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cyfk; Nghw Nghf;F..!?


kdpjHfspy; iffs; Njbf;nfhz;l (jPr; nray;fspd;) fhuzj;jhy; flypYk; jiuapYk; (ehrKk;) Fog;gKk; Njhd;wpd; (jPikfspypUe;J) mtHfs; jpUk;gptpLk; nghUl;L mtHfs; nra;jhHfNs (jPtpidfs;) mtw;wpy; rpytw;iw (,t;TyfpYk;) mtHfs; Ritf;Fk;gb mtd; nra;fpwhd;. (30:41)

ntbj;Jr; rpjWk; vhpkiyfs;> etPd NuhNghf;fs; my;yJ jPtputhjk;..? ,jpy; vJ Gtpapd; moptpw;F kpfTk; Mgj;jhdJ..! thpirg;gLj;Jfpd;whHfs; mwptpayhsHfs;..! ,tw;wpd; rhj;jpaf; $Wfs; vd;d..? ,e;j cyfj;jpd; KbT vg;gb ,Uf;Fk;..? xt;nthUtUila Kd;dwptpg;Gk; tpj;jpahrkhdJ..! rpyH gpusak; Vw;gLk; vd;fpwhHfs;..> rpyH kpf nkJthd khw;wq;fspD}lhf mopT cz;lhfyhk; vd;fpwhHfs;..> ,d;Dk; rpy ghpzhkf; Nfhl;ghLfspy; Cwpj; jpisj;j nfhs;ifthjpfNsh..> kdpjd; jilfisf; fle;J mtw;iw kpifj;J GjpanjhU gpuhzpahf cUntLf;fyhk; vd;fpwhHfs;.

,J Fwpj;J 'ek;Kila ,Wjp E}w;whz;L" vd;w E}ypd; MrphpaUk;> uhay; gphpl;ldpd; thdtpay; ty;YeUk;> fh];khy[p NguhrphpaUk;> Nfk;g;hpl;[; gy;fiyf;fofj;jpy; Nguhrphpauhfg; gzpahw;Wfpd;wtUkhd rH khHl;bd; hP]; mtHfs; $Wtijg; ghHg;Nghk; :

21k; E}w;whz;il moptpd;wp - kpfg; ngUk; moptpid kdpjd; jtpHe;J nfhs;tjpy; 50-50 rjtPj re;jHg;gk; cs;sJ. ,aw;if mr;RWj;jy;fshd..> epy eLf;fk; kw;Wk; tpz; fw;fs; Nghd;witfs; fhyk; G+uhTk; ,Ue;J nfhz;bUg;gijg; NghyNt ,e;j E}w;whz;bYk; ,Uf;Fk;..> mJ jtpHe;J Vida rpy mk;rq;fs; ,d;iwa etPd cyfpNdhL njhlHGgLj;jg;gl;litfshf KLf;fp tplg;gl;litfshf cs;sd. Mdhy; ,g;nghOJ ehk; ,d;Dk; rpy mk;rq;fisf; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;s Ntz;bajpUf;fpd;wJ> mjhtJ mitfs; kdpjdhy; Vw;gLj;jg;gl;litfshff; $l ,Uf;fyhk;. RUf;fkhfr; nrhy;y Ntz;Lnkd;why; kdpjd; jd; iffspdhy; Njbf; nfhz;litfshf ,Uf;fyhk; vd;W $Wfpd;whH.

fPNo gj;J mwptpayhsHfs; jq;fsJ fUj;Jf;fisf; $wp ,Uf;fpd;whHfs;. mjidg; gbj;j gpd;G mtw;iw ,uz;L tpjq;fshfg; gphpj;J> kdpj ,dj;jpw;F Mgj;jhdJ vJ vd;W KbTf;F tu Ntz;Lk;. KjyhtJ..> ,J ek;Kila tho;ehspNyNa ele;J tplf; $baJ..> mjhtJ vOgJ tUlq;fSf;Fs;. ,uz;lhtJ.. mit epfo;e;J tpl;lhy; kdpj ,dj;jpw;F kpfTk; Mgj;jhdjhf KbAk;. (mjhtJ xd;W kdpj ,d mopTf;F top tFf;Fk; vd;gJ gj;J tPjKk;> ,d;Dk; kdpj ,d tho;tpy; jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;Jk; vd;gjpy; xU tPjkhfTk; me;j epfo;tpd; ghjpg;G mike;J tpLk;).

