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fh\;kPhpd; fz;zPHf; fijfs;


fh\;kPH : rpiwf;fhty; rpj;utijfs;

fh\;kPH : rpiwf;fhty; kuzq;fs;

mnkhpf;f cjtp fhq;fpu]; fkpl;bapd; Mrpah> grpgpf; Mfpatw;iwg; gw;wpa mwpf;if

,e;jpah kjr;rhHgw;w ehnlDk; fl;Lf; fij!

rpWghd;ikNahhpd;> Fwpg;ghf K];ypk;fspd; chpikfis ghJfhg;gjpy; ,e;jpahtpd; Njhy;tp

kdpj chpik fofq;fs; nry;tjw;fhd mDkjpia ,e;jpah kWf;fpwJ.

 

fh\;kPhpd; fz;zPHf; fijfs;

my;yh`;tpd; kpfg; nghpa cjtpahy; vjpnuhyp jd;Dila ,uz;lhtJ Mz;Lg; gazj;ijj; njhlHfpd;wJ. fle;j Mz;Lfspy; fh\;kPH gpur;idfs; cr;rfl;lj;ij milAk; nghOnjy;yhk; fh\;kPH gw;wpa rpwg;Gj; jfty;fisj; je;j tz;zkpUf;fpd;Nwhk;.

,d;iwf;F ,e;jpahtpy; gw;wp vhpAk; MAjf;fplq;FfSk;>  ntbkUe;Jj; njhopw;rhiyfSk; Kd;ndg;nghOJk; ,y;yhj mstpy; ntbj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; Ntisapy;> nkhj;j ,e;jpahtpd; ghJfhg;Gr; nryitAk; tpl tpQ;rp epw;Fk; fh\;kPhpy; ,e;jpa ghJfhg;Gg; gilapdhpd; ,ayhikapd; fhuzj;jhy;> ntbj;Jr; rpjw itf;fg;gLk; vz;zw;w K];ypk; cly;fspd; ehw;wk;> ,e;jpa Njrj;jpd; kdpjhgpkhdkw;w Njhw;wj;ij mk;gyg;gLj;JtJ Nghy; cs;sJ.

jPtputhjpfisAk;> mg;ghtpfisAk; ,dq;fz;L nfhs;s ,ayhj ,e;jpag; ghJfhg;Gg; gilfs;> K];ypk; vd;w  ngaiuf; Nfl;lhNy jPtputhjpfs; jhd; vd;w Kbtpy;> fh\;kPH gs;sj;jhf;if> ,uj;jg; gs;shj;jhf;Fg; gpuNjrkhf Mf;fp tUfpd;wJ vd;gij ehk; mwpNthk;.

rkPgj;jpy;> xU FLk;gj;ijNa Rl;Lf; nfhd;w ,e;jpag; ghJfhg;Gg; gil> me;jf; FLk;gk; ghJfhg;Gg; gilapdiuf; fle;J nrd;w nghOJ> jPtputhjpfisr; Rl;Lf; nfhy;fpd;Nwhk; vd;w NghHitapy;> me;jf; FLk;gj;jpd; Mz;> ngz;> Foe;ij Mfpa midtiuAk; Rl;Lf; nfhd;W tpl;L> tof;fk; Nghy;> jPtputhjpfis fisnaLf;Fk; gzpapy; ,e;jpa uhZtj;jpd; ngUik> mg;ghtp K];ypk;fspd; gpzj;jpd; kPJ epWtg;gl;lJ.

,e;jj; njhlH mlf;FKiw ,d;W New;wy;y. fle;j 54 tUlq;fshfj; njhlHe;J tUfpd;wJ. ,e;jpa mlf;Fkiwia vjpHj;Jf; fpsHe;njOk; kf;fis> jPtputhjpfs; vd;w ehkfuzj;NjhL ,e;jpa muRk;> mjd; gj;jphpf;iffSk; miof;fpd;wd. rkPgj;jpy; `p];Gy; K[h`pjPd; Nghuhspg; gphptpd; jiytH K];jgh vd;gtiu Rl;Lf; nfhd;wJ ,e;jpa uhZtk;. mtuJ mlf;f CHtyj;jpy; me;j CNu jpuz;L te;J fye;J nfhz;lij gj;jphpf;if topahf mwpe;Njhk;. ,J ,e;jpaf; fzpg;Gfisg; ngha;gLj;Jfpd;wd. mLf;FKiwfis vjpHj;J> jq;fisf; fhg;ghw;wj; Jbf;Fk; NghuhspfSf;Fj; jhd; kf;fs; ,j;jifa khpahijfisj; jUthHfNs xopa> ,e;jpa muR nrhy;tJ Nghy;> mg;ghtp kf;fisf; nfhd;W Ftpf;Fk; ,f;thdpfSf;F ,e;j khpahijia kf;fs; ju khl;lhHfs;. ,q;Nf ,f;thdpfs; ahH vd;gij thrfHfs; njhpe;J nfhs;tJ ey;yJ. ,e;j ,f;thdpfs; vd;NghH> K];ypk; ngaHjhq;fpfs;. Kdh/gpf;Ffs; vd;W nrhy;NthNk me;j tifapdH. ,tHfs; ,e;jpa murpd; Vn[z;Lfs;. iff;$ypfs;. Ml;fhl;bfs;. jpdrhpg; gj;jphpf;iffspy; tUk;. fpuhkj;jpy; 10 ,e;Jf;fs; gLnfhiy. rPf;fpaH 20 NgH gLnfhiy> K];ypk; jPtputhjpfspd; nfh^ukhd nray; vd;nwy;yhk; jiyg;gpl;L tUk;. ,e;j jiyg;GfSf;Fr; nrhe;jf;fhuHfs; ,tHfs;. ,e;jpa muR Ml epidf;Fk; ehlfj;jpw;F Vw;g> jq;fsJ Jg;ghf;fpfisg; gad;gLj;jf; $batHfs;. ,tHfSf;F ,e;jpa murpd; gzgyKk;> MAj gyKk; cz;L> khjhe;jpur; rk;gsKk; cz;L.

