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#uj;Jy; ghj;jp`h


,khKk; mtiug; gpd;gw;wp njhOgtUk;> jdpj;J njhOgtUk;> njhOifapd; xt;nthU ufhmj;JfspYk; ''#uj;Jy; ghj;jp`h'' XJtjd; mtrpak;:

1. cg;ghj;J gpd; ]hkpj;(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;: /ghj;jp`j;Jy; k;jhG #uj;Jy; /ghj;jp`h)it XjhjtUf;F njhOif fpilahJ.

E}y;fs;: GfhhP> K];ypk;> mg+jhj;> jpHkpjP> e]aP> ,g;Dkh[;[h> m`;kj;

mg+`{iuuh(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;: ck;Ky; FHMid (#uj;Jy; ghj;jp`hit) (kw;nwhU mwptpg;gpy; /ghj;jp`j;Jy; k;jhGit vd;W gjpT nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ) XjhJ njhOgthpd; njhOif Fiw ghLs;sjhFk;.

E}y;fs;: GfhhP> m`;kj;> K];ypk;

egp(]y;) mtHfs; ve;j njhOifapy; ve;j ufhmj;Jfspy; NtW #uhit ,izj;J XjpdhHfs;? ve;j ufhmj;Jfspy; #uj;Jy; /ghj;jp`hit kl;Lk; XjpdhHfs;?

mg+fjhjh(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;:

egp(]y;) mtHfs; S`;U njhOifapy; Ke;ija ,U ufhmj;JfspYk; ck;Ky;k;jhG(#uj;Jy; /ghj;jp`h)itAk;> NtW ,U #uhf;fisAk; Xjp te;jhHfs;. gpe;ija ,Uufhmj;JfspYk; ck;Ky;k;jhG (#uj;Jy; /ghj;jp`h)it (kl;Lk;) XjpdhHfs; vd;gij mwpfpNwhk;. Mdhy; gHY my;yhjRd;dj;J Nghd;wnjhOiffis njhOk;NghJ ,uz;Lf;F Nkw;gl;l ufhmj;JfspYk; #uj;Jy; /ghj;jp`hTld; NtW #uhit ,izj;J XjpAs;shHfs;.

mg;Jy; m[P]; gpd; [{iu`;(u`;) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;.

ehq;fs; md;id Map\h(uop) mtHfsplk; egp(]y;) mtHfs; vij Xjp tpj;U njhOthHfs; vd;W Nfl;Nlhk;. mjw;ftHfs; Kjyhk; ufhmj;jpy; '']g;gp`p];kug;gpf;fy; m/yh'' itAk;> ,uz;lhk; ufhmj;jpy; ''Fy;ah ma;A`y; fh/&Ud;'' vd;gijAk;> %d;whk; ufhmj;jpy; ''Fy;`{ty;yh`{ m`j;'' vd;gijAk; ''Kmt;tpjijd;'' (Fy;mCJ gpug;gpy; gyf;> Fy;mCJ gpug; gpd;dh];) Mfpa #uhf;fisAk; Xjpf; nfhz;bUe;jhHfs; vd;W $wpdhHfs;.

(,khk; m`;kj;(u`;) mtHfs; ciggpd; f/GthapyhfTk;> ,khk; jhukP(u`;) mtHfs; ciggpd; f/G thapyhfTk;> ,khk; jhukP(u`;) mtHfs;> ,g;D mg;gh];(uop) mtHfs; thapyhfTk; Nkw;fhZk; `jPi] Nkw;fz;lthNw mwptpj;Js;shHfs;. Mdhy; mt;tpUtUk; %d;whk; ufhmj;jpy; ''Fy;`{ty;yh`_ m`j;'' XjpdhH vd;gNjhL epWj;jpf;nfhz;lhHfs;. NkYk; mj;Jld; ''Fy;mCJ gpug;gpy; gyf;'' Fy;mCJ gpug;gpd;dh];'' vd;w #uhf;fisAk; XjpdhHfs; vd;W $wtpy;iy.