1 - jl;g ntg;g khWjy;fs; (Climate Change)

ief; G&f;]; - ,tH <];l; Mq;ypah gy;fiyf; fofj;jpd; Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research ikaj;jpd; Ma;Tj; Jiwapd; %j;j mwptpayhsH $Wtijg; ghHg;Nghk;.

tsp kz;lyj;jpy; cs;s fphPd; `T]; vd;wiof;fg;glf; $ba gFjpapy; Njhd;Wk; thAf;fspd; mlHj;jp Kd;igf; fhl;bYk; ,uz;L klq;F mjpfhpg;gjdhy;..> cyf jl;g ntg;g epiyapy; khWjy;fs; Vw;gl;L..> Fiwe;jJ 2 bfphp nrd;bfpNul; msTf;F ntg;gk; caUk;. ,e;j ntg;g mjpfhpg;ig..> fle;j miu kpy;ypad; tUlj;jpy; G+kp mDgtpj;Nj ,Uf;fhJ vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. ,jpy; kpfTk; ghjfkhd mk;rk; vd;dntd;why; cyfk; KOtJk; jl;g ntg;g epiyapy; fLikahd khw;wq;fs; Vw;gLk;. ,J cyfpd; czT ,Ug;gpy; ghJfhg;gpd;ikia Vw;gLj;Jk;..> r%fj;jpy; epiyngw;Ws;s topKiwfspy; rPHFiytpidg; gug;gp tpLk;> kf;fs; $l;lk; $l;lkhf ,lk; ngaUk; epiy Vw;gLk; kw;Wk; cyfpd; gy ghfq;fs; kf;fs; trpg;gjw;F yhaf;fw;wjhf khWtjd; fhuzkhf..> tho;thjuj;ijg; gq;F NghLtjw;fhf kpfg; ngUk; gpur;idfs; cUthFk;. rPNjh\;z epiy khWtjd; fhuzkhf kdpj ,dk; mope;J tpLk; vd;gjid mwpjpapl;Lf; $w ,ayhtpbDk;..> mJ xU mopTf;F toptFf;Fk; vd;gij epr;rapj;Jf; $w KbAk;.

tUfpd;w 70 Mz;Lfspy; G+kpg; gug;gpd; kPJ ntg;g #L mjpfhpf;Fk; vd;gjw;fhd Mgj;J mjpfkhfNt ,Uf;fpd;wJ.

,e;j Mgj;ij gj;J Mgj;Jf;fspd; thpirapy; MwhtJ juj;ijg; gpbj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;wJ.

2 - rpijTWk; FNuhNkhNrhk;fs; (Telomere Erosion)

nuapd;fhHl; ];bz;l;y;> tpad;dh gy;fiyf;fofj;jpd; kUj;JtH> xt;nthU caphpf;Fk; 'ghpzhkr; Rw;W" ,Uf;fpd;wJ> ,J guk;giu guk;giuahff; fle;J te;J> gpd;dH mJ KbtilAk;..> mjhtJ mjd; tsHr;rp ,wq;F Kfkhf efHe;J..> gpd;dH jtpHf;f ,ayhjnjhU Kbit vjpHNehf;Fk;.

xt;nthU caphpapd; ghuk;gHa Fzj;ijj; jhq;fp epw;Fk; FNuhNkhNrhk;fspy; 'nlNyhkpaH" vd;wiof;fg;glf; $ba ghJfhg;G %b xd;wpUf;Fk;. ,e;j ghJfhg;G %b ,y;iynad;why; FNuhNkhNrhk;fs; epiy ngw;wpUf;fhJ. ghuk;gHaj; jd;ikfis re;jjpfspd; topahff; flj;Jk; FNuhNkhNrhk;fs; xU re;jjpapypUe;J ,d;ndhU re;jjpf;Ff; flj;Jk; nghOJ..> Ke;ija re;jjpapd; mr;ir mg;gbNa gpujp vLg;gjpy;iy..> khwhf xt;nthU re;jjpf;Fk; flj;jg;gLk; FNuhNkhNrhk;fspd; jd;ik Fiwe;J nfhz;Nl tUfpd;wJ. ,e;j epiyapy;..> mit Njitahd msitf; fhl;bYk; Fiwe;J tpl;lnjd;why;..> taJ rhHe;j Neha;fs;> mjhtJ Nfd;]H> my;]pkpH];> khuilg;G kw;Wk; gf;fthjk; Nghd;w Neha;fs; Vw;glf; $Lk;.