mjhtJ> ,e;jpa Njr tpLjiyapd; nghOJ> ,e;jpa Njrg; Nghuhspfs; jpahfpfshfg;; ghHf;fg;gl;l mNj Ntis> gphpl;ld; mtHfisj; jPtputhjpfs; vd;Nw $wpaJ. vdNt> xU r%fj;jpd; tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lk; ,d;ndhU r%fj;jpw;F kuz mbahf ,Uf;Fk; nghOJ> mjidj; jPtputhjk; vd;Nw jiyg;gpLk;. ,J r%f ,aw;if. rkPgj;jpy; K\Hu/g; ,e;jpah te;J Nghd gpd;G> fh\;kPhpd; tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;jpw;F ghf;fp];jhd; jd;Dila Mjuitj; jUk; vd;W NgrpAs;shH. clNd> fh\;kPH ,e;jpahtpd; gphpf;f Kbahj gFjp> jPtputhjr; nraiy vt;thW mtH tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lk; vd;W Ngryhk; vd;W ek; gj;jphpf;iffSk;> mj;thdpfSk; tha; $rhky; Koq;fpdH. ,jpy; fhq;fpu];> vd;Nwh gh[f vd;Nwh tpj;jpahrkpy;yhky; mywpdH. ,J ,e;jpahtpd; gr;irj; JNuhfj;ijf; fhl;Lfpd;wJ. K\Hu/g; Ngrpa rpy ehl;fSf;Fg; gpd; 15 ,e;Jf;fs; gLnfhiy. ,J jpl;lkpl;lnjhU ehlfkhfj; jhd; ,Uf;f KbAk;. Vnddpy; ,J tiu Nghuhspfs; nra;af; $ba midj;Jg; gLnfhiyfisAk; mtHfs; ehq;fs; jhd; nra;Njhk; vd;W xg;Gf; nfhz;Ls;sdH. Mdhy; ,e;jg; gLnfhiyia ve;jg; Nghuhspfs; FOTk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;stpy;iy> vd;gJ kpFe;j re;Njfj;ij cz;Lgz;Zfpd;wJ. Vnddpy;> ,f;thdpfs; %yk; nra;J tpl;l gLnfhiyia vt;thW Nghuhspfs; Vw;f Kd;tUthHfs;. vdNt ,e;jg; gLnfhiy K\Hu/gpd; mwptpg;ig Klq;fr; nra;tjw;F> cyf kdpj chpikf; fofk; kw;Wk; cyfj;jpd; ghHitapy; jq;fsJ epiyg;ghl;il cWjp nra;tjw;F> ,e;jpah ,j;jifa nray;fisr; nra;Ak; vd;gij> fpspz;ld; te;j nghOJ ele;j rPf;fpaHfs; gLnfhiy %yk; cWjpahfpd;wJ. fpspz;ld; ,e;jpah te;j nghOJ> xU rPf;fpa fpuhkj;ijr; NrHe;j rPf;fpaHfisg; gLnfhiy nra;jjpy; ,e;jpa uhZtj;jpw;F ngUk; gq;F cz;L. Mdhy;> gypia K];ypk; Nghuhspfs; kPJ Nghl;lhHfs;. gpd;G rPf;fpa kf;fshNyNa ,e;jpahtpd; ngha; Kfk; fpopj;njwpag;gl;lJ. ,e;jg; gLnfhiyfis ,e;jpa uhZtk; jhd; nra;jJ. K];ypk; Nghuhspfs; nra;atpy;iy vd;W me;jf; fpuhkj;Jr; rPf;fpaHfs; cyfpw;F mwptpg;Gk; nra;jhHfs;.

,dp ,e;jpahtpd; mlf;FKiwfSf;Fs; rpf;fpj; jtpf;Fk; K];ypk; mg;ghtpfSf;F NeHe;j nfhLikfspd; rpW gFjpia ,q;F jUfpd;Nwhk;.

,q;F kf;fs; - Mz; ngz; Mfpa ,UghyUNk rpWtHfs;> rpW Foe;ijfs;> Vd; iff;Foe;ijfSk; $l> GOg; G+r;rpfisg; Nghyf; nfhy;yg;gLfpd;whHfs;. Mk;Gyd;]; tz;bfs; jhf;fg;gLfpd;wd. kUj;Jtkidfs; jhf;fg;gLfpd;wd. kUj;Jtf; fUtpfs; mbj;J nehUf;fg;gLfpd;wd. kdepiy gpwo;e;j kdpjHfSk;> NehahspfSk; $l Rl;Lf; nfhy;yg;gLfpd;whHfs;. MrphpaHfs;> kUj;JtHfs;> nghwpahsHfs;> muR CopaHfs; Mfpa midtUk; ,uf;fkpd;wp kdkwpe;Nj Rl;Lf; nfhy;yg;gLfpd;whHfs;. ngl;bf; filf;fhuHfs;> tzpfHfs;> njU tpahghhpfs;> njhopyhspfs;> mwpQHfs;> tptrhapfs;> Xl;LeHfs;> elj;JeHfs;> RUf;fkhfr; nrhd;dhy; tho;f;ifapd; midj;Jg; gphpT kf;fisAk; jpl;lkpl;Lf; nfhd;W tUfpwhHfs; - mg;Jy; fhPk; ug;ghdp> jiytH> fh\;kPH Fwpj;j Ma;tpw;fhd epWtdk;.

