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#uj;Jy; /ghj;jp`h XJtjd; epiy


,khikg; gpd;gw;wpj; njhONthH #uj;Jy; /ghj;jp`h XJtjd; epiy:

1. #uj;Jy; gh/j;jp`hit xt;nthU uf;mj;JfspYk; fl;lhak; XjNtz;Lk; vd;gJ Kjy; gphptpdH

2. #uj;Jy; gh/j;jp`hit XjNt $lhJ - vd;gJ ,uz;lhtJ gphpT

3. ,khk; rg;jkhf XJk; njhOifapy; Xjf;$lhJ. nkJthf XJk; (Y`H> m]H Nghd;w) njhOiffspy; XjNtz;Lk; vd;gJ %d;whk; gphptpdH.

1. Kjyhk; gphptpdhpd; $w;W:

,khikg; gpd;gw;wpj; njhONthH> mtH rg;jkhf XjpdhYk; my;yJ rg;jkpd;wp nkJthf XjpdhYk;> mtUld; jhk; njhOk; xt;nthU ufhmj;jpYk; mtrpak; #uj;Jy; /ghj;jp`hit Xjpahf Ntz;Lk; vd;gjhFk;.

,tHfspd; Mjhuq;fs;:

1. cghjj;Jg;dp];]hkPj;(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;: egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;: /ghj;jp`j;Jy; k;jhG (#uj;Jy; /ghj;jp`h)it XjhjtUf;F njhOif vd;gNj ,y;iy.

E}y;fs;: GfhhP> K];ypk;> jpHkPjp> mg+jhj;> e]aP> ,g;Dkh[;[h> m`;kj;

1-2 mg+`{iuuh(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;:

egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;: ck;Ky; FHMid (kw;nwhU mwptpg;gpy; /ghj;jp`j;Jy; k;jhGit) Xjhky; njhOgthpd; njhOif FiwghLs;sjhFk;.

E}y;fs;: GfhhP> K];ypk;> m`;kj;

,t;tpU `jP];fSk; vt;tpj gpur;ridAkpd;wp KOikahf Vw;fj;jf;fitNa. ,itad;wp NtW rpy `jP];fisAk; jkJ $w;Wf;F Mjhukhf vLj;J itf;fpd;wdH. mtw;iwAk; ghHg;Nghk;.

1-3 mg+`{iuuh(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;: ck;Ky; FHMid (#uj;Jy; /ghj;jp`hit) Xjpj;njhohjthpd; njhOif KOik ngwhjjhFk; vd;W Kk;Kiw $wptpl;L> FiwghLs;sNjahFk; vd;whHfs;. mg;NghJ mg+`{iuuh(uop) mtHfsplj;jpy; ehq;fs; ,khKf;Fg; gpd;dhy; ,Ue;J (mtiug; gpd;gw;wp) njhofpNwhNk (mg;NghJ ehq;fs; vd;d nra;tJ?) vd;W Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. mjw;ftHfs; mij ePH ckf;Fs;NsNa Xjpf;nfhs;tPuhf! vd;whHfs;.

Vnddpy; egp(]y;) mtH (gpd;tUkhW) $w ehd; Nfl;bUf;fpNwd;. (mjhtJ) my;yh`; $Wfpwhd;; ehd; njhOifia (njhOifapy; Xjg;gLk; #uj;Jy; /ghj;jp`hit) vdf;F vdJ mbahDf;Fk; ,ilNa ,U gFjpfshfg; gphpj;Js;Nsd; vdJ mbahDf;F mtd; Nfl;lit fpilf;Fk;.

mbahd;: my;`k;Jypy;yh`p ug;gpy; MykPd;(mfpy cyfq;fisAk; gilj;J ghpghydk; nra;Ak; my;yh`;Tf;Nf vy;yhg;GfOk;) vd;W $Wk; NghJ>

my;yh`;: ''vdJ mbahd; vd;idg; Gfo;e;J tpl;lhd;'' vd;W $Wfpwhd;.

