nfhs;thuhf! ''kwjpf;fhd 2 ][;jhf;fs;'' nra;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

kwjpf;fhd ][;jhf;fs; (]{[_J];]`;T) nra;Ak; NghJ XJk; j];gP`;''

kwjpapd; fhuzkhf> njhOifapd; ,Wjpapy; nra;ag;gLk; ,e;j ,uz;L ][;jhf;fspYk; XJtjw;fhd tpN\rkhd j];gP`; vJTk; `jP];fspy; fhzg;gltpy;iy. vdpDk; ''egp(]y;) mtHfs; kwjpf;fhf ,U ][;jhf;fs; nra;jhHfs;'' vd;gijNa md;wp> me;j ][;jhf;fspy; vd;d j];gP`; XjpdhHfs; vd;gJ gw;wp vt;tpj tpsf;fKkpy;iy. MfNt nghJthf mtHfs; ][;jh nra;Ak;NghJ ve;j j];gPi` Xjp te;jhHfNsh mjidNa ]{[_J];]`;tpYk; XjpapUg;ghHfs; vd;gij mwpfpNwhk;.

rpyH ]{[_J];]`;tpd; NghJ ''Rg;`hd-kdyh-adhK-thyha];`_'' (J}f;fKk;> kwjpAk; mw;w my;yh`; ghpRj;jkhdtd;) vDk; j];gPi` XJtJ K];j`g;G-tpUk;gj;jf;fJ vd;W $wpAs;shHfs;. mtHfspd; ,f;$w;Wf;F `jP];fspy; vt;tpj MjhuKkpy;iy vd;W ,khk; ,g;D `[;H m];fyhdP(u`;) mtHfs; jkJ ''jy;fP];'' vDk; E}ypy; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shHfs;.

njhOifapy; jtwpiof;Fk; ,khKf;F mij czHj;Jk; Kiw:

''cq;fs; njhOifapy; cq;fSf;F VNjDk; NfhshW Vw;gl;L tpl;lhy;> Mz;fs; ([khmj;jhf njhOk;NghJ) ''j];gP`;'' nrhy;thHfshf! ngz;fs; xU ifapd; cs; ghfj;jhy; kw;nwhU ifiaj; jl;LthHfshf!'' vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpAs;shHfs;. (]`;Ygpd; ]/J(uop)> GfhhP> K];yPk;)

Nkw;fhZk; mwptpg;gpy; ,khk; VNjDk; jtwpiof;Fk;NghJ mij mtUf;F czHj;jf; $batH MzhfapUg;gpd; ''Rg;`hdy;yh`;'' vd;W rg;jkhff; $Wtjd; %ykhfTk;> ngz;fshapUg;gpd; j];gP`; vJTk; $whky;> jkJ xU ifapd; cl;Gwj;jhy; kw;nwhU ifiaj; jl;Ltjd; %ykhfTk; czHj;j Ntz;Lk; vd;W njspTgLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ.

]{[_J];]`;T (kwjpf;fhd ][;jhf;fs;) nra;tJ Rd;dj;jh? my;yJ th[pgh?

,g;D k];Cj;(uop) mtHfSk;> mtHfisg; Nghd;W NtW rpy r`hghf;fSk; mwptpj;Js;s `jP]; njhlhpy; ''ypa];[{j;][;ijdp'' (mtH kwjpf;fh) ,uz;L ][;jhf;fs; nra;J nfhs;thuhf! vd;W Vty; tpidapd; mbg;gilapy; `jP]pd; thrfk; mike;jpUg;gjhy;> ,J mtrpaj;ijf; Fwpf;fpwJ vd;W fUjp rpyH '']{[_J];]`;T'' nra;tJ th[pG vd;W $WfpwhHfs;. Mdhy; '']{[_J];]`;T'' Rd;dj;Jj;jhd; vd;gij fPo;f;fhZk; mg+]aPjpy; Fj;hP(uop) mtHfspd; mwptpg;G njspTgLj;JfpwJ.