xU khjj;jpw;F Kd;DhW nfhiyfs; my;yJ xU ehisf;F gj;Jf;Fk; Nkw;gl;l nfhiyfs; vd;w mstpy; K];ypk;fs; gLnfhiy nra;ag;gLfpd;whHfs;. 1981 kf;fs; njhiff; fzf;Fg;gb 59.87 yl;rk; kl;LNk. mjpy; fh\;kPH gs;sj;jhf;F kf;fs; njhif 31.34 yl;rkhFk;. gj;jhz;L fhyj;jpy; 27 tpOf;fhL kf;fs; njhif tsHe;jpUf;Fk; vd;w fzpg;gpd;gb ghHj;jhy;> 1995 y; khepy kf;fs; njhif 86 yl;rkhfTk;> fh\;kPH gs;sj;jhf;F kf;fs; njhif 44 yl;rkhfTk; ,Ue;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. ngUk;ghyhd nfhiyfs; eilngwf; $ba gs;sj;jhf;Fg; gFjpapd; kf;fs; vz;zpf;if> gk;gha; efu kf;fs; njhifapy; ghjpf;Fk; FiwthfNt ,Uf;fpd;wJ. cs;@H kdpj chpik mikg;Gfspd; fUj;Jg;gb Fiwe;jJ ehw;gjhapuk; NgHfshtJ khepyj;jpYs;s gy;NtW rpiwfspy; milf;fg;gl;Ls;sdH.

,k;kf;fs; njhifiaf; fl;Lg;gLj;jTk;> ,jd; kPJ Mjpf;fk; nrYj;jTk;> 5 yl;rj;jpw;F Nkw;gl;l ,uhZtj;jpdUk;> Jiz uhZtg;gilapdUk; fhRkPhpy; gzpGhpe;J tUfpd;wdH. Nghuhspfspd; vz;zpf;if RkhH 20 Mapuk; ,Uf;Fk; vd murhq;fk; kjpg;gpLfpd;wJ. gs;sj;jhf;Fg; gFjpapy; MAjg;gilfSf;F md;whlk; nrythFk; njhif mjpfhug;G+HtkhfNt xg;Gf; nfhs;sg;gl;lJ> &.5 NfhbahFk;. (xU Mz;bw;F &.1825 Nfhb). njhifapd; msT ,Jjhdh my;yJ ,jw;Fk; NkYk; ,Uf;fpwjh vd;gJ ,e;j vz;zpf;ifapy; vd;ndd;d NrHf;fg;gltpy;iy vd;gijg; nghWj;jjhFk;.

fh\;kPH : rpiwf;fhty; rpj;utijfs;

[k;K - fhRkPhpy; elj;jg;gl;L tUk; rpj;utijfspd; nfh^uq;fs; ek;g Kbahjitfshf ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,it fhyk; KOf;f kf;fis Klkhf;fp tpLfpd;wd. tho ,ayhjtHfshf khw;wp tpLfpd;wd. rHtNjr nghJ kd;dpg;G rig rdthp 1995.

rkPgj;jpy; ele;j xU rpy rpj;utijfisf; fPNo jUfpd;Nwhk;.

Fg;thuh khtl;lj;ijr; NrHe;j erPH mfkJ Nrf;if (25) ,uhZtj;jpdH 1995 rdthp 1 k; Njjpad;W ifJ nra;jdH. fyk; rf;sh tprhuiz ikaj;jpy; itj;J mtH 12 ehl;fs; tprhuiz nra;ag;gl;lhH. gpd;G Nyq;Nfl; tprhuiz ikaj;jpy; tprhhpf;fg;gl;lhH. ntWk; fhy;fNshL kzpf;fzf;fpy; gdpapd; kPJ elf;f itf;fg;gl;lhH. mjw;Fg; gpwF ];lt; %yk; mtH ghjq;fisf; fUf;fpdH. mtH iffhy;fs; nrayw;Wg; Nghapd. xU khjk; VO ehs; fopj;J ,uhZtk; mtiu xU rhiyNahuj;jpy; mdhijahf tpl;Lr; nrd;wJ. cs;@H fhtyHfs; mtiu vLj;Jr; nrd;W =efH kUj;Jtkidapy; NrHj;jdH. mtH fhy;fs; ,uz;Lk; mOfpg; NghapUe;jij kUj;JtHfs; fz;ldH. ,uz;L fhy;fSk;> ,lJ ifapy; rpy tpuy;fSk; ntl;b vLf;fg;gl;ld. rpiwf;fhty; kuzq;s; Fwpj;j 1995 rdthpapy; nghJ kd;dpg;G rig ntspapl;l mwpf;ifapy; ,ijg; Nghd;w rpj;utijfspdhy; cWg;Gfs; ntl;b vLf;fg;gl;l epfo;r;rpfisr; Rl;bf; fhl;bapUe;jJ.

,e;j rpj;utijfs; vJTNk Gjpjy;y vd;w NghjpYk;> fhRkPhpy; ,it eilKiwg;gLj;Jk; tpjk; kpfj; jPtputhjkhfTk;> nfh^ukhfTk; ,Uf;fpwJ. if> fhy;fs; mOfpg; Nghdjhy;> mij ntl;b vwpa Ntz;ba epiy Vw;gLtJk;> rpWePufq;fs; nrayw;Wg; Nghdjhy; ,wf;f Ntz;ba epiy Vw;gLtJk;  cz;L. cUl;Lf;fl;ilr; rpj;utij Kiwapdhy;> rijfs; eRq;fp> eRq;fp mOfpg; Ngha; eQ;Nrwp tpLfpd;wd. me;j eQ;R ,uj;j Xl;lj;jpy; fye;J tpLtjhy;> ,k;khjphpahd rpWePufr; nraypog;G Vw;gLtjhf fhRkPhp kUj;Jt epGzHfs; nrhy;fpwhHfs;. (rHtNjr kd;dpg;G rig vLj;Jf; fhl;ba Nkw;Nfhs;) ,k;khjphp jir jpRf;fis mopg;gij Rhabdomyolysis vd;W miof;fpd;whHfs;. =efhpYs;s kUj;Jt mwptpay; epWtdj;jpy; lahyprp]; rpfpr;irf;Fg; nghWg;G tfp;j;J tUk; kUj;JtH xU ,yz;ld; gj;jphpf;ifahshplk;> kUj;Jt ,yf;fpaj; Jiwf;F ,k;khjp fzf;fw;w gq;fspg;Gfis toq;fpaijg; Nghy; cyfpd; NtW ve;jg; gFjpapYk; ele;jpUf;f KbahJ vd Nrhfj;jpYk; eifr;Ritahff; Fwpg;gpl;ljhfr; nrhy;yg;gLfpd;wJ.