mbahd;: mHu`;khdpHu`Pk; (mtd; mstw;w mUshsd; epfuw;w md;GilNahd;) vd;W $Wk;NghJ>

my;yh`;: vdJ mbahd; vd;id fTutg;gLj;jp tpl;lhd; vd;W $wptpl;L> vdJ mbahd; (midj;ijAk;) vd;dplk; xg;gilj;J tpl;lhd; vd;Wk; $Wfpwhd;.

mbahd;: '',a;ahf;f e/GJ t,a;ahf;f e];jaPd;'' (cd;idNa tzq;fp topgLfpNwhk; NkYk; cd;dplNk cjtp NjLfpNwhk;) vd;W $Wk;NghJ>

my;yh`;: ,J vdf;Fk; mbahDf;Fk; ,ilapYs;s tp\akhFk;. vdJ mbahDf;F mtd; Nfl;lit fpilf;Fk; vd;W $Wfpwhd;.

mbahd;: '',`;jpd];]puhj;jy; K];jfPk; ]puhj;jy;yjPd md;mk;j;j miy`pk;ifhpy; kf;Ogp miy`pk; tyo;ohy;yPd;'' (cd;dhy; Nfhgpf;fg;gl;ltHfSk;> top jtwpatHfSk; nrd;wtop md;wpNa> eP vtHfs; kPJ mUs; nra;jpUf;fpd;whNah mj;jifNahhpd; topia vq;fSf;Ff; fhl;b mUs;thahf! vd;W $Wk;NghJ>

my;yh`;: ,J vdJ mbahDf;FhpaJ> vdJ mbahDf;F mtd; Nfl;lit fpilf;Fk; vd;W $Wthd;. (K];ypk;)

,e;j `jP]pd; epiyiag; ghHg;Nghk;. ,e;j `jP]; K];ypkpy; ,lk; ngw;wpUg;gpDk; ,jd; mwptpg;ghsH njhlhpy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s myhcgpd; mg;jpHu`;khd; vd;gtH Fwpj;J ,g;D KaPd; mtHfs; ,tUila `jP]; vjw;Fk; Mjhukhf Vw;fj;jf;fjy;yntd;W $wpajhf jt;hP $WfpwhHfs;.

NkYk; ,t;twptpg;gpy; ,khikg; gpd;gw;wpj; njhOgtH jkf;Fs;NsNa #uj;Jy; /ghj;jp`hit Xjpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;W mg+`{iuuh(uop) mtHfs; jkJ nrhe;jf; fUj;ijNa $wpapUf;fpwhHfNs md;wp> egp(]y;) mtHfs; ,t;thW $wpAs;shHfs; vd;W $wtpy;iy vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

1-4 cghjh(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;.

xUKiw egp(]y;) mtHfs; ]{g;`{ njhOif elj;jpf; nfhz;bUUe;jhHfs;. mg;NghJ mtHfSf;F fpuhmj; XJtJ rpukkhk; tpl;lJ. mtHfs; njhoitj;J tpl;Lj; jpUk;gpa NghJ (]`hghf;fis Nehf;fp) ePq;fs; cq;fs; ,khKf;Fg; gpd;dhy; Xjpf;nfhz;bUg;gjhf vdf;Fj; njhpfpwNj! vd;whHfs;. mjw;ftHfs; my;yh`;tpd; J}jNu! Mk; mtrukhf Xjpf;nfhs;fpNwhk; vd;whHfs;. mjw;F egp(]y;) mtHfs; ck;KyFHMid (#uj;Jy; /ghj;jp`hit)j;jtpu NtW vijAk; XjhjPHfs;. Vnddpy; mij XjhjtUf;Fj; njhOif fpilahJ vd;whHfs;. (mg+jhj;> jpHkpjP)