,Ug;gpDk;> ,e;j nlNyhkpaHfs; ek;Kila tho;ehspNyNa Fiwe;J rpijTWk; vd;W $w KbahJ. vd;Dila Ma;T Kbtpd; mbg;gilapy;..> gpuhzpapd; gz;Gfis gpujpnaLj;J xU re;jjpapypUe;J ,d;ndhU re;jjpf;Ff; flj;Jk; ,e;j nlNyhkpahpd; kpfr; rpwpa gFjp xd;W rpijTWk; vd;gNjahFk;. Mapuf;fzf;fhd re;jjpfisf; fle;J te;jpUf;Fk; kdpj ,dk; jd;Dila nlNyhkpahpd; rpwpa gFjpia ,oe;jpUf;fpd;wJ. ,J vg;nghOJ Mgj;jhd msTf;F rpijTw;W tpLfpd;wNjh> mg;nghOJ %g;G rhHe;j Neha;fs; kdpjdpd; ,sikf; fhyj;jpNyNa Njhd;w Muk;gpj;J tpLk;> Kbtpy; mJ kf;fs; njhifapy; fLikahd khw;wj;ij Vw;gLj;Jk;.

tUk; 70 Mz;Lfspy; nlNyhkpaH rpijtpd; fhuzkhf [dj;njhifapy; rpijTfs; Vw;gLk; vd;gJ kpfTk; FiwthdNj.

Mgj;J vz; : 8

3 - itu]; Neha; guty;

NguhrphpaH khpah ]hk;Nghd; - Health Peotection Agency's Influenza Laboratory - itu];fs; Fwpj;J Ma;tfj;jpd; jiytH.

fle;j E}w;whz;by; ehd;F tpjkhd itu]; Neha;g; guty;fis cyfk; re;jpj;jpUf;fpd;wJ. ,jpy; va;l;]; kw;Wk; rhH]; Neha;f; fpUkpfs; cs;slq;Fk;. xt;nthU E}w;whz;bYk; nfhs;is Neha;fs; gutp> kdpj ,d moptpw;F tpj;jpl;Ls;sJ> tUq;fhyj;jpy; mj;jifanjhU Neha;g; gutiy cyfk; vjpHNehf;fp ,Uf;fpd;wJ. njd;fpof;F Mrpahtpy; H5 avian infulenza vd;w kpfTk; Mgj;jhd Neha; NfhopfSf;Fg; gutpaJ. ,e;j itu]hdJ kdpjHfspd; %ykhf kdpjHfSf;Fg; guTk; tpj;ijiaf; fw;Wf; nfhz;L tpl;lnjd;why;..> cyfj;jpd; gy ghfq;fisj; Jilj;njwpe;J tpLk; rhj;jpaf; $Wfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. fle;j 1918 k; Mz;L gutpa itu]; nfhs;is Nehapd; fhuzkhf xNu tUlj;jpy; 20 kpy;ypad; kf;fisf; fhT nfhz;lJ> ,J Kjyhk; cyfg; Nghhpd; fhuzkhf kbe;jtHfis tpl mjpfkhFk;. mg;gbg;gl;lnjhU Neha; gutpaJ vd;why;..> mJ kpfg; ngUk; moptpidf; nfhz;L tUk;.

,j;jifa nfhs;is Neha;g; guty; kdpj ,dj;ij Kw;wpYk; mopj;J tpLk; vd;wpy;yh tpl;lhYk;> kdpj ,d cw;gj;jpapy; kpfg; ngUk; gpd;dilit Vw;gLj;Jk;. ,aw;ifapd; ,e;j rPw;wj;ij vjpHnfhs;s ek;kplk; vJTkpy;iy> ,aw;if vd;gJ kpfTk; cWjpahd caphpay; jPtputhjpahFk;.

tUk; 70 Mz;Lfspy; ,e;j itu]; nfhs;is Neha; guTk; vd;gjw;fhd rhj;jpaf; $Wfs; kpfTk; mjpfkhfNt ,Uf;fpd;wd.

