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K];ypk;fNs fy;tpf;F Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nfhLq;fs;


vtUf;F ,iwtd; ed;ikia ehLfpwhNdh mtUf;F khHf;f mwpit ey;Ffpwhd; vd;W mz;zy; egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. (Gfhhp> K];ypk; : mwptpg;ghsH %Mtpah(uyp))

fy;tp xU kdpjid gz;ghLs;stdhfTk;> mwpTs;stdhfTk; khw;WfpwJ. tsHe;J tUk; ,e;j etPd cyfpy; fy;tpf;Fj; jhd; vj;jid vj;jid Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nfhLf;fg;gLfpwJ. fy;tp epiyaq;fNsh ehnshU tz;zKk;  nghOnjhU Nkdpaha; Mq;fhq;Nf GjpJ Gjpjha; cjpj;jthW ,Uf;fpd;wd. fw;gpf;fg;gLk; fy;tpNah kUj;Jtk;> fzpjk;> fk;g;A+l;lH> jfty; njhlHG> tzpfk;> nghUshjhuk;> ,yf;fpak;> tuyhW> ,jopay;> Clfk;> fiy> Nfl;hpq; vd;W Jiw thhpahf Nghjpf;fg;gLfpwJ.

fy;tp vd;gJ xU kdpjdpd; mff; fz;izj; jpwf;fpwJ. fz;Zf;Fj;jhd; ik> fl;il tpuYf;Fkh? vd;W gy;NtW tpopg;GzHT thrfq;fNshL fy;tpia gw;wpa Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ij ghkuDk; mwpAk;gb gpur;rhuj;ij Koq;fp te;jJ mwpnthsp ,af;fk;. Foe;ijj; njhopyhsHfis Ntiyf;F mkHj;JtJ rl;lg;gb Fw;wk; vd;Wk; Foe;ijfis gs;spf;F mDg;ghj ngw;NwhHfs; kPJ fLk; eltbf;if vLf;fg;gLk; vd;Wk; muRk; gy;NtU jpl;lq;fis jPl;bAk; tUfpwJ. ,e;jpah Rje;jpuk; ngw;w 10 Mz;Lfspy; gjpdhd;F tajile;j vy;NyhUf;Fk; fy;tpawpT jug;gLk; vd mwptpf;fg;gl;lJ. vdpDk; ,d;;W tiu mJ rhj;jpakhftpy;iy.

ek; K];ypk; rKjhaj;jpy; ngUk;ghNyhH fy;tpapd; kfj;Jtj;ij mwpahky; tisFlh ehl;L Nkhfj;jpy; %o;fpf;fplf;fpwhHfs; vd;why; mJ kpifay;y. gbg;gtHfs; $l mijj;njhluhky; ghjpapNyNa epWj;jp tpLfpd;wdH. 2001-k; Mz;L ele;j kf;fl; njhiff; fzf;nfLg;Gg;gb ,e;jpahtpy; 65.38 rjtPjk; NgHjhd; gbg;gwpT cs;stHfs;. jkpo;ehl;ilg; nghWj;jtiu 73.47 rjtPjk; NgH gbg;gwpT cs;stHfs;. ,r; #o;epiyapy; ek; rKjhaj;jpdH fy;tpf;Fj;jUk; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; vd;d vd;gij Muha;tJ mtrpakhd xd;Nw.

 

ngz; fy;tp

ngz; vd;gts; xU FLk;gj;jpy; kpf Kf;fpa mq;fk; tfpf;fpwhs;. Fwpg;ghf jd;Dila Fioe;ijapd; gz;;ghl;bw;Fk;> mwptpw;Fk; mbj;jsk; ,LgtNs xU ngz;zhfj;jhd; ,Uf;f KbAk;. ek; rKjhaj;jpd; Mz;fNs gbf;f Kd; tuhj epiyapy; ngz; fy;tpiag; gw;wpa rpe;jidaw;Wf; fplf;fpwhHfs;. ,];yhk; ngz;fy;tpf;F xU NghJk; jilapltpy;iy. tsHe;J tUk; vy;yhj; JiwfspYk; ehq;fs; risj;jtHfs; my;y vd;W ngz;fSk; jq;fs; jpwikfis ntspf;nfhzHe;jthNu ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. jw;Nghija fhyj;jpy; gutyhf vy;yhj; JiwfspYk; ngz;fs; Kd;Ndwp tUfpwhHfs;. vdpDk; K];ypk; rKjha ngz;fNsh ,y;tho;f;if elj;JtJ kl;Lk; jhd; ngz;fspd; gz;ghff; fUjpf;fplf;fpd;wdH. md;dpa Mz;fSk; md;dpa ngz;fSk; fyf;ff;$lhJ vd;gJjhd; ,];yhkpa rl;lk; nrhy;fpd;wJ jtpu> fw;ff;$lhJ vd;Nwh njhopy; nra;af;$lhJ vd;Nwh ,];yhk; nrhy;ytpy;iy. khwhf K/kpdhd Mz;fisAk; ngz;fisAk; fy;tp fw;f typAWj;JfpwJ ,];yhk;.

