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U$/tpYk;> ]{[_Jf;Fk; nry;Yk;NghJ


U$/tpypUe;J epkpHe;j gpd; epw;Fk; epiyAk;> mjd; Kf;fpaj;JtKk;

,e;epiyiar; ''rpWepiy'' vd $WfpNwhk;. ,JTk; njhOifapd; Kf;fpa flikfspy; xd;whFk;.

1. xUKiw egp(]y;) mtHfs; (Kiw Nflhfj; njhOjtiu Nehf;fp cgNjrpf;ifapy;) ''gpd;dH ePH xOq;fhf epw;Fk; tiu vOe;J epw;gPuhf!'' vd;W $wpdhHfs;. (mg+`{iuuh(uop)> Gfhhp)

2. egp(]y;) mtHfs; U$/tpypUe;J jkJ jiyia caHj;jpdhy;> jhk; Neuhf epkpHe;J epw;fhjtiu ]{[_jpJf;Fr; nry;ykhl;lhHfs;. (md;id Map\h(uop)> K];ypk;)

3. egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;: vtH jkJ U$/> ]{[_Jf;F kj;jpapy; jkJ KJnfYk;ig Neuhf epkpHj;jtpy;iyNah> mtuJ njhOif Vwpl;Lk; ghHf;fg;glkhl;lhJ. (mg+`{iuuh(uop) m`;kj;)

U$/tpypUe;J vOk;NghJ vd;d XjNtz;Lk;?

U$/tpypUe;J vOk;Gk;NghJ ,khKk;> jdpj;Jj;njhONthUk; '']kpmy;yh`{ ypkd; `kpj`;'' vd;W $WtNjhL> ''my;yh`{k;k ug;gdh yf;fy; `k;J'' vd;Wk; $wNtz;Lk;.

1. egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;: ,khk; ']kp my;yh`{ ypkd; `kpj`;'' vd;W $wpdhy; mjw;F ePq;fs; Vnddpy; (kyf;FfSk; mt;thW $Wfpd;wdH) vtUila nrhy; kyf;Ffspd; nrhy;Yf;F xj;jjhf mike;J tpLNkh> mtUila ghtq;fspy; Kd;Ds;sit kd;dpf;fg;gl;LtpLk;. (mg+`{iuuh(uop)> GfhhP)

]kpmy;yh`{ ypkd; `kpj`; * * my;yh`; jd;idg; Gfo;Nthhpd; Gfio Vw;fpwhd;.

my;yh`{k;k ug;gdh yf;fy; `k;J * * my;yh`;Nt! vq;fs; ul;rfNd! cdf;Nf rHt GfOk;.

Nkw;fhZk; ''my;yh`{k;k ug;gdh yf;fy; `k;J'' vDk; thrfNk ngUk;ghyhd `jP];fspy; ,lk; ngw;wpUg;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. Mdhy; ''ug;gdh yf;fy; `k;J'' vd;Wk;> ''ug;gdh tyf;fy; `k;J'' vd;Wk; xU rpy `jP];fspy; kl;LNk fhzg;gLfpd;wd. ,itfSk; ]`P`hd `jP];fspy; ,lk; ngw;wpUg;gjhy; ,tw;wpy; vjidAk; Xjpf; nfhs;syhk;.

Nkw;fz;lthW ,khikg; gpd;gw;wpj; njhONthH ''my;yh`{k;k ug;gdh yf;fy; `k;J'' vd;W kl;Lk; $WtNj KiwahFk;. khwhf ,khikg; gpd;gw;wpj; njhONthH '']kp my;yh`{ ypkd;`kpj`;'' vd;gijAk; NrHj;Nj $wNtz;Lk; vd;w rpyhpd; $w;Wf;F ]`P`hd xU `jP]{k; Mjhukhf ,y;iy vd;gJ njspT.

rpWepiyapy; Xjg;gLk; gy;tif JMf;fs;:

1. my;yh`{k;k ug;gdh yf;fy; `k;J kpy;m]; ]khthj;jp tkpy;my; mHop tkpy;m kh/j;j kpd;i\apd; g/J (my;yh`;Nt! vq;fs; ul;rfNd! cdf;Nf thdq;fs; epiwaTk;> g+kp epiwaTk;> ,tw;wpd; gpd;dH vit vy;yhk; epiwa Ntz;Lnkd eP tpUk;Gfpd;whNah mit ahTk; epiwa midj;Jg; GfOk; chpj;jhdit.)

egp(]y;) mtHfs; U$/tpypUe;J jkJ KJif caHj;Jk; NghJ> '']kp my;yh`{ ypkd; `kpj`;'' (vd;W $wptpl;L Nkw;fz;l Xjpf;nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. (,g;D mgP mt;/gh(uop)> K];ypk;)

egp(]y;) mtHfs; U$/tpypUe;J jkJ jiyia caHj;Jk; NghJ> ''ypug;gpay; `k;J - ypug;gpay; `k;J'' vd;W XJthHfs;. (`{ij/gh(uop); e]aP) ypg;gpuay; `k;J - ypug;gpay; `k;J (vdJ ul;rfDf;Nf rHtg; GfOk;> vdJ ul;rfDf;Nf rHtg; GfOk;)