,J Mgj;J vz; : 3 MFk;.

4 - jPtputhjk;

NguhrphpaH gTy; tpy;fpd;]d; - nrapd;l; Mz;l;hpt;]; gy;fiyf;fofj;jpd; jPtputhjk; kw;Wk; murpay; td;Kiw gw;wpa Ma;Tj; Jiwapd; MNyhridf; FOj; jiytH $Wtijg; ghHg;Nghk; :

,d;iwa cyF jPtputhjj;jpdhy; mjpfk; ghjpf;fg;gl;bUf;fpd;wJ> mjw;Ff; fhuzk; vd;dntd;why; ,e;j jPtputhjf; FOf;fSf;Fj; Njitahd rhjdq;fs;> etPd njhopy; El;gk; kw;Wk; NguopT juj; jf;f MAjq;fisf; ifahs;tjpy; mtHfs; NjHr;rp ngw;wtHfshf ,Ug;gJNk fhuzkhFk;. ,urhad my;yJ Neha;fisg; gug;g ty;y capHf; nfhy;yp Ez;fphpkpfis MAjq;fshfg; gad;gLj;jg;gLtJ mjpfhpj;jpUg;gjd; fhuzkhf..> mjpfkhd kdpj ,og;Gfs; Vw;gLfpd;wd. mjpfkhd mstpy; gug;gf; $ba Md;j;uhf;];> mk;ik Neha;f; fpUkpfs; my;yJ gpNsf; Neha;f; fpUkpfs; Nghd;wtw;iw kdpjHfs; mjpfk; trpf;ff; $ba ,d;iwa etPd njhlHGr; rhjdq;fspD}lhf..> Njrk; fle;j gy;Njrg; gpur;idahfp tpLfpd;wJ.

,d;iwa Rje;jpukhd r%f mikg;gpy;> Rje;jpukhd kdpj ,af;fj;ij kjpf;fpd;w epiyapy;> ,j;jifa jPtputhjj; jhf;Fjy;fis ehk; jLj;J epWj;j KbAk; vd;W $w ,ayhJ..> ,d;Dk; kpfg; nghpanjhU jhf;Fjiy cyfk; kpf tpiutpy; re;jpf;f ,Uf;fpd;wJ> mjid ek;Kila tho;ehspNyNa re;jpf;f ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk;.

jPtputhjpfspd; kpfg; nghpa jhf;Fjy; xd;W tUk; 70 Mz;LfSf;Fs; eilngw ,Uf;fpd;wJ. ,jw;fhd mjpfkhd rhj;jpaf; $Wfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd.

Mgj;J vz; : 2

5 - mZ MAj Aj;jk;

VH khH\y; yhHl; fhHld; - ypguy; nlkhf;ul; d; ,uhZtj;Jiw gw;wp Ngrty;ytUk;> ,d;Dk; 'Can Deterrence Last?' vd;w E}ypd; MrphpaUkhthH. mZ MAjk; gw;wp vd;d $w tUfpd;whH vd;gijg; ghHg;Nghk;.

mZ MAj Aj;jk; vd;gJ kdpj ,dj;ijNa mopj;J tpLk; vd;gJ mwpe;jnjhd;W> Mdhy; mj;jifanjhU Mgj;J eilngWtJ ePq;fp tpl;lJ vd;Nw fUJfpd;Nwd;. ,d;iwa jpdk; mZ Aj;jk; ntbf;ff; $ba Mgj;jhd gFjpfs; vd;W ,dq; fhzg;gl;litfs; %d;W ,Uf;fpd;wd : xd;W kj;jpa fpof;F (,];Nuy; vd;W Neubahff; Fwpg;gplhky; tpl;bUf;fpd;whH vd;gijf; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;f. kj;jpa fpof;fpy; mZ MAj mwpitAk;> MAjj;ijAk; ngw;wpUf;fpd;w xNu ehL ,];Nuy; kl;LNk)> ,e;jpah - ghf;fp];jhd; kw;Wk; tl nfhhpah. ,tw;wpy; mjpf ftiyia Vw;gLj;Jk; Njrk; tlnfhhpah> czHr;rp trg;gly; kw;Wk; VNjr;irahff; $l ,jd; ,uhZtk; mZ MAj Aj;jj;ij Jtf;fp tplr; rhj;jpaKz;L. Mdhy; mZ MAjj;ijf; ifahs;tjpy; Vuhskhd jilfs; cs;sd> Vndd;why; mZj; njhopy; El;gj;ijg; gad;gLj;Jtjpy; rHtNjr mstpy; rpy eilKiwfs; cUthf;fg;gl;bUg;gNj ,jd; fhuzkhFk;.