 

fh\;kPH : rpiwf;fhty; kuzq;fs;

[k;K fhRkPhpy; xt;nthU khjKk; 25 f;Fk; Nkw;gl;l rpiwf;fhty; kuzq;fs; epfOfpd;wd. fhRkPH khdpl;lH.

NkNy ehk; ghHj;j epfo;r;rpapy;> mjidg; Nghd;w re;jHg;gq;fspy; rpj;utijf;Fg; gpd; capH thor; re;jHg;gk; fpilf;fpd;wJ. Mdhy; Misg;gpbj;Jf; nfhy;Yk; (Catch & kill) ,e;jj; jpl;lj;jpd; gb> vt;thW kuzq;fs; epfo;e;J tUfpd;wd vd;gjw;F xNu xU khjphpia kl;Lk; fPNo jUfpd;Nwhk;.

Mde;j;ehf; khtl;lj;ijr; NrHe;j `pyhy; mfkJ eh];jp (tq;fp CopaH)> Mde;j;ehf; khtl;lj;jpy; fl;Kuh gFjpiar; NrHe;j Fyhk; u#y;> rg;fkh gFjpiar; NrHe;j uk;[h myp];> g&f; m`kJthdp Mfpa ehd;F NgUk; 1995> #d; 13 Mk; Njjp ifJ nra;ag;gl;ldH. ,e;jr; Nrhfr; rk;gtj;jpy; jg;gpg; gpioj;jtH g&f; m`kJ thdp xUtH kl;LNk. ,tH vq;fsplk; $wpajhtJ : ,tHfs; ehy;tiuAk; Njrpaj; Jg;ghf;fpg; gilg;gphptpdH jq;fsJ Kfhkpw;F mioj;Jr; nrd;wdH. kw;wtHfs; Kd;dpiyapNyNa Kjypy; `pyhy; m`kJ eh];jp mbj;Jf; nfhy;yg;gl;lhH. mtH rlyk; 5 Jz;Lfshf ntl;lg;gl;lJ. kPjp %thpy; xUtiu ,e;j ntl;lg;gl;l Jz;Lfis xU rhf;Fg; igapy; fl;b mij [Pyk; Mw;wpy; tPrp tpl;L tUk;gb $wpdH. mtUk; mt;thNw nra;J tpl;Lj; jpUk;gpdhH. gpd; MAjg;gilapdH mtiuAk; nfhd;W mt;thNw rlyj;ijj; Jz;L Nghl;ldH. gpd; gPjpAldpUe;j ,Uthplk; ,ijr; rhf;fpy; fl;b Mw;wpy; vwpe;J tpl;L tUk;gb $wpdH. mtHfSk; mt;thNw nra;J tpl;Lj; jpUk;gpdH. kPjpapUe;j ,Uthpy; xUtUf;F mNj tpjp fhj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jJ. mtUk; nfhy;yg;gl;lhH. gpd; vQ;rpapUe;j g&f; m`kJtplk; ,we;J Nghd rlyj;jpd; 5 Jz;Lfis %l;ilahff; fl;bf; nfhLj;J Mw;wpy; tPrp tpl;L tUk;gb $wpdH. ,Ug;gpDk; g&f; RikNahL Mw;wpy; Fjpj;jhH. Jg;ghf;fpahy; Rl;L Njhs; glilapy; fhak; Vw;gl;l NghJk;> mtH Mw;iw ePe;jpf; fle;J jg;gpr; nrd;whH. gpd; ,tH mde;j;ehf; ePjpgjpaplk; ,e;jr; rk;gtq;fs; Fwpj;J xU rhd;whjhu mwpf;ifiaf; nfhLj;jhH. (jhd; Mw;wpy; Fjpf;Fk; NghJ Rke;J te;j rlyj;jpy; rpy Jz;Lfs; rk;ge;jg;gl;l Gifg;glj;ijAk; mtH mjpy; ,izj;jpUe;jhH).

ghJfhg;Gg; gilapdH jhq;fs; Nghuhspfs; vd;W re;Njfg;gLk; egHfis mbf;fb Rl;Lf; nfhd;W tpLfpd;wdH. ghJfhg;Gg; gilapdUf;Fk; > NghuhspfSf;Fk; ,ilNa ele;j Nkhjypd; NghJ ,tHfs; Rl;Lf; nfhy;yg;gl;ljhf gpd;dH XH mwpf;if ntspaplg;gLk;. ngUk;ghyhd rk;gtq;fspy;> ,k;khjphp ,we;jtHfs; gpbgl;l ,lj;jpNyNa nfhy;yg;gLgtHfshfNt ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. Mrpah thl;r; - Kw;Wifapd; fPo; fhRkPH 1990.