2. ug;gdh yf;fy; `k;J `k;jd; fjPud; ja;apgpd; Kghuf; fd;/gP`p (vq;fs; ul;rfNd! cdf;F rHt GfOk; chpj;J> mg;Gfo; mghpkpjkhdjhfTk;> J}a;ikahdjhfTk; mgptpUj;jpahdjhfTk; ,Uf;Fkhf!

ehq;fs; xU Kiw egp(]y;) mtHfSf;Fg; gpd;dhy; njhOJ nfhz;bUe;Njhk;. mg;NghJ mtHfs; U$/tpypUe;J jkJ jiyia caHj;jp '']kp my;yh`{ ypkd; `kpj`;'' vd;W $wpdhHfs;. mJ rkak; mtHfSf;Fg; gpd;dhy; cs;Nshhpy; xUtH ''ug;gdh yf;fy; `k;J `k;jd; fjPud; ja;apgd; Kghuf;fd; ''/gP`p'' vd;W $wpdhH. mtHfs; njhOifapypUe;J jpUk;gpaTld; (rw;WKd;) NgrpatH ahH? vd;W Nfl;lhHfs;. mjw;F (mtH) ehd; vd;whH. mg;NghjtHfs; ePH $wpa mt;thHj;ijfis 30-f;F mjpfkhd kyf;Ffs; Kjypy; jhk; vOjNtz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf tpiutijf; fz;Nld; vd;W $wpdhHfs;. (hp/gh mj;Jg;D uh/gpap[;[{ ufpa;ap(uop)> GfhhP)

]{[_Jf;Fr; nry;Yk;NghJ ftdpf;f Ntz;bait:

jiuapy; iffis itj;J gpd;dH Koq;fhy;fis itf;fNtz;Lk;.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; ][;jh nra;jhy; jkJ Koq;fhy;fis(j; jiuapy;) itg;gjw;F Kd;Ng jkJ iffis itf;f Kw;gLthHfs;. (mg+`{iuuh(uop); j`htP)

2. egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpAs;shHfs;: cq;fspy; xUtH ][;jh nra;jhy; xl;lfk; kz;bapLtJ Nghy; kz;bapl Ntz;lhk;. mtH jkJ iffis (j; jiuapy;) itj;J gpd;dH jkJ Koq;fhy;fis itg;ghuhf!

(mg+`{iuuh(uop); m`;kj;> mg+jhj;> e]aP)

3. ,g;D ckH(uop) mtHfs; ]{[_J nra;jhy; jkJ Koq;fhy;fis (j;jiuapy;) itf;Fk;Kd;> jkJ iffis itg;ghHfs; vd;gjhf XH mwptpg;G `hf;fpkpy; ,lk;ngw;W mij ,khk; `hf;fpk; mtHfSk;> ,khk; j`gP mtHfSk; ]`P`hd mwptpg;ngd;Nw CH[pjk; nra;Js;sdH.

Nkw;fhZk; ]`P`hd `jP];fis Mjhukhff; nfhz;L> ehk; ]{[_Jf;Fr; nry;Yk;NghJ Kjyhtjhf iffisf; fPNo itj;J> gpd;dH Koq;fhy;fis itg;gNj KiwahdJ vd;gij czUfpNwhk;.

,jw;F khw;wkhf thapYgpd; `{[;U(uop) mtHfspd; %yk; egp(]y;) ]{[_J nra;jhy; jkJ iffisj; jiuapy; itg;gjw;F Kd;Ng> jkJ Koq;fhy;fis itg;gij ehd; ghHj;jpUf;fpNwd;'' vDk; xU `jP]; mwptpf;fg;gl;L> mJ Mg+jhj;> e]aP> jpHkpjP Mfpa E}y;fspy; ,lk; ngw;wpUg;gpDk; mjd; mwptpg;ghsH njhlH kpfTk; gy`PdkhapUg;gJld;> gy ]`P`hd `jP];fSf;F Kuz;gl;bUg;gjhYk; Vw;Gf;Fhpa jFjpia ,oe;J tpLfpwJ.

]{[_J nra;Ak; Kiw:

]{[_J nra;tJ njhOifapd; Kf;fpa flikfspy; xd;whFk;. ]{[_njd;gJ xUtH jkJ new;wp> %f;F ,U iffs; (Ie;J tpuy;fisf; nfhz;Ls;s cs;sq;ifg; gFjp) ,U Koq;fhy;fs;> ,U ghjq;fspd; (tpuy;fisf; nfhz;Ls;s) Kw;gFjp Mfpatw;iwj; jiuapy; itg;gjhFk;.

1. egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;: ehd; 7 vYk;Gfspdhy; ][;jh nra;aNtz;Lnkd;W fl;lisaplg;gl;Ls;Nsd;. (mitahtd:)

''new;wpapdhy;'' vd;W $wptpl;L> jkJ ifia jkJ %f;fpd;kPJ jltpf; fhl;bdhHfs;. NkYk; ,U iffs;> ,U Koq;fhy;fs;> ,U ghjq;fspd; tpuy;fs; Mfpatw;wpdhYk; (]{[_J) nra;aNtz;Lk; vd;Wk;> mJrkak;) jiy cNuhkk; kw;Wk; Milfs; Kjypatw;iwr; RUl;bf; itj;Jf; nfhs;sf;$lhJ (vd;Wk; Vtg;gl;Ls;Nsd;.)

(,g;D mg;gh];(uop)> GfhhP)

2. egp(]y;) mtHfs; kf;fSf;Fj; njho itj;j xU njhOifapd; NghJ (mtHfs; jkJ new;wp> %f;F Mfpatw;iwf; nfhz;L ][;jh nra;jikahy;) mtHfspd; new;wpapYk; %f;fpYk; fspkz;Zila tL fhzg;gl;lJ.

(mg+]aPJy; Fj;hP(uop)> mg+jhj;)

Nkw;fhZk; ,U `jP];fspd; thapyhf new;wpAld; %f;ifAk; NrHj;J jiuapy; itf;fNtz;Lk; vd;gijAk; ]{[_Jf;Fr; nry;Yk;NghJ MilfisNah> jiy cNuhkq;fisNah RUl;b itj;Jf; nfhs;shJ mtw;iw mjd; epiyapy; tpl;Ltpl Ntz;Lk; vd;gijAk; czUfpNwhk;.

3. egp(]y;) mtHfs; $w ehd; Nfl;bUf;fpNwd;. XH mbahH ]{[_J nra;ifapy;> mtUld; mtuJ KfKk;> ,U iffSk;> ,U Koq;fhy;fSk;> NkYk; mtUila ghjq;fspd; tpuy; gFjp Mfpaitahd 7 cWg;GfSk; ][;jh nra;fpd;wd. (,g;D mg;gh];(uop)> K];ypk;)

4. egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;: ePH ][;jh nra;jhy; ,U iffspd; tpuy;fSld; $ba cs;sq;ifg; gFjpfisf; fPNo itj;J> ckJ Koq;iffis caHj;jpf; nfhs;tPuhf!

(gHuhc gpd; M[pg;(uop)> K];ypk;)

5. egp(]y;) mtHfs; ][;jh nra;jhy; mtHfspd; mf;Fspd; ntz;ik gpwuhy; ghHf;fg;gLk; msT> mtHfs; tpyhit tpl;Lk; jkJ iffis mfw;wp itj;jpUg;ghHfs;.

(mk;Ug;Dy; `hhp];(uop)> K];ypk;)

6. egp(]y;) mtHfs; ][;jh nra;Ak;NghJ jkJ ,Uiffis (mjpfk;) mfw;whkYk; (tpyhTld;) NrHf;fhkYk; (eLepiyapy;) itj;jpUg;ghHfs;. NkYk; jkJ fhy; tpuy;fis ''fpg;yh''it Kd;Ndhf;fp (klf;fp) itj;jpUg;ghHfs;. (mg+`{ikj;(uop)> GfhhP)

7. egp(]y;) mtHfs; jhk; ][;jh nra;ifapy; Ml;bd; xU Fl;b mtHfspd; ,U iffspd; ,ilNa (GFe;J) nry;y fUjpdhy; nrd;W tpLk; msT (jkJ tpyhit tpl;Lk;) ,U iffisAk; mfw;wp itj;jpUg;ghHfs;. (ik%dh(uop)> K];ypk;)

Nkw;fhZk; ,U `jP];fspy; xd;wpy; egp(]y;) mtHfs; jhk; ]{[_J nra;ifapy; ,Uiffis (mjpfk;) mfw;whJ tpyhTld; (xl;b) NrHj;Jf;nfhs;shJ (eLepiyapy;) itj;jpUe;jjhfTk;> kw;nwhd;wpy; ,Uiffspd; ,ilNa Ml;bd; xU Fl;b GFe;J nry;Yk; msT ,UiffisAk; (jkJ tpyhit tpl;Lk;) mfw;wp itj;jpUe;jjhfTk; fhZfpNwhk;.

MfNt egp(]y;) mtHfspd; eilKiw ,UtpjkhfTk; ,Ue;jpUg;gjhy;> re;jHg;g #o;epiyf;Nfw;g ]{[_J nra;ifapy; iffis mfw;wpNah> my;yJ NrHj;Njh itj;Jf; nfhs;syhk; vd;gij czUfpNwhk;.