mNefkhf mZ MAj Aj;jk; xd;W epfo;tJ vd;gJ cyf mstpy; kpff; Fiwe;j tpfpjj;jpNyNa cs;sJ> ,Ug;gpDk; vjw;Fk; mlq;fhj rpy ehLfspdhy; (,q;Fk; ,tH ,];Nuy; ehl;bd; ngaiug; gad;gLj;jhky; tpl;bUf;fpd;whH. ,];Nuypd; kPJ jhd; If;fpa ehLfs; rig mjpfkhd fz;ldj; jPHkhdq;fisf; nfhz;L te;jpUf;fpd;wJ vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ) my;yJ jPtputhjf; FOf;fshy; mZ MAj Aj;jk; ntbf;ff; $ba rhj;jpaf; $Wfs; ,d;Dk; kPjkpUf;fpd;wd.

tUk; 70 Mz;Lfspy; mZ MAj Aj;jk; epfo;tjw;fhd rhj;jpaq;fs; FiwNt.

Mgj;J vz; : 8

6 - tpz;fw;fspd; jhf;fk;

nlhdhy;l; Nahkd;]; - fypNghHdpahtpy; cs;s ehrh - n[l; ce;Jtpir Ma;T ikaj;jpy; mike;Js;s - 'Nasa's Near Earth Object Program' mYtyf jiyik Nkyhsuhd ,thpd; $w;iwf; ftdpg;Nghk; :

G+kpf;F kpf mUfpy; Rw;wpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; tpz;fw;fshy; Vw;gLk; Mgj;J vd;gJ xU gazp tpkhdk; tpOe;J nehUq;Ftjhy; Vw;gLk; capHr; Nrjj;ijg; Nghd;wJ. kdpj r%fj;jpy; kpfg; ngUk; jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jty;y ,e;j fw;fs; 1.5 fp.kP mfyk; my;yJ mjidf; fhl;bYk; nghpajhf ,Uf;fyhk;. ,t;thwhd Mgj;Jfs; xt;nthU kpy;ypad; tUlj;jpYk; vjpHghHf;ff; $baNj. ,t;thW G+kpapd; kPJ tPo;e;J nehWq;fp jhf;Fk; NghJ> mjd; fhuzkhf G+kpapd; tsp kz;lyj;jpy; kpfg; ngUk; J}rp kz;lyk; cUthFk;> ,it #hpa ntspr;rj;ijg; gy thuq;fSf;F kiwf;ff; $bajhf ,Uf;Fk;> ,J jhtu tho;f;ifiag; ghjpf;Fk;> ,d;Dk; mJ mtw;wpd; tho;tpy; jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;Jk;. ,jd; tpisthf ntg;gf; fhw;Wfs; cUthFk; kw;Wk; fLikahd mkpy kioAk; Vw;gLk;. ,tw;wpd; jhf;fq;fs; Fiwe;j fhyj;jpw;F ,Uf;Fk;> ,jw;F <L nfhLf;ff; $ba caphpdq;fs; ,tw;wpd; ghjpg;gpypUe;J jg;gpf;Fk;. (mjhtJ fug;ghd; G+r;rp ,dk; kw;Wk; kdpjHfs; Nghd;wtw;iw cjhuzkhff; $wyhk;).

tUk; 70 Mz;Lfspy; tpz;fw;fspdhy; Mgj;jpw;fhd rhj;jpaf; $Wfs; RkhuhditNa.

Mgj;J vz; : 5

7 : NuhNghf;fspd; Mjpf;fk;

`hd;]; nkhuhntf; - ,tH gpl;];gHf;fpy; mike;Js;s Carnegie Mellon University's Robotics Institute d; NguhrphpaH MthH.