1995 #iy 23 Mk; Njjp Njrpa Jg;ghf;fpg; gilg;gphptpdH xU tptrhapiaAk; khepy muRg; nghwpahsHfs; ,UtiuAk; Rl;Lf; nfhd;wdH. me;j tpguk; tUkhW \fpy; mfkJ ry;khd; (32) kpd;thhpaj;jpy; ,sk; nghwpahsuhfg; gzpahw;wp te;jhH. Fyhk; egp Nyhdp (30) MH.gp. Jiwapy; cjtpg; nghwpahsuhfg; gzpahwwp te;jhH. ,e;jpa murpd; kuG rhuh vhp rf;jp ts mikr;rfj;jpd; rhHghf gl;fk; khtl;lj;jpd; Rf;ehf; ey;yh vd;w ,lj;jpy; xU rpW ePH kpd;rf;jp jpl;lk; epHkhzpg;gJ Fwpj;j rhj;jpaj;ij ,tHfs; Ma;T nra;J te;jdH. #iy 23 Mk; Njjp fhiy 9 kzpastpy; ,tHfs; ,g;gzpf;fhf =efhpypUe;J xU fhhpy; Gwg;gl;ldH. =efH gpuhe;jpag; nghwpapay; fy;Yhhpapy; %j;j tphpTiuahsuhfg; gzpahw;wp te;j KidtH erPH mfkJ NghNyAk; topfhl;l Nya;q; Nyg; fpuhkj;ijr; NrHe;j Fyhk; nkha;jPd; [Hf;fh vd;w tptrhapAk; ,tHfSld; gazk; nra;jdH. fhiy 11.30 kzpastpy; uaH vd;w fpuhkk; mUNf mtHfs; Njrpaj; Jg;ghf;fpg; gilg;gphptpd; Kfhik mile;jdH. jq;fisg; gw;wpa tptuq;fisAk; jhq;fs; nry;Yk; gzp Fwpj;j  tpraj;ijAk; gilapdhplk; tpsf;fpdH. mtHfs; Nrhjidaplg;gl;L NkNy nry;y mDjpf;fg;gl;ldH. rpwpJ Neuk; gazk; nra;j mtHfs; jq;fsJ fhiu rhiyNahuk; epWj;jp tpl;L Rf;ehj; ey;yh ePNuhilapd; Nghf;fpw;F vjpHj;jpirapy; RkhH xd;wiu kzpNeuk; ele;J nrd;wdH. gpd; jhq;fs; nfhz;L te;j czitr; rhg;gpLtjw;fhfr; nrd;wdH. gpd; mhp[h]; vd;w fpuhkj;jpw;F mUNf xU ntl;l ntspapy; epd;wdH. mg;nghOJ gfy; 1 kzp. jpBnud mtHfisf; FwpghHj;J Jg;ghf;fpahy; Rlg;gl;lJ. ,U nghwpahsHfisAk; tptrhapiaAk; Fz;Lfs; jhf;fpd.  tphptiuahsH kl;Lk; ePNuhilf;Fs; Fjpj;J xU ghiwapd; gpd;Nd kiwe;J nfhz;lhH.

gj;J my;yJ ,UgJ Jg;ghf;fpfs; Rl;ljhf ,tH nrhd;dhH. miu kzp Neuk; Jg;ghf;fpr; #L ele;jJ. %d;W kzp Neuk; fopj;J ,uhZt tPuHfs; mtiu ntspNa tUk;gb mioj;jdH. ntspNa te;j yhNt jd;idg; gw;wpa tptuq;fisf; $wpdhH. mq;F jdJ ,U ez;gHfs; ,we;J fple;jijf; fz;lhH. Mdhy; [l;fhH fhaj;NjhL ,wf;fhky; ,Ue;jhH. Njrpaj; Jg;ghf;fpg; gilapdHjhd; mtHfs; kPJ Jg;ghf;fpahy; Rl;ljhfTk; mthplk; me;j ,uhZt tPuHfs; nrhy;ypapUf;fpd;whHfs;. mq;Nf xU Nkhjy; rk;gtk; ele;jjhff; $wp mtiur; rhpf;fl;l Kaw;rpj;jdH. Mdhy; mq;F mg;nghOJ ve;j Nkhjy; rk;gtk; vJTk; mq;F ele;jpUf;ftpy;iy. [l;fhH capUld; ,Ue;j NghJk; mtiu kUj;Jtkidf;F vLj;Jr; nry;;y ,uhZt tPuHfs; ve;j mf;fiwAk; fhl;ltpy;iy vd;W nrhd;dhH. [l;fhiu vLj;Jr; nry;y Fjpiuiaj; Njb mtHfs; %d;W kzp Neuk; tPzbj;jdH. kUj;Jtkidf;Ff; nfhz;L nry;Yk; topapy; mtH ,we;J NghdhH. KidtH yhNt ,we;jJ Fwpj;J cs;@H fhty; epiyaj;jpy; (gPHth) xU GfhH nfhLf;fr; nrd;w NghJ xU ,uhZt tPuUk; mtUld; nrd;whH. yhNt jd; Gfhhpy; Nkhjy; rk;gtk; ele;jJ vd;gijf; Fwpg;gpl Ntz;Lnkd me;j ,uhZt tPuH Kaw;rpj;jhH. yhNt> me;j epfo;r;rpia xU Nkhjy; rk;gtk; vd;W Fwpg;gpl kWj;J tpl;lhH. (fhRkPhpd; njhlUk; Jauq;fs; gf;fk; : 149-151).

,it ahTk; xU rpy JspfNs! Mdhy; ,e;j mlhtbj;jdq;fis vy;yhk; Ra tpUg;NghL jhd; ek; gj;jphpf;iffs; ghHf;fpd;wdNt xopa> kdjpy; <uj;NjhL ghHg;gjpy;iy. Mdhy;> ,e;jpa murpdhy; my;yJ Nghl;bg; Nghuhspf; FO (,f;thdp)f;fspdhy; Vw;gLj;jg;gLk; K];ypk; my;yhjtHfspd; gLnfhiyfisg; nghpjhff; fhl;LtJk;> mtw;iwf; fl;lk; Nghl;L nfhl;il vOj;Jf;fspy; K];ypk;fs; nra;jjhf vOJtJkhdnjhU fgl ehlfj;ij ,e;jpahTk;> ,e;jpag; gj;jphpf;iffSk; elj;jp tUfpd;wd. rkPgj;jpy; jpdkzpapy; fle;j khjk; ,we;j ,e;Jf;fspd; gl;baiy nfhl;il vOj;Jf;fspy; ntspaplg;gl;bUe;jJ. mNj thuj;jpy; uh[];jhdpy; 16 Mk; Ehw;whz;Lg; gs;spthriy ,bj;J tpl;L> mjpy; mDkhH rpiyia itj;j rk;gtj;jpd; glj;ij kl;Lk; Nghl;L tpl;L> gs;spthriy ,bj;jJ ahH> mjd; gpd;dzp vd;d vd;gJ gw;wp ve;j nra;jpiaAk; mJ ntspapltpy;iy. ,J jhd; ek; gj;jphpf;iffspd; gj;jphpf;ifj; jHkk;? xU fz;zpy; ntz;izAk;> xU fz;zpy; Rz;zhk;igAk; itf;Fk;> ghHg;gzj; je;jpuk;!?