8. egp(]y;) mtHfs; ][;jh nra;Ak;NghJ> jkJ new;wpiaAk; jiyapy; ed;F gLk;gb itg;ghHfs;. jkJ tpyhit tpl;Lk;> jkJ iffis mfw;wpf;nfhs;thHfs;. NkYk; jkJ tpuy;fSld; $ba cs;sq;if gFjpia G[q;fSf;F Neuhf (Kd;dhy;) itj;Jf; nfhs;thHfs;.

(mg+`{ikj;(uop)> jpHkpjP> mg+jhj;> ,g;DFi[kh)

9. ehd; gHuhc gpd; M[pg;(uop) mtHfsplk; egp(]y;) mtHfs; ][;jh nra;Ak;NghJ> jkJ Kfj;ij ve;j ,lj;jpy; itj;jpUg;ghHfs; vd;W Nfl;Nld;. mjw;ftHfs; jkJ ,U f/g;GfSf;F kj;jpapy; vd;W $wpdhHfs;. (mg+,];`hf;(uop)> jpHkpjP)

(f/g;G vd;why; tpuy;fisAk;> cs;sq;ifisAk; nfhz;Ls;s gFjpf;Fr; nrhy;yg;gLk;. vdNt ]{[_J nra;Ak; NghJ ,U G[q;fSf;F Neuhf ,U iffisAk; jiuapy; itf;Fk; rkak; Kfj;ijAk; mt;tpU iffisAk; kj;jpapy; itf;fNtz;Lk; vd;gij mwpf.

10. egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;: ePq;fs; ]{[_ij Kiwahfr; nra;Aq;fs;! ePq;fs; cq;fs; Koq;iffis (NkNy caHj;jpf; nfhs;shJ) eha; (jhd; gLf;Fk;NghJ) itj;jpUg;gJ Nghd;W ePq;fs; itf;fhjPHfs;! (md];(uop)> K];ypk;)

egp(]y;) mtHfs; ]{[_jpy; Xjpait:

egp(]y;) mtHfs; jkJ U$/tpYk;> ]{[_jpYk; FHMdpd; fUj;Jf;Nfw;g mKy;gLj;Jk; tifapy; kpf mjpfkhf '']{g;`hdf;fy;yh`{k;k ug;gdh tgp`k;jpf; fy;yh`{k;k/ /gpHyP'' vDk; J#it Xjp te;jhHfs;.

(ahmy;yh`;! vq;fs; ul;rfNd! cd;idg; Gfo;tJ nfhz;L cd;idg; Gfo;tJ nfhz;L cd;idg; ghpRj;jg;gLj;JfpNwd;.

(md;id Map\h(uop)> GfhhP> K];ypk;)

(my;FHMdp (110:3)y; ''(egpNa! ePH) ckJ ul;rfidg; Gfo;tJ nfhz;L mtidg; ghpRj;jg;gLj;JtPuhf! NkYk; mtdplk; ghtkd;dpg;Gf; NfhUtPuhf! epr;rakhf mtd; ''jt;ghit'' (ghtkd;dpg;Gf; NfhUjiy) Vw;Wf; nfhs;gtdhf ,Uf;fpwhd;'' vd;W $wg;gl;bUg;gjhy;> mf;fl;lisf;Ff; fPo; gzpe;J elf;Fk; tifapy; Nkw;fhZk; JMit XjpAs;shHfs;.

2. my;yh`{k;k yf;f ]jj;J tgPf;f Mkd;j;J tyf;f m];ykj;J ][j t[;`Pypy;yjP fyf;f`_ t]t;tu`_ t\f;f ]k;m`_ tg]u`{> jghuf;fy;yh`{ m`;]Dy; fhypf;fPd;.

(ah my;yh`; cdf;Nf ehd; gzpe;J rpuk; jho;j;jptpl;Nld;. cd;idNa ehd; tpRthrpj;Njd;. NkYk; cd;idNa tzq;fp topgLfpNwd;. vdJ Kfk; mjidg; gilj;J cUthf;fp> mjpy; Nfl;Fk; jpwidAk;> ghHf;Fk; jpwidAk; cz;L gz;zpatDf;F ]{[_J nra;J tpl;lJ. gilg;Nghhpy; vy;yhk; kpf mofhdthdfpa my;yh`; kpfTk; rpwg;Gkpf;ftdhFk;.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; ][;jh nra;Ak; NghJ (Nkw;fhZk;) JMit XJthHfs;. (myp(uop)> K];ypk;)

3. egp(]y;) mtHfs; jkJ ]{[_jpy; (Nkw;fhZk;) my;yh`{k;k/ /gpHyP jd;gP Fy;y`_ jpf;f`_ t[{y;y`_...'' vd;gij Xjpf; nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. (mg+`{iuuh(uop)> K];ypk;)

(ah my;yh`; vdf;F vd; ghtj;jpy; rpwpa> nghpa> Muk;gj;jpYs;s> filrpapYs;s> gk;uq;fkhAs;s> kiwthAs;sit midj;ijAk; kd;dpj;jUs;thahf!)