cq;fspy; xUtUf;F jkJ njhOifapy; re;Njfk; Njhd;wptpl;lhy;> mtH re;Njfj;ij mfw;wptpl;L> jkf;F cWjpahdjd;gb ele;J nfhs;thuhf! (njhOifapd;) ghpg+uz epiy cWjpahfptpl;lNghJ> (re;Njfk; Vw;gl;likf;fh) ,uz;L ][;jhf;fs; nra;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. mtUila njhOif (cz;ikapy;) epiwthdjhapUg;gpd;> mtH njhOJs;s ufhmj;J mtUf;F egpyhf-cghpahdjhf MfptpLtNjhL ,uz;L ][;jhf;fSk; (mt;thNw cghp) MfptpLk;d;wd. mtUila njhOif FiwghLs;sjhapUg;gpd;> mtH njhOJs;s me;j ufhmj;J mtUila njhOifia epiwT nra;tjhk; tpLfpwJ. ,uz;L ][;jhf;fSk; i\j;jhDila Njhy;tpiaf; fhl;lf; $baitahk; tpLk;d;wd. (mg+ ]aPjpy; Fj;hP(uop)> mg+jhj;)

,t;twptpg;gpy; mtH njhOJs;s ufhmj; mtUf;F ''egpyhf cghpahdjhf MfptpLtNjhL> ,uz;L ][;jhf;fSk; (mt;thNw cghp) Mk; tpLk;d;wd'' vd;w njhlhpy; ,uz;L ][;jhf;fSk; mt;thNw cghpahk; tpLk;d;wd vd;w thrfj;jpy; egp(]y;) mtHfNs (]`;Tila) ,U ][;jhf;fisAk; cghpahdit vd;W $wpapUg;gjhy; mit th[pG-fl;lhakhdit my;y> Nky; kpr;rkhdit jhd; vd;Wk;> njhOifapy; re;Njfk; Vw;gl;l re;jHg;gq;fspy; ,t;thW nra;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; nrhy;ypAk;> nra;Jk; fhl;bapUg;gij Mjhukhff; nfhz;L ,t;tpU ][;jhf;fisAk; Rd;dj;jhdit vd;W mwpfpNwhk;.

][;jJj; jpyhtj;jpd; tpguk;:

''][;jJj; jpyhtj;'' vd;why; FHMdpy; cs;s ''][;jh''tpd; Maj;ij xUtH XjpdhYk;> my;yJ gpwH XJtijf; Nfl;Lf; nfhz;bUe;jhYk;> XjpatUk;> Nfl;Lf; nfhz;bUe;jtUk; jf;gPH $wp xU ][;jh nra;tjw;F nrhy;yg;gLk;. ,t;thW ][;jh nra;tJ Rd;dj;jhFk;. ,jw;F `jP];fspd; tof;fpy; '']{[_Jy; FHMd;'' (FHMDila ][;jhf;fs;) vd;W cs;sJ.

][;jJj; jpyhtj;jpd; rpwg;G:

Mjkpd; kfd; ][;jhtpd; Maj;ij Xjptpl;L (mjw;fhd mtd; ][;jh nra;Ak;NghJ> i\j;jhd; xJq;fpatdhf> jhd; mOj epiyapy; ''vdf;F Vw;gl;l eufNk! MjKila kfDf;F ][;jh nra;Ak;gb Vtg;gl;lJ. mjw;F mtd; ][;jh nra;jhd;. mtDf;F RtHf;fk;. ehd; ][;jh nra;Ak;gb Vtg;gl;Nld; Mdhy;> ehd; mij kWj;Jtpl;Nld;. vdf;F eufk;'' vd;W $Wthd; vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpAs;shHfs;. (mg+`{iuuh(uop)> K];ypk;> m`;kj;> ,g;Dkh[h)