,dp 1993 y; mnkhpf;f cjtpf; fhq;fpu]; fkpl;b> fh\;kPH gw;wp ntspapl;l mwpf;ifiaf; fPNo jUfpd;Nwhk; :

mnkhpf;f cjtp fhq;fpu]; fkpl;bapd; Mrpah> grpgpf; Mfpatw;iwg; gw;wpa mwpf;if - ([{d;> 1> 1993).

,Wjpahf fh\;kPhpy;> mq;F elg;gtw;iw gpwH mwpa tplhky; jLg;gjw;F ,e;jpah cUthf;fpa Gif kz;lyj;ijAk; CLWtp cyfk; ghHf;fj; njhlq;fpAs;sJ. fh\;kPug; gpur;idia czHe;J mq;Fs;s kf;fs; jq;fspd; vjpHfhyj;ij xU nghJ thf;nfLg;gpd; %yk; jhq;fNs epHzapj;Jf; nfhs;Sk; chpikia cyfshtpa rKjhak; Mjhpj;J RkhH ehw;gj;jhW Mz;Lfs; fle;J tpl;lJ. jd; gilfis fh\;kPUf;Fs; elhj;jpr; nrd;W mij Mf;fpukpj;j ,e;jpahTk; me;j jPHkhdj;ij Vw;W mjd;gb elf;fg; NghtjhfTk; gyKiw thf;FWjpaspj;J tpl;lJ.

Mdhy; tpiutpNyNa mjDila thf;FWjpapypUe;J eOTk; Nehf;Fld; xd;wd; gpd; xd;whf gy jpl;lq;fis kiwKfkhf epiwNtw;wp te;jJ. nghJ thf;nfLg;G elj;j Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;W cyf ehLfspypUe;J te;j xt;nthU Nfhhpf;ifAk; ,e;jpahthy; eRf;fg;gl;lJ. mJ Mf;fpukpj;j gFjpf;F xU tifahd rl;l me;j];J nfhLf;Fk; Nehf;Fld; mq;Nf xU tifahd NjHjiyAk; vg;gbNah elj;jp fh\;kPuj;J kf;fs; ,e;jpahTld; ,ize;jpUf;fNt tpUk;Gfpd;wdH vd;Wk; fh\;kPuk; ,e;jpahtpd; gphpf;f Kbahj xU ghfk; vd;Wk; ntl;fkpy;yhky; mwptpj;jJ.

fh\;kPuj;ij ,e;jpah njhlHe;J rl;ltpNuhjkhf Mf;fpukpg;G nra;jpUg;gJ mj;Jizf;fz;lk; KOtijAk; ];jpukw;w jd;ikiaAk; gpur;idfs; epiwe;jjhfTk; Mf;fpAs;sJ. mjd; %yk; cyfpd; ehd;fpd; xU gq;F kf;fis> tWikf;Fk; gpd;jq;fpa epiyf;Fk;> mwpahik> ghJfhg;gpd;id Mfpatw;wpw;Fs;shf;fp cs;sJ. fh\;kPuj;jpw;fhf ,e;jpahTk; ghfp];jhDk; ,UKiw Aj;jk; nra;Js;sd. fh\;kPuj;J kf;fis ,e;jpah kpUfj;jdkhd mlf;FKiwf;F cs;shf;fpapUg;gjdhy; kPz;Lk; xU Kiw gjl;l epiy cUthfp mJ Jizf;fz;lj;jpw;F khj;jpukpy;yhJ cyf mikjpf;Nf xU mr;RWj;jyhf cs;sJ.

,e;jpahtpd; cLk;Gg; gpbapypUe;J ntsptu top njhpahj eRf;fg;gl;l me;j kf;fs; ,Wjpahf 1989 Mk; Mz;L Gul;rp nra;ag;Gwg;gl;L jq;fSila tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;ij Jtq;fpa NghJ fh\;kPuj;jpy; jd;Dila Mf;fpukpg;ig epahag;gLj;j ,e;jpah nra;j gy ebg;Gfs; fhw;wpy; Jhs; JhshdJ. Mk;! kf;fspd; tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;jpw;F> gaq;fukhd nfhLikfis mtpo;j;J tpLtjd; %yk; ,e;jpah gjpyspj;jJ. mg;gaq;fuq;fs; ,g;NghJ mk; kz;zpd; ike;jHfisNa mopj;J tpLk; epiyf;Fr; nrd;Ws;sJ. Vwj;jho gd;dpnuz;L ,uhZtg; gphpTfs; mq;Nf epWj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. Mdhy;> fh\;kPuj;J kf;fis mlf;fp tpLtJ xU vl;lhf; fdNt.