4. ''mCJ gphpohf;f kpd; ]fj;jpf;f tmCJ gpKM /ghj;jpf;f kpd; c$gj;jpf;f tmCJ gpd;d kpd;f;f yh c`;]dhmd; miyf;f md;j;j fkh m];idj;j myh e/g;]pf;f''.

(ah my;yh`;!) cdJ nghUj;jj;ijf; nfhz;L cdJ ntWg;ig tpl;Lk; ghJfhg;Gj; NjLfpNwd;. cdJ jPq;if mfw;Wk; ty;yik nfhz;L> cdJ Ntjidia tpl;Lk; ghJfhg;Gj; NjLfpNwd;. NkYk; cd;idf; nfhz;Nl cd;dplk; ghJfhg;Gj; NjLfpNwd;. cdf;Fs;s Gfio vd;dhy; mstpl ,ayhJ. cd;id eP vt;thW Gfo;e;Js;shNah mt;thWs;stdhFk;)

ehd; XH ,uT egp(]y;) mtHfis gLf;ifapy; fhzhJ> ,Uspy;) vdJ ifahy; jltpj; Njbg;ghHj;Njd;. mg;NghJ mtHfs; (jhk;) njhOkplj;jpy; ,U ghjq;fSk; el;lg;gl;l epiyapypUe;jhHfs;. ,e;epiyapy; vdJ if mtHfspd; ghjq;fspd; cl;Gwj;jpy; gl;Ltpl;lJ. (mtHfs; ]{[_J nra;jtHfshf) ''mCJ gphpohf;f kpd; ]fj;jpf;f tmCJ gpKM /ghj;jpf;f kpd;c $gj;jpf;f...'' vDk; JMit Xjpf;nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. (Map\h(uop)>K];ypk;)

5. ''ug;gp m/j;jp e/g; jf;th`h t[f;fp`h md;j;j if& kd; [f;fh`h md;j;j typa;A`h tkt;yh`h''.

(vdJ ul;rfNd! vd; e/g;]{f;F mjw;Fhpa gagf;jp epiyiaj; je;jUs;! NkYk; mjidg; ghpRjjkhf;fpaUs;! mjidg; ghpRj;jg;gLj;JNthhpy; ePNa kpf;f Nkyhdtd;> eP jhd; mjw;F chpj;jhdtDk;> mjd; v[khdDkhtha;.)

xUtH jkJ Mil> jiyg;ghif my;yJ njhg;gp Mfpatw;wpd; kPJ new;wpia itj;j epiyapy; ]{[_J nra;tjd; epiy:

1. egp(]y;) mtHfs; jhk; ][;jh nra;Ak;NghJ> new;wpiaj; jiuapy; ed;F gLk;gb nra;thHfs;. (mg+`{ikj;(uop)> mg+jhj;> jpHkpjP)

2. egp(]y;) mtHfs; njhoj;njhpahj xU egUf;F> Kiwahfj; njhOtijf; fw;Wf; nfhLf;Fk;NghJ....> ''gpd;dH mtH jf;gPH $wp> ]{[_J nra;aNtz;Lk;. mg;NghJ mtH jkJ new;wpiaj; jiuapy; ed;F gLk;gb nra;aNtz;Lk;'' vd;w $wpdhHfs;. (hp/ghmj;Jgpd;uh/gp/(uop)> ig`fP)

Nkw;fhZk; ,U `jP];fSk;> njhOk;NghJ ]{[_J nra;ifapy; new;wpiaj; jiuapy; ed;F gLk;gb nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;gij typAWj;J fpd;wd.

3. egp(]y;) mtHfisr; rpwpa gha; xd;wpy; njhOk;NghJ mtHfs; mjd; kPJ R[_J nra;a ehd; ghHj;Js;Nsd;. (mg+]aPj;(uop)> K];ypk;)

Nkw;fhZk; `jP];> ]{[_J nra;Ak; NghJ new;wp jiuapy; jhd; ,Uf;fNtz;Lk; vd;gjpy;iy. mJ jiuapy; tphpj;Js;s ghapd; kPJk; ,Uf;fyhk; vd;gij czHj;JfPwJ.

4. ehq;fs; egp(]y;) mtHfSld; njhOJ nfhz;bUe;j NghJ> ntg;gj;jpd; fhuzkhf vq;fspy; rpyH ]{[_J nra;Akplj;jpy; Jzpapd; xU Xug; gFjpia itj;Jf;nfhs;Nthk;.