,t;twptpg;gpd;gb ''][;jh jpyhtj;'' nra;gtH jf;gPH $wp xU ][;jh nra;tJ kl;LNk `jP]py; ,lk; ngw;Ws;sJ. ][;jh nra;j gpwF kPz;Lk; jf;gPH $wp vo Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;Nfh my;yJ mt;thW jf;gPH $wp vOe;J cl;fhHe;J ]yhk; nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;Nfh `jP]py; Mjhuk; vJTkpy;iy.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; vq;fSf;F FHMid Xjpf;fhl;bf; nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. ][;jhTila Maj;ij mtHfs; Xjpdhy; clNd jf;gPH $wp ][;jh nra;thHfs;. mg;NghJ ehq;fSk; ][;jh nra;Nthk;. (,g;D ckH(uop)> mg+jhj;> ig`fP> `hf;fpk;)

,t;twptpg;gpd;gb ][;jhtpd; Maj;ij XjpatUk;> mijf; Nfl;Lf; nfhz;bUe;jtUk; ][;jh nra;tJ Rd;dj;J vd;gij mwpfpNwhk;.

][;jj;Jj; jpyhtj;J Rd;dj;Jjhd; th[pgy;y vd;gjw;fhd rhd;W:

egp(]y;) mtHfsplj;jpy; ''te;e[;kp'' mj;jpahaj;ij XjpAs;Nsd;. mtHfs; mjpy; ][;jh nra;atpy;iy. (jhUFj;dPapy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s ,Nj mwptpg;gpy; vq;fspy; vtUk; (mjpy;) ][;jh nra;atpy;iy vd;W cs;sJ) (i[Jgpd; ]hgpj;(uop)> GfhhP> K];ypk;> jpHkpjP> mg+jhj;> m`;kj;> jhUFj;dP)

egp(]y;) mtHfs; ''te;e[;kp'' vDk; mj;jpahaj;jpy; (mij Xjpagpd;) ][;jh nra;jhHfs;. mtHfisnahl;b K];ypk;fSk; K\;hpf;FfSk;> [pd; ,dj;jtUk;> kdpj ,dj;jtUk; ][;jh nra;jhHfs;. (,g;D mg;gh];(uop)> GfhhP> jpHkpjP)

Nkw;fhZk; ,U mwptpg;GfspYk; te;e[;kP vd;Dk; xNu #uhit egp(]y;) mtHfs; Xjptpl;L Kjy; mwptpg;gpd;gb mtHfs; ][;jh nra;atpy;iy vd;gijAk;> ,uz;lhtJ mwptpg;gpd;gb ][;jh nra;jhHfs; vd;gijAk; fhZfpNwhk;. MfNt ][;jh nra;tJ th[pG (fl;lhak;) vd;wpUe;jhy;> ][;jhTila Maj;J XjpaTld; ][;jh nra;jpUg;ghHfs;. MfNt ][;jh jpyhtj;J th[pG my;y mJ Rd;dj;Jjhd; vd;gij mwpfpNwhk;.

FHMdpYs;s ][;jhtpd; Maj;Jfs; nkhj;jk; 15

egp(]y;) mtHfs; FHMdpypUe;J 15 ][;jhf;fis(r; Rl;bf;fhl;b) vd;id XJk;gb nra;jhHfs;. mtw;wpy; K/g];]ypy; cs;sit %d;Wk;> #uj;Jy; `[;[py; cs;sit ,uz;L ][;jhf;fSk; ,lk; ngw;Ws;sd. (mk;Ug;dpy; M];(uop)> mg+jhj;> `hf;fpk;)

(''K/g];]y;'' vd;gJ ''#uj;J K`k;kJ'' vd;Dk; 47-tJ mj;jpahaj;jpypUe;J FHMdpd; ,WjptiuAs;s midj;J mj;jpahaq;fspd; xl;L nkhj;jkhd ngauhFk;.)