NuhNghf;fspd; nray;ghLfSk;> Njhw;wq;fSk; xt;nthU tUlk; my;yJ ,uz;L tUlj;jpw;Fk; ,ilapYk; kpfTk; rpf;fy; epiwe;jitfshfr; nrd;W nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd. KJnfYk;Gs;s gpuhzpfisg; Nghd;Wk;> mtw;wpy; rpy Njhw;w khWghLfisj; jhd; mit ngw;wpUf;fpd;wd> ,d;Dk; miu E}w;whz;Lf;Fs; mit ek;ik Mjpf;fk; nrYj;j ,Uf;fpd;wd. tUk; 2050 f;Fs;> kdpjidg; Nghd;w rpe;jidj; jpwidAk;> Ghpe;J nfhs;Sk; jd;ik kw;Wk; goFk; jd;ikiaAk; ngw;W tpLk; vd;W ehd; Kd;dwptpg;Gr; nra;fpd;Nwd;.

,e;j mwpthHe;j ,aw;jpuq;fs; ek;Kila jpwikfisf; fw;Wf; nfhs;Sk;> ek;Kila Nehf;fq;fisAk;> kjpg;gPLfisAk; fw;W tsu Muk;gpf;Fk;> ,d;Dk; ek;Kila kdq;fspy; mit Foe;ijfisg; Nghd;w Njhw;wj;ij cUthf;Fk;. ek;Kila tPl;by; ek;ikf; ftdpg;gJ kl;Lky;y..> kdpjdJ rf;jpfSk;> jpwikfSk; Njitg;glf; $ba kpfTk; rpf;fyhd Ntiyfisf; $l mit epiwNtw;wpLk;> mjhtJ Neha; mwpFwpfisf; fz;lwptJ kw;Wk; mtw;wpw;fhd kUj;Jtj; jPHTfis my;yJ epthuzq;fisAk; mit ghpe;Jiu nra;af; $bajhf ,Uf;Fk;. ek;Kila re;jjpfshfTk; $l..> ,d;Dk; kdpj xOq;fPdq;fshy; fiu gbahj kpfr; rpwe;j re;jjpfshf> etPd NuhNghf;fshf mit ekf;Ff; fpilf;f ,Uf;fpd;wd.

Gj;jpf; $Hik kpf;f ,e;j NuhNghf;fspd; Mjpf;fk; tUk; 70 Mz;Lfspy; kpfTk; mjpfkhf ,Uf;Fk;.

Mgj;J vz; : 8

8 - ntbj;Jr; rpjWk; el;rj;jpuq;fspypUe;J ntbj;J tUk; fh];kpf; fjpH

epH \htpt; - n[U]yk; efhpy; mike;Js;s `Pg;& gy;fiyf;fofj;jpd; ,aw;gpay; Jiwg; NguhrphpaH $Wtijg; ghHg;Nghk; :

ek;Kila gpugQ;rj;jpy;> ghy; ntspapy; ePe;jpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;w el;rj;jpuq;fs; xt;nthU rjhg;jj;jpd; rpy fzq;fspy;..> vhpnghUs; ,d;wp tyk; tu Muk;gpf;fpd;wd my;yJ ntbf;fpd;wd> ,jidj; jhd; #g;gHNehth vd;wiof;fg;gLfpd;wJ. mt;thW ntbj;Jr; rpjWk; nghOJ mjpypUe;J kpf mjpf rf;jp tha;e;j fh];kpf; fjpHfs; ntspf;fpsk;Gfpd;wd> mt;thW ntbj;Jr; rpjWk; rkaj;jpy; mjd; topNa G+kp gazk; nra;Akhdhy;> mit fw;fhyj;jpw;Nf G+kpiaf; nfhz;L nrd;W tpLk;. FspHr;rp epiwe;jjhfp tpLk;. ,d;Dk; mJ rkaj;jpy; G+kp FspHr;rpahd epiyapy; ,Uf;Fnkd;why;..> jhf;fg;gLk; fh];kpf; fjpHfshy; NkYk; mit gdpg; nghopit cUthf;fp..> Vuhskhd caphpdq;fspd; moptpw;F tpj;jpl;L tpLk;. gy;NtW #g;gH Nehthf;fs; epiwe;jpUf;fpd;w gFjp topahf ek;Kila G+kp ghy; ntspapy; gazk; nra;Akhdhy;> ,t;thwhd Mgj;Jf;fs; epfo;tjw;fhd rhj;jpaf; $Wfs; mjpfkjpfk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,J Nghd;w epfo;Tfs; xt;nthU 150 kpy;ypad; tUlj;jpw;F xUKiw epfo tha;g;gpUf;fpd;wJ. ,J Nghd;w epfo;tpd; nghOJ G+kp FspHepiyapy; ,Uf;Fnkd;why;..> mit JUtq;fspy; NkYk; gdpf; fl;b ciwjiy mjpfhpf;Fk;..> ,J Nghd;w gdpg;guty; gFjpfs; mjpfkhfp tpLk;.