E}y;fs;: md];(uop)> GfhhP

GfhhPapy; cs;s ,e;j mwptpg;gpy; nghJthf ''Jzpapd; xU Xug;gFjp vd;Wk;> Mdhy; K];ypkpy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s ,Nj mwptpg;gpy; ''jdJ Jzp'' vd;Wk;> GfhhPapd; kw;nwhU mwptpg;gpy; ''][j;dh mth]pahgpdh'' vq;fs; Milfspd; kPJ ehq;fs; ]{[_J nra;Njhk; vd;Wk; gytifapy; thrfq;fs; mike;Js;sd.

vdNt> ''m];]t;G'' vDk; thHj;ijf;F Mil> Jzp vd;w ,U nghUl;fSk; ,Uf;Fk;NghJ mJ Miljhd;> my;yJ Jzp jhd; vd;W xU nghUis kl;Lk; $WNthH> mjw;fhd Kfhe;juj;ijf; $wpahf Ntz;Lk;.

''m];]t;G'' vd;gjw;F Mil vd;gNj nghUs; vd;W $WNthhpd; Kfhe;juk;:

1. egp(]y;) mtHfs;> xU Kiw xNu Milapy; njhOJ nfh z;bUe;jhHfs;. mg;NghjtHfs; me;j Milapd; Nky; kpr;rKs;s gFjp ahy; jiuapd; ntg;gj;ijAk;> FspiuAk; jtpHj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;.

,g;D mg;gh];(uop)> m`;kj;

Nkw;fhZk; ,t;twptpg;gpy;> ''m];]t;G'' vDk; thHj;ijNa ,lk; ngw;Ws;sJ. egp(]y;) mtHfsplj;jpy; ,Ue;jNjh xU Mil jhd;. mijNa jhk; njhOk;NghJ mzpe;J nfhz;L. mijf;nfhz;Nl jiuapd; ntg;gj;ijAk;> FspiuAk; jtpHj;Jf; nfhz;LkpUe;jhHfs; vd;gjhff; $Wk;NghJ> me;j Mil rhjhuzj; Jzpmy;y. mtHfs; mzpe;Js;s Miljhd vd;gJ kpfj; njspthfj; njhpfpwJ. ,jidNa gpd;tUk; mwptpg;Gk; CH[pjk; nra;fpwJ.

2. epr;rakhf egpj;NjhoHfs;> jkJ iffs; jkJ Milf;Fs; (kiwe;J) ,Uf;Fk; epiyapy; ]{[_J nra;jtuhapUe;jdH.

(`]d; g]hP(u`;)> ,g;D mgPi\gh> ig`fP)

,t;twptpg;G ]`hghf;fspd; epiy Fwpj;J jhgpaPd;fspy; xUtuhy; vLj;Jf; $wg;gLk; mwptpg;ghapUg;gjhy;> ,J ''kf;J}/'' vDk; juj;ijr; rhHe;jhapUg;gpDk;> Nkw;fhZk; ]`P`hd `jP];fspd; fUj;Jf;F xj;jpUg;gjhy;> Vw;Gf;FhpajhFk;.

Nkw;fhZk; mwptpg;G> clypy; mzpe;Js;s Milfspd; kPJ vt;thW ]{[_J nra;tJ MFNkh> mt;thNw ntg;gk;> FspH Nghd;w fhuzq;fis Kd;dpl;L jiyapy; mzpe;Js;s jiyg;ghif> njhg;gp Mfpatw;wpd; kPJk; ]{[_J nra;tJ MFk; vd;gijf; fhl;LfpwJ. ,jpYk; 'm];]t;G' vDk; gjj;jpw;F Mil vd;w nghUNs nfhs;sg; gl;Ls;sJ.

''m];]t;G'' vd;gjw;F ''nghJthf Jzp'' jhd; vd;W nghUs; nfhs;NthH> jhk; mt;thW $Wtjw;F Nkw;fhZk;> 'egp(]y;) mtHfs; ][;jh nra;Ak;NghJ> new;wpiaj; jiuapy; ed;F gLk;gb nra;thHfs;' vd;w `jPi]j;jhd; rhd;whf vLj;J itf;fpwhHfNs md;wp> xUtUila new;wp> mtH njhOk; NghJ> jhk; mzpe;Js;s Milahy; kiwf;fg;gl;bUe;J> mNj epiyapy; mtH ][;jh nra;jhy;> mtUila ][;jh $lhJ vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpAs;shHfs; vd;gjhf xU ]`P`hd `jPi]Ak; mtHfshy; vLj;Jitf;f Kbatpy;iy.

kw;nwhU mwptpg;gpd; epiy:

egp(]y;) mtHfs;> xUtH jkJ new;wpapd; kPJ jiyg;ghif Rw;wpatuhf> new;wpapd; xU rpwpJ ghfj;ij kl;Lk; fPNo itj;J ][;jh nra;J nfhz;bUg;gijg; ghHj;J> clNd mtuJ jiyg;ghifia mtUila new;wpf;FNky; J}f;fptpl;lhHfs;. (]hyp`{gpd; `athd;(u`;)> ig`fP)

,t;twptpg;gpd; njhlhpy; '',g;Yi`M'' vDk; ek;gfkw;wtH ,lk; ngw;wpUg;gjhy; ,J gy`Pdkhd mwptpg;ghf ,Ug;gJld; ,ij vLj;Jf; $WgtH> ,ijj; jkf;F mwptpj;j ]`hgpapd; ngaiuf; $whjjhy;> 'KH]y;' vDk; gy`Pdkhd mwptpg;gpd; juj;ijr; rhHe;jjhFk;. vdNt> ,J Vw;Gf;Fhpajy;y.