1-5 cghjj;Jg;dp];]hkpj;(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; rg;jkhf XJk; xU njhOifia vq;fSf;Fj; njhoitj;jhHfs;. mg;NghJ mtHfSf;F fpuhmj;jpy; rpf;fy; Vw;gl;L tpl;lJ mtHfs; njhoitj;J Kbj;jTld;> vq;fis Nehf;fp> ''ehd; rg;jkhf fpuhmj; XJk;NghJ> ePq;fs; Xjth nra;fPwPHfs;?'' vd;W Nfl;lhHfs;. mjw;F vq;fspy; xUtH ''Mk;'' mt;thW Xjj;jhd; nra;fpNwhk; vd;whH. mjw;F egp(]y;) mtHfs; (mJ) Ntz;lhk; vd;W $wptpl;L> (cq;fshy;) vdf;F FHMdpy; rpf;fy; Vw;gLtjhf cs;sJ vd;W fUJfpNwd;. ehd; rg;jkhf Xjpdhy; ePq;fs; ck;Ky; FHMid - #uj;Jy; /ghj;jp`hitj; jtpu NtW vijAk; Xj Ntz;lhk; vd;whHfs;. (mg+jhj;)

,t;tpU `jP];fspd; mwptpg;ghsH njhlhpy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s kf;`_y; vd;gtH gw;wp ,khk; j`gP(u`;) mtHfs; jkJ ''kP[hDy; ,/jpjhy;'' vDk; E}ypy; gpd;tUkhW tpkHrpj;Js;shHfs;: xU rpyH ,tiu ek;gfkhdtH vd;W $Wfpd;wdH. Mdhy; ,tiu xU [khmj;- $l;lNk gyfPdkhdtH vd;W $WfpwhHfs;.

NkYk; ,tH jhk; `jP];fis mwptpf;Fk; NghJ jhk; ahhplkpUe;J ,t;tp\aj;ijf; Nfl;Nld; vd;W njspthff; $whJ vdf;F xUtH $wpdhH vd;W kiwj;J $Wk; gof;fKilatuhf ,Ue;Js;shH vd;W ehd; (j`gP) $WfpNwd;.

Nkw;fhZk; ,e;egiug; gw;wp gyH ew;rhd;W mspj;jpUg;gpDk;> ,j;jifa FiwghLfs; egp(]y;) mtHfspd; `jP];fis vLj;jpak;Gk; xU Nkijaplk; fhzg;gLtJ Kiway;y.

,uz;lhk; gphptpdhpd; $w;W:

,khikg; gpd;gw;wpj; njhONthH ,khk; rg;jkhf XJk; njhOif> rg;jkpd;wp nkJthf XJk; njhOif Mfpa midj;Jj; njhOiffspd; ve;j ufhmj;jpYk; mwNt #uj;Jy; ghj;jp`hit XjhJ> tha; %bNa ,Uf;fNtz;Lk; vd;gjhFk;.

,tHfspd; Mjhuq;fs;:

2-1 ''FHMd; Xjg;gl;lhy; mjid nrtpkLq;fs;! NkYk; (mjw;fhf) tha; %bapUq;fs;! (mt;thwpUg;gpd;) ePq;fs; u`;kj; nra;ag;gLtPHfs;.'' 7:204

2-2 mg+%]y; m\;mhP(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;:

egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;: ,khk; jf;gPH $wpdhy; ePq;fSk; jf;gPH $Wq;fs;! mtH fpuhmj; Xjpdhy; ePq;fs; tha;KbapUq;fs;! (K];ypk;)

2-3 mg+`{iuuh(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;:

egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;: xUtiu ,khkhf;fg;gLtnjy;yhk; mtH (kw;wtuhy;) gpd;gw;wg;glNtz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhfj; jhd;. MfNt> mtH jf;gPH $wpdhy; ePq;fSk; jf;gPH $Wq;fs; mtH fpuhmj; Xjpdhy; ePq;fs; tha; %bapUq;fs;!