K/kpdhd Mz;fSk;> K/kpdhd ngz;fSk;> fy;tpia NjLtJ fl;lha flikahFk; vd;gJ egpnkhopahFk;.

fle;j rpy Mz;Lfspy; eilngw;w gj;jhk; tFg;G kw;Wk; gdpnuz;lhk; tFg;G nghJj; NjHTfspy; khztHfis tpl khztpfspd; NjHr;rp rjtpfpjNk mjpfkhf ,Ue;jJ. ,Ug;gpDk; ngz;fspy; gbg;gwpT ngw;wtHfspd; rjtpfpjk; Mz;fistpl FiwthfNt cs;sJ. ,jpYk; K];ypk; ngz;fspd; rjtpfpjk; Ntjid juf;$ba xd;whfNt mike;jpUf;fpwJ.  

1967-68-k; Mz;L yf;Ndhtpy; elj;jg;gl;l Ma;tpy; E}w;Wf;F  32 `pe;Jg; ngz;fs; gbg;gwptpy;yhjtHfs; vd;W epytuk; ,Ue;jNghJ K];ypk; ngz;fspy; 50 NgH gbg;gwptpy;yhjtHfshf ,Ue;jJ fz;lwpag;gl;lJ.

cjhuzkhf K];ypk; rKjhajpy; ngz; kUj;JtHfs; gutyhf ,y;yhj fhuzj;jhy; ek; rKjha ngz;fs; kfg;NgW fhyq;fspy; $l rhpahd kUj;Jtkidfis Njh;e;njLf;fj; njhpatpy;iy. tf;fpu vz;zk; nfhz;l rpy kUj;JtHfshy; rhjhuz gpurtq;fs; gy ,d;W rpNrupad;fshf khwptUfpd;wd. ,d;Dk; kUj;JtHfs; gl;lk; #l;bf;nfhz;l rpy kdpj muf;fHfs; K];ypk; ngz;fis FLk;gf;fl;Lg;hl;bw;F typAwpj;jpAk;> nra;Jk; tUfpwhHfs;. K];ypk; rKjhaNk rpe;jpf;f Ntz;lhkh? ek; rKjhaj;jpy; vj;jid ngz;fs; kUj;JtHfs; MfpapUf;fpwhHfs;? vj;jid ngz;fs; nghwpahsH gl;lk; ngw;wpUf;fpwhHfs;? vj;jid ngz;fs; Mrphpia MfpapUf;fpwhHfs;? vj;jid ngz;fs; muRg;gzpia mile;Js;shHfs;? tpuy; tpl;L vz;zf;f $ba rpyNu Kd;NdwpapUf;fpwhHfs;. ,e;j mty epiy khwp K];yp;k; ngz;fs; gbf;fTk;> gbf;f itf;fTk; Kd;tu Ntz;Lk;. mjw;F jFe;jhH Nghy trjp tha;Gfis Vw;gLj;jpj; ju ,e;j rKjhak; Kd;tu Ntz;Lk;.

fy;tpf; $lq;fspd; epiy

,d;iwa fhyfl;lq;fspy; ve;j xU rpwpa Ff;fpuhkkhf vLj;Jf; nfhz;lhYk; mq;Nf muR Muk;gg;gs;sp vd;W xd;Wk; mjw;F rkPg njhiytpNyNa nkl;hpFNy\d; gs;sp vdWk; ,y;yhky; ,Uf;fhJ vd;Nw $wyhk;. ,t;thW cUthd gy jdpahH fy;tp epiyaq;fshy; fy;tp tpahghukhf;fp tpl;lJ vd;gNj epjh;rdkhd cz;ik. kpfTk; trjp gilj;jtHfs; Nky;kl;l fy;tp epiyaq;fspy; jq;fs; Foe;ijfis nfhz;L NrHf;fpwhHfs;. eLj;ju trjp gilj;jtHfNsh mjd; khiaapy; tPo;e;J jhq;fSk; jq;fs; Foe;ijfis Kz;babj;Jf; nfhz;L NrHf;fpwhHfs;.