MfNt Nkw;fhZk; `jP]py; ,uz;bw;F mjpfkhd gHYmy;yhj njhOifapy; %d;whk; ufhmj;jpYk;> #uj;Jy;/ghj;jp`hTld; NtW #uhit ,izj;J XjpapUg;gijf; fhZfpNwhk;.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; [{k;M jpdj;jpy; /g[;hpy; ve;j #uhf;fis Xjpte;jhHfs;?

mg+`{iuuh(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; [{k;M jpdj;jpd; /g[;U njhOifapy; ''myp/g; yhk; kPk; jd;[Py;'' vDk; #uhit Kjyhk; ufhmj;jpYk; ''`y;mj;jh myy; ,d;]hd;'' vDk; #uhit ,uz;lhk; ufhmj;jpYk; Xjpte;jhHfs;. E}y;fs;: GfhhP> K];ypk;

[{k;M njhOifapy;> ,UngUehs; njhOiffspYk; egp(]y;) mtHfs; Xjpte;j #uhf;fs; ahit?

E/khDgpd; g\PH(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;:

egp(]y;) mtHfs; ,UngUehs; njhOiffspYk;> [{k;MtpYk;> ]g;gp`p];kug;gpf;fy; m/yhitAk;> `y;mj;jhf;f `jP];{y; fhah itAk; Xjp te;jhHfs;. ngUehSk;> [{k;MTk; xNu ehspy; NrHe;J te;j NghJk; ,t;tpuz;L #uhf;fisNa ,U njhOiffspYk; XjpdhHfs;. (K];ypk;)

g[;U> k/hpG njhOiffspd; Rd;dj;Jfspy; egp(]y;) mtHfs; Xjpa #uhf;fs;:

mg;Jy;yh`;gpd; k];Cj;(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;:

egp(]y;) mtHfs; k/hpGf;Fg; gpd;Ds;s ,U ufhmj;JfspYk; g[;Uf;F Kd;Ds;s ,U ufhmj;JfspYk; (Kjyhk; ufhmj;jpy; ''Fy;ah ma;A`y; fh/gp&d;'' vDk; #uhitAk; (,uz;lhk; ufhmj;jpy;) ''Fy;`{ ty;yh`{ m`j;'' vDk; #uhitAk; mtHfs; Xjp> ehd; nrtpAw; wij vd;dhy; fzf;fpl ,ayhJ. (jpHkpjP)

[hgpUgpd; ]Kuh(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; Y`hpy; ''ty;iyyp ,jhaf;\h''itAk;> m];hpy; mijg; Nghd;wijAk; ]{g;`py; mijtpl mjpf ePsKs;sijAk; Xjpf; nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. (K];ypk;)

k/hpG> ,\h Mfpatw;wpy; mtHfspd; fpuhmj;:

ck;Ky; /go;Ygpd;Jy;`hhp];(uop) mtHfs; mwptpj;Js;shHfs;.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; k/hpgpy; ''ty;KH]yhj; cU/gd;'' vDk; #uhit Xj ehd; Nfl;Nld;.

E}y;fs;: GfhhP> K];ypk;

gHuhc(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;:

egp(]y;) mtHfs; ,\htpy; ''tj;jPdp t[;i[j;J}dp'' vDk; #uhit Xj ehd; Nfl;Nld;. mtHfis mofpa njhzpAila vtiuAk; ehd; Nfl;ljpy;iy. (GfhhP> K];ypk;)

KOikahd #uhtpd;wp xU rpy Maj;Jfis kl;Lk; XJjy;:

,g;D mg;gh];(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; g[;Uila ,U ufhmj;Jfspy; (#uj;Jy; gfuhtpd; Maj;Jfspy;) ''$Y}Mkd;dh gpy;yh`ptkh cd;[py ,iydh'' vd;gijAk;> My,k;uhdpYs;s ''Fy;ah m`;yy; k;uhgpjMyt; ,yhf ypkj;jpd; ]th,d; igddh tigdf;Fk;'' vd;w Maj;ijAk; XjpdhHfs;. E}y;: K];ypk;

Kjy; ufhmj;jpy; Xjpa #uhit kPz;Lk; ,uz;lhk; ufhmj;jpy; XJtjd; epiy.