,e;jpahtpd; gpur;rhuj;jhy; gy tUlq;fshf Vkhw;wg;gl;l cyfk; fh\;kPuj;J kf;fspd; vOr;rpapd; Ntfj;ijf; fz;L czHT ngw;Ws;sJ. fh\;kPuj;ij mjDila ,Wjp me;j];J> kf;fspd; tpUg;gj;jpw;fpzq;f KbT nra;ag;gl Ntz;ba xU gpur;idf;Fhpa gFjpahf kPz;Lk; xU Kiw fUjj; njhlq;fpAs;sJ. ,e;j epiy mnkhpf;f cjtp fhq;fpu]; fkpl;bapd; Mrpah> grpgpf; Mfpatw;iwg; gw;wpa mwpf;if ([{d; 1> 1993) d; ghpe;Jiufspy; re;Njfkw;w thHj;ijshy; cWjp nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. mnkhpf;f cjtp fhq;fpu]; fkpl;bapd; xU rpy gFjpfs; fPNo njhFj;Jj; jug;gLfpd;wd. ,e;jpah jd;idj; jhNd Kl;lhshf;fpf; nfhs;fpwJ vd;W ,e;j mwpf;ifapypUe;J ntspg;gilahfj; njhpfpwJ. fh\;kPuj;J kf;fs; jq;fspd; chpikia jhq;fNs epHzapj;Jf; nfhs;sTk; nghJ thf;nfLg;G elj;JTkhd chpikiaAk; KO cyfKk; ,g;NghJ Vw;Wf; nfhz;Ls;sJ. jq;fspd; mbg;gil chpikahd Rje;jpuj;jpw;fhfg; NghuhLk; mg;ghtp fh\;kPuj;J kf;fspd; kPJ ,e;jpa ghJfhg;Gg; gilapdH mtpo;j;J tpl;bUf;Fk; nfhLikfs; %yk;> me;j ,af;fj;ij eRf;fp tpl KbahJ. ,e;jpah ,J gw;wp vt;tsT rPf;fpukhf czUfpwNjh mt;tsT Fiwthf kdpj chpik kPwy; rk;ge;jkhf Fw;wg;gj;jphpf;if mjd; kPJ ,Uf;Fk;. cyfk; ,e;j Njitaw;w ,uj;jf; fswpia njhlHe;J nksdkhfg; ghHj;Jf; nfhz;L ,Uf;fhJ - $lhJ.

mwpf;ifapd; xU rpy gFjpfs; ([{d; 1> 1993)

kdpj chpikfisg; nghUj;j tiuapy; fh\;kPug; gpur;id cldbahfj; jPHf;fg;gl Ntz;ba xd;W.

fh\;kPuj;Jg; gpur;id fle;j rpy tUlq;fshf> kdpj chpikfisg; nghUj;j tiuapYk;> ,e;jpah ghf;fp];jhdpw;fpilNa ,d;ndhU Aj;jj;jpw;fhd gpujhd fhuzpahf ,Ug;gjhYk;> ,e;jpa mnkhpf;f cwTfis ghjpf;fpd;w tptfhukhf ,Ug;gjhYk;> cldbahf jPHf;fg;gl Ntz;ba gpur;idahf khwp tUfpwJ.

fh\;kPuj;J kf;fspd; vOr;rp ,aw;ifahdNj!

fh\;kPu kz;zpw;F nrhe;j ike;jHfspd; KO mstpw;F tsHe;J tpl;l vOr;rpia ,e;jpah re;jpj;J tUfpwJ. ,e;jpa muNrh my;yJ Nghuhl;l tPuHfNsh ,e;jg; gpur;idapy; ntWg;gile;J tpl;lij rpy mwpFwpfs; Rl;bf; fhl;Lfpd;wd. ,uz;L mzpfspy; vtUNk Aj;jj;jpd; %yk; ,g;gpur;idf;F Kw;Wg; Gs;sp itj;J tplyhnkd;gJ elthj fhhpakhfj; Njhd;Wfpd;wJ. fz;Zf;nfl;ba vjpHfhyk; tiu njhlHe;J ,uj;jf;fskhf ,Uf;Fk; NghyNt Njhd;Wfpd;wJ.

ghfp];jhdpd; jiyaPl;bw;fhd Mjhuk; vJTkpy;iy.

ePjpkpf;fJk; epiyahdJkhd xU murpay; jPHTf;fhf Kaw;rpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W cjtpf; fkpl;b ,e;jpahitAk; fh\;kPug; NghuhspfisAk; Jhz;baJ. MdhYk; nly;ypf;Fk; fh\;kPuj;J NghuhspfSf;Fk; ,ilapyhd xU cz;ikahd murpay; Ngr;R thHj;ijf;fhd rhj;jpaf; $Wfs; ,Usile;jjhfNt Njhd;WfpwJ vd;gij fkpl;b xg;Gf; nfhs;fpwJ. fh\;kPuj;J kf;fspd; vOr;rp ghfp];jhdpd; jiyaPl;lhy; jhd; Kjd;Kjyhf njhlq;fg;gl;lJ vd;W nly;yp kf;fsplj;jpy; gpur;rhuk; nra;J tUfpwJ. ,e;j gpur;rhuj;jpw;F ve;jtpj MjhuKk; fhzg;gltpy;iy. fh\;kPuj;J kf;fspd; rl;lhPjpahd murpay; gpur;idfSf;F ve;jtpj Kiwahd jpl;lk; vJTk; murpd; trk; ,Uf;fpwjh vd;gJ fkpl;bf;Fj;  njhpatpy;iy.

,e;jpag; ghJfhg;Gg; gilapdH kpfg; ngUkstpy; kdpj chpik kPwy;fspy; <Lgl;Ls;sdH.

rpy ,e;jpag; ghJfhg;Gg; gilapdH vOr;rpahsHfs; kw;Wk; nghJkf;fSf;nfjpuhf kpfg; ngUkstpy; kdpj chpik kPwypy; <Lgl;Ls;sdH vd;w fUj;Njhl;lk; vy;Nyhhplj;jpYk; mjpfhpj;J tUfpwJ. ve;jtpj ePjpkd;w jPHg;Gkpd;wp jz;bj;jy;> fhtypYs;stHfis rpj;jputij nra;jy;> jpl;lkpl;L nfhs;isabj;jy; NkYk; kUj;Jt kw;Wk; kdpj chpik fofj;jpdH kPJ jhf;Fjy; elj;Jjy; Nghd;witfs; fle;j rpy khjq;fshf mjpfhpj;J tUfpd;wd. ,t;tpj kdpj chpik kPwypy; <Lgl;Ls;NshH kPJ rptpy; kw;Wk; fphpkpdy; eltbf;if vLf;FkhWk; jz;bf;fg;gl;l ghJfhg;G gilapYs;stHfspd; ngaHfslq;fpa gl;bay;fis ntspapLkhWk; cjtp fkpl;b ,e;jpa muir Ntz;bf; nfhs;fpwJ. rpiwfSf;Fk;> vOr;rpahsHfs; fhtypy; itf;fg;gl;Ls;s kw;w ,lq;fSf;Fk; jq;F jilapd;wp Nghtjw;F mfpy cyf nrQ;rpYitr; rq;fj;jpw;F mDkjp mspf;FkhW ,e;jpa mjpfhhpfis cjtp fkpl;b Ntz;bf; nfhs;fpwJ.