(mg+jhj;> e]aP> ,g;Dkh[;[h> m`;kj;)

Nkw;fhZk; jpUtrdKk;> ,U ]`P`hd `jP];fSk; ,khk; rg;jkhf XJk;NghJ kl;Lk; mtiug; gpd;gw;wpj; njhONthH tha; %bapUf;fNtz;Lk; vd;gijNa czHj;Jfpd;wd. ,uz;lhk; gphptpdH $WtJ Nghy; ,khk; nkJthf XjpdhYk; mtiug; gpd;gw;wpj; njhOgtH vg;NghJNk tha; %bapUf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf xU thrfk; $l mtw;wpy; fpilahJ.

,khk; rg;jkhf XJk;NghJ mtH XJtij ftdkhf Nfl;Lf; nfhz;bUg;gtUk; mtiug; Nghd;Nw jhKk; Xjpatuhfp tpLfpwhH. rg;jkpd;wp nkJthf XJk;NghJ mtH XJtijf; Nfl;f tha;g;gpy;yhjjhy; ntWkNd tha; %bapUg;gtH Xjpatuhf khl;lhH.

2-4: mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; \j;jhj;(u`;) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;:

egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;: xUtH xUtUf;F ,khkhf ,Ue;jhy; mtUila fpuhmj;Nj jkf;Fk; (NghJkhdJ) MFk;. (jhuFj;dP)

,t;twptpg;G Mjhug;g+HtkhdJ vd;W gy topfspy; mwptpf;fg;gl;bUg;gpDk;> mt;topfs; midj;JNk gyfPdkhditahf cs;sd.

,t;twptpg;gpd; njhlhpy; ]`hgpapd; ngaH tpLgLtjhy;> ,t;twptpg;G ''KH]y;'' (r`hgp tpLgl;lJ) vd;w tifiar; rhHejjhf mike;Js;sJ.

vdNt KH]yhd ,t;twptpg;ig jkf;F rhjfkhf itj;J ,uz;lhk; gphptpdH ,khk; XJk; fpuhmj;Nj mtiug; gpd;gw;wpj; njhONthUf;Fk; NghJkhdJ. Mifahy;> mtH rg;jkhf XjpdhYk;> nkJthf XjpdhYk; mtiug; gpd;gw;wpj; njhONthH tha; %bNa ,Uf;fNtz;Lk; vd;gij epahag;gLj;Jk; tha;g;ig ,oe;J tpLfpd;wdH. fhuzk;> ''KH]yhd'' mwptpg;ig kl;Lk Mjhukhff; nfhz;L rl;lk; tFf;f KbahJ.

2-5 a`;ah gpd; a`;ah(u`;) mtHfs; mwptpj;Js;shHfs;.

xU Kiw mjh cgpd; a]hH (u`;) mtHfs; i[J gpd; ]hgpj;(uop) mtHfsplj;jpy; ,khKld; (mtiug; gpd;gw;wpj; njhONthH) XJtJ gw;wp jhk; Nfl;lNghJ> mjw;ftHfs; ,khKld;'' ve;j re;jHg;gj;jpYk; Xj Ntz;Lk; vd;gjpy;iy'' vd;W $wpdhHfs;. (K];ypk;)

Nkw;fhZk; filrp ,t;tpU mwptpg;GfSk; ]`hghf;ffspd; nrhy;yhf ,Uf;fpd;wd. mt;thwpd;wp> egp(]y;) mtHfs; ,t;thW $wpAs;shH vd;wpUg;gpd; ,tw;iw itj;J Nkw;fhzg;gl;l ]`P`hd `jP];fis kW ghprPyid nra;a tha;g;Gz;L. mt;thwpd;wp ''mjhH'' vd;Dk; ]`hghf;fspd; $w;whf ,Ug;gjhy; ,tw;iw kl;Lk; itj;J ]`P`hd `jP];fspy; $wg;gl;Ls;stw;wpy; vk;khw;wKk; nra;aKbahJ.