KMJgpd; mg;jpy;yh`py;[{`;dP(uop) mtHfs; jkf;F [{i`dh FLk;gj;jhiur; rhHe;j xUtH gpd;tUkhW mwptpj;jjhff; $wpAs;shHfs;:

egp(]y;) mtHfs; '',jh[{y;[pyj;(jpH mHS)'' vDk; #uhit ]{g;`{ila ,U ufhmj;JfspYk; Xj ehd; Nfl;bUf;fpNwd;. mtHfs; kwe;Jtpl;lhHfsh? my;yJ Ntz;Lk; vd;Nw nra;jhHfsh? vd;gij ehd; mwpNad;. (mg+jhj;)

fPo;fhZk; njhOiffspy; fpuhmj;ij rg;jkpd;wp nkJthf XJtJ Rd;dj;jhFk;:

S`;U> m];U njhOiffs;.

mg+k/gh(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;. ehd; xUKiw fg;ghG gpd; muj;(uop) mtHfsplk; egp(]y;) mtHfs; S`;U> m];U Mfpa njhOiffspy; fpuhmj; Xjp te;jhHfsh? vd;W Nfl;Nld;. mjw;ftHfs; ''Mk;'' vd;whHfs;. kPz;Lk; ehd; mtHfs; fpuhmj; Xjpaij ePq;fs; vt;thW njhpe;Jnfhz;BHfs; vd;W Nfl;Nld;. mij mtHfspd; jhbapd; mirtpd;%yk; (njhpe;J nfhz;Nld;) vd;W mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;.

mg+fjhjh(uop) mtHfspd; %yk; GfhhP> K];ypk; Mfpa E}y;fspy; gpd;tUkhW kw;nwhU mwptpg;Gk; gjpT nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. mjhtJ ''xU rpy rkaq;fspy; xU rpy Maj;ij vq;fSf;Fk; Nfl;Fk;gbAk; XJthHfs;''

k/hpG njhOifapd; %d;whk; ufhmj;> ,\htpd; gpe;ija ,U ufhmj;Jfs;.

,t;tpU njhOiffspYk;> Ke;ija ,U ufhmj;Jfspy; kl;Lk; jhd; egp(]y;) mtHfs; rg;jkpl;L XjpAs;shHfs; vd;W `jP];fspy; $wg;gLtjhy; gpe;ija %d;whk;> ehd;fhk; ufhmj;Jfspy; rg;jkpd;wp nkJthf XjpAs;shHfs; vd;gij mwpfpNwhk;. khwhf gpe;ija %d;whk;> ehd;fhk; ufhmj;JfspYk; rg;jkpl;L XjpdhHfs; vd;gjw;F vt;thjhuKk; `jP];fspy; fpilahJ.

#hpafpufzj; njhOif:

]Kuj;gpd; [{d;JG(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;.

egp(]y;) mtHfs; vq;fSf;F #hpa fpufzj; njhOif elj;jpdhHfs;. mg;NghJ mtHfsplkpUe;J ehq;fs; (fpuhmj;jpy;) rg;jj;ijf; Nfl;ftpy;iy. (jPHkpjP> mg+jhj;> e]aP> ,g;Dkh[;[h)

gfypy; njhog;gLk; egpyhd njhOiffs;:

,tw;wpy; egp(]y;) mtHfs; rg;jkpl;L jhk; XjpajhfNth> my;yJ gpwH XJtij mDkjpj;jjhfNth `jP];fspy;> Mjhuk; fpilahJ.

fPo;f;fhZk; njhOiffspy; rg;jkpl;L fpuhmj; XJtJ Rd;dj;jhFk;.

]{g;`{ila ,Uufhmj;Jfspy; rg;jkpl;L fpuhmj; XJtJ Rd;dj;jhFk;.

]{g;`{ila ,Uufhmj;JfspYk;> [{k;M njhOifapd; ,U ufhmj;JfspYk;> k/hpG> ,\h Mfpatw;wpd; Ke;ija ,U ufhmj;JfspYk; ,U ngUehs; njhOiffspd; ,U ufhmj;JfspYk; rg;jkpl;L XjNtz;Lk;.