,e;j `jP]pd; mwptpg;ghsH njhlhpy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s mg;Jy;yh`;gpd; Kidd;> `hhp]{gpd; ]/J MfpatHfs; gw;wp ,tHfs; ''k[;`_y;'' mwpKfkpy;yhjtHfs; vd;W ,g;Dk;j;jhd; Nghd;NwhH $wpapUg;gpDk;> a/$Ggpd; R/ahd; mtHfs; mg;Jy;yh`;tpd; Kidd; mtHfis ek;gfkhdtH vd;W $wpapUg;gij ,g;D`[H(u`;) mtHfs; CH[pjk; nra;Js;shHfs;. (j`;jPGj; j`;jPG ghfk; 6> gf;fk; 44)

,t;thNw `hhp]{gpd; ]/J mtHfs; Fwpj;J `hgpo; ,g;D `[H(u`;) mtHfs;> ,tH ''kf;g+y;'' - `jP]; fyh ty;YeHfspilNa mq;fPfhpf;fg;gl;ltH jhd; vd;gjhf jkJ ''jf;hPG'' vDk; E}ypy; ,g;ngaH ,lk; ngw;Ws;s gFjpapy; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shHfs;.

FHMdpy; ][;jh ,lk; ngw;Ws;s #uhf;fs;

ehd; egp(]y;) mtHfSld; 11 ][;jhf;fs; nra;Js;Nsd;. mtw;wpy; ''K/g];]ypy;'' ,lk; ngw;Ws;s ][;jhf;fs; vJTkpy;iy. (mitahtd) my;m/uh/g;> u/J> e`;Y> gdP ,];uhaPy;> kHak;> `[;[{> /GHfhd;> ek;Y> mypg;yhk; kPk;][;jh ]hj;> `hkPk; ][;jh Mfpa #uhf;fshFk;. (mGj;jHjh/(uop)> ,g;Dkh[h)

,t;twptpg;gpy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s 11 ][;jhf;fSld; K/g];]ypy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s 3 ][;jhf;fisAk; #uj;Jy; `[;[py; cs;s ,uz;lhtJ ][;jhitAk; NrHj;J ghHf;Fk;NghJ Nkw;fhZk; ]`P`hd mwptpg;gpy; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ nkhj;jk; 15 vd;gJ njspthfpwJ.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; K/g];]ypy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s 3 ][;jhfisAk; mtHfs; nra;Js;shHfs; vd;gjw;Fk;> #uj;Jy; `[;[py; cs;s ,uz;L ][;jhf;fisAk; nra;Js;shHfs; vd;gjw;fhd Mjhuq;fs; ]`P`hd `jP];fspy; fhzg;gLtij fhuzkhf itg;gNjhL> ,jd; mwptpg;ghsH njhlhpy; ek;gfkw;w epiyapYs;s c];khDgpd; /ghapj; vd;gtH ,lk; ngw;wpUg;gijAk; itj;J ,t;twptpg;G yaPG gy`PdkhdJ vd;gij mwpfpNwhk;. (j`;jPGj; j`;jPG ghfk; 7> gf;fk; 148)

K/g];]ypy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s 3 ][;jhf;fspd; Maj;Jfis Xjpdhy; ][;jh nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhd `jP];fs;:

egp(]y;) mtHfs; kf;fhtpy; (,Uf;Fk;NghJ) ''te;e[;kp'' vDk; #uhit Xjptpl;L mtHfSk;> mtHfSld; ,Ue;jtHfSk; ][;jh nra;jhHfs;. xU tNahjpfH kl;Lk; nra;atpy;iy. mtH xUgpb nghbf;fy;> my;yJ kz;iz vLj;J> mijj; jdJ new;wp tiu caHj;jp vdf;F ,Nj NghJk; vd;W (myl;rpakhf) $wpdhH. mjd; gpd; ehd; mtiu fhgpuhff; nfhy;yg;gl;l epiyapy; fhz;Nld;. (mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; k];Cj;(uop)> GfhhP)

egp(]y;) mtHfs; '',j];]khcd; \f;fj;'' vDk; #uhtpYk;> '',f;u/gp];kpug;gpf;'' vDk; #uhtpYk; ][;jh nra;jhHfs;. (mg+`{iuuh(uop)> ghlk;: ]{[_Jy; FHMd;> K];ypk;)

Nkw;fhZk; ,U mwptpg;GfspYk; K/g];]ypy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s 3 ][;jhf;fisAk; egp(]y;) mtHfs; nra;Js;shHfs; vd;gJ njspthfpwJ.