3. %d;whk; gphptpdhpd; $w;W:

,khikg; gpd;gw;wpj; njhOgtH> ,khk; rg;jkhf XJk; NghJ kl;Lk; vJTk; Xjhky; mtH XJtij nrtpkLj;J Nfl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;f Ntz;Lnkd;gJk;> ,khk; rg;jkpd;wp nkJthf XJk; NghJ> #uj;Jy; /ghj;jp`hit mtrpak; xUtH Xjpf; nfhs;sNtz;Lk; vd;gJ MFk;.

,tHfspd; Mjhuq;fs;:

3-1 FHMd; Xjg;gl;lhy; mjid nrtpkLq;fs;. NkYk;> (mjw;fhf) tha; %bapUq;fs;! mt;thwpUg;gpd; ePq;fs; u`;kj; nra;ag;gLtPHfs;. (7:204)

3-2 cghjj;Jg;dp]; ]hkpj;(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;:

egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;: /ghj;jp`j;Jy; k;jhG (#uj;Jy; /ghj;jp`h)it XjhjtUf;F njhOif vd;gNjapy;iy.

E}y;fs;: GfhhP> K];ypk;> mg+jhj;> jpHkpjP> e]aP> ,g;Dkh[;[h> m`;kj;

3-3 mg+`{iuuh(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;:

egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;: ck;Ky; FHMid (kw;nwhU mwptpg;gpy; #uj;Jy; /ghj;jp`hit) Xjhky; njhOgthpd; njhOif FiwghLs;sjhFk;. (GfhhP> K];ypk;> m`;kj;)

3-4 mg+%]y; m\;mhP(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;:

egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;; ,khk; jf;gPH $wpdhy; ePq;fSk; jf;gPH $Wq;fs;! mtH fpuhmj; Xjpdhy; ePq;fs; tha; %bapUq;fs;!

Nkw;fhZk; (7:204) jpUtrdj;Jf;Fk;> kw;WKs;s `jP];fSf;FKs;s tpsf;fk; Kjyhk;> ,uz;lhk; gphptpdHfspd; $w;Wf;fis tpkHrpf;Fk; NghNj jug;gl;Ls;sJ.

'',khk; fpuhmj; Xjpdhy; tha;%bapUq;fs;''! vDk; egpnkhopf;F khw;wkhf ele;j kf;fis Nehf;fp> egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpaJ:

3-5 mg+`{iuuh(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;:

xU Kiw egp(]y;) mtHfs; jhk; rg;jkhf fpuhmj; XJk; njhOifia(j; njhoitj;J) tpl;Lj; jpUk;gpdhHfs;> mg;NghJ (mq;fpUe;jtHfis Nehf;fp) rw;W Kd; cq;fspy; ahH vd;Dld; XjpatH? vd;W Nfl;lhHfs;> mg;NghJ xUtH my;yh`;tpd; J}jNu! Mk;! (ehd; jhd;) vd;whH.

mjw;F egp(]y;) mtHfs; ehd; (vdJ) Xjypy; (cq;fshy;) Fog;gk; tpistpf;fg;gLtjhf fUJfpNwd; vd;whHfs;. egp(]y;) mtHfs;> ,t;thW $Wtijf; Nfl;Lf;nfhz;bUe;j (]`hghf;fshfpa) mtHfs;> egp(]y;) mtHfs; rg;jkhf XJk; njhOiffspy; jhq;fs; XJtij jtpHj;J nfhz;lhHfs;. (mg+jhj;> Kmj;jh> jpHkpjP.)

Nkw;fhZk; ,e;j mwptpg;gpd; njhlhpy; ,lk;ngw;Ws;s ,g;D cifkhitg; gw;wp xU rpyH ''k[;`_y;'' (`jP];fyh ty;YeHfSf;F kj;jpapy; mwpKfkpy;yhjtH) vd;W $wpapUg;gJ Kiwaw;wjhFk;.