Nkw;fz;l njhOiffspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s me;j ufhmj;Jfspy; kl;Lk; egp(]y;) mtHfs; rg;jkpl;L fpuhmj; XjpAs;shHfs; vd;gjw;fhd Mjhuq;fs; ]`hgh ngUkf;fspd; thapyhf `jP]; E}w;fspy; mwptpf;fg;gl;Ls;sd.

re;jpu fpu`zj; njhOif

md;id Map\h(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;. egp(]y;) mtHfs; re;jpufpu`zj; njhOifapd; NghJ jkJ fpuhmj;ij rg;jkpl;L XjpdhHfs;. (Gfhhp> K];ypk;)

kio Ntz;bj;njhOk; njhOif:

mg;Jy;yhy`; gpd;i[j;(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;. egp(]y;) mtHfs; kio Ntz;b xU njhOkplj;jpw;F kf;fSld; nrd;W mq;F mtHfSf;F ,U ufhmj;Jfs; njhoitj;jhHfs;. mt;tpU ufhmj;JfspYk; rg;jkpl;L fpuhmj; XjpdhHfs;. (`jP]pd; RUf;fk;) (GfhhP> K];ypk;)

,utpy; njhog;gLk; egpyhd njhOiffspy; rg;jj;ijf; $l;lhJ> Fiwf;fhJ eLepiyahf XjNtz;Lk;:

mg+fjhjh (uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;. xU Kiw egp(]y;) mtHfs; ,utpy; jkJ tPl;bypUe;J Gwg;gl;lhHfs;. mg;NghJ mg+gf;fH(uop) mtHfs; jkJ rg;jj;ijj; jho;j;jpa epiyapy; (Xjp) njhOJ nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. gpd;dH ckH(uop) mtHfs; gf;fk; nrd;whHfs;. mtHfs; jkJ rg;jj;ij caHj;jpa epiyapy; (Xjp) njhOJ nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;.

xUKiw ,UtUk; egp(]y;) mtHfsplk; NrHe;jpUf;Fk; NghJ mg+gf;fNu! ePH ckJ rg;jj;ijj; jho;j;jpa tz;zk; njhOJ nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghJ ck; gf;fkhf ehd; nrd;NwNd (Vd; mt;thW rg;jkpd;wp XjpdPH?) vd;whHfs;. mjw;F ehd; my;yh`;tpd; J}jNu! ehd; ahhplk; ciuahLfpNwNdh mtDf;F Nfl;Fk;gb XjpNdd; vd;whHfs;. gpd;dH ckNu! ePH ckJnjhdpia caHj;jpa epiyapy; njhOJ nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghJ ck; gf;fkhf ehd; te;NjNd (Vd; mt;thW njhdpia caHj;jpa epiyapy; XjpdPH) vd;whHfs;. mjw;ftHfs;> my;yh`;tpd; J}jNu! ehd; J}f;fj;jpd; rilit mfw;wpf;nfhz;Lk;> i\j;jhid tpul;bf; nfhz;LkpUe;Njd; vd;whHfs;.

mg;NghJ egp(]y;) mtHfs; mg+gf;fNu! ckJ njhdpiar; rw;W caHj;jpf; nfhs;tPuhf! vd;W mtHfsplKk;> ckNu! ckJ njhdpiar; rw;W jho;j;jpf; nfhs;tPuhf vd;W ,tHfsplKk; $wpdhHfs;. (m`;kj;> mg+jhj;)

,khk; #uj;Jy; /ghj;jp`hit Xjp 'MkPd;'' vd;W mtH $Wk;NghJ mtiug; gpd;gw;wpj; njhONthUk; rg;jkpl;L ''MkPd;'' $WtJ Rd;dj;jhFk;:

1. mg+`{iuuh(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;: egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;: ,khk; ''MkPd;'' vd;W $Wk;NghJ ePq;fSk; ''MkPd;'' $Wq;fs;. Vnddpy; epr;rakhf vtUila MkPd; kyf;Ffspd; MkPDf;F xj;jjhf mike;J tpLfpwNjh mtuJ Kd; nra;j ghtq;fs; kd;dpf;fg;gl;L tpLfpd;wd.