ehk; ,g;nghOJ ghy; ntspapy; Sagittarius-Carina arm vd;w epiyapy; ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk;> ,jd; fhuzkhf rpy kpy;ypad; Mz;LfSf;F G+kp kpj ntg;g epiyapy; fhzg;gLk;. Mdhy;> 60 kpy;ypad; Mz;LfSf;Fg; gpd;dH ehk; ghy; ntspapy; Perseus arm vd;w epiyf;Fs; Eioa ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk;..> ,d;Dk; mg;nghOJ gdpf; fhyr; #o;epiy ek;ik Mf;fpukpg;gjhf ,Uf;Fk;.

tUk; 70 Mz;Lfspy; #g;gHNehth ntbg;gpdhy; G+kpf;fhd ghjpg;G FiwthdNj.

Mgj;J vz; : 4

9 - kpfg;ngUk; vhpkiy ntbg;Gfs;

NguhrphpaH gpy; nkf;fpA+H - yz;ldpy; cs;s Benfield Hazard Research Centre at University College iluf;lH kw;Wk; Nlhdp gpNsH mtHfSila 'Natural Hazards working group' vd;w mikg;gpd; cWg;gpdH. ,tH $Wtijg; ghHg;Nghk; :

Njhuhakhf xt;nthU 50 Mapuk; tUlj;jpw;F xUKiw ,e;jg; G+kpahdJ kpfg; ngUk; vhpkiy ntbg;ig mDgtpf;fpd;wJ. ,jd; fhuzkhf G+kpg; gug;gpd; Mapuk; fp.kP. msTf;F vhpkiyr; rhk;gy;fshy; fgsPfuk; nra;ag;gLfpd;wJ. ry;/gH mkpy thAf;fs; tsp kz;lyj;jpy; fyg;gjw;Ff; fhuzkhf mike;J tpLfpd;wJ> ,d;Dk; G+kpg;gug;gpd; kPJ kpfTk; nkypjhf ry;/gH mkpyg; gbtk; gbaf; fhuzkhfp tpLtNjhL> #hpadpypUe;J tUk; xspf; fw;iwfis mit gpujpgspj;J jpUg;gp mDg;Gk; NtiyiaAk; mit nra;fpd;wJ. ,jd; fhuzkhf gfy; Neug; nghOjpd; ntspr;rkhdJ Fiwe;J> epytpd; ntspr;rj;ij xj;jjhf Mfp tpLk;.

,t;thwhd kpfg; ngUk; vhpkiy ntbg;Gfspdhy; G+kpg; gug;gpw;F ve;jsT Nrjk; tpistpf;Fk; vd;gij mJ eilngWk; ,lk;> msT> mJ ntspapLk; thAf;fspd; msitg; nghWj;jJk;> mit tsp kz;lyj;jpy; epiyj;jpUf;Fk; fhy msitg; nghWj;jJkhFk;. epA+]pyhe;jpy; cs;s lhNgh vhpkiy jhd; rw;W rkPgj;jpaJk;> 26>500 tUlq;fSf;F Ke;jpaJkhFk;. ,Ug;gpDk;> kdpj tuyhw;wpy; kpfTk; Nkhrkhd ghjpg;ig Vw;gLj;jpapUg;gJ ,e;NjhNd\pahtpy; cs;s Rkj;jpuh gFjpapy; cs;s Njhgh vhpkiy ntbg;ghFk;> ,J 74>000 Mz;LfSf;F Ke;jpajhFk;. Vndd;why; ,J kj;jpa #dpag; gFjp () kpf mUfpy; ,Ue;jjpd; fhuzkhf..> ,uz;L JUtq;fSf;Fk; thAf;fs; gutf; fhuzkhf mike;J tpLfpd;wJ. gdpg; gbT Gs;sp tpguq;fspypUe;J G+kpapd; ntg;gk; mjpHr;rp juj;jf;f mstpy; Ie;J my;yJ MW tUlq;fSf;Ff; Fiwe;J tpl;bUf;fpd;wJ. ,jd; fhuzkhf ntg;g kz;lyg; gFjpfs; ciwepiyf;Ff; $l efuyhk;.