`jP];fyh ty;YeHfSf;F kj;jpapy; gpujhd ];jhdj;ij tfpf;Fk; ,g;D`[H(u`;) mtHfs; ,g;D cifkhitg; gw;wp $Wk; ew;rhd;Wfs; gpd;tUkhW:

'',tuJ mry; ngaH ''ckhuh'' vd;gjhFk;. ,khKf;Fg; gpd; XJjy; tp\ak; Fwpj;J mg+`{iuuh(uop) mtHfs; $wpajhf mwptpg;gtH ,tH jhd; vd;gJ njspT. ,tH `p[;hp 101-y; fhykhdhH vd;W ,g;D ]/J $WfpwhH.

mg+ `hj;jpk; mtHfs; ,tuJ `jP]; Vw;fj;jf;fjhFk; vd;W $wpapUg;gNjhL> ,tH ek;gfkhdthpy; xUtuhthH vd;W ,g;D `pg;ghDk; $wpAs;shHfs;.

MfNt> ,g;D cifkhitg; gw;wp mwpKfkpy;yhjtH vd;w $w;Wf;F mwNt ,lkpy;iy vd;gij Nkw;$wg;gl;lit ep&gpj;Jf; fhl;Lfpd;wd.

7:204 jpUtrdk; gw;wp FHMd; tphpTiuahsHfs; $WtJ gpd;tUkhW:

jpUFHMd; tphpTiuahsHfspd; jiytuhk; ,g;D mg;gh];(uop) mtHfs; jkJ j/g;Ug;dp mg;gh];'' vd;w E}ypy; ''t,jh Fhpmy; FHMD'' vDk; trdj;jpw;F gHyhd njhOifapy; FHMd; Xjg;gl;lhy; mjd; XJjYf;fhf nrtpkLq;fs;! NkYk; mjd; XJjYf;fhf tha;%bapUq;fs;! vd;gjhf tphpTiu nra;Js;shHfs;.

,khk; [{`;hp(u`;) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;:

,t;trdk; md;]hHfisr; rhHe;jnjhU thypghpd; tp\akhf mUsg;gl;ljhFk;. mtH egp(]y;) mtHfs; fpuhmj; XJk;NghJk; mtHfSld; jhKk; Xjpf;nfhz;bUe;jhH. mg;NghJ ''FHMd; Xjg;gl;lhy; mjid nrtpkLq;fs;. NkYk;> tha;%bapUq;fs;. ePq;fs; u`;kj; nra;ag;gLtPHfs;'' vDk; jpUtrdk; ,wq;fpaJ vd;W $WfpwhHfs;. (,g;D[hPH)

,khk; K[h`pj; mtHfs; kl;Lk; ,j;jpUtrdk; njhOif kl;Lkpd;wp [{k;M Fj;ghtpd; NghJk;> tha; %bapUg;gJ Fwpj;J mUsg;gl;ljhFk; vd;W $wpAs;shHfs;. (jg;H ,g;DfH)

MfNt> ,j;jpUtrdk; VNfhgpj;J vy;yh K/g];]phPd;fspd; fUj;Jg;gb njhOif rk;ge;jkhf njhOif flikahf;fg;gl;l gpd;dH mUsg;gl;Ls;sJ vd;gijNa jg;H ,g;D mg;gh]; Kjy; Vida ek;gfkhd midj;J jg;HfSk; CH[pjk; nra;fpd;wd.

''ePq;fs; ,e;j FHMid nrtpNaw;fhjPHfs;. mjpy; $r;rypLq;fs; mjdhy; kpifj;Jtplyhk; vd;W fhgpHfs; $wpdH'' (41:26) vd;w (fhgpHfspd; $w;Wf;F gjpyhf ,e;j (7:204) trdk; ,wf;fg;gl;lJ vd;W rpyH $Wfpd;wdH. ,t;trdk; mt;trdj;jpw;F gjpy; nfhLj;jJNghy; mike;jpUe;jhYk; fhyf; fl;lj;jpy; ,t;trdk; mUsg;glljhf Mjhug;g+Htkhd ve;j jg;hpYk; fhzg;gltpy;iy.

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