,J Nghd;W NrHf;fg;gLk; fy;tp epiyaq;fspd; epiyia rpe;jpf;f kwe;J tpl;lhHfs;. gpw kjj;jtHfshy; elj;jg;gLk; fy;tpf; $lq;fspy; mtHfs; kjf; fyhr;rhuj;ijf; fy;tpNahL NrHj;Jf; fw;gpf;fpwhHfs;. mjpfkhd fy;tp epiyaq;fspy; Mz;fSk;> ngz;fSk; fye;J gbf;Fk; #o;epiyapNyNa ,Uf;fpd;wJ. ,jdhy; mq;Nf fy;tp Nghjpf;fg;gl;lhYk; xOf;fk; rPHFiye;J tpLfpwJ.

,d;iwa fy;tpf; $lq;fspy; gy gbj;juq;fs; cs;sd. khw;Wkjj;jtHfshy; elj;jg;gLgitfs;> rpWghd;ik kf;fs; eyd; fUjp kf;fs; ed;nfhilfspy; cUthf;fg;gl;l epWtdq;fs;> muRf; fy;tp epWtdq;fs;> gzj;ij kl;Lk; Fwpf;Nfhshff; nfhz;L Muk;gpf;fg;gl;litfs; vd mjpfkhd fy;tp epiyaq;fs; cUthfpapUf;fpd;wd. ,J Nghd;w fy;tpia tpahghukhf;Fk; fy;tpf;$lq;fshy; K];ypk;fSf;F jukhd fy;tp vd;gJ vl;lhf; fdpahfNt ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. muRg; gs;spfspd; fy;tpj;juNkh kw;w jdpahH gs;spfis tpl Fiwthfj;jhd; ,Ug;gJ midtUk; Vw;ff; $ba xd;W.

,d;W jkpofj;jpy; K];ypk; rKjhaj;jpduhy;> gdpnuz;L nghwpapay; fy;Y}upfSk;> gj;njhd;gJ ghypnlf;dpf;FfSk;>  Vuhskhd I.b.I f;fSk;> fiyf;fy;Y}upfSk;> Ie;J ngz;fs; fiyf;fy;Y}upfSk; elj;jg;gLfpd;wd. ,q;nfy;yhk; mjpf mstpy; ekJ rKjha khztHfs; te;J gbf;f Kaw;rpfs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;Lk;. mf;fy;tp epWtdq;fSk; K];ypk; khztHfSf;F gy rYiffis mspf;f Kd;tu Ntz;Lk;.

K];ypk;fs; gutyhf trpf;Fk; flY}u;> tpOg;Guk;> jQ;rhT+u;> jpUth&H> kapyhLJiw> jpz;Lf;fy; Nghd;w gFjpfspy; rKjhaj;jpduhy; elj;jg;gLk; nghwpapay; fy;Y}upfs; - ghypnlf;dpf;Ffs; ,y;yhjJ ngUk; FiwahfNt ,Uf;fpwJ. mJNghy jHkGup> Nryk; Nghd;w tlNkw;F khtl;lq;fspy; jukhd fy;tpia juf;$ba tifapy; njhlf;fg; gs;spfs; epWtg;gly; mtrpakhFk;.

K];ypk;fspy; ngUk; gzk; gilj;j nry;te;jHfSk; ,Uf;fj;jhd; nra;fpwhHfs;. Kd;G tho;e;j rKjha ngUk;gzf;fhuHfshy; cUthf;fg;gl;l fy;tp epiyaq;fs; rpy ,Ue;jhYk; ,d;Dk; gy rpwe;j fy;tpf;$lq;fis rKjha Nrit Nehf;NfhL K];ypk; nry;te;jHfs; mikf;f Kd; tUthHfNsahdhy; ek; rKjhaj;jpy; kUj;JtHfSk;> nghwpahsHfSk;> gl;ljhhpfSk;> MrpupaHfSk;; gyH cUthf toptFf;Fk;.  