][;jh jpyhtj;jpy; vd;d j];gP`; Xj Ntz;Lk;?

][;jhtpd; Maj;ij Xjpajw;fhf ][;jh nra;Ak; NghJ nghJthf ][;jhtpy; Xjg;gLk; ''Rg;`hdug;gpay; m/yh'' vDk; j];gPi` Xjyhk;. egp(]y;) mtHfs; gpd;tUkhW XjpAs;shjfTk; `jP]py; ,lk; ngw;Ws;sJ.

][;j t[;`pypy;yjP fyf;f`_ t]t;tu`_ t\f;f ]k;M`_ tg]u`_ gp`t;yp`P tFt;tj;jp`P /gjghuf;fy;yh` m`;]Dy; fhypf;fPd;. (Map\h(uop)> jpHkpjP> mg+jhj;> jhUFj;dP> ig`fP> `hf;fpk;)

nghUs;:

RaNk jdJ Mf;Fk; jpwd;> mopf;Fk; jpwd; Mfpatw;why; vdJ Kfj;ijg; gilj;J cUthf;fpatDf;F mJ gzpe;J tpl;lJ. NkYk; mtNd mjpy; Nfl;Fk; rf;jpiaAk;> ghHf;Fk; rf;jpiaAk; Njhw;Wtpj;jhd;. my;yh`; ngUk; ghf;fpaKilatd;. gilg;gpdq;fspy; vy;yhk; kpf mofhd gilg;ghsd;.

njhOifapy; ][;jhtpd; Maj;ij Xjpdhy; cld; ][;jh nra;tJ Rd;dj;J:

ehd; mg+`{iuuh(uop) mtHfSld; ,\hitj; njhONjd;. mg;NghJ mtHfs; '',j];]khcd; \f;fj;'' vDk; #uhit Xjptpl;L> ][;jh nra;jhHfs;. (njhOJ Kbj;jTld; ehd; mtHfis Nehf;fp) ,J vd;d (][;jh) vd;W Nfl;Nld;. mjw;F mtHfs; ,e;j #uhit (njhOifapy;) Xjpaikf;fhf egp(]y;) mtHfSf;Fg; gpd;dhy; ehd; ][;jh nra;Js;Nsd;. MfNt ehd; mtHfisr; re;jpf;Fk; tiu ,ij Xjpagpd; ][;jh nra;J nfhz;L jhd; ,Ug;Ngd; vd;whHfs;. (mg+uh/gpc(uop)> GfhhP> K];ypk;)

MfNt> Nkw;fhZk; ,t;twptpg;gpy; egp(]y;) mtHfs; jhk; njhOk; NghJ ][;jhtpd; Maj;ij Xjptpl;L mjw;fhf jhk; njhOk;NghNj ][;jh nra;Js;shHfs; vd;gij mwpfpNwhk;.

][;jh jpyhtj;J nra;tjw;F x@ mtrpakh?

egp(]y;) mtHfs; ''te;e[;kp'' vDk; #uhtpy; (mij Xjpa gpd;) ][;jh nra;jhHfs;. mtHfisnahl;b K];ypk;fs;> K\;hpf;F - ,iz fw;gpg;gtHfSk;> [pd; ,dj;jtUk;> kdpj ,dj;jtUk; ][;jh nra;jhHfs;. (,g;D mg;gh];(uop)> GfhhP> K];ypk;)

(mg;Jy;yh`;gpd; k];Cj;(uop) thapyhf GfhhPapy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s kw;nwhU mwptpg;gpy; ''mtHfspy; xU tNahjpfH kl;Lk; ][;jh nra;atpy;iy. mtH xU gpb kz;iz vLj;J mijj; jdJ new;wptiu caHj;jp> vdf;F ,Nj NghJk; vd;W (myl;rpakhff;) $wpdhH. mjd;gpd; ehd; mtiu fhgpuhf nfhy;yg;gl;l epiyapy; fz;Nld;'' vd;W cs;sJ)