E}y;fs;: GfhhP> K];ypk;> mg+jhj;> jpHkpjP> e]aP> Kmj;jh

2. mg+`{iuuh(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;. egp(]y;) mtHfs; ''ifhpy;kf;Ogp miy`pk; tyo;ohy;yPd;'' vd;W jhk; Xjp Kbj;jTld; Kjy; thpirapy; ,Ug;NghUf;Ff; Nfl;Fk;gb MkPd; $WthHfs;. gpd;dH (mq;Fs;sthpd;) MkPd; rg;jj;jhy; gs;sp vjpnuhypf;Fk;.

E}y;fs;: ,g;Dkh[;[h> jhuFj;dP> ig`fP

Nkw;fhZk; ,t;twptpg;G Fwpj;J ,J Vw;W mky; nra;ag;glNtz;ba ''`]d;'' tifiar; rhHe;jnjd;W ,khk; jhuFj;dP mtHfSk;> ,jd; njhlH ]`P`hdJ jhd; vd;gij CH[pjk; nra;Ak; tifapy; ,Jtd;wpNa kw;nwhU mwptpg;ghsH njhlH ,jw;F cz;L vd;gjhf ,khk; `hf;fpk; mtHfSk;> ''`]D ]`P`;'' vd;gjhf ,khk; ig`fP mtHfSk; ,jw;F ew;rhd;W toq;fpas;shHfs;.

(E}y;fs;: ieYy; mt;j;jhH> ghfk;2> gf;fk; 22y;)

3. thapYgpd; `{[;U(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;: egp(]y;) ''ifhpy; kf;*gp miy`pk; tyo;ohy;yPd;'' vd;W jhk; Xjpagpd; ''MkPd;'' vd;W mtHfs; ePl;Ltij (kw;nwhU mwptpg;gpy; rg;jj;ij caHj;Jtij) ehd; Nfl;bUf;fpNwd;.

E}y;fs;: mg+jhj;> jpHkpjP> m`;kj;> jhuFj;dP

,t;twptpg;gpd; juk; Fwpj;J ,khk; jhuFj;dP> ,khk; `hf;fpk; ,g;D`h[H(u`;) MfpNahH '']`P`;'' vd;gjhf $wpAs;shHfs;. NkYk; Nkw;fhZk; `jP]pd; gbNa ngUk;ghyhd ]`hghf;fSk; jhgpaPd;fSk;> ,tHfSf;Fg; gpd;Ds;stHfSk; ''MkPd;'' vd;W rg;jkpl;Lf; $WtijNa rhpfz;Ls;shHfs; vd;W ,khk; jpHkpjP mtHfs; $WfpwhHfs;. (jpHkpjP: ghfk; 2> gf;fk; 49)

4. mjhc(u`;) $wpAs;shHfs;: ''MkPd;'' vd;gJ JMthFk;. ,g;D[{igH(uop) mtHfSk;> mtHfSf;Fg; gpd;Gwkhf epd;W njhOjtHfSk; gs;sp vjpnuhypf;Fk; msT (rg;jkpl;L) MkPd; $wpdhHfs;.

,khk; GfhhP(u`;) mtHfs; jkJ ]`P`{y; GfhhPapy; '',khk; rg;jkpl;L MkPd; $wy;'' vDk; jiyg;gpd; fPo; GfhhP ghfk; 3>y; ,t;twptpg;igg; gjpT nra;Js;shHfs;.

5. md;id Map\h(uop) mwptpj;Js;shHfs;: egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;: ePq;fs; gu];guk; ]yhk; nrhy;ypf; nfhs;tjhYk;> (NkYk; ePq;fs; njhOk;NghJ) MkPd; (rg;jkpl;L) $WtjhYk;> cq;fs; kPJ jHfs; nghwhik nfhs;tJ Nghd;W cq;fspy; NtW vt;tp\aj;jpYk; mtHfs; cq;fs; kPJ nghwhik nfhs;tjpy;iy. (m`;kj;> ,g;Dkh[h> jg;uhdP)

,t;twptpg;G ]`P`hdNj vd;W ,khk; ,g;Dkh[;[h> mtHfs; fUj;J njhptpj;Js;shHfs;. MfNt> Nkw;fhZk; ]`P`hd `jP];fspd; thapyhfNt ,khKk; mtiug; gpd;gw;wpj; njhONthUk; rg;jkpl;L MkPd; $wNtz;Lk; vd;gij kpfj; njspthf czUfpNwhk;.

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