 

khHf;f fy;tpf; $lq;fspd; epiy

vtH khHf;f fy;tpia fw;f nry;fpwhHfNsh> mtH jpUk;gTk; tiuapy; ,iwtopapy; nry;gtuhthH vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. - mwptpg;gtH: md];(uyp) - E}y;: jpHkpjp

khHf;ff; mwpit ngUtjpd; mtrpak;>  ehk; ,];yhk; Vtpaij vLj;Jk; jLj;jittpl;L tpyfpAk; tho;tNjahFk;. kWf;f Kbahj cz;ik vd;dntd;why; mjpfkhNdhH FLk;g tUikapd; fhuzkhf kju]hf;fspy; khHf;ff; fy;tp fw;gjw;fhf js;sg;gLfpwhHfs;. ,d;iwa kju]hf;fspy; gy Mypk;fSk;> `hgp];fSk; cUthfpf; nfhz;Ljhd; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. tUlh tUlk; gl;lk; thq;fp kfpo;rpahf ntspNaUk; vy;yh Mypk;fSf;Fk;> `hgp];fSf;Fk; Ntiy fpilj;J tpLfpwjh? VNjh rpyUf;Fj;jhd; me;j tha;g;G. mtHfSf;F mspf;fg;gLk; CjpaKk; mw;gkhd xd;whfj;jhd; ,Uf;fpwJ. mtHfs; fw;w fy;tpahdJ kWikf;Fg; kpfTk; gad; juf;$ba xd;Wjhd;. Mdhy; mijf; nfhz;L mtHfs; ,e;j cyfpy; tho;thjhuq;fisj; Njbf; nfhs;s KbAkh? vd;W ghHj;jhy; re;Njfj;jpw;Fwpa xd;whfNt ,Uf;fpwJ. ,jd; fhuzkhf rpyH fw;wijf;$l kwe;J fhRf;fhf khHf;fj;ij khw;wptpLfpwhHfs;.

khHf;f mwpQHfs; ahH jtW nra;jhYk; jl;b Nfl;Fk; JzpT kpf;ftHfshy; ,Uf;fNtz;Lk;. Mdhy; rpy CHfspy; Ntiy gwpNgha;tpLNk vd;W gae;J gy Mypk;fs; me;j Chpd; Kf;fpa];jHfspd; tl;b> kUmUe;Jjy;> %lgof;ftof;fq;fs; Nghd;wtw;iw fz;Lk; fhzhJk; ,Ue;JtpLfpwhHfs;.

Mypk;fisAk;> `hgp];fisAk; cUthf;Fk; fy;tp epWtdq;fs; mtHfSf;Fk; nty;lH> gpl;lH> gpsk;gH> fk;g;A+l;lH kw;Wk; etPd njhopw; Gul;rpfSf;F Vw;whw; Nghy Kiwahd gapw;rpfs; mspj;J cUthf;Fkhdhy; mtHfs; Ra njhopy; nra;J mtHfspd; fz;zpaj;ijAk; fhj;Jf;nfhs;thHfs; NkYk; Vio gzf;fhuHfs; vd;W ghuhky; midthpd; jtw;iwAk; jl;b Nfl;L ey;y xU rKjhaj;ij cz;lhf;FthHfs; vd;gjpy; vs;ssTk; re;Njfkpy;iy.

mNj Nghd;W ngz;fSf;fhd Ranjhopy; njhlq;Ftjw;fhd rpWrpW gapw;rpfs;> ijay; kw;Wk; tPl;Lg;guhkhpg;Gfs; Nghd;w tho;tpy; cWJizahf ,Uf;Fk; rpy gapw;rpfisg; ghlj;jpl;lj;NjhL NrHj;J je;jhy; mtHfs; %yKk; xU rpwe;j rKjhak; cUthFk;.

,d;iwa jkpof kju]hf;fspd; epiyia vLj;Jf;nfhz;lhy; epjpg;gw;whf;Fiw xU ngWk; Fiwahfj;jhd; cs;sJ. VNjh rpy ey;Ys;sk; gilj;jtHfs; jUk; ed;nfhilfshy; ,J Nghd;w rKjhag; gzpfs; njhlHe;J njha;tpy;yhky; eilngw;Wf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd.

khwptUk; fhtp muR Md;kPf kju]hf;fSf;F jPtputhj gapw;r;rpf; $lq;fs; vd Nghyp Kj;jpiuapl;L epue;jukhf %btpl re;jHg;gk; ghHj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. K];ypk; rKjhaj;jpduhy; elj;jg;gLk; rpWghd;ikf; fy;tp epWtdq;fSf;F fpilj;J tUk; nrhHg;g khdpaj;ijAk; epWj;jptpl Nfhhpf;iffs; tYg;ngw;wthNu ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,f;Nfhhpf;iffs; epiwNtWkhdhy; K];ypk; rKjhaj;jpy; khzt kzpfis ntFthfNt ghjpj;JtpLk;.

 

Mf;fk; : khypf; ([pj;jh)

H 4
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