,t;twptpg;gpy; K\;hpf;F-,iz itj;J tzq;FNthH ][;jh nra;tjw;F jhk; mUfijaw;wtHfshfapUe;Jk;> jkJ new;wpiaj; jiuapy; itj;J ][;jh nra;Js;shHfs; vd;gjhf ,g;D k];Cj;(uop) mtHfs; $wpAs;shHfs; vd;why;> mtHfs gpujhd ]`hghf;fspy; xUtuhapUe;Jk; ''K\;hpf;F''fs; nra;Js;s ,r;nraiy ][;jh vd;Nw Fwpg;gpl;bUg;gjhYk;> ,t;thW ][;jh nra;ahJ myl;rpakhf rpwpJ kz;iz vLj;J mijj; jdJ new;wptiu caHj;jp> vdf;F ,Nj NghJk; vd;W $wpatH fhgpuhf ntl;Lg;gl;l epiyapy; k;le;jij jhk; Nehpy; fz;Nld; vd;gjhf me;j ]`hgpNa $wpapUg;gjpdhYk;> K\;hpf;fhdtHfs; x@ ,y;yhky; nra;Js;s me;j ][;jhTf;Fk; XH mHj;jk; cz;L vd;gij czUfpNwhk;. ,e;epiyapy; mt;tplj;jpy; ,Ue;j K];ypk;fs; midtUk; x@Tld; ,Ue;jpUg;ghHfs; vd;W fUJtjw;F rhj;jpaf; $w vJTkpy;iy. fhuzk;> mtHfs; ][;jh nra;aNtz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf x@ nra;Jtpl;L jahH epiyapy; ,y;iy. ,r;rkak; vjpHghuhJ jpBnud;W epfo;e;jpUg;gjhf mwpfpNwhk;.

egp(]y;) mtHfspd; ghHitapy; ,t;thW K\;hpf;FfSk; K];ypk;fSk; xl;L nkhj;jkhf xNu Neuj;jpy; ][;jh nra;jpUf;Fk; NghJ mtHfspy; ahiuAk; ghHj;J ePq;fs; x@Tld; ][;jh nra;Aq;fs; vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; xU thHj;ijAk; $whky; nksdkhf ,Ue;jpUg;gjpypUe;Nj x@ ,y;yhky; ][;jh jpyhtj;J nra;ayhk; vd;gij czHj;JfpwJ.

`hgpo; ,g;D `[H(uop) mtHfs; jkJ ''gj;`{y;ghhP'' vDk; E}ypy; ghfk;2> gf;fk; 544-y; ,t;thW Fwpg;gpLfpwhHfs;.

#uj;J];]hjpy; cs;s ][;jhtpd; epiy:

'']hj;'' vDk; mj;jpahaj;jpy; cs;s ][;jhthdJ typAWj;jg;gl;l ][;jhf;fspy; cs;sjy;y vd;W ,g;D mg;gh];(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;. (GfhhP> jpHkpjP> m`;kj;)

xUKiw egp(]y;) mtHfs; jhk; kpd;ghpy; ,Ue;j epiyapy; '']hj;'' vDk; mj;jpahaj;ij Xjp> mjpy; ][;jhtpd; Maj;ij mile;jTld; kpd;ghpypUe;J ,wq;fp ][;jh nra;jhHfs;. mtHfSld; kw;w kf;fSk; ][;jh nra;jhHfs;. ,t;thW kw;nwhU ehSk; mNj #uhit XjpdhHfs;. mtHfs; ][;jhtpd; Maj;ij mile;jNghJ kf;fs; ]{[_J nra;tjw;F Maj;jkhdhHfs;. mg;NghJ egp(]y;) mtHfs; ,e;j ][;jh xU egpAila ''jt;gh''thf cs;sJ. vdpDk; ePq;fs; midtUk; ]{[_J nra;tjw;F jahH epiyapy; ,Ug;gjhf fhZfpNwd; vd;W $wptpl;L fPNo ,wq;fp ][;jh nra;jhHfs;. mt;thNw kf;fSk; ][;jh nra;jhHfs;. (mg+]aPjpy; Fj;hP(uop)> mg+jhj;> `hf;fpk;> ,g;DFi[kh)