,e;jpah kjr;rhHgw;w ehnlDk; fl;Lf; fij!

[k;K fh\;kPH kw;Wk; gQ;rhgpy; khj;jpuky;yhky; ,e;jpah KOtjpYNk kdpj chpikfs; kPwg;gLtJ cjtp fkpl;biaf; ftiy nfhs;fpwJ. Kf;fpakhf fle;j tUl ,WjpapypUe;J ,e;jpahit nfhs;is nfhz;Ls;s ,d kw;Wk; kj fytuq;fshy; fkpl;bapd; cWg;gpdHfs; fyq;fpAs;sdH. rpy Nky; epiyapYs;s murpay;thjpfs;> ,f;fytuq;fisj; Jhz;b tpLtjpy; jq;fs; gq;iff; nfhz;Ls;sdH vd;gJk;> $l;lk; NrHe;J mg;ghtp kf;fis> me;j mg;ghtpfspy; ngUk;ghNyhH K];ypk;fs;> jhf;fg;gLk; NghJ fhty; JiwapdH mtHfisf; fhg;gjw;F gjpyhf nksdk; rhjpj;jJk; cjtp fkpl;bia kpfTk; Ntjidg;gl itj;jitfshFk;. ehl;ilNa fyf;fpa brk;gH [dthp Mfpa khjq;fspy; eilngw;w fytuq;fs; (ghgH k#jp ,bg;gpd; nghOJ Vw;gl;l fytuj;ij Rl;bf; fhl;lg;gLfpd;wJ) njhlHe;jhy; ,e;jpa kjr; rhHgpd;ikapd; mbg;gilNa Nfs;tpf; Fwpahfp tpLk;. ,e;jpa [dehafk; fhf;fg;gl Ntz;Lnkd;why; kj kw;Wk; murpay; Rje;jpuk; ,d;wpaikahjJ vd;w jd;Dila ek;gpf;ifia fkpl;b kpifg;gLj;j KbahJ.

rpWghd;ikNahhpd;> Fwpg;ghf K];ypk;fspd; chpikfis ghJfhg;gjpy; ,e;jpahtpd; Njhy;tp

rpWghd;ikapdhpd;> fle;j rpy khjq;fshf Fwp itj;J jhf;fg;gLk; K];ypk;fs; cl;gl> midthpd; chpikfisAk; ghJfhf;f fLk; eltbf;if vLf;f Ntz;Lnkd ,e;jpa muir cjtpf; fkpl;b Ntz;bf; nfhs;fpwJ. jd; ehl;Lf; Fbkf;fs; midtUk; jq;fspd; mbg;gil chpikfis gpuNahfpg;gjpy; rl;lj;jpd; KOg; ghJfhg;Gk; mtHfSf;Ff; fpilf;fr; nra;tjpy; ,e;jpa muR fz;Zk; fUj;JkhapUf;f Ntz;Lnkd cjtp fkpl;bapd; cWg;gpdHfs; mt;tuirf; Nfl;Lf; nfhs;fpd;wdH.

kdpj chpik fofq;fs; nry;tjw;fhd mDkjpia ,e;jpah kWf;fpwJ.

mfpy cyf mk;nd];bia ,e;jpahtpw;Fs; mjpfhug; G+Htkhd tp[ak; nra;tij mDkjpg;gjw;fhd ePz;l fhykhf vjpHj;J te;jij nly;yp jw;NghJ kW MNyhrid nra;tjw;fhd milahsq;fis cjtp fkpl;b tuNtw;fpwJ. NkYk; Fiwe;j gl;rk; rpy muR mjpfhhpfs; ,J Nghd;w thf;FWjpfis mspj;J te;jijAk; mJ ftdj;jpy; nfhs;fpwJ. mfpy cyf mk;nd];bia mDkjpf;f ,e;jpah kWg;gjhdJ mJ mfpy cyf czHTfSf;F kjpg;gspf;fhky; ,Ug;gijNa fhl;LfpwJ. NkYk; mJ ,e;jpahtpd; eyDf;Nf vjpuhd tpisTfisf; nfhLf;ff; $bajhFk;. mfpy cyf mk;nd];b> mfpy cyf nrQ;rpYitr; rq;fk; kw;Wk; mq;fPfhpf;fg;gl;l cyfshtpa kdpj chpikf; fofq;fs; midj;ijAk; vy;yhg; gFjpfisAk; nrd;W ghHitapl nly;yp mDkjpf;f Ntz;Lnkd cWg;gpdHfs; Ntz;LNfhs; tpLf;fpd;wdH. cs;ehl;bNyNa cUthf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; kdpj chpikf; fofq;fs;  kw;w vz;zw;w kdpj chpikf; fofq;fspd; ek;gpf;ifiag; ngw;wjhfTk; kdpj chpik kPwiy jLf;Fk; fhuzpahf ,aq;Ftjw;fhd NghJkhd mjpfhuq;fisg; ngw;wpUf;f Ntz;LnkdTk; fkpl;b vjpHghHf;fpd;wJ. (US Congressional sub committee on KASHMIR (June 1, 1993)).

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