MfNt> xUtH xU ghapd; kPNjh> nghJthf VNjDk; xU Jzpapd; kPNjh> my;yJ ntg;gk;> FspH Nghd;wtw;wpd; fhuzkhf jhk; mzpe;Js;s rl;il> jiyg;ghif> njhg;gp Kjypatw;wpd; kPNjh ][;jh nra;jhYk;> `jP]py; $wg;gl;bUg;gJ Nghy; ][;jhtpd; NghJ jkJ VO cWg;GfisAk; fPNo itj;Jtpl;l jd; fhuzkhf mtUila ][;jh epiwNtwptpLk; vd;gjpy; re;Njfkpy;iy. vdpDk;> egp(]y;) mtHfs;> jhk; ][;jh nra;Ak; NghJ new;wpiaj; jiuapy; ed;F gLk;gb nra;thHfs; vd;gjhf `jP]; ,Ug;gjhy;> new;wpia vg;nghUshYk; kiwf;fhJ fPNo gLk;gb nra;tNj kpf NkyhdjhFk;> KiwahdJk;$l new;wp kiwf;fg;gl;l epiyapy; ][;jh nra;jhy; mJ epiwNtwhJ vd;gjw;F `jP];fspy; Nghjpa Mjhuq;fspy;iy.

Kjy; ]{[_jpypUe;J vOe;J cl;fhUjy;:

,e;j ,Ug;Gf;F ''rpW ,Ug;G> vd;W $wg;gLfpwJ. ,JTk; njhOifapd; Kf;fpa flik - gHSfspy; xd;whFk;.

1. egp(]y;) mtHfspd; U$/> ]{[_J> ,U ][;jhf;fSf;F kj;jpapy; cs;s ,Ug;G> U$/tpw;Fg; gpd; epw;Fk; epiy Mfpait midj;Jk; rw;Nwf;Fiwa rkkhditahfNt ,Ue;Js;sd. (gHuhc(uop)> GfhhP)

2. egp(]y;) mtHfs; (][;jhtpypUe;J) jkJ jiyia caHj;jp> ,lJ fhiy (mjd; ghfj;ij) klf;fp> mjd; kPJ cl;fhUthHfs;. mg;NghJ mtHfSila vYk;Gfs; midj;Jk; Kiwahf mtw;wpd; ];jhdq;fspy; mike;JtpLk;. gpd;dH (,uz;lhtJ) ][;jh nra;thHfs;. (mg+`{ikj;(uop)> mg+jhj;)

rpW ,Ug;gpy; XJk; JM:

1. egp(]y;) mtHfs; jkJ ,U ]{[_JfSf;F kj;jpapy; (rpW ,Ug;gpy;) ug;gp/ /gpHyP ug;gp/ /gpHyP vd;W Xjpf; nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. (`{ij/gh(uop)> e]aP> ,g;Dkh[;[h) ''ug;gp/ /gpHyP - ug;gp/ /gpHyP'' (vdJ ul;rfNd! vd;id kd;dpj;jUs;! vdJ ul;rfNd! vd;id kd;dpj;jUs;.

my;yh`{k;k/ /gpHyP - tH`k;dP - t[;GHdP - t`;jpdP- tH[{f;dP.

(ah my;yh`; vd;id kd;dpj;jUs;! vdf;F mUs;Ghp! vdJ Fiwfis eptHj;jp nra;jUs;! vdf;F NeHtop fhl;L! vdf;F (Kiwahd) hp[;if - (tUthiaj;) je;jUs;!

2. egp(]y;) jkJ ,U ]{[_JfSf;F kj;jpapy; my;yh`{k;k/ /gpHyP- tH`k;dP - vDk; JMit XJthHfs;. (i[Jgpd;`{ghg;(uop)> `hf;fpk;)

,uz;lhtJ ][;jhTk;> mjd; jf;gPHfSk;:

,uz;lhtJ ][;jh nra;tJk; njhOifapd; Kf;fpa flik gHSfspy; xd;whFk;.

mg+`{iuuh(uop) mtHfs; egp(]y;) mtHfspd; njhOifiag; gw;wp tHzpf;ifapy;. gpd;dH ]{[_Jf;fhf fPo; Nehf;fpr; nry;Yk;NghJ jf;gPH $WthHfs;. kPz;Lk; ]{[_J nra;ifapy; jf;gPH $WthHfs;. (K];ypk;)

,t;twptpg;gpy; egp(]y;) mtHfs; ,uz;lhtJ ][;jhTk; nra;Js; shHfs; vd;gJ njspT. Kjyhk; ][;jhitg; Nghy; ,uz;lhtJ ][;jhTk; gHshf . Mdhy; mjw;fhf FdpAk; NghJk;> epkpUk; NghJk; jf;gPH $WtJ flikahFk;.