,t;twptpg;gpd; Nghf;if ftdpf;Fk; NghJ kw;w #uhf;fisg; Nghd;W ,e;j #uhtpy; ][;jh nra;tJ typAWj;jg;glhkypUg;gJ xUGwkpUf;f egp(]y;) mtHfs; kw;wtHfnsy;yhk; ][;jh nra;tjw;F jahuhf ,Ug;gijg; ghHj;jjd; fhuzkhfNt jhk; ][;jh nra;tjhff; $wpf;nfhz;L ][;jh nra;Js;shHfs;. MfNt #uj;J];]hjpy; ][;jh nra;ahkypUg;gjw;F ,lk; cs;sJ vd;gij mwpfpNwhk;.

][;jj;J\;\{f;hpd; tpguk;:

Gjpjhf jkf;F XH mUl;nfhil fpilj;jikf;fhf my;yJ jkf;F Vw;gltpUe;j Mgj;J> khngUk; f\;lk; ePq;fpaikf;fhf my;yh`;Tf;F ed;wp nrYj;Jk; nghUl;L nra;af; $ba ][;jhTf;F ][;jj;J\;\{f;hP vd;W ngaH. ,t;thW Fwpg;gpl;l re;jHg;gq;fspy; kl;Lk; ][;jh nra;tJ Rd;dj;jhfTkpUf;fpwJ.

`jP];fspy; ,jw;fhd Mjhuk;:

egp(]y;) mtHfs; '']hj;'' vDk; #uhtpy; ][;jh nra;J tpl;L jhj;(miy) mtHfs; ''jt;gh'' vDk; tifapy; ,e;j ][;jhitr; nra;jhHfs;. ehk; ,ij ''\{f;U'' ed;wp vDk; tifapy; nra;fpNwhk; vd;W $wpdhHfs;. (,g;Dmg;gh];(uop)> ig`fP)

f/Ggpd; khypf;(uop) mtHfs; jg+f; Nghhpy; fye;J nfhs;shky; kjPdhtpy; jq;fp tpl;ljhy; egp(]y;) mtHfs; kw;w ]`hghf;fis f/Ggpd; khypf;(uop) mtHfSld; Ngrf;$lhJ vd;Wk;> ,J Nghd;w NtW rpy fl;Lg;ghLk; tpjpj;jpUe;jhHfs;. ,Wjpahf 50 ehl;fSf;Fg; gpwF ,tHfspd; ''jt;gh''it my;yh`; fg+y; mq;fPfhpj;J tpl;lhd;. ,J tp\aj;ij f/Ggpd; khypf;(uop) mtHfsplj;jpy; xUtH ew;nra;jp $wpaTld; mtHfs; my;yh`;Tf;F ed;wp nrYj;Jk; nghUl;L nra;jhHfs;. (RUf;fk;) GfhhP> K];ypk;)

MfNt rpyH ][;jj;J\;\{f;Uf;F rhpahd Mjhuk; ,y;iy vd;W $wpapUg;gpDk; Nkw;fhZk; `jP];fspd; thapyhf NghJkhd Mjhuk; ,Ug;gjhf mwpfpNwhk;.

\{f;Uila ][;jh nra;Ak; Kiw:

][;jh jpyhtj;J x@ vt;thW mtrpakpy;iyNah> mt;thNw ,jw;Fk; x@ mtrpakpy;yhkypUg;gNjhL> jf;gPH $wp ][;jhTf;Fr; nry;y Ntz;Lk; vd;gJkpy;iy. MfNt ,jw;F ntWkNd xU ][;jh kl;Lk; nra;jhy; NghJk;.

H 4
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