kpfg; ngUk; vhpkiy ntbg;gpd; ghjpg;ghdJ tpz;fw;fspd; Nkhjypdhy; tpisaf; $ba Mgj;Jf;fis tpl 12 klq;F mjpfkhdjhFk;. ,j;jifanjhU NguopT epfo;tjw;fhd rhj;jpaf; $Wfs; 0.15 rjtPjk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. mnkhpf;fhtpy; cs;s vy;Nyh];Nlhd; gFjp kw;Wk; Nlhgh gFjpfspy; ,j;jifa ntbg;Gfs; fle;j fhyq;fspy; Vw;gl;bUf;fpd;wd> mtw;wpy; kPz;Lk; epfoyhk; vd;W fzpf;fg;gl;L> fz;fhzpf;fg;gLfpd;wd. ,jpy; ftiy mspf;ff; $ba mk;rk; vd;dntd;why; Kd;ndg;nghOJk; ntbf;fhj gFjpfspy; ,Ue;Jk; ,j;jifa vhpkiyfs; ntbf;fyhk;> mjhtJ mNk]hd; fhLfs; Nghd;wtw;wpy; ntbf;fyhk; vd;W vjpHghHf;fg;gLfpd;wJ.

tUk; 70 Mz;Lfspy; kpfg; ngUk; vhpkiy ntbg;Gfs; ntbf;fyhk; vd;gjw;fhd rhj;jpaf; $Wfs; kpfTk; mjpfkhfNt ,Uf;fpd;wd.

,J Mgj;J vz; : 7

10 - G+kpia tpOq;Fk; fWg;Gj; Jisfs;

hpr;rHl; tpy;]d; - ,tH mnkhpf;fhtpy; cs;s `hHtHL gy;iyfiyf; fofj;jpd; Mallinckrodt Ma;Tj; Jiwapd; ,aw;gpay; Jiwg; NguhrphpaH MthH. ,tH $Wtijg; ghHg;Nghk; :

thd; ntspapy; Njhd;wf; $ba fWik epw Xl;ilfs; G+kpia tpOq;Fk; rhj;jpaf; $Wfs; cz;lh vd;gJ Fwpj;J Ma;T nra;tjw;fhf epA+ahHf; efhpy; cs;s G&f; n`td; Ma;T ikaj;jpy; nraw;ifahf mZ ciy xd;W cUthf;fg;gl;L> mjpy; fd ngUkhdkpf;f madpj; Jfs;fis Nkhjr; nra;J mjd; %yk; ghpNrhjpj;Jg; ghHf;fg;gl;lJ. Kbtpy;> ,e;j madpj; Jfs; thd kz;lyj;jpy; Nkhjpf; nfhs;Sk; nghOJ Vw;gLfpd;w mlHj;jpahd J}rp kz;lyq;fspdhy; G+kp tpOq;fg;gLk; rhj;jpak; ,Uf;fhJ.

tUk; 70 Mz;Lfspy; ,j;jifa fWik epw madpj;Jfshy; #og;gl;l fWik epw Xl;ilfshy; kpFe;j ,iur;rYld; G+kp tpOq;fg;gLk; rhj;jpaf; $Wfs; kpf kpff; FiwNt.

Mgj;J vz; : 10

kdpjHfspy; iffs; Njbf;nfhz;l (jPr; nray;fspd;) fhuzj;jhy; flypYk; jiuapYk; (ehrKk;) Fog;gKk; Njhd;wpd; (jPikfspypUe;J) mtHfs; jpUk;gptpLk; nghUl;L mtHfs; nra;jhHfNs (jPtpidfs;) mtw;wpy; rpytw;iw (,t;TyfpYk;) mtHfs; Ritf;Fk;gb mtd; nra;fpwhd;. (30:41)

H 4
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