,uz;lhtJ ufhmj;Jf;fhf vOk;NghJ> cl;fhuf; $ba ,Ug;gpd; epiyAk; mjpypUe;J vOk; KiwAk;:

,e;j ,Ug;Gf;F ''[y;]j;Jy; ,];j;jpuh`j;'' (,isg;ghUk; ,Ug;G) vd;W ngaH. ,e;j ,Ug;G mtrpak; jhdh? ,y;iyah? vd;gij `jP];fspd; thapyhf ftdpg;Nghk;.

1. egp(]y;) mtHfs; jkJ njhOifapd; xw;iwg; gilahd ufhmj;JfspypUe;J (vOk;NghJ) jhk; rhpahf cl;fhuhky; vokhl;lhH fs; vd;gij khypf;Fg;gpd; `{ithp];(uop) jhk; Nehpy; fz;ljhf> $wpAs;shHfs; vd;W> mg+k;yhgh(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;.

khypf;Fgpd; `{ithp];(uop)> GfhhP

mg+k;yhgh(uop) mtHfspd; thapyhf GfhhPapy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s kw;nwhU mwptpg;gpy; '',uz;lhtJ ][;jhtpypUe;J jkJ jiyia caHj;jpdhy;> cl;fhHe;J jiuapy; Cd;wp gpd;dH vOe;jpUg;ghHfs;'' vd;W . ,jpy; ''rhpahf cl;fhHe;J'' vDk; thrfj;jpw;F gjpyhf ''rhpahf'' vDk; thrfkpy;yhJ (ntWkNd) ''cl;fhHe;J'' vd;W kl;Lk; cs;sJ.

,t;twptpg;gpy; egp(]y;) mtHfs; ,U ]{[_JfisAk; nra;J Kbj;Jtpl;L vOk;Gk;NghJ> cl;fhHe;J Cd;wp vOe;Js;shHfs; vd;gijg; ghHf;fpNwhk;.

2. mg+`{ikj;(uop) thapyhf> ''egp(]y;) ,uz;lhtJ ][;jhtpypUe;J jkJ jiyia caHj;jp vOe;J epd;W nfhs;thHfs;'' vd;W j`htpapYk;> gpd;dH jiyia cahj;jp cl;fhuhky; (Neubahf) vOe;JtpLthHfs; vd;W mg+jhjpYk;> mNj mg+`{ikj;(uop) mtHfspd; %ykhfNt mwptpf;fg;gl;L `jP];fs; ,lk; ngw;Ws;sd.

,t;tpU mwptpg;GfspYk;> ,uz;lhtJ ][;jh nra;Jtpl;L ,ilapy; cl;fhuhky;> epiyf;F Neuhf vOk;gpAs;shHfs; vd;gijg; ghHf;fpNwhk;. ,t;tpU `jP];fSk; ]`P`hditahfNtapUf;fpwd.

3. ehd; ,g;Dk];Cj;(uop) mtHfis KjyhtJ ufhmj;jpd; ][;jhf;fis mtHfs; Kbj;J tpl;L vOk;NghJ> cw;W Nehf;fpf; nfhz;b Ue;Njd;. mg;NghjtHfs; (,ilapy;) cl;fhuky; jkJ ghjq;fspd; Kw;gFjpfspd; gyj;jpy; Neuhf vOe;jpUg;gijg; ghHj;Js;Nsd;.

mg;JH u`;khd; gpd; a[Pj;(u`;)> ig`fP

,g;D k];Cj;(uop) mtHfs; gw;wp mg;JHu`;khd; gpd; a[Pj; mtHfspd; thapyhf mwptpf;fg;gLk; ,e;j mwptpg;G ]`P`hd> Kiwahd ]dJfisf; nfhz;lJjhd; vd;gjhf ,khk; ,g;D `[H(u`;) mtHfs;> jkJ /gj;`{y; ghhPapy; Fwpg;gpLfpwhHfs;>

MfNt Nkw;fz;lthW> ,J gw;wpa mwptpg;Gfs; xNu mikg;gpypy;yhJ> ,Utpjkhf ,Ug;gNjhL> mit ]`P`hditahfT kpUg;gjhy;> Kjyhk; ufhmj;J> %d;whk; ufhmj;Jfspd; ][;jhf;fis Kbj;J tpl;L vOk;NghJ cl;fhHe;J ifia Cd;wp vOtJk;> cl;fhuh kYk; ifia Cd;whkYk; vOtJk; Mfpa ,U KiwfSNk MFkhd itAk;> rhpahditAkhFk; vd;gij Nkw;fhZk; `jP];fspd; thapyhf mwpfpNwhk;.